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1.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.377-382, tab, ilus.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352599
3.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(4): 283-290, Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280044

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Cesarean section (CS) delivery, especially without previous labor, is associated with worse neonatal respiratory outcomes. Some studies comparing neonatal outcomes between term infants exposed and not exposed to antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) before elective CS revealed that ACS appears to decrease the risk of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), transient tachypnea of the neonate (TTN), admission to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), and the length of stay in the NICU. Methods The present retrospective cohort study aimed to compare neonatal outcomes in infants born trough term elective CS exposed and not exposed to ACS. Outcomes included neonatal morbidity at birth, neonatal respiratory morbidity, and general neonatal morbidity. Maternal demographic characteristics and obstetric data were analyzed as possible confounders. Results A total of 334 newborns met the inclusion criteria. One third of the population study (n=129; 38.6%) received ACS. The present study found that the likelihood for RDS (odds ratio [OR]=1.250; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.454-3.442), transient TTN (OR=1.,623; 95%CI: 0.556-4.739), and NIUC admission (OR=2.155; 95%CI: 0.474-9.788) was higher in the ACS exposed group, although with no statistical significance. When adjusting for gestational age and arterial hypertension, the likelihood for RDS (OR=0,732; 95%CI: 0.240-2.232), TTN (OR=0.959; 95%CI: 0.297--3.091), and NIUC admission (OR=0,852; 95%CI: 0.161-4.520) become lower in the ACS exposed group. Conclusion Our findings highlight the known association between CS-related respiratory morbidity and gestational age, supporting recent guidelines that advocate postponing elective CSs until 39 weeks of gestational age.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Prenatal Care/methods , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/prevention & control , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , Elective Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Pregnancy Outcome , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Retrospective Studies , Gestational Age , Transient Tachypnea of the Newborn/prevention & control , Length of Stay
4.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 41(1): 21-25, mar. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178296

ABSTRACT

El síndrome DRESS es una reacción adversa dermatológica que puede presentarse debido a diversos medicamentos, y constituye uno de los diagnósticos más importantes por encima del síndrome de Stevens-Johnson. Se trata de un caso relacionado con una reacción adversa de muy baja frecuencia, que está documentada en la literatura científica, a varios medicamentos, entre ellos la fenitoína. Por lo mencionado, la publicación de estos casos resulta escasa y limitada. Las principales preocupaciones del paciente relacionadas con su cuadro clínico radicaban en el gran compromiso cutáneo que lo llevó a hospitalización, dolor e incomodidad, por el cual recurrió al manejo tópico generalizado con vaselina. Los hallazgos clínicos relevantes fueron: eosinofilia severa, ulceraciones cutáneas, hepatitis química y fiebre. Con los hallazgos del cuadro clínico y la evaluación de la escala RegiSCAR se hace el diagnóstico de síndrome DRESS inducido por fenitoína. Se suspende la fenitoína, se inicia levetiracetam y se administran corticosteroides y acetaminofén con evolución favorable. (AU)


DRESS syndrome is a dermatological adverse reaction can occur due to various medications, being one of the most important diagnoses above Steven-Johnson syndrome. This is a case related to a very low frequency adverse reaction that is documented in the scientific literature to several medicines among those, the phenytoin. Therefore, the publication of these cases is scarce and limited. The main concerns of the patients related to their clinical picture were due to the great cutaneous compromise that lead to hospitalization, pain and discomfort for which they resorted to generalized topical management with vaseline (petrolatum). Relevant clinical findings were severe eosinophilia, skin ulcerations, chemical hepatitis and fever. With clinical picture findings and evaluation of the RegiSCAR scale, the diagnosis of Phenytoin-induced DRESS syndrome is made. Phenytoin is discontinued, levetiracetam is started and corticosteroids and acetaminophen are administrated with favorable evolution. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Phenytoin/adverse effects , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome/diagnosis , Petrolatum/therapeutic use , Phenytoin/administration & dosage , Albendazole/administration & dosage , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , Eosinophilia/etiology , Exanthema/diagnosis , Levetiracetam/administration & dosage , Acetaminophen/therapeutic use
6.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(3): 95-104, sept. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128985

ABSTRACT

La relación entre inmunidad y cáncer es compleja. Las células tumorales desarrollan mecanismos de evasión a las respuestas del sistema inmunitario. Esta capacidad permite su supervivencia y crecimiento. La inmunoterapia ha transformado el tratamiento oncológico mejorando la respuesta inmunitaria contra la célula tumoral. Esta se basa en el bloqueo de los puntos de control inmunitario mediante anticuerpos monoclonales contra la molécula inhibidora CTLA-4 (antígeno 4 del linfocito T citotóxico [CTLA-4]) y la proteína 1 de muerte celular programada y su ligando (PD-1/PD-L1). Aunque los inhibidores de los puntos de control inmunitario (ICIs) son fármacos bien tolerados, tienen un perfil de efectos adversos conocido como eventos adversos inmunorrelacionados (EAI). Estos afectan varios sistemas, incluyendo las glándulas endocrinas. Los eventos adversos endocrinos más frecuentes son la disfunción tiroidea, la insuficiencia hipofisaria, la diabetes mellitus autoinmune y la insuficiencia suprarrenal primaria. El creciente conocimiento de estos efectos adversos endocrinos ha llevado a estrategias de tratamiento efectivo con el reemplazo hormonal correspondiente. El objetivo de esta revisión es reconocer la incidencia de estas nuevas endocrinopatías, la fisiopatología, su valoración clínica y el manejo terapéutico. (AU)


The relationship between immunity and cancer is complex. Tumor cells develop evasion mechanisms to the immune system responses. This ability allows their survival and progression. Immunotherapy has transformed cancer treatment by improving the immune response against tumor cells. This is achieved by blocking immune checkpoints with monoclonal antibodies against cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) and programmed cell death protein 1 and its ligand (PD-1 / PD-L1). Although the immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are well tolerated drugs, they have a profile of adverse effects known as immune-related adverse events (irAES). These involve diverse systems, including the endocrine glands. The most frequent endocrine immune-related adverse events are thyroid and pituitary dysfunction, autoimmune diabetes mellitus and primary adrenal insufficiency. The increasing knowledge of these irAES has led to effective treatment strategies with the corresponding hormonal replacement. The objective of this review is to recognize the incidence of these new endocrinopathies, the physiopathology, their clinical evaluation, and therapeutic management. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Endocrine System Diseases/chemically induced , Immunotherapy/adverse effects , Thyroid Diseases/diagnosis , Thyroid Diseases/chemically induced , Thyroid Diseases/pathology , Thyroid Diseases/therapy , Thyroxine/administration & dosage , Triiodothyronine/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , Adrenal Insufficiency/diagnosis , Adrenal Insufficiency/chemically induced , Adrenal Insufficiency/pathology , Adrenal Insufficiency/therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/chemically induced , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/pathology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/therapy , Endocrine System Diseases/diagnosis , Endocrine System Diseases/physiopathology , Endocrine System Diseases/therapy , Hypophysitis/diagnosis , Hypophysitis/chemically induced , Hypophysitis/pathology , Hypophysitis/therapy , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Insulin/therapeutic use , Methimazole/therapeutic use , Mineralocorticoids/therapeutic use , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Neoplasms/immunology
7.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(1): 38-43, 2020-02-00. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1095346

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El asma es una enfermedad inflamatoria crónica con alta prevalencia en pacientes pediátricos. Existen resultados contradictorios respecto al efecto de esta enfermedad en los índices de caries dental. El objetivo del estudio fue determinar la prevalencia de caries dental en pacientes pediátricos asmáticos con medicación inhalatoria. Población y métodos. Estudio de casos y controles cuya muestra estuvo conformada por pacientes pediátricos que acudieron al Centro Médico Naval "Cirujano Mayor Santiago Távara" de diciembre de 2014 a marzo de 2015. Se dividieron en dos grupos: el primero (casos), integrado por pacientes asmáticos que utilizaban inhaladores en su tratamiento; el segundo (controles), por pacientes sanos del mismo nosocomio. Se realizó una evaluación médica para determinar tipo, tiempo y frecuencia del tratamiento y un examen oral para determinar la prevalencia de caries dental y el índice de dientes cariados, perdidos y obturados (CPOD). Resultados. Se encontró que la prevalencia de caries dental en el grupo control fue del 34,2 %, mientras, en el grupo casos, fue del 28,3 % (p = 0,094). Con respecto al índice de caries dental, el grupo control presentó CPOD de 4,73 ± 0,32, y el grupo casos, de 3,98 ± 0,31 (p = 0,08). Sin embargo, se evidenció que, a mayor tiempo de tratamiento con los inhaladores, el índice CPOD aumentaba significativamente (p = 0,04).Conclusiones. La medicación inhalatoria no incrementa la prevalencia de caries dental en pacientes pediátricos asmáticos. Sin embargo, existe una relación directa entre la duración del tratamiento y la prevalencia de caries dental


Introduction. Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease that is highly prevalent among pediatric patients. The results about the effect of asthma on the rate of dental caries are contradictory. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of dental caries in asthma pediatric patients using inhaled drugs. Population and methods. Case-control study in a sample made up of pediatric patients who attended Centro Médico Naval "Cirujano Mayor Santiago Távara" between December 2014 and March 2015. Patients were divided into two groups: group A (cases) included asthma patients using inhalers as part of their treatment; group B (controls), healthy subjects who attended the same facility. A medical examination was done to determine the type, time, and frequency of treatment and an oral exam, to establish the prevalence of dental caries and the decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index. Results. The prevalence of dental caries was 34.2 % in the control group and 28.3 % in the case group (p = 0.094). In relation to the rate of dental caries, the DMFT index in the control group was 4.73 ± 0.32, and 3.98 ± 0.31 in the case group (p = 0.08). However, it was evidenced that a longer duration of inhaler use led to a significantly higher DMFT index (p = 0.04).Conclusions. Inhaled drugs do not increase the prevalence of dental caries in asthma pediatric patients. However, there is a direct relationship between treatment duration and the prevalence of dental caries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Asthma/drug therapy , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Metered Dose Inhalers , Dry Powder Inhalers , Bronchodilator Agents/administration & dosage , Case-Control Studies , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prevalence , Tooth Loss , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , Dental Care for Children
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(2): 187-193, Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136182

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE To analyze clinical and demographic variables possibly associated with the prescriptions of non-recommended but routinely used therapies for infants with acute viral bronchiolitis. METHODS A cross-sectional study included hospitalized infants with bronchiolitis caused by the respiratory syncytial virus. Those with other associated infections and/or morbidities were excluded. The data were collected from medical records. RESULTS Among 120 cases, 90% used inhaled beta-agonists, 72.5% corticosteroids, 40% antibiotics, and 66.7% inhaled hypertonic saline solution. The use of bronchodilators did not present an independent association with another variable. More frequent use of corticosteroids was associated with low oximetry, longer hospitalization time, and age>3 months. Antibiotic therapy was associated with the presence of fever, longer hospitalization, and age>3 months. Inhaled hypertonic saline solution was associated with longer hospitalization time. CONCLUSIONS Non-recommended prescriptions were frequent. Corticosteroid and antibiotic therapy were associated with signs of severity, as expected, but interestingly, they were more frequently used in infants above 3m, which suggested less safety in the diagnosis of viral bronchiolitis in these patients. The use of bronchodilators was even more worrying since they were indiscriminately used, without association with another variable related to the severity or characteristics of the host. The use of the inhaled hypertonic solution, although not associated with severity, seems to have implied a longer hospitalization time. The identification of these conditions of greater vulnerability to the prescription of inappropriate therapies contributes to the implantation of protocols for the bronchiolitis treatment, for continuing education and for analysis of the effectiveness of the strategies employed.


RESUMO OBJETIVOS Analisar variáveis clínicas e demográficas possivelmente associadas às prescrições de terapêuticas não recomendadas, porém rotineiramente utilizadas, para lactentes com bronquiolite viral aguda. MÉTODOS Estudo transversal incluiu lactentes hospitalizados com bronquiolite por vírus sincicial respiratório. Excluídos aqueles com outras infecções e/ou morbidades. Dados coletados de prontuários. RESULTADOS Analisados 120 casos, para os quais foram prescritos: beta-agonistas inalatórios a 90%; corticosteroides a 72,5%, antibióticos a 40% e solução salina hipertônica inalatória a 66,7%. O uso de broncodilatadores não apresentou associação independente com outra variável. Maior uso de corticosteroide associou-se à baixa oximetria, maior tempo de internação e idade >3 meses. Antibioticoterapia associou-se à presença de febre, maior tempo de internação e idade >3 meses. Solução salina hipertônica inalatória associou-se a maior tempo de internação. CONCLUSÕES A frequência das prescrições não recomendadas foi elevada. Corticosteroide e antibioticoterapia foram associados a sinais de gravidade, como esperado, porém, interessantemente, foram mais utilizados nos lactentes com idade acima de 3 meses, o que sugeriu menor segurança no diagnóstico de bronquiolite viral nesses pacientes. O uso de broncodilatadores foi ainda mais preocupante, uma vez que foram indiscriminadamente utilizados, sem associação com outra variável, seja relacionada à gravidade, seja a características do hospedeiro. O uso de solução hipertônica inalatória, apesar de não associado à gravidade, parece ter implicado maior tempo de internação. A identificação dessas condições de maior vulnerabilidade à prescrição de terapêuticas inadequadas contribui para a implantação de protocolos para o tratamento da BVA, para educação continuada e para posteriores comparações e análises de eficácia das estratégias empregadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Bronchiolitis, Viral/drug therapy , Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections/drug therapy , Inappropriate Prescribing/statistics & numerical data , Saline Solution, Hypertonic/administration & dosage , Bronchodilator Agents/administration & dosage , Logistic Models , Acute Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , Statistics, Nonparametric , Hospitalization , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage
9.
J. bras. pneumol ; 46(1): e20190307, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090792

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The pharmacological management of asthma has changed considerably in recent decades, as it has come to be understood that it is a complex, heterogeneous disease with different phenotypes and endotypes. It is now clear that the goal of asthma treatment should be to achieve and maintain control of the disease, as well as to minimize the risks (of exacerbations, disease instability, accelerated loss of lung function, and adverse treatment effects). That requires an approach that is personalized in terms of the pharmacological treatment, patient education, written action plan, training in correct inhaler use, and review of the inhaler technique at each office visit. A panel of 22 pulmonologists was invited to perform a critical review of recent evidence of pharmacological treatment of asthma and to prepare this set of recommendations, a treatment guide tailored to use in Brazil. The topics or questions related to the most significant changes in concepts, and consequently in the management of asthma in clinical practice, were chosen by a panel of experts. To formulate these recommendations, we asked each expert to perform a critical review of a topic or to respond to a question, on the basis of evidence in the literature. In a second phase, three experts discussed and structured all texts submitted by the others. That was followed by a third phase, in which all of the experts reviewed and discussed each recommendation. These recommendations, which are intended for physicians involved in the treatment of asthma, apply to asthma patients of all ages.


RESUMO O manejo farmacológico da asma mudou consideravelmente nas últimas décadas, com base no entendimento de que a asma é uma doença heterogênea e complexa, com diferentes fenótipos e endótipos. Agora está claro que o objetivo do tratamento da asma deve ser alcançar e manter o controle da doença e evitar riscos futuros (exacerbações, instabilidade da doença, perda acelerada da função pulmonar e efeitos adversos do tratamento). Isso implica em uma abordagem personalizada, incluindo tratamento farmacológico, educação do paciente, plano de ação por escrito, treinamento para uso do dispositivo inalatório e revisão da técnica inalatória a cada visita ao consultório. Um painel de 22 pneumologistas brasileiros foi convidado a revisar criticamente evidências recentes de tratamento farmacológico da asma e a preparar esta recomendação, um guia de tratamento adaptado à nossa realidade. A escolha dos tópicos ou questões relacionadas às mudanças mais significativas nos conceitos e, consequentemente, no manejo da asma na prática clínica foi realizada por um painel de especialistas. Foi solicitado a cada especialista que revisasse criticamente um tópico ou respondesse a uma pergunta, com base em evidências, para estas recomendações. Numa segunda fase, três especialistas discutiram e estruturaram todos os textos submetidos pelos demais e, na última fase, todos revisaram e discutiram cada recomendação. As presentes recomendações se aplicam a adultos e crianças com asma e destinam-se a médicos envolvidos no tratamento da doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asthma/drug therapy , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , Anti-Asthmatic Agents/administration & dosage , Disease Management , Severity of Illness Index , Administration, Inhalation , Brazil , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Symptom Flare Up
11.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(6): 644-647, dic. 2019. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1046628

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad de Behçet (EB) es un trastorno de vasculitis sistémica poco frecuente, de etiología desconocida, que se caracteriza por la presencia de aftas bucales, úlceras genitales y uveítis recurrentes. Afecta los sistemas nerviosos central y periférico; raramente se produce durante la niñez. La meningitis aséptica aguda aislada es muy poco frecuente. En este artículo, se describe el caso de una paciente de 14 años con diagnóstico de enfermedad de Behçet con afectación neurológica (neuro-Behçet). La paciente tenía cefalea aguda, diplopia, papiledema e irritación meníngea. Tenía antecedentes de úlceras bucales recurrentes. Las imágenes por resonancia magnética de cerebro revelaron paquimeningitis. Los hallazgos en el líquido cefalorraquídeo fueron pleocitosis y aumento de la presión. Pese al tratamiento médico, sus síntomas no se resolvieron. No se detectó uveítis y la prueba de patergia fue negativa. El alelo HLA-B51 fue positivo. Se consideró que los hallazgos apuntaban a la poco frecuente enfermedad de Behçet con afectación neurológica. La paciente mejoró drásticamente luego del tratamiento con corticoesteroides. En el diagnóstico diferencial de meningitis, se debe considerar la EB, a menos que se demuestre la presencia de un agente infeccioso. Hasta donde sabemos, anteriormente no se había descrito un caso de paquimeningitis con neuro-Behçet en la población pediátrica.


Behçet's disease (BD) is a rare systemic vasculitis disorder of unknown etiology characterized by recurrent oral and genital apthae and uveitis. It involves the central or peripheral nervous system; occurs rarely during childhood. Isolated acute aseptic meningitis is extremely uncommon. We report here a case of Neuro-Behçet disease (NBD) diagnosed in a 14-year-old girl. The patient presented acute headache, diplopia, papilla edema, and meningeal irritation. She had a history of recurrent oral ulcers. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed pachymeningitis. Pleocytosis and pressure increase were the cerebrospinal fluid findings. Although medical therapy, her complaints were not resolved. Uveitis was not detected, pathergy test was negative. HLA-B51 allele was positive. The findings were considered to unusual NBD. The patient improved dramatically after steroid therapy. BD should be considered in differential diagnosis of meningitis unless an infectious agent is demonstrated. To our knowledge, a case of pachymeningitis with NBD, was not described in children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Behcet Syndrome/diagnosis , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , Headache , Meningitis, Aseptic/diagnosis
12.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(3): 325-330, July-Sept. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040031

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Oral antihistamines and intranasal corticosteroids have been shown to be effective and safe for the treatment of allergic rhinitis; however, the evidence suggests a level of superiority of corticosteroids, so they should be preferred over the former. Objective To know the prescription profile of two second generation antihistamines (cetirizine and levocetirizine) and two nasal corticosteroids (mometasone and furoateciclesonide) in a cohort of patients with allergic rhinitis, and to compare the clinical outcomes obtained. Methods A cohort study was carried including patients with allergic rhinitis treated with cetirizine, levocetirizine, mometasone furoate or ciclesonide. The improvement was evaluated with the total nasal symptoms score (TNSS). This scale yields results between 0 and 12. Zero indicates absence of symptoms. Results A total of 314 patients completed 12 weeks of follow-up. Seventy-five percent were treated with antihistamines, 20% with corticosteroids, and 5% with a combination of the above. The TNSS median for corticosteroid was 2.5 points; for antihistamines, its was 5 points, and for combination, it was 4 points. We found differences between corticosteroids and antihistamines. Conclusion The prescription percentage of second generation oral antihistamines is higher than that of intranasal corticosteroids. However, patients with allergic rhinitis treated with the second option obtained better control of symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Rhinitis, Allergic/drug therapy , Histamine Antagonists/therapeutic use , Drug Prescriptions , Administration, Intranasal , Cohort Studies , Treatment Outcome , Cetirizine/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , Colombia , Mometasone Furoate/therapeutic use
13.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(9): 638-645, Sept. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038745

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common mononeuropathy caused by entrapment of the median nerve at the wrist. Common treatment options for CTS include oral analgesics, splinting, hand therapy, local injections with steroids or surgery. Objective: The aim of the present study was to assess the short-term clinical and electrophysiological outcomes of local corticosteroid injection (LCI) in patients with symptomatic CTS. Methods: Electrophysiological parameters were evaluated before and three months after LCI. Moreover, the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), the Boston Symptom Severity Scale (SSS) and the Functional Status Scale (FSS) were administered before and after the injection. A mixture of 1 mL (40 mg) of methylprednisolone and 1 mL of 0.5% bupivacaine were injected blindly on the volar side of the forearm between the tendons of the radial carpal flexor muscle and long palmar muscle. Results: A total of 25 patients (45 hands) were enrolled in the study. Twenty women and five men with a mean age of 49.28 ± 11.37 years were included. A statistically significant difference was noted for improvement of sensory conduction velocities, sensory peak latency, and motor distal latency (p = 0.001) after LCI. A significant difference was recorded between pre- and post-injection for NRS, SSS and FSS scores (p = 0.000). Conclusion: Local corticosteroid injection for CTS provides a short-term improvement in neurophysiological and clinical outcomes such as pain intensity, symptom severity and functional ability.


RESUMO A síndrome do túnel do carpo (STC) é a mononeuropatia mais comum causada pelo aprisionamento do nervo mediano no punho. Opções comuns de tratamento para STC incluem analgésicos orais, splinting, terapia de mão, injeções locais com esteroides ou cirurgia. Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar os resultados clínicos e eletrofisiológicos de curto prazo da injeção de corticosteroide local (ICL) em pacientes com STC sintomática. Métodos: Os parâmetros eletrofisiológicos foram avaliados antes e três meses após a ICL. Além disso, a Escala Numérica de Avaliação (NRS), a Escala de Gravidade de Sintomas de Boston (BSS) e a Escala de Status Funcional (FSS) foram administradas antes e após a injeção. Uma mistura de 1 ml (40 mg) de metilprednisolona e 1 ml de bupivacaína a 0,5% foi injetada cegamente no lado do antebraço entre os tendões do músculo flexor radial do carpo e o músculo palmar longo. Resultados: Um total de 25 pacientes (45 mãos) foi incluído no estudo. Vinte mulheres e cinco homens com idade média de 49,28 ± 11,37 anos foram incluídos. Foi observada diferença estatisticamente significante para melhora das velocidades de condução sensitiva, latência de pico sensorial, latência motora distal (p = 0,001) após a ICL. Uma diferença significativa foi registrada entre pré e pós-injeção para os escores NRS, BSS e FSS (p = 0,000). Conclusão: A ICL para STC fornece uma melhoria a curto prazo em resultados neurofisiológicos e clínicos, tais como intensidade da dor, gravidade dos sintomas e capacidade funcional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/physiopathology , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/drug therapy , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , Time Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Electromyography , Myalgia/physiopathology , Myalgia/drug therapy , Injections, Intramuscular
14.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(1): 101-103, Jan.-Mar. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002176

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis (ECRS) is characterized by an eosinophilic inflammation driven by Th2-type cytokines. Glucocorticosteroids are the most common first-line treatment for ECRS with nasal polyps. Objective We have evaluated the long-term treatment with double-dose intranasal corticosteroids in refractory ECRS nasal polyps resistant to the conventional dose and assessed the risk of adverse systemic effects Methods Sixteen subjects were enrolled in this study. All subjects had ECRS after endoscopic sinus surgery that resulted in recurrentmild andmoderate nasal polyps and were undergoing a postoperative follow-up application of mometasone furoate at a dose of 2 sprays (100 μg) in each nostril once a day (200 μg). All the patients were prescribed mometasone furoate, administered at a dose of 2 sprays (100 μg) in each nostril twice a day (400 μg) for 6 months. Results The average scores of the symptoms during the regular dose of intranasal steroid treatment were 5.2 ± 2.2, but 6 months after the high-dose application, they had significantly decreased to 2.5 ± 1.4 (p < 0.05). The polyp size showed an average score of 1.38 during the regular dose which was significantly reduced to 0.43 (p < 0.01) by the double dose. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) showed normal ranges in all the patients tested. The cortisol plasma concentration was also normal. Conclusion Doubling the dose of the nasal topical spray mometasone furoate might be recommended for the treatment of recurrent nasal polyps in the postoperative follow-up of intractable ECRS. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Sinusitis/drug therapy , Rhinitis/drug therapy , Mometasone Furoate/administration & dosage , Mometasone Furoate/adverse effects , Postoperative Care , Sinusitis/surgery , Administration, Intranasal , Rhinitis/surgery , Nasal Polyps/physiopathology , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/adverse effects , Endoscopy , Nasal Sprays
15.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 95(supl.1): S10-S22, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002480

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: To assess the impact of asthma and its treatment (inhaled corticosteroids and other control medications) on growth. Data sources: The authors searched PubMed (up to August 24, 2018) and screened the reference lists of retrieved articles. Systematic reviews and meta-analysis were selected. If there was no such article, the authors selected either randomized clinical trials or observational studies. Data synthesis: A total of 37 articles were included in this review. The findings from 21 studies suggest that asthma per se, especially more severe and/or uncontrolled cases, can transitorily impair child's growth. Two Cochrane reviews of randomized clinical trials showed a small mean reduction in linear growth (-0.91 cm/year for beclomethasone, -0.59 cm/year for budesonide, and -0.39 cm/year for fluticasone) in the first year of treatment with inhaled corticosteroids in prepubertal children with persistent asthma. The effects were likely to be molecule- and dose-dependent. A recent review showed that most of "real-life" observational studies had not found significant effects of inhaled corticosteroids on growth in asthmatic children. Fifteen studies showed that the maintenance systemic corticosteroids could cause a dose-dependent growth suppression in children with severe asthma, but other controllers (cromones, montelukast, salmeterol, and theophylline) had no significant adverse effects no growth. Conclusions: Severe and/or uncontrolled asthma can transitorily impair child's growth. Regular use of inhaled corticosteroids may cause a small reduction in linear growth in children with asthma, but the well-established benefits of inhaled corticosteroids in controlling asthma outweigh the potential adverse effects on growth. Use of the minimally effective dose of inhaled corticosteroids and regular monitoring of child's height during inhaled corticosteroids therapy are recommended.


Resumo Objetivos: Avaliar o impacto da asma e seu tratamento (corticosteroides inalados e outros medicamentos de controle) no crescimento. Fontes de dados: Uma busca foi feita no PubMed (até 24 de agosto de 2018) e foram triadas as listas de referência dos artigos recuperados. Revisões sistemáticas e metanálises foram selecionadas. Se não houvesse tal artigo, ensaios clínicos randomizados ou estudos observacionais eram selecionados. Síntese dos dados: Trinta e sete artigos foram incluídos nesta revisão. Os achados de 21 estudos sugerem que a asma por si só, especialmente os casos mais graves e/ou descontrolados, podem prejudicar o crescimento da criança. Duas revisões Cochrane de ensaios clínicos randomizados mostraram uma pequena redução média no crescimento linear (−0,91 cm/ano para beclometasona, −0,59 cm/ano para budesonida e −0,39 cm/ano para fluticasona) no primeiro ano de tratamento com corticosteroides inalados em crianças pré-púberes com asma persistente. Os efeitos pareciam ter efeito dose- e molécula-dependente. Uma revisão recente mostrou que a maioria dos estudos observacionais da "vida real" não encontrou efeitos significativos dos corticosteroides inalados no crescimento de crianças asmáticas. Quinze estudos mostraram que a manutenção de corticosteroides sistêmicos poderia causar uma supressão do crescimento dose-dependente em crianças com asma grave, mas outros controladores (cromonas, montelucaste, salmeterol e teofilina) não tiveram efeitos adversos significativos no crescimento. Conclusões: A asma grave e/ou descontrolada pode prejudicar o crescimento da criança. O uso regular de corticosteroides inalados pode causar uma pequena redução no crescimento linear em crianças com asma, mas os benefícios bem estabelecidos dos corticosteroides inalados no controle da asma superam os potenciais efeitos adversos no crescimento. Recomenda-se o uso de doses minimamente eficazes de corticosteroides inalados e o monitoramento regular da altura da criança durante a terapia com corticosteroides inalados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Asthma/drug therapy , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , Anti-Asthmatic Agents/adverse effects , Growth Disorders/chemically induced , Severity of Illness Index , Anti-Asthmatic Agents/administration & dosage , Evidence-Based Medicine
16.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 29: e-2024, 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048021

ABSTRACT

Este documento é uma revisão do protocolo de asma grave da SMPCT de 2015, que se fez necessária devido à atualização de avanços em pesquisas, principalmente em fenotipagem/genotipagem e terapêutica da asma grave, além de asma grave na pediatria. A maioria da publicações relata que 5% a 10% dos asmáticos podem apresentar asma grave. Porém, levantamento na Holanda encontrou uma prevalência menor, de 3,6% ou 10,4/10000 habitantes, que parece ser mais próximo da realidade. Este protocolo tem como população alvo os pacientes com asma grave, adultos e pediátricos, conforme definições de asma grave da"International ERS/ATS guidelines on definition, evaluation and treatment of severe asthma" de 2014 e GINA 2018.1,3 Seus potenciais utilizadores são especialistas em doenças respiratórias que lidam com asma grave, e que devem ser os responsáveis pela aplicação do protocolo, e também clínicos gerais, pediatras, médicos de cuidados primários, enfermeiros, fisioterapeutas e outros profissionais da saúde. É aconselhável consulta com um especialista em asma nos seguintes casos: asma de difícil diagnóstico, suspeita de asma ocupacional, asma persistente não controlada com exacerbações frequentes, asma com risco de morte, eventos adversos significativos ou suspeita de subtipos de asma grave.4 Este documento não tem a intenção de instituir um tratamento padronizado, mas estabelecer bases racionais para decisões em pacientes com asma grave, pois as recomendações não conseguem abranger toda a complexidade do julgamento clínico em casos individuais. Os autores recomendam sua revisão e atualização no período máximo de 3 anos, ou, se necessário, em tempo menor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Asthma , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Adrenergic beta-2 Receptor Agonists , Asthma/diagnosis , Asthma/drug therapy , Asthma/therapy , Interleukin-5/antagonists & inhibitors , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/agonists , Chemical Compounds , Adrenergic beta-2 Receptor Agonists/administration & dosage
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(12): e201901206, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054688

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To evaluate the effects of prednisolone against sodium diclofenac both with ciprofloxacin compared to artificial tears on the symptoms and signs of acute viral conjunctivitis. Methods Study included 37 patients diagnosed with acute conjunctivitis and distributed by three groups: A (1% prednisolone acetate + ciprofloxacin (0.3%); B (Sodium diclofenac (0.1%) + ciprofloxacin (0.3%) and C (artificial tears + ciprofloxacin (0.3%). Patients received medication 6/6 hours daily. Signs and symptoms (e.g. lacrimation, burning, photophobia, etc.) were scored at baseline and on the first, third, fifth and seventh days and in the end of treatment using a standardized questionnaire and slit lamp anterior segment examination. Results All three groups demonstrated an improvement in the signs and symptoms of conjunctivitis in their follow-up visits. There was no significant difference in symptom and sign scores between Group A and B and B and C in the study visits ( p >0.05). However, the comparison between groups A and C showed a clinical trend (p=0.05) on third evaluation suggesting better clinical action using the corticosteroids. Conclusion The prednisolone acetate was not superior to the use of sodium diclofenac or artificial tears in relieving the signs and symptoms of viral conjunctivitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Prednisolone/analogs & derivatives , Ciprofloxacin/administration & dosage , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/administration & dosage , Conjunctivitis, Viral/drug therapy , Diclofenac/administration & dosage , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , Ophthalmic Solutions/administration & dosage , Prednisolone/administration & dosage , Acute Disease , Analysis of Variance , Interleukins/analysis , Interferon-gamma , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Treatment Outcome , Nitric Oxide Synthase/analysis , Lubricant Eye Drops/administration & dosage
18.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(6): 510-516, dic. 2018. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978023

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las resecciones hepáticas mayores pueden presentar una alta morbimortalidad en relación al sangrado intraoperatorio. La utilización de la maniobra de Pringle permite disminuir esta complicación a costa de un daño por isquemia-reperfusión. Una estrategia para minimizarla es el uso de corticoides perioperatorios. Objetivo: Evaluar el uso de metilprednisolona en dosis bajas (< 500 mg) en pacientes sometidos a resección hepática mayor con maniobra de Pringle en la incidencia de daño por isquemiareperfusión, morbilidad y mortalidad perioperatoria. Material y Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo utilizando la base de datos de hepatectomías entre los años 2000 y 2015. De un total de 171 resecciones hepáticas mayores, 62 utilizaron clampeo vascular. Se establecieron dos grupos: (A) aquellos que recibieron metilprednisolona inmediatamente previo al clampeo (n = 27) y (B) pacientes sin metilprednisolona (n = 35). Se evaluó el daño por isquemia-reperfusión por alteración de las pruebas hepáticas en los días 1, 3 y 5. Resultados: Los pacientes del grupo A tuvieron mayor tiempo de isquemia (43 + 3,3 vs 27 + 2,1 min, p < 0,05) que el grupo B, con una significativamente menor elevación de las fosfatasas alcalinas y bilirrubina en los días 1 y 5 poshepatectomía. No se observó diferencias en la magnitud del sangrado y no hubo diferencias en morbimortalidad. Conclusiones: La utilización de dosis bajas de metilprednisolona parece disminuir el impacto del DIR relacionado a la resección hepática bajo clampeo vascular, evitando los efectos adversos de la administración de esteroides en dosis altas.


Introduction: Liver resections may be associated with high morbidity and mortality due to intraoperative bleeding. Pringle maneuver reduces this complication at the expense of ischemia-reperfusion injury. Current strategies to minimize reperfusion injury include the use of perioperative corticosteroids. Objective: To assess the use of methylprednisolone in low doses (< 500 mg) in patients submitted to major hepatic resection under Pringle maneuver in the incidence of ischemia-reperfusion injury, peri-operative morbidity, and mortality. Material and Methods: Retrospective study from the liver resections database undertaken between the years 2000-2015 in our center. One hundred and seventy-one major liver resections were done, in 62 under Pringle maneuver. Two groups were established: (A) Patients administered methylprednisolone immediately before Pringle maneuver (n = 27) and (B) those without steroid (n = 35). We assessed ischemia-reperfusion injury by measuring liver tests on days 1, 3 and 5. Results: Patients in group A had longer ischemia time (43 ± 3.3 vs. 27 ± 2.1 min, p < 0.05) than those of group B, and significantly lower elevation of serum phosphatase alkaline and bilirubin on days 1 and five post-hepatectomy. We did not observe any difference in bleeding magnitude, and there were no differences in morbidity or mortality. Conclusions: The use of low doses of methylprednisolone seems to diminish the impact of ischemia-reperfusion injury related to major hepatic resection under Pringle maneuver avoiding the adverse side effects of high dose steroid.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Methylprednisolone/administration & dosage , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Hepatectomy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical/prevention & control , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , Hepatectomy/adverse effects
19.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(4): 598-600, July-Aug. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038276

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Wet wrap dressings provide an ancillary treatment option for erythrodermic patients. Wet wrap therapy consists of the application of topical corticosteroids on all affected surfaces, followed by the application of a warm moist cotton cloth with a dry cotton cloth on top. The advantages of this procedure include its safety, as well as the prompt and marked improvement of the erythroderma. For erythrodermic psoriasis, wet wrap dressings can serve as an important rescue therapy option. The purpose of this study is to report a case series of seven patients with erythrodermic psoriasis that responded promptly to wet wrap therapy prior to the initiation of systemic treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Bandages , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , Dermatitis, Exfoliative/drug therapy , Administration, Topical , Treatment Outcome
20.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 116(3): 385-391, jun. 2018. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-950016

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Determinar la frecuencia de mutaciones del gen MEFV en niños con diagnóstico de púrpura de Schonlein-Henoch y evaluar el efecto que tienen en el pronóstico. Materiales y métodos. Estudio transversal que incluyeron pacientes pediátricos de entre 2 y 11 años, con diagnóstico de púrpura de Schonlein-Henoch. Se estudiaron para detectar 6 mutaciones en el gen MEFV (M694V, M680I, A744S, R202Q, K695R y E148Q). Resultados. Se incluyeron ochenta pacientes, de los cuales el 55% eran de sexo masculino (n= 44). La media de edad fue 6,44 ± 2,52 años. Durante el seguimiento, 9 pacientes presentaron recurrencia de la enfermedad, 5 sufrieron invaginación intestinal y 1 paciente tuvo convulsiones. Aproximadamente la mitad de los pacientes recibió corticoides. En 44 pacientes (55%) no se detectaron mutaciones en el gen MEFV. En 19 pacientes (22%) hubo una mutación heterocigota. Se encontró E148Q en 8 pacientes, M694V en 5 pacientes, A744S en 4 pacientes y la mutación heterocigota R202Q en 2 pacientes. En 1 paciente se detectó la mutación heterocigota M608I y en otro paciente se encontró la mutación homocigota M694V. En 15 pacientes se encontraron mutaciones heterocigotas compuestas en el gen MEFV. Las mutaciones en el gen MEFV no se correlacionaban con la frecuencia de compromiso renal y gastrointestinal ni con el pronóstico, desarrollo de complicaciones y uso de corticoides. Conclusiones. Las mutaciones en el gen MEFV no se correlacionan con la evolución clínica ni con las complicaciones en pacientes pediátricos con púrpura de Schonlein-Henoch en Turquía.


Objective. To determine the frequency of the MEFV gene mutations in pediatric patients diagnosed with HSP and to assess the effect of the MEFV gene mutations on their prognosis. Material and Methods. Ccross-sectional study; pediatric patients between 2-11 years diagnosed with HSP were included. These cases were investigated for 6 MEFV gene mutations (M694V, M680I, A744S, R202Q, K695R, E148Q). Results. Eighty cases were included in the study of which 55% were male (n= 44). The mean age was 6.44 ± 2.52 years. Disease recurrence occurred in 9 patients, invagination in 5 patients and convulsion in 1 patient during follow-up. Approximately half of the patients received steroids. The MEFV gene mutations was not detected in 44 (55%) of the patients. There was a heterozygous mutation in 19 (22%). E148Q was found in 8 patients, M694V in 5 patients, A744S in 4 patients, and the R202Q heterozygous mutation in 2 patients. The M608I homozygous mutation was detected in 1 patient and the M694V homozygous mutation in 1 patient. The compound heterozygous MEFV gene mutations was found in 15 patients. The presence of the MEFV gene mutations was not correlated with the frequency of renal and gastrointestinal involvement and prognosis, the development of complications and the use of steroids. Conclusion. The presence of the MEFV gene mutations does not correlate with the clinical course and complication in Turkish pediatric patients with HSP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/physiopathology , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage , Pyrin/genetics , Prognosis , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/genetics , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/drug therapy , Recurrence , Turkey , Cross-Sectional Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Heterozygote , Mutation
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