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1.
An. bras. dermatol ; 97(1): 63-74, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360091

ABSTRACT

Abstract Generalized pustular psoriasis (von Zumbusch) is a rare and acute eruption characterized by multiple sterile pustules over an erythematous and edematous background, eventually associated with psoriasis vulgaris. Classically, it manifests as a potentially severe systemic picture and demands prompt diagnosis and intervention. The duration of each flare-up and intervals between the pustular episodes is extremely variable. Recently, genetic abnormalities have been identified mainly in the familial and early variants of this disease. The therapeutic arsenal is limited; however, new drugs being evaluated aim to control both pustular flare-ups and disease recurrences.


Subject(s)
Humans , Psoriasis/diagnosis , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Skin Diseases, Vesiculobullous , Exanthema , Acute Disease , Chronic Disease
2.
Health SA Gesondheid (Print) ; 27(NA): 1-8, 2022.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1359074

ABSTRACT

Relational practice is characterised by genuine interaction between families and healthcare professionals that promotes trust and empowerment. Positive clinical outcomes have been associated with relational practice. To assess and examine in-hospital interventions designed to promote relational practice with families in acute care settings of emergency departments, intensive care units and high care units. The preferred reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines informed the design of this scoping review. To identify relevant studies, databases (Academic Search Complete; CINAHL; PubMed; PsyInfo) and the search engine Google Scholar were searched using terms for core elements of relational practice and family engagement. Of the 117 articles retrieved, eight interventional studies met the search criteria. The interventions focused on relational practice elements of collaborating with and creating safe environments for families, whilst only one addressed healthcare professionals being respectful of families' needs and differences. In relation to the nature of engagement of families in interventions, the focus was mainly on improving family functioning. Family engagement in the interventions was focused on involving families in decision-making. The scoping review revealed a limited number of in-hospital interventions designed to promote relational practice with families in acute care settings. Further research is encouraged to develop such interventions. Contribution: The scoping review has highlighted specific elements of relational practice that have been overlooked in the mapped interventions. This provides guidance on where future interventional research may be focused.


Subject(s)
Professional-Family Relations , Professional-Patient Relations , Acute Disease , Intensive Care Units , Decision Making
4.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(5): 846-849, oct. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351059

ABSTRACT

Resumen La crisis adrenal es la forma más extrema de presentación de la insuficiencia adrenal y representa una urgencia endocrinológica que llega a poner en riesgo la vida. Esta situación puede ser des encadenada por diferentes causas, entre las cuales se incluye el uso de fármacos inductores del CYP3A4, que aceleran la depuración de la hidrocortisona. Describimos el caso de una mujer de 85 años, con antecedentes de insuficiencia adrenal secundaria y enfermedad renal crónica, que presentó síntomas compatibles con crisis adrenal (astenia, adinamia, hiponatremia grave con síntomas neurológicos e hipotensión arterial) luego de nueve días del inicio de tratamiento con modafinilo. El cuadro clínico mejoró rápidamente con la suspensión del modafinilo y la administración de hidrocortisona endovenosa. Luego de descartar las posibles causas desencadenantes (infecciosas, isquémicas, tromboembolismo pulmonar y omisión en la toma de hidrocortisona), se interpretó que el modafinilo precipitó los síntomas de insuficiencia adrenal al aumentar la depuración del corticoide. El modafinilo tiene la capacidad de inducir la actividad del CYP3A4 y, en consecuencia, disminuir la biodisponibilidad de la hidrocortisona. Recalcamos la necesidad de ajustar la dosis de reemplazo de corticoides en sujetos que reciben fármacos inductores del metabolismo.


Abstract Adrenal crisis is the most extreme presentation form of adrenal insufficiency and represents a life-threatening endocrinological emergency. This situation can be triggered by different causes including the use of CYP3A4-inducing drugs, which accelerate hydrocortisone clearance. We describe the case of an 85-year-old woman with secondary adrenal insufficiency and chronic renal disease, who presented symptoms compatible with adrenal crisis (asthenia, adynamia, severe hyponatremia associated with neurological symptoms and hypotension) nine days after the start of modafinil treat ment. The clinical picture improved rapidly with the suspension of modafinil and the administration of intravenous hydrocortisone. After ruling out the possible triggering causes (infectious, ischemic, pulmonary thromboembo lism and failure to take hydrocortisone), it was interpreted that modafinil precipitated the symptoms of adrenal insufficiency by increasing the steroid clearance. Modafinil has the ability to induce the activity of CYP3A4 and consequently decrease the bioavailability of hydrocortisone. We emphasize the need to adjust steroid dose re placement in subjects receiving metabolism-inducing drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Adrenal Insufficiency/chemically induced , Hydrocortisone/adverse effects , Acute Disease , Modafinil/adverse effects , Glucocorticoids/adverse effects
5.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(5): 605-608, Sept.-Oct. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345135

ABSTRACT

Abstract Five cases of telogen effluvium undergoing resolution are shown, with the presence of frontal, bitemporal, and occipital hair regrowth. Diagnosing acute telogen effluvium after the end of the active phase can be challenging, especially when the pull test is negative. The differential diagnosis includes alopecia areata and traction alopecia. Clinical signs of hair regrowth after telogen effluvium can help in the diagnosis. The frontal and temporal areas have more telogen hairs and are more affected. On the occipital area, hairs seem to have the same behavior. The acute telogen effluvium triad during resolution is proposed: frontal fringe, temporal recess and occipital fringe.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alopecia Areata/diagnosis , Acute Disease , Diagnosis, Differential , Alopecia/diagnosis , Hair
6.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(3): 402-404, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345303

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: There is controversy about the initiation of gastric or oral feeding in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) because they could increase pancreatic stimulation and exacerbate symptoms and complications. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical characteristics and results of patients with SAP who underwent gastric tube or oral feeding versus parenteral or jejunal feeding. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out on patients over 18 years old with SAP diagnostic, who had been treated in critical care units. We excluded patients coming from other hospitals and those with incomplete medical records. RESULTS: Thirty patients with SAP were included, fifty three percent of them tolerated the gastric tube or oral feeding, and most of them were females and older than patients who received parenteral or jejunal feeding. Other clinical characteristics and outcomes were similar in both groups. Conclusion: Gastric tube or oral feeding is no absolute contraindication for SAP.


RESUMO CONTEXTO Há controvérsias sobre o início da alimentação gástrica ou oral em pacientes com pancreatite aguda grave (PAG), pois elas podem aumentar a estimulação pancreática e exacerbar os sintomas e complicações. OBJETIVO Descrever as características clínicas e os resultados de pacientes com PAG submetidos à alimentação por sonda gástrica ou via oral versus alimentação parenteral ou jejunal. MÉTODOS Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo em pacientes maiores de 18 anos com diagnóstico de PAG, atendidos em unidades de terapia intensiva. Excluímos pacientes procedentes de outros hospitais e aqueles com prontuário incompleto. RESULTADOS Trinta pacientes com PAG foram incluídos, 53% deles toleravam a sonda gástrica ou alimentação via oral, e a maioria era do sexo feminino e tinha mais idade do que os pacientes que receberam alimentação parenteral ou jejunal. Outras características clínicas e resultados foram semelhantes em ambos os grupos. CONCLUSÃO A sonda gástrica ou alimentação oral não é contra-indicação absoluta para PAG.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Pancreatitis/complications , Acute Disease , Retrospective Studies , Enteral Nutrition , Parenteral Nutrition
7.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(3): 295-298, July-Sept. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288566

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Skeletal muscle injuries account for 10% to 50% of treadmill sports injuries. Insulin-like growth factor (IGF) is a family of polypeptides with both insulin-like anabolic and growth-promoting effects. Sports play a vital role in the recovery of skeletal muscle injuries. Objective The paper analyzes the ability of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) to repair skeletal muscle injury caused by treadmill exercise. Method We injected drugs under the wound after exercise-induced injury in rats. The control group was injected with saline, and the experimental group was injected with an insulin-like growth factor. We conduct histological and electron microscopic structural analysis of rats, Results: After an injury, the experimental group formed a basal lamina protective film earlier than the control group, activated myoblasts, formed myofilaments, formed myotubes, and fused into muscle fibers earlier than the control group. The healing quality was also better. The experimental group was endogenous. The mRNA content of sex IGF-1 and IGF-2 both increased earlier than the control group. Conclusion Local injection of exogenous insulin-like growth factor-1 can stimulate the proliferation of myoblasts and accelerate the post-traumatic repair process of skeletal muscle caused by treadmill sports. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução As lesões do músculo esquelético representam de 10% a 50% das lesões em esteira esportiva. O fator de crescimento semelhante à insulina (IGF) é uma família de polipeptídeos com efeitos anabólicos e de promoção do crescimento semelhantes à insulina. Os esportes desempenham um papel vital na recuperação de lesões musculares esqueléticas. Objetivo o artigo analisa a capacidade do fator de crescimento semelhante à insulina 1 (IGF-1) em reparar lesões musculares esqueléticas causadas por exercícios em esteira. Método Injetamos drogas sob a ferida após lesão induzida por exercício em ratos. O grupo controle foi injetado com solução salina e o grupo experimental foi injetado com um fator de crescimento semelhante à insulina. Realizamos análises histológicas e microscópicas eletrônicas estruturais de ratos. Resultados Após a lesão, o grupo experimental formou um filme protetor da lâmina basal mais cedo do que o grupo controle, mioblastos ativados, miofilamentos formados, miotubos formados e fundidos em fibras musculares mais cedo do que o grupo controle. A qualidade da cura também foi melhor. O grupo experimental era endógeno. O conteúdo do sexo IGF-1 e IGF-2 mRNA aumentou mais cedo do que no grupo de controle. Conclusão A injeção local de fator de crescimento semelhante à insulina 1 exógeno pode estimular a proliferação de mioblastos e acelerar o processo de reparo muscular esquelético pós-traumático causado por esportes em esteira. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos: investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción Las lesiones del músculo esquelético representan del 10% al 50% de las lesiones deportivas en cinta. El factor de crecimiento semejante a la insulina (IGF) es una familia de polipéptidos con efectos anabólicos y estimulantes del crecimiento semejantes a la insulina. Los deportes juegan un papel vital en la recuperación de las lesiones del músculo esquelético. Objetivo El artículo analiza la capacidad del factor de crecimiento semejante a la insulina 1 (IGF-1) para reparar la lesión del músculo esquelético causada por el ejercicio en cinta. Método inyectamos drogas debajo de la herida después de una lesión inducida por el ejercicio en ratas. Al grupo de control se le inyectó solución salina y al grupo experimental se le inyectó un factor de crecimiento semejante a la insulina. Realizamos análisis estructurales histológicos y microscópicos electrónicos de ratas, Resultados: Después de una lesión, el grupo experimental formó una película protectora de la lámina basal antes que el grupo de control, activó mioblastos, formó miofilamentos, formó miotubos y se fusionó en fibras musculares antes que el grupo de control. La calidad de curación también fue mejor. El grupo experimental fue endógeno. El contenido de ARNm de IGF-1 e IGF-2 de sexo aumentaron antes que en el grupo de control. Conclusión La inyección local de factor de crecimiento semejante a la insulina 1 exógeno puede estimular la proliferación de mioblastos y acelerar el proceso de reparación postraumático del músculo esquelético causado por los deportes en cinta. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Rats , Wound Healing/drug effects , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/administration & dosage , Muscle, Skeletal/injuries , Acute Disease , Muscle, Skeletal/drug effects , Muscle, Skeletal/ultrastructure , Disease Models, Animal
8.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): e322-e325, agosto 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1281747

ABSTRACT

La pancreatitis recurrente (PR) ocurre en el 15-36 % de las pancreatitis agudas, en la edad pediátrica. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal, para determinar la etiología y la evolución en menores de 18 años con diagnóstico de PR entre 2008-2016 en el Hospital Garrahan. Se incluyeron 10 pacientes, el 90 % de sexo femenino. La mediana de edad fue de 11 años. La mediana del número de episodios fue de nueve. La ecografía abdominal y/o la colangioresonancia iniciales mostraron hallazgos patológicos en cuatro pacientes. De los seis pacientes con estudios iniciales normales, tres desarrollaron signos de pancreatitis crónica (PC), uno con estenosis del Wirsung sugestiva de pancreatitis autoinmune. El 40 % de los pacientes tuvo diagnóstico etiológico. En el seguimiento, tres pacientes con pancreatitis idiopática desarrollaron PC. Los factores genéticos podrían jugar un papel en los casos considerados idiopáticos.


Recurrent pancreatitis (RP) occurs in children between 15-35 % of the cases. To determine the etiology and outcome of RP in children a descriptive, cross-sectional cohort study was conducted in children under 18 years of age with RP seen at Hospital Garrahan between 2008-2016. Of 10 patients with RP, 90 % were girls. Median age of the diagnoses of RP was 11. Median number of episodes was 9. Initial abdominal ultrasonography and/or magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography were abnormal in four patients. Of six patients with normal studies at onset, three developed signs of chronic pancreatitis (CP) and one stenosis of the duct of Wirsung suggestive of autoimmune pancreatitis. In 40 % of our patients, the etiology was determined. On follow-up, three patients with idiopathic pancreatitis developed CP. Genetic factors may play a role in patients considered to have idiopathic pancreatitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Pancreatitis, Chronic/diagnosis , Pancreatitis, Chronic/etiology , Acute Disease , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): 224-229, agosto 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1280889

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La apendicitis constituye la principal causa de abdomen agudo quirúrgico en pediatría. Durante la pandemia por COVID-19, se replantearon las estrategias de manejo ydisminuyeron las consultas en las guardias, lo que podría asociarse a diagnósticos tardíos y complicaciones. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar el impacto de la pandemia en los niños con apendicitis aguda. Métodos. Estudio analítico retrospectivocomparativo de pacientes pediátricos conapendicitis aguda durante los cinco meses del confinamiento por COVID-19 versus los meses equivalentes del año previo. Se analizaron la incidencia, la clínica, el estadio, el abordajequirúrgico y las complicaciones. Resultados. Los casos totales de apendicitisse redujeron un 25 % (n = 67 versus n = 50 en 2020). El tiempo medio hasta la consulta fue de 24 horas en ambos períodos (p = 0,989). La incidencia de peritonitis fue del 44 % (n = 22) versus el 37 % (n = 22) (p = 0,22) en 2019. No se evidenció diferencia en los estadios deenfermedad de acuerdo con lo informado en los partes quirúrgicos. En 2019, todas las cirugías se realizaron por vía laparoscópica; en 2020, solo un42 % (n = 21). La incidencia de complicaciones fue del 6 %, contra 7,5 % en el período previo (p = 0,75). Un paciente fue COVID-19 positivo. Conclusión. A pesar de la reducción en el númerode casos de apendicitis, no se evidenció una demora en la consulta en nuestra población. El mayor impacto se asoció a la readecuación del manejo, evitando el abordaje laparoscópico para reducir la diseminación del virus.


Introduction. Appendicitis is the leading cause of surgical acute abdomen in pediatrics. During the COVID-19 pandemic, management strategies were reassessed and the number of visits to the emergency department dropped down, which may be associated with delayed diagnoses and complications. The objective of this study was to analyze the impact of the pandemic on children with acute appendicitis. Methods. Analytical, retrospective, comparative study of pediatric patients with acute appendicitis in the 5 months of COVID-19 lockdown versus the same period in the previous year. Incidence, clinical data, stage, surgical approach, and complications were analyzed. Results. The total number of appendicitis cases went down by 25 % (n = 67 versus n = 50 in 2020). The mean time to consultation was 24 hours in both periods (p = 0.989). The incidence of peritonitis was 44 % (n = 22) versus 37 % (n = 22) (p = 0.22) in 2019. No differences were  observed in terms of appendicitis stage based on surgery reports. In 2019, all surgeries were laparoscopic; while in 2020, only 42 % (n = 21). The incidence of complications was 6 % versus 7.5 % in the previous period (p = 0.75). One patient was COVID-19 positive. Conclusion. Although in our population the number of appendicitis cases dropped down, consultation was not delayed. The greater impact was associated with the reformulation of management strategies, in which the laparoscopic approach is avoided to reduce virus transmission.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Appendectomy/trends , Appendicitis/surgery , Appendicitis/diagnosis , Appendicitis/epidemiology , Practice Patterns, Physicians'/trends , Delayed Diagnosis/trends , COVID-19/prevention & control , Health Services Accessibility/trends , Appendectomy/methods , Argentina/epidemiology , Acute Disease , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy/trends , Pandemics/prevention & control , Tertiary Care Centers , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , Hospitals, General
10.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): S171-S197, agosto 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1281039

ABSTRACT

Las infecciones respiratorias agudas bajas (IRAB) continúan representando una importante causa de morbimortalidad en nuestro medio. El manejo normatizado de casos constituye una valiosa herramienta para enfrentarlas.Además de los aspectos relacionados con el diagnóstico y tratamiento de estas enfermedades, el análisis de factores de riesgo (tanto biológicos como socioambientales), desde una perspectiva local y actual, permitie implementar medidas efectivas de control y/o prevención, así como identificar aquellos pacientes susceptibles de presentar formas graves o complicaciones.Desde 1996 la Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría asumió el desafío de generar un documento que guíe el manejo integral de los pacientes con IRAB. En esta cuarta actualización se incluyen los últimos adelantos en el tema.


Acute lower respiratory infections (ARI) continue being an important cause of morbidity and mortality in our region. Standardized case management is a valuable tool to deal with them.In addition to aspects related to the diagnosis and treatment of these diseases, the analysis of risk factors (both biological and socio-environmental) from a local and current perspective, allows the implementation of effective control and/or prevention measures, as well as identifying those patients susceptible to presenting serious forms or complications.Since 1996, the Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría asumed the challenge of generating a document that guides the comprehensive management of patients with ARI. This fourth update includes the latest advances on the subject.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Respiratory Tract Infections/diagnosis , Respiratory Tract Infections/therapy , Pneumonia/diagnosis , Pneumonia/therapy , Pneumonia/epidemiology , Respiratory Tract Infections/epidemiology , Bronchiolitis/diagnosis , Bronchiolitis/therapy , Bronchiolitis/epidemiology , Acute Disease , Risk Factors
12.
Rev. urug. enferm ; 16(2): 1-10, jul. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, BNUY, BNUY-Enf | ID: biblio-1284539

ABSTRACT

La práctica de enfermería, incorpora el cuidado humanizado como una vía para valorar además de aspectos físicos en las personas, los elementos mentales y emocionales implicados en el contexto de la enfermedad. Los indicadores de calidad han funcionado como aspectos que son objeto de evaluación sanitaria hacia el restablecimiento de la salud afectada. Estos indicadores suelen proveer información fundamental para el desarrollo de una práctica asistencial de calidad y al mismo tiempo refieren procesos para alcanzar los objetivos trazados en la atención de los centros sanitarios. La práctica de enfermería dirigida a superar el sufrimiento psíquico en etapa aguda, requiere la valoración holística, con lo cual alcanzar un mayor impacto en la salud de la persona. El cuidado humanizado de éstas personas que sufren de forma aguda, influye sobre el afrontamiento de esta realidad compleja, el sentirse escuchados, atendidos, e impulsando su participación y autonomía en el tratamiento, propicia un mejor afrontamiento a la realidad particular de cada persona. Aunque muchos profesionales de enfermería aplican un cuidado humanizado enmarcado en la religión o política, es fundamental redireccionar acciones para empoderar a la persona. El objetivo central del artículo está dirigido a efectuar un análisis reflexivo sobre los indicadores de calidad en el cuidado humanizado de las personas con sufrimiento psíquico en etapa aguda, para valorar el trabajo desarrollado de los profesionales de enfermería y su impacto en la salud de los mismos.


Nursing practice incorporates humanized care as a way to assess, in addition to physical aspects in people, the mental and emotional elements involved in the context of the disease. The quality indicators have functioned as aspects that are object of sanitary evaluation towards the reestablishment of the affected health. These indicators usually provide fundamental information for the development of a quality care practice and at the same time refer to processes to achieve the objectives set in the care of health centers. Nursing practice aimed at overcoming mental suffering in the acute stage requires holistic assessment, thereby achieving a greater impact on the health of the person. The humanized care of these people who suffer acutely, influences the coping with this complex reality, feeling heard, cared for, and promoting their participation and autonomy in the treatment, fosters a better coping with the particular reality of each person. Although many nursing professionals apply humanized care framed in religion or politics, it is essential to redirect actions to empower the person. The main objective of the article is aimed at carrying out a reflective analysis on the quality indicators in the humanized care of people with mental suffering in the acute stage, to assess the work carried out by nursing professionals and its impact on their health.


A prática de enfermagem incorpora o cuidado humanizado como forma de avaliar, além dos aspectos físicos nas pessoas, os elementos mentais e emocionais envolvidos no contexto da doença. Os indicadores de qualidade têm funcionado como aspectos que são objeto de avaliação sanitária para o restabelecimento da saúde afetada. Esses indicadores costumam fornecer informações fundamentais para o desenvolvimento de uma prática assistencial de qualidade e, ao mesmo tempo, referem-se a processos para atingir os objetivos traçados na assistência aos centros de saúde. A prática de enfermagem voltada para a superação do sofrimento mental na fase aguda requer avaliação holística, alcançando assim um maior impacto na saúde da pessoa. O cuidado humanizado a essas pessoas que sofrem agudamente, influencia no enfrentamento dessa realidade complexa, sentindo-se ouvido, cuidado e promovendo sua participação e autonomia no tratamento, favorece um melhor enfrentamento da realidade particular de cada pessoa. Embora muitos profissionais de enfermagem apliquem o cuidado humanizado enquadrado pela religião ou pela política, é fundamental redirecionar as ações para empoderar a pessoa. O objetivo principal do artigo é realizar uma análise reflexiva sobre os indicadores de qualidade no cuidado humanizado à pessoa com sofrimento mental na fase aguda, para avaliar o trabalho desenvolvido pelos profissionais de enfermagem e seu impacto na saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stress, Psychological/nursing , Holistic Nursing , Quality Indicators, Health Care , Humanization of Assistance , Nurse-Patient Relations , Nursing Care , Acute Disease
14.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(5): e554-e558, oct. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1292827

ABSTRACT

En abril de 2020, en informes provenientes del Reino Unido se notificó una presentación en niños similar a la enfermedad de Kawasaki incompleta o al síndrome de choque tóxico asociados con la enfermedad por el nuevo coronavirus (COVID-19). Desde entonces, ha habido informes de niños afectados de manera similar en otras partes del mundo. En la actualidad, la afección se ha denominado síndrome inflamatorio multisistémico asociado a COVID-19 en niños (SIM-C). Por otra parte, se notificaron casos de pancreatitis aguda, en su mayoría en pacientes adultos, en el contexto de la infección aguda por el coronavirus 2 causante del síndrome respiratorio agudo grave (SARS-COV-2), causada por efectos citopáticos directos o respuestas celulares indirectas sistémicas inflamatorias e inmunomediadas. Sin embargo, son escasas las notificaciones en las que se describe el cuadro de pancreatitis aguda durante el SIM-C. Se describe aquí la presentación clínica, el tratamiento y la evolución de una paciente de 9 años que presentó un cuadro de pancreatitis aguda en el contexto del SIM-C.


In April 2020, UK studies informed a condition in children similar to incomplete Kawasaki disease or toxic shock syndrome. From that time onwards, papers on children suffering from similar conditions have been published in different parts of the world. Today the disease is named multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) associated with Covid-19. Acute pancreatitis was reported mainly in adult patients with acute SARS-COV-2 infection developing direct cytopathic effect or immune-mediated and systemic inflammatory indirect cellular responses. However, there are only a few studies, which describe the acute pancreatitis case during MIS-C period. The present article describes the clinical presentation, therapy and evolution of a 9 years-old female patient developing an acute pancreatitis case suffering from MIS-C


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Pancreatitis/complications , Pediatrics , COVID-19/complications , Acute Disease , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome , SARS-CoV-2
15.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(5): e518-e521, oct. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1292695

ABSTRACT

La tiroiditis aguda supurada es una entidad poco frecuente en pediatría; de origen infeccioso, cuya etiología más frecuente es bacteriana. Su presentación típica en niños es la aparición de una tumoración en la cara anterior del cuello, con signos de flogosis, dolorosa, caliente y eritematosa, que excursiona con la deglución, y puede o no estar acompañada de fiebre, disfagia o disfonía. En niños, las anomalías congénitas, principalmente la fístula del seno piriforme, predisponen a la infección de la glándula, por lo que es importante la resolución quirúrgica del defecto anatómico para prevenir las recurrencias. El diagnóstico rápido, basado en la clínica y los estudios por imágenes, es importante para comenzar en forma temprana con un tratamiento antibiótico adecuado.Se presenta una paciente de 3 años, previamente sana, con tumoración cervical izquierda dolorosa y asociada a fiebre. Durante la internación, se arribó al diagnóstico de tiroiditis aguda supurada secundaria a fístula de seno piriforme.


Acute suppurative thyroiditis is an infectious disease, uncommon in children, caused by various microorganisms, being bacteria the most frequently involved. The typical presentation includes the appearance of a tumor in combination with signs of swelling in the anterior aspect of the neck, which is painful on palpation and is associated with warmth and erythema. It usually moves with swallowing and the patient can suffer fever, dysphagia or dhysfonia. In children, congenital anomalies can lead to the gland's infection, and the surgical excision of them is important to prevent recurrency. A quick diagnosis, based on clinical manifestations and imaging studies, is necessary to install an adequate antibiotic treatment. We present the case of a 3-year-old patient, who was previously healthy, with a painful left cervical tumor associated with fever. During the hospitalization, we reached the diagnosis of acute suppurative thyroiditis caused by an underlying pyriform sinus fistula


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Thyroiditis, Suppurative/complications , Thyroiditis, Suppurative/diagnosis , Pharyngeal Diseases , Pyriform Sinus , Fistula/diagnosis , Acute Disease , Neck
17.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 10(1): 275, abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1147596

ABSTRACT

El hígado graso del embarazo es una patología poco frecuente en la especialidad obstétrica, cuyo diagnóstico se realiza basado en los criterios de Swansea, muchas veces es un diagnóstico que se realiza por exclusión; usualmente se presenta entre las semanas 30 y 35 del embarazo, y la cura definitiva se realiza con la interrupción expedita del mismo; con una tasa de recuperación casi del 100% si se realiza la interrupción oportuna y una tasa de mortalidad materno fetal actual del 10%. Es importante estar atentos a la ganancia ponderal de la embarazada durante el control prenatal, la epigastralgia, y los signos clínicos asociados a hipoglicemia(AU)


Fatty liver of pregnancy is a rare pathology in obstetrics, whose diagnosis is made based on the Swansea criteria, many times it is a diagnosis that is made by exclusion; It usually occurs between weeks 30 and 35, and the definitive cure is carried out with the expeditious interruption of pregnancy; with a recovery rate of almost 100% if timely interruption is made and a current maternal-fetal mortality rate of 10%. It is important to be attentive to the weight gain of the pregnant woman during prenatal control, epigastric pain, and clinical signs associated with hypoglycemia


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/diagnosis , Fatty Liver/diagnosis , Pregnancy Complications/surgery , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Cesarean Section , Acute Disease , HELLP Syndrome/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Fatty Liver/surgery , Fatty Liver/complications , Hypoglycemia/diagnosis , Jaundice/complications , Jaundice/diagnosis
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(4): 715-724, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285214

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: O agravamento da função renal (AFR) é frequentemente observado na terapia agressiva com diuréticos para o tratamento de insuficiência cardíaca aguda descompensada (ICAD) e está associado com piores desfechos em alguns estudos. Objetivo: Avaliar a relação de AFR e congestão na alta hospitalar com ocorrência de eventos (morte cardíaca ou internação por insuficiência cardíaca). Métodos: Oitenta pacientes com ICAD foram estudados. O AFR foi definido por um aumento absoluto (≥0,5 mg/dL) nos níveis séricos de creatinina a partir dos valores obtidos na admissão. Concentrações de peptídeo natriurético do tipo B (BNP) e lipocalina associada à gelatinase neutrofílica (NGAL) foram medidas na admissão e na alta hospitalar. Congestão foi avaliada na alta utilizando a análise vetorial de bioimpedância elétrica (BIVA). O desfecho primário foi o tempo para o primeiro evento, definido como uma combinação de morte cardíaca ou hospitalização por insuficiência cardíaca. Análise de curva Característica de Operação do Receptor (curva ROC) foi realizada para determinar o ponto de corte de IH mais adequado para predição de eventos. Curvas Kaplan-Meier de sobrevida livre de eventos foram construídas e comparadas usando o teste de log-rank. Modelos de riscos proporcionais de Cox foram usados para investigar a associação com eventos. O critério para se estabelecer significância estatística foi um p<0.05. Resultados: A idade média foi 60,6 ± 15,0 anos, e 48 (60%) pacientes eram do sexo masculino. A fração de ejeção média foi 35,3±7,8%. O AFR ocorreu em 37,5% da amostra. A creatinina basal associou-se com AFR (p<0,001), mas nem BNP (p=0,35) nem NGAL (p=0,18) na admissão foram preditores de AFR. Usando modelos de riscos proporcionais de Cox, o índice de hidratação na alta, estimado por BIVA, associou-se significativamente com ocorrência de eventos (HR 1,39; IC95% 1,25-1,54, p<0,0001), mas não com AFR (HR 2,14; IC95% 0,62-7,35, p=0,22). Conclusão: A congestão persistente na alta associou-se com piores desfechos. O AFR parece estar relacionado com alterações hemodinâmicas durante o processo de descongestionamento, mas não com lesões renais.


Abstract Background: Worsening renal function (WRF) is frequently observed in the setting of aggressive diuresis for the treatment of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) and is associated with poor outcomes in some studies. Objective: We sought to assess the relationship of WRF and congestion at discharge with events (cardiac death or heart failure hospitalization). Methods: Eighty patients with ADHF were studied. WRF was defined by an absolute increase in serum creatinine of ≥0.5 mg/dL from the values measured at the time of admission. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and plasma neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) were measured at admission and at discharge. Congestive state at discharge was assessed using bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA). Primary endpoint was time to first event defined as a combination of cardiac death or heart failure hospitalization. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine the best hydration index cutoff to predict events. Kaplan-Meier event-free survival curves were constructed and compared using the log-rank test. Cox proportional hazards models were used to investigate the association with events. The criterion for determining statistical significance was p<0.05. Results: Mean age was 60.6±15 years, and 48 (60%) were male. Mean ejection fraction was 35.3±7.8%. WRF occurred in 37.5% of the sample. Baseline creatinine was associated with WRF (p<0.001), but neither admission BNP (p=0.35) nor admission NGAL (p=0.18) was predictor of WRF. Using Cox proportional hazard models, hydration index at discharge calculated with BIVA was significantly associated with events (HR 1.39, 95% CI 1.25-1.54, p<0.0001) but not WRF (HR 2.14, 95% CI 0.62-7.35, p=0.22). Conclusion: Persistent congestion at discharge was associated with worse outcomes. WRF seems to be related to hemodynamic changes during the decongestion process but not to kidney tubular injuries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Heart Failure , Prognosis , Biomarkers , Acute Disease , Electric Impedance , Creatinine , Lipocalin-2 , Middle Aged
19.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(2): 160-165, mar.-abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279096

ABSTRACT

Resumen Antecedentes y objetivo: Las enfermedades del sistema respiratorio son causa frecuente de prescripción de antibióticos. Actualmente se emplean nuevas tecnologías para su diagnóstico como el FilmArray Respiratory Panel. El objetivo de este estudio es identificar la correlación entre el diagnóstico y tratamiento de infecciones de vías respiratorias con el resultado de PCR para virus respiratorios. Material y métodos: Estudio descriptivo, transversal, retrospectivo, se incluyeron 134 pacientes atendidos en el Hospital Christus Muguerza en Saltillo, Coahuila. Para todos los casos se analizaron los resultados del panel y el tratamiento que recibieron los pacientes. Resultados: El 58 % recibió tratamiento antibiótico a su ingreso, el 13 % tratamiento combinado (antibiótico + antiviral), 27 % recibió tratamiento sintomático y el 2 % fue tratado con antiviral de primera instancia. Posterior al resultado el 38 % continuó con antibiótico, el 30 % con antibiótico y antiviral, 13.8 % se manejó con antiviral y el 18.2 % con tratamiento sintomático. Conclusión: A pesar de la alerta mundial por la resistencia a los antimicrobianos se sigue tratando a los pacientes con antibióticos, por una situación que se cree está influenciada por varios factores.


Abstract Background and objective: Respiratory system diseases represent one of the leading cause of prescription of antibiotics. At present, new technologies for the diagnosis are being used, including the FilmArray Respiratory Panel. The objective was to identify the correlation between the diagnosis and treatment of respiratory tract infections with the result of PCR for respiratory viruses. Material and methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional, restrospective study. 134 patients were included treated at the Christus Muguerza Hospital in Saltillo, Coahuila. For all cases, the positive results of this test and the treatment patients received were analyzed. Results: 58 % received antibiotic treatment at admission, 13 % received combined treatment (antibiotic + antiviral), 27 % received symptomatic treatment since their admission and 2 % whit antiviral. After receiving a positive result for respiratory viruses, 38 % continued with antibiotics, 30 % with antibiotics and antivirals, 13.8 % only managed with antivirals and 18.2% with symptomatic treatment. Conclusion: Although we are currently on global alert for resistance to antibiotics, there is a lack of awareness about the prescription of antibiotics, due to a situation which is believed to be influenced by several factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Respiratory Tract Infections/virology , Virus Diseases/diagnosis , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Respiratory Tract Infections/diagnosis , Respiratory Tract Infections/drug therapy , Virus Diseases/drug therapy , Virus Diseases/virology , Acute Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Hospitals, Private , Mexico
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