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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): S123-S158, agosto 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1281031

ABSTRACT

En 1995 se publicó en Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría la primera "Guía de diagnóstico y tratamiento: asma bronquial en niños". En 2007 y 2016 se realizaron actualizaciones. Luego de 5 años se presentan los nuevos contenidos. Las modificaciones más relevantes, aunque no las únicas, se observan en las estrategias terapéuticas. En esta versión se estratifica el tratamiento en "niveles" (1 a 5). El paradigma de cambio en el tratamiento crónico del asma consiste en erradicar la prescripción de broncodilatadores (salbutamol) a demanda, por un lado, y por otro, aparece la opción de tratamiento combinado intermitente con corticoides inhalados y broncodilatadores acción prolongada (LABA) para las formas más leves (niveles 1 y 2), en niños de 12 años o mayores. Aún no se dispone de suficiente evidencia que avale estas opciones en menores de 12 años, por lo que se mantienen las normativas previas vigentes en este grupo. Para más detalles, sugerimos la lectura del documento completo


In 1995, the first Guideline on Diagnosis and Treatment for Childhood Asthma was published in Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría. Updates were made in 2007 and 2016. After 5 years, the new contents are presented. The most relevant modifications, although not the only ones, are observed in therapeutic strategies. In this version, treatment is stratified into "levels" (1 to 5). The current paradigm of change in chronic asthma treatment consists in eradicating the prescription of bronchodilators (salbutamol) on demand. Besides that, the option of intermittent treatment with inhaled corticosteroids plus long-acting bronchodilators (LABA) appears for milder forms (levels 1 and 2) in children > 12 years old. There is still not enough evidence to support these options in < 12 years old maintaining the previous recommendations in this group. For more details we suggest reading the full document.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Asthma/diagnosis , Asthma/therapy , Bronchodilator Agents/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(3): e247-e251, Junio 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1248216

ABSTRACT

La reacción a drogas con eosinofilia y síntomas sistémicos es una reacción adversa cutánea rara, potencialmente grave. Puede presentar fiebre, erupción cutánea polimorfa, edema facial y/o linfoadenopatías. La reactivación del virus herpes humano tipo 6 se asocia a un curso más grave y/o prolongado.Un lactante de 22 meses en tratamiento con fenobarbital presentó lesiones eritematopapulares, fiebre, leucocitosis, proteína C reactiva elevada y alteración de pruebas hepáticas. Se realizó biopsia de piel compatible con reacción adversa a drogas. Se trató con corticoides sistémicos e inmunoglobulina intravenosa sin respuesta. La reacción en cadena de la polimerasa para virus herpes humano tipo 6 resultó positiva. Se inició ciclosporina más prednisona, con buena respuesta. Existe poca evidencia del uso de ciclosporina en adultos, cuando los corticoides sistémicos son inefectivos. Este es el primer reporte pediátrico Podría ser una alternativa efectiva o un complemento de los corticosteroides sistémicos cuando no responde a tratamientos convencionales.


Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms is a rare and potentially serious skin adverse reaction, with fever, polymorphous skin rash, facial edema, and/or lymphadenopathy. Reactivation of human herpes virus type 6 has been associated with a more severe and/or prolonged course. A 22-month-old infant under phenobarbital treatment developed erythematous-papular lesions, fever, leukocytosis, elevated C-reactive protein, and abnormal liver tests. The skin biopsy was compatible with an adverse drug reaction. Treatment with systemic corticosteroids and intravenous immunoglobulin had no response. Polymerase chain reaction for human herpesvirus type 6 was positive, and cyclosporine plus prednisone was started with a good response. There is little evidence for the use of cyclosporine in adults when systemic corticosteroids are ineffective. This is the first report of pediatric drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms treated with cyclosporine, which could be an effective alternative or an adjunct to systemic corticosteroid therapy unresponsive to conventional treatments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Herpesvirus 6, Human , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome/diagnosis , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Eosinophilia , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome/complications , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome/therapy
3.
Cuad. Hosp. Clín ; 62(1): 63-71, jun. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284353

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad de Addison es una patología endocrinológica ocasionada por la disminución en la secreción de hormonas esteroideas por parte de la corteza adrenal; debida a múltiples etiologías (más comúnmente la tuberculosis en países en vías de desarrollo); con una evolución lenta, insidiosa y progresiva. Pudiendo llegar a una insuficiencia adrenal aguda, misma que puede llegar a ser de extrema gravedad; y en caso de no ser diagnosticada y tratada adecuadamente puede llevar a la muerte. El tratamiento primordial lo constituye la terapia hormonal sustitutiva con fármacos corticoesteroideos.


Addison's disease is an endocrinological pathology caused by the decrease in the secretion of steroid hormones by the adrenal cortex, due to multiple etiologies (most commonly tuberculosis in developing countries); with a slow, insidious and progressive evolution. Being able to reach an acute adrenal insufficiency, which can become extremely serious, and if it is not diagnosed and treated properly, it can lead to death. The primary treatment is hormone replacement therapy with corticosteroid drugs


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Addison Disease , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Adrenal Insufficiency , Tuberculosis , Hormone Replacement Therapy , Hormones , Hypothyroidism
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(3): e229-e233, Junio 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1248132

ABSTRACT

La pancreatitis recurrente ocurre en el 15-35% en la edad pediátrica. Se define como 2 o más episodios distintos de pancreatitis aguda con normalización de enzimas pancreáticas entre cada episodio. Una de sus causas es la pancreatitis autoinmune. En los últimos 10 años se controlaron, en el Hospital Garrahan, 10 pacientes con diagnóstico de pancreatitis recurrente, de los cuales solo uno tuvo diagnóstico de pancreatitis autoinmune. Se describe el caso clínico de una paciente, que, inicialmente, tenía estudios normales de función y anatomía pancreática y, en la evolución, luego de un episodio de pancreatitis aguda, desarrolló estenosis del conducto de Wirsung sugestiva de pancreatitis autoinmune. Se considera importante describir esta patología infrecuente en pediatría, pero que se encuentra en auge.


Introduction. Recurrent pancreatitis occurs in children between 15 and 35% of the cases. It is defined as two or more separate episodes of acute pancreatitis with normalization of the pancreatic enzymes between episodes. One of the causes is autoimmune pancreatitis. Over the last 10 years, 10 patients with recurrent pancreatitis were sent at our center. Only one was considered to have autoimmune pancreatitis. We described a clinical case about a patient, who had, at the beginning, normal functional and anatomical studies, and then was finally diagnosed with autoimmune disease based on findings on the magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography with a duct of Wirsung abnormality. We considered important to describe this uncommon disorder in childhood, in spite of having an increasing incidence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Autoimmune Pancreatitis/diagnosis , Autoimmune Diseases , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Autoimmune Pancreatitis/therapy
5.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 438-445, 20210000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254238

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La mastitis granulomatosa crónica es una enfermedad inflamatoria poco frecuente y con mayor incidencia en el sexo femenino. Su sintomatología y su presentación clínica causan gran ansiedad tanto en el paciente como en el personal médico, debido a su comportamiento similar al de la patología mamaria maligna. No hay una etiología clara ni un manejo terapéutico definido. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar las características clínico-patológicas, el tratamiento y la evolución de las pacientes con mastitis granulomatosa, durante el periodo de estudio. Métodos. Estudio retrospectivo en el que se revisaron las historias clínicas de pacientes con diagnóstico y manejo de trastorno inflamatorio de la mama no especificado (N61X), entre enero de 2010 y diciembre de 2019. Se encontraron 236 pacientes, se excluyeron 176 por no cumplir con el diagnóstico de mastitis granulomatosa crónica o por no tener un seguimiento adecuado. Se evaluaron las características sociodemográficas, clínicas y de evolución, comparando la respuesta que se obtuvo con cada tratamiento. Resultados. Se incluyeron 60 pacientes femeninas que presentaron manifestaciones variadas. El 38,3 % (n=23) recibieron manejo antibiótico, el 30 % (n=18) fue tratado con corticoides, el 8,3 % (n=5) recibió antibióticos más corticoides y se realizó manejo expectante en el 16,6 % (n=10). El 6,6 % (n=4) de los pacientes fueron llevados a cirugía. Discusión. La mejor respuesta y la menor tasa de recidiva se encontró en las pacientes que fueron sometidas a observación y en aquellas que recibieron corticoides


Introduction. Chronic granulomatous mastitis is a rare inflammatory disease with a higher incidence in females. Its symptoms and its clinical presentation cause great anxiety both in the patient and in the medical personnel, due to its behavior similar to that of malignant breast disease. There is no clear etiology or defined therapeutic management. The objective of this study was to determine the clinical-pathological characteristics, treatment and evolution of the patients with granulomatous mastitis, during the study period. Methods. Retrospective study in which the medical records of patients with diagnosis and management of unspecified inflammatory disorder of the breast (N61X) were reviewed, between January 2010 and December 2019. Two-hundred-thirty-six patients were found, 176 were excluded for not complying with the diagnosis of chronic granulomatous mastitis or for not having an adequate follow-up. The sociodemographic, clinical and evolution characteristics were evaluated, comparing the response obtained with each treatment. Results. Sixty female patients who presented varied manifestations were included, of which 38.3% (n=23) received antibiotic treatment, 30% (n=18) were treated with steroids, 8.3% (n=5) received antibiotics plus steroids, expectant management was performed in 16, 6% (n = 10), and 6.6% (n=4) of the patients were taken to surgery.Discussion. The best response and the lowest recurrence rate were found in patients who were observed and in those who received steroids


Subject(s)
Humans , General Surgery , Mastitis , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Granulomatous Mastitis , Fibrocystic Breast Disease , Anti-Bacterial Agents
6.
Rev. colomb. psiquiatr ; 50(1): 29-33, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1251629

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) es más frecuente en adultos; sin embargo, cuando se diagnostica antes de los 16 años, es de peor pronóstico. Los síntomas depresivos y ansiosos son frecuentes en esta población, pero pocos estudios examinan la ansiedad o su relación con manifestaciones de la enfermedad o el tipo de tratamiento recibido. Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia de aparición de síntomas ansiosos y depresivos en niños y adolescentes con LES, así como su relación con la actividad de la enfermedad y el tratamiento inmunosupresor utilizado. Métodos: Estudio de corte trasversal en el que se incluyó a pacientes pediátricos con LES de 9 a 17 años de un centro de referencia pediátrico de la ciudad de Bogotá. Se entrevistó a cada paciente y se exploraron el tratamiento inmunosupresor, el tiempo hasta el diagnóstico y la actividad de la enfermedad. Se midieron con cuestionarios validados la frecuencia de síntomas depresivos y ansiosos y la calidad de vida. Se buscó la relación entre los síntomas ansiosos o depresivos y la actividad de la enfermedad y el tratamiento inmunosupresor. Resultados: Se entrevistó a 40 pacientes, con una media de edad de 14±2 años. El 52% de los casos tenían enfermedad activa. El 60% presentó puntuaciones que indicaban ansiedad y 1 paciente, de depresión. El 37% informó de ideas suicidas tras el diagnóstico de enfermedad lúpica. No se encontró relación entre la actividad de la enfermedad y las manifestaciones psiquiátricas. De los diferentes medicamentos utilizados, solo la prednisona se asoció con puntuaciones más altas de síntomas de ansiedad (p = 0,002). Conclusiones: La ansiedad fue más frecuente que la depresión en los pacientes con LES pediátrico. Este trastorno y la utilización de corticoides fueron factores de vulnerabilidad a sufrir psicopatología. La actividad lúpica no se relaciona con síntomas psiquiátricos. El LES tiene un gran impacto en la calidad de vida de los pacientes.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Although systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is more common in adults, when it is diagnosed before the age of 16, it has a worse prognosis. Depressive and anxious symptoms are common in this population but few studies have examined anxiety or its relationship with manifestations of the disease or type of treatment received. Objective: To determine the frequency of anxious and depressive symptoms in children and adolescents with SLE, as well as their relationship with disease activity and the immuno-suppressive treatment used. Methods: A cross-sectional study in which paediatric patients with SLE from 9 to 17 years of age from a paediatric referral centre in the city of Bogota were included. Each patient was interviewed and immunosuppressive treatment, time to diagnosis and disease activity were recorded. The frequency of depressive and anxious symptoms and quality of life were measured with validated questionnaires. The relationship between anxious or depressive symptoms and disease activity and immunosuppressive treatment was sought. Results: 40 patients with a mean age of 14 ± 2 years were interviewed. 52% of cases had active disease. 60% presented scores indicating anxiety and one patient a score suggesting depression. 37% reported suicidal thoughts following the diagnosis of SLE. No relationship was found between disease activity and psychiatric manifestations. Of the different drugs used, only prednisone was associated with higher anxiety symptom scores (p =0.002). Conclusions: Anxiety was more prevalent than depression in patients with paediatric SLE. This disorder and the use of corticosteroids were factors of vulnerability to manifest psychopathology. Lupus activity is not related to psychiatric symptoms. SLE has a significant impact on the quality of life of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Psychopathology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Anxiety , Quality of Life , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Disaster Vulnerability , Depression , Suicidal Ideation
7.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(1): e927, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289534

ABSTRACT

Una córnea transparente es esencial para una excelente visión; es por eso que es avascular. Pero existen condiciones que favorecen la invasión de neovasos al tejido corneal, como infecciones, inflamación, hipoxia, trauma, entre otras, que reducen la calidad visual y en algunos casos llegan hasta la pérdida de esta. La neovascularización corneal representa un problema importante de salud pública a nivel mundial. Se realizó una búsqueda automatizada con el objetivo de encontrar información actualizada sobre el tratamiento de la neovascularización corneal, para lo cual se utilizó la plataforma infomed. La información se resumió en el documento final. Sobre el tema, existe un progreso notable en el entendimiento de la patogénesis, el mejoramiento y la seguridad de los nuevos tratamientos. Los corticoesteroides y los agentes anti-VEGF (factor de crecimiento endotelial vascular) continúan siendo los medicamentos de primera línea, usados principalmente para evitar la formación de los nuevos vasos, no así para vasos maduros, donde la mejor opción son los procedimientos quirúrgicos o combinados. Se necesitan más estudios experimentales, y los ya existentes deben ser utilizados en ensayos clínicos para investigar sobre la dosis segura y los efectos secundarios, y así encontrar terapias radicales, más eficaces, que le den a los pacientes con neovascularización corneal la esperanza de una mejor calidad visual(AU)


A clear cornea is essential for excellent vision; that is why it is avascular. But there are conditions that favor the invasion of neovessels into the corneal tissue, such as infections, inflammation, hypoxia, trauma, among others, which reduce visual quality and in some cases even lose it. Corneal neovascularization represents a major public health problem worldwide. An automated search was carried out in order to find updated information on the treatment of corneal neovascularization, for which the infomed platform was used. The information was summarized in the final document. On the subject, there is notable progress in understanding the pathogenesis, improvement and safety of new treatments. Corticosteroids and anti-VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) agents continue to be the first-line drugs, used mainly to prevent the formation of new vessels, not for mature vessels, where the best option is surgical or combined procedures. More experimental studies are needed; and the existing ones should be used in clinical trials to investigate the safe dose and side effects, and thus find radical and more effective therapies that give patients with corneal neovascularization the hope of better visual quality(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Corneal Neovascularization/drug therapy , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/therapeutic use , Review Literature as Topic
8.
Infectio ; 25(1): 59-62, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1154404

ABSTRACT

Resumen La neumonía en el paciente inmunocomprometido es un reto diagnóstico al cual el clínico se enfrenta cada vez con más frecuencia , al momento de hablar de infiltrados en vidrio esmerilado es menester tener siempre en cuenta la posibilidad de neumonía por Pneumocystis Jirovecii, que por mucho tiempo se pensó como una enfermedad propia del huésped inmunosuprimido con VIH, a través del tiempo se ha manifestado en pacientes con trasplantes de órgano sólido y de precursores hematopoyéticos, asociado a autoinmunidad, al uso crónico de corticoesteroides y más recientemente al uso de terapia biológicas. La descripción de esta enfermedad y sus métodos diagnósticos en huéspedes inmunosuprimidos no VIH no es del todo claro, sabemos que el tratamiento de elección en estos casos es el trimetropin-sulfametoxazol (TMP-SMX) el cual no cuenta con evidencia de alta calidad al momento de plantear una dosis ni un tiempo de duración establecidos. Presentamos el caso de un paciente con diagnóstico de glomerulonefritis por enfermedad de cambios mínimos corticodependiente y quien desarrolló neumonía por Pneumocystis Jirovecii confirmada por histopatología quien recibió tratamiento y tuvo un desenlace positivo.


Abstract The pneumonia in the immunocompromised patient is a diagnostic challenge that the clinician faces more and more frequently, every time we talk about ground glass infiltrates it is necessary to always take into account the possibility of pneumonia due to Neumocystis Jirovecii, which for a long time was thought as a disease of the immunosuppressed host with HIV, but that across the time it has manifested itself in patients with solid organ transplants and hematopoietic precursors, associated with autoimmunity, the chronic use of corticosteroids and more recently the use of biological therapy. The description of this disease and the diagnostic methods in non-HIV immunosuppressed hosts is not entirely clear, we know that the treatment of choice in these cases is trimethropin-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX), which does not have high-quality evidence at the time of a dose or a time of established duration. We present the case of a patient diagnosed with glomerulonephritis due to corticodependent minimal change disease and who suffers from pneumocystis Jirovecii pneumonia confirmed by histopathology, which received treatment and had a positive outcome


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Pneumonia, Pneumocystis , Pneumonia , Autoimmunity , HIV , Immunocompromised Host , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Glass
9.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 41(1): 21-25, mar. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178296

ABSTRACT

El síndrome DRESS es una reacción adversa dermatológica que puede presentarse debido a diversos medicamentos, y constituye uno de los diagnósticos más importantes por encima del síndrome de Stevens-Johnson. Se trata de un caso relacionado con una reacción adversa de muy baja frecuencia, que está documentada en la literatura científica, a varios medicamentos, entre ellos la fenitoína. Por lo mencionado, la publicación de estos casos resulta escasa y limitada. Las principales preocupaciones del paciente relacionadas con su cuadro clínico radicaban en el gran compromiso cutáneo que lo llevó a hospitalización, dolor e incomodidad, por el cual recurrió al manejo tópico generalizado con vaselina. Los hallazgos clínicos relevantes fueron: eosinofilia severa, ulceraciones cutáneas, hepatitis química y fiebre. Con los hallazgos del cuadro clínico y la evaluación de la escala RegiSCAR se hace el diagnóstico de síndrome DRESS inducido por fenitoína. Se suspende la fenitoína, se inicia levetiracetam y se administran corticosteroides y acetaminofén con evolución favorable. (AU)


DRESS syndrome is a dermatological adverse reaction can occur due to various medications, being one of the most important diagnoses above Steven-Johnson syndrome. This is a case related to a very low frequency adverse reaction that is documented in the scientific literature to several medicines among those, the phenytoin. Therefore, the publication of these cases is scarce and limited. The main concerns of the patients related to their clinical picture were due to the great cutaneous compromise that lead to hospitalization, pain and discomfort for which they resorted to generalized topical management with vaseline (petrolatum). Relevant clinical findings were severe eosinophilia, skin ulcerations, chemical hepatitis and fever. With clinical picture findings and evaluation of the RegiSCAR scale, the diagnosis of Phenytoin-induced DRESS syndrome is made. Phenytoin is discontinued, levetiracetam is started and corticosteroids and acetaminophen are administrated with favorable evolution. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Phenytoin/adverse effects , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome/diagnosis , Petrolatum/therapeutic use , Phenytoin/administration & dosage , Albendazole/administration & dosage , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , Eosinophilia/etiology , Exanthema/diagnosis , Levetiracetam/administration & dosage , Acetaminophen/therapeutic use
10.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 41(1): 26-30, mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178336

ABSTRACT

El pioderma gangrenoso ampollar es una variedad infrecuente de pioderma gangrenoso, que se asocia en el 50-70% de los casos con trastornos oncohematológicos. Se comunica el caso de una paciente de 59 años, que consultó por fiebre y ampollas purpúricas de rápida progresión, con compromiso cutáneo mucoso. Con sospecha de una enfermedad neutrofílica, ampollar, o infección por gérmenes oportunistas, se realizó biopsia de piel para estudio histopatológico, inmunofluorescencia directa y cultivo. Los cultivos y la inmunofluorescencia directa fueron negativos, y la anatomía patológica reveló un denso infiltrado inflamatorio con predominio neutrofílico en dermis. Ante el diagnóstico de pioderma gangrenoso ampollar, se realizó una punción-aspiración de médula ósea cuyo resultado fue compatible con leucemia mieloide aguda. Se instauró tratamiento con corticosteroides sistémicos, a pesar de lo cual la paciente evolucionó desfavorablemente y falleció a los 15 días de su ingreso hospitalario. Este caso ilustra la asociación de esta enfermedad cutánea con trastornos oncohematológicos y el mal pronóstico que esto implica a corto plazo. (AU)


Bullous pyoderma gangrenosum is an infrequent type of pyoderma gangrenosum, associated with onco hematological diseases in 50-70% of cases. We present the case of a 59-year-old patient with fever and mucocutaneous hemorrhagic bullous of rapid progression. A biopsy for histopathology, direct immunofluorescence (DIF) and skin culture was made, considering the possibility of neutrophilic dermatoses, bullous dermatosis or an opportunistic infection. The results of both the culture and the DIF were negative. The histopathological examination of the specimen revealed a dense dermal polymorphic infiltrate composed primarily of neutrophils. Considering bullous pyoderma gangrenosum as a potential diagnosis, a bone-marrow biopsy was performed. This study revealed an acute myeloid leukemia. Although systemic corticosteroid therapy was begun, the patient presented an unfavorable evolution that led to her death 15 days after her admission at the hospital. This case shows the association between bullous pyoderma gangrenosum and onco hematological diseases. In addition, it highlights the poor prognosis related to these diseases in the short term. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/pathology , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/diagnosis , Paraneoplastic Syndromes/pathology , Respiration, Artificial , Azacitidine/therapeutic use , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/pathology , Acyclovir/administration & dosage , Methylprednisolone/administration & dosage , Vancomycin/administration & dosage , Cardiotonic Agents/therapeutic use , Ceftazidime/administration & dosage , Amphotericin B/administration & dosage , Imipenem/administration & dosage , Sweet Syndrome/etiology , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/etiology , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/pathology , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/drug therapy , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Meropenem/administration & dosage
11.
Rev. bras. promoç. saúde (Impr.) ; 34(1): 1-10, 17/02/2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348055

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Investigar a opinião de médicos brasileiros sobre o tratamento precoce da COVID-19 com hidroxicloroquina/ cloroquina e azitromicina em pacientes com suspeita clínica e sobre o tratamento com corticoterapia na fase inflamatória da doença. Métodos: Trata-se de uma pesquisa de opinião, com amostragem por conveniência, com médicos atuantes no Brasil. A coleta dos dados ocorreu no período de 26 de maio a 8 de junho de 2020 (13 dias), por meio de um formulário Google, disponibilizado publicamente nas redes sociais e aplicativos de comunicação. Realizou-se uma análise descritiva dos dados, teste de independência, teste T Student e modelo de regressão logística com análise multivariada. Resultados: A pesquisa contou com 1.020 médicos participantes, com média de 21,9 anos de formado. 72,4% dos participantes apresentaram-se a favor do tratamento precoce com hidroxicloroquina/cloroquina e azitromicina e 89,7% dos médicos apresentaram-se favoráveis ao uso da corticoterapia para o tratamento da fase inflamatória da COVID-19. Constatou-se também que participantes com maior idade, com residência médica, atuantes nas regiões Nordeste e Norte possuíam mais chances de serem favoráveis aos tratamentos. Por outro lado, profissionais especialistas em medicina intensiva, infectologia e pneumologia, além de atuantes nas unidades de terapia intensiva, mostraram-se mais desfavoráveis. Conclusão: A maioria dos médicos investigados nesta pesquisa de opinião mostrou-se a favor do tratamento precoce apresentado e do uso da corticoterapia no tratamento da COVID-19. Já os especialistas em medicina intensiva, infectologia e pneumologia e profissionais atuantes nas Unidades de Terapia Intensiva mostraram-se mais desfavoráveis.


Objective: To investigate the opinion of Brazilian physicians on the early treatment of COVID-19 with hydroxychloroquine/ chloroquine and azithromycin in patients with clinical suspicion and on the treatment with corticosteroid therapy in the inflammatory stage of the disease. Methods: This is an opinion survey conducted with a convenient sample of physicians working in Brazil. Data were collected from May 26 to June 8, 2020 (13 days) through Google forms made publicly available on social media and chat applications. Data underwent descriptive analysis, independence test, Student t-test, and a logistic regression model using multivariate analysis. Results: The survey included 1020 physicians with a mean of 21.9 years since graduation. 72.4% of the participants were in favor of early treatment with hydroxychloroquine/chloroquine and azithromycin and 89.7% of the physicians were in favor of using corticosteroid therapy to treat the inflammatory stage of COVID-19. We also observed that older participants, those who completed medical residency, and those working in the Northeast and North regions were more likely to be in favor of the treatments. On the other hand, professionals specialized in intensive care medicine, infectious diseases and pneumology and working in intensive care units were more opposed. Conclusion: Most physicians in this opinion survey were in favor of the early treatment presented and the use of corticosteroid therapy in the treatment of COVID-19. But specialists in intensive care medicine, infectious diseases and pulmonology, and professionals working in Intensive Care Units were more opposed to them.


Objetivo: Investigar la opinión de médicos brasileños sobre el tratamiento precoz de la COVID-19 con la hidroxicloroquina/ cloroquina y la azitromicina en pacientes con sospecha clínica y bajo el tratamiento de corticoterapia en la fase inflamatoria de la enfermedad. Métodos: Se trata de una investigación de opinión con la muestra de conveniencia realizada con médicos de Brasil. La recogida de datos se dio en el periodo entre 26 de mayo y 8 de junio de 2020 (13 días) a través de un formulario Google que ha estado disponible públicamente en las redes sociales y los aplicativos de comunicación. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo de los datos, la prueba de independencia, la prueba T Student y el modelo de regresión logística con el análisis multivariado. Resultados: La investigación tuvo 1.020 médicos participantes, con la media de 21,9 años de término del grado. El 72,4% de los participantes se presentaron a favor del tratamiento precoz con la hidroxicloroquina/cloroquina y la azitromicina y el 89,7% de los médicos se presentaron favorables a la utilización de la corticoterapia para el tratamiento de la fase inflamatoria de la COVID-19. Se constató también que los participantes de más edad, con el curso de residencia medica y que eran de las regiones Noreste y Norte del país eran más favorables a los tratamientos. Los profesionales especialistas de la medicina intensiva, la infectologia y la neumología, además de actuaren en las unidades de cuidados intensivos parecieron más desfavorables. Conclusión: La mayoría de los médicos investigados de esa investigación de opinión se mostró favorable al tratamiento precoz presentado y a la utilización de la corticoterapia para el tratamiento de la COVID-19. Los especialistas de la medicina intensiva, la infectología y la neumología y los profesionales de las Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos se presentaron más desfavorables a los tratamientos.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Hydroxychloroquine
12.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 31: E0033, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291380

ABSTRACT

Pacientes com COVID-19 podem apresentar trombocitopenia grave. Esse achado tem importante impacto no aumento de desfechos negativos e mortalidade, representando um importante fator prognóstico da doença. Vários mecanismos etiopatogênicos foram descritos, sendo a trombocitopenia imune um dos fatores mais frequentes. A abordagem terapêutica inclui como opções: corticoterapia, imunoglobulina, transfusão de plaquetas e análogos da trombopoietina. Este estudo tem como objetivo apresentar o relato de caso de uma paciente com PCR positivo para SARS-CoV-2, que desenvolveu queda acentuada e abrupta das plaquetas no 20º dia de internação. Além disso, casos semelhantes na literatura foram analisados e as possibilidades terapêuticas elencadas. Por fim, conclui-se que há a necessidade de estudos mais amplos para auxiliar a criação de protocolos sistematizados para o diagnóstico e abordagem dessa condição.


COVID-19 patients may experience severe thrombocytopenia. Such finding has an important impact on the increase in negative outcomes and mortality, representing an important prognostic factor of the disease. Several etiopathogenetic mechanisms have been described, in which immune thrombocytopenia is one of the most frequent. The therapeutic approach includes as options: corticosteroid therapy, immunoglobulin, platelet transfusion and thrombopoietin analogs. The following study aims to present a case report of a patient with positive PCR for SARSCoV-2 who developed a severe and abrupt drop in platelets on the 20th day of hospitalization. In addition, similar cases reports in the literature were analyzed and the therapeutic possibilities were listed. Finally, it is concluded that there is a need for broader studies to help create systematic protocols for the diagnosis and approach of this condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Thrombocytopenia , COVID-19 , Therapeutics , Thrombopoietin/therapeutic use , Blood Platelets , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Platelet Transfusion
13.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 14(2): 81-89, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283557

ABSTRACT

La Hiperplasia Suprarrenal Congénita (HSRC) corresponde a un grupo de defectos genéticos en la síntesis de cortisol. El 95% de ellas son debidas al déficit de 21-hidroxilasa por lo que nos referiremos solo a esta deficiencia. La hiperplasia suprarrenal congénita clásica (HSRC-C) debuta en recién nacidos o lactantes con insuficiencia suprarrenal primaria, diferentes grados de hiperandrogenismo clínico en mujeres y puede coexistir con hipotensión, hiperkalemia e hiponatremia si hay un déficit clínico de aldosterona. El objetivo de este artículo es actualizar el conocimiento y enfoques sugeridos para el manejo de la HSRC-C desde el inicio de sus controles en la etapa adulta. El diagnóstico diferencial en retrospectiva de la HSRC-C y la no clásica (HSRC-NC) a veces resulta difícil ya que esta enfermedad es un espectro fenotípico continuo. La insuficiencia suprarrenal y la dependencia a terapia corticoidal son los eventos principales para diferenciar estas dos patologías que tienen enfoques terapéuticos diferentes. El tratamiento de la HSRC-C en adultos abarca 2 objetivos primarios: la adecuada sustitución de la falla suprarrenal y el control de hiperandrogenismo mediante el uso de corticoides en sus dosis mínimas efectivas. En la mujer existen terapias complementarias para el control del hiperandrogenismo como anticonceptivos y otras que se encuentran en diferentes fases de investigación. Esto permite disminuir las dosis de corticoides en algunos casos. Es importante a la vez abordar tres objetivos secundarios: controlar el riesgo cardiometabólico propio de la enfermedad, evitar el sobre tratamiento corticoidal y manejar la infertilidad. La correcta monitorización del tratamiento en adultos tomando en cuenta los objetivos descritos permite una mejor calidad de vida en estos pacientes. Finalmente el consejo genético debe realizarse en todos los pacientes con HSRC que deseen fertilidad y en sus parejas. El estudio requiere de secuenciación del gen CYP21A2 y debe realizarse en un laboratorio de experiencia.


Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH) are a group of genetic defects characterized by impaired cortisol synthesis. 95% of them are due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency. We will discuss only this enzyme's deficiency. Classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH-C) debuts in newborns or infants with primary adrenal insufficiency, some degree of clinical hyperandrogenism in newborn females, and can coexist with hypotension, hyperkalemia, and hyponatremia if there is a clinical aldosterone deficiency. The objective of this article is to update the knowledge and suggested approaches for the management of CAH-C from the beginning of its controls in the adult stage. The retrospective differential diagnosis of CAH-C and non-classical (CAH-NC) is sometimes difficult because this disease is a continuous phenotypic spectrum. Adrenal insufficiency and dependence on corticosteroid therapy are the main events to differentiate these two pathologies that have different therapeutic approaches. In adults, the treatment of CAH-C must include 2 primary objectives: adequate the replacement of adrenal failure and control of hyperandrogenism, through the use of corticosteroids in their minimum effective doses. In women there are complementary therapies for the control of hyperandrogenism, such as contraceptives and others that are in different phases of research. This makes it possible to reduce the doses of corticosteroids in some cases. It is important at the same time to address three secondary objectives: control the cardiometabolic risk of the disease secondary to corticosteroid treatment, avoid corticosteroid overtreatment and manage infertility. The correct monitoring of treatment in adults and taking in to account the objectives described, allows a better quality of life in these patients. Finally, genetic counseling must be carried out in all patients planning for children, with any type of CAH and in their partners. The study requires sequencing of the CYP21A2 gene and must be performed in a certified laboratory.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital/therapy , Steroid 21-Hydroxylase , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Adrenal Insufficiency/etiology , Adrenal Insufficiency/therapy , Hyperandrogenism/etiology , Hyperandrogenism/therapy , Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital/complications , Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital/diagnosis , Metabolic Syndrome/prevention & control , Flutamide/therapeutic use , Genetic Counseling , Infertility/etiology , Infertility/therapy
16.
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 24(2): e002071, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254939

ABSTRACT

Ante un escenario clínico de coxalgia por artrosis de cadera se planteó la necesidad de conocer los tratamientos con-servadores más seguros y efectivos para el manejo del dolor. El tratamiento de la artrosis requiere un enfoque integral e individualizado en función de las preferencias del paciente para lograr el máximo beneficio clínico. Existen numerosas estrategias útiles para el manejo del dolor en pacientes con artrosis de cadera siendo fuertemente recomendados de inicio la actividad física, los antiinflamatorios no esteroideos (AINE) orales y en ciertos casos los corticoides intraarticulares, tramadol o duloxetina, siempre asociado con la actividad física. Los ejercicios más recomendados son los aeróbicos y el Tai Chi o yoga. (AU)


Faced with a clinical scenario of coxalgia due to hip osteoarthritis, the need to know the safest and most effective conservative treatments for pain management arose. The treatment of osteoarthritis requires a comprehensive and individualised approach based on the patient's preferences to achieve maximum clinical benefit. There are numerous useful strategies for pain management in patients with hip osteoarthritis being strongly recommended from the beginning such as physical activity, oral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) and in certain cases intra-articular corticosteroids, tramadol or duloxetine, always associated with physical activity. The most recommended exercises are aerobics and Tai Chi or yoga. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Osteoarthritis, Hip/drug therapy , Osteoarthritis, Hip/therapy , Conservative Treatment/methods , Pain , Tramadol/therapeutic use , Yoga , Exercise , Osteoarthritis, Hip/diagnostic imaging , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Tai Ji , Pain Management/methods , Duloxetine Hydrochloride/therapeutic use , Muscle Rigidity
17.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(3): e0010, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280122

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome is an inflammatory condition of unknown etiology that can affect the eye. The most common ocular manifestation related to VKH is bilateral diffuse uveitis associated to exudative retinal detachment. Although these patients respond well to steroid pulse therapy, we report a case of a 44-year-old female patient presenting bilateral exudative retinal detachment and clinical diagnosis of VKH, who did not respond to the first cycle of 3-day pulse therapy with methylprednisolone. The exudation was reabsorbed only after a second cycle of steroid therapy.


RESUMO A doença de Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada é inflamatória e de etiologia desconhecida, podendo afetar o olho. A manifestação ocular mais comum relacionada à doença de Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada é a uveíte difusa bilateral associada ao descolamento exsudativo da retina. Embora esses pacientes respondam bem à pulsoterapia com esteroides, relatamos um caso de paciente de 44 anos que apresentou descolamento exsudativo bilateral da retina com diagnóstico clínico de doença de Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada que não respondeu ao primeiro ciclo de pulsoterapia de 3 dias com metilprednisolona. A exsudação apenas reabsorveu após uma segunda rodada de terapia com esteroides.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Retinal Detachment/drug therapy , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Uveomeningoencephalitic Syndrome/drug therapy , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Pulse Therapy, Drug/methods , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879972

ABSTRACT

Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS) is a rare neuro-muco-cutaneous syndrome, which is characterized by recurrent orofacial swelling, recurrent facial paralysis and fissured tongue. It has a high prevalence in young adults. Up to now, the etiology of MRS is still not clear, it may related to infection, immune deficiency and hereditary factors. The pharmacological therapy and surgery are the main treatment. Corticosteroids seems to be the drug of choice for MRS patient, but the specific dosage and therapeutic effect have not yet been determined. Surgeries of lips provide excellent results in persistentlip edema MRS cases. This article reviews the research progress on MRS, focusing on its epidemiology, etiology, histopathological characteristics, clinical manifestations, classification, diagnostic criteria, differential diagnosis and treatment, to provide information for its early diagnosis and appropriate treatment.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Diagnosis, Differential , Humans , Lip , Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome/drug therapy , Skin , Young Adult
19.
Femina ; 48(12): 764-768, 20201231. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1141188

ABSTRACT

O líquen escleroso vulvar (LEV) é uma doença dermatológica crônica de etiologia incerta, caracterizada por prurido intenso e atrofia progressiva. O corticosteroide tópico de longo prazo é o tratamento de primeira linha para LEV. No entanto, esse tratamento requer a colaboração da paciente, está associado a efeitos colaterais adversos e algumas pacientes não respondem aos corticosteroides. O tratamento com tecnologias térmicas e fototérmicas tem sido estudado como terapia alternativa ou complementar para melhorar os sintomas de LEV e o trofismo cutâneo. A radiofrequência fracionada microablativa é usada em dermatologia para melhorar o trofismo tecidual. Também tem sido usada em pacientes ginecológicas para tratar a atrofia vulvovaginal, estimulando a neocolagênese dérmica e a neoelastogênese. Apresentamos o caso de uma mulher de 39 anos com LEV refratária que foi tratada com aplicações locais de radiofrequência fracionada microablativa. Ela apresentou melhora satisfatória dos sintomas e do trofismo vulvar em longo prazo, sem necessidade do uso de corticosteroides.(AU)


Vulvar lichen sclerosus (VLS) is a chronic dermatological disease of unclear etiology characterized by severe itching and progressive atrophy. Long-term topical corticosteroid is the first-line treatment for VLS. However, this treatment requires patient compliance, is associated with adverse side effects, and some patients do not respond to corticosteroids. Treatment with thermal and photothermal technologies have been studied as alternative or complementary therapies to improve VLS symptoms and skin trophism. Microablative fractional radiofrequency (MFR) is used in dermatology to improve tissue trophism. It has also been used in gynecological patients to treat vulvovaginal atrophy by stimulating dermal neocollagenesis and neoelastinogenesis. We present the case of a 39-year-old woman with refractory VLS who was treated with local applications of microablative fractional radiofrequency. She had satisfactory, long-term, improvement of symptoms and vulvar trophism, and stopped using corticosteroids.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Radiofrequency Therapy , Vulvar Lichen Sclerosus/radiotherapy , Pruritus Vulvae/radiotherapy , Atrophy/radiotherapy , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Vulvar Lichen Sclerosus/drug therapy
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