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Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 245-252, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928805


BACKGROUND@#Lung cancer is the cancer with the highest mortality at home and abroad at present. The detection of lung nodules is a key step to reducing the mortality of lung cancer. Artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis system presents as the state of the art in the area of nodule detection, differentiation between benign and malignant and diagnosis of invasive subtypes, however, a validation with clinical data is necessary for further application. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis system in predicting the invasive subtypes of early‑stage lung adenocarcinoma appearing as pulmonary nodules.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 223 patients with early-stage lung adenocarcinoma appearing as pulmonary nodules admitted to the Lanzhou University Second Hospital from January 1st, 2016 to December 31th, 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, which were divided into invasive adenocarcinoma group (n=170) and non-invasive adenocarcinoma group (n=53), and the non-invasive adenocarcinoma group was subdivided into minimally invasive adenocarcinoma group (n=31) and preinvasive lesions group (n=22). The malignant probability and imaging characteristics of each group were compared to analyze their predictive ability for the invasive subtypes of early-stage lung adenocarcinoma. The concordance between qualitative diagnostic results of artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis of the invasive subtypes of early-stage lung adenocarcinoma and postoperative pathology was then analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In different invasive subtypes of early-stage lung adenocarcinoma, the mean CT value of pulmonary nodules (P<0.001), diameter (P<0.001), volume (P<0.001), malignant probability (P<0.001), pleural retraction sign (P<0.001), lobulation (P<0.001), spiculation (P<0.001) were significantly different. At the same time, it was also found that with the increased invasiveness of different invasive subtypes of early-stage lung adenocarcinoma, the proportion of dominant signs of each group gradually increased. On the issue of binary classification, the sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve (AUC) values of the artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis system for the qualitative diagnosis of invasive subtypes of early-stage lung adenocarcinoma were 81.76%, 92.45% and 0.871 respectively. On the issue of three classification, the accuracy, recall rate, F1 score, and AUC values of the artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis system for the qualitative diagnosis of invasive subtypes of early-stage lung adenocarcinoma were 83.86%, 85.03%, 76.46% and 0.879 respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis system could predict the invasive subtypes of early‑stage lung adenocarcinoma appearing as pulmonary nodules, and has a certain predictive value. With the optimization of algorithms and the improvement of data, it may provide guidance for individualized treatment of patients.

Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/pathology , Artificial Intelligence , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Retrospective Studies
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936055


Adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG) is at a special anatomic site with obviously higher morbidity of postoperative complication than gastric cancers at other sites. Postoperative quality of life and survival rate are influenced by the occurrence of complications. Moreover, the perioperative complications are associated with multiple factors such as patient factors (advanced age, obesity and preoperative nutritional status), surgical factors (surgical route, surgical procedure, resection range and prophylactic multivisceral resection), tumor factors (size, stage) etc. Optimizing perioperative management and formulating standardized surgical methods are the key points to prevent postoperative complications of AEG. In conclusion, we should strive to ensure the radical resection and reduce the occurrence of postoperative complications in order to truly benefit patients.

Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Gastrectomy , Humans , Neoplasm Staging , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936051


A greater controversy remains in clinical diagnosis and treatment of Siewert type II adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG), compared with Siewert type I and III AEG. In 2018, the first edition of Chinese Expert Consensus on the Surgical Treatment for Adenocarcinoma of Esophagogastric Junction was published in the Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery. In the past few years, the advance in minimally invasive thoracoscopic surgery has been proven to reduce thoracic trauma in Siewert type II AEG. Meanwhile, distal thoracic esophagectomy can achieve more complete resection, and upper abdomen-right thoracic approach can ensure the mediastinal lymph node dissection and improve long-term survival. The concept and practice of endoscopic surgery and the comprehensive treatment also give new supplements to the treatment regimen of Siewert type II AEG. More clinical researches should be conducted to address the surgical residual safety and lymph node dissection issues.

Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Gastrectomy , Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Thoracic Surgery
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936050


The incidence of Siewert type II adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG) is increasing year by year. Due to its special anatomical location and biological behavior, the treatment of AEG is still controversial in terms of lymph node dissection, the esophageal resection margin, range of gastrectomy, and the choice of reconstruction modality for postoperative gastrointestinal tract. The advent of the minimally invasive era has brought the treatment of Siewert type II AEG to a stage of gradual improvement and standardization. Experts of China are also actively exploring the value of minimally invasive surgery in the treatment of AEG through multicenter trials (CLASS-10, etc.). It is believed that based on the active development of many clinical studies, basic experimental studies and large prospective clinical studies, the strengthening of communication and cooperation among various disciplines and the innovative application of new technologies can bring greater survival benefits to patients.

Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Gastrectomy , Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 419-424, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935556


Objective: To investigate the tumor immunity-related pathologic features and clinical significance in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Methods: All pathologic materials and clinical information of 192 PDAC patients from the Cancer Hospital of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences from January 2010 to December 2020 were collected. The onco-immune microenvironment associated morphologic features were evaluated, and MHC-Ⅰ, PD-L1, CD3, and CD8 expression were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Then the correlation between the factors and their influence on prognosis was analyzed. Results: There were 163 cases of non-specific adenocarcinoma (163/192, 84.90%), 18 cases of adeno-squamous carcinoma (18/192, 9.37%), and 11 cases of other rare subtypes (11/192, 5.73%). Perineural invasion was observed in 110 cases (110/192, 57.29%) and vascular invasion in 86 cases (86/192, 44.79%). There were 84 cases (84/182, 46.15%) with severe chronic inflammation. Tumor infiltrating immune cell numbers (TII-N) were increased in 52 cases (52/192, 27.08%). Lymphocytes and plasma cells were the main infiltrating immune cells in 60 cases (60/192, 31.25%), whereas in 34 cases (34/192, 17.71%) the tumors were mainly infiltrated by granulocytes, and 98 cases (98/192, 51.04%) showed mixed infiltration. CD3+T cells were deficient in 124 cases (124/192, 66.31%). CD8+T cells were deficient in 152 cases (152/192, 79.58%). MHC-Ⅰ expression was down-regulated in 156 cases (156/192, 81.25%), and PD-L1 was positive (CPS≥1) in 46 cases (46/192, 23.96%). Statistical analysis showed that TII-N was negatively correlated with vascular invasion (P=0.035), perineural invasion (P=0.002), stage (P=0.004) and long-term alcohol consumption (P=0.039). The type of immune cells correlated positively with chronic pancreatic inflammation (P=0.002), and negatively with tumor differentiation (P=0.024). CD8+T cells were positively correlated with CD3+T cells (P=0.032), MHC-Ⅰ expression (P<0.001) and PD-L1 expression (P=0.001), and negatively correlated with long-term smoking (P=0.016). Univariate analysis showed that histological nonspecific type (P=0.013) and TII-N (P<0.001) were the factors for good prognosis. Vascular invasion (P=0.032), perineural invasion (P=0.001), high stage (P=0.003) and long-term alcohol consumption (P=0.004) were adverse prognostic factors. COX multivariate risk analysis found that TII-N was an independent favorable factor for PDAC, while perineural invasion was an independent adverse risk factor. Conclusions: TII-N is an independent superior prognostic factor for PDAC, and significantly correlated with many factors; chronic alcohol consumption and smoking may inhibit onco-immunity in PDAC patients.

Adenocarcinoma/pathology , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal/pathology , Humans , Inflammation/pathology , Lymphocytes, Tumor-Infiltrating/metabolism , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Tumor Microenvironment
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 96-102, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935483


Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features of very well-differentiated adenocarcinoma (VWDA) of the stomach. Methods: The clinicopathological data of 12 cases of VWDA of the stomach were collected retrospectively at the People's Liberation Army Joint Logistics Support Force 989 Hospital (formerly 152 Hospital), Pingdingshan, China, from January 2013 to May 2021. The histological characteristics and immunophenotypes were observed and analyzed with review of current literature. Results: There were 8 males and 4 females with a median age of 63 years (range 47 to 80 years). The tumor involved in the upper part of the stomach in 6 cases, the middle part in 2 cases, and the lower part in 4 cases. The median diameter of the tumors was 17 mm (range 5-65 mm). The tumor cells were similar to absorbent cells, Paneth cells, foveolar epithelial cells, and goblet cells. The cells were arranged in a single layer, and the nuclei were slightly enlarged and located at the base. The nuclei were fusiform to slightly irregular, with loss of nuclear polarity. Early tubular VWDA was found in 9 cases, and the tumor glands were similar to intestinal metaplasia. In two cases the tumors infiltrated into the submucosa. The lesions in the mucosa and submucosa showed the glands with cystic expansion, bending, branching, spiky and abortive growth pattern. One case of early papillary tubular VWDA was confined to the mucosal layer and composed of foveolar-type epithelial cells. There were two cases of advanced papillary tubular VWDA, which consisted of foveolar-type epithelial, pyloric glands, or mucinous neck cells and were associated with intra-lymphatic cancer embolus and lymph node metastases. Background mucosal atrophy and intestinal metaplasia were observed in all cases. Immunohistochemical staining showed intestinal type VWDA in 1 case, mixed gastrointestinal type VWDA in 9 cases, and gastric type VWDA in 2 cases. The Ki-67 proliferation index of 8 cases limited to the mucosa was 40%-70%, 2 cases of infiltration into the submucosa and 2 cases of advanced carcinoma was 10%-25%. All the tumors showed a wild type of p53 protein expression pattern and negative HER2. Adenocarcinoma or high-grade dysplasia was diagnosed on preoperative biopsy in 5 cases, and chronic atrophic gastritis with intestinal metaplasia in 7 cases. The median follow-up time was 28 months (range 12-72 months). No recurrence was found in the 10 patients with early cancer. Of the two patients with advanced carcinoma, one patient had lung metastases and the other died. Conclusions: Gastric VWDA is a rare low-grade malignancy with structural features of highly differentiated adenocarcinoma and extremely low cytological atypia. The diagnostic value of structural abnormality is significantly greater than cytological atypia. The invasive growth of irregular glands in the deep mucosa and submucosa is reliable evidence for diagnosis. The diagnosis of intramucosal VWDA is challenging and very difficult in some biopsy specimens.

Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Humans , Hyperplasia/pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 321-325, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935215


Pulmonary enteric adenocarcinoma (PEAC), as a rare histologic subtype of primary lung adenocarcinoma, is defined as an adenocarcinoma in which the enteric component exceeds 50%. It is named after its shared morphological and immunohistochemical features with colorectal cancer. While with such similarity, the differential diagnosis of PEAC and lung metastatic colorectal cancer is a great challenge in the clinic. PEAC may originate from the intestinal metaplasia of respiratory basal cells stimulated by risk factors such as smoking. Current studies have found that KRAS is a relatively high-frequency mutation gene, and other driver gene mutations are rare. In terms of immunohistochemistry, in pulmonary enteric adenocarcinoma, the positive rate was 88.2% (149/169) for CK7, 78.1% (132/169) for CDX2, 48.2% (82/170) for CK20 and 38.8% (66/170) for TTF1. As for clinical features, the average age of onset for pulmonary enteric adenocarcinoma was 62 years, male patients accounted for 56.5% (35/62), smokers accounted for 78.8% (41/52), and 41.4% (24/58) of the primary lesion was located in the upper lobe of the right lung. In terms of treatment, conventional non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) regimens rather than colorectal cancer regimens are now recommended. There is still an urgent need for more basic and clinical research, in-depth exploration of its molecular feature and pathogenesis from the level of omics and other aspects, to help diagnosis and differential diagnosis, and find the optimal chemotherapy regimen, possibly effective targeted therapy and even immunotherapy.

Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/diagnosis , Colonic Neoplasms/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Male , Middle Aged
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927847


Objective To investigate the correlations of diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) with pathological grading,typing and clinical staging of cervical adenocarcinoma. Methods The data of 95 patients with cervical adenocarcinoma from May 2011 to February 2018 in Cancer Hospital Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences were collected for retrospective analysis.Before treatment,conventional MRI and DWI (b=0,800 s/mm2) were performed,and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value of cervical adenocarcinoma was measured.The ADC values were compared among different pathological grades,types,and clinical stages. Results The mean ADC value was (1.00±0.25)×10-3 mm2/s in the poorly differentiation group,(1.09±0.25)×10-3 mm2/s in the moderately differentiation group,and (1.22±0.20)×10-3 mm2/s in the well differentiation group,which showed significant difference between the poorly and well differentiation groups (P=0.002).The mean ADC values were (1.04±0.24) ×10-3 mm2/s and (1.21±0.26)×10-3 mm2/s in the endocervical adenocarcinoma (usual type) group and mucinous carcinoma group,respectively,which showed significant difference (P=0.005). Conclusions The worse differentiation of cervical adenocarcinoma corresponded to the lower ADC value.The ADC value of mucinous carcinoma was higher than that of endocervical adenocarcinoma (usual type).

Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Retrospective Studies , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 19(1): 51-53, março 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361751


A metastização ganglionar cervical por neoplasia da próstata é rara, sendo ainda menos frequente como manifestação inicial da doença. O presente estudo é um relato de um caso clínico de uma pessoa do sexo masculino, com 72 anos, que apresentava massa cervical esquerda, indolor, com 2 meses de evolução e dores ósseas lombar e torácica. A citologia aspirativa por agulha fina com estudo imuno-histoquímico revelou positividade para o antígeno prostático específico, concluindo se tratar de metástase ganglionar de carcinoma da próstata. Analiticamente, constatou-se que o valor do antígeno prostático específico foi maior que 1.000ng/mL, além da elevação da fosfatase alcalina. A cintilografia óssea de corpo inteiro revelou envolvimento ósseo secundário. Após o diagnóstico, o paciente iniciou hormonoterapia e recusou radioterapia com intuito paliativo. Oito meses após o diagnóstico, constatou-se a recorrência da doença, com elevação do valor do antígeno prostático específico novamente. Dessa forma, relata-se um caso de neoplasia da próstata com metastização óssea e ganglionar cervical esquerda em um indivíduo assintomático do ponto de vista urológico. Salienta-se que, no diagnóstico diferencial de adenopatias cervicais, deve-se considerar a neoplasia da próstata em pessoas do sexo masculino. (AU)

Cervical lymph nodes involvement is rare in prostate cancer and uncommon as an initial manifestation. This study is a clinical case report of a 72-year-old man who presented with a left cervical painless mass of 2-month progression, and bone pain on the lumbar and thoracic regions. Fine-needle aspiration cytology with immunohistochemistry staining was performed and revealed positivity for prostate-specific antigen consistent with prostate adenocarcinoma metastasis. Blood tests revealed a prostate-specific antigen of more than 1,000ng/mL, as well as high alkaline phosphatase. Whole-body bone scan showed secondary bone involvement. Following diagnosis, the patient started hormonal therapy and refused palliative radiotherapy. Eight months after diagnosis, recurrence was observed, with prostate-specific antigen elevation again. Thus, a clinical case of prostate cancer with bone and cervical lymph node metastasis in a patient with no urologic symptoms is reported. It should be noted that prostate cancer shall always be considered in the differential diagnosis of cervical lymphadenopathies in male patients. (AU)

Humans , Male , Aged , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Bone Neoplasms/secondary , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Superior Cervical Ganglion , Lymphadenopathy/etiology , Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Bone Neoplasms/diagnosis , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Fatal Outcome , Lymphadenopathy/diagnosis , Lymphatic Metastasis
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(3): e1616, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355520


ABSTRACT Background: Gastric and esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma are responsible for approximately 13.5% of cancer-related deaths. Given the fact that these tumors are not typically detected until they are already in the advanced stages, neoadjuvancy plays a fundamental role in improving long-term survival. Identification of those with complete pathological response (pCR) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is a major challenge, with effects on organ preservation, extent of resection, and additional surgery. There is little or no information in the literature about which endoscopic signs should be evaluated after NAC, or even when such re-evaluation should occur. Aim: To describe the endoscopic aspects of patients with gastric and esophagogastric junction adenocarcinomas who underwent NAC and achieved pCR, and to determine the accuracy of esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) in predicting the pCR. Methods: A survey was conducted of the medical records of patients with these tumors who were submitted to gastrectomy after NAC, with anatomopathological result of pCR. Results: Twenty-nine patients were identified who achieved pCR after NAC within the study period. Endoscopic responses were used to classify patients into two groups: G1-endoscopic findings consistent with pCR and G2-endoscopic findings not consistent with pCR. Endoscopic evaluation in G1 was present in an equal percentage (47.4%; p=0.28) in Borrmann classification II and III. In this group, the predominance was in the gastric body (57.9%; p=0.14), intestinal subtype with 42.1% (p=0.75), undifferentiated degree, 62.5% (p=0.78), Herb+ in 73.3% (p=0.68). The most significant finding, however, was that the time interval between NAC and EGD was longer for G1 than G2 (24.4 vs. 10.2 days, p=0.008). Conclusion: EGD after NAC seems to be a useful tool for predicting pCR, and it may be possible to use it to create a reliable response classification. In addition, the time interval between NAC and EGD appears to significantly influence the predictive power of endoscopy for pCR.

RESUMO Racional: O adenocarcinoma gástrico e da junção esofagogástrica é responsável por aproximadamente 13,5% das mortes relacionadas ao câncer. Dado que esses tumores não são normalmente detectados até que já estejam em estágios avançados, a neoadjuvância desempenha um papel fundamental na melhoria da sobrevida em longo prazo. A identificação daqueles com resposta patológica completa (pCR) após a quimioterapia neoadjuvante (NAC) é um grande desafio, com efeitos na preservação do órgão, extensão da ressecção e cirurgia adicional. Há pouca ou nenhuma informação na literatura sobre quais sinais endoscópicos devem ser avaliados após a NAC, ou mesmo quando essa reavaliação deve ocorrer. Objetivo: Descrever os aspectos endoscópicos de pacientes com adenocarcinoma gástrico e da junção esofagogástrica que foram submetidos à quimioterapia neoadjuvante e alcançaram pCR, e determinar a acurácia da esofagogastroduodenoscopia (EGD) em predizer a pCR. Métodos: Foram revisados os prontuários de pacientes submetidos à gastrectomia subtotal e total após NAC, com resultado anatomopatológico de pCR. Resultados: Vinte e nove pacientes que alcançaram pCR após NAC foram identificados no período estudado. As respostas endoscópicas foram usadas para classificar os pacientes em dois grupos: G1- achados endoscópicos consistentes com pCR, G2 - achados endoscópicos não consistentes com pCR. A avaliação endoscópica no G1 esteve presente em igual percentual (47,4%; p=0,28) na classificação de Borrmann II e III. Nesse grupo, a predominância foi no corpo gástrico (57,9%; p=0,14), subtipo intestinal com 42,1% (p=0,75), grau indiferenciado, 62,5% (p=0,78), Herb+ em 73,3% (p=0,68). O achado mais significativo, no entanto, foi que o intervalo de tempo entre NAC e EGD foi maior para G1 do que G2 (24,4 vs. 10,2 dias, p=0,008). Conclusão: A EGD após NAC, nessa pesquisa, sugeriu ser método útil para prever pCR, mediante uma classificação de resposta confiável. Além disso, o intervalo de tempo entre NAC e EGD parece influenciar significativamente a sua capacidade preditiva de diagnosticar a pCR.

Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Stomach Neoplasms/drug therapy , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Treatment Outcome , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Endoscopy , Esophagogastric Junction , Neoplasm Staging
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888496


To investigate whether chemotherapy could prolong the postoperative survival time in patients with early stages pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). A total of 5280 stage ⅠA -ⅡB PDAC patients diagnosed from 2010 to 2015 were selected from surveillance,epidemiology,and end results (SEER) database. Propensity score matching (PSM) analysis was adopted to reduce the baseline differences between the groups. Univariate survival analysis was conducted with the Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariate survival analysis was performed with the Cox proportional hazards model. Univariate and multivariate survival analyses showed that age, differentiation, stage, chemotherapy were independent risk factors for the survival of PDAC patients. After PSM, it is found that adjuvant chemotherapy could prolong the median overall survival time (mOS) for stage ⅠB, ⅡA and ⅡB patients. However, for stage ⅠA patients, there were no significant differences in 3-year survival rate and mOS between patients with chemotherapy (=283) and without chemotherapy (=229) (57.4% vs 55.6%, vs all >0.05). Further analyses show that among 101 patients with well differentiated PDAC and 294 patients with moderately differentiated PDAC, there were no significant differences in survival rate and mOS between patients with and without chemotherapy (all >0.05). Among 117 patients with low-differentiated + undifferentiated PDAC, 3-year survival rate and mOS in patients with chemotherapy were significantly better than those without chemotherapy (48.5% vs 34.1%, vs all <0.05). Chemotherapy regimen used currently is not beneficial for patients with moderately and well differentiated stage ⅠA PDAC, but it is an independent prognostic factor for low-differentiated + undifferentiated PDAC patients.

Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal/surgery , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Humans , Neoplasm Staging , Pancreatic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Prognosis , Propensity Score
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(10): 642-648, Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144161


Abstract Objective To evaluate the agreement between the histopathological diagnoses of preoperative endometrial samples and surgical specimens and correlate the agreement between the diagnoses with the impact on surgical management and the survival of patients with endometrial adenocarcinomas. Methods Sixty-two patients treated for endometrial cancer at a university hospital from 2002 to 2011 were retrospectively evaluated. The histopathological findings of preoperative endometrial samples and of surgical specimens were analyzed. The patients were subjected to hysterectomy as well as adjuvant treatment, if necessary, and clinical follow-up, according to the institutional protocol. Lesions were classified as endometrioid tumor (type 1) grades 1, 2, or 3 or non-endometrioid carcinoma (type 2). Results The agreement between the histopathological diagnoses based on preoperative endometrial samples and surgical specimens was fair (Kappa: 0.40; p < 0.001). However, the agreement was very significant for tumor type and grade, in which a higher concordance occurred at a higher grade. The percentage of patients with lymph nodes affected was 19.2%;. Although most patients presenting with disease remission or cure were in the early stages (90.5%;), there were no significant differences between those patients who had a misdiagnosis (11/16; 68.8%;) and those who had a correct diagnosis (25/33; 75.8%;) based on preoperative endometrial sampling (p = 0.605). Conclusion Our findings corroborate the literature and confirm the under staging of preoperative endometrial samples based on histopathological assessment, especially for lower grade endometrial tumors. We suggest that the preoperative diagnosis should be complemented with other methods to better plan the surgical management strategy.

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a concordância entre os diagnósticos histopatológicos de amostras endometriais pré-operatórias e cirúrgicas de pacientes com adenocarcinomas endometriais e avaliar o impacto da concordância entre os diagnósticos no planejamento cirúrgico e sobrevida das pacientes. Métodos Dados de 62 pacientes com câncer de endométrio operadas entre 2002 a 2011 em um hospital universitário foram avaliadas retrospectivamente. As pacientes foram submetidas à histerectomia e tratamento adjuvante, se necessário, e acompanhadas clinicamente de acordo com o protocolo institucional. Foram avaliados os resultados das análises histopatológicas das amostras endometriais pré-operatórias e cirúrgicas. As lesões foram classificadas como tumor endometrioide (tipo 1) graus 1, 2 ou 3 ou carcinoma não endometrioide (tipo 2). Resultados De modo geral, houve uma concordância baixa entre os diagnósticos histopatológicos das amostras endometriais pré-operatórias e cirúrgicas (Kappa: 0,40; p < 0,001). Entretanto, uma alta concordância entre os diagnósticos foi observada nos tumores de graus mais elevados. Comprometimento de linfonodos ocorreu em 19,2%; das pacientes e a maioria das que apresentaram remissão ou cura foram diagnosticadas nos estágios iniciais da doença (90,5%;). Não houve diferença significativa na taxa de remissão ou cura entre as pacientes que tiveram concordância (25/33; 75,8%;) ou divergência (11/16; 68,8%;) entre os resultados histopatológicos pré-operatórios e cirúrgicos (p = 0,605). Conclusão Nossos achados corroboram a literatura e confirmam o sub-estadiamento de amostras endometriais pré-operatórias com base na avaliação histopatológica, especialmente para tumores endometriais de baixo grau. Outros métodos complementares são necessários para um diagnóstico pré-operatório mais preciso a fim de melhorar o planejamento cirúrgico.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Endometrial Neoplasms/pathology , Pathology, Surgical , Brazil/epidemiology , Survival Analysis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Endometrial Neoplasms/mortality , Preoperative Period , Neoplasm Grading , Hysterectomy , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 18(3): 180-188, mar 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361584


Objetivo: Demonstrar fatores envolvidos nos distúrbios do sono em profissionais que fazem plantões. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo transversal, cuja amostra foi composta de 244 voluntários, plantonistas da área da saúde, sendo 191 do sexo feminino, que responderam a um questionário socioeconômico, associado à aplicação da Escala de Sonolência de Epworth e ao Índice de Qualidade do Sono de Pittsburgh. Os dados foram analisados pelos coeficientes de Spearman e de Kendall Tau, com distribuição de probabilidade gama. Resultados: Houve significância (p<0,05) com o Índice de Qualidade do Sono de Pittsburgh e a atividade física (+0,216), ergonomia (+0,148), filhos (-0,146), valor da remuneração (+0,112) e disfunção durante o dia (+0,352). Também houve significância com a Escala de Sonolência de Epworth e atividade física (+0,138), renda familiar (-0,118), trabalho semanal (-0,151), latência do sono (-0,106), duração do sono (-0,107), eficiência do sono (-0,139) e disfunção durante o dia (+0,170). Por fim, a eficiência do sono teve significiância com profissão (-0,209), tabagismo (+0,402), Escala de Sonolência de Epworth (-0,139) e dissonias com a obesidade (índice de massa corporal >30; razão de chance de 1,40; intervalo de confiança de 95% de 1,02-1,94). Conclusão: As medidas autorrelatadas são prontamente obtidas com questionários validados, como a Escala de Sonolência de Epworth e o Índice de Qualidade do Sono de Pittsburgh, encontrando-se correlações com renda familiar, ter ou não filhos, índice de massa corporal, atividade física, ergonomia, condições de trabalho, tabagismo e componentes biopsicossociais. Em virtude do caráter transversal deste estudo é indispensável mais estudos com maior follow-up

Objective: To demonstrate factors involved in sleep disorders in professionals who take shifts. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study whose sample consists of 244 volunteers, on-duty health workers, 191 females, who answered a socioeconomic questionnaire, associated with application of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Data were analyzed with Spearman's and Kendall Tau coefficients, and gamma probability distribution. Results: There was significance (p<0,05) with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and physical activity (+0,216), ergonomics (+0,148), children (-0,146), the wage (+0,112), dysfunction during the day (+0,352). Also there was significance with the Epworth Sleepiness Scale and physical activity (+0,138), family income (-0,118), weekly workload (-0,151), sleep latency (-0,106), sleep duration (-0,107), sleep efficiency (-0,139), and dysfunction during the day (+0,170). Finally, sleep efficiency was significant with occupation (-0,209), smoking habits (+0,402), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (-0,139), dyssomnia with obesity (body index mass >30; OR of 1,40; CI 95% 1,02-1,94). Conclusion: Self-reported measures are readily obtained with validated questionnaires such as Epworth Sleepiness Scale and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, with correlations with family income, having children or not, body mass index, physical activity, ergonomics, working conditions, smoking habits, and biopsychosocial components. Due to the cross-sectional nature of this study, further research with longer follow-up is indispensable

Humans , Barrett Esophagus/diagnosis , Esophageal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Barrett Esophagus/surgery , Barrett Esophagus/complications , Barrett Esophagus/etiology , Barrett Esophagus/physiopathology , Barrett Esophagus/pathology , Barrett Esophagus/blood , Barrett Esophagus/epidemiology , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophageal Neoplasms/etiology , Esophageal Neoplasms/physiopathology , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Esophageal Neoplasms/blood , Esophageal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/etiology , Adenocarcinoma/physiopathology , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/blood , Adenocarcinoma/epidemiology , Gastroesophageal Reflux/complications
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(5): 266-271, May 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137827


Abstract Objective To observe if the histopathological result of a conization performed after cervical adenocarcinoma in situ diagnosis is compatible with the histopathological analysis of a subsequent hysterectomy. Methods The present descriptive and observational research consisted of the analysis of the medical records of 42 patients who were diagnosed with in situ adenocarcinoma postconization. The analysis consisted of whether there was compatibility between the histopathological reports of conization and hysterectomy and if there was an association between adenocarcinoma in situ and another neoplasia (squamous disease). Interpretation of any immunohistochemistry reports obtained was also performed. In addition, clinical and epidemiological data were also analyzed. Results A total of 42 conizations were performed, 33 (79%) were cold knife conizations and 9 (21%) were loop electrosurgical excision procedures (LEEPs). Of the patients analyzed, 5 (10%) chose not to undergo subsequent hysterectomy to preserve fertility or were < 25 years old. Out of the 37 patients with adenocarcinoma in situ who underwent subsequent hysterectomy, 6 (16%) presented with residual disease. This findingprovedincompatiblewiththe finding of the conizations, which had ruled out invasive cancer. Conclusion The prevalence of adenocarcinoma in situ increased in the past years. There is still a large part of the medical literature that advocates the use of conservative treatment for this disease, even though it is common knowledge that it is a multifocal disease. However, the majority of studies advocate that hysterectomy should remain the preferred treatment for women who have already completed their reproductive purpose.

Resumo Objetivo Observar se o resultado proveniente de uma conização realizada após o diagnóstico de adenocarcinoma cervical in situ é compatível com a análise histopatológica da histerectomia. Métodos A pesquisa foi descritiva e observacional e consistiu na análise de prontuário de 42 pacientes que tiveram o diagnóstico de adenocarcinoma in situ obtidas por conização. Foram analisados se havia compatibilidade entre os laudos de conização e histerectomia, margens do cone, se havia associação com outra patologia (doença escamosa) e interpretação de eventuais laudos histoquímicos obtidos. Além disso, também foram analisados dados clínico-epidemiológicos. Resultados Foram realizadas 42 conizações, sendo 33 (79%) por cone clássico e 9 (21%) por cirurgia de alta frequência. Das pacientes analisadas, 5 (10%) não foram submetidas a histerectomia por desejarem manter a fertilidade ou por terem idade < 25 anos. Das 37 pacientes com adenocarcinoma in situ no exame prévio realizado e que foram submetidas à histerectomia posteriormente, 6 (16%) apresentaram doença residual após o procedimento cirúrgico, apresentando laudos do anatomopatológico pós-histerectomia incompatíveis com o achado na conização que atestava margens livres. Conclusão A prevalência do adenocarcinoma in situ vemaumentando cada vez mais. Ainda há uma grande parte da literatura que defende o uso do tratamento conservador para esta doença, mesmo sabendo que ela é uma doença multifocal e que pode estar presente mesmo em situações nas quais o anatomopatológico evidencie margens livres. Tendo em vista essas características, a maioria preconiza que a histerectomia continua a ser o tratamento preferencial nas mulheres que já completaram o seu intuito reprodutivo.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Conization , Neoplasm Invasiveness/diagnosis , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/surgery , Medical Records , Predictive Value of Tests , Hysterectomy , Neoplasm Invasiveness/pathology
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 247-251, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056430


Nine tumor and various potential biomarkers were measured and combined the information to diagnose disease, all patients accepted fiber bronchoscopy brush liquid based cytologyand histopathology examination in order to reliably detect lung cancer. The samples from 314 Chinese lung cancer patients were obtained and CK5/6, P63, P40, CK7, TTF-1, NapsinA CD56, Syn and CgA were measured with the immunohistochemical SP method and analyzed correlation of the expression of these markers with pathological and clinical features of squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and small cell lung carcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and small cell carcinoma were 61 cases, 114 cases and 139 cases,CK5/6 and P63 expression were more frequent in squamous cell carcinoma, with sensitivity and specificity of 77.05 % and 96.44 %, 83.61 % and 88.93 %,and compared with adenocarcinoma and small cell carcinoma difference was statistically significant (P<0.05), The incidences of a positive P40 expression were 100 % in squamous cell carcinoma, with specificity of 98.81 %.CK7, TTF-1 and NapsinA expression were more frequent in adenocarcinoma, with sensitivity and specificity of 85.09 % and 78.69 %, 79.82 % and 93.44 %, 56.14 % and 95.08 %, and compared with squamous cell carcinoma and small cell carcinoma difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). TTF-1, Syn, CgA and CD56 expression were more frequent in adenocarcinoma, with sensitivity and specificity of 86.33 % and 93.44 %, 89.21 % and 98.36 %, 74.10 % and 100 %, 96.40 % and 96.72 %. The combined detection of CK5/6, P63 and P40 were more useful and specific in differentiating squamous cell carcinoma. CK7, TTF-1 and NapsinA were more useful and specific in differentiating lung adenocarcinoma. The impaired CD56, TTF-1, Syn and CgA reflects the progression of small cell lung cancer.

Se midieron tumores y utilizaron nueve biomarcadores potenciales y se analizó la información para diagnosticar la enfermedad. A todos los pacientes se les realizó citología en líquido con broncoscopía de fibra y examen histopatológico para detectar de manera confiable el cáncer pulmonar. Se obtuvieron muestras de 314 pacientes chinos con cáncer de pulmón y CK5 / 6, P63, P40, CK7, TTF-1, Napsina A, CD56, Syn y CgA se midieron a través de histoquímica SP y analizaron la correlación de la expresión de estos marcadores con características patológicas y clínicas de carcinoma de células escamosas, adenocarcinoma y carcinoma de células pequeñas en el cáncer de pulmón. El carcinoma de células escamosas, el adenocarcinoma y el carcinoma de células pequeñas fueron 61 casos, 114 casos y 139 casos, respectivamente, la expresión de CK5 / 6 y P63 fueron más frecuentes en el carcinoma de células escamosas, con una sensibilidad y especificidad del 77,05 % y 96,44 %, 83,61 % y 88,93 %, y en comparación con el adenocarcinoma y el carcinoma de células pequeñas, la diferencia fue estadísticamente significativa (P <0,05). La incidencia de ap la expresión positiva P40 fue del 100 % en el carcinoma de células escamosas, con una especificidad del 98,81 %. La expresión de CK7, TTF-1 y NapsinA fueron más frecuentes en el adenocarcinoma, con una sensibilidad y especificidad del 85,09 % y 78,69 %, 79,82 % y 93,44 %, 56,14 % y 95,08 %, y en comparación con el carcinoma de células escamosas y la diferencia de carcinoma de células pequeñas fue estadísticamente significativa (P <0,05) .TTF-1, Syn, CgA y la expresión de CD56 fueron más frecuentes en adenocarcinoma, con sensibilidad y especificidad de 86.33 % y 93.44 %, 89.21 % y 98.36 %, 74.10 % y 100 %, 96.40 % y 96.72 %. La detección combinada de CK5 / 6, P63 y P40 fue más útil y específica en la diferenciación del carcinoma de células escamosas. CK7, TTF-1 y NapsinA fueron más útiles y específicos para diferenciar el adenocarcinoma de pulmón. El deterioro de CD56, TTF-1, Syn y CgA refleja la progresión del cáncer de pulmón de células pequeñas.

Humans , Carcinoma/metabolism , Carcinoma/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Peptide Fragments/metabolism , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases/metabolism , Sensitivity and Specificity , Carcinoma, Small Cell/metabolism , Carcinoma, Small Cell/pathology , CD56 Antigen/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/metabolism , Keratins, Type II/metabolism , Keratin-7/metabolism , Thyroid Nuclear Factor 1/metabolism
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 31(1): 2-7, mar. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100300


Introducción: El budding tumor (BT) es la presencia de células tumorales aisladas o en pequeños grupos situadas en el frente de invasión del tumor. Su hallazgo en alto grado es un factor de mal pronóstico independiente del cáncer colorrectal. El objetivo de este trabajo es determinar si el grado de BT está asociado con otros factores pronósticos del cáncer rectal. Material y métodos: Se incluyen las resecciones oncológicas de recto en el período 2013-2017. Los casos se agruparon según la densidad en la formación de los BT en 3 grupos, los de grado bajo, intermedio y alto. Se utilizó como valor estadístico el cálculo del odds ratio (OR). Resultados: Se analizaron las piezas de resección de 27 pacientes (15 mujeres y 12 hombres) con una media de edad de 68,4 años (40-86). Se calculó el OR para invasión ganglionar, vascular y recidiva en función del grado de budding tumoral. Discusión: Se observó una tendencia a la presencia de factores histológicos de mal pronóstico en relación al budding de alto grado, si bien el bajo número de casos no permitió demostrarlo en este estudio. Conclusiones: El análisis del grado de tumor budding es reproducible y podría ayudar a identificar pacientes con cáncer rectal de peor pronóstico. (AU)

Introduction: Tumor budding (BT) is defined as isolated or small groups of neoplastic cells located at the invasive front of the tumor. High-grade BT is a poor prognostic factor in colorectal cancer. Objective: To determine if the degree of BT is associated with other prognostic factors in rectal cancer. Materials and methods: Rectal oncological resections during the 2013-2017 period were included. Cases were stratified according to the density in the formation of BT in 3 groups: low, intermediate and high. The calculation of the odds ratio (OR) was used as a statistical value. Results: The resection specimens of 27 patients (15 women and 12 men) with a mean age of 68.4 years (40-86) were analyzed. OR for node metastases, vascular invasion and relapse was calculated according to tumor budding grade. Discussion: High-grade tumor budding seems to associate with the presence of poor prognostic factors. However, it was not possible to demonstrate it because of the small sample size. Conclusions: Tumor budding is a reproducible marker and could help to identify rectal cancer patients with a worse prognosis. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Rectal Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Prognosis , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Neoplasm Invasiveness/pathology , Neoplasm Staging
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20190395, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132237


Abstract The α-tomatine is a steroidal glycoalkaloid found in immature tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum) that has important biological functions including the inhibition of cancer cell growth and preventing metastasis. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of α-tomatine on cytotoxicity, cellular proliferation, apoptosis, and mRNA expression of APC, CCNA2, β-catenin, CASP9, BAK, BAX and BCL-XL in colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line HT-29. HT29 cells were treated with three concentrations of α-tomatine (0.1, 1 and 10 µg/mL), although only the 1 µg/mL concentration of α-tomatine was used to evaluate genetic expression patterns by real time-PCR. Results showed that α-tomatine was cytotoxic only at the 10 µg/mL concentration. Cell proliferation was significantly inhibited after the first 24 hours of treatment only with concentrations of 10 µg/mL. In contrast, there were no significant differences in apoptosis for any treatment. In the gene expression studies, only APC expression was significantly altered by α-tomatine treatment. In conclusion, α-tomatine has antiproliferative activity in the first 24h of treatment, does not induce apoptosis in this cell line and causes disruption of cell membranes, thereby increasing the expression of APC gene related to cell cycle.

Tomatine/pharmacology , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , RNA, Messenger , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Gene Expression , HT29 Cells , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(3): 407-416, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114915


El adenocarcinoma NOS (no especificado de otra manera) es un tumor salival sin patrón especial poco mencionado en la literatura; su diagnóstico es un desafío porque estructuralmente no se identifica con otros carcinomas salivales más definidos. Por otro lado, Ki67 es un marcador de proliferación celular que brinda información pronóstica de las neoplasias. En cuanto a la mucina humana transmembrana MUC-1 se sobre-expresa en las neoplasias malignas perdiendo su localización exclusivamente apical. Presentamos dos casos de adenocarcinoma NOS diagnosticados con H/E y correlacionamos la expresión de Ki67 y la localización y sobreexpresión de MUC-1 con su grado histológico y pronóstico. Cortes histológicos de dos adenocarcinomas NOS de parótida en mujeres de 62 y 63 años respectivamente se colorearon con H/E e inmunomarcaron para Ki67 y MUC-1. En ambos tumores predominaban estructuras ductales, algunas quísticas, cordones celulares ramificados e islotes sólidos. Las formaciones glandulares presentaban células claras y algunas de aspecto oncocítico. Había importante atipia celular, comedonecrosis, invasión perineural, áreas hemorrágicas y compromiso de los márgenes quirúrgicos. La marcación nuclear con Ki67 fue importante; MUC-1 presentó una fuerte coloración en membranas y citoplasmas. Las dos lesiones se diagnosticaron como de alto grado de malignidad. Nuestros resultados demuestran que existe una importante proliferación marcada con Ki67 y una sobre-expresión de MUC-1 asociadas a atipia celular, infiltración perineural, necrosis y compromiso de márgenes quirúrgicos, factores asociados a un peor pronóstico. El reconocimiento de este tumor es trascendente para médicos y odontólogos ya que por la ausencia de rasgos distintivos que sí presentan otros carcinomas más específicos es fundamental el diagnóstico de exclusión.

Adenocarcinoma NOS (not otherwise specified) is a no special pattern salivary tumor briefly mentioned in the literature; its diagnosis is a challenge because structurally it is not identified with other more definite salivary carcinomas. On the other hand, Ki67 is a marker of cellular proliferation that provides prognostic information of neoplasms. As for human transmembrane mucin, MUC-1 is overexpressed in malignant neoplasms, losing their exclusively apical location. We present two cases of adenocarcinoma NOS diagnosed with H/E and correlate the expression of Ki67 and the location and over-expression of MUC-1 with its histological grade and prognosis. Histological sections of two NOS adenocarcinomas of parotid in women of 62 and 63 ages respectively were stained with H/E and immunolabelled for Ki67 and MUC-1. Both are predominated by ductal structures, some cystic, branched cell cords and solid islets. The glandular formations presented clear cells and some of oncocytic appearance. There was important cellular atypia, comedonecrosis, perineural growth, haemorrhagic areas and compromise of surgical margins. Nuclear marking with Ki67 was important; MUC-1 presented a strong staining in membranes and cytoplasms. They were diagnosed as high-grade malignancy. Our results show that there is an important proliferation marked with Ki67 and overexpression of MUC-1 associated with cellular atypia, perineural growth, necrosis and compromise of surgical margins, factorsassociated with a poor prognosis. The recognition of this tumor is transcendent for physicians and dentists since, due to the absence of distinctive features that other more specific carcinomas present, the diagnosis of exclusion is essential.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Parotid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Parotid Neoplasms/metabolism , Parotid Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Prognosis , Salivary Gland Neoplasms , Immunohistochemistry , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Biomarkers, Tumor , Mucin-1/metabolism , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Cell Proliferation