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Acta cir. bras ; 34(6): e201900609, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019266


Abstract Purpose The research is intended for clarification of the efficacy as well as the underlying mechanism of GSK-3β inhibitors on the advancement of acute lung injuries in acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) in rats. Methods Seventy-two rats were randomly divided into 6 groups: (1)ANP-vehicle; (2)ANP-TDZD-8;(3)ANP-SB216763;(4)Sham-vehicle;(5)Sham-TDZD-8;(6)Sham-SB216763; Blood biochemical test, histopathological examination and immunohistochemical analysis of rats pancreas and lung tissues were performed. The protein expression of GSK-3β, phospho-GSK-3β (Ser9), iNOS, ICAM-1, TNF-α, and IL-10 were detected in lung tissues by Western-blot. Results The outcomes revealed that the intervention of GSK-3β inhibitors alleviated the pathological damage of pancreas and lung (P<0.01), reduced serum amylase, lipase, hydrothorax and lung Wet-to-Dry Ratio, attenuated serum concentrations of IL-1β and IL-6 (P<0.01), inhibited the activation of NF-κB, and abated expression of iNOS, ICAM-1 and TNF-α protein, but up-regulated IL-10 expression in lung of ANP rats (P<0.01). The inflammatory response and various indicators in ANP-TDZD-8 groups were lower than those in ANP-SB216763 groups. Conclusions Inhibition of GSK-3β weakens acute lung injury related to ANP via the inhibitory function of NF-κB signaling pathway. Different kinds of GSK-3β inhibitors have different effects to ANP acute lung injury.

Animals , Male , Rats , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/complications , Acute Lung Injury/prevention & control , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/antagonists & inhibitors , Phosphorylation , Immunohistochemistry , Signal Transduction , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Acute Lung Injury/etiology , Acute Lung Injury/metabolism , Acute Lung Injury/pathology
Acta cir. bras ; 33(3): 250-258, Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886273


Abstract Purpose: To investigate the effects of propofol pretreatment on lung morphology and heme oxygenase-1 expression in oleic acid -induced acute lung injury in rats. Methods: A total of 32 male Sprague-Dawley rats (250-300g) were randomly divided into the following four groups (n=8/group): group C, group OA, group OA+PR, and group OA+IX to compare related parameter changes. Results: PaO2, PCO2, and PaO2/FiO2 were significantly different among the four treatment groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Lung wet/dry weight ratio and HO-1 protein expression also significantly differed among the groups (P<0.01). Immunohistochemistry showed that the expression of HO-1 in group OA+PR was stronger than those in groups OA, OA+IX, and C. Light microscopy revealed that pathological changes in lung tissues in group OA+PR were milder than those in group OA and group OA+IX. Electron microscopy showed that alveolar type II epithelial cell ultrastructure in group OA was relatively irregular with cell degeneration and disintegration and cytoplasmic lamellar bodies were vacuolized. Changes in group OA+PR were milder than those in group OA; however, they were more severe in group OA+IX than in group OA. Conclusion: Propofol significantly increases the expression of HO-1 in the lung tissueand prevents changes in lung morphology due to ALI in rats.

Animals , Male , Rats , Propofol/pharmacology , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Acute Lung Injury/drug therapy , Lung/drug effects , Immunohistochemistry , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Oleic Acid , Acute Lung Injury/chemically induced , Acute Lung Injury/metabolism , Lung/enzymology , Lung/ultrastructure
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(12): 1062-1067, 12/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-727659


The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of propofol pretreatment on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) and the role of the phosphoinositide-3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) pathway in this procedure. Survival was determined 48 h after LPS injection. At 1 h after LPS challenge, the lung wet- to dry-weight ratio was examined, and concentrations of protein, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were determined using the bicinchoninic acid method or ELISA. Lung injury was assayed via lung histological examination. PI3K and p-Akt expression levels in the lung tissue were determined by Western blotting. Propofol pretreatment prolonged survival, decreased the concentrations of protein, TNF-α, and IL-6 in BALF, attenuated ALI, and increased PI3K and p-Akt expression in the lung tissue of LPS-challenged rats, whereas treatment with wortmannin, a PI3K/Akt pathway specific inhibitor, blunted this effect. Our study indicates that propofol pretreatment attenuated LPS-induced ALI, partly by activation of the PI3K/Akt pathway.

Animals , Male , Acute Lung Injury/drug therapy , /metabolism , Propofol/therapeutic use , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Acute Lung Injury/chemically induced , Acute Lung Injury/enzymology , Acute Lung Injury/metabolism , Blotting, Western , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid/chemistry , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Indicators and Reagents , /analysis , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Lipopolysaccharides , Lung/drug effects , Lung/metabolism , Propofol/metabolism , Quinolines , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
Acta cir. bras ; 29(5): 287-291, 05/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-709234


PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of exogenous normal lymph (ENL) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in rats. METHODS: ALI was induced by the jugular vein injection of LPS (iv, 15 mg/kg) in rats of the LPS and LPS+ENL groups within 15 min, then, ENL without cell components (5 ml/kg) was infused at the speed of 0.5 ml per minute in the LPS+ENL group, the same amount of saline was administered in the LPS group. The rats in the sham group received the same surgical procedure and saline. The histomorphology and the levels of P-selectin, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), myeloperoxidase (MPO) in pulmonary tissue were assessed. RESULTS: LPS induced pulmonary injury as well as increased the wet/dry weight ratio (W/D) and the levels of P-selectin, ICAM-1, and MPO in pulmonary tissues. These deleterious effects of LPS were significantly ameliorated by ENL treatment. CONCLUSION: Exogenous normal lymph could markedly alleviate the acute lung injury induced by lipopolysaccharide, and its effects might be related to lessening the adhesion molecules. .

Animals , Male , Acute Lung Injury/metabolism , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Lymph/metabolism , Acute Lung Injury/chemically induced , Acute Lung Injury/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Lipopolysaccharides , Lung/metabolism , Lung/pathology , P-Selectin/analysis , Peroxidase/analysis , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Time Factors
J. bras. pneumol ; 39(1): 39-47, jan.-fev. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-668055


OBJETIVO: Investigar os efeitos agudos da administração endovenosa de extrato da fumaça do cigarro (EFC) em parâmetros funcionais respiratórios, inflamatórios e histológicos em ratos e comparar esse potencial modelo de lesão pulmonar aguda (LPA) com aquele com o uso de ácido oleico (AO). MÉTODOS: Foram estudados 72 ratos Wistar machos divididos em quatro grupos: tratados somente com soro fisiológico (SF; grupo controle); tratados com EFC e SF (grupo EFC); tratados com SF e AO (grupo AO); e tratados com EFC e AO (grupo EFC/AO). RESULTADOS: As médias de complacência foram significantemente menores nos grupos AO e EFC/AO (2,12 ± 1,13 mL/cmH2O e 1,82 ± 0,77 mL/cmH2O, respectivamente) do que no controle (3,67 ± 1,38 mL/cmH2O). A proporção de neutrófilos e a atividade das metaloproteinases 2 e 9 em lavado broncoalveolar foram significantemente maiores nos grupos AO e EFC/AO que no controle. O acometimento pulmonar avaliado por morfometria foi significantemente maior nos grupos AO e EFC/AO (72,9 ± 13,8% e 77,6 ± 18,0%, respectivamente) do que nos grupos controle e EFC (8,7 ± 4,1% e 32,7 ± 13,1%, respectivamente), e esse acometimento foi significantemente maior no grupo EFC que no grupo controle. CONCLUSÕES: A administração endovenosa de EFC, nas doses e tempos deste estudo, associou-se à LPA mínima. O EFC não potencializou a LPA induzida por AO. Estudos adicionais são necessários para esclarecer o papel potencial desse modelo como método de estudo dos mecanismos de agressão pulmonar pelo tabaco.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the acute effects of intravenous administration of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) on histological, inflammatory, and respiratory function parameters in rats, as well as to compare this potential acute lung injury (ALI) model with that with the use of oleic acid (OA). METHODS: We studied 72 Wistar rats, divided into four groups: control (those injected intravenously with saline); CSE (those injected intravenously with CSE and saline); OA (those injected intravenously with saline and OA); and CSE/OA (those injected intravenously with CSE and OA). RESULTS: Mean lung compliance was significantly lower in the OA and CSE/OA groups (2.12 ± 1.13 mL/cmH2O and 1.82 ± 0.77 mL/cmH2O, respectively) than in the control group (3.67 ± 1.38 mL/cmH2O). In bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, the proportion of neutrophils was significantly higher in the OA and CSE/OA groups than in the control group, as was the activity of metalloproteinases 2 and 9. Pulmonary involvement, as assessed by morphometry, was significantly more severe in the OA and CSE/OA groups (72.9 ± 13.8% and 77.6 ± 18.0%, respectively) than in the control and CSE groups (8.7 ± 4.1% and 32.7 ± 13.1%, respectively), and that involvement was significantly more severe in the CSE group than in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: The intravenous administration of CSE, at the doses and timing employed in this study, was associated with minimal ALI. The use of CSE did not potentiate OA-induced ALI. Additional studies are needed in order to clarify the potential role of this model as a method for studying the mechanisms of smoking-induced lung injury.

Animals , Male , Rats , Acute Lung Injury/chemically induced , Smoke/adverse effects , Tobacco/toxicity , Analysis of Variance , Acute Lung Injury/metabolism , Acute Lung Injury/pathology , Administration, Intravenous/methods , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid/chemistry , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid/cytology , Disease Models, Animal , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , /metabolism , Neutrophils/enzymology , Oleic Acid/administration & dosage , Oleic Acid/toxicity , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 42(9): 804-811, Sept. 2009. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-524312


High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) was discovered as a novel late-acting cytokine that contributes to acute lung injury (ALI). However, the contribution of HMGB1 to two-hit-induced ALI has not been investigated. To examine the participation of HMGB1 in the pathogenesis of ALI caused by the two-hit hypothesis, endotoxin was injected intratracheally in a hemorrhagic shock-primed ALI mouse model. Concentrations of HMGB1 in the lung of the shock group were markedly increased at 16 h (1.63 ± 0.05, compared to the control group: 1.02 ± 0.03; P < 0.05), with the highest concentration being observed at 24 h. In the sham/lipopolysaccharide group, lung HMGB1 concentrations were found to be markedly increased at 24 h (1.98 ± 0.08, compared to the control group: 1.07 ± 0.03; P < 0.05). Administration of lipopolysaccharide to the hemorrhagic shock group resulted in a notable HMGB1 increase by 4 h, with a further increase by 16 h. Intratracheal lipopolysaccharide injection after hemorrhagic shock resulted in the highest lung leak at 16 h (2.68 ± 0.08, compared to the control group: 1.05 ± 0.04; P < 0.05). Compared to the hemorrhagic shock/lipopolysaccharide mice, blockade of HMGB1 at the same time as lipopolysaccharide injection prevented significantly pulmonary tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1beta and myeloperoxidase. Lung leak was also markedly reduced at 16 h; blockade of HMGB1 24 h after lipopolysaccharide injection failed to alter lung leak or myeloperoxidase at 48 h. Our observations suggest that HMGB1 plays a key role as a late mediator when lipopolysaccharide is injected after hemorrhagic shock-primed ALI and the kinetics of its release differs from that of one-hit ALI. The therapeutic window to suppress HMGB1 activity should not be delayed to 24 h after the disease onset.

Animals , Male , Mice , Acute Lung Injury/metabolism , Antibodies/therapeutic use , HMGB1 Protein/metabolism , Inflammation Mediators/metabolism , Shock, Hemorrhagic/metabolism , Blotting, Western , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Endotoxins/administration & dosage , Endotoxins/pharmacology , HMGB1 Protein/immunology , Inflammation Mediators/immunology , Mice, Inbred BALB C
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 55(2): 127-131, 2009. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-514808


OBJETIVO: Analisar as alterações histomorfológicas e respiratórias em modelo de lesão pulmonar aguda por sepse em ratos tratados com pentoxifilina. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizados 15 ratos adultos distribuídos em três grupos (n=5, por grupo), assim constituídos: GC - receberam apenas ventilação mecânica; GS - Animais sépticos tratados com solução salina e mecanicamente ventilados; GS+PTX - Animais sépticos, com infusão de pentoxifilina e mecanicamente ventilados. Todos os animais foram ventilados por um período de 180 minutos. Ao final deste período, foram avaliadas variáveis gasométricas (gasometria arterial), gravimétricas (relação peso úmido/peso seco), concentração de proteínas totais no lavado broncoalveolar e histomorfométricas (espessura dos septos alveolares). Os dados obtidos foram submetidos a análise estatística (P < 0,05) RESULTADOS: A pressão parcial de oxigênio ao final do experimento mostrou-se elevada no grupo GS+PTX (460,0 ± 38,2 mmHg) em relação ao grupo GS (336,0 ± 14,6 mmHg) (P < 0,05). No grupo GS, a concentração de proteínas no lavado broncoalveolar encontrou-se aumentada em relação aos demais grupos; no entanto, se mostrou atenuada após a administração de pentoxifilina. Notamos, pela morfologia em todos os grupos avaliados, vasodilatação nos septos alveolares e no grupo S alguns alvéolos apresentaram-se repletos de macrófagos. Estes aspectos foram atenuados no GS+PTX. A espessura dos septos alveolares mostrou uma significante redução no grupo GS+PTX quando comparado com o grupo GS (P < 0,05). CONCLUSÃO: A pentoxifilina restabelece a oxigenação e reduz os efeitos deletérios do processo de sepse em associação à ventilação mecânica com baixo volume corrente.

OBJECTIVE: Respiratory repercussion on acute lung injury in a model of induced sepsis intraperitoneally. METHODS: Fifteen animals taken at random were submitted to adult male Wistar rats. The rats were randomly divided into 3 groups (n=15): Group C - control group received only mechanical ventilation; Group S - rats received live Escherichia coli (E. coli) intraperitoneally (septic) and after 6 hours they were treated with normal saline infusion and ventilated with a low tidal volume. Group S+PTX - rats received live Escherichia coli intraperitoneally (septic) and after 6 hours they were treated with pentoxifylline (PTX) infusion and ventilated with a low tidal volume. All animals were ventilated during 180 minutes. We analyzed the arterial blood gases, gravimetric indices and histomorphometric analysis. RESULTS: Blood gases, wet to dry ratios, and total protein concentrations in the bronchoalveolar lavage were analyzed in all experimental groups. In the end of the experiment the partial pressure of oxygen was higher in the GS+PTX (460,0 ± 38,2 mmHg) compared with GS (336,0 ± 14,6 mmHg). Pentoxifylline with low tidal volume attenuated significantly total protein in the bronchoalveolar lavage. The septal diameter was significantly reduced in the group GS compared with group GS+PTX (P < 0,05). CONCLUSIONS:The pentoxifylline ameliorated the oxygenation and decreased the deleterious effects of sepsis in the associated mechanical ventilation.

Animals , Male , Rats , Acute Lung Injury , Oxygen/metabolism , Pentoxifylline/therapeutic use , Sepsis/drug therapy , Vasodilator Agents/therapeutic use , Acute Lung Injury/metabolism , Acute Lung Injury/pathology , Acute Lung Injury/therapy , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Escherichia coli Infections/complications , Escherichia coli Infections/drug therapy , Escherichia coli Infections/microbiology , Pulmonary Alveoli/metabolism , Pulmonary Alveoli/pathology , Rats, Wistar , Respiration, Artificial , Sepsis/complications , Sepsis/pathology