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1.
Rev. APS ; 25(Supl 1)2022-05-06.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370783

ABSTRACT

As Práticas Integrativas e Complementares em Saúde (PICS) são reconhecidas pela Organização Mundial de Saúde e englobam várias terapêuticas corporais e comportamentais, sendo uma delas a acupuntura. Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo analisar uma experiência que articulou ações coletivas de acupuntura com a promoção da saúde em uma Unidade de Saúde da Família. Foi realizado um estudo descritivo e analítico, de natureza qualitativa, que utilizou rodas de conversas e registros em diário de pesquisa como estratégias para produção de dados. Este estudo possibilitou uma ampliação no acolhimento das demandas dos usuários, com estreitamento de vínculo entre a equipe de saúde e a comunidade, contribuindo para a desmedicalização do cuidado. Pôde-se perceber a ampliação da clínica,o aumento do conhecimento sobre as PICS, com incentivo à desmedicalização, autocuidado, participação de práticas coletivas, troca de saberes e inserção de estratégias capazes de colaborar com o processo de reconstrução de modos de viver a vida de pessoas que buscam o serviço de saúde.


Integrative and Complementary Practices in Health (PICS, in Portuguese) are recognizedby the World Health Organization and encompass several bodily and behavioral therapies, one of which is acupuncture. This research aimed to analyze and reflect on an experience that articulated collective actions using acupuncture practices with health promotion in a Family Health Unit. A descriptive and analytical study of qualitative nature was carried out, which used conversation circles and research diary records as strategies for data production. This study enabled an expansion in the understanding ofthe users' needs, with a closer bond between the health team and the community, contributing to the demedicalization of care. It was possible to perceive the expansion of the clinic's offer, the increase in knowledge of PICS, encouraging demedicalization,self-care, participation in collective practices, exchange of knowledge, and insertion of strategies capable of collaborating with the process of reconstructing the life habits of those who seek health care.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , National Health Strategies , Delivery of Health Care , Health Promotion
2.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 6(1): 4-48, jan.mar.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400091

ABSTRACT

A alergia ocular, também conhecida como conjuntivite alérgica (CA), é uma reação de hipersensibilidade mediada por imunoglobulina E (IgE) do olho desencadeada por aeroalérgenos, principalmente ácaros da poeira doméstica e pólen de gramíneas. Os sintomas geralmente consistem em prurido ocular ou periocular, lacrimejamento e olhos vermelhos que podem estar presentes durante todo o ano ou sazonalmente. A alergia ocular tem frequência elevada, é subdiagnosticada e pode ser debilitante para o paciente. É potencialmente danosa para a visão, nos casos em que ocasiona cicatrização corneana grave, e na maioria dos pacientes associa-se a outros quadros alérgicos, principalmente rinite, asma e dermatite atópica. É classificada em conjuntivite alérgica perene, conjuntivite alérgica sazonal, ceratoconjuntivite atópica e ceratoconjuntivite vernal. O diagnóstico procura evidenciar o agente etiológico e a confirmação se dá pela realização do teste de provocação conjuntival. O tratamento baseia-se em evitar o contato com os desencadeantes, lubrificação, anti-histamínicos tópicos, estabilizadores de mastócitos, imunossupressores e imunoterapia específica com o objetivo de obter o controle e prevenir as complicações da doença.


Ocular allergy, also known as allergic conjunctivitis, is an immunoglobulin E-mediated hypersensitivity reaction of the eye triggered by airborne allergens, primarily house dust mites and grass pollen. Symptoms usually consist of ocular or periocular itching, watery eyes, and red eyes that may be present year-round or seasonally. Ocular allergy has a high frequency, is underdiagnosed, and can be debilitating for the patient. It is potentially harmful to vision in cases of severe corneal scarring, and in most patients, it is associated with other allergic conditions, especially rhinitis, asthma, and atopic dermatitis. It is classified as perennial allergic conjunctivitis, seasonal allergic conjunctivitis, atopic keratoconjunctivitis, and vernal keratoconjunctivitis. Diagnosis seeks to identify the etiologic agent, and confirmation is given by conjunctival provocation testing. Treatment is based on avoiding contact with triggers, lubrication, topical antihistamines, mast cell stabilizers, immunosuppressants, and specific immunotherapy with the aim of achieving control and preventing disease complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Therapeutics , Conjunctivitis, Allergic , Diagnosis , Keratoconjunctivitis , Patients , Plants, Medicinal , Pruritus , Psychotherapy , Asthma , Signs and Symptoms , Societies, Medical , Vision, Ocular , Climate Change , Conjunctivitis, Allergic/complications , Conjunctivitis, Allergic/epidemiology , Complementary Therapies , Immunoglobulin E , Serologic Tests , Skin Tests , Allergens , Rhinitis , Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal , Probiotics , Acupuncture , Pyroglyphidae , Dermatitis, Atopic , Environmental Pollution , Allergy and Immunology , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , Omalizumab , Mast Cell Stabilizers , Histamine Antagonists , Hypersensitivity , Immunosuppressive Agents , Immunotherapy , Medicine, Ayurvedic , Mites
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939542

ABSTRACT

Based on the clinical needs and examination requirements of standardized training students, the China national standardized training textbook Acupuncture and Moxibustion for residents of traditional Chinese medicine has made innovations in the textbook content and form. In the part of meridians and acupoints, the classic original text is introduced and the main indications and operation methods of 200 commonly-used acupoints are summarized in the form of tables. In the part of acupuncture and moxibustion technique, the operating procedures are standardized and the core technical points of 20 commonly-used acupuncture and moxibustion techniques are summarized in the form of flow chart. In the part of acupuncture and moxibustion treatment, 48 typical diseases are introduced in the form of case discussion, highlighting the problem orientation and demonstrating the diagnosis and treatment procedures.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture/education , Acupuncture Therapy , China , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Moxibustion
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939541

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a quantitative evaluation parameter system for basic acupuncture manipulations based on 3D motion tracking technology, and to further analyze the characteristics of acupuncture manipulation.@*METHODS@#The motion tracking system Simi Motion Ver.8.5 was used to collect parameters of acupuncture manipulations, so as to establish a quantitative evaluation system mainly in spatial control parameters, time control parameters and stability parameters. Based on the evaluation parameter system, data of acupuncture manipulations (even reinforcing-reducing manipulation using lifting-thrusting technique and twirling technique) were collected from 19 teachers majored in acupuncture-moxibustion, of which the characteristics were analyzed and were compared with the results tested by traditional ATP-Ⅱ acupuncture manipulation parameter determination apparatus (ATP-Ⅱ).@*RESULTS@#The evaluation parameter system could quantitatively analyze the basic acupuncture manipulations in 3 aspects, i.e. space, time and stability. Acupuncture manipulations were performed by shifting the needle body in a certain range along X, Y and Z axes. The amplitude and speed of thumb movement were greater than those of index finger. The time-history of lifting was similar to thrusting, while the time-history of twirling to left was similar to twirling to right in even reinforcing-reducing manipulation. The coordinate-time curve of finger movement of the evaluation system had consistent wave pattern compared with the voltage-time curve generated by ATP-Ⅱ.@*CONCLUSION@#The quantitative evaluation parameter system based on 3D motion tracking technology can objectively evaluate basic acupuncture manipulations, and show the characteristics of different manipulations and the movement details of finger joints.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Adenosine Triphosphate , Moxibustion , Technology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939537

ABSTRACT

Professor WU Zhong-chao's clinical experience of "dredging stagnation and collaterals" acupuncture for migraine is summarized. Professor WU proposes that occiput-nape dysfunction, meridians-tendons dysfunction and stagnation of collaterals due to obstruction of excess-evil could lead to migraine. As such, migraine is treated by comprehensive treatment of adjusting occiput-nape functional zone, relaxing meridians-tendons and blood-letting combined with fire acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Meridians , Migraine Disorders/therapy
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939520

ABSTRACT

The systematic reviews (SRs) of acupuncture published before December 31 of 2020 in PubMed, Cochrane and EMbase databases were searched, and the publication overview of international acupuncture SRs were analyzed. As a result, a total of 717 SRs were included, and the overall number of published SRs showed a fluctuating upward trend. A total of 15 categories of diseases were involved, of which 113 SRs suggested that acupuncture was effective, and 12 SRs did not support acupuncture, and the remaining SRs showed uncertain conclusions. It is suggested that the standard of evidence-based medicine should be adopted to standardize the design of acupuncture trial and improve the level of clinical research; SRs should include high-quality literature that met the standards according to the principles and methods of PRISMA, so as to provide reliable clinical evidence for acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Evidence-Based Medicine , Periodicals as Topic , PubMed
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939517

ABSTRACT

The literature of health economic evaluation study in the field of acupuncture in China was systematically summarized and analyzed, and the existing problems in the current research were discussed from the aspects of research perspective, cost calculation scope, data analysis method selection. Moreover, the key points of the health economic evaluation research were summarized, and the research objectives, the relationship between the expected research results and data analysis methods and the process of thinking were sorted out, and several suggestions for research report writing were proposed, aiming to provide a reference for the quality improvement of the acupuncture health economic evaluation research in China.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , China , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Publications
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939513

ABSTRACT

The paper introduces professor GAO Shu-zhong's understanding on "seeking yin from yang needling method" and its clinical application on the basis of "qi street" and "four seas" theories. Through professor GAO's clinical practice for years, he integrates and extendes the theories of "seeking yin from yang", "qi street" and "four seas" in Huangdi Neijing (The Yellow Emperor's Inner Classic). In this specific acupuncture method, in reference with the theories of "qi street" and "four seas", acupuncture is exerted on yang part of body, e.g. the back and lumber region to treat the diseases of yin parts, e.g. the chest and abdomen, which is differentiated as yin-yang imbalance in pathogenesis. In order to fully explain the clinical curative effect of "seeking yin from yang needling method", the common diseases in clinic, e.g. the disorders of heart, spleen and stomach systems, as well as the gynecology are taken as examples in the paper.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy/history , Humans , Male , Qi , Vascular Surgical Procedures , Yin-Yang
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939512

ABSTRACT

Professor YANG Jun's clinical experience of acupuncture and moxibustion for oculomotor paralysis is summarized. Professor YANG Jun pays attention to disease differentiation and syndrome differentiation in the treatment of this disease. According to the characteristics of oculomotor paralysis, "early diagnosis and seeking treatment from the source" is advocated. According to the etiology and pathogenesis, professor YANG divides oculomotor paralysis into three types: the syndrome of wind-evil attacking collaterals, the syndrome of spleen-stomach weakness and the syndrome of qi-deficiency and blood-stasis. As such, the acupoints are selected according to syndrome differentiation, and several different acupuncture methods (pricking needling at eyelids, penetrating needling and lifting eyelids and contralateral- balance needling on the healthy side) are adopted to improve the symptoms of oculomotor paralysis. It is also suggested to use the combination of scalp acupuncture and electroacupuncture to achieve the best dose-effect state. Moreover, local stimulation around the eyes is important to achieve the effects of "qi reaching affected area".


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Moxibustion , Ophthalmoplegia , Syndrome
11.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 96-103, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929210

ABSTRACT

The term Jingluo, translated as meridian or channel, is a core component of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and has played a fundamental role in guiding the clinical practice of acupuncture for thousands of years. However, the essence of the meridian remains elusive and is a source of both confusion and debate for researchers. In this study, a "4D" systemic view on the essence of the meridian, namely substantial, functional, chronological, and cultural dimensions, was proposed based on a review of the ancient medical classics, recent research developments, and results from clinical practice. Previous studies have primarily focused on the substantial dimension of the meridian system, with scant interpretation about its functional domain. Neither systemic data nor evaluations have been adequately documented. Additionally, a limited but increasing number of studies have focused on the chronological and cultural dimensions. More investigations that embody the holistic concept of TCM and integrate the systemic modes and advanced techniques with dominant diseases of TCM need to be performed to obtain a more comprehensive understanding of the essence of meridians. The goal of this study is to yield useful information in understanding the essence of meridians and provide a reference and perspective for further research.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Meridians
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927429

ABSTRACT

To explore the influencing factors of acupuncture curative effect in literature of experts' experience. The journal literature of experts' experience was retrieved from China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and PubMed, starting from inception to September 4, 2020, and the influencing factors of acupuncture curative effect were extracted and analyzed. A total of 499 articles were included, involving 495 articles in Chinese and 4 articles in English. The influencing factors of acupuncture curative effect mainly include five aspects: diagnostic method, acupoint selection of acupuncture, acupuncture manipulation, regulating mind of acupuncture and acupuncture time, and provide reference for acupuncture protocol design in clinical trials.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , PubMed , Publications
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927427

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the main factors affecting the positive results of acupuncture for chronic pain in English literature of randomized controlled trial (RCT), in order to provide reference for the design of acupuncture clinical research.@*METHODS@#The RCTs of acupuncture for chronic pain published before March 26, 2020 were searched in PubMed, EMbase and Cochrane Library by computer. A total of 21 factors were analyzed by single-factor analysis, and the factors with statistically significant difference were selected for multivariate Logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 69 RCTs were included, including 47 RCTs (68.12%) with positive results and 22 RCTs (31.88%) with non-positive results. The multivariate Logistic regression analysis was performed with the three screened factors (publication year, treatment frequency and intervention form) selected by single-factor analysis, and the results showed that the positive results were related to the frequency of acupuncture treatment. The positive rate of RCT with frequency≥2 times a week was 3.24 times of that with frequency<2 times a week (OR=3.24, 95%CI =[1.07,9.83], P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture frequency may be the main factor affecting the positive results of RCT in English literature of acupuncture for chronic pain. More researches are needed in the future to explore the influence of acupuncture frequency on the curative effect.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Chronic Pain/therapy , Humans , PubMed
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927426

ABSTRACT

The characteristics of meridian sinew theory at the early era have been collected. It is believed that the running courses and indications of twelve meridian sinew regions in Lingshu (Miraculous Pivot) are closely associated with Zubi Shiyimai Jiujing (Moxibustion Therapy on the Eleven Meridians of Legs and Arms) and Yinyang Shiyimai Jiujing (Moxibustion Therapy on the Eleven Meridians of Yin and Yang). Due to the attachment of twelve regular meridians, the development of its own theory is blocked. Meridian sinew theory guides the diagnosis and treatment of many dominant disorders (e.g. pain disorder and bi syndrome) with acupuncture and moxibustion. The defensive qi is circulated among meridian sinews, which is the core of meridian sinew theory. The acupoint selection relies on the meridian sinew theory at the early era, such as "consolidating muscles when they involved in disorders, using painful sites as acupoints to treat diseases" "interaction of the associated muscles" and "conducting meridian qi along with the running courses of meridians". The crack needling (one of the nine needling techniques exerted between two muscles to treat muscular pain) is adopted generally to mobilize the defensive qi so as to resist pathogens, relieve the compression in foci and promote qi and blood circulation in meridians. The rational understanding of meridian sinew theory may improve the accuracy of diagnosis and treatment of meridian sinew disorders, "reduce the pressure" on meridian theory and contribute to the enrichment of the theoretical framework of acupuncture and moxibustion.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Meridians , Moxibustion
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927425

ABSTRACT

After reading the article, Tracing Origin and Development of "Fenglong (ST 40) for Phlegm": Examination and Verification published in Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion, the authors collected the original evidences also for the effect of Fenglong (ST 40) on phlegm disorders by tracing from 9 ancient books of acupuncture and moxibustion, explored the standardized expressions of its indications and analyzed the changes of its indications. In that article, it was viewed that the effect of Fenglong (ST 40) started to be generalized in treatment of phlegm disorders since the Ming Dynasty. On contrary, we believes that Fenglong (ST 40) works on strengthening the spleen and resolving dampness for the disorders caused by the broad meaning of "phlegm/damp". Based on it, since the Ming Dynasty, the effect of Fenglong (ST 40) is extended specifically for the disorders caused by the visible sputum from the lung, the narrowing mean of "phlegm". Hence, if "Fenglong (ST 40) for phlegm" is considered as an academic point of view, it needs an adequate evidences to expound and prove.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Moxibustion , Mucus
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927423

ABSTRACT

By arranging Mr. LU Shan-zhong's papers and works, his academic contributions to acupuncture and moxibustion were summarized. It mainly includes standardizing the clinical diagnosis and treatment of acupuncture and moxibustion, and finding the fusion point of the western and traditional medicine; building the acupuncture and moxibustion education system, innovating acupuncture and moxibustion talent training programs; exploring the academic connotation of acupuncture and moxibustion, and promoting acupuncture and moxibustion therapy.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture/education , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , China , Medicine, Traditional , Moxibustion , Schools
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927422

ABSTRACT

To summarize YU Tian-yuan's experience of applying Danzhong (CV 17) for mental illness in acupuncture and tuina. YU Tian-yuan uses Danzhong (CV 17) alone or in combination with other acupoints to treat mental illnesses such as insomnia, palpitation and chest distress. Professor YU emphasizes 4 tips when treating diseases, nourishing the heart to tranquilize by light stimulation; regulating spirit by combined stimulation; leaving the acupoints and holding on the meridian for a wide range of stimulation; using rubbing and pushing manipulation in several directions for regulating qi to soothe the chest. And in clinical practice, formed a unique therapy to treat mental illness.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Mental Disorders/therapy , Meridians
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927421

ABSTRACT

Professor JIAO Mian-zhai 's academic characteristics and needling essentials in acupuncture field are introduced in the paper. Professor JIAO integrated martial arts and qigong with acupuncture needling technique, and then created his own "yunzhang bafa" (eight kinds of palm movement and qi training method) and modified the basic skills for finger strength practice and needling techniques. On the base of the needling techniques exerted by both hands, he developed a set of "JIAO 's needling techniques", including the manipulations of needle insertion and withdrawal. He proposed that the compound needling techniques for reinforcing and reducing should be cooperated with the physician's respiratory rhythm. Besides, he clarified the operation timing of reinforcing and reducing techniques to ensure the full play to the curative effect of acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Humans , Male , Movement , Needles
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927416

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect between head acupuncture combined with exercise therapy and conventional acupuncture for nonspecific low back pain.@*METHODS@#A total of 64 patients with nonspecific low back pain were randomized into an observation group (32 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (32 cases, 2 cases dropped off). In the control group, conventional acupuncture was applied at Jiaji (EX-B 2) of L1 to L3, ashi point, Shenshu (BL 23), Dachangshu (BL 25), Yaoyangguan (GV 3) and Weizhong (BL 40). The observation group was treated with head acupuncture combined with exercise therapy, head acupuncture was applied at foot-motor-sensory area on the healthy side and Cuanzhu (BL 2), Tongziliao (GB 1) on the affected side, and McKenzie therapy was performed during retention. The needles were retained for 40 min, once a day, continuous treatment for 6 days with the interval of 1 day, 14 days were required in the two groups. Before and after treatment, the pain visual analogue scale (VAS) score, Oswestry disability index (ODI) score and infrared thermography temperature of pain area in the low back were compared in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the VAS and ODI scores after treatment were decreased in the two groups (P<0.01), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.01). Compared before treatment, the infrared thermography temperature of pain area in the low back after treatment was increased in the two groups (P<0.01), and that in the observation group was higher than the control group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Head acupuncture combined with exercise therapy could relieve pain, improve dysfunction and increase the local temperature of pain area in patients with nonspecific low back pain, and its curative effect is better than conventional acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Exercise Therapy , Humans , Low Back Pain/therapy , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927406

ABSTRACT

This study sorted out the records of blood-pricking therapy in ancient and modern medical literature, and clarified the origin and development of blood-pricking school. The main stages of the school development included origin and germination stage, the theoretical development stage, the experience accumulation stage, the theoretical innovation and characteristic formation stage, the continuous improvement and maturity stage and the unprecedented development stage. The main academic thoughts included the idea of resolutely eliminating the blood-excess, the idea of completely expelling evil, the idea of simultaneous application of acupuncture-moxibustion and medication and the idea of focusing the use of jing-well point. This school has a far-reaching impact on modern clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Moxibustion , Schools
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