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Singapore medical journal ; : 209-213, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927275


INTRODUCTION@#Usage of metformin is associated with improved survival in lung, breast and prostate cancer, and metformin has been shown to inhibit cancer cell growth and proliferation in in vitro studies. Given the lack of clinical data on metformin use in patients with bladder cancer, we aimed to evaluate the role of metformin in their oncological outcomes.@*METHODS@#Medication use data from a prospectively maintained database of 122 patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer treated with intravesical Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG), who were recruited under a randomised, double-blinded, controlled clinical trial, was collected and analysed. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to assess overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS).@*RESULTS@#At a median follow-up duration of 102 (range 3-357) months, 53 (43.4%) patients experienced disease recurrence and 21 (17.2%) experienced disease progression. There was no significant difference in mortality between patients with and without diabetes mellitus. There was significant difference in OS between patients without diabetes mellitus, patients with diabetes mellitus on metformin and patients with diabetes mellitus but not on metformin (p = 0.033); patients with diabetes mellitus on metformin had the best prognosis. Metformin use was associated with significantly lower DSS (p = 0.042). Other oral hypoglycaemic agents, insulin or statins were not associated with disease recurrence or progression.@*CONCLUSION@#Metformin use was associated with improved oncological outcomes in patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer treated with intravesical BCG. Prospective studies with larger patient populations are needed to validate the role of metformin as potential therapy for bladder cancer.

Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Administration, Intravesical , BCG Vaccine/therapeutic use , Diabetes Mellitus , Disease Progression , Humans , Male , Metformin/therapeutic use , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/drug therapy
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 1027-1033, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920984


Bladder cancer is one of the common malignant tumors in China, with 75% of bladder cancer being non-muscle invasion with a high recurrence rate after surgery. Intravesical therapy is an useful methods to either directly kill tumor cells by infusing cytotoxic drugs into the bladder or directly or indirectly induce local immune responses of the body through infusing immune agents, such as bacillus calmette guerin, and thus reduce the risk of tumor recurrence and progression. In 2019, the Urological Chinese Oncology Group issued the "Expert consensus on intravesical therapy on non-muscle invasive bladder cancer" . Recently, great progress in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer has been achieved domestically and abroad, including the risk assessment of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer, the therapeutic choice of intravesical drugs, the adverse reactions and treatment experience of intravesical therapy, and clinical research on new types of intravesical drugs. This consensus is made according to domestic and overseas evidence-based medicine in combination with current clinical practice and experience of intravesical therapy for non-muscle invasive bladder cancer in China. It is an update of the 2019 expert consensus, with the wish to provide a guidance for domestic clinical standardized intravesical therapy for non-muscle invasive bladder cancer.

Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Administration, Intravesical , Consensus , Humans , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/drug therapy , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/drug therapy
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(5): 1805-1812, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1131556


The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of dietary supplementation with different doses of Curcuma longa hydrolate on the hematological, immunological and zootechnical parameters of Nile tilapia cultivated in a recirculation system (RAS). Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) were used, distributed in 16 polyethylene boxes, divided into four treatments: 0.0%; 2.5%; 7.5% and 10.0% of Curcuma longa hydrolate, in quadruplicate. After 45 days of treatment, four fish per experimental unit were anesthetized to remove blood aliquot for hematological and immunological analyzes and dissect the liver to evaluate the hepatosomatic index and final biometry. In the haematological analysis, the fish fed with 2.5% had a higher number of leukocytes, monocytes and lymphocytes than control, while the doses of 7.5% and 10.0% did not differ. Antimicrobial activity showed a significant decrease as the dose of C. longa hydrolate increased. The other hematological, immunological, hepatosomatic index and zootechnical data did not differ between treatments. Thus, supplementation of the hydrolate of Curcuma longa at a dosage of 2.5%, improved and maintained blood-immune homeostasis parameters in these animals, being suggested for further studies.(AU)

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os efeitos da suplementação dietética com diferentes doses de hidrolato de Curcuma longa nos parâmetros hematológicos, imunológicos e zootécnicos da tilápia-do-nilo cultivada em sistema de recirculação. Utilizou-se tilápia- do-nilo (Oreochromis niloticus), distribuída em 16 caixas de polietileno, divididas em quatro tratamentos: 0,0%; 2,5%7,5% e 10,0% de hidrolato de Curcuma longa, em quadruplicata. Após 45 dias de tratamento, quatro peixes por unidade experimental foram anestesiados para remover uma alíquota sanguínea para análises hematológicas e imunológicas, e removeu-se o fígado para avaliar o índice hepatossomático e a biometria final. Na análise hematológica, os peixes alimentados com 2,5% apresentaram maior número de leucócitos, monócitos e linfócitos que no controle, enquanto as doses de 7,5% e 10,0% não diferiram. Por outro lado, a atividade antimicrobiana apresentou uma redução significativa à medida que a dose de hidrolato de C. longa aumentou. Os demais dados hematológicos, imunológicos, hepatossomáticos e zootécnicos não diferiram entre os tratamentos. Assim, a suplementação do hidrolato de Curcuma longa, na dose de 2,5%, melhorou os parâmetros hematoimunológicos e manteve a homeostase nesses animais, sendo sugerida para novos estudos.(AU)

Animals , Dietary Supplements/analysis , Curcumin/administration & dosage , Cichlids/immunology , Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Phytotherapy/veterinary
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(8): e9886, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132547


The objective of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of 0.2% hyaluronic acid (HA) topical gel and dexamethasone topical ointment in the treatment of recurrent aphthous ulcers (RAU) in children. This retrospective observational study included 104 patients who had more than two episodes of oral aphthous ulcers per year and were treated with HA (n=52) or dexamethasone (n=52) from August 15, 2014 to September 3, 2018. Therapy efficacy was evaluated based on the ulcer size and pain score before versus 7 days after either therapy. The paired t-test, chi-squared test, and independent t-test were utilized for statistical analyses. There was no significant difference in ulcer size or pain score between the HA and dexamethasone groups, on day 1 or day 7. Both treatments were tolerated well and no side effects were reported. No significant differences in body temperature, respiration rate, pulse, or systolic/diastolic blood pressure were observed between the start (day 1) and end of treatment (day 7), for either treatment. HA and dexamethasone showed similar efficacy in reducing ulcer size and pain scores, and were tolerated equally well in children with RAU. Future high-quality studies with larger numbers of patients are needed to confirm our findings.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Stomatitis, Aphthous/drug therapy , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Hyaluronic Acid/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Pain , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO5262, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090059


ABSTRACT Objective To compare the frequency of respiratory tract infections in children treated with OM-85 BV and placebo during the 3-month therapy period, and observation for a further 3 months after treatment. Methods A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted with 54 children (6 months to 5 years old) with no past history of recurrent respiratory infections attending daycare center. Family members were instructed to administer one capsule per day for 10 consecutive days, for 3 months of OM-85 BV or placebo. Telephone interviews were conducted every 30 days. Results There was no significant difference in the number of respiratory infections between the groups. The mean number of respiratory tract infection in the OM-85 BV Group in the first 3 months was 0.92±0.87, and in the Placebo Group was 0.74±1.02, and at 6 months it was 1.62±1.47 and 1.03±1.34, respectively. Conclusion OM-85 BV was not effective in the primary prevention of respiratory tract infections. Although most authors recommend the use of this immunostimulant in children with a history of recurrent respiratory infections, more studies are needed to define its usefulness in the primary prevention of respiratory infections in healthy children exposed to few risk factors.

RESUMO Objetivo Comparar a frequência de infecções do trato respiratório em crianças tratadas com OM-85 BV e placebo durante o período de terapia de 3 meses, e observação por mais 3 meses após o tratamento. Métodos Foi realizado estudo randomizado, duplo-cego, controlado por placebo com 54 crianças (6 meses a 5 anos) sem história prévia de infecções respiratórias recorrentes, que frequentavam creches. Os membros da família foram instruídos a administrar uma cápsula por dia durante 10 dias consecutivos, durante 3 meses, de OM-85 BV ou placebo. Entrevistas telefônicas foram realizadas a cada 30 dias. Resultados Não houve diferença significativa no número de infecções respiratórias entre os grupos. O número médio de infecções do trato respiratório no Grupo OM-85 BV nos primeiros 3 meses foi de 0,92±0,87 e, no Grupo Placebo, de 0,74±1,02, e aos 6 meses foi de 1,62±1,47 e 1,03±1,34, respectivamente. Conclusão O OM-85 BV não foi eficaz na prevenção primária de infecções do trato respiratório. Embora a maioria dos autores recomende o uso deste imunoestimulante em crianças com história de infecções respiratórias recorrentes, mais estudos são necessários para definir sua utilidade na prevenção primária de infecções respiratórias em crianças saudáveis expostas a poucos fatores de risco.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Primary Prevention/methods , Cell Extracts/therapeutic use , Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Respiratory Tract Infections/drug therapy , Tobacco Smoke Pollution , Breast Feeding , Child Day Care Centers , Pilot Projects , Double-Blind Method , Treatment Outcome
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(2): 221-223, Mar.-Apr. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001143


Abstract Vegetative chronic genital herpes is an atypical presentation of herpes simplex 2 that it is usually seen in patients coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus. Clinically, it is characterized by extensive ulcers that evolve to chronification and hypertrophic pseudotumor forms. Antiviral drugs are recommended for the treatment, and acyclovir is the most used one. Foscarnet is the treatment of choice to resistant cases, although treatment failure has been reported. We report a male patient, previously diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus who developed vegetative chronic genital herpes resistant to acyclovir and successfully treated with imiquimod.

Humans , Male , Adult , Herpes Genitalis/drug therapy , Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/drug therapy , /therapeutic use , Herpes Genitalis/diagnosis , Adjuvants, Immunologic/administration & dosage , Chronic Disease , Treatment Outcome , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , /administration & dosage
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(2): 315-324, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002193


ABSTRACT Objectives: To evaluate the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) as a prognostic factor for response of high risk non muscle invasive bladder cancer (HRNMIBC) treated with BCG therapy. Materials and Methods: Between March 2010 and February 2014 in a tertiary center 100 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed HRNMIBC were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided according to NLR value: 46 patients with NLR value less than 3 (NLR < 3 group), and 54 patients with NLR value more than 3 (NLR ≥ 3 group). At the end of follow-up 52 patients were high grade disease free (BCG-responder group) and 48 patients underwent radical cystectomy for high grade recurrence or progression to muscle invasive disease (BCG non-responder group). The average follow-up was 60 months. Intervention: analysis and correlation of preoperative NLR value with response to BCG in terms of recurrence and progression. Results: The optimal cut-off for NLR was ≥ 3 according to the receiver operating characteristics analysis (AUC 0.760, 95% CI, 0.669-0.850). Mean NLR value was 3.65 ± 1.16 in BCG non-responder group and 2.61 ± 0.77 in BCG responder group (p = 0.01). NLR correlated with recurrence (r = 0.55, p = 0.01) and progression risk scores (r = 0.49, p = 0.01). In multivariate analysis, NLR (p = 0.02) and EORTC recurrence risk groups (p = 0.01) were associated to the primary endpoint. The log-rank test showed statistically significant difference between NLR < 3 and NLR ≥ 3 curves (p < 0.05). Conclusions: NLR value preoperatively evaluated could be a useful tool to predict BCG response of HRNMIBC. These results could lead to the development of prospective studies to assess the real prognostic value of NLR in HRNMIBC.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/drug therapy , BCG Vaccine/therapeutic use , Lymphocytes/pathology , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/drug therapy , Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Neutrophils/pathology , Prognosis , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/surgery , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , Cystectomy , Retrospective Studies , Lymphocyte Count , Disease Progression , Neoplasm Grading , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery , Neoplasm Staging
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 35(3): 219-224, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058077


Existen diversos lisados bacterianos, siendo OM-85 (Broncho-Vaxom®) el que posee mayor evidencia en cuanto a su rol inmunoprotector sobre infecciones respiratorias en población pediátrica. Sus mecanismos de acción producen efectos inmunomoduladores que potencialmente podrían prevenir el asma en etapas precoces de la vida, actuar sobre la disminución de crisis y ser un aporte a la terapia convencional del asma. Este artículo expone las principales evidencias en relación con estos compuestos, con enfoque en la actualidad y el desarrollo futuro, en especial sobre OM-85.

There are several bacterial lysates, being OM-85 (Broncho-Vaxom®) the one with the greatest evidence regarding its immunoprotective role on respiratory infections in the pediatric population. Its mechanisms of action produce immunomodulatory effects that could potentially prevent asthma in early stages of life, act on the reduction of crisis and be a contribution to conventional asthma therapy. This article shows the main evidences in relation to these compounds, the current focus and future development, especially on OM-85.

Humans , Respiratory Tract Infections/prevention & control , Asthma/drug therapy , Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Asthma/complications , Asthma/immunology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(4): 346-354, Apr. 2017. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895420


Os alimentos funcionais têm sido empregados como adjuvantes no tratamento do câncer de mama. Neste estudo avaliaram-se as respostas hematológicas e bioquímicas clínicas à ação de um alimento funcional administrado a cadelas com diagnóstico de neoplasia mamária maligna. Após a mastectomia, 16 cadelas foram divididas em dois grupos: suplementadas (S) e não suplementadas (NS) com um composto comercial contendo Saccharomyces cerevisiae, mananoligossacarídeos e nutracêuticos. Ambos grupos receberam tratamento quimioterápico com doxorrubicina e carboplatina, alternadamente, em intervalos de 21 dias, por oito sessões, totalizando 168 dias de tratamento. As avaliações clínicas e laboratoriais foram realizadas nos momentos de aplicação do tratamento. Os resultados dos perfis hematológico (hemograma, leucograma e plaquetograma) e bioquímico sérico (ureia, creatinina, albumina, bilirrubina total e direta, alanina aminotransferase, fosfatase alcalina e gama glutamiltransferase - GGT) foram analisados pelo teste de Kruskall Wallis. No grupo S comprovou-se elevação do peso corporal e não foram observados transtornos gastrointestinais ou outros sinais de alteração clínica ao longo do tratamento. Diferentemente no grupo NS, ocorreu perda de peso e alterações clínicas, como diarreia e vômito. No quadro hematológico, constatou-se leucopenia por linfopenia no grupo de cadelas NS e preservação do valores dentro dos parâmetros considerados normais para a espécie no grupo S. Dentre todas as variáveis da bioquímica clínica, constatou-se apenas a elevação da atividade sérica da GGT nos animais do grupo NS, sem alterações no grupo S. Conclui-se que cadelas com neoplasia mamária quando suplementadas com com alimento funcional imunoestimulante apresentam melhor condição clínica, hematológica e dos níveis bioquímicos, particularmente da GGT.(AU)

Functional foods have been used as adjuvant for breast cancer treatment of bitches. The aim of the present study was to evaluate hematological and clinical biochemistry response in female dogs diagnosed with malignant mammary tumors and supplemented with functional food. After the mastectomy, 16 bitches were divided into two groups: supplemented (S) and none supplemented (NS) with a commercial product of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, mannanoligosaccharides and nutraceuticals. Chemotherapy with doxorubicin and carboplatin was performed alternately at intervals of 21 days for eight sessions during 168 days of treatment. Clinical and laboratorial assessments was made at the treatment moments. The results of the hemogram (erythrogram, leukogram and platelet count) and serum biochemistry (urea, creatinine, albumin, total and direct bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase and gamma glutamyltransferase - GGT) were analyzed by Kruskal Wallis test. In the S group, increase body weight was observed, but gastrointestinal disorders or other clinical disorders were not detected over the treatment. In the NS group, loss of weight and clinical disorders were observed. All hematology parameters were normal in the S group; however, leukopenia and lymphopenia were detected in the bitches of the NS group. Among all the clinical biochemistry parameters tested, only serum GGT was increased in the NS group, with no changes in the S group. In conclusion, female dogs with mammary tumor supplemented with immunostimulant functional food have better clinical condition, they demonstrate normal levels of hematological and biochemical exams, particularly GGT.(AU)

Animals , Female , Dogs , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/diet therapy , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/drug therapy , Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Functional Food/analysis , Blood Chemical Analysis/veterinary , gamma-Glutamyltransferase/analysis , Hematologic Tests/veterinary
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2015 Mar; 53(3): 131-142
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-158396


Oligosaccharides and dietary fibres are non-digestible food ingredients that preferentially stimulate the growth of prebiotic Bifidobacterium and other lactic acid bacteria in the gastro-intestinal tract. Xylooligosaccharides (XOS) provide a plethora of health benefits and can be incorporated into several functional foods. In the recent times, there has been an over emphasis on the microbial conversion of agroresidues into various value added products. Xylan, the major hemicellulosic component of lignocellulosic materials (LCMs), represents an important structural component of plant biomass in agricultural residues and could be a potent bioresource for XOS. On an industrial scale, XOS can be produced by chemical, enzymatic or chemo-enzymatic hydrolysis of LCMs. Chemical methods generate XOS with a broad degree of polymerization (DP), while enzymatic processes will be beneficial for the manufacture of food grade and pharmaceutically important XOS. Xylooligomers exert several health benefits, and therefore, have been considered to provide relief from several ailments. This review provides a brief on production, purification and structural characterization of XOS and their health benefits.

Adjuvants, Immunologic/economics , Adjuvants, Immunologic/isolation & purification , Adjuvants, Immunologic/pharmacology , Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Animals , Anticarcinogenic Agents/economics , Anticarcinogenic Agents/isolation & purification , Anticarcinogenic Agents/pharmacology , Anticarcinogenic Agents/therapeutic use , Antioxidants/economics , Antioxidants/isolation & purification , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Biomass , Carbohydrate Sequence , Chromatography/methods , Crops, Agricultural/chemistry , Crops, Agricultural/economics , Dietary Fiber/analysis , Fungal Proteins/metabolism , Gastrointestinal Tract/microbiology , Glucuronates/economics , Glucuronates/isolation & purification , Glucuronates/pharmacology , Glucuronates/therapeutic use , Humans , Hydrolysis , Lignin/analysis , Microbiota/drug effects , Molecular Sequence Data , Molecular Structure , Oligosaccharides/economics , Oligosaccharides/isolation & purification , Oligosaccharides/pharmacology , Oligosaccharides/therapeutic use , Prebiotics/economics , Waste Products/economics , Xylans/chemistry
Rev. ciênc. farm. básica apl ; 36(1)mar. 2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-761216


The immune system modulation in disease prevention and treatment has been the subject of interest for many years, so that many studies have emphasized the immunomodulatory drugs research, especially from natural origin. So, in order to provide a current information source, this paper presents a review of the medicinal plants with immunostimulatory activity evidenced in recent studies. It was found in these studies that a wide variety of families presents species with immunostimulating activity, however the Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae Moraceae, Rubiaceae and Zingiberaceae families were more reported.(AU)

A modulação do sistema imune na prevenção e tratamento de doenças têm sido um assunto de interesse há muitos anos, de modo que muitas pesquisas tem dado ênfase à investigação de novas drogas imunomodularoras, sobretudo de origem natural. Portanto, a fim de proporcionar uma fonte de informação atualizada, o presente artigo apresenta uma revisão de plantas medicinais com atividade imunoestimulante evidenciadas em estudos recentes. Verificou-se nestes estudos que uma grande variedade de famílias apresentam espécies com atividade imunoestimulante, contudo, as famílias Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae Moraceae, Rubiaceae and Zingiberaceae foram as mais relatadas.(AU)

Plants, Medicinal , Adjuvants, Immunologic/analysis , Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Immunity , Euphorbiaceae , Rubiaceae , Moraceae , Zingiberaceae , Fabaceae
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-223786


The objective of this study was to evaluate the risk of recurrence in patients with intermediate-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) after intravesical instillation with chemotherapeutic agents or Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) therapy. A cohort of 746 patients with intermediate-risk NMIBC comprised the study group. The primary outcome was time to first recurrence. The recurrence rates of the transurethral resection (TUR) alone, chemotherapy, and BCG groups were determined using Kaplan-Meier analysis. Risk factors for recurrence were identified using Cox regression analysis. In total, 507 patients (68.1%), 78 patients (10.5%), and 160 (21.4%) underwent TUR, TUR+BCG, or TUR+chemotherapy, respectively. After a median follow-up period of 51.7 months (interquartile range=33.1-77.8 months), 286 patients (38.5%) developed tumor recurrence. The 5-yr recurrence rates for the TUR, chemotherapy, and BCG groups were 53.6%+/-2.7%, 30.8%+/-5.7%, and 33.6%+/-4.7%, respectively (P<0.001). Chemotherapy and BCG treatment were found to be predictors of reduced recurrence. Cox-regression analysis showed that TUR+BCG did not differ from TUR+chemotherapy in terms of recurrence risk. Adjuvant intravesical instillation is an effective prophylactic that prevents tumor recurrence in intermediate-risk NMIBC patients following TUR. In addition, both chemotherapeutic agents and BCG demonstrate comparable efficacies for preventing recurrence.

Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Administration, Intravesical , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , BCG Vaccine/therapeutic use , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Risk , Treatment Outcome , Urinary Bladder/pathology , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/drug therapy
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-223785


The role of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) in pancreatic cancer remains poorly understood. Therefore, this study aimed to determine whether CEA is complementary to carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) in prognosis prediction after pancreatic cancer curative resection. We retrospectively reviewed records of 144 stage II curatively resected pancreatic cancer patients with preoperative and postoperative CEA and CA19-9 levels. Patients with normal preoperative CA19-9 were excluded. R0 resection margin, adjuvant treatment, and absence of angiolymphatic invasion were associated with better overall survival. There was no significant difference in median survival according to preoperative CEA levels. However, patients with normal postoperative CA19-9 (59.8 vs.16.2 months, P < 0.001) and CEA (29.4 vs. 9.3 months, P = 0.001) levels had longer overall survival than those with elevated levels. Among 76 patients with high postoperative CA19-9 levels, a better prognosis was observed in those with normal postoperative CEA levels than in those with elevated levels (19.1 vs. 9.3 months, P = 0.004). Postoperative CEA and CA19-9 levels are valuable prognostic markers in resected pancreatic cancer. Normal postoperative CEA levels indicate longer survival, even in patients with elevated postoperative CA19-9.

Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , CA-19-9 Antigen/blood , Carcinoembryonic Antigen/blood , Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal/blood , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pancreatic Neoplasms/blood , Postoperative Period , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 56(5): 443-445, Sep-Oct/2014.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-722318


Here a young patient (< 21 years of age) with a history of infective dermatitis is described. The patient was diagnosed with myelopathy associated with HTLV-1/tropical spastic paraparesis and treated with interferon beta-1a. The disease was clinically established as HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP), and laboratory tests confirmed the presence of antibodies to HTLV-1 in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Mumps, cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, schistosomiasis, herpes virus 1 and 2, rubella, measles, varicella-zoster toxoplasmosis, hepatitis, HIV, and syphilis were excluded by serology. The patient was diagnosed with neurogenic bladder and presented with nocturia, urinary urgency, paresthesia of the lower left limb, a marked reduction of muscle strength in the lower limbs, and a slight reduction in upper limb strength. During the fourth week of treatment with interferon beta-1a, urinary urgency and paresthesia disappeared and clinical motor skills improved.

Descreve-se caso de mielopatia associada ao HTLV-1/paraparesia espástica tropical tratada com interferon beta-1a em paciente jovem de 21 anos e com história de dermatite infecciosa na infância. Foi estabelecida clinicamente paraparesia espástica tropical (HAM/TSP), confirmada laboratorialmente pela presença de anticorpos para HTLV-1 no LCR e excluídas caxumba, citomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr, esquistossomose, herpes virus 1 e 2, rubéola, sarampo, toxoplasmose varicela-zoster, hepatite, HIV e sífilis por sorologias. Foi diagnosticada bexiga neurogênica, com quadro clínico de nictúria, urgência urinária, parestesia no membro inferior esquerdo e discreta redução de força muscular nos membros superiores, mais acentuada nos membros inferiores. Na 4a semana de tratamento com interferon beta-1a houve desaparecimento da urgência urinária e da parestesia e melhora da clínica motora.

Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Interferon-beta/therapeutic use , Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 30(2): 184-189, abr.-jun. 2014.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-714395


La enfermedad de Castleman es una entidad poco frecuente, caracterizada por hiperplasia linfoide angiofolicular. Tiene dos tipos histológicos principales: el hialino vascular y el de células plasmáticas; y dos formas clínicas: la localizada y la multicéntrica. Se presenta el caso de una paciente femenina de 19 años de edad con diagnóstico de enfermedad de Castleman tipo hialino vascular, con tres adenopatías localizadas en la región cervical y antecedentes de cuadros infecciosos a repetición previos al diagnóstico. En el estudio inmunohistoquímico se observó CD 20, CD 3 patrón normal y Ki 67 positivo en los folículos linfoides. El estudio inmunológico de sangre periférica arrojó una disminución marcada de los linfocitos CD3+, fundamentalmente a expensas de los CD4+, con conservación de la inmunidad humoral y presencia de anticuerpos antinucleares. Se detectaron anticuerpos IgG anticitomegalovirus y antivirus de Epstein Barr y no se detectaron anticuerpos anti-VIH1,2. Las manifestaciones clínicas sugestivas de inmunodeficiencia antes del diagnóstico de la enfermedad de Casttleman y los resultados de laboratorio obtenidos, permiten sugerir la influencia de la desregulación del sistema inmune en la patogenia de la enfermedad proliferativa. El estado de inmunodeficiencia, además, favorece las infecciones por gérmenes oportunistas, que a su vez potencian los desórdenes inmunes y linfoproliferativos. Se obtuvo una respuesta clínica favorable con tratamiento inmunoestimulante

Castleman'sdisease is a rare disorder characterized by angiofollicularlymphoid hyperplasia. There are two main histological patterns of the disease: the hyaline vascular type and the plasma cell type; andtwo clinical forms: localized and multicentric. We report a case of a 19-year-old female patient with hyaline vascular type Castleman's disease with cervical lymphadenopathies and medical history of repetitive infectious diseases before diagnosis. The inmunohistochemical study reported CD 20, normal pattern of CD3 and Ki 67 positive only in lymphoidfollicles. The immunological study showed low levels of CD3+ CD4+ lymphocytes, slightly low levels of CD3+ CD8+ lymphocytes, and the presence of antinuclear antibodies (ANA). The humoral immunity was not affected.Other findings were IgG antibodies against CMV and EBV positive, and VIH 1,2 antibodies negative. Clinical history suggesting Immunodeficiency and laboratory findings support the hypothesis that deregulation of the immune system could lead to the pathogenesis of the proliferative disease. Also, the immunodeficiency state promotes the onset of opportunistic infections which may increase immune and proliferative disorders. A favorable response to immunostimulant treatment was observed

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Castleman Disease/diagnosis , Castleman Disease/immunology , Case Reports
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-106730


We evaluated the potential ability of germanium biotite (GB) to stimulate the production of antibodies specific for foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV). To this aim, we measured the total FMDV-specific antibody responses and IgM production after vaccination against FMD both experimentally and in the field. GB supplementation with FMDV vaccination stimulated the production of anti-FMDV antibodies, and effectively increased IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha levels. These results suggest that GB may be a novel alternative feed supplement that can serve as a boosting agent and an immunostimulator for increasing the efficacy of FMDV vaccination in pigs.

Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Aluminum Silicates/therapeutic use , Animals , Antibodies, Viral/immunology , Antibody Formation/drug effects , Dietary Supplements , Ferrous Compounds/therapeutic use , Foot-and-Mouth Disease/immunology , Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus/immunology , Germanium/therapeutic use , Swine , Swine Diseases/immunology
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-161402


To achieve immune homeostasis in such a harsh environment as the intestinal mucosa, both active and quiescent immunity operate simultaneously. Disruption of gut immune homeostasis leads to the development of intestinal immune diseases such as colitis and food allergies. Among various intestinal innate immune cells, mast cells (MCs) play critical roles in protective immunity against pathogenic microorganisms, especially at mucosal sites. This suggests the potential for a novel MC-targeting type of vaccine adjuvant. Dysregulated activation of MCs also results in inflammatory responses in mucosal compartments. The regulation of this yin and yang function of MCs remains to be elucidated. In this review, we focus on the roles of mucosal MCs in the regulation of intestinal allergic reaction, inflammation and their potential as a new target for the development of mucosal adjuvants.

Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Animals , Humans , Hypersensitivity/immunology , Inflammation/immunology , Intestinal Mucosa/cytology , Mast Cells/immunology
An. bras. dermatol ; 88(1): 32-40, fev. 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-667938


BACKGROUND: The histopathology and immune responses of the healing process of leishmaniasis are still poorly studied. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the histopathological and immunological aspects of lesions of patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis before and after different therapeutic methods. METHODS: We studied 23 individuals grouped according to the treatments: Glucantime, Glucantime + Leishvacin and Glucantime + Leishvacin associated with Bacillus Calmette-Guerin. For analysis of the histopathological changes present in the dermis and epidermis, histological sections were stained with hematoxylin and eosin. The samples were immunostained before and after treatment to analyze the expression of interferon (IFN)-γ, interleukin (IL) 12, IL-10 and IL-4. RESULTS: Before treatment the presence of intense infiltrates of mononuclear cells was noticed and after treatment, even with a diagnosis of clinical cure, the subjects still showed a moderate inflammatory process. In the immunohistochemical analyses, we noticed a difference between the cytokines, with increased expression of cytokines IFN-γ and IL-12 compared to IL 10 and IL-4, both before and after treatment and, comparatively, the difference in this expression was more intense before treatment. However, the cytokine expression analyzed by treatment group showed no statistically significant difference. CONCLUSION: We conclude that a clinical cure does not always coincide with the histopathological ...

FUNDAMENTOS: A histopatologia e as respostas imunológicas do processo de cura da leishmaniose são ainda pouco estudadas. OBJETIVOS: Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar os aspectos histopatológicos e imunológicos das lesões de pacientes com leishmaniose tegumentar, antes e após diferentes métodos terapêuticos. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados 23 indivíduos agrupados de acordo com os tratamentos: Glucantime, Glucantime + Leishvacin e Glucantime + Leishvacin associado com Bacilo Calmette-Guerin. Para a análise das alterações histopatológicas presentes na derme e epiderme, cortes histológicos foram corados com hematoxilina e eosina. Para avaliar a expressão de interferon (IFN)-γ, interleucina (IL) 12, IL-10 e IL-4 foi utilizada a técnica de imuno-histoquímica antes e após o tratamento. RESULTADOS: Antes do tratamento houve um intenso infiltrado de células mononucleares, após o tratamento, mesmo com um diagnóstico de cura clínica, apresentou-se ainda um moderado processo inflamatório. Na análise imuno-histoquímica, notamos uma diferença entre as citocinas, com expressão aumentada de citocinas IFN-γ e IL-12 em comparação com IL-10 e IL-4 tanto antes quanto depois do tratamento, e comparativamente, a diferença nesta expressão mostrou-se mais intensa antes do tratamento. No entanto, a expressão das citocinas analisadas por grupo de tratamento não mostraram diferenças ...

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antiprotozoal Agents/therapeutic use , Cytokines/biosynthesis , Immunotherapy, Active/methods , Leishmaniasis , Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , BCG Vaccine/therapeutic use , Immunohistochemistry , Leishmania/immunology , Leishmaniasis Vaccines/therapeutic use , Leishmaniasis/drug therapy , Leishmaniasis/immunology , Leishmaniasis/pathology , Meglumine/therapeutic use , Organometallic Compounds/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Wound Healing/drug effects