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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(10): e10837, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285644

ABSTRACT

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been extensively elucidated with regard to their significant implications in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). This study performed the functional investigation of circRNA dehydrogenase E1 and transketolase domain containing 1 (circDHTKD1) in OSCC. RNA expression levels of different molecules were measured via quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Cellular behaviors were detected by 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-y1)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) for cell viability, colony formation assay for clonal capacity, flow cytometry for cell apoptosis, wound healing assay for migration, and transwell assay for migration/invasion. Western blot was used for analyzing protein expression. RNA pull-down and dual-luciferase reporter assays were applied to assess the binding between targets. A xenograft tumor model was established in nude mice for in vivo experiments. Our expression analysis revealed that circDHTKD1 was upregulated in OSCC tissues and cells. circDHTKD1 knockdown was shown to impede OSCC cell growth and metastasis but motivate apoptosis. Additionally, circDHTKD1 served as a microRNA-326 (miR-326) sponge and the function of circDHTKD1 was achieved by sponging miR-326 in OSCC cells. Also, miR-326 inhibited OSCC development via targeting GRB2-associated-binding protein 1 (GAB1). circDHTKD1 could sponge miR-326 to alter GAB1 expression. Furthermore, circDHTKD1 contributed to OSCC progression in vivo via the miR-326/GAB1 axis. These data disclosed a specific circDHTKD1/miR-326/GAB1 signal axis in governing the malignant progression of OSCC, showing the considerable possibility of circDHTKD1 as a predictive and therapeutic target for clinical diagnosis and treatment of OSCC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Mouth Neoplasms/genetics , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Cell Movement , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Mice, Nude
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879476

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a pedigree affected with Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease through high-throughput sequencing.@*METHODS@#Potential variants of the genes associated with CMT were screened by next-generation sequencing (NGS) of the members of the pedigree.@*RESULTS@#NGS has revealed that the two affected sisters both harbored homozygous c.1A>G variant of the GDAP1 gene, which caused replacement of the first amino acid Methionine by Valine (p.Met1Val). Their parents were both carriers of the heterozygous c.1A>G variant. The variant was unreported previously and has an extremely low frequency in the population. Meanwhile, one of the sisters and the mother also carried heterozygous c.710A>T variant of the BAG3 gene.@*CONCLUSION@#The homozygous c.1A>G variant of the GDAP1 gene probably underlay the CMT in both children. Above result has enabled clinical diagnosis and genetic counseling for this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/genetics , Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease/genetics , Child , Female , Fibula/abnormalities , Homozygote , Humans , Mutation , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics , Pedigree
3.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(6): 711-722, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057503

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine the role of the dishevelled binding antagonist of beta catenin 1 (DACT1) in the cytoskeletal arrangement of cardiomyocytes in atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods: The DACT1 expression and its associations with the degree of fibrosis and β-catenin in valvular disease patients were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and Masson's staining. DACT1 was overexpressed in the atrial myocyte cell line (HL-1) and the cardiac cell line (H9C2) by adenoviral vectors. Alterations in the fibrous actin (F-actin) content and organization and the expression of β-catenin were detected by flow cytometry, immunofluorescence, and Western blotting. Additionally, the association of DACT1 with gap junctions connexin 43 (Cx43) was detected by immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, and Western blotting. Results: Decreased cytoplasmic DACT1 expression in the myocardium was associated with AF (P=0.037) and a high degree of fibrosis (weak vs. strong, P=0.028; weak vs. very strong, P=0.029). A positive association was observed between DACT1 and β-catenin expression in clinical samples (P=0.028, Spearman's rho=0.408). Furthermore, overexpression of DACT1 in HL-1 and H9C2 cells induced an increase in β-catenin and subsequent partial colocalization of DACT1 and β-catenin. In addition, F-actin content and organization were enhanced. Interestingly, DACT1 was positively correlated with the Cx43 expression in clinical samples (P=0.048, Spearman's rho=0.370) and changed the Cx43 distribution in cardiac cell lines. Conclusion: DACT1 proved to be a novel AF-related gene by regulating Cx43 via cytoskeletal organization induced by β-catenin accumulation in cardiomyocytes. DACT1 could thus serve as a potential therapeutic marker for AF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Atrial Fibrillation/metabolism , Cytoskeleton/metabolism , Nuclear Proteins/metabolism , Connexin 43/metabolism , Myocytes, Cardiac/cytology , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , Atrial Fibrillation/physiopathology , Atrial Fibrillation/genetics , Immunohistochemistry , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Cell Movement , Connexin 43/genetics , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics
4.
Biol. Res ; 52: 31, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019497

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of the methylation status of the DACT1 gene on the invasion and metastasis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells. METHODS: The levels of methylation and expression of the DACT1 gene in nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues and CNE2 cells were determined by methylation-specific PCR and RT-PCR, respectively. CNE2 cells were treated with 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine, and the variation in the methylation status of the DACT1 gene was detected, as well as the influence of methylation on invasiveness of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells. RESULTS: The DACT1 gene was hyper-methylated in 44 of 62 cases of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. The DACT1 gene was hyper-methylated in 32 of 38 cases of nasopharyngeal carcinoma with lymph node metastasis, and the DACT1 gene was hyper-methylated in 7 of 24 cases of nasopharyngeal carcinoma without lymph node metastasis. The DACT1 mRNA level was weakly expressed or not expressed in all nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues with hyper-methylated DACT1 genes; however, the DACT1 mRNA level was highly expressed in nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues with low expression of the methylated DACT1 gene. The DACT1 gene was hyper-methylated and not expressed in CNE2 cells that did not have 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine treatment. After 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine treatment, the DACT1 gene was demethylated and the expression of DACT1 was restored. Moreover, the invasion ability was inhibited in CNE2 cells treated with 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine. CONCLUSION: The expression of DACT1 was related to the methylation status. High expression of DACT1 may inhibit the invasion and metastasis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , DNA Methylation/genetics , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/secondary , Nuclear Proteins/metabolism , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/genetics , Promoter Regions, Genetic , DNA Methylation/physiology , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/genetics , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Proteins/metabolism
5.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 92(5): 521-527, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-796111

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Obesity is a chronic disease caused by both environmental and genetic factors. Epidemiological studies have documented that increased energy intake and sedentary lifestyle, as well as a genetic contribution, are forces behind the obesity epidemic. Knowledge about the interaction between genetic and environmental components can facilitate the choice of the most effective and specific measures for the prevention of obesity. The aim of this study was to assess the association between the FTO, AKT1, and AKTIP genes and childhood obesity and insulin resistance. Methods: This was a case-control study in which SNPs in the FTO (rs99396096), AKT1, and AKTIP genes were genotyped in groups of controls and obese/overweight children. The study included 195 obese/overweight children and 153 control subjects. Results: As expected, the obese/overweight group subjects had higher body mass index, higher fasting glucose, HOMA-IR index, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, and triglycerides. However, no significant differences were observed in genes polymorphisms genotype or allele frequencies. Conclusion: The present results suggest that AKT1, FTO, and AKTIP polymorphisms were not associated with obesity/overweight in Brazilians children. Future studies on the genetics of obesity in Brazilian children and their environment interactions are needed.


Resumo Objetivo A obesidade é uma doença crônica sustentada por fatores ambientais e genéticos. Estudos epidemiológicos documentaram que maior ingestão de energia e um estilo de vida sedentário, bem como a contribuição genética, são forças por trás da epidemia de obesidade. O conhecimento sobre a interação entre os componentes genéticos e ambientais pode facilitar a escolha das medidas mais efetivas e específicas para a prevenção da obesidade. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a relação entre os genes associado à massa de gordura e à obesidade (FTO), homólogo 1 do oncogene viral v-akt de timoma murino (AKT1) e de ligação AKT1 (AKTIP) e a obesidade infantil e a resistência à insulina. Métodos Estudo de caso-controle no qual os polimorfismos de nucleotídeo simples (SNPs) nos genes FTO (rs99396096), AKT1 e AKTIP foram genotipados em grupos de controle e de crianças obesas/acima do peso. Foram recrutadas 195 crianças obesas/acima do peso e 153 indivíduos controle. Resultados Como esperado, os indivíduos do grupo obeso/acima do peso apresentaram maior índice de massa corporal, maior glicemia de jejum, índice do modelo de avaliação de homeostase (HOMA-IR), colesterol total, lipoproteína de baixa densidade e triglicerídeos. Contudo, não encontramos diferenças significativas no genótipo de polimorfismos gênicos ou nas frequências alélicas. Conclusão Nossos resultados sugerem que os polimorfismos AKT1, FTO e AKTIP não estavam associados à obesidade/sobrepeso em crianças brasileiras. São necessários estudos futuros sobre a genética da obesidade em crianças brasileiras e suas interações ambientais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Overweight/genetics , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/genetics , Pediatric Obesity/genetics , Alpha-Ketoglutarate-Dependent Dioxygenase FTO/genetics , Brazil/ethnology , Insulin Resistance , Case-Control Studies , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Gene Frequency/genetics
6.
An. bras. dermatol ; 90(3,supl.1): 168-170, May-June 2015. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-755731

ABSTRACT

Abstract

Muir-Torre Syndrome is defined by the coexistence of sebaceous skin tumors and internal malignancies. Mutations in the DNA mismatch repair genes are found in the inherited form of the disease, resulting in the absence of crucial enzymes involved with DNA replication process. This case describes a patient with sebaceous adenoma and colorectal carcinoma, meeting the criteria for Muir-Torre Syndrome. The immunohistochemical analysis of the skin lesion was an important tool to confirm the diagnosis, as it revealed nuclear negativity for MSH2 and MSH6.

.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Carcinoma/diagnosis , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Immunohistochemistry/methods , Muir-Torre Syndrome/diagnosis , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Carcinoma/genetics , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Germ-Line Mutation , Muir-Torre Syndrome/genetics , /genetics , Nuclear Proteins/genetics
7.
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 58(6): 640-645, 08/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-721393

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate UBASH3A gene variation association with autoimmune thyroid disease and clinical features in a Chinese Han population. Subjects and methods: A total of 667 AITD patients (417 GD and 250 HT) and 301 healthy controls were genotyped for two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs11203203, rs3788013 of UBASH3A gene, utilizing the Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-Time of Flight Mass Spectrometer (MALDI-TOF-MS) Platform. Results: Between the control group and AITD, GD and HT group, no statistically significant difference was observed in the genotypic and allelic frequencies of the two SNPs. There was no significant difference in allelic frequencies of the two SNPs between GD with and without ophthalmopathy. There was no significant difference in haplotype distributions between the control group and AITD, GD or HT group. Conclusion: Rs11203203 and rs3788013 in UBASH3A gene may not be associated with AITD patients in Chinese Han population. .


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a variação no gene UBASH3A com a doença tiroidiana autoimune e características clínicas na população chinesa Han. Sujeitos e métodos: Um total de 667 pacientes com DTAI (417 com DG e 250 com TH) e 301 controles saudáveis foi genotipado para dois polimorfismos de nucleotídeo simples (SNPs) rs11203203, rs3788013 do gene UBASH3A, usando-se a plataforma MALDI-TOF-MS (Ionização/Dessorção de Matriz Assistida por Laser – Tempo de Voo/Espectrômetro de Massa). Resultados: Não foram observadas diferenças significativas entre as frequências genotípicas e alélicas dos dois SNPs nos grupos controle e DTAI, DG e TH. Não houve diferenças significativas entre as frequências alélicas dos dois SNPs em pacientes com DG com ou sem olftalmopatia. Não houve diferenças significativas nas distribuições de haplótipos no grupo controle e nos grupos DTAI, DG e TH. Conclusão: Os SNPs rs11203203 e rs3788013 do gene UBASH3A podem não estar associados a pacientes com DTAI na população chinesa Han. .


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Graves Ophthalmopathy/ethnology , Hashimoto Disease/ethnology , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/immunology , Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , Case-Control Studies , China/ethnology , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Haplotypes/immunology , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-113786

ABSTRACT

Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a bioactive lysophospholipid involved in numerous physiological responses. However, the expression of LPA receptors and the role of the Hippo signaling pathway in epithelial cells have remained elusive. In this experiment, we studied the functional expression of LPA receptors and the associated signaling pathway using reverse transcriptase-PCR, microspectrofluorimetry, western blotting and immunocytochemistry in salivary gland epithelial cells. We found that LPA receptors are functionally expressed and involved in activating the Hippo pathway mediated by YAP/TAZ through Lats/Mob1 and RhoA/ROCK. Upregulation of YAP/TAZ-dependent target genes, including CTGF, ANKRD1 and CYR61, has also been observed in LPA-treated cells. In addition, based on data suggesting that tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha induces cell apoptosis, LPA upregulates TNF-induced caspase-3 and cleaved Poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PARP). However, small interfering RNA treatment to Yes-associated protein (YAP) or transcriptional co-activator with a PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) significantly decreased TNF-alpha- and LPA-induced apoptosis, suggesting that YAP and TAZ modulate the apoptotic pathway in salivary epithelial cells.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Apoptosis , Cell Line , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Gene Expression Regulation , Humans , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics , Lysophospholipids/metabolism , Phosphoproteins/genetics , Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , RNA Interference , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics , Receptors, Lysophosphatidic Acid/genetics , Salivary Glands/cytology , Signal Transduction , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , rho-Associated Kinases/metabolism , rhoA GTP-Binding Protein/metabolism
9.
Gut and Liver ; : 582-589, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-55227

ABSTRACT

Hyperplastic or serrated polyps were once believed to have little to no clinical significance. A subset of these polyps are now considered to be precursors to colorectal cancers (CRC) in the serrated pathway that may account for at least 15% of all tumors. The serrated pathway is distinct from the two other CRC pathways and involves an epigenetic hypermethylation mechanism of CpG islands within promoter regions of tumor suppressor genes. This process results in the formation of CpG island methylator phenotype tumors. Serrated polyps are divided into hyperplastic polyps, sessile serrated adenomas/polyps (SSA/Ps), and traditional serrated adenomas (TSAs). The SSA/P and the TSA have the potential for dysplasia and subsequent malignant transformation. The SSA/Ps are more common and are more likely to be flat than TSAs. Their flat morphology may make them difficult to detect and thus explain the variation in detection rates among endoscopists. Challenges for endoscopists also include the difficulty in pathological interpretation as well surveillance of these lesions. Furthermore, serrated polyps may be inadequately resected by endoscopists. Thus, it is not surprising that the serrated pathway has been linked with interval cancers. This review will provide the physician or clinician with the knowledge to manage patients with serrated polyps.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Adenomatous Polyps/genetics , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , DNA Methylation , Humans , Intestinal Polyposis/genetics , Intestinal Polyps/genetics , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/genetics , ras Proteins/genetics
10.
Clinics ; 68(2): 277-280, 2013.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-668817

ABSTRACT

In this study, we investigated the associations between single-nucleotide polymorphisms in GAB2 (rs2373115), GSK3B (rs6438552) and SORL1 (rs641120) and Alzheimer's disease (AD), both alone and in combination with the APOE*4 allele.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Alzheimer Disease/genetics , /genetics , Cytoskeletal Proteins/genetics , LDL-Receptor Related Proteins/genetics , Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Age of Onset , Risk Factors
11.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 494-499, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-149920

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Recently, COMMD1 has been identified as a novel interactor and regulator of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 and nuclear factor kappa B transcriptional activity. The goal of this study was to determine the difference of COMMD1 expression in the placentas of women with normal and preeclamptic (PE) pregnancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immnoperoxidase and immunofluorescent staining for COMMD1 was performed on nine normal and nine severe PE placental tissues, and COMMD1 mRNA expression was quantified by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The expression of mRNA of COMMD1 was significantly higher in the study group than in the control group. The immunoreactivity was higher especially in the syncytiotrophoblast of PE placentas than in the control group. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated increased placental COMMD1 expression in women with severe preeclampsia compared to that found in women with normal pregnancies, and this finding might contribute to a better understanding of the pathophysiology of preeclampsia.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Adult , Female , Humans , Placenta/metabolism , Pre-Eclampsia/metabolism , Pregnancy , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-80568

ABSTRACT

Genetic susceptibility is involved in the pathogenesis of vitiligo. Association studies with a whole genome-based approach instead of a single or a few candidate genes may be useful for discovering new susceptible genes. Although the etiology of non-segmental and segmental types is different, the association between gene polymorphisms and vitiligo has been reported, without defining types or in non-segmental type. Whole genome-based single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were examined in patients with non-segmental and segmental types of vitiligo using the Affymetrix GeneChip 500K mapping array, and 10 functional classes of significant SNPs were selected. Genotyping and data analysis of selected 10 SNPs was performed using real-time PCR. Genotype and allele frequencies were significantly different between both types of vitiligo and three of the target SNPs, DNAH5 (rs2277046), STRN3 (rs2273171), and KIAA1005 (rs3213758). A stronger association was suggested between the mutation in KIAA1005 (rs3213758) and the segmental type compared to the non-segmental type of vitiligo. DNAH5 (rs2277046), STRN3 (rs2273171), and KIAA1005 (rs3213758) may be new vitiligo-related SNPs in Korean patients, either non-segmental or segmental type.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , Autoantigens/genetics , Axonemal Dyneins/genetics , Calmodulin-Binding Proteins/genetics , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Gene Frequency , Genome, Human , Genome-Wide Association Study , Genotype , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Republic of Korea , Vitiligo/genetics , Young Adult
13.
Rev. colomb. psiquiatr ; 41(1): 217-228, ene.-abr. 2012. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-639942

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En psiquiatría de enlace se logra obtener una visión integral del tratamiento y de las necesidades de cada paciente prestando especial atención a las interacciones medicamentosas y a las contraindicaciones. Algunos casos particulares motivaron la descripción, reporte y revisión bibliográfica acerca de otras posibles aplicaciones de fármacos antagonistas de los recetores 5HT2A y 3, particularmente mirtazapina y olanzapina, en síndrome de hiperalgesia, tinitus y leucoencefalopatía multifocal progresiva por virus JC. Método: reporte de casos. Resultados y Conclusiones: Se describen los casos de tres pacientes en los cuales fue necesario usar mirtazapina y olanzapina no solo para el control de los síntomas psiquiátricos (afectivos, comportamentales y trastorno del sueño), sino también como coadyuvantes en las patologías de base de cada paciente. El uso de cualquier medicamento en psiquiatría de enlace debe tener en cuenta el contexto del paciente, la comorbilidad, las contraindicaciones y las interacciones farmacológicas para garantizar un desenlace positivo, además de promover el trabajo multidisciplinario entre especialistas.


Introduction: In liaison psychiatry it is possible to get an integral view of patient's treatment and needs, paying special attention to pharmacological interactions and contraindications. Some particular cases motivated the description, report and review about other possible applications of 5HT2A and 5HT3 antagonist, particularly Mirtazapine and Olanzapine, in hyperalgesia syndrome, tinnitus and Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy by JC virus. Method: Cases report. Results: We describe 3 cases of patients in which Mirtazapine and Olanzapine were necessary not only to control psychiatric symptoms (affective / behavioral symptoms and insomnia) but to act as adjuvant therapy in axis III diseases. The use of any drug in psychiatry must take in to account the context of the patient, the presence of comorbidity, contraindications and pharmacological interactions so as to grant a positive outcome also promoting the multidisciplinary work between specialists.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , Cell Nucleus/metabolism , Cysteine/metabolism , Neurons/metabolism , Thioredoxins/metabolism , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Amino Acid Motifs , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cysteine/chemistry , Cytoplasm/metabolism , Disulfides/chemistry , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation , Molecular Sequence Annotation , Molecular Sequence Data , Mutation , Neurons/cytology , Oxidation-Reduction , Protein Interaction Mapping , Signal Transduction , Transcription, Genetic , Thioredoxins/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-192556

ABSTRACT

Most of the previous studies on immune dysregulation in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have focused on T cell immunity. We investigated B cell subpopulations in ESRD patients and the effect of hemodialysis (HD) on B cell-associated immune profiles in these patients. Forty-four ESRD [maintenance HD patients (n = 27) and pre-dialysis patients (n = 17)] and 27 healthy volunteers were included in this study. We determined the percentage of B cell subtypes, such as mature and immature B cells, memory B cells, and interleukin (IL)-10+ cells, as well as B cell-producing cytokines (IL-10, IL-4 and IL-21) by florescent activated cell sorting (FACS). B cell-associated gene expression was examined using real-time PCR and B cell producing cytokines (IL-10, IL-4 and IL-21) were determined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The percentage of total B cells and mature B cells did not differ significantly among the three groups. The percentages of memory B cells were significantly higher in the pre-dialysis group than in the HD group (P 0.05) between the two subgroups within the ESRD group, but the serum IL-10 concentration was significantly lower in the pre-dialysis group (P < 0.01). The results of this study demonstrate significantly altered B cell-associated immunity. Specifically, an imbalance of immature and memory B cells in ESRD patients was observed, with this finding predominating in pre-dialysis patients.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Adult , Antigens, CD19/metabolism , B-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , B-Lymphocytes/immunology , Cytokines/biosynthesis , Female , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Kidney Failure, Chronic/immunology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , Proto-Oncogene Proteins/genetics , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110120

ABSTRACT

Estrogen has anti-colorectal cancer effects which are thought to be mediated by mismatch repair gene (MMR) activity. Estrogen receptor (ER) expression is associated with microRNA (miRNA) expression in ER-positive tumors. However, studies of direct link between estrogen (especially estradiol E2), miRNA expression, and MMR in colorectal cancer (CRC) have not been done. In this study, we first evaluated the effects of estradiol (E2) and its antagonist ICI182,780 on the expression of miRNAs (miR-31, miR-155 and miR-135b) using COLO205, SW480 and MCF-7 cell lines, followed by examining the association of tissue miRNA expression and serum E2 levels using samples collected from 18 colorectal cancer patients. E2 inhibited the expressions of miRNAs in COLO205 cells, which could be reversed by E2 antagonist ICI 182.780. The expression of miR-135b was inversely correlated with serum E2 level and ER-beta mRNA expression in CRC patients' cancer tissues. There were significant correlations between serum E2 level and expression of ER-beta, miR-135b, and MMR in colon cancer tissue. This study suggests that the effects of estrogen on MMR function may be related to regulating miRNA expression via ER-beta, which may be the basis for the anti-cancer effect in colorectal cells.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Adult , Aged , Cell Line, Tumor , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , DNA Mismatch Repair/genetics , Estradiol/analogs & derivatives , Estrogen Antagonists/pharmacology , Estrogen Receptor beta/genetics , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Male , MicroRNAs/genetics , Middle Aged , MutS Homolog 2 Protein/genetics , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , RNA, Messenger/biosynthesis
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-60507

ABSTRACT

Cervical cancer is the second most common gynecological cancer among Korean women. While nationwide screening program has developed, the pathogenesis of cervical cancer is unknown. The aim of this study was to compare the protein expression profiles between cervical squamous carcinomas and normal cervical tissues in order to identify proteins that are related to the cancer. Three cervical cancer tissue samples and three normal cervical tissue samples were obtained and protein expression was compared and was identified in the samples with the use of matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). A total of 20 proteins that showed up-regulated expression in the cervical cancer tissue samples were selected and identified. Seven proteins were matched to allograft inflammatory factor 1 (AIF-1), actine-like protein 2 (ALP2), brain type fatty acid-binding protein (B-FABP), NCK adaptor protein 1 (NCK-1), islet cell autoantigen 1 (ICA69), cationic trypsinogen (PRSS1), and cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4), but the remaining 13 proteins were unidentifiable. After confirmation by RT-PCR, Western blotting and immunohistochemistry, we found that B-FABP, NCK-1, and CDK4 were related to the pathogenesis of cervical cancer. These proteins are suggested as candidates of new pathological tumor markers for cervical cancer.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Blotting, Western , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4/genetics , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins/genetics , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Oncogene Proteins/genetics , Proteomics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/metabolism
17.
Bauru; s.n; 2011. 86 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-865824

ABSTRACT

A lesão central de células gigantes (LCCG) é uma afecção benigna dos maxilares, de comportamento biológico incerto, variando de discreta tumefação assintomática e de crescimento lento à uma forma agressiva, associada a dor, reabsorção radicular e óssea, com destruição cortical. Sua etiologia permanece desconhecida, havendo controvérsias entre processo reacional, neoplásico ou genético. Mutações no gene SH3BP2 foram identificadas em pacientes com querubismo, condição que compartilha várias características clínicas, radiográficas e histopatológicas com a LCCG. Para testar a hipótese de que tais mutações seriam responsáveis por, ou estariam associadas a LCCG e na tentativa de melhor entender a diferenciação microscópica/morfométrica das lesões agressivas e não agressivas, vinte e cinco pacientes portadores de LCCG foram selecionados para o estudo. O DNA foi obtido através do sangue e de espécimes em blocos de parafina, oriundos de biópsias e tratamento cirúrgico. Um estudo microscópico morfométrico foi paralelamente realizado, para avaliar o número de células gigantes e densidade de volume das mesmas nas lesões agressivas e não agressivas. O sequenciamento genético dos treze exons do gene SH3BP2 nos vinte e cinco pacientes estudados evidenciou uma alteração no códon do exon 4 em 10 pacientes. A densidade de volume de células gigantes foi maior nas lesões agressivas quando comparadas às não agressivas (p=0,013). Não houve diferença significante quanto ao número de células gigantes/mm2 em lesões agressivas e não agressivas (p =0,245).


Central giant cell lesion (CGCL) is a benign disease of the jaws, with uncertain behavior, ranging from mild asymptomatic slow-growing swelling to an aggressive form, with pain, radicular and bone resorption and cortical destruction. Its aetiology is still unknown and there is discussion whether it is a reactive, neoplastic or genetic disease. Mutations on gene SH3BP3 were identified in patients with cherubism, which shares several clinical, radiographic and histopathological features with CGCL. In order to test the hypothesis that such mutations would be responsible for or would be related to CGCL and also in order to better understand microscopic morphometric differentiation of the aggressive and non-aggressive lesions, 25 patients with CGCL were selected to this study. DNA was extracted from blood samples and from tissue samples, obtained by biopsy or surgical treatment. Microscopic morphometric assessment was also performed, in order to evaluate the number and the volume density of the giant cells in aggressive and in non-aggressive lesions. Gene sequencing of all 13 exons in gene SH3BP3, performed on each of the 25 patients, showed an alteration in one codon from exon 4, in ten patients. Volume density of giant cells was greater in aggressive lesions than in non-aggressive ones (p=0,013). There was no significant difference on the number of giant cells per mm2 when comparing aggressive and non-aggressive lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Giant Cells/pathology , Granuloma, Giant Cell/genetics , Granuloma, Giant Cell/pathology , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Biopsy , Cell Count , Exons/genetics , Photomicrography , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Statistics, Nonparametric
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-210395

ABSTRACT

We previously reported that mice lacking JSAP1 (jsap1-/-) were lethal and the brain of jsap1-/- at E18.5 exhibited multiple types of developmental defects, which included impaired axon projection of the corpus callosum and anterior commissures. In the current study, we examined whether the early telencephalic commissures were formed abnormally from the beginning of initial development or whether they arose normally, but have been progressively lost their maintenance in the absence of JSAP1. The early corpus callosum in the brain of jsap1+/+ at E15.5-E16.5 was found to cross the midline with forming a distinct U-shaped tract, whereas the early axonal tract in jsap1-/- appeared to cross the midline in a diffuse manner, but the lately arriving axons did not cross the midline. In the brain of jsap1-/- at E17.5, the axon terminals of lately arriving collaterals remained within each hemisphere, forming an early Probst's bundle-like shape. The early anterior commissure in the brain of jsap1+/+ at E14.5-E15.5 crossed the midline, whereas the anterior commissure in jsap1-/- developed, but was deviated from their normal path before approaching the midline. The axon tracts of the corpus callosum and anterior commissure in the brain of jsap1-/- at E16.5-E17.5 expressed phosphorylated forms of FAK and JNK, however, their expression levels in the axonal tracts were reduced compared to the respective controls in jsap1+/+. Considering the known scaffolding function of JSAP1 for the FAK and JNK pathways, these results suggest that JSAP1 is required for the pathfinding of the developing telencephalic commissures in the early brains.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Animals , Brain/embryology , Female , Focal Adhesion Kinase 1/genetics , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/genetics , Mice , Mice, Knockout , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics , Pregnancy , Telencephalon/embryology
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-31560

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the spectrum of chromosomal abnormalities in 325 leukemia patients and developed optimal profiles of leukemic fusion genes for multiplex RT-PCR. We prospectively analyzed blood and bone marrow specimens of patients with acute leukemia. Twenty types of chromosomal abnormalities were detected in 42% from all patients by commercially available multiplex RT-PCR for detecting 28 fusion genes and in 35% by cytogenetic analysis including FISH analysis. The most common cytogenetic aberrations in acute myeloid leukemia patients was PML/PARA, followed by AML1/MGT8 and MLL1, and in acute lymphoid leukemia patients was BCR/ABL, followed by TEL/AML1 and MLL1 gene rearrangement. Among the negative results for multiplex RT-PCR, clinically significant t(3;3)(q21;q26.2), t(8;14)(q24;q32) and i(17)(q10) were detected by conventional cytogenetics. The spectrum and frequency of chromosomal abnormalities in our leukemia patients are differed from previous studies, and may offer optimal profiles of leukemic fusion genes for the development of new molecular detection systems.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14 , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17 , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 3 , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 , Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit/genetics , Female , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl/genetics , Gene Rearrangement , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Leukemia/diagnosis , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein/genetics , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/diagnosis , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-102681

ABSTRACT

Radiation is the most useful treatment modality for cancer patients. It initiates a series of signal cascades such as DNA damage response (DDR) signaling for repairing damaged DNA, arresting the cell cycle, and inducing cell death. Until now, few genes have been found to be regulated by radiation, which explains the molecular mechanisms of cellular responses to radiation. Although the transcriptional changes caused by radiation have been widely investigated, little is known about the direct evidence for the transcriptional control of DDR-related genes. Here, we examined the radiosensitivity of two non-small cell lung cancer cell lines (H460 and H1299), which have different p53 status. We monitored the time-dependent changes of 24 DDR-related gene expressions via microarray analysis. Based on the basal expression levels and temporal patterns, we further classified 24 DDR-related genes into four subgroups. Then, we also addressed the protein levels of several DDR-related genes such as TopBP1, Chk1 and Chk2, confirming the results of microarray analysis. Together, these results indicate that the expression patterns of DDR-related genes are associated with radiosensitivity and with the p53 statuses of H460 and H1299, which adds to the understanding of the complex biological responses to radiation.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Survival/radiation effects , DNA Damage/radiation effects , DNA Repair Enzymes/genetics , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/radiation effects , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Radiation Tolerance/genetics , Signal Transduction
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