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1.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(1): 82-86, Jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360700

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare C-reactive protein and C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio performances in predicting mortality of geriatric patients who visited the emergency department. METHODS: The data of patients with COVID-19 and aged 65 years and above, who visited emergency department during the study period, were retrospectively analyzed. The data were obtained from an electronic-based hospital information system. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve and the area under the curve were used to assess each cutoff value discriminatory for predicting mortality. RESULTS: The mean age of the population included in this study was 76 (71-82) years, while 52.7% were males. The sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve values for C-reactive protein in terms of mortality were calculated as 71.01, 52.34, and 0.635%, respectively, while the sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve values for C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio were calculated as 75.74, 47.66, and 0.645%, respectively (p<0.001). In the pairwise comparison for the receiver operating characteristic curves of C-reactive protein and C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio, no statistically significant difference was found. CONCLUSIONS: Geriatric patients are the "most vulnerable" patient group against the COVID-19. In this study, both C-reactive protein and C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio were found to be successful in predicting mortality for geriatric COVID-19 patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Albumins/analysis , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/mortality , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(2): 371-378, Mar./Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1128217

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the metabolic, inflammatory, and hepatic aspects, as well as the milk yield in heifers submitted to protocol for induction of lactation compared to primiparous cows. Sixty Holstein heifers were selected and enrolled into two groups: Control (n= 30), pregnant heifers and Induction heifers (n= 30), non-pregnant femeales, submitted to a lactation induction protocol. Blood samples were collected at: pre-lactation period (weeks -3, -2 and -1) and post-lactation period (weeks 1, 2 and 3), aiming to evaluate glucose, non-esterified fatty acids, paraoxonase-1, albumin, ALT, GGT and cortisol. The protocol efficiently induced lactation in all the heifers, which produced 74.54% of the total production of milk from primiparous cows. In the pre-lactation period, induced animals presented higher concentrations of non-esterified fatty acids than the Control heifers, and the opposite was observed in the post lactation period. In both moments albumin and ALT were lower in the Induction group, and paraoxonase-1 activity and GGT concentrations were higher, compared to the Control. Thus, lactation induction protocol is efficient to initiate milk production in dairy heifers with no considerable changes in energetic, metabolic and hepatic profile when compared to heifers in physiological lactation.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os perfis metabólico, inflamatório, hepático e a produção de leite de novilhas induzidas à lactação comparadas a primíparas. Sessenta novilhas da raça Holandês foram selecionadas e alocadas em grupos: controle (n=30), novilhas prenhas, e indução (n=30), novilhas vazias submetidas a um protocolo de indução de lactação. As amostras de sangue foram coletadas nas semanas -3, -2 e -1 (pré-lactação) e nas semanas 1, 2 e 3 (pós-início de lactação) para avaliação de glicose, ácidos graxos não esterificados, paraoxonase-1, albumina, ALT, GGT e cortisol. O protocolo induziu eficientemente a lactação em todas as novilhas, que produziram 74,54% da produção total de leite do controle. No período pré-lactação, o grupo indução apresentou maiores concentrações de ácidos graxos não esterificados que o controle, e o oposto foi observado pós-lactação. Em ambos os momentos, albumina e ALT foram menores no grupo indução, e a atividade da paraoxonase-1 e as concentrações de GGT foram maiores, em comparação ao controle. Assim, o protocolo de indução de lactação foi eficiente para iniciar a produção de leite em novilhas induzidas, além de terem sido observadas alterações nos perfis energético, metabólico e hepático em comparação a novilhas em lactação fisiológica.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle , Lactation/physiology , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Alanine Transaminase/analysis , Albumins/analysis , Fatty Acids, Nonesterified/analysis , gamma-Glutamyltransferase/analysis , Milk
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(1): 61-68, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056398

ABSTRACT

Fruit purees can be added to diet as alternative sources of bioactive compounds for the prevention and/or improvement of the complications of metabolic syndrome. In this work we evaluated the effect of the intake of low-fat diets enriched with fruit purees (guava-strawberry, guava-blackberry, guava-soursop, guava-passion fruit) on the body weight and biochemical markers in metabolic syndrome analogy (MSA)-induced rats. The rats (n=6 for each treatment) were induced with a high fat diet and were injected with streptozotocin, one dose every week for 4 consecutive weeks after fasting overnight, then healthy rats were fed with standard diet and MS rats were fed with standard diet plus each of the fruit puree, for 4 weeks. As novel findings, the diet enriched with fruit purees was associated with a reduction in body weight (~13-21 %) and a control in the metabolism of glucose by decreasing plasma glucose (~5963 %). Also, there was a reduction in the total cholesterol, triacylglycerols, low-density lipoproteins, and low enzymatic activities of alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase and γ-glutamyl transferase, useful metabolites in the control of inflammatory processes in the liver. A notable improvement in the liver morphology was observed indicating that the treatments had a hepatoprotective effect. The diet enriched with guava-blackberry puree caused the best results on most biochemical markers of MS rats. Therefore, diets enriched with fruit purees can be an alternative for MS individuals for the control and improvement of the complications caused by this syndrome.


Los purés de frutas se pueden agregar a la dieta como fuentes alternativas de compuestos bioactivos para la prevención y / o mejora de las complicaciones del síndrome metabólico. En este trabajo evaluamos el efecto de la ingesta de dietas bajas en grasas, enriquecidas con purés de frutas (guayaba-fresa, guayaba-mora, guayaba-guanábana, guayaba-maracuyá) sobre el peso corporal y los marcadores bioquímicos en el síndrome metabólico (SM) inducido en ratas. Las ratas (n = 6 para cada tratamiento) fueron inducidas con una dieta alta en grasas y se les inyectó estreptozotocina, una dosis cada semana durante 4 semanas consecutivas después de ayunar durante la noche. Luego, las ratas sanas fueron alimentadas con una dieta estándar; y las ratas con SM fueron alimentadas con dieta estándar más cada uno de los purés de frutas, durante 4 semanas. Como hallazgos novedosos, la dieta enriquecida con purés de frutas se asoció con una reducción en el peso corporal (~ 13-21 %) y un control en el metabolismo de la glucosa al disminuir la glucosa en plasma (~ 59-63 %). Además, hubo una reducción en el colesterol total, triacilgliceroles, lipoproteínas de baja densidad, y bajas actividades enzimáticas de alanina aminotransferasa, fosfatasa alcalina y gama-glutamil transferasa, metabolitos útiles en el control de los procesos inflamatorios en el hígado. Se observó una mejora notable en la morfología del hígado, lo que indica que los tratamientos tuvieron un efecto hepatoprotector. La dieta enriquecida con puré de guayaba y mora causó los mejores resultados en la mayoría de los marcadores bioquímicos de las ratas con SM. Por lo tanto, las dietas enriquecidas con purés de frutas pueden ser una alternativa para las personas con SM, para el control y la mejora de las complicaciones causadas por este síndrome.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Diet, Fat-Restricted , Metabolic Syndrome , Fruit , Liver/drug effects , Blood Glucose/drug effects , Body Weight/drug effects , Biomarkers , Albumins/analysis , Disease Models, Animal , Alkaline Phosphatase/analysis , Hepatoprotector Drugs , Transaminases/analysis , Lipids/analysis , Liver/chemistry
4.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 22(supl.1): e853, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280391

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El lupus eritematoso sistémico es el modelo clásico de enfermedad autoinmune. En el desarrollo de la enfermedad intervienen varios tipos de inmunoglobulinas, con predominio de la IgG, IgM e IgA. Objetivo: Describir la utilidad del cociente albúmina/globulina como un indicador de actividad en el lupus eritematoso sistémico. Desarrollo: Se estima que el 50 por ciento de los pacientes con lupus eritematoso sistémico muestran una hipoalbuminemia con una hipergammaglobulinemia. La hipoalbuminemia en mayor medida está relacionada con la presencia de nefritis lúpica. La mitad de los pacientes con nefritis lúpica presentan proteinuria en el orden del síndrome nefrótico. Esta proteinuria iguala o invierte parcialmente el valor del cociente albúmina/globulina. El cociente albúmina/globulina invertido por sí solo es insuficiente para afirmar la presencia de actividad en el lupus eritematoso sistémico. Se deben excluir otras entidades clínicas causantes de hipergammaglobulinemia policlonal. Los criterios de actividad del lupus eritematoso sistémico incrementan la sensibilidad del cociente albúmina/globulina invertido. Conclusiones: La interpretación del cociente albúmina/globulina debe ir aparejada a la estimación de actividad por los criterios clínicos de mayor uso (SLICC, SLEDAI, BILAG). No en todos los pacientes con lupus eritematoso sistémico puede interpretarse como criterio de actividad, por lo que es necesario excluir otras entidades clínicas(AU)


Introduction: Systemic lupus erythematosus is the model of autoimmune disease. Several types of immunoglobulins are involved in the development of the disease, mainly IgG, IgM and IgA. Objective: To describe the potential use of the albumin/globulin ratio as an indicator of activity in systemic lupus erythematosus. Development: fifty percent of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus exhibit hypoalbuminemia with hypergammaglobulinemia. Hypoalbuminemia is mainly related to the presence of lupus nephritis. The half of patients with lupus nephritis develops proteinuria with values of nephrotic syndrome. The proteinuria equals or partially reverses the albumin/globulin ratio. The inverted albumin/globulin ratio is insufficient to establish the presence of lupus activity. Other clinical entities producing polyclonal hypergammaglobulinaemia should be excluded. The systemic lupus erythematosus activity criteria increase the sensitivity of the inverted albumin/globulin ratio. Conclusions: The interpretation of the albumin/globulin ratio requires the activity estimation by different clinical criteria (SLICC, SLEDAI, BILAG). The inverted albumin/globulin ratio cannot be interpreted as a stand-alone indicator of disease activity in every systemic lupus erythematosus patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Proteinuria , Autoimmune Diseases , Immunoglobulin A/analysis , Immunoglobulin G/analysis , Immunoglobulin M/analysis , Hypoalbuminemia , Hypergammaglobulinemia/diagnosis , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/diagnosis , Nephrotic Syndrome , Odds Ratio , Albumins/analysis
5.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 17(4): 198-200, dez 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284252

ABSTRACT

Relata-se o caso de paciente do sexo masculino, atendido em um hospital universitário, após quadro duvidoso e arrastado de alteração cardíaca e hipertireoidiana, com a propedêutica sequencial própria para crise tireotóxica. Destaca-se a necessidade de identificação precoce da apresentação clínica, com atendimento de emergência, e a capacidade da realização de diagnósticos diferenciais com alterações cardíacas primárias, evitando-se sequelas e desfechos inesperados.


We report the case of a male patient seen in a University Hospital after a dubious and protracted picture of cardiac and hyperthyroid alteration, with adequate sequential propaedeutic for thyrotoxic crisis. The need for early identification of clinical presentation with emergency care, and the ability to perform differential diagnoses with primary cardiac changes are highlighted, to avoid unexpected sequelae and outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Thyrotoxicosis/diagnosis , Hyperthyroidism/diagnosis , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnostic imaging , Thyrotoxicosis/drug therapy , Echocardiography , Ultrasonography , Paracentesis , Diagnosis, Differential , Albumins/analysis , Electrocardiography , Heart Failure, Diastolic/diagnostic imaging , Transaminases/blood , Hospitalization , Hyperthyroidism/drug therapy , Liver Cirrhosis/drug therapy , Liver Cirrhosis/diagnostic imaging
6.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(4): 526-533, Out.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056617

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Children with nephrotic syndrome are at increased risk of infections because of disease status itself and use of various immunosuppressive agents. In majority, infections trigger relapses requiring hospitalization with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to determine the incidence, spectrum, and risk factors for major infections in hospitalized children with nephrotic syndrome. Methods: All consecutive hospitalized children between 1-12 years of age with nephrotic syndrome were enrolled in the study. Children with acute nephritis, secondary nephrotic syndrome as well as those admitted for diagnostic renal biopsy and intravenous cyclophosphamide or rituximab infusion were excluded. Results: A total of 148 children with 162 admissions were enrolled. Incidence of major infections in hospitalized children with nephrotic syndrome was 43.8%. Peritonitis was the commonest infection (24%), followed by pneumonia (18%), urinary tract infection (15%), and cellulitis (14%), contributing with two thirds of major infections. Streptococcus pneumoniae (n = 9) was the predominant organism isolated in children with peritonitis and pneumonia. On logistic regression analysis, serum albumin < 1.5gm/dL was the only independent risk factor for all infections (OR 2.6; 95% CI, 1.2-6; p = 0.01), especially for peritonitis (OR 29; 95% CI, 3-270; p = 0.003). There were four deaths (2.5%) in our study, all due to sepsis and multiorgan failure. Conclusions: Infection remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children with nephrotic syndrome. As Pneumococcus was the most prevalent cause of infection in those children, attention should be paid to the pneumococcal immunization in children with nephrotic syndrome.


RESUMO Introdução: Crianças com síndrome nefrótica apresentam maior risco de infecções devido ao próprio status da doença e ao uso de vários agentes imunossupressores. Em grande parte, as infecções desencadeiam recidivas que exigem hospitalização, com risco aumentado de morbidade e mortalidade. Este estudo teve como objetivo determinar a incidência, o espectro e os fatores de risco para infecções graves em crianças hospitalizadas com síndrome nefrótica. Métodos: Todas as crianças hospitalizadas consecutivamente entre 1 e 12 anos de idade com síndrome nefrótica foram incluídas no estudo. Crianças com nefrite aguda, síndrome nefrótica secundária, bem como aquelas admitidas para biópsia renal diagnóstica e infusão intravenosa de ciclofosfamida ou rituximabe foram excluídas. Resultados: Foram cadastradas 148 crianças com 162 internações. A incidência de infecções graves em crianças hospitalizadas com síndrome nefrótica foi de 43,8%. A peritonite foi a infecção mais comum (24%), seguida por pneumonia (18%), infecção do trato urinário (15%) e celulite (14%), contribuindo com dois terços das principais infecções. Streptococcus pneumoniae (n = 9) foi o organismo predominantemente isolado em crianças com peritonite e pneumonia. Na análise de regressão logística, a albumina sérica < 1,5gm / dL foi o único fator de risco independente para todas as infecções (OR 2,6; 95% CI, 1,2-6; p = 0,01), especialmente para peritonite (OR 29; IC95% 3 -270, p = 0,003). Houve quatro mortes (2,5%) em nosso estudo, todas devido a sepse e falência de múltiplos órgãos. Conclusões: A infecção continua sendo uma importante causa de morbimortalidade em crianças com síndrome nefrótica. Como o Pneumococo foi a causa mais prevalente de infecção nessas crianças, deve-se atentar para a imunização pneumocócica em crianças com síndrome nefrótica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Infections/mortality , Infections/epidemiology , Nephrotic Syndrome/complications , Peritonitis/blood , Cellulitis/complications , Cellulitis/microbiology , Cellulitis/epidemiology , Incidence , Albumins/analysis , Hospitalization/trends , Immunosuppressive Agents/adverse effects , India/epidemiology , Infections/etiology , Multiple Organ Failure/mortality , Multiple Organ Failure/epidemiology , Nephrotic Syndrome/diagnosis
7.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 26(4): 158-164, out./dez. 2019. il.
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1380149

ABSTRACT

In the present study, nonfat yoghurt made with whey protein isolate (WPI) or pasteurized egg white powder (albumin) was added with syrup containing jaboticaba pulp and lyophilized jaboticaba peel flour and six experimental groups were made: control yoghurt (CY); WPI yoghurt (WY); albumin yoghurt (AY), syrup yoghurt and WPI (WSY); syrup and albumin yoghurt (ASY) and syrup yoghurt (SY). This study aimed to verify the influence of the addition of fruit syrup on the phenolics compounds and on the instrumental color parameters of yoghurts made with proteins on the 1st and 28th day of storage. There was a significant decrease in total phenolics content in yoghurt containing WPI and syrup (from 1408.14mg GAE.L-1 to 686.73mg GAE.L-1), as well as total anthocyanin content. However, yoghurt containing syrup and albumin showed an increase in total flavonoid content on day 28 of storage (from 28.30mg QE.100g-1 to 38.29mg QE.100g-1). Regarding color, there was an increase in L* and b* values in yoghurt containing syrup and WPI and in yoghurt containing syrup and albumin. For a* values, a decrease was observed at the end of the storage period in samples containing protein (WPI or albumin) and syrup. The data showed that the addition of jaboticaba syrup to yoghurts containing different proteins provided different phenolics compounds contents at the end of the storage period, and different color parameters to the final product.


No presente estudo, iogurtes desnatados feitos com proteína isolada do soro do leite (PIS) ou albumina isolada da clara do ovo pasteurizada em pó (albumina) foram adicionados de xarope contendo a polpa da jabuticaba e a farinha liofilizada da casca da jabuticaba, obtendo-se seis grupos experimentais: iogurte controle (CY); iogurte PIS (WY); iogurte albumina (AY); iogurte xarope e PIS (WSY); iogurte xarope e albumina (ASY) e iogurte com xarope (SY). Neste estudo objetivou-se verificar a influência da adição do xarope da fruta nos compostos fenólicos e nos parâmetros instrumentais de cor dos iogurtes elaborados com proteínas no 1oe 28o dia de armazenamento. Houve uma diminuição significativa no teor de fenólicos totais no iogurte contendo PIS e xarope (de 1408.14mg GAE.L-1para 686.73mg GAE.L-1), bem como no teor de antocianinas (de 158.45mg cyanidin-3-glucoside.L-1para 56.45mg cyanidin-3-glucoside.L-1). No entanto, os iogurtes contendo xarope e albumina apresentaram um aumento no teor de flavonóides totais no 28o dia de armazenamento (de 28.30mg QE.100g-1para 38.29mg QE.100g-1). Em relação a cor houve um aumento dos valores de L* e no valor de b* no iogurte contendo xarope e PIS e no iogurte contendo xarope e albumina. Já para os valores de a* foi observado uma diminuição ao final do período de armazenamento nas amostras contendo proteína (PIS ou albumina) e xarope. Os dados demonstraram que a adição do xarope de jabuticaba a iogurtes contendo diferentes proteínas proporcionaram diferentes conteúdos de compostos fenólicos ao final do período de estocagem, e diferentes parâmetros de cor ao produto final.


Subject(s)
Yogurt/analysis , Flavonoids/analysis , Albumins/analysis , Polyphenols/analysis , Whey Proteins/analysis , Fruit
8.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(6): e6602, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889101

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the reproductive, biochemical, and hematological outcomes of pregnant rats exposed to protein restriction. Wistar rat dams were fed a control normal-protein (NP, 17% protein, n=8) or a low-protein (LP, 8% protein, n=14) diet from the 1st to the 20th day of pregnancy. On the 20th day, the clinical signs of toxicity were evaluated. The pregnant rats were then anesthetized and blood samples were collected for biochemical-hematological analyses, and laparotomy was performed to evaluate reproductive parameters. No sign of toxicity, or differences (P>0.05) in body weight gain and biochemical parameters (urea, creatinine, albumin, globulin, and total protein) between NP and LP pregnant dams were observed. Similarly, hematological data, including red blood cell count, white blood cell count, hemoglobin, hematocrit, red blood cell distribution width (coefficient of variation), mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, % lymphocytes, absolute lymphocyte count, platelet count, and mean platelet volume were similar (P>0.05) at the end of pregnancy. Reproductive parameters (the dam-offspring relationship, ovary mass, placenta mass, number of corpora lutea, implantation index, resorption index, and the pre- and post-implantation loss rates) were also not different (P>0.05) between NP and LP pregnant dams. The present data showed that a protein-restricted diet during pregnancy did not alter reproductive, biochemical, and hematological parameters and seems not to have any toxic effect on pregnant Wistar rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Rats , Adaptation, Physiological/physiology , Diet, Protein-Restricted/methods , Fetal Development/physiology , Genitalia, Female/physiology , Urea/blood , Hemoglobins/analysis , Weight Gain/physiology , Proteins/analysis , Rats, Wistar , Creatinine/blood , Albumins/analysis , Erythrocyte Count , Globulins/analysis , Hematocrit , Leukocyte Count
9.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170561, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-954508

ABSTRACT

Abstract Saliva contains numerous proteins and peptides, each of them carries a number of biological functions that are very important in maintaining the oral cavity health and also yields information about both local and systemic diseases. Currently, proteomic analysis is the basis for large-scale identification of these proteins and discovery of new biomarkers for distinct diseases. Objective This study compared methodologies to extract salivary proteins for proteomic analysis. Material and Methods Saliva samples were collected from 10 healthy volunteers. In the first test, the necessity for using an albumin and IgG depletion column was evaluated, employing pooled samples from the 10 volunteers. In the second test, the analysis of the pooled samples was compared with individual analysis of one sample. Salivary proteins were extracted and processed for analysis by LC-ESI-MS/MS. Results In the first test, we identified only 35 proteins using the albumin and IgG depletion column, while we identified 248 proteins without using the column. In the second test, the pooled sample identified 212 proteins, such as carbonic anhydrase 6, cystatin isoforms, histatins 1 and 3, lysozyme C, mucin 7, protein S100A8 and S100A9, and statherin, while individual analysis identified 239 proteins, among which are carbonic anhydrase 6, cystatin isoforms, histatin 1 and 3, lactotransferrin, lyzozyme C, mucin 7, protein S100A8 and S100A9, serotransferrin, and statherin. Conclusions The standardization of protocol for salivary proteomic analysis was satisfactory, since the identification detected typical salivary proteins, among others. The results indicate that using the column for depletion of albumin and IgG is not necessary and that performing individual analysis of saliva samples is possible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Saliva/chemistry , Salivary Proteins and Peptides/analysis , Proteomics/methods , Proteomics/standards , Reference Standards , Immunoglobulin G , Reproducibility of Results , Chromatography, Liquid/methods , Albumins/analysis , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods
10.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 51(1): 45-51, mar. 2017. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-886098

ABSTRACT

La albuminuria se define como el incremento subclínico y persistente de la excreción urinaria de albúmina. Los valores que definen esta condición son mayores a 30 mg AU/g creatininuria. La AU es un marcador de daño renal, de progresión de enfermedad renal y de riesgo cardiovascular. Este analito tiene una elevada variabilidad biológica y múltiples condiciones pueden afectar su determinación e invalidar la prueba: esto justifica la necesidad de obtener 2 de 3 muestras positivas en un período de 3 a 6 meses para confirmar la presencia de AU. La primera orina de la mañana es el espécimen más adecuado para la pesquisa de AU y su monitorización, expresando los resultados como la relación AU/creatininuria (RAC) (mg/mmol, mg/g). El valor de creatininuria en el denominador de la RAC depende de la masa muscular del individuo y puede subestimar o sobreestimar el valor de albúmina urinaria, por ello este aspecto se encuentra en revisión. La orina recién emitida es la mejor muestra para medir este analito, pero se puede conservar en heladera una semana o a -80 ºC durante más tiempo. Los inmunoensayos son los métodos más utilizados para medir albuminuria, aunque la falta de estandarización, proceso en desarrollo, es hoy una importante fuente de sesgo entre los diferentes métodos. Es imprescindible la mejora analítica y el consenso respecto del error total e imprecisión para optimizar la medición de este analito.


Albuminuria was defined as a persistent and subclinical increase in urinary excretion of albumin. The values that define this condition are higher albuminuria 30 mg/g creatininuria. It is a marker of kidney damage, kidney disease progression and cardiovascular risk. This analyte has a high biological variability and multiple conditions can affect the determination and invalidate the test, which justifies the need to get two positive specimens over a period of 3-6 months to confirm the presence of albuminuria. The first morning urine specimen is best suited for screening and monitoring albuminuria, expressing the results as albuminuria/creatininuria ratio (RAC) (mg/mmol, mg/g). The value of creatininuria in the RAC denominator depends on the individual muscle mass and may underestimate or overestimate the value of urinary albumin, so this aspect is under review. Freshly voided urine is the best example to measure the analyte, but it can be kept in the refrigerator one week or longer, at -80 ºC. Immunoassays are the most commonly used methods to measure albuminuria, but the lack of standardization which is a process under development is today an important source of bias between the different methods. Analytical improvement and consensus on total errors and imprecision are essential to optimize the measurement of this analyte.


Albuminúria é definida como o aumento subclínico e persistente da excreção urinária de albumina. Os valores que definem esta condição são de mais de 30 mg AU/g creatinúria. A AU é um marcador de dano renal, de progressão da doença renal e de risco cardiovascular. Este analito tem uma alta variabilidade biológica e múltiplas condições podem afetar sua determinação e invalidar o teste, o que justifica a necessidade de obter 2 de 3 amostras positivas ao longo de um período de 3-6 meses para confirmar a presença de AU. A primeira urina da manhã é o espécime mais adequado para a pesquisa de AU e seu monitoramento, expressando os resultados como a relação AU/ creatinúria (RAC) (mg/mmol, mg/g). O valor da creatinúria no denominador da RAC depende da massa muscular do indivíduo e pode subestimar ou superestimar o valor de albumina urinária, de modo que este aspecto está em revisão. A urina recém-vertida é a melhor amostra para medir este analito, mas pode ser mantida em geladeira uma semana ou a menos -80 °C durante mais tempo. Os imunoensaios são os métodos mais usados para medir albuminúria, embora a falta de padronização, processo em desenvolvimento, é atualmente uma importante fonte de viés entre os diferentes métodos. É imprescindível a melhora analítica e o consenso a respeito do erro total e imprecisão para maximizar a medição deste analito.


Subject(s)
Humans , Albuminuria/urine , Creatinine/urine , Albumins/analysis , Kidney Diseases , Urine
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-72421

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Albuminuria is generally known as a sensitive marker of renal and cardiovascular dysfunction. It can be used to help predict the occurrence of nephropathy and cardiovascular disorders in diabetes. Individuals with prediabetes have a tendency to develop macrovascular and microvascular pathology, resulting in an increased risk of retinopathy, cardiovascular diseases, and chronic renal diseases. We evaluated the clinical value of a strip test for measuring the urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) in prediabetes and diabetes. METHODS: Spot urine samples were obtained from 226 prediabetic and 275 diabetic subjects during regular health checkups. Urinary ACR was measured by using strip and laboratory quantitative tests. RESULTS: The positive rates of albuminuria measured by using the ACR strip test were 15.5% (microalbuminuria, 14.6%; macroalbuminuria, 0.9%) and 30.5% (microalbuminuria, 25.1%; macroalbuminuria, 5.5%) in prediabetes and diabetes, respectively. In the prediabetic population, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and overall accuracy of the ACR strip method were 92.0%, 94.0%, 65.7%, 99.0%, and 93.8%, respectively; the corresponding values in the diabetic population were 80.0%, 91.6%, 81.0%, 91.1%, and 88.0%, respectively. The median [interquartile range] ACR values in the strip tests for measurement ranges of 300 mg/g were 9.4 [6.3-15.4], 46.9 [26.5-87.7], and 368.8 [296.2-575.2] mg/g, respectively, using the laboratory method. CONCLUSIONS: The ACR strip test showed high sensitivity, specificity, and negative predictive value, suggesting that the test can be used to screen for albuminuria in cases of prediabetes and diabetes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Albumins/analysis , Creatinine/urine , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/pathology , Female , Humans , Immunoassay , Male , Middle Aged , Prediabetic State/pathology , Reagent Strips/chemistry
12.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 36(8): 781-786, Aug. 2016. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: lil-797995

ABSTRACT

O estudo das interações orgânicas da gestação e as mudanças fisiológicas que estão ocorrendo nesta fase são de extrema importância para a avaliação clínica da fêmea gestante ou para estabelecer o diagnóstico de processos patológicos em andamento. O objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar o perfil das diversas proteínas sanguíneas (frações protéicas do soro - albumina, a1, a2, b, g globulinas e proteína total) durante o período gestacional e no diestro em cadelas. Foram utilizadas 40 fêmeas caninas da raça Dogue Alemão, em idade variando entre 2 a 7 anos, clinicamente saudáveis. Os animais foram separados em dois grupos, denominados Grupo não gestante (NG) e Grupo gestante (G), constituídos por 20 fêmeas em diestro e 20 fêmeas gestantes, respectivamente. Preconizou-se colheita de sangue semanalmente de cada animal durante 9 semanas. Nas fêmeas do grupo NG, as amostras foram colhidas a partir do início do diestro, até a detecção do início do anestro; no grupo G, as amostras foram colhidas do início do diestro até o momento da parição. A partir do soro sanguíneo, foram determinadas as concentrações de proteína total, albumina, a1, a2, b e g globulinas. Não houve diferença significativa quanto aos resultados de proteína sérica total entre a 1ª e 6ª semanas de gestação e diestro, havendo decréscimo gradual em ambos grupos. Já ao final da gestação (entre a 7ª e 9ª semanas), houve acréscimo significativo dos valores de proteína total, sugerindo ação anabólica. Os níveis de albumina sofreram queda da 1ª a 9ª semana, tanto no grupo gestante, como não-gestante, com diferença estatística entre os dois grupos na 7ª, 8ª e 9ª semanas. As concentrações de α1 globulina nas fêmeas gestantes sofreram acréscimo significativo a partir da 2ª semana, contudo, diferença estatística entre os grupos NG e G ocorreu somente na 8ª e 9ª semanas, coincidindo com a fase de preparação à parição. Houve aumento no perfil de α2 globulina entre a 2ª e 3ª semanas de gestação, porém tais valores não diferiram das fêmeas em diestro. Diferença significativa de α2 globulina foi observada apenas durante a 4ª, 5ª, 6ª, 8ª e 9ª semanas entre os dois grupos avaliados. As concentrações séricas de ß globulina nas cadelas não-gestantes foi superior às das fêmeas gestantes durante a 2ª, 4ª e 7ª semanas. Durante o primeiro terço da gestação (1ª a 3ª semana), foi observado queda dos valores de γ globulina, coincidente ao período pré implantacional e durante a formação dos sítios de implantação. Entre a 8ª e 9ª semanas de gestação, houve acréscimo significativo de γ globulina, possivelmente conseqüente ao aumento da produção de imunoglobulinas direcionadas à glândula mamária, como constituinte do colostro. Em conclusão, as proteínas alteram-se de forma evidente durante o período de gestação. Foi possível inferir diferenças nas funções biológicas das proteínas sanguíneas em cadelas gestantes e não gestantes. As proteínas determinadas estão envolvidas com o estímulo inflamatório durante a gestação, além dos mecanismos de regulação hormonal e preparação do organismo materno à lactação.(AU)


The study of the organic interaction and physiological adaptations during pregnancy is of utmost importance for clinical evaluation and diagnosis of pathological conditions of pregnant bitches. The aim of the present study was to compare the serum protein profile (total protein, albumin, a1, a2, b and g globulin) of pregnant and diestrous bitches. For this purpose, 40 healthy 2 to7-year-old Great Dane bitches were used. The bitches were allocated in two experimental groups: Non-pregnant group (NP; n=20) and pregnant group (P; n=20). From each female, blood was drawn weekly during 9 weeks, from the diestrous onset until the beginning of anestrus or parturition, respectively from NP and P groups. The concentration of total protein, albumin and a1, a2, b and g globulins were determined from serum samples. No statistical difference was found for total protein between 1st and 6th weeks of pregnancy or diestrus. In both groups, there was a progressive decline in total protein concentration. At the end of pregnancy (7th to 9th week), a significant increase in total protein was verified, suggesting an anabolic process. Albumin concentration decreased between the 1st and 9th week in both groups, however, more markedly in the P group (with significant difference between groups at 7th, 8th and 9th week). The levels of α1 globulin in pregnant bitches increased significantly from the 2nd week on. Statistical difference was observed between groups only at the 8th and 9th week, during which a preparatory phase for parturition occurs. A significant rise in α2 globulin was shown between the 2nd and 3rd week of gestation, however without difference from the NP group. There was significant difference for α2 globulin between groups at the 4th, 5th, 6th, 8th and 9th week. Serum concentration of b globulin in diestrous bitches was superior than pregnant bitches at the 2nd, 4th and 7th week. During early gestation (1st to 3rd week) there was a decrease in g globulin, simultaneously to the preimplantation period and formation of implantation sites. An increase in g globulin was shown between the 8th and 9th week in pregnant bitches, possibly due to the increase in immunoglobulin synthesis targeting the mammary gland to form the colostrum. In conclusion, markedly changes in protein profile occur during gestation. It was possible to state different biological function of blood proteins in pregnant and diestrous bitches. The determined proteins are enrolled in the inflammatory stimulus during gestation, as well as in the hormonal regulatory mechanisms and maternal preparatory process to lactation.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Dogs , Albumins/analysis , Blood Proteins/analysis , Diestrus , Globulins/analysis , Pregnancy/physiology , Physiological Phenomena
13.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 29(3): 317-327, mai.-jun. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-782906

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To verify the ability of nutritional indicators to predict risk of hospitalization in hemodialysis patients. Methods This prospective cohort study was conducted in two hemodialysis units in Southern Brazil. The following nutritional indicators were evaluated: subjective global assessment, malnutrition-inflammation score, nutritional risk screening 2002, percentage of body fat, mid-upper arm muscle circumference, hand grip strength, phase angle, and serum albumin. The association between nutritional indicators and risk of hospitalization over a period of two years was analyzed. Results One hundred thirty-eight patients (55.4±15.2 years, 61.6% men) were evaluated. The cumulative incidence of hospitalization during the study was 48.0% (95%CI=37.9-58.0). Patients hospitalized during the study period had higher body mass index and lower serum albumin than those who were not hospitalized. Based on the other indicators, malnourished patients did not have a significant risk of hospitalization (p>0.05). Serum albumin was the only predictor of hospitalization. Patients with levels <3.8 g/dL had a density ratio for incidence of hospitalization 2.47 times greater than those with higher levels (p=0.003). Gender was a modifier of the effect (p interaction=0.042), with an effect in women of 7.31 (95%CI=2.34-22.9; p=0.001) and in men of 1.37 (95%CI=0.60-3.12; p=0.448). Conclusion Serum albumin was able to predict the risk of hospitalization over a period of two years in female patients undergoing hemodialysis.


RESUMO Objetivo Verificar a capacidade preditiva de indicadores nutricionais em relação ao risco de hospitalização em pacientes em hemodiálise. Métodos Estudo de coorte prospectivo em duas unidades de hemodiálise no Sul do Brasil. Os indicadores nutricionais avaliados foram: avaliação subjetiva global, escore de desnutrição-inflamação, rastreamento de risco nutricional 2002, percentual de gordura corporal, circunferência muscular do braço, força do aperto da mão, ângulo de fase e albumina sérica. Foi analisada a associação entre indicadores nutricionais e risco de hospitalização no período de dois anos. Resultados Foram avaliados 138 pacientes (55.4±15.2 anos), sendo 61.6% homens. A incidência cumulativa de hospitalização foi 48.0% (IC95%=37,9-58,0). Os pacientes hospitalizados durante o período do estudo apresentaram maior índice de massa corporal e menores valores de albumina sérica em comparação aos não hospitalizados. Com base nos outros indicadores, pacientes desnutridos não apresentaram risco significativo de hospitalização (p>0,05). Albumina sérica foi o único preditor de hospitalização; pacientes com níveis <3,8 g/dL apresentaram taxa de densidade de incidência de hospitalização 2,47 vezes maior do que aqueles com níveis mais elevados (p=0,003). Sexo foi um modificador do efeito (p interação=0,042), com efeito em mulheres de 7,31 (IC95%=2,34-22,9; p=0,001) e em homens de 1,37 (IC95%=0,60-3,12; p=0,448). Conclusão A albumina sérica foi capaz de prever o risco de hospitalização no período de dois anos, em pacientes do sexo feminino em hemodiálise.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Nutrition Assessment , Renal Dialysis/statistics & numerical data , Albumins/analysis , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Malnutrition
14.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 114(2): 107-113, abr. 2016. graf, tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-838179

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad de Kawasaki es una vasculitis sistémica con riesgo de afectación coronaria. Nuestro objetivo es identificar los factores de riesgo asociados a la afectación coronaria en pacientes con enfermedad de Kawasaki completa e incompleta. Material y métodos: Estudio descriptivo retrospectivo de los pacientes diagnosticados con enfermedad de Kawasaki en un hospital terciario entre 2008 y 2014. Se utilizaron los criterios diagnósticos de la Asociación Americana de Cardiología para definir la enfermedad de Kawasaki en su forma completa e incompleta. Resultados: Treinta y un niños fueron diagnosticados con enfermedad de Kawasaki; 24 cumplían criterios para la forma completa y 7, para la incompleta. Cinco presentaron afectación coronaria. Uno de ellos presentaba enfermedad de Kawasaki incompleta (1/7= 14,3%), y los 4 restantes, enfermedad de Kawasaki completa (4/24= 16,7%). No se encontraron diferencias significativas en el riesgo de afectación coronaria entre ambos grupos (p= 1,0). Los pacientes con afectación coronaria tenían una proteína C reactiva mayor (mediana: 16,2 mg/dl vs. 8,4 mg/dl; p= 0,047) y una menor albuminemia (mediana: 3,2 mg/dl vs. 3,99 mg/dl; p= 0,002). Conclusiones: El riesgo de afectación coronaria de la enfermedad de Kawasaki incompleta es similar al de la enfermedad de Kawasaki completa, por lo que, en pacientes con la forma incompleta de la enfermedad, no se debería demorar el tratamiento con inmunoglobulina. En nuestra población, los valores de proteína C reactiva y de albúmina se relacionan con un mayor riesgo de afectación coronaria.


Introduction: Kawasaki disease refers to systemic vasculitis with risk of coronary artery disease. Our objective is to identify risk factors associated with coronary artery disease in patients with complete and incomplete Kawasaki disease. Material and methods: Descriptive, retrospective study conducted in patients diagnosed with Kawasaki disease in a tertiary-care hospital between 2008 and 2014. The American Heart Association diagnostic criteria were used to define complete and incomplete Kawasaki disease. Results: Thirty-one children were diagnosed with Kawasaki disease; 24 met the criteria for the complete form, and 7, for the incomplete form of this condition. Five had coronary artery disease. One of them had incomplete Kawasaki disease (1/7= 14.3%), and the remaining four had the complete form (4/24= 16.7%). No significant differences were found between both groups (p= 1.0). Patients with coronary artery involvement had a higher C-reactive protein level (median: 16.2 mg/dL versus 8.4 mg/dL, p= 0.047) and lower albuminemia (median: 3.2 mg/dL versus 3.99 mg/dL, p= 0.002). Conclusions: The risk of coronary artery involvement in incomplete Kawasaki disease is similar to that in complete Kawasaki disease; therefore, in patients with the incomplete form, immunoglobulin therapy should not be delayed. In our population, C-reactive protein and albumin levels were related to a higher risk of coronary artery involvement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Coronary Vessels/pathology , Albumins/analysis , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/pathology , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/blood
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-85724

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with significant cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. Increased urinary albumin excretion is a marker of CV risk. There are only few data on urinary albumin excretion in RA patients. Aim of the present study was to investigate urinary albumin excretion in RA patients and analyze, whether there is an association between urinary albumin excretion and vascular function as measured by the augmentation index (AIx). In a total of 341 participants (215 with RA, 126 without RA) urinary albumin-creatinine ratio (ACR) was determined and the AIx was measured. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov-test was used to cluster patient groups whose distributions of ACR can be considered to be equal. A crude analysis showed a median ACR of 6.6 mg/g in the RA group and 5.7 mg/g in patients without RA (P > 0.05). In order to account for diabetes (DM) we formed 4 distinct patient groups. Group 1: RA-/DM- (n = 74); group 2: RA+/DM- (n = 195); group 3: RA-/DM+ (n = 52); group 4: RA+/DM+ (n = 20). Clustering of these groups revealed two distinct patient groups: those without RA and DM, and those with either RA or DM or both. The latter group showed statistically significant higher ACR (median 8.1 mg/g) as the former (median 4.5 mg/g). We found no significant correlation between AIx and ACR. Urinary albumin excretion in patients with RA or DM or both is higher than in subjects without RA and DM. This can be seen as a sign of vascular alteration and increased CV risk in these patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Albumins/analysis , Albuminuria/complications , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cluster Analysis , Creatinine/urine , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pulse Wave Analysis , Risk Factors , Vascular Stiffness/physiology
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-56498

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Smoking is known to be associated with nephropathy in patients with diabetes. The distinct effects of smoking before and after diabetes has been diagnosed, however, are not well characterized. We evaluated the association of cigarette smoking before and after a diagnosis of diabetes with the presence of diabetic nephropathy. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2011-2013 editions of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. A total of 629 male patients diagnosed with diabetes were classified as non-smokers (90 patients), former smokers (225 patients), or continuing smokers (314 patients). A "former smoker" was a patient who smoked only before receiving his diagnosis of diabetes. A "continuing smoker" was a patient who smoked at any time after his diabetes had been diagnosed. Diabetic nephropathy was defined as the presence of albuminuria (spot urine albumin/creatinine ratio ≥30 mg/g) or low estimated glomerular filtration rate (<60 mL/min/1.73 m2). Multiple logistic regression models were used to assess the independent association after adjusting for age, duration of diabetes, hemoglobin A1c, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, medication for hypertension, and medication for dyslipidemia. Female patients were excluded from the study due to the small proportion of females in the survey who smoked. RESULTS: Compared to non-smokers, continuing smokers had significantly higher odds ratio ([OR], 2.17; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.23 to 3.83) of suffering from diabetic nephropathy. The corresponding OR (95% CI) for former smokers was 1.26 (0.70 to 2.29). CONCLUSIONS: Smoking after diagnosis of diabetes is significantly associated with the presence of diabetic nephropathy in the Korean male population.


Subject(s)
Aged , Albumins/analysis , Asians , Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , Creatinine/urine , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetic Nephropathies/epidemiology , Female , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Nutrition Surveys , Odds Ratio , Prevalence , Republic of Korea , Smoking/adverse effects
17.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 35(11): 875-881, nov. 2015. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-767755

ABSTRACT

Minerais são componentes essenciais na dieta, exercendo diversas funções no organismo animal onde o uso de sais orgânicos visa aumentar a disponibilidade dos inerais no trato digestório. O perfil metabólico auxilia na avaliação de índices produtivos, para tanto, se faz análises de componentes bioquímicos do sangue. O objetivo foi estudar os efeitos que fontes orgânicas e inorgânicas de cobre e enxofre possuem nos parâmetros bioquímicos. O experimento foi realizado na FZEA/USP, para tanto 40 ovinos foram distribuídos em 10tratamentos: 1) dieta basal; 2) dieta contendo Mo; 3) dieta basal+ Cu inorg + S inorg; 4) dieta basal + Cu inorg + S org; 5) dieta basal + Cu org + S inorg; 6) dieta basal + Cu org + S org; 7) dieta com Mo + Cu inorg + S inorg; 8) dieta com Mo + Cu inorg + S org; 9) dieta com Mo + Cu org + S inorg; 10) dieta com Mo + Cu org + S org. De acordo com cada tratamento houve a inclusão de 10mgkg-1 de MS de Cu inorgânico ou orgânico ou 10 mg kg-1 de MS de Mo ou 0,2% de S inorgânico ou orgânico. Os animais receberam dieta única duas vezes ao dia com inclusão de volumoso num total de 3% do peso vivo. O experimento teve duração de 84 dias, com coletas a cada 28 dias para estudo de glicose, ureia, albumina, colesterol, triglicerídeos. Os parâmetros foram analisados com estrutura fatorial 2 x 2 x 2 (com e sem Mo, Cu orgânico e inorgânico e S orgânico e inorgânico) e uma dieta basal e uma basal mais molibdênio, em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, com um nível de significância de 5%. Os teores séricos de glicose, ureia, albumina e colesterol não apresentaram diferença significativa entre tratamentos e tempo, tão pouco foram influenciados (p>0.05) pelos tratamentos, sendo as médias 64,8mg dl-1; 30,0mg dl-1; 2,78mg L-1; 72,2mg dl-1respectivamente, apresentando-se dentro da normalidade. Os teores de triglicerídeos nos tratamentos (28.8; 34.8; 30.8; 36.9; 34.3; 27.0; 31.6; 32.1; 34.6; 31.1mg dl-1) foram influenciados pela interação Cu x S...


Minerals are essential components in the diet, exercising various functions in the animal. There are many studies to find better results for the organic sources of minerals, and one of the reasons for that is to avoid the negative interactions. The metabolic profile helps in assessment of production indices, therefore analyzes blood biochemical components. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of organic and inorganic copper and sulphur supplementation on blood biochemical parameters in sheep. The experiment was conducted at the FZEA/USP. Total 40 weaned sheep were divided in a completely randomized design with 10 treatments: 1) basal diet; 2) basal diet plus Mo; 3) basal diet + inorganic Cu + inorganic S; 4) basal diet + inorganic Cu + organic S; 5) basal diet + organic Cu + inorganic S; 6) basal diet + organic Cu + organic S; 7) diet plus Mo + inorganic Cu + inorganic S; 8) diet plus Mo + inorganic Cu + organic S; 9) diet plus Mo + organic Cu + inorganic S; 10) diet plus organic Cu + organic S. According each treatment was added 10mg kg-1 MS inorganic or organic Cu or 10mg kg-1 MS Mo or 0.2% S inorganic or organic. The animals were fed twice a day, a total of 3% of body weight. The experiment lasted 84 days, blood was sampled every 28 days to study glucose, urea, albumin, cholesterol and triglycerides. The parameters were analyzed with factorial structure 2 x 2 x 2 (with and without Mo, organic and inorganic Cu and organic and inorganic S) and a basal diet and a basal diet plus Mo, with 5% significance. Serum levels of glucose, urea, albumin and cholesterol showed no significant difference between treatment and time (p> 0.05). It observed means of 64.8mg dl- 1; 30.0mg dl -1; 2.78mg L -1; 72.2mg dl- 1 respectively for glucose, urea, albumin and cholesterol. Serum levels of triglycerides in the treatments (28.8; 34.8; 30.8; 36.9; 34.3; 27.0; 31.6; 32.1; 34.6; 31.1mg dl- 1) were influenced by interaction Cu x S, triglycerides decreased...


Subject(s)
Animals , Copper/metabolism , Sulfur/metabolism , Dietary Minerals/metabolism , Sheep/blood , Albumins/analysis , Cholesterol/analysis , Glucose/analysis , Hematocrit/veterinary , Molybdenum/analysis , Triglycerides/analysis , Urea/analysis
18.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 14(2): 159-165, Apr.-June 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-755037

ABSTRACT

Aim: To determine the relationship between the chemical composition of saliva, periodontal disease and dental calculus. Methods: An observational analytical cross-sectional study was conducted with patients over 55 years of age. Ethical principles of autonomy and risk protection were applied according to the international standards. Sociodemographic and diagnosis variables (presence of dental calculus and periodontal status) were considered to measure salivary concentrations of glucose (by the glucose oxidase/peroxidase method, amylase (by the colorimetric test), urea (by the amount of indophenol), total protein (by the Bradford method) and albumin (by the nephelometric method). Patients chewed a sterile rubber band and 3 mL of stimulated saliva were collected. The samples were stored at -5 °C, centrifuged at 2,800 rpm for 10 min, and the supernatant was removed and stored at -20 °C. Data were presented as frequencies and proportions for qualitative variables and measures of central tendency and dispersion for quantitative variables. Data were analyzed by either analysis of variance or Kruskal Wallis test . A p value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Significant relationships were observed between the concentration of salivary urea and periodontal status (p = 0.03) and the presence of dental calculus and urea (p = 0.04) was demonstrated. Conclusions: A relationship between the salivary urea concentration and the presence of periodontal disease and dental calculus is suggested.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dental Calculus/chemistry , Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , Periodontal Diseases/epidemiology , Gingivitis/diagnosis , Gingivitis/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Saliva/chemistry , Albumins/analysis , Albumins/chemistry , Amylases/analysis , Amylases/chemistry , Glucose/analysis , Glucose/chemistry , Proteins/analysis , Proteins/chemistry , Urea/analysis , Urea/chemistry
19.
Acta cir. bras ; 30(5): 313-318, 05/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-747024

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the renal and hepatic function, through biochemical analysis after 14 days of creatine supplementation in physically inactive rats. METHODS: Twenty four male, adult, Wistar rats were used which were kept in individual metabolic cages and were distributed into four groups, and received the following treatments by gavage:1) Control: distilled water; 2)Creatine 0.5g/Kg/day; 3) Creatine 1g/Kg/day; 4) Creatine 2g/Kg/day. Their urinary outputs as well as food and water intake were daily measured. At the end of the experiment, the animals were euthanized and serum samples were stored for biochemical analysis. RESULTS: Creatine supplementation at the doses given produced no significant changes in plasma levels of aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, total protein, albumin, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, VLDL cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose, creatinine, urea, and creatinine clearance, compared to control group (p> 0.05) Similarly, water and food intake, as well as urinary output, did not show significant changes among the four groups studied. CONCLUSION: At the doses used, oral creatine supplementation did not result in renal and/or hepatic toxicity. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Creatine/administration & dosage , Creatine/toxicity , Dietary Supplements/toxicity , Kidney/drug effects , Liver/drug effects , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Albumins/analysis , Alkaline Phosphatase/blood , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Blood Glucose/analysis , Cholesterol/blood , Creatine/analysis , Creatinine/blood , Kidney/metabolism , Liver/metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Reference Values , Time Factors , Triglycerides/blood , Urea/blood
20.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-154613

ABSTRACT

Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an endocrine disease characterized by hyperglycemia, the pathogenic mechanisms by which hyperglycemia arises differ widely. Monitoring people with diabetes involve repeated estimations of plasma glucose either by finger pricks or by intravenous blood sampling. Hence, a noninvasive procedure for glucose measurements would be most precious under the circumstances. Aims: (1) To evaluate salivary glucose, total protein and albumin in type 1 DM (T1DM) patients and to compare with healthy nondiabetic control group. (2) To compare and correlate serum and salivary glucose levels in patients with T1DM. Study Design: This study consisted of 30 T1DM patients and 30 controls. All subjects were subjected to the serum glucose, salivary glucose, and total protein and albumin estimations. Materials and Methods: Glucose estimations were done by glucose oxidase‑peroxidase method, total protein estimations were done by Biuret method, end point and albumin estimations were done by bromocresol green dye method, end point. All the estimations were performed using an autoanalyzer. Statistical Analysis: Mean and standard deviation, Student’s t‑test and Karl Pearson correlation co‑efficient were calculated. All these statistical analyses were performed by using SPSS 11.5 software. Results: The results showed elevated levels of salivary glucose, total protein and albumin in T1DM group compared to healthy controls. Further the levels of serum and salivary glucose in T1DM patients were significantly correlated. Conclusion: There are definite changes in salivary composition with increased levels of salivary glucose, total protein and albumin in T1DM patients compared with healthy controls. Salivary glucose could be used for monitoring of DM.


Subject(s)
Albumins/analysis , Diabetes Mellitus/physiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/physiology , Glucose/analysis , Proteins/analysis , Saliva/chemistry
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