Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.458
Filter
1.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 16(2): 177-182, Junio 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1556164

ABSTRACT

La bronquitis plástica es una enfermedad infrecuente y poco estudiada. Se caracteriza por la obstrucción parcial o total de la vía aérea inferior por moldes o yesos gomosos y firmes, compuestos por múltiples sustancias como fibrina, mucina y otros, que se acumulan en la luz bronquial. En la actualidad, no hay un consenso de la fisiopatología real. Puede presentarse con síntomas leves como tos, sibilancias y disnea, hasta eventos fatales de insuficiencia respiratoria. Se clasifican en tipo I (inflamatorios) y tipo II (acelulares). La presencia de la bronquitis plástica es una complicación de varias enfermedades y está relacionada con procedimientos correctivos de cardiopatías congénitas (procedimiento de Fontan). El diagnóstico se hace a través de la identificación de los yesos bronquiales, ya sea cuando el paciente los expectora o por broncoscopía. Se han utilizado múltiples terapias que solo tienen evidencias anecdóticas. En los últimos años se han observado buenos resultados con el uso de heparinas, así como el alteplasa nebulizado e instilado por broncoscopia.


Plastic bronchitis is a rare and little-studied disease. It is characterized by partial or total obstruction of the lower airway by rubbery and firm molds or plasters, made up of multiple substances that accumulate in the bronchial lumen. Currently, there is no consensus on real pathophysiology. It can present itself with mild symptoms such as cough, wheezing and dyspnea, to fatal events of respiratory failure. They are classified into type I (inflammatory) and type II (acellular). The presence of plastic bronchitis is a complication of several diseases and in corrective procedures for congenital heart disease (Fontan procedure). Diagnosis is made by identifying bronchial casts, either by the patient expectorating them or by bronchoscopy. Multiple therapies have been used that only have anecdotal evidence. In recent years, good results have been observed with the use of heparins and tPA nebulized and instilled by bronchoscop.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Bronchitis/diagnosis , Bronchoscopy , Fontan Procedure , Pneumonia , Respiratory Insufficiency , Shock, Septic , Fibrin , Tracheostomy , Respiratory Sounds , Cough , Airway Obstruction/diagnosis , Dyspnea
2.
Vet. zootec ; 31: 1-20, 2024. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1552920

ABSTRACT

As doenças respiratórias são consideradas doenças graves e potencialmente deletérias. Dentre elas, a asma e a bronquite crônica caracterizam-se como disfunções respiratórias que ameaçam constantemente o bem-estar dos gatos. Os pacientes apresentam mudanças na estrutura respiratória, reversíveis ou não, devido ao extenso quadro inflamatório, que obstrui o fluxo de ar, permite o acúmulo de muco e reduz o lúmen das vias aéreas. Os gatos acometidos apresentam tosses, respiração ruidosa, dispneia, e, em muitos casos, assumem posição ortopneica. O diagnóstico pode ser obtido através de exames de rotina, uso de radiografias torácicas, coleta e análise de fluidos broncoalveolares, e testes alergênicos. O manejo terapêutico baseia-se, combinado ou não, no uso de drogas como broncodilatadores, antiinflamatórios esteroidais, mucolíticos, antibióticos, agentes inalatórios e mudanças ambientais com objetivo de redução da exposição aos possíveis agentes alergênicos responsáveis pela incitação do quadro respiratório.


Respiratory diseases are considered serious and potentially harmful diseases. Among them, asthma and chronic bronchitis are characterized as respiratory disorders that constantly threaten the well-being of cats. The patients present changes in the respiratory structure, reversible or not, due to the extensive inflammatory condition, which obstructs the air flow, allows the accumulation of mucus and reduces the lumen of the airways. Affected cats have coughs, wheezing, dyspnoea, and in many cases assume an orthopneic position. The diagnosis can be obtained through routine exams, use of chest x-rays, collection and analysis of bronchoalveolar fluids, and allergen testing. Therapeutic management is based, combined or not, on the use of drugs such as bronchodilators, steroidal anti-inflammatory, mucolytics, antibiotics, inhalational agents and environmental changes in order to reduce exposure to possible allergenic agents responsible for the incitation of the respiratory condition.


Las enfermedades respiratorias son consideradas enfermedades graves y potencialmente dañinas. Entre ellos, el asma y la bronquitis crónica se caracterizan por ser trastornos respiratorios que amenazan constantemente el bienestar de los gatos. Los pacientes presentan cambios en la estructura respiratoria, reversibles o no debido al cuadro inflamatorio extenso, que obstruye el flujo de aire, permite la acumulación de moco y reduce la luz de las vías respiratorias. Los gatos afectados presentan tos, respiración ruidosa, disnea y, en muchos casos, adoptan una posición ortopneica. El diagnóstico se puede obtener mediante exámenes de rutina, uso de radiografías de tórax, recolección y análisis de líquidos broncoalveolares, y pruebas de alérgenos. El manejo terapéutico se basa, combinado o no, en el uso de fármacos como broncodilatadores, antiinflamatorios esteroides, mucolíticos, antibióticos, agentes inhalatorios y cambios ambientales con el objetivo de reducir la exposición a posibles agentes alergénicos responsables de incitar la afección respiratoria.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Asthma/pathology , Bronchitis/pathology , Bronchodilator Agents/therapeutic use , Airway Obstruction/veterinary , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use
3.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(3): 344-346, May-June 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439620

ABSTRACT

Abstract Pierre Robin Sequence (PRS) is a congenital condition characterized by micrognathia, glossoptosis, and cleft palate that presents with airway obstruction and developmental delay with or without other congenital anomalies. These patients' anesthesia management is challenging because of difficult ventilation and intubation. Regional anesthesia methods should be considered for these patients on a case-by-case basis. This report presents primary use of regional anesthesia for circumcision of a 9-year-old boy with PRS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Pierre Robin Syndrome/surgery , Pierre Robin Syndrome/complications , Cleft Palate/surgery , Cleft Palate/complications , Airway Obstruction/surgery , Pudendal Nerve , Anesthesia, Conduction/adverse effects , Nerve Block/adverse effects
4.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(3): 351-353, May-June 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439623

ABSTRACT

Abstract Stenting for lower tracheal stenosis is a tricky situation and for the safe conduct of anesthesia, it is imperative to maintain spontaneous respiration. Airway topicalization is routinely recommended for anticipated difficult airway. We report a case of upper airway obstruction following lidocaine nebulization in a patient to be taken for tracheal stenting for lower tracheal stenosis. We would like to highlight that close monitoring of the patient is advisable during airway topicalization to detect any airway obstruction at the earliest and how fiberoptic intubation can play a pivotal role to secure the airway in an emergency scenario.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tracheal Stenosis/surgery , Airway Obstruction/etiology , Anesthesia , Airway Management , Intubation, Intratracheal , Lidocaine
5.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 958-959, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011078

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the clinical characteristic and treatment of laryngeal cysts in infants. Methods:The clinical data of 19 patients diagnosed with laryngeal cysts in Department of Otolaryngology, Sichuan Provincial Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital from November 2017 to April 2023 were retrospectively analyzed. Results:All of the 19 patients were diagnosed as laryngeal cysts, with clinical manifestations included respiratory distress, inspiratory dyspnea, difficulty in feeding and low and weak crying, etc. All of them were cured after surgical treatment. Conclusion:Misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis of laryngeal cysts are prone to occur in infants and young children. After diagnosis, patients should undergo early surgical treatment to remove airway obstruction and improve ventilation.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Infant , Child , Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Retrospective Studies , Laryngeal Diseases/surgery , Airway Obstruction/surgery , Laryngoscopy , Cysts/surgery , Dyspnea/surgery
6.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 622-631, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011018

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the perioperative airway management and treatment of newborns with micrognathia and laryngomalacia. Methods:From January to December 2022, a total of 6 newborns with micrognathia and laryngomalacia were included. Preoperative laryngoscopy revealed concomitant laryngomalacia. These micrognathia were diagnosed as Pierre Robin sequences. All patients had grade Ⅱ or higher symptoms of laryngeal obstruction and required oxygen therapy or non-invasive ventilatory support. All patients underwent simultaneous laryngomalacia surgery and mandibular distraction osteogenesis. The shortened aryepiglottic folds were ablated using a low-temperature plasma radiofrequency during the operation. Tracheal intubation was maintained for 3-5 days postoperatively. Polysomnography(PSG) and airway CT examination were performed before and 3 months after the surgery. Results:Among the 6 patients, 4 required oxygen therapy preoperatively and 2 required non-invasiveventilatory support. The mean age of patients was 40 days at surgery. The inferior alveolar nerve bundle was not damaged during the operation, and there were no signs of mandibular branch injury such as facial asymmetry after the surgery. Laryngomalacia presented as mixed type: type Ⅱ+ type Ⅲ. The maximum mandibular distraction distance was 20 mm, the minimum was 12 mm, and the mean was 16 mm. The posterior airway space increased from a preoperative average of 3.5 mm to a postoperative average of 9.5 mm. The AHI decreased from a mean of 5.65 to 0.85, and the lowest oxygen saturation increased from a mean of 78% to 95%. All patients were successfully extubated after the surgery, and symptoms of laryngeal obstruction such as hypoxia and feeding difficulties disappeared. Conclusion:Newborns with micrognathia and laryngomalacia have multi-planar airway obstruction. Simultaneous laryngomalacia surgery and mandibular distraction osteogenesis are safe and feasible, and can effectively alleviate symptoms of laryngeal obstruction such as hypoxia and feeding difficulties, while significantly improving the appearance of micrognathia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Micrognathism/surgery , Laryngomalacia/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Mandible/surgery , Airway Obstruction/surgery , Intubation, Intratracheal , Laryngeal Diseases , Osteogenesis, Distraction , Oxygen , Retrospective Studies
7.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 381-387, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981967

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical and bronchoscopic characteristics of tracheobronchial tuberculosis (TBTB) in children and to identify factors influencing residual airway obstruction or stenosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of children with TBTB were retrospectively collected. The children were divided into two groups based on the last bronchoscopic result within one year of follow-up: a group with residual airway obstruction or stenosis (n=34) and a group without residual airway obstruction or stenosis (n=58). A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the factors influencing residual airway obstruction or stenosis in children with TBTB. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to analyze the predictive value of the factors influencing residual airway obstruction or stenosis in children with TBTB.@*RESULTS@#A total of 92 children with TBTB were included, and the main symptoms were cough (90%) and fever (68%). In children under 1 year old, the incidence rates of dyspnea and wheezing were significantly higher than in other age groups (P<0.008). Chest CT findings included mediastinal or hilar lymph node enlargement (90%) and tracheobronchial stenosis or obstruction (61%). The lymphatic fistula type was the main type of TBTB observed bronchoscopically (77%). All children received interventional treatment, and the effective rate was 84%. During one year of follow-up, 34 children had residual airway obstruction or stenosis. The TBTB diagnostic time and the initiation of interventional treatment were significantly delayed in the group with residual airway obstruction or stenosis compared with the group without residual airway obstruction or stenosis (P<0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the TBTB diagnostic time was closely related to residual airway obstruction or stenosis in children (P<0.05). ROC curve analysis showed that at the cut-off value of 92 days of TBTB diagnostic time, the area under the curve for predicting residual airway obstruction or stenosis in children with TBTB was 0.707, with a sensitivity of 58.8% and a specificity of 75.9%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The clinical manifestations of TBTB are nonspecific, and symptoms are more severe in children under 1 year old. TBTB should be suspected in children with tuberculosis and chest imaging indicating airway involvement. Delayed diagnosis of TBTB is associated with the development of residual airway obstruction or stenosis.


Subject(s)
Infant , Child , Humans , Bronchoscopy/methods , Constriction, Pathologic/complications , Bronchial Diseases/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Tuberculosis/diagnosis , Airway Obstruction/therapy
8.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 403-408, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982758

ABSTRACT

Infants with laryngotracheal anomalies are clinically manifested as stridor or noisy breathing, choking, hoarseness, feeding difficulties, and cyanotic spells, followed by developmental and growth retardation and other health issues; in severe cases, patients may present with severe dyspnea, which is associated with high mortality. A timely diagnosis as well as appropriate strategy for laryngotracheal anomalies is still challenging for pediatric otolaryngologists. This consensus statement, evolved from expert opinion by the members of the Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology Professional Committee of the Pediatrician Branch of the Chinese Medical Doctor Association, provides comprehensive recommendations and standardized guidance for otolaryngologists who manage infants and young children with laryngotracheal anomalies in evaluation and treatment based on symptomatology, physical and laboratory examinations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Infant , Child, Preschool , Laryngostenosis/surgery , Airway Obstruction/complications , Hoarseness/complications , Consensus , Respiratory Sounds
10.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(4): 498-508, dic. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1431942

ABSTRACT

La obstrucción laríngea inducible se ha descrito como un trastorno de la respiración que se presenta, habitualmente, como dificultad respiratoria aguda por aducción anormal de los pliegues vocales, típicamente, durante la inspiración. Es más frecuente en mujeres y adultos, que en adolescentes. Es difícil estimar la incidencia exacta dada la heterogeneidad de los criterios diagnósticos y nomenclatura, asociado al frecuente subdiagnóstico de esta entidad. Por ello, en la literatura se ha reportado la prevalencia de acuerdo con las subpoblaciones de pacientes, describiendo que alrededor de un 2,8% de los pacientes que consultan en el servicio de urgencia por disnea podría corresponder a esta patología. El diagnóstico es eminentemente clínico, con confirmación mediante laringoscopia flexible. Se apoya en exámenes de función respiratoria, especialmente para descartar otras patologías pulmonares que expliquen el cuadro. El tratamiento es sencillo y, suele ser exitoso, tanto en situaciones agudas como crónicas. Sin embargo, se ha descrito, frecuentemente, un retraso en el diagnóstico, debido a desconocimiento de esta patología.


Induced laryngeal obstruction has been described as a respiratory disorder, usually presenting as an acute respiratory distress due to abnormal adduction of the vocal folds, typically during inspiration. It is more frequent in women and adults, than adolescents. It is difficult to estimate its exact incidence given the heterogeneity of the diagnostic criteria and nomenclature, together with its common underdiagnosis. Hence, studies have reported its prevalence according to the subpopulations within this entity, with a prevalence of 2.8% in patients who consult in the emergency room for dyspnea. The diagnosis is based upon clinical presentation, confirmed by flexible laryngoscopy, and supported by respiratory function exams to rule out other pulmonary diseases with similar symptoms. Its treatment is simple and usually successful, in both acute and chronic situations. However, a delay in the diagnosis has been frequently described, due to unawareness of this disorder.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laryngeal Diseases/diagnosis , Airway Obstruction/diagnosis , Vocal Cords/abnormalities
12.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 41(2): 100-104, ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407755

ABSTRACT

Resumen: La oxigenación por membrana extracorpórea (ECMO) es de gran utilidad al proveer soporte ventilatorio a pacientes con hipoxia, pero su utilidad en el manejo de pacientes con obstrucción central de la vía aérea y riesgo vital no ha sido frecuentemente usada. La broncoscopía intervencional como terapia bajo ventilación convencional es de alto riesgo en este tipo de pacientes, pero es posible lograr excelentes resultados al ser asociada a ECMO. Comunicamos el caso clínico de 2 pacientes que presentaban disnea en reposo y falla ven1ila1oria aguda ca1as1rófica debido a una obstrucción casi total del lumen traqueal, de causa tumoral. En ambos pacientes en forma urgente se inició soporte circulatorio mediante ECMO VV, mientras se efectuaba la resección tumoral broncoscópica. Luego de terminada la cirugía traqueal, en ambos pacientes se retiró el soporte, siendo decanulados sin eventos y con una buena evolución clínica posterior. Se discute el beneficio del soporte ECMO en este tipo de pacientes.


Abstract: In patients with severe central airway stenosis bronchoscopy-guided intervention therapy under conventional ventilation conveys a high risk. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) provides very good cardiopulmonary support, but is rarely used in bronchoscopy-guided interventional therapy. We report 2 patients with resting dyspnea due to severe tumor tracheal obstruction and acute pulmonary failure with imminent vital risk. Both patients were cannulated and the ECMO circuit installed on a nearly emergency basis. Tumors were excised, and the patients weaned from cardiopulmonary bypass uneventfully. Subsequent clinical course was satisfactory in both cases. A brief discussion of this condition is included.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation/methods , Ventilation/methods , Airway Obstruction/surgery , Extracorporeal Circulation/methods
14.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 6(2): 295-299, abr.jun.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400226

ABSTRACT

O uso do anticorpo monoclonal dupilumabe em adultos tem possibilitado o controle da inflamação crônica, reduzindo significativamente o tamanho e a recorrência de novos pólipos, melhorando os sintomas nasais e, consequentemente, a qualidade de vida desses indivíduos. Relatamos o caso de uma adolescente que evidencia a eficácia de dupilumabe no tratamento da rinossinusite crônica com pólipo nasal.


The use of the monoclonal antibody dupilumab in adults has allowed the control of chronic inflammation, significantly reducing the size and recurrence of new polyps, improving nasal symptoms, and, consequently, quality of life. We report a successful case of dupilumab use in an adolescent for the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Sinusitis , Rhinitis , Nasal Polyps , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , Quality of Life , Recurrence , Signs and Symptoms , Therapeutics , Airway Obstruction
15.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(3): 209-216, junio 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1368241

ABSTRACT

La laringe se localiza en la encrucijada aerodigestiva; cualquier patología que la comprometa tendrá repercusión en la respiración, la deglución y/o la voz. Se divide en tres regiones: la supraglotis (comprende la epiglotis, las bandas ventriculares y los ventrículos laríngeos), la glotis (espacio limitado por las cuerdas vocales) y la subglotis (zona más estrecha de la vía aérea pediátrica y único punto rodeado en su totalidad por cartílago: el anillo cricoides). La obstrucción laríngea se puede presentar como una condición aguda potencialmente fatal o como un proceso crónico. El síntoma principal es el estridor inspiratorio o bifásico. La etiología varía mucho según la edad y puede ser de origen congénito, inflamatorio, infeccioso, traumático, neoplásico o iatrogénico. Se describen las patologías que ocasionan obstrucción laríngea con más frecuencia o que revisten importancia por su gravedad, sus síntomas orientadores para el diagnóstico presuntivo, los estudios complementarios y el tratamiento.


The larynx is at the aerodigestive crossroads; any pathology that involves it will have an impact on breathing, swallowing and/or the voice. It`s divided into three regions: supraglottis (includes epiglottis, ventricular bands and laryngeal ventricles), glottis (space limited by the vocal cords) and subglottis (narrowest area of pediatric airway and the only point of larynx completely surrounded by cartilage: the cricoid ring). Laryngeal obstruction can present as a potentially fatal acute condition or as a chronic process. The main symptom is inspiratory or biphasic stridor. The etiology varies widely according to age and it may be of congenital, inflammatory, infectious, traumatic, neoplastic or iatrogenic origin. We describe the pathologies that cause laryngeal obstruction, either those that occur very often or those which are important for their severity, their guiding symptoms to the presumptive diagnosis, additional studies and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Pediatrics , Laryngeal Diseases/diagnosis , Laryngeal Diseases/etiology , Airway Obstruction/etiology , Larynx/pathology , Algorithms , Laryngeal Diseases/therapy
16.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(1): 77-80, feb. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388713

ABSTRACT

Resumen El síndrome de obstrucción congénita de vías áreas superiores (CHAOS) es una condición que se caracteriza por la existencia de una obstrucción en las vías áreas altas en el feto, la cual puede ser parcial o completa. Comúnmente es una situación incompatible con la vida, por lo que su diagnóstico prenatal es importante considerando el pronóstico y los diferentes manejos prenatales y posnatales que existen. Presentamos un caso de CHAOS diagnosticado en la semana 21, con una breve revisión de la literatura sobre su diagnóstico, pronóstico y alternativas terapéuticas.


Abstract Congenital high airway obstruction syndrome (CHAOS) is a condition characterized by the existence of an obstruction of the fetal upper airways, which may be partial or complete. It is commonly incompatible with life, so its prenatal diagnosis is important due to the prognosis and the recently described pre and postnatal management options. We present a case of CHAOS in a pregnancy of 21 weeks with a brief review of the current literature about its diagnosis, prognosis and therapeutic alternatives.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Airway Obstruction/congenital , Airway Obstruction/diagnosis , Larynx/abnormalities , Syndrome , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Perinatal Death
17.
Philippine Journal of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; : 38-41, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974044

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To report an unusual presentation of thyroglossal duct cyst causing airway obstruction in an elderly man. @*Methods@# Design: Case Report Setting: Tertiary Government Training Hospital Patient: One @*Results@#A 71-year-old man with an anterior neck mass was brought to the Emergency Room due to progressive difficulty of breathing. A smooth, non-ulcerating right supraglottic mass obstructed the airway. Following an emergency high tracheotomy, contrast computed tomography scan of the neck revealed a hypodense mass with peripheral rim enhancement in the right supraglottis and an extralaryngeal component. Intra-operatively, a dumbbell- shaped cystic mass with a tract connected to the hyoid bone led to a Sistrunk procedure. Final histopathology findings were consistent with thyroglossal duct cyst. @*Conclusion@#It is possible for an elderly patient with impending upper airway obstruction, dysphonia, and neck mass to still have a benign and congenital thyroglossal duct cyst with intralaryngeal extension.


Subject(s)
Thyroglossal Cyst , Airway Obstruction
18.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 363-368, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936160

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To discover the factors that may affect the use of selective tracheostomy among patients who have undergone head and neck surgeries with free flap reconstruction, so that the patients will not need tracheostomy nor receive the unnecessary treatment.@*METHODS@#Five hundred and thirty-three patients who had undergone head and neck surgery with free flap reconstruction operated by the same team of surgery at Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Peking University School of Stomatology from 2015 to 2016 were reviewed. Three hundred and twenty-one (60.2%) of these patients underwent selective tracheostomy. All the patients' demographic information, operation-related information, prior treatments, comorbidities and complications were recorded and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The patients with defects of the tongue, mouth floor, oropharynx and bilateral mandible, who underwent neck dissection and with previous radiotherapy and smoking habit were more likely to get selective tracheostomy. Usage of bulky soft tissue flap might also add to the risk of airway obstruction and the need of selective tracheostomy, while other factors were not significantly related to the risk of postoperative airway obstruction and the patients could be kept safe without selective tracheostomy. Most cases without tracheostomy were kept safe except one case, while 8.39% of the patients with tracheostomy suffered from tracheostomy related complications, mainly pneumonia and hemorrhage of the tracheostomy wound, yet none led to serious consequences or even death.@*CONCLUSION@#Selective tracheostomy is not necessary for patients who have undergone head and neck surgeries with free flap reconstruction except that there are defects at the tongue, oropharynx and mandible. Neck dissection, bulky soft tissue flap reconstruction, previous radiotherapy and smoking habit may also add to the risk of postoperative airway obstruction, while a favorable decision would involve a combination of all the above factors to assure the safety of the postoperative airway for the patients undergone head and neck surgeries with free flap reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Airway Obstruction/surgery , Free Tissue Flaps , Head and Neck Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Tracheostomy
19.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 88-93, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935649

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To analyze the clinical characteristics and outcomes of neonates with upper airway obstruction (UAO) who were admitted via transportation, hence to provide more evidence-based information for the clinical management of UAO. Methods: This was a single center retrospective study. Patients were hospitalized in Beijing Children's Hospital from January 1, 2016 to May 31, 2021 with age <28 days or postmenstrual age (PMA) ≤44 weeks, and UAO as the first diagnosis. The general information of patients, obstructed sites in the upper airway, treatment, complications and prognosis were analyzed. The outcomes of surgical UAO vs. non-surgical UAO were analyzed by 2 by 2 χ2 test. Results: A total of 111 cases were analyzed (2.3% of the total NICU hospitalized 4 826 infants in the same period), in which 62 (55.9%) were boys and 101 (91.0%) were term infants, and their gestational age was (38.7±2.0) weeks, birth weight (3 207±585) g, PMA on admission (40.8±2.5) weeks and weight on admission was (3 221±478) g. There were 92 cases (82.9%) with symptoms of UAO presenting on postnatal day 1, and 35 cases (31.5%) had extra-uterine growth retardation on admission. The diagnosis of UAO and the obstructive site was confirmed in 25 cases (22.5%) before transportation. There were 24 cases (21.6%), 71 cases (64.0%), and 16 cases (14.4%) who had UAO due to nasal, throat, and neck problems, respectively. The top 5 diagnosis of UAO were vocal cord paralysis (28 cases), bilateral choanal atresia (20 cases), laryngomalacia (15 cases), pharynx and larynx cysts (7 cases), and subglottic hemangioma (6 cases). The diagnosis and treatment of all the patients followed a multidisciplinary approach consisted of neonatal intensive care unit, ear-nose-throat department and medical image departments. A total of 102 cases (91.9%) underwent both bronchofiberscope and fiber nasopharyngoscope investigation. Seventy cases (63.1%) required ventilation. Among the 58 cases (52.3%) who required surgical intervention, 16 had tracheotomy. For cases with vs. without surgical intervention, the rate of cure and (or) improvement were 94.8% (55/58) vs. 54.7% (29/53), and the rate of being discharged against medical arrangement were 1.7% (1/58) vs. 45.3% (24/53) (χ²=24.21 and 30.11, both P<0.01). Conclusions: Neonatal UAO may locate at various sites of the upper airway. The overall prognosis of neonatal UAO is favorable. A multidisciplinary approach is necessary for efficient evaluation and appropriate surgical intervention.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Airway Obstruction/therapy , Hospitalization , Pharynx , Retrospective Studies , Trachea
20.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE039007434, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1374036

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Identificar os indicadores clínicos mais relevantes para o Diagnóstico de Enfermagem Desobstrução ineficaz de vias aéreas. Método Estudo metodológico de análise de conteúdo organizado em três fases: definição conceitual do fenômeno de interesse, construção da estrutura do fenômeno de interesse e análise dos juízes sobre a estrutura construída. Resultados Foram identificados 21 indicadores clínicos. Apenas Sons respiratórios aumentados e Retração subcostal não foram indicadores significativamente relevantes para o diagnóstico. Conclusão Os indicadores de maior relevância para o diagnóstico Desobstrução ineficaz de vias aéreas foram: Dispneia, Mudanças no ritmo respiratório, Ruídos adventícios respiratórios, Taquipneia, Acúmulo excessivo de muco, Tosse ineficaz, Sons respiratórios diminuídos, Ortopneia, Cianose, Inquietação, Dificuldade para verbalizar e Uso da musculatura acessória para respirar.


Resumen Objetivo Identificar a los indicadores clínicos más relevantes para el Diagnóstico de Enfermería Desobstrucción ineficaz de las vías aéreas. Métodos Estudio metodológico de análisis de contenido organizado em tres fases: definición conceptual del fenómeno de interés, construcción de la estructura del fenómeno de interés y análisis de los jueces sobre la estructura construida. Resultados Se identificaron 21 indicadores clínicos. Únicamente Sonidos respiratorios aumentados y Retracción subcostal no fueron indicadores significantemente relevantes para el diagnóstico. Conclusión Los indicadores de mayor relevancia para el diagnóstico Desobstrucción ineficaz de las vías aéreas fueron: Disnea, Cambios en el ritmo respiratorio, Ruidos adventicios respiratorios, Taquipnea, Acúmulo excesivo de mucosidad, Tos ineficaz, Sonidos respiratorios disminuidos, Ortopnea, Cianosis, Inquietud, Dificultad para verbalizar y Uso de la musculatura accesoria para respirar.


Abstract Objective To identify the most relevant clinical indicators for the Ineffective airway clearance Nursing Diagnosis. Method This is a methodological study of content analysis organized into a conceptual definition of the phenomenon of interest, construction of the phenomenon of interest structure and analysis by judges on the constructed structure. Results Twenty-one clinical indicators were identified. Only Increased breath sounds and Subcostal retraction were not significantly relevant for the diagnosis. Conclusion The most relevant indicators for the Ineffective airway clearance diagnosis were: Dyspnea, Alteration in respiratory rate, Adventitious respiratory noises, Tachypnea, Excessive sputum, Ineffective cough, Decreased breathing sounds, Orthopnea, Cyanosis, Restlessness, Difficulty verbalizing and Use of accessory muscles to breathe.


Subject(s)
Humans , Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory , Nursing Diagnosis , Nursing Diagnosis/standards , Telemedicine , Airway Obstruction , Permeability , Indicators (Statistics) , Validation Studies as Topic
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL