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1.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 43(1): 87-100, jan./jun. 2022. ilus, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354442

ABSTRACT

O presente trabalho trata-se de um estudo realizado com 17 crianças com faixa etária entre 4 e 5 anos, todas matriculadas no Centro de Educação Infantil ­ campus da Universidade Estadual de Londrina (CEI-UEL), tendo como objetivo avaliar o desempenho motor dessas crianças através do TGMD-3, antes e após uma intervenção motora, realizada no CEI-UEL. A intervenção foi composta de 29 sessões de 60 minutos em que eram trabalhadas diferentes habilidades motoras, após a qual foi aplicado novamente o TGMD-3 para avaliar se a intervenção havia influenciado positivamente o desempenho das crianças da amostra. Nossos resultados mostraram que para a variável somatória das habilidades de locomoção e habilidades com bola foi apresentado um aumento na comparação do pré-teste para o pós-teste, porém somente nas habilidades de locomoção foi encontrada significância na melhora. Quanto ao percentil, nas habilidades com bola foi encontrado um desempenho inferior no pós-teste, mas sem que houvesse diferença significativa entre os resultados; já para as habilidades de locomoção foi encontrada uma melhora no pós-teste do percentil, mas sem diferença significativa em comparação ao pré-teste. Com relação ao escore não foi encontrada diferença significativa para as habilidades, porém nas habilidades de locomoção houve desempenho superior no pós-teste e nas habilidades com bola houve desempenho inferior. Como conclusão, podemos inferir que a intervenção motora foi positiva para a melhora do desempenho das crianças, mas não para todas as variáveis analisadas, demonstrando que a intervenção motora pode ser uma ferramenta benéfica para o desempenho motor de crianças.


The present work is a study carried out with 17 children aged between 4 and 5 years old, all enrolled at the Child Education Center - campus of Universidade Estadual de Londrina (CEI-UEL), with objective of evaluating children motor performance through the TGMD-3, before and after a motor intervention, performed at CEI-UEL. The intervention consisted of 29 60-minute sessions with different motor skills, and after the 29 sessions, TGMD-3 was applied again to assess whether the intervention had positively influenced the performance of the children in the sample. Our results showed that for the sum of the walking and ball skills showed an increase in the comparison of the pre-test to the post-test, but only in the walking skills the difference was significant. As for the percentile, in the skills with the ball a lower performance was found in the post-test, but without any significant difference between the results; for the locomotion skills, an improvement was found in the post-test according to the percentile, not showing a significant difference compared to pretest. Regarding the score, no significant difference was found for the skills, but in the locomotion skills there was a superior performance in the post-test and in the skills with ball there was a lower performance. As a conclusion, we can deduce that motor intervention was positive for improving children motor performance, but not for all variables, showing that the motor intervention could be a beneficial tool to children motor performance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child Rearing , Efficiency , Locomotion , Motor Skills , Age Groups , Universities , Education
2.
Rev. bras. estud. popul ; 39: e0195, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365657

ABSTRACT

O presente trabalho objetiva analisar a evolução de casos, internações e óbitos por Covid-19 no município do Rio de Janeiro por faixas etárias entre março de 2020 e abril de 2021. Foram calculadas as frequências absolutas e relativas de casos e óbitos por Covid-19 para faixas etárias decenais das semanas epidemiológicas (SE) 13 de 2020 a 21 de 2021 e intervalos de valores esperados por grupo etário e SE. Os resultados mostram que a maior carga de casos correspondeu às faixas etárias de 20 a 29 e 30 a 39 anos. Internações e óbitos se concentraram nos grupos de 60 a 69, 70 a 79 e 80 anos ou mais, com uma marcante tendência de rejuvenescimento da carga de óbitos a partir da SE 10 de 2021. Conclui-se que há uma transição da idade da pandemia no Rio de Janeiro, possivelmente pelo progresso da vacinação, mostrando, portanto, o sucesso desta medida. Reforçamos a necessidade de aceleração do processo de imunização da população para controle e prevenção da Covid-19.


To describe the evolution of cases, hospitalizations, and deaths from COVID-19 in the city of Rio de Janeiro by age group between March 2020 and April 2021. Methods: the relative frequencies of COVID-19 cases and deaths were calculated for ten-year age groups in the epidemiological week (EW) 13 from 2020 to 21 of 2021 and expected value ranges by age group and EW. Results: the higher burden of cases was concentrated in the 20-29 and 30-39 age groups. Hospitalizations and deaths were concentrated in the age groups 60-69 years, 70-79 years and 80 years or more, with a marked tendency to rejuvenate the burden of deaths from EW 10 of 2021. Conclusions: There is an age transition in the pandemic in Rio de Janeiro, possibly due to the progress of vaccination. This is, therefore, a successful measure. We insist on the need to accelerate the population immunization process for the control and prevention of COVID-19.


Analizar la evolución de casos, hospitalizaciones y muertes por Covid-19 en la ciudad de Río de Janeiro por franjas etarias entre marzo de 2020 y abril de 2021. Métodos: se calcularon las frecuencias absolutas y relativas de casos y defunciones por Covid-19 para grupos de diez años desde la semana epidemiológica (SE) 13 de 2020 hasta la 21 de 2021 e intervalos de valores esperados por grupo etario y SE. Resultados: la mayor carga de casos se concentró en las franjas etarias de 20 a 29 y de 30 a 39 años. Las hospitalizaciones y las muertes se concentraron en los grupos de 60 a 69, 70 a 79 años y 80 o más años, con una marcada tendencia a rejuvenecer la carga de muertes a partir de la SE 10 de 2021. Conclusiones: Hay una transición de la edad de la pandemia en Río de Janeiro, posiblemente debido al avance de la vacunación. Por lo tanto, esta medida es exitosa. Reforzamos la necesidad de acelerar el proceso de inmunización de la poblaciona para el control y la prevención del Covid-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vaccines , Epidemiology , COVID-19 , Hospitalization , Age Groups , Brazil , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Mortality
3.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18816, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364426

ABSTRACT

The reasons for the recently observed increase in the incidence of breast cancer in the Indian population are not clearly understood, but thought to be largely explained by westernization of lifestyles and changes in reproductive behavior, which characterize exposure to hormones. Our aim is to review the reproductive risk factors and comorbidities and evaluate the association between molecular subtypes of breast cancer. A hospital-based analytical case-control study was conducted among the breast cancer cases with controls in a multispecialty teaching hospital for a period of one year. Totally, 130 subjects were recruited and an interview was conducted using a structured questionnaire to obtain demographic and risk factor data, including tissue marker status (ER, PR and HER-2) obtained from case files. Data were analyzed with SPSS-20 version. Results: The highest age group reported in this study was 51- 60 years which has a 3.8 times increased risk compared to other age and the age group of 31- 40 have a decrease risk of 0.33. In this study, the percentage of post menopause (68%) and mothers not breastfeeding (10%) was higher in cases compared to controls and a noted increase in the risk of breast cancer with odds ratio (OR) of 2.745 (p= <0.0001) and 9.08 (p=0.01) respectively. Duration of breastfeeding showed significantly (p=<0.0001)) moderate positive correlation (r=0.549, 0.457, 0.418 and 0.636) for luminal A, luminal B, HER+, and triple negative respectively. This study found that all the reproductive risk factors do not have correlation with a molecular subtype of breast cancer except breastfeeding. Post menopause and breastfeeding were common factors associated with all people and could be modifiable to prevent the occurrence of breast cancer through lifestyle change


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Comorbidity/trends , Risk Factors , Reproductive Behavior , Hospitals/classification , Case-Control Studies , Demography/classification , Surveys and Questionnaires , Life Style , Age Groups
4.
Revista brasileira de ciência e movimento ; 29(1): [1-16], nov. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344788

ABSTRACT

Crianças autistas apresentam não somente limitações sociais e na forma de comunicação/ linguagem, mas também comprometimentos na coordenação motora. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar os efeitos de um programa de jiu-jitsu na coordenação motora de crianças com Transtorno do Espectro Autismo Participaram seis crianças, na faixa etária de 7-12 anos (8,6 ± 3,07), sendo três praticantes de jiu-jitsu e outras três sem qualquer experiência em atividades relacionadas a lutas. O instrumento utilizado para a coleta de dados foi o teste de coordenação motora Korperkoordination test fur Kinder (KTK). O teste envolve componentes da coordenação corporal como: o equilíbrio, o ritmo, a força, a lateralidade, a velocidade e a agilidade. Os resultados apontaram que a prática de jiu-jitsu influenciou positivamente a coordenação motora das crianças. Apesar disso, a coordenação motora de ambos os grupos foi classificada como insuficiente.(AU)


Autistic children not only present social issues and form of communication and language, but also commitments in motor coordination. The aim of this study was to verify the effects of a jiu-jitsu program to coordinate children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. He participated in six children, aged 7 to 12 years (8.6 ± 3.07), three of whom were practicing jiu-jitsu and three others with no experience in activities related to fights. The instrument used for data collection was the motor coordination test Korperkoordination Kinder Test (KTK). The test involves components of body coordination such as: balance, rhythm, strength, laterality, speed and agility. The results showed that the practice of jiu-jitsu positively influenced children's motor coordination. Despite this, motor coordination in both groups was used as insufficient.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Psychomotor Performance , Autistic Disorder , Sports , Physical Education and Training , Child , Martial Arts , Communication , Functional Laterality , Motor Activity , Age Groups
5.
Más Vita ; 3(3): 8-21, sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1343291

ABSTRACT

Analizar la evolución del síndrome de distrés respiratorio agudo (SDRA) en neonatos pretérminos del área de cuidados intensivos del Hospital General Delfina Torres de Concha. Materiales y Métodos: La investigación es un estudio cuantitativo, de corte transversal y alcance descriptivo. La muestra probabilística quedó conformada por 49 madres de neonatos prematuros. Las técnicas utilizadas son el estudio documental y la encuesta. Los criterios de inclusión incluyeron ambos sexos, que nacieron entre las 26 y las 35 semanas de gestación, durante los meses de julio, agosto y septiembre de 2020. Las variables fueron los factores sociodemográficos de las madres, los factores de riesgo maternos, el género, vía del parto, peso al nacer, complicaciones de los neonatos y la mortalidad infantil. Resultados: Los resultados muestran que la etnia prevalente fue la mestiza (65,3%), el estado civil más representado fue el de unión libre (51,0%) y el nivel de escolaridad es muy bajo, así como el per cápita económico familiar. Los factores de riesgo maternos fueron la hipertensión (21,5%), la edad y la preeclamsia (18,5%, respectivamente). En los recién nacidos prevaleció el sexo masculino (46,9%) sobre el femenino (53.06%), al igual que las cesáreas (55,1%). Las complicaciones más importantes fueron la hemorragia intraventricular (23,8%), la hipertensión pulmonar persistente (20,6%) y la displasia broncopulmonar (15,9%). La tasa de mortalidad infantil se situó en el 32,7%. Conclusiones: Existe una correlación entre las complicaciones severas de los recién nacidos y la mortalidad neonatal. Por la trascendencia familiar y social del fallecimiento de neonatos y la frecuencia de trastornos respiratorios en la morbimortalidad de los recién nacidos en dicho Hospital, se hace necesario realizar estudios que estimulen la prevención y diagnóstico oportuno, especialmente en contextos como el nuestro


To analyze the evolution of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in preterm neonates in the intensive care area of the Hospital General Delfina Torres de Concha. Materials and Methods: The research is a quantitative, cross-sectional, descriptive study. The probabilistic sample consisted of 49 mothers of preterm infants. The techniques used were documentary study and survey. The inclusion criteria included both sexes, born between 26 and 35 weeks of gestation, during the months of July, August and September 2020. The variables were sociodemographic factors of the mothers, maternal risk factors, gender, and route of delivery, birth weight, neonatal complications and infant mortality. The results: The results show that the most prevalent ethnic group was mestizo (65.3%), the most represented marital status was a union (51.0%) and the level of schooling was very low, as well as the family economic per capita. Maternal risk factors were hypertension (21.5%), age and preeclamsia (18.5%, respectively). Among the newborns, the male sex (46.9%) prevailed over the female (53.06%), as did cesarean sections (55.1%). The most important complications were intraventricular hemorrhage (23.8%), persistent pulmonary hypertension (20.6%) and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (15.9%). The infant mortality rate was 32.7%. Conclusions: There is a correlation between severe newborn complications and neonatal mortality. Due to the family and social importance of neonatal deaths and the frequency of respiratory disorders in the morbidity and mortality of newborns in this Hospital, it is necessary to carry out studies to stimulate prevention and timely diagnosis, especially in contexts such as ours


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy Complications , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/mortality , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Infant, Premature , Social Class , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Cesarean Section , Surveys and Questionnaires , Educational Status , Age Groups
6.
Revista Brasileira de Ciência e Movimento ; 28(4): 42-51, ago. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342063

ABSTRACT

Estudos prévios sugerem que jovens atletas nascidos nos primeiros meses do ano podem ser beneficiados no processo de seleção e formação quando comparados a atletas de mesma idade nascidos nos últimos meses do ano. Esse fenômeno é descrito na literatura como o efeito da idade relativa (EIR). O objetivo do presente estudo foi analisar o EIR nas delegações brasileiras participantes dos Jogos Olímpicos de Atenas 2004, Pequim 2008 e Londres 2012. Para esta investigação, a amostra foi composta por 543 atletas olímpicos (masculino e feminino). O teste Qui-Quadrado (x 2 ) foi adotado para a comparação entre a distribuição esperada e a distribuição observada. O nível de significância adotado foi de p<0,05. Os resultados do presente estudo não indicam diferença significante para distribuição de nascimentos entre os quartis do ano para a amostra investigada (p>0,05). Considerando que a análise principal foi realizada com agrupamentos das modalidades, é possível especular que esse resultado pode ser atribuído a diversos fatores, como: i) menor demanda por uma vaga nas categorias de base em determinadas modalidades esportivas, ii) divisões por categorias competitivas que além da idade também levam em consideração outras variáveis, iii) adoção de diferentes abordagens de formação de jovens atletas.(AU)


Previous studies suggest that young athletes born in the first months of the year may have an advantage during selection and development process compared to athletes of the same age born in the last months of the year. This phenomenon is described in the literature as the relative age effect (RAE). The aim of this study was to analyze the occurrence of RAE in participants of Brazilian delegations of the Olympic Games Athens 2004, Beijing 2008 and London 2012. For this study, the sample consisted of 543 Olympic athletes (male and female). The chi-square (x 2 ) was adopted to compare the expected distribution and the observed distribution. The significance level was set at p <0.05. The results of this study do not indicate significant difference in the birth distribution among quarters of the year for the population investigated (p> 0.05). Considering that the main analysis was conducted by pooled data, it is reasonable to speculate this outcome might be due to multiple factors such: i) lower demand for a place in the early categories in some sports, ii) rating for competitive categories beyond age also take into account other variables such as weight and height iii) the adoption of different long-term youth training approaches.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Physical Education and Training , Adolescent , Athletes , Age Groups , Sports , Age Effect
7.
Rev. cuba. med. trop ; 73(2): e612, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347488

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las geohelmintiasis son las parasitosis intestinales causadas por helmintos que hacen su ciclo de vida en la tierra y representan un problema de salud público a nivel mundial, que afecta en especial aquellos estratos socioeconómicos más bajos. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de geohelmintos en comunidades indígenas del estado Zulia, Venezuela. Métodos: Se analizaron 250 muestras fecales, de individuos de ambos sexos con edades entre 1 a 80 años. Las muestras fueron procesadas con examen directo, concentrado (Ritchie) y recuento de huevos (Kato-Katz). Resultados: El 35,20 por ciento de los individuos presentaron huevos de geohelmintos en sus heces (88 casos). El grupo etario más afectado fue el de escolares (7-12 años: 38,64 por ciento ), seguido de adultos (20 o más años: 26,13 por ciento ). Ascaris lumbricoides con 25,20 por ciento se encontró en primer lugar, seguido de Trichuris trichiura con 14,80 por ciento , y los menos frecuentes Ancilostomideos con 4,40 por ciento . La mayoría de los individuos presentaron infecciones de intensidad leve (A. lumbricoides 74,60 por ciento , T. trichiura 81,08 por ciento y Ancilostomideos 90,91 por ciento ). Conclusiones: Se detecta una moderada prevalencia de geohelmintos, con un mayor porcentaje de las infecciones de intensidad leve. La presencia de los geohelmintos se relaciona con el escaso saneamiento ambiental que poseen estas comunidades indígenas(AU)


Introduction: Geohelminthiases are intestinal parasitic diseases caused by helminths which complete their life cycle in the soil. They are a global public health problem mainly affecting the lowest socioeconomic strata. Objective: Determine the prevalence of geohelminths in native communities from Zulia State, Venezuela. Methods: Analysis was performed of 250 stool samples from individuals of both sexes aged between 1 and 80 years. The samples were processed by direct examination, concentration (Ritchie) and egg count (Kato-Katz). Results: Geohelminth eggs were found in 35.20 percent of the stool samples studied (88 cases). The most affected age group was schoolchildren (7-12 years: 38.64 percent), followed by adults (20 years and over: 26.13 percent). The most common helminth was Ascaris lumbricoides with 25.20 percent, followed by Trichuris trichiura with 14.80 percent. The least common genus was Ancylostoma with 4.40 percent. Infection was mild in most subjects (A. lumbricoides 74.60 percent, T. trichiura 81.08 percent and Ancylostoma 90.91 percent). Conclusions: A moderate prevalence of geohelminth infection was observed, most of which was mild. The presence of geohelminths is related to poor environmental sanitation in these native communities(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adult , Parasitic Diseases , Ascaris lumbricoides , Feces , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic , Life Cycle Stages , Residence Characteristics , Indigenous Peoples , Age Groups
8.
Gerais (Univ. Fed. Juiz Fora) ; 14(2): 1-23, maio-ago. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1286616

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste trabalho foi conhecer as características dos relacionamentos afetivo-sexuais entre mulheres. Trata-se de estudo descritivo de abordagem qualitativa, utilizando como instrumento entrevista com roteiro semiestruturado. Participaram cinco mulheres, com idades entre 25 e 37 anos, que estabelecem parceria afetivo-sexual com outra mulher, sob a forma de coabitação há no mínimo um ano. A análise qualitativa de inspiração fenomenológica identificou particularidades e pontos convergentes nas experiências relatadas. Os dados apontam que a trajetória de vida dessas mulheres é marcada por violências, enquanto a constituição de uma nova família é permeada por intenso afeto, companheirismo e parceria. Conhecer os relacionamentos entre mulheres é importante para a desmistificação de estigmas que ainda se atualizam sob a forma de violência contra mulheres lésbicas e bissexuais. Aponta-se que para pesquisas futuras seja interessante ampliar a faixa etária das participantes, bem como utilizar marcadores de classe e raça.


The objective of this work was to know the characteristics of affective-sexual relationships between women. This is a descriptive study with a qualitative approach, using a semi-structured interview as an instrument. The participants were five women, aged between 25 to 37 years, who have established an affective-sexual partnership with another woman, in the form of cohabitation for at least one year. The qualitative analysis of phenomenological inspiration identified particularities and convergent points in the reported experiences. The data indicate that the life trajectory of these women is marked by violence, while the constitution of a new family is permeated by intense affection, companionship and partnership. Knowing the relationships between women is important to demystify the stigmas that are still perpetuated in the form of violence against lesbians and bisexual women. It is pointed out that for future research it is interesting to expand the age range of the participants, as well as to use social class and race markers.


Subject(s)
Homosexuality, Female , Psychology , Sexuality , Emotions , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Age Groups
9.
Revista Brasileira de Ciência e Movimento ; 28(4): 173-179, ago. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342844

ABSTRACT

O efeito da idade relativa (EIR) se refere a diferença na idade cronológica entre os quartis de nascimento dos atletas da mesma faixa etária, que pode beneficiar pessoas nascidas no início do ano. Este fenômeno está claro em diversos esportes coletivos, porem em modalidades individuais os resultados ainda são inconsistentes, principalmente no triathlon. Sendo assim, nos objetivamos analisar se o efeito da idade relativa influencia no ranking brasileiro de triathlon em atletas juniores da categoria 16/17 e 18/19. A amostra do estudo foi composta por triatletas do sexo masculino da categoria 16/17 (N=132) e 18/19 (N=164), que compuseram os rankings dos anos de 2011 a 2019. Para comparação e análise dos dados foi identificado o quartil de cada atleta, assim como, os dados referentes as pontuações do ranking. Para testar o efeito da idade relativa, foi realizado o teste de qui-quadrado (χ2 ). Em seguida testamos a normalidade com o teste de kolmogorov-smirnov. Foi realizado o teste de kruskal wallis para verificar diferenças entre os quartis em relação aos pontos do ranking e adotamos nível de significância de p≤0,05 para todos os testes. Os resultados mostraram não haver diferenças significativa na distribuição no quartil dos atletas em ambas as categorias. Além disso, evidenciamos também que não houve influência desse fenômeno nas pontuações dos rankings. Com isso, podemos concluir que o EIR está ausente em triatletas juniores brasileiros e que este fenômeno não influencia nas pontuações dos rankings.(AU)


The relative age effect (RAE) refers to the difference in chronological age between birth quarters of athletes of the same age group, who may benefit people born at the beginning of the year. This phenomenon is clear in several collective sports, but in individual modalities, the results are still inconsistent, especially in triathlon. Thus, we aim to analyze if the effect of relative age influences the Brazilian triathlon ranking in junior athletes of the category 16/17 and 18/19. The study sample consisted of male triathletes of the 16/17 (N = 132) and 18/19 (N = 164) males, who composed the rankings of the years 2011 to 2019. For comparison and analysis of the data was identified the quartile of each athlete, as well as the data referring to the scores of the ranking. To test the effect of relative age, the chi-square test (χ 2 ) was performed. Then we test normality with the kolmogorov-smirnov test. We performed the kruskal wallis test to verify differences between the quartiles in relation to the ranking points and adopted a significance level of p≤0.05 for all the tests. The results showed that there were no significant differences in the quartile distribution of athletes in both categories. In addition, we also showed that there was no influence of this phenomenon on the rankings scores. With this, we can conclude that the RAE is absent in Brazilian junior triathletes and that this phenomenon does not influence the rankings scores.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Physical Education and Training , Age Effect , Athletic Performance , Athletes , Sports , Potency , Muscle Strength , Age Groups
10.
Medicina (Ribeirão Preto) ; 54(1)jul, 2021. tab.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353695

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Modelo do estudo: Estudo descritivo transversal. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a evolução da prevalência de sobrepeso, obesidade e doenças crônicas não transmissíveis (DCNT), e sua relação com idade e anos de estudo, nas capitais brasileiras. Método: Foram analisados dados oriundos da Pesquisa VIGITEL prioritariamente de 2006 e 2018 referentes à 12 variáveis, através de procedimentos estatísticos descritivos, análises de frequência e diagramas de dispersão com inserção das curvas de tendência e coeficientes de determinação. Resultados: Os resultados evidenciam um aumento expressivo do IMC médio e das prevalências DCNT nas populações das capitais do Brasil, embora a autopercepção do estado geral de saúde apresente alteração inexpressiva. O IMC médio da população é maior na faixa etária entre 45 e 65 anos, e as prevalências de diabetes, pressão alta e dislipidemia apresentam um crescimento acentuado partir dos 40 anos, atingindo o ápice na faixa etária entre 70 e 80 anos. Quanto mais anos de estudos possui a população, menor são as prevalências de obesidade e DCNT. Conclusão: Iniciativas, tanto públicas como privadas, de redução dos fatores de risco que potencializam o aumento da obe-sidade e de DCNT são necessárias. Ademais, o aumento do nível educacional de uma população tem potencial de promover melhoria significativa no quadro de saúde pública, reduzindo os gastos em saúde e melhorando a quali-dade de vida populacional. (AU)


ABSTRACT: Study design: Cross-sectional descriptive study. Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the evolution of the prevalence of overweight, obesity and NCD, and they relationship with age and studying years, in Brazilian capitals. Method: Data from the VIGITEL Surveys, primarily for 2006 and 2018, were analyzed for 12 variables, using descriptive statistical procedures, frequency analysis and dispersion diagrams with insertion of trend curves and determination coefficients. Results: The results show a significant increase in the average BMI and the preva-lence of NCD in the populations of the capitals of Brazil, although the self-perception of the general state of health presents an inexpressive change. The average BMI of the population is higher in the age group between 45 and 65 years old, and the prevalence of diabetes, high blood pressure and dyslipidemia has increased sharply since the age of 40, reaching its peak in the age group between 70 and 80 years. The more years of studies the population has, the lower the prevalence of obesity and NCD. Conclusions: Initiatives, both public and private, to reduce the risk factors that enhance the increase in obesity and NCD are necessary. Furthermore, the increase in the educational level of a population has the potential to promote significant improvement in the public health situation, reducing health expenditures and improving the quality of life of the population. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus , Noncommunicable Diseases , Hypertension , Age Groups , Obesity
11.
Rev. SOBECC ; 26(2): 77-83, 30-06-2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283354

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Verificar taxa e motivos extrínsecos de suspensões de cirurgias ortopédicas eletivas em idosos e o percurso até sua realização, reconhecendo sexo biológico, faixa etária, procedência e tipo de cirurgia. Método: Estudo retrospectivo, com delineamento descritivo, abordagem quantitativa do tipo analítica, com correlação entre variáveis, realizado em um hospital de ensino no período de janeiro a junho do ano de 2018 com idosos de 60 anos e acima, pacientes de cirurgias ortopédicas. Resultados: Das 543 cirurgias ortopédicas de idosos agendadas, 93 (17,41%) foram suspensas. O maior motivo para a suspensão foi extrapolação do tempo da cirurgia anterior (35,48%); a cirurgia foi cancelada uma vez e realizada entre um e dois dias após a suspensão (91,87%), com significância estatística (p=0,00). Conclusão: Constatou-se que a taxa de suspensão cirúrgica nos idosos ortopédicos, por motivos extrínsecos, foi de 17,41%. A suspensão cirúrgica ainda é um grande desafio aos profissionais e às instituições de saúde, demonstrando grande envolvimento do enfermeiro em detectar e solucionar o atraso cirúrgico, de modo a diminuir sua incidência.


Objective: To identify the rates and extrinsic reasons for the suspension of elective orthopedic surgeries in older adults and the course until their performance, according to sex, age group, origin, and type of surgery. Method: This is a retrospective descriptive study with a quantitative analytical approach and variable correlation, carried out in a teaching hospital from January to June 2018. The sample consisted of orthopedic surgery patients aged 60 years and older. Results: Out of the 543 orthopedic surgeries scheduled for older adults, 93 (17.41%) were suspended. The main reason for suspension was the previous surgery lasting longer than expected (35.48%); the surgery was canceled once and performed 1­2 days after the suspension (91.87%), with statistical significance (p=0.00). Conclusion: We found that the rate of surgical suspension for extrinsic reasons in orthopedic older patients was 17.41%. Surgical suspension remains a great challenge for professionals and health facilities, showing the significant involvement of nurses in detecting and solving surgical delays in order to decrease their incidence.


Objetivo: Verificar la tasa y motivos extrínsecos de las suspensiones electivas de cirugía ortopédica en ancianos y la vía para su realización, reconociendo el sexo biológico, grupo de edad, origen y tipo de cirugía. Método: estudio retrospectivo, con diseño descriptivo, abordaje analítico cuantitativo, con correlación entre variables, realizado en un hospital de enseñanza, de enero a junio del año 2018, con ancianos de 60 años y más, sometidos a cirugía ortopédica. Resultados: De las 543 cirugías ortopédicas programadas para ancianos, 93 (17,41%) fueron suspendidas. El mayor motivo de suspensión fue la extrapolación del momento de la cirugía anterior (35,48%); la cirugía se canceló una vez y se realizó entre uno y dos días después de la suspensión (91,87%), con significación estadística (p=0,00). Conclusión: Se encontró que la tasa de suspensión quirúrgica, en el anciano ortopédico por razones extrínsecas, fue del 17,41%. La suspensión quirúrgica sigue siendo un gran desafío para los profesionales y las instituciones de salud, demostrando la gran implicación del enfermero en la detección y resolución del retraso quirúrgico, con el fin de reducir su incidencia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orthopedics , Aged , Nurses , Patients , Orthopedic Procedures , Age Groups
12.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(1): 28-32, maio 5, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354784

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a pandemia da COVID-19 acarretou mudanças em todos os segmentos da sociedade, inclusive com impacto na educação odontológica. Objetivo: avaliar o medo frente à COVID-19 em estudantes de Odontologia. Metodologia: estudo transversal composto por 40 estudantes de Odontologia de uma universidade privada. Foram coletados dados referentes a questões sociodemográficas e aplicada a Escala de Medo da COVID-19 (EMC-19). Os dados foram tabulados utilizando-se o software IBM SPSS e analisados descritivamente (frequências absoluta e percentual, medidas de tendência central e de variabilidade). Resultados: a maioria dos estudantes era do sexo feminino (60,0%), tinha entre 16 e 20 anos (50,0%) e 45,0% possuía renda familiar mensal de mais de um e menos de três salários mínimos. A média do escore total na EMC-19 foi de 18,45 (DP = 6,08), com escore mínimo de 7 e máximo de 30. A maior parte dos estudantes apresentou "pouco medo" da COVID-19 (55,0%). Os itens "Eu tenho muito medo da COVID-19", "Eu tenho medo de morrer por causa da COVID-19", e "Eu fico nervoso ou ansioso quando vejo notícias nos jornais e nas redes sociais sobre a COVID-19" obtiveram os maiores valores médios. Conclusão: a maioria dos estudantes apresentou pouco medo da COVID-19, apesar dos itens "Eu tenho muito medo da COVID-19", "Eu tenho medo de morrer por causa da COVID-19" e "Eu fico nervoso ou ansioso quando vejo notícias nos jornais e nas redes sociais sobre a COVID-19" terem obtido os maiores valores médios.


Introduction: the COVID-19 pandemic brought changes in all segments of society, including with impact on dental education. Objective: to evaluate the fear of COVID-19 in dental students. Methodology: cross-sectional study composed of 40 dental students from a private university. Data were collected regarding sociodemographic issues and the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) was applied. The data were tabulated using the IBM SPSS software and analyzed descriptively (absolute and percentage frequencies, measures of central tendency and variability). Results: most students were female (60.0%), between 16 and 20 years old (50.0%) and 45.0% had a monthly family income of more than one and less than three minimum wages. The average of the total score on the FCV-19S was 18.45 (SD = 6.08), with a minimum score of 7 and a maximum of 30. Most students showed "little fear" of COVID-19 (55.0 %). The items "I am very afraid of COVID-19", "I am afraid of dying because of COVID-19", and "I get nervous or anxious when I see news in the newspapers and on social media about COVID-19" obtained the highest average values. Conclusion: most students showed little fear of COVID-19, despite the items "I am very afraid of COVID-19", "I am afraid of dying because of COVID-19" and "I get nervous or anxious when I see news in newspapers and social media about COVID-19" having obtained the highest average values.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Students, Dental , Mental Health , Fear , COVID-19 , Cross-Sectional Studies , Drug Utilization , Income , Age Groups
13.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(2): e3162, mar.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251805

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La succión digital se ha descrito como un hábito común en la infancia, pero su persistencia, acompañada de un patrón esqueletal desfavorable ocasiona diversas anomalías. Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados de un programa de intervención educativa en niños de 6 a 11 años con hábito de succión digital, pertenecientes a las escuelas primarias Julio Pérez y Domingo Lence del municipio San Antonio de los Baños. Material y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio cuasi-experimental. De un universo de 107 niños que practicaban hábitos deletéreos, se seleccionó una muestra de 42 teniendo en cuenta los criterios de inclusión. Las variables analizadas fueron: edad, sexo, nivel de conocimiento, anomalías dentomaxilofaciales y abandono del hábito. Los datos se tomaron de los resultados de la aplicación de un cuestionario. En el análisis de la información se utilizó el porcentaje y se confeccionaron tablas estadísticas y gráfico. Se usaron métodos teóricos, empíricos, estadísticos y el análisis documental. Resultados: Los niños entre 6 y 7 años fueron 47,6 por ciento y el sexo femenino, 73,8 por ciento. Dentro de las anomalías dentomaxilofaciales, la disfunción labial se presentó en 95,2 por ciento y el resalte aumentado en 92,8 por ciento. El 83.3 por ciento de los niños finalizaron con un conocimiento adecuado. El 78,6 por ciento abandonó el hábito. Conclusiones: Predominaron las hembras y el grupo de edad de 6 a 7 años. Las anomalías dentomaxilofaciales más frecuentes fueron la disfunción labial seguido del resalte aumentado. Aumentó el nivel de conocimientos y el abandono del hábito fue elevado(AU)


Introduction: Digital suction has been described as a common habit in childhood, but it can cause several anomalies if it is persistent and accompanied by an unfavorable skeletal pattern. Objective: To evaluate the results of an educational intervention program performed in children aged 6 -11 years with the habit of digital suction who belong to Julio Pérez and Domingo Lence elementary schools, San Antonio de los Baños municipality. Material and Methods: A quasi-experimental study was conducted. A sample of 42 children was selected from a universe that was made up of 107 children with deleterious habits, keeping in mind inclusion criteria. The variables analyzed included: age, sex, level of knowledge, dental and maxillofacial anomalies and cessation of the habit. The data were taken from the results of the application of a questionnaire. Percentages were used for the analysis of the information and statistical tables and figures were developed. Theoretical, empirical, and statistical methods were used; documentary analysis was also carried out. Results: The condition predominated in children aged 6 - 7 years (47,6 percent) and the female sex (73,8 percent). Among dental and maxillofacial anomalies, labial dysfunction was identified in 95,2 percent of children and augmentation of projection was present in 92,8 percent of the cases. Also, 83.3 percent of children developed an appropriate knowledge and 78,6 percent eradicated the habit. Conclusions: Female children and the age group between 6 and 7 years of age predominated in the study. The most frequent dental and maxillofacial anomalies were labial dysfunction followed by augmentation of projection. The level of knowledge increased and the cessation of the habit was high(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Surveys and Questionnaires , Early Intervention, Educational , Fingersucking , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Age Groups
14.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(1): e1222, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251743

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La población en los grupos de edades más bajos no ha constituido un grupo vulnerable ante los efectos de la COVID-19. No obstante, se considera importante explicar el estado de la enfermedad en este grupo de edad. Objetivo: Caracterizar demográficamente la población infantil afectada por la COVID-19 en Cuba, desde el 11 de marzo hasta el 22 de junio de 2020. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal. Se incluyeron en el estudio 246 niños de 0-18 años de edad cumplida contagiados con la COVID-19 en Cuba. Las variables de estudio fueron: provincia de residencia, sexo, edad, tipo de contagio, número de contactos y letalidad. Los resultados se presentan mediante tasas y porcentajes principalmente. Resultados: Los diagnosticados con la COVID-19 en Cuba, de 0 a 18 años, representan el 10,6 por ciento del total de confirmados. El 50,4 por ciento son del sexo masculino y el 49,6 por ciento del femenino. La tasa de incidencia a nivel nacional es aproximadamente de 10,63 infantes de 0 a 18 años infectados con la COVID-19, por cada 100 000 habitantes del grupo de edad. El 5,7 por ciento del total de enfermos analizados corresponde a niños menores de un año de edad. Conclusiones: Hasta el 22 de junio de 2020 se han enfermado en Cuba 246 niños de 0 a 18 años de edad. Las mayores cifras se concentran en el sexo masculino, en el subgrupo de 15-18 años de edad y en las provincias La Habana y Villa Clara(AU)


Introduction: The population in lower age groups has not been a vulnerable group to the effects of COVID-19. However, it is considered important to do a review of the disease´s state in this age group. Objective: Characterize demographically the children´s population affected by COVID-19 in Cuba, from March 11 to June 22, 2020. Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study. 246 children aged 0-18 who were infected with COVID-19 in Cuba were included in the study. The study variables were: province of residence, sex, age, type of contagion, number of contacts and lethality. Results are presented by rates and percentages, mainly. Results: Those diagnosed with COVID-19 in Cuba, in the ages from 0 to 18 years, account for 10.6 percent of the total confirmed. 50.4 percent are male and 49.6 percent female. The incidence rate at the national level is approximately 10.63 infants aged 0 to 18 infected with COVID-19 per 100,000 inhabitants of the age group. 5.7 percent of the total number of patients tested represents children under one-year-old. Conclusions: Until June 22, 2020, 246 children aged 0 to 18 have got ill in Cuba. The highest numbers are concentrated in the male sex, in the subgroup of 15-18 years old, and in the provinces Havana and Villa Clara(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , World Health Organization , Coronavirus Infections , Minors , Age Groups , Cross-Sectional Studies
15.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 41(1): 9-14, mar. 2021. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177228

ABSTRACT

Introducción: los siniestros viales representan un significativo problema de salud pública y una de las principales causas de morbimortalidad evitables en la Argentina. La vigilancia epidemiológica permite valorar el alcance del problema y orientar respuestas. El objetivo de este estudio es describir las características demográficas, uso de la vía pública, mecanismo de producción, evaluación en Unidad de Emergencias y morbimortalidad de los casos ingresados en el sistema de vigilancia epidemiológica de siniestros viales en el Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires durante durante el año 2018. Materiales y métodos: estudio observacional de corte transversal. Se analizaron las variables sexo, grupo etario, tiempo de internación, tipo de usuario, mecanismo de producción, gravedad del herido y del siniestro. Resultados: se registraron 404 consultas por siniestros viales. El sexo masculino fue el predominante en el 62,13% (251). El rango etario más frecuente abarcó los 25 a 44 años (187). La forma de traslado mayoritaria fue el automóvil en el 42,57% (172), seguido de motovehículos 29,21% (118). La gran mayoría fueron secundarios a colisiones entre dos vehículos. El 80,20% (324) ingresó deambulando por sus propios medios y el 83% (336) no requirió internación. El 90,6% (366) consultó por heridas leves. De los heridos graves, el 71,05% (27) fue de sexo masculino y el 26,32% (10) mayor de 75 años. La mayoría eran usuarios de automóvil. Ocurrieron 3 óbitos de mujeres mayores de 75 años. Conclusión: se observó una mayor cantidad de siniestros viales en adultos jóvenes, principalmente en varones. En general, usuarios de vehículos que consultaron tras una colisión con otro vehículo. Mayormente, ingresaron por sus propios medios, no requirieron internación de ningún tipo y presentaron heridas leves. Los casos graves correspondieron en su mayoría a varones con gran proporción de adultos mayores. Los casos fatales ocurrieron en mujeres adultas mayores. Contar con información del perfil epidemiológico de los siniestros viales permite la comprensión de esta compleja problemática en el ámbito local y el diseño de estrategias de intervención ajustadas a dicho perfil. (AU)


Introduction: road accidents represent a significant public health problem and one of the main causes of preventable morbidity and mortality in Argentina. Epidemiological surveillance makes it possible to assess the scope of the problem and guide responses. The objective of this study is to describe the demographic characteristics, use of the public highway, production mechanism, evaluation in the emergency center and morbidity and mortality of the cases admitted to the epidemiological surveillance system of road accidents at the Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires during 2018. Materials and methods: observational cross-sectional study. The variables sex, age group, length of stay, type of user, production mechanism, severity of the injured and the accident were analyzed. Results: 404 consultations for road accidents were registered. Male sex was predominant in 62.13% (251). The most frequent age range was 25 to 44 years (187). The majority form of transportation was the automobile in 42.57% (172), followed by motorcycle vehicles 29.21% (118). The vast majority were secondary to collisions between two vehicles. 80.20% (324) were admitted wandering by their own means and 83% (336) did not require hospitalization. 90.6% (366) consulted for minor injuries. Of the seriously injured, 71.05% (27) were male and 26.32% (10) were older than 75 years. Most were car users. There were 3 deaths of women older than 75 years. Conclusion: there was a greater number of road accidents in young adults, mainly in men. In general, vehicle users consulted after a collision with another vehicle. Moreover, they entered by their own means, they did not require hospitalization of any kind and presentation of minor injuries. Severe cases correspond mostly to males with a large proportion of older adults. The fatal cases occurred in older adult women. Having information on the epidemiological profile of road accidents allows the understanding of this complex problem at the local level and the design of intervention strategies adjusted to this profile. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Accidents, Traffic/statistics & numerical data , Epidemiological Monitoring , Argentina , Transportation/statistics & numerical data , Accidents, Traffic/mortality , Accidents, Traffic/prevention & control , Sex Factors , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Public Health , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age Factors , Emergency Medical Services/statistics & numerical data , Age Groups
16.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(1): 91-97, 20210000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150523

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La mortalidad perioperatoria se considera una de las herramientas clave para medir la fuerza del sistema de salud de un país en el área quirúrgica. Actualmente, no se cuenta con las cifras totales de las apendicectomías realizadas en nuestro pais, a pesar de ser un procedimiento quirúrgico extremadamente común. Métodos. Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo con datos de pacientes de todas las edades, reportados como afiliados al sistema de salud contributivo de Colombia y a quienes se les realizó una apendicectomía entre el 1° de enero de 2011 y el 31 de diciembre de 2016. La información se obtuvo de bases de datos nacionales y se procesó a partir del cálculo de variables, como la tasa de mortalidad perioperatoria y el volumen quirúrgico, estimando una tasa de mortalidad a treinta días, por sexo, grupo etario y región geográfica. Resultados. Entre las 231.570 apendicectomías que se identificaron, se halló una mayor tasa de mortalidad perioperatoria en el grupo etario de hombres mayores de 80 años con 17,3 %. La región oriental presentó la menor tasa de mortalidad con 0,01 %. El mayor volumen quirúrgico se presentó en el año 2012 y el menor en el año 2016.Discusión. La tasa de mortalidad de apendicectomía en diferentes grupos etarios es similar a la de otros países de ingresos medios y bajos, en tanto que la mayor heterogeneidad de la tasa de mortalidad entre las diferentes regiones, se percibe en los grupos de menores de un año y de mayores de 65 años. Este estudio se constituye como una aproximación inicial a la tasa de mortalidad en apendicectomías realizadas en Colombia


Introduction. Perioperative mortality is considered one of the key tools to measure the strength of a country's health system, in the surgical area. Currently, there are no total figures for appendectomies performed in our country, despite being an extremely common surgical procedure.Methods. Retrospective cohort study with data from patients of all ages, reported as affiliated to the contributory health system in Colombia and who underwent an appendectomy between 01/01/2011 and 12/31/2016. The information, which was obtained from national databases, was processed by calculating variables such as perioperative mortality rate and surgical volume, estimating a 30-day mortality rate, by sex, age group and geographic region. Results. Among the 231,570 appendectomies that were identified, a higher perioperative mortality rate was found in the age group of men older than 80 years with 17.31%. The eastern region had the lowest mortality rate with 0.01%. The highest surgical volume occurred in 2012 and the lowest in 2016.Discussion.The mortality rate from appendectomies in different age groups is similar to that of other low- and middle-income countries, while the greater heterogeneity of the mortality rate between the different regions is seen in the groups of children under one year of age and older over 65 years old. This study constitutes an initial approximation to the mortality rate in appendectomies performed in Colombia


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendectomy , Mortality , Laparoscopy , Age Groups
17.
San Salvador; MINSAL; ene.2021. 1 p. ilus.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1179325

ABSTRACT

Se presenta El Esquema Nacional de Vacunación-2021 a fin de dar a conocer a la población las enfermedades transmisibles que se pueden prevenir en diferentes grupos de edad por medio de la inmunización


The National Vaccination Scheme-2021 is presented in order to make the population aware of the communicable diseases that can be prevented in different age groups through immunization


Subject(s)
Communicable Diseases , Vaccination , Age Groups , Population
18.
Neotrop. ichthyol ; 19(1): e200033, 2021. tab, graf, mapas
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1154965

ABSTRACT

We aimed to improve the understanding of the establishment of Serrasalmus marginatus (non-native), which was followed by a decrease in the abundance of Serrasalmus maculatus (native) in the upper Paraná River floodplain. We estimated age, mortality rate, length and age at first maturity and variations in gonad development in three time-periods along a 26-year truncated time scale for both species. Population and reproduction parameters of both species showed substantial fluctuations among periods. Most age classes were sampled in all time-periods, but with considerable difference in abundance, with predominance of older individuals in the second time-period and younger individuals in the third time-period for both species. The mortality rates decreased for both species in the second time-period, but increased for the native in the third time-period. Length and age at first maturity decreased in the second time-period for both species, increasing the number of mature individuals on their populations. In the third time-period, the number of immature individuals increased for both species. We suggest that species experienced stressful conditions during cooccurrence and this have resulted in physiological responses in both species, reflecting in population and reproductive adjustments that may have relaxed competitive interactions between them, optimizing survival, reproductive effort and coexistence.(AU)


Nosso objetivo foi aumentar o conhecimento sobre o estabelecimento de Serrasalmus marginatus (não nativa), que foi seguido pela diminuição na abundância de Serrasalmus maculatus (nativa) na planície de inundação do alto rio Paraná. Estimamos a idade, taxa de mortalidade, comprimento e idade de primeira maturação e variações no desenvolvimento gonadal em três períodos ao longo de 26 anos para as espécies. Os parâmetros populacionais e de reprodução das espécies mostraram flutuações substanciais. A maioria das faixas etárias foi amostrada em todos os períodos, mas com diferenças consideráveis na abundância, predominando indivíduos mais velhos no segundo período e indivíduos mais jovens no terceiro período para ambas as espécies. A taxa de mortalidade diminuiu para as espécies no segundo período, mas aumentou para a espécie nativa no terceiro período. O comprimento e a idade de primeira maturação diminuíram no segundo período para as espécies, aumentando o número de indivíduos adultos. No terceiro período, o número de indivíduos imaturos aumentou para ambas as espécies. Sugerimos que as espécies passaram por condições estressantes durante a coocorrência, resultando em respostas fisiológicas que desencadearam ajustes populacionais e reprodutivos que podem ter minimizado a interação competitiva entre elas, otimizando a sobrevivência, o esforço reprodutivo e a coexistência.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Mortality , Characiformes/classification , Survivorship , Age Groups , Rivers
19.
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 32: e3264, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360528

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The scientific evidence on the profile of trampoline gymnastic athletes is scarce. Considering that the individual trampoline is an Olympic sport, it is important to investigate the characteristics of these athletes in Brazil. The aim of this study was to evaluate anthropometric, physical-motor, maturational, socio-environmental indicators and the sporting potential of Brazilian trampoline gymnasts, investigating differences between age categories. There were 147 athletes participating who competed in the State and Brazilian Championship of Trampoline Gymnastics by Age Group in 2017-2018. A multidimensional battery of tests was carried out, comparing the indicators collected between the categories 9 to 10 years, 11 to 12 years, 13 to 14 years, 15 to 16 years and 17 years or older. The coaches (n = 20) assessed the sporting potential of their gymnasts, in relation to the expectation of success in the future. The results showed statistically significant differences in body size and composition, somatotype, handgrip strength, countermovement jump, flexibility and sporting potential among athletes of different age categories, in both sexes. In addition, 30% of gymnasts showed high sporting potential, according to the perspectives of the coaches. It is concluded that the multidimensional indicators related to the sporting potential of Brazilian trampoline gymnasts vary according to the age category. This study is a pioneer in characterizing the profile of the elite Brazilian trampoline gymnast, using a dynamic approach related to the sporting talent.


RESUMO A evidência científica sobre o perfil de atletas de ginástica de trampolim é escassa. Considerando que o trampolim individual é uma modalidade olímpica, torna-se importante investigar as características desses atletas na realidade brasileira. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar indicadores antropométricos, físico-motores, maturacionais, socioambientais e o potencial esportivo de ginastas de trampolim brasileiros, investigando diferenças entre as categorias etárias. Participaram 147 atletas que disputaram o Campeonato Estadual e Brasileiro de Ginástica de Trampolim por Idades em 2017-2018. Foi realizada uma bateria de testes multidimensional, comparando os indicadores coletados entre as categorias 9-10 anos, 11-12 anos, 13-14 anos, 15-16 anos e 17 anos ou mais. Os treinadores (n = 20) avaliaram o potencial esportivo dos seus ginastas, em relação a expectativa de sucesso no futuro. Os resultados mostraram diferenças estatisticamente significantes no tamanho e composição corporal, somatotipo, força de preensão manual, salto contramovimento, flexibilidade e no potencial esportivo entre os atletas de diferentes categorias etárias, em ambos os sexos. Além disso, 30% dos ginastas apresentaram elevado potencial esportivo, segundo a opinião dos treinadores. Conclui-se que os indicadores multidimensionais relacionados ao potencial esportivo dos ginastas de trampolim brasileiros variam em função da categoria etária. Este estudo é pioneiro na caracterização do perfil do ginasta de trampolim brasileiro de elite, utilizando uma abordagem dinâmica relacionada ao talento esportivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Athletic Performance , Athletes , Gymnastics , Aptitude , Somatotypes , Sports , Body Composition , Exercise , Anthropometry , Pliability , Body Size , Age Groups
20.
Revista Areté ; 21(1): 1-19, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1354616

ABSTRACT

La posturografía permite evaluar la integración de los tres sistemas sensoriales que intervienen en el control postural y del equilibrio: el vestibular, el visual y el somatosensorial (Ronda, 2002). La presente investigación describe y analiza los resultados de la posturografía en niños entre seis y once años con pérdida auditiva quienes no han compensado su edad auditiva con respecto a su edad cronológica. Fueron evaluados dos grupos: el grupo control conformado por 32 niños con sensibilidad auditiva periférica normal y el grupo de estudio, conformado por 16 niños con pérdida auditiva, quienes usan amplificación auditiva y asisten a la Fundación CINDA para terapia auditiva con el fin de cerrar el GAP existente entre su edad cronológica y su edad auditiva. En la evaluación audiológica se aplicó anamnesis, revisión de historia clínica, audiometría tonal para la verificación de la sensibilidad auditiva periférica y posturografía, con un equipo de la marca NeuroCom, se realizaron las siguientes pruebas: Integración sensorial en balance-modificado (CTSIB), límites de estabilidad (LOS) y distribución de peso (WHT). En los resultados se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los dos grupos de estudio para las tres pruebas en distintas variables. Como conclusión se pudo determinar que existen diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre el grupo control y el grupo de estudio. La intervención con terapia ocupacional influenció positivamente los resultados en la posturografía, sobre todo en el grupo de 10 a 11 años. Se observaron diferencias sucesivas en los tres grupos de edad, indicando un componente de neuromaduración.


Posturography allows evaluating the integration of the three sensory systems involved in postural and balance control: vestibular, visual and somatosensory (Ronda, 2002). This research describes and analyzes the results of posturography in children between six and eleven years old with hearing loss who have not compensated their hearing age with respect to their chronological age. Two groups were evaluated: the control group made up of 32 children with normal peripheral hearing sensitivity and the study group, made up of 16 children with hearing loss, who use hearing amplification and attend the CINDA Foundation for hearing therapy in order to close the hearing loss. GAP between your chronological age and your hearing age. In the audiological evaluation, anamnesis, review of clinical history, tonal audiometry were applied to verify peripheral hearing sensitivity and posturography, with a NeuroCom brand equipment, the following tests were performed: Modified-balance sensory integration (CTSIB), stability limits (LOS) and weight distribution (WHT). In the results, statistically significant differences were found between the two study groups for the three tests in different variables. In conclusion, it was possible to determine that there are statistically significant differences between the control group and the study group. The occupational therapy intervention positively influenced the results in posturography, especially in the 10 to 11-year-old group. Successive differences were observed in the three age groups, indicating a neuromaturation component.


Subject(s)
Audiometry , Hearing , Hearing Loss , Research , Case-Control Studies , Medical Records , Sensitivity and Specificity , Equipment and Supplies , Control , Medical History Taking , Age Groups
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