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1.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(2): 174-180, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364980

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background The wide range of clinical presentations of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) makes it indispensible to use tools for risk stratification and for appropriate risks management; thus, the use of prognosis scores is recommended in the immediat clinical decision-making. Objective To validate the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) score as a predictor of in-hospital and 6-month post-discharge mortality in a population diagnosed with ACS. Methods This is a prospective cohort study of consecutive patients diagnosed with ACS between May and December 2018. GRACE scores were calculated, as well as their predictive value for in-hospital and 6-month post-discharge mortality. The validity of the model was assessed by two techniques: discriminative power using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and goodness-of-fit, using the Hosmer-Lemeshow (HL) test, at the 5% level of significance. Results A total of 160 patients were included, mean age 64 (±10.9) years; of which 60% were men. The risk model showed to have satisfactory ability to predict both in-hospital mortality, with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.76 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.57-0.95; p = 0.014), and 6-month post-discharge mortality, with AUC of 0.78 (95%CI, 0.62-0.94), p = 0.002. The HL test indicated good-fit for both models of the GRACE score. Conclusion In this study, the GRACE risk score for predicting mortality was appropriately validated in patients with ACS, with good discriminative power and goodness-of-fit. The results suggest that the GRACE score is appropriate for clinical use in our setting.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Risk Assessment/methods , Acute Coronary Syndrome/mortality , Prognosis , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Follow-Up Studies , Hospital Mortality , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis
2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(5): 928-937, nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248895

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: Embora a elevação não isquêmica da troponina seja frequentemente observada em pacientes admitidos no pronto-socorro (PS), não há consenso quanto ao seu manejo. Objetivos: Este estudo teve como objetivo caracterizar os pacientes admitidos no PS com elevação da troponina não-isquêmica e identificar potenciais preditores de mortalidade nessa população. Métodos: Este estudo observacional retrospectivo incluiu pacientes do PS com resultado positivo no teste da troponina entre junho e julho de 2015. Pacientes com diagnóstico clínico de síndrome coronariana aguda (SCA) foram excluídos. Os dados demográficos dos pacientes e as variáveis clínicas e laboratoriais foram extraídos dos prontuários médicos. Os dados do seguimento foram obtidos por 16 meses ou até a ocorrência de morte. O nível de significância estatística foi de 5%. Resultados: A elevação da troponina sem SCA foi encontrada em 153 pacientes no PS. A mediana (IIQ) de idade dos pacientes foi de 78 (19) anos, 80 (52,3%) eram do sexo feminino e 59 (38,6%) morreram durante o seguimento. A mediana do período de seguimento (IIQ) foi de 477 (316) dias. Os sobreviventes eram significativamente mais jovens 76 (24) vs. 84 (13) anos; p=0,004) e apresentaram uma maior proporção de elevação da troponina isolada (sem elevação da creatina quinase ou mioglobina) em duas avaliações consecutivas: 48 (53,9%) vs. 8 (17,4%), p<0,001. Os sobreviventes também apresentaram menor taxa de tratamento antiplaquetário e internação no mesmo dia. Na regressão logística multivariada com ajuste para variáveis significativas na análise univariada, a elevação isolada da troponina em duas avaliações consecutivas mostrou hazard ratio = 0,43 (IC95% 0,17-0,96, p=0,039); hospitalização, tratamento antiplaquetário anterior e idade permaneceram independentemente associados à mortalidade. Conclusões: A elevação isolada da troponina em duas medidas consecutivas foi um forte preditor de sobrevida em pacientes no PS com elevação da troponina, mas sem SCA.


Abstract Background: Although non-ischemic troponin elevation is frequently seen in patients admitted to the emergency department (ED), consensus regarding its management is lacking. Objectives: This study aimed to characterize patients admitted to the ED with non-ischemic troponin elevation and to identify potential mortality predictors in this population. Methods: This retrospective observational study included ED patients with a positive troponin test result between June and July of 2015. Patients with a clinical diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) were excluded. Data on patient demographics and clinical and laboratory variables were extracted from medical records. Follow-up data were obtained for 16 months or until death occurred. The statistical significance level was 5%. Results: Troponin elevation without ACS was found in 153 ED patients. The median (IQR) patient age was 78 (19) years, 80 (52.3%) were female and 59(38.6%) died during follow-up. The median (IQR) follow-up period was 477(316) days. Survivors were significantly younger 76 (24) vs. 84 (13) years; p=0.004) and featured a higher proportion of isolated troponin elevation (without creatine kinase or myoglobin elevation) in two consecutive evaluations: 48 (53.9%) vs. 8 (17.4%), p<0.001. Survivors also presented a lower rate of antiplatelet treatment and same-day hospitalization. In the multivariate logistic regression with adjustment for significant variables in the univariate analysis, isolated troponin elevation in two consecutive evaluations showed a hazard ratio= 0.43 (95%CI 0.17-0.96, p=0.039); hospitalization, previous antiplatelet treatment and age remained independently associated with mortality. Conclusions: Isolated troponin elevation in two consecutive measurements was a strong predictor of survival in ED patients with troponin elevation but without ACS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Troponin I , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , Prognosis , Biomarkers , Emergency Service, Hospital , Hospitalization
4.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(5,supl.1): 12-21, Nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346354

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background In the current era, there is always search for better cardiovascular biomarkers to early diagnose the disease. Objectives We aimed to investigate the association between a novel biomarker, cardiothropin-1 (CT-1), and standard markers of myocardial ischemia in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in Turkey. Patients and Methods In this prospective cohort study, patients who were admitted to our institution between July 2012 and July 2013 with the diagnosis of ACS were included. The standard markers of myocardial necrosis and CT-1 were evaluated at the time of admission and after 6 hours. Changes in laboratory parameters were statistically tested and correlated with routinely used markers of myocardial ischemia. The distribution of the data was analyzed by the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. Proportional analysis and changes in laboratory parameters were evaluated with Chi-Square test and Fisher Exact test. Statistical significance was defined as p<0.05. Results The study enrolled 24 patients (14 male, 10 female) with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and 16 patients (9 male, 7 female) with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) with elevated cardiac enzymes such as creatine kinase (CK), creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and Troponin-T (Tn-T). The average age of the patients was 61.45 ± 11.04 years. Increasing CT-1 levels were correlated with the increasing CK (p=0.035 and p=0.018, respectively), CK-MB (p=0.006 and p=0.096, respectively), and Tn-T (p=0.041 and p=0.000, respectively) at first and at the 6th hour measurements. The CT-1 values were found to be more increased in the STEMI group (p=0.0074). Conclusion CT-1 is one of the novel biomarkers for cardiac injury. It is correlated with standard markers of myocardial ischemia and the results suggest that CT-1 can be used as a new biomarker.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , Acute Coronary Syndrome/blood , Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis , Myocardial Infarction/blood , Atrial Fibrillation , Biomarkers , Prospective Studies , Troponin T , Creatine Kinase
7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(3): 465-473, Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339183

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento As arritmias ventriculares (AVs) são a principal causa de mortalidade e morbidade hospitalar em pacientes com síndrome coronariana aguda (SCA) e sua relação com o tiol é desconhecida. Objetivo Investigar a relação entre os níveis plasmáticos de tióis e os níveis de troponina em pacientes com SCA e estimar o desenvolvimento de AV intra-hospitalar durante a internação. Método O estudo incluiu 231 pacientes consecutivos com SCA com supradesnivelamento do segmento ST (SCA-SDST) e pacientes com SCA sem supradesnivelamento do segmento ST (SCA-SSDST). Após a aplicação dos critérios de exclusão, 191 pacientes foram incluídos na análise estatística. Os pacientes foram classificados em dois grupos: grupo SCA-SDST (n=94) e grupo SCA-SSDST (n=97). Os níveis plasmáticos de tiol, dissulfeto e troponina foram medidos e a razão de troponina para tiol nativo (RTTN) foi calculada. Considerou-se estatisticamente significativo um valor de p bilateral inferior a 0,05. Resultados Tiol nativo plasmático, tiol total, dissulfeto e suas razões foram semelhantes entre os grupos. A RTTN se mostrou significativamente maior no grupo SCA-SDST em comparação com o grupo SCA-SSDST. Houve correlação negativa significativa entre os níveis de troponina e tiol. Verificou-se que o tiol nativo é preditor independente do desenvolvimento de AV em pacientes com SCA-SDST e em todos os pacientes com SCA. Verificou-se que o RTTN é preditor independente do desenvolvimento de AV em pacientes com SCA-SSDST e em todos os pacientes com SCA. Conclusão Os níveis plasmáticos de tiol podem ser usados para identificar pacientes com alto risco de desenvolvimento de AV intra-hospitalar em pacientes com SCA. A correlação entre os níveis de troponina e tiol pode sugerir que os tióis possam ser marcadores importantes para o diagnóstico e prognóstico da SCA com a ajuda de estudos futuros.


Abstract Background Ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) are the main cause of in-hospital mortality and morbidity in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients and its relationship with thiol is not known. Objective To investigate the relationship between plasma thiol levels and troponin levels in patients with ACS and to estimate in-hospital VA development during hospital stay. Method The study included 231 consecutive ST-segment elevation ACS (STE-ACS) and non-ST-segment elevation ACS (NSTE-ACS) patients. After application of exclusion criteria, 191 patients were included in the statistical analysis. Patients were classified into two groups: STE-ACS group (n=94) and NSTE-ACS group (n=97). Plasma thiol, disulphide and troponin levels were measured and troponin-to-native thiol ratio (TNTR) was calculated. A two-sided p value of less than 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results Plasma native thiol, total thiol, disulphide and their ratios were similar between the groups. TNTR was significantly higher in the STE-ACS group compared to the NSTE-ACS group. Troponin and thiol levels correlated negatively and significantly. Native thiol was found to be an independent predictor of VA development in STE-ACS patients and in all ACS patients. TNTR was found to be an independent predictor of VA development in NSTE-ACS patients and in all ACS patients. Conclusion Plasma thiol levels can be used to identify ACS patients at high risk for in-hospital VA development. Correlation between troponin and thiol levels may suggest that thiols may be an important marker for diagnosis and prognosis of ACS with the help of future studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Sulfhydryl Compounds , Troponin , Biomarkers , Hospitals
8.
Rev. cuba. med. gen. integr ; 37(2): e1593, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1352010

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La atención médica en el síndrome coronario agudo ha de ir encaminada a tratar, de manera inmediata, las situaciones que puedan comprometer la vida. Los servicios primarios de salud deben ser capaces de administrar una asistencia médica adecuada en la fase aguda prehospitalaria. Objetivos: Evaluar la calidad de la asistencia prehospitalaria de pacientes con síndrome coronario agudo, Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, transversal. Se incluyeron los pacientes atendidos en el Hospital Joaquín Albarrán, en el período enero 2018 - enero 2020, remitidos desde la atención prehospitalaria con el diagnóstico de síndrome coronario agudo. Los datos fueron obtenidos de la remisión del área de salud. Se emplearon 7 criterios para evaluar la calidad de la asistencia. Se utilizó análisis de distribución de frecuencias y fue calculado el porcentaje de cumplimiento de cada uno de los criterios utilizados. Resultados: Se incluyeron 427 pacientes, que tuvieron una edad promedio de 63,2 años. Hubo predominio del sexo masculino y el dolor precordial típico fue la forma de presentación más frecuente. De los siete criterios de calidad, cinco fueron cumplidos de forma satisfactoria. El porcentaje de cumplimiento en el caso de la realización de trombólisis resultó ser de 30,8 por ciento. Conclusiones: Aunque, de manera general, la calidad de la asistencia prehospitalaria que se brinda a pacientes con síndrome coronario agudo es satisfactoria, el uso de la trombólisis no fue óptimo(AU)


Introduction: Medical care in acute coronary syndrome must be aimed at treating, immediately, situations that may compromise life. Primary health services must be able to provide adequate medical care in the acute prehospital phase. Objectives: To assess the quality of prehospital care for patients with acute coronary syndrome, Methods: Descriptive and cross-sectional study carried out with patients treated at Joaquín Albarrán Hospital, in the period from January 2018 to January 2020, referred from prehospital care with a diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome. The data were obtained from the referral records from the health area. Seven criteria were used to assess the quality of care. Frequency distribution analysis was used and percentage of compliance with each of the criteria used was calculated. Results: The study included 427 patients, who had an average age of 63.2 years. There was a predominance of males and typical chest pain was the most frequent onset form. Of the seven quality criteria, five were met satisfactorily. The compliance percentage in the case of thrombolysis was 30.8 percent. Conclusions: Although, in general, the quality of prehospital care provided to patients with acute coronary syndrome is satisfactory, the use of thrombolysis was not optimal(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Health Care , Emergency Medical Services , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cuba , Observational Study
10.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(2): 179-187, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154555

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Coronary artery disease (CAD) causes electrical heterogeneity on ventricular myocardium and ventricular arrhythmia due to myocardial ischemia linked to ventricular repolarization abnormalities. Objective Our aim is to investigate the impact of increased level of CAD spectrum and severity on ventricular repolarization via Tp-e interval, Tp-e/QT and Tp-e/QTc ratios. Methods 127 patients with normal coronary artery (group 1), 129 patients with stable CAD (group 2) and 121 patients with acute coronary syndrome (group 3) were enrolled. Tp-e interval, Tp-e/QT and Tp-e/QTc ratios were evaluated as well as baseline demographic and clinical parameters. Kruskal-Wallis one-way ANOVA test was used for comparing quantitative variables with abnormal distribution while One-Way ANOVA test was used for comparing the means between groups with normal distribution. Tukey HSD and Welch tests were used for subgroups analyses with normal distribution. Spearman analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between clinical variables and repolarization markers. A p-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results Tp-e interval [66(50-83), 71(59-82) and 76(64-86); group 1,2 and 3 respectively, p<0.001], Tp-e/QT (0.170.02, 0.180.01 and 0,190.01; group 1,2 and 3 respectively, p<0.001) and Tp-e/QTc (0.150.02, 0.160.02 and 0.170.02; group 1,2 and 3 respectively, p<0.001) ratios were found to be associated with increased level of CAD spectrum. Syntax score was positively correlated with Tp-e interval (r=0.514, p<0.001), Tp-e/QT (r=0.407, p<0.001), and Tp-e/QTc ratios (r=0.240, p<0.001). Conclusion Prolonged Tp-e interval and increased Tp-e/QT and Tp-e/QTc ratios were detected in the presence of CAD and especially in patients with acute ischemic syndromes. (Int J Cardiovasc Sci. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnosis , Electrocardiography/methods , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Reference Values , Cross-Sectional Studies
12.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(3): 349-350, Jul.-Sep. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131055

ABSTRACT

Abstract The incidence of mitral regurgitation in acute myocardial syndromes is variable. Echocardiographic evaluation is fundamental in making a proper diagnosis of mechanical complications and to offer timely treatment. We present a case of a 64-year-old male who was admitted to the ER in acute pulmonary edema. The electrocardiogram showed negative ST-segment deviation from V4-V6, positive ST-segment deviation in aVR. Multivessel disease with severe mitral regurgitation was seen in catheterization. A transthoracic echocardiogram revealed important mitral regurgitation showing the "tiger stripes" sign, seen in the presence of intracardial oscillating structures, in this case, suspected papillary muscle rupture. Echocardiographic evaluation is necessary in every case of myocardial infarction who present with new-onset mitral regurgitation. Treatment is complex and must be determined with an interdisciplinary group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pulmonary Edema/diagnosis , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/diagnosis , Pulmonary Edema/physiopathology , Severity of Illness Index , Echocardiography , Cardiac Catheterization , Acute Disease , Electrocardiography , Emergency Service, Hospital , Acute Coronary Syndrome/physiopathology
13.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(5): 795-802, maio 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131233

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Múltiplos sistemas de pontuação têm sido elaborados para calcular o risco de eventos cardiovasculares adversos maiores (MACE) em pacientes com dor no peito. Não há dados que avaliem se o escore HEART tem um desempenho superior a TIMI e GRACE para a predição de MACE, especialmente na era de troponina I de alta sensibilidade e em uma população exclusivamente latino-americana. Objetivo Comparar o desempenho dos escores HEART, TIMI e GRACE para a predição de MACE em 30 dias de acompanhamento, em pacientes atendidos com dor no peito no departamento de emergência. Métodos Os escores HEART, TIMI e GRACE foram analisados em 519 pacientes com dor no peito no departamento de emergência. O desfecho primário foi a ocorrência de MACE no período de 30 dias. O desempenho do escore HEART foi comparado com o dos escores TIMI e GRACE utilizando o teste de DeLong, considerando estatisticamente significativos os valores de p de 0,05. Resultados Um total de 224 pacientes (43%) apresentaram MACE no período de 30 dias. A estatística C para os escores HEART, TIMI e GRACE foi de 0,937, 0,844 e 0,797 respectivamente (p < 0,0001). Uma pontuação de 3 ou menos no escore HEART apresentou uma sensibilidade de 99,5% e um valor preditivo negativo de 99% para classificar pacientes de baixo risco de maneira correta; ambos os valores foram mais elevados do que aqueles obtidos pelos outros escores. Conclusão O escore HEART, em um período de 30 dias, prediz eventos cardiovasculares, mais eficazmente, em comparação com os outros escores. Troponinas de alta sensibilidade mantêm a superioridade previamente demonstrada deste escore. Este escore oferece uma identificação mais precisa dos pacientes de baixo risco. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Abstract Background Multiple scoring systems have been designed to calculate the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with chest pain. There is no data on whether the HEART score outperforms TIMI and GRACE in the prediction of MACE, especially in the era of high-sensitivity troponin assay and in an exclusively Latin-American population. Objective To compare the performance of the HEART, TIMI, and GRACE scores for predicting major cardiovascular events at 30 days of follow-up, in patients who consult for chest pain in the emergency department. Methods HEART, TIMI, and GRACE scores were analyzed in 519 patients with chest pain at the emergency department. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of MACE within 30 days. The performance of the HEART score was compared with the TIMI and GRACE scores using the DeLong test with p values of 0.05 considered statistically significant. Results A total of 224 patients (43%) had MACE at 30 days. The C statistic for the HEART, TIMI, and GRACE score was 0.937, 0.844, and 0.797 respectively (p < 0.0001). A HEART score of 3 or less had a sensitivity of 99.5% and a negative predictive value of 99% to classify low risk patients correctly; both values were higher than those obtained by the other scores. Conclusion The HEART score more effectively predicts cardiovascular events at 30 days of follow-up compared to the other scores. High-sensitivity troponins maintain this score's previously demonstrated superiority. This score offers more precise identification of low-risk patients. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Chest Pain/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Risk Assessment/methods , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , Heart Diseases/diagnosis , Troponin , Severity of Illness Index , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Triage/methods , Emergency Service, Hospital
14.
Autops. Case Rep ; 10(1): 2019136, Jan.-Mar. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087661

ABSTRACT

Acute esophageal necrosis (AEN) also known as "black esophagus" or "acute necrotizing esophagus" is a rare entity characterized by striking endoscopic findings of circumferential black coloring of the esophagus. AEN most frequently seen in the distal esophagus and can extend proximally along the entire esophagus. Characteristically, the circumferential black mucosa stops abruptly at the EGJ. AEN tends to present as acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding, though other symptoms including dysphagia and epigastric pain have been described. The etiology of AEN is multifactorial including a combination of ischemic insult, mucosal barrier defect, and a backflow injury of gastric secretions. Described is a case of AEN in a patient with history of uncontrolled diabetes who presented with an atypical chest pain mimicking acute coronary syndrome with negative subsequent cardiovascular workup.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Esophageal Diseases/diagnosis , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , Chest Pain , Necrosis
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880603

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the electrocardiogram manifestations and clinical characteristics of patients with the de Winter electrocardiogram pattern.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study was performed on acute coronary syndrome (ACS), patients with culprit lesion in left anterior descending branch (LAD), who admitted to Yongchuan Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from August 2017 to October 2018. Patients were categorized into those with or without the de Winter electrocardiogram pattern. The characteristics of de Winter electrocardiogram were analyzed by the clinical data of the patients.@*RESULTS@#Among 230 patients with left anterior descending branch lesion, 14 (6%) had the de Winter electrocardiogram pattern. Compared with the control group, patients with de Winter electrocardiogram pattern were younger [(53.86±10.26) years old vs (67.20± 11.60) years old @*CONCLUSIONS@#The de Winter electrocardiogram pattern syndrome in patients with acute chest pain mostly indicates that the left anterior descending or the diagonal branch is subtotal or completely occluded, which is a special ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction equivalent and should attract the clinicians' extensive attention.


Subject(s)
Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , Adult , Aged , Coronary Angiography , Electrocardiography , Humans , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction
16.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 38(3): 182-189, dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058061

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Antecedentes y objetivos: Las plaquetas desempeñan un papel principal en la patogénesis de las enfermedades de las arterias coronarias. El volumen plaquetario medio (VPM) es un indicador del volumen plaquetario circulante y se ha demostrado que está relacionado con la actividad plaquetaria. El objetivo del presente estudio es investigar si el VPM está asociado con la gravedad de la enfermedad de las arterias coronarias. Métodos: Medimos VPM en 910 pacientes consecutivos con síndrome coronario agudo sintomático sometidos a angiografía coronaria. Se recogieron los datos básicos de los pacientes. La enfermedad coronaria significativa se definió como una estenosis >50% en al menos 1 vaso coronario y la gravedad como la enfermedad de tres vasos y/o la enfermedad del tronco de la coronaria izquierda. Resultados: Este estudio incluyó 477 (52,4%) hombres y 433 (47,6%) mujeres. Los resultados mostraron una relación significativa entre el VPM y la gravedad de la enfermedad arterial coronaria (P=0,001) y un modelo de regresión logística confirmó que el aumento de cada unidad en el volumen plaquetario medio puede aumentar el riesgo de enfermedad arterial coronaria grave en 4,67%. Encontramos que el VPM es mayor en los pacientes de sexo masculino y fumador de cigarrillos. Conclusión: El VPM está relacionado con la gravedad de la enfermedad arterial coronaria, y podría ser un parámetro útil para la evaluación primaria de la gravedad del compromiso de las arterias coronarias en pacientes con síntomas de enfermedad coronaria.


ABSTRACT: Background and aim: Platelets play a principal role in pathogenesis of coronary artery diseases. Mean platelet volume (MPV) is an indicator of circulating platelet size and has been demonstrated to be correlated with platelet activity. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether MPV is associated with the severity of coronary artery disease. Methods: We measured MPV in 910 consecutive patients with symptomatic acute coronary syndrome undergoing coronary angiography. The basic data of patients were collected. Significant coronary artery disease was defined as >50% stenosis in at least 1 coronary artery and severe coronary artery disease was defined as three vessel disease and/or left main artery disease. Results: This study included 477 (52.4%) males and 433(47.6%) females. A significant relationship between MPV and severity of coronary artery disease (p= 0.001) was found. Logistic regression analysis confirmed that each unit increment in mean platelet volume was associated to a 4.67% increase in the in the risk of severe coronary artery disease. In addition, we found that MPV was higher in males and in cigarette smokers. Conclusion: This study showed that MPV is related to severity of coronary artery disease. MPV might be a useful parameter for primary evaluation of severity of coronary artery involvement in patients with symptoms of coronary artery diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Coronary Angiography , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , Mean Platelet Volume , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Coronary Disease
17.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(1): 20-30, July 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011238

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Multiple risk scores (RS) are approved in the prediction of worse prognosis in acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Recently, the Portuguese Journal of Cardiology has proposed the ProACS RS. Objective: Application of several validated RS, as well as ProACS in patients, admitted for ACS. Evaluation of each RS's performance in predicting in-hospital mortality and the occurrence of all-cause mortality or non-fatal ACS at one-year follow-up and compare them to the ProACS RS. Methods: A retrospective study of ACS was performed. The following RS were applied: GRACE, ACTION Registry-GWTG, PURSUIT, TIMI, EMMACE, SRI, CHA2DS2-VASc-HS, C-ACS and ProACS. ROC Curves were created to determine the predictive power for each RS and then were directly compared to ProACS. Results: The ProACS, ACTION Registry-GWTG and GRACE showed a c-statistics of 0.908, 0.904 and 0.890 for predicting in-hospital mortality, respectively, performing better in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients. The other RS performed satisfactorily, with c-statistics over 0.750, apart from the CHA2DS2-VASc-HS and C-ACS which underperformed. All RS underperformed in predicting worse long-term prognosis revealing c-statistics under 0.700. Conclusion: ProACS is an easily obtained risk score for early stratification of in-hospital mortality. When evaluating all RS, the ProACS, ACTION Registry-GWTG and GRACE RS showed the best performance, demonstrating high capability of predicting a worse prognosis. ProACS was able to demonstrate statistically significant superiority when compared to almost all RS. Thus, the ProACS has showed that it is able to combine simplicity in the calculation of the score with good performance in predicting a worse prognosis.


Resumo Fundamento: Existem muitos escores de risco (ERs) aprovados na predição de um pior prognóstico em síndromes coronárias agudas (SCAs). Recentemente, a Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia propôs o ER ProACS. Objetivo: Aplicar vários ERs validados, bem como o ProACS em pacientes internados por SCA. Avaliar o desempenho de cada ER em predizer mortalidade hospitalar e a ocorrência de mortalidade por todas as causas ou SCA não fatal em um ano de acompanhamento e compará-los com o ProACS. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo de SCA. Os seguintes ERs foram aplicados: GRACE, ACTION Registry-GWTG, PURSUIT, TIMI, EMMACE, SRI, CHA2DS2-VASc-HS, C-ACS e ProACS. Curvas ROC foram criadas para determinar o poder preditivo de cada ER e diretamente comparadas com a do ProACS. Resultados: Os escores ProACS, ACTION Registry-GWTG e GRACE mostraram estatística-C de 0,908, 0,904 e 0,890, respectivamente, em predizer mortalidade hospitalar, mostrando melhor desempenho em pacientes com infarto do miocárdio com elevação do segmento ST. Os demais ERs mostraram desempenho satisfatório, com estatística-C acima de 0,750, com exceção de CHA2DS2-VASc-HS e C-ACS, que mostraram baixa performance. Todos os ERs apresentaram baixo desempenho em predizer um pior prognóstico em longo prazo, com estatística-C abaixo de 0,700. Conclusão: O ProACS é um escore de risco facilmente obtido para estratificação precoce de mortalidade intra-hospitalar. Ao avaliar todos os ERs, ProACS, ACTION Registry-GWTG e GRACE mostraram o melhor desempenho, com alta capacidade de predizer um pior prognóstico. O ProACS mostrou superioridade estatisticamente significativa em comparação aos outros ERs. Portanto, o ProACS mostrou-se capaz de combinar simplicidade no cálculo do escore com bom desempenho em predizer um pior prognóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Acute Coronary Syndrome/mortality , Prognosis , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Hospital Mortality , Risk Assessment , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(6): 721-726, Jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011214

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Behavioral scientists consistently point out that knowledge does not influence decisions as expected. GRACE Score is a well validated risk model for predicting death of patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). However, whether prognostic assessment by this Score modulates medical decision is not known. Objective: To test the hypothesis that the use of a validated risk score rationalizes the choice of invasive strategies for higher risk patients with non-ST-elevation ACS. Methods: ACS patients were consecutively included in this prospective registry. GRACE Score was routinely used by cardiologists as the prognostic risk model. An invasive strategy was defined as an immediate decision of the coronary angiography, which in the selective strategy was only indicated in case of positive non-invasive test or unstable course. Firstly, we evaluated the association between GRACE and invasiviness; secondly, in order to find out the actual determinants of the invasive strategy, we built a propensity model for invasive decision. For this analysis, a p-value < 0.05 was considered as significant. Results: In a sample of 570 patients, an invasive strategy was adopted for 394 (69%). GRACE Score was 118 ± 38 for the invasive group, similar to 116 ± 38 for the selective group (p = 0.64). A propensity score for the invasive strategy was derived from logistic regression: positive troponin and ST-deviation (positive associations) and hemoglobin (negative association). This score predicted an invasive strategy with c-statistics of 0.68 (95%CI: 0.63-0.73), opposed to GRACE Score (AUC 0.51; 95%CI: 0.47-0.57). Conclusion: The dissociation between GRACE Score and invasive decision in ACS suggests that the knowledge of prognostic probabilities might not determine medical decision.


Resumo Fundamento: Cientistas behavioristas ressaltam consistentemente que conhecimento não influencia decisão como esperado. O escore GRACE é um modelo de risco bem validado para prever morte de pacientes com síndromes coronarianas agudas (SCA). Todavia, não se sabe se a avaliação prognóstica pelo GRACE modula decisão médica. Objetivo: Testar a hipótese de que a utilização de escore de risco validado racionaliza a escolha de estratégias invasivas para pacientes de alto risco com SCA sem supradesnivelamento do segmento ST. Métodos: Pacientes com SCA foram consecutivamente incluídos neste registro prospectivo. O escore GRACE foi rotineiramente utilizado pelos cardiologistas como modelo de risco prognóstico. Estratégia invasiva foi definida como decisão imediata de cinecoronariografia, que na conservadora só era indicada se teste não invasivo positivo ou curso instável. Primeiro, avaliamos a associação entre GRACE e invasividade; segundo, a fim de descobrir atuais determinantes da estratégia invasiva, construímos um modelo de propensão para ela. Foi considerado significante um valor de p < 0,05 para esta análise. Resultados: Em amostra de 570 pacientes, estratégia invasiva foi adotada para 394 (69%). O escore GRACE foi de 118 ± 38 para o grupo invasivo, semelhante a 116 ± 38 do conservador (p = 0,64). O escore de propensão para estratégia invasiva foi derivado da regressão logística: troponina positiva e desvio de ST (associações positivas) e hemoglobina (associação negativa). Esse escore predisse estratégia invasiva com estatística-c de 0,68 (IC95%: 0,63-0,73), contrariando o Escore GRACE (AUC 0,51; IC95%: 0,47-0,57). Conclusão: A dissociação observada entre o valor do Escore GRACE e decisão invasiva em SCA sugere que o pensamento probabilístico pode não ser um importante determinante da decisão médica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Practice Patterns, Physicians' , Clinical Competence , Acute Coronary Syndrome/therapy , Prognosis , Logistic Models , ROC Curve , Risk Assessment , Decision Making , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , Middle Aged
19.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 31(1): 93-105, jan.-mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003622

ABSTRACT

RESUMO As troponinas cardíacas T e I são marcadores considerados altamente sensíveis e específicos para o diagnóstico de infarto agudo do miocárdio. Atualmente, com o advento dos ensaios ultrassensíveis, uma série de anormalidades não primariamente cardíacas pode se manifestar por meio da elevação destes ensaios. A redução de seu limiar de detecção promoveu maior precocidade no diagnóstico e na utilização de medidas terapêuticas baseadas em evidência, no entanto, esta característica aumentou o espectro de doenças cardíacas não coronarianas detectáveis, trazendo desafios para a caracterização das síndromes coronarianas agudas e um novo papel para estes testes nas desordens conhecidas no ambiente das unidades de tratamento intensivo, em especial na sepse. A abordagem de pacientes por meio de um maior entendimento do comportamento destes marcadores deve ser redimensionada para sua correta interpretação.


ABSTRACT Cardiac troponins T and I are considered highly sensitive and specific markers for the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. Currently, a series of nonprimary cardiac abnormalities may manifest as an elevation in high-sensitive assays. The reduction in their detection limits has allowed earlier diagnosis and the use of evidence-based therapeutic measures; however, this characteristic has increased the spectrum of detectable noncoronary heart diseases, which poses challenges for characterizing acute coronary syndromes and creates a new role for these tests in known disorders in intensive care units, especially sepsis. Management of patients through a greater understanding of how these markers behave should be re-evaluated to ensure their correct interpretation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Troponin I/blood , Troponin T/blood , Heart Diseases/diagnosis , Biomarkers/blood , Sensitivity and Specificity , Early Diagnosis , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , Acute Coronary Syndrome/blood , Heart Diseases/blood , Intensive Care Units , Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis , Myocardial Infarction/blood
20.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 17(1): 38-40, jan.-mar. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1026183

ABSTRACT

A pericardite é um processo inflamatório do pericárdio de múltiplas causas, sendo a infecção viral a mais comum. O infarto agudo do miocárdio é um dos principais diagnósticos diferenciais. O objetivo deste artigo foi relatar um caso de pericardite aguda com supradesnivelamento de segmento ST. Os dados foram coletados em um hospital de ensino do Estado de Minas Gerais. O paciente era do sexo masculino, tinha 24 anos e era negro. Foi encaminhado ao serviço médico terciário devido à hipótese de síndrome coronariana aguda com supradesnivelamento do segmento ST. Nos exames do serviço médico de origem, apresentava supradesnivelamento do segmento ST de caráter difuso simultaneamente em paredes inferior e anterior, e alteração da isoenzima MB da creatina quinase de 100ng/mL e troponina I de 21ng/mL. No momento da admissão, encontrava-se em bom estado geral, afebril, estável hemodinamicamente e sem queixa de dor. Referiu que 4 dias antes da admissão, apresentou febre, mal-estar geral, odinofagia e tratamento de amigdalite. Os exames da admissão demonstravam ritmo sinusal, frequência cardíaca de 75bpm, supradesnivelamento de ST em D2, D3, aVF, V1 a V6, isoenzima MB da creatina quinase de 152ng/mL, troponina I de 1,28ng/mL, hemograma normal; ecocardiograma mostrou pericárdio de aspecto anatômico normal e fração de ejeção de 64%. O diagnóstico foi de pericardite aguda de provável etiologia infecciosa. O tratamento foi realizado com ibuprofeno por 7 dias e colchicina por 3 meses. Paciente evoluiu com alta hospitalar após 5 dias. O diagnóstico correto proporcionou a condução adequada do caso, permitindo a redução dos custos hospitalares e eliminando riscos de procedimentos desnecessários. (AU)


Pericarditis is an inflammatory process of the pericardium of multiple causes, being the most common viral infection. Acute myocardial infarction is one of the main differential diagnoses. The objective of this article was to report a case of acute pericarditis with ST-segment elevation. Data were collected at a teaching hospital in the state of Minas Gerais. The patient was a man of 24 years, black. He was referred to the tertiary medical service due to the hypothesis of Acute Coronary Syndrome with ST-segment elevation. In the tests from the medical service of origin, there was diffuse ST-segment elevation, simultaneously on lower and anterior walls, and a change in the Creatinine Kinase MB Isoenzyme of 100ng/ml, and troponin I of 21ng/ml. At the time of admission, he was in good general condition, afebrile, hemodynamically stable, with no complaint of pain. He said that 4 days before admission he had fever, malaise, odynophagia, and treatment for tonsillitis. The admission tests showed sinus rhythm, heart rate of 75bpm, ST-elevation in D2, D3, aVF, V1 to V6, MB isoenzyme of creatine kinase of 152ng/ml, troponin I of 1.28ng/ml, normal complete blood count; echocardiogram showed pericardium of normal anatomical aspect and ejection fraction of 64%. The diagnosis was acute pericarditis of probable infectious etiology. Treatment was performed with ibuprofen for seven days, and colchicine for three months. The patient was discharged from hospital after 5 days. The correct diagnosis provided adequate case management, allowing for reduced hospital costs, and eliminating risks of unnecessary procedures. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Pericarditis/diagnosis , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis , Penicillin G Benzathine/therapeutic use , Pericarditis/drug therapy , Pericarditis/diagnostic imaging , Troponin/blood , Chest Pain , Echocardiography , Deglutition Disorders , Tonsillitis/diagnosis , Tonsillitis/drug therapy , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Colchicine/therapeutic use , Ibuprofen/therapeutic use , Diagnosis, Differential , Electrocardiography , Creatine Kinase, MB Form/blood , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , Fever , Hospitalization , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
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