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1.
Horiz. enferm ; 32(1): 15-27, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1224692

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Determinar la efectividad de un programa de yoga sobre la flexibilidad y el equilibrio de la población adulta mayor de la fundación EMTEL, centro vida sur de Popayán Colombia. METODOLOGÍA: Estudio de Enfoque cuantitativo, de diseño cuasi-experimental, de corte longitudinal y de tipo prospectivo. El estudio se realizó con 18 adultos mayores a quienes se evaluó la flexibilidad y el equilibrio antes y después del programa de yoga ejecutado durante 10 semanas. Para el análisis de datos se utilizó SPSS 23.0. Se aplicó estadística descriptiva e inferencial por medio de las pruebas de Wilcoxon y t-students según resultado de la prueba de normalidad Shapiro Wilks. RESULTADOS: Las pruebas que demostraron significancia estadística fueron chair-sit and reach-test (p=0.005) y foot up-and-go test (p=0,000). CONCLUSIÓN: Este estudio comprobó que el programa de yoga es efectivo para la mejora de la flexibilidad del miembro inferior y el equilibrio dinámico, permitiendo un mejoramiento en la funcionalidad del adulto mayor.


INTRODUCTION: The eldest adult is a vulnerable population whose functionalityis affected, largely by the aging process and lifestyles, so it is necessary to generate programs that improve the physical condition of this population, such as yoga. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a yoga program on the flexibility and balance of the eldest adult population of the Foundation of the Telecommunications Company of Popayán Centro Vida Sur, Colombia. METHODOLOGY: Study of quantitative approach, quasi-experimental design, longitudinal cutting and prospective type. The study universe consisted of 86 older adults, of whom a non-probablist sample was determined at convenience with 18 older adults who were assessed for flexibility and balance before and after the yoga program executed for 10 weeks. SPSS 23.0 was used for data analysis. Descriptive and inferential statistics were applied through Wilcoxon and t-students tests as a result of the Shapiro Wilks normality test. RESULTS: Tests that demonstrated statistical significance were chair-sit and reach-test (p=0.005) and foot up-and-go test (p=0.000). CONCLUSION: It was found in the study that the yoga program is effective for improving lower limb flexibility and dynamic balance, allowing an improvement in the functionality of the older adult.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Yoga , Range of Motion, Articular/physiology , Postural Balance/physiology , Exercise Therapy/methods , Quality of Life , Aging/physiology , Longitudinal Studies , Colombia
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922190

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The number of adults aged over 65 years is rapidly increasing in several Southeast Asian countries. Muscle mass decreases with age, leading to sarcopenia. The primary objective of this study was to determine whether differences exist in the body composition and physical strength, according to ethnicity, among community-dwelling Japanese and Thai older adults living in Chiang Mai Province, Thailand.@*METHODS@#A survey was conducted in February and March 2019. Japanese and Thai adults aged ≥ 60 years living in Chiang Mai Province were recruited through community clubs. Participants completed a self-administered questionnaire that enabled collection of data on age, sex, educational background, marital status, annual income, current medical conditions, smoking and alcohol consumption, and exercise habits. Measurements were collected on height, weight, body composition, blood pressure, hand grip, and walking speed for 6 m. Body composition was measured using a standing-posture 8-electrode multifrequency bioimpedance analysis analyzer. Hand grip of each hand was measured with the patient in the standing position using a digital grip dynamometer. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine factors associated with skeletal muscle mass index (SMI).@*RESULTS@#Of the total 119 participants, 47 were Japanese (26 men, 21 women) and 72 were Thai (16 men, 56 women). The prevalence of a low SMI was 3/26 (12%), 1/21 (5%), 6/16 (38%), and 5/56 (9%) among Japanese men, Japanese women, Thai men, and Thai women, respectively. The prevalence of low muscle strength was 2/26 (8%), 2/21 (10%), 3/16 (19%), and 13/56 (23%) among Japanese men, Japanese women, Thai men, and Thai women, respectively. There were significant differences between ethnic groups in body mass index for both sexes, percentage body fat in women, SMI in men, and average grip strength in men. Ethnic group, sex, age, and body mass index were independent predictors of SMI.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Ethnicity had a clinically important effect on body composition and physical strength among older Japanese and Thai adults living in a similar environment.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aging/physiology , Asian Continental Ancestry Group/ethnology , Body Composition , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Electric Impedance , Ethnic Groups , Female , Hand Strength , Humans , Independent Living , Male , Middle Aged , Muscle Strength , Thailand/ethnology , Walking Speed
3.
Geriatr., Gerontol. Aging (Impr.) ; 14(4): 236-243, 31-12-2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151609

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Identificar os fatores relacionados à dificuldade de dormir em adultos e idosos cadastrados em Unidades Básicas de Saúde com Estratégia Saúde da Família. METODOLOGIA: Trata-se de um estudo transversal e quantitativo, realizado em Três Lagoas (MS), com 300 indivíduos, de ambos os sexos, com idades a partir de 45 anos, cadastrados na Estratégia Saúde da Família do município. Para a coleta de dados foi utilizado um questionário estruturado contendo questões sociodemográficas, de saúde e de rede de apoio social. A variável dependente dificuldade de dormir foi avaliada pela questão: "O(a) senhor(a) tem dificuldade de dormir?". Na análise dos dados, executou-se uma regressão logística binomial. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de dificuldade de dormir foi de 43% (intervalo de confiança de 95% [IC95%] 37 - 49). De acordo com análises ajustadas, foram associados ao desfecho: sexo feminino (Odds Ratio = 2,08; IC95% 1,21 - 3,60), número de medicamentos por dia (Odds Ratio = 1,18; IC95% 1,05 - 1,33), autorrelato de déficit visual (Odds Ratio = 3,56; IC95% 1,54 - 8,25), autorrelato de déficit auditivo (Odds Ratio = 2,28; IC95% 1,18 - 4,41) e isolamento social (Odds Ratio = 2,01; IC95% 1,14 - 3,54). CONCLUSÕES: A definição dos principais fatores relacionados às queixas de insônia é relevante para auxiliar o planejamento dos cuidados e de políticas públicas, com isso visando melhorar a qualidade do sono nos indivíduos em processo de envelhecimento e na velhice.


OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors related to difficulty sleeping in adults and older people registered on the Family Health Strategy at Primary Care Health Centers. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, quantitative study conducted in the town of Três Lagoas (MS, Brazil), with 300 people of both sexes, aged 45 years and over, registered on the town's Family Health Strategy. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire containing questions on sociodemographics, health, and social support networks. The dependent variable difficulty sleeping was assessed using the question: "Do you have difficulty sleeping?" Data were analyzed with binomial logistic regression. RESULTS: The prevalence of difficulty sleeping was 43% (95% confidence interval [95%CI] 37 - 49). According to the adjusted analyses, the following variables were associated with the outcome: female sex (Odds Ratio = 2.08; 95%CI 1.21 - 3.60); number of medications per day (Odds Ratio = 1.18; 95%CI 1.05 - 1.33); self-report of visual impairment (Odds Ratio = 3.56; 95%CI 1.54 - 8.25); self-report of hearing loss (Odds Ratio = 2.28; 95%CI 1.18 - 4.41); and social isolation (Odds Ratio = 2.01; 95%CI 1.14 - 3.54). CONCLUSIONS: Identification of the principal factors related to complaints of insomnia is of relevance to support planning of care and of public policies, targeting improved sleep quality in people going through the aging process and beyond.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Primary Health Care , Sleep/physiology , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Brazil , Aging/physiology , Age Factors
4.
Geriatr., Gerontol. Aging (Impr.) ; 14(4): 298-302, 31-12-2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151618

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: Medicamentos potencialmente inapropriados a idosos (MPII) provocam mais efeitos adversos do que benefícios. Os critérios de Beers (CB) da American Geriatrics Society 2019 (CB2019) consideraram cinco situações clínicas como MPII. A análise de medicamentos por essas situações pode auxiliar na prescrição a idosos? Procurando exemplo prático dessa questão, optou-se por análise de fármacos atualmente questionados quanto ao seu uso seguro em idosos. OBJETIVO: Verificar se cloroquina e hidroxicloroquina se enquadram como MPII e se essa análise é aplicável clinicamente. METODOLOGIA: Sistematizou-se o objetivo pelas cinco situações clínicas definidas como MPII pelos CB2019. RESULTADOS: Ambos os fármacos preenchem respectivamente quatro (cloroquina) e cinco (hidroxicloroquina) dessas situações clínicas. Esta análise permitiu a provável definição de MPII para esses medicamentos de forma simples, por intermédio de breve análise de literatura acessível. CONCLUSÃO: Cloroquina e hidroxicloroquina podem ser considerados MPII. Espera-se replicar essa análise para outros medicamentos e reduzir iatrogenias em idosos.


INTRODUCTION: Potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) for older adults cause more adverse effects than benefits. The 2019 American Geriatrics Society Beers Criteria (2019BC) considered five clinical situations as PIM use in older adults. Can drug analysis, according to these situations, assist in the act of making prescriptions for older people? Seeking a practical example for this question, we assessed drugs currently questioned as to their safe use among older people. OBJECTIVE: To check if chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine fit the PIM criteria for older adults and whether this analysis is clinically applicable. METHODS: We systematized the objective based on the five clinical situations defined as PIM use in older adults by the 2019BC. RESULTS: Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine fulfill, respectively, four and five of these clinical situations. This evaluation allowed the likely definition of these drugs as PIMs for older adults in a simple way, based on a brief analysis of the available literature. CONCLUSION: Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine may be considered PIMs for older adults. We expect that this analysis can be replicated with other drugs and reduce iatrogenesis in older people.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Chloroquine/adverse effects , Potentially Inappropriate Medication List , Hydroxychloroquine/adverse effects , Aging/physiology , Health of the Elderly , Inappropriate Prescribing/adverse effects , Iatrogenic Disease/prevention & control
5.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 25: 1-7, set. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1148245

ABSTRACT

A COVID-19 causa uma sintomatologia diversificada e um risco eminente de morte, visto ainda que não há tratamento específico, nem tão pouco uma vacina preventiva para todos. A população deve seguir as orientações da Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS) e, a principal delas é o isolamento social. No entanto, essa medida traz um grande impacto no aspecto biopsicossocial dos idosos, resultando em um possível decréscimo da capacidade funcional. O envelhecimento é compreendido como um processo fisiológico irreversível, e com isso, acarreta prejuízos na autonomia e independência. Paralelamente a esse fenômeno, nota-se que as alterações anátomofisiológicas nos idosos são diversas, aumentando assim, a incidência de quedas. O isolamento social, pode ser um fator preponderante a acentuação das quedas em idosos e consequente sobrecarga do sistema público de saúde. Logo, os exercícios físicos funcionais são fundamentais para que esses indivíduos reduzam significativamente os impactos sistêmicos causados pelo envelhecimento e consequentemente as quedas


COVID-19 causes diversified symptoms and an imminent risk of death, even though there is no specific treatment or a preventive vaccine. The population must follow the guidelines of the World Health Organization ( WHO) and the main one is social isolation. However, this measure has a great impact on the biopsychosocial aspect of the elderly, capable of decreasing functional capacity. Aging is understood as an irreversible physiological process, and as a result, it causes losses in autonomy and independence. Parallel to this phenomenon, it is noted that anatomo-physiological changes in the elderly are diverse, thus increasing the incidence of falls. Social isolation can be a major factor in accentuating falls in the elderly and the consequent burden on the public health system. Therefore, physical exercises are essentials so that they necessarily reduce the systemic impacts caused by aging and consequently as falls


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Accidental Falls , Frail Elderly , COVID-19/complications , Aging/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Risk Factors
6.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(7): 419-423, July 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131734

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The Berg Balance Scale is widely used to measure balance ability in clinical practice. Recently, the original version was redefined from 14 into 12 items. Its psychometric properties were investigated for different populations. However, for Parkinson disease the new version has not been validated yet. Objective: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate psychometric properties of the 12-item Berg Balance Scale (BBS-12) in a population with Parkinson disease. Methods: Internal consistency was evaluated with Cronbach's alpha coefficient, whereas reliability was assessed with the intraclass correlation coefficient. For validity analysis, the Pearson correlation coefficient of the BBS-12 was evaluated with the Tinetti Scale and the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly. Results: The BBS-12 was applied to 50 individuals with a mean age of 65.6 years (SD 11.8). The internal consistency showed a good value (Cronbach's alpha 0.886) and reproducibility reveled very high performances for both inter-rater and intra-rater reliabilities (ICC 0.987 and 0.986, respectively). The validity study demonstrated good linear correlation with the Tinetti Scale (p<0.01) and with the Sport and Home Subscales of the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (p<0.01). Conclusions: The present findings revealed the BBS-12 as a reliable and valid assessment tool to measure balance ability in Parkinson disease. Italian health professionals can now use it with more confidence.


RESUMO Introdução: A Escala de Equilíbrio de Berg é amplamente usada para medir a capacidade de equilíbrio na prática clínica. Recentemente, a versão original foi redefinida de 14 para 12 itens. Suas propriedades psicométricas foram investigadas para diferentes populações. No entanto, para a doença de Parkinson, a nova versão ainda não foi validada. Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar as propriedades psicométricas da Escala de Equilíbrio de Berg de 12 itens (Berg Balance Scale - BBS-12) em uma população com doença de Parkinson. Métodos: A consistência interna foi avaliada pelo coeficiente alfa de Cronbach, ao passo que a confiabilidade foi avaliada pelo coeficiente de correlação intraclasse. Para análise de validade, foi avaliado o coeficiente de correlação de Pearson da BBS-12 com a escala de Tinetti e a escala de atividade física para idosos. Resultados: A BBS-12 foi administrada a 50 indivíduos com idade média de 65,6 anos (DP 11,8). A consistência interna mostrou um valor bom (alfa de Cronbach 0.886) e a reprodutibilidade revelou desempenhos muito altos para a confiabilidade inter e intra-avaliadores (ICC 0.987 e 0.986, respectivamente). O estudo de validade demonstrou boa correlação linear com a Escala de Tinetti (p<0,01) e com as Subescalas de Esporte e Doméstica da Escala de Atividade Física para Idosos (p<0,01). Conclusões: Os resultados encontrados revelaram a BBS-12 como uma ferramenta de avaliação válida e confiável para medir a capacidade de equilíbrio na doença de Parkinson. Os profissionais de saúde italianos agora podem usá-la com mais confiança.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Parkinson Disease/physiopathology , Aging/physiology , Geriatric Assessment/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Postural Balance/physiology , Psychometrics , Severity of Illness Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Italy
7.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(3): 332-338, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132603

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Age-related hearing impairment is the most common sensory dysfunction in older adults. In osteoporosis, the mass of the ossicles will be decreased, affecting the bone density of the cochlea, and interfering with the sound transmission to the cochlea. Age related hearing loss might be closely related to osteoporosis. Objective: To determine the relationship between age-related hearing impairment and osteoporosis by investigating the relationship between hearing loss and cortical bone density evaluated from femur neck bone mineral density. Methods: We used data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to examine the associations between osteoporosis and age-related hearing impairment from 2009 to 2011. Total number of participants was 4861 including 2273 men and 2588 women aged 50 years or older. Osteoporosis was defined as a bone mineral density 2.5 standard deviations below according to the World Health Organization diagnostic classification. Age-related hearing impairment was defined as the pure-tone averages of test frequencies 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 kHz at a threshold of 40 dB or higher on the more impaired hearing side. Results: Total femur T-score (p < 0.001), lumbar-spine T-score (p < 0.001) and, femur neck T-score (p < 0.001) were significantly lower in the osteoporosis group compared to the normal group. Thresholds of pure-tone averages were significantly different in normal compared to osteopenia, and osteoporosis groups. In addition, there were significantly higher pure-tone averages thresholds in the osteoporosis group compared to other groups (p < 0.001). After adjusting for all covariates, the odds ratio for hearing loss was significantly increased by 1.7 fold with reduced femur neck bone mineral density (p < 0.01). However, lumbar spine bone mineral density was not statistically associated with hearing loss (p = 0.22). Conclusion: Our results suggest that osteoporosis is significantly associated with a risk of hearing loss. In addition, femur neck bone mineral density was significantly correlated with hearing loss, but lumbar spine bone mineral density was not.


Resumo Introdução: A perda auditiva associada ao envelhecimento é a disfunção sensorial mais comum em idosos. Na osteoporose, a massa dos ossículos diminui e afeta a densidade óssea da cóclea, o que irá interferir na transmissão do som para a mesma. A perda auditiva associada à idade pode estar intimamente relacionada à osteoporose. Objetivo: Determinar a relação entre deficiência auditiva relacionada à idade e osteoporose, investigar a relação entre perda auditiva e densidade óssea cortical avaliada a partir da densidade mineral óssea do colo do fêmur. Método: Utilizamos dados da Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey para examinar as associações entre osteoporose e perda auditiva associada ao envelhecimento de 2009 a 2011. O número total de participantes foi de 4.861, incluiu 2.273 homens e 2.588 mulheres com 50 anos ou mais. A osteoporose foi definida como densidade mineral óssea com 2,5 desvios-padrão abaixo da média, de acordo com a classificação diagnóstica da Organização Mundial da Saúde. A perda auditiva associada ao envelhecimento foi definida como as médias de tom puro das frequências de teste de 0,5, 1, 2 e 4 kHz a um limiar de 40 dB ou superior no lado da audição mais afetado. Resultados: O T-score total do fêmur (p < 0,001), o T-score da coluna lombar (p < 0,001) e o T-score do colo do fêmur (p < 0,001) foram significantemente menores no grupo com osteoporose em comparação ao grupo normal. Os limiares de médias de tom puro foram significantemente diferentes nos grupos normais em comparação com aqueles com osteopenia e osteoporose. Além disso, houve limiares significantemente maiores de médias de tom puro no grupo com osteoporose em comparação com os outros grupos (p < 0,001). Após o ajuste para todas as covariáveis, a odds ratio da perda auditiva mostrou estar significantemente aumentada em 1,7 vez com densidade mineral óssea reduzida no colo do fêmur (p < 0,01). No entanto, a densidade mineral óssea da coluna L não se associou estatisticamente à perda auditiva (p = 0,22). Conclusão: Nossos resultados sugerem que a osteoporose está significantemente associada ao risco de perda auditiva. Além disso, a densidade mineral óssea da coluna lombar não se correlacionou com a perda auditiva, apenas a densidade mineral óssea do colo do fêmur foi significantemente correlacionada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Osteoporosis/complications , Presbycusis/complications , Aging/physiology , Bone Density/physiology , Osteoporosis/physiopathology , Presbycusis/physiopathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Health Surveys , Republic of Korea
8.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(3): 726-730, June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098312

ABSTRACT

Determination of age represents one of the most important aspects in forensic identification. Through aging, changes can occur in morphological structures of the heart valves. The objective is to examine the relationship between the dimensions of the rigth atrioventricular (tricuspid), pulmonary, left atrioventricular (mitral), and aortic valves and age at death. Sixty fresh human hearts were obtained from Department of Anatomy and Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of medicine, Chiang Mai University, Thailand. The age of individuals was between 20-90 years. We investigated the morphometric parameters of the valves were taken including: valve circumference, length, the height and area of each leaflet. All parameters were measured by using specific image analysis software. The correlation test and predictive equation were established. The positive correlation between the circumference, area of posterior leaflet, height of anterior leaflet, and area of anterior leaflet of the rigth atrioventricular valve were found. The left atrioventricular valve showed correlation with age in circumference, length and area of posterior leaflet. For the pulmonary and aortic valves, there were correlated between circumference at sinotubular junction and leaflet sizes in almost leaflets. The circumference at sinotubular junction of the pulmonary valve was highest significantly correlation with age (r=0.693). The predictive equation was age = -3.659+0.652(Circumference at sinotubular junction of the pulmonary valve) with standard error of ± 14.7 years. Additional knowledge of morphometric features in human heart valves and its relationship with age could be used as age indicator in forensic field.


La determinación de la edad representa uno de los aspectos más importantes en la identificación forense. Pueden ocurrir cambios a través del envejecimiento, en las estructuras morfológicas de las válvulas cardíacas. El objetivo de este estudio fue examinar la relación entre las dimensiones de las valvas atrioventricular derecha (tricúspide), pulmonar, atrioventricular izquierda (mitral) y aórtica, y la edad en relación a la muerte. Se obtuvieron sesenta corazones humanos frescos del Departamento de Anatomía y el Departamento de Medicina Forense de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de Chiang Mai, Tailandia. La edad de las personas fluctuaba entre los 20 y 90 años. Investigamos los parámetros morfométricos de las valvas analizadas, incluyendo: circunferencia de la valva, longitud, altura y área de cada valva. Todos los parámetros se midieron utilizando un software de análisis de imagen específico. Se estableció la prueba de correlación y la ecuación predictiva. Se encontró la correlación positiva entre la circunferencia, el área de la valvula posterior, la altura de la valvula anterior y el área de la valvula anterior de la valva atrioventricular derecha. La valva atrioventricular izquierda mostró correlación con la edad en la circunferencia, longitud y área de la valvula posterior. Para las valvas pulmonar y aórtica, se correlacionó entre la circunferencia en la unión sinotubular y el tamaño de las válvulas. La circunferencia en la unión sinotubular de la valva pulmonar fue la mayor correlación significativa con la edad (r = 0,693). La ecuación predictiva fue edad = -3,659 + 0,652 (circunferencia en la unión sinotubular de la valva pulmonar) con error estándar de ± 14,7 años. El conocimiento adicional de las características morfométricas en las valvas cardíacas humanas y su relación con la edad podría usarse como indicador de edad en el campo forense.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Aging/physiology , Forensic Medicine/methods , Heart Valves/anatomy & histology , Heart Valves/diagnostic imaging , Thailand , Cadaver
9.
Geriatr., Gerontol. Aging (Impr.) ; 14(2): 91-97, 30/06/2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103692

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A autopercepção de saúde por parte da pessoa idosa é uma ferramenta de grande importância por se tratar de indicador que representa aspectos de saúde tanto físicos quanto cognitivos e emocionais. OBJETIVOS: Apresentar como um grupo de idosos vinculado a um plano de saúde avalia sua autopercepção de saúde e quais as variáveis que interferem nessa percepção. METODOLOGIA: Trata-se de pesquisa quantitativa e transversal, com 148 idosos moradores da cidade de São Paulo (SP), durante o ano de 2017. As variáveis comparativas do estudo foram sexo, idade, estado civil, desempenho das atividades básicas de vida diária e instrumentais de vida diária, qualidade do sono, presença de lazer, número de doenças e de medicamentos de uso contínuo. Para análise estatística, utilizaram-se os testes t de Student, χ2 ou exato de Fisher, quando necessário, além de regressão logística. RESULTADOS: Foram encontradas relações significativas entre uma má percepção de saúde e as variáveis: sexo feminino, presença de polifarmácia, número de doenças, qualidade do sono e desempenho nas atividades instrumentais de vida diária. A dependência para as atividades instrumentais de vida diária faz com que esses idosos tenham 5,33 vezes mais chances de ter má autopercepção de saúde. Cada comorbidade acrescida ao estado de saúde desse grupo incrementa 1,39 vez as chances de má autopercepção de saúde. CONCLUSÃO: A autopercepção de saúde nesse grupo é influenciada por inúmeras variáveis, mas o grau de dependência e o número de doenças foram as de maior impacto.


INTRODUCTION: Self-perceived health reported by older adults is a tool of great importance for the health care system as it provides an indicator representing physical, cognitive, and emotional aspects of health. OBJECTIVE: To report how a group of older adults covered by a health insurance plan evaluate their self-perceived health and which variables influence their perception. METHODS: This quantitative cross-sectional study included 148 older adults living in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, in 2017. The study variables were sex, age, marital status, performance in basic activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living, sleep quality, leisure activity, number of diseases, and use of continuous medication. Statistical analysis was performed using Student's t-test, χ2 test, or Fisher's exact test, and logistic regression was used. RESULTS: Significant relationships were observed between poor self-perceived health and the following variables: being female, polypharmacy, number of diseases, sleep quality, and performance in instrumental activities of daily living. Dependence on the instrumental activities of daily living made these older adults 5.33 times more likely to have poor self-perceived health. Each comorbidity added to the health status of this group increased the chance of poor self-perceived health by 1.39 times. CONCLUSION: Self-perceived health in this group of older adults is influenced by several variables; however, degree of dependence and number of diseases were those with the greatest impact.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Self Care/psychology , Socioeconomic Factors , Health of the Elderly , Diagnostic Self Evaluation , Activities of Daily Living/psychology , Aging/physiology , Comorbidity , Prepaid Health Plans
10.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 24(1): 53-61, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090553

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The increase in life expectancy is an incentive to the development of researches with the elderly population aiming at actions that may ensure healthy and active aging. Objective To analyze the profile of laryngeal microsurgery performed in patients > 60 years old. Methods A retrospective observational study, with a cross-sectional design. A retrospective analysis of the medical records of elderly patients submitted to laryngeal microsurgery was performed at a private hospital in Curitiba, state of Paraná, Brazil, between January 2004 and December 2016. Were included all of the patients > 60 years old that underwent laryngeal microsurgery during this period. Results During the studied period, 213 laryngeal microsurgeries were performed in 181 patients > 60 years old. There was a preponderance of male patients. The mean age was 67.6 years old. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) was the most prevalent disorder (26%), followed by Reinke edema (20%), papillomatosis (14%), polyps (11%), leukoplakia (8%), minor structural alterations (8%), associated lesions (9%), and others (4%). Men presented a higher probability of SCC diagnosis, regardless of the age group, while Reinke edema was more frequently observed in women. A directly proportional relation between the frequency of laryngeal cancer and age increase was also observed. No significant differences were observed in professional voice users. Conclusion Further researches are required to properly comprehend the factors associ- ated with laryngeal lesions and determine prevention and treatment approaches.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Laryngeal Diseases/surgery , Laryngeal Diseases/epidemiology , Larynx/surgery , Microsurgery , Papilloma/surgery , Occupational Risks , Aging/physiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/radiotherapy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Sex Factors , Laryngeal Edema/surgery , Laryngeal Edema/epidemiology , Laryngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Laryngeal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Medical Records , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Age Factors
11.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 36(1): e2778, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280230

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El envejecimiento es un proceso fisiológico que ocasiona cambios característicos y alteraciones geriátricas que pueden conducir a la fragilidad. Objetivo: Caracterizar a los adultos mayores frágiles desde una perspectiva de la enfermería. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo y transversal en 96 adultos mayores, del policlínico "Dr. Rudesindo Antonio García del Rijo" del municipio Sancti Spíritus, entre septiembre de 2016 y enero de 2017. Las variables estudiadas fueron sexo, edad, cuidado, grupo dispensarial, funcionamiento familiar y afectaciones según escala geriátrica. La información se obtuvo de la revisión de historias clínicas individuales y de salud familiar, aplicación de la escala funcional geriátrica y el test de funcionamiento familiar (FF-SIL). Se analizó la asociación entre variables categóricas. Resultados: Predominó el sexo masculino (57,29 por ciento), el grupo etario 70-79 años (40,62 por ciento), el grupo dispensarial III (60,41 por ciento). Relacionado con la evaluación funcional geriátrica prevaleció la dependencia en el uso de medicamento (94,79 por ciento). Respecto al funcionamiento familiar en adultos mayores frágiles, primaron las familias funcionales (46,87 por ciento). Conclusiones: Los adultos mayores frágiles estudiados desde una perspectiva de enfermería, se han caracterizado con predominio de hombres, dispensarizados con alguna enfermedad crónica, dependientes sobre todo, del uso de medicación y lavado de ropa, del cuidado de enfermería aceptable y del ser miembros de familias funcionales(AU)


Introduction: Aging is a physiological process that causes characteristic changes and geriatric alterations that can lead to frailty. Objective: To characterize fragile elderlies from a nursing perspective. Methods: Descriptive and cross-sectional study with 96 elderlies, from Dr. Rudesindo Antonio García del Rijo Outpatient Polyclinic in Sancti Spíritus Municipality, between September 2016 and January 2017. The variables studied were sex, age, care, dispensary group, family functioning and affectations according to geriatric scale. The information was obtained from their individual and family health records, by the application of the geriatric functional scale and the family functioning test (FF-SIL). The association between categorical variables was analyzed. Results: The male sex predominated (57.29 percent), together with the age group 70-79 years (40.62 percent) and the dispensary group III (60.41 percent). With respect to the geriatric functional evaluation, the dependence on the use of medication prevailed (94.79 percent). Regarding family functioning in frail elderlies, functional families prevailed (46.87 percent). Conclusions: Fragile elderlies studied from a nursing perspective have been characterized predominantly by men, disperse with some chronic disease, mainly dependent on the use of medication and laundry, acceptable nursing care and as members of functional families(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aging/physiology , Medical Records , Family Health , Frail Elderly , Nursing Care/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
12.
Geriatr., Gerontol. Aging (Impr.) ; 14(1): 31-42, 31-03-2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1097166

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: O envelhecimento associa-se a alterações na estrutura e função do coração, havendo benefícios da prática de exercício físico no retardamento dessas alterações. OBJETIVOS: Caracterizar as alterações ecocardiográficas de uma população idosa submetida à intervenção multidisciplinar incluindo programa de exercício físico adaptado e avaliar as diferenças entre os melhores e piores níveis de adesão à atividade física. MÉTODOS: Estudo de intervenção não randomizado com um grupo de idosos da coorte AGA@4life. Realizaram-se duas avaliações ecocardiográficas, uma basal e outra após a implementação de um programa de intervenção multidisciplinar com um componente de exercício físico por três meses consecutivos. Os participantes foram divididos em dois grupos: grupo 1, com baixa adesão ao programa de exercício físico (< 20% das sessões); grupo 2, com elevada adesão ao programa de exercício físico (> 90% das sessões). RESULTADOS: Na avaliação basal, identificaram-se alterações ecocardiográficas associadas ao envelhecimento ­ 89,2% (n = 33) de casos com fibrose aórtica, 73% (n = 27) de casos com fibrose mitral, 51,2% (n = 19) de casos com regurgitação aórtica e 68% (n = 25) de casos com regurgitação mitral. Após a intervenção, verificaram-se variações significativas em diversos parâmetros funcionais no grupo 2, sobretudo nas velocidades máximas das ondas E' (p = 0,016) e S (p = 0,02) da válvula mitral e da onda E' da válvula tricúspide (p = 0,027). Observaram-se ainda modificações estruturais no grupo 2, nomeadamente redução na espessura parietal relativa (p = 0,033) e no diâmetro diastólico (p = 0,041) do ventrículo esquerdo. CONCLUSÕES: O exercício físico adaptado e implementado no âmbito de um programa de intervenção multidisciplinar constitui uma ferramenta não farmacológica útil para a manutenção de função e estrutura cardíacas adequadas no idoso.


INTRODUCTION: Aging is associated with changes in heart structure and function, and there are benefits of physical exercise in delaying these changes. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the heart of a geriatric cohort at a structural and functional level, and to evaluate the potential cardiac benefits of a personalized exercise intervention program. METHODS: Non-randomized intervention study, including a group of old adults from the AGA@4life cohort. Two echocardiographic evaluations were performed, at baseline and 3 months after the implementation of a multidisciplinary intervention program, integrating the practice of adapted physical exercise. Participants were divided into 2 groups: group 1 with low adherence to the exercise program (< 20% of sessions); group 2 with high adherence to the exercise program (> 90% of sessions). RESULTS: Characteristic heart changes were observed at baseline, mainly at the valvular level, with 89.2% (n = 33) cases of aortic fibrosis, 73% (n = 27) cases of mitral fibrosis, 51.2% (n = 19) cases of aortic regurgitation, and 68% (n = 25) cases of mitral regurgitation. After the intervention, significant changes were observed in several functional parameters in group 2, namely in the maximum velocity of the E' (p = 0.01) and S' (p = 0.02) mitral valve waves, and maximum velocity of the E' tricuspid valve wave (p = 0.02). Positive structural changes were also observed in group 2, namely a reduction in relative wall thickness (p = 0.03) and left ventricular diastolic diameter (p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: Personalized physical exercise implemented as part of a multidisciplinary intervention program is a useful non-pharmacological tool for maintaining adequate cardiac function and structure in the old adult.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aging/physiology , Echocardiography/methods , Exercise/physiology , Heart Diseases/prevention & control , Health of the Elderly , Physical Exertion , Heart/physiology
13.
Rev. Méd. Clín. Condes ; 31(1): 13-20, ene.-feb. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223311

ABSTRACT

El envejecimiento está cambiando nuestra forma de vivir y convivir, con implicancias tan amplias que su abordaje por nicho de especialidad es insuficiente, haciendo fundamental generar una mirada integradora, y obligando a la academia a reconstruir sus bordes. La investigación transdisciplinaria se puede definir como los esfuerzos realizados por investigadores de diferentes disciplinas que trabajan conjuntamente para crear nuevas innovaciones conceptuales, teóricas, metodológicas y de traducción que integran y se mueven más allá de los enfoques específicos de la disciplina para abordar un problema común. La Universidad de Chile conformó la Red Transdisciplinaria sobre envejecimiento, la que agrupa a académicos de diferentes ámbitos del conocimiento, que comparten un interés común por explorar el envejecimiento, promoviendo un abordaje integrado. En enero de 2018, se realizó la quinta Escuela Internacional de Verano sobre Envejecimiento de la Universidad de Chile, donde un grupo de expertos nacionales e internacionales provenientes de distintas disciplinas que incluyeron el diseño, la salud, el urbanismo, la sociología, el derecho, la ingeniería y la arquitectura, plantearon sus posiciones, estudios y evidencias científicas en relación a una meta habitual de las personas mayores: envejecer en su entorno. Las ponencias y reflexiones integradoras se describen en esta revisión.


Aging is changing the way we live, with implications so wide that its approach by specialty is insufficient, making essential to generate an integrative view, forcing the academy to rebuild its edges. Transdisciplinary research is defined as the efforts made by researchers from different disciplines who work together to create new conceptual, theoretical, methodological and translation innovations that integrate and move beyond the specific approaches of the discipline to address a common problem. The University of Chile formed the Transdisciplinary Network on Aging, allowing the interaction of academics from different fields of knowledge, who share a common interest in exploring aging, promoting an integrated approach. In January 2018, the fifth International Summer School on Aging was held at the University of Chile, where a group of national and international experts from different disciplines including design, health, urban planning, sociology, law, engineering and architecture, raised their positions, studies and scientific evidence in relation to a common goal of the elderly: aging in place. The presentations and integrative analyzes are described in this review.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aging/physiology , Interdisciplinary Communication , Architectural Accessibility , Aged Rights , Personal Autonomy
14.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 27(1): 71-77, jan.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090411

ABSTRACT

RESUMO A sarcopenia é uma síndrome caracterizada pela perda progressiva de massa muscular e está associada a desfechos adversos na saúde de idosos. A atividade física tem sido apontada como uma importante ferramenta para a prevenção da sarcopenia. Diante disso, este estudo investigou a relação da duração e frequência da prática de atividade física com os indicativos de sarcopenia de idosos. Participaram deste estudo transversal 551 idosos praticantes de atividade física nas academias da terceira idade do município de Maringá (PR). Como instrumentos foram utilizados o international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ) e o SARC-F. A análise dos dados foi conduzida por meio dos testes de Kolmogorov-Smirnov, correlação de Spearman e a análise de equações estruturais (p<0,05). Os resultados evidenciaram que os idosos deste estudo realizam atividades físicas leves (Md=3) e moderadas (Md=2) semanalmente, mas não praticam atividades vigorosas (Md=0), e apresentam baixo indicativo de sarcopenia (Md=1). A análise de equações estruturais revelou que as variáveis de atividades leves e moderadas apresentaram associação significativa (p<0,05), e negativa com o escore de indicativo de sarcopenia, entretanto fraca (β<0,20), explicando 7% da sua variabilidade. Concluiu-se que a prática de atividades física leves e moderadas parece ser fator interveniente no indicativo de sarcopenia em idosos.


RESUMEN La sarcopenia es un síndrome caracterizada por la pérdida progresiva de masa muscular y que está asociada a resultados adversos en la salud de los ancianos. La actividad física ha sido señalada como una importante herramienta para la prevención de la sarcopenia. Por lo tanto, este estudio investigó la relación de la duración y frecuencia de la práctica de actividad física con los indicativos de sarcopenia de ancianos. En este estudio transversal participaron 551 ancianos practicantes de actividad física en las Academias de la tercera edad del municipio de Maringá (PR). Como instrumentos se utilizaron el International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) y el SARC-F. El análisis de los datos fue conducido por medio de las pruebas de Kolmogorov-Smirnov, correlación de Spearman y el análisis de ecuaciones estructurales (p<0,05). Los resultados evidenciaron que los ancianos realizan actividades físicas leves (Md=3) y moderadas (Md=2) semanalmente, pero no actividades vigorosas (Md=0), además de bajo indicativo de sarcopenia (Md=1). El análisis de ecuaciones estructurales reveló que las variables de actividad leves y moderadas presentaron una asociación significativa (p<0,05) y negativa con la puntuación del indicativo de sarcopenia, sin embargo débil (β<0,20), explicando el 7% de su variabilidad. Se concluyó que la práctica de actividades físicas leves y moderadas parece ser un factor interviniente en el indicativo de sarcopenia en ancianos.


ABSTRACT Sarcopenia is a syndrome characterized by progressive loss of muscle mass and associated with adverse health outcomes in older adults. Physical activity has been pointed out as an important tool for its prevention. Therefore, this study investigated the relationship of sedentary lifestyle, duration and frequency of physical activity with the indicator of sarcopenia in older adults. Five hundred and fifty-one physically active older adults enrolled in senior fitness centers of Maringá (PR) participated in this cross-sectional study. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and the SARC-F were the instruments used. Data analysis was conducted using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests, Spearman correlation coefficient and the Structural Equation Analysis (p<0.05). Results showed that older adults participated in mild to moderate physical activities weekly, but not vigorous ones, besides exhibiting low sarcopenia indicators. Structural Equations analysis revealed that the variables of mild and moderate activity presented a significant (p<0.05) and negative correlations with the sarcopenia indicators score, however weak (β<0.20), explaining its 7% variability. It was concluded that the practice of mild and moderate physical activity affect sarcopenia indicators in older people.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Sarcopenia/physiopathology , Sarcopenia/epidemiology , Sedentary Behavior , Motor Activity/physiology , Aging/physiology , Exercise , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Walking/physiology , Jogging , Musculoskeletal System/physiopathology
15.
Rev. Hosp. Clin. Univ. Chile ; 31(3): 189-197, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145373

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the immune system is to protect the body from pathogenic microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and even tumor cells, which could cause disease. When the encounter with pathogens occurs, defenses are produced immediately through the innate response, faster and more nonspecific, and through the adaptive response, more defined and personalized for each attacker. Both are triggered by the cells of the immune system being able to communicate with each other, once they have been activated. The innate immune system works in tune with the acquired immune system through the close intervention of the sex hormones, with specific strategies of estrogen and progesterone. Both have a proven anti-inflammatory and antioxidant action not only at the level of the wall of blood vessels, skin and mucous membranes, but also in the protection of the central nervous system against all toxic agents, such as viruses. Estrogens and progesterone play an essential role in the immune response and its evolution, and although they initially appear as antagonistic responses, they are not, despite the fact that estrogens increase and progesterone seems to suppress the immune response, depending on the immune target according to the case. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Immunity/immunology , Aging/physiology , Aging/immunology , Immunity/genetics
16.
CoDAS ; 32(4): e20190074, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055912

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Verificar e comparar os efeitos imediatos da técnica de oscilação oral de alta frequência sonorizada (OOAFS) e sopro sonorizado com tubo de ressonância na autopercepção de sintomas vocais/laríngeos e na qualidade vocal de idosas. Método Participaram 14 mulheres idosas que realizaram as técnicas OOAFS e sopro sonorizado com tubo de ressonância de silicone, com wash-out de uma semana. Todas responderam questões sobre frequência e intensidade dos sintomas vocais/laríngeos; foram submetidas à gravação da vogal sustentada /a/ e contagem de números, para análise perceptivo-auditiva e acústica vocal. Foram extraídos os tempos máximos de fonação (TMF). Em seguida, sorteou-se a técnica a ser realizada: OOAFS ou tubo de ressonância, por três minutos em tom habitual. Após exercício, os mesmos procedimentos da avaliação inicial foram repetidos e as idosas responderam a um questionário de autoavaliação sobre os efeitos das técnicas. Os dados foram comparados antes e após aplicação das técnicas por meio dos testes ANOVA, Wilcoxon e Mann-Whitney; para as sensações vocais após técnicas, aplicou-se teste Quiquadrado(p<0,05). Resultados Ao comparar as técnicas, verificou-se diminuição da rugosidade e melhora da ressonância na contagem dos números após tubo de ressonância e manutenção dos resultados após OOAFS. Não houve mais diferenças significantes para as demais variáveis estudadas entre os grupos. Conclusão O sopro sonorizado com tubo de ressonância melhora a qualidade vocal de mulheres idosas. Além disso, ambos os exercícios apresentaram semelhanças na autopercepção dos sintomas vocais/laríngeos e sensações, sugerindo que a OOAFS é segura e pode ser empregada na terapia de voz nesta população.


ABSTRACT Purpose To verify and compare the immediate effects of the voiced oral high-frequency oscillation (VOHFO) technique and the phonation into a silicone resonance tube in the elderly self-perception of vocal and laryngeal symptoms and in their voice quality. Methods 14 elderly women, over 60 years old, performed the VOHFO and phonation into a resonance tube technique (35cm in length and 9mm in diameter) with one-week interval between both to avoid carry-over effect. Initially, all participants answered questions regarding the frequency and intensity of their vocal/laryngeal symptoms. Recordings of the sustained vowel /a/ and counting numbers were performed for posterior perceptual and acoustic analyses of the voice quality. The maximum phonation time (MPT) for /a/, /s/, /z/ and counting numbers were also obtained. After that, a draw lot established which technique (VOHFO or resonance tube) would be initially applied for three minutes. After the exercise performance the same procedures were carried out and the elderly women answered a self-assessment questionnaire about the effect of the techniques in her voice, larynx, breathing and articulation. Comparison pre and post each technique were analyzed using ANOVA, Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney tests. The sensations after the techniques were assessed using the Chi-square test (p<0.05). Results The comparison of both techniques showed decrease in roughness and improvement in resonance for counting numbers after the resonance tube and same outcomes post VOHFO. There were no significant differences for the other analyzed variables between groups. Conclusion The phonation into a resonance tube exercise improves the vocal quality of elderly women. In addition, both exercises are similar regarding self-perception of vocal / laryngeal symptoms and sensations post three minutes of the technique, suggesting that VOHFO can be safely applied in voice therapy for this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Phonation/physiology , Speech Acoustics , Voice Quality/physiology , Voice Training , Larynx/physiopathology , Self Concept , Aging/physiology , High-Frequency Ventilation/methods , Voice Disorders/physiopathology , Voice Disorders/psychology , Laryngeal Diseases/complications , Speech-Language Pathology/methods , Self Report , Judgment , Middle Aged
17.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 36(3): e00222618, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089448

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This study reviewed articles originated in Brazil, in the United Kingdom, and in the United States from 1970 to September 2018 in the Web of Science database. Text mining techniques were used, and a predominantly qualitative analysis was performed, including correspondence analysis and sentiment analysis using the R Software (version 3.5.0) tools. Results show a repathologization of homosexuality in the gerontological knowledge production. This includes studies performed in 51 areas of knowledge in the three countries. That was followed by the depsychiatrization of homosexuality during the peak of deaths caused by AIDS, and its consequent recognition as an epidemiological threat. The article concludes reviewing the collected biomarkers, such as "sexual", "risk", "MSM", and "HIV/AIDS", which prove the progressive impact of sexual panic in gerontology studies and also associates AIDS with masculine homosexuality.


Resumo: O estudo faz uma revisão de artigos publicados por autores brasileiros, britânicos e estadunidenses entre 1970 e setembro de 2018 na base de dados Web of Science. Foram utilizadas técnicas de prospecção de textos, com uma análise predominantemente qualitativa, inclusive análise de correspondência e de sentimentos, usando ferramentas do software R (versão 3.5.0). Os resultados revelam a repatologização da homossexualidade na produção de conhecimento gerontológico, incluindo estudos realizados em 51 áreas de conhecimento nos três países. Seguiu-se a despsiquiatrização da homossexualidade durante o auge de óbitos provocados pela aids e o reconhecimento desta como ameaça epidemiológica. O artigo conclui com uma revisão dos biomarcadores coletados, como "sexual", "risco", "HSH" e "HIV/aids", comprovando o impacto progressivo do pânico sexual sobre os estudos de gerontologia, além de associar a aids à homossexualidade masculina.


Resumen: Este estudio revisó artículos realizados en Brasil, Reino Unido y en los Estados Unidos desde 1970 a septiembre de 2018 en la base de datos Web of Science. Se utilizaron técnicas de mineración de textos, y predominantemente se realizó un análisis cualitativo, incluyendo análisis de correspondencia y análisis de opiniones, usando las herramientas del R Software (version 3.5.0). Los resultados muestran la repatologización de la homosexualidad en la producción de conocimiento gerontológico. Esto incluye estudios realizados en 51 aéreas de conocimiento en los tres países. A todo ello, le siguió la desiquiatrización de la homosexualidad, durante el pico de muertes causado por el SIDA, y su consiguiente reconocimiento como amenaza epidemiológica. Este artículo finaliza revisando los biomarcadores recogidos, tales como: "sexual", "riesgo", "HSH", y "VIH/SIDA", lo que prueba el progresivo impacto del pánico sexual en los estudios de gerontología, así como los asociados al SIDA, con la homosexualidad masculina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aging/physiology , Biomarkers , Geriatrics , Sexual Behavior , United States , Brazil , Homosexuality , HIV Infections , Homosexuality, Male , United Kingdom
18.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 25: e2315, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131792

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Comparar o desempenho de adultos jovens e idosos do Distrito Federal com os dados normativos. Métodos Sessenta participantes hígidos responderam aos testes de fluência verbal semântica, livre e ortográfica da Bateria Montreal de Avaliação da Comunicação. Resultados Participantes do Distrito Federal obtiveram médias menores (<0,001), comparados à média normativa. Não houve diferença no desempenho entre os grupos etários, exceto ao compará-los com indivíduos com maior escolaridade. Conclusão Na amostra do Distrito Federal avaliada, o processo de envelhecimento típico não prejudicou a fluência verbal para indivíduos que concluíram o ensino fundamental. As médias menores, em relação aos dados normativos, evidenciaram a importância de padrões normativos regionais.


ABSTRACT Purpose To compare the performance of younger and older adults from the Federal District (FD) against normative data. Methods Sixty healthy participants completed the unconstrained, phonemic and semantic verbal fluency tests of the Montreal Communication Assessment Battery. Results The FD participants obtained lower mean scores (<0.001) compared to the normative average. There was no difference in performance between the age groups, except on the comparison with high-educated individuals. Conclusion In the FD, the typical aging process did not impact verbal fluency for individuals who were educated to primary level. The lower mean scores relative to normative data highlight the importance of regional normative standards.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aging/physiology , Educational Status , Language Tests/standards , Neuropsychological Tests/standards , Brazil , Chi-Square Distribution , Statistics, Nonparametric
20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(6): e9237, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132520

ABSTRACT

We investigated changes in oxidative biomarkers in brain regions such as brainstem, cerebellum, and cerebral cortex of 3-, 6-, 18-, 24-, and 30-month-old rats. We also assessed the effects of low-intensity exercise on these biomarkers in these regions of 6-, 18-, and 24-month-old rats that started exercise on a treadmill at 3, 15, and 21 months of age, respectively. Radiographic images of the femur were taken for all rats. A total of 25 rats (age: twelve 6-, ten 18-, ten 24-, and three 30-month-old rats) were used. Lipid hydroperoxide levels increased in cerebellum at 18 months. Total antioxidant activity exhibited lowest values in brainstem at 3 months. Superoxide dismutase activity did not exhibit significant changes during aging. Total thiol content exhibited lowest values in brain regions of 24- and 30-month-old rats. Exercise reduced total thiol content in brainstem at 6 months, but no change occurred in other regions and other ages. Femur increased its length and width and cortical thickness with advancing age. No change occurred in medullary width. Radiolucency increased and sclerosis was found in cortical and medullary bone with advancing age. Exercise reduced radiolucency and medullary sclerosis. Therefore, aging differentially changed oxidative biomarkers in different brain regions and radiographic measures of the femur. Low-intensity exercise only ameliorated some radiographic measurements of femur. Since the present study possessed limitations (small number of rats per group), a beneficial effect of regular low-intensity exercise on oxidative markers in brain cannot be ruled out.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Physical Conditioning, Animal/physiology , Brain/metabolism , Aging/physiology , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Femur/diagnostic imaging , Lipid Peroxides/analysis , Oxidation-Reduction , Aging/metabolism , Biomarkers/analysis , Lipid Peroxidation , Rats, Wistar , Femur/chemistry
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