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1.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0003, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357125

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To describe the use of subconjuctival administration of the anti-tumor necrosis factor agent adalimumab for treatment of dry eye in patients with Sjögren's syndrome, and to investigate conjunctival healing. Methods Prospective, nonrandomized, noncomparative interventional case series including consecutive patients with Sjögren's syndrome and dry eye disease treated with subconjunctival adalimumab, who were refractory to conventional treatment. Patients with infectious ocular surface involvement or structural changes in the tear pathway or eyelids were excluded. Data recorded included age, sex, lissamine green staining pattern, Schirmer test results, intraocular pressure, conjunctival mobility, tear break up time and findings of biomicroscopic evaluation, following fluorescein dye instillation. The Ocular Surface Disease Index questionnaire validated for the Portuguese language was used for subjective assessment of patients. Results Eleven eyes of eight patients were studied. Mean patient age was 53±13.4 years. Patients were treated with subconjunctival injection of 0.03 mL of adalimumab and followed for 90 days thereafter. There were no statistically significant objective improvement (objective tests results; p>0.05) and no statistically significant changes in intraocular pressure (p=0.11). Questionnaire responses revealed a significant improvement in ocular symptoms (p=0.002). Conclusion Based on the Ocular Surface Disease Index questionnaire, subconjunctival administration of adalimumab improved dry eye symptoms. However, objective assessments failed to reveal statistically significant improvements.


RESUMO Objetivo Descrever o uso subconjuntival do antifator de necrose tumoral adalimumabe para o tratamento do olho seco em pacientes com síndrome de Sjögren e avaliar a cicatrização conjuntival. Métodos Série de casos intervencionista com desenho prospectivo, não randomizado, não comparativo. O medicamento adalimumabe foi aplicado em região subconjuntival em pacientes com síndrome de Sjögren e olho seco que eram resistentes a outras terapias convencionais. Pacientes com patologias oculares de origem infecciosa ou com alterações estruturais nas vias lacrimais e pálpebras foram excluídos do estudo. Os dados coletados incluíram idade, sexo, teste com lisamina verde, teste de Schirmer, pressão intraocular, mobilidade conjuntival, teste de ruptura do filme lacrimal, e avaliação biomicroscópica com colírio de fluoresceína. Além disso, o questionário Ocular Surface Disease Index validado para a língua portuguesa foi aplicado com objetivo de avaliar subjetivamente a resposta dos pacientes ao tratamento. Resultados Onze olhos de oito pacientes foram estudados. A idade média dos pacientes foi de 53±13,4 anos. A dose aplicada de adalimumabe subconjuntival foi de 0,03mL, e a duração do seguimento foi de 90 dias após a injeção. Não houve melhora estatisticamente significativa nos testes objetivos (todos apresentaram p>0,05). A pressão intraocular também não sofreu variações estatisticamente significativas (p=0,11). Entretanto, por meio do questionário, foi registrada melhora significativa dos sintomas oculares (p=0,002). Conclusão O uso do adalimumabe subconjuntival melhorou os sintomas de olho seco, avaliados por meio do questionário Ocular Surface Disease Index, mas não houve melhora estatisticamente significativa na avaliação objetiva.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Dry Eye Syndromes/drug therapy , Sjogren's Syndrome/drug therapy , Adalimumab/administration & dosage , Dry Eye Syndromes/etiology , Sjogren's Syndrome/complications , Prospective Studies , Conjunctiva , Injections, Intraocular/methods , Adalimumab/therapeutic use
2.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(4): 447-450, July-Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285096

ABSTRACT

Abstract Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the skin variably, according to genetic and environmental factors. Some patients may benefit from systemic treatment with immunobiological agents, drugs that can be accompanied by several adverse effects. A case of a 58-year-old patient undergoing treatment for psoriasis with adalimumab for five years is reported. Alterations compatible with interstitial pneumonia were detected with important regression after adalimumab discontinuation. This case is relevant due to the scarcity of reports on late pulmonary adverse effect of anti-TNF treatment of psoriasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Psoriasis/chemically induced , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/chemically induced , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Adalimumab/adverse effects , Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors , Middle Aged
3.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(4): 477-481, July-Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285095

ABSTRACT

Abstract Herpetic whitlow is a viral infection of the fingers caused by the herpes simplex virus. The disease has a bimodal age distribution, affecting children under 10 years of age and young adults between 20 and 30 years old. It can be easily mistaken for panaritium or bacterial cellulitis. In patients with AIDS, atypical, chronic and recurrent ulcerated lesions occur. The Tzanck test allows a quick and low-cost diagnosis of herpes simplex virus infection. The authors report the case of a child with AIDS with painful finger ulcers in which the diagnosis was confirmed by the Tzanck test.


Subject(s)
Humans , Psoriasis/chemically induced , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/chemically induced , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Adalimumab/adverse effects , Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors , Middle Aged
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 11-19, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921245

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Psoriasis is a common, chronic, immune-mediated inflammatory skin disease with increased epidermal proliferation. The objective of this review was to systematically identify the evidence and perform a network meta-analysis (NMA) to estimate the relative efficacy of secukinumab (SEC) against adalimumab (ADA) and infliximab (INF) for the treatment of moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis.@*METHODS@#A systematic literature review (SLR) was conducted according to a pre-specified protocol to identify relevant studies. Initially, the databases were searched from database inception till June 2013, and the SLR was updated in April 2020. The eligibility criteria included adult patients (≥18 years old) with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis, and the SLR included randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The comparators of interest were SEC, ADA, INF, and placebo (PLA), while outcomes of interest were Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) (50, 75, and 90) at weeks 12, 16, and 24. A Bayesian NMA for PASI was utilized with a framework that evaluated the probability of PASI responses in different categories of PASI thresholds within a single model.@*RESULTS@#A total of 23 RCTs that assessed the efficacy of SEC, ADA, and INF in patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis were identified. At 12 weeks, SEC was associated with a significantly better response compared with PLA and ADA for PASI 75 and 90, while response results were comparable against INF. At 12 weeks, risk ratio (95% confidence interval) derived from NMA for SEC vs. ADA and INF for PASI 75 was 1.35 (1.19, 1.57) and 1.01 (0.90, 1.18), respectively. At the 16-week and 24-week time interval, SEC was significantly better than PLA, ADA, and INF for PASI 75 and 90.@*CONCLUSION@#Efficacy of SEC in the treatment of patient populations with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis is well demonstrated through NMA.


Subject(s)
Adalimumab/therapeutic use , Adolescent , Adult , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , Humans , Infliximab/therapeutic use , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
6.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 9(1): 1-4, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352364

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O pioderma gangrenoso é uma dermatose incomum, crônica e de apresentação clínica variável. Sua etiologia é indefinida, e seu tratamento não é bem estabelecido. O Adalimumabe é um anticorpo monoclonal humano contra o fator de necrose tumoral alfa (anti- TNF) que é raramente associado à disfunção cardíaca. Relato de Caso: Relatamos um caso de uma paciente com pioderma gangrenoso idiopático que, após duas doses de Adalimumabe, desenvolveu insuficiência cardíaca grave com miocardiopatia dilatada. Ela foi tratada com diurético de alça, betabloqueador e antagonista da enzima conversora da angiostensina. Após dois meses, encontrava-se sem queixas cardiorrespiratórias e com melhora da fração de ejeção. Conclusão: A miocardiopatia dilatada, apesar de ser manifestação rara do uso de fármacos anti -TNF deve ser considerada no diagnóstico diferencial de insuficiência respiratória após seu uso.


Introduction: Pyoderma gangrenosum is an unusual chronic dermatosis of mixed clinical presentation. Its etiology is unclear, and its treatment is not well established. Adalimumab is a human monoclonal antibody against the tumor necrosis factor alpha (anti TNF) which is rarely associated with cardiac dysfunction. Case Report: We report a case of a patient with idiopathic Pyoderma gangrenosum who developed severe heart failure with dilated myocardiopathy after two doses of Adalimumab. She was treated with loop diuretic, beta-blocker and angiostensin-converting enzyme antagonist. After two months, she was without cardiorespiratory complaints and with improvement in the ejection fraction. Conclusion: Dilated myocardiopathy, despite being a rare manifestation of the use of anti -TNF drugs should be considered in the differential diagnosis of respiratory failure after its use.


Subject(s)
Cardiomyopathy, Dilated , Pyoderma Gangrenosum , Heart Failure , Cardiomyopathies , Adalimumab , Antibodies, Monoclonal
7.
Brasília; s.n; 24 jul. 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1117704

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referentes ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 21 artigos e 15 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Vaccines/therapeutic use , Heparin/therapeutic use , Cohort Studies , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Drug Combinations , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein/therapeutic use , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Darunavir/therapeutic use , Adalimumab/therapeutic use , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Infliximab/therapeutic use , Clopidogrel/therapeutic use , Ticagrelor/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
8.
Brasília; s.n; 17 jul. 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1117678

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referentes ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 14 artigos e 13 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Vancomycin/therapeutic use , Ganciclovir/therapeutic use , Cohort Studies , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Oseltamivir/therapeutic use , Adrenergic beta-1 Receptor Antagonists/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Linezolid/therapeutic use , Darunavir/therapeutic use , Cobicistat/therapeutic use , Interferon beta-1a/therapeutic use , Adalimumab/therapeutic use , Abatacept/therapeutic use , Etanercept/therapeutic use , Cefepime/therapeutic use , Meropenem/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use
9.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 32(1): 58-65, jan.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138472

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar se a administração de adalimumabe previamente à ventilação mecânica reduz a lesão pulmonar induzida por ventilação mecânica. Métodos: Randomizaram-se 18 ratos em três grupos submetidos à ventilação mecânica por 3 horas com uma fração inspirada de oxigênio de 0,40%. Os três grupos foram assim caracterizados: um grupo com baixo volume corrente (n = 6), no qual se utilizaram volume corrente de 8mL/kg e pressão expiratória final positiva de 5cmH2O; um grupo com alto volume corrente (n = 6), no qual se utilizaram volume corrente de 35mL/kg e pressão expiratória final positiva de zero; e um grupo pré-tratado com alto volume corrente (n = 6), no qual se administraram adalimumabe (100µg/kg) por via intraperitoneal 24 horas antes do início da ventilação mecânica, volume corrente de 35mL/kg e pressão expiratória final positiva de zero. Realizou-se ANOVA para comparação de dano histológico (com utilização de escores segundo o ATS 2010 Lung Injury Scoring System), edema pulmonar, complacência pulmonar, pressão parcial de oxigênio arterial e pressão arterial média entre os grupos. Resultados: Após 3 horas de ventilação, o escore médio de lesão histológica pulmonar foi mais elevado no grupo com alto volume corrente do que no grupo com baixo volume corrente (0,030 versus 0,0051; p = 0,003). O grupo com alto volume corrente demonstrou complacência pulmonar diminuída após 3 horas (p = 0,04) e hipoxemia (p = 0,018 versus controle). O grupo alto volume corrente tratado previamente teve melhora do escore histológico, principalmente devido à redução significante da infiltração leucocitária (p = 0,003). Conclusão: O exame histológico após 3 horas de ventilação lesiva revelou lesão pulmonar induzida por ventilação mecânica na ausência de modificações mensuráveis na mecânica pulmonar e na oxigenação; a administração de adalimumabe antes da ventilação mecânica diminuiu o edema pulmonar e o dano histológico.


ABSTRACT Objective: To determine whether adalimumab administration before mechanical ventilation reduces ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). Methods: Eighteen rats randomized into 3 groups underwent mechanical ventilation for 3 hours with a fraction of inspired oxygen = 0.40% including a low tidal volume group (n = 6), where tidal volume = 8mL/kg and positive end-expiratory pressure = 5cmH2O; a high tidal volume group (n = 6), where tidal volume = 35mL/kg and positive end-expiratory pressure = 0; and a pretreated + high tidal volume group (n = 6) where adalimumab (100ug/kg) was administered intraperitoneally 24 hours before mechanical ventilation + tidal volume = 35mL/kg and positive end-expiratory pressure = 0. ANOVA was used to compare histological damage (ATS 2010 Lung Injury Scoring System), pulmonary edema, lung compliance, arterial partial pressure of oxygen, and mean arterial pressure among the groups. Results: After 3 hours of ventilation, the mean histological lung injury score was higher in the high tidal volume group than in the low tidal volume group (0.030 versus 0.0051, respectively, p = 0.003). The high tidal volume group showed diminished lung compliance at 3 hours (p = 0.04) and hypoxemia (p = 0,018 versus control). Pretreated HVt group had an improved histological score, mainly due to a significant reduction in leukocyte infiltration (p = 0.003). Conclusion: Histological examination after 3 hours of injurious ventilation revealed ventilator-induced lung injury in the absence of measurable changes in lung mechanics or oxygenation; administering adalimumab before mechanical ventilation reduced lung edema and histological damage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Rats , Young Adult , Respiration, Artificial/methods , Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury/prevention & control , Adalimumab/therapeutic use , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811419

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To determine the long-term efficacy of the anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agents, infliximab (IFX) and adalimumab (ADA), in pediatric luminal Crohn's disease (CD) by performing a systematic literature review.METHODS: An electronic search was performed in Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library from inception to September 26, 2019. Eligible studies were cohort studies with observation periods that exceeded 1 year. Studies that reported time-to-event analyses were included. Events were defined as discontinuation of anti-TNF therapy for secondary loss of response. We extracted the probabilities of continuing anti-TNF therapy 1, 2, and 3 years after initiation.RESULTS: In total, 2,464 papers were screened, 94 were selected for full text review, and 13 studies (11 on IFX, 2 on ADA) met our eligibility criteria for inclusion. After 1 year, 83–97% of patients were still receiving IFX therapy. After 2 and 3 years the probability of continuing IFX therapy decreased to 67–91% and 61–85%, respectively. In total, 5 of the 11 studies subgrouped by concomitant medication consistently showed that the probabilities of continuing IFX therapy in patients with prolonged immunomodulator use were higher than those in patients on IFX monotherapy.CONCLUSION: This review of real-world evidence studies confirms the long-term therapeutic benefit of IFX therapy in diverse cohorts of children with luminal CD. Moreover, it supports the view that combination therapy with an immunomodulator prolongs the durability of IFX therapy in patients who previously failed to recover following first-line therapy. The limited number of time-to-event studies in patients on ADA prevented us from drawing definite conclusions about its long-term efficacy.


Subject(s)
Adalimumab , Child , Cohort Studies , Crohn Disease , Humans , Infliximab , Necrosis , Pediatrics , Phenobarbital , Survival Analysis , Treatment Outcome
14.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(6): 751-753, Nov.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054883

ABSTRACT

Abstract Lobular capillary hemangioma or pyogenic granuloma is a benign vascular tumor of the skin or mucous membranes. Most patients present a single lesion. It manifests clinically as an erythematous, friable, and fast-growing tumor. This report details a case with exuberant presentation in a patient with ankylosing spondylitis, using adalimumab. Factors triggering pyogenic granuloma are not well known. They may spontaneously regress, but most require treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Skin Diseases/pathology , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/drug therapy , Granuloma, Pyogenic/pathology , Antirheumatic Agents/therapeutic use , Adalimumab/therapeutic use , Skin Diseases/etiology , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/complications , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/antagonists & inhibitors , Granuloma, Pyogenic/etiology
16.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(4): 547-553, Apr. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003058

ABSTRACT

The Guidelines Project, an initiative of the Brazilian Medical Association, aims to combine information from the medical field in order to standardize producers to assist the reasoning and decision-making of doctors. The information provided through this project must be assessed and criticized by the physician responsible for the conduct that will be adopted, depending on the conditions and the clinical status of each patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Remission Induction , Brazil , Treatment Outcome , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/therapeutic use , Adalimumab/therapeutic use , Infliximab/therapeutic use , Clinical Decision-Making
17.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(4): 554-567, Apr. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003056

ABSTRACT

The Guidelines Project, an initiative of the Brazilian Medical Association, aims to combine information from the medical field in order to standardize producers to assist the reasoning and decision-making of doctors. The information provided through this project must be assessed and criticized by the physician responsible for the conduct that will be adopted, depending on the conditions and the clinical status of each patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Crohn Disease/drug therapy , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Time Factors , Remission Induction , Brazil , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/antagonists & inhibitors , Treatment Outcome , Drug Therapy, Combination , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/therapeutic use , Certolizumab Pegol/therapeutic use , Adalimumab/therapeutic use , Ustekinumab/therapeutic use , Infliximab/therapeutic use , Clinical Decision-Making
18.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 26(1): 24-30, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098962

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine whether seropositivity in rheumatoid arthritis patients treated with adalimumab (ADL) is associated with the presence of anti-adalimumab (anti-ADL) antibodies. Materials and methods: A descriptive observational study that included patients diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis according to ACR 1987 criteria, and who were on treatment with ADL as the first biological, for at least six months. All patients were evaluated for rheumatoid factor, anti-citrulline antibodies, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, clinimetric indices, and level of anti-ADL antibodies. Results: A total of 80 patients with a mean age of 56 years were evaluated, of whom 86% were women. The mean duration of the disease was 15 years, and the ADL exposure time was 52 months (median value). The seropositivity for rheumatoid factor tended to be higher in patients who developed anti-ADL antibodies compared to those who did not (90.5% vs. 66.1%). The magnitude of the association between rheumatoid factor and the presence of anti-ADL antibodies was shown to be strong and statistically significant (OR = 4.87, 95% CI; 1.03-23.03). Adjusted multivariate regression analyses showed a strong association (OR = 9.77, 95% CI; 1.74-54.79) between seropositivity and the presence of anti-ADL antibodies, which, given the low number of patients, lacks precision (95% CI very wide). Conclusions: Seropositive patients tend to have more anti-ADL antibodies. However, a larger sample size is required to obtain the necessary precision and greater certainty in these findings.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Determinar si la seropositividad en pacientes con artritis reumatoide tratados con adalimumab (ADL), se asocia a la presencia de anticuerpos anti-adalimumab (anti-ADL). Materiales y métodos: Es un estudio observacional descriptivo que incluyó pacientes con diagnóstico de artritis reumatoide según criterios ACR1987, que estaban en tratamiento con ADL como primer biológico, por al menos 6 meses. Todos los pacientes se evaluaron para factor reumatoide, anticuerpos anticitrulina, velocidad de sedimentación globular, proteína C reactiva, índices clinimétricos y nivel de anticuerpos anti-ADL. Resultados: Se evaluaron 80 pacientes con edad promedio de 56 arios, el 86% fueron mujeres, la duración promedio de la enfermedad fue de 15 años y el tiempo de exposición a ADL de 52 meses (valor mediano). La seropositividad para factor reumatoide tendió a ser mayor en los pacientes que desarrollaron anticuerpos anti-ADL en comparación con los que no (90,5% vs. 66,1%). La magnitud de la asociación entre factor reumatoide y la presencia de anticuerpos anti-ADL tendió a ser fuerte y estadísticamente significativa (OR = 4,87; IC 95%: 1,03-23,03). Los análisis ajustados de regresión multivariable mostraron una asociación fuerte (OR = 9,77; IC 95%: 1,74-54,79) entre la seropositividad y la presencia de anticuerpos anti-ADL, que dado el bajo número de pacientes carece de precisión (IC 95% muy amplios). Conclusiones: Los pacientes seropositivos tienden a presentar más anticuerpos anti-ADL; sin embargo, se requiere tener un mayor tamaño muestral para obtener la precisión necesaria y tener mayor certeza en estos hallazgos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Biological Therapy , Adalimumab , Therapeutics , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762821

ABSTRACT

Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory follicular occlusive disease that involves the intertriginous areas. Treatment methods include conventional topical and systemic medication, radiotherapy, biologic agents, and surgical excision. Of late, there has been an increased focus on the use of biologic agents in patients with moderate to severe HS. Here, we present the case of a 46-year-old man with Hurley stage III HS for whom wide excision was ultimately curative, after aggressive medical therapy with the use of infliximab and adalimumab had succeeded in limiting the body surface area affected by the disease. This case demonstrates the effective treatment of severe HS with a combination of biologic therapy and surgery.


Subject(s)
Adalimumab , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Biological Factors , Biological Therapy , Body Surface Area , Hidradenitis Suppurativa , Hidradenitis , Humans , Infliximab , Middle Aged , Radiotherapy , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
20.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 601-610, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762397

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Currently, no generally accepted laboratory marker for monitorizing the disease activity and therapy response of psoriasis is known. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to evaluate the effects of systemic therapies on C-reactive protein (CRP) and the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in psoriasis. METHODS: One hundred patients with psoriasis treated with narrow band ultraviolet B, acitretin, cyclosporine, methotrexate, adalimumab, etanercept, and ustekinumab were prospectively evaluated. At baseline and at week 12, CRP, NLR, and Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) were evaluated. RESULTS: A statistically significant decrease was observed in PASI scores, CRP, and NLR values from the baseline to the 12-week visit (p=0.001, p=0.001, p=0.001, respectively). The reduction in PASI scores and NLR values was positively correlated (r=0.460, p=0.001). The comparisons between treatment groups revealed that the median decrease in NLR values was statistically higher in the adalimumab group than in the methotrexate group (p=0.007). And the median decrease in PASI scores was significantly higher in the adalimumab group compared with the methotrexate and acitretin therapy group (p=0.007, p=0.042, respectively). CONCLUSION: In the present study, systemic therapy of psoriasis was demonstrated to decrease the levels of CRP and NLR, which are known to be indicators of systemic inflammation and cardiovascular comorbidities.


Subject(s)
Acitretin , Adalimumab , Biomarkers , C-Reactive Protein , Cardiovascular Diseases , Comorbidity , Cyclosporine , Etanercept , Humans , Inflammation , Methotrexate , Prospective Studies , Psoriasis , Ustekinumab
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