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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921873


Objective This study aimed to assess the protective value of adiponectin (APN) in pancreatic islet injury induced by chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH). Methods Sixty rats were randomly divided into three groups: normal control (NC) group, CIH group, and CIH with APN supplement (CIH+APN) group. After 5 weeks of CIH exposure, we conducted oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT) and insulin released test (IRT), examined and compared the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) levels, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) levels, reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, enzymes gene expression levels of

Adiponectin/genetics , Animals , Hypoxia , Islets of Langerhans , Mitochondrial Dynamics , Rats , Rats, Wistar
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(6): e8344, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001533


Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) is a common endocrine and metabolic disorder, and poses threats to human health worldwide. Recently, microRNAs (miRNAs) have been suggested to play important roles in the pathophysiology of T2D. In this study, we explored the role of miR-3666 in T2D. miR-3666 was significantly down-regulated in the serum of T2D patients when compared to that of healthy volunteers, and miR-3666 expression level was negatively correlated with blood glucose levels of T2D patients. Overexpression of miR-3666 inhibited cell proliferation, reduced insulin secretion, and promoted cell apoptosis of pancreatic β-cell line (INS-1 cells). On the other hand, knockdown of miR-3666 had the opposite effects in INS-1 cells. The bio-informatics analysis using TargetScan revealed that adiponectin (ADIPOQ) was a downstream target of miR-3666, and the interaction between miR-3666 and ADIPOQ was validated by luciferase reporter assay. In addition, miR-3666 negatively regulated the mRNA and protein expression of ADIPOQ. Overexpression of ADIPOQ promoted insulin secretion after glucose stimulation, promoted cell proliferation, inhibited cell apoptosis, and partially abolished the effects of miR-3666 overexpression on insulin secretion, cell proliferation, and cell apoptosis of INS-1 cells. In conclusion, our results revealed that miR-3666 inhibited pancreatic cell proliferation, reduced insulin sensitivity, and promoted apoptosis by targeting ADIPOQ.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Insulin Resistance/physiology , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/physiopathology , Insulin-Secreting Cells/physiology , Apoptosis , MicroRNAs/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/metabolism , Insulin-Secreting Cells/metabolism , Adiponectin/genetics , Adiponectin/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Flow Cytometry
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(6): e6227, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839309


Adiponectin is a multifunctional adipokine that has several oligomeric forms in the blood stream, which broadly regulates innate and acquired immunity. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to observe the differentiation of T helper (Th) cells and expression of costimulatory signaling molecules affected by adiponectin. The mRNA and protein expression levels of adiponectin and its receptors in oxidized low density lipoprotein cholesterol-treated endothelial cells were assayed by real time PCR and immunofluorescence. The endothelial cells were then treated with adiponectin with or without adipoR1 or adipoR2 siRNA and co-cultured with T lymphocytes. The distribution of Th1, Th2 and Th17 subsets were assayed by flow cytometry. The effects of adiponectin on costimulatory signaling molecules HLA-DR, CD80, CD86 and CD 40 was also assayed by flow cytometry. The results showed that endothelial cells expressed adiponectin and its receptor adipoR1 and adipoR2, but not T-cadherin. Adiponectin suppressed Th1 and Th17 differentiation through adipoR1 receptor, contributed to the inhibition of CD80 and CD40, and inhibited differentiation of Th1 and Th17 by inhibiting antigen presenting action.

Humans , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Adiponectin/metabolism , B7-1 Antigen/metabolism , CD40 Antigens/metabolism , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer/drug effects , Adiponectin/genetics , Adiponectin/pharmacology , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , HLA-DR Antigens/metabolism , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/cytology , Lipoproteins, LDL/pharmacology , Receptors, Adiponectin/drug effects , Receptors, Adiponectin/metabolism , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer/cytology , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer/metabolism
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 13(1): 72-78, Jan-Mar/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-745871


Objective To study the effect of different doses of triiodothyronine on gene expression of the adipokines leptin and adiponectin, at different times, and to evaluate the difference in expression between the two adipokines in each group. Methods 3T3-L1 adipocytes were incubated with triiodothyronine at physiological dose (10nM) and supraphysiological doses (100nM or 1,000nM), or without triiodothyronine (control, C) for 0.5, 6, or 24 hours. Leptin and adiponectin mRNA was detected using real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). One-way analyses of variance, Tukey’s test or Student’s t test, were used to analyze data, and significance level was set at 5%. Results Leptin levels decreased in the 1,000nM-dose group after 0.5 hour. Adiponectin levels dropped in the 10nM-dose group, but increased at the 100nM dose. After 6 hours, both genes were suppressed in all hormone concentrations. After 24 hours, leptin levels increased at 10, 100 and 1,000nM groups as compared to the control group; and adiponectin levels increased only in the 100nM group as compared to the control group. Conclusion These results demonstrated fast actions of triiodothyronine on the leptin and adiponectin expression, starting at 0.5 hour, at a dose of 1,000nM for leptin and 100nM for adiponectin. Triiodothyronine stimulated or inhibited the expression of adipokines in adipocytes at different times and doses which may be useful to assist in the treatment of obesity, assuming that leptin is increased and adiponectin is decreased, in obesity cases. .

Objetivo Examinar o efeito de diferentes doses de triiodotironina sobre a expressão gênica das adipocinas leptina e adiponectina, em diferentes períodos de tempo, além de avaliar a diferença de expressão entre as duas adipocinas em cada grupo. Métodos Adipócitos 3T3-L1 foram incubados com triiodotironina nas doses fisiológica (10nM) e suprafisiológicas (100nM ou 1.000nM), ou na ausência de triiodotironina (controle, C) durante 0,5, 6 ou 24 horas. O mRNA das adipocinas foi analisado em tempo real, utilizando a reação em cadeia de polimerase. Para as análises dos dados, foi utilizada a análise de variância, complementada com o teste de Tukey, ou o teste t de Student com 5% de significância. Resultados Os níveis de leptina diminuíram no grupo com dose de 1.000nM em 0,5 hora. A adiponectina também diminuiu no grupo com dose de 10nM, porém se elevou com a dose de 100nM. Após 6 horas, ambos os genes foram suprimidos em todas concentrações de hormônio. Em 24 horas, os níveis de leptina foram elevados em 10, 100 e 1.000nM, em relação ao grupo controle. No que concerne à adiponectina, observou-se aumento apenas no grupo cuja dose foi de 100nM, em comparação ao controle. Conclusão Foram demonstradas ações rápidas da triiodotironina sobre a expressão da leptina e da adiponectina, iniciando em 0,5 hora na dose de 1.000nM, para a primeira, e na dose de 100nM, para a segunda. A triiodotironina estimulou ou inibiu a expressão de adipocinas em adipócitos em diferentes tempos e doses, o que pode auxiliar no tratamento da obesidade, levando em consideração que, nesta, a leptina está aumentada e adiponectina, diminuída. .

Animals , Mice , /drug effects , Adipocytes/drug effects , Adiponectin/genetics , Gene Expression/drug effects , Leptin/genetics , Triiodothyronine/pharmacology , Analysis of Variance , Adiponectin/analysis , Cells, Cultured , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Leptin/analysis , Obesity/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reference Values , RNA, Messenger/analysis , RNA, Messenger/drug effects , Time Factors , Triiodothyronine/administration & dosage
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 57(8): 603-611, Nov. 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-696899


OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in five genes - leptin, leptin receptor (LEPR), adiponectin (APM1), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG) and uncoupling protein 1 - with anthropometric, metabolic, and dietary parameters in a Southern Brazilian cohort of 325 children followed up from birth to 4 years old. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SNPs were analyzed using polymerase chain reaction-based procedures, and their association with phenotypes was evaluated by t-test, analysis of variance, and general linear models. RESULTS: LEPR223Arg allele (rs1137101) was associated with higher daily energy intake at 4 years of age (P = 0.002; Pcorrected = 0.024). PPARG 12Ala-carriers (rs1801282) presented higher glucose levels than Pro/Pro homozygotes (P = 0.007; Pcorrected = 0.042). CONCLUSIONS: Two of the six studied SNPs presented consistent associations, showing that it is already possible to detect the influences of genetic variants on susceptibility to overweight in 4-year-old children.

OBJETIVO: Avaliar a associação de polimorfismos de nucleotídeo único (SNPs) em cinco genes: leptina, receptor da leptina (LEPR), adiponectina (APM1), receptor ativado por proliferadores de peroxissomas gama (PPARG) e proteína desacopladora 1 com parâmetros antropométricos, metabólicos e dietéticos em uma coorte sul-brasileira composta por 325 crianças acompanhadas desde o nascimento até os 4 anos. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Os SNPs foram analisados por meio da reação em cadeia da polimerase e sua associação com os fenótipos foi avaliada utilizando teste T, análise de variância e análise fatorial. RESULTADOS: O alelo LEPR223Arg (rs1137101) foi associado a uma maior ingestão energética diária aos 4 anos (P = 0,002; Pcorrigido = 0,024). Os portadores do alelo PPARG12Ala (rs1801282) apresentaram maior glicemia em relação aos homozigotos Pro/Pro (P = 0,007; Pcorrigido = 0,042). CONCLUSÕES: Dois dos seis SNPs estudados apresentaram associações consistentes, mostrando que aos 4 anos de idade já é possível detectar as influências de variantes genéticas sobre a suscetibilidade ao excesso de peso.

Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Adiponectin/genetics , Energy Intake , Ion Channels/genetics , Leptin/genetics , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics , PPAR gamma/genetics , Receptors, Leptin/genetics , Body Weights and Measures , Brazil , Blood Glucose/analysis , Cholesterol/blood , Feeding Behavior , Linear Models , Obesity/genetics , Phenotype , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Prospective Studies , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Triglycerides/blood
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2013. 117 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-716905


A adiponectina, um hormônio produzido pelo tecido adiposo, atua na regulação do metabolismo energético e interfere favoravelmente na sensibilidade à insulina através de suas ações no fígado e musculatura esquelética. Ao contrário da maioria das outras adipocitocinas, associa-se inversamente com a obesidade visceral, resistência à insulina, diabetes tipo 2 e doença cardiovascular. Inúmeros estudos demonstraram nos últimos anos os efeitos de variantes genéticas no gene ADIPOQ sobre os níveis circulantes de adiponectina, resistência à insulina, diabetes e obesidade. Entretanto, além de resultados contraditórios, a maior parte desses estudos foi realizada em populações Caucasianas e Asiáticas. Avaliar, em uma população multiétnica adulta do município do Rio de Janeiro, as possíveis associações das variantes genéticas (-11391 G>A, -11377C>G, +45T>G e T517G) no gene ADIPOQ com o fenótipo obeso, níveis circulantes de adiponectina de alto peso molecular e fatores de risco cardiometabólico. Trata-se de um estudo transversal. Foram estudados 100 indivíduos eutróficos (IMC 18,5 – 24,9 kg/m2, idade: 32,5 + 9,8 anos) e 100 obesos (IMC 30 – 58,2 kg/m2, idade 37,5 + 14,1 anos), igualmente divididos entre homens e mulheres. Os indivíduos obesos apresentaram valores significativamente maiores de circunferência abdominal, pressão arterial sistólica, diastólica e média, glicemia de jejum, triglicerídeos, LDL-colesterol, leptina, insulina, HOMA-IR e proteína C reativa, quando comparados aos eutróficos. Contrariamente, exibiram menores valores de adiponectina e HDL-colesterol. Análises de correlação mostraram relação inversa e significativa entre a adiponectina, circunferência abdominal, insulina, HOMA-IR e pressão arterial. Com os níveis de HDL-colesterol, a correlação foi positiva. Por meio de análise de regressão múltipla foi possível identificar os determinantes dos níveis séricos de adiponecinta. Sexo masculino, circunferência abdominal, HOMA-IR e a variante genética ...

A diponectin, a hormone produced by adipose tissue, acts regulating energy metabolism and insulin sensitivity. Unlike other adipocytokines, adiponectin has an inverse association with visceral obesity, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Recently, many studies have been demonstrating the effects of genetic variants in ADIPOQ gene on the circulating levels of adiponectin, blood pressure values, risk of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and type 2 diabetes, and the emergence of obese phenotype. However, most of the results are controversial and have been related to studies conducted in Caucasian and Asian populations. The aim of the present study was to evaluate, in a multiethnic adult population of the metropolitan region of Rio de Janeiro, the possible effects of the genetic variants (-11391 G>A, -11377C>G, +45T>G e T517G) in ADIPOQ gene on the obese phenotype, circulating levels of adiponectin and high sensitivity and quantitative C-reactive protein, and cardiometabolic risk factors. We evaluated 100 lean individuals (BMI 18,5 – 24,9 kg/m2, age: 32,5 + 9,8 years) and 100 obese individuals (BMI 30 – 58,2 kg/m2, age 37,5 + 14,1 years), equally distributed men and women. The obese subjects showed high levels of abdominal circunference, blood pressure, fasting glucose, triglycerides, LDL-cholesterol, leptin, insulin, HOMA-IR and C-reactive protein, and exhibited lower levels of HDL-cholesterol and adiponectin, when compared to euthrophic individuals. Correlation analysis showed an inverse relationship between adiponectin and abdominal circumference, insulin, HOMA-IR and blood pressure, and a positive correlation with HDL-cholesterol. Stepwise regression analysis revealed that gender, abdominal circumference, HOMA-IR and the -11391G>A polymorphism were independently related with adiponectin levels. Regarding to the molecular analyses, no association was found between these variants and the obese phenotype. However, the subjects carrying ...

Humans , Male , Female , Adiponectin/genetics , Adiponectin/blood , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Arterial Pressure , Body Mass Index , Cardiovascular Diseases/metabolism , Blood Glucose/analysis , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Insulin Resistance , Obesity/metabolism , Obesity/blood , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Triglycerides/blood
IJRM-Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine. 2013; 11 (3): 185-194
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-142785


Polycystic ovary syndrome [PCOS] is a complex disease having both genetic and environmental components and candidate genes on obesity and insulin metabolism have been hypothesized to be involved in its etiology. We examined the possible association of adiponectin and insulin receptor gene polymorphisms with PCOS. A total of 186 women with PCOS using NIH criteria and 156 healthy women were recruited. Their samples were genotyped for the polymorphism in exon 17 and 8 of the insulin receptor gene or exon and intron 2 of the adiponectin gene. The distributions of genotypes and alleles of both polymorphisms were not different in women with PCOS and controls. There was no significant differences on the anthropometric and hormonal profiles of various adiponectin and insulin receptor genes polymorphisms among both groups. Adiponectin and insulin receptor gene polymorphisms are not associated with PCOS in a sample of Iranian population

Humans , Female , Adiponectin/genetics , Receptor, Insulin/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Genotype
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-213997


3T3-L1 adipocytes express the B-cell-activating factor (BAFF) and three different BAFF receptors (BAFF-Rs). Furthermore, BAFF expression is regulated by inflammatory modulators, such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha and rosiglitazone. Here we investigated the function of BAFF in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and RAW 264.7 macrophages. We examined adipokine expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes treated with 10 ng ml-1 BAFF. We also examined inflammatory molecule expression in RAW 264.7 macrophages treated with 10 or 100 ng ml-1 BAFF. We examined BAFF expression in the coculture of 3T3-L1 adipocytes and RAW 264.7 macrophages, as well as in white adipose tissue (WAT) of diet-induced obese (DIO) mice. We found that BAFF decreases leptin and adiponectin expression, but increases the expression of proinflammatory adipokines monocyte chemotactic protein-1, interleukin-6 (IL-6), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and haptoglobin. Coculturing the two cell types resulted in increased BAFF mRNA and protein expression, as well as modulation of BAFF-R mRNA expression in both cell types. These data indicate that BAFF might mediate adipocyte and macrophage interaction. When RAW 264.7 macrophages were treated with BAFF, BAFF-R expression was modulated as in coculture, and nitric oxide synthase and IL-6 expression increased. BAFF expression also increased in WAT of DIO mice. We propose that BAFF can regulate adipokine expression and possibly mediate adipocyte and macrophage interaction.

3T3-L1 Cells , Adipocytes/drug effects , Adipokines/genetics , Adiponectin/genetics , Animals , B-Cell Activating Factor/metabolism , Chemokine CCL2/genetics , Coculture Techniques , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Haptoglobins/genetics , Inflammation Mediators/metabolism , Interleukin-6/genetics , Leptin/genetics , Macrophages/drug effects , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Obese , RNA, Messenger/genetics
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1305-1312, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-26588


PURPOSE: Although some CDH13 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been shown to be determinants of blood adiponectin levels, the clinical implications of CDH13 variants are not yet completely understood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of SNPs of CDH13 on metabolic and vascular phenotypes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 238 hypertensive subjects and 260 age- and sex-matched controls. Seven tagging-SNPs were identified in the CDH13 gene by whole gene sequencing. The association between these SNP variants and the risk of hypertension, metabolic traits, and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) was examined. RESULTS: Minor allele carriers of rs12444338 had a lower risk of hypertension, but the association turned out just marginal after adjusting confoudners. Blood glucose levels were higher in the minor allele carriers of c.1407C>T (p=0.01), whereas low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol levels were greater in those of rs6565105 (p=0.02). The minor allele of rs1048612 was associated with a higher body mass index (p=0.01). In addition, the mean carotid IMT was significantly associated with rs12444338 (p=0.02) and rs1048612 (p=0.02). CONCLUSION: These results provide evidence that CDH13 variants are associated with metabolic traits and carotid atherosclerosis in Koreans. This study shows the multifaceted effects of CDH13 variants on cardiometabolic risk.

Adiponectin/genetics , Asians , Atherosclerosis/epidemiology , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Cadherins/genetics , Cholesterol/blood , Female , Humans , Hypertension/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics
Rev. méd. Chile ; 140(10): 1245-1252, oct. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-668696


Background: Several genetic polymorphisms of adiponectin have been associated to metabolic diseases as obesity and co-morbidities. Aim: To investigate if there are associations between +45TG, +276GT, -11,377CG y -11,391GA adiponectin SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphism) with obesity in a Chilean children population. Material and Methods: A case-control study was performed in 241 obese and 126 normal weight children (7-11 years old) from the urban community of Hualpén, Biobío region. Children were classified as normal or obese, according to age and gender-specificpercentiles defined by Centerfor Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The analysis of serum markers was carried out using commercial kits. Adiponectin polymorphisms were determined through a High Resolution Melting (HRM)-enabled real time PCR and by DNA fragment sequencing. Results: The observed allelic frequencies of the studied SNPs were over 11%. The 11,377CG polymorphism was associated with a high risk of obesity, calculated by the additive inheritance model (odds ratio = 1.389, 95% confidence interval: 1.001-1.929,p = 0.049). Conclusions: Obese school children of the Biobío Region, have an increased risk of carrying the susceptibility allele polymorphism 11377CG of adiponectin gene.

Child , Female , Humans , Adiponectin/genetics , Nutritional Status/physiology , Obesity/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Case-Control Studies , Chile , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Odds Ratio , Risk Factors
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 45(10): 988-994, Oct. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-647745


The relationship of body weight (BW) with white adipose tissue (WAT) mass and WAT gene expression pattern was investigated in mice submitted to physical training (PT). Adult male C57BL/6 mice were submitted to two 1.5-h daily swimming sessions (T, N = 18), 5 days/week for 4 weeks or maintained sedentary (S, N = 15). Citrate synthase activity increased significantly in the T group (P < 0.05). S mice had a substantial weight gain compared to T mice (4.06 ± 0.43 vs 0.38 ± 0.28 g, P < 0.01). WAT mass, adipocyte size, and the weights of gastrocnemius and soleus muscles, lung, kidney, and adrenal gland were not different. Liver and heart were larger and the spleen was smaller in T compared to S mice (P < 0.05). Food intake was higher in T than S mice (4.7 ± 0.2 vs 4.0 ± 0.3 g/animal, P < 0.05) but oxygen consumption at rest did not differ between groups. T animals showed higher serum leptin concentration compared to S animals (6.37 ± 0.5 vs 3.11 ± 0.12 ng/mL). WAT gene expression pattern obtained by transcription factor adipocyte determination and differentiation-dependent factor 1, fatty acid synthase, malic enzyme, hormone-sensitive lipase, adipocyte lipid binding protein, leptin, and adiponectin did not differ significantly between groups. Collectively, our results showed that PT prevents BW gain and maintains WAT mass due to an increase in food intake and unchanged resting metabolic rate. These responses are closely related to unchanged WAT gene expression patterns.

Animals , Male , Mice , Adipose Tissue, White/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation , Physical Conditioning, Animal/physiology , Weight Gain/genetics , Adipogenesis/genetics , Adiponectin/genetics , Genetic Markers/genetics , Leptin/genetics , Lipogenesis/genetics , Lipolysis/genetics
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-139249


Background. We used recombinant adeno-associated virus vector of adiponectin (AAV2/1-Acrp30) to study the effects of increased levels of adioponectin (by the administration of rAAV2/1-Acrp30) on arteriosclerosis, glucose and lipid metabolism in Goto–Kakizaki (GK) rats with arteriosclerosis. Methods. Thirty GK rats with arteriosclerosis were divided into 3 equal groups: control group 1, control group 2 and the rAAV2/1-Acrp30-administered group. Saline, virus vector or rAAV2/1-Acrp30 (1012 ng/ml) vector genomes administered to the rats in the corresponding group by intramuscular injection to the posterior limb by single administration, respectively. After 8 weeks, fasting blood glucose, 2-hour postprandial blood glucose, glycosylated haemoglobin, serum insulin, serum total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein and low-density lipoprotein were measured in each group, and the ultrastructure of the aorta was seen by light and electron microscopy. Results. Compared with control groups 1 and 2, in the rAAV2/1-Acrp30 group, there was a decrease in urine volume, fasting blood glucose, 2-hour postprandial blood glucose, glycosylated haemoglobin, serum total cholesterol, triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein, and an increase in body weight and high-density lipoprotein (p<0.05), while the level of serum insulin was not changed (p>0.05). Ultrastructure studies of the aorta showed that aortosclerosis in the rAAV2/1-Acrp30-administered group was less, and fewer lipid droplet vacuoles were seen in the vascular endothelial cytoplasm. Also various cell organelles and internal elastic lamina were seen, and there was no formation of lipid droplet and foam cells in the cytoplasm of the media of the smooth muscle. Conclusion. Adiponectin could improve blood glucose and lipid parameters and decrease atherosclerosis in the aorta of GK rats.

Adenoviridae/genetics , Adiponectin/genetics , Animals , Aorta/pathology , Aorta/ultrastructure , Aortic Diseases/metabolism , Aortic Diseases/pathology , Aortic Diseases/therapy , Arteriosclerosis/metabolism , Arteriosclerosis/pathology , Arteriosclerosis/therapy , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Genetic Therapy/methods , Lipid Metabolism/genetics , Male , Rats , Rats, Inbred Strains , Recombinant Proteins/genetics
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-36039


Mutation and reduction of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) have been suggested as factors in the pathogenesis of several metabolic diseases. Recently, we demonstrated that C1qTNF-related protein-6 (CTRP6) is involved in fatty acid metabolism in muscle cells. In this study, we showed that expression of CTRP6 was up-regulated in mtDNA-depleted C2C12 cells, which displayed a marked decrease in cellular mtDNA and ATP content. Replacement of mtDNA normalized the expression level of CTRP6 similar to that in normal C2C12 cells, indicating that CTRP6 expression was up-regulated by mtDNA depletion. However, CTRP6 promoter activity remained unchanged in mtDNA-depleted cells. We also found that mtDNA depletion inhibited decay of CTRP6 mRNA. Taken together, mtDNA depletion induces an increase in CTRP6 expression by increasing mRNA stability.

Adiponectin/genetics , Animals , Cell Line , DNA, Mitochondrial/metabolism , Mice , Promoter Regions, Genetic , RNA Stability , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Up-Regulation
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 55(7): 446-454, out. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-607490


Plasma adiponectin and the coding gene for adiponectin, ADIPOQ, are thought to explain part of the interaction between obesity, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and coronary artery disease (CAD). Here, we illustrate the role that adiponectin and ADIPOQ variants might play in the modulation of CAD, especially in the occurrence of hyperglycemia. Recent evidence suggests that total and high molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin levels are apparent markers of better cardiovascular prognosis in patients with low risk of CAD. However, in subjects with established or high risk of CAD, these levels are associated with poorer prognosis. We also provide recent evidences relating to the genetic control of total and HMW adiponectin levels, especially evidence regarding ADIPOQ. Accumulated data suggest that both adiponectin levels and polymorphisms in the ADIPOQ gene are linked to the risk of CAD in patients with hyperglycemia, and that these associations seem to be independent from each other, even if adiponectin levels are partly dependent on ADIPOQ.

Os níveis plasmáticos de adiponectina e o gene codante desta proteína, ADIPOQ, parecem explicar parte da interação de doenças como obesidade, resistência à insulina, diabetes melito tipo 2 (DM2) e doença arterial coronariana (DAC). Apresentamos as evidências do papel tanto dos níveis de adiponectina quanto das variantes no ADIPOQ na modulação da DAC, sobretudo na presença de hiperglicemia. Estudos recentes sugerem que níveis de adiponectina total e de alto peso molecular (HMW) são marcadores de bom prognóstico DAC, sobretudo em pacientes de baixo risco cardiovascular, enquanto nos pacientes de alto risco ou com doença já estabelecida podem se associar com pior prognóstico. Apresentamos também as evidências em relação ao possível controle genético dos níveis circulantes de adiponectina, tanto total quanto da isoforma de alto peso molecular, sobretudo em relação ao ADIPOQ. A análise global dos dados sugere que tanto os níveis circulantes de adiponectina quanto polimorfismos no gene ADIPOQ estão implicados na evolução de DAC em pacientes com hiperglicemia e que essas associações podem existir de forma independente.

Humans , Adiponectin/blood , Coronary Artery Disease/blood , Hyperglycemia/blood , Adiponectin/genetics , Biomarkers/blood , Prognosis , Risk Factors
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 26(3): 427-432, jul.-set. 2011.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-624525


INTRODUÇÃO: A visão clássica de tecido adiposo como um reservatório passivo para o armazenamento de energia não é mais válido. Na última década, o tecido adiposo tem demonstrado funções endócrinas, sendo o peptídeo mais abundante secretado pelos adipócitos a adiponectina. O tecido adiposo epicárdico (TAE) é distribuído em torno das artérias coronárias e, a lesão endovascular causada pela presença de stent metálico intracoronário, poderia promover alterações inflamatórias na gordura periadventicial, contribuindo para reestenose. OBJETIVO: Determinar a expressão gênica de mediadores inflamatórios no tecido adiposo epicárdico após implante de stent metálico com reestenose que haviam sido encaminhados para tratamento cirúrgico. MÉTODOS: Amostras pareadas de TAE foram colhidas no momento da cirurgia de revascularização miocárdica (CRM) em 11 pacientes (n = 22), uma amostra foi obtida do tecido em torno da area com stent e outra amostra em torno da artéria coronária sem stent. Expressão local de adiponectina foi determinada por reação em cadeia de polymerase em tempo real utilizando Taq DNA polimerase. RESULTADOS: Em duas amostras, não houve expressão do gene da adiponectina. Fomos capazes de identificar adiponectina em 20 amostras, no entanto, o padrão de expressão gênica foi heterogêneo. Não percebemos especificidade quando comparamos TAE obtido próximo à área de stent ou distante da área de stent. CONCLUSÃO: Não houve correlação entre a expressão do gene de adiponectina e a presença de stent intracoronário.

BACKGROUND: The classical view of adipose tissue as a passive reservoir for energy storage is no longer valid. In the past decade, adipose tissue has been shown to have endocrine functions and the most abundant peptide secreted by adipocytes is adiponectin. Pericardial adipose tissue (PAT) is distributed around coronary arteries and endovascular injury, caused by the presence of intracoronary bare-metal stent (BMS), could promote inflammatory changes in the periadvential fat, contributing to vascular restenosis. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine gene expression of inflammatory mediator in pericardial adipose tissue after bare-metal stent implantation and vascular restenosis that had been referred to operative treatment. METHODS: Paired samples of PAT were harvested at the time of elective coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) in 11 patients (n=22), one sample was obtained of the tissue around BMS area and another sample around coronary artery without stent. Local expression of adiponectin was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using Taq DNA polymerase. RESULTS: In two samples, there was no gene expression of adiponectin. We are able to identify adiponectin in 20 samples, however, the pattern of gene expression were heterogeneous.We did not notice specificity when we compared PAT obtained near BMS area or far from BMS area. CONCLUSION: There were no correlation between adiponectin gene expression and presence of BMS.

Humans , Adiponectin/metabolism , Adipose Tissue/metabolism , Inflammation Mediators/metabolism , Pericardium/metabolism , Stents/adverse effects , Adiponectin/genetics , Adipose Tissue/pathology , Coronary Restenosis/genetics , Coronary Restenosis/metabolism , Gene Expression , Pericardium/pathology
Biol. Res ; 44(4): 369-375, 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-626737


Adiponectin is a polypeptide specifically secreted from human adipocytes, and its deficiency is closely linked to increased obesity and type II diabetes. There is an urgent demand for large-scale production of human adiponectin for pharmaceutical applications. Here, we report that we have successfully obtained a high-level of expression of modified genes encoding human adiponectin in transgenic rice. The 735 bp cDNA of the native human sequence was adopted to rice codon usage, fused to the translation initiation sequence in the N terminus and to the KDEL signal sequence in the C terminus. An amplification promoting sequence acting as an enhancer of transcription was also introduced to enhance gene expression. The presence of the transgene and mRNA transcripts was confirmed by PCR, Southern blot and RT-PCR. Western blot analysis revealed that a protein of approximately 30 kDa was produced in rice leaves. ELISA analysis was used to determine the amount of recombinant adiponectin in transformants with the modified gene in up to 0.32% of total soluble leaf protein. Our results establish the feasibility of high-level expression of recombinant human adiponectin in transgenic rice.

Adiponectin/genetics , Oryza/genetics , Plants, Genetically Modified/genetics , Adiponectin/metabolism , Blotting, Southern , Codon , DNA, Complementary , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Oryza/chemistry , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 20-25, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-146151


PURPOSE: Stroke is the second leading cause of death and a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Evidence of variations in adiponectin(AdipoQ) genes that are associated with ischemic stroke has not been consistent, and it is unclear whether the same loci contribute to these associations in the Korean population. Using a Korean population, we tested ischemic stroke-associated AdipoQ markers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a preliminary genome-wide association study using 320 250 k Affymetrix NSP chips, AdipoQ was found to be associated with ischemic stroke in Koreans. To study of AdipoQ, a further 673 ischemic stroke patients and 267 unrelated individuals without a history of stroke or transient ischemic attack were examined in a case-control study. RESULTS: Six polymorphisms (rs182052G > A, rs16861205G > A, rs822391T > C, rs822396A > G, rs12495941G > T and rs3774261A > G) that had a minor allele frequency of over 1% were strongly associated with stroke (p C and rs822396A > G showed this association on both dominant and additive logistic regression analysis after adjusting for age and sex. The haplotypes ht 1 (AGGCGG and AAGTAG) were significantly associated with susceptibility to stroke. CONCLUSION: Our findings show that polymorphisms in AdipoQ are associated with risk for ischemic stroke in the Korean population. This study lends further support to the putative role of AdipoQ in stroke.

Adiponectin/genetics , Aged , Asians , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Haplotypes , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Stroke/epidemiology
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 29(2): 214-220, ago. 2010. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-577268


La adiponectina, hormona peptídica secretada por los adipocitos, actúa inhibiendo la formación de la placa ateromatosa en casi todas sus etapas, ya sea modulando la respuesta inflamatoria, inhibiendo la expresión de moléculas de adhesión, la activación de monocitos, la formación de células espumosas y la migración y proliferación de células de músculo liso. En el presente estudio, fue evaluada la frecuencia del polimorfismo 45TMJ (rs2241766) del gen que codifica para la hormona adiponectina (ADIPOQ), junto con su posible contribución al desarrollo de enfermedad coronaria en individuos del sur de Chile. Métodos: Fueron evaluados 416 individuos adultos (30 a 68 años); 200 casos confirmados por angiografía y 216 controles. La genotipificación del polimorfismo 451>G del gen ADIPOQ se realizó mediante la técnica de PCR-RFLP. Resultados: El análisis de los resultados demuestra que la presencia del alelo G del polimorfismo 45T>G del gen ADIPOQ duplica el riesgo de padecer enfermedad coronaria en la población estudiada (OR= 2.06; I.C.95 por ciento: 1.36-3.14). Conclusión: Nuestros datos revelaron la existencia de una interesante asociación entre el polimorfismo 45T>G del gen ADIPOQ y enfermedad arterial coronaria en los sujetos analizados. Es importante destacar, que este hallazgo constituye el primer antecedente en población chilena.

Background: Adiponectin, encoded by ADIPOQ gene, is a hormone secreted by adipocytes that acts inhibiting the atheromatous plaque formation, modulating the inflammatory response and inhibiting the expression of adhesion molecules with subsequent inhibition of adhesion and macrophage activation, foam cells formation and migration and proliferation of smooth muscle cells. Aim: to evaluate the possible association between the rs2241766 polymorphism of the ADIPOQ gene with coronary artery disease (CAD) in Southern Chilean subjects. Methods: We evaluated 416 unrelated individuals (38 -68 years old); 200 with CAD confirmed by angiography and 216 control individuals from Temuco city (Chile). The rs2241766 polymorphism (45T>G) of ADIPOQ gene was determined by PCR-RFLP. Results: CAD patients exhibited a high frequency of G allele when compared to controls (17 percent vs. 9 percent; p<0.001). The OR for CAD associated to G allele was 2.06 (95 percent CI: 1.36 - 3.14) confirming the association observed. Conclusion: Our data show that the rs2241766 ADIPOQ gene polymorphism contributed to CAD risk in the studied population.

Humans , Male , Adult , Female , Middle Aged , Adiponectin/genetics , Coronary Artery Disease/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Alleles , Case-Control Studies , Chile/epidemiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length
Genet. mol. biol ; 33(3): 428-433, 2010. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-555827


We investigated the association between two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the adiponectin gene (rs822395 and rs266729) and coronary artery disease (CAD) in a case-control study of 198 unrelated Chinese CAD patients (with ; 70 percent coronary stenosis or previous myocardial infarction) and 237 non-CAD controls. The ligase reaction was used to detect SNPs rs822395 and rs266729, and the allelic association of these SNPs with the occurrence and severity of CAD was assessed. There were no significant differences in the genotypic or allelic frequencies of the two SNPs between control and CAD individuals. In addition, there was no association between the two SNPs and the severity of CAD based on the number of diseased vessels. The frequencies of alleles C and G at rs266729 differed significantly between females in the CAD and control groups, but not between males. Female carriers of allele G at rs266729 had a higher risk of CAD compared with allele C carriers (OR = 1.30, 95 percent CI: 1.09-2.64, p = 0.02). These results indicate a gender-specific effect of the adiponectin gene rs266729 variant in modulating the risk of CAD in women.

Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Adiponectin/genetics , Coronary Artery Disease/genetics , China , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
IJEM-Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2010; 12 (1): 81
in Arabic | IMEMR | ID: emr-98791


Central obesity down regulates adiponectin gene expression and plasma adiponectin concentration. The effects of lifestyle activity modification [LAM] training according to Centers for Disease Control [CDC] and American College of Sports Medicine ACSM guidelines on adiponectin gene expression and its secretion in obese people is not well known. The purpose of this study hence was to examine the effects of LAM on adiponectin gene expression and plasma adiponectin in obese men. Sixteen healthy middle aged men [42.06 +/- 6.01 years; mean +/- SD] participated in this study. The subjects were randomly assigned to the LAM [n=8] and control group [n=8]. Subjects in the LAM group walked 2 miles for 30 minutes for 4 days for 12 weeks on treadmill according to the CDC and ACSM guidelines. After 12 weeks LAM training, subjects were asked to avoid any high intensity physical activity for a week. The results showed that weight, BMI, body fat mass, body fat percent, central [visceral and subcutaneous] and peripheral subcutaneous fat volume, waist and hip circumstance and waist to hip ratio [WHR] were decreased significantly after 12 weeks in the LAM group, compared to the controls [P<0.05]. After one week detraining, body composition in the training group was maintained and did not change significantly. Also, maximum oxygen uptake, adiponectin gene expression on abdominal and hip subcutaneous adipose tissue were increased significantly in the LAM group compared to controls after 12 weeks [P<0.05]. On the other hand, after 12 weeks LAM training no significant differences were observed in plasma adiponectin and serum high sensitive C reactive protein [hs-CRP], levels between groups, while after one week detraining plasma adiponectin and serum hs-CRP levels were significantly increased and decreased respectively [P<0.05]. Although, twelve weeks LAM training improved body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness and adiponectine gene expression in obese men, but the intensity and time of these exercises are not enough to increase plasma adiponectin and hs-CRP reduction

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adiponectin/genetics , Adiponectin/blood , Obesity , Exercise