Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 2.758
Filter
1.
Cambios rev. méd ; 22 (2), 2023;22(2): 927, 16 octubre 2023. ilus, tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1516527

ABSTRACT

El hipertiroidismo es un trastorno caracterizado por el exceso de hormonas tiroideas. El déficit de yodo es un factor clave en dicha patología y en lugares con suficiencia del mismo se asocian a au-toinmunidad tiroidea. La prevalencia de hipertiroidismo mani-fiesto varía del 0,2% al 1,3% en áreas con suficiencia de yodo, sin embargo, esto puede variar en cada país por diferencias en umbrales de diagnóstico, sensibilidad de ensayo y población se-leccionada. Un reporte de The Third National Health and Nutri-tion Examination Survey (NHANES III) mostró que el hiperti-roidismo manifiesto se presenta en 0,7% de la población general e hipertiroidismo subclínico en el 1,7%1,2.En incidencia, la patología se asocia con la suplementación de yodo, con la mayor frecuencia en áreas de deficiencias, por au-mento de nódulos tiroideos en la población anciana, teniendo a regiones de áreas montañosas como América del Sur, África Central y suroeste de Asia dentro de este grupo. Un meta aná-lisis de estudios europeos mostró una incidencia general de 50 casos por 100000 personas/años1. En Ecuador, según los datos del Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas y Censos (INEC) del 2017, se reportaron 157 casos de hipertiroidismo, de los cuales la En-fermedad de Graves (EG) fue la causa más común, seguida por el bocio multinodular tóxico (BMNT) y finalmente el adenoma tóxico (AT) con una incidencia de 61 %, 24 % y 14 % respecti-vamente3.Los pacientes con esta patología tienen aumento de riesgo com-plicaciones cardiovasculares y mortalidad por todas las causas, siendo falla cardíaca uno de sus principales desenlaces, así el diagnóstico precoz evita estos eventos, principalmente en pobla-ción de edad avanzada.El presente protocolo se ha realizado para un correcto trata-miento de esta patología en el Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín (HECAM).


Hyperthyroidism is a disorder characterized by an excess of thyroid hormones. Iodine deficiency is a key factor in this pa-thology and in places with iodine deficiency it is associated with thyroid autoimmunity. The prevalence of overt hyperthyroidism varies from 0,2% to 1,3% in iodine-sufficient areas; however, this may vary from country to country due to differences in diag-nostic thresholds, assay sensitivity, and selected population. A report from The Third National Health and Nutrition Examina-tion Survey (NHANES III) showed that overt hyperthyroidism occurs in 0,7% of the general population and subclinical hyper-thyroidism in 1,7%1,2.In incidence, the pathology is associated with iodine supplemen-tation, with the highest frequency in areas of deficiencies, due to increased thyroid nodules in the elderly population, having regions of mountainous areas such as South America, Central Africa and Southwest Asia within this group. A meta-analysis of European studies showed an overall incidence of 50 cases per 100000 person/years1. In Ecuador, according to data from the National Institute of Statistics and Census (INEC) in 2017, 157 cases of hyperthyroidism were reported, of which, Graves' di-sease (GD) was the most common cause, followed by toxic mul-tinodular goiter (BMNT) and finally toxic adenoma (TA) with an incidence of 61 %, 24 % and 14 % respectively3.Patients with this pathology have an increased risk of cardiovas-cular complications and all-cause mortality, with heart failure being one of the main outcomes, so early diagnosis avoids these events, mainly in the elderly population.The present protocol has been carried out for the correct treat-ment of this pathology at the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialties Hospital (HECAM).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Antithyroid Agents , Thyroid Hormones , Graves Disease , Endocrinology , Graves Ophthalmopathy , Hyperthyroidism , Thyroid Diseases , Thyroid Gland , Iodine Deficiency , Thyroid Crisis , Adenoma , Ecuador , Goiter, Nodular
2.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 43(2): 79-84, jun. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1510716

ABSTRACT

Introducción: desde el punto de vista anatómico, los adenomas hipofisarios (AH) se observan en el 10% de la población. Son en su mayoría pequeños y no funcionantes. La mayoría de los incidentalomas descubiertos en estudios de imágenes con alta resolución pedidos en situaciones clínicas frecuentes, como el traumatismo craneoencefálico, el accidente cerebrovascular y las demencias, corresponden a AH indolentes. Nos preguntamos cuál es la relevancia clínica de los adenomas hipofisarios. Desarrollo: los AH clínicamente relevantes son tumores en su mayoría benignos que conllevan, en diferentes proporciones, aumento en la morbilidad y/o mortalidad de los pacientes por mecanismos relacionados con la hipersecreción hormonal, la insuficiencia hormonal y/o los efectos de masa ocupante. La prevalencia de los AH clínicamente relevantes es mayor de la que se suponía hace 20 años. Afecta aproximadamente a 1/1000 habitantes. Los más prevalentes son los prolactinomas y los adenomas no funcionantes. La acromegalia, la enfermedad de Cushing y los tumores agresivos se traducen en pacientes complejos con mayor morbimortalidad. El diagnóstico temprano y el tratamiento multimodal proveen una razonable mejoría de la sobrevida. El estudio epidemiológico de los AH clínicamente relevantes es importante para la estimación del impacto en los sistemas de salud. Conclusiones: los estudios por imágenes de mejor resolución continuarán señalando incidentalomas hipofisarios. Una evaluación cuidadosa de los pacientes podrá identificar aquellos AH clínicamente relevantes. (AU)


Introduction: from the anatomical point of view, pituitary adenomas (HA) are observed in 10% of the population. They are mostly small and non-functioning. Most incidentalomas discovered in high-resolution imaging studies ordered in frequent clinical situations, such as head trauma, stroke and dementia, correspond to indolent HA. We wonder what is the clinical relevance of pituitary adenomas. Development: clinically relevant HAs are mostly benign tumors that lead, in different degrees, to an increased morbidity and/or mortality in patients by mechanisms related to hormone hypersecretion, hormone insufficiency and/or occupying mass effects. The prevalence of clinically relevant HA is higher from what was assumed 20 years ago. It affects approximately 1/1000 of the population. The most prevalent are prolactinomas and non-functioning adenomas. Acromegaly, Cushing's disease and aggressive tumors make for complex patients with increased morbidity and mortality. Early diagnosis and multimodal treatment provide a reasonable improvement in survival. Epidemiological study of clinically relevant HAs is important for estimating the impact on health systems. Conclusions: Higher-resolution imaging studies will continue to highlight pituitary incidentalomas. Careful evaluation of patients will identify clinically relevant HAs. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Pituitary Neoplasms/epidemiology , Acromegaly/epidemiology , Prolactinoma/epidemiology , Adenoma/epidemiology , Incidental Findings , Pituitary ACTH Hypersecretion/epidemiology , Pituitary Neoplasms/pathology , Pituitary Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Adenoma/pathology , Adenoma/diagnostic imaging , Clinical Relevance
3.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 142-146, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970148

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the feasibility and application value of intraoperative direct immunohistochemical (IHC) staining in improving the diagnosis accuracy in difficult cases of bronchiolar adenoma (BA). Methods: Nineteen cases with single or multiple pulmonary ground-glass nodules or solid nodules indicated by imaging in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January to July 2021 and with difficulty in differential diagnosis at frozen HE sections were selected. In the experimental group, direct IHC staining of cytokeratin 5/6 (CK5/6) and p63 was performed on frozen sections to assist the differentiation of BA from in situ/micro-invasive adenocarcinoma/adenocarcinoma/invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma. In the control group, two pathologists performed routine frozen HE section diagnosis on these 19 cases. The diagnostic results of paraffin sections were used as the gold standard. The sensitivity and specificity of BA diagnosis, consistency with paraffin diagnosis and time used for frozen diagnosis were compared between the experimental group and the control group. Results: The basal cells of BA were highlighted by CK5/6 and p63 staining. There were no basal cells in the in situ/microinvasive adenocarcinoma/adenocarcinoma/invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma. In the experimental group, the sensitivity and specificity with aid of direct IHC staining for BA were 100% and 86.7%, respectively, and the Kappa value of frozen and paraffin diagnosis was 0.732, and these were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). The average time consumption in the experimental group (32.4 min) was only 7 min longer than that in the control group (25.4 min). Conclusions: Direct IHC staining can improve the accuracy of BA diagnosis intraoperatively and reduce the risk of misdiagnosis, but require significantly longer time. Thus frozen direct IHC staining should be restricted to cases with difficulty in differentiating benign from malignant diseases, especially when the surgical modalities differ based on the frozen diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Paraffin , Sensitivity and Specificity , Adenocarcinoma in Situ , Adenoma/diagnosis , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/surgery , Frozen Sections/methods
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 788-798, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980870

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Many nutritional supplements and pharmacological agents have been reported to show preventive effects on colorectal adenoma and colorectal cancer (CRC). We performed a network meta-analysis to summarize such evidence and assess the efficacy and safety of these agents.@*METHODS@#We searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for studies published in English until October 31, 2021 that fit our inclusion criteria. We performed a systematic review and network meta-analysis to assess the comparative efficacy and safety of candidate agents (low-dose aspirin [Asp], high-dose Asp, cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors [coxibs], calcium, vitamin D, folic acid, ursodeoxycholic acid [UDCA], estrogen, and progesterone, alone or in combination) for preventing colorectal adenoma and CRC. Cochrane risk-of-bias assessment tool was employed to evaluate the quality of each included study.@*RESULTS@#Thirty-two randomized controlled trials (278,694 participants) comparing 13 different interventions were included. Coxibs significantly reduced the risk of colorectal adenoma (risk ratio [RR]: 0.59, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.44-0.79, six trials involving 5486 participants), advanced adenoma (RR: 0.63, 95% CI: 0.43-0.92, four trials involving 4723 participants), and metachronous adenoma (RR: 0.58, 95% CI: 0.43-0.79, five trials involving 5258 participants) compared with placebo. Coxibs also significantly increased the risk of severe adverse events (RR: 1.29, 95% CI: 1.13-1.47, six trials involving 7109 participants). Other interventions, including Asp, folic acid, UDCA, vitamin D, and calcium, did not reduce the risk of colorectal adenoma in the general and high-risk populations compared with placebo.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Considering the balance between benefits and harms, regular use of coxibs for prevention of colorectal adenoma was not supported by the current evidence. Benefit of low-dose Asp for chemoprevention of colorectal adenoma still requires further evidence.@*REGISTRATION@#PROSPERO, No. CRD42022296376.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors , Calcium , Network Meta-Analysis , Vitamins , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Chemoprevention , Aspirin , Adenoma/prevention & control , Vitamin D
5.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 372-379, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986800

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the utility of stool-based DNA test of methylated SDC2 (mSDC2) for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in residents of Shipai Town, Dongguan City. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Using a cluster sampling method, residents of 18 villages in Shipai Town, Dongguan City were screened for CRC from May 2021 to February 2022. In this study, mSDC2 testing was employed as a preliminary screening method. Colonoscopy examination was recommended for individuals identified as high-risk based on the positive mSDC2 tests. The final screening results, including the rate of positive mSDC2 tests, the rate of colonoscopy compliance, the rate of lesions detection, and the cost-effectiveness of screening, were analyzed to explore the benefits of this screening strategy. Results: A total of 10 708 residents were enrolled and completed mSDC2 testing, giving a participation rate of 54.99% (10 708/19 474) and a pass rate of 97.87% (10 708/10 941). These individuals included 4 713 men (44.01%) and 5 995 women (55.99%) with a mean age of (54.52±9.64) years. The participants were allocated to four age groups (40-49, 50-59, 60-69, and 70-74 years), comprising 35.21%(3770/10 708), 36.25% (3882/10 708), 18.84% (2017/10 708), and 9.70% (1039/10 708) of all participants, respectively. mSDC2 testing was positive in 821/10 708 (7.67%) participants, 521 of whom underwent colonoscopy, resulting in a compliance rate of 63.46% (521/821). After eliminating of 8 individuals without pathology results, data from 513 individuals were finally analyzed. Colonoscopy detection rate differed significantly between age groups (χ2=23.155, P<0.001),ranging from a low of 60.74% in the 40-49 year age group to a high of 86.11% in the 70-74 year age group. Colonoscopies resulted in the diagnosis of 25 (4.87%) CRCs, 192 (37.43%) advanced adenomas, 67 (13.06%) early adenomas, 15 (2.92%) serrated polyps, and 86 (16.76%) non- adenomatous polyps. The 25 CRCs were Stage 0 in 14 (56.0%) individuals, stage I in 4 (16.0%), and Stage II in 7(28.0%). Thus, 18 of the detected CRCs were at an early stage. The early detection rate of CRCs and advanced adenomas was 96.77% (210/217). The rate of mSDC2 testing for all intestinal lesions was 75.05% (385/513). In particular, the financial benefit of this screening was 32.64 million yuan, and the benefit-cost ratio was 6.0. Conclusion: Screening for CRCs using stool-based mSDC2 testing combined with colonoscopy has a high lesion detection rate and a high cost-effectiveness ratio. This is a CRC screening strategy that deserves to be promoted in China.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , Early Detection of Cancer/methods , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Colonoscopy/methods , Mass Screening/methods , Adenoma/diagnosis , DNA , Syndecan-2/genetics
6.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 338-343, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982745

ABSTRACT

〓 Objectives: To analyze the pathological and clinical features of nasal respiratory epithelial adenomatoid hamartoma(REAH), and summarize the diagnostic points, to improve the experience of diagnosis and treatment. Methods:The clinical data of 16 patients with REAH were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical manifestations, pathological features, imaging features, surgical treatment and prognosis were summarized. Results:16 cases of REAH were studied, 10 cases(62.50%) were associated with sinusitis, 1 case(6.25%) was associated with inverted papilloma, 1 case(6.25%) was associated with hemangioma. 5 cases(31.25%) had a history of nasal sinus surgery, including 1 case with 3 times of nasal sinus surgery, 1 case with 2 times of nasal sinus surgery, 3 cases with 1 time of nasal sinus surgery; 10 cases(62.50%) occurred in the bilateral olfactory cleft, 2 cases(12.50%) in the unilateral olfactory cleft, 3 cases(18.75%) in the unilateral middle turbinate, 1 case(6.25%) in the nasopharynx. All 16 patients were pathologically diagnosed as REAH. In the patients with lesions located in bilateral olfactory fissures, symmetrical widening of olfactory fissures and lateral displacement of middle turbinate were observed on preoperative sinus CT. The average width of bilateral olfactory fissures was (9.9±2.70) mm. The ratio of wide to narrow olfactory cleft was 1.21 ± 0.19. There was no significant difference in Lund-Mackay score between the two sides(P>0.05). All patients underwent surgery under general anesthesia and nasal endoscopy. The follow-up period ranged from 1 to 66 months, and no recurrence occurred. Conclusion:Preoperative diagnosis of REAH is facilitated by the combination of clinical manifestations and endoscopic and imaging features. Endoscopic complete resection can achieve a good therapeutic effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nasal Polyps/complications , Retrospective Studies , Paranasal Sinuses/pathology , Adenoma , Endoscopy/methods , Hamartoma/surgery
7.
Rev. int. Coll. Odonto-Stomatol. Afr. Chir. Maxillo-Fac ; 30(3): 36-40, 2023. figures, tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1511288

ABSTRACT

Introduction : l'adénome pléomorphe est le type histologique le plus fréquemment observé des tumeurs bénignes des glandes salivaires accessoires (GSA). L'objectif de cette étude était de décrire les particularités épidémiologiques, diagnostiques et thérapeutiques des tumeurs bénignes des GSA. Matériel et méthodes : Il s'est agi d'une étude transversale à collecte rétrospective descriptive réalisée dans le service de Stomatologie et Chirurgie MaxilloFaciale du CHU de Bouaké, sur une période de 8 ans (1er Janvier 2015 au 31 Décembre 2022). Résultats : 18 dossiers de patients dont 12 femmes et 6 hommes, opérés pour une tumeur bénigne des GSA, ont été colligés. L'âge médian des patients était de 37 ans avec des extrêmes de 35 et 62 ans. Le siège de prédilection était le palais dans 12 cas, les lèvres dans 3 cas, la joue dans 2 cas et la langue dans 1 cas. La tomodensitométrie maxillo-faciale a été l'examen de choix pour l'orientation diagnostique. Le traitement a consisté en une exérèse en mono bloc sous anesthésie générale par voie endo buccale. L'examen anatomopathologique a confirmé le diagnostic d'un adénome pléomorphe dans tous les cas. Après un recul de 2 ans, aucune récidive n'a été observée. Discussion : L'adénome pléomorphe représente le type histologique le plus fréquent des tumeurs bénignes des GSA. Il atteint avec prédilection l'adulte jeune de sexe féminin et siège au palais. L'exérèse chirurgicale reste le traitement de choix.


Introduction: Pleomorphic adenoma is the most frequently observed histological type of benign tumour of the accessory salivary glands (ASG). The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological, diagnostic and therapeutic features of ASGs. Material and methods: This was a retrospective descriptive study conducted in the Stomatology and Maxillofacial Surgery Department of the Bouaké University Hospital, over an 8-year period (January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2022). Results: A total of 18 patients (12 women and 6 men) underwent surgery for benign tumours of the GSA. The median age of the patients was 37 years, with extremes of 35 and 62 years. The preferred site was the palate in 12 cases, the lips in 3 cases, the cheek in 2 cases and the tongue in 1 case. Maxillofacial computed tomography has been the examination of choice for diagnostic orientation. Treatment consisted of single-block excision under general anaesthetic via the endo-buccal route. Pathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of a pleomorphic adenoma in all cases. After a 2-year follow-up, no recurrence was observed. Discussion: Pleomorphic adenoma is the most common histological type of benign tumour of the GSA. It prefers to affect young adult women and is located on the palate. Surgical excision remains the treatment of choice


Subject(s)
Salivary Glands , Adenoma , Epidemiology , Diagnosis
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 159-166, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970030

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is effective in reducing CRC incidence and mortality. The aim of this study was to retrospectively determine and compare the detection rate of adenomas, advanced adenomas (AAs) and CRCs, and the number needed to screen (NNS) of individuals in an average-risk Chinese population of different ages and genders.@*METHODS@#This was a retrospective study performed at the Institute of Health Management, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital. Colonoscopy results were analyzed for 53,152 individuals finally enrolled from January 2013 to December 2019. The detection rate of adenomas, AAs, or CRCs was computed and the characteristics between men and women were compared using chi-squared test.@*RESULTS@#The average age was 48.8 years (standard deviation [SD], 8.5 years) for men and 50.0 years (SD, 9.0 years) for women, and the gender rate was 66.27% (35,226) vs . 33.73% (17,926). The detection rates of adenomas, AAs, serrated adenomas, and CRCs were 14.58% (7750), 3.09% (1641), 1.23% (653), and 0.59% (313), respectively. Men were statistically significantly associated with higher detection rates than women in adenomas (17.20% [6058/35,226], 95% confidence interval [CI] 16.74-17.53% vs . 9.44% [1692/17,926], 95% CI 8.94-9.79%, P  < 0.001), AAs (3.72% [1309], 95% CI 3.47-3.87% vs . 1.85% [332], 95% CI 1.61-2.00%, P  < 0.001), and serrated adenomas (1.56% [548], 95% CI 1.43-1.69% vs . 0.59% [105], 95% CI 0.47-0.70%, P  < 0.001). The detection rate of AAs in individuals aged 45 to 49 years was 3.17% (270/8510, 95% CI 2.80-3.55%) in men and 1.69% (69/4091, 95% CI 1.12-1.86%) in women, and their NNS was 31.55 (95% CI 28.17-35.71) in men and 67.11 (95% CI 53.76-89.29) in women. The NNS for AAs in men aged 45 to 49 years was close to that in women aged 65 to 69 years (29.07 [95% CI 21.05-46.73]).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The detection rates of adenomas, AAs, and serrated adenomas are high in the asymptomatic population undergoing a physical examination and are associated with gender and age. Our findings will provide important references for effective population-based CRC screening strategies in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Early Detection of Cancer , Colonoscopy/methods , Adenoma/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology
9.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 38(3): e38314, sept. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, REPincaP | ID: biblio-1409860

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Presentamos un caso de una paciente femenina de 27 años, con síndrome de Cushing ACTH dependiente con hipercortisolismo severo, causado por un macroadenoma hipofisario recurrente y resistente pese a dos cirugías transesfenoidales, radioterapia y terapia médica. Dada la falla en las diferentes terapias se realiza una adrenalectomía bilateral como tratamiento definitivo. La paciente fallece en el posoperatorio por causa no clara. Si bien la adrenalectomía bilateral ha sido reportada como un tratamiento efectivo en pacientes con enfermedad de Cushing, se ha relacionado con una mortalidad significativa vinculada con la severidad del hipercortisolismo y las comorbilidades presentes. En este caso la adrenalectomía izquierda se tuvo que convertir a cielo abierto, asociada con mayor morbimortalidad.


Abstract: The study presents the case of a 27-year-old female patient with adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) dependent Cushing's disease and severe hypercortisolism caused by recurrent pituitary macroadenoma that was resistant to treatment despite two transsphenoidal surgeries, radiotherapy and medical treatment. Upon failure of the different therapies a bilateral adrenalectomy was performed as the final treatment. The patient died in after surgery although the case of death was not clear. Despite bilateral adrenalectomy having been reports as an effective treatment in patients with Cushing's disease, it has been related to significant mortality rates in connection with the severity of hypercortisolism and existing comorbilities. In this case the left adrenalectomy ended up being an open surgery, which is associated to a higher mortality rate.


Resumo: Apresentamos o caso de uma paciente de 27 anos com síndrome de Cushing ACTH-dependente com hipercortisolismo grave causado por macroadenoma hipofisário, recorrente e resistente, apesar de haver sido submetida a duas cirurgias transesfenoidal, radioterapia e terapia medicamentosa. Diante do fracasso das diferentes terapias, foi realizada adrenalectomia bilateral como tratamento definitivo. A paciente faleceu no pós-operatório por causa não esclarecida. Embora a adrenalectomia bilateral tenha sido relatada como tratamento eficaz em pacientes com doença de Cushing, ela tem sido associada a mortalidade significativa relacionada à gravidade do hipercortisolismo e às comorbidades presentes. Neste caso, a adrenalectomia esquerda teve que ser convertida para cirurgia aberta, associada a maior morbimortalidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Adenoma/complications , Cushing Syndrome/complications , Cushing Syndrome/therapy , ACTH-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma/complications , Recurrence , Catastrophic Illness , Fatal Outcome , Adrenalectomy , Cushing Syndrome/surgery
10.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(3): 273-276, July-Sept. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421984

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Streptococcus gallolyticus belongs to theStreptococcus bovis complex, and it is a common bacterium colonizing the gastrointestinal tract. Its presence in the blood may suggest an underlying pathology such as a colonic neoplasm. We report herein a case of S. bovis bacteremia in an apheresis platelet donor, review similar cases in the literature, and suggest a flowchart for the management of similar cases in other blood donation centers. Case Presentation: A 61-year-old subject presented to a Hemotherapy Service to make an apheresis platelet donation. On quality control testing, S. gallolyticus was identified in hemoculture, and the donor was called back for follow-up. At first, a new hemoculture was requested, and the patient was referred to the outpatient department of infectious diseases to further investigate pathologies associated with S. gallolyticus. A subsequent colonoscopy investigation evidenced a polypoid structure in the ascending colon. Pathology reported the resected specimen as a low-grade tubular adenoma. Conclusion: Isolation of S. bovis in blood products requires further investigation and should be managed with precision by Hemotherapy Services. A standard protocol for the management of asymptomatic patients with S. bovis positive hemoculture, with the requests of a new blood culture, a colonoscopy, and an echocardiogram is crucial, as it may ensure early diagnosis and reduce morbidity and mortality. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bacteremia/complications , Colonic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Streptococcus gallolyticus/isolation & purification , Adenoma/etiology , Blood Donation
11.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 37(2): 187-191, Jan.-June 2022. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394947

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aim: To locate and characterize colorectal adenomas endoscopically and histologically in a cohort of patients undergoing colonoscopy in Medellín, Colombia. Materials and methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study. We included patients older than 18 years who underwent colonoscopy between February and July 2020 at a specialized center in Medellín, Colombia. We determined the incidence of adenomas, their location in different segments of the colon, their endoscopic and histological characteristics, and cases of colorectal cancer (CRC) and high-grade dysplasia (HGD). Results: 992 colonoscopies were performed, finding colorectal polyps in 266 patients, of which 208 had adenomas. We resected 461 polyps, of which 336 were adenomas (72 %). The histological type with the highest representation was tubular (78 %). The location of adenomas was 37 % in the right colon, 25 % in the transverse colon, and 38 % in the left colon. CRC cases were nine per 1,000 patients, including advanced carcinoma and carcinoma in situ (HGD). Conclusions: Given the incidence of adenomas in the right and transverse colon, rectosigmoidoscopy is discouraged as a screening study for CRC. Tubular adenomas, sessile in appearance and tiny, predominated in the population studied. We recommend screening in the population over 40 years of age and the search for precursor lesions as strategies to reduce morbidity and mortality rates due to CRC.


Resumen Objetivo: localización y caracterización endoscópica e histológica de los adenomas colorrectales en una cohorte de pacientes sometidos a colonoscopia en Medellín, Colombia. Materiales y métodos: estudio descriptivo de corte transversal. Se incluyeron pacientes mayores de 18 años sometidos a colonoscopia entre febrero y julio de 2020 en un centro especializado de Medellín, Colombia. Se determinó la incidencia de adenomas, su localización en los diferentes segmentos del colon, sus características endoscópicas e histológicas, así como también los casos de cáncer colorrectal (CCR) y displasia de alto grado. Resultados: se realizaron 992 colonoscopias y se encontraron pólipos colorrectales en 266 pacientes, de los cuales 208 tenían adenomas. En total se resecaron 461 pólipos, de los cuales 336 fueron adenomas (72 %). El tipo histológico con mayor representación fue el tubular (78 %). La localización de adenomas fue del 37 % en el colon derecho, 25 % en el transverso y 38 % en el colon izquierdo. La cantidad de casos de CCR fue de 9 por 1000 pacientes, que incluyen carcinoma avanzado y carcinoma in situ (DAG). Conclusiones: dada la incidencia de adenomas en el colon derecho y transverso, no se recomienda la rectosigmoidoscopia como estudio de tamizaje para CCR. En la población estudiada fueron predominantes los adenomas tubulares, de aspecto sésil y tamaño diminuto. Se recomienda el tamizaje en la población mayor de 40 años y la búsqueda de lesiones precursoras como estrategias para disminuir las tasas de morbimortalidad por CCR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms , Adenoma , Colonoscopy , Colon , Patients , Polyps , Carcinoma , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Cross-Sectional Studies , Methods
12.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(2): 155-162, jun. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389847

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El olfato tiene una gran importancia en la calidad de vida. Los accesos quirúrgicos selares pueden realizarse por vía transcraneal, transeptal y transnasal, y pueden generar hiposmia al incluir resecciones que afectan a la mucosa olfatoria. Objetivo: Determinar la existencia de alteración persistente en el olfato ocasionado por los accesos quirúrgicos transeptal y transnasal en pacientes operados por adenoma hipofisiario en el Instituto de Neurocirugía Dr. Asenjo. Material y Método: Estudio prospectivo de cohorte con comparación de resultados olfatorios ("sniffin' sticks" versión extendida) y encuesta SNOT-22 pre y poscirugía por adenoma hipofisiario por vía transeptal o transnasal. Se utilizaron medidas estadísticas de comparación de pruebas pareadas paramétricas y no paramétricas según las características de las variables evaluadas. Resultados: Se reclutaron 60 pacientes, completando el seguimiento 39. En 21 se realizó acceso transeptal y en 18 transnasal. Al analizar el total de pacientes y por cada técnica quirúrgica, no hubo diferencias significativas en los puntajes del "sniffin' sticks" versión extendida y tampoco en SNOT-22. Conclusión: La literatura describe incidencia de hiposmia posoperatoria muy variable, entre 0% y 88%, con mediciones subjetivas y objetivas. Existe una predilección por la técnica endoscópica a nivel internacional, por lo que cuenta con estudios de mejor calidad. A nivel nacional existen dos estudios previos que han encontrado tasas de hiposmia posoperatoria de 10% y 14%. En este estudio no hubo diferencias significativas en los puntajes obtenidos en la prueba de olfato entre el pre y posoperatorio.


Introduction: Olfaction is of great importance in quality of life. Surgical accesses to the sellar region can be performed by transcranial, transseptal, and transnasal routes, which can generate hyposmia when including resections that affect the olfactory mucosa. Aim: To determine the existence of persistent alteration in olfaction caused by transseptal and transnasal surgical accesses in patients operated for pituitary adenoma at the Instituto de Neurocirugía Dr. Asenjo. Material and Method: Prospective cohort study with comparison of olfactory results ("sniffin' sticks" extended version) and SNOT-22 survey pre and post transseptal or transnasal surgery for pituitary adenoma. Parametric and non-parametric paired test comparison statistics were used according to the characteristics of the variables evaluated. Results: 60 patients were recruited and 39 completed follow-up. 21 patients underwent transseptal access and 18 underwent transnasal access. When analyzing the total number of patients and for each surgical technique, there were no significant differences in the scores obtained in the "sniffin' sticks" extended version and neither for the SNOT-22. Conclusion: The literature describes a highly variable incidence of postoperative hyposmia, between 0% and 88%, with subjective and objective measurements. There is a predilection for the endoscopic technique at an international level, which is why it has better quality studies. At the national level there are two previous studies that have found postoperative hyposmia rates of 10% and 14%. In this study there were no significant differences in the scores obtained between pre and postoperative olfaction test.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Smell/physiology , Adenoma/surgery , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery , Chile , Prospective Studies , Olfactory Perception , Olfaction Disorders
13.
Prensa méd. argent ; 108(3): 165-189, 20220000. tab, fig, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1373279

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los adenomas gigantes de hipófisis (AGHs) son aquellos tumores con un diámetro máximo ≥4 cm en cualquier dirección, representando del 5% al 14% del total de los adenomas que se tratan quirúrgicamente. Su manejo terapéutico es desafiante ya que, debido a su extensión hacia otras estructuras cerebrales,está asociado a un riesgo mayor de complicaciones quirúrgicas, con una menor tasa de resección total. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el impacto de la cirugía endoscópica transesfenoidal en AGHs, analizando las variables asociadas a resultados visuales, endocrinológicos y según el grado de resección. Pacientes y Métodos. Se evaluó en 44 pacientes con AGHs(diámetro ≥4 cm y/o volumen ≥10 ml) la presentación visual, endocrinológica e imágenes. Se analizaron estadísticamente resultados visuales, endocrinológicos, grado de resección y complicaciones quirúrgicas. Resultados. Edad promedio de 48.8 años, 24 mujeres y 20 hombres. Presentación: déficit del campo visual (93.1%), hipopituitarismo (61.3%), cefalea (54.5%). Diámetro, volumen y extensión supraselar promedios: 4.8 cm, 20.3 ml, 1.8 cm, respectivamente. Campo visual: mejoría: 83.3%, sin cambios: 9.5%, mayormente en síntomas bilaterales (p<0.0001). Desmejoríavisual: 0%. En resección total: mayor posibilidad de mejoría visual (p=0.040). Buenos resultados endocrinológicos: 85.7%. Tasa de resección total: 52.3%. Resección subtotal: más frecuente con invasión del seno cavernoso (p=0.014). Sin diferencias en el grado de resección según diámetro, volumen, extensión supraselar, forma ni aspecto. Hipopituitarismo: 4.2%. Diabetes insípida: 9.5%, asociada a mayor diámetro (p=0.038) o extensión supraselar (p=0.010) y aspecto sólido (p=0.023). Fístula de LCR: 7.1%. Conclusión. La resección total puede lograrse en la mitad de los casos, siendo la limitante principal el grado de invasión del seno cavernoso y no el aspecto morfológico del AGH per se. Aun así, los resultados visuales y endocrinológicos son muy buenos. En resecciones incompletas se logra el control de la enfermedad mediante tratamientos complementarios


Introduction. Giant pituitary adenomas (sGAs) are those tumors with a maximum diame- ter ≥4 cm in any direction, representing 5% to 14% of all adenomas that are treated surgi- cally. Its therapeutic management is challenging since, due to its extension to other brain structures, it is associated with a higher risk of surgical complications, with a lower rate of total resection. Te objective of this work was to evaluate the impact of transsphenoidal endoscopic surgery on AGHs, analyzing the variables associated with visual and endocri- nological results and according to the degree of resection. Patients and Methods. Visual, endocrinological and imaging presentation were evaluated in 44 patients with sHAA (dia- meter ≥4 cm and/or volume ≥10 ml). Visual and endocrinological results, degree of resection and surgical complications were statistically analyzed. Results. Average age of 48.8 years, 24 women and 20 men. Presentation: visual field deficit (93.1%), hypopituitarism (61.3%), headache (54.5%). Average diameter, volume and suprasellar extension: 4.8 cm, 20.3 ml, 1.8 cm, respectively. Visual field: improvement: 83.3%, no changes: 9.5%, mostly in bilate- ral symptoms (p<0.0001). Visual impairment: 0%. In total resection: greater possibility of visual improvement (p=0.040). Good endocrinological results: 85.7%. Total resection rate: 52.3%. Subtotal resection: more frequent with invasion of the cavernous sinus (p=0.014). No differences in the degree of resection according to diameter, volume, suprasellar exten- sion, shape or appearance. Hypopituitarism: 4.2%. Diabetes insipidus: 9.5%, associated with greater diameter (p=0.038) or suprasellar extension (p=0.010) and solid appearance (p=0.023). CSF fistula: 7.1%. Conclusion. Total resection can be achieved in half of the cases, the main limitation being the degree of invasion of the cavernous sinus and not the morphological appearance of the HGA per se. Even so, the visual and endocrinological results are very good. In incomplete resections, disease control is achieved through com- plementary treatments


Subject(s)
Humans , Pituitary Gland/pathology , Postoperative Complications , Adenoma/pathology , Chi-Square Distribution , Endoscopy/methods , Surgical Clearance , Margins of Excision , Hypophysectomy/methods
14.
Oncología (Guayaquil) ; 32(1): 122-128, 30-04-2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368957

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El adenoma tubular de mama una patología benigna que se presenta en mujeres jóvenes como una masa unilateral que genera asimetría mamaria y se tiende a confundir con fibroadenoma gigante juvenil, diferenciándose en el estudio histopatológico. Es una patología muy rara, con excepcionales casos reportados en la literatura de mayor a 10 cm, motivo de presentación de este caso. Caso clínico: Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 21 años de edad con una masa de10 cm aproximadamente en la mama derecha, de 1 año de evolución con crecimiento paulatino, sin síntomas asociados. El examen físico sin hipertrofia de ganglios axilares. Taller diagnóstico: La paciente fue sometida a una exéresis quirúrgica reportando en el estudio patológico definitivo un adenoma tubular de mama. Conclusión: Como conclusión se trata de una patología poco frecuente, pero debemos conocerla y tener un mínimo de sospecha diagnóstica para evitar confusiones con patología mamaria maligna.


Introduction: Tubular adenoma of the breast is a benign pathology in young women as a unilateral mass that generates breast asymmetry and tends to be confused with giant juvenile fibroadenoma, differing in the histopathological study. It is a very rare pathology, with exceptional cases reported in the literature of greater than 10 cm, which is the reason for presenting this case. Clinical case: We present the case of a 21-year-old woman with a mass of approximately 10 cm in the right breast, of 1 year of evolution with gradual growth, without associated symptoms. Physical examination showed no axillary node hypertrophy. Diagnostic workshop: The patient underwent surgical excision, reporting a tubular adenoma of the breast in the definitive pathological study. Conclusion: It is a rare pathology, but we must know it and have a minimum of diagnostic suspicion to avoid confusion with malignant breast pathology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms , Case Reports , Adenoma , Breast , Unilateral Breast Neoplasms
15.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(1)mar. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408230

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La microcirugía transanal endoscópica es un procedimiento mínimamente invasivo para el tratamiento local de los grandes adenomas y los cánceres en estadios iniciales del recto. Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados de la microcirugía transanal endoscópica en los pacientes con tumores benignos del recto en el Centro Nacional de Cirugía de Mínimo Acceso de La Habana. Método: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de una base de datos prospectiva de 15 años. Se les ejecutó a un total de 91 pacientes con tumores benignos del recto la microcirugía transanal endoscópica entre abril de 2004 y diciembre de 2019. Se incluyeron las variables: edad, sexo, indicación, tiempo quirúrgico, localización del tumor, tamaño tumoral, estancia hospitalaria, complicaciones posoperatorias y recidiva local. Resultados: La principal indicación fue el adenoma del recto con 70 (76,9 por ciento) pacientes. La edad media fue de 63,4 años, el tiempo quirúrgico 81,1 minutos y el tamaño tumoral 3,5 cm. La estancia hospitalaria fue de 1 día y las complicaciones posoperatorias fueron 4 (4,3 por ciento): dos sangramientos, una dehiscencia de sutura y una estenosis. Dos pacientes (2,8 por ciento) tuvieron recidiva local en el grupo de los adenomas y no se realizaron conversiones a cirugía laparoscópica o cirugía abierta. Conclusión: La microcirugía transanal endoscópica fue una técnica factible y segura en el tratamiento de los adenomas del recto no resecables endoscópicamente, adenomas con displasia de alto grado y en otros tumores del recto(AU)


Introduction: Endoscopic transanal microsurgery is a minimally invasive procedure for local treatment of large adenomas and early-stage rectal cancers. Objective: To assess the outcomes of endoscopic transanal microsurgery in patients with benign rectal tumors at the National Center for Minimal Access Surgery in Havana. Methods: A retrospective study of a 15-year prospective database was carried out. A total of 91 patients with benign rectal tumors underwent endoscopic transanal microsurgery between April 2004 and December 2019. The following variables were included: age, sex, indication, surgical time, tumor location, tumor size, hospital stay, postoperative complications and local recurrence. Results: The main indication was rectal adenoma, accounting for 70 (76.9 percent) patients. The mean age was 63.4 years, surgical time was 81.1 minutes and tumor size was 3.5 cm. Hospital stay was one day. Postoperative complications were four (4.3 percent): two bleedings, one suture dehiscence and one stenosis. Two patients (2.8 percent) had local recurrence in the adenoma group. No conversions to laparoscopic or open surgery were performed. Conclusion: Endoscopic transanal microsurgery was a feasible and safe technique in the treatment of endoscopically unresectable rectal adenomas, adenomas with high-grade dysplasia and other rectal tumors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Rectal Neoplasms/etiology , Adenoma , Transanal Endoscopic Microsurgery/methods , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Databases, Bibliographic
16.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(1): 14-19, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375763

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the impact of the quality of colonoscopy examination for colorectal cancer screening. Methods: Retrospective observational study ofmedical records from patients treated at the endoscopy and colonoscopy service of Hospital Universitário Evangélico Mackenzie (Curitiba, PR, Brazil) from January 2019 to January 2020. Results: The analysis was based on 337 medical records from patients with adenomas identified during colonoscopy, and 1,385 medical records from patients without adenomas. The estimated occurrence rate of diagnosis of adenoma during colonoscopy in the target population of the study was of 19.6%, with a 95% confidence interval ranging from 17.7 to 21.5%. Of the 337 patients with adenoma, 136 (40.4%) presented the advanced form. Statistical analysis indicated a significant association between the quality of colonoscopy preparation and test completion. Conclusion: The quality of colonoscopy images is a critical factor for colorectal cancer screening, as it leads to higher rates of adenoma detection and test completion. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Polyps , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Adenoma , Mass Screening , Sensitivity and Specificity , Colonoscopy , Endoscopy
17.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 37(1): 41-46, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376904

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aim: To determine the adenoma detection rate (ADR) and identify the indications for a colonoscopy that predict adenomas. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study. We included patients older than 18 years who underwent colonoscopy between February and July 2020 at a specialized center in Medellín, Colombia. We estimated the ADR and identified the indications for a colonoscopy, considered predictors for finding adenomas. Results: The overall adenoma detection was 21 % (n = 992) and ADR in the screening population was 25 %. The range of 40-49 years contributed 12 % of the total number of adenomas detected, and the male population had a higher incidence (OR 1.73; 95 % CI 1.25-2.38; p < 0.001). Personal history of polyps (OR 1.86; 95 % CI 1.25-2.78; p = 0.002) and fecal occult blood (OR 2.67; 95 % CI 1.12-6.35; p 0.026) are deemed predictors for finding adenomas. LCI filters showed better results in detecting lesions (OR 1.43; 95 % CI 1.02-2.0). Conclusions: The indications for a colonoscopy can predict the probability of detecting adenomas. Male gender, a personal history of polyps, fecal occult blood, and the search for adenomas after the age of 40 are the variables that increase the probability of finding adenomas. The use of LCI filters increases lesion detection. The suggested age to start CRC screening is 40 years.


Resumen Objetivo: determinar la tasa de detección de los adenomas (TDA) e identificar las indicaciones de colonoscopia que predicen su hallazgo. Materiales y métodos: estudio de corte transversal. Se incluyeron pacientes mayores de 18 años sometidos a colonoscopia entre febrero y julio de 2020 en un centro especializado de Medellín, Colombia. Se estimó la TDA y se identificaron las indicaciones de colonoscopia, que se consideran predictores para el hallazgo de adenomas. Resultados: la detección general de adenomas fue del 21 % (n = 992) y la TDA en la población de tamizaje fue del 25 %. El rango de 40 a 49 años aportó el 12 % del total de adenomas detectados y la población masculina tuvo mayor incidencia (OR 1,73; IC 95 % 1,25-2,38; p < 0,001). El antecedente personal de pólipos (OR 1,86; IC 95 % 1,25-2,78; p = 0,002) y la presencia de sangre oculta en heces (OR 2,67; IC 95 % 1,12-6,35; p 0,026) se consideran predictores para el hallazgo de adenomas. El uso de filtros LCI mostró mejores resultados en la detección de las lesiones (OR 1,43; IC 95 % 1,02-2,0). Conclusiones: las indicaciones de la colonoscopia pueden predecir la probabilidad de detección de adenomas. El género masculino, el antecedente personal de pólipos, la presencia de sangre oculta en heces y la búsqueda de adenomas a partir de los 40 años son las variables que aumentan la probabilidad de encontrar adenomas. El uso de filtros LCI aumenta la detección de lesiones. La edad sugerida para el inicio del tamizaje de CCR es a partir de los 40 años.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adenoma , Mass Screening , Colonoscopy , Patients , Incidence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Probability , Diagnosis , Methods
18.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 9(1): 1-11, Mar. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512546

ABSTRACT

The pituitary adenomas comprise the largest part of pituitary neoplasms, representing between 9 and 12% of primary brain tumors. Currently, the treatment of election is the surgical, the trans-sphenoidal endonasal path has provided a broader panoramic view, being feasible more delicate and safe procedures. The objective of this study was to describe the management of pituitary adenomas by endoscopic surgery trans-sphenoidal endonasal path. This is a study in a series of cases, with a sample of 17 patients who met the selection criteria and were attended at the José Carrasco Hospital Arteaga, Cuenca - Ecuador, period 2018 - 2019. All patients presented informed consent for the performance of the surgery and the subsequent dissemination of the results. The 53% of the population belonged to the male gender, 47% were patients between 40 and 60 years old, 65% were detected with macroadenomas, and 29% presented complications such as nasal obstruction, sphenoiditis and headache, the residual tumor stage was due 24%.Endoscopic surgery trans-sphenoidal endonasal path is a safe, minimally invasive tool, a surgical alternative with a high rate of tumor excision, better control and fewer complications, which reduces the morbidity of patients.


Los adenomas de hipófisis comprenden la mayor parte de neoplasias hipofisiarias, representando entre el 9 y 12% de los tumores cerebrales primarios. En la actualidad el tratamiento de elección es el quirúrgico, la vía endonasal transesfenoidal ha proporcionado una visión panorámica más amplia, siendo factibles procedimientos más delicados y seguros. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir el abordaje de adenomas de hipófisis mediante cirugía endoscópica vía endonasal transesfenoidal. Diseñamos un estudio de corte longitudinal, con una muestra de 17 pacientes que cumplieron con los criterios de selección y fueron atendidos en el Hospital José Carrasco Arteaga de la ciudad de Cuenca - Ecuador, periodo 2018 - 2019. Todos los pacientes presentaron consentimiento informado para la realización de la cirugía y la posterior difusión de los resultados. El 53% de la población pertenecieron al sexo masculino, 47% fueron pacientes entre 40 y 60 años, al 65% se le detectó macroadenomas, el 29% presentaron complicaciones como obstrucción nasal, esfenoiditis y cefalea, la tasa de tumor residual fue del 24%. La cirugía endoscópica vía endonasal transesfenoidal es una herramienta segura, mínimamente invasiva, una alternativa quirúrgica con una elevada tasa de exéresis tumoral, mejor control y menos complicaciones, que reduce la morbilidad de los pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Pituitary Neoplasms/surgery , Adenoma/surgery , Endoscopy/methods , Sphenoid Bone/surgery , Longitudinal Studies , Microsurgery , Nasal Cavity/surgery
19.
Rev. venez. cir ; 75(1): 41-44, ene. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1391613

ABSTRACT

El hiperparatiroidismo primario es el tercer trastorno endocrino más común, alrededor del 85% de los casos se debe a adenomas paratiroideos. El tratamiento definitivo es la paratiroidectomía, siendo la causa más común de fracaso la resección inadecuada y la localización de tejido ectópico, representando un desafío para el cirujano. En el presente trabajo se presenta el caso de un paciente con diagnóstico de adenoma paratiroideo mediastínico gigante, siendo este el de mayor longitud descrito en la literatura en los últimos 10 años. Caso clínico: Paciente masculino de 70 años de edad quien consulta por presentar convulsiones, polidipsia y poliuria. Se determinan niveles elevados de PTH, hipercalcemia e hipofosfatemia. Estudios de imagen describen lesión alargada localizada en espacio paratraqueal derecho extendiéndose hasta el polo inferior de lóbulo tiroideo derecho. Se decide resolución quirúrgica, mediante la realización de cervicotomía y toracoscopia con evolución satisfactoria del paciente. Conclusión: Los adenomas paratiroideos ectópicos constituyen una causa común de falla quirúrgica e hiperparatiroidismo persistente, su sospecha es de gran importancia. El tratamiento definitivo es la cirugía. La localización preoperatoria por pruebas de imagen es fundamental para seleccionar correctamente la técnica quirúrgica y garantizar el éxito de la cirugía. El abordaje cervical y toracoscópico es una alternativa segura y eficaz(AU)


Primary hyperparathyroidism is the third most common endocrine disorder, about 85% of cases are due to parathyroid adenomas. The definitive treatment is parathyroidectomy, being the most frequent cause of failure the inadequate resection and the location of ectopic tissue. The ectopic parathyroid adenomas represent a challenge for the surgeon. In this paper a case of a patient diagnosed with giant mediastinal parathyroid adenoma is presented, and is the largest reported in the literature in the last 10 years. Clinical case: 70-year-old male patient presented with seizures, polydipsia and polyuria, reason for which he consults. Elevated PTH levels, hypercalcemia, and hypophosphatemia are determined. Imaging studies report an elongated lesion located in the right paratracheal space that extends to the lower pole of the right thyroid lobe. Surgical resolution was decided, by performing cervicotomy and thoracoscopy with satisfactory recovery of the patient. Conclusion: Ectopic parathyroid adenomas are a common cause of surgical failure and persistent hyperparathyroidism; their suspicion is of great importance. The definitive treatment is surgery. Preoperative localization through imaging tests is essential to correctly select the surgical technique and guarantee the success of the surgery, the cervical and thoracoscopic approach is a safe and effective alternative(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Thyroid Gland , Adenoma , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/physiopathology , Parathyroid Neoplasms , Thoracoscopy , Parathyroidectomy
20.
Actual. osteol ; 18(3): 183-191, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1509337

ABSTRACT

La crisis hipercalcémica (CH) es una emergencia endocrina inusual, definida por la presencia de calcemia > 14 mg/dl asociada a disfunción renal, alteraciones cardiovasculares, gastrointestinales y del sensorio; también podría considerarse en pacientes con síntomas graves y calcemia menor. El hiperparatiroidismo primario (HPTP) y las neoplasias malignas son las etiologías más comunes de la hipercalcemia (90% de los casos); sin embargo, rara vez el primero se presenta como CH. Debido a la alta mortalidad asociada a esta entidad, es de gran importancia establecer diagnóstico y tratamiento precoces. Presentamos dos pacientes con crisis hipercalcémica como primera manifestación del HPTP, el 1.° con bloqueo auriculoventricular (AV) completo y el 2.° con pancreatitis aguda. La anatomía patológica (AP) reveló adenoma oxifílico en ambos casos, que es una variante histológica poco frecuente y puede manifestarse clínicamente de forma grave. Conclusiones: los adenomas paratiroideos son causa poco frecuente de CH. Consideramos el tipo histológico observado (adenoma oxifílico) como probable factor condicionante. La pancreatitis y especialmente el bloqueo AV son manifestaciones poco frecuentes de la CH. Resaltamos la importancia de la determinación de los niveles de calcio dentro de la evaluación inicial de todo paciente con bloqueo AV. (AU)


Hypercalcemic crisis (HC) is an unusual endocrine emergency, defined as the presence of serum calcium > 14 mg/dl related to kidney dysfunction, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal and sensory disturbances. It could also be considered in patients with severe symptoms and lower serum calcium levels. Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and malignant neoplasms are the most common hypercalcemia etiologies (90% of cases), nevertheless, the former hardly ever occurs as HC. Due to the high mortality associated with HC, it is crucial to establish early diagnosis and treatment.We report two patients with HC as the first manifestation of PHPT; the former with atrioventricular (AV) block and the latter with acute pancreatitis. Pathology revealed oxyphilic adenoma in both cases, which is an infrequent histological variant that can have a severe clinical manifestation. Conclusions: parathyroid adenomas are a rare cause of HC. We consider the histological type observed (oxyphilic adenoma) as a probable conditioning factor. Pancreatitis and especially AV block are rare manifestations of HC. We emphasize the importance of determining calcium levels in the initial evaluation of all patients with AV block. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Parathyroid Neoplasms/complications , Adenoma/complications , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/complications , Hypercalcemia/diagnosis , Pancreatitis/etiology , Parathyroid Hormone/analysis , Parathyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Adenoma/pathology , Calcium/blood , Oxyphil Cells/pathology , Atrioventricular Block/etiology , Hypercalcemia/etiology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL