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1.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 29: e2850, 2024. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533843

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Analisar a associação da independência funcional com aspectos clínicos de comprometimento neurológico, a localização e extensão do dano neuronal e os fatores sociodemográficos em pacientes na fase aguda do AVC. Método Estudo analítico de recorte transversal, realizado com 90 pacientes adultos e idosos acometidos por AVC isquêmico, que tiveram admissão no ambiente hospitalar nas primeiras 24 horas após o evento vascular. A coleta dos dados referentes aos aspectos clínicos e fatores sociodemográficos foi realizada pelo prontuário eletrônico e/ou entrevista para descrever o perfil dos pacientes, Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project, Alberta Stroke Programme Early CT Score, National Institute of Health Stroke Scale e a Medida de Independência Funcional. Resultados O comprometimento neurológico, de acordo com a National Institute of Health Stroke Scale, foi associado à funcionalidade nas primeiras 24 horas após o AVC. Além disso, a presença de hipertensão arterial, idade, trabalho inativo, tabagismo e extensão do dano neuronal estiveram associados à dependência funcional, mas não permaneceram no modelo final deste estudo. Conclusão A dependência funcional está associada à hipertensão arterial, idade, trabalho inativo, tabagismo, extensão do dano neuronal e grau de comprometimento neurológico nas primeiras 24 horas após o evento vascular. Além disso, um nível mais elevado de comprometimento neurológico foi independentemente associado a níveis aumentados de dependência funcional.


ABSTRACT Purpose To analyze the association of functional independence with clinical aspects of neurological impairment, the location and extent of neuronal damage and sociodemographic factors in patients in the acute phase of stroke. Methods Analytical cross-sectional study in 90 adult and older patients affected by ischemic stroke, admitted to the hospital within 24 hours of the vascular event. Sociodemographic factors and clinical aspects data were collected from electronic medical records and/or interviews in order to depict the patients'profile, Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project, Alberta Stroke Programme Early CT Score, National Institute of Health Stroke Scale, and Functional Independence Measure. Results Neurological impairment, according to the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale, was associated with functioning in the first 24 hours after the stroke. Furthermore, the presence of arterial hypertension, age, inactive work, smoking and extent of neuronal damage were associated with functional dependence, but did not remain in the final model of this study. Conclusion Functional dependence is associated with arterial hypertension, age, inactive work, smoking, extent of neuronal damage, and degree of neurological impairment in the first 24 hours after the vascular event. Furthermore, a higher level of neurological impairment was independently associated with increased levels of functional dependence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Activities of Daily Living , Acute-Phase Reaction , Stroke/complications , Stroke/diagnosis , Functional Status , Sociodemographic Factors , Patients
2.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 27(4)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534845

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La Organización Mundial de la Salud define a la caries dental como un problema de salud mundial que afecta entre el 60 al 90% de la población. Se considera una enfermedad transmisible de origen multifactorial, que evoluciona de manera progresiva hasta ocasionar la destrucción de los tejidos duros. Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre dientes cariados, perdidos y obturados, y la limitación para socializar en escolares de Ecuador. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de tipo correlacional sobre una población de 154 escolares de 12 años de la parroquia el Batán, de Cuenca-Ecuador (2016); para el análisis estadístico los datos fueron ingresados al programa SPSS, donde se efectuó estadística descriptiva para cada una de las variables y la limitación para socializar. Resultados: Se logró constatar que la población objeto presentó un índice de CPOD muy bajo (32,5 %), de igual forma se evidenció que el 62,7% no presentó limitación a la hora de socializar. En cuanto a la correlación entre ambas variables, se mostró una asociación positiva con un nivel de significancia de p=0,002. Una de las principales limitaciones del estudio fue el escaso contacto con los participantes. Se recomienda, efectuar investigaciones epidemiológicas longitudinales con la finalidad de observar la variación del coeficiente de correlación de las variables en fases de pretratamiento y de postratamiento. Conclusión: Al finalizar el estudio, se demostró que existe correlación estadística entre el índice CPOD y la limitación en el desempeño socializar en los escolares de 12 años de la parroquia el Batán.


Introduction: the World Health Organization defines dental caries as a global health problem that affects between 60 and 90% of the population. It is considered a communicable disease of multifactorial origin, which evolves progressively until it causes the destruction of hard tissues. Objective: to determine the relationship between decayed, missing and filled teeth and the limitation to socialize in schoolchildren from Ecuador. Methods: a descriptive correlational study was carried out on a population of 154 schoolchildren aged 12 years from the El Batán parish, Cuenca-Ecuador (2016); data was entered into the SPSS program for the statistical analysis, where descriptive statistics were performed for each of the variables and for the limitation to socialize. Results: it was possible to verify that the target population had a very low DMFT index (32.5%); in the same way it was evidenced that 62.7% did not have limitations when socializing. A positive association, with a significance level of p=0.002, was shown regarding the correlation between both variables. One of the main limitations of the study was the limited contact with the participants. We recommend to carry out longitudinal epidemiological investigations in order to observe the variation of the correlation coefficient of the variables in the pre-treatment and post-treatment phases. Conclusion: we showed, at the end of the study, that there is a statistical correlation between the DMFT index and the limitation in socializing performance in 12-year-old schoolchildren from the El Batán parish.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Dental Caries , Quality of Life , DMF Index , Oral Health
3.
Distúrb. comun ; 35(2): 57752, 02/08/2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1452416

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A reabilitação vestibular (RV) surge como uma opção terapêutica em casos de tontura e desequilíbrio postural. O The Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC Scale) é um questionário utilizado para avaliar a interferência destes sintomas vestibulares por meio do nível de confiança dos indivíduos em realizar atividades diárias que envolvem o equilíbrio postural. Objetivo: comparar o nível de confiança na realização de atividades diárias relacionadas ao equilíbrio corporal, pré e pós reabilitação vestibular (RV) em pacientes com disfunção vestibular. Método: Estudo primário, intervencional, clínico, longitudinal, prospectivo, analítico, não controlado. Participaram 14 indivíduos, do sexo feminino e masculino, portadores de vestibulopatia periférica. Foi aplicado o Activities-specific Balance Confidance Scale (ABC Scale) nas condições pré e pós RV. Os dados foram analisados de forma descritiva e inferencial, pelos testes Exato de Fisher, t-Sudent e o modelo linear de efeitos mistos. Resultados: A amostra se caracterizou por 78.57% do sexo feminino e 21.43% do sexo masculino, com média de idade de 59.21 anos. Observou-se diferença estatística quando comparados os resultados do ABC Scale nas condições pré e pós RV (p<0.0001). Não foi verificada diferença estatística entre os escores deste instrumento com as variáveis sexo, idade e número de sessões terapêuticas. Conclusão: Foi possível concluir que o nível de confiança dos pacientes dessa amostra modificou de baixo, na fase pré reabilitação, para alto, na fase final da intervenção, o que consolida a ocorrência do aumento no nível de confiança que acarretou melhoria na qualidade de vida. (AU)


Introduction: Vestibular rehabilitation (VR) appears as a therapeutic option in cases of dizziness and postural imbalance. The Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC Scale) is a questionnaire used to assess the interference of these vestibular symptoms with the individuals' level of confidence to carry out daily activities involving postural balance. Objective: to compare the level of confidence to carry out daily activities related to body balance, before and after VR, in patients with vestibular dysfunction. Method: Primary, interventional, clinical, longitudinal, prospective, analytical, and noncontrolled study. The sample comprised 14 male and female individuals with peripheral vestibulopathy. The ABC Scale was applied before and after VR. Descriptive and inferential data analysis were performed, using Fisher's Exact test, Student's t-test, and the linear mixed-effects model. Results: The sample had 78.57% females and 21.43% males, with a mean age of 59.21 years. There was a statistical difference in ABC Scale results before and after VR (p < 0.0001). There was no statistical difference between its scores and sex, age, or the number of therapy sessions. Conclusion: It was concluded that this study patients' confidence level changed from low in the pre-rehabilitation phase, to high in the final phase of the intervention, which consolidates the increase in confidence level that led to an improvement of quality of life. (AU)


Introducción: La rehabilitación vestibular (RV) aparece como una opción terapéutica en casos de mareos y desequilibrio postural. La Escala de Confianza en el Equilibrio Específica de Actividades (Escala ABC) es un cuestionario utilizado para evaluar la interferencia de estos síntomas vestibulares a través del nivel de confianza de los individuos en la realización de actividades diarias que involucran el equilibrio postural. Objetivo: comparar el nivel de confianza en la realización de actividades cotidianas relacionadas con el equilibrio corporal, pre y post rehabilitación vestibular (RV) en pacientes con disfunción vestibular. Método: Estudio primario, intervencionista, clínico, longitudinal, prospectivo, analítico, no controlado. Participaron 14 individuos, hombres y mujeres y con vestibulopatía periférica. La Escala de Confianza del Equilibrio Específica de Actividades (Escala ABC) se aplicó en condiciones previas y posteriores a la RV. Los datos fueron sometidos a análisis descriptivo e inferencial mediante la prueba exacta de Fisher, t-Sudent y el modelo lineal de efectos mixtos. Resultados: La muestra se caracterizó por 78,57% del sexo femenino y 21,43% del masculino, con una edad media de 59,21 años. Hubo diferencia estadística al comparar los resultados de la Escala ABC en condiciones pre y post RV (p<0,0001). No hubo diferencia estadística entre los puntajes de este instrumento con las variables sexo, edad y número de sesiones terapéuticas. Conclusión: Fue posible concluir que el nivel de confianza de los pacientes de esta muestra pasó de bajo, en la fase de pre-rehabilitación, a alto, en la fase final de la intervención, lo que consolida la ocurrencia del aumento en el nivel de confianza que llevó a una mejora en la calidad de vida. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Activities of Daily Living/psychology , Trust/psychology , Vertigo/rehabilitation , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Dizziness/rehabilitation , Labyrinth Diseases/therapy
4.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 9(2): 32799, 31 ago. 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1452585

ABSTRACT

O sexo é um importante fator a ser considerado na compreensão da dependência de cuidados na velhice. Objetivo:Verificar fatores associados à dependência, dentro e fora de casa, em pessoas idosas com 75 anos ou mais, com ênfase na diferença entre os sexos. Metodologia:Pesquisa transversal com dados do estudo FIBRA. A capacidade funcional nas Atividades Instrumentais de Vida Diária (AIVD) foi dividida em atividades realizadas dentro de casa (uso do telefone, manejo da medicação, tarefas domésticas e preparo da refeição) e atividades realizadas fora de casa (fazer compras, utilizar transporte e manejo do dinheiro). As variáveis independentes incluíram aspectos sociodemográficas e de saúde. Foram estimadas razões de prevalência por meio de modelos de regressão múltipla de Poisson a fim de verificar as variáveis associadas com dependência dentro e fora de casa. Resultados:A amostra foi composta por 804 idosos. Dentro de casa, não houve fatores associados à dependência para o sexo masculino. Enquanto para o sexo feminino, os fatores associados foram fragilidade (RP = 1,99; 95%IC: 1,26-3,15) e 80 anos e mais (RP = 1,41; 95%IC: 1,05-1,89). Quanto à dependência fora de casa, a fragilidade destacou-se como um fator associado a ambos os sexos, masculino (RP = 2,80 95%IC: 1,17-6,64) e feminino (RP = 1,98 95%IC: 1,24-3,17). Conclusões:Para o sexo feminino, a idade avançada e a fragilidade foram os fatores de maior associação com dependência, tanto para o ambiente dentro quanto fora de casa. Para o sexo masculino, a fragilidade foi o único e grande determinante de dependência nas atividades fora de casa, apresentando prevalência maior do que a encontrada na amostra do sexo feminino (AU).


Sexis an important factor to be considered tocomprehendoldage care dependencyObjective:Verify associated factors to dependency, in and out of home, in persons with 75 years or more, with emphasis on sexdifferences. Methodology:Cross-sectional research with data from the FIBRA Study. The functional dependence in Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) was divided in activities performed inside home (using telephone, managing medicine, housework and meal preparation) and activities performed outside home (shopping, transportation and managing finances).The independent variable included health and sociodemographic aspects. Estimates on prevalence ratios were made using multiple Poisson regression models to verify the many variables associated with dependency inside and outside home. Results:The sample was composed of 804 older people. Inside home there were not any factors associated with dependency in the males. However, in the females the associated factors were frailty (PR = 1.99; 95%CI: 1.26-3.15) and 80 and older (PR = 1.41; 95%CI: 1.05-1.89). As to dependency outside home, frailty was a factor that stood out in both sexes, male (PR = 2.80 95%CI: 1.17-6.64) and female (PR = 1.98 95%CI: 1.24-3.17). Conclusions:To women, older age and frailty were the strongest factors of dependency, to both inside and outside home. To men, frailty was the strongest and single dependency factor for dependency in outside activities, showing a higher prevalence than that of the female sex (AU).


El sexo es un factor importante queconsiderar en la comprensión de la dependencia del cuidado en la vejez. Objetivo:Verificar los factores vinculados a la dependencia, dentro y fuera del hogar, en ancianos de 75 años o más, con énfasis en la diferencia entre los sexos. Metodología:Investigación transversal con datos del estudio FIBRA. La capacidad funcional en las Actividades Instrumentales de la Vida Diaria (AIVD) se dividió en actividades realizadas dentro del hogar (uso del teléfono, administración de medicamentos, tareas domésticas y preparación de comidas) y actividades realizadas fuera del hogar (hacer compras, uso del transporte y manejo del dinero). Las variables independientes incluyeron aspectos sociodemográficos y de salud. Las razones de prevalencia se estimaron utilizando modelos de regresión múltiple de Poisson con el fin de verificarlas variables vinculadas con la dependencia dentro y fuera del hogar. Resultados:El muestreofue constituidopor 804 ancianos. Dentro del hogar, no hubo factores asociados con la dependencia de los hombres. Mientras que, para las mujeres, los factores asociados fueron fragilidad (RP = 1,99; IC95%: 1,26-3,15) y 80 años y más (RP = 1,41; IC95%: 1,05-1,89). En cuanto a la dependencia fuera del hogar, la fragilidad se destacó como un factor asociado a ambos sexos, masculino (RP = 2,80 IC95%: 1,17-6,64) y femenino (RP = 1,98 IC95%: 1,24-3,17). Conclusiones: Para el sexo femenino, la edad avanzada y la fragilidad fueron los factores más vinculados a la dependencia, tanto para el ambiente dentro como fuera del hogar. Para los varones, la fragilidad fue el único determinante importante de dependencia en actividades fuera del hogar, con una prevalencia mayor que la encontrada en elmuestreofemenino (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Activities of Daily Living , Frail Elderly , Gender and Health , Longevity , Chi-Square Distribution , Poisson Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Prevalence Ratio , Multimorbidity
5.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 14: 1-7, mar. 20, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1442824

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Compreender a vivência do autopreconceito e do preconceito social no cotidiano de pessoas com lesão medular e de suas famílias. Métodos: Estudo interpretativo, qualitativo, desenvolvido com 21 participantes (12 pessoas com lesão medular e 9 familiares), de um Centro Especializado de Reabilitação no sul do Brasil, cujas fontes de evidências foram entrevistas individual e duas oficinas que corroboram para validação dos dados. Para o agrupamento e organização dos dados, utilizou-se o software Atlas.ti e a análise dos dados envolveu: análise preliminar, ordenação, ligações-chaves, codificação e categorização, guiada pelo olhar da Sociologia Compreensiva e do Quotidiano. Resultados: Evidencia o autopreconceito: marcas no corpo e na alma, cadeira de rodas e a percepção negativa da doença, do declínio à reconstrução da autoimagem; preconceito nas mais diversas dimensões: familiar e social. Conclusão: O autopreconceito influencia negativamente a autoimagem, criando um mecanismo de defesa e de negação da condição de vivenciar a lesão medular. A família é determinante na transformação do quotidiano e da maneira como a pessoa convive e percebe a sua condição. Precisa-se de uma sensibilização para o olhar sobre pré-conceitos estabelecidos que implicam sobre a segregação de pessoas em sociedade. (AU)


Objective: To understand the experience of self-concept and social prejudice in the daily lives of people with spinal cord injury and their families. Methods: Interpretative, qualitative study, developed with 21 participants (12 people with spinal cord injury and 9 family members), of a Specialized Rehabilitation Center in southern Brazil, whose sources of evidence were individual interviews and two workshops that corroborate for data validation. For the grouping and organization of the data, the Atlas.ti software was used and the analysis of the data involved: preliminary analysis, ordering, key links, coding and categorization, guided by the gaze of Comprehensive Sociology and Everyday Life. Results: Evidence of self-concept: marks on the body and soul, wheelchair and the negative perception of the disease, from the decline to the reconstruction of self-image; prejudice in the dimensions: family and social. Conclusion: Self-prejudice negatively influences self-image, creating a mechanism of defense and denial of condition experiencing spinal cord injury. The family is decisive in everyday transformation the way that a person lives and perceives his condition. We need a sensibilization to look established preconceptions that imply about the segregation of people in society. (AU)


Objetivo: Comprender la vivencia del autopreconceito y del prejuicio social en el cotidiano de personas con lesión de la médula espinal y de sus familias. Métodos: Estudio interpretativo cualitativo, desarrollado con 21 participantes (12 personas con lesión medular y 9 familiares), de un Centro Especializado de Rehabilitación en el sur de Brasil, cuyas fuentes de evidencia fueron entrevistas individuales y dos talleres que corroboraron la validación de datos. Para la agrupación y organización de los datos, se utilizó el software Atlas.ti y el análisis de los datos implicó: análisis preliminar, ordenación, enlaces claves, codificación y categorización, guiada por la mirada de la Sociología Comprensiva y del Cotidiano. Resultados: evidencia del autopreconceito: marcas en el cuerpo y en el alma, silla de ruedas y la percepción negativa de la enfermedad, del declive a la reconstrucción de la autoimagen; prejuicio en las dimensiones: familiar y social. Conclusion: el auto prejuicio influencia negativamente la autoimagen, creando un mecanismo de defensa y de negación de la condición experimentando una lesión en la médula espinal. La familia es determinante en la transformación de la vida cotidiana y en que la persona que vive y se da cuenta de su condición. Se necesita una conciencia para mirar los preconceptos establecidos que implican sobre la segregación de las personas en la sociedad. (AU)


Subject(s)
Spinal Cord Injuries , Prejudice , Rehabilitation , Activities of Daily Living , Family
6.
ABCS health sci ; 48: e023222, 14 fev. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1516699

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The decline in functional capacity (FC) interferes with the functional independence of older adults, so it is important to assess the FC and use appropriate instruments for this. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the Glittre Activities of Daily Living (ADL) test's validity and reliability for assessing functional capacity in older adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with a sample of 100 elderly (68 ± 5.16 years). To assess the convergent validity, the Six-Minute Walk Test (6MWT) and the Timed Up and Go Test (TUG) were performed. The intra-examiner test-retest of the Glittre-ADL test was performed on the same day with a 30-minute interval between repetitions and inter-examiner reliability with an interval of seven days. RESULTS: There was a strong correlation between the Glittre-ADL test and the 6MWT (r=-0,75; p<0.001) and the TUG (r=0.77; p<0.001). The intra-examiner and inter-examiner reliability was excellent (ICC)=0.91 and 95% CI=0.14-0.97; p<0.001 and ICC=0.91; 95% CI: 0.86-0.94; p<0.001, respectively). CONCLUSION: The Glittre-ADL test demonstrated that it is valid and that its reliability is adequate to assess functional capacity in older adults.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Activities of Daily Living , Exercise , Health of the Elderly , Reproducibility of Results , Cross-Sectional Studies
7.
Estud. interdiscip. envelhec ; v. 27(n. 1 (2022)): 227-253, jan.2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1426860

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: o objetivo foi realizar uma revisão sistemática da literatura sobre a capacidade funcional e os fatores associados de idosos residentes em ilhas. Estratégia de pesquisa: a busca ocorreu pela combinação dos descritores "comunicação", "senso de humor e humor como assunto", "atividades cotidianas", "limitação da mobilidade", "autonomia pessoal", "cognição", "ilhas", "idoso" e "idoso de 80 anos ou mais" e dos correspondentes na língua inglesa, nas bases de dados: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science e Lilacs. Resultados: dos 4761 artigos encontrados, 20 foram selecionados. Fatores individuais, clínicos e os relacionados ao estilo de vida foram identificados. Conclusão: a capacidade funcional de idosos é um fenômeno multifatorial. Poucos artigos são realizados em ilhas e a abordagem do contexto espacial, ambiental dos indivíduos idosos é escassa. Mais estudos com foco nos aspectos ambientais devem ser realizados em ilhas, principalmente nas pequenas em extensão, remotas e com pequenas populações.(AU)


Objective: The objective was to conduct a systematic review of the literature on the functional capacity and associated factors of elderly people living on islands. Research strategy: The search took place by combining the descriptors "communication", "sense of humor and humor as a subject", "daily activities", "limited mobility", "personal autonomy", "cognition", "islands", "elderly" and "elderly aged 80 years or more" and correspondents in the English language, in the databases: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Lilacs. Results: Of the 4761 articles found, 20 were selected. Individual, clinical and lifestyle factors were identified. Conclusion: The functional capacity of the elderly is a multifactorial phenomenon. Few articles are conducted on islands, and the spatial and environmental context of elderly individuals is scarce. More studies focusing on environmental aspects should be carried out on islands, mainly in small ones, remote and with small populations.(AU)


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Aged , Activities of Daily Living , Personal Autonomy , Islands
8.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 82: e0013, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1431671

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Aplicar um protocolo para avaliar a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde de participantes de um programa de reabilitação para pessoas com deficiência visual de um instituto de referência. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo transversal com 60 adultos com deficiência visual participantes de um programa de reabilitação para pessoas com deficiência visual de um instituto de referência no Rio de Janeiro. O protocolo de pesquisa consistiu em um questionário com dados pessoais, sociais, demográficos e informações clínicas; no European Quality of Life 5 Dimensions 3 Level Version para medição genérica de qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde; no Patient Health Questionnaire-2 para rastrear a depressão e no Visual Function Questionnaire 25 para avaliar a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde específica da função visual. A principal variável independente analisada foi o tempo de exposição ao programa. Modelos de regressão linear foram utilizados para investigar a relação entre o tempo no programa e a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde do Visual Function Questionnaire 25 e do European Quality of Life 5 Dimensions 3 Level Version. Resultados: A maioria dos participantes (73%) possuía deficiência visual adquirida; 68% tinham menos de 60 anos e 53% perderam a visão há mais de 10 anos. A condição visual autorreferida mais comum foi cegueira em ambos os olhos (48%) e 42% frequentavam o programa há mais de 3 anos. A mediana do índice de utilidade do European Quality of Life 5 Dimensions 3 Level Version foi de 0,75. O instrumento específico para rastreamento de depressão, o Patient Health Questionnaire, identificou proporção de 27% de participantes positivos. O Visual Function Questionnaire 25 apresentou escores abaixo de 50 (escala de zero a cem) nos subdomínios visão geral, atividades de perto e atividades à distância. As medianas de dor ocular e aspectos sociais do Visual Function Questionnaire 25 foram significativamente menores entre aqueles que realizavam tratamento psiquiátrico. O tempo de reabilitação foi independentemente associado a melhores escores dos subdomínios saúde mental e atividades da vida diária. Conclusão: O protocolo demonstrou aplicabilidade para a avaliação de qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde em pessoas com deficiência visual, permitindo concluir que o maior tempo no programa de reabilitação foi associado a maiores escores de qualidade de vida.


ABSTRACT Purpose: This study aimed to implement a health-related quality of life (HRQoL) assessment protocol to measure the consequences of a rehabilitation program for visual impaired people at a leading reference institute in Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 60 visual impaired adults enrolled in a Rehabilitation Program of the Instituto Benjamin Constant. The research protocol consisted of a questionnaire with personal data, social, demographic, and clinical information; the EQ-5D-3L instrument for generic HRQoL measurement; the Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ- 2) to screen for depression, and the 25-Item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI VFQ-25) to assess specific HRQoL of visual function. The main independent variable analyzed was the exposure time to the rehabilitation. Linear regression models were used to investigate the relationship between rehabilitation time and HRQoL of the NEI VFQ-25 and EQ 5D-3L instruments. Results: Most participants (73%) have acquired visual impairment, 68% are under 60 years old, 53% lost their vision more than 10 years ago, the most common self-reported visual condition (48%) was blindness in both eyes and 42% are in the Rehabilitation Program for more than 3 years. The median HRQoL utility index for EQ 5D-3L was 0.75. The specific instrument for screening for depression, PHQ-2, identified 27% of participants above the cut-off point. The NEI VFQ-25 instrument showed scores below 50 (scale from 0 to 100) in subdomains: "general vision", "near activities" and "distance activities". The medians of "ocular pain" and "social aspects" of the VFQ-25 were significantly lower among those who have undergone psychiatric treatment. "Rehabilitation time" was independently associated with better scores of "mental health" and "role difficulties" subdomains. Conclusion: The protocol showed applicability for the assessment of HRQoL, allowing the conclusion that longer time in the rehabilitation program was associated with higher quality of life scores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life/psychology , Vision Disorders/rehabilitation , Visually Impaired Persons/rehabilitation , Activities of Daily Living , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
9.
Fisioter. Mov. (Online) ; 36: e36103, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421464

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by limited airflow associated with inflammatory response and systemic manifestations, such as dyspnea, as well as physical inactivity and intolerance to exercise. The sum of these changes can lead to peripheral muscle fatigue and exert an impact on the performance of activities of daily living (ADL). Objective To investigate the possible association between peripheral muscle fatigue and performance on ADL in individuals with COPD, and to compare the results to those of healthy age-matched individuals. Methods Individuals with a diagnosis of COPD and healthy volunteers aged 60 years or older were submitted to evaluations of peripheral muscle fatigue (using surface electromyography) and performance on the Glittre-ADL test. Results Nine individuals with COPD and ten controls were evaluated. Median isometric quadriceps contraction time was 72 [38] and 56 [51] seconds, respectively. Execution time on the ADL test was 6.1 [4] and 3.6 [1.3] minutes for COPD and control group respectively, with a significant difference between groups (p < 0.05). However, no significant correlation was found between the evaluations. Conclusion No association was found between quadriceps muscle fatigue and performance on ADL in the sample studied. In the intergroup comparison, the individuals with COPD exhibited worse ADL time execution, but no significant difference was found regarding quadriceps muscle fatigue.


Resumo Introdução A doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica (DPOC) é caracterizada por fluxo aéreo limitado associado à resposta inflamatória e manifestações sistêmicas, como dispneia, além de inatividade física e intolerância ao exercício. A soma dessas alterações pode levar à fadiga muscular periférica e exercer impacto no desempenho das atividades de vida diária (AVD). Objetivo Investigar a possível associação entre fadiga muscular periférica e desempenho em AVD em indivíduos com DPOC e comparar os resultados com indivíduos saudáveis da mesma faixa etária. Métodos Indivíduos com diagnóstico de DPOC e voluntários saudáveis com idade igual ou superior a 60 anos foram submetidos a avaliações de fadiga muscular periférica (por meio de eletromiografia de superfície) e desempenho no teste Glittre-ADL. Resultados Foram avaliados nove indivíduos com DPOC e dez controles. O tempo médio de contração isométrica do quadríceps foi de 72 [38] e 56 [51] segundos, respectivamente. O tempo de execução do teste de AVD foi de 6,18 [4,09] e 3,67 [1,3] minutos para DPOC e grupo controle, respectivamente, com diferença significativa entre os grupos (p < 0,05). No entanto não encontrou-se correlação significativa entre as avaliações. Conclusão Não encontrou-se associação entre a fadiga muscular do quadríceps e o desempenho nas AVD na amostra estudada. Na comparação intergrupos, os indivíduos com DPOC apresentaram pior tempo de execução das AVD, mas não encontrou-se diferença significativa em relação à fadiga muscular do quadríceps.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Activities of Daily Living , Muscle Fatigue , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Quadriceps Muscle , Electromyography , Healthy Volunteers
10.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 15-15, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971205

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Individual-level social capital is an important determinant of older adults' long-term care needs; however, there is scant evidence regarding community-level social capital. Therefore, we investigated the association between community-level social capital and the prevalence of the need for long-term care among older adults.@*METHODS@#Between January and February 2018, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among all older adults (n = 13,558) aged 65 to 74 years in a rural municipality in Japan (total population, n = 72,833). A self-reported questionnaire was used to identify community-level social capital, comprising civic participation, social cohesion, and reciprocity. A multilevel logistic regression analysis was performed to estimate the odds ratios of the need for long-term care and a decline in social activity competence as assessed by instrumental activities of daily living. For the analysis, the community levels were divided into 76 voting districts and adjusted for daily life, lifestyle, socioeconomic status, health conditions, and the three social capital subscale scores at the individual level.@*RESULTS@#After adjusting for the covariates, we observed a tendency that a higher community level of reciprocity was associated with a lower prevalence of long-term care needs (OR: 0.86, 95% confidence interval: 0.75-1.00), whereas a high community level of social cohesion was associated with a significantly reduced decline in instrumental activities of daily living (OR per standard deviation increase: 0.87, 95% confidence interval: 0.79-0.96). No significant association was found with civic participation. Similarly, individual-level social capital was associated with the need for long-term care and decline in instrumental activities of daily living.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our findings suggest that good community-level reciprocity or social cohesion as well as good individual social capital status may help prevent the need for long-term care among older adults.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Interpersonal Relations , Activities of Daily Living , Social Participation , Social Capital , Multilevel Analysis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Long-Term Care , Japan/epidemiology , Social Support
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 733-738, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980787

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of the Xingnao Kaiqiao (regaining consciousness and opening orifices) acupuncture on hemorrhagic transformation and limb motor function after intravenous thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) in stroke patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 130 stroke patients after rt-PA thrombolytic were divided into an acupuncture group (58 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a non-acupuncture group (72 cases, 7 cases dropped off) according to whether they received acupuncture treatment. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to match each group, with 38 patients in each group. The patients in the non-acupuncture group received rt-PA thrombolytic therapy and western medical basic treatment. In addition to the basic treatment, the patients in the acupuncture group received Xingnao Kaiqiao acupuncture at Shuigou (GV 26), bilateral Neiguan (PC 6), and ipsilateral Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Chize (LU 5), once a day for 14 days. The incidence of hemorrhagic transformation within 30 days after onset was compared between the two groups. The Fugl-Meyer assessment (FMA) score and activities of daily living (ADL) score were observed at baseline and 30 days, 6 months, 1 year after onset in the two groups. The disability rate at 6 months and 1 year after onset was recorded, and safety was evaluated in both groups.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of hemorrhagic transformation in the acupuncture group was 5.3% (2/38), which was lower than 21.1% (8/38) in the non-acupuncture group (P<0.05). At 30 days, 6 month, and 1 year after onset, the FMA and ADL scores of both groups were higher than those at baseline (P<0.01), and the scores in the acupuncture group were higher than those in the non-acupuncture group (P<0.01). The disability rate in the acupuncture group at 1 year after onset was 10.5% (4/38), which was lower than 28.9% (11/38) in the non-acupuncture group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse events between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The Xingnao Kaiqiao acupuncture method could reduce the incidence of hemorrhagic transformation in stroke patients after intravenous thrombolysis with rt-PA, improve their motor function and daily living ability, and reduce the long-term disability rate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tissue Plasminogen Activator/adverse effects , Activities of Daily Living , Prospective Studies , Stroke , Acupuncture Therapy , Thrombolytic Therapy/adverse effects
12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1006-1012, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985626

ABSTRACT

Objective: To calculate and compare the healthy life expectancy (HLE) of the middle-aged and elderly in China, the United States, and developing and developed countries in the European Union(EU) and analyze the impact of socioeconomic factors on HLE in different countries or regions. Methods: Four surveys from 2010 to 2019 were brought into the research. The data were collected from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study, Health and Retirement Study, and the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe. Developed and developing countries in the EU were divided into two groups for calculation. Education level, total family wealth, and work retirement status were selected to measure socioeconomic status, and activities of daily living were used as health status indicators. We used the multi-state life cycle table method to calculate the transition probability between different health states and estimate life expectancy and HLE. Results: A total of 69 544 samples were included in the study. In terms of age, the middle-aged and elderly in the United States and developed countries of the EU have higher HLE in all age groups. In terms of gender, only Chinese women have lower HLE than men. Regarding socioeconomic factors, the middle-aged and elderly with higher education levels and total family wealth level have higher HLE. In China, working seniors have higher HLE, while for USA women and developed countries of the EU, retired or unemployed seniors have higher HLE. Conclusions: Demographic and socioeconomic factors impact HLE in different countries or regions. China should pay more attention to the health of women and the middle-aged and elderly retired with lower education and less total family wealth.


Subject(s)
Aged , Male , Middle Aged , Female , Humans , United States , Healthy Life Expectancy , European Union , Activities of Daily Living , Longitudinal Studies , Socioeconomic Factors , China/epidemiology
13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 855-861, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985604

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate body mass index (BMI) level, identify the main type of nutritional problem, and describe the population distribution characteristics of BMI among Chinese people aged 80 years or above. Methods: The data of 9 481 oldest-old individuals were obtained from the 2017-2018 Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. The Lambda-Mu-Sigma method, weighted estimates of BMI, and comparisons by BMI quintiles were used to describe the BMI level and distribution characteristics among the oldest-old. Results: The average age of the participants was (91.9±7.7) years, with P50 of the weighted BMI at 21.9 (95%CI: 21.8-22.0) kg/m2. The result of BMI level showed a decreasing trend with age, with a rapid decline before age 100, and then the trend became slower. There are about 30% of the oldest-old classified as undernutrition, but the prevalence of overnutrition is only about 10%. The population distribution characteristics by BMI quintiles showed the oldest-old with lower BMI levels were likely to have the following characteristics: sociodemographically, to be older, female, ethnic minority, unmarried/divorced/widowed, rural residents, illiterate, with inadequate living expenses, located in Central, South, or Southwest China; regarding lifestyles, lower BMI levels were observed for participants who were smoking, not exercising, lack of leisure activities, or with poor dietary diversity; considering functional status, participants with lower BMI levels were those who have poor chewing ability, disability in activities of daily living, cognitive impairment, hearing loss, visual impairment, or poor self-rated health status. The oldest-old with higher BMI levels were likely to have heart disease, hypertension, cerebrovascular disease, and diabetes. Conclusions: The overall BMI level was low among the Chinese oldest-old and it showed a downward trend with age. Currently, the main nutritional problem among the Chinese oldest-old was undernutrition rather than overweight or obesity. Management of healthy lifestyles, functional status, and diseases would be helpful to reduce the risk of undernutrition among the oldest-old.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Activities of Daily Living , Body Mass Index , East Asian People , Ethnicity , Malnutrition , Minority Groups , Centenarians , Nonagenarians
14.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 568-574, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985528

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the depression status and its influencing factors in elderly patients with MS in China and to explore the correlation between various components of elderly MS and depression. Methods: This study is based on the "Prevention and Intervention of Key Diseases in Elderly" project. We used a multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method to complete 16 199 elderly aged 60 years and above in 16 counties (districts) in Liaoning, Henan, and Guangdong Provinces in 2019, excluding 1 001 missing variables. Finally, 15 198 valid samples were included for analysis. The respondents' MS disease was obtained through questionnaires and physical examinations, and the respondents' depression status within the past half month was assessed using the PHQ-9 Depression Screening Scale. The correlation between elderly MS and its components and depression and its influencing factors were analyzed by logistic regression. Results: A total of 15 198 elderly aged 60 years and above were included in this study, with the prevalence of MS at 10.84% and the detection rate of depressive symptoms in MS patients at 25.49%. The detection rates of depressive symptoms in patients with 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 MS abnormal group scores were 14.56%, 15.17%, 18.01%, 25.21%, and 26.65%, respectively. The number of abnormal components of MS was positively correlated with the detection rate of depressive symptoms, and the difference between groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). The risk of depression symptoms in patients with MS, overweight/obesity, hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia was 1.73 times (OR=1.73, 95%CI:1.51-1.97), 1.13 times (OR=1.13, 95%CI:1.03-1.24), 1.25 times (OR=1.25, 95%CI:1.14-1.38), 1.41 times (OR=1.41, 95%CI:1.24-1.60), 1.81 times (OR=1.81,95%CI:1.61-2.04), respectively, more than those without the disease. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the detection rate of depressive symptoms in patients with sleep disorders was higher than that with normal sleep (OR=4.89, 95%CI: 3.79-6.32). The detection rate of depressive symptoms in patients with cognitive dysfunction was 2.12 times higher than that in the average population (OR=2.12, 95%CI: 1.56-2.89). The detection rate of depressive symptoms in patients with impaired instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) was 2.31 times (OR=2.31, 95%CI: 1.64-3.26) higher than that in the average population. Tea drinking (OR=0.73, 95%CI: 0.54-0.98) and physical exercise (OR=0.67, 95%CI: 0.49-0.90) seemed to be protective factors for depression in elderly MS patients (P<0.05). Conclusions: Older patients with MS and its component abnormalities have a higher risk of depression than the average population. Sleep disorders, cognitive impairment, and IADL impairment are important influencing factors for depression in elderly MS patients, while tea drinking and physical exercise may help to reduce the risk of the disease.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Activities of Daily Living/psychology , Depression/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Tea , Risk Factors
15.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 153-157, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969964

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupotomy on the fat infiltration degree of lumbar multifidus muscle (LMM) in patients with lumbar disc herniation after percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (PTED).@*METHODS@#A total of 104 patients with lumbar disc herniation treated with PTED were randomly divided into an observation group (52 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a control group (52 cases, 4 cases dropped off). Patients of both groups received rehabilitation training of two weeks 48 h after PTED treatment. The observation group was treated with acupotomy (L3-L5 Jiaji [EX-B 2]) once within 24 h after PTED. In the two groups, the fat infiltration cross sectional area (CSA) of LMM was compared before and 6 months after PTED, the visual analogue scale (VAS) score and Oswestry disability index (ODI) score were observed before and 1, 6 months after PTED. The correlation between fat infiltration CSA of LMM in each segment and VAS score was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Six months after PTED, the fat infiltration CSA of LMM in L4/L5 and the total L3-S1 segments of the observation group was lower than that before PTED (P<0.05), and the fat infiltration CSA of LMM in L4/L5 of the observation group was lower than the control group (P<0.01). One month after PTED, the ODI and VAS scores of the two groups were lower than those before PTED (P<0.01), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). Six months after PTED, the ODI and VAS scores of the two groups were lower than those before PTED and 1 month after PTED (P<0.01), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.01). There was a positive correlation between the fat infiltration CSA of LMM in the total L3-S1 segments and VAS scores in the two groups before PTED (r = 0.64, P<0.01). Six months after PTED, there was no correlation between the fat infiltration CSA of LMM in each segment and VAS scores in the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupotomy can improve the fat infiltration degree of LMM, pain symptoms and activities of daily living in patients with lumbar disc herniation after PTED.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , Activities of Daily Living , Paraspinal Muscles , Treatment Outcome , Lumbar Vertebrae , Retrospective Studies , Endoscopy , Diskectomy , Acupuncture Therapy
16.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 579-589, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982311

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the feasibility and safety of Liuzijue exercise (LE) for the clinical effect in patients after cardiac surgery.@*METHODS@#Totally 120 patients who underwent cardiac surgery and were admitted to the Cardiothoracic Intensive Care Unit of Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital between July and Oclober, 2022 were allocated to the LE group, the conventional respiratory training (CRT) group, and the control group by a random number table at a ratio of 1:1:1; 40 patients in each group. All patients received routine treatment and cardiac rehabilitation. LE group and CRT group respectively performed LE and CRT once a day for 30 min for 7 days. Control group did not receive specialized respiratory training. The forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in 1 s, peak inspiratory flow rate, peak expiratory flow rate, maximum inspiratory pressure, maximum expiratory pressure, modified Barthel index (MBI), and Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HAM-A) were evaluated before, after 3 and 7 days of intervention. In addition, the postoperative length of hospital stay (LOS) and the adverse events that occurred during the intervention period were compared.@*RESULTS@#A total of 107 patients completed the study, 120 patients were included in the analysis. After 3 days of intervention, the pulmonary function, respiratory muscle strength, MBI and HAM-A of all 3 groups improved compared with that before the intervention (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with the control group, pulmonary function and respiratory muscle strength were significantly improved in the CRT and LE groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01). MBI and HAM-A were significantly improved in the LE group compared with the control and CRT groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01). On the 7th day after intervention, the difference was still statistically significant (P<0.01), and was significantly different from that on the 3rd day (P<0.05 or P<0.01). In addition, on the 7th day of intervention, the pulmonary function and respiratory muscle strength in the LE group were significantly improved compared with those in the CRT group (P<0.01). MBI and HAM-A were significantly improved in the CRT group compared with the control group (P<0.01). There were no significant differences in postoperative LOS among the 3 groups (P>0.05). No training-related adverse events occurred during the intervention period.@*CONCLUSIONS@#LE is safe and feasible for improving pulmonary function, respiratory muscle strength, the ability to complete activities of daily living and for relieving anxiety of patients after cardiac surgery (Registration No. ChiCTR2200062964).


Subject(s)
Humans , Activities of Daily Living , Breathing Exercises , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Respiratory Muscles , Muscle Strength/physiology
17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 278-283, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982228

ABSTRACT

A protective device was designed that can be worn on the elderly, which consists of protective airbag, control box and protective mechanism. The combined acceleration, combined angular velocity and human posture angle are selected as the parameters to determine the fall, and the threshold algorithm and SVM algorithm are used to detect the fall. The protective mechanism is an inflatable device based on CO2 compressed air cylinder, and the equal-width cam structure is applied to its transmission part to improve the puncture efficiency of the compressed gas cylinder. A fall experiment was designed to obtain the combined acceleration and angular velocity eigenvalues of fall actions (forward fall, backward fall and lateral fall) and daily activities (sitting-standing, walking, jogging and walking up and down stairs), showing that the specificity and sensitivity of the protection module reached 92.1% and 84.4% respectively, which verified the feasibility of the fall protection device.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Monitoring, Ambulatory , Activities of Daily Living , Wearable Electronic Devices , Walking , Acceleration , Algorithms
18.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e253659, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448943

ABSTRACT

Partindo da pergunta "Como tem sido ser mulher e mãe em tempos de pandemia?", o presente estudo convidou mulheres que são mães, em redes sociais virtuais, a partilhar um relato de suas experiências com a readaptação parental em função do distanciamento social causado pela pandemia de covid-19. O objetivo foi refletir sobre a experiência de ser mulher e mãe em tempos de covid-19 e distanciamento social, apontando algumas ressonâncias do cenário pandêmico na subjetividade dessas mulheres. O estudo teve como base o referencial psicanalítico, tanto na construção da pesquisa e análise dos relatos quanto na sua discussão. A análise dos cerca de 340 relatos coletados, os quais variaram de uma breve frase a longos parágrafos, apontou para uma série de questionamentos, pontos de análise e reflexões. A pandemia, e o decorrente distanciamento social, parece ter colocado uma lente de aumento sobre as angústias das mulheres que são mães, evidenciando sentimentos e sofrimentos sempre presentes. Destacaram-se, nos relatos, a sobrecarga das mulheres com as tarefas de cuidado dos filhos e da casa, a culpa, a solidão, a exaustão, e o sentimento de que não havia espaço nesse contexto para "ser mulher", sendo isso entendido especialmente a questões estéticas e de vaidade.(AU)


Starting from the question "How does it feel to be a woman and a mother in pandemic times?", this study invited women who are mothers, in virtual social networks, to share their experiences regarding parental adaptations due to social distancing caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The objective was to reflect on the experience of being a woman and a mother in the context of COVID-19 and of social distancing, pointing out some resonances of the pandemic scenario in the subjectivity of these women. The study was based on the psychoanalytical framework, both in the construction of the research and analysis of the reports and in their discussion. The analysis of about 340 collected reports, which ranged from a brief sentence to long paragraphs, pointed to a series of questions, analysis topics, and reflections. The pandemic, and the resulting social distancing, seems to have placed a magnifying glass over the anguish of women who are mothers, showing ever-present feelings and suffering. The reports highlighted women's overload with child and house care tasks, the guilt, loneliness, exhaustion, and the feeling that there was no space in this context to "be a woman," and it extends to aesthetic and vanity related questions especially.(AU)


A partir de la pregunta "¿cómo te sientes siendo mujer y madre en tiempos de pandemia?", este estudio invitó por las redes sociales a mujeres que son madres a compartir un relato de sus experiencias sobre la readaptación parental en función del distanciamiento social causado por la pandemia del covid-19. Su objetivo fue reflexionar sobre la experiencia de ser mujer y madre en tiempos del covid-19 y el distanciamiento social, señalando algunas resonancias del escenario pandémico en la subjetividad de estas mujeres. Este estudio se basó en el marco psicoanalítico, tanto en la construcción de la investigación y análisis de los informes como en su discusión. El análisis de los casi 340 relatos, que variaron de una pequeña frase a largos párrafos, generó en las investigadoras una serie de cuestionamientos y reflexiones. La pandemia y el consecuente distanciamiento social parece haber agrandado las angustias de las mujeres que son madres, evidenciando sentimientos y sufrimientos siempre presentes. En los relatos destacan la sobrecarga de las mujeres con las tareas de cuidado de los hijos y del hogar, la culpa, la soledad, el cansancio, así como el sentimiento de que no hay espacio em este contexto para "ser mujer", relacionado principalmente a cuestiones estéticas y de vanidad.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Psychoanalysis , Women , Parenting , Pandemics , COVID-19 , Anxiety , Parent-Child Relations , Paternal Behavior , Paternity , Prenatal Care , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Relaxation , Self Care , Self Concept , Social Adjustment , Social Responsibility , Socialization , Socioeconomic Factors , Stereotyping , Stress, Physiological , Stress, Psychological , Women's Rights , Work Hours , Body Image , Burnout, Professional , Activities of Daily Living , Pregnancy , Adaptation, Biological , Family , Marriage , Child , Child Development , Child Rearing , Quarantine , Hygiene , Mental Health , Family Health , Immunization , Sex Characteristics , Universal Precautions , Employment, Supported , Cost of Illness , Confusion , Feminism , Self Efficacy , Affect , Culture , Parturition , Depression , Postpartum Period , Educational Status , Ego , Employment , Fear , Femininity , Sexism , Work-Life Balance , Frailty , Occupational Stress , Androcentrism , Freedom , Self-Neglect , Frustration , Body Dissatisfaction , Psychological Distress , Social Comparison , Teleworking , Physical Distancing , Gender Equity , Family Support , Family Structure , Guilt , Health Promotion , Household Work , Identification, Psychological , Identity Crisis , Income , Individuation , Anger , Leisure Activities , Loneliness , Love , Maternal Behavior , Maternal Welfare , Mothers
19.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e250670, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448949

ABSTRACT

Este artigo refere-se à parte de uma pesquisa de doutorado, realizada em hospital de alta complexidade do Sistema Único de Saúde, cujos participantes são os profissionais de saúde. O objetivo deste artigo é analisar o potencial da abordagem das narrativas como método de pesquisa e intervenção nos serviços de saúde, traçando aproximações com a teoria psicanalítica. Sua relevância no campo da Saúde Pública está calcada no reconhecimento do papel do sujeito como agente de mudanças. O texto divide-se em duas partes: na primeira, explora as especificidades do trabalho na área da saúde, o paradigma da saúde pública no que concerne à gestão e possíveis contribuições da clínica ampliada para esse modelo. Na segunda parte, analisa o uso das narrativas como método de pesquisa nesse campo e as aproximações conceituais entre a narrativa em Walter Benjamin e a psicanálise em Freud. Busca na literatura referências sobre experiências análogas que fundamentem a proposta ora realizada e conclui pela importância de, no momento atual, apostar na força germinativa das narrativas como fonte criativa de novas formas de cuidar.(AU)


This article derives from a PhD research conducted with health professionals at a high-complexity public hospital from the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS). It analyzes the potential of the narrative as a research and intervention method in health services, outlining approximations with psychoanalysis. In the field of Public Health, the narrative approach acknowledges the individual as an agent of change. The text is divided into two parts. The first presents an overview of the peculiarities involved in healthcare, the Public Health paradigm regarding service management and possible contributions from the expanded clinic to this model. The second analyzes the use of narratives as a research method in this field and the conceptual approximations between Benjamin's narrative and Freud's psychoanalysis. It searches the literature for references on similar experiences to support the present proposal and concludes by highlighting the importance of betting on the creative power of narratives as a source for new ways to care.(AU)


Este artículo es parte de una investigación doctoral, realizada con los profesionales de la salud de un hospital de alta complejidad del Sistema Único de Salud de Brasil. Su propósito es analizar el potencial del enfoque en narrativas como método de investigación e intervención en los servicios de salud, esbozando aproximaciones entre las narrativas y la teoría del psicoanálisis. Su relevancia en el campo de la salud pública se basa en el reconocimiento del rol del sujeto como agente de cambio. El texto se divide en dos partes: La primera investiga las especificidades del trabajo en el área de la salud, el paradigma de la salud pública en la gestión de los servicios y las posibles contribuciones de la clínica ampliada a este modelo. En la segunda parte, analiza el uso de narrativas como método de investigación en este campo y las aproximaciones conceptuales entre la narrativa de Walter Benjamin y el psicoanálisis de Freud. Este estudio busca en la literatura referencias sobre experiencias similares que apoyen la propuesta ahora realizada y concluye con la importancia de, en el momento actual, apostar por el poder de las narrativas como fuente creadora de nuevas formas de cuidar.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Psychoanalysis , Health Policy, Planning and Management , Narration , Qualitative Research , Education, Public Health Professional , Policy , Anxiety , Pain , Parapsychology , Personality , Politics , Psychoanalytic Interpretation , Psychology , Psychopathology , Psychotherapy , Public Health Administration , Quality of Health Care , Regional Health Planning , Social Change , Social Conditions , Socioeconomic Factors , Sociology , Superego , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Unconscious, Psychology , Behavior , Behavioral Symptoms , Technical Cooperation , Burnout, Professional , Activities of Daily Living , Mental Health , Disease , Psychological Techniques , Health Strategies , Efficiency, Organizational , Life , Health Equity , Organizational Modernization , Biomedical Technology , Disaster Vulnerability , Culture , Capitalism , Value of Life , Death , Depression , Economics , Ego , Health Sciences, Technology, and Innovation Management , Scientific and Technical Activities , Essential Public Health Functions , Humanization of Assistance , Ethics, Institutional , Information Technology , Narrative Therapy , Social Determinants of Health , Integrality in Health , Ambulatory Care , Psychological Trauma , Emotion-Focused Therapy , Occupational Stress , Fascism , Burnout, Psychological , Interpersonal Psychotherapy , Psychological Distress , Sociodemographic Factors , Social Vulnerability , Health Occupations , Health Services Accessibility , History , Human Rights , Id , Mental Health Services , Morals
20.
Rev Rene (Online) ; 24: e85201, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1514678

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo analisar a associação dos aspectos sociodemográficos e capacidade funcional com a violência física em pessoas idosas hospitalizadas. Métodos estudo multicêntrico, transversal, com 323 pessoas idosas atendidas em dois hospitais universitários. Foram utilizados o Conflict Tactics Scales, as escalas para avaliação das atividades básicas e instrumentais de vida diária e um questionário adaptado para avaliação de atividades avançadas de vida diária. Os dados foram analisados por estatística descritiva e inferencial. Resultados as atividades individuais de vida diária estiveram associadas à violência física maior, apontando haver uma relação inversamente proporcional entre as variáveis, e pessoas idosas independentes para essas atividades são aquelas que não vivenciam violência física maior (p=0,037). Conclusão a independência funcional para as atividades instrumentais de pessoas idosas internadas apresenta relação com menor probabilidade de ser vítima de violência física. Contribuições para a prática o estudo aponta achados singulares na relação entre violência física e a capacidade funcional, de modo que cada tipo de atividade de vida diária pode resultar em um desfecho diferente para a violência física. Outrossim, ratifica-se a relevância de avaliações individuais e contextualizadas no ambiente hospitalar, o qual pode influenciar os fatores condicionantes a esse agravo.


ABSTRACT Objective to analyze the association of sociodemographic aspects and functional capacity with physical violence in hospitalized elderly people. Methods this was a multi-center, cross-sectional study of 323 elderly people treated at two university hospitals. The Conflict Tactics Scales, the scales for assessing basic and instrumental activities of daily living and a questionnaire adapted for assessing advanced activities of daily living were used. The data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results individual activities of daily living were associated with major physical violence, indicating an inversely proportional relationship between the variables, and independent elderly people for these activities are those who do not experience major physical violence (p=0.037). Conclusion the functional independence for instrumental activities of elderly inpatients is related to a lower probability of being a victim of physical violence. Contributions to practice the study points to unique findings in the relationship between physical violence and functional capacity, so that each type of activity of daily living can result in a different outcome for physical violence. It also confirms the importance of individual and contextualized assessments in the hospital environment, which can influence the conditioning factors for this condition.


Subject(s)
Aged , Violence , Aged , Activities of Daily Living , Elder Abuse , Forensic Nursing
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