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Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e22643, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439528


Abstract Methotrexate on its oral and intravenous administration results in unwanted adverse effects. This drawback can be overcome by transdermal delivery because of its painless objective for systemic drug administration. Transfersomes are ultra-deformable vesicles with the flexibility to reach deeper tissues of the skin. The objective of this research work was to develop methotrexate transfersomal gel by thin film hydration technique, evaluated for entrapment efficiency, deformability, mean vesicle size, and stability, and incorporated into carbopol gel for ease of handling and skin applicability for a longer period of retention on skin. MTX-TFS gel & conventional gel were characterized for consistency, transparency, viscosity, and pH. Ex-vivo skin permeation studies were performed using abdominal goat skin and drug release kinetic parameters and transdermal flux were calculated using mathematical models. The results indicate that MTX was successfully entrapped (84.77 ± 2.35 %w/w) in transfersomes having 240±1.6 nm vesicle sizes and 27.13±0.7 deformability index. The gel was permeated through the skin at a rate of 28.12±2.58 µg/cm2/hr as compared to the conventional gel (10.35±2.14 µg/cm2/ hr). From the study, it was concluded that the MTX-TFS gel can be used as a possible substitute for the conventional formulation for transdermal drug delivery due to 3 times improvement in transdermal flux.

Administration, Cutaneous , Methotrexate/adverse effects , Skin , Administration, Intravenous/classification
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970595


Huoluo Xiaoling Dan is a classical prescription commonly used for blood circulation and pain relief in clinic with obvious effects. To make it directly treat lesion and improve the effect, this research optimized the preparation process of Huoluo Xiaoling gel paste and further evaluated its in vitro transdermal absorption performance, so as to provide a scientific basis for its development and utilization. Using primary viscosity, holding viscosity, and sensory score as evaluation indexes, the matrix amount of gel paste was determined by the single factor test and Box-Behnken response surface method. The ultra-performance liquid chromatography(UPLC) method was established to determine the content of eight active ingredients, including Danshensu, ferulic acid, salvianolic acid B, salvianolic acid A, ligustilide, tanshinone Ⅱ_A, 11-keto-β-boswellic(KBA), and 3-acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid(AKBA). A mo-dified Franz diffusion cell method was used to evaluate and compare the absorption properties of the gel paste without volatile oil and with volatile oil microemulsion. The results showed that the optimal prescription for Huoluo Xiaoling gel paste matrix was NP700(1.35 g), glycerol(7.00 g), micropowder silica gel(1.25 g), sodium carboxymethyl cellulose(0.20 g), tartaric acid(0.06 g), and glyceryl aluminum(0.04 g). The mass fractions of eight active ingredients in the paste were successively 0.48, 0.014, 0.95, 0.39, 0.57, 0.055, 0.35, and 0.97 mg·g~(-1). The results of the in vitro transdermal absorption test showed that the addition of the volatile oil or the volatile oil microemulsion promoted the transdermal absorption of the active ingredients, and the law of drug penetration conformed to the zero equation or the Higuchi equation. The gel paste prepared by the optimal prescription has good appearance and adhesion, with no residue, and has the characteristics of skeletal slow-release preparation, which is easy to reduce the number of administration, la-ying a foundation for the development of new external dosage forms of Huoluo Xiaoling Dan.

Administration, Cutaneous , Skin Absorption , Chromatography, Liquid , Oils, Volatile , Viscosity
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970496


Rheumatoid arthritis(RA) is a chronic degenerative joint disease characterized by inflammation. Due to the complex causes, no specific therapy is available. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents and corticosteroids are often used(long-term, oral/injection) to interfere with related pathways for reducing inflammatory response and delaying the progression of RA, which, however, induce many side effects. Microneedle, an emerging transdermal drug delivery system, is painless and less invasive and improves drug permeability. Thus, it is widely used in the treatment of RA and is expected to be a new strategy in clinical treatment. This paper summarized the application of microneedles in the treatment of RA, providing a reference for the development of new microneedles and the expansion of its clinical application.

Humans , Drug Delivery Systems , Administration, Cutaneous , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Needles
Rev. Eugenio Espejo ; 16(3): 119-135, 20220819.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1393247


La electrólisis percutánea intratisular es un procedimiento terapéutico tecnológico mínimamente invasivo para el tratamiento de lesiones en el sistema musculoesquelético mediante inflamación controlada y fagocitosis para recuperar el tejido afectado. Acerca de esta, se realizó un análisis de la producción científica publicada de 2014 a 2021. El estudio se realizó por medio de una revi-sión bibliográfica sistémica siguiendo la metodología PRISMA, que incluyó el uso de fuentes de información en las bases científicas: PubMed, SciencieDirect, EuropePMC, ResearchGate, Sage Journal, Thiem Connect y PHysiotherapy evidence database (PEdro). Previamente al procesa-miento de los datos, los documentos encontrados fueron sometidos diversos criterios de selec-ción. Los investigadores concluyeron que la electrólisis percutánea intratisular resulta un trata-miento efectivo para el tratamiento de tendinopatías crónicas, cuando se realiza combinado con un programa de ejercicios enfocado en la progresión de las cargas.

This work presents an analysis of the scientific production developed between 2014 and 2021 on percutaneous intratissue electrolysis. The objective is to analyze the bibliograpHy on the diffe-rent EPI interventions. The study was carried out through a systemic review following a methodological process according to PRISMA using various sources for the collection of information, such as: Pubmed, Scienciedirect, Europe PMC, Hindawi, Cochrane, Sage Journal, Thiem Connect, Pedro, Puerta Of the investigation. Selection and quality criteria were applied to these documents, with a subsequent analysis using qualitative techniques. In conclusion, intratissue percutaneous electrolysis turns out to be a favorable tool in the treatment of chronic tendinopathies as long as it is combined with an exercise program focused on load progression.

Humans , Male , Female , Administration, Cutaneous , Electrolysis , Musculoskeletal System , Bibliography , PubMed , Systematic Review
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 506-511, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940953


Objective: To explore the clinical features and treatment of pyoderma gangrenosum (PG). Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted. From January 2012 to July 2021, 25 patients with PG who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to Beijing Fucheng Hospital, including 16 males and 9 females, with the age of onset of disease being 14 to 75 years. Among them, the classification of PG identified 17 cases of ulcerative type, 6 cases of pustular type, 1 case of proliferative type, and 1 case of bullous type. Six patients were accompanied with systemic diseases, while 19 patients were not accompanied with systemic diseases. At the same time of systemic treatment with glucocorticoids, dressing changes or surgical skin grafting was performed on the wounds. The results of laboratory and histopathological examinations, the overall curative effects and follow-up of patients, the wound healing time of patients with negative and positive microbial culture results of wound secretion specimens, and the curative effects of patients with and without systemic diseases were analyzed. Results: The results of blood routine examination of 19 patients were abnormal, and all the immunological indexes were normal in all the patients; the microbial culture results of wound secretion specimens were positive in 14 patients; and the histopathological examination results of ulcer boundary tissue in 15 patients with rapid wound progress were mainly local tissue inflammatory changes. The wounds were cured in 17 patients, mostly healed in 7 patients, and not healed in 1 patient. After one-year's follow-up, the PG in 3 patients relapsed due to self-discontinuation of medication after discharge, and the wounds were healed gradually after adjustment of medication, while the remaining patients had no relapse. The days of wound healing in 14 patients with positive microbial culture results of wound secretion specimens were 21-55 days, and the days of wound healing in 11 patients with negative microbial culture results in wound secretion specimens were 20-54 days. In the 6 patients with systemic diseases, the wounds of 3 patients were cured, and the wounds of the other 3 patients were mostly healed. In the 19 patients without systemic diseases, the wounds of 14 patients were cured, the wounds of 4 patients were mostly healed, and the wound of 1 patient was not healed. Conclusions: The laboratory examination and pathological manifestations of patients with PG lacks characteristics, and their clinical manifestations are rich and diverse, thus PG can be easily misdiagnosed. The glucocorticoids combined with immunosuppressive therapy have good effects on PG. Surgical intervention can be performed on the wounds. Specifically, excessive debridement is not recommended in the acute phase, but skin grafting can be performed in the contraction phase.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Administration, Cutaneous , Glucocorticoids , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/therapy , Skin Transplantation , Wound Healing
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928181


This study aims to establish a method for determination of paeonol(Pae), eugenol(Eug), and piperine(Pip) content in receptor liquid and research on the permeability and pharmacokinetics of Huoxue Zhitong gel patch and microemulsion gel. The Franz diffusion experiment was conducted to assess the percutaneous permeability, and the microdialysis method was employed to assess pharmacokinetics of Huoxue Zhitong gel patch and microemulsion gel. The content of Pae, Eug, and Pip in receptor liquid in vitro and in vivo was determined by HPLC and UPLC-MS. The Q_n and J_(ss) of Pae, Eug, and Pip in the gel patch were significantly higher than those in the microemulsion gel, indicating that the drug release was faster in the gel patch. The C_(max), AUC_(0-760), and MRT of Pae, Eug, and Pip in the gel patch were higher than those in the microemulsion gel, indicating that the gel patch can promote the penetration and prolong the skin residence of the drug. The results of this study provide reference for improving the dosage form of Huoxue Zhitong patch.

Administration, Cutaneous , Chromatography, Liquid , Emulsions , Permeability , Skin/metabolism , Skin Absorption , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928140


Essential oils(EOs) from Chinese medicinals, which can be used as adjuvants and exert certain therapeutic effect, are directly used in Chinese medicine formulas. Conventional research strategy for EOs from Chinese medicinals is to compare the efficacy of the prescriptions before and after the addition of EOs, and the penetration-enhancing mechanisms of EOs remain unclear. In modern research on EOs from Chinese medicinals, the method for studying chemical penetration enhancers is often used, which fails to reflect the overall efficacy of EOs. This study clarified the property regularity of EOs from Chinese medicinals as transdermal penetration enhancers, and thereby proposed a research model which integrated the medicinal and adjuvant properties of EOs from Chinese medicinals via "component-delivery-effect" characterization route. The core concept is that constituents of EOs from Chinese medicinals and their delivery process play a key role in their external application. This research model is expected to serve as a reference for further research on EOs from Chinese medicinals for transdermal application.

Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic , Administration, Cutaneous , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Oils, Volatile/pharmacology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928026


This study aims to establish a rapid and sensitive UPLC-MS/MS method for simultaneously determining the content of strychnine and paeoniflorin in plasma and brain tissue of rats, and compare the pharmacokinetic behavior and brain tissue distribution of paeoniflorin combined with normal and toxic doses of strychnine in rats after percutaneous administration. Compared with those in the toxic-dose strychnine group, the AUC_(0-t), AUC_(0-∞), and C_(max) of strychnine decreased by 51.51%, 45.68%, and 46.03%, respectively(P<0.01), and the corresponding values of paeoniflorin increased by 91.41%, 102.31%, and 169.32%, respectively(P<0.01), in the compatibility group. Compared with the normal-dose strychnine group, the compatibility group showed insignificantly decreased C_(max), AUC_(0-t), and AUC_(0-∞) of strychnine, increased C_(max) and T_(max) of paeoniflorin(P<0.01), 66.88% increase in AUC_(0-t), and 70.55% increase in AUC_(0-∞) of paeoniflorin. In addition, the brain tissue concentration of strychnine decreased and that of paeoniflorin increased after compatibility. The combination of paeoniflorin with normal dose and toxic dose of strychnine can inhibit the percutaneous absorption of strychnine, and greatly promote the percutaneous penetration of paeoniflorin, whereas the interaction mechanism remains to be explored. The UPLC-MS/MS method established in this study is easy to operate and has good precision. It is suitable for in vivo study of pharmacokinetic behavior and brain tissue distribution of paeoniflorin and strychnine after percutaneous administration in rats, which provides reference for the safe and rational clinical use of strychnine and the combined use of drugs, and lays a solid foundation for the development of external preparations containing Strychni Semen.

Animals , Rats , Administration, Cutaneous , Brain , Bridged-Ring Compounds/pharmacology , Chromatography, Liquid/methods , Glucosides , Monoterpenes , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Strychnine , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Tissue Distribution
Actual. osteol ; 18(1): 29-39, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1395951


La osteoporosis es una enfermedad sistémica que deteriora la calidad del hueso y su arquitectura. Como consecuencia, predispone a fracturas por fragilidad, entre las cuales las fracturas vertebrales son frecuentes. Estas se asocian a una gran morbimortalidad. La vertebroplastia ha surgido en 1984 como alter-nativa terapéutica para tratar algunos tumores vertebrales y fracturas vertebrales osteoporóticas dolorosas. Este procedimiento consiste en la inyección de cemento guiado por imágenes, para estabilizar la vértebra fracturada y disminuir el dolor. La vertebroplastia puede ser realizada con anestesia local, sedación o anestesia general. La fuga de cemento fuera de la vértebra es una complicación común; sin embargo esto no suele tener traducción clínica y solamente se trata de un hallazgo imagenológico. En este artículo revisaremos las indicaciones, contraindicaciones, la eficacia, controversias y las complicaciones de la vertebroplastia percutánea. (AU)

Osteoporosis is a systemic disease characterized by bone quality deterioration. As a consequence of this deterioration, osteoporosis results in high fracture risk due to bone fragility. Fractures to the spine are common in this scenario, and relate to an increased morbi-mortality. Vertebroplasty emerged in 1984 as an alternative to treat painful vertebral tumors and osteoporotic vertebral fractures. This procedure relies on image guided cement injection to achieve pain relief and strengthen the vertebral body. Vertebroplasty can be performed under local anesthesia, mild sedation, or general anesthesia. Among its complications, cement leakage is common but it is rarely associated with any symptoms and it is usually an imaging finding. In this article, we will review indications and contraindications, effectiveness, controversies and complications related to percutaneous vertebroplasty. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Spinal Fractures/therapy , Vertebroplasty/methods , Osteoporotic Fractures/therapy , Chronic Pain/therapy , Administration, Cutaneous , Spinal Fractures/classification , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty/adverse effects , Osteoporotic Fractures/classification
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1139-1154, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878620


Microneedles have been developed rapidly in the field of transdermal administration in the past few decades. In recent years, the development of microelectronics technology has expanded the applications of microneedles by combining with microelectronic systems, especially in biological diagnosis and treatment. Different types of microneedles have been designed to extract blood and tissue fluids for detection, or as electrodes to directly detect blood sugar, melanoma and pH in real-time in vivo, both show good prospects for real-time detection applications. In this paper, we review the design of materials and structure of microelectronic-based microneedles, and discuss their advances in biological diagnosis.

Administration, Cutaneous , Drug Delivery Systems , Electrodes , Microinjections , Needles
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921749


Hot melt pressure-sensitive adhesive(HMPSA) has broad application potential in the field of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) plasters due to its high drug loading, weak skin irritation, satisfactory adhesion, etc. compared with rubber plasters.However, the structure of HMPSA is prone to suffer from the damage caused by volatile oils in TCM plasters. In view of this, a kind of HMPSA with a stable structure was prepared by physical blending of DINCH, polypropylene wax and liquid rubber(LIR) in the present study, which is denoted as DPL. The dosage of cinnamon volatile oil(CVO), the model drug, was selected with viscosity, softening point and cohesion as evaluation indexes. The interaction between DPL and HMPSA was investigated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy(FT-IR) and differential scanning calorimetry(DSC). The compatibility of HMPSA with CVO and its transdermal ability were studied by in vitro transdermal test, adhesion, scanning electron microscopy( SEM) and rheological evaluation. The results showed that 5% CVO began to damage the structure of HMPSA. The initial adhesion and holding adhesion of DPL-modified HMPSA(DPL-HMPSA) were not significantly changed compared with those of HMPSA, whereas the 180° peel strength was decreased. FI-IR unraveled that DPL formed the n-π conjugated system with styrene-isoprene-styrene block copolymer(SIS), and there was no significant difference in the glass transition temperature according to DSC results, which indicated the good compatibility of DPL with HMPSA. With 5% CVO loaded, the drug content of DPL-HMPSA was 1. 14 times higher than that of HMPSA, and the decrease rate of drug content in DPL-HMPSA was 16% lower than that in HMPSA after 3 months. SEM demonstrated that CVO did not cause obvious structural damage to DPL-HMPSA. Rheological evaluation revealed that the storage modulus and loss factor of DPL-HMPSA were higher than those of HMPSA, and the cohesion was also stronger. The percutaneous penetration rate of cinnamaldehyde in DPL-HMPSA was 2. 25 times that of HMPSA. In conclusion, DPL-HMPSA had more stable structure, better compatibility with CVO, and higher in vitro transdermal efficiency of cinnamaldehyde than before the modification. This study can provide reference for the mitigation of the matrix structure damage caused by volatile oil components in TCM plasters and the enhancement of the content and in vitro transdermal rate of drug.

Adhesives , Administration, Cutaneous , Cinnamomum zeylanicum , Oils, Volatile , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921674


This study aimed to investigate the enhancing effect of muscone on the transdermal penetration of traditional Chinese medicine ingredients and explore its possible mechanism of action. The Franz diffusion cells were employed to investigate the effect of muscone on the transdermal permeation of a series of model drugs with a wide range of log P values. The solubilities at saturation and the stratum corneum(SC)/vehicle partition coefficients of model drugs were measured to evaluate the effect of muscone on drug thermodynamic activities and partition of drugs into SC. Attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy(ATR-FTIR) was employed to explore the effect of muscone on the molecular structure of SC. The results showed that muscone significantly promoted the transdermal penetration of hydrophilic and lipophilic drugs, and the enhancement ratio(ER) increased with the decrease in the log P. Muscone could interact with the SC lipids to increase the disorder and fluidity of lipid bilayer packing, which improved skin permeability and promoted transdermal absorption of drugs. This study provides a scientific basis for the application of muscone in traditional Chinese medicine topical preparations.

Animals , Rats , Administration, Cutaneous , Cycloparaffins , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Permeability , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Skin/metabolism , Skin Absorption
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921673


Triptolide(TP), the main active and toxic component of Tripterygium wilfordii, has the limitations of low bioavailability, poor absorption, low concentration in plasma, and small lethal dose. Microneedle(MN), the hybrid of hypodermic needle and transdermal patch, is a physical penetration-enhancing system. Dissolving microneedles(DMNs) can be tailored to specific needs of degradation rate. In this study, the TP-loaded DMNs(DMNs-TP) were prepared with the two-step centrifugation method. The optimal ratio of PVA to PVP K30, water content in matrix solution, demoulding method, and plasticizer for preparing DMNs were investigated with the indexes of formability and mechanical strength. The drug loading capacity was determined by HPLC and morphological characteristics were observed under an optical microscope. The mechanical properties were investigated by H&E staining and Franz diffusion cell was used to detect the in vitro skin permeation characteristics. Through the experiment, we confirmed that the optimal backing material should be PVA and PVP K30(3∶1) and the optimal ratio of matrix material to water should be 3∶4. The prepared DMNs-TP were pyramidal with smooth surface and length of approximately 550 μm. Each patch(2.75 cm~2) had the drug loading capacity of(153.41±2.29) μg, and TP was located in the upper part of the needle. The results of in vitro skin permeation assay demonstrated that the cumulative penetration of TP in DMNs-TP reached 80% in 24 h, while little TP solution penetrated the skin, which proved that DMNs promoted the transdermal delivery of TP.

Administration, Cutaneous , Diterpenes , Drug Delivery Systems , Epoxy Compounds , Needles , Phenanthrenes , Skin
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(6): 714-717, dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250300


Resumen La sífilis maligna asociada al virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (HIV). Se presenta con lesiones nodulares cutáneas con tendencia a la ulceración. Entre sus hallazgos histopatológicos se destaca la presencia de granulomas no caseificantes, lo cual obliga al diagnóstico diferencial con otras patologías granulomatosas infecciosas y no infecciosas. La evolución de la enfermedad es favorable con el tratamiento con penicilina en la mayoría de los casos. Presentamos el caso de una paciente con infección por HIV que cumple criterios diagnósticos de sífilis maligna y alertamos sobre esta entidad granulomatosa poco frecuente.

Abstract Malignant syphilis occurs frequently in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and presents with cutaneous nodular lesions that tend to ulcerate. Non caseating granulomas are among the most conspicuous histopathological findings and require differential diagnosis with other infectious and non-infectious granulomatous conditions. The evolution of the disease is usually favourable with penicillin treatment. We present the case of an HIV-positive patient who meets diagnostic criteria for malignant syphilis and alert on this infrequent granulomatous entity.

Humans , Syphilis/complications , Syphilis/diagnosis , Syphilis/drug therapy , HIV Infections/complications , HIV Infections/diagnosis , Administration, Cutaneous , Diagnosis, Differential , Granuloma
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(4): 419-428, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137206


Abstract Background and objectives: Postoperative pain is still a major concern in several surgical procedures. Multimodal analgesia is best for postoperative pain management; however, opioid therapy is still the main treatment for pain after surgical procedures. Transdermal buprenorphine is a partial µ-agonist opioid widely used for chronic pain syndromes, with limited evidence for acute postoperative pain. A systematic review of studies examining transdermal buprenorphine for acute pain management after surgery was conducted. Contents: Data from PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), CINAHL via EBSCOhost, and LILACS were reviewed, including randomized clinical trials that evaluated total postoperative pain, postoperative analgesic consumption, drug-related side effects and patient satisfaction with analgesia regimen. Data from nine studies (615 patients) were included in this review. Most studies initiated transdermal buprenorphine use 6 to 48 hours before surgery, maintaining use from 1 to 28 days after the procedure. Most studies showed lower or similar postoperative pain scores, postoperative analgesic consumption and patient satisfaction comparing buprenorphine to placebo, tramadol, celecoxib, flurbiprofen and parecoxib. The incidence of side effects varied between studies, with most showing no increase in drug-related side effects with buprenorphine use, except one study, which compared buprenorphine to oral tramadol, and one to transdermal fentanyl. However, most results were derived from evidence with an overall high or unclear risk of bias. Conclusions: Although more studies are necessary, initial results show that transdermal buprenorphine seems to be an effective and safe opioid choice for management of acute postoperative pain.

Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: A dor pós-operatória ainda é uma queixa importante em vários procedimentos cirúrgicos. A analgesia multimodal é a melhor conduta para a dor pós-operatória, embora a terapia com opioides ainda seja o principal tratamento para a dor após procedimentos cirúrgicos. A buprenorfina transdérmica é um opioide agonista µ amplamente prescrito nas síndromes de dor crônica, mas com limitada evidência do seu uso para dor aguda no pós-operatório. Realizamos revisão sistemática de estudos que examinaram o papel da buprenorfina transdérmica no tratamento da dor aguda pós-operatória. Conteúdo: Revisamos os dados de PubMed, Embase, Registro Central de Ensaios Controlados Cochrane (CENTRAL), CINAHL via EBSCOhost e LILACS, incluindo estudos clínicos randomizados que avaliaram a dor pós-operatória total, consumo de analgésicos pós-operatórios, efeitos colaterais relacionados a medicamentos e satisfação do paciente com esquema de analgesia. Dados de nove estudos (615 pacientes) foram incluídos nesta revisão. A maioria dos estudos iniciou o uso transdérmico de buprenorfina 6 a 48 horas antes da cirurgia, mantendo o uso de 1 a 28 dias após o procedimento. A maioria dos estudos encontrou valores semelhantes ou menores para o escore de dor pós-operatória, consumo pós-operatório de analgésicos e satisfação do paciente quando a buprenorfina foi comparada ao placebo, tramadol, celecoxibe, flurbiprofeno e parecoxibe. A incidência de efeitos colaterais oscilou nos estudos, e a maioria não mostrou aumento de efeito colateral relacionado ao uso de buprenorfina, exceto em dois estudos, um que comparou buprenorfina ao tramadol oral e outro ao fentanil transdérmico. No entanto, a maioria dos resultados foi obtida a partir de evidências com um risco geral alto ou risco de viés impreciso. Conclusões: Embora sejam necessários mais estudos, os resultados iniciais mostram que a buprenorfina transdérmica parece ser uma forma de administração segura e efetiva de opioide no tratamento da dor aguda pós-operatória.

Humans , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Buprenorphine/administration & dosage , Analgesics, Opioid/administration & dosage , Time Factors , Administration, Cutaneous , Pain Measurement , Buprenorphine/adverse effects , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Patient Satisfaction , Analgesics, Opioid/adverse effects
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(1): 23-29, mar. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125778


Antecedentes: el absceso del psoas ilíaco es una entidad poco frecuente y de etiología variable. Su ubicación y cuadro clínico inespecífico la convierte en una entidad de difícil diagnóstico para el cirujano general. La oportunidad de tratar una serie de casos en un período de tiempo relativamente corto para este tipo de patología motivan esta comunicación. Objetivo: a partir de una serie consecutiva de casos, analizar etiología, clínica, y enfoque diagnóstico terapéutico, con especial énfasis en el drenaje percutáneo , como así también una sucinta revisión de la bibliografía reciente. Material y métodos: estudio observacional retrospectivo de una serie consecutiva de casos Resultados: la serie consta de 6 casos, 5 de tipo primario y 1 de tipo secundario. La signos más frecuentes fueron el dolor, la impotencia funcional y la leucocitosis. La Tomografía axial computada de abdomen con y sin contraste fue el método diagnóstico de elección. El drenaje percutáneo fue el tratamiento de elección en 5 casos (83,3%) mientras que en el restante se optó por antibioticoterapia y el drenaje de una colección adyacente. La evolución de todos los casos fue favorable. Conclusión: el absceso de psoas ilíaco es una patología que necesita un alto nivel de sospecha dada su clínica inespecífica. Para su diagnóstico, junto acon la clínica la Tomografía es el método de elección. El drenaje percutáneo de las colecciones bajo control tomográfico es un opción segura y eficaz para el tratamiento de esta entidad.

Background: The of the iliopsoas abscess is a rare entity with a variable etiology. Its location and nonspecific clinical features makes it becomes a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge for the general surgeon. The opportunity to treat a series of cases in a relatively short period of time motivates this communication. Objective: From a consecutive case series, we analyze etiology, clinical features , as well as diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, with special emphasis on percutaneous drainage, as well as a brief review of recent literature. Material and methods: Retrospective analysis of a consecutive series of six patients diagnosed with an ilipsoas abscess in a tertiary care center. Results: The series consists of 6 cases, 5 of primary type and 1 of secondary type. Pain, Limp and leucocitosis were the more prevalent signs; computed tomography of the abdomen was the diagnostic method of choice. Percutaneous drainage was the therapeutic option in 5 cases (83.3%), while in the remaining, antibiotic therapy and the drainage of an adjacent collection were indicated. The evolution of all cases was favorable with no mortality nor morbidity. Conclusion: The iliac psoas abscess is a pathology that needs a high level of suspicion given its nonspecific presentation. For diagnosis, together with the clinic, computed tomography is the method of choice. Percutaneous drainage of collection under tomographic control is a safe and effective option for the treatment of this entity.

Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Psoas Abscess/diagnosis , Psoas Abscess/etiology , Psoas Abscess/drug therapy , Argentina/epidemiology , Administration, Cutaneous , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Drainage , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography/methods
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 39(1): 22-26, 15/03/2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362414


Arachnoid cysts are benign intracranial lesions. They are usually located in the middle fossa, but can be found in other locations. We present a case of symptomatic Meckel cave (MC) arachnoid cyst - a very rare location - and a treatment strategy not elsewhere described before for this condition. A 54-year-old female with trigeminal neuralgia with previous history of radiofrequency rhizotomy treatment 6 years before admission had been experiencing pain recurrence with progression, which required successive increases in carbamazepine dosage. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) showed dilatation of the right MC with extension to the petrous apex. The lesion was compatible with arachnoid cyst, and due to the worsening of the clinical condition, surgical treatment was chosen. Percutaneous puncture of the cyst through the foramen ovale with injection of intracystic fibrin sealant was performed. The patient woke up from anesthesia with pain improvement and was discharged asymptomatic the next day. After 12 months of follow-up, she remained pain-free. In the literature review, we found only eight cases reported as MC arachnoid cyst. These are likely to progress and become symptomatic owing to their communication with the subarachnoid space and a unidirectional valve mechanism. Pain improvement with this technique is probably secondary to the interruption of these mechanisms.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Fibrin Tissue Adhesive/therapeutic use , Arachnoid Cysts/surgery , Arachnoid Cysts/diagnosis , Trigeminal Neuralgia , Administration, Cutaneous , Arachnoid Cysts/etiology
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(1): 57-62, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088735


Abstract Background: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disease of unknown cause that is characterized by the presence of granulomas in various organs. Cutaneous involvement is common and the reported incidence has varied from 9% to 37%. Studies on cutaneous sarcoidosis in Brazil are lacking. Objectives: To describe the clinical and epidemiological aspects of patients with cutaneous sarcoidosis diagnosed at the Department of Dermatology of the University of São Paulo, from May 1994 to March 2018. Methods: Clinical data of patients with confirmed cutaneous sarcoidosis were retrospectively reviewed and classified according to gender, ethnicity, age at diagnosis, cutaneous presentation, systemic involvement and treatment. Results: Cutaneous sarcoidosis was diagnosed in 72 patients with a female predominance (74%). The mean age at diagnosis was 49.6 years and most of the patients were white (61%). Papules and plaques were the most common lesions. Systemic sarcoidosis was detected in 81% of patients, affecting mainly the lungs and thoracic lymph nodes (97%). Typically, cutaneous lesions were the first manifestation (74%). Systemic therapy was necessary for 72% of patients; the dermatologist managed many of these cases. Oral glucocorticoids were the most commonly used systemic medication (92%). The mean number of systemic drugs used was 1.98 per patient. Limitations: Insufficient data in medical records. Conclusions: This series highlights the dermatologist role in recognizing and diagnosing cutaneous sarcoidosis, evaluating patients for systemic disease involvement and treating the skin manifestations. Cutaneous sarcoidosis was once considered exceedingly infrequent in Brazil in comparison to infectious granulomatous diseases; however, the present series seems to suggest that the disease is not so rare in this region.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Sarcoidosis/epidemiology , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Tertiary Care Centers/statistics & numerical data , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Sarcoidosis/drug therapy , Skin Diseases/pathology , Skin Diseases/drug therapy , Administration, Cutaneous , Brazil/epidemiology , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Dermatologic Agents/therapeutic use , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Middle Aged
Rev. ciênc. farm. básica apl ; 41: [14], 01/01/2020. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128573


Neem tree (Azadirachta indica A. Juss. fam. Meliaceae) has been extensively employed to combat diverse pathologies. Moreover, it has been described that its leaf extract present anticarcinogenic action. Thus, the neem extract (NE) chemical and antioxidant properties was evaluated, and also, the capacity of two dermatological formulations incorporated with neem extract (F1 and F2) to avoid oxidative UVB-induced skin injury in hairless mice. NE constituents were investigated and free radical scavenging ability were determined by different methods in vitro. Skin from mice treated with F1 and F2 and submitted to UVB radiation were tested for different parameters of inflammation and oxidative injury. Results show that the NE polyphenol and flavonoid content were 135.30 and 37.12mg/g, respectively. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) results demonstrated the existence of azarachtin, rutin, ursolic acid and tannic acid. NE presented scavenging ability by ABTS radical, ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), inhibition of lipid peroxidation and iron chelation. In vivo, it was observed that mice treated with F1 and F2 showed amelioration of the inflammation by reducing UVB induced skin edema. However, only samples from animals treated with F1 had lower neutrophil recruitment (measured by myeloperoxidase activity), and returning the oxidative status to baseline levels in parameters such as reduced glutathione level, ferric reducing ability (FRAP), and scavenging of free radical (ABTS). Concluding, NE demonstrated a good antioxidant property in vitro, and the data suggest the use of NE added F1 to prevent skin damage caused by UVB irradiation.(AU)

Animals , Male , Female , Mice , Ultraviolet Rays/adverse effects , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Azadirachta , Antioxidants/radiation effects , Administration, Cutaneous , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Mice
J. vasc. bras ; 19: e20190092, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1135088


Abstract Background The human skin is an extremely sophisticated and evolved organ that covers the whole body. External agents or the patient's own diseases can cause skin injuries that can challenge healthcare professionals and impose high social, economic and emotional costs. Objectives To evaluate the impact of topical nifedipine on skin wound healing, specifically on polymorphonuclear cells, vascular proliferation, and collagen. Methods We used three pigs, and created eight injuries in the dorsal region of each animal. We applied 1%, 10%, and 20% concentration nifedipine creams to four of the wounds in animals 1, 2, and 3 respectively and treated the other twelve wounds with saline solution 0.9% only. We analyzed the presence of polymorphonuclear cells, vascular proliferation, and collagen at six different times (days 1, 3, 7, 14, 21, and 28). Results The evaluation of polymorphonuclear levels showed mild cell activity at all times in the control group, while in the nifedipine groups, marked levels were more frequent at all times during the experiment. There was a 4.84-fold increase in the chance of marked vascular proliferation (p = 0.019) and, at the same time, a decrease in collagen formation (OR 0.02 / p = 0.005) in animal 3. Conclusions Topical NFD may have an impact on skin wound healing mechanisms. Our study showed that polymorphonuclear cells and vascular proliferation increased. We also demonstrated that collagen formation decreased. Therefore, topical NFD may have a positive impact on skin wound healing. Additional studies are needed to confirm our results.

Resumo Contexto A pele humana é um órgão extremamente sofisticado e evoluído que cobre todo o corpo. As lesões cutâneas podem ser causadas por agentes externos ou pelas próprias doenças do paciente, e podem representar um desafio para os profissionais de saúde com altos custos sociais, econômicos e emocionais. Objetivos Avaliar o impacto da nifedipina tópica na cicatrização de feridas cutâneas, especialmente em relação a polimorfonucleares, proliferação vascular e colágeno. Métodos Utilizamos três porcos e realizamos oito ferimentos na região dorsal de cada animal. Aplicamos as concentrações de nifedipina creme a 1%, 10% e 20% para os animais 1, 2 e 3, respectivamente, sendo que, em quatro ferimentos, aplicamos o creme e, nos outros quatro ferimentos, apenas soro fisiológico a 0,9%. Analisamos a presença de polimorfonucleares, proliferação vascular e colágeno em seis momentos diferentes (dias 1, 3, 7, 14, 21 e 28). Resultados A avaliação dos níveis polimorfonucleares mostrou atividade celular discreta em todos os momentos no grupo controle, enquanto nos grupos nifedipina, os níveis marcados foram mais frequentes em todos os momentos do experimento. Houve aumento de 4,84 vezes na chance de uma produção marcada (p = 0,019) da proliferação vascular e, ao mesmo tempo, diminuição da formação do colágeno (odds ratio, OR 0,02; p = 0,005) no animal 3. Conclusões A nifedipina tópica pode ter impacto no mecanismo de cicatrização cutânea. Nosso estudo mostrou que há aumento dos polimorfonucleares e da proliferação vascular. Além disso, há diminuição da formação do colágeno. Assim, a nifedipina tópica pode ter impacto positivo na cicatrização das feridas cutâneas. Estudos adicionais são necessários para confirmar nossos resultados.

Humans , Animals , Skin/injuries , Wound Healing/drug effects , Nifedipine/therapeutic use , Swine , Administration, Cutaneous , Nifedipine/administration & dosage , Collagen/blood , Models, Animal