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1.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 93(2): e222, dic. 2022. tab, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1411437

ABSTRACT

El Hospital Escuela del Litoral de Paysandú es un centro de referencia departamental y regional con un Servicio de Emergencia único. Asiste a 68.000 usuarios, 25% pediátrico. Objetivos: describir la epidemiología global de las consultas durante el año 2019 en el Servicio de Emergencia del Hospital Escuela del Litoral de Paysandú y las características de la población pediátrica que concurre al mismo. Analizar los principales motivos de consulta, demanda asistencial, nivel de gravedad, rol del médico que asiste al paciente pediátrico y destino del paciente. Material y métodos: estudio descriptivo retrospectivo de la demanda asistencial durante el año 2019. Descripción y análisis de las consultas pediátricas entre el 1 de enero y el 30 de junio de 2019. Resultados: 47.647 consultas, 11.411 pediátricas. Meses de mayor consulta: julio, agosto y octubre. N: 4.905, 34,4% preescolares. 89% de las consultas se clasificaron como nivel 4 y 5. La patología respiratoria predominó en todas las franjas etarias y meses del año. Los pacientes nivel 1 se derivaron a cuidados moderados o CTI, y uno falleció. Discusión y conclusiones: mayor demanda asistencial en los meses fríos por patologías respiratorias. 1 de cada 100 consultas corresponden a emergencia-urgencia y 1 de cada 5 menos urgentes. Inadecuado uso del Servicio de Emergencia con sobrecarga asistencial. Se confirma utilidad del triage como herramienta en un Servicio de Emergencia mixto


The School Hospital Hospital Escuela del Litoral de Paysandú is a departmental and regional reference center with a unique Emergency Service. It serves 68,000 users, 25% of which are pediatric users. Objectives: to describe the total epidemiology consultations in 2019 at the Emergency Service of the Hospital Escuela del Litoral de Paysandú and the characteristics of its emergency pediatric population. Analyze the key reasons for consultation, care demand, level of severity, the role of doctors who receive pediatric patients and patients' referral. Material and methods: retrospective descriptive study of the demand for care in 2019. Description and analysis of pediatric consultations between January 1 and June 30, 2019. Results: 47,647 consultations, 11,411 pediatric. Months of greater consultation: July, August and October. N: 4905. 34.4% preschool. 89% of the consultations were classified as level 4 and 5. Respiratory pathology prevailed in all age groups and months of the year. Level 1 patients were referred to moderate care or ICU and one died. Discussion and conclusions: higher demand for care in Winter months due to respiratory pathologies. 1 out of every 100 consultations belonged to Emergency-Urgency Services and 1 out of 5 were less urgent. Inadequate use of the Emergency Service with care overload. We confirm the effectiveness of Triage as a tool in a mixed Emergency Services patients' referral process.


O Hospital Escola do Litoral de Paysandú é um centro de referência departamental e regional com um Serviço de Emergência único. Atende 68.000 usuários, 25% pediátricos. Objetivos: descrever a epidemiologia geral das consultas durante o ano de 2019 no Serviço de Emergência do Hospital Escola de Paysandú e as características da população pediátrica que atende o Serviço de Emergência. Analisar os principais motivos de consulta, demanda de atendimento, grau de gravidade, atuação dos médicos que atendem os pacientes pediátricos e destino do paciente. Material e métodos: estudo descritivo retrospectivo da demanda de atendimento durante o ano de 2019. Descrição e análise das consultas pediátricas entre 1º de janeiro e 30 de junho. de 2019 Resultados: 47.647 consultas, 11.411 pediátricas. Meses de maior consulta: julho, agosto e outubro. N: 4.905. 34,4% pré-escolar. 89% das consultas foram classificadas como nível 4 e 5. A patologia respiratória prevaleceu em todas as faixas etárias e meses do ano. Pacientes nível 1 foram encaminhados para cuidados moderados ou UTI e um faleceu. Discussão e conclusões: maior procura de cuidados nos meses frios devido a patologias respiratórias. 1 em cada 100 consultas corresponde a Urgência-Emergência e 1 em cada 5 corresponde a consultas menos urgentes. Uso inadequado do Serviço de Emergência com sobrecarga de atendimento. Confirma-se a utilidade da Triagem como ferramenta em um Serviço de Emergência misto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Physician's Role , Medical Care Statistics , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Pediatric Emergency Medicine/statistics & numerical data , Uruguay/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Age Distribution , Temporal Distribution
2.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 37(1): e201, jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1390034

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: aunque la enfermedad cardiovascular (ECV) es la principal causa de muerte de las mujeres en Uruguay, ellas no lo perciben. Objetivos: el propósito de este estudio fue evaluar la percepción, el conocimiento y las conductas de prevención de las ECV entre mujeres por grupos de edad, nivel socioeconómico (NSE) y región, así como su conocimiento sobre factores de riesgo, síntomas y comportamientos cardiosaludables. Métodos: en 2020 se encuestaron vía web 700 mujeres de entre 20 y 70 años, residentes en Uruguay (Montevideo: 301, interior del país: 399). Se pautó publicidad en redes sociales para convocar a la población objetivo a participar. Las integrantes de la muestra, que completaron una encuesta autoadministrada, presentaban distribución similar a la población general en cuanto al NSE y la edad. Resultados: las mujeres encuestadas percibieron a la ECV como principal problema de salud (PS) en el 10% y como primera CM en el 18%. Las montevideanas, comparadas con las del interior, tuvieron mayores niveles de percepción (PS: 13% vs. 7%-CM: 20% vs. 17%); así como las de NSE alto vs. las de medio-bajo (PS: 17% vs. 8%-CM: 29% vs. 14%). La percepción y el conocimiento sobre ECV son bajos, las jóvenes son las menos informadas (escasos/muy escasos: 62%). Los médicos advierten poco sobre síntomas (23%) y estrategias de prevención (48%). Conclusión: la percepción de las mujeres encuestadas sobre la ECV es baja, existiendo brechas por edad, NSE y región. En la consulta, los médicos informan poco sobre el tema. Es necesario un esfuerzo continuo para mejorar la percepción de las mujeres sobre la ECV en su propio género, intentando llegar principalmente a las poblaciones de mayor riesgo.


Background: although cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the main cause of death for women in Uruguay, they do not perceive it. Objectives: the purpose of this study was to evaluate the perception, knowledge, and prevention behaviors of CVD among women by age group, socioeconomic level (SEL), and region, as well as knowledge of risk factors, symptoms, and heart-healthy behaviors. Method and result: online survey of 700 women residents of Uruguay (Montevideo: 301, interior of the country: 399), was conducted in 2020, ages between 20 and 70 years. Advertising was scheduled on social networks, calling the target population to participate in that research by completing a selfadministered survey, obtaining a set of cases with a similar distribution to the general population in terms of SEL and age. CVD was perceived in 10% as the main health problem (HP) and 18% as the first CD. Women from Montevideo vs. interior had higher levels of perception (HP: 13% vs. 7%-CD: 20% vs. 17%); as well as those of high vs. those of mediumlow SEL (HP: 17% vs. 8%-CD: 29% vs. 14%). The perception and knowledge about CVD are low, with young women being the least informed (little/very little: 62%). Doctors report little on symptoms (23%) and prevention (48%). Conclusion: the perception of the women surveyed about CVD is low, with gaps by age, NSE and region. Doctors inform little about this topic during clinical visits. A continuous effort is necessary to improve women's perception of CVD in their own gender, trying to reach mainly the populations at greatest risk.


Antecedentes: embora a doença cardiovascular (DCV) seja a principal causa de morte das mulheres no Uruguai, elas não a percebem. Objetivos: o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a percepção, conhecimento e comportamentos de prevenção de DCV entre mulheres por faixa etária, nível socioeconômico (NSE) e região, bem como o conhecimento de fatores de risco, sintomas, doenças cardíacas e comportamentos saudáveis para o coração. Método e resultado: em 2020, 700 mulheres entre 20 e 70 anos, residentes no Uruguai, foram entrevistadas via web (Montevidéu: 301, interior do país: 399). A publicidade foi agendada nas redes sociais, convocando a população alvo a participar da referida pesquisa através do preenchimento de um inquérito autoaplicável, obtendose um conjunto de casos com distribuição semelhante à população geral em termos de NSE e idade. As mulheres pesquisadas perceberam a DCV como principal problema de saúde (PS) em 10% e como principal CM em 18%. As mulheres de Montevidéu vs. interior apresentaram níveis mais elevados de percepção (PS: 13% vs. 7%-CM: 20% vs. 17%); bem como as de NSE alto vs. as de médiobaixo (PS: 17% vs. 8%-CM: 29% vs. 14%). A percepção e o conhecimento sobre DCV são baixos, sendo as mulheres jovens as menos informadas (pouco/muito pouco: 62%). Os médicos informam pouco sobre síntomas (23%) e prevenção (48%). Conclusão: a percepção das mulheres pesquisadas sobre DCV é baixa, com diferenças por idade, NSE e região. Os médicos informam pouco sobre esse tema durante as consultas clínicas. É necessário um esforço contínuo para melhorar a percepção das mulheres sobre as DCV em seu próprio gênero, tentando atingir principalmente as populações de maior risco.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Perception , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Socioeconomic Factors , Uruguay/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Health Surveys , Cause of Death , Age Distribution
3.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(3): 188-193, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388737

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: El cáncer de mama constituye la primera causa de muerte oncológica en mujeres chilenas. Las tasas de incidencia solo han sido estimadas según el registro 2003-2007. Nuestro objetivo fue estimar las tasas de incidencia en un período de 10 años en un servicio de salud y caracterizar dicha población. MÉTODO: Se calcularon las tasas de incidencia del período 2006-2015, por método directo, y se analizó la tendencia por Prais-Winsten. Se caracterizó la población según la edad y la etapa al diagnóstico. RESULTADOS: De 2862 casos, la tasa de incidencia estandarizada promedio fue de 66,6 por 100.000 mujeres. En el período hubo una tendencia al alza del diagnóstico de 0,63/100.000 anualmente (p = 0,5; intervalo de confianza del 95%: −1,73 a 2,99). La mayor tasa de incidencia bruta fue en el grupo de 70 y más años (154,8/100.000). El 49% correspondieron a casos diagnosticados de 50 a 69 años. El 56% se diagnosticó precozmente; la etapa I tuvo la más alta tasa (15,8/100.000). CONCLUSIONES: En este estudio, las tasas de incidencia son mayores que las reportadas en informes nacionales previos. El diagnóstico es mayoritariamente en etapas precoces, lo que difiere del resto de los países de la región. Nuestros datos pueden aportar a mejorar las políticas públicas.


OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in Chilean women. Incidence rates have only been estimated based on population records (2003-2007). Our objective was to estimate the incidence rates in a 10-year period in a health service and portray in words this cohort. METHOD: Incidence rates were calculated between 2006-2015 by direct method and trends were analyzed with the Prais-Winsten model. The population was defined according to age and stage at diagnosis. RESULTS: Of a total of 2862 cases, the average incidence rate was 66.6 out of 100,000 women. Between 2006-2015, the trend rose in breast cancer diagnosis of 0.63/100,000 annually (p = 0.5; 95% confidence interval: −1.73, 2.99). The highest crude rate of incidence was in the group aged 70 and over (154.8/100,000). 49% correspond to cases diagnosed between 50 and 69 years. 56% were in early stages, stage I, being the most frequent (15.8/100,000). CONCLUSIONS: On this research the incidence rates were higher than the ones reported on previous national reports. Diagnosis is mostly in early stages which differs from other countries in the region, our data can help improve public health policies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Public Health/statistics & numerical data , Chile , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Age Distribution , Health Services/statistics & numerical data , Neoplasm Staging
4.
Cienc. Salud (St. Domingo) ; 6(2): 77-83, 20220520. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379387

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el síndrome de ovario poliquístico (SOP) es un trastorno endocrino metabólico altamente dominante, el cual es considerado como una de las afecciones más comunes en las mujeres, tanto adolescentes como adultas durante su etapa fértil. Presenta una prevalencia de aproximadamente un 21 % a nivel global. Objetivo: determinar la prevalencia del síndrome de ovario poliquístico en pacientes que acudieron a una consulta de ginecología-obstetricia y endocrinología en la Romana, República Dominicana. Metodología: estudio observacional, retrospectivo, analítico y de corte transversal en el que se analizaron 252 récords médicos de distintas pacientes con y sin SOP para determinar la prevalencia de esta. Como herramienta de estudio se utilizó un formulario creado por el asesor y colaboradores, que se aplicó a los récords médicos empleando los criterios de Rotterdam como determinantes para el diagnóstico del SOP. Resultados: los resultados mostraron que un 67 % de las mujeres no presentaron SOP, correspondiendo a 170 pacientes, mientras que las 82 pacientes restantes presentaron SOP, representando un 33 %. Asimismo, el grupo etario con mayor frecuencia de SOP correspondió al rango de 26 a 35 años con un 52.4 %. Por otra parte, se presentaron más pacientes con SOP no obesas con un 71 %. Con relación a la presencia de ciclos menstruales regulares e irregulares, las pacientes irregulares con SOP indicaron un 47.6 % y las pacientes regulares sin SOP indicaron un 16.7 %, resultando que se acepta la hipótesis nula. Conclusiones: la prevalencia de síndrome de ovario poliquístico fue de un 33 %. El rango de edad más frecuente fue de 26 a 35 años. Predominó la presencia de pacientes con SOP no obesas. La comparación de las pacientes con ciclos menstruales irregulares fue mayor para aquellas que padecen SOP


Introduction: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a highly dominant endocrine metabolic disorder, which is considered one of the most common conditions in women, both adolescents and adults during their fertile stage. It has a prevalence of approximately 21% globally. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome in patients who attended a gynecology-obstetrics and endocrinology consultation in la Romana, Dominican Republic. Methodology: An observational, retrospective, analytical and cross-sectional study in which 252 medical records of different patients with and without PCOS were analyzed to determine its prevalence. As a study tool, a form created by the advisor and collaborators was used, which was applied to medical records, the Rotterdam criteria were employed as determinants for the diagnosis of PCOS. Results: The results showed that 67% of the women did not present PCOS corresponding to 170 patients, while the remaining 82 patients presented PCOS representing 33%. Likewise, the age group with the highest frequency of PCOS corresponded to the range of 26 to 35 years with 52.4%. On the other hand, there were more non-obese PCOS patients with 71%. Regarding the presence of regular and irregular menstrual cycles, irregular patients with PCOS indicated 47.6% and regular patients without PCOS indicated 16.7%, resulting in the acceptance of the null hypothesis. Conclusions: The prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome was 33%. The most frequent age range was 26 to 35 years. The presence of non-obese PCOS patients predominated. The comparison of patients with irregular menstrual cycles was higher for those with PCOS


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Age Distribution , Menstrual Cycle , Obesity/epidemiology
5.
Cienc. Salud (St. Domingo) ; 6(2): 61-75, 20220520. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379355

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la enfermedad hepática no alcohólica (EHNA) constituye un desorden multifactorial cuyos elementos de riesgo se pueden aludir a la obesidad, el sedentarismo y el componente genético. Objetivo: evaluar los niveles tensionales en niños y adolescentes con esteatosis hepática por sonografía de 5-18 años en el Hospital Regional Universitario Dr. Arturo Gullón. Métodos y técnicas: se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal y fuente primaria. La muestra estuvo compuesta por de 106 participantes. Se realizó sonografía abdominal para determinar la presencia de esteatosis hepática y se midió la presión arterial sistólica abdominal para determinar la presencia de esteatosis hepática y se midió la presión arterial sistólica y diastólica, IMC, talla y pruebas de laboratorio. Para el análisis estadístico se empleó chi-cuadrado. Resultados: el sexo predominante en la tensión arterial sistólica fue el femenino con un 44.9 % en estadio prehipertensión, mientras que el masculino fue el sexo predominante en presión arterial diastólica con un 49.1 %. Se evidenció que los individuos con IMC del percentil 90 se encontraban en estadio prehipertensión en el percentil. El perfil lipídico (colesterol, HDL, LDL, triglicéridos) y las transaminasas (SGOT y SGPT) mostraron relación con niveles tensionales elevados con predominio en la TAD. Los valores elevados de glicemia presentan relación con las cifras aumentadas de la tensión arterial sistólica. Conclusión: el estudio mostró que existe una relación entre la esteatosis hepática no alcohólica y el riesgo de desarrollar hipertensión arterial. Presentando relación estadísticamente significativa entre los niveles tensionales elevados y el perfil bioquímico estudiado, así como al IMC de los pacientes evaluados en la investigación


Introduction: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a multifactorial disorder whose risks factors can be attributed to obesity, sedentary lifestyle and a genetic component. Objective: To evaluate blood pressure levels in children and adolescent aged 5-18 years old with hepatic steatosis using ultrasound at the Dr. Arturo Grullón Regional University Hospital. Methods and Techniques: A descriptive cross-sectional study of primary source were carried out. The sample of the study consisted in 106 participants. Abdominal ultrasono-graphy was performed to determine the presence of hepatic steatosis and systolic and diastolic blood pressure, BMI, height and laboratory tests were measured. Chi square was used in the statistical analysis of the data. Results: The predominant sex in systolic blood pressure was female with 44.9% in prehypertension stage, while male was the predominant sex in diastolic blood pressure with 49.1%. It was evidenced that individuals with BMI ≥90thpercentile were in the prehypertensive stage at the percentile. The lipid profile (cholesterol, HDL-C, LDL-C, triglycerides) and transaminases (SGOT ad SGPT) showed a relationship with high blood pressure levels with a predo-minance in DBP. Elevated glucose levels are related to an increase in systolic blood pressure. Conclusion: The study showed that there is a relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and the risk of developing high blood pressure. Presenting a statistically significant relationship between the elevated blood pres-sure levels and the biochemical profile studied, as well the BMI of the patients evaluated in this research


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/diagnosis , Hypertension/diagnosis , Body Mass Index , Anthropometry , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/blood , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/epidemiology , Hypertension/blood , Hypertension/epidemiology
6.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 60(2): 149-155, abr. 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367230

ABSTRACT

Introducción: los programas PrevenIMSS son una estrategia para promover la salud en los tres niveles de prevención, con especial énfasis en el primer nivel de atención. Uno de sus objetivos es impactar en la morbimortalidad de enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles, como obesidad, diabetes e hipertensión, cuya prevención requiere de conocimientos para el autocuidado de la salud contenidos en estas guías. Objetivo: identificar la información que tienen los derechohabientes del IMSS sobre el autocuidado de la salud contenida en las guías PrevenIMSS. Material y métodos: estudio descriptivo transversal. Previa firma de consentimiento informado se entrevistó a mil derechohabientes de una unidad de medicina familiar; 200 por cada grupo etario PrevenIMSS. Se formularon preguntas acerca de: 1. Promoción de la salud, 2. Prevención y control de enfermedades, 3. Detección de enfermedades, 4. Nutrición, 5. Salud sexual y reproductiva, y una pregunta abierta para identificar sus necesidades sobre el autocuidado de la salud. Resultados: los encuestados respondieron tener conocimientos acerca de los componentes PrevenIMSS en: Promoción de la salud, el 62%; Nutrición, 43%; Prevención de enfermedades, 55.3%; Detección y control de enfermedades, 51.9%, y Salud sexual y reproductiva, 49.9%. El puntaje total obtenido por grupo etario fue: 0-9 años: 46.35 ± 14.36; 10-19 años: 46.02 ± 12.06; mujeres de 20 a 59 años: 46.79 ± 8.19, hombres de 20 a 59 años: 52.19 ±14.58, y adultos mayores de 60 años y más: 46.65 ± 13.34. Conclusiones: la menor información se tiene en nutrición. El grupo de adolescentes fue el más afectado.


Background: The PrevenIMSS programs are a strategy to promote health self-care at the three levels of prevention, with special emphasis on primary health care. One of its objectives is to have an impact on the morbidity and mortality of chronic non-communicable diseases such as obesity, diabetes and hypertension, the prevention of these illnesses requires knowledge for health self-care contained in these guidelines. Objective: To identify the information that the IMSS beneficiaries have on self-care of health contained in the PrevenIMSS guidelines. Material and methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study. After signing the informed consent, one thousand beneficiaries of a UMF were interviewed, 200 for each PrevenIMSS age group. Questions were asked about: 1. Health promotion, 2. Prevention and control of diseases, 3. Detection of diseases, 4. Nutrition, 5. Sexual and reproductive health, and an open question, to identify their needs for self-care of health. Results: The respondents answered having knowledge about the PrevenIMSS components in: Health promotion: 62%. Nutrition: 43%. Disease prevention: 55.3%. Detection and control of diseases: 51.9%. Sexual and reproductive health: 49.9%. The total score obtained by age group was: 0-9 years 46.35 ± 14.36; 10-19 years 46.02 ± 12.06; women from 20 to 59 years old 46.79 ± 8.19, men from 20 to 59 years old 52.19 ± 14.58; adults aged 60 and over 46.65 ± 13.34. Conclusions: The least information is in nutrition. The group of adolescents was the most affected.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Self Care , Social Security , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Health Promotion , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Age Distribution , Educational Status , Disease Prevention , Mexico
7.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 167-173, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928794

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The previous study has indicated that lung cancer has a high incidence and mortality in China, and has caused a large economic burden. The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence and economic burden of lung cancer by analyzing the information on the home page of discharge history of lung cancer patients in Hebei Tumor Hospital, and to provide scientific basis for the prevention and treatment of lung cancer.@*METHODS@#The information of all of the discharges, new cases, surgical patients, age, gender, length of stay and hospitalization cost of lung cancer patients in Hebei Tumor Hospital from January 2012 to December 2019 were retrieved based on the medical record management system, and the incidence trend, gender and age distribution as well as the economic burden of the disease were statistically described.@*RESULTS@#The number of new cases of lung cancer increased year by year, from 2,235 cases in 2012 to 5,012 cases in 2019. The number of males always outnumbered females, but the gender ratio decreased year by year, from 2.25 in 2012 to 1.56 in 2019. Among new cases of lung cancer, the proportion of surgical treatment increased year by year, from 28.14% in 2012 to 44.83% in 2019. Except for 2012, the proportion of surgical operations in female patients was higher than that in male patients from 2013 to 2019. The proportion of surgical operations in male and female patients was 23.52% and 28.07% in 2013, and 36.14% and 58.37% in 2019, respectively. The median age at the onset of lung cancer has increased year by year, from 61 years old in 2012 to 63 years old in 2019. The median age of onset in all lung cancer patients was higher in males than in females. The number of new lung cancer patients and surgical patients both showed an increasing trend with the increase of age, and both reached the maximum value in the age group of 60-69 years old. With the increase of age, the number of patients gradually decreased. The median length of hospital stay for all discharged lung cancer patients or surgical patients decreased year by year, from 10 d and 19 d in 2012 to 8 d and 17 d in 2019, respectively, while the median hospitalization cost increased year by year. It increased from 10,611.46 yuan and 38,750.13 yuan in 2012 to 17,187.15 yuan and 84,030.16 yuan in 2019, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Lung cancer is still one of the main cancers endangering the health of Chinese residents. The incidence of lung cancer is increasing year by year, and the distribution of gender and age has certain characteristics. In order to reduce the number of cases and the economic burden, effective prevention and control measures should be formulated and medical reform should be strengthened.


Subject(s)
Age Distribution , Aged , China/epidemiology , Female , Financial Stress , Humans , Incidence , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Male , Middle Aged
8.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 93(nspe1): e209, 2022. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1393869

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el 13/3/2020, se detectaron los primeros casos de infección por SARS-CoV-2 en Uruguay. En 2021 aumentaron sostenidamente los casos, impactando negativamente al sistema de salud, que se reordenó. El Hospital Británico (HB), centro privado con asistencia terciaria, trabaja coordinadamente en sus 3 niveles. Generó un equipo específico para contribuir a mejorar el seguimiento de casos sospechosos/confirmados. Tiene 7.922 usuarios menores de 15 años. Objetivo: describir la evolución de casos de COVID-19 en pacientes de 0 a 15 años asistidos en HB entre 1 de agosto de 2020 al 31 de mayo de 2021, evaluando aspectos demográficos, clínicos y epidemiológicos. Material y método: estudio descriptivo retrospectivo. Se analizó el registro del seguimiento longitudinal de usuarios pediátricos con COVID-19 confirmados microbiológicamente. Resultados: se incluyeron 370 pacientes (51,5% sexo femenino y 48,5% masculino), distribuidos por grupos etarios (6,5% <1 año, 31,6% 1-5 años, 32,9% 6-10 años, 28,8% 11-15 años). En 2020 se diagnosticaron 50 casos, y 320 en 2021. Presentaron al menos un síntoma 58,9%: fiebre (59%), seguido por rinorrea, tos y odinofagia. Se estableció contagio domiciliario en 66,5%, 16,7% en institución educativa (IE), 11,1% en actividades sociales, 0,8% en clubes deportivos, y 4,8% sin nexo epidemiológico. Caso índice: un adulto en el 80,3% y otro niño en 19,7%. El 9% de los pacientes estudiados generó casos secundarios: intradomiciliario el 90% (madre 66,7%, padre 54,5%, hermano 42,4%). No se pudo obtener información sobre casos secundarios en IE, club o transporte escolar. Todos presentaron buena evolución, dos se hospitalizaron. Sin fallecimientos. Conclusiones: el COVID-19 pediátrico aumentó considerablemente en el segundo trimestre de 2021. Como en otras series, 40% fueron asintomáticos, el contagio fue mayoritariamente intradomiciliario a partir del adulto. El 9% generó casos secundarios mostrando un menor poder de contagio de la población pediátrica.


Summary: Introduction: on 3/13/2020, the first cases of SARS Cov-2 infection were detected in Uruguay. In 2021, cases increased steadily, negatively impacting the health system that was reorganized. The British Hospital (HB), a private health organization at tertiary level started to work in a coordinated way at its 3 levels of care. They created a specific team to help improve the monitoring of suspected/confirmed cases. It has 7,922 users under the age of 15. Objective: describe the evolution of COVID-19 cases in patients aged 0-15 years assisted at the HB between August 1st, 20 and May 31st, 2021, assessing demographic, clinical and epidemiological aspects. Material and methods: retrospective descriptive study. The longitudinal follow-up record of pediatric users with microbiologically confirmed COVID-19 was analyzed. Results: 370 patients were included (51.5% female and 48.5% male), distributed by age groups (6.5% <1 year, 31.6% 1-5, 32.9% 6-10, 28.8% 11-15 years). In 2020, 50 cases were diagnosed, and 320 in 2021. 58.9% presented at least one symptom; fever (59%), followed by rhinorrhea, cough, and sore throat. Home infection in 66.5%, 16.7%, school infections (IE), 11.1% during social activities, 0.8% in sports clubs, and 4.8% with no epidemiological link. Index case: an adult in 80.3% and another child in 19.7%. 9% of the study patients generated secondary case/s, home infections 90% (mother 66.7%, father 54.5%, sibling 42.4%). Information on secondary cases in IE, clubs or school transportations could not be obtained. All presented good evolution, 2 were hospitalized. No deaths. Conclusions: pediatric COVID-19 increased considerably in the 2nd quarter of 2021. As in other series, 40% asymptomatic, mostly home contagion from adults. 9% generated secondary cases showing a lower contagion of the pediatric population.


Introdução: em 13/03/2020, aconteceram os primeiros casos de infecção por SARS Cov-2 no Uruguai. Em 2021, os casos aumentaram de forma constante, impactando negativamente o sistema de saúde que foi reorganizado. No British Hospital (HB), um centro privado com atendimento terciário, seus 3 níveis têm trabalhado de forma coordenada. Criou-se uma equipe específica para ajudar a melhorar o monitoramento de casos suspeitos/confirmados. Atualmente possui 7.922 usuários com menos de 15 anos. Objetivo: descrever a evolução dos casos de COVID-19 em pacientes de 0 a 15 anos atendidos no HB entre 01/agosto/20 - 31/maio/21, avaliando aspectos demográficos, clínicos e epidemiológicos. Material e métodos: estudo descritivo retrospectivo. Analisou-se o registro de acompanhamento longitudinal de usuários pediátricos com COVID-19 confirmado microbiologicamente. Resultados: foram incluídos 370 pacientes (51,5% do sexo feminino e 48,5% do sexo masculino), distribuídos por faixas etárias (6,5% <1 ano, 31,6% 1-5, 32,9% 6-10, 28,8% 11-15 anos). Em 2020, foram diagnosticados 50 casos e 320 em 2021. 58,9% apresentaram pelo menos um sintoma; febre (59%), seguida de rinorreia, tosse e dor de garganta. Infecção domiciliar em 66,5%, 16,7% em instituição de ensino (IE), 11,1% em atividades sociais, 0,8% em clubes esportivos e 4,8% sem vínculo epidemiológico. Caso índice: um adulto em 80,3% e outra criança em 19,7%. 9% dos pacientes do estudo geraram caso(s) secundário(s), domiciliares 90% (mãe 66,7%, pai 54,5%, irmãos 42,4%). Não foi possível obter informações sobre casos secundários nas escolas, clubes ou no transporte escolar. Todos apresentaram boa evolução, 2 foram internados. Sem mortes. Conclusões: a COVID-19 pediátrica aumentou consideravelmente no 2º trimestre de 2021. Como em outras séries, 40% assintomáticos, principalmente contágio domiciliar de adultos. 9% geraram casos secundários mostrando um menor poder de contágio da população pediátrica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Pandemics , COVID-19/epidemiology , Uruguay/epidemiology , Epidemiologic Studies , Age Distribution
9.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 93(nspe1): e215, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1393879

ABSTRACT

Introducción: a partir de enero de 2020, cuando la OMS declaró la infección por SARS-CoV-2 COVID-19 como una emergencia de interés internacional, en los centros de atención pediátrica se comenzaron a implementar protocolos de actuación y actividades con miras a la preparación y contención de la pandemia. Objetivo: describir los resultados de la vigilancia hospitalaria y las características epidemiológicas-clínicas de niños y adolescentes con infección por SARS-CoV-2 COVID-19 en el período comprendido entre 1/4/2020 y 30/4/2021 en un hospital pediátrico. Material y métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo retrospectivo. Período considerado 1/4/2020-30/4/2021. Se incluyeron todos los niños y adolescentes menores de 16 años con diagnóstico de infección por SARS-CoV-2 COVID-19 por test de PCR y captados por el Comité de Infecciones Hospitalarias (CIH) y la Unidad de Epidemiología e Infectología Pediátrica. Se realizó PCR para SARS-CoV-2 a todos los usuarios internados, a los incluidos en la vigilancia IRAG según definición de caso, y a niños y adolescentes con internaciones prolongadas cada 10 días. Fuente de datos: vigilancia activa establecida por el CIH, historias clínicas, laboratorio. Variables: sexo, edad, motivo de testeo, comorbilidad, contacto, presentación clínica, evolución, brotes hospitalarios. Análisis estadístico: distribución de frecuencias y medidas de resumen. Consideraciones éticas: se garantizó el anonimato en todo el proceso de análisis y comunicación. Resultados: en el período considerado se realizaron 10.645 test de PCR. Se identificaron 53 casos positivos, 7 (13, 2%) correspondieron a 2020 (noviembre y diciembre), 46 (86,8%) a 2021 (enero a abril), 30 (56,6%) de sexo femenino. Edad: 23 (43,4%) fueron menores de 1 año. Mediana 2,5 años. 13 pacientes presentaban comorbilidades (24,5%). En 30 casos (56,6%) el motivo del test fue la presencia de síntomas compatibles, mientras que 22 (41,5%) se encontraban asintomáticos. En 40 casos (75%) se identificó contacto conviviente como fuente de contagio. Permanecieron internados 39 casos, 5 requirieron CTI. 14 casos se asistieron en forma ambulatoria. Ninguno falleció. Se identificó un único brote de transmisión intrahospitalaria con tres usuarios en este período, que se controló en forma rápida. No se constataron contagios de usuarios a personal de salud en el período considerado. Conclusiones: las estrategias de vigilancia y control hospitalario han permitido identificar en forma oportuna los casos de COVID-19 y controlar la transmisión. Los casos crecieron en forma exponencial en consonancia con la situación epidemiológica nacional en el período considerado.


Introduction: as of January 2020, when the WHO declared the SARS-CoV-2 COVID-19 infection as a global health emergency, action protocols and activities began to be implemented in pediatric care centers with the purpose preparing and containing the pandemic. Objective: describe the results of hospital surveillance and the epidemiological-clinical characteristics of children and adolescents with a SARS-CoV-2 COVID-19 infection between 4/1/2020 and 4/30/2021 in a pediatric hospital. Material and methods: a retrospective descriptive observational study was carried out. Period: 4/1/2020-4/30/2021. All children and adolescents under 16 years of age with diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 COVID-19 infection by PCR test and assisted by the In-Hospital Infectious Diseases Center (CIH) and by the Pediatric Epidemiology and Infectiology Unit. A PCR test for SARS-CoV-2 was performed to all hospitalized users and to those included in SARI surveillance as defined for this case, and to children and adolescents with prolonged hospitalizations every 10 days. Data source: active surveillance established by the CIH, medical records, laboratory data. Variables: sex, age, reason for testing, comorbidities, contact, clinical presentation, evolution, hospital outbreaks. Statistical Analysis: frequency distribution and summary measures. Ethical considerations: anonymity throughout the analysis and communication process. Results: in the period analyzed, 10,645 PCR tests were performed. 53 cases were identified as positive, 7 (13.2%) were in 2020 (November and December), 46 (86.8%) in 2021 (January to April), 30 (56.6%) were female. Age: 23 (43.4%) were under 1 year of age. Median 2.5 years. 13 patients had comorbidities (24.5%). In 30 cases (56.6%), the reason for the test was the presence of compatible symptoms, while 22 (41.5%) were asymptomatic. In 40 cases (75%), we identified a home contact as a source of contagion. 39 cases remained hospitalized, 5 required ICU. 14 cases were assisted on an outpatient basis. None died. A single case was caused by an outbreak of nosocomial transmission involving three users in this period, which was controlled timely. No infections were recorded from users to health staff in the period analyzed. Conclusions: hospital surveillance and control strategies have enabled us to identify cases of COVID-19 in a timely manner and control transmission. Cases grew exponentially in line with the national epidemiological situation in the period analyzed.


Introdução: a partir de janeiro de 2020, quando a OMS declarou a infecção por SARS-CoV-2 COVID-19 como emergência de interesse internacional, começaram a ser implementados protocolos de ação e atividades nos centros de atendimento pediátrico com vistas à preparação e contenção da pandemia. Objetivo: descrever os resultados da vigilância hospitalar e as características epidemiológicas-clínicas de crianças e adolescentes com infecção por SARS-CoV-2 COVID-19 entre 01/04/2020 e 30/04/2021 em um hospital pediátrico. Material e métodos: foi realizado um estudo observacional descritivo retrospectivo. O período considerado foi de 01/04/2020 a 30/04/2021. Participaram todas as crianças e adolescentes com menos de 16 anos de idade com diagnóstico da infecção por SARS-CoV-2 COVID-19 por teste de PCR assistidas no Centro de Infectologia Hospitalar (CIH) e Unidade de Epidemiologia e Infectologia Pediátrica. O Teste PCR foi realizado para SARS-CoV-2 para todos os usuários hospitalizados, para aqueles incluídos na vigilância de SARI, conforme definido para o caso, e para crianças e adolescentes com internações prolongadas a cada 10 dias. Fonte de dados: vigilância ativa estabelecida pelo CIH, prontuário, laboratório. Variáveis: sexo, idade, motivo do teste, comorbidade, contato, apresentação clínica, evolução, surtos hospitalares. Análise estatística: distribuição de frequência e medidas sumárias. Considerações éticas: anonimato durante todo o processo de análise e comunicação. Resultados: no período considerado, foram realizados 10.645 testes de PCR. 53 casos foram identificados positivos, 7 (13,2%) corresponderam a 2020 (novembro e dezembro), 46 (86,8%) a 2021 (janeiro a abril), 30 (56,6%) eram do sexo feminino. Idade: 23 (43,4%) eram menores de 1 ano. Média 2,5 anos. 13 pacientes apresentavam comorbidades (24,5%). Em 30 casos (56,6%) o motivo do exame foi a presença de sintomas compatíveis, enquanto 22 (41,5%) foram assintomáticos. Em 40 casos (75%) o contato foi identificado como fonte de contágio. 39 casos permaneceram internados, 5 foram internados na UTI. 14 casos foram atendidos ambulatorialmente. Nenhum morreu. Um único caso foi causado por transmissão hospitalar envolvendo a três usuários neste período, ele foi controlado rapidamente. Não foram encontradas infecções de usuários para profissionais de saúde no período considerado. Conclusões: as estratégias de vigilância e controle hospitalares permitiram identificar casos de COVID-19 em tempo hábil e controle da transmissão. Os casos cresceram exponencialmente de acordo com a situação epidemiológica nacional no período considerado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , COVID-19/epidemiology , Hospitals, Pediatric/statistics & numerical data , Uruguay/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Age Distribution , Public Health Surveillance , Observational Study
10.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 93(nspe1): e216, 2022. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1393881

ABSTRACT

Introducción: en enero de 2020 se identificó un nuevo coronavirus como etiología de un síndrome respiratorio agudo severo, que se denominó coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). A la enfermedad asociada se conoce como enfermedad por coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19). El SARS-CoV-2 se expandió rápidamente a nivel mundial, decretándose en marzo de 2020 estado de pandemia. La población pediátrica constituyó el 1%-2% del total de casos confirmados, con una tasa de mortalidad menor al 0,2%. En concordancia con lo que sucedía a nivel internacional, se registró en Uruguay un número de ingresos hospitalarios por COVID-19 en menores de 19 años muy inferior al resto de los grupos etarios, así como un menor número de ingresos a unidades de cuidados intensivos (UCI) y de defunciones. El objetivo de esta revisión fue describir los ingresos pediátricos con infección por SARS-CoV-2 en un prestador de salud privado, de la ciudad de Montevideo. Metodología: se incluyeron todos los pacientes menores de 15 años con identificación de infección viral por COVID-19 que requirieron hospitalización en cuidados moderados en el período comprendido entre abril de 2020 a febrero de 2022. Se utilizó reacción en cadena de polimerasa y detección antigénica para COVID-19 para el diagnóstico de infección aguda. Serología para el diagnóstico de infección previa. Resultados: de los 1.164 pacientes ingresados en dicho periodo, en 2% se identificó infección por COVID-19. 80% tenían un nexo epidemiológico, 69% era intradomiciliario. 8% menor de 1 año, 69% entre 1-11 años, 23% mayores de 11 años. 27% presentaban comorbilidad: asma y encefalopatía, un 57% de ellos presentaban toracopatia concomitante. Los motivos de ingreso más frecuentes fueron síntomas respiratorios, con fiebre y lesiones en piel, patología quirúrgica, síntomas neurológicos. Dos requirieron ingreso a CTI. No se reportaron fallecimientos. La mediana de días de hospitalización fue 4 días (1-18 días). Conclusiones: si bien el porcentaje de niños ingresados con infección por SARS-CoV-2 fue pequeño la expresión clínica fue variada, mayoría presentó infección respiratoria leve. Los pacientes con comorbilidades presentaron mayor probabilidad de desarrollar enfermedad aguda moderada a grave. Se debe tener en cuenta la probabilidad de infección por SARS-CoV-2 ante la aparición de otros síntomas, en el curso de infecciones virales.


Summary: Introduction: in January 2020, a new coronavirus was identified as the etiology of a severe acute respiratory syndrome, which was called coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The associated illness is known as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). SARS-CoV-2 spread rapidly worldwide, becoming a pandemic in March 2020. The pediatric population involved 1-2% of the total confirmed cases, with a mortality rate of less than 0.2%. In line with the global trend, children under 19 years of age showed a much lower number of hospital admissions for COVID-19 in Uruguay compared to the remaining age groups, as well as lower number of ICU admissions and deaths. The objective of this paper is to describe pediatric admissions with SARS-Cov-2 infection at a private health provider in Montevideo city. Methodology: we included all patients under 15 years of age with a diagnosis of viral infection by Covid-19 who required hospitalization in moderate care, between 04/20 and 02/22. We used polymerase chain reaction and antigen detection for Covid-19 for the diagnosis of acute infections and serology tests for the diagnosis of a previous infection. Results: of the 1,164 patients admitted in that period, 2% were diagnosed with Covid 19 infection. 80% had an epidemiological link, 69% had home infections. 8% under 1 year of age, 69% between 1-11, 23% over 11 years of age. 27% had comorbidities: asthma and encephalopathy, 57% of them had concomitant thorax pathologies. The most frequent reasons for admission were respiratory symptoms, with fever and skin lesions, surgical pathologies, and neurological symptoms. 2 required ICU admission. No deaths were reported. The median number hospitalization days was 4 days (1-18 days). Conclusions: although the percentage of children admitted with SARS-CoV-2 infections was low, the clinical manifestation was varied, most presented mild respiratory infections. Patients with comorbidities were more likely to develop moderate to severe acute illness. The probability of SARS-CoV-2 infection should be taken into account when other symptoms appear during the course of viral infections.


Introdução: em janeiro de 2020, um novo coronavírus foi identificado como a etiologia de uma síndrome respiratória aguda grave, que recebeu o nome de coronavírus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). A doença associada é conhecida como doença de coronavírus 2019 (COVID-19). O SARS-CoV-2 se espalhou rapidamente em todo o mundo, e virou-se pandemia em março de 2020. A população pediátrica constituiu 1-2% do total de casos confirmados, com uma taxa de mortalidade inferior a 0,2%. De acordo com as tendencias globais, registrou-se no Uruguai um número muito menor de internações por COVID-19 em menores de 19 anos do que no restante das faixas etárias, bem como um número menor de internações em unidades de terapia intensiva (UTI) e óbitos. O objetivo deste estudo é descrever as internações pediátricas com infecção por SARS-Cov-2 numa Assistência Privada de saúde na cidade de Montevidéu. Metodologia: foram incluídos todos os pacientes menores de 15 anos com diagnóstico de infecção viral por Covid-19 que necessitaram de internação em cuidados moderados, entre 20/04 a 22/02. Utilizou-se a reação em cadeia da polimerase e a detecção de antígeno para Covid-19 para o diagnóstico de infecção aguda e estudo sorológico para o diagnóstico de infecção prévia. Resultados: dos 1.164 pacientes internados nesse período, 2% foram diagnosticados com infecção por Covid 19. 80% tinham vínculo epidemiológico, 69% tiveram infecção domiciliar. 8% tinham menos de 1 ano de idade, 69% entre 1-11, 23% com mais de 11 anos. 27% tinham comorbidades: asma e encefalopatia, 57% deles tinham patologias torácicas concomitantes. Os motivos de admissão mais frequentes foram sintomas respiratórios com febre e lesões cutâneas, patologias cirúrgicas e sintomas neurológicos. 2 necessitaram de internação na UTI. Nenhuma morte foi relatada. A mediana do número de dias de internação foi de 4 dias (1-18 dias). Conclusões: embora a porcentagem de crianças admitidas com infecção por SARS-CoV-2 fosse baixa, a manifestação clínica foi variada, a maioria apresentou infecção respiratória leve. Pacientes com comorbidades foram mais propensos a desenvolver doença aguda moderada a grave. A probabilidade de infecção por SARS-CoV-2 deve ser levada em consideração quando outros sintomas aparecem no curso de infecções virais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Child, Hospitalized/statistics & numerical data , Adolescent, Hospitalized/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19/epidemiology , Uruguay , Private Sector , Age Distribution , COVID-19/diagnosis
11.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(5): 1181-1185, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405296

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Anatomic variations in hip joint are one of the risk factors for the occurrence of osteoarthritis of that part of locomotor system. Due to different age structure and a special way of conducting physical activity in the army, it is justified to presume the presence of even other risk factors which relate to the aging process, carrying of oversize weight and performing higher amplitudes of movement under load. The objective of the study related to determining the existence of eventual anatomic variations in the hip joint in soldiers of different age. This cross-sectional study covers 240 soldiers of Montenegro Army, divided into 8 age groups. Gathered data for morphological measures hip width and hip circumference were processed using the basic statistics, multivariate and univariate of variance and Tukey's Honestly Significant Difference test-HSD. The differences were considered statistically significant for p≤0.05. It was determined that for both morphological measures there are differences between soldiers of certain age. This is confirmed also by drastic deviations between certain age groups obtained for the defined level of statistical significance. The most pronounced is the detection of the annual increase of hip width of soldiers which is higher for 0.38 mm compared to general population. Based on the obtained results the existence of anatomic variations in soldiers' hip joints is stated. The confirmed anatomic changes in conjunction with other risk factors may lead to hip osteoarthritis, i.e to soldiers' health condition impairment. It is necessary to conduct longitudinal studies on the same examinees with precise diagnostics.


RESUMEN: Las variaciones anatómicas en la articulación coxal son uno de los factores de riesgo de la osteoartritis de esa zona del sistema locomotor. Debido a la diferente estructura respecto a la de edad y una forma especial de realizar la actividad física en el ejército, se justifica presumir la presencia de otros factores de riesgo que se relacionan con el proceso de envejecimiento, el transporte de peso sobredimensionado y la realización de mayores amplitudes de movimiento bajo carga. El objetivo del estudio fue determinar la existencia de eventuales variaciones anatómicas en la articulación coxal en soldados de diferentes edades. Este estudio transversal incluyó 240 soldados del Ejército de Montenegro, divididos en 8 grupos de edad. Los datos recopilados para las medidas morfológicas del ancho y la circunferencia de la articulación coxal se procesaron utilizando las estadísticas básicas, la varianza multivariada y univariada y la prueba HSD de diferencia significativa de Tukey. Las diferencias fueron consideradas estadísticamente significativas para p≤0,05. Se determinó que para ambas medidas morfológicas existen diferencias entre soldados de cierta edad. Esto fue confirmado también por las desviaciones drásticas entre ciertos grupos de edad obtenidos para el nivel definido de significación estadística. El más pronunciado es la detección del aumento anual del ancho de cadera de los soldados, que es superior en 0,38 mm en comparación con la población general. En base a los resultados obtenidos se afirma la existencia de variaciones anatómicas en las articulaciones coxales de los soldados. Los cambios anatómicos confirmados junto con otros factores de riesgo pueden conducir a la osteoartritis de cadera, es decir, al deterioro del estado de salud de los soldados. Es necesario realizar estudios longitudinales en los mismos examinados con diagnósticos precisos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anatomic Variation , Hip Joint/anatomy & histology , Military Personnel , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age Factors , Age Distribution
12.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 7(4): 265-270, oct.-dic. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396061

ABSTRACT

Demostrar la correlación entre las ecuaciones MDRD, CKD-EPI con la depuración de creatinina de 24 horas en pacientes oncológicos. Estudio transversal realizado en el Instituto Oncológico Nacional Dr Juan Tanca Marengo durante el periodo de tiempo comprendido entre el mes de agosto 2019 a agosto de 2020. Al evaluar las distintas variable MDRD obtuvo un valor promedio de 44,81 ml/min/m2 con un intervalo de 41,07 ­ 48,55 ml/min/m2 , la variable CKD-EPI el valor promedio fue 43,59 + 18,09 ml/min/m2 con un intervalo de 40,01 ­ 47,18 ml/min/m2 , para el estándar de referencia depuración de creatinina de 24 horas el promedio fue de 54ml/min/m2 Al evaluar la relación entre los dos estimadores de TFG se encontró que ambos presentan una fiabilidad regular presentando una correlación intraclase de 0,43 (p<0,05) entre los estimadores CKD-EPI y MDRD en relación con la TFG de creatinina de 24horas. Cuando se evaluó pacientes con tumores sólidos y hematológicos, se encontró una mayor correlación intraclase con la escala MDRD-4 0,60 (0,25 ­ 0,82) < 0,05 en tumores hematológicos en comparación con CKD-EPI. En la población general, CKD-EPI es la fórmula recomendada, y se está recomendado con mayor frecuencia en pacientes oncológicos. Nuestro estudio demostró que la ecuación MDRD es la fórmula que mejor se correlaciona con la depuración de creatinina de 24 horas, siendo mejor en el grupo de tumores hematológicos, pero no existe diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre las dos ecuaciones.


To demonstrate the correlation between the MDRD, CKD-EPI equations with the 24-hour creatinine clearance in cancer patients. Cross-sectional study carried out at the National Oncological Institute Dr Juan Tanca Marengo during the period of time between the month of August 2019 to August 2020. When evaluating the different MDRD variables, an average value of 44.81 ml / min / m2 was obtained with an interval of 41.07 ­ 48.55 ml / min / m2, the CKD-EPI variable the average value was 43.59 + 18 , 09 ml / min / m2 with an interval of 40.01 ­ 47.18 ml / min / m2, for the reference standard creatinine clearance of 24 hours the average was 54 ml / min / m2 When evaluating the relationship between the two estimators of GFR, it was found that both present a regular reliability, presenting an intraclass correlation of 0.43 (p <0.05) between the CKD-EPI and MDRD estimators in relation to the 24-hour creatinine GFR. When patients with solid and hematological tumors were evaluated, a higher intraclass correlation was found with the MDRD-4 scale 0.60 (0.25 ­ 0.82) <0.05 in hematological tumors compared to CKD-EPI. In the general population, CKD-EPI is the recommended formulation, and it is more frequently recommended in cancer patients. Our study showed that the MDRD equation is the formula that best correlates with 24-hour creatinine clearance, being better in the group of hematological tumors, but there is no statistically significant difference between the two equations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Creatinine/urine , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Kidney Diseases/diagnosis , Neoplasms/physiopathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age Distribution , Kidney Diseases/physiopathology , Kidney Function Tests/methods
13.
Psico USF ; 26(3): 571-583, Jul.-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1351344

ABSTRACT

This study sought evidence of validity of the Zulliger method to evaluate cognitive processes in elderly and long-lived adults and to verify the relationship between cognition and external variables. Participated 142 subjects, aged between 18 and 96 years old. The Zulliger Comprehensive System (ZSC), Mini-Mental State Examination and sociodemographic protocols were used as of data collection. The older and long-lived adults presented a significant decrease in mediation (X-%, XA%, P) and abstract reasoning (M) when compared to young and middle-aged adults. Education and socioeconomic status (SES) demonstrated significant and positive correlations with cognitive processes (R, ZF, W, M, DQ+ and Intellectualization). The findings are fundamental to psychological practice and to directing measures for cognitive preservation in human aging. (AU)


Esse estudo buscou evidências de validade do método de Zulliger para avaliar processos cognitivos em adultos idosos e longevos e verificar a relação entre cognição e variáveis externas. Participaram 142 indivíduos, com idades entre 18 e 96 anos. Utilizaram-se para a coleta de dados: Zulliger no Sistema Compreensivo (ZSC), Miniexame de Estado Mental e protocolo sociodemográfico. Adultos mais velhos e longevos apresentaram diminuição significativa na mediação (X-%, XA%, P) e raciocínio abstrato (M), comparados aos adultos jovens e de meia idade. A educação e o nível socioeconômico (NSE) demonstraram correlações positivas e significativas com processos cognitivos (R, ZF, W, M, DQ+ e Intelectualização). Os achados são fundamentais na prática psicológica e para direcionar medidas na preservação cognitiva no envelhecimento humano. (AU)


El presente estudio buscó evidencias de validez del método de Zulliger para evaluar procesos cognitivos en ancianos y longevos y para verificar la relación entre la cognición y las variables externas. Participaron 142 individuos con edades entre 18 y 96 años. Se utilizaron como instrumentos: Zulliger en el Sistema Comprensivo (ZSC), Mini Examen del Estado Mental y protocolos sociodemográficos. Ancianos y longevos presentaron una disminución significativa en la mediación (X-%, XA%, P) y el razonamiento abstracto (M) en comparación con los adultos jóvenes y de mediana edad. La educación y el nivel socioeconómico (NSE) demostraron correlaciones positivas y significativas con los procesos cognitivos (R, ZF, W, M, DQ+ e Intelectualización). Los hallazgos son fundamentales para la práctica psicológica y para dirigir medidas para la preservación cognitiva en el envejecimiento humano. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Aging/psychology , Projective Techniques , Cognition , Cognitive Aging/psychology , Psychometrics , Socioeconomic Factors , Analysis of Variance , Age Distribution
14.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(3): 1-11, sept. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292479

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de fragilidad se caracteriza por una mayor vulnerabilidad y riesgo de deterioro funcional y cognitivo ante un mínimo estrés, siendo la demencia una de las principales causas de discapacidad y dependencia entre los adultos mayores a nivel global, con un impacto físico, psicológico, social y económico no solo en las personas que la padecen, sino también en sus cuidadores. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la prevalencia de demencia según fenotipos de fragilidad y estimar la asociación de fragilidad y demencia en adultos mayores. Se tomó como referencia la base de datos del estudio Envejecimiento y Alzheimer (10-66), realizándose una investigación descriptiva de corte transversal, en 2024 adultos mayores de 65 años pertenecientes a siete áreas de salud de La Habana, Cuba. Se efectuó un análisis univariado para los efectos independientes de cada una de las variables y la variable de respuesta o dependiente (demencia) considerando esta asociación significativa cuando (p≤0.001) o por criterio de expertos y un análisis multivariado a través de la Regresión de Poisson. Existió una alta prevalencia de demencia en los sujetos con fragilidad 30,6 %(IC 95 % 22,4 - 39,6), donde la relación entre las mismas mostró una asociación significativa. Las personas frágiles presentaron un riesgo mayor de padecer demencia, con un PR 2.74 (IC 95% 2,29-3,29). La fragilidad se comportó como un factor de riesgo para el desarrollo de demencia.


Frailty syndrome is characterized by a greater vulnerability and risk of functional and cognitive deterioration in the face of minimal stress, with dementia being one of the main causes of disability and dependency among older adults globally, with a physical, psychological, and social impact. and economic not only in the people who suffer from it, but also in their caregivers. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of dementia according to frailty phenotypes and to estimate the association of frailty and dementia in older adults. The database of the Aging and Alzheimer study (10-66) was taken as a reference, carrying out a descriptive cross-sectional investigation in 2024 adults over 65 years of age belonging to seven health areas in Havana, Cuba. A univariate analysis was carried out for the independent effects of each of the variables and the response or dependent variable (dementia), considering this significant association when (p≤0.001) or by expert criteria and a multivariate analysis through the regression of Poisson. There was a high prevalence of dementia in subjects with frailty 30.6% (95% CI 22.4 - 39.6), where the relationship between them showed a significant association. Frail people had a higher risk of suffering from dementia, with a PR 2.74 (CI 95% 2.29-3.29). Frailty behaved as a risk factor for the development of dementia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Frail Elderly , Dementia/epidemiology , Frailty/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Cuba/epidemiology
15.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(2): 1-10, jun. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284432

ABSTRACT

El orden y cronología del brote dentario temporal es una expresión del crecimiento del niño e influye en su posterior desarrollo dental y maxilofacial. Tener un conocimiento sobre la edad promedio de brote de cada diente es útil para establecer un diagnóstico, prevención y tratamiento de maloclusiones por lo cual el objetivo de esta investigación es caracterizar el patrón de brote de la dentición temporal en niños y niñas del municipio Cerro, La Habana, Cuba. Para ello se diseñó un estudio observacional descriptivo en 370 niños de ambos sexos entre 0 a 36 meses de edad, el estudio se desarrolló entre septiembre de 2017 a enero de 2020. Se estudiaron las variables: edad, sexo, diente, hemiarcada y cronología del brote dentario. Se realizaron distribuciones de frecuencia a todas las variables en estudio y se presentan los resultados en tablas estadísticas. Se utilizó la prueba t-Student para verificar las diferencias significativas. Los resultados principales obtenidos fueron que los dientes de maxilares brotaron antes que los mandibulares, a excepción de los incisivos centrales y el incisivo lateral inferior izquierdo. A pesar de que el brote dentario comenzó primero en individuos de sexo masculino en ambas arcadas (5,86 meses en el maxilar, ± 0,92; y en la mandíbula 4,92 meses ± 1,09), el período de tiempo de brote fue algo más rápido en el sexo femenino (19,83 meses en el maxilar y 21,64 meses en la mandíbula ) y los masculinos (20,26 meses y 22,16 meses), pero sin diferencias significativas (p<0,05). Se concluye que el patrón de brote fue similar al descrito en la literatura, excepto por discreto adelanto para los incisivos centrales y retraso en segundos molares temporales


The order and chronology of the temporary tooth eruption is an expression of the child's growth and influences his later dental development. Having knowledge about the average age of emergence of each tooth is useful to establish a diagnosis, prevention and treatment of malocclusions, for which the objective of this research is to characterize the pattern of emergence of primary dentition in children in Cerro district, Havana, Cuba. For this, a descriptive observational study was designed in 370 children of both sexes between 0 and 36 months of age, in said clinic during September / 2017 to January / 2020. The variables were studied: age, sex, tooth, hemiarcade and chronology of the dental outbreak. Frequency distributions were made to all the variables under study and the results are presented in statistical tables. The t-Student test was used to verify significant differences. The main results obtained were that the teeth of the maxillary arch erupted before those of the mandibular, except for the central incisors and the lower left lateral incisor. Although the fact that the dental flare began first in males in both arches (5,86 months in the maxilla, ± 0,92; and in the mandible 4,92 months ± 1,09), the time period of outbreak was somewhat faster in females (19,83 months in the maxilla and 21,64 months in the mandible) and males (20,26 months and 22,16 months), but without significant differences (p <0, 05). It is concluded that the eruption pattern was similar to that described in the literature, except for slight advancement for the central incisors and delay in second primary molars


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Tooth, Deciduous/growth & development , Time Factors , Prospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Cuba , Dentition
16.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(2): 1-12, jun. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284425

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La identificación de los fenotipos clínicos son claves en la modulación de la expresión clínica, para un tratamiento integrado de la EPOC. Objetivos: Caracterizar los fenotipos clínicos de la EPOC en los pacientes atendidos en el Hospital Neumológico Benéfico Jurídico. Métodos:Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo retrospectivo, en 172 pacientes con diagnóstico de EPOC, en el Hospital Neumológico Benéfico Jurídico durante el año 2017.Resultados: El 38,4 % de los pacientes tenían edad entre 70-79 años. Del total de pacientes, el 54,6 % eran del sexo masculino. El 52,9 % eran fumadores activos y el 41,3 % exfumadores. Aunque las diferencias no fueron significativas, la edad avanzada y el sexo masculino fueron más frecuentes en el fenotipo enfisematoso agudizador y agudizador bronquítico crónico. El tabaquismo activo fue más frecuente en el fenotipo enfisematoso agudizador. Todos los pacientes con el fenotipo agudizador bronquítico crónico tuvieron dos o más exacerbaciones, mientras que el enfisematoso agudizador se relacionó con una severidad grave de la EPOC (46,7 %). Conclusiones: El sexo masculino y la edad avanzada muestran una tendencia a relacionarse con el fenotipo enfisematoso agudizador y agudizador bronquítico crónico, mientras que el tabaquismo activo es más frecuente en el fenotipo enfisematoso agudizador. El fenotipo agudizador bronquítico crónico se relaciona con mayores exacerbaciones y el enfisematoso agudizador con una mayor severidad de la EPOC.


Introduction: The identification of clinical phenotypes are key in the modulation of clinical expression, for an integrated treatment of COPD. Objectives: To characterize the clinical phenotypes of COPD in patients treated at the Hospital Neumológico Benéfico Jurídico. Methods: A retrospective descriptive observational study was carried out in 172 patients with a diagnosis of COPD at the Hospital Neumológico Benéfico Jurídico in 2017. Results: 38.4 % of the patients were between 70-79 years of age. Of the total number of patients, 54.6 % were male. 52.9 % were active smokers and 41.3 % ex-smokers. Although the differences were not significant, advanced age and male sex were more frequent in the exacerbator emphysematous and chronic bronchial exacerbator phenotype. Active smoking was more frequent in the exacerbating emphysematous phenotype. All patients with the chronic bronchial exacerbator phenotype had two or more exacerbations, while exacerbation emphysematous was associated with severe severity of COPD (46.7 %). Conclusions: Male sex and advanced age show a tendency to be related to the exacerbating emphysematous phenotype and chronic bronchitis exacerbator, while active smoking is more frequent in the exacerbating emphysematous phenotype. The chronic bronchitis exacerbator phenotype is related to greater exacerbations and exacerbation emphysematous with a greater severity of COPD


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Phenotype , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/genetics , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/epidemiology , Tobacco Use Disorder , Severity of Illness Index , Retrospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Cuba/epidemiology , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/classification
17.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 19(2): 97-104, abr.-jun. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379255

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a adesão ao tratamento e a qualidade de vida de pacientes diabéticos e identificar características epidemio- lógicas e da doença relacionadas. Métodos: Estudo transversal realizado com 98 pacientes diabéticos em acompanhamento. Foram aplicados: um questionário sociodemográfico; o Diabe- tes Quality of Life na versão brasileira, para avaliar qualidade de vida, e o teste Morisky-Green-Levine, para checar a adesão ao tratamento. O nível de significância adotado foi de 5%. Resul- tados: A maioria (87,8%) dos pacientes apresentou boa quali- dade de vida. O escore médio de qualidade de vida foi de 2,2. Existência de complicações, uso de insulina e má adesão ao tra- tamento foram fatores associados à pior qualidade de vida. A boa adesão ao tratamento (58,2%) foi associada à boa qualidade de vida (p<0,001). Conclusão: A boa adesão ao tratamento está relacionada à boa qualidade de vida. Deve-se enfatizar a impor- tância da adesão ao tratamento para prevenção de possíveis com- plicações e manutenção da qualidade de vida.


Objective: To evaluate adherence to treatment and quality of life of diabetic patients and to identify related epidemiological and disease characteristics. Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted with 98 diabetic patients undergoing treatment. A socio-demographic questionnaire, the Diabetes Quality of Life in the Brazilian version (to measure quality of life) and the Mo- risky-Green-Levine test (to check adherence to treatment) were applied. The level of significance was set at 5%. Results: Most patients (87.8%) showed good quality of life. The mean score of quality of life was 2.2. The existence of complications, insulin use, and poor treatment adherence were factors associated with worse quality of life. Good adherence to treatment, (58.2%) was associated with good quality of life (p<0.001). Conclusion: Satis- factory treatment adherence is associated with good quality of life. The importance of adherence to treatment to prevent possible complications and maintain quality of life shall be emphasized.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Quality of Life , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Medication Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Diabetes Complications , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy , Sociodemographic Factors , Health Services , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Insulin/therapeutic use
18.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 19(2): 89-96, abr.-jun. 2021. tab.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379254

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Elaborar um perfil clínico e epidemiológico de pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca descompensada, de acordo com a etiologia da descompensação, e analisar o desfecho clínico dentre os diferentes grupos etiológicos encontrados. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo e observacional. Os pacientes foram reunidos em seis grupos, conforme etiologia de descompensação, e comparados de acordo com dados coletados. Realizaram-se verificação por meio da análise de variância e teste exato de Fisher. Obteve-se significância estatística por meio do valor de p <0,10. Resultados: Foram analisados 123 prontuários de pacientes admitidos entre 2016 e 2018. A maior causa de descompensação da doença foi a má aderência ao tratamento (32,5%). Além disso, a doença foi responsável por maior tempo de internação (13,5 dias) e número de óbitos (seis). Conclusão: Otimizando-se os cuidados e o acompanhamento desses pacientes, pode haver um importante impacto sobre a incidência, as complicações e a frequência de descompensações. (AU)


Objective: To develop a clinical and epidemiological profile of patients with decompensated heart failure according to the etiology of decompensation and to analyze the clinical outcome among the different etiological groups found. Methods: This is a retrospective, observational study. Patients were divided in six groups according to etiology of decompensation and were compared according to data collected. Variance analysis and Fisher's exact test were performed. Statistical significance was obtained by means of p-value <0.10. Results: We analyzed 123 medical records of patients admitted between 2016 and 2018. The greatest cause of decompensation was the poor adherence to treatment (32.5%). In addition, the disease was responsible for longer hospitalization time (13.5 days) and number of deaths (six). Conclusion: Optimizing care and follow-up of these patients can have an important impact on the incidence, complications, and frequency of decompensation. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Health Profile , Heart Failure/epidemiology , Hospitals, Teaching/statistics & numerical data , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/complications , Brazil/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Acute Coronary Syndrome/complications , Medication Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Electronic Health Records , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Heart Failure/etiology , Heart Failure/blood , Hospitalization , Hypertension/complications , Infections/complications
19.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(2): e1417, tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280364

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La asociación de asma y obesidad ha aumentado su prevalencia en los últimos años. Objetivos: Caracterizar a niños y adolescentes asmáticos con obesidad asociada. Métodos: Investigación descriptiva, transversal y prospectiva, 2017-2018, Servicio de Neumología, Hospital Pediátrico Universitario Centro Habana. Se evaluaron 43 pacientes asmáticos entre 5 y 18 años de edad con obesidad exógena asociada. Se exploraron edad, sexo, antecedentes familiares de asma y obesidad, severidad y grado de control del asma. Se realizaron estudios para evaluar el metabolismo lipídico y de los hidratos de carbono. Resultados: La distribución por edades fue similar (escolares, adolescencia temprana y tardía), predominó el sexo masculino en escolares: 11 de 16 (68,7 por ciento) y el femenino en la adolescencia tardía: 12 de 15 (80 por ciento). Se refirieron antecedentes familiares de obesidad en 5 (11,6 por ciento) y asma asociada a obesidad en 26 (60,5 por ciento); la mayoría presentaba asma persistente leve: 38 (88,4 por ciento), no controlados: 28 (65,1 por ciento) y parcialmente controlados 10 (23,3 por ciento). Dos pacientes presentaban intolerancia a los hidratos de carbono (4,7 por ciento), uno de ellos con resistencia a la insulina. La dislipidemia fue el trastorno metabólico más frecuente: colesterol sérico elevado en 23 (53,5 por ciento), LDLc alto en 13 (30,2 por ciento) y HDLc bajo en 10 (23,3 por ciento). Conclusiones: Los niños asmáticos con historia familiar de obesidad tienen alto riesgo de ser también obesos, lo cual puede dificultar el control del asma; son frecuentes en ellos las alteraciones metabólicas(AU)


Introduction: The association of asthma and obesity has increased its prevalence in recent years. Objectives: Characterize asthmatic children and adolescents with associated obesity. Methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional and prospective research, 2017 - 2018, Pneumology Service, Centro Habana University Pediatric Hospital. 43 asthmatic patients from 5 to 18 years old with associated exogenous obesity were assessed. Age, sex, family history of asthma and obesity, severity and degree of asthma control were studied. Studies were conducted to evaluate lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. Results: Age distribution was similar (schoolers, early and late adolescence), predominated male sex in schoolchildren (11 of 16 - 68.7 percent) and the female in late adolescence (12 of 15 -80 percent). Family history of obesity was reported in 5 patients (11.6 percent) and obesity-associated asthma in 26 (60.5 percent); most had mild persistent asthma (38 -88.4 percent) poorly controlled: 28 uncontrolled (65.1 percent) and 10 partially controlled (23.3 percent). Two patients had carbohydrate intolerance (4.7 percent), one of them with insulin resistance. Dyslipidemia was the most common metabolic disorder: serum cholesterol increased in 23 - 53.5 percent, high LDLc in 13 - 30.2 percent, and low HDLc in 10 - 23.3 percent. Conclusions: Asthmatic children with a family history of obesity are also at high risk of being obese, which can make difficult to control asthma; metabolic alterations are common in them(Au)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Asthma , Age Distribution , Dyslipidemias , Carbohydrate Metabolism , Obesity
20.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(2): 154-159, mar.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279095

ABSTRACT

Resumen Antecedentes: La colitis ulcerosa crónica idiopática (CUCI) es una enfermedad con inflamación crónica de la mucosa del colon de origen multifactorial. El objetivo de este trabajo es identificar posibles cambios en el comportamiento de la CUCI en un hospital de referencia. Métodos: Se incluyeron nuevos casos de CUCI confirmados por histopatología de enero del 2007 a diciembre del 2014. Resultados: Se incluyeron un total de 189 pacientes. La media de nuevos casos anuales de CUCI fue de 23.6. Este estudio incorpora 95 pacientes de sexo masculino (50 %) y 94 de sexo femenino (50 %), con una edad promedio al diagnóstico de 44.6 años. La frecuencia de pancolitis fue del 77 %, en comparación con el 59 % en el periodo anterior. Las manifestaciones extraintestinales (MEI) estuvieron presentes en el 55.8 % y las colectomías en el 5.2 %. Conclusión: Algunas características de la enfermedad han cambiado con el tiempo: aumento de la frecuencia de pancolitis y MEI, así como disminución de la tasa de colectomías.


Abstract Background: Chronic idiopathic ulcerative colitis (CIUC) is a disease with multifactorial chronic inflammation of the colonic mucosa. In Mexico, there are studies that show an increase in the frequency of new cases. The purpose of this work was to identify possible changes in CIUC behavior in a referral hospital. Methods: New ulcerative colitis (UC) cases confirmed by histopathology from January 2007 to December 2014 were included. Results: A total of 189 patients were included. Mean number of UC annual new cases was 23.6. The study included 95 male patients (50 %) and 94 female patients (50 %), with an average age of 44.6 years at diagnosis. The frequency of pancolitis was 77 %, in comparison with 59 % in the previous period. Extra-intestinal manifestations (EIM) were present in 55.8 % and colectomies in 5.2 %. Conclusion: Some characteristics of the disease have changed over time: there is an increased frequency of pancolitis and EIM, as well as a decrease in the rate of colectomies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Colitis, Ulcerative/epidemiology , Colitis, Ulcerative/surgery , Colitis, Ulcerative/complications , Comorbidity , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Colectomy/statistics & numerical data , Age Distribution , Tertiary Care Centers/statistics & numerical data , Mexico/epidemiology
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