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1.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(2): e657, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289357

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El adenoma del paladar blando es frecuente en mujeres, aunado a los cambios fisiológicos que suceden durante el embarazo, es de presumir que la gestante puede presentar una vía aérea difícil. Objetivo: Describir el abordaje de la vía aérea en una gestante con adenoma del paladar blando. Presentación del caso: Se trata de una gestante de 20 años de edad con antecedentes patológicos personales de asma bronquial, alergia a los anestésicos locales, que presenta un adenoma en el paladar blando que impide ver la estructura de la orofaringe, Mallampatti IV, anunciada para procedimiento quirúrgico de urgencia para realizarle cesárea segmentaria anterior. Conclusiones: La embarazada presenta mayor incidencia de vía aérea difícil comparado con la población general, debido a los cambios fisiológicos que presenta en este periodo, si a ello se le adiciona la presencia de un tumor oro faríngeo que imposibilita la manipulación de la vía aérea, la evaluación preoperatoria y trazar una estrategia multidisciplinaria, constituyen los pilares para evitar complicaciones potencialmente fatales(AU)


Introduction: Adenoma of soft palate is frequent in women, together with the physiological changes that occur during pregnancy. The pregnant woman is to be presumed to have a difficult airway. Objective: To describe the airway managment in a pregnant woman with adenoma of soft palate. Case presentation: This is a 20-year-old pregnant woman (Mallampati IV) with a personal pathological history of bronchial asthma and allergy to local anesthetics, who presents an adenoma of soft palate that avoids seeing the oropharynx structure, announced for emergency surgical procedure for an anterior segmental cesarean section. Conclusions: The pregnant woman has a higher incidence of difficult airway compared to the general population, due to the physiological changes that she presents in this period. If, apart from this situation, the presence is considered of an oropharyngeal tumor that makes it impossible to manipulate the airway, preoperative assessment and tracing a multidisciplinary strategy are the pillars to avoid potentially fatal complications(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Oropharynx , Palate, Soft , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Adenoma, Pleomorphic , Surgical Clearance , Adenoma/complications , Emergencies , Anesthetics, Local
2.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(5): 648-663, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345192

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Acromegaly caused by ectopic growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH)-secreting tumor is exceedingly rare. We report a case of acromegaly secondary to GHRH secretion by an incidentally diagnosed pulmonary neuroendocrine tumor (NET) and review 47 similar cases in literature. A 22-year-old male patient presented with symptoms of pituitary apoplexy. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed apoplexy of a pituitary adenoma. Routinely prior to surgery, a chest radiography was performed which revealed a mass in the left lung. During investigation, the patient was diagnosed with metastatic GHRH-secreting pulmonary NET. In retrospect, it was noted that the patient had pituitary hyperplasia 20 months prior to the MRI which showed the presence of a pituitary adenoma. The histological findings confirmed somatotroph hyperplasia adjacent to somatotropinoma. This case suggests that GHRH secretion can be associated with pituitary hyperplasia, which may be followed by pituitary adenoma formation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Pituitary Neoplasms , Acromegaly , Adenoma/complications , Adenoma/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine , Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone , Hyperplasia
3.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(12): 841-844, Dec. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156070

ABSTRACT

Abstract Primary hyperparathyroidism is an endocrine disorder characterized by hypercalcemia and elevated or inappropriately normal levels of parathyroid hormone. The diagnosis is based on a biochemical evaluation, and a neck ultrasound is the first choice during pregnancy to access the parathyroid glands. Manifestations during pregnancy are rare and can be present with life-threatening complications, so the diagnosis is challenging. The conservative treatment is limited, and there is not enough data about its safety and efficacy during pregnancy. Surgery is the only curative treatment, and a parathyroidectomy performed during the second or third trimesters is considered safe. Recently, some authors suggested an association between primary hyperparathyroidism and preeclampsia. We describe a case of preeclampsia with severe features at 27 weeks of gestational age. The severity of the preeclampsiamotivated an early termination of the pregnancy by cesarean section. During the postpartum period, the patient presented life-threatening complications, such as severe hypercalcemia and acute pancreatitis. An ultrasound exam found two parathyroid nodules, suggestive of parathyroid adenomas. The patient recovered after the pharmacological correction of the calcemia levels.


Resumo O hiperparatiroidismo primário é umdistúrbio endócrino caraterizado pela elevação do cálcio sérico associada a níveis de paratormona elevados ou inapropriadamente normais. O diagnóstico é baseado em análises bioquímicas, e, na gravidez, o exame de imagem de primeira linha é a ecografia cervical. É uma doença rara na gravidez, e pode se apresentar com complicações ameaçadoras de vida, pelo que o seu diagnóstico é desafiante. O tratamento médico disponível é limitado, havendo poucos dados relativos à sua eficácia e segurança na gravidez. A cirurgia é o único tratamento curativo, e pode ser realizada no segundo ou terceiro trimestres. Tem sido descrita uma relação entre hiperparatiroidismo primário e pré-eclâmpsia. Apresenta-se um caso de uma grávida de 27 semanas com pré-eclâmpsia com critérios de gravidade, o que obrigou ao término da gravidez por cesariana. Verificou-se agravamento clínico no período pós-parto, com aparecimento de complicações graves, tais como hipercalcemia grave e pancreatite aguda. Ecograficamente, constataram-se duas massas paratiróideias sugestivas de adenomas da paratiroide. A doente recebeu tratamento médico, e teve melhora apenas após a correção dos níveis de cálcio sérico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Pancreatitis/diagnosis , Parathyroid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Pre-Eclampsia/diagnosis , Prenatal Diagnosis , Adenoma/diagnosis , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/diagnosis , Pancreatitis/complications , Parathyroid Neoplasms/complications , Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic/diagnosis , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Adenoma/complications , Diagnosis, Differential , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/complications
5.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(1): 28-33, Jan. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088982

ABSTRACT

Abstract Prolactin (PRL) secreting adenomas are associated with high incidence of headache. The role of hyperprolactinemia in the headache context is not clear, nor is the effect of its treatment on headache. Methods: The present longitudinal study evaluated hyperprolactinemic patients (69), in terms of presence and characteristics of headache before and after hyperprolactinemia treatment. Results: Headache was reported by 45 (65.2%) patients, independent of the etiology of hyperprolactinemia. The migraine phenotype was the most prevalent (66.6%). Medications used in the treatment of headache not changed during the study. The first line of treatment of hyperprolactinemia was dopaminergic agonists. In the last reevaluation, PRL level under treatment was within the reference range in 54.7% of the cases, and it was observed complete or partial resolution of the headache in 75% of the cases. The median PRL at this time in patients with complete headache resolution was 17 ng/mL, in those who reported partial recovery was 21 ng/mL, and in those in whom the headache did not change was 66 ng/mL, with a significant difference between the group with complete headache resolution vs. the group with unchanged headache (p=0.022). In the cases with complete headache resolution, the median fall on PRL levels was 89% and in those cases with partial headache resolution 86%, both significantly different (p<0.001) from the fall in the cases with an unchanged headache. Conclusion: Data allow us to conclude that, in this series, in the majority of cases the reduction in the level of PRL was followe3d by cessation or relief of the pain.


Resumo Os adenomas secretores de prolactina (PRL) estão associados à alta incidência de cefaleia. O papel da hiperprolactinemia no contexto da dor de cabeça não está claro, nem o efeito da redução dos níveis da PRL na cefaleia. Métodos: O presente estudo longitudinal avaliou pacientes hiperprolactinêmicos (69), quanto à presença e às características da cefaleia antes e após o tratamento da hiperprolactinemia. Resultados: Cefaleia foi relatada por 45 (65,2%) pacientes, independente da etiologia da hiperprolactinemia. O fenótipo de enxaqueca foi mais prevalente (66,6%). Os medicamentos usados ​​no tratamento da cefaleia não foram alterados durante o estudo. A primeira linha de tratamento da hiperprolactinemia foram os agonistas dopaminérgicos. Na última reavaliação, o nível de PRL sob tratamento estava dentro da faixa de referência em 54,7% dos casos, observando-se resolução completa ou parcial da cefaleia em 75% dos casos. A mediana de PRL neste momento em pacientes com resolução completa da cefaleia foi de 17 ng/mL, nos que relataram recuperação parcial foi de 21 ng/mL, e naqueles em que a cefaleia não se alterou foi de 66 ng/mL, com uma diferença significativa entre o grupo com resolução completa da cefaleia versus o grupo com cefaleia inalterada (p=0,022). Nos casos com resolução completa da cefaleia, a queda mediana nos níveis de PRL foi de 89% e nos casos com resolução parcial de cefaleia de 86%, ambos significativamente diferentes (p<0,001) da queda nos casos com cefaleia inalterada. Conclusão: Os dados permitem concluir que, nesta série, na maioria dos casos, a redução do nível de PRL foi seguida pela cessação ou alívio da dor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Prolactin/blood , Hyperprolactinemia/therapy , Headache/prevention & control , Headache/blood , Pituitary Neoplasms/complications , Pituitary Neoplasms/therapy , Reference Values , Hyperprolactinemia/complications , Adenoma/complications , Adenoma/therapy , Analysis of Variance , Longitudinal Studies , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dopamine Agonists/therapeutic use , Headache/etiology
6.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 12(4): 205-207, 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088026

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El carcinoma de paratiroides es una enfermedad de difícil diagnóstico, siendo perentorio una detección precoz y un tratamiento oportuno para prevenir las complicaciones. CASO CLÍNICO: Se presenta paciente de 42 años que debuta con hipercalcemia de 16.1 mg/dl, PTH 1573 pg/mL y lesión sugerente de adenoma de paratiroides. Biopsia quirúrgica identifica carcinoma paratiroideo sin invasión, realizándose posteriormente lobectomía derecha con foco de 0,1 mm de carcinoma paratiroideo, con bordes libres. En comité oncológico se decide seguimiento estricto; sin embargo, a los seis meses requiere hospitalización nuevamente por hipercalcemia, a la ecografía cervical presenta dos nódulos hipoecogénicos menores a 1 cm en lecho quirúrgico. Tomografía computada sin evidencia de lesiones. Con estos antecedentes, se decide exploración cervical, encontrándose tumor de 2 cm, multilobulado, paraesofágico. Biopsia evidencia carcinoma paratiroideo con invasión en tejido graso y músculo estriado. Se descarta radioterapia paliativa y quimioterapia debido a escasa evidencia, quedando en cuidados paliativos. DISCUSIÓN: El cáncer de paratiroides es una enfermedad de difícil diagnóstico. En muchos casos se ha descrito la crisis hipercalcémica como presentación inicial. La resección en bloque de la lesión de paratiroides con hemitiroidectomía ipsilateral es el tratamiento estándar. Es un tumor radio resistente y la quimioterapia adyuvante no ha demostrado aumento en la sobrevida. En pacientes con enfermedad inoperable, el pronóstico es pobre, siendo fundamental el control de calcemia y PTH, las cuales son la causa principal de morbimortalidad. CONCLUSIONES: El carcinoma paratiroideo es una enfermedad rara, cuyo diagnóstico y tratamiento representan un verdadero desafío clínico, siendo crucial el alto índice de sospecha. Su curso es crónico y de mal pronóstico, por lo que para pacientes de alto riesgo debe considerarse una cirugía radical desde el inicio.


INTRODUCTION: Parathyroid carcinoma is a difficult diagnosis, with early detection and timely treatment to prevent complications being imperative. CLINICAL CASE: A 42-year-old patient presenting with hypercalcemia of 16.1 mg / dl, PTH 1573 pg / mL and suggestive lesion of parathyroid adenoma is presented. Surgical biopsy identifies parathyroid carcinoma without invasion, subsequently performing right lobectomy with 0.1 mm focus of parathyroid carcinoma, with free borders. Oncological committee, strict follow-up is decided; However, at six months he requires hospitalization again for hypercalcemia, at cervical ultrasound he presents two hypoechogenic nodules smaller than 1 cm in the surgical bed. CT scan without evidence of injuries. With this background, cervical exploration is decided, finding a 2 cm, multilobed, paraesophageal tumor. Biopsy shows parathyroid carcinoma with invasion of fatty tissue and striated muscle. Palliative radiotherapy and chemotherapy are ruled out due to limited evidence, remaining in palliative care. DISCUSSION: Parathyroid cancer is a difficult diagnosis disease. In many cases the hypercalcemic crisis has been described as an initial presentation. Block resection of the parathyroid lesion with ipsilateral hemitiroidectomy is the standard treatment. It is a radioresistant tumor and adjuvant chemotherapy has not shown an increase in survival. In patients with inoperable disease, the prognosis is poor, with the control of calcemia and PTH being essential, which are the main cause of morbidity and mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Parathyroid carcinoma is a rare disease, the diagnosis and treatment of which represent a real clinical challenge, the high index of suspicion being crucial. Its course is chronic and has a poor prognosis, so for high-risk patients, radical surgery should be considered from the beginning.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Parathyroid Neoplasms/complications , Parathyroid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Adenoma/complications , Adenoma/diagnosis , Hypercalcemia/etiology , Parathyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Adenoma/surgery
7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(5): 656-663, Nov. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973786

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Majority of the incidentally discovered adrenal masses, called adrenal incidentaloma (AI), are nonfunctioning adrenal adenomas. The appropriate management of AI is still a matter debate, so it is necessary to investigate their associated morbidity. However, data regarding morphological and functional cardiac alterations are limited in this group. Objective: In this study, we aimed to assess cardiac structural and functional characteristics and atrial conduction properties in patients with nonfunctioning AI. Methods: Thirty patients with nonfunctioning AI and 46 properly matched control subjects were included in the study. After hormonal and biochemical analysis, all participants underwent transthoracic echocardiography to obtain systolic and diastolic parameters of both ventricles, in addition to atrial conduction times by tissue Doppler echocardiography. Data were analyzed with Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS, Chicago, IL, United States) statistics, version 17.0 for Windows. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Left ventricular (LV) mass index and LV myocardial performance index were significantly increased in AI group. Among atrial conduction times, both intra- and interatrial electromechanical delays were significantly prolonged in patients with nonfunctioning AI. Other laboratory and echocardiographic findings were similar between groups. Conclusion: Our study revealed that intra- and inter-atrial conduction times were prolonged, and LV mass index was increased in patients with nonfunctioning AI. These findings may be markers of subclinical cardiac involvement and tendency to cardiovascular complications. Close follow-up is necessary for individuals with nonfunctioning AI for their increased cardiovascular risk.


Resumo Fundamento: A maioria das massas adrenais descobertas incidentalmente, denominadas incidentaloma adrenal (IA), são adenomas adrenais não funcionantes. O manejo adequado da IA ainda é um tema de debate, e por isso é necessário investigar suas morbidades associadas. Entretanto, dados referentes a alterações cardíacas morfológicas e funcionais são limitados nesse grupo. Objetivo: Neste estudo, objetivamos avaliar as características estruturais e funcionais cardíacas e as propriedades de condução atrial em pacientes com IA não funcionante. Métodos: Trinta pacientes com IA não funcionante e 46 controles adequadamente pareados foram incluídos no estudo. Após análise hormonal e bioquímica, todos os participantes foram submetidos a ecocardiograma transtorácico para obtenção de parâmetros sistólicos e diastólicos de ambos os ventrículos, além dos tempos de condução atrial pelo ecocardiograma com Doppler tecidual. Os dados foram analisados com o Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS, Chicago, IL, Estados Unidos), versão 17.0 para Windows. P < 0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: O índice de massa do ventrículo esquerdo (VE) e o índice de desempenho miocárdico do VE foram significativamente aumentados no grupo IA. Entre os tempos de condução atrial, os atrasos eletromecânicos intra- e interatriais foram significativamente prolongados em pacientes com IA não funcionante. Outros achados laboratoriais e ecocardiográficos foram semelhantes entre os grupos. Conclusão: Nosso estudo revelou que os tempos de condução intra- e interatrial estavam prolongados e o índice de massa do VE estava aumentado em pacientes com IA não funcionante. Esses achados podem ser marcadores de envolvimento cardíaco subclínico e de tendência a complicações cardiovasculares. Um acompanhamento rigoroso é necessário para indivíduos com IA não funcionante, devido ao aumento do risco cardiovascular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Adenoma/complications , Adrenal Gland Neoplasms/complications , Cardiac Conduction System Disease/complications , Hydrocortisone/blood , Echocardiography/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Atrial Function , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/diagnostic imaging , Adrenocorticotropic Hormone/blood , Incidental Findings , Ventricular Septum/physiopathology , Ventricular Septum/diagnostic imaging , Cardiac Conduction System Disease/physiopathology , Cardiac Conduction System Disease/diagnostic imaging
8.
Rev. argent. endocrinol. metab ; 55(2): 11-20, jun. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041732

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los pacientes con adenomas hipofisarios constituyen una población heterogénea y requieren un enfoque individualizado. El objetivo de nuestro trabajo fue analizar nuestra población con adenomas hipofisarios no funcionantes (ACNF) y evaluar factores pronóstico de crecimiento (como el Ki-67) que ayuden en la toma de decisiones. Se realizó un análisis retrospectivo de 202 pacientes, incluyendo evaluación basal, enfoque terapéutico y evolución tumoral en 2 grupos: pacientes con conducta expectante (n = 69) y pacientes con cirugía (n = 133). La serie tuvo 55% de pacientes mujeres y la edad media al diagnóstico fue de 49 años. Los motivos de consulta más frecuentes fueron incidentaloma hipofisario y alteraciones visuales. Radiológicamente, 83% fueron macroadenomas, 77% invasivos y 55% mostraron compromiso visual. Entre los adenomas invasores, el 53% tenían disfunción hipofisaria, siendo el hipogonadismo el hallazgo más frecuente. El tratamiento inicial fue la cirugía en el 65,8% realizándose por vía transnasal en el 79% de los casos. Las complicaciones más frecuentes fueron diabetes insípida transitoria e hiponatremia, con mayor incidencia de diabetes insípida permanente en la cirugía transcraneal. La inmunohistoquímica mostró gonatropinomas en el 43,4% de los casos y fue negativa en el 37,7%. Doce adenomas tuvieron índice de proliferación Ki-67 ≥3%. Luego de la cirugía 56,8% de los pacientes mejoraron el campo visual, 22,6% recuperó alguna función endocrina y 18,8% agregó un nuevo déficit. En pacientes no operados, se observó crecimiento tumoral en 5,6% de los adenomas Hardy 1-2 y en el 21% de los Hardy 3-4. Entre los adenomas operados, aquellos sin resto tumoral postoperatorio no presentaron recurrencia. De los tumores con remanente postoperatorio (78,6%) no irradiados, el 41,5% mostró recrecimiento lesional al seguimiento. Este porcentaje se eleva a 66,6% en aquellos con Ki-67 ≥3% y disminuye a 12% en los que recibieron radioterapia.


ABSTRACT Patients with pituitary adenomas are a heterogeneous population and require an individualized approach. The aim of our study was to analyze our population of patients with nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFA) and to evaluate prognostic growth factors (such as Ki-67) that help in decision making. A retrospective analysis of 202 patients, including baseline assessment, therapeutic approach and tumor evolution was performed in 2 groups: expectant management (n = 69) and surgery (n = 133). The mean age at diagnosis was 49 years, 55% women. The most frequent reasons for consultation were pituitary incidentaloma and visual impairment. Eighty three percent were macroadenomas, 77% invasive, and 55% with visual impairment. Among the invasive adenomas, 53% had pituitary dysfunction, with hypogonadism being the most frequent finding. The initial treatment was surgery in 65.8%, 79% of them through transnasal approach. The most frequent complications were transient diabetes insipidus and hyponatremia, with a higher incidence of permanent diabetes insipidus in transcranial surgery. The immunohistochemistry showed: 43.4% gonadotropinomas, 37.7% negative. Twelve adenomas had proliferation index Ki-67 ≥3%. After surgery, 56.8% improved the visual fields, 22.6% recovered some endocrine function and 18.8% added a new deficit. In non-operated patients, tumor growth was observed in 5.6% of the Hardy 1-2 adenomas and 21% of the Hardy 3-4 adenomas. Among the operated adenomas, those without postoperative tumor residue did not present recurrence. In tumors with non-irradiated postoperative remnant (78.6%), 41.5% increased. This percentage rises to 66.6% in those with Ki-67 ≥3%, and decreases to 12% in those who received radiotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pituitary Neoplasms/complications , Pituitary Neoplasms/physiopathology , Adenoma/complications , Pituitary Neoplasms/surgery , Prognosis , Adenoma/radiotherapy , Decision Making , Cell Proliferation
9.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 11(1): 16-19, 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-999028

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The hypercalcemia is infrequent in pediatrics, its clinical is diverse, and its etiology is determined by age. Among the dependent causes of parathormone (PHT) is the hyperthyroidism, state of hypersecretion of PHT by parathyroid glands (PG). The primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is rare in children, there are 200 reported cases. In older children, the causes for PHPT correspond to parathyroid adenoma, multiglandular disease and parathyroid carcinoma. OBJECTIVE: Report a case of an 11 years old male adolescent. He presents three months symptoms of constipation, anorexia, vomiting and weight loss. Urgent consultation due to an increase of his symptoms, in exams stand out: calcemia 16.67 mg/dl (NV 8.8-10.8 mg/dl), phosphatemia 2.21 mg/dl (NV 4.5-5.5 mg/dl), parathormone (PHT) 308.7 pg/ml (NV 15-68.3 pg/ml), calciuria/creatininuria 0.56 (NV < 0.2). He was hospitalized to manage his severe hypercalcemia, it was indicated hyperhydration, monopotassium phosphate, intravenous hydrocortisone and furosemide. In his study was performed a cervical ultrasound which showed a solid node in the right parathyroid gland, hypoechogenic and scintigram parathyroid compatible with right superior parathyroid adenoma. In the waiting for surgery was necessary the administration of intravenous pamidronate. In the post-operatory, he evolved with hipocalcemia that was corrected with intravenous calcium carbonate, overlapping to oral calcium and calcitriol. CONCLUSION: The PHPT is a pathology of low prevalence in pediatrics, one hundred times less than adults. In the adolescent, the most frequent cause is the parathyroid adenoma. It should be considered as a differential diagnosis in cases of symptomatic hypercalcemia in this age group


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Parathyroid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Adenoma/diagnosis , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/etiology , Parathyroid Hormone/blood , Parathyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Parathyroid Neoplasms/complications , Phosphorus/blood , Thyroid Gland/diagnostic imaging , Adenoma/surgery , Adenoma/complications , Calcium/blood , Parathyroidectomy , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/surgery , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/diagnosis , Hypercalcemia/diagnosis , Hypercalcemia/etiology
10.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 10(4): 150-153, oct. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-999026

ABSTRACT

A case study of a 41 years old woman with cyclic hypercortisolism is explained. AT the beginning, its manegment was shrinking the tumor, however afterward she needs medical treatment during cycles. The fluctuating clinical and discrepant bioquemical findings make it hard to diagnose. A review of this rare disorder is explained.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Pituitary Neoplasms/complications , Adenoma/complications , Cushing Syndrome/diagnosis , Cushing Syndrome/etiology , Pituitary Neoplasms/diagnosis , Time Factors , Adenoma/diagnosis , Adrenocortical Hyperfunction/diagnosis , Adrenocortical Hyperfunction/etiology
11.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 145(7): 941-944, jul. 2017. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902567

ABSTRACT

Symptoms of hypopituitarism are usually chronic and nonspecific, but rarely the disease can have acute and life threatening manifestations. We report a 53 years old female with a pituitary adenoma that was admitted to our hospital because of syncope. The electrocardiogram showed sinus bradycardia with a prolonged QT interval. Frequent runs of non-sustained polymorphic ventricular tachycardia were noted on telemetry. The patient had a history of severe acute headaches in the previous days and laboratory tests revealed severe secondary hypothyroidism, adrenal insufficiency and a decrease in pituitary hormones. A magnetic resonance imaging of the head showed changes in the size and contrast enhancement of the adenoma. A diagnosis of hypopituitarism secondary to pituitary apoplexy was made and treatment with hydrocortisone and, subsequently, levothyroxine was started. Hormonal disorders such as hypothyroidism, adrenal insufficiency or hypopituitarism should be considered as unusual causes for reversible cardiomyopathy, long QT syndrome and ventricular arrhythmias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Pituitary Neoplasms/complications , Long QT Syndrome/etiology , Adenoma/complications , Tachycardia, Ventricular/etiology , Hypopituitarism/complications , Long QT Syndrome/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tachycardia, Ventricular/diagnosis , Electrocardiography
14.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 60(3): 267-286, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-785230

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Although it is a rare condition, the accurate diagnosis and treatment of Cushing’s disease is important due to its higher morbidity and mortality compared to the general population, which is attributed to cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus and infections. Screening for hypercortisolism is recommended for patients who present multiple and progressive clinical signs and symptoms, especially those who are considered to be more specific to Cushing’s syndrome, abnormal findings relative to age (e.g., spinal osteoporosis and high blood pressure in young patients), weight gain associated with reduced growth rate in the pediatric population and for those with adrenal incidentalomas. Routine screening is not recommended for other groups of patients, such as those with obesity or diabetes mellitus. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the pituitary, the corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) test and the high-dose dexamethasone suppression test are the main tests for the differential diagnosis of ACTH-dependent Cushing’s syndrome. Bilateral and simultaneous petrosal sinus sampling is the gold standard method and is performed when the triad of initial tests is inconclusive, doubtful or conflicting. The aim of this article is to provide information on the early detection and establishment of a proper diagnosis of Cushing’s disease, recommending follow-up of these patients at experienced referral centers. Arch Endocrinol Metab. 2016;60(3):267-86.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenoma/diagnosis , Cushing Syndrome/diagnosis , Consensus , ACTH-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma/diagnosis , Brazil , Dexamethasone , Hydrocortisone/blood , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Adenoma/complications , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Cushing Syndrome/etiology , Diagnosis, Differential , ACTH-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma/complications , Glucocorticoids
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-51220

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Our objective was to estimate the maximum color contrast sensitivity (MCCS) thresholds in individuals with chiasma opticum damage. METHODS: The pilot study tested 41 people with pituitary adenoma (PA) and 100 age- and gender-matched controls. Patients were divided into two groups according to PA size, PA ≤1 cm or PA >1 cm. A new MCCS test program was used for color discrimination. RESULTS: The mean total error score (TES) of MCCS was 1.8 in the PA ≤1 cm group (standard deviation [SD], 0.38), 3.5 in the PA >1 cm group (SD, 0.96), and 1.4 in the control group (SD, 0.31; p 1 cm (p < 0.01). In PA patients with normal VA, the TES was 2.35 times worse than that of healthy persons (p < 0.01).


Subject(s)
Adenoma/complications , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Color Perception/physiology , Color Perception Tests/methods , Contrast Sensitivity/physiology , Early Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Optic Chiasm , Pilot Projects , Pituitary Neoplasms/complications , Time Factors , Vision Disorders/diagnosis , Visual Fields , Young Adult
17.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 59(5): 460-466, Oct. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-764119

ABSTRACT

Primary hyperparathyroidism is a disease characterized by excessive production of parathyroid hormone (PTH), which is due to a parathyroid adenoma in 85% of cases. An atypical parathyroid adenoma, with some histopathological features of parathyroid carcinoma, may be found in some of the cases, although it may not fulfill all the criteria for this diagnosis. Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an autosomal dominant systemic disease that may be associated with hyperparathyroidism. We report here the rare combination of a patient with NF1 and clinical manifestations of hyperparathyroidism due to an atypical parathyroid adenoma.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Adenoma/pathology , Neurofibromatosis 1/diagnosis , Parathyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Adenoma/complications , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/etiology , Neurofibromatosis 1/complications , Parathyroid Hormone/analysis , Parathyroid Neoplasms/complications
18.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 143(3): 396-400, mar. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-745639

ABSTRACT

We report a 59-year-old man with a history of hypertension, recurrent renal stones and a severe hypercalcemia of 14.9 mg/dl with a serum phosphorus of 2.4 mg/dl and a serum albumin of 3.6 g/dl. Physical examination showed a 4 cm left cervical nodule, consistent with the diagnosis of thyroid nodule. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels were 844 pg/mL (normal 15-65 pg/ml) and a cervical ultrasound examination disclosed a solid nodule in the lower left lobe of 40 x 30 x 25 mm, adjacent to the thyroid parenchyma. Abdominal ultrasound revealed bilateral renal stones. Parathyroid scintigraphy showed a high uptake of the left lower parathyroid mass and a bone densitometry showed bone density t scores of -1.2 in the spine, -2.0 in the right femoral neck and -3.5 in the distal radius. A review of his medical record revealed the presence of hypercalcemia for at least 4 years. He was admitted for hydration and administration of 4 mg zoledronic acid iv. At 24 hours, serum calcium dropped to 11.0 mg/dl, and a left thyroid lobectomy was performed including the lower left parathyroid gland. The pathology report showed a 22.6 g parathyroid adenoma. Intraoperatory PTH descended > 50%, consistent with successful parathyroidectomy. At 7 days after surgery serum calcium was 8.8 mg/dl, phosphorus 2.1 mg/dl, alkaline phosphatase 166 U/L, albumin 3.9 g/dL, PTH 230 pg/ml and 25-OH vitamin D 12.4 ng/ml. This finding was interpreted as secondary hyperparathyroidism due to vitamin D deficiency and “hungry bone”, being less likely the presence of residual or metastatic parathyroid tissue. A cholecalciferol load was administered, with significant descent of PTH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenoma/complications , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/etiology , Parathyroid Neoplasms/complications , Parathyroid Hormone/blood , Recurrence
19.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 133(1): 55-59, Jan-Fev/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-733009

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT: In patients with acromegaly, cardiovascular complications are the main cause of death; sudden death has been associated with ventricular tachyarrhythmias. In other patients with life-threatening malignant ventricular tachyarrhythmias, surgical placement of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) has proved highly effective in reducing sudden death rates. CASE REPORT: The present article reports the case of a 50-year-old male acromegalic patient who presented symptoms of syncope induced by ventricular tachycardia. An ICD was surgically implanted and a pituitary adenoma, which was responsible for the acromegaly, was completely removed in the same procedure. The surgery was successful and the ventricular arrhythmias were effectively terminated. During six months of follow-up, no documented arrhythmic episodes occurred. CONCLUSION: In patients with acromegaly, malignant ventricular tachyarrhythmia might be effectively controlled by implantation of an ICD and surgical removal of the pituitary adenoma. .


CONTEXTO: As complicações cardiovasculares são a principal causa de morte em pacientes com acromegalia, e a morte súbita tem sido associada a taquiarritmias ventriculares. Em outros pacientes com risco de vida por taquiarritmias ventriculares malignas, a aplicação cirúrgica de um cardioversor-desfibrilador implantável (CDI) provou ser altamente eficaz na redução das taxas de morte súbita. RELATO DE CASO: O presente artigo relata o caso de um paciente acromegálico de 50 anos de idade e do sexo masculino, que apresentava sintomas de síncope induzida por taquicardia ventricular. Foi implantado cirurgicamente nesse paciente um CDI e na mesma intervenção cirúrgica foi completamente removido um adenoma hipofisário responsável pela acromegalia. A cirurgia foi bem-sucedida e o paciente deixou de sofrer de arritmias ventriculares. Durante seis meses de acompanhamento, não se documentaram, nesse paciente, episódios arrítmicos. CONCLUSÃO: A taquiarritmia ventricular maligna pode ser efetivamente controlada em pacientes com acromegalia pela implantação de um CDI combinado com a remoção cirúrgica do adenoma hipofisário. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acromegaly/complications , Adenoma/complications , Defibrillators, Implantable , Pituitary Neoplasms/complications , Adenoma/diagnosis , Pituitary Neoplasms/diagnosis , Syncope/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Tachycardia, Ventricular/etiology
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