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2.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 23(1): 22-25, jan.-mar. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1443751

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As Disfunções temporomandibulares (DTM) incluem desordens dos músculos da mastigação, das articulações temporomandibulares e da inervação local, frequentemente associadas a dor orofacial e que resultam em mioartropatias do Sistema Mastigatório. A tendência atual tende a começar com tratamento conservador e progredir a procedimentos mais invasivos na falha dos tratamentos iniciais. Relato de caso: O presente relato visa mostrar o resultado de uma técnica invasiva para o tratamento de uma DTM grave, com a aplicação do ácido hialurônico e de corticoide através de uma punção guiado por ultrassonografia. A paciente apresentava dor crônica e perda importante de peso devido a limitação da abertura da boca. A RM demonstrou disfunção das ATMs, com sinais de deslocamento parcial do disco direito anteromedialmente. Foi realizada a aplicação bilateral intra-articular de ácido hialurônico e de corticoide através de uma punção guiado por ultrassonografia. Considerações Finais: A associação destas classes na punção de ATMs ainda não está bem estabelecida havendo necessidade de estudos complementares para avaliar eficácia, como este relato de caso, que se mostrou favorável com grande melhora clínica da paciente... (AU)


Introduction: Temporomandibular dysfunctions (TMD) include disorders of the masticatory muscles, temporomandibular joints, and local innervation, often associated with orofacial pain and resulting in myoarthropathies of the masticatory system. The current trend tends to begin with conservative treatment and progress to more invasive procedures if the initial treatments fail. Case Report: The present report aims to show the result of an invasive technique for the treatment of a severe TMD, with the application of hyaluronic acid and corticoid through an ultrasound-guided puncture. The patient presented with chronic pain and significant weight loss due to limited mouth opening. MRI demonstrated TMJ dysfunction, with signs of partial anteromedial dislocation of the right disc. Bilateral intra-articular application of hyaluronic acid and corticoid was performed through an ultrasound guided puncture. Final considerations: The association of these classes in TMJ puncture is still not well established, and further studies are needed to evaluate efficacy, as in this case report, which proved favorable, with great clinical improvement for the patient... (AU)


Introducción: Los trastornos temporomandibulares (TTM) incluyen trastornos de los músculos masticatorios, de las articulaciones temporomandibulares y de la inervación local, a menudo asociados a dolor orofacial y que dan lugar a mioartropatías del sistema masticatorio. La tendencia actual es comenzar con un tratamiento conservador y progresar hacia procedimientos más invasivos al fracasar los tratamientos iniciales. Informe de un caso: El presente informe pretende mostrar el resultado de una técnica invasiva para el tratamiento de un TTM severo, con la aplicación de ácido hialurónico y corticoide a través de una punción guiada por ecografía. El paciente presentaba dolor crónico y una importante pérdida de peso debido a la limitación de la apertura bucal. La RMN demostró una disfunción de la ATM, con signos de dislocación parcial del disco derecho anteromedialmente. Se realizó la aplicación intraarticular bilateral de ácido hialurónico y corticoide mediante una punción guiada por ecografía. Consideraciones finales: La asociación de estas clases en la punción de la ATM aún no está bien establecida y se necesitan más estudios para evaluar la eficacia, como en el reporte de este caso, que resultó favorable con gran mejoría clínica del paciente... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Conservative Treatment , Hyaluronic Acid/pharmacology
3.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(6): 319-324, June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449745

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Reporting our experience of the management and treatment of Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) in a low-income country by describing patients characteristics and therapy with emphasis on conservative surgical excision and postoperative care as the cornerstone of treatment. Methods A retrospective cohort of women with histopathological diagnosis of IGM from 2014 to 2018 at Instituto Nacional Materno Perinatal in Lima, Peru. Patients' characteristics, clinical presentation, treatment, management, postoperative care, and follow-up were analyzed. Results Thirty-eight patients with histopathological diagnosis of IGM were identified. Their average age was 35.9 years and 23 (60.5%) reported previous use of hormonal contraceptives. Nine (23.7%) patients had chronic mastitis with previous treatment. The time from the onset of symptoms to the first clinic consult was 5.1 months on average. Twenty-one (55.3%) patients had the lesion in the right breast, with a mean size of 6.9 cm. Conservative surgical excision was performed in all patients. Additionally, 86.8% required corticosteroids and 78.9% were treated with antibiotics. Complete remission was obtained at 141 days on average (range 44 to 292 days). Six (15.8%) women reported ipsilateral recurrence and 5 (13.2%), contralateral. The latency time was 25.5 months on average. Conclusion The conservative surgical treatment demonstrated and close follow-up made for a high cure rate, but with recurrence similar to that reported in the literature. Use of gloves is an alternative to manage post operative wounds in a low-income country. The most frequent adverse effect was breast surgical scar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Recurrence , Breast Diseases , Breast Diseases/surgery , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Granulomatous Mastitis/therapy
4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(2): 331-336, Mar.-Apr. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449803

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of the present study was to evaluate the current practice of using of methylprednisolone sodium succinate (MPSS) in acute spinal cord Injuries (ASCIs) among spine surgeons from Iberolatinoamerican countries. Methods A descriptive cross-sectional study design as a survey was conducted. A questionnaire composed of 2 sections, one on demographic data regarding the surgeons and MPSS administration, was sent by email to members of the Sociedad Ibero Latinoamericana de Columna (SILACO, in the Spanish acronym) and associated societies. Results A total of 182 surgeons participated in the study: 65.4% (119) orthopedic surgeons and 24.6% (63) neurosurgeons. Sixty-nine (37.9%) used MPSS in the initial management of ASCIs. There were no significant differences between countries (p = 0.451), specialty (p = 0.352), or surgeon seniority (p = 0.652) for the use of corticosteroids in the initial management of ASCIs. Forty-five (65.2%) respondents reported using an initial high-dose bolus (30 mg/Kg) followed by a perfusion (5.4 mg/ kg/h). Forty-six (66.7%) surgeons who used MPSS only prescribed it if the patients presented within 8 hours of the ASCI. Most of the surgeons (50.7% [35]) administered high-dose corticosteroids because of the conviction that it has clinal benefits and improves neurological recovery. Conclusion Results from the present survey show that MPSS use in ASCI is not widespread within spine surgeons and that the controversy regarding its use remains unresolved. This is probably due to the low level of evidence of the available data, to variations over the years, to inconsistencies in acute care protocols, and to health service pathways.


Resumo Objetivo O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a prática atual de uso do succinato sódico de metilprednisolona (MPSS, na sigla em inglês) nas lesões agudas da medula espinal (LAMEs) entre cirurgiões de coluna de países ibero-americanos. Métodos Um estudo transversal descritivo foi realizado. O questionário continha duas seções, uma sobre os dados demográficos dos cirurgiões e acerca da administração de MPSS, e foi enviado por correio eletrônico aos membros da Sociedad Ibero Latinoamericana de Columna (SILACO, na sigla em espanhol) e sociedades associadas. Resultados No total, 182 cirurgiões participaram do estudo: 65,4% (119) eram cirurgiões ortopédicos e 24,6% (63), neurocirurgiões. Sessenta e nove (37,9%) usaram MPSS no tratamento inicial da LAME. Não houve diferenças significativas entre países (p = 0,451), especialidades (p = 0,352) ou senioridade do cirurgião (p =0,652) em relação ao uso de corticosteroides no tratamento inicial da LAME. Destes, 45 (65,2%) relataram a administração de um bolus de alta dose (30 mg/kg) seguido por perfusão (5,4 mg/kg/h). Quarenta e seis (66,7%) dos cirurgiões que usam MPSS apenas o prescrevem a pacientes tratados nas primeiras 8 horas após a LAME. A maioria dos cirurgiões (50,7% [35]) administrou corticosteroides em alta dose devido à convicção de seus benefícios clínicos e melhora da recuperação neurológica. Conclusão Os resultados do presente questionário mostram que o uso de MPSS na LAME não está disseminado entre os cirurgiões de coluna e que a controvérsia sobre sua administração ainda não foi resolvida. É provável que isto se deva ao baixo nível de evidência dos dados existentes, a variações ao longo dos anos, a inconsistências nos protocolos terapêuticos agudo e a diferentes sistemas de saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Cord Injuries/surgery , Surveys and Questionnaires , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(2): 337-341, Mar.-Apr. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449790

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The objective of the present study was to evaluate the current practice in terms of timing to surgery in acute spinal cord injury (ASCI) patients among spinal surgeons from Iberolatinoamerican countries. Methods A descriptive cross-sectional study design as a questionnaire was sent by an email for all members of the Sociedad Ibero Latinoamericana de Columna (SILACO, in the Spanish acronym) and associated societies. Results A total of 162 surgeons answered questions related to the timing for surgery. Sixty-eight (42.0%) considered that ASCI with complete neurology injury should be treated within 12 hours, 54(33.3%) performed early decompression within 24 hours, and 40 (24,7%) until the first 48 hours. Regarding ASCI with incomplete neurological injury, 115 (71.0%) would operate in the first 12 hours. There was a significant difference in the proportion of surgeons that would operate ASCI within ≤ 24 hours, regarding the type of injury (complete injury:122 versus incomplete injury:155; p<0.01). In the case of patients with central cord syndrome without radiological evidence of instability, 152 surgeons (93.8%) would perform surgical decompression: 1 (0.6%) in the first 12 hours, 63 (38.9%) in 24 hours, 4 (2.5%) in 48 hours, 66 (40.7%) in the initial hospital stay, and 18 (11.1%) after neurologic stabilization. Conclusion All inquired surgeons favour early decompression, with the majority performing surgery in the first 24 hours. Decompression is performed earlier in cases of incomplete than in complete injuries. In cases of central cord syndrome without radiological evidence of instability, there is a tendency towards early surgical decompression, but the timing is still extremely variable. Future studies are needed to identify the ideal timing for decompression of this subset of ASCI patients.


Resumo Objetivo O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a prática atual em termos de momento de realização da cirurgia em pacientes com lesão medularaguda (LMA) entre cirurgiões de coluna de países ibero-americanos. Métodos Estudo transversal descritivo com base em um questionário enviado por correio eletrônico para todos os membros da Sociedad Ibero Latinoamericana de Columna (SILACO, na sigla em espanhol) e sociedades associadas. Resultados Um total de 162 cirurgiões responderam a perguntas relacionadas ao momento da cirurgia. Sessenta e oito (42,0%) consideraram que a LMA com lesão neurológica completa deve ser tratada em até 12 horas, 54 (33,3%) realizariam a descompressão precoce em até 24 horas e 40 (24,7%) fariam este procedimento nas primeiras 48 horas. Em relação à LMA com lesão neurológica incompleta, 115 (71,0%) operariam nas primeiras 12 horas. Houve diferença significativa na proporção de cirurgiões que fariam o tratamento cirúrgico da LMA em ≤ 24 horas quanto ao tipo de lesão (lesão completa [122] versus lesão incompleta [155]; p<0.01). Em pacientes com síndrome medular central sem evidência radiológica de instabilidade, 152 cirurgiões (93,8%) realizariam a descompressão cirúrgica: 1 (0,6%) nas primeiras 12 horas, 63 (38,9%) em 24 horas, 4 (2,5%) em 48 horas, 66 (40,7%) no internamento inicial e 18 (11,1%) após a estabilização neurológica. Conclusão Todos os cirurgiões participantes favoreceram a descompressão precoce; a grande maioria realizaria a cirurgia nas primeiras 24 horas. A descompressão é feita antes em casos de lesões incompletas do que em lesões completas. Nos casos de síndrome medular central sem evidência radiológica de instabilidade, há uma tendência à descompressão cirúrgica precoce, mas o momento de intervenção ainda é extremamente variável. Estudos futuros são necessários para identificar o momento ideal para descompressão neste subconjunto de pacientes com LMA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Cord Injuries/therapy , Surveys and Questionnaires , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use
6.
Diagn. tratamento ; 28(1): 61-67, jan-mar. 2023. tab 2
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1413215

ABSTRACT

Contextualização: A displasia broncopulmonar é uma das principais causas de enfermidade respiratória crônica na infância, levando a hospitalizações frequentes e prolongadas e com altos índices de mortalidade, alterações do crescimento pôndero-estatural e desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor. Tamanho impacto justifica o grande investimento nas pesquisas para identificar suas causas e buscar alternativas para prevenção e tratamento. Objetivos: Avaliar a efetividade das intervenções para prevenção de displasia broncopulmonar em recém-nascidos prematuros com ventilação mecânica invasiva. Métodos: Trata-se de overview de revisões sistemáticas realizadas pela Colaboração Cochrane. Procedeu-se à busca na Cochrane Library (2022), utilizando os termos "neonatal prematurity" e "bronchopulmonary dysplasia". Foram incluídos todos os ensaios clínicos randomizados. O desfecho primário de análise foi a redução de morbimortalidade. Resultados: A estratégia de busca recuperou um total de 47 revisões sistemáticas. Oito foram incluídas, totalizando 94 ensaios clínicos randomizados e 10.511 participantes. Discussão: Os estudos demonstram efetividade de corticosteroides, mas é necessário cautela na dosagem e no momento correto para sua administração. O uso de surfactante sintético pode trazer benefícios respiratórios, mas requer novos estudos. Não se justifica o uso de pentoxifilina. Conclusão: A displasia broncopulmonar tornou-se um grande desafio para o neonatologista e as revisões sistemáticas Cochrane sugerem que a corticoterapia pode ser efetiva na prevenção dessa condição, embora novos estudos sejam recomendados para estabelecer dosagem ideal e melhor momento para a terapêutica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Respiration, Artificial , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/prevention & control , Infant, Premature , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Randomized Controlled Trial , Treatment Outcome , Systematic Reviews as Topic
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 899-909, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980859

ABSTRACT

Eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE) is a gastrointestinal disorder of unclear etiology that is characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of the stomach and small intestine, and consists of mucosal, muscular, and serosal subtypes. Eosinophilic infiltration of the gastrointestinal tract is a fundamental histopathological characteristic of EGE and is driven by several T-helper type 2 (Th2)-dependent cytokines and induced by food allergy. Due to the lack of a diagnostic gold standard, EGE has a high rate of delayed diagnosis or misdiagnosis. However, several new diagnostic strategies have been developed, such as novel genetic biomarkers and imaging tests. Although dietary therapy and corticosteroids remain the common choices for EGE treatment, recent decades have seen the emergence of novel treatment alternatives, such as biologics that target particular molecules involved in the pathogenic process. Preliminary investigations and clinical trials have demonstrated the efficacy of biologics and provided additional insights for the era of refractory or corticosteroid-dependent EGE biologics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Enteritis/drug therapy , Gastritis/drug therapy , Eosinophilia/therapy , Abdomen , Adrenal Cortex Hormones
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 822-829, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980823

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) can significantly improve the outcomes of preterm infants. This study aimed to describe the ACS use rates among preterm infants admitted to Chinese neonatal intensive care units (NICU) and to explore perinatal factors associated with ACS use, using the largest contemporary cohort of very preterm infants in China.@*METHODS@#This cross-sectional study enrolled all infants born at 24 +0 to 31 +6 weeks and admitted to 57 NICUs of the Chinese Neonatal Network from January 1st, 2019 to December 30th, 2019. The ACS administration was defined as at least one dose of dexamethasone and betamethasone given before delivery. Multiple logistic regressions were applied to determine the association between perinatal factors and ACS usage.@*RESULTS@#A total of 7828 infants were enrolled, among which 6103 (78.0%) infants received ACS. ACS use rates increased with increasing gestational age (GA), from 177/259 (68.3%) at 24 to 25 weeks' gestation to 3120/3960 (78.8%) at 30 to 31 weeks' gestation. Among infants exposed to ACS, 2999 of 6103 (49.1%) infants received a single complete course, and 33.4% (2039/6103) infants received a partial course. ACS use rates varied from 30.2% to 100% among different hospitals. Multivariate regression showed that increasing GA, born in hospital (inborn), increasing maternal age, maternal hypertension and premature rupture of membranes were associated with higher likelihood to receive ACS.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The use rate of ACS remained low for infants at 24 to 31 weeks' gestation admitted to Chinese NICUs, with fewer infants receiving a complete course. The use rates varied significantly among different hospitals. Efforts are urgently needed to propose improvement measures and thus improve the usage of ACS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Pregnancy , Female , Gestational Age , Infant, Premature , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Cross-Sectional Studies , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use
9.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 18(3): 73-82, 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1517019

ABSTRACT

Las sibilancias recurrentes del preescolar son un problema prevalente. 50% de todos los niños tiene al menos un episodio de sibilancias en los primeros 6 años. Sin embargo, solo 4 % de los menores de 4 años tiene diagnóstico de asma. Por este motivo es fundamental realizar una adecuada anamnesis y examen físico tendientes a descartar causas secundarias, lo que debe ser complementado con exámenes de laboratorio de acuerdo con la orientación clínica. En la actualidad se recomienda indicar tratamiento de mantención con corticoides inhalados en aquellos niños que tengan episodios repetidos de obstrucción bronquial y que tengan una alta probabilidad de respuesta favorable a esta terapia. Se ha demostrado que aquellos pacientes que tienen un recuento de eosinófilos en sangre > 300 células por mm3 o aquellos que presentan una prueba cutánea positiva o IgE específicas positivas para alérgenos inhalados, responderán adecuadamente al tratamiento con esteroides inhalados.


Recurrent wheezing in preschoolers has a high prevalence. 50% of all children have at least one wheezing episode in the first six years of life. However, only 4% of children under four years of age are diagnosed with asthma. Therefore, it is essential to carry out an adequate medical history and physical examination to rule out secondary causes, which must be complemented with laboratory tests in accordance with clinical guidance. It is recommended to indicate maintenance treatment with inhaled corticosteroids to those children who have repeated episodes of wheezing and who have a high probability of a good response to this therapy. It has been demonstrated that those patients who have blood eosinophil count > 300 cells per mm3 or those who have a positive skin test or positive specific IgE for inhaled allergens will have a good response to inhaled corticosteroids.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Asthma/diagnosis , Asthma/therapy , Respiratory Sounds/etiology , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy , Phenotype , Recurrence , Administration, Inhalation , Immunoglobulin E , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , Eosinophils
10.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 94(1): e207, 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1439319

ABSTRACT

Introducción: en marzo del 2021 se registró el pico de incidencia de COVID-19 en Uruguay y un aumento de la infección en pediatría. Objetivo: describir las características clínicas, el tratamiento y la evolución de una serie de menores de 15 años con SIM-Ped S hospitalizados en dos centros de salud. Metodología: estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, de los niños hospitalizados entre el 1/3 y el 31/6 de 2021 que cumplieron los criterios diagnósticos de SIM-Ped de la OMS. Se analizan variables clínicas, paraclínicas, tratamiento y evolución. Resultados: se incluyeron 12 niños, mediana de edad 7 años (22 meses-10 años). Se presentaron complicación posinfecciosas en 8 y en el curso de la infección en 4. Las manifestaciones fueron: fiebre (media 6 días, rango 3-10), digestivas 10 y mucocutáneas 7. Se presentaron como enfermedad Kawasaki símil 5 y como shock 2. La infección por SARS CoV-2 se confirmó por PCR en 6, serología 4 y test antigénico 2. Recibieron tratamiento en cuidados moderados 8 e intensivos 4: inmunoglobulina 9, corticoides 11, heparina 7 y ácido acetilsalicílico 7. Presentaron dilatación de arterias coronarias 2, alteraciones valvulares 2, disminución de la FEVI 2 y derrame pericárdico 2. Todos evolucionaron favorablemente. Conclusiones: en estos centros, los primeros casos de SIMS-Ped S coincidieron con el pico de incidencia de COVID-19 en el país. Predominaron las formas postinfecciosas en escolares con manifestaciones digestivas. Este estudio puede contribuir al reconocimiento de esta entidad y adecuar los algoritmos nacionales de manejo.


Introduction: in March 2021, there was a peak incidence of COVID-19 and an increase in pediatric infections in Uruguay. Objective: describe the clinical characteristics, treatment and evolution of a group of children under 15 years of age with SIM-Ped S hospitalized in two health centers. Methodology: descriptive, retrospective study of children hospitalized between 3/1 and 6/31 of 2021 who met the WHO diagnostic criteria for SIM-Ped. Clinical and paraclinical variables, as well as treatment and evolution were analyzed. Results: 12 children were included, median age 7 years (22 months-10 years). Eight of them showed post-infectious complications and 4 of them had complications during the course of the infection. The manifestations were: fever (mean 6 days, range 3-10), digestive symptoms 10 and mucocutaneous 7. Five of them presented a Kawasaki-like disease and 2 of them shock. SARS CoV-2 infection was confirmed by PCR in 6 cases, serology in 4 and antigenic test in 2. Eight of them received treatment in moderate care and 4 of them in intensive care: immunoglobulin 9, corticosteroids 11, heparin 7 and acetylsalicylic acid 7. Two of them presented dilated arteries coronary , valvular alterations 2, decreased LVEF 2 and pericardial effusion 2. All progressed favorably. Conclusions: in these centers, the first cases of SIMS-Ped S coincided with the peak incidence of COVID-19 in the country. Post-infectious forms predominated in schoolchildren who showed digestive manifestations. This study may contribute to the recognition of this entity and to the adaptation of national management algorithms.


Introdução: em março de 2021, foi registrado no Uruguai um pico de incidência da COVID-19 e um aumento dos casos da infecção pediátrica. Objetivo: descrever as características clínicas, tratamento e evolução de uma série de crianças menores de 15 anos com SIM-Ped S internadas em dois centros de saúde. Metodologia: estudo descritivo, retrospectivo, de crianças internadas entre 1/3 e 31/6 de 2021 que preencheram os critérios diagnósticos da OMS para o SIM-Ped. Foram analisadas variáveis clínicas e para-clinicas, tratamento e evolução. Resultados: foram incluídas 12 crianças, com idade média de 7 anos (22 meses-10 anos). Oito delas apresentaram complicações pós-infecciosas e 4 delas durante o curso da infecção. As manifestações foram: febre (média de 6 dias, intervalo 3-10), digestivas 10 e mucocutânea 7. Cinco delas apresentaram doença de Kawasaki-like e 2 delas sofreram Shock. A infecção por SARS CoV-2 foi confirmada por PCR em 6, sorologia em 4 e teste antigênico em 2. Oito delas receberam tratamento em cuidados moderados e 4 delas em cuidados intensivos: imunoglobulina 9, corticosteroides 11, heparina 7 e ácido acetilsalicílico 7. Duas delas apresentaram artérias coronárias dilatadas 2, alterações valvares 2, diminuição da FEVE 2 e derrame pericárdico 2. Todas evoluíram favoravelmente. Conclusões: nesses centros, os primeiros casos de SIMS-Ped S coincidiram com um pico de incidência de COVID-19 no país. As formas pós-infecciosas predominaram em escolares com manifestações digestivas. Este estudo pode contribuir para o reconhecimento desta entidade e adaptar algoritmos nacionais de gestão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/complications , COVID-19/complications , Heparin/therapeutic use , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/drug therapy , Receptors, Glucocorticoid/therapeutic use , Aspirin/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/diagnosis , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/drug therapy , Digestive System Diseases/etiology , Digestive System Diseases/drug therapy , Antipyretics/therapeutic use , Fever/etiology , Fever/drug therapy , Symptom Assessment , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/etiology , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/drug therapy
11.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1444930

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La capsulitis adhesiva es una enfermedad que se caracteriza por el engrosamiento de la cápsula articular del hombro, lo que se traduce clínicamente en dolor y una pérdida progresiva de la movilidad. El tratamiento conservador es la primera opción. En este estudio, se evaluó el uso de corticoesteroides articulares para el manejo de este cuadro. Materiales y Métodos: Se llevó a cabo un estudio retrospectivo entre 2015 y 2020. Se evaluaron los registros de consulta externa de pacientes con diagnóstico de capsulitis adhesiva u hombro congelado, que recibieron tratamiento con corticoesteroides por vía oral o articular. Resultados: Se analizó a 19 pacientes, 8 recibieron tratamiento por vía oral y 11, por vía articular. Hubo una mejoría importante en ambos grupos, pero los pacientes que recibieron corticoesteroides articulares comunicaron una mejoría a largo plazo. Conclusiones: La administración de corticoesteroides tanto por vía oral como articular para tratar la capsulitis adhesiva fue eficaz; sin embargo, a largo plazo, los corticoesteroides articulares resultaron más eficaces. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Introduction: Adhesive capsulitis is a condition defined by thickening of the shoulder joint capsule, which clinically translates into discomfort and progressive loss of range of motion, with conservative therapy being the initial option. In this study, we evaluate the use of intra-articular corticosteroid injections for the treatment of this condition. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted between 2015 and 2020, assessing the outpatient records of patients diagnosed with adhesive capsulitis or frozen shoulder and treated with corticosteroids either orally or intra-articularly. Results: A total of 19 patients were analyzed, 8 received oral treatment and 11 received intra-articular injection, with both groups showing considerable improvement, with the difference that the patients in the articular corticosteroid group reported long-term improvement. Conclusion: Corticosteroids have been found to be effective in the treatment of adhesive capsulitis both orally and by intra-articular injection; however, intra-articular corticosteroids have proved to be more effective in the long term. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Shoulder , Bursitis , Range of Motion, Articular , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Injections, Intra-Articular
12.
Ethiop. Med. j ; 61(2): 199-201, 2023. tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1427002

ABSTRACT

Background: One in hventy ofpeople qffected by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic have been children and adolescents. A unique complication in this age group is the Multi-inflammatory syndrome associated Il'ith COVID-19 (MS-C). We report a single-center case series ofchildren diagnosed with MS-Cfrom Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Case descriptions This case series describes the clinical presentation and treatment outcomes offour male patients presenting at a mean age of3 years and 11 months. Allfulfilled the World Health Organization case definition criteria for the Multi-inflammatomy syndrome associated 'Vith COVID-19. All "'ere not eligible for vaccinations against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS CoV-2) at the time oftheir diagnosis. They were treated with varying combinations of intravenous immunoglobulin, aspirin, and corticosteroids, and all recovered upon completion oftheirfollow-up period. Conclusion: Cases of Multi-inflammatomy syndrome associated with COVID-19 are often misdiagnosed. This case series highlights when to consider such a diagnosis and its therapeutic options


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunoglobulins , Aspirin , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
13.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 42(4): 209-213, dic. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1418135

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la radiodermitis es uno de los efectos secundarios más frecuentes de la radioterapia y afecta aproximadamente al 95% de los pacientes que la reciben. La radiodermitis aguda se presenta dentro de los 90 días posteriores al inicio del tratamiento, tiene un profundo impacto en la calidad de vida de los pacientes y puede ser la causa de la interrupción prematura de la radioterapia. Su tratamiento es complejo y el papel de los corticoides sistémicos en él aún no ha sido evaluado. Materiales y métodos: estudio descriptivo de 6 pacientes mayores de 18 años con radiodermitis grave, tratados con corticoides sistémicos al no responder a la terapia tópica inicial. Hubo un seguimiento de 6 meses, entre el 1 de junio de 2019 y el 30 de mayo de 2020, en el Servicio de Dermatología de un hospital de alta complejidad. Resultados: se indicó tratamiento con corticoides sistémicos en dosis de meprednisona 40 mg/día o equivalentes, durante 5 días, con resolución completa del cuadro en un período máximo de 15 días. Discusión: en la bibliografía no hemos encontrado trabajos científicos que comuniquen o evalúen la utilidad de los corticoides sistémicos en la radiodermitis grave. Proponemos, entonces, demostrar su utilidad en esta patología. Conclusión: el objetivo de este trabajo es comunicar nuestra experiencia en pacientes con radiodermitis aguda grave, con gran repercusión en el estado general, que evolucionaron con una rápida resolución del cuadro y un adecuado manejo sintomático, mediante el uso de corticoides sistémicos. (AU)


Introduction: radiodermitis is one of the most frequent side effects of radiotherapy and affects approximately 95% of the patients who receive it. Acute radiodermitis occurs within 90 days after the start of treatment, has a profound impact on the quality of life of patients and may be the cause of premature discontinuation of radiotherapy. Its treatment is complex and the role of systemic corticosteroids in it has not yet been evaluated. Materials and methods: descriptive study of 6 patients older than 18 years with severe radiodermatitis, treated with systemic corticosteroids when they did not respond to initial topical therapy. With a 6-month follow-up, between June 1, 2019 and May 30, 2020 at the Dermatology Service of a high complexity hospital. Results: treatment with systemic corticosteroids was indicated at a dose of meprednisone 40 mg/day or equivalent, for 5 days, with complete resolution of the symptoms in a maximum period of 15 days. Discussion: in the literature, we have not found scientific papers that report or evaluate the usefulness of systemic corticosteroids in severe radiodermatitis. We propose to demonstrate their usefulness in this pathology. Conclusion: the objective of this work is to communicate our experience in patients with severe acute radiodermatitis, with great repercussions on the general state, who evolved with rapid resolution of the symptoms and adequate symptomatic management, with the use of systemic corticosteroids. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Radiation Injuries/drug therapy , Radiodermatitis/drug therapy , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Radiotherapy/adverse effects , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/pharmacology
14.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 42(4): 231-239, dic. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1424871

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Un nuevo brote de coronavirus surgió en 2019 en Wuhan, China, causando conmoción en el sistema sanitario de todo el mundo; el Comité Internacional de Taxonomía de Virus lo denominó SARS-CoV-2, agente causante de la enfermedad COVID-19.El espectro de gravedad de la enfermedad es muy amplio: la mayoría de los pacientes no presentan gravedad, pero otros pueden desarrollar neumonías, y la insuficiencia respiratoria aguda es la causa más frecuente de mortalidad. Objetivo: analizar y desarrollar las distintas alternativas terapéuticas aportadas por la Biotecnología para tratar los síntomas de aquellos pacientes con COVID-19. Metodología: se realizó una revisión de la bibliografía disponible, a partir de enero de 2020 en PubMed, acerca de los tratamientos que se encuentran aún en ensayos clínicos y aquellos que cuentan con aprobación bajo uso de emergencia para la enfermedad COVID-19. También se realizaron búsquedas a través de Google y Google Académico para publicaciones de organismos de Salud en referencia a políticas de salud establecidas para la terapéutica durante dicha pandemia. Resultados: este trabajo aborda las nuevas alternativas terapéuticas para COVID-19 derivadas de la Biotecnología, que se encuentran tanto en uso como en etapas de ensayos clínicos comprendidos dentro del segmento de los biofármacos y las bioterapias. Se incluye un breve resumen del estatus regulatorio de entidades de salud, el mecanismo de acción de dichas terapias y características generales de cada uno. Se incluyen novedosas bioterapias que se empezaron a implementar para afrontar la pandemia. Conclusiones: la pandemia de coronavirus está poniendo a prueba el sistema sanitario internacional, para brindar soluciones tanto desde el diagnóstico y prevención como para el tratamiento de la población a fin de disminuir la mortalidad. Esto incluyó, obviamente también, al área de la Biotecnología aplicada a la salud, que ha aportado en los tres aspectos mencionados; el presente trabajo se centra en las respuestas de tipo terapéutico que ha brindado y que están comercializadas o en fases clínicas. (AU)


INTRODUCTION: A new coronavirus outbreak emerged in 2019 in Wuhan, China, causing a shock to the healthcare system around the world; the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses named it SARS-CoV- 2, the infectious agent of the COVID-19 disease. The spectrum of severity of the disease is very wide, most patients are not serious, but others can develop pneumonia, with acute respiratory failure being the most frequent cause of mortality. Objective: to analyze and develop the different therapeutic alternatives provided by Biotechnology dedicated to Health, to treat the symptoms of those COVID-19 patients who require it, and thus reduce mortality.Methodology: a review of the available literature from January 2020 in PubMed of the treatments that are still in clinical trials and those that have been approved under emergency use for the disease COVID-19 was performed. Searches were also carried out through Google and Google Scholar for publications of Health organizations in reference to health policies established for therapeutics during the mentioned pandemic. Results: this work addresses the new therapeutic alternatives derived from Biotechnology, which are both in use and in stages of clinical trials, to treat patients who developed COVID-19 included within the segment of biopharmaceuticals and biotherapies. A brief summary of the regulatory status of health entities, the mechanism of action of said therapies and general characteristics of each one is included. Innovative biotherapies that began to be implemented to face the pandemic are included. Conclusions: The coronavirus pandemic has driven the international health system to the test, to provide solutions both from the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of the population to reduce the mortality of patients. This obviously also included the area of Biotechnology applied to health, which has contributed in the three aspects mentioned. The present work focuses on the therapeutic responses that it has provided and that are commercialized or in clinical phases. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Biological Products/therapeutic use , Biological Therapy/methods , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , SARS-CoV-2/drug effects , COVID-19/drug therapy , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Antiviral Agents/pharmacology , Biological Therapy/classification , Biological Therapy/standards , Biotechnology , Clinical Trials as Topic , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/drug effects , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2/drug effects , Immunomodulating Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19 Serotherapy , Horses , Immune Sera/biosynthesis , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use
15.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 6(4): 432-467, out.dez.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1452572

ABSTRACT

A dermatite atópica (DA) é uma doença cutânea inflamatória, crônica, comum, complexa e de etiologia multifatorial, que se manifesta clinicamente com prurido muitas vezes incapacitante, lesões recorrentes do tipo eczema, xerose e que pode evoluir para liquenificação. Embora o conhecimento sobre a sua fisiopatologia venham crescendo nos últimos anos, ainda as formas graves são frequentes e representam um desafio para o clínico. Para o presente guia realizou-se revisão não sistemática da literatura relacionada à DA grave refratária aos tratamentos habituais com o objetivo de elaborar um documento prático e que auxilie na compreensão dos mecanismos envolvidos na DA, assim como dos possíveis fatores de risco associados à sua apresentação. A integridade da barreira cutânea é um dos pontos fundamentais para a manutenção da homeostase da pele. Além dos cuidados gerais: evitação dos agentes desencadeantes e/ou irritantes, o uso de hidratantes, suporte emocional, entre outros, o uso de agentes anti-inflamatórios/imunossupressores de uso tópico e/ou sistêmico também foi revisado. A aquisição de novos agentes, os imunobiológicos e as pequenas moléculas, melhorou a terapêutica para os pacientes com formas graves de DA, sobretudo as refratárias aos tratamentos convencionais.


Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, common, and complex inflammatory skin disease with a multifactorial etiology. It manifests clinically with often disabling pruritus, recurrent eczema-like lesions, and xerosis, and can progress to lichenification. Although understanding of the disease's pathophysiology has been growing in recent years, severe forms are still frequent and represent a challenge for clinicians. A non-systematic review of the literature on severe atopic dermatitis refractory to conventional treatment was conducted to develop the present guide, whose purpose is to help clarify the mechanisms involved in the disease and possible risk factors. The integrity of the skin barrier is fundamental for maintaining skin homeostasis. In addition to general care, patients should avoid triggering and/or irritating agents and moisturizers and seek emotional support, etc.; the use of topical and/or systemic anti-inflammatory/immunosuppressive agents was also reviewed. New agents, immunobiologicals, and small molecules have led to a broader range of therapies for patients with severe forms of the disease, especially cases refractory to conventional treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Societies, Medical , Immunoglobulin E , Cyclosporine , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Calcineurin Inhibitors , Antibodies, Monoclonal
16.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 37(2): 15-22, dic. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1427715

ABSTRACT

Alcoholic Hepatitis (HA) represent to one of the pathological entities in the context of liver damage associated with excessive and prolonged alcohol consumption. Despite its high mortality, making the early diagnosis is still a challenge for physicians. The local information of this pathology is limited, so this work consists of conducting a retrospective study on the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of patients diagnosed with HA at the Regional Hospital of Talca (HRT); in order to make available to the treating doctors, the greatest amount of data contributing to decision-making for the benefit of patients. Methods: The clinical records of all patients discharged from the HRT with a diagnosis of HA during the period between January 2017 and August 2022 were reviewed. Background information such as: chief complaint, main symptoms, comorbidities, laboratory tests, treatment, evolution and survival, etc., was collected for analysis and to obtain the conclusions presented. Results: A total of 16 patients were studied; 93.75 % were male and 6.24 % female; with a mean age of 52. Of the patients, 87.5 % had a history of DHC. All had alcohol abuse for more than 5 years and 93.75% had active alcoholism. The most frequent laboratory findings included hyperbilirubinaemia (93.75 %), GOT/GPT ratio >2 (50 %) and leukocytosis (56.25 %). Of the total patients studied, 68.75% had a survival of more than 1 year after the event, while 12.5% died during hospitalisation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Hepatitis, Alcoholic/diagnosis , Hepatitis, Alcoholic/blood , Comorbidity , Retrospective Studies , Reactive Oxygen Species/blood , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Inflammation Mediators/blood , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Hepatitis, Alcoholic/therapy , Hepatitis, Alcoholic/epidemiology
17.
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 33(4): 244-247, oct. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1449431

ABSTRACT

La aplasia pura de células rojas (APCR) es un síndrome definido por anemia normocítica normocrómica, con reticulopenia severa y reducción importante o ausencia absoluta de precursores eritroides en la médula ósea. Ocasionalmente se desencadena en el curso de una colagenopatía o una enfermedad autoinmune. Presentamos el primer caso descripto en la literatura de un varón con APCR como forma de debut de lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES). Se trata de un hombre de 65 años que presentó anemia normocítica normocrómica, ANA 1/5120 y anti-Sm 2,61. Refería úlceras orales, poliartralgias, tumefacción de ambos tobillos y fotosensibilidad. Se realizó estudio de médula ósea con evidencia de hipoplasia de serie roja por paro madurativo a nivel de eritroblasto basófilo, ausencia casi completa de los elementos maduros y contenido muy elevado de proeritroblastos de gran tamaño. Con el diagnóstico de APCR como debut de LES, se lo trató con prednisona con buena respuesta. Podemos concluir que el despistaje de enfermedades sistémicas en pacientes con APCR es esencial para asegurar un correcto manejo y un mejor pronóstico.


Pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) is a syndrome defined by normocytic normochromic anemia with severe reticulocytopenia and marked reduction or absence of erythroid precursors from the bone marrow. Occasionally it is triggered in the course of collagen or autoimmune diseases. We present the first case reported in the literature of a man with PRCA as the onset form of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). A 65-year-old man, who presented normocytic normochromic anemia, ANA 1/5120 and anti-Sm 2,61. He reported oral ulcers, polyarthralgia, swelling of both ankles and photosensitivity. Bone marrow examination showed red cell line hypoplasia due to maturation arrest at the level of the basophilic erythroblast, almost absence of mature cells, and a very high content of large proerythroblasts. With the diagnosis of PRCA as the first manifestation of SLE, he was successfully treated with Prednisone. We can conclude that screening for systemic diseases in patients with PRCA is essential to ensure correct management and a better prognosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Adrenal Cortex Hormones
18.
Geneve; WHO; Sept. 16, 2022. 141 p. ilus, tab, graf. (WHO/2019-nCoV/therapeutics/2022.5).
Non-conventional in English | BIGG, LILACS | ID: biblio-1393164

ABSTRACT

The WHO Therapeutics and COVID-19: living guideline contains the Organization's most up-to-date recommendations for the use of therapeutics in the treatment of COVID-19. The latest version of this living guideline is available in pdf format (via the 'Download' button) and via an online platform, and is updated regularly as new evidence emerges. This twelfth version of the WHO living guideline now contains 19 recommendations. This latest update provides updated recommendations for remdesivir, addresses the use of combination therapy with corticosteroids, interleukin-6 (IL-6) receptor blockers and Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors in patients with severe or critical COVID-19, and modifies previous recommendations for the neutralizing monoclonal antibodies sotrovimab and casirivimab-imdevimab in patients with non-severe COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19/drug therapy , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Plasma/immunology , Ivermectin/therapeutic use , Colchicine/therapeutic use , Immunization, Passive , Fluvoxamine/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Receptors, Interleukin-6/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Janus Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use
19.
Rev. Soc. Argent. Diabetes ; 56(suple. 2): 63-66, may. - ago. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1396880

ABSTRACT

Las pacientes embarazadas con diabetes mellitus (DM) pregestacional y complicaciones micro y macroangiopáticas tienen mayor riesgo de empeoramiento de las mismas y de presentar otros trastornos asociados al embarazo. La progresión de la retinopatía diabética ocurre durante el embarazo y el posparto. La nefropatía se asocia con un mayor riesgo de preeclampsia, parto prematuro, restricción del crecimiento fetal y mortalidad perinatal. Cuando hay enfermedad de arterias coronarias o gastroparesia se observa un aumento de la morbilidad materna y fetal. El parto prematuro es una condición prevalente en pacientes con DM. La maduración pulmonar fetal con corticosteroides fue extensamente estudiada, con numerosas pruebas controladas, hasta convertirse en una de las más importantes terapias prenatales basadas en evidencias para reducir la mortalidad perinatal y el síndrome de dificultad respiratoria, la hemorragia intraventricular y la enterocolitis necrosante en los niños prematuros. Sin embargo, en dicha evidencia no se han incluido a embarazadas con DM, por lo cual no se conocen resultados perinatales en este grupo de pacientes.


Pregnant patients with pregestational diabetes mellitus (DM) and micro and macroangiopathic complications have a higher risk of their worsening and of presenting other pregnancyassociated disorders. The progression of diabetic retinopathy occurs during pregnancy and postpartum. Nephropathy is associated with an increased risk of preeclampsia, preterm delivery, fetal growth restriction, and perinatal mortality. When there is coronary artery disease or gastroparesis, an increase in maternal and fetal morbidity is observed Preterm delivery is a prevalent condition in diabetic patients. Corticosteroid fetal lung maturation has been extensively studied, with numerous controlled trials, to become one of the most important evidence-based prenatal therapies to reduce perinatal mortality and decrease respiratory distress syndrome, intraventricular hemorrhage, and necrotizing enterocolitis, in premature infants. Nevertheless, this evidence did not include patients with DM, for this reason perinatal results are not known in this group of patients.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Infant, Premature , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Pregnant Women , Perinatal Mortality , Lung
20.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. Porto Alegre (Online) ; 63(1): 129-135, jun. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1517683

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Apresentar, através de uma revisão de literatura, métodos de tratamento do Granuloma mais conservadores, estabelecendo comparações entre estes, afim de fornecer à comunidade científica mais clareza e opções mais efi-cazes e seguras para o paciente. Revisão da literatura:O Granuloma Central de Células Gigantes (GCCG) é uma lesão proliferativa benigna intraóssea de etiologia incerta e comportamento clínico variável que possui como forma de tratamento mais utilizado os métodos cirúrgicos, entretanto, observou-se que os métodos cirúrgicos apresentam alta taxa de recidiva e um grande comprometimento estético e funcional. Em contrapartida, métodos mais conserva-dores mostram regressão completa da lesão e baixa taxa de recidiva, porém com a desvantagem de apresentar um longo período de tratamento e alguns efeitos adversos. Discussão: Ainda não existe um protocolo de gerenciamento de GCCG, seu manejo clínico deve levar em consideração a possibilidade de combinação de duas ou mais terapias objetivando melhores resultados. Conclusão: Os métodos conservadores são promissores por diminuir o tempo de tratamento e preservar a estética e função, além de ter a possibilidade de serem empregados juntos conforme a necessidade do paciente, apesar de nenhuma forma de tratamento individual ser a ideal.


Aim: To present, through a literature review, more conservative methods of treatment for Granuloma, establishing comparisons between them, in order to provide the scientific community with more clarity and more effective and safer options for the patient. Literature review: The Central Giant Cell Granuloma (GCCG) is a benign proliferative intraosseous lesion of uncertain etiology and variable clinical behavior that has surgical methods as the most used form of treatment, however, it was observed that surgical methods have a high recurrence rate and a great aesthetic and functional compromise. On the other hand, more conservative methods show complete regression of the lesion and a low recurrence rate, but with the disadvantage of presenting a long period of treatment and some adverse effects. Discussion: There is no protocol for managing GCCG, its clinical management should consider the possibility of com-bining two or more therapies aiming at better results. Conclusion: Conservative methods are promising for reducing treatment time and preserving aesthetics and function, in addition to having the possibility of being used together according to the patient's need, although no individual treatment is ideal.


Subject(s)
Therapeutics , Granuloma, Giant Cell/surgery , Calcitonin , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Denosumab
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