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1.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 213-220, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929225

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Acupuncture has been widely used to relieve migraine-related symptoms. However, the findings of previous systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyses (MAs) are still not completely consistent. Their quality is also unknown, so a comprehensive study is needed.@*OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the reporting and methodological quality of these MAs concerning acupuncture for migraine, and summarize evidence about the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for migraine.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Databases, Wanfang Data, and VIP databases were searched from inception to September 2020, with a comprehensive search strategy.@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#The pairwise MAs of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) concerning migraine treated by acupuncture or acupuncture-based therapies, with a control group that received sham acupuncture, medication, no treatment, or acupuncture at different acupoints were included.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#Two independent investigators screened studies, extracted relevant data, and assessed reporting and methodological quality using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) 2009 and A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews 2 (AMSTAR 2), then all results were cross-checked. Spearman correlation test was used to evaluate the correlation between reporting and methodological quality scores.@*RESULTS@#A total of 20 MAs were included in this study. The included MAs indicated that acupuncture was efficacious and safe in preventing and treating migraine when compared with control intervention. There was a high correlation between reporting and methodological quality scores (rs = 0.87, P < 0.001). The quality of the included SRs needs to be improved mainly with regard to protocol and prospective registration, using a comprehensive search strategy, summarizing the strength of evidence body for key outcomes, a full list of excluded studies with reasons for exclusion, reporting of RCTs' funding sources, and assessing the potential impact of risk of bias in RCTs on MA results.@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture is an effective and safe intervention for preventing and treating migraine, and could be considered as a good option for patients with migraine. However, the reporting and methodological quality of MAs included in this overview is suboptimal. In the future, AMSTAR 2 and PRISMA tools should be followed when making and reporting an SR with MA.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , China , Humans , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Migraine Disorders/therapy , Research Report
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928951

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To identify, examine and summarize the available evidence on the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for in vitro fertilisation (IVF) outcomes.@*METHODS@#Eight electronic databases, including PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Review, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Database, Chinese Biomedical Database and VIP Database, were searched, supplemented by manual searches. Two researchers independently conducted the literature screening, data extraction, and methodological quality assessments. A narrative description was provided to show the general information and specific characteristics of the included studies. A bubble plot was used to visually display the overall effects of acupuncture on IVF outcomes.@*RESULTS@#Eighty-two studies were identified, including 64 primary studies and 18 systematic reviews. Transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation, electric acupuncture and manual acupuncture were applied in most studies and compared with no acupuncture, sham acupuncture and placebo acupuncture control groups. Sixty-three (98.4%) primary studies reported clinical pregnancy rate, and positive effects of acupuncture were found in 34 studies (54.0%). Live birth rate was reported in only 18 (28.1%) primary studies, of which 10 (55.6%) showed positive results. In addition, only 8 and 2 systematic reviews showed that acupuncture could increase clinical pregnancy events and live birth events, respectively. However, none of these reviews was of high methodological quality.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Available evidence suggests that acupuncture therapy could improve clinical pregnancy rates. However, whether acupuncture could increase live birth events was difficult to determine based on the few studies that have reported this outcome indicator. Furthermore, the methodological quality of most systematic reviews was assessed as critically low or low. Studies with a rigorous design and standardized implementation should be performed to refine the available evidence.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy/methods , China , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Humans , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Rate
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928939

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effects of acupuncture on hypoglycaemic outcomes in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).@*METHODS@#PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrials.gov were searched from inception up to July 2020, to identify randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that enrolled patients with T2DM and compared acupuncture combined with antidiabetic drugs to antidiabetic drugs alone. The primary outcomes were haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and fasting blood glucose (FBG). The secondary outcomes included 2-h blood glucose (2hBG), fasting insulin (FINS), homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and acupuncture-related adverse events. Mean difference (MD) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were used as the effect measure in the meta-analysis. The quality of evidence was assessed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation tool.@*RESULTS@#Twenty-one RCTs (n=1,188) were included. The meta-analytic results showed that the acupuncture group had greater reductions in FBG (MD -6.46 mg/dL, 95% CI -11.95 to -0.98; moderate-quality evidence) and HOMA-IR (MD -1.23, 95% CI -2.16 to -0.31; low-quality evidence), but comparable changes in HbA1c (MD -0.39%, 95% CI -0.84 to 1.61; very-low-quality evidence), 2hBG (MD -4.99 mg/dL, 95% CI -20.74 to 10.76; low-quality evidence), and FINS (MD -1.32 µIU/mL, 95% CI -3.76 to 1.12; low-quality evidence). No data on the incidence of diabetic complications were found. All acupuncture-related adverse events reported were mild.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The current evidence suggests that acupuncture, as a complementary therapy to antidiabetic drugs, has a small but statistically significant effect on decreasing FBG and improving insulin resistance. The effects of acupuncture on HbA1c, 2hBG, and FINS remain uncertain. Acupuncture is generally safe in patients with mild diabetes. More evidence for the long-term effects of acupuncture on T2DM is needed. (Trial registration No. CRD42018115639).


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Blood Glucose , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents/adverse effects , Insulin Resistance , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927431

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically review the therapeutic effect of acupuncture and moxibustion on postoperative gastrointestinal dysfunction (GID) of gastric cancer with meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#The articles of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture and moxibustion treatment for postoperative GID of gastric cancer were retrieved from the following databases from the time of database establishment to December 31, 2020, including PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang database, VIP database and China Biomedical Literature Database (SinoMed). RevMan5.3 software was used for meta-analysis. Using Stata16.0 software, sensitivity analysis and publication bias test were performed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 16 RCTs were included finally, including 1 360 patients, of which, there were 681 cases in the intervention group and 679 cases in the control group. Meta-analysis results showed that acupuncture and moxibustion shortened the time of first flatus (P<0.000 01, MD =-14.52, 95%CI = [-17.31, -11.74]), the time of first bowel sound (P<0.000 01, MD =-10.50, 95%CI =[-13.99, -7.01]) and the time of first defecation (P<0.000 1, MD =-13.79, 95%CI =[-20.09, -7.50]). Meanwhile, acupuncture and moxibustion shortened the time of the first food intake (P<0.000 1, MD =-3.23, 95%CI = [-3.45, -3.00]) and the hospital stay (P<0.000 01, MD =-1.94, 95%CI =[-2.20, -1.69]) after gastric cancer operation, and reduced the incidences of postoperative adverse reactions, i.e. nausea and vomiting (P =0.000 3, RR =0.43, 95%CI =[0.28, 0.68]) and abdominal distention (P =0.000 5, RR =0.41, 95%CI =[0.25, 0.68]).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture and moxibustion can promote the recovery of postoperative gastrointestinal function in the patients with gastric cancer. But, for the comparison among different measures of acupuncture and moxibustion intervention, it needs more high-quality trials for a further verification.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Humans , Moxibustion/methods , Nausea , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Vomiting
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927429

ABSTRACT

To explore the influencing factors of acupuncture curative effect in literature of experts' experience. The journal literature of experts' experience was retrieved from China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and PubMed, starting from inception to September 4, 2020, and the influencing factors of acupuncture curative effect were extracted and analyzed. A total of 499 articles were included, involving 495 articles in Chinese and 4 articles in English. The influencing factors of acupuncture curative effect mainly include five aspects: diagnostic method, acupoint selection of acupuncture, acupuncture manipulation, regulating mind of acupuncture and acupuncture time, and provide reference for acupuncture protocol design in clinical trials.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , PubMed , Publications
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927421

ABSTRACT

Professor JIAO Mian-zhai 's academic characteristics and needling essentials in acupuncture field are introduced in the paper. Professor JIAO integrated martial arts and qigong with acupuncture needling technique, and then created his own "yunzhang bafa" (eight kinds of palm movement and qi training method) and modified the basic skills for finger strength practice and needling techniques. On the base of the needling techniques exerted by both hands, he developed a set of "JIAO 's needling techniques", including the manipulations of needle insertion and withdrawal. He proposed that the compound needling techniques for reinforcing and reducing should be cooperated with the physician's respiratory rhythm. Besides, he clarified the operation timing of reinforcing and reducing techniques to ensure the full play to the curative effect of acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Humans , Male , Movement , Needles
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927403

ABSTRACT

The paper introduces the placebo acupuncture simulation devices commonly used in clinical trial of acupuncture therapy. These devices are composed of Streitberger, Park, Takakura, Foam and Phantom acupuncture. Because acupuncture therapy is a kind of complex intervention, there are the controversies in methodology for the acupuncture placebo control of clinical trial. Placebo acupuncture may be an effective control, with a certain of specific therapeutic effect. The blinding effect of placebo acupuncture is highly questioned, specially, the sensation of deqi is hardly imitated during acupuncture. On these grounds, in this research, the suggestions has been proposed on the selection and the setting of placebo control in clinical trial of acupuncture therapy.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Sensation
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927396

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Based on magnetic resonance imaging technology, the dangerous depth of straight needling and the safety of deep needling at Dachangshu (BL 25) are discussed, and data support is provided for standardizing deep needling at Dachangshu (BL 25).@*METHODS@#The horizontal cross-sectional images of 148 healthy adult subjects under the spinous process of the 4th lumbar vertebra were collected by magnetic resonance instrument, the anatomical structure was analyzed, and the dangerous depth of straight needling at Dachangshu (BL 25) was measured.@*RESULTS@#The dangerous depth of straight needling at Dachangshu (BL 25) was (11.2±1.3) cm and (11.0±1.2) cm on the left and right sides of males, and (9.8±1.3) cm and (9.7±1.3) cm on the left and right sides of females. There was a positive correlation between the dangerous depth of straight needling at Dachangshu (BL 25) and body mass index (BMI). In the case of similar body size, the dangerous depth of straight needling at Dachangshu(BL 25) in males was greater than that in females (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#At present, the deep needling at Dachangshu (BL 25) used in clinic is safe. In clinical application of the deep needling at Dachangshu (BL 25), the depth of needle insertion can be determined according to body size and gender.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Adult , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Needles
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927393

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the efficacy on relieving pain and improving the range of motion of shoulder joint in post-stroke shoulder-hand syndrome of phlegm-stasis obstruction in treatment of the combined therapy of eye acupuncture, Tengliao (Chinese herbal warm dressing technique) and rehabilitation training (eye acupuncture + Tengliao + rehabilitation) as compared with the combined treatment of Tengliao and rehabilitation training (Tengliao + rehabilitation) and the simple rehabilitation training (rehabilitation).@*METHODS@#A total of 356 patients with post-stroke shoulder-hand syndrome of phlegm-stasis obstruction were randomized into an eye acupuncture + Tengliao + rehabilitation group (group A, 122 cases, 2 cases dropped off), a Tengliao + rehabilitation group (group B, 120 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a rehabilitation group (group C, 114 cases, 1 case dropped off). In the group C, the basic treatment was combined with routine rehabilitation training. In the group B, on the base of the treatment as the group C, Tengliao was exerted. A medical bag composed of over 20 Chinese herbal materials was heated and dressed at the affected area, 30 min each time, 5 times weekly. In the group A, besides the treatment as the group B, eye acupuncture was applied to heart region, kidney region, upper jiao region and lower jiao region, 30 min each time, 5 times weekly. The treatment lasted 28 days in all of three groups. Separately, before treatment, in 7, 14, 21 and 28 days of treatment, as well as in 14 days after treatment of follow-up, the score of visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain, the score of guides to evaluation of permanent impairment (GEPI) and the score of National Institutes of Health stroke scale (NIHSS) were observed in each group.@*RESULTS@#The scores of VAS, GEPI and NIHSS were all improved with the treatment lasting in the three groups (P<0.000 1). In 7, 14, 21 and 28 days of treatment and in follow-up as well, VAS scores in the group A were all lower than the group C (P<0.05). After 14 days of treatment, GEPI score showed increasing trend, while NIHSS score showed decreasing trend in the group A compared with the group B. Before treatment, GEPI score was lower and NIHSS score was higher in the group A compared with the group C (P<0.05). It was suggested that the illness was slightly serious in the group A. After propensity score matching, in 14, 21 and 28 days as well as in follow-up, GEPI scores in the group A were higher than the group C respectively (P<0.05). Regarding NIHSS score at each time point, the difference had no statistical significance between the group A and the group C (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The combined therapy of eye acupuncture, Tengliao and rehabilitation training obtains a better efficacy on post-stroke shoulder-hand syndrome of phlegm-stasis obstruction as compared with rehabilitation training.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Humans , Pain , Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy/therapy , Stroke/complications , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927391

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of cluster acupuncture at scalp points in treating limb spasm after stroke on the basis of conventional exercise therapy.@*METHODS@#A total of 72 patients with limb spasm after stroke were randomly divided into an observation group (36 cases, 5 cases dropped off) and a control group (36 cases, 6 cases dropped off). The control group was treated with exercise therapy. In the observation group, on the basis of the control group, penetrating technique of acupuncture was exerted at Qianding (GV 21) to Baihui (GV 20), Xinhui (GV 22) to Qianding (GV 21), etc. once a day, 5 days a week for 4 weeks. Before and after treatment, the changes of the modified Ashworth scale (MAS), simplified Fugl-Meyer motor assessment (FMA), and modified Barthel index (MBI) scores of the two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the MAS scores of upper and lower limbs in the two groups were lower than before treatment (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the scores of FMA and BMI in the two groups were higher than before treatment (P<0.05), and the score of MBI in the observation group was higher than the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of conventional exercise therapy, cluster acupuncture at scalp points can reduce the spasm, improve motor function and activities of daily living in patients with limb spasm after stroke.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Exercise Therapy , Humans , Lower Extremity , Scalp , Spasm , Stroke/therapy , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927390

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy on insomnia between Fang 's scalp acupuncture combined with conventional acupuncture and the simple conventional acupuncture.@*METHODS@#A total of 66 patients with insomnia were randomly divided into an observation group (33 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (33 cases, 2 cases dropped off). In the control group, the routine acupuncture therapy was applied to Shenmen (HT 7), Baihui (GV 20), Zhaohai (KI 6) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6), etc. Based on the treatment as the control group, Fang's scalp acupuncture therapy was supplemented at fuxiang tou, fuzang shangjiao, fuzang zhongjiao, siwei, etc. At these scalp points, the needles were inserted perpendicularly with flying needling technique and manipulated with trembling one. In either group, the treatment was given once daily, continuously for 2 weeks. Before and after treatment, separately, the score of Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) and the score of Chinese perceived stress scale (CPSS) were observed, as well as the parameters monitored by polysomnography, i.g. total sleep time (TST), sleep onset latency (SOL), wakefulness after the sleep onset (WASO), sleep efficiency (SE), the percentages of the time of rapid eye movement sleep phase (REM) and non-rapid eye movement sleep phase 1, 2, 3 and 4 in TST (REM%, N1%, N2%, N3%). The efficacy was compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the scores of each factor and the total scores of PSQI, as well as CPSS scores were all lower than those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.01, P<0.05); except the score for sleep quality, the score of each factor and the total score of PSQI, as well as CPSS score in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05). After treatment, TST, SE%, REM% and N3% were increased and SOL, WASO, N1% were decreased as compared with before treatment in the two groups (P<0.01, P<0.05), and N2% in the observation group was decreased (P<0.01); SE%, REM% and N3% in the observation group were higher than the control group (P<0.05) and N1% and N2% were lower than the control group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 93.8% (30/32) in the observation group, higher than 87.1% (27/31) in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Fang 's scalp acupuncture, on the base of routine acupuncture, obviously improves the sleep quality and perceived stress and adjusts the sleep structure in the patients with insomnia.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Humans , Scalp , Sleep , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy , Stress, Psychological/therapy , Treatment Outcome
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927385

ABSTRACT

Based on the 28 Chinese clinical practice guidelines of acupuncture and moxibustion, this study summarized and analyzed the contents related to reaching consensus during the development process. The results indicated that all the 28 guidelines reported they have used consensus in the "recommendations" section, and provided details on consensus personnel, consensus methods, consensus process and consensus materials. However, it was found that the reporting of consensus was in need of further improvement. The limitations included unclear definition and responsibilities of "expert group", obscure concept between "consensus meeting" and "expert discussion", non-rigorous process of reaching consensus when generating recommendations and lacking of detailed reporting of the consensus reaching process. As such, we suggested that future researchers should conduct researches to further standardized the consensus process when developing acupuncture and moxibustion clinical practice guidelines, so as to improve the quality and clinical applicability of guidelines..


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , China , Consensus , Moxibustion , Practice Guidelines as Topic
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927381

ABSTRACT

Professor ZHANG Shan-chen's clinical experience and academic thoughts in the field of acupuncture are summarized. Professor ZHANG stresses on theoretical exploration and has written Zhenjiu Jiayijing Shuxue Chongji, published a series of articles on textual research and expounded the nomenclature of acupoints. He believes that clinical practice should be guided by theory and the comprehensive syndrome differentiation be emphasized. Hence, a holistic idea should be cultivated, in which, the human body is considered as an organic whole and should be adaptive to the nature. Based on the theory above, the diagnosis can be determined and the effective treatment be received. He suggests selecting few acupoints, identifying the deficiency from the excess so as to determine the reinforcing or replenishing method and exerting appropriate needling manipulation. Additionally, the response should be enhanced on the identification of deqi after needle insertion. Moreover, a great consideration is laid on the clinical trial and application of moxibustion, which is complemented with acupuncture technique each other and mutually conductive to the clinical effect.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture/history , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Humans , Moxibustion , Needles
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927380

ABSTRACT

The clinical experience in treatment of somatalgia with "point-zone-strip stimulation technique" of acupuncture of professor ZHANG Wei-hua was summarized. Professor ZHANG integrates the theories of the cutaneous region of meridian, biaoben, "taking tender point as acupoint" and local holography as a whole in treatment of somatalgia. The "point-stimulation technique" of acupuncture (subcutaneous needling technique) is adopted for the painful site less than 3 cm in diameter, the "zone-stimulation technique" (surrounding needling technique) is for the site larger than 3 cm in diameter and the "strip-stimulation technique" (cubit-tibia needling technique) is for various acute and chronic somatalgia. These three needling techniques are applicable singly or in combination in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Meridians , Skin
15.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(4): 927-940, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341526

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: en el período de recuperación de la anestesia general se deben metabolizar los medicamentos empleados y restablecer las alteraciones fisiológicas. La acupuntura es un método de tratamiento que ha sido estudiado en el período perioperatorio con diferentes fines; sin embargo, es menos conocido su efecto en la recuperación de la anestesia general. Objetivo: describir el efecto de la estimulación con Acupuntura en la recuperación de la anestesia general balanceada en pacientes intervenidas quirúrgicamente por nódulo de mama. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional prospectivo, en 60 pacientes intervenidas quirúrgicamente de nódulo de mama con anestesia general endotraqueal balanceada, de enero de 2014 a enero de 2016, en el Hospital Provincial Docente José Ramón López Tabrane, de Matanzas. Se conformaron dos grupos: grupo I, al que al finalizar la cirugía se le colocaron agujas de acupuntura en los puntos R1, Du26 y P9; y grupo II, al que no se le realizó acupuntura. El efecto de la acupuntura en la recuperación anestésica se midió a través de la Escala de Aldrete. Resultados: la edad de mayor incidencia fue de 40 a 49 años. El estado físico de las pacientes, según la Sociedad Americana de Anestesiología, es I. Prevaleció un tiempo anestésico de 61 a 90 minutos. Más del 75 % de las féminas tuvieron un tiempo de recuperación anestésica entre 31 y 60 minutos. Se presentaron dos complicaciones leves atribuibles a la acupuntura. Conclusiones: la aplicación de la acupuntura acortó el tiempo de recuperación anestésica en las pacientes estudiadas (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: in the recovery period from general anesthesia the used drugs should be metabolized and the physiological alterations restored. Acupuncture is a treatment method that has been studied in the perioperative period with different aims; nevertheless its effect on the recovery from general anesthesia is less well known. Objective: to describe the acupuncture stimulation effect on the recovery from general balanced anesthesia in patients who underwent a breast nodule surgery. Materials and methods: a prospective, observational study was performed in 60 patients who underwent a surgery of breast nodule with balanced endotracheal general anesthesia, from January 2014 to January 2016, at the Provincial Teaching Hospital "Jose Ramon Lopez Tabrane" of Matanzas. Two groups were formed: group I included patients to whom acupuncture needles were placed in R1, Du 26 and P9 acupoints after surgery, and Group II patients to whom acupuncture was not performed. The acupuncture effect on anesthetic recovery was assessed using the Aldrete Scale. Two groups were formed: group I, whose members at the end of the surgery were placed acupuncture needles to in the points R1, Du26 and P9; and group II, whose members did not receive acupuncture. The effect of acupuncture on anesthetic recovery was measured through the Aldrete Scale. Results: the highest incidence age was 40 to 49 years. The physical condition of the patients, according to the American Society of Anesthesiology, was I. An anesthetic time of 61 to 90 minutes prevailed. More than 75% of the women had an anesthetic recovery time between 31 and 60 minutes. There were two minor complications attributable to acupuncture. Conclusions: acupuncture application shortened the anesthetic recovery time in the studied patients (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Anesthesia, General/methods , Patients , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Breast Neoplasms/rehabilitation , Acupuncture Therapy/classification , Acupuncture Therapy/nursing , Acupuncture Therapy/standards , Anesthesia, General/standards
17.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(5): 520-526, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143964

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common and undesirable complication observed after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). We investigated the effects of auriculoacupuncture (AA) on the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting in the immediate postoperative period of uncomplicated laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: Sixty-eight patients were randomly divided into two groups, auriculoacupuncture (n = 35) and control (n = 33), and then they were evaluated prospectively. The needle was placed before anaesthesia induction and remained for 20 minutes. Nausea intensity was evaluated using an analogic visual scale and PONV events were registered immediately after anaesthesia care unit admission and in the second, fourth and sixth hours after the surgery. Results: The auriculoacupuncture group had a significantly smaller incidence of nausea and vomiting than the control group throughout the whole postoperative period (16/35 vs. 27/33, p= 0.03 and 4/35 vs. 15/33, p= 0.005, respectively); the AA group had fewer nausea events 2 h (p= 0.03) and 6 h (p= 0.001) after surgery and fewer vomiting events 2 h (p= 0.01) and 6 h (p= 0.02) after surgery. Conclusions: Auriculoacupuncture can partially prevent postoperative nausea and vomiting when compared to metoclopramide alone after uncomplicated laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Auriculoacupuncture can be recommended as an adjuvant therapy for postoperative nausea and vomiting prevention in selected patients.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: Náuseas e vômitos são complicações comuns e indesejáveis no pós-operatório de colecistectomia laparoscópica (CL). Nós investigamos os efeitos da auriculoacupuntura (AA) para a prevenção de náuseas e vômitos no período pós-operatório (NVPO) imediato da CL não complicada. Métodos: 68 pacientes foram aleatoriamente divididos em dois grupos, auriculoacupuntura (n = 35) e controle (n = 33), e foram avaliados prospectivamente. A agulha foi aplicada antes da indução anestésica e permaneceu no lugar por 20 minutos. A intensidade da náusea foi avaliada mediante escala visual analógica e episódios de NVPO foram registrados imediatamente após a admissão na unidade de recuperação anestésica e duas, quatro e seis horas após a cirurgia. Resultados: O grupo AA apresentou significativamente menos episódios de NVPO do que o grupo controle durante todo o período pós-operatório (16/35 vs. 27/33, p = 0,03 e 4/35 vs. 15/33, p = 0,005, respectivamente). O grupo auriculoacupuntura apresentou episódios de náuseas menos intensos às 2 horas (p = 0,03) e 6 horas (p = 0,001) após a cirurgia e menos episódios de vômitos 2 horas (p = 0,01) e 6 horas (p = 0,02) após a cirurgia. Conclusão: A auriculoacupuntura aliviou náuseas e vômitos no pós-operatório em número significante de pacientes, mas não foi capaz de prevenir náuseas e vômitos no pós-operatório em todos os pacientes. Ela pode ser recomendada como terapia adjuvante para prevenção de náuseas e vômitos no pós-operatório no pós-operatório de colecistectomia laparoscópica em pacientes selecionados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/adverse effects , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting/prevention & control , Antiemetics/administration & dosage , Time Factors , Double-Blind Method , Incidence , Prospective Studies , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting/epidemiology , Metoclopramide/administration & dosage
18.
Brasília; Fiocruz Brasília;Instituto de Saúde de São Paulo; ago. 11, 2020. 35 p.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, MTYCI, PIE | ID: biblio-1118192

ABSTRACT

A acupuntura se caracteriza pela estimulação de pontos cutâneos específicos por meio do uso de agulhas. A auriculoterapia consiste na estimulação mecânica de pontos específicos do pavilhão auricular com esferas de aço, ouro, prata, plástico, agulhas ou sementes de mostarda. A acupuntura é recomendada para promoção, manutenção e recuperação da saúde, bem como prevenção de agravos e doenças. Além disso, parece propiciar a liberação de neurotransmissores e outras substâncias responsáveis pela promoção da analgesia. A auriculoterapia promove a regulação psíquico orgânica do indivíduo. Ambas as prá ticas foram incorporadas no SUS mediante Portaria nº 971, de 03 de maio de 2006. Qual é a eficácia e a segurança da acupuntura e da auriculoterapia para o tratamento de asma em adultos e/ou idosos? As buscas foram realizadas em sete bases de dados sem restrição de ano de publicação. Os critérios de inclusão foram: revisões sistemáticas em inglês, português e espanhol que avaliaram os efeitos da acupuntura e auriculoterapia no tratamento de asma na população adulta e idosa. A avaliação da qualidade metodológica foi realizada por meio da ferramenta AMSTAR 2, feita por uma pesquisadora e revisada por outra. Nesta revisão rápida, produzida em cinco dias, foram utilizados atalhos metodológicos, de maneira que apenas o processo de seleção foi realizado em duplicidade e de forma independente. De 142 relatos recuperados nas bases de dados, foram incluídas cinco revisões sistemáticas que atenderam aos critérios de elegibilidade. A pergunta de pesquisa incluiu acupuntura e auriculoterapia, o que orientou as buscas de evidências. No entanto, não foram identificados estudos sobre auriculoterapia e a maioria das revisões analisou um tipo específico de acupuntura, denominada farmacopuntura, uma técnica que combina acupuntura com injeção de ervas medicinais. De maneira geral, a farmacopuntura combinada ou não a outros tratamentos, mostrou melhores resultados, em relação a seus comparadores, nos seguin tes desfechos: taxa de resposta e melhora dos sintomas de adultos com asma, melhora da Capacidade Vital Forçada (CVF), do Volume Expiratório Forçado em 1 segundo (VEF1), da relação VEF1/CVF e no Pico de Fluxo Expiratório (PFE). Os resultados sobre acupuntura foram melhores com relação a taxa de melhora dos sintomas de asma e do VEF1. Duas revisões avaliaram a segurança das intervenções, com relatos sobre ocorrência de eventos adversosleves com o uso da farmacopuntura. Esta revisão identificou alguns benefícios da acupuntura e farmacopuntura como tratamento adjuvante em pessoas com asma. No entanto, é necessário interpretar estes resultados com cautela, devido à diversidade de terapias utilizadas nos estudos primários e à qualidade metodológica das revisões sistemáticas, avaliadas como de confiança baixa ou criticamente baixa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Asthma/therapy , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Acupuncture/methods
19.
Brasília; Fiocruz Brasília;Instituto de Saúde de São Paulo; ago. 18, 2020. 53 p.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, MTYCI, PIE | ID: biblio-1118194

ABSTRACT

A acupuntura se caracteriza pela estimulação de pontos cutâneos específicos por meio do uso de agulhas. A auriculoterapia consiste na estimulação mecânica de pontos específicos do pavilhão auricular com esferas de aço, ouro, prata, plástico, agulhas ou sementes de mostarda. Acupressão é o estímulo dos pontos de acupuntura por meio de pressão física. A acupuntura é recomendada para promoção, manutenção e recuperação da saúde, bem como prevenção de agravos e doenças. Além disso, parece propiciar a liberação de neurotransmissores e outras substâncias responsáveis pela promoção da analgesia. A auriculoterapia e acupressão promovem a regulação psíquico-orgânica do indivíduo. Estas práticas foram incorporadas no SUS mediante Portaria nº 971, de 03 de maio de 2006. Qual é a eficácia e a segurança da acupuntura, auriculoterapia e acupressão na cessação do tabagismo em adultos e/ou idosos? As buscas foram realizadas em sete bases de dados sem restrição de ano de publicação. Os critérios de inclusão foram: revisões sistemáticas em inglês, português e espanhol que avaliaram os efeitos da acupuntura, auriculoterapia e acupressão no controle do tabagismo na população adulta e idosa. A avaliação da qualidade metodológica foi realizada por meio da ferramenta AMSTAR 2, feita por uma pesquisadora e revisada por outra. Nesta revisão rápida, produzida em cinco dias, foram utilizados atalhos metodológicos, de maneira que apenas o processo de seleção foi realizado em duplicidade e de forma independente. De 127 relatos encontrados nas bases de dados, foram incluídas seis revisões sistemáticas que atenderam aos critérios de elegibilidade. Na avaliação da qualidade metodológica uma revisão apresentou alta qualidade, e cinco, qualidade criticamente baixa. As revisões analisaram o efeito de acupuntura, auriculoterapia e acupressão, combinadas ou não entre si e a outras tecnologias. A maioria dos resultados de metanálises e ensaios clínicos individuais mostraram similaridade da acupuntura em comparação a diversas intervenções. Em geral, a acupuntura e a acupressão mostraram-se superiores em relação a acupuntura simulada, medicamento placebo ou nenhum tratamento. A acupuntura foi inferior à terapia de reposição de nicotina. Duas revisões avaliaram a segurança das intervenções, com relatos sobre ocorrência de eventos adversos leves com o uso da acupuntura, eletroacupuntura, auriculoterapia e acupressão auricular. Esta revisão identificou que, de maneira geral, não houve diferença nos resultados entre acupuntura e auriculoterapia e seus diversos comparadores Acupuntura e acupressão mostraram resultados melhores na comparação com suas modalidades simuladas, medicamento placebo ou nenhum tratamento. No entanto, é necessário atenção ao interpretar estes resultados, uma vez que houve diversidade de terapias utilizadas nos estudos primários e a qualidade metodológica da maioria das revisões sistemáticas foi avaliada como criticamente baixa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Aged , Tobacco Use Disorder/prevention & control , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Smoking Cessation , Acupressure/methods , Auriculotherapy/methods , Treatment Outcome
20.
Brasília; Fiocruz Brasília;Instituto de Saúde de São Paulo; jul. 29, 2020. 72 p.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, MTYCI, PIE | ID: biblio-1118195

ABSTRACT

A acupuntura se caracteriza pela estimulação de pontos cutâneos específicos por meio do uso de agulhas. A auriculoterapia consiste na estimulação mecânica de pontos específicos do pavilhão auricular com esferas de aço, ouro, prata, plástico, agulhas ou sementes de mostarda. A acupuntura é recomendada para promoção, manutenção e recuperação da saúde, bem como prevenção de agravos e doenças. Além disso, parece propiciar a liberação de neurotransmissores e outras substâncias responsáveis pela promoção da analgesia. A auriculoterapia promove a regulação psíquico-orgânica do indivíduo. Ambas as práticas foram incorporadas no SUS mediante Portaria nº 971, de 03 de maio de 2006. Qual é a eficácia/efetividade e a segurança da acupuntura e da auriculoterapia para o tratamento da ansiedade ou depressão em adultos e/ou idosos? As buscas foram realizadas em sete bases de dados sem restrição de ano de publicação. Foram incluídas revisões sistemáticas em inglês, português e espanhol que avaliaram os efeitos da acupuntura e auriculoterapia no tratamento de ansiedade e depressão na população adulta e idosa. A avaliação da qualidade metodológica foi realizada por meio da ferramenta AMSTAR 2, feita por uma pesquisadora e revisada por outra. Nesta revisão rápida, produzida em cinco dias, foram utilizados atalhos metodológicos, de maneira que apenas o processo de seleção foi realizado em duplicidade e de forma independente. De 881 relatos recuperados nas bases de dados, foram incluídas treze revisões sistemáticas que atenderam aos critérios de elegibilidade. Na avaliação da qualidade metodológica duas revisões apresentaram qualidade moderada, uma baixa qualidade e dez qualidade criticamente baixa. A auriculoterapia, analisada em poucos ensaios clínicos, mostrou eficácia na melhora da ansiedade, na remissão e redução dos sintomas da depressão. Os estudos sobre acupuntura mostraram que os resultados não foram diferentes em relação aos comparadores para remissão do quadro de depressão e melhora da qualidade de vida. Quanto à redução dos sintomas e taxa de resposta ao tratamento da depressão, bem como à redução da gravidade do quadro, em geral os resultados dos estudos foram divergentes. Poucos estudos analisaram os efeitos sobre abandono do tratamento e taxas de recidiva ou recaída. Algumas revisões relataram eventos adversos leves com o uso de acupuntura, sendo mais segura do que os antidepressivos. Esta revisão identificou alguns benefícios da acupuntura, eletroacupuntura e auriculoterapia no tratamento de ansiedade e depressão. No entanto, observam-se muitas divergências entre os resultados e grande heterogeneidade na condução dos estudos primários. Além disso, estas evidências devem ser vistas com cautela, uma vez que a confiança da maioria das revisões foi considerada criticamente baixa na avaliação da qualidade metodológica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Anxiety/therapy , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Electroacupuncture/methods , Treatment Outcome , Acupuncture, Ear/methods , Depression/therapy
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