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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(2): 319-325, 20240220. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532716

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El edema pulmonar por reexpansión es una complicación poco frecuente, secundaria a una rápida reexpansión pulmonar posterior al drenaje por toracentesis o toracostomía cerrada. Al día de hoy, se ha descrito una incidencia menor al 1 % tras toracostomía cerrada, con mayor prevalencia en la segunda y tercera década de la vida. Su mecanismo fisiopatológico exacto es desconocido; se ha planteado un proceso multifactorial de daño intersticial pulmonar asociado con un desequilibrio de las fuerzas hidrostáticas. Caso clínico. Presentamos el caso de un paciente que desarrolló edema pulmonar por reexpansión posterior a toracostomía cerrada. Se hizo una revisión de la literatura sobre esta complicación. Resultados. Aunque la clínica sugiere el diagnóstico, la secuencia de imágenes desempeña un papel fundamental. En la mayoría de los casos suele ser autolimitado, por lo que su manejo es principalmente de soporte; sin embargo, se han reportado tasas de mortalidad que alcanzan hasta el 20 %, por tanto, es importante conocer los factores de riesgo y las medidas preventivas. Conclusión. El edema pulmonar de reexpansión posterior a toracostomía es una complicación rara en los casos con neumotórax, aunque es una complicación que se puede presentar en la práctica diaria, por lo cual debe tenerse en mente para poder hacer el diagnóstico y un manejo adecuado.


Introduction. Re-expansion pulmonary edema is a rare complication secondary to rapid pulmonary re-expansion after drainage by thoracentesis and/or closed thoracostomy. As of today, an incidence of less than 1% has been described after closed thoracostomy, with a higher prevalence in the second and third decades of life. Its exact pathophysiological mechanism is unknown; a multifactorial process of lung interstitial damage associated with an imbalance of hydrostatic forces has been proposed. Clinical case. We present the case of a patient who developed pulmonary edema due to re-expansion after closed thoracostomy, conducting a review of the literature on this complication. Results. Although the clinic suggests the diagnosis, the sequence of images plays a fundamental role. In most cases, it tends to be a self-limited disease, so its management is mainly supportive. However, mortality rates of up to 20% have been recorded. Therefore, it is important to identify patients with major risk factors and initiate preventive measures in these patients. Conclusions. Re-expansion pulmonary edema after thoracostomy is a rare complication in cases with pneumothorax; however, it is a complication that can occur in daily practice. Therefore, it must be kept in mind to be able to make the diagnosis and an adequate management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumothorax , Pulmonary Edema , Iatrogenic Disease , Postoperative Complications , Thoracostomy , Acute Lung Injury
2.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 94-103, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970719

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the therapeutic effect and mechanism of Liangge Powder against sepsis-induced acute lung injury (ALI) . Methods: From April to December 2021, the key components of Liangge Powder and its targets against sepsis-induced ALI were analyzed by network pharmacology, and to enrich for relevant signaling pathways. A total of 90 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to sham-operated group, sepsis-induced ALI model group (model group), Liangge Powder low, medium and high dose group, ten rats in the sham-operated group and 20 rats in each of the remaining four groups. Sepsis-induced ALI model was established by cecal ligation and puncture. Sham-operated group: gavage with 2 ml saline and no surgical treatment. Model group: surgery was performed and 2 ml saline was gavaged. Liangge Powder low, medium and high dose groups: surgery and gavage of Liangge Powder 3.9, 7.8 and 15.6 g/kg, respectively. To measure the wet/dry mass ratio of rats lung tissue and evaluate the permeability of alveolar capillary barrier. Lung tissue were stained with hematoxylin and eosin for histomorphological analysis. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL) -6 and IL-1β in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The relative protein expression levels of p-phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), p-protein kinase B (AKT), and p-ertracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK) were detected via Western blot analysis. Results: Network pharmacology analysis indicated that 177 active compounds of Liangge Powder were selected. A total of 88 potential targets of Liangge Powder on sepsis-induced ALI were identified. 354 GO terms of Liangge Powder on sepsis-induced ALI and 108 pathways were identified using GO and KEGG analysis. PI3K/AKT signaling pathway was recognized to play an important role for Liangge Powder against sepsis-induced ALI. Compared with the sham-operated group, the lung tissue wet/dry weight ratio of rats in the model group (6.35±0.95) was increased (P<0.001). HE staining showed the destruction of normal structure of lung tissue. The levels of IL-6 [ (392.36±66.83) pg/ml], IL-1β [ (137.11±26.83) pg/ml] and TNF-α [ (238.34±59.36) pg/ml] were increased in the BALF (P<0.001, =0.001, <0.001), and the expression levels of p-PI3K, p-AKT and p-ERK1/2 proteins (1.04±0.15, 0.51±0.04, 2.31±0.41) were increased in lung tissue (P=0.002, 0.003, 0.005). The lung histopathological changes were reduced in each dose group of Liangge Powder compared with the model group. Compared with the model group, the wet/dry weight ratio of lung tissue (4.29±1.26) was reduced in the Liangge Powder medium dose group (P=0.019). TNF-α level [ (147.85±39.05) pg/ml] was reduced (P=0.022), and the relative protein expression levels of p-PI3K (0.37±0.18) and p-ERK1/2 (1.36±0.07) were reduced (P=0.008, 0.017). The wet/dry weight ratio of lung tissue (4.16±0.66) was reduced in the high-dose group (P=0.003). Levels of IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α[ (187.98±53.28) pg/ml, (92.45±25.39) pg/ml, (129.77±55.94) pg/ml] were reduced (P=0.001, 0.027, 0.018), and relative protein expression levels of p-PI3K, p-AKT and p-ERK1/2 (0.65±0.05, 0.31±0.08, 1.30±0.12) were reduced (P=0.013, 0.018, 0.015) . Conclusion: Liangge Powder has therapeutic effects in rats with sepsis-induced ALI, and the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of ERK1/2 and PI3K/AKT pathway activation in lung tissue.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Powders , Animal Experimentation , Interleukin-6 , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Network Pharmacology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Acute Lung Injury/drug therapy , Sepsis/drug therapy
3.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 81-86, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970717

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effects of Nintedanib associated with Shenfu Injection on lung injury induced by paraquat (PQ) intoxication. Methods: In September 2021, a total of 90 SD rats were divided into 5 groups in random, namely control group, PQ poisoning group, Shenfu Injection group, Nintedanib group and associated group, 18 rats in each group. Normal saline was given by gavage route to rats of control group, 20% PQ (80 mg/kg) was administered by gavage route to rats of other four groups. 6 hours after PQ gavage, Shenfu Injection group (12 ml/kg Shenfu Injection), Nintedanib group (60 mg/kg Nintedanib) and associated group (12 ml/kg Shenfu Injection and 60 mg/kg Nintedanib) were administered with medicine once a day. The levels of serum transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-β1), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) were determined at 1, 3 and 7 d, respectively. The pathological changes of lung tissue, the ratio of wet weight and dry weight (W/D) of lung tissue, the levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in lung tissue were observed and determined after 7 d. Western blot was used to analyse the expression levels of fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1), platelet derivation growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRα), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) in lung tissue after 7 d. Results: The levels of TGF-β1, IL-1β in all poisoning groups went up first and then went down. The levels of TGF-β1, IL-1β in associated group at 1, 3, 7 d were lower than that of PQ poisoning group, Shenfu Injection group and Nintedanib group at the same point (P<0.05). Pathological changes of lung tissue under the light microscopes showed that the degrees of hemorrhage, effusion and infiltration of inflammatory cells inside the alveolar space of Shenfu Injection group, Nintedanib group and associated group were milder than that of PQ poisoning group, and the midest in associated group. Compared with control group, the W/D of lung tissue was higher, the level of MDA in lung tissue was higher, while the level of SOD was lower, the expressions of FGFR1, PDGFRα and VEGFR2 in lung tissue were higher in PQ poisoning group (P<0.05). Compared with PQ poisoning group, Shenfu Injection group and Nintedanib group, the W/D of lung tissue was lower, the level of MDA in lung tissue was lower, while the level of SOD was higher, the expressions of FGFR1, PDGFRα and VEGFR2 in lung tissue were lower in associated group (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Nintedanib associated with Shenfu Injection can relieve lung injury of rats induced by PQ, which may be related to Nintedanib associated with Shenfu Injection can inhibit the activation of TGF-β1 and the expressions of FGFR1, PDGFRα, VEGFR2 in lung tissue of rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Paraquat , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Acute Lung Injury/drug therapy
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1319-1329, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970603

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the biological effects and underlying mechanisms of the total ginsenosides from Panax ginseng stems and leaves on lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced acute lung injury(ALI) in mice. Sixty male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, the total ginsenosides from P. ginseng stems and leaves normal administration group(61.65 mg·kg~(-1)), and low-, medium-, and high-dose total ginsenosides from P. ginseng stems and leaves groups(15.412 5, 30.825, and 61.65 mg·kg~(-1)). Mice were administered for seven continuous days before modeling. Twenty-four hours after modeling, mice were sacrificed to obtain lung tissues and calculate lung wet/dry ratio. The number of inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF) was detected. The levels of interleukin-1β(IL-1β), interleukin-6(IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) in BALF were detected. The mRNA expression levels of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α, and the levels of myeloperoxidase(MPO), glutathione peroxidase(GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase(SOD), and malondialdehyde(MDA) in lung tissues were determined. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe the pathological changes in lung tissues. The gut microbiota was detected by 16S rRNA sequencing, and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS) was applied to detect the content of short-chain fatty acids(SCFAs) in se-rum. The results showed that the total ginsenosides from P. ginseng stems and leaves could reduce lung index, lung wet/dry ratio, and lung damage in LPS-induced ALI mice, decrease the number of inflammatory cells and levels of inflammatory factors in BALF, inhibit the mRNA expression levels of inflammatory factors and levels of MPO and MDA in lung tissues, and potentiate the activity of GSH-Px and SOD in lung tissues. Furthermore, they could also reverse the gut microbiota disorder, restore the diversity of gut microbiota, increase the relative abundance of Lachnospiraceae and Muribaculaceae, decrease the relative abundance of Prevotellaceae, and enhance the content of SCFAs(acetic acid, propionic acid, and butyric acid) in serum. This study suggested that the total ginsenosides from P. ginseng stems and leaves could improve lung edema, inflammatory response, and oxidative stress in ALI mice by regulating gut microbiota and SCFAs metabolism.


Subject(s)
Mice , Male , Animals , Ginsenosides/pharmacology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Interleukin-6 , Panax/genetics , Lipopolysaccharides/adverse effects , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Acute Lung Injury/genetics , Lung/metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , Plant Leaves/metabolism , RNA, Messenger
5.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 423-435, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982713

ABSTRACT

Acute lung injury (ALI) is a prevalent and severe clinical condition characterized by inflammatory damage to the lung endothelial and epithelial barriers, resulting in high incidence and mortality rates. Currently, there is a lack of safe and effective drugs for the treatment of ALI. In a previous clinical study, we observed that Jinyinqingre oral liquid (JYQR), a Traditional Chinese Medicine formulation prepared by the Taihe Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Hubei University of Medicine, exhibited notable efficacy in treating inflammation-related hepatitis and cholecystitis in clinical settings. However, the potential role of JYQR in ALI/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and its anti-inflammatory mechanism remains unexplored. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects and underlying molecular mechanisms of JYQR in ALI using a mouse model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI and an in vitro RAW264.7 cell model. JYQR yielded substantial improvements in LPS-induced histological alterations in lung tissues. Additionally, JYQR administration led to a noteworthy reduction in total protein levels within the BALF, a decrease in MPAP, and attenuation of pleural thickness. These findings collectively highlight the remarkable efficacy of JYQR in mitigating the deleterious effects of LPS-induced ALI. Mechanistic investigations revealed that JYQR pretreatment significantly inhibited NF-κB activation and downregulated the expressions of the downstream proteins, namely NLRP3 and GSDMD, as well as proinflammatory cytokine levels in mice and RAW2647 cells. Consequently, JYQR alleviated LPS-induced ALI by inhibiting the NF-κB/NLRP3/GSDMD pathway. JYQR exerts a protective effect against LPS-induced ALI in mice, and its mechanism of action involves the downregulation of the NF-κB/NLRP3/GSDMD inflammatory pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides/metabolism , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , Acute Lung Injury/metabolism , Lung , Phosphate-Binding Proteins/therapeutic use , Pore Forming Cytotoxic Proteins/therapeutic use
6.
Cuad. Hosp. Clín ; 63(2): 62-67, dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1416022

ABSTRACT

La hipoxemia es común en los pacientes en estado crítico, la misma que puede ser causada por hipoventilación, trastornos en la ventilación/perfusión, los cortocircuitos de derecha-izquierda, o en la limitación de la difusión a través de la membrana alvéolo-capilar. Otra de las causas puede ser como resultado de las bajas presiones inspiradas de O2 como sucede en grandes alturas. La hipoxemia es uno de los parámetros importantes para la definición del síndrome de dificultad respiratoria aguda (SDRA). La relación PaO2/FiO2 se incluye en la definición de la conferencia del Consenso AmericanoEuropeo (lesión pulmonar aguda ≤ 300 y SIRA si es ≤ a 200). La hipoxia hipobárica es una manifestación que existe y que no se ha tomado en cuenta para la definición de LPA/SIRA. Cuando disminuye la presión barométrica (PB) como consecuencia de la disminución de la presión atmosférica (P atm), disminuye la presión parcial de oxígeno (PO2). Una de las formas para determinar la PaO2/FiO2 en relación a la presión barométrica es: PB ajustada: PAO2 x PaO2/FiO2/100, una fórmula similar a la publicada por West JB y utilizada en el estudio Alveoli: PaO2/FiO2 ajustada = PO2/FIO2 x (PB/760). La relación PO2/FIO2 debe ajustarse dependiendo de la presión barométrica.


Subject(s)
Oxygen , Partial Pressure , Atmospheric Pressure , Acute Lung Injury , Hypoxia
7.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 274-280, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929222

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Acute lung injury (ALI) is a serious respiratory dysfunction caused by pathogen or physical invasion. The strong induced inflammation often causes death. Tanshinone IIA (Tan-IIA) is the major constituent of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge and has been shown to display anti-inflammatory effects. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of Tan-IIA on ALI.@*METHODS@#A murine model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI was used. The lungs and serum samples of mice were extracted at 3 days after treatment. ALI-induced inflammatory damages were confirmed from cytokine detections and histomorphology observations. Effects of Tan-IIA were investigated using in vivo and in vitro ALI models. Tan-IIA mechanisms were investigated by performing Western blot and flow cytometry experiments. A wound-healing assay was performed to confirm the Tan-IIA function.@*RESULTS@#The cytokine storm induced by LPS treatment was detected at 3 days after LPS treatment, and alveolar epithelial damage and lymphocyte aggregation were observed. Tan-IIA treatment attenuated the LPS-induced inflammation and reduced the levels of inflammatory cytokines released not only by inhibiting neutrophils, but also by macrophage. Moreover, we found that macrophage activation and polarization after LPS treatment were abrogated after applying the Tan-IIA treatment. An in vitro assay also confirmed that including the Tan-IIA supplement increased the relative amount of the M2 subtype and decreased that of M1. Rebalanced macrophages and Tan-IIA inhibited activations of the nuclear factor-κB and hypoxia-inducible factor pathways. Including Tan-IIA and macrophages also improved alveolar epithelial repair by regulating macrophage polarization.@*CONCLUSION@#This study found that while an LPS-induced cytokine storm exacerbated ALI, including Tan-IIA could prevent ALI-induced inflammation and improve the alveolar epithelial repair, and do so by regulating macrophage polarization.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Abietanes , Acute Lung Injury/drug therapy , Cytokine Release Syndrome , Cytokines , Inflammation/drug therapy , Lipopolysaccharides/toxicity , Macrophage Activation , Macrophages , Triacetoneamine-N-Oxyl/pharmacology
8.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 102-122, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929043

ABSTRACT

Molecular hydrogen exerts biological effects on nearly all organs. It has anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-aging effects and contributes to the regulation of autophagy and cell death. As the primary organ for gas exchange, the lungs are constantly exposed to various harmful environmental irritants. Short- or long-term exposure to these harmful substances often results in lung injury, causing respiratory and lung diseases. Acute and chronic respiratory diseases have high rates of morbidity and mortality and have become a major public health concern worldwide. For example, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has become a global pandemic. An increasing number of studies have revealed that hydrogen may protect the lungs from diverse diseases, including acute lung injury, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, lung cancer, pulmonary arterial hypertension, and pulmonary fibrosis. In this review, we highlight the multiple functions of hydrogen and the mechanisms underlying its protective effects in various lung diseases, with a focus on its roles in disease pathogenesis and clinical significance.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Acute Lung Injury , Aging , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Antioxidants/chemistry , Asthma/therapy , Autophagy , COVID-19/therapy , Hydrogen/therapeutic use , Hypertension, Pulmonary/therapy , Inflammation , Lung Diseases/therapy , Lung Neoplasms/therapy , Oxidative Stress , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/therapy , Pulmonary Fibrosis/therapy , Pyroptosis , Reactive Oxygen Species
9.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 280-288, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928969

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Chlorogenic acid has various physiological activities such as antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and antiviral activities. Studies have shown that chlorogenic acid can alleviate the inflammatory response of mice with acute lung injury (ALI), but the specific mechanism is still unclear. This study aims to investigate whether chlorogenic acid attenuates lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI in mice by regulating the microRNA-223 (miR-223)/nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) axis.@*METHODS@#SPF grade BALBc male mice were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a chlorogenic acid group, a chlorogenic acid+miR-223 negative control (miR-223 NC) group, and a chlorogenic acid+miR-223 inhibitor (miR-223 antagomir) group, 10 mice in each group. Except the control group, the other groups were instilled with 4 mg/kg LPS through the airway to establish the ALI mouse model. After the modeling, the mice in the chlorogenic acid group were continuously given chlorogenic acid (100 mg/kg) by gavage for 7 d. The chlorogenic acid+miR-223 NC group and the chlorogenic acid+miR-223 antagomir group were given 100 mg/kg chlorogenic acid by gavage every day, and then were injected with 10 μL of miR-223 NC (0.5 nmol/μL) and miR-223 antagomir (0.5 nmol/μL) respectively for 7 consecutive days.The control group and the model group were replaced with normal saline. The lung tissues of mice were taken to measure the ratios of lung wet to dry weight (W/D). The bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of mice was collected to measure the levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β by ELISA kit and to count the number of eosinophils (EOS), lymphocytes, neutrophils under light microscope. After HE staining, the pathological changes of lung tissues were observed and lung injury was scored. qRT-PCR method were used to determine the expression levels of miR-223 in lung tissues. Western blotting was used to determine the expression levels of NLRP3 protein in mouse lung tissues. Luciferase reporter assay was used to analyze the targeting relationship of miR-223 to NLRP3.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the lung W/D value, the lung injury score and the level of inflammatory factors in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were significantly increased in the model group (all P<0.05); the infiltration of inflammatory cells in the lung tissue was severe; the alveolar space was significantly increased; the alveolar wall was significantly thickened; the number of EOS, lymphocytes, and neutrophils in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was significantly increased (all P<0.05); the expression levels of miR-223 in lung tissue were significantly decreased (P<0.05); and the protein expression levels of NLRP3 were significantly increased (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the W/D value of lungs, lung injury score, and levels of inflammatory factors in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were significantly decreased in the chlorogenic acid group, the chlorogenic acid+miR-223 NC group, and the chlorogenic acid+miR-223 antagomir group (all P<0.05); lung tissues damage was alleviated; the numbers of EOS, lymphocytes, and neutrophils in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were significantly decreased (all P<0.05); the expression levels of miR-223 in lung tissues were significantly increased (P<0.05); and the expression levels of NLRP3 protein were significantly decreased (P<0.05). Compared with the chlorogenic acid group, the lung W/D value, lung injury score, and inflammatory factor levels in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were significantly increased in the chlorogenic acid+miR-223 antagomir group (all P<0.05); lung tissue damage was aggravated; the number of EOS, lymphocytes and neutrophils in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid significantly increased (all P<0.05); the expression levels of miR-223 in lung tissues were significantly decreased (P<0.05); and the expression levels of NLRP3 protein were significantly increased (P<0.05). The results of luciferase reporter assay showed that miR-223 had a targeting relationship with NLRP3.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Chlorogenic acid may increase the level of miR-223, target the inhibition of NLRP3 expression, reduce LPS-induced inflammatory response in ALI mice, and alleviate pathological damage of lung tissues.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Acute Lung Injury/genetics , Antagomirs/metabolism , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Chlorogenic Acid/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides/adverse effects , Lung/pathology , MicroRNAs/metabolism , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/genetics
10.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 401-410, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939575

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this paper was to study the transcriptional regulation of nuclear respiratory factor 1 (NRF1) on nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), a key molecule in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced lung epithelial inflammation, and to clarify the mechanism of NRF1-mediated inflammatory response in lung epithelial cells. In vivo, male BALB/c mice were treated with NRF1 siRNA, followed with LPS (4 mg/kg) or 0.9% saline through respiratory tract, and sacrificed 48 h later. Expression levels of NRF1, NF-κB p65 and its target genes were detected by Western blot and real-time PCR. Nuclear translocation of NRF1 or p65 was measured by immunofluorescent technique. In vitro, L132 cells were transfected with NRF1 siRNA or treated with BAY 11-7082 (5 μmol/L) for 24 h, followed with treatment of 1 mg/L LPS for 6 h. Cells were lysed for detections of NRF1, NF-κB p65 and its target genes as well as the binding sites of NRF1 on RELA (encoding NF-κB p65) promoter by chromatin immunoprecipitation assay (ChIP). Results showed that LPS stimulated NRF1 and NF-κB p65. Pro-inflammatory factors including interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and IL-6 were significantly increased both in vivo and in vitro. Obvious nuclear translocations of NRF1 and p65 were observed in LPS-stimulated lung tissue. Silencing NRF1 resulted in a decrease of p65 and its target genes both in vivo and in vitro. In addition, BAY 11-7082, an inhibitor of NF-κB, significantly repressed the inflammatory responses induced by LPS without affecting NRF1 expression. Furthermore, it was proved that NRF1 had three binding sites on RELA promoter region. In summary, NRF1 is involved in LPS-mediated acute lung injury through the transcriptional regulation on NF-κB p65.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Acute Lung Injury/genetics , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Nuclear Respiratory Factor 1/genetics , RNA, Small Interfering , Transcription Factor RelA/metabolism
11.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 496-500, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936038

ABSTRACT

Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is the main metabolite produced in the process of phospholipid metabolism, which can promote proliferation, migration, and apoptosis of cells, and maintain the barrier function of vascular endothelium. The latest researches showed that S1P can alleviate acute lung injury (ALI) and the inflammation caused by ALI, while the dosage of S1P is still needed to be considered. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been a emerging therapy with potential therapeutic effects on ALI because of their characteristics of self-replication and multi-directional differentiation, and their advantages in hematopoiesis, immune regulation, and tissue repair. S1P can promote differentiation of MSCs and participate in immune regulation, while MSCs can regulate the homeostasis of S1P in the body. The synergistic effect of S1P and MSC provides a new treatment method for ALI. This article reviews the production and biological function of S1P, receptor and signal pathway of S1P, the therapeutic effects of S1P on ALI, and the research advances of S1P combined with MSCs in the treatment of ALI, aiming to provide theoretical references for the development of S1P targeted drugs in the treatment of ALI and the search for new combined treatment schemes for ALI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Acute Lung Injury , Lung/metabolism , Lysophospholipids/pharmacology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Sphingosine/pharmacology
12.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 422-433, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936029

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of non-muscle myosin Ⅱ (NMⅡ) gene silenced bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) on pulmonary extracellular matrix (ECM) and fibrosis in rats with acute lung injury (ALI) induced by endotoxin/lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Methods: The experimental research methods were adopted. Cells from femur and tibial bone marrow cavity of four one-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were identified as BMMSCs by flow cytometry, and the third passage of BMMSCs were used in the following experiments. The cells were divided into NMⅡ silenced group transfected with pHBLV-U6-ZsGreen-Puro plasmid containing small interference RNA sequence of NMⅡ gene, vector group transfected with empty plasmid, and blank control group without any treatment, and the protein expression of NMⅡ at 72 h after intervention was detected by Western blotting (n=3). The morphology of cells was observed by an inverted phase contrast microscope and cells labeled with chloromethylbenzoine (CM-DiⅠ) in vitro were observed by an inverted fluorescence microscope. Twenty 4-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into blank control group, ALI alone group, ALI+BMMSC group, and ALI+NMⅡ silenced BMMSC group according to the random number table, with 5 rats in each group. Rats in blank control group were not treated, and rats in the other 3 groups were given LPS to induce ALI. Immediately after modeling, rats in ALI alone group were injected with 1 mL normal saline via tail vein, rats in ALI+BMMSC group and ALI+NMⅡ silenced BMMSC group were injected with 1×107/mL BMMSCs and NMⅡ gene silenced BMMSCs of 1 mL labelled with CM-DiⅠ via tail vein, and rats in blank control group were injected with 1 mL normal saline via tail vein at the same time point, respectively. At 24 h after intervention, the lung tissue was collected to observe intrapulmonary homing of the BMMSCs by an inverted fluorescence microscope. Lung tissue was collected at 24 h, in 1 week, and in 2 weeks after intervention to observe pulmonary inflammation by hematoxylin eosin staining and to observe pulmonary fibrosis by Masson staining, and the pulmonary fibrosis in 2 weeks after intervention was scored by modified Ashcroft score (n=5). The content of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2), and MMP-9 was detected by immunohistochemistry in 2 weeks after intervention (n=3), the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde, myeloperoxidase (MPO) was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay at 24 h after intervention (n=3), and the protein expressions of CD11b and epidermal growth factor like module containing mucin like hormone receptor 1 (EMR1) in 1 week after intervention were detected by immunofluorescence staining (n=3). Data were statistically analyzed with one-way analysis of variance, Bonferroni method, and Kruskal-Wallis H test. Results: At 72 h after intervention, the NMⅡprotein expression of cells in NMⅡ silenced group was significantly lower than those in blank control group and vector group (with P values <0.01). BMMSCs were in long spindle shape and grew in cluster shaped like vortexes, which were labelled with CM-DiⅠ successfully in vitro. At 24 h after intervention, cell homing in lung of rats in ALI+NMⅡ silenced BMMSC group was more pronounced than that in ALI+BMMSC group, while no CM-DiⅠ-labelled BMMSCs were observed in lung of rats in blank control group and ALI alone group. There was no obvious inflammatory cell infiltration in lung tissue of rats in blank control group at all time points, while inflammatory cell infiltration in lung tissue of rats in ALI+BMMSC group and ALI+NMⅡ silenced BMMSC group was significantly less than that in ALI alone group at 24 h after intervention, and alveolar wall turned to be thinner and a small amount of congestion in local lung tissue appeared in rats of the two groups in 1 week and 2 weeks after intervention. In 1 week and 2 weeks after intervention, collagen fiber deposition in lung tissue of rats in ALI alone group, ALI+BMMSC group, and ALI+NMⅡ silenced BMMSC group was significantly aggravated compared with that in blank control group, while collagen fiber deposition in lung tissue of rats in ALI+BMMSC group and ALI+NMⅡ silenced BMMSC group was significantly improved compared with that in ALI alone group. In 2 weeks after intervention, modified Ashcroft scores for pulmonary fibrosis of rats in ALI alone group, ALI+BMMSC group, and ALI+NMⅡ silenced BMMSC group were 2.36±0.22, 1.62±0.16, 1.06±0.26, respectively, significantly higher than 0.30±0.21 in blank control group (P<0.01). Modified Ashcroft scores for pulmonary fibrosis of rats in ALI+BMMSC group and ALI+NMⅡ silenced BMMSC group were significantly lower than that in ALI alone group (P<0.01), and modified Ashcroft score for pulmonary fibrosis of rats in ALI+NMⅡ silenced BMMSC group was significantly lower than that in ALI+BMMSC group (P<0.01). In 2 weeks after intervention, the content of α-SMA in lung tissue of rats in ALI+BMMSC group and ALI+NMⅡ silenced BMMSC group were significantly decreased compared with that in ALI alone group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The content of MMP-2 in lung tissue of rats in the 4 groups was similar (P>0.05). The content of MMP-9 in lung tissue of rats in ALI alone group was significantly increased compared with that in blank control group (P<0.01), and the content of MMP-9 in lung tissue of rats in ALI+BMMSC group and ALI+NMⅡ silenced BMMSC group was significantly decreased compared with that in ALI alone group (P<0.01). At 24 h after intervention, the activity of malondialdehyde, SOD, and MPO in lung tissue of rats in ALI alone group, ALI+BMMSC group, and ALI+NMⅡ silenced BMMSC group were significantly increased compared with that in blank control group (P<0.01), the activity of malondialdehyde in lung tissue of rats in ALI+NMⅡ silenced BMMSC group and the activity of SOD in lung tissue of rats in ALI+BMMSC group and ALI+NMⅡ silenced BMMSC group were significantly increased compared with that in ALI alone group (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and the activity of SOD in lung tissue of rats in ALI+NMⅡ silenced BMMSC group was significantly decreased compared with that in ALI+BMMSC group (P<0.01). The activity of MPO in lung tissue of rats in ALI+BMMSC group and ALI+NMⅡ silenced BMMSC group was significantly decreased compared with that in ALI alone group (P<0.01), and the activity of MPO in lung tissue of rats in ALI+NMⅡ silenced BMMSC group was significantly decreased compared with that in ALI+BMMSC group (P<0.01). In 1 week after intervention, the protein expression of CD11b in lung tissue of rats in ALI+NMⅡ silenced BMMSC group was significantly increased compared with those in the other three groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01), while the protein expressions of EMR1 in lung tissue of rats in the four groups were similar (P>0.05). Conclusions: Transplantation of NMⅡ gene silenced BMMSCs can significantly improve the activity of ECM components in the lung tissue in LPS-induced ALI rats, remodel its integrity, and enhance its antioxidant capacity, and alleviate lung injury and pulmonary fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Acute Lung Injury/therapy , Bone Marrow , Collagen/metabolism , Endotoxins , Extracellular Matrix , Lipopolysaccharides/adverse effects , Lung , Malondialdehyde/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Myosin Type II/metabolism , Pulmonary Fibrosis , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Saline Solution/metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism
13.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 97-102, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935753

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the role and significance of pyroptosis in gas explosion-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in rats. Methods: In February 2018, 126 SPF male SD rats were selected and randomly divided into blank control group (18 rats) and experimental group (40 m, 80 m, 120 m, 160 m, 200 m and 240 m, 18 per group) . The experimental group carried out gas explosion in the roadway to build the ALI model, the control group did not carry out gas explosion, and other conditions were consistent with the experimental group. Respiratory function indexes such as respiratory frequency (f) , tidal volume (TV) , minute ventilation (MV) and airway stenosis index (Penh) were measured 24 hours after the explosion. 5 rats in each group were sacrificed after anesthesia, Hematoxylin-Eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological morphology of lung tissue. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the content of Caspase-1. Western blotting was used to detect the content of cell pyroptosis including nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) , Caspase-1, interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-18 (IL-18) in lung tissue related protein expression. Results: The f and MV of rats in the experimental group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05) . Except for the 40 m and 80 m groups, the TV of rats in the other experimental groups were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05) . Except for the 40 m group, the Penh of rats in the experimental groups were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05) . HE staining showed that the lung tissue of the experimental groups at different distance points showed obvious edema of the pulmonary interstitium and alveoli, a large number of red blood cells and inflammatory cells exuded in the alveolar space, thickening of the pulmonary interstitium, and increased lung injury score (P<0.05) . The results of immunohistochemistry showed that the positive expression of Caspase-1 in each experimental group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05) . Western blotting results showed that the expression of pyroptosis-related proteins in each experimental group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Pyroptosis is involved in the pathophysiological process of gas explosion-induced ALI in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Acute Lung Injury/pathology , Explosions , Lung/pathology , Pyroptosis , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 151-158, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927922

ABSTRACT

Lung and intestine combination therapy(LICT) is effective in the treatment of acute lung injury(ALI). In this study, the combination of Mahuang Decoction and Dachengqi Decoction(hereinafter referred to as the combination), a manifestation of LICT, was employed to explore the effect of nuclear factor kappaB(NF-κB)/nucleotide binding oligomerization domain-like receptors-3(NLRP3) pathway and alveolar macrophage activation on the lung inflammation in rats with ALI, for the purpose of elucidating the mechanism of LICT in treating ALI. After the modeling of ALI with limpolysaccharide(LPS, ip), rats were respectively given(ig) the combination at 10, 7.5, and 5 g·kg~(-1)(high-dose, medium-dose, and low-dose LICT groups, separately), once every 8 h for 3 times. Haematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe the histopathological changes of lung tissue, followed by the scoring of inflammation. Immunohistochemistry was applied to detect alveolar macrophage activation, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was applied to detect the serum content of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-18(IL-18), Western blot was applied to detect the protein expression of phosphorylated-nuclear factor kappaB p65(p-NF-κB p65), nuclear factor kappaB p65(NF-κB p65), phosphorylated-inhibitor kappaB alpha(p-IκBα), inhibitor kappaB alpha(IκBα), and NLRP3 in lung tissue, and quantitative reverse transcription-PCR(qRT-PCR) was applied to detect the mRNA expression of TNF-α, IL-18, NLRP3, and NF-κB p65 in lung tissue. The results showed that LICT groups demonstrated lung injury relief, decrease in inflammation score, alleviation of alveolar macrophage activation, significant decline in serum content of inflammatory factors TNF-α and IL-18, and decrease of the protein expression of p-NF-κB p65/NF-κB p65, p-IκBα/IκBα, and NLRP3, and mRNA expression of TNF-α, IL-18, NLRP3, and NF-κB p65 in lung tissue. In summary, LICT has definite therapeutic effect on ALI. The mechanism is that it inhibits alveolar macrophage activation by suppressing NF-κB/NLRP3 signaling pathway, thereby reducing the activation and release of inflammatory factors and finally inhibiting inflammation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Acute Lung Injury/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Intestines , Lipopolysaccharides , Lung/metabolism , Macrophage Activation , NF-kappa B/metabolism , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , Signal Transduction
15.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(9): 1251-1255, Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351480

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations of high-mobility group box 1 and its specific receptor, receptor for advanced glycation end products with acute lung injury in patients with acute aortic dissection. METHODS: A total of 96 acute aortic dissection patients were divided into acute aortic dissection with acute lung injury group (38 cases) and acute aortic dissection without acute lung injury group (58 cases), according to partial pressure of oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen. In addition, 44 healthy individuals were selected for the control group. The blood samples were taken. The serum high-mobility group box 1 and receptor for advanced glycation end products levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the partial pressure of oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen was measured. RESULTS: 24 h after admission, the high-mobility group box 1 and receptor for advanced glycation end products levels in acute aortic dissection with acute lung injury and acute aortic dissection without acute lung injury groups were significantly higher than those in the control group, respectively (p<0.05), and each index in acute aortic dissection with acute lung injury group was significantly higher than that in acute aortic dissection without acute lung injury group (p<0.05). At each time point within 96 h after admission, compared with acute aortic dissection without acute lung injury group, in acute aortic dissection with acute lung injury group, the high-mobility group box 1 and receptor for advanced glycation end products levels were increased, respectively, and the partial pressure of oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen was decreased. The correlation analysis showed that, in acute aortic dissection patients, the high-mobility group box 1 and receptor for advanced glycation end products levels were negatively correlated with partial pressure of oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen, respectively (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The serum high-mobility group box 1 and receptor for advanced glycation end products levels may be associated with the occurrence of acute lung injury in acute aortic dissection patients. Monitoring the high-mobility group box 1 and receptor for advanced glycation end products levels can evaluate the risk of acute aortic dissection with acute lung injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , HMGB1 Protein/metabolism , Acute Lung Injury/etiology , Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Products/metabolism , Aortic Dissection , Glycation End Products, Advanced
17.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(3): 605-612, May-June 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278352

ABSTRACT

The high prevalence of exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage (EIPH) in athletic horses constitutes to be a challenge to the racing industry and a source of major concern to animal welfare. Both experimental and clinical evidence indicate that the use of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a promising effector of repair in a variety of pulmonary conditions. The present study evaluated the effect of intrabronchial instillation of PRP on EIPH endoscopic scores from 37 Thoroughbred racehorses. Inclusion criteria were for animals to be EIPH-positive in, at least, two consecutive post-exercise endoscopic exams and to receive 250mg of furosemide IV four hours before racing. Animals were randomly assigned into 3 groups: placebo, control, and PRP instillation. All 37 Thoroughbred racehorses included had EIPH endoscopic scores pre- and post- treatment compared by statistical analysis. The bleeding score from the group receiving PRP was significantly lower than in the control and placebo groups. No adverse effects were observed in any animal during or after the experiment. It was possible to conclude that the intrabronchial instillation of autologous PRP was effective in reducing EIPH scores in racehorses receiving furosemide and that this bioproduct can be considered as a promising coadjuvant in controlling EIPH in athletic horses.(AU)


A alta prevalência de hemorragia pulmonar induzida por exercício (HPIE) em cavalos atletas é um desafio de longa data para a indústria de corridas, além de figurar como grande preocupação sobre o bem-estar animal. As evidências experimentais e clínicas indicam que o uso do plasma rico em plaquetas (PRP) de fonte autógena é promissor na terapêutica de diversas lesões pulmonares. O presente estudo objetivou avaliar as mudanças após corrida no escore endoscópico de HPIE de 37 cavalos Puro-Sangue Inglês que receberam instilação intrabronquial de PRP autólogo. Os animais selecionados eram HPIE-positivos em, ao menos, dois exames endoscópicos consecutivos e recebiam 250mg de furosemida IV administrado quatro horas antes de cada corrida. Na comparação dos escores endoscópicos pré e pós-tratamento, verificou-se que o escore de HPIE do grupo tratado com PRP foi significantemente menor que o dos grupos controle e placebo. Nenhum efeito adverso foi observado nos animais durante ou após o experimento. Concluiu-se que a instilação intrabronquial de PRP autólogo foi efetiva na redução do escore de HPIE de cavalos de corrida usuários de furosemida e que este bioproduto pode ser considerado uma alternativa promissora no controle de HPIE em cavalos atletas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Physical Conditioning, Animal/adverse effects , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Acute Lung Injury/veterinary , Horses/physiology , Instillation, Drug , Furosemide/analysis , Hemorrhage/veterinary
18.
CorSalud ; 13(1): 109-114, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345928

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La lesión pulmonar aguda producida por transfusión (TRALI, por sus siglas en inglés) es un síndrome clínico relativamente raro, que puede constituir una amenaza para la vida y que se caracteriza por insuficiencia respiratoria aguda, edema pulmonar no cardiogénico e hipotensión arterial durante o en el transcurso de 6 horas después de una transfusión de productos hemáticos. Aunque su verdadera incidencia es desconocida, se le ha atribuido 1 caso por cada 5000 transfusiones de cualquier producto hemático y ha sido una de las causas más frecuentes de muerte relacionada con la transfusión. Se presenta un caso de TRALI en el perioperatorio de una cirugía cardíaca con manifestaciones clínicas extremas, cuyo abordaje terapéutico fue extremadamente difícil para el equipo médico-quirúrgico, debido al contexto clínico en el que se presentó: cirugía cardíaca con circulación extracorpórea por diagnóstico de endocarditis infecciosa, lesión pulmonar previa y antecedente de otro tipo de reacción postransfusional.


ABSTRACT Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury (TRALI) is a relatively unusual, life-threatening clinical syndrome, characterized by acute respiratory failure, hypotension, and non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema during or within 6 hours after a blood product transfusion. Although its true incidence is unknown, it has been attributed one case per 5.000 transfusions of any blood product and has been one of the most frequent causes of transfusion-related death. We present a case of TRALI in the perioperative period of cardiac surgery with extreme clinical manifestations, whose therapeutic approach was extremely difficult for the medical-surgical team, due to its complex clinical setting: cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass due to diagnosis of infective endocarditis, previous lung injury and history of other post-transfusion reaction.


Subject(s)
Respiration , Acute Lung Injury , Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury
19.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(2): 367-376, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1248948

ABSTRACT

One lung ventilation (OLV) often results in trauma to the unventilated contralateral lung. This study aims to evaluate the effects of different OLV regimens on the injury of the unventilated contralateral lung to identify the best conditions for OLV. Forty rabbits were divided into five groups: a sham group, OLV group I (fraction of inspired oxygen (FIO2) 1.0, tidal volume (VT) 8mL/kg, respiratory rate (R) 40 breaths/min and inspiratory/expiratory ratio (I:E) 1:2), OLV group II (FIO2=1.0, VT 8mL/kg, R 40 breaths/min, I:E 1:2, and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) 5 cm H2O), OLV group III (FIO2 1.0, VT 6mL/kg, R 40 breaths/min, I:E 1:2 and PEEP 5 cm H2O) and OLV group IV (FIO2 0.8, VT 6mL/kg, R 40 breaths/min, I:E 1:2 and PEEP 5 cm H2O). Animals from all OLV groups received two-lung ventilation (TLV) to establish a baseline, followed by one of the indicated OLV regimens. The rabbits in the sham group were intubated through trachea and ventilated with fresh air. Arterial blood gas samples were collected, lung injury parameters were evaluated, and the concentrations of TNF-α and IL-8 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and pulmonary surfactant protein A (SPA) in the unventilated lung were also measured. In OLV group I, the unventilated left lung had higher TNF-α, IL-8 and lung injury score but lower SPA than the ventilated right lung. In OLV groups I to III, the concentrations of TNF-α, IL-8 and lung injury score in the left lung decreased but SPA increased. No differences in these parameters between OLV groups III and IV were observed. Strategic ventilation designed for OLV groups III and IV reduced OLV-induced injury of the non-ventilated contralateral lung in rabbits.(AU)


Ventilação pulmonar unilateral (OLV) frequentemente resulta em trauma no pulmão contralateral não ventilado. Este estudo visa avaliar os efeitos de diferentes regimes de OLV sobre a lesão do pulmão contralateral não ventilado para identificar as melhores condições para OLV. Quarenta coelhos foram divididos em cinco grupos: um grupo falso, OLV grupo I (fração de oxigênio inspirado (FIO2) 1.0, volume corrente (VT) 8mL/kg, frequência respiratória (R) 40 respirações/min e relação inspiração/expiração (I:E) 1:2), OLV grupo II (FIO2=1.0, VT 8mL/kg, R 40 respirações/min, I:E 1:2, e pressão positiva expiratória final (PEEP) 5 cm H2O), OLV grupo III (FIO2 1.0, VT 6mL/kg, R 40 respirações/min, I:E 1:2 e PEEP 5 cm H2O) e OLV grupo IV (FIO2 0.8, VT 6mL/kg, R 40 respirações/min, I:E 1:2 e PEEP 5 cm H2O). Os animais de todos os grupos OLV receberam ventilação nos dois pulmões (TLV) para estabelecer uma linha de base, seguida por um dos regimes OLV indicados. Os coelhos do grupo falso foram intubados através da traqueia e ventilados com ar fresco. Amostras de gases no sangue arterial foram coletadas, parâmetros de lesão pulmonar foram avaliados e as concentrações de TNF-α e IL-8 no fluido de lavagem bronco alveolar (BALF) e proteína A do surfactante pulmonar (SPA) no pulmão não ventilado também foram medidas. No grupo OLV I, o pulmão esquerdo não ventilado tinha maior índice de TNF-α, IL-8 e lesão pulmonar, mas menor SPA do que o pulmão direito ventilado. Nos grupos OLV I a III, as concentrações de TNF-α, IL-8 e a pontuação de lesão pulmonar no pulmão esquerdo diminuíram, mas o SPA aumentou. Não foram observadas diferenças nestes parâmetros entre os grupos OLV III e IV. A ventilação estratégica projetada para os grupos OLV III e IV reduziu a lesão induzida por OLV do pulmão contralateral não ventilado em coelhos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Pulmonary Ventilation , Acute Lung Injury/complications , One-Lung Ventilation/veterinary
20.
Clinics ; 76: e2513, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249580

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The current study compared the impact of pretreatment with melatonin and N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on the prevention of rat lung damage following intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (iIR). METHODS: Twenty-eight Wistar rats were subjected to intestinal ischemia induced by a 60 min occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery, followed by reperfusion for 120 min. Animals were divided into the following groups (n=7 per group): sham, only abdominal incision; SS+iIR, pretreated with saline solution and iIR; NAC+iIR, pretreated with NAC (20 mg/kg) and iIR; MEL+iIR, pretreated with melatonin (20 mg/kg) and iIR. Oxidative stress and inflammatory mediators were measured and histological analyses were performed in the lung tissues. RESULTS: Data showed a reduction in malondialdehyde (MDA), myeloperoxidase (MPO), and TNF-alpha in the animals pretreated with NAC or MEL when compared to those treated with SS+iIR (p<0.05). An increase in superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels in the NAC- and MEL-pretreated animals as compared to the SS+iIR group (34±8 U/g of tissue; p<0.05) was also observed. TNF-α levels were lower in the MEL+iIR group (91±5 pg/mL) than in the NAC+iIR group (101±6 pg/mL). Histological analysis demonstrated a higher lung lesion score in the SS+iIR group than in the pretreated groups. CONCLUSION: Both agents individually provided tissue protective effect against intestinal IR-induced lung injury, but melatonin was more effective in ameliorating the parameters analyzed in this study.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Acute Lung Injury/etiology , Acute Lung Injury/prevention & control , Melatonin/therapeutic use , Acetylcysteine/therapeutic use , Reperfusion , Rats, Wistar , Ischemia
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