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1.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(1): 14-21, jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360123

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A fetuína-A é um fator anti-inflamatório e anticalcificação envolvido no curso da doença arterial coronariana (DAC). Em alinhamento com essas funções, investigou-se a fetuína-A como marcador de risco cardiovascular em vários estudos. Porém, a associação entre a fetuína-A e o prognóstico dos pacientes com DAC ainda é controversa. Objetivos O presente estudo foi conduzido para identificar a associação entre o nível de fetuína-A sérica e doença cardiovascular (DCV) de longo prazo e a mortalidade global por infarto do agudo do miocárdio por supradesnivelamento do segmento ST (STEMI). Métodos Foram cadastrados no estudo cento e oitenta pacientes consecutivos com STEMI. A população do estudo foi dividida em subgrupos (mais baixo, ≤288 µg/ml; e mais alto, >288 µg/ml) de acordo com a mediana do nível de fetuína-A. Dados de acompanhamento clínico foram obtidos por contato telefônico anual com pacientes ou familiares. As causas das mortes também foram confirmadas pelo banco de dados de saúde nacional. P-valores bilaterais <0,05 foram considerados estatisticamente significativos. Resultados Durante um acompanhamento médio de 10 anos, foram registradas 71 mortes, das quais 62 foram devidas a DCV. Identificou-se um índice de mortalidade global e por DCV significativamente mais alto no grupo com nível de fetuína-A mais baixo que no grupo com nível de fetuína-A mais alto (44% versus 24%, p= 0,005; 48% versus 31%, p= 0,022, respectivamente). Nas análises de risco proporcionais por regressão de Cox, detectou-se que a fetuína-A era um preditor independente de mortalidade global e por DCV. Conclusões A baixa concentração de fetuína-A está associada ao prognóstico de longo prazo ruim pós-STEMI, independentemente de fatores de risco cardiovascular tradicionais. Nossos achados fortaleceram estudos prévios demonstrando consistentemente o papel determinante dos mediadores anti-inflamatórios em síndromes coronárias agudas.


Abstract Background Fetuin-A is an anti-inflammatory and anti-calcification factor involved in the course of coronary artery disease (CAD). In line with these functions, fetuin-A has been investigated as a cardiovascular risk marker in many studies. However, the association between fetuin-A and the prognosis of CAD patients is still controversial. Objectives The present study was conducted to identify the association between serum fetuin-A level and long-term cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality of ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods One hundred eigthy consecutive patients with STEMI were enrolled in the study. The study population was divided into subgroups (lower, ≤288 µg/ml; and higher, >288 µg/ml) according to the median fetuin-A level. Clinical follow-up data was obtained by annual contact with the patients or family members by telephone. The causes of death were also confirmed by the national health database. Two-sided p-values<0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results During a median follow-up of 10 years, 71 deaths were recorded , 62 of whom died from CVD. Both CVD and all-cause mortality were found to be significantly higher in the lower fetuin-A group than the higher fetuin-A group (44% vs 24%, p= 0.005; 48% vs 31%, p= 0.022, respectively). In Cox regression proportional hazard analyses, fetuin-A was found to be an independent predictor of CVD and all-cause mortality. Conclusions Low fetuin-A concentration is associated with a poor long-term prognosis after STEMI, regardless of the traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Our findings have strengthened previous studies that consistently demonstrate the determining role of anti-inflammatory mediators in acute coronary syndromes.


Subject(s)
Humans , alpha-2-HS-Glycoprotein/analysis , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/mortality , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/blood , Prognosis , Risk Factors , Acute Coronary Syndrome/blood
2.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(5,supl.1): 12-21, Nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346354

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background In the current era, there is always search for better cardiovascular biomarkers to early diagnose the disease. Objectives We aimed to investigate the association between a novel biomarker, cardiothropin-1 (CT-1), and standard markers of myocardial ischemia in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in Turkey. Patients and Methods In this prospective cohort study, patients who were admitted to our institution between July 2012 and July 2013 with the diagnosis of ACS were included. The standard markers of myocardial necrosis and CT-1 were evaluated at the time of admission and after 6 hours. Changes in laboratory parameters were statistically tested and correlated with routinely used markers of myocardial ischemia. The distribution of the data was analyzed by the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. Proportional analysis and changes in laboratory parameters were evaluated with Chi-Square test and Fisher Exact test. Statistical significance was defined as p<0.05. Results The study enrolled 24 patients (14 male, 10 female) with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and 16 patients (9 male, 7 female) with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) with elevated cardiac enzymes such as creatine kinase (CK), creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and Troponin-T (Tn-T). The average age of the patients was 61.45 ± 11.04 years. Increasing CT-1 levels were correlated with the increasing CK (p=0.035 and p=0.018, respectively), CK-MB (p=0.006 and p=0.096, respectively), and Tn-T (p=0.041 and p=0.000, respectively) at first and at the 6th hour measurements. The CT-1 values were found to be more increased in the STEMI group (p=0.0074). Conclusion CT-1 is one of the novel biomarkers for cardiac injury. It is correlated with standard markers of myocardial ischemia and the results suggest that CT-1 can be used as a new biomarker.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , Acute Coronary Syndrome/blood , Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis , Myocardial Infarction/blood , Atrial Fibrillation , Biomarkers , Prospective Studies , Troponin T , Creatine Kinase
3.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 31(1): 93-105, jan.-mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003622

ABSTRACT

RESUMO As troponinas cardíacas T e I são marcadores considerados altamente sensíveis e específicos para o diagnóstico de infarto agudo do miocárdio. Atualmente, com o advento dos ensaios ultrassensíveis, uma série de anormalidades não primariamente cardíacas pode se manifestar por meio da elevação destes ensaios. A redução de seu limiar de detecção promoveu maior precocidade no diagnóstico e na utilização de medidas terapêuticas baseadas em evidência, no entanto, esta característica aumentou o espectro de doenças cardíacas não coronarianas detectáveis, trazendo desafios para a caracterização das síndromes coronarianas agudas e um novo papel para estes testes nas desordens conhecidas no ambiente das unidades de tratamento intensivo, em especial na sepse. A abordagem de pacientes por meio de um maior entendimento do comportamento destes marcadores deve ser redimensionada para sua correta interpretação.


ABSTRACT Cardiac troponins T and I are considered highly sensitive and specific markers for the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. Currently, a series of nonprimary cardiac abnormalities may manifest as an elevation in high-sensitive assays. The reduction in their detection limits has allowed earlier diagnosis and the use of evidence-based therapeutic measures; however, this characteristic has increased the spectrum of detectable noncoronary heart diseases, which poses challenges for characterizing acute coronary syndromes and creates a new role for these tests in known disorders in intensive care units, especially sepsis. Management of patients through a greater understanding of how these markers behave should be re-evaluated to ensure their correct interpretation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Troponin I/blood , Troponin T/blood , Heart Diseases/diagnosis , Biomarkers/blood , Sensitivity and Specificity , Early Diagnosis , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , Acute Coronary Syndrome/blood , Heart Diseases/blood , Intensive Care Units , Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis , Myocardial Infarction/blood
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(2): e8001, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974279

ABSTRACT

There is no definite recommendation for testing platelet aggregation (PA) in acute coronary syndromes (ACS) due to inconclusive evidence on the usefulness of platelet function tests to guide therapy and improve clinical outcomes. The evaluation of PA with multiple electrode impedance platelet aggregometry (MEA) may be useful to manage antiplatelet therapy and possibly influence patient outcome. The primary aim of this study was to measure PA with MEA in Brazilian patients with ACS and evaluate the association between PA and adverse clinical outcomes. Forty-seven consecutive patients admitted with ACS to a Brazilian tertiary-care public hospital were studied and PA was evaluated using MEA. Patients were followed for six months for the occurrence of all-cause death, acute myocardial infarction, or stroke. Suboptimal inhibition of PA was found in 7 patients (14.9%); 5 (10.6%) in response to ASA (acetylsalicylic acid), 2 (5.0%) to clopidogrel, and none to ticagrelor. Inadequate PA inhibition in response to ASA was significantly associated with the composite end point, but there was no significant association for insufficient PA inhibition in response to clopidogrel. This study suggested that the evaluation of PA in ACS using MEA may identify non-responders to ASA. Larger studies are necessary to define, in a public health scenario, the value of MEA in the management of ACS.


Subject(s)
Platelet Aggregation/drug effects , Electric Impedance/therapeutic use , Acute Coronary Syndrome/blood , Platelet Count , Platelet Function Tests , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Adenosine/therapeutic use , Pilot Projects , Aspirin/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Acute Coronary Syndrome/drug therapy , Receptors, Purinergic P2Y12/blood , Tertiary Care Centers , Hospitals, Public
5.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(2): 144-150, Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950213

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Iron metabolism disorders have been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. However, the prognostic impact on patients (pts) with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) has yet to be clarified. Objective: To determine the prognostic value of serum iron and ferritin levels in pts with ACS in the short and long-term. Methods: Consecutive pts admitted to a coronary care unit with a diagnosis of ACS, for a period of 2 years, were evaluated. The population was divided into tertiles of serum iron and ferritin distribution. The primary adverse events were the occurrence of in-hospital death or heart failure (HF) and death or HF at 1 year of follow-up. Results: We studied 280 pts (73% males; mean age 68 ± 13 years). The mean levels of serum iron and ferritin were 59 ± 34 mcg/dL and 205 ± 185 ng/mL, respectively. Patients included in the 1st tertile of serum iron (≤ 40 mcg/dL) had a higher rate of adverse events, in-hospital and after 1 year. Lower and higher levels of ferritin (1st and 3rd tertiles, ≤ 110; >219 ng/ml, respectively) were associated with a higher incidence of HF during hospitalization and death at 1 year. A ferritin value >316 ng /mL was an independent risk factor for death at 1 year (adjusted OR: 14; 95%CI: 2.6 to 75.9). Conclusion: In this population, iron metabolism alterations were associated with a higher rate of adverse events and higher ferritin levels constituted an independent mortality predictor in the long-term.


Resumo Fundamento: Alterações do metabolismo do ferro têm sido associadas a um aumento do risco de eventos cardiovasculares. No entanto, o impacto prognóstico em doentes (dts) com síndrome coronária aguda (SCA) encontra-se ainda pouco esclarecido. Objetivo: Determinar o valor prognóstico a curto e longo prazo dos níveis séricos do ferro e ferritina em dts com SCA. Métodos: Foram avaliados doentes consecutivos admitidos numa Unidade Coronária com o diagnóstico de SCA no período de 2 anos. A população foi agrupada segundo os tercis de distribuição de ferro e ferritina. Os eventos adversos primários foram a ocorrência de morte intrahospitalar e a 1 ano, bem como, insuficiência cardíaca (IC) intrahospitalar e a 1 ano de follow-up. Resultados: Estudaram-se 280 dts (73% sexo masculino; idade média de 68 ± 13 anos). O nível médio de ferro sérico e de ferritina foi 59 ± 34 mcg/dl e 205 ± 185 ng/ml, respetivamente. Os doentes incluídos no 1º tercil (≤ 40 mcg/dl) de ferro sérico apresentaram maior percentagem de eventos adversos intrahospitalares e a 1 ano. Níveis mais baixos e mais elevados de ferritina (1º e 3º tercil, respetivamente, ≤ 110; > 219 ng/ml) estiveram associados a uma maior ocorrência de IC em internamento e de morte a 1 ano. Um valor de ferritina > 316 ng/mL constituiu fator de risco independente de morte a 1 ano (OR ajustado 14 IC 95% 2,6-75,9). Conclusão: Nesta população alterações do metabolismo do ferro estiveram associadas a uma maior ocorrência de eventos adversos e níveis elevados de ferritina constituíram preditor independente de mortalidade a longo prazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome/blood , Ferritins/blood , Iron/blood , Prognosis , Time Factors , Biomarkers/blood , Acute Coronary Syndrome/mortality
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 110(2): 113-118, Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888015

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Some small studies have related higher levels of thyrotropin (TSH) to potentially worse prognosis in acute coronary syndromes. However, this relationship remains uncertain. Objective: To analyze the outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndromes in relation to the value of TSH at admission. Methods: Observational and retrospective study with 505 patients (446 in group I [TSH ≤ 4 mIU/L] and 59 in group II [TSH > 4 mIU/L]) with acute coronary syndromes between May 2010 and May 2014. We obtained data about comorbidities and the medications used at the hospital. The primary endpoint was in-hospital all-cause death. The secondary endpoint included combined events (death, non-fatal unstable angina or myocardial infarction, cardiogenic shock, bleeding and stroke). Comparisons between groups were made by one-way ANOVA and chi-square test. Multivariate analysis was determined by logistic regression. Analyses were considered significant when p < 0.05. Results: Significant differences between groups I and II were observed regarding the use of enoxaparin (75.2% vs. 57.63%, p = 0.02) and statins (84.08% vs. 71.19%, p < 0.0001), previous stroke (5.83% vs. 15.25%, p = 0.007), combined events (14.80% vs. 27.12%, OR = 3.05, p = 0.004), cardiogenic shock (4.77% vs. 6.05%, OR = 4.77, p = 0.02) and bleeding (12.09% vs. 15.25%, OR = 3.36, p = 0.012). Conclusions: In patients with acute coronary syndromes and TSH > 4 mIU/L at admission, worse prognosis was observed, with higher incidences of in-hospital combined events, cardiogenic shock and bleeding.


Resumo Fundamento: Estudos pequenos têm relacionado níveis mais elevados de hormônio tireoestimulante (TSH) a pior prognóstico em pacientes com síndrome coronariana aguda (SCA). Tal relação, no entanto, permanece incerta. Objetivo: Analisar os desfechos de pacientes com SCA, relacionando-os aos níveis de TSH medidos no setor de emergência. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo observacional incluindo 505 pacientes com SCA (446 no grupo I: TSH ± 4 mUI/L; 59 no grupo II: TSH > 4 mUI/L) entre maio de 2010 e maio de 2014. Dados sobre comorbidades e medicamentos usados foram obtidos. O desfecho primário foi mortalidade intra-hospitalar por todas as causas. O desfecho secundário incluiu eventos combinados (morte, angina instável não fatal ou infarto do miocárdio, choque cardiogênico, sangramento e acidente vascular encefálico). A comparação entre grupos foi realizada através de ANOVA de uma via e teste do qui-quadrado. A análise multivariada foi realizada por regressão logística, adotando-se o nível de significância de p < 0,05. Resultados: Diferenças significativas foram observadas entre os grupos I e II relacionadas ao uso de enoxaparina (75,2% vs. 57,63%; p = 0,02) e estatinas (84,08% vs. 71,19%; p < 0,0001), acidente vascular encefálico prévio (5,83% vs. 15,25%; p = 0,007), eventos combinados (14,80% vs. 27,12%, OR = 3,05; p = 0,004), choque cardiogênico (4,77% vs. 6,05%, OR = 4,77; p = 0,02) e sangramento (12,09% vs. 15,25%, OR = 3,36; p = 0,012). Conclusão: Em pacientes com SCA e TSH > 4 mUI/L à admissão hospitalar, observou-se pior prognóstico associado à maior incidência de eventos combinados intra-hospitalares, choque cardiogênico e sangramentos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Thyrotropin/blood , Acute Coronary Syndrome/blood , Prognosis , Brazil/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Retrospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Hospital Mortality , Acute Coronary Syndrome/mortality , Hypothyroidism/complications , Hypothyroidism/blood
7.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 36(1): 24-33, 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-844306

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La Troponina I (TnI) plasmática es el biomarcador "Gold" estándar utilizado en diagnóstico de Infarto Agudo al Miocardio (IAM), indicando necrosis cardíaca. Las microvesículas extracelulares (MVEC), participan en comunicación celular, por lo que estudiar su distribución entregaría información respecto del evento isquémico, antesala del infarto. Objetivo: Estudiar las MVECs plasmáticas en pacientes con Síndrome Coronario Agudo (SCA) y compararlas con los niveles de TnI. Métodos: Plasma de 22 pacientes controles se recolectó 0-2hrs post-ingreso a urgencia. Plasma de 45 pacientes SCA se recolectó 0-2, 6-8 y 10-14hrs post ingreso, junto con la toma de muestra para estudio de TnI. Las MVECs plasmáticas fueron enriquecidas mediante kit comercial. La determinación de la concentración y tamaño MVECs se realizó por NTA (Nanoparticles Tracking Assay) usando el equipo Nanosight. Resultados: La concentración promedio de MVECs 0-2 hrs post ingreso fue 7,2 veces superior en plasma de pacientes con SCA vs controles y la moda del tamaño disminuyó en pacientes con SCA. La TnI no mostró diferencias significativas en 0-2 hrs post ingreso en el grupo estudiado. La concentración de las MVEC disminuyó significativamente después de 10-14 hrs post ingreso, mientras que la concentración promedio TnI se mantuvo invariable demostrando el aumento de MVECs previo al incremento de TnI. Conclusión. El aumento de MVECs previo al incremento de la TnI en pacientes infartados, sugiere que las MVECs aumentan en la fase previa del IAM, como respuesta al daño tisular. Actualmente, estudiamos el contenido molecular de las MVECs, para establecer un método diagnóstico del Síndrome Coronario Agudo basado en MVECs.


Background: Troponin I (TnI) is the gold standard used to establish the diagnosis of myocardial infarction (AMI), indicating the presence of myocardial necrosis. Extracellular micro vesicles are involved in cellular communication. Their distribution may provide information relating to the development of AMI in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) Aim: to study plasma levels of ECMV compared to those of TnI in patients with ACS. Methods: The plasma levels of TnI and ECMV from 22 control patients coming to the emergency units was compared to plasma from 45 patients with ACS. Levels of both parameters were determined 0-2, 6-8 and 10-14 hours post admission. ECMVs were enriched by means of a commercial kit. Concentration and size of ECMV was determined by NTA (Nanoparticles tracking assay) using the Nanosight equipment. Results: Plasma concentration of ECMV was 7.2 times higher than that of TnI 0-2 hrs post admission. The mode of ECMV size was lower in patients with ACS. Concentration of ECMV had decreased significantly 10-14 hrs post admission, whereas the TnI levees remained stable. Conclusion: The increase in ECMV earlier than TnI in AMI suggests that ECMV are elevated in the pre-AMI phase, as a response to early tissue damage. A study of cellular content of ECMV, being carried out, may lead to develop a method for the early diagnosis of AMI in patients with ACS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Extracellular Vesicles/physiology , Myocardial Infarction/blood , Myocardial Infarction/metabolism , Troponin I/blood , Acute Coronary Syndrome/blood , Acute Coronary Syndrome/metabolism , Analysis of Variance , Biomarkers/blood , Cell Tracking/methods , Exosomes/physiology , Nanoparticles
8.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 106(3): 218-225, Mar. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777106

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: BNP has been extensively evaluated to determine short- and intermediate-term prognosis in patients with acute coronary syndrome, but its role in long-term mortality is not known. Objective: To determine the very long-term prognostic role of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) for all-cause mortality in patients with non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS). Methods: A cohort of 224 consecutive patients with NSTEACS, prospectively seen in the Emergency Department, had BNP measured on arrival to establish prognosis, and underwent a median 9.34-year follow-up for all-cause mortality. Results: Unstable angina was diagnosed in 52.2%, and non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction, in 47.8%. Median admission BNP was 81.9 pg/mL (IQ range = 22.2; 225) and mortality rate was correlated with increasing BNP quartiles: 14.3; 16.1; 48.2; and 73.2% (p < 0.0001). ROC curve disclosed 100 pg/mL as the best BNP cut-off value for mortality prediction (area under the curve = 0.789, 95% CI= 0.723-0.854), being a strong predictor of late mortality: BNP < 100 = 17.3% vs. BNP ≥ 100 = 65.0%, RR = 3.76 (95% CI = 2.49-5.63, p < 0.001). On logistic regression analysis, age >72 years (OR = 3.79, 95% CI = 1.62-8.86, p = 0.002), BNP ≥ 100 pg/mL (OR = 6.24, 95% CI = 2.95-13.23, p < 0.001) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (OR = 0.98, 95% CI = 0.97-0.99, p = 0.049) were independent late-mortality predictors. Conclusions: BNP measured at hospital admission in patients with NSTEACS is a strong, independent predictor of very long-term all-cause mortality. This study allows raising the hypothesis that BNP should be measured in all patients with NSTEACS at the index event for long-term risk stratification.


Resumo Fundamento: O BNP foi exaustivamente avaliado para a determinação do prognóstico em curto e médio prazo em pacientes com síndrome coronariana aguda, mas o seu papel para a mortalidade a longo prazo é incerta. Objetivo: Determinar o papel prognóstico a muito longo prazo do peptídeo natriurético do tipo B (BNP) para a mortalidade por todas as causas em pacientes com síndrome coronariana aguda sem supradesnivelamento do segmento ST (SCASSST). Métodos: Coorte de 224 pacientes consecutivos com SCASSST, prospectivamente atendidos no setor de emergência, em que se mediu o BNP na chegada para estabelecer o prognóstico ao longo do seguimento mediano de 9,34 anos para a mortalidade por todas as causas. Resultados: Diagnosticou-se angina instável em 52,2% e infarto do miocárdio sem supradesnivelamento do segmento ST em 47,8%. A mediana do BNP da admissão foi de 81,9 pg/mL (intervalo IQ = 22,2; 225) e a taxa de mortalidade correlacionou-se com quartis crescentes de BNP: 14,3; 16,1; 48,2; e 73,2% (p < 0,0001). A curva ROC revelou 100 pg/mL como o melhor ponto de corte de BNP para a predição de mortalidade (área sob a curva = 0,789, 95% CI = 0,723-0,854) sendo um forte preditor de mortalidade tardia: BNP < 100 = 17,3% vs. BNP ≥ 100 = 65,0%, RR = 3,76 (IC 95% = 2,49-5,63, p < 0,001). Na análise de regressão logística, idade>72 anos (OR = 3,79, IC 95% = 1,62-8,86, p = 0,002), BNP ≥ 100 pg/mL (OR = 6,24, IC 95% = 2,95-13,23, p < 0,001) e taxa de filtração glomerular estimada (OR = 0,98, IC 95% = 0,97-0,99, p = 0,049) foram preditores independentes de mortalidade tardia. Conclusões: O BNP medido na admissão hospitalar em pacientes com SCASSST é um forte preditor independente de mortalidade por todas as causas de muito longo prazo. Este estudo permite que se levante a hipótese de que o BNP deva ser medido em todos os pacientes com SCASSST no evento-índice para a estratificação de risco a longo prazo.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome/blood , Acute Coronary Syndrome/mortality , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain/blood , Patient Admission/statistics & numerical data , Angina, Unstable/blood , Angina, Unstable/diagnosis , Angina, Unstable/mortality , Biomarkers/blood , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Follow-Up Studies , Glomerular Filtration Rate/physiology , Predictive Value of Tests , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Sensitivity and Specificity , Survival Analysis , Time Factors
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-59854

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Amino-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a well-established prognostic factor in heart failure (HF). However, numerous causes may lead to elevations in NT-proBNP, and thus, an increased NT-proBNP level alone is not sufficient to predict outcome. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of two acute response markers, high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and heart-type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP), in patients with an increased NT-proBNP level. METHODS: The 278 patients were classified into three groups by etiology: 1) acute coronary syndrome (ACS) (n=62), 2) non-ACS cardiac disease (n=156), and 3) infectious disease (n=60). Survival was determined on day 1, 7, 14, 21, 28, 60, 90, 120, and 150 after enrollment. RESULTS: H-FABP (P<0.001), NT-proBNP (P=0.006), hsCRP (P<0.001) levels, and survival (P<0.001) were significantly different in the three disease groups. Patients were divided into three classes by using receiver operating characteristic curves for NT-proBNP, H-FABP, and hsCRP. Patients with elevated NT-proBNP (≥3,856 pg/mL) and H-FABP (≥8.8 ng/mL) levels were associated with higher hazard ratio for mortality (5.15 in NT-proBNP and 3.25 in H-FABP). Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed H-FABP was a better predictor of 60-day mortality than NT-proBNP. CONCLUSIONS: The combined measurement of H-FABP with NT-proBNP provides a highly reliable means of short-term mortality prediction for patients hospitalized for ACS, non-ACS cardiac disease, or infectious disease.


Subject(s)
Acute Coronary Syndrome/blood , Aged , Area Under Curve , Biomarkers/blood , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins/blood , Female , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Male , Middle Aged , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain/blood , Peptide Fragments/blood , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , ROC Curve
10.
Clinics ; 70(1): 18-23, 1/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-735861

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The red blood cell distribution width has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. In the present study, we assessed the relationship between red cell distribution width values and cardiac troponin I levels in patients admitted with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: We analyzed blood parameters in 251 adult patients who were consecutively admitted to the intensive coronary care unit with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome over a 1-year period. For all patients, a baseline blood sample was collected for routine hematological testing. Cardiac troponin I was measured at baseline and after 6 h. The patients were diagnosed with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction or unstable angina based on the elevation of cardiac troponin I levels. RESULTS: The red cell distribution width was higher in the group with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction compared with the patient group with unstable angina (14.6±1.0 vs 13.06±1.7, respectively; p = 0.006). Coronary thrombus was detected more frequently in the group of patients with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction than in the patients with unstable angina (72% vs 51%, respectively; p = 0.007). Using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis for the prediction of non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction based on the red cell distribution width, the area under the curve was 0.649 (95% confidence interval: 0.546-0.753; p = 0.006), suggesting a modest model for the prediction of non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction using the red cell distribution width. At a cut-off value of 14%, the sensitivity and specificity of the red cell distribution width were 73% and 59%, respectively. Additionally, the red cell distribution width was positively correlated with cardiac troponin I (r = 0.19; p = 0.006). CONCLUSION: A greater baseline red cell distribution width value was associated with ...


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome/blood , Erythrocyte Indices , Heart Injuries/blood , Biomarkers/blood , Heart Injuries/diagnosis , Logistic Models , Reference Values , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Statistics, Nonparametric , Time Factors , Troponin I/blood
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-216629

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Newer P2Y12 inhibitors, such as prasugrel and ticagrelor, have greater antiplatelet efficacy but may increase the risk of bleeding. In this study, we compared the pharmacodynamic efficacy of prasugrel and ticagrelor in East Asian patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: We selected 83 ACS patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention who were discharged with 90 mg ticagrelor twice daily (n = 24), 10 mg prasugrel daily (n = 39) or 5 mg prasugrel daily (n = 20). After 2 to 4 weeks, on-treatment platelet reactivity (OPR) was assessed in terms of P2Y12 reaction units (PRUs) using the VerifyNow P2Y12 assay (Accumetrics). We compared East Asian (85 < PRU < or = 275) and Caucasian (85 < PRU < or = 208) criteria for assessing the therapeutic window of OPR. RESULTS: OPR was lowest in the ticagrelor group, followed by the 10 mg prasugrel and 5 mg prasugrel groups (49.1 ± 29.9 vs. 83.7 ± 57.1 vs. 168.5 ± 60.8, respectively; p < 0.001). The 5 mg prasugrel group had the highest proportion of patients with OPR values within the therapeutic window, followed by the 10 mg prasugrel and ticagrelor groups (90.0% vs. 46.2% vs. 12.5%, respectively; p < 0.001 for East Asian criteria; 60.0% vs. 43.6% vs. 12.5%, respectively; p < 0.001 for Caucasian criteria). CONCLUSIONS: Short-term administration of 5 mg prasugrel facilitated maintenance within the therapeutic window of OPR compared with the 10 mg prasugrel and ticagrelor groups. Thus, 5 mg prasugrel daily may be the optimal antiplatelet regimen for stabilized East Asian ACS patients.


Subject(s)
Acute Coronary Syndrome/blood , Adenosine/administration & dosage , Aged , Asians , Blood Platelets/drug effects , Drug Administration Schedule , Drug Monitoring/methods , Whites , Female , Hemorrhage/chemically induced , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Pilot Projects , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Platelet Function Tests , Prasugrel Hydrochloride/administration & dosage , Purinergic P2Y Receptor Antagonists/administration & dosage , Receptors, Purinergic P2Y12/blood , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
12.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 102(5): 449-455, 10/06/2014. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-711093

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: O valor prognóstico incremental da dosagem plasmática de Proteína C-reativa (PCR) em relação ao Escore GRACE não está estabelecido em pacientes com síndromes coronarianas agudas sem supradesnivelamento do segmento ST (SCA). Objetivo: Testar a hipótese de que a medida de PCR na admissão incrementa o valor prognóstico do escore GRACE em pacientes com SCA. Métodos: Foram estudados 290 indivíduos, internados consecutivamente por SCA, os quais tiveram material plasmático colhido na admissão para dosagem de PCR por método de alta sensibilidade (nefelometria). Desfechos cardiovasculares durante hospitalização foram definidos pela combinação de óbito, infarto não fatal ou angina refratária não fatal. Resultados: A incidência de eventos cardiovasculares durante hospitalização foi 15% (18 óbitos, 11 infartos, 13 anginas), tendo a PCR apresentado estatística-C de 0,60 (95% IC = 0,51 - 0,70; p = 0,034) na predição desses desfechos. Após ajuste para o Escore GRACE, PCR elevada (definida pelo melhor ponto de corte) apresentou tendência a associação com eventos hospitalares (OR = 1,89; 95% IC = 0,92 - 3,88; p = 0,08). No entanto, a adição da variável PCR elevada no modelo GRACE não promoveu incremento significativo na estatística-C, a qual variou de 0,705 para 0,718 (p = 0,46). Da mesma forma, não houve reclassificação de risco significativa com a adição da PCR no modelo preditor (reclassificação líquida = 5,7%; p = 0,15). Conclusão Embora PCR possua associação com desfechos hospitalares, esse marcador inflamatório não incrementa o valor prognóstico do Escore GRACE. .


Background: The incremental prognostic value of plasma levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) in relation to GRACE score has not been established in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) with non-ST segment elevation. Objective: To test the hypothesis that CRP measurements at admission increases the prognostic value of GRACE score in patients with ACS. Methods: A total of 290 subjects, consecutively admitted for ACS, with plasma material obtained upon admission CRP measurement using a high-sensitivity method (nephelometry) were studied. Cardiovascular outcomes during hospitalization were defined by the combination of death, nonfatal myocardial infarction or nonfatal refractory angina. Results: The incidence of cardiovascular events during hospitalization was 15% (18 deaths, 11 myocardial infarctions, 13 angina episodes) with CRP showing C-statistics of 0.60 (95% CI = 0.51-0.70, p = 0.034) in predicting these outcomes. After adjustment for the GRACE score, elevated CRP (defined as the best cutoff point) tended to be associated with hospital events (OR = 1.89, 95% CI = 0.92 to 3.88, p = 0.08). However, the addition of the variable elevated CRP in the GRACE model did not result in significant increase in C-statistics, which ranged from 0.705 to 0.718 (p = 0.46). Similarly, there was no significant reclassification of risk with the addition of CRP in the predictor model (net reclassification = 5.7 %, p = 0.15). Conclusion: Although CRP is associated with hospital outcomes, this inflammatory marker does not increase the prognostic value of the GRACE score. .


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome/blood , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Risk Assessment/methods , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , Biomarkers/blood , Hospitalization , Logistic Models , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity
13.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1507-1515, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-221612

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Plasma lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) binds to low-density lipoprotein. The levels of Lp-PLA2 reflect the plaque burden, and are upregulated in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We investigated the diagnostic value of Lp-PLA2 levels and found that it might be a potential biomarker for ACS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We classified 226 study participants into three groups: patients without significant stenosis (control group), patients with significant stenosis with stable angina (SA group), and patients with ACS (ACS group). RESULTS: Lp-PLA2 and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels were significantly greater in the ACS group than in the SA group (p=0.044 and p=0.029, respectively). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that Lp-PLA2 levels are significantly associated with ACS (odds ratio=1.047, p=0.013). The addition of Lp-PLA2 to the ACS model significantly increased the global chi2 value over traditional risk factors (28.14 to 35.602, p=0.006). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for Lp-PLA2 was 0.624 (p=0.004). The addition of Lp-PLA2 level to serum hs-CRP concentration yielded an integrated discrimination improvement of 0.0368 (p=0.0093, standard error: 0.0142) and improved the ability to diagnose ACS. CONCLUSION: Lp-PLA2 levels are related to plaque stability and might be a diagnostic biomarker for ACS.


Subject(s)
1-Alkyl-2-acetylglycerophosphocholine Esterase/blood , Acute Coronary Syndrome/blood , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Angina Pectoris , Biomarkers/blood , C-Reactive Protein/metabolism , Coronary Angiography , Female , Humans , Lipoproteins, LDL/blood , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/blood , ROC Curve , Risk Factors
14.
Gut and Liver ; : 674-679, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-37646

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is considered a high-risk procedure in patients with previous acute coronary syndrome (ACS); however, clinical studies are rare in the literature. The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of ERCP in patients with previous ACS. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with previous ACS who underwent ERCP between January 2007 and August 2012. The clinical characteristics, ERCP diagnoses, treatment results, and complications were analyzed. RESULTS: Fifty patients underwent ERCP an average of 41.6 months after ACS. The most common indication for ERCP was calculous cholangitis. After deep biliary cannulation, endoscopic sphincterotomy, biliary stone removal and endoscopic biliary drainage were successfully performed. Immediate postsphincterotomy bleeding occurred in seven patients, which was successfully controlled using endoscopic therapy. Elevation of cardiac troponin I levels were observed in three patients (6%) before ERCP, and all of these patients were diagnosed with pancreatobiliary disease combined with recurrent ACS, which was treated with coronary artery stent insertion (n=2) and balloon angioplasty (n=1). CONCLUSIONS: Therapeutic ERCP is effective and safe in patients with previous ACS. Cardiac troponin I elevation should be considered a warning sign for recurrent ACS in patients who undergo ERCP.


Subject(s)
Acute Coronary Syndrome/blood , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Ampulla of Vater/surgery , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Carcinoma/surgery , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Cholangitis/etiology , Cholelithiasis/complications , Common Bile Duct Neoplasms/surgery , Drainage , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Sphincterotomy, Endoscopic , Stents , Troponin I/blood
15.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 83(4): 237-243, oct.-dic. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-703023

ABSTRACT

Background: Diabetes mellitus is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Objective: To compare the efficacy of devices for continuous glucose monitoring and capillary glucose monitoring in hospitalized patients with acute coronary syndrome using the following parameters: time to achieve normoglycemia, period of time in normoglycemia, and episodes of hypoglycemia. Methods: We performed a pilot, non-randomized, unblinded clinical trial that included 16 patients with acute coronary artery syndrome, a capillary or venous blood glucose ≥ 140 mg/dl, and treatment with a continuous infusion of fast acting human insulin. These patients were randomized into 2 groups: a conventional group, in which capillary measurement and recording as well as insulin adjustment were made every 4h, and an intervention group, in which measurement and recording as well as insulin adjustment were made every hour with a subcutaneous continuous monitoring system. Student's t-test was applied for mean differences and the X² test for qualitative variables. Results: We observed a statistically significant difference in the mean time for achieving normoglycemia, favoring the conventional group with a P = 0.02. Conclusion: Continuous monitoring systems are as useful as capillary monitoring for achieving normoglycemia.


Antecedentes: La diabetes mellitus es un factor de riesgo independiente de enfermedad cardiovascular. Objetivo: Comparar la eficacia de los dispositivos de monitorización continua de glucosa y monitorización de glucosa capilar en pacientes hospitalizados con síndrome coronario agudo, mediante los siguientes parámetros: tiempo en lograr normoglucemia, periodo en normoglucemia y número de hipoglucemias. Métodos: Ensayo clínico no aleatorizado, no ciego, que incluyó a 16 pacientes con síndrome coronario agudo, glucosa capilar o venosa ≥ 140mg/dl, en tratamiento con infusión de insulina humana de acción rápida durante 48 h. Se distribuyeron en 2 grupos: convencional, con medición y registro de glucosa capilar, y ajuste de insulina cada 4h, y de intervención, con medición y registro de glucosa intersticial y ajuste de insulina cada hora a través de un dispositivo de monitorización continua colocado vía subcutánea. Se aplicaron pruebas t para diferencia de medias y prueba de X² para las variables cualitativas. Resultados: Se observó diferencia significativa en la media del tiempo para lograr normoglucemia a favor del grupo convencional, con un valor de p = 0.02. Conclusión: Los dispositivos de monitorización continua de glucosa son tan útiles como la monitorización de glucosa capilar para lograr normoglucemia.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome/blood , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring/instrumentation , Equipment Design , Hospitalization , Pilot Projects
16.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 101(5): 399-409, nov. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-696885

ABSTRACT

FUNDAMENTO: O tecido adiposo representa não somente uma fonte de energia estocável, mas principalmente um órgão endócrino que secreta várias citoquinas. A adiponectina, uma nova proteína semelhante ao colágeno, foi descoberta como uma citoquina específica do adipócito e um promissor marcador de risco cardiovascular. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a associação entre os níveis séricos da adiponectina e o risco para a ocorrência de eventos cardiovasculares, em pacientes com síndromes coronarianas agudas (SCA), e as correlações entre adiponectina e os biomarcadores metabólicos, inflamatórios e miocárdicos. MÉTODOS: Foram recrutados 114 pacientes com SCA, com seguimento médio de 1,13 ano para avaliação de desfechos clínicos. Modelos de regressão de risco proporcional de Cox com penalização de Firth foram construídos para determinar a associação independente entre adiponectina e o risco subsequente dos desfechos primário (composto de óbito cardiovascular/IAM não fatal/AVE não fatal) e coprimário (composto de óbito cardiovascular/ IAM não fatal/AVE não fatal/re-hospitalização requerendo revascularização). RESULTADOS: Houve correlações diretas e significantes entre adiponectina e idade, HDL-colesterol e BNP, e inversas e significantes entre adiponectina e circunferência abdominal, peso corporal, índice de massa corporal, índice HOMA, triglicerídeos e insulina. A adiponectina foi associada a maior risco para os desfechos primário e coprimário (HR ajustado 1,08 e 1,07/incremento de 1.000, respectivamente, p = 0,01 e p = 0,02). CONCLUSÃO: Em pacientes com SCA, a adiponectina sérica foi preditor de risco independente para eventos cardiovasculares. De modo adicional às correlações antropométricas e metabólicas, a adiponectina mostrou correlação significante com BNP.


BACKGROUND: The adipose tissue is considered not only a storable energy source, but mainly an endocrine organ that secretes several cytokines. Adiponectin, a novel protein similar to collagen, has been found to be an adipocyte-specific cytokine and a promising cardiovascular risk marker. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between serum adiponectin levels and the risk for cardiovascular events in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), as well as the correlations between adiponectin and metabolic, inflammatory, and myocardial biomarkers. METHODS: We recruited 114 patients with ACS and a mean 1.13-year follow-up to measure clinical outcomes. Clinical characteristics and biomarkers were compared according to adiponectin quartiles. Cox proportional hazard regression models with Firth's penalization were applied to assess the independent association between adiponectin and the subsequent risk for both primary (composite of cardiovascular death/non-fatal acute myocardial infarction (AMI)/non-fatal stroke) and co-primary outcomes (composite of cardiovascular death/non-fatal AMI/non-fatal stroke/rehospitalization requiring revascularization). RESULTS: There were significant direct correlations between adiponectin and age, HDL-cholesterol, and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), and significant inverse correlations between adiponectin and waist circumference, body weight, body mass index, Homeostasis Model Assessment (HOMA) index, triglycerides, and insulin. Adiponectin was associated with higher risk for primary and co-primary outcomes (adjusted HR 1.08 and 1.07/increment of 1000; p = 0.01 and p = 0.02, respectively). CONCLUSION: In ACS patients, serum adiponectin was an independent predictor of cardiovascular events. In addition to the anthropometric and metabolic correlations, there was a significant direct correlation between adiponectin and BNP.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome/blood , Adiponectin/blood , Age Factors , Acute Coronary Syndrome/complications , Body Mass Index , Biomarkers/blood , Cardiovascular Diseases/blood , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Epidemiologic Studies , Homeostasis , Hospitalization , Insulin Resistance , Metabolic Syndrome/blood , Predictive Value of Tests , Sex Factors , Treatment Outcome , Triglycerides/blood
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 101(1): 78-86, jul. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: lil-681831

ABSTRACT

FUNDAMENTOS: Estudos prévios demonstram que o principal determinante de vulnerabilidade da placa aterosclerótica é a sua composição. Recentemente, diversos métodos de imagens e marcadores laboratoriais têm sido investigados visando identificar lesões vulneráveis. O ultrassom com Histologia Virtual® (HV) permite a diferenciação e quantificação dos componentes da placa. Por sua vez, a proteína C-reativa (PCR) é apontada como importante preditor de eventos adversos. A correlação entre este marcador e as características da placa não é bem estabelecida. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a constituição da lesão culpada em pacientes com síndrome coronária aguda (SCA) - conforme caracterizada pela HV - e investigar a relação dos componentes da placa com o marcador inflamatório PCR. MÉTODOS: Cinquenta e dois pacientes com SCA e com indicação de intervenção coronária percutânea foram submetidos a dosagens de PCR de alta sensibilidade antes e 24 horas após a ICP. Análise por ultrassom HV da lesão-alvo foi realizada antes da ICP. RESULTADOS: A média de idade foi de 55,3 ± 4,9 anos, sendo 76,9% homens, 67,3% hipertensos e 30,8% diabéticos. A área luminal mínima foi de 3,9 ± 1,3 mm², e a carga de placa de 69 ± 11,3%. Os componentes da placa foram assim identificados: fibrótico (59,6 ± 15,8%), fibrolipídico (7,6 ± 8,2%), cálcio (12,1 ± 9,2%), necrótico (20,7 ± 12,7%). Não observamos correlação entre os níveis basais de PCR ou a variação dentre os valores pré e pós-ICP com os componentes da placa. CONCLUSÃO: Neste estudo, a composição das placas pela HV foi predominantemente fibrótica, com alto conteúdo necrótico. Não foi encontrada correlação entre a PCR e os componentes da lesão culpada em pacientes com SCA.


BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that coronary plaque composition plays a pivotal role in plaque instability, and imaging modalities and serum biomarkers have been investigated to identify vulnerable plaque. Virtual histology IVUS (VH-IVUS) characterizes plaque components as calcified, fibrotic, fibrofatty, or necrotic core. C-reactive protein (hsCRP) is an independent risk factor and a powerful predictor of future coronary events. However, a relationship between inflammatory response indicated by CRP and plaque characteristics in ACS patients remains not well established. OBJECTIVE: To determine, by using VH-IVUS, the relation between coronary plaque components and plasma high-sensitivity CRP levels in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). METHODS: 52 patients with ACS were enrolled in this prospective study. Electrocardiographically-gated VH-IVUS were performed in the culprit lesion before PCI. Blood sample was drawn from all patients before the procedure and after 24 hours, and hs-CRP levels were determined. RESULTS: Mean age was 55.3±4.9 years, 76.9% were men and 30.9% had diabetes. Mean MLA was 3.9±1.3 mm², and plaque burden was 69±11.3%, as assessed by IVUS. VH-IVUS analysis at the minimum luminal site identified plaque components: fibrotic (59.6±15.8%), fibrofatty (7.6±8.2%), dense calcium (12.1±9.2%) and necrotic core (20.7±12.7%). Plasma hs-CRP (mean 16.02±18.07 mg/L) did not correlate with necrotic core (r=-0.089, p = 0.53) and other plaque components. CONCLUSIONS: In this prospective study with patients with ACS, the predominant components of the culprit plaque were fibrotic and necrotic core. Serum hs C-reactive protein levels did not correlate with plaque composition.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome/pathology , Acute Coronary Syndrome , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/chemistry , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Acute Coronary Syndrome/blood , Biomarkers/blood , Calcium/analysis , Coronary Angiography , Fibrosis/pathology , Necrosis/pathology , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/blood , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Ultrasonography/methods
19.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 100(5): 412-421, maio 2013. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-675603

ABSTRACT

FUNDAMENTO: Em pacientes com Síndromes Coronarianas Agudas (SCA) sem Supradesnivelamento do Segmento ST (SST), sugere-se que uma série de marcadores (células inflamatórias, hiperglicemia e função renal) é capaz de identificar indivíduos com maior risco para eventos cardiovasculares. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o impacto desses parâmetros laboratoriais em desfechos intra-hospitalares de pacientes com SCA sem SST. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados prospectivamente 195 pacientes admitidos consecutivamente com SCA sem SST. Foram registrados dados clínicos, demográficos e laboratoriais ao longo do período de internação no hospital, em relação à ocorrência ou não de eventos combinados. RESULTADOS: A idade média foi de 67 ± 12 anos, e 52% eram homens. Na análise da área sob a curva ROC, somente a razão neutrófilo/linfócito (AUC: 70%, IC95%: 56%-82%, p = 0,006) e a creatinina (AUC: 62%, IC95%: 50%-80%, p = 0,03) discriminaram aqueles pacientes com SCA sem SST que apresentaram algum desfecho. Os pacientes que sofreram algum evento adverso durante a internação apresentaram menores contagens de linfócitos (1502 ± 731 / mm³ vs. 2020 ± 862 / mm³; p = 0,002), menores taxas de filtração glomerular (51 ± 27 mL/min vs. 77±34 mL/min; p < 0,001) e maiores níveis séricos de creatinina (2,1 ± 2,7 mg/dL vs. 1,1 ± 1,3 mg/dL; p = 0,047) do que aqueles que tiveram uma hospitalização sem intercorrências. A análise de regressão logística demonstrou que as variáveis que permaneceram como preditores independentes e significativos foram: taxa de filtração glomerular (OR: 1,03; IC95%: 1,00-1,13; p = 0,002), e contagem de linfócitos (OR: 1,02; IC95%: 1,01-1,04; p = 0,03). CONCLUSÃO: A avaliação da função renal e a contagem de linfócitos fornecem uma informação potencialmente útil para a estratificação prognóstica em doentes com SCA sem SST.


BACKGROUND: In patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) without ST segment elevation (SSE), it is suggested that a series of markers (inflammatory cells, hyperglycemia and renal function) can identify individuals with increased risk for cardiovascular events. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of these laboratory parameters on intra-hospital outcomes of patients with ACS with no SSE. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 195 patients consecutively admitted with ACS with no SSE. Demographic and clinical laboratory data were recorded during the course of the hospitalization period in relation to the occurrence of combined events. RESULTS: Mean age was 67 ± 12 years, and 52% were men. In analyzing the area under the ROC curve, only neutrophil/lymphocyte ratios (AUC: 70%, CI 95% 56%-82%, p = 0.006) and creatinine (AUC: 62%, CI 95% 50%-80%, p = 0.03) discriminated those patients with ACS with no SSE who presented an adverse outcome. The patients who suffered an adverse event during hospitalization had lower lymphocyte counts (1502 ± 731/mm ³ vs. 2020 ± 862/mm³; p = 0.002), lower glomerular filtration rates (51 ± 27 mL / min vs. 77 ± 34 mL/min; p < 0,001) and higher serum creatinine levels (2.1 ± 2.7 mg/dL vs. 1.1 ± 1.3 mg/dL; p = 0.047) than those who progressed through hospitalization without incident. The logistic regression analysis showed that variables remaining as independent and significant predictors were: glomerular filtration rate (OR: 1.03; CI 95%: 1.00 - 1.13, p = 0.002), and lymphocyte count (OR: 1.02; CI95%: 1.01 to 1.04, p = 0.03). CONCLUSION: Assessment of renal function and lymphocyte count provide potentially useful information for the prognostic stratification in patients with ACS with no SSE (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2013; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0).


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Acute Coronary Syndrome/blood , Blood Glucose/analysis , Creatinine/blood , Hyperglycemia/blood , Acute Coronary Syndrome/mortality , Acute Coronary Syndrome/physiopathology , Biomarkers/blood , Epidemiologic Methods , Glomerular Filtration Rate/physiology , Hospital Mortality , Leukocyte Count , Lymphocyte Count , Neutrophils , Prognosis
20.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 100(2): 127-134, fev. 2013. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-667953

ABSTRACT

FUNDAMENTO: Na síndrome coronariana aguda (SCA), a hiperglicemia, à admissão hospitalar, está associada à presença de eventos adversos cardiovasculares em pacientes com ou sem diabetes. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o valor prognóstico da hiperglicemia de estresse na evolução intra-hospitalar de pacientes admitidos por SCA. MÉTODOS: Foram incluídos 152 pacientes admitidos, entre setembro de 2005 e fevereiro de 2010, em unidade de dor torácica de hospital terciário com diagnóstico de SCA, que apresentavam valor da glicemia laboratorial na admissão. O grupo I foi formado pelos pacientes com hiperglicemia de estresse, definida por glicemia na admissão > 126 mg/dL em não diabéticos e > 200 mg/dL nos diabéticos, e o grupo II pelos pacientes com níveis glicêmicos inferiores aos níveis estabelecidos. Analisou-se a associação da hiperglicemia e evolução intra-hospitalar. RESULTADOS: A hiperglicemia de estresse associou-se a complicações intra-hospitalares, aumento da idade e gênero feminino. Na análise multivariada, apenas gênero feminino (OR = 2,04; IC95% 1,03 - 4,06, p = 0,007) e complicações intra-hospitalares (OR = 3,65; IC95% 1,62 - 8,19, p = 0,002) se associaram de forma independente à hiperglicemia na admissão. CONCLUSÃO: A hiperglicemia de estresse é fator preditivo independente para complicações intra-hospitalares após SCA em pacientes diabéticos ou não. Os resultados alertam para a necessidade de avaliarmos a glicemia na admissão em todos os pacientes admitidos por SCA, incluindo os não diabéticos, com o intuito de identificarmos os indivíduos com maior risco de complicações.


BACKGROUND: In acute coronary syndrome (ACS), admission hyperglycemia is associated with adverse cardiovascular events in diabetic and nondiabetic patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prognostic value of stress hyperglycemia for the in-hospital outcome of patients admitted due to ACS. METHODS: This study included 152 patients admitted to the chest pain unit of a tertiary hospital diagnosed with ACS, who had admission blood glucose data, from September 2005 to February 2010. Group I comprised patients with stress hyperglycemia, defined as admission blood glucose concentration > 126 mg/dL for nondiabetic individuals and admission blood glucose concentration > 200 mg/dL for diabetic individuals. Group II was formed by patients with admission blood glucose concentration lower than those established. The association of hyperglycemia and in-hospital outcome was assessed. RESULTS: Stress hyperglycemia associated with in-hospital complications, age increase and female sex. On multivariate analysis, only female sex (OR = 2.04; 95% CI: 1.03 - 4.06; p = 0.007) and in-hospital complications (OR = 3.65; 95% CI: 1.62 - 8.19; p = 0.002) associated independently with admission hyperglycemia. CONCLUSIONS: Stress hyperglycemia is an independent predictive factor for in-hospital complications after ACS in diabetic and nondiabetic patients. The results highlight the need to assess admission blood glucose concentration in all patients admitted due to ACS, including nondiabetic ones, aiming at identifying those at higher risk for complications.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome/blood , Blood Glucose/analysis , Diabetes Mellitus/blood , Hyperglycemia/diagnosis , Age Factors , Acute Coronary Syndrome/complications , Biomarkers/blood , Diabetes Complications/blood , Hospitalization , Prognosis , Reference Values , Risk Factors , Sex Factors
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