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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(3): 358-367, set. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1348344

ABSTRACT

Introduction:The aesthetic rehabilitation of endodontically treated teeth depends on the destruction degree of the crown, the bone support, type of prosthesis, andchewing forces. In these cases, indirect restorations with composite resins are an excellent alternative. The indirect composite resins have improved physical and mechanical properties due toincorporatingof inorganic fillersand multifunctional monomers. These components offer a greater bonding strength to the indirect restorations, which is advantageous for further rehabilitations with ceramic crowns. Objective:To present an aesthetic rehabilitation of anterior teeth with indirect composite resin as a feasible and less expensive treatment alternative.Case Report:Upon clinical examination, extensive and deficient restorations were observed in the upper anterior teeth. The proposed treatment plan was the aesthetic rehabilitation of endodontically treated teeth with indirect restorations using ceromer.Conclusions:This treatment represented an excellent alternative for aesthetic rehabilitation of endodontically treated teeth in cases of great dental crown destruction or small dental absences (AU).


Introdução:A reabilitação estética de dentes tratados endodonticamente depende do grau de destruição da coroa, do dente em questão, do suporte ósseo, do tipo de prótese e dos tipos de forças a que esses dentes serão submetidos. As resinas compostas indiretas apresentam propriedades físicas e mecânicas aprimoradas graças à incorporação de componentes inorgânicos e monômeros multifuncionais com maior número de pontos de união, tornando-os capazes de solucionar os problemas em que seriam indicadas restaurações cerâmicas. Objetivo:Apresentar um relato de caso clínico de uma reabilitação estética de dentes anteriores com resina composta indireta como alternativa de tratamento viável e de menor custo.Relato de Caso:Ao exame clínico foram observadas restaurações amplas e deficientes nos dentes anteriores superiores. O plano de tratamento proposto reabilitação estética dos elementos dentários com cerômeros.Conclusões:Este tratamento representou uma opção viável e demenor custo que pode ser utilizado tanto em situações de grande destruição dentária como em pequenas ausências dentárias, em substituição às restaurações de cerâmica (AU).


Introducción: La rehabilitación estética de los dientes tratados endodónticamente depende del grado de destrucción de la corona, el diente en cuestión, el soporte óseo, el tipo de prótesis y los tipos de fuerzas a las que estos dientes serán sometidos. Las resinas compuestas indirectas tienen propiedades físicas y mecánicas mejoradas gracias a la incorporación de componentes inorgánicos y monómeros multifuncionales con mayor número de puntos de unión, lo que las hace capaces de resolver los problemas en los que estarían indicadas las restauraciones cerámicas. Objetivo: Presentar un caso clínico de rehabilitación estética de dientes anteriores con resina compuesta indirecta como alternativa de tratamiento viable y menos costosa. Reporte de Caso:En el examen clínico, se observaron restauraciones extensas y deficientes en los dientes anteriores superiores. El plan de tratamiento propuesto para la rehabilitación estética de elementos dentales con cerómeros. Conclusiones:Este tratamiento representó una opción viable y menos costosa que se puede utilizar tanto en situaciones de gran destrucción dentaria como en pequeñas ausencias dentales, en sustitución de las restauraciones cerámicas (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Adhesiveness , Composite Resins , Crowns , Mouth Rehabilitation/instrumentation , Brazil/epidemiology , Physical Properties
2.
Dent. press endod ; 10(2): 34-41, maio-ago.2020. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344542

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a influência de diferentes plugs de proteção, acomodados sobre o remanescente da obturação após preparo para pino, na retenção de pinos metálicos fundidos. Métodos: Cinquenta dentes bovinos foram decoronados, manualmente instrumentados até a lima manual Kerr #80 e obturados. A desobturação parcial de 10mm do conduto foi realizada com uma broca Largo e os grupos foram divididos de acordo com os diferentes materiais utilizados como plugs (n=10): Grupo I (Controle, sem plug); Grupo II (plug de Coltosol®); Grupo III (plug, em consistência de massa, de Sealapex® + óxido de zinco); Grupo IV (plug de etil-cianoacrilato); e Grupo V (plug de fosfato de zinco). Uma camada de 1mm de espessura dos diferentes plugs (Grupos II, III, IV ou V) foi acomodada sobre a obturação remanescente. Os espécimes foram selados e armazenados em 100% de umidade, por 7 dias. Após moldagem do conduto, foram confeccionados pinos metálicos fundidos e cimentados com fosfato de zinco. Os espécimes permaneceram em câmara úmida por 45 dias antes do teste de tração, realizado em uma máquina universal de ensaios. Os valores foram expressos em Mega pascal (MPa) e submetidos aos testes ANOVA e Tukey (p<0,05). Resultados: O etilcianoacrilato diminuiu a retenção dos pinos metálicos fundidos (p<0,01). Não houve diferença entre os outros grupos (p>0,05), semelhante- mente ao controle. Conclusão: A proteção da obturação com plugs confeccionados com etil-cianoacrilato prejudica a retenção de pinos metálicos fundidos cimentados com fosfato de zinco, enquanto Sealapex® acrescido de óxido de zinco, fosfato de zinco endurecido ou Coltosol® não interferem na adesividade (AU).


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Cementation , Dental Pulp Cavity , Endodontics , Traction , Zinc Oxide , In Vitro Techniques , Adhesiveness
3.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e105, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132706

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this research was to evaluate the influence of MDP (10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate) concentration and application mode of experimental adhesives on microshear bond strength (μSBS) to dentin after storage in distilled water at 37°C for 24h and 6 months. Five experimental adhesives were prepared with: CQ, DABE, BHT, ethanol, HEMA, TEGDMA, Bis-EMA, UDMA, and Bis-GMA. Concentrations of 0 wt%, 3 wt%, 9 wt%, 12 wt% or 15 wt% of MDP were added to their composition. The adhesives were applied to flat dentin surfaces in etch-and-rinse or self-etching modes. Cylindrical molds filled with light-cured composite resin were placed above the dentin. The specimens were stored in distilled water at 37oC for 24h or 6 months and submitted to μSBS testing. The adhesives were also submitted to pH analysis. The data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA, three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 5%). All the adhesives used in the etch-and-rinse mode showed significantly higher bond strength than the adhesives applied in the self-etching approach. The 9 wt% adhesive showed the highest bond strength values, and 3 wt% was most stable after storage. A strong negative correlation between MDP concentration and pH was observed. It was concluded that the formulations with low concentrations of MDP (up to 9 wt%) showed better results for bond strength and bond strength degradation over time.


Subject(s)
Dental Bonding , Tensile Strength , Materials Testing , Adhesiveness , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Composite Resins , Resin Cements , Dental Cements , Dentin
4.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 6(3): 255-264, 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1128187

ABSTRACT

ntrodução:Pacientes com dentes curtos e ameias abertas, relatam muita insatisfação com seusorriso.A gengivoplastia, quando bem indicada, permite oaumento no tamanho da coroa dentária de forma a reduzir a necessidade de aumento incisal com resina composta. A reanatomização com resinas compostas para fechamento de ameias e aumentosincisais representa uma alternativa conservadora, pois trata-se de uma técnicaadesiva diretaque pode ser realizada sem nenhum desgaste dentário. Além disso é uma técnica reversível preferível para pacientes jovens. Objetivo:Apresentar um relato de caso clínico de paciente do sexo masculino, 22 anos, insatisfeito com o tamanho, cor e a forma dos seus dentes anteriores. Descrição do Caso:Ao exame clínico foi observado coroa curta, escurecimento fisiológico, espaços interdentais e desalinhamento das bordas incisais. O plano de tratamento proposto foi encaminhar para a gengivoplastia, clareamento dental pela técnica associada e reanatomização estética dos dentes anteriores com resinacomposta diretaestratificada com diferentescamadas e cores, e posterior texturização superficialdurante as fases de acabamento e polimento finais. Conclusões:Com a gengivoplastiae asrestaurações, obtivemos dentes reanatomizados, reproduzindo naturalidadede forma, textura e cor. Com planejamento e técnica adequada, foi possível restabelecer o sorriso comproporções, forma e naturalidade satisfatórias (AU).


Introduction:Patients with short teeth and open battlements, report a lot of dissatisfaction with their smile. Gingivoplasty, when properly indicated, allows for an increase in the size of the dental crown in order to reduce the need for incisal augmentation with composite resin. Resuscitation with composite resins for the closure of niches and incisal increases represents a conservative alternative, as it is a direct adhesive technique that can be performed without any dental wear. Furthermore, it is a preferable reversible technique for young patients.Objective:To present a case report of a 22-year-old male patient, dissatisfied with the size, color and shape of his anterior teeth.Case Description:The clinical examination showed a short crown, physiological darkening, interdental spaces and misalignment of the incisal edges. The proposed treatment plan was to refer to gingivoplasty, tooth whitening by the associated technique and aesthetic reanatomization of the anterior teeth with stratified direct composite resin with different layers and colors, and later surface texturing during the final polishing and finishing phases. Conclusions:With gingivoplastyand restorations, we obtained reanatomized teeth, reproducing natural form, texture and color. With proper planning and technique, it was possible to restore the smile with satisfactory proportions, shape and naturalness (AU).


Introducción: Los pacientes com dientescortos y almenasabiertas, informanmuchainsatisfaccióncom susonrisa. La gingivoplastia, cuando está indicada adecuadamente, permite un aumento em eltamaño de la corona dental para reducirlanecesidad de aumento incisalcon resina compuesta. La rstauración con resinas compuestas para elcierre de nichos y aumentos incisales representa una alternativa conservadora, ya que es una técnica adesiva directa que se puede realizar sinningún tipo de desgaste dental. Además, es una técnica reversiblepreferible para pacientes jóvenes. Objetivo: Presentar un informe de caso de un paciente masculino de 22 años, insatisfechocom eltamaño, el color y la forma de sus dientes anteriores.Descripcióndel caso:El examen clínico mostró una corona corta, oscurecimiento fisiológico, espaciosinterdentales y desalineación de los bordes incisales. El plan de tratamento propuesto era referirse a lagingivoplastia, elblanqueamiento dental mediante la técnica asociada y lareanatización estética de losdientes anteriores con resina compuestadirecta estratificada con diferentes capas y colores, y luego texturizar lasuperficie durante las fases finales de pulido y acabado. Conclusiones: Com lagingivoplasty yrestauracióndental, obtuvimosdientesreanatomizados, reproduciendo forma, textura y color naturales. Con una planificación y técnica adecuadas, fueposible restaurar lasonrisacon proporciones, forma y naturalidade satisfactorias (AU).


Subject(s)
Tooth Bleaching , Adhesiveness , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Tooth Bleaching Agents , Gingivoplasty , Brazil , Photography, Dental/instrumentation
5.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 18: e191635, jan.-dez. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1095364

ABSTRACT

Aim: Cast post and core (CPC) is the main used post type; however, the biomechanical behavior of CPCs adhesively luted to the dentin is still unclear. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the fracture resistance (FR) and fracture modes of teeth restored with CPCs luted with zinc-phosphate (ZP) or resin-based self-adhesive (SA) cements, as well as the influence of the coronal remnant. Methods: For that, 24 human premolars were divided into four groups according to the cement (ZP or SA) and coronal remnant (with or without 2mm). FR was tested in a universal machine and data analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey HSD (α=.05). Fracture modes were classified according to the degree of dental destruction. Results: The results showed that there was no difference in FR (p=.352); however, teeth without ferrule presented more irreparable fractures, specially in the ZP group. Conclusion: All in all, self-adhesion of CPCs does not enhance fracture resistance, however it reduces the number of irreparable fractures, compared to ZP cement


Subject(s)
Adhesiveness , Post and Core Technique , Resin Cements , Fractures, Compression
6.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 23(4): 43.e1-43.e7, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-953039

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: It is recently suggested that titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles can be added to bracket luting agents in order to reduce bacterial activity and protect the enamel. However, it is not known if this addition can affect the shear bond strength (SBS) below clinically acceptable levels. Therefore, this study examined this matter within a comprehensive setup. Methods: This in vitro experimental study was conducted on 120 extracted human premolars randomly divided into four groups (n=30): in groups 1 and 2, Transbond XT light-cured composite with or without TiO2 was applied on bracket base; in groups 3 and 4, Resilience light-cured composite with or without TiO2 was used. Brackets were bonded to teeth. Specimens in each group (n=30) were divided into three subgroups of 10 each; then incubated at 37°C for one day, one month, or three months. The SBS and adhesive remnant index (ARI) were calculated and compared statistically within groups. Results: The SBS was not significantly different at one day, one month or three months (p>0.05) but composites without TiO2 had a significantly higher mean SBS than composites containing TiO2 (p<0.001). The SBS of Transbond XT was significantly higher than that of Resilience (p<0.001). No significant differences were noted in ARI scores based on the type of composite or addition of TiO2 (p>0.05). Conclusions: Addition of TiO2 nanoparticles to Transbond XT decreased its SBS to the level of SBS of Resilience without TiO2; thus, TiO2 nanoparticles may be added to Transbond XT composite for use in the clinical setting.


RESUMO Introdução: recentemente, sugeriu-se que nanopartículas de dióxido de titânio (TiO2) poderiam ser adicionadas ao cimento adesivo para reduzir a atividade bacteriana e proteger o esmalte. Entretanto, não se sabe se esse acréscimo pode reduzir a resistência adesiva ao cisalhamento (RAC) a níveis inferiores aos clinicamente aceitáveis. Assim, o presente estudo examinou essa questão dentro de um contexto abrangente. Métodos: esse estudo experimental in vitro foi realizado em 120 pré-molares humanos, aleatoriamente divididos em quatro grupos (n=30). Nos grupos 1 e 2, o adesivo fotopolimerizável Transbond XT com e sem TiO2 foi aplicado na base do braquete. Nos grupos 3 e 4, utilizou-se o adesivo fotopolimerizável Resilience com e sem TiO2. Os braquetes foram colados aos dentes e as amostras de cada grupo (n=30) foram divididas em três subgrupos de dez amostras cada, as quais foram incubadas a 37°C por, respectivamente, um dia, um mês e três meses. A RAC e o índice de adesivo remanescente (IAR) foram calculados e estatisticamente comparados entre os grupos. Resultados: a RAC não apresentou diferença significativa após um dia, um mês ou três meses (p > 0,05), mas os adesivos sem TiO2 apresentaram uma RAC média significativamente mais elevada do que os adesivos que continham TiO2 (p< 0,001). A RAC do Transbond XT foi significativamente mais elevada do que a do Resilience (p< 0,001). Não foram observadas diferenças significativas nos IARs, seja para o tipo de adesivo ou para a adição de TiO2 (p> 0,05). Conclusões: a adição de nanopartículas de TiO2 ao Transbond XT reduziu sua RAC a níveis semelhantes aos da RAC do Resilience TiO2. Assim, as nanopartículas de TiO2 podem ser acrescentadas ao adesivo Transbond XT para a aplicação clínica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Titanium/pharmacology , Orthodontic Brackets , Dental Enamel , In Vitro Techniques , Adhesiveness , Dental Bonding , Shear Strength , Nanoparticles
7.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 7(1): 30-36, ene. 22, 2018. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119250

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the shear stress distribution on the adhesive interface and the bond strength between resin cement and two ceramics. For finite element analysis (FEA), a tridimensional model was made using computer-aided design software. This model consisted of a ceramic slice (10x10x2mm) partially embedded on acrylic resin with a resin cement cylinder (Ø=3.4 mm and h=3mm) cemented on the external surface. Results of maximum principal stress and maximum principal shear were obtained to evaluate the stress generated on the ceramic and the cylinder surfaces. In order to reproduce the in vitro test, similar samples to the computational model were manufactured according to ceramic material (Zirconia reinforced lithium silicate - ZLS and high translucency Zirconia - YZHT), (N=48, n=12). Half of the specimens were submitted to shear bond test after 24h using a universal testing machine (0.5 mm/min, 50kgf) until fracture. The other half was stored (a) (180 days, water, 37ºC) prior to the test. Bond strength was calculated in MPa and submitted to analysis of variance. The results showed that ceramic material influenced bond strength mean values (p=0.002), while aging did not: YZHT (19.80±6.44)a, YZHTa (17.95±7.21)a, ZLS (11.88±5.40)b, ZLSa (11.76±3.32)b. FEA results showed tensile and shear stress on ceramic and cylinder surfaces with more intensity on their periphery. Although the stress distribution was similar for both conditions, YZHT showed higher bond strength values; however, both materials seemed to promote durable bond strength.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Bonding , Dentin-Bonding Agents/chemistry , Composite Resins/chemistry , Resin Cements , Dental Alloys/chemistry , Dental Porcelain/chemistry , Materials Testing , Adhesiveness , Dental Stress Analysis/methods
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764787

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the adhesiveness and cytotoxicity of 3, 4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA), and to evaluate the role of collagen membrane with DOPA in the guided bone regeneration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Peel resistance and cell cytotoxicity test were performed. Four defect types in nine rabbit calvaria were randomly allocated: i) control, ii) membrane, iii) deproteinized porcine bone mineral (DPBM) covered by membrane with DOPA, and iv) DPBM covered by membrane with cyanoacrylate. Animals were sacrificed at 2 (n=4) and 8 weeks (n=5) for microcomputed tomography and histomorphometric analysis. DOPA showed low peel resistance but high cell viability. RESULT: Cyanoacrylate and DOPA groups showed significantly higher mineralized tissue volume (MTV) compared to control and membrane groups at 2 weeks (P < 0.05). At 8 weeks, DOPA group showed the highest MTV. Significantly higher new bone area was found in DOPA group at 8 weeks (P < 0.05). Bone formation increased from 2 to 8 weeks in DOPA group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: DOPA showed high cell viability and in vivo study revealed predictable performance in bone regeneration.


Subject(s)
Adhesiveness , Adhesives , Animals , Bone Regeneration , Cell Survival , Collagen , Cyanoacrylates , Dihydroxyphenylalanine , Membranes , Miners , Osteogenesis , Skull , X-Ray Microtomography
9.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170528, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-954505

ABSTRACT

Abstract High levels of shrinkage stress caused by volumetric variations during the activation process are one of the main problems in the practical application of composite resins. Objective The aim of this study is to reduce the shrinkage stress and minimize the effects caused by composite resin volumetric variation due to the photopolymerization. In this way, this work proposes a systematic study to determine the optimal dimming function to be applied to light curing processes. Material and Methods The study was performed by applying mathematical techniques to the optimization of nonlinear objective functions. The effectiveness of the dimming function was evaluated by monitoring the polymerization shrinkage stress during the curing process of five brands/models of composites. This monitoring was performed on a universal testing machine using two steel bases coupled in the arms of the machine where the resin was inserted and polymerized. The quality of the composites cured by the proposed method was analyzed and compared with the conventional photoactivation method by experiments to determine their degree of conversion (DC). Absorbance measurements were performed using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). A T-test was performed on DC results to compare the photoactivation techniques. We also used scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to analyze in-vitro the adhesion interface of the resin in human teeth. Results Our results showed that the use of the optimal dimming function, named as exponential, resulted in the significant reduction of the shrinkage stress (~36.88% ±6.56 when compared with the conventional method) without affecting the DC (t=0.86, p-value=0.44). The SEM analyses show that the proposed process can minimize or even eliminate adhesion failures between the tooth and the resin in dental restorations. Conclusion The results from this study can promote the improvement of the composite resin light curing process by the minimization of polymerization shrinkage effects, given an operational standardization of the photoactivation process.


Subject(s)
Composite Resins/radiation effects , Composite Resins/chemistry , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives/methods , Polymerization/radiation effects , Reference Values , Stress, Mechanical , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Adhesiveness , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Dental Stress Analysis , Phase Transition/radiation effects
10.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170384, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-954495

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To investigate the chemical interactions between a high-viscosity glass ionomer cement (GIC) (KetacTM Molar Easymix, 3M ESPE, Seefeld, Bavaria, Germany) and human dentin. It was also analyzed the dynamics of GIC setting mechanism based on the time intervals required for the GIC and the GIC mixed with dentin to achieve stability. Material and Methods Each constituent of GIC - powder (P) and liquid (L) - and powdered dentin (D), as well as the associations P+L, D+L, and P+L+D in the concentrations of 29%, 50%, 65%, 78%, 82%, and 92% of GIC were analyzed with Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopy. Results New optical absorption bands and/or Raman bands, which were not present in P, L, or D, were observed in the associations. The concentrations of 29% and 50% of GIC showed higher interaction, revealing that the amount of dentin influences the formation of new optical absorption or scattering bands. FTIR bands showed that the setting time to achieve bond stability was longer for the high-viscosity GIC (38±7 min) than for the sample with 29% of GIC (28±4 min). Conclusions The analysis revealed the formation of new compounds or molecular rearrangements resulting from the chemical interactions between GIC and dentin. Moreover, this study provides an effective method to evaluate the dynamics of the setting mechanism of GICs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentin/drug effects , Dentin/chemistry , Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry , Reference Values , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Viscosity , Materials Testing , Adhesiveness , Reproducibility of Results , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
11.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e58, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952156

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of different surface treatments and polymerization protocols on the bond strength of brackets to enamel, and the degree of conversion of the bonding agents. 120 bovine crowns were embedded in acrylic resin blocks and sanded. Next, the blocks were randomly assigned into 12 groups. Metal brackets were bonded to enamel according to the "surface treatment" factor (A: Phosphoric Acid; ATxt: Phosphoric Acid + Transbond XT Primer®; Tse: Transbond Plus Self Etching Primer®; and SBU: Scotchbond Universal®) and "polymerization" factor (R20: Radii-Cal®/20 seconds; V20: Valo Cordless®/20 seconds; and V3: Valo Cordless®/3 seconds). All samples were stored for 6 months (water, 37ºC) and then subjected to a shear bond strength test (SBS). Bond failures were classified according to the Adhesive Remnant Index (ARI) and analyzed with the Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (5%). Using the same factors, 120 resin discs were made to assess the degree of conversion (DC) of the monomer. Data from the SBS (MPa) and DC (%) were analyzed by analysis of variance (2 factors) and Tukey's test (5%). For the SBS, the factors "polymerization" (R20 = 8.1B; V20 = 13.2A; V3 = 5.2C, p = 0.0001) and "surface treatment" (A = 3.1C; ATxt = 13.6A; Tse = 12.3A; SBU = 6.3B, p = 0.0001) were statistically significant among groups. The highest adhesion value were found for the ATxt/V20 group (22.2A) and the lowest value for the A/R20 group (1.2E). Regarding ARI, score 2 was the most prevalent in groups A, ATxt, V20 and V3, while score 4 was the most prevalent in the Tse, SBU and R20 groups, with no significant difference between them (p = 1.0). Regarding DC, the factors "polymerization" (R20 = 66.6A; V20 = 58.4B; V3 = 45.1C, p = 0.0001) and "surface treatment" (A = 52B, ATxt = 59.7A, Tse = 51.4B, SBU = 63.8A, p = 0.0001) were statistically significant. Tse was more sensitive to the variations in polymerization protocols than the other surface treatments. Treatment A did not present suitable bond strength or degree of conversion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Orthodontic Brackets , Resin Cements/chemistry , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Self-Curing of Dental Resins/methods , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives/methods , Polymerization/drug effects , Phosphoric Acids/chemistry , Reference Values , Time Factors , Acid Etching, Dental/methods , Materials Testing , Random Allocation , Adhesiveness/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Dental Enamel/chemistry , Shear Strength , Phase Transition , Curing Lights, Dental
12.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-900290

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Aim: To evaluate the shear bond strength (SBS) and adhesive remnant index (ARI) of experimental brackets bonded with self-adhesive resin cement. Ninety bovine teeth were randomly distributed (n = 15) according to the groups: G1 - metal brackets bonded with Transbond™ XT; G2 - APC metal brackets bonded without additional adhesive system; G3 - APC metal brackets bonded with self-etching adhesive system; G4 - metal brackets bonded with RelyXU200; G5 - experimental brackets bonded with Transbond™ XT; G6 - experimental brackets bonded with RelyXU200. Shear bond strength test of the brackets was carried out and after their removal, the ARI was observed. Results: The highest mean value of SBS was found in group 1 (14.33 MPa) and lower mean SBS has been in group 4 (2.36 MPa). The mean values of SBS found in the experimental groups were higher compared to the non-modified brackets. The ARI analysis demonstrated that groups that received the phosphoric acid or selfetching primer (G1,G2,G3andG5) showed adhesive partially and fully adhered to the tooth. Greater amounts of remnants were adhered to the bracket in the experimental brackets, this minimizes the risk of damage to the tooth enamel since it requires minimal finishing. These results suggest that the experimental brackets are interesting options for future use in orthodontics, since it has sufficient adhesive strength to the orthodontic treatment, and less risk of damage to the enamel at the time of removal of the brackets, and is a simple and inexpensive alternative.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Orthodontic Brackets , Resin Cements/chemistry , Shear Strength , Stress, Mechanical , Materials Testing , Adhesiveness , Dental Debonding , Dental Cements/chemistry
13.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 46(4): 244-248, July-Aug. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-902661

ABSTRACT

Introduction: One of the most common treatments of head and neck cancer patients is radiotherapy, a treatment method which uses ionizing radiation beam and destroys tumor cells, minimizing damage to neighbor cells. Purpose: To evaluate the bond strength of a conventional adhesive system in irradiated teeth. Method: 24 third human molars, 12 of which were randomly exposed to radiation and prepared from the removal of occlusal enamel, then exposed to a flat dentine surface. The adhesive system Stae was applied according to the manufacturer's instructions. Next, two 2 mm increments of resin were implemented. The samples were hemi sectioned specimens, originating shapped toothpick. To evaluate the bond strength, a micro tensile test was done with 500N load and speed of 0.5 mm/minute. Result: There was no statistically significant difference between the bond strength of teeth which were or were not exposed to radiation and which used a conventional adhesive system. Conclusion: Although the radiation doses applied may cause some alterations in microscopic range in dental tissues, it can be concluded that these alterations do not influence in the bond strength in dentin of irradiated teeth.


Introdução: Um dos tratamentos mais comuns dos pacientes portadores de câncer na região de cabeça e pescoço é a radioterapia, um método de tratamento que utiliza feixe de radiação ionizante e tem por finalidade destruir as células tumorais, minimizando danos às células vizinhas. Objetivo: Avaliar a resistência de união de um sistema adesivo convencional em dentes irradiados. Método: 24 terceiros molares, dos quais 12 foram aleatoriamente expostos à irradiação e preparados a partir da remoção do esmalte oclusal, expondo, dessa forma, uma superfície de dentina. O sistema adesivo Stae foi aplicado de acordo com as instruções do fabricante e em seguida acrescentou-se dois incrementos de resina de 2 mm. Os corpos de prova foram hemi-seccionados originando espécimes em forma de palito. Para avaliação da resistência de união, foi realizado o ensaio de microtração com carga de 500N e velocidade de 0,5mm/min. Resultado: Não houve diferença estatística significante entre a resistência de união de dentes que foram ou não expostos à irradiação e que utilizaram um sistema adesivo convencional. Conclusão: Embora as doses de radiação aplicadas causem algum tipo de alteração em escala microscópica nos tecidos dentários, essas alterações não interferiram na resistência de união.


Subject(s)
Adhesiveness , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Composite Resins , Shear Strength , Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Tooth , Dental Enamel , Dentin , Molar, Third , Neoplasms
14.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 46(2): 61-65, Mar.-Apr. 2017. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-845615

ABSTRACT

Objective: The Primekote® (TP) polymer was incorporated to the of Orthodontic Bracket mesh base to improve bond strength and make it more efficient. The purpose of this study was to assess the shear bond strength and adhesive remnant index (ARI) of these brackets. Material and method: The test sample consisted of thirty bovine incisors divided into 2 groups: with a group with TP® brackets (n=15), and a control group with Morelli® brackets (n=15) without Primekote® technology. The TransbondTM XT was used as adhesive system in both groups, following the same protocol and manufacturer’s instructions. Specimens were stored in distilled water for 24 hours and then submitted to shear bond strength test in a universal testing machine (EMIC DL2000). The assessment of ARI was performed under stereomicroscope by two calibrated examiners. Result: No significant differences (p>0.05) in shear bond strength were found between the two groups according to the independent t-test. The Wilcoxon test was used to assess ARI data and statistical difference was found between Morelli® and TP® Nu-Edge brackets; the last one left less remaining adhesive on tooth surface. Conclusion: TP® brackets had higher adherence to the adhesive system as shown by lower ARI scores, but this does not improve its clinical performance.


Objetivo: Avaliar a resistência ao cisalhamento e o índice de remanescente adesivo (IRA) dos bráquetes que tiveram o polímero Primekote® incorporado a suas bases. Material e método: Foram confeccionados trinta corpos de prova com incisivos bovinos, divididos em dois grupos: o colado com bráquete TP® Nu-Edge(n=15) e grupo controle com bráquetes Morelli® (n=15) sem tratamento na base. O sistema adesivo TransbondTM XT foi utilizado nos dois grupos seguindo o mesmo protocolo de colagem e respeitando as instruções do fabricante. Os corpos de prova foram armazenados em água destilada por 24 horas, e posteriormente submetidos ao teste de cisalhamento na máquina de ensaios universais (EMIC-DL2000). O IRA foi avaliado por dois examinadores calibrados utilizando lupa estereoscópica com aumento de 20 vezes. Resultado: Na resistência ao cisalhamento o teste T-independente mostrou não haver diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos (p>0,05), ambos tiveram desempenho semelhante. O teste Wilcoxon foi utilizado nos valores obtidos no IRA revelando diferença estatística, sendo que os bráquetes TP® deixaram menos remanescente adesivo na superfície dental que os bráquetes Morelli®. Conclusão: Bráquetes TP® apresentaram maior adesão ao sistema adesivo pois foi encontrado menor IRA nos mesmos, porém esta característica não reflete em melhora no desempenho clínico.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Adhesiveness , Orthodontic Brackets , Dental Debonding , Statistics, Nonparametric , Shear Strength , Incisor , Polymers
15.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2017. 76 p. il., tab., graf..
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-906707

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desse estudo in vitro foi avaliar a resistência adesiva, rugosidade superficial, ângulo de contato e o espectro infravermelho da zircônia, após diferentes tratamentos de superfície. Para isso, blocos (n=9) de zircônia Y-TZP (e.max ZirCad - Ivoclar, Schann, Liechtenstein) foram seccionados em 39 fatias (12 x 11x 3 mm) divididas em grupos de acordo com cada teste. Para resistência adesiva, 20 fatias foram divididos em: 2 grupos controle; JAT, jateamento com óxido de alumínio e sílica + primer (Monobond Plus - Ivoclar, Schann, Liechtenstein); HFP, condicionamento com ácido fluorídrico 10% + primer, e 3 experimentais: PL, plasma (Plasma Não Térmico de Superfície - modelo SAP); PLP, plasma + primer; HFPLP, ácido fluorídrico + plasma + primer. Cada fatia de zircônia foi cimentada (Multilink N - Ivoclair, Schann, Liechtenstein) a um bloco pré-polimerizado de resina composta. Após a cimentação os espécimes foram seccionados, e 48 palitos com área adesiva de 1 mm2 foram obtidos em cada grupo para o ensaio de microtração (µTBS). Quatro outras fatias foram submetidas à análise de rugosidade superficial e 12 fatias submetidas à análise do ângulo de contato, após os seguintes tratamentos de superfície: sem tratamento (AV), aplicação de ácido fluorídrico a 10% (AHF), aplicação de plasma (AP) e jateamento (AJ), sendo que para o ângulo de contato foram feitas medições imediatamente após o tratamento, após 12 e 24 horas. Os resultados foram submetidos à análise estatística Anova e teste de Tukey a 5% (p< 0,05). Os espectros das ligações químicas da superfície da zircônia foram determinados em 3 outras amostras após as seguintes condições: sem tratamento (AV), jateamento (JAT) e aplicação de ácido fluorídrico 10% seguido da aplicação do plasma (AHFP). Em termos de adesão, não houve diferença estatística significante entre os grupos JAT e HFPLP, porém esses 2 foram estatisticamente superiores ao grupos HFP, PL e PLP. O jateamento demonstrou aumentar significantemente a rugosidade superficial em relação aos demais grupos. O plasma demonstrou diminuir o ângulo de contato da superfície da zircônia imediatamente e ao longo de 48 horas(AU)


The purpose of this in vito study was to evaluate zirconia bond strength, surface roughness, contact angle and to mesure infrared spectrum after different surface treatments. Y-TZP zirconium (e.max ZirCAD - Ivoclair, Schann, Liechtenstein) blocks (n=9) were sliced into 36 discs (12 x 11 x 3 mm) and divided (n=4) into surface treatment groups as following: two control groups: JAT, airborneparticle abrasion and HFP, 10% hydrofluoric acid etching + primer (Monobond Plus - Ivoclair, Schann, Liechtenstein)application ,and three experimental groups: PL, non-thermal plasma (Surface Non-Thermal Plasma SAP model) application; PLP non-thermal plasma + primer application, and HFPLP, 10% hydrofluoric acid etching + non-thermal plasma + primer application. Each zirconia disk was cemented (Multilink N - Ivoclair, Schann, Liechtenstein) to a pre-polymerized resin block (Filtek Z350 - 3M, St Paul, MN, USA). After cementation the specimens were sectioned and 48 sticks with adhesive area of 1 mm2 obtained from each group for micro-tensile testing (µTBS). Four discs were submitted to surface roughness analysis and 12 discs to contact angle analysis, after the following surface treatments: no treatment (AV), 10% hydrofluoric acid etching (AHF), non-thermal plasma application (AP); and airborne- particle abrasion (AJ). The results were submitted to ANOVA and Tukey's test (p < 0.05). Zirconia surface chemical bonds spectrum was determined in infrared spectroscopy for three specimens after the conditions: no treatment; airborne- particle abrasion and hydrofluoric acid etching + non-thermal plasma application. The results showed no statistically significant differences between the groups JAT and HFPLP, but these two groups were statistically superior to HFP, PL and PLP. Airborne- particle abrasion resulted in a significant increase of surface roughness compared to the other groups. Non-thermal plasma was shown to decrease the contact angle of the surface, within 48 hours(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adhesiveness , Spectrophotometry, Infrared/statistics & numerical data , Tensile Strength
16.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 31(70): 32-38, ene.-jun. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-835575

ABSTRACT

Los postes de base orgánica reforzados con fibras constituyen un recurso terapéutico de gran relevancia para la rehabilitación de dientes tratados endodónticamente. Sin embargo, la metodología para obtener una adecuada fijación a las paredes radiculares todavía es objeto de estudio y discusión. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar la resistencia de unión en la cementación de postes de base orgánica reforzadoscon fibra de vidrio, empleando un cemento resinoso, y compararla con la resistencia de unión de dichos postes utilizando un cemento de ionómero vítreo modificado con resinas como medio de fijación. Se utilizaron 24 premolares inferiores humanos unirradiculares recientemente extraídos. Se realizó el tratamiento endodóntico a todas las piezas dentarias empleando instrumentación mecanizada con un sistema rotatorio y técnica híbrida para la obturación. Posteriormente, se realizaron las maniobras de desobturación y preparación del lecho radicular, y la cementación del poste en cada pieza dentaria. Los especímenes obtenidos se dividieron en 2 grupos según los materiales utilizados para la cementación: 1) Cemento resinoso (Rebilda DC; VOCO Germany) con sistema adhesivo; 2) Cemento de ionómero vítreo modificado con resina (Meron Plus; VOCO Germany). Resultados: La resistencia de unión en la cementación de postes de fibra de vidrio fue significativamente mayor con la utilización de cementos resinosos en comparación con el uso de cemento de ionómero vítreo reforzado con resina (p <0,0001). Conclusión: la utilización de cementos de resina duales como medio de fijación es más recomendable que el uso de cementos de ionômero.


Organic base posts reinforced with fibers constitute a therapeutic resource of great relevance for the rehabilitation of endodontically treatedteeth. However, the methodology for proper attachment to the root walls is still under study and discussion. The aim of this study was toevaluate the bond strength in cementing organic base posts reinforced with fiberglass, using resin cement, and compare it with the bondstrength of these posts using glass ionomer cement modified with resins as fixing means. 24 single-rooted human premolars recentlyextracted were used. Endodontic treatment was performed to all teeth using a mechanized rotary instrumentation and hybrid technique forsealing. Subsequently, we proceeded to unsealing all the teeth, preparing root beds and cementing the posts. The obtained specimens weredivided into 2 groups according to the materials used for cementation: 1) Resin cement (Rebilda DC, VOCO Germany) with adhesivesystem; 2) Glass ionomer cement modified with resin (Meron Plus, VOCO Germany). Results: The bond strength of fiberglass postscementation was significantly higher with the use of resin cements compared with using glass ionomer cement reinforced with resin (p<0.0001). Conclusion: The use of dual resin cements is more recommendable as fixing means than ionomer cements.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cementation/instrumentation , Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Post and Core Technique , Dental Bonding/methods , Tensile Strength , Adhesiveness , Dental Stress Analysis , Shear Strength , Statistical Analysis , Stress, Mechanical
17.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e50, 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952036

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of drying protocols (DP) on the apical sealing (AS) and on the bond strength (BS) of teeth filled with different sealers. The root canals of one hundred and fifty-six roots of maxillary canines were prepared with Reciproc rotary files (R50). The teeth were randomly divided into four groups (n = 39), according to the DP: GI-paper points; GII-70% isopropyl alcohol + aspiration with NaviTip points; GIII-95% ethanol + paper points; GIV-EndoVac + paper points. Each group was divided into subgroups, according to the sealer used: AH Plus, Sealapex and MTA Fillapex, using a single-cone technique. Evaluation of AS and BS was performed with fluid filtration (FF) and push-out (PO) methods, respectively. The PO test consisted of sectioning the roots, and subjecting a single slice from each third to testing and analysis for failure type. The data was submitted to two-way and three-way variance analysis (ANOVA) and Tukey (α = 5%). The AS showed no drying protocol influence. The FF results revealed a statistically significant difference between MTA and Sealapex (p < 0.05) sealers. The BS test values showed that there was no statistical significant difference among the canal thirds (p > 0.05), but that there was such a difference among the sealers (p < 0.05), among the protocols (p < 0.05), and in the interaction between sealers and protocols (p < 0.05). AH Plus revealed the highest BS values among the sealers; the highest BS results for the sealers occurred with the specimens used with isopropyl alcohol, compared with ethanol and EndoVac.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oxides/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Calcium Hydroxide/chemistry , Salicylates/chemistry , Dental Bonding/methods , Silicates/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Random Allocation , Adhesiveness , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Dentin/drug effects , Drug Combinations
18.
J. appl. oral sci ; 23(4): 436-441, July-Aug. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-759361

ABSTRACT

AbstractObjective This study evaluated the effect of root canal disinfectants on the elimination of bacteria from the root canals, as well as their effect on glass-fiber posts bond strength.Material and Methods Fifty-three endodontically treated root canals had post spaces of 11 mm in length prepared and contaminated with E. faecalis. For CFU/ml analysis, eight teeth were contaminated for 1 h or 30 days (n=4). Teeth were decontaminated with 5% NaOCl, 2% CHX, or distilled water. As control, no decontamination was conducted. After decontamination, sterile paper points were used to collect samples, and CFU/ml were counted. For push-out, three groups were evaluated (n=15): irrigation with 2.5% NaOCl, 2% CHX, or sterile distilled water. A bonding agent was applied to root canal dentin, and a glass-fiber post was cemented with a dual-cured cement. After 24 h, 1-mm-thick slices of the middle portion of root canals were obtained and submitted to the push-out evaluation. Three specimens of each group were evaluated in scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Data were analyzed with one-way ANOVA and Dunnett’s T3 test (α=0.05).Results The number of CFU/ml increased from 1 h to 30 days of contamination in control and sterile distilled water groups. Decontamination with NaOCl was effective only when teeth were contaminated for 1 h. CHX was effective at both contamination times. NaOCl did not influence the bond strength (p>0.05). Higher values were observed with CHX (p<0.05). SEM showed formation of resin tags in all groups.Conclusion CHX showed better results for the irrigation of contaminated root canals both in reducing the bacterial contamination and in improving the glass-fiber post bonding.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Dental Pulp Cavity/microbiology , Glass/chemistry , Post and Core Technique , Root Canal Irrigants/pharmacology , Adhesiveness/drug effects , Analysis of Variance , Chlorhexidine/pharmacology , Colony Count, Microbial , Dental Bonding/methods , Dentin-Bonding Agents/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Dentin/microbiology , Disinfectants/pharmacology , Enterococcus faecalis/drug effects , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Resin Cements/chemistry , Root Canal Preparation/methods , Shear Strength , Sodium Hypochlorite/pharmacology , Time Factors
19.
Rev. bras. odontol ; 72(1/2): 100-103, Jan.-Jun. 2015.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-792068

ABSTRACT

A presente revisão de literatura tem como objetivo realizar uma breve introdução ao plasma, abordando o que é, como ele é gerado, seu mecanismo de ação, assim como seu uso na Odontologia, nas diferentes especialidades. Apesar de ainda não estar disponível rotineiramente para uso clínico, estudos mostram que o plasma, quando utilizado em temperatura ambiente, se mostra como uma inovação promissora apresentando atividade antimicrobiana, efeitos positivos em relação à adesão, clareamento dental e osteointegração, sem gerar danos ao tecido oral. Estes efeitos estão relacionados ao tempo de aplicação e ao gás utilizado.


This literature review aims to conduct a brief introduction to plasma, addressing what it is, how it is generated, its mechanism of action, as well as its use in dentistry, in different specialties. Although it is not yet routinely available for clinical use, studies have shown that the plasma, when used at room temperature, appears as a promising innovation featuring antimicrobial activity, positive effects in adhesiveness, tooth whitening and osseointegration, without causing oral tissue damage. These effects are related to application time and the gas used.


Subject(s)
Adhesiveness , Decontamination , Dentistry , Plasma Gases , Technology , Tissues , Literature
20.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-746940

ABSTRACT

La causa de fracaso más común de los postes de fibra es su desalojo, principalmente debido a la compleja adhesión dentro del conducto radicular. El principal objetivo de este estudio fue determinar si existe diferencia significativa en la resistencia adhesiva mediante el test push-out en la cementación de postes de fibra con RelyX U-200® (U200) y Core Paste XP® (CPX) en diferentes regiones radiculares. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS Se seleccionaron 40 premolares, se seccionaron a 15 mm del ápice, fueron tratados endodóncicamente y fueron divididos aleatoriamente en 2 grupos de 20, a los cuales se les cementó un poste de fibra translúcido Exacto® con U200 y CPX. Después de 24 h cada muestra fue seccionada transversalmente a nivel cervical, medio y apical. Fueron sometidas al test de push-out mediante la máquina Tinius Olsen HK5-S para cuantificar la resistencia adhesiva en megapascales. Se utilizó el test Shapiro-Wilk, test de ANOVA de 2 factores y Tukey con un nivel de significación del 95%. RESULTADOS No hubo diferencia significativa de ambos cementos (p = 0,457), pero sí hubo diferencia cuando se comparó el tipo de cemento y la región; CPX presentó valor significativamente mayor en el tercio cervical (p < 0,05), mientras que U200 presentó un valor significativamente mayor en el tercio apical (p < 0,05). CONCLUSIONES No hubo diferencia significativa en el valor de adhesión cuando se comparó solo el factor cemento entre U200 y CXP, sin embargo hubo un mayor valor de CXP a nivel cervical y de U200 a nivel apical.


Loosening is the most common failure of fiber posts, mainly due to complex adhesion within the root canal. The main objective of this study was to determine if significant differences in adhesive resistance, using the push-out test, in the cementation of fiber posts with RelyX U-200® (U200) and Core Paste XP® (CPX) in different root regions. MATERIALS AND METHODS A selection of 40 premolars were sectioned 15 mm from the apex, treated endodontically and then randomly divided in two groups of 20, using an Exacto translucent fiber post with U200 and CPX, respectively. After 24 hours, each sample was sectioned into cervical, middle and apical. The test push-out test was performed using a Tinius Olsen HK5-S machine to quantify the adhesive strength in Mega Pascals. The test Shapiro-Wilk, two-factor Anova and Tukey tests were used with a significance level of 95% RESULTS There were no significant differences between the cements (P = .457) but if there was difference when comparing the type of cement and region. CPX showed a value significantly higher in the cervical third (P < .05), while U200 presented a value significantly higher in the apical third (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS There was no significant difference in the value of the adhesive strength in the comparison between U200 and CXP, however there was a higher value of CXP at cervical and U200 at apical level.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Bonding , Resin Cements , Dental Pulp Cavity , Dental Stress Analysis/methods , Stress, Mechanical , Tensile Strength , Materials Testing , Adhesiveness , Shear Strength
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