Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 17 de 17
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879937

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of IL-17A in promoting the activation of lung fibroblasts and the secretion of chemokine CXCL12, and to explore the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Lung tissues of BALB/c mice were collected after intraperitoneal injection of recombinant mouse IL-17A (rmIL-17A). Real-time RT-PCR and Western blotting were used to detect the expression levels of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and collagen I in lung tissues, and immunohistochemical staining and real-time RT-PCR were used to determine the expression of CXCL12. Normal mouse primary lung fibroblasts were isolated and cultured, and identified by immunofluorescence staining with optical microscopy. Cells and supernatant of culture medium were collected after stimulation with rmIL-17A at different concentrations. mRNA levels of α-SMA, collagen I, and CXCL12 in the cells were determined by real-time RT-PCR, and the levels of collagen I and CXCL12 in the supernatant of culture medium were determined by ELISA.@*RESULTS@#The mRNA and protein levels of α-SMA and collagen I in the lung tissue of mice injected with rmIL-17A were significantly increased compared with the control group (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#s: IL-17A can promote the activation of lung fibroblasts and translation into myofibroblast. The secretion of collagen is increased, which promote the deposition of extracullular matrix, and leads to the occurrence and development of lung fibrosis. CXCL12, a chemokine secreted by activated fibroblasts, may be involved in this process.


Subject(s)
Actins/genetics , Animals , Cells, Cultured , Chemokine CXCL12/metabolism , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Interleukin-17/pharmacology , Lung/metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1493-1497, Dec. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040159

ABSTRACT

Uno de los principales factores genéticos que influenciarían el rendimiento muscular humano es el gen ACTN3, que codifica la proteína estructural del sarcómero α-actinina-3. El polimorfismo R577X (rs1815739) del gen ACTN3 ha sido asociado con varios indicadores de rendimiento muscular y físico en deportistas y población general, pero este fenómeno ha sido escasamente descrito en poblaciones de Latinoamérica y Chile. Por lo tanto, el objetivo del presente estudio fue describir la frecuencia genotípica y distribución alélica de los genotipos de ACTN3 R577X en deportistas universitarios chilenos. 129 deportistas universitarios chilenos representantes de diferentes selecciones deportivas (halterofilia, balonmano, voleibol, rugby, basquetbol, futbol y futsal) participaron como voluntarios. Los análisis moleculares del polimorfismo R577X del gen ACTN3 fueron realizados mediante reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR) y restricción enzimática (RFLP). La distribución de genotipos del polimorfismo ACTN3 R577X fue RR: 34,8 % (n=45), RX: 50,4 % (n=65), XX: 14,7 % (n=19), y la frecuencia relativa de alelos fue R: 0,601 y X: 0,399. Además, se encontró asociación entre distribución de genotipos (c2= 12,26; 2 gl; p=0,002) y frecuencia relativa de alelos (c2= 11.02; 1 gl; p=0.0009) con el sexo de los participantes. Sin embargo, no hubo asociación al realizar análisis por tipo de deporte practicado. Los hallazgos de la presente investigación sugieren que el polimorfismo R577X del gen ACTN3 está asociado con el sexo en deportistas universitarios chilenos. Además, estos resultados describen de forma inédita la distribución genotípica y frecuencia alélica de esta variante genética en población chilena, mostrando una distribución similar a otros estudios realizados en poblaciones de deportistas en Brasil, Rusia, Estados Unidos y Turquía. No obstante, también muestra diferencias con otras poblaciones generales y de deportistas.


One of the main genetic factors that influence the muscular performance is the gene that encodes the structural protein α-actinin-3 (ACTN3). The R577X polymorphism (rs1815739) of ACTN3 has been associated with indicators of muscle and physical performance in athletes and general population, but this has been scarcely described in the Latin American and Chilean population. Thus, the aim of the present study was to describe the genotypic frequency and allelic distribution of ACTN3 R577X genotypes in college athletes. A total of 129 unrelated Chilean college athletes representing various sport disciplines (weightlifting, handball, volleyball, rugby, basketball, soccer and futsal) were volunteered for the study. ACTN3 R577X gene polymorphism was analysed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). For the total sample the genotypes distribution for R577X polymorphism was RR: 34.8 % (n=45), RX: 50.4 % (n=65), XX: 14.7 % (n=19), and the relative frequency of alleles was R: 0,601 and X: 0,399. Moreover, an association was found between genotype distribution (c2= 12.26; 2 df; p=0.002) and allele frequencies (c2= 11.02; 1 df; p=0.0009) with the sex of the participants. However, there were no associations when performing analysis by type of sports. These findings suggest that the R577X polymorphism of the ACTN3 gene is associated with sex in Chilean college athletes. Furthermore, these results describe in an unprecedented manner, the genotypic distribution and allelic frequency of this genetic variant in Chilean population, showing a similar distribution to other studies conducted in populations of athletes in Brazil, Russia, the United States and Turkey. However, it also shows differences with other general and athletes populations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Polymorphism, Genetic , Students , Actins/genetics , Athletes , Universities , Chile , Athletic Performance/physiology
3.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 30(6): 644-649, Nov.-Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-774551

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT α-smooth muscle actin, encoded by ACTA2 gene, is an isoform of the vascular smooth muscle actins, typically expressed in the vascular smooth muscle cells contributing to vascular motility and contraction. ACTA2 gene mutations cause a diversity of diffuse vasculopathies such as thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections as well as occlusive vascular diseases, including premature coronary artery disease and ischemic stroke. Dynamics of differentiation-specific α-smooth muscle actin in arterial smooth muscle cells and proliferation of the proteins have been well described. Although a variety of research works have been undertaken in terms of modifications of α-smooth muscle actin and mutations of ACTA2 gene and myosin, the underlying mechanisms towards the pathological processes by way of gene mutations are yet to be clarified. The purpose of the present article is to describe the phenotypes of α-smooth muscle actin and implications of ACTA2 mutations in vasculopathies in order to enhance the understanding of potential mechanisms of aortic and coronary disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Actins/genetics , Aortic Diseases/metabolism , Coronary Disease/metabolism , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular/metabolism , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/metabolism , Actins/metabolism , Aortic Diseases/genetics , Coronary Disease/genetics , Gene Expression , Muscle Contraction/physiology , Mutation/genetics , Phenotype
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(10): 850-857, 10/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-722172

ABSTRACT

We previously described a selective bile duct ligation model to elucidate the process of hepatic fibrogenesis in children with biliary atresia or intrahepatic biliary stenosis. Using this model, we identified changes in the expression of alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) both in the obstructed parenchyma and in the hepatic parenchyma adjacent to the obstruction. However, the expression profiles of desmin and TGF-β1, molecules known to be involved in hepatic fibrogenesis, were unchanged when analyzed by semiquantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Thus, the molecular mechanisms involved in the modulation of liver fibrosis in this experimental model are not fully understood. This study aimed to evaluate the molecular changes in an experimental model of selective bile duct ligation and to compare the gene expression changes observed in RT-PCR and in real-time quantitative PCR (qRT‐PCR). Twenty-eight Wistar rats of both sexes and weaning age (21-23 days old) were used. The rats were separated into groups that were assessed 7 or 60 days after selective biliary duct ligation. The expression of desmin, α-SMA and TGF-β1 was examined in tissue from hepatic parenchyma with biliary obstruction (BO) and in hepatic parenchyma without biliary obstruction (WBO), using RT-PCR and qRT‐PCR. The results obtained in this study using these two methods were significantly different. The BO parenchyma had a more severe fibrogenic reaction, with increased α-SMA and TGF-β1 expression after 7 days. The WBO parenchyma presented a later, fibrotic response, with increased desmin expression 7 days after surgery and increased α-SMA 60 days after surgery. The qRT‐PCR technique was more sensitive to expression changes than the semiquantitative method.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Actins/metabolism , Cholestasis/complications , Desmin/metabolism , Liver Cirrhosis/etiology , Liver/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , Analysis of Variance , Actins/genetics , Biliary Atresia , Bile Ducts/surgery , Collagen Type I/biosynthesis , Disease Models, Animal , Desmin/genetics , Gene Expression , Ligation , Liver Cirrhosis/metabolism , Liver/surgery , Rats, Wistar , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/genetics
5.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 12(3): 336-341, Jul-Sep/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-723916

ABSTRACT

Objective A growing number of published articles report the expression of specific genes with different behavior patterns in rats. The levels of messenger ribonucleic acid transcripts are usually analyzed by reverse transcription followed by polymerase chain reaction and quantified after normalization with an internal control or reference gene (housekeeping gene). Nevertheless, housekeeping genes exhibit different expression in the central nervous system, depending on the physiological conditions and the area of the brain to be studied. The choice of a good internal control gene is essential for obtaining reliable results. This study evaluated the expression of three housekeeping genes (beta-actin, cyclophilin A, and ubiquitin C) in different areas of the central nervous system in rats (olfactory bulb, hippocampus, striatum, and prefrontal cortex). Methods Wistar rats (virgin females, n=6) during the diestrum period were used. Total ribonucleic acid was extracted from each region of the brain; the complementary deoxyribonucleic acid was synthesized by reverse transcription and amplified by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction using SYBR™ Green and primers specific for each one of the reference genes. The stability of the expression was determined using NormFinder. Results Beta-actin was the most stable gene in the hippocampus and striatum, while cyclophilin A and ubiquitin C showed greater stability in the prefrontal cortex and the olfactory bulb, respectively. Conclusion Based on our study, further studies of gene expression using rats as animal models should take into consideration these results when choosing a reliable internal control gene. .


Objetivo Um número crescente de artigos publicados relaciona a expressão de genes específicos com diferentes padrões de comportamento em ratos. Os níveis de transcritos de ácido ribonucleico mensageiro são geralmente analisados por transcrição reversa, seguida de reação em cadeia da polimerase, e quantificados após a normalização com um controle interno ou gene de referência (gene housekeeping). No entanto, os genes housekeeping exibem expressão diferencial no sistema nervoso central, dependendo das condições fisiológicas e da área do cérebro a ser estudada. A escolha de um bom gene de controle interno é essencial para a obtenção de resultados confiáveis. Este estudo avaliou a expressão de três genes housekeeping (beta-actina, ciclofilina A e ubiquitina C) em diferentes áreas do sistema nervoso central de ratos (bulbo olfatório, hipocampo, estriado e córtex pré-frontal). Métodos Foram usadas ratas Wistar (fêmeas virgens, n=6) durante o período de diestro. O ácido ribonucleico total foi extraído a partir de cada região do cérebro; o ácido desoxirribonucleico complementar foi sintetizado por transcrição reversa e amplificado por reação em cadeia da polimerase quantitativo em tempo real utilizando SYBR® Green e primers específicos para cada um dos genes de referência. A estabilidade de expressão foi determinada utilizando NormFinder. Resultados A beta-actina foi o gene mais estável no hipocampo e estriado, enquanto a ciclofilina A e a ubiquitina C apresentaram maior estabilidade no córtex pré-frontal e no bulbo olfatório, respectivamente. Conclusão Com base em nosso trabalho, estudos posteriores de expressão gênica utilizando ratos como modelos animais devem levar ...


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Actins/genetics , Brain/physiology , Cyclophilin A/genetics , Ubiquitin C/genetics , Actins/analysis , Behavior, Animal , Cyclophilin A/analysis , Genes, Essential/physiology , Internal-External Control , Rats, Wistar , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reference Values , Reverse Transcription , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Ubiquitin C/analysis
6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(3): 223-230, 03/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-704622

ABSTRACT

Dietary salt intake has been linked to hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Accumulating evidence has indicated that salt-sensitive individuals on high salt intake are more likely to develop renal fibrosis. Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) participates in the development and progression of renal fibrosis in humans and animals. The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of a high-salt diet on EMT in Dahl salt-sensitive (SS) rats. Twenty-four male SS and consomic SS-13BN rats were randomized to a normal diet or a high-salt diet. After 4 weeks, systolic blood pressure (SBP) and albuminuria were analyzed, and renal fibrosis was histopathologically evaluated. Tubular EMT was evaluated using immunohistochemistry and real-time PCR with E-cadherin and alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA). After 4 weeks, SBP and albuminuria were significantly increased in the SS high-salt group compared with the normal diet group. Dietary salt intake induced renal fibrosis and tubular EMT as identified by reduced expression of E-cadherin and enhanced expression of α-SMA in SS rats. Both blood pressure and renal interstitial fibrosis were negatively correlated with E-cadherin but positively correlated with α-SMA. Salt intake induced tubular EMT and renal injury in SS rats, and this relationship might depend on the increase in blood pressure.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Blood Pressure/physiology , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/physiology , Kidney/pathology , Rats, Inbred Dahl , Sodium Chloride, Dietary/adverse effects , Albuminuria , Actins/genetics , Cadherins/genetics , Fibrosis , Gene Expression , Hypertension/physiopathology , Immunohistochemistry , Random Allocation , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Silver Nitrate
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-17804

ABSTRACT

Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is characterized by hepatocyte injury and inflammatory cell infiltration, which has been linked to peripheral insulin resistance and increased levels of triglycerides in the liver. The purposes of this study were to establish a mouse model of NASH by feeding mice a 60% high-fat diet (HFD) and to demonstrate the anti-fibrotic effects of oleuropein, which has been shown to have anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, in this HFD-induced mouse model of NASH. C57BL/6 mice were divided into three groups: a regular diet group (Chow), a HFD group and an oleuropein-supplemented HFD group (OSD), which was fed a 0.05% OSD for 6 months. The effects of oleuropein in this model were evaluated using biochemical, histological and molecular markers. The expression levels of alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA)and collagen type I in the HFD and OSD groups were evaluated using real-time PCR and western blotting. The body weight, biochemical marker levels, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease activity score, homeostasis model of assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and leptin levels observed in the HFD group at 9 and 12 months were higher than those observed in the Chow group. The HOMA-IR and leptin levels in the OSD group were decreased compared with the HFD group. In addition, alpha-SMA and collagen type I expression were decreased by oleuropein treatment. We established a NASH model induced by HFD and demonstrated that this model exhibits the histopathological features of NASH progressing to fibrosis. Our results suggest that oleuropein may be pharmacologically useful in preventing the progression of steatohepatitis and fibrosis and may be a promising agent for the treatment of NASH in humans.


Subject(s)
Actins/genetics , Animals , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Collagen Type I/genetics , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Fatty Liver/drug therapy , Fibrosis/etiology , Iridoids/therapeutic use , Leptin/genetics , Liver/metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-98916

ABSTRACT

Magnesium lithospermate B (MLB) is one of the major active components of Salvia miltiorrhizae. The anti-oxidative effects of Salvia miltiorrhizae have been previously reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of purified MLB on hepatic fibrosis in rats and on the fibrogenic responses in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). Hepatic fibrosis was induced in rats by intraperitoneal thioacetamide (TAA) injections over a period of 8 or 12 weeks. MLB was orally administered daily by gavage tube. Serum AST and ALT levels in TAA + MLB group were significantly lower than those in TAA only group at week 8. Hepatic fibrosis was significantly attenuated in TAA + MLB group than in TAA only group at week 8 or 12. Activation of HSCs was also decreased in TAA + MLB group as compared to TAA only group. Hepatic mRNA expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA), TGF-beta1, and collagen alpha1(I) was significantly decreased in TAA + MLB group as compared to TAA only group. Incubation with HSCs and MLB (> or =100 microM) for up to 48 h showed no cytotoxicity. MLB suppressed PDGF-induced HSC proliferation. MLB inhibited NF-kappaB transcriptional activation and monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) production in HSCs. MLB strongly suppressed H2O2-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in HSCs, and MLB inhibited type I collagen secretion in HSCs. We concluded that MLB has potent antifibrotic effect in TAA-treated cirrhotic rats, and inhibits fibrogenic responses in HSCs. These data suggest that MLB has potential as a novel therapy for hepatic fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Actins/genetics , Animals , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Collagen Type I/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/administration & dosage , Fibrosis/prevention & control , Hepatic Stellate Cells/drug effects , Liver/drug effects , Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental/chemically induced , Male , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Salvia miltiorrhiza/immunology , Thioacetamide/administration & dosage , Transcriptional Activation/drug effects
9.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2007 Aug; 45(8): 669-75
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-60809

ABSTRACT

The tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) plays an important role in ovarian follicular development and ovulation process and acts through its receptor (TNFRI). The present investigation describes the expression of mRNAs encoding TNF-alpha and TNFRI in relation to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (G3PDH) and beta-actin as control genes, using RT-PCR, in granulosa cells, intact follicles and luteal tissues from buffalo ovary. There was significant higher expression of mRNAs encoding TNF-alpha in granulosa cells from medium follicles and TNFRI expression increased with increase in size of follicles. Post-ovulatory structures (corpus luteum and corpus albicans) exhibited significantly higher expression of TNFRI mRNAs as compared to that obtained in intact follicles suggesting its immediate and critical role just after ovulation, for mediating TNF-alpha action on these tissues. Though the expression of TNF-alpha mRNA was stimulated by treatment of granulosa cells with FSH during culture, the expression of TNFRI mRNA did not change. The FSH alongwith IGF-I did not exert any effect. These results suggested an important role of TNF-alpha and its receptor in buffalo ovarian functions.


Subject(s)
Actins/genetics , Animals , Buffaloes/growth & development , Corpus Luteum/metabolism , Female , Follicle Stimulating Hormone/pharmacology , Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases/genetics , Granulosa Cells/drug effects , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/pharmacology , Ovarian Follicle/drug effects , Ovary/drug effects , RNA, Messenger/analysis , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type I/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-32320

ABSTRACT

Recombinant human epidermal growth factor (rhEGF) stimulates the proliferation and migration of epithelial cells in human cell culture systems and animal models of partial-thickness skin wounds. This study investigated the effect of a topical rhEGF ointment on the rate of wound healing and skin re-epithelialization in a rat full thickness wound model, and verified whether or not the rhEGF treatment affected both myofibroblast proliferation and collagen synthesis in the dermis. When rhEGF (10 microgram/g ointment) was applied topically twice a day for 14 days, there was significantly enhanced wound closure from the 5th to the 12th day compared with the control (ointment base treatment) group. A histological examination at the postoperative 7th day revealed that the rhEGF treatment increased the number of proliferating nuclear antigen immunoreactive cells in the epidermis layer. In addition, the immunoreactive area of alpha-smooth muscle actin and the expression of prolyl 4-hydroxylase were significantly higher than those of the control group. Overall, a topical treatment of rhEGF ointment promotes wound healing by increasing the rate of epidermal proliferation and accelerating the level of wound contraction related to myofibroblast proliferation and collagen deposition.


Subject(s)
Actins/genetics , Administration, Topical , Animals , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Collagen/biosynthesis , Epidermal Growth Factor , Gene Expression Regulation , Male , Myoblasts, Skeletal/drug effects , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/genetics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Wound Healing/drug effects
11.
Neurol India ; 2005 Sep; 53(3): 273-9
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-120144

ABSTRACT

Protein aggregate myopathies (PAM) are an emerging group of muscle diseases characterized by structural abnormalities. Protein aggregate myopathies are marked by the aggregation of intrinsic proteins within muscle fibers and fall into four major groups or conditions: (1) desmin-related myopathies (DRM) that include desminopathies, a-B crystallinopathies, selenoproteinopathies caused by mutations in the, a-B crystallin and selenoprotein N1 genes, (2) hereditary inclusion body myopathies, several of which have been linked to different chromosomal gene loci, but with as yet unidentified protein product, (3) actinopathies marked by mutations in the sarcomeric ACTA1 gene, and (4) myosinopathy marked by a mutation in the MYH-7 gene. While PAM forms 1 and 2 are probably based on impaired extralysosomal protein degradation, resulting in the accumulation of numerous and diverse proteins (in familial types in addition to respective mutant proteins), PAM forms 3 and 4 may represent anabolic or developmental defects because of preservation of sarcomeres outside of the actin and myosin aggregates and dearth or absence of other proteins in these actin or myosin aggregates, respectively. The pathogenetic principles governing protein aggregation within muscle fibers and subsequent structural sarcomeres are still largely unknown in both the putative catabolic and anabolic forms of PAM. Presence of inclusions and their protein composition in other congenital myopathies such as reducing bodies, cylindrical spirals, tubular aggregates and others await clarification. The hitherto described PAMs were first identified by immunohistochemistry of proteins and subsequently by molecular analysis of their genes.


Subject(s)
Actins/genetics , Chromosome Mapping , Desmin/genetics , Humans , Mutation , Myopathies, Structural, Congenital/genetics , Proteins/genetics
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-18133

ABSTRACT

Human embryonic stem (hES) cells are capable of differentiating into pluralistic cell types, however, spontaneous differentiation generally gives rise to a limited number of specific differentiated cell types and a large degree of cell heterogeneity. In an effort to increase the efficiency of specified hES cell differentiation, we performed a series of transient transfection of hES cells with EGFP expression vectors driven by different promoter systems, including human cellular polypeptide chain elongation factor 1 alpha (hEF1alpha), human cytomegalo-virus, and chicken beta-actin. All these promoters were found to lead reporter gene expression in undifferentiated hES cells, but very few drug-selectable transfectants were obtained and failed to maintain stable expression of the transgene with either chemical or electroporation methods. In an attempt to increase transfection efficiency and obtain stable transgene expression, differentiated hES cells expressing both mesodermal and ectodermal markers were derived using a defined medium. Differentiated hES cells were electroporated with a hEF1alpha promoter-driven EGFP or human noggin expression vector. Using RT-PCR, immunocytochemistry and fluorescence microscopy, the differentiated hES cells transfected with foreign genes were confirmed to retain stable gene and protein expression during prolonged culture. These results may provide a new tool for introducing exogenous genes readily into hES cells, thereby facilitating more directed differentiation into specific and homogenous cell populations.


Subject(s)
Actins/genetics , Animals , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins/genetics , Cell Differentiation , Chickens , Cytomegalovirus/genetics , Drug Delivery Systems , Embryonic Structures/cytology , Genetic Therapy , Green Fluorescent Proteins/genetics , Humans , Immunoenzyme Techniques , Microscopy, Fluorescence , Peptide Elongation Factor 1/genetics , Pluripotent Stem Cells/cytology , Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transcription, Genetic/genetics
13.
Article in Malayalam | WPRIM | ID: wpr-629960

ABSTRACT

This study was to assess collagen type II and collagen type I gene expression in tissue-engineered human auricular: cartilage formed via tissue engineering technique. Large-scale culture expansions were transformed into 3D in vitro construct and were implanted subcutaneously on the dorsal of athymic mice. After 8 weeks, explanted construct was processed in the same manner of native cartilage to facilitate cells for gene expression analysis. Isolated cells from in vivo construct demonstrated expression of type II collagen gene comparable to native cartilage. This study verified that tissue-engineered auricular cartilage expressed cartilage specific gene, collagen type II after in vivo maturation.


Subject(s)
Actins/genetics , Cartilage/transplantation , Cellular Senescence/physiology , Cells, Cultured , Chondrocytes/cytology , Collagen Type I/genetics , Collagen Type II/genetics , Ear, External , Fibroblasts/cytology , Gene Expression/physiology , Mice, Nude , Phenotype , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Tissue Engineering/methods
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-173478

ABSTRACT

Hypertension and anemia may be causes of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in uremia but the molecular mechanism is not known. Uremia was induced in male Spraugue Dawley rats by 5/6 nephrectomy. The following groups of rats were studied for 6 weeks; uremic rats (U) fed ad. lib., control rats (C) pair-fed with U, U rats given hydralazine (100 mg/kg/day) (UH), U rats given erythropoietin (48U/kg/week, i.p.) (UE). Both diastolic and mean arterial pressures are higher (P<0.01) in U and UE compared with C whereas both pressures in UH were normalized. Hemoglobin in U was lower than in C, and was normalized in UE. U, UH and UE had higher heart weight/body weight ratios (HW/BW) as well as left ventricular weight/body weight ratios (LV/BW) compared with C (P<0.01). Compared with U, UH has lower HW/BW and LV/BW (P <0.05) and UE has normal HW/BW but lower LV/BW than U (P<0.05). To see if the gene expression in uremic LVH is similar to that described in pressure overload LVH in which mRNA levels of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1), atrial natriuretic factors (ANF) and skeletal alpha-actin were increased, we measured these mRNA levels by Northern analysis. TGF-beta, ACE and alpha-actin mRNA levels were not changed in all 4 groups. ANF mRNA in U and UE was increased 3 fold over C, and normalized in UH. Treatment of anemia with erythropoietin improved uremic LVH but did not change ANF mRNA; whereas treatment of hypertension with hydralazine normalized ANF mRNA but did not completely correct uremic LVH. Thus, gene expression in uremic LVH is distinct from that in pressure- overload LVH, suggesting that other unidentified factor(s) might be involved in uremic LVH.


Subject(s)
Actins/genetics , Anemia/complications , Animals , Atrial Natriuretic Factor/genetics , Erythropoietin/pharmacology , Gene Expression , Heart Ventricles/chemistry , Hydralazine/pharmacology , Hypertension/complications , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/etiology , Male , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/genetics , RNA, Messenger/analysis , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics , Uremia/etiology
15.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2002 Nov; 40(11): 1295-303
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-61375

ABSTRACT

The present study establishes a regeneration protocol and optimizes conditions for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of the tetraploid emmer wheat, Triticum dicoccum. Regeneration from mature and immature embryos was accomplished as a two-step process involving callus induction in the presence of 2,4-D followed by regeneration on a 2,4-D free, cytokinin-containing medium (RM1). Higher concentrations of 2,4-D (4 mg/l) though conducive for callusing (89.39% in mature embryos and 96% in immature embryos) proved detrimental for further regeneration. At lower 2,4-D (1 mg/ml) although callusing was suboptimal, (56.8% and 84% from mature and immature embryos, respectively) the regeneration response was the highest on RM1 medium (64.4% and 56.6% from mature and immature embryos, respectively). Overall, the regeneration response of immature embryos was lower than the mature embryos by 10-12%. Due to the ease of availability of mature embryos the mature embryo-derived calli were chosen as the target tissue for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation in the two Indian varieties DDK1001 and DDK1009. Histochemical GUS expression revealed the suitability of the mature embryo-derived calli for such investigations. Of the CaMV35S and Act1 promoters employed, the monocot promoter Act1 displayed higher GUS gene activity in the mature embryo derived calli when co-cultivated with LBA4404 (pBI101::Act1).


Subject(s)
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid/pharmacology , Actins/genetics , Cells, Cultured , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Genetic Vectors/genetics , Glucuronidase/genetics , Plants, Genetically Modified/drug effects , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Regeneration , Rhizobium/genetics , Seeds/genetics , Transformation, Genetic , Triticum/genetics
16.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 96(1): 113-121, Jan. 2001. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-281637

ABSTRACT

The molecular karyotype of nine Trypanosoma rangeli strains was analyzed by contour-clamped homogeneous electric field electrophoresis, followed by the chromosomal localization of ß-tubulin, cysteine proteinase, 70 kDa heat shock protein (hsp 70) and actin genes. The T. rangeli strains were isolated from either insects or mammals from El Salvador, Honduras, Venezuela, Colombia, Panama and southern Brazil. Also, T. cruzi CL-Brener clone was included for comparison. Despite the great similarity observed among strains from Brazil, the molecular karyotype of all T. rangeli strains analyzed revealed extensive chromosome polymorphism. In addition, it was possible to distinguish T. rangeli from T. cruzi by the chromosomal DNA electrophoresis pattern. The localization of ß-tubulin genes revealed differences among T. rangeli strains and confirmed the similarity between the isolates from Brazil. Hybridization assays using probes directed to the cysteine proteinase, hsp 70 and actin genes discriminated T. rangeli from T. cruzi, proving that these genes are useful molecular markers for the differential diagnosis between these two species. Numerical analysis based on the molecular karyotype data revealed a high degree of polymorphism among T. rangeli strains isolated from southern Brazil and strains isolated from Central and the northern South America. The T. cruzi reference strain was not clustered with any T. rangeli strain


Subject(s)
Animals , Actins/genetics , Chromosome Mapping , Cysteine Endopeptidases/genetics , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins/genetics , Protozoan Proteins/genetics , Trypanosoma/genetics , Brazil , Colombia , El Salvador , Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field , Genes, Protozoan/genetics , Genetic Variation , Honduras , Karyotyping , Panama , Protozoan Proteins/genetics , Trypanosoma/enzymology , Trypanosoma/isolation & purification , Tubulin/genetics , Venezuela
17.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 33(11): 1283-92, Nov. 2000. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-273223

ABSTRACT

We report here for the first time the structure and function of a promoter from a cestode. The ability of DNA fragments respectively encompassing the 935-bp and 524-bp regions upstream from the ATG codon from the EgactI and EgactII actin genes of Echinococcus granulosus to promote transcription was studied in the NIH3T3 mouse cell line. The results of transfection assays showed that both regions have strong promoter activity in these cells. The fragments were tested in both orientations and the 524-bp fragment of EgactII presented a bidirectional promoter activity. Deletion analysis of EgactI and EgactII promoters indicated the presence of regulatory regions containing putative silencer elements. These results indicate that both EgactI and EgactII promoters are functional and that the preliminary functional evaluation of E. granulosus and possibly of other cestode promoters can be performed in heterologous cell lines


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , 3T3 Cells , Actins/genetics , Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase/metabolism , Echinococcus/genetics , Promoter Regions, Genetic/physiology , Base Sequence , Cell Culture Techniques , Cloning, Molecular , Gene Expression , Genes, Reporter , Glycocalyx , Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics , Transfection/genetics
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL