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1.
Rev. bras. med. fam. comunidade ; 16(43): 2486, 20210126. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1292038

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As interações medicamentosas podem alterar a segurança e/ou efetividade no tratamento das doenças. Alguns medicamentos precisam ser utilizados em jejum e a literatura apresenta informações divergentes sobre o real impacto clínico do uso destes no mesmo horário. Objetivos: Analisar as evidências sobre a relevância clínica de potenciais interações entre inibidores da bomba de prótons (IBPs), levotiroxina e alendronato de sódio. Métodos: Realizou-se uma revisão narrativa de artigos disponíveis na base de dados PubMed, além de consulta de potenciais interações medicamentosas em fontes de informações sobre medicamentos disponíveis na World Wide Web. Resultados: Em apenas três das 17 fontes de informações consultadas foi relatado uma possível redução dos níveis plasmáticos e/ou da efetividade da levotiroxina, quando administrada de forma concomitante com omeprazol ou outro da classe. Somente uma fonte relata leve redução dos níveis plasmáticos de alendronato de sódio por interação com a levotiroxina, e apenas duas fontes evidenciam possível redução do efeito terapêutico do alendronato de sódio por interação com IBPs. Apenas dois estudos relatam resultados significativos relacionados à existência de interação entre levotiroxina ou alendronato no uso concomitante de IBPs. Em todas as fontes consultadas, as interações são descritas como menores, leves, moderadas ou de significado desconhecido. Todas as fontes de informações sugerem a continuidade da terapia para manejo da interação. Conclusão: Até o momento não há evidências robustas que demonstrem impedimento de uso de inibidores da bomba de prótons, levotiroxina e alendronato de sódio no mesmo horário, sendo essencial o acompanhamento dos parâmetros clínicos e laboratoriais.


Introduction: Drug interactions can alter safety and/or effectiveness in the treatment of diseases. Some medications need to be used on an empty stomach and the literature presents divergent information about the real clinical impact of using them at the same time. Objectives: To analyze the evidence on the clinical relevance of potential interactions between proton pump inhibitors, levothyroxine and sodium alendronate. Methods: A narrative review of articles available in the PubMed database was carried out, in addition to consulting potential drug interactions in sources of information on drugs available on the World Wide Web. Results: In only three of the 17 information sources consulted, a report was reported possible reduction in plasma levels and the effectiveness of levothyroxine, when administered concomitantly with omeprazole or another in the class. Only one source reports a slight reduction in plasma sodium alendronate levels due to interaction with levothyroxine, and only two sources show a possible reduction in the therapeutic effect of sodium alendronate through interaction with PPIs. Only two studies report significant results related to the existence of an interaction between levothyroxine or alendronate in concomitant use of PPIs. In all sources consulted, interactions are described as minor, mild, moderate or of unknown significance. All sources of information suggest the continuity of therapy to manage the interaction. Conclusion: To date, there is no robust evidence demonstrating that it is impossible to use proton pump inhibitors, levothyroxine and sodium alendronate at the same time, and it is essential to monitor clinical and laboratory parameters.


Introducción: Las interacciones farmacológicas pueden alterar la seguridad y / o efectividad en el tratamiento de enfermedades. Algunos medicamentos deben usarse con el estómago vacío y la literatura presenta información divergente sobre el impacto clínico real de usarlos al mismo tiempo. Objetivo: Analizar la evidencia sobre la relevancia clínica de las posibles interacciones entre los inhibidores de la bomba de protones, la levotiroxina y el alendronato de sodio. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión narrativa de los artículos disponibles en la base de datos Pubmed, además de la consulta de posibles interacciones farmacológicas en las fuentes de información sobre medicamentos disponibles en la World Wide Web. Resultados: En solo tres de las 17 fuentes de información consultadas, se informó posible reducción en los niveles plasmáticos y la efectividad de la levotiroxina, cuando se administra concomitantemente con omeprazol u otro en la clase. Solo una fuente informa una ligera reducción en los niveles plasmáticos de alendronato de sodio debido a la interacción con levotiroxina, y solo dos fuentes muestran una posible reducción en el efecto terapéutico del alendronato de sodio a través de la interacción con los IBP. Solo dos estudios informan resultados significativos relacionados con la existencia de una interacción entre levotiroxina o alendronato en el uso concomitante de IBP. En todas las fuentes consultadas, las interacciones se describen como leves, moderadas o de significancia desconocida. Todas las fuentes de información sugieren la continuidad de la terapia para gestionar la interacción. Conclusión: Hasta la fecha, no existe evidencia sólida que demuestre que es imposible usar inhibidores de la bomba de protones, levotiroxina y alendronato de sodio al mismo tiempo, y es esencial monitorear los parámetros clínicos y de laboratorio.


Subject(s)
Thyroxine , Alendronate , Proton Pump Inhibitors , Drug Interactions
2.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1151190

ABSTRACT

Tecnologia: Teriparatida, comparada a bifosfonados orais ou Raloxifeno. Indicação: prevenção de fraturas em pessoas com osteoporose. Pergunta: A Teriparatida é mais eficaz e segura que os bifosfonados orais ou o Raloxifeno para tratamento da osteoporose e prevenção de fraturas secundárias à osteoporose? Métodos: Levantamento bibliográfico foi realizado na base de dados PUBMED, seguindo estratégias de buscas predefinidas. Foi feita avaliação da qualidade metodológica das revisões sistemáticas com a ferramenta Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews version 2 (AMSTAR-2). Resultados: Foram selecionadas 2 revisões sistemáticas, que atendiam aos critérios de inclusão. Conclusão: Para a população em geral com osteoporose, a Teriparatida evita mais fraturas vertebrais que o Alendronato de sódio ou Risedronato de sódio, mas efeito similar para fraturas não vertebrais. Teriparatida previne mais fraturas vertebrais e não vertebrais que Raloxifeno. Teriparatida tem maior efeito sobre a massa óssea corporal que o Risedronato de sódio e o Raloxifeno, mas tem efeito similar ao Alendronato de sódio. Na população masculina com osteoporose, a terapia com bifosfonados orais é mais eficaz que suplementação nutricional ou placebo para prevenir fraturas. Já o tratamento com Teriparatida não é mais eficaz que a suplementação nutricional ou placebo


Teriparatide compared to oral bisphosphonates or Raloxifene. Indication: prevention of fractures in people with osteoporosis. Question: Is Teriparatide more effective and safer than oral bisphosphonates or Raloxifene for treating osteoporosis and preventing fractures secondary to osteoporosis? Methods: Bibliographic survey was carried out in the PUBMED database, following predefined search strategies. Evaluation of the methodological quality of systematic reviews was carried out using the tool Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews version 2 (AMSTAR-2). Results: Two systematic reviews were selected, which met the inclusion criteria. Conclusion: For the general population with osteoporosis, Teriparatide prevents more vertebral fractures than Alendronate or Risedronate sodium, but has similar effect for non-vertebral fractures. Teriparatide prevents more vertebral and non-vertebral fractures than Raloxifene. Teriparatide has a greater effect on body bone mass than Risedronate sodium and Raloxifene, but it has a similar effect to Alendronate sodium. In the male population with osteoporosis, oral bisphosphonates is more effective than nutritional supplementation or placebo to prevent fractures. Treatment with teriparatide is no more effective than nutritional supplementation or placebo


Subject(s)
Humans , Teriparatide/therapeutic use , Raloxifene Hydrochloride/therapeutic use , Diphosphonates/therapeutic use , Osteoporotic Fractures/drug therapy , Efficacy , Spinal Fractures/drug therapy , Alendronate/therapeutic use , Evidence-Based Medicine , Risedronic Acid/therapeutic use , Denosumab/therapeutic use , Hip Fractures/drug therapy
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(5): 543-550, Sept.-Oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144202

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of combined zoledronic acid and alendronate therapy on bone edema and knee pain in cases of spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee. We report our experience with this treatment. Methods A retrospective case series of 11 patients with spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee confirmed by magnetic resonance image (MRI). The patients were treated with a single dose of 5 mg of intravenous zoledronic acid combined with 35 mg twice a week of oral alendronate, for 16 weeks. The visual analogue scale scores were noted before the beginning of the therapy, at 8 weeks, and at 16 weeks of follow-up. The size of the bone marrow edema adjacent to the lesion was measured on T2-weighted MRI coronal images at the beginning of the therapy and at 16 weeks. Results The average visual analogue scale score at 0 weeks was of 7.72, and of 0.81 at 16 weeks of therapy; the difference was statistically significant (p= 0.03). The mean bone marrow involvement at 0 weeks was of 80%, which reduced to 11.81% at 16 weeks of therapy. This change was statistically significant (p= 0.03). Conclusion Our data shows that the combination therapy causes early pain relief and reduction of the bone edema, and it is safe, effective and well-tolerated for a painful disease entity like spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee.


Resumo Objetivo Determinar o efeito do tratamento combinado de ácido zoledrônico e alendronato no edema ósseo e na dor no joelho em casos de osteonecrose espontânea do joelho. A experiência dos autores com este tratamento é relatada. Métodos Série de casos retrospectiva, incluindo 11 pacientes com osteonecrose espontânea do joelho confirmada por ressonância magnética. Os pacientes foram tratados com uma dose intravenosa única de 5 mg de ácido zoledrônico combinada com 35 mg de alendronato oral, 2 vezes por semana, por 16 semanas. Os escores da escala visual analógica foram aferidos antes do começo do tratamento, em 8 semanas e em 16 semanas de acompanhamento. O tamanho do edema da medula óssea adjacente à lesão foi medido em imagens de ressonância magnética coronal ponderadas em T2 no início do tratamento e em 16 semanas. Resultados O escore médio da escala visual analógica em 0 semanas foi de 7,72, contra 0,81 em 16 semanas de tratamento, uma diferença estatisticamente significativa (p= 0,03). O envolvimento médio da medula óssea em 0 semanas foi de 80%, e foi reduzido para 11,81% em 16 semanas de tratamento, uma diferença também estatisticamente significativa (p= 0,03). Conclusão Os dados mostram que a terapia combinada proporciona alívio da dor inicial e redução do edema ósseo, sendo segura, eficaz e bem tolerada em uma enfermidade dolorosa como a osteonecrose espontânea do joelho.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis , Pain , Bone and Bones , Bone Marrow , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Combined Modality Therapy , Alendronate , Diphosphonates , Dosage , Visual Analog Scale , Zoledronic Acid , Knee Joint , Necrosis
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(3): 683-688, June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098307

ABSTRACT

The aim was to evaluate bone repair and gingival tissue repair in osteopenic rats. Fifteen female wistar rats were included; in all of them ovariectomy was realized to induce osteopenia; after 45 days, the animals were submitted to 2 surgical techinques 1) dental extraction of the upper central incisor with no socket preservation and 2) 5 mm cranial defect in the calvarium; 5 rats were included in the control group (G1) withput alendronate application; in the group 2 (G2) was used subcutenous alendronate (0.5 mg/kg) once for three weeks and then was realizd the both surgical techniques. In group 3 (G3), after ovariectomy was realized the both dental extraction and the calvarium defect and after that was realized the alendronate protocol. In each group, after six week was realized euthanasia and descriptive histological analysis of the surgical areas involved. In bone formation of the 5 mm cranial defect was observed with good progression in the 3 experimental models and no modification in quality of bone repair was observed. For the gingival tissue in the extraction socket, no differences were observed between G1 and G3. On other hand, in G2 a thinner and reduced gingival epithelium was found. Our results showed that alendronate was not an obstacle for bone repair; deficiencies in re-epithelialization of oral mucosa show the impact of alendronate before dental extraction.


El objetivo fue evaluar la reparación ósea y gingival en ratas con osteopenia. Quince ratas wistar hembras fueron incluidas; en todas ellas se realizo ovarectomia y fue realizada la inducción de osteopenia; después de 45 días, los animales fueron sometidos a dos técnicas quirúrgicas 1) extracciones dentales del incisivo central superior sin preservación alveolar y 2) creación de un defecto craneano de 5 mm en la calota; 5 animales fueron incluidos como grupo control (G1) sin la aplicación de alendronato; en el grupo 2 (G2) se utilizó alendronato subcutáneo (0,5 mg/kg) una vez a la semana durante 3 semanas. En el grupo 3 (G3), después de la ovarectomia se realizó la exodoncia y el defecto en el cráneo y después de ello se inicio el protocolo con alendronato. En cada grupo, después de seis semanas se realizó la eutanasia con descripción histológica de los hallazgos. En el hueso formado en el defecto craneano de 5 mm se observó una adecuada progresión de reparación en los 3 modelos experimentales y no se observó cambios importantes en el modelo de reparación. Para el tejido gingival en el sitio de extracción, no se observaron diferencias entre el grupo G1 y G3. Por otra parte, el G2 presentó un tejido mas delgado con reducción del epitelio gingival; nuestros resultados demuestran que el alendronato no fue un obstáculo en la reparación ósea; deficiencias en la re epitelización de la mucosa oral muestran el impacto del alendronato después de la exodoncia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/drug therapy , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Alendronate/administration & dosage , Gingiva/drug effects , Osteonecrosis/drug therapy , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/complications , Ovariectomy , Rats, Wistar , Diphosphonates/administration & dosage
5.
Rev. bras. med. fam. comunidade ; 15(42): 2310, 20200210. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282582

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The effectiveness and safety of alendronate sodium are dependent on patient adherence to very specific guidelines regarding use. This study aims to estimate the rational use of alendronate sodium in the elderly. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study carried out with a structured questionnaire containing form of use and occurrence of adverse events related to alendronate sodium. The patients were recruited in their own homes. Rational use was considered as being the participants who: a) took the tablet in the morning; b) were fasting; c) waited at least 30 minutes before eating; d) ingested with a full glass of water; e) ingested the whole tablet; f) and remained in the orthostatic position for at least 30 minutes after use. Additionally, the odds ratio (OR) was used to analyze the association between the irrational use of alendronate sodium and the independent variables. Results and Discussion: Of the 248 participants in the study, most of the participants administered the medication in the morning (95.2%), with fasting (89.1%), waited at least 30 minutes to eat the first meal of the day (87.9%), and were in the orthostatic position until the time of the first meal (78.6%), but less than half ingested the tablet with a full glass of water (43.6%). Rational use of the medication was observed in only 30.7% of the participants. Regarding possible adverse events, 13.3% of the participants reported some event. Among the most prevalent were dry cough (6.5%), stomach pain (5.2%) and some throat discomfort (4.8%). The irrational use of this medication is associated with age and education level. Conclusion: The prevalence of irrational use of alendronate sodium in the elderly is high, and this use is associated with patients' sociodemographic factors.


Introdução: A efetividade e segurança do alendronato de sódio são dependentes da adesão dos pacientes em relação às orientações específicas sobre o uso. Assim, este trabalho, tem como objetivo estimar a racionalidade de uso do alendronato de sódio em idosos. Metodologia: Trata-se de um estudo transversal realizado através de um questionário estruturado contendo a forma de utilização e a ocorrência de eventos adversos relacionados ao uso do medicamento. Os pacientes foram recrutados em suas próprias casas. Considerou-se uso racional os participantes que: a) tomaram o comprimido pela manhã; b) em jejum; c) esperaram pelo menos 30 minutos para se alimentar; d) ingeriu com um copo cheio de água; e) ingeriu o comprimido inteiro; f) e permaneceu na posição ortostática por pelo menos 30 minutos após o uso. Adicionalmente, o odds ratio (OR) foi utilizado para analisar associação entre o uso irracional do alendronato de sódio e as variáveis independentes. Resultados e Discussão: Dos 248 participantes do estudo a maioria administravam o medicamento pela manhã (95,2%), em jejum (89,1%), aguardavam pelo menos 30 minutos para realizar a primeira refeição do dia (87,9%), ficavam em posição ortostática até o horário da primeira refeição (78,6%), porém menos da metade ingeria o comprimido com um copo cheio de água (43,6%). O uso racional do medicamento foi observado em apenas 30,7% dos participantes. Em relação aos possíveis eventos adversos, 13,3% dos participantes relataram algum evento. Dentre os mais prevalentes, destacaram-se a tosse seca (6,5%), dor de estômago (5,2%) e algum desconforto na garganta (4,8%). O uso irracional deste medicamento está associado à idade e ao nível de escolaridade. Conclusão: É elevada a prevalência de uso irracional do alendronato de sódio em idosos e este uso está associado a fatores sociodemográficos dos pacientes.


Introducción: La eficacia y seguridad del alendronato sódico dependen de la adherencia de los pacientes en relación con directrices específicas sobre el uso. Por lo tanto, este trabajo tiene como objetivo estimar la racionalidad del uso del alendronato sódico en los ancianos. Metodos: Este es un estudio transversal realizado a través de un cuestionario estructurado que contiene la forma de uso y la ocurrencia de eventos adversos relacionados con el uso de la droga. Los pacientes fueron reclutados en sus propios habitación. Se consideró el uso racional como los participantes que: a) tomaron la tableta por la mañana, b) en ayuno, c) esperaron al menos 30 minutos antes de comer; d) Ingerido con un vaso lleno de agua; e) ingirió toda la tableta, f) y permaneció en la posición ortostática durante al menos 30 minutos después de su uso. Además, el odds ratio (OR) se utilizó para analizar la asociación entre el uso irracional de alendronato de sodio y las variables independientes. Resultados y Discusión: De los 248 participantes en el estudio, la mayoría administró el medicamento por la mañana (95,2%), em ayuno (89,1%), esperó al menos 30 minutos para realizar la primera comida del día (87,9%), estaban en posición ortostática hasta el momento de La primera comida (78,6%), pero menos de la mitad ingeriría el comprimido con un vaso lleno de agua (43,6%). El uso racional de la droga se observó en sólo 30.7% de los participantes. En cuanto a los posibles acontecimientos adversos, el 13,3% de los participantes informaron de algún evento. Entre los más frecuentes, tos seca (6,5%), dolor de estómago (5,2%) Y algunas molestias en la garganta (4,8%). El uso irracional del medicamento está asociado a la ida y al nivel de escolaridad. Conclusión: La prevalencia del uso irracional del alendronato de sodio en los ancianos es alta, y este uso está asociado a factores sociodemográficos de los pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Osteoporosis , Aged , Pharmacoepidemiology , Alendronate
6.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1118551

ABSTRACT

Tecnologia: Denosumabe e bifosfonados. Indicação: tratamento de osteoporose para prevenção de fraturas. Pergunta: O denosumabe é mais eficaz e seguro que os bifosfonados orais para tratamento da osteoporose e prevenção de fraturas secundárias à osteoporose? Métodos: Levantamento bibliográfico realizado na PUBMED seguindo estratégia de busca predefinida. Avaliação da qualidade metodológica das revisões sistemáticas com a ferramenta AMSTAR (Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews). Resultados: Foram selecionadas e incluídas 3 revisões sistemáticas, com pontuação de 9 a 11 no AMSTAR. Conclusão: Denosumabe tem menor risco relativo que alendronato e risedronato de sódio para fraturas vertebrais e maior efeito sobre densidade óssea mineral femoral, com risco similar de outros tipos de fratura e eventos adversos (infecções, transtornos cardiovasculares, óbito por infecção, morte cardiovascular ou por qualquer causa). Denosumabe evita 0,00154 fraturas, previne 0,00025 institucionalizações (ou cuidados permanentes de enfermagem no domicílio) e promove um ganho de 0,0018 anos de vida a mais que o alendronato de sódio por paciente tratado. Denosumabe é um pouco mais eficaz e tão seguro quanto os bifosfonados, mas a diferença de eficácia é mínima


Technology: Denosumab and bisphosphonates. Indication: osteoporosis treatment for fracture prevention. Question: Denosumab is more effective and safer than oral bisphosphonates for treating osteoporosis and preventing fractures related to osteoporosis? Methods: Bibliographic search was performed on PUBMED, following predefined search strategies. Evaluation of the methodological quality of systematic reviews was carried out using the AMSTAR (Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews) tool. Results: We selected and included 3 systematic reviews. Their scores ranged from 9 to 11 on AMSTAR. Conclusion: Denosumab has a lower relative risk than sodium alendronate and risedronate for vertebral fractures and greater effect on femoral mineral bone density, with a similar risk for non-vertebral fractures and adverse events (infections, cardiovascular disorders, death caused by infection, cardiovascular death or any cause mortality). Denosumab avoids 0.00154 fractures, prevents 0.00025 nursing home/ residential care admissions and get 0.0018 years of life gained per treated patient more than sodium alendronate. Denosumab is slightly more effective and as safe as bisphosphonates, but the effectiveness difference is minimal


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Alendronate/therapeutic use , Bone Density Conservation Agents/therapeutic use , Osteoporotic Fractures/prevention & control , Risedronic Acid/therapeutic use , Denosumab/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Alendronate/adverse effects , Evidence-Based Medicine , Risedronic Acid/adverse effects , Denosumab/adverse effects
7.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(4): 402-410, dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056476

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Los bisfosfonatos (BP) disminuyen la resorción ósea al frenar la actividad de los osteoclastos. La vitamina E es antioxidante y su efecto positivo en el hueso sería mediante la prevención del estrés oxidativo. Se estudió la administración infiltrativa de Alendronato y Vitamina E para determinar si favorecían la formación de hueso en la reparación ósea del alvéolo postexodoncia. Se utilizaron ratas machos Wistar (n=96), de 90 ± 15 g, se les realizó la exodoncia de los primeros molares inferiores. Fueron dividos en 4 grupos: Un grupo control (C) recibió solución salina. El grupo AL 0,5 mg/ Kg; grupo E recibió 20 mg/kg; y grupo con tratamiento combinado AL y E. Los animales se sacrificaron a los 0, 7, 15 y 30 días postextracción. Se realizó la resección de las mandíbulas; las muestras fueron descalcificadas con EDTA y luego se incluyeron en parafina. Se realizaron cortes histológicos y se colorearon con Hematoxilina/Eosina. Se realizó análisis histológico e histomorfométrico. Se utilizó análisis de Varianza (ANOVA). En el análisis histológico, a los 7 y 15 días el grupo E presentó mayor neoformación de tejido óseo que los otros grupos. A los 30 días se observó hueso maduro con presencia de osteonas en el grupo E. En el estudio histomorfométrico a los 15 y 30 días se evidencian diferencias significativas en el número de osteoblastos por mm lineal, entre el grupo AL + E y C (p<0,01) y a los 30 días se encontró diferencia entre el grupo E y C (p<0,01). Al medir espesor trabecular se observó a los 30 días diferencias significativas entre el grupo AL+E y C (p<0,01) y entre el grupo C y E (p<0,01). La Vitamina E demostró que administrada por vía infiltrativa favorece la remodelación ósea en los alvéolos post exodoncia.


ABSTRACT: Bisphosphonates (BP) decrease bone resorption to curb the activity of the osteoclasts. Vitamin E is an antioxidant and its positive effect on the bone would be by preventing oxidative stress. Infiltrative Alendronate and vitamin E administration wasstudied to determine if they favored the formation of bone in bone repair of the postextraction alveolus. Male Wistar rats were used (n = 96), 90 ± 15 g, underwent extraction of the lower first molars. They were divided into 4 groups: A control group (C) received saline. The Group at the 0.5 mg/Kg; Group E received 20 mg/kg; and combined treatment group to AL and E. The animals were sacrificed at days 0, 7, 15 and 30 post extraction. With the resection of the jaws; samples were decalcified with EDTA and then included in paraffin. Histological cuts were made and colored with Hematoxylin/ eosin. Histomorphometric and histological analysis was performed. We used analysis of variance (ANOVA). In the histological analysis, 7 to 15 days the Group E presented greater neoformation of bone tissue than other groups. At 30 days mature bone was observed, with presence of osteons in the Group E. Study shows significant differences in the number of osteoblast histomorphometric function to 15 to 30 days by linear mm, among the group to the + E and C (p < 0.01) and 30-day difference was found among the Group E and C (p < 0.01). When measuring thick trabecular, significant differences were observed at 30 days between the AL+E and C Group (p < 0.01) and between C and E (p < 0.01). Vitamin E showed that administered infiltrative favors the bone remodeling in post extraction sockets.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Osteogenesis/physiology , Vitamin E/therapeutic use , Alendronate/administration & dosage , Osteoblasts , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Epidemiology, Experimental , Analysis of Variance , Histological Techniques , Rats, Wistar , Cancellous Bone
8.
Actual. osteol ; 15(2): 94-102, mayo - ago. 2019. tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048478

ABSTRACT

El propósito de la terapia en el desorden del metabolismo óseo mineral asociado a la enfermedad renal crónica (IRC) consiste en restaurar el balance mineral, y, en la osteoporosis, mantener o aumentar la masa ósea. Ambas terapias tratan de evitar la fractura ósea. La mayoría de los osteoactivos están contraindicados en la insuficiencia renal crónica avanzada (estadios 4 y 5), y las terapias son empíricas. Algunos autores opinan que sin anomalías bioquímicas del desorden del metabolismo óseo mineral asociado a la enfermedad renal crónica avanzada se podría intentar el tratamiento estándar para la osteoporosis. Antes de intentar la terapia osteoactiva se debe corregir el desorden mineral óseo que pudiera presentarse asociado a la IRC, y en la indicación del tipo de osteoactivo se sugiere seleccionar al paciente según su estado óseo. Se aconseja que la administración de los antirresortivos se realice a dosis menores con respecto a los que tienen mejor función renal junto con aportes adecuados de calcio y vitamina D, antes y durante el tratamiento para prevenir el riesgo de severas hipocalcemias y un efecto óseo excesivo. Se presenta el caso clínico de una mujer de 65 años, con diagnóstico de osteoporosis de etiología multifactorial, fractura de pelvis, múltiples fracturas vertebrales e insuficiencia renal crónica avanzada, entre otras comorbilidades, y probable enfermedad ósea adinámica. Recibió inicialmente terapia con teriparatide y luego con denosumab, complicándose con hipocalcemia asintomática. (AU)


The purpose of therapy for the bone mineral metabolism disorder associated with chronic kidney disease is to restore the mineral balance; and to maintain or increase bone mass in osteoporosis. The goal of both types of therapy is to avoid bone fractures. Most antiosteoporotic drugs are contraindicated in advanced chronic renal failure (CRF) stages 4 and 5, and the therapies are empirical. Some authors believe that without biochemical abnormalities of the mineral bone metabolism disorder associated with advanced chronic kidney disease, standard treatment for osteoporosis could be attempted. Before attempting antiosteoporotic therapy, the bone mineral disorder that may be associated with CRF must be corrected, and in the indication of the type drug it is suggested that the patient be selected according to their bone status. It is advised that the administration of anti-resorptives be performed at lower doses in individuals with poor renal function compared to those with better renal function together with adequate calcium and vitamin D, before and during treatment to prevent the risk of severe hypocalcemia, and an excessive bone effect. We present the clinical case of a 65-year-old woman with a diagnosis of osteoporosis of multifactorial etiology, pelvic fracture, multiple vertebral fractures and advanced chronic renal failure, among other comorbidities and probable adynamic bone disease. The patient received initial therapy with teriparatide and followed by denosumab administration and exhibited asymptomatic hypocalcemia. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder/drug therapy , Fractures, Bone/prevention & control , Osteoporosis/therapy , Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder/complications , Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder/metabolism , Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder/therapy , Vitamin D/administration & dosage , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Calcium/administration & dosage , Calcium/therapeutic use , Alendronate/therapeutic use , Teriparatide/administration & dosage , Teriparatide/adverse effects , Teriparatide/therapeutic use , Diphosphonates/administration & dosage , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Diphosphonates/therapeutic use , Cinacalcet/therapeutic use , Risedronic Acid/therapeutic use , Denosumab/administration & dosage , Denosumab/adverse effects , Denosumab/therapeutic use , Hypocalcemia/prevention & control
9.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(2): 137-141, jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002296

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El balance óseo está mediado por una regulación inmunoendócrina, siendo éste un complejo proceso. Entre las acciones llevadas a cabo para mantener la densidad y estructura del esqueleto son variadas las farmacoterapias utilizadas. Diversos estudios han demostrado que tanto Alendronato (AL) y Vitamina E (E) contribuyen a la inhibición de la reabsorción ósea. El objectivo de este trabajo fue estudiar el efecto de la administración combinada de (AL) por vía subcutánea y (E) se administró tres veces por semana también por vía subcutánea con una dosificación de 20 mg/kg de peso corporal. La fórmula farmacéutica fue de 0,5 mg/kg de peso corporal para AL, y 20 mg/kg de vitamina E. El efecto se evaluó en ratas machos Wistar (n=108), de 90 ± 20 g, divididas en 4 grupos. Se realizó la exodoncia de los primeros molares inferiores. La droga se inyectó en forma subcutánea en tiempos 0, 7, 15 y 30 días post cirugía. Las imágenes de las mandíbulas fueron adquiridas mediante radiovisiógrafo, en cada tiempo experimental y fueron analizadas con el Software Image ProPlus versión 4,1 de Media Cibernetics. Estudios estadísticos: no paramétrico: prueba de Kruskal-Wallis Resultados: El grupo C (que registró la media de intensidad más baja), se diferenció significativamente de los grupos E y A-E (p<0,001), no así del grupo que utilizó únicamente Al (p=0,070; p>0,05). Los grupos Al, E y el combinado Al-E no se diferenciaron significativamente entre sí (p>0,05 en todos los casos). Los datos evaluados sirven para mostrar una tendencia favorable en relación al efecto beneficioso de la combinación de AL y vitamina E.


ABSTRACT: The bone balance is mediated by an immunoendocrine regulation, this being a complex process. A number of pharmacotherapies are used among the actions taken to maintain the density and structure of the skeleton. Several studies have shown that both Alendronate (AL) and Vitamin E (E) contribute to the inhibition of bone resorption. Objective: To study the effect of combined administration of (LA) subcutaneously and (E) was administered three times per week also subcutaneously with a dosage of 20 mg / kg body weight. The pharmaceutical formulation was 0.5 mg / kg body weight for AL and 20 mg / kg vitamin E. The effect was evaluated in male Wistar rats (n = 108), 90 ± 20 g, divided into 4 groups. Extraction of the first lower molars was performed. The drug was injected subcutaneously at time 0, 7, 15 and 30 days post-surgery. The images of the jaws were acquired by radiovisiography, at each experimental time and were analyzed with Image ProPlus Software version 4.1 of Media Cibernetics. Statistical studies: non-parametric: Kruskal-Wallis test Group C (which recorded the lowest mean intensity) was significantly different from the E and AE groups (p <0.001), but not from the group that used only Al (P = 0.070, p> 0.05). The Al, E and combined Al-E groups did not differ significantly from each other (p> 0.05 in all cases). The data evaluated serve to show a favorable trend in relation to the beneficial effect of the combination of AL and vitamin E.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Bone Remodeling/drug effects , Alendronate/administration & dosage , Radiography, Dental , Analysis of Variance , Animal Experimentation , Diphosphonates/administration & dosage
10.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 7(2)abr.-jun. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1005696

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Experimental animal models represent a key tool used to elucidate the mechanisms of action and toxicity of anticancer drugs. Objective: The purpose was to establish a correlation of neoplastic growth with the combinatorial therapeutic application of sodium alendronate (ALD) and methotrexate (MTX), and to evaluate the gastrointestinal toxicity of these drugs, in the rat Walker 256 carcinosarcoma inoculation model. Methods: Female rats were selected and randomly distributed into 5 groups (n=10): negative control (NC), positive control (PC), MTX-treated group, ALD-treated group, and MTX-ALD-treated group (MTX/ALD). Tumor cells were inoculated as a suspension of 1x106cells/mL into the alveolar cavities produced by exodontia procedures. The following parameters were evaluated: body weight, tumor volume and percentage of tumor inhibition, and gastrointestinal toxicity. Results: The body weight variation was statistically significant between NC animals and PC animals, and between NC animals and ALD-treated group (p<0.01). Tumor volume variation was statistically significant between PC animals, MTX-treated group and MTX/ALD-co-treated group (p<0.05). Analysis of gastric toxicity of MTX-treated group reveled slight reduction of chief (Ch) and parietal (Pr) cellular populations; ALD-treated group exhibited gastric mucosa without histological alterations of Ch cells but intense reduction of Pr cellular population; and MTX/ALD-co-treated group presented reduction of Ch and Pr cellular populations. Conclusions: ALD does not elicit significant antitumor effects on Walker 256 carcinosarcoma cells and decreases antitumor effects of MTX due to toxicity on the gastric epithelium, which is intensified with MTX association.


Introdução: Modelos experimentais em animais representam um instrumento fundamental para elucidar os mecanismos de ação e toxicidade de drogas anticâncer. Objetivo: estabelecer uma correlação do crescimento neoplásico com a aplicação terapêutica combinatória de alendronato de sódio (ALD) e metotrexato (MTX), e avaliar a toxicidade gastrointestinal dessas drogas, no modelo de inoculação de carcinossarcoma de Walker 256 em ratos. Métodos: Ratas fêmeas foram selecionadas e distribuídas aleatoriamente em 5 grupos (n = 10): controle negativo (NC), controle positivo (PC), grupo tratado com MTX, grupo tratado com ALD e grupo tratado com MTX-ALD (MTX/ALD). As células tumorais foram inoculadas como uma suspensão de 1x106 células/mL nas cavidades alveolares produzidas por procedimentos de exodontia. Os seguintes parâmetros foram avaliados: peso corporal, volume tumoral e porcentagem de inibição tumoral e toxicidade gastrointestinal. Resultados: A variação do peso corporal foi estatisticamente significante entre animais NC e animais PC, e entre animais NC e grupo tratado com ALD (p <0,01). A variação do volume tumoral foi estatisticamente significativa entre animais PC, grupo tratado com MTX e grupo tratado com MTX / ALD (p <0,05). A análise da toxicidade gástrica do grupo tratado com MTX revelou uma ligeira redução das populações celulares principais (Ch) e parietais (Pr); o grupo tratado com ALD exibiu mucosa gástrica sem alterações histológicas de células Ch mas intensa redução da população celular Pr; e o grupo tratado com MTX / ALD apresentou redução das populações celulares Ch e Pr. Conclusões: O ALD não provoca efeitos antitumorais significativos nas células do carcinossarcoma Walker 256 e diminui os efeitos antitumorais do MTX devido à toxicidade no epitélio gástrico, que é intensificada com a associação MTX.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma 256, Walker , Gastric Mucosa , Methotrexate , Alendronate
12.
Actual. osteol ; 15(1): 57-64, ene. abr. 2019. ilus., tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049428

ABSTRACT

Los tratamientos para osteoporosis se indican por tiempo variable dependiendo del tipo de droga, anabólica o anticatabólica, y de la gravedad de la enfermedad. Denosumab es un anticuerpo monoclonal totalmente humano que inhibe a RANK-L evitando de esa manera la interacción entre RANKL-RANK, con la consiguiente inhibición de la formación de los osteoclastos, su activación y sobrevida. Disminuye la resorción ósea cortical y trabecular. Su administración subcutánea de 60 mg cada 6 meses al cabo de 3 años ha demostrado reducción de la resorción ósea, incremento de la densidad mineral ósea y disminución de las fracturas vertebrales, no vertebrales y de cadera. Está indicado para el tratamiento de la osteoporosis con alto riesgo de fractura. Su mecanismo de acción es reversible. Se han descripto pérdida de la DMO y elevación de los marcadores de remodelado óseo postsuspensión. Una situación clínica grave son las fracturas vertebrales múltiples postsuspensión. Este evento es infrecuente y se lo atribuye a un rebote del remodelado óseo, postulándose se postula una predisposición especial, probablemente relacionada con microRNA. Se escriben dos mujeres con osteoporosis que presentaron este cuadro. Las fracturas ocurrieron entre 7 y 10 meses posteriores a la última dosis de denosumab. Registraron elevación de C-telopéptidos y disminución de la DMO conjuntamente con las fracturas vertebrales agudas en cascada. (AU)


The duration of osteoporosis treatments depends on the drug type, anabolic or anticatabolic, and the severity of the disease. Denosumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody that inactivates RANK-L, inhibiting the RANKL-RANK interaction . This inhibits osteoclast formation, activation, and survival. It also reduces cortical and trabecular bone resorption. Subcutaneous administration of 60 mg every 6 months for 3 years has reduced bone resorption, increased bone mineral density (BMD) and decreased vertebral, non-vertebral and hip fractures. It is indicated for the treatment of osteoporosis with high risk of fracture. Denosumab mechanism of action is reversible. After discontinuation, loss of BMD and elevation of bone turnover markers have been observed. In addition, multiple vertebral fractures after the suspension of the drug have been reported. These rebound-associated vertebral fractures are rare. A special genetic predisposition related to miRNA has been proposed. Two women with this clinical presentation are described. Fractures occurred between 7 and 10 months respectively after the last dose of denosumab. They presented with an increase in circulating C-telopeptid levels and a decrease inBMD with acute multiple vertebral fractures. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Spinal Fractures/drug therapy , Denosumab/adverse effects , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Menopause , Biomarkers , Bone Density/drug effects , Calcium/administration & dosage , Spinal Fractures/prevention & control , Charybdotoxin/analysis , Calcium Citrate/administration & dosage , Alendronate/administration & dosage , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Diphosphonates/therapeutic use , RANK Ligand/drug effects , Denosumab/administration & dosage , Tobacco Smoking , Zoledronic Acid/administration & dosage , Ibandronic Acid/administration & dosage , Indapamide/administration & dosage
13.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2019. 66 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1177111

ABSTRACT

A osteoporose é um distúrbio osteometabólico caracterizado pela redução da densidade mineral óssea. Estima-se que 200 milhões de pessoas possuam osteoporose no mundo. A doença é fator de risco para falha do processo de fusão vertebral, que consiste na consolidação de vértebras adjacentes através da colocação de enxertia óssea e estabilização mecânica, fundamental para o sucesso das cirurgias da coluna vertebral. O alendronato é um medicamento antirreabsortivo utilizado no tratamento da osteoporose. Apesar de sua eficácia, sugere-se que retarda o processo de remodelamento no sítio cirúrgico da fusão vertebral, atrasando a osteointegração do enxerto aos corpos vertebrais. Ainda não há consenso sobre a melhor abordagem medicamentosa para os pacientes osteoporóticos que se encontram em uso crônico de alendronato e que serão submetidos ao procedimento cirúrgico de fusão vertebral. Este estudo avaliou o efeito do alendronato na consolidação óssea do procedimento de fusão vertebral em ratas osteoporóticas. Quinze ratas da linhagem Sprague Dawley foram divididas em três grupos: Grupo Não-OVX (n=3) - ratas não submetidas a ooforectomia e submetidas a fusão espinhal; Grupo OVX (n=5) - ratas submetidas a ooforectomia entre 8 a 12 semanas de vida e à fusão vertebral 12 semanas após a ooforectomia e Grupo ALN (n=7) - ratas ooforectomizadas e submetidas a fusão vertebral que receberam semanalmente 70µg/kg de alendronato iniciado 5 semanas antes da fusão vertebral e mantido até a eutanásia. Foram coletadas amostras de sangue semanalmente e os animais foram submetidos a eutanásia 8 semanas após a fusão vertebral. A condição osteoporótica foi confirmada através da dosagem por ELISA dos níveis plasmáticos de CTX-I 12 semanas após ooforectomia, que foi maior no grupo OVX em relação ao grupo Não-OVX (p=0,0086). Os parâmetros da microestrutura do corpo vertebral medidos através da microtomografia computadorizada (µCT) denotam redução na fração de volume ósseo (BV/TV) (p=0,116), no número de trabéculas (Tb.N) (p=0,116), na espessura das trabéculas (Tb.Th) (p=0,033), e leve aumento na desconexão entre as trabéculas (Tb.pf p = 0,086). Quanto à eficiência da fusão, a avaliação radiográfica do segmento lombar revelou taxa de fusão de 75% (3/4) no grupo Não-OVX, 100% (3/3) no grupo OVX e nenhuma fusão no grupo ALN. Pela avaliação manual, os resultados foram semelhantes para os grupos Não-OVX e OVX e de 57,1% (4/7) no grupo ALN. A avaliação dos aspectos estruturais da massa da fusão por µCT revelou maior BV/TV (p ≤ 0,05), maior Tb.N (p ≤ 0,01), maior espaçamento entre as trabéculas (Tb.Sp) (p ≤ 0,01) e Conn.Den (p = 0,02) no grupo ALN em relação aos grupos OVX e não OVX. O grupo ALN também apresentou maior Tb.Th (p = 0,04) e menor Tb.pf (p = 0,03) do que o grupo OVX. As ratas osteoporóticas submetidas a cirurgia de fusão vertebral e tratadas com alendronato apresentaram menor taxa de fusão vertebral, apesar de possuir melhor qualidade da massa de fusão. Imaginavamos que o tratamento crônico com alendronato, assim como o tratamento iniciado após a cirurgia, leve à formação de massas de fusão com maior qualidade trabecular e mais exuberantes, porém, diferente do observado quando o tratamento é iniciado após a cirurgia, não resulta em aumento na taxa de fusão


Osteoporosis is an osteometabolic disorder characterized by reduced bone mineral density. About 200 million people are affected in the world and the disease is a risk factor for pseudoarthrosis in spinal fusion. Alendronate is a bisphosphonate medication that inhibits bone resorption and is used to treat osteoporosis. Despite its effectiveness, it is suggested that`s impairs bone remodeling at the surgical site of spinal fusion, delaying the osteointegration of the bone graft to the vertebral bodies. There is still no consensus on the best approach for osteoporotic patients who are in chronic use of alendronate and who will undergo surgical procedure for spinal fusion. This study sought to examine the effect of the chronic use of alendronate on bone formation of spinal fusion in osteoporotic rats. Fifteen Sprague Dawley adult female rats were divided into three groups: Non-OVX (n=3) ­ non-ovariectomized rats submitted to posterolateral lumbar spinal fusion; OVX (n=5) - rats submitted to ovariectomy at 8 ­ 12 weeks of age and to posterolateral lumbar spinal fusion 12 weeks later; and ALN (n = 7) ­ ovariectomized rats submitted to spinal fusion in which weekly subcutaneous injections of Alendronate (70µg/kg) were administered from 5 weeks before the spinal fusion until euthanasia. Blood samples were collected weekly and euthanasia was performed 8 weeks after the spinal fusion procedure. Development of osteoporosis was evaluated through the plasmatic dosage of CTX-I, in which we observed a significant increase in the OVX group (p=0.0086). Bone loss was confirmed by micro-CT analysis of the fourth lumbar vertebra, with slightly reduction in the bone volume (BV/TV) (p=0.116), trabecular number (Tb.N) (p=0.116), significantly reduction in the trabecular tickness (Tb.Th) (p=0.033), and slightly increase in the trabecular bone pattern factor (TB.pf) (p = 0.086). Radiographic evaluation of the lumbar spine revealed fusion rate of 75% (3/4) in Non-OVX, 100% (3/3) in OVX, and no fusion in ALN. According to manual palpation, we observed similar results for the non-OVX and OVX goup, while in the ALN group we observed 57.1% (4/7) of fusion rate. New bone formation identified on µCT imaging of bilaterally fused specimens demonstrated a higher BV/TV (p ≤ 0.05), Tb.N (p ≤ 0.01), Tb.Sp (p ≤ 0.01), and connective density (Conn.Den, p = 0.02) in ALN than in nonOVX and OVX groups. The alendronate also improved the Tb.Th (p = 0.04) and Tb.pf (p = 0.03) in comparisson to OVX group. This study demonstrates that, despite the better quality of new bone formation after long term administration of alendronte in osteoporotic rats submitted to posterolateral spinal fusion, the treatment does not improve the fusion rates


Subject(s)
Osteoporosis , Spinal Fusion , Alendronate/therapeutic use
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773883

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study and compare the clinical effects of Rehmannia Decoction and alendronate sodium for the treatment of primary osteoporosis.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to December 2017, 72 patients with primary osteoporosis who took Dihuang Decoction(DHD) orally and alendronate regularly for more than one year were randomly divided into 2 groups:experimental group and control group. The experimental group consisted of 14 males and 22 females, with an average age of(63.97±3.70) years old. The patients in the experimental group took Chinese medicine DHD, one dose each time, one time in the morning and one time in the evening, twice a week. The control group consisted of 16 males and 20 females with an average age of(63.36±3.07) years old. Patients in the control group were given alendronate 70 mg orally once a week. The basic treatment for osteoporosis remained unchanged in both groups(600 mg of calcium carbonate D3 and 0.5 μg of calcitriol capsules were taken daily). Bone mineral density (BMD) of femoral neck and lumbar vertebrae was measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry before and after treatment for one year. The levels of serum collagen type I C-terminal peptide (beta-CTX) and serum osteoclast (SOST) were measured before and after treatment for two groups.@*RESULTS@#The age, bone mineral density, SOST and beta-CTX baseline values between the two groups before and after anti-osteoporosis treatment were compared. The difference was not statistically significant(>0.05). Compared with the two groups, the BMD of femoral neck and lumbar vertebrae were increased after 1 year of anti-osteoporosis treatment. The differences were statistically significant (0.05). The serum beta-CTX values were compared between the two groups after treatment. The value was 0.908. The serum SOST values were compared between the two groups after treatment. The value was 0.888. The difference was not statistically significant (>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this study, traditional Chinese medicine DHD is used to treat osteoporosis. It is found that DHD and alendronate have a good effect. The DHD can be used as a choice of Chinese medicine in the treatment of primary osteoporosis.


Subject(s)
Absorptiometry, Photon , Aged , Alendronate , Therapeutic Uses , Bone Density , Bone Density Conservation Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoporosis , Drug Therapy
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741996

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Root resorption is an unexpected complication after replantation procedures. Combining anti-osteoclastic medicaments with retrograde root filling materials may avert this resorptive activity. The purpose of this study was to assess effects of a cathepsin K inhibitor with calcium silicate-based cements on osteoclastic activity. METHODS: MC3T3-E1 cells were cultured for biocompatibility analyses. RAW 264.7 cells were cultured in the presence of the receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B and lipopolysaccharide, followed by treatment with Biodentine (BIOD) or ProRoot MTA with or without medicaments (Odanacatib [ODN], a cathepsin inhibitor and alendronate, a bisphosphonate). After drug treatment, the cell counting kit-8 assay and Alizarin red staining were performed to evaluate biocompatibility in MC3T3-E1 cells. Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were performed in RAW 264.7 cells to determine the expression levels of inflammatory cytokines, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). Data were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance and Tukey's post hoc test (p < 0.05). RESULTS: Biocompatibility results showed that there were no significant differences among any of the groups. RAW 264.7 cells treated with BIOD and ODN showed the lowest levels of TNF-α and PGE2. Treatments with BIOD + ODN were more potent suppressors of inflammatory cytokine expression (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The cathepsin K inhibitor with calcium silicate-based cement inhibits osteoclastic activity. This may have clinical application in preventing inflammatory root resorption in replanted teeth.


Subject(s)
Acid Phosphatase , Alendronate , Calcium , Cathepsin K , Cathepsins , Cell Count , Cytokines , Dinoprostone , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Interleukin-6 , Interleukins , Miners , Necrosis , Osteoblasts , Osteoclasts , Pemetrexed , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B , Replantation , Root Resorption , Tooth
16.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180150, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975883

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives This investigation aimed to assess the differentiation inhibitory effects of ProRoot MTA® (PMTA) and Biodentine® (BIOD) on osteoclasts originated from murine bone marrow macrophages (BMMs) and compare these effects with those of alendronate (ALD). Materials and Methods Mouse BMMs were cultured to differentiate into osteoclasts with macrophage colony-stimulating factor and receptor activator of NF-κB (RANKL), treated with lipopolysaccharide. After application with PMTA, BIOD, or ALD, cell toxicities were examined using WST-1 assay kit, and RANKL-induced osteoclast differentiation and activities were determined by resorption pit formation assay and tartrate-resistant acid phosphate (TRAP) staining. The mRNA levels of osteoclast activity-related genes were detected with quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction. Expressions of molecular signaling pathways were assessed by western blot. All data were statistically analyzed with one-way ANOVA and Tukey's post-hoc test (p<0.05). Results Mouse BMMs applied with PMTA, BIOD, or ALD showed highly reduced levels of TRAP-positive osteoclasts. The BIOD treated specimens suppressed mRNA expressions of cathepsin K, TRAP, and c-Fos. Nonetheless, it showed a lower effect than PMTA or ALD applications. Compared with ALD, PMTA and BIOD decreased RANKL-mediated phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and IκBα. Conclusions PMTA and BIOD showed the inhibitory effect on osteoclast differentiation and activities similar to that of ALD through IκB phosphorylation and suppression of ERK signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Osteoclasts/drug effects , Root Canal Filling Materials/pharmacology , Bone Marrow Cells/drug effects , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Alendronate/pharmacology , Bone Density Conservation Agents/pharmacology , Osteoclasts/physiology , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Phosphorylation/drug effects , Root Resorption/prevention & control , Time Factors , Bone Marrow Cells/cytology , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , MAP Kinase Signaling System/drug effects , I-kappa B Proteins/drug effects , RANK Ligand/analysis , RANK Ligand/drug effects , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765145

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Alendronate (AL), a drug for inhibiting osteoclast-mediated bone-resorption, was intercalated into an inorganic drug delivery nanovehicle, layered double hydroxide (LDH), to form a new nanohybrid, AL-LDH, with 1:1 heterostructure along the crystallographic C-axis. Based on the intercalation reaction strategy, the present AL-LDH drug delivery system (DDS) was realized with an enhanced drug efficacy of AL, which was confirmed by the improved proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of osteoblast-like cells (MG63). METHODS: The AL-LDH nanohybrid was synthesized by conventional ion-exchange reaction and characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. Additionally, in vitro efficacy tests, such as cell proliferation and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, were analyzed. RESULTS: The AL was successfully intercalated into LDH via ion-exchange reaction, and thus prepared AL-LDH DDS was X-ray single phasic and chemically well defined. The accumulated AL content in MG63 cells treated with the AL-LDH DDS nanoparticles was determined to be 10.6-fold higher than that within those treated with the intact AL after incubation for 1 hour, suggesting that intercellular permeation of AL was facilitated thanks to the hybridization with drug delivery vehicle, LDH. Furthermore, both in vitro proliferation level and ALP activity of MG63 treated with the present hybrid drug, AL-LDH, were found to be much more enhanced than those treated with the intact AL. This is surely due to the fact that LDH could deliver AL drug very efficiently, although LDH itself does not show any effect on proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of MG63 cells. CONCLUSION: The present AL-LDH could be considered as a promising DDS for improving efficacy of AL.


Subject(s)
Alendronate , Alkaline Phosphatase , Cell Proliferation , Drug Delivery Systems , Fourier Analysis , In Vitro Techniques , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Nanoparticles , Spectrum Analysis , X-Ray Diffraction
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765138

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Alendronate , Cell Proliferation
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740476

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonate (BP) is an effective drug for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. However, gastrointestinal distress caused by BP is a well-known side effect for low compliance. The aim of our study was to compare the 1-year persistence, compliance and T-scores between the aperitif medication group and the postprandial medication group. METHODS: Three hundred patients were included in this study to determine their persistence and compliance with the prescribed daily BP (Maxmarvil®, alendronate 5 mg and calcitriol 0.5 µg; YuYu Pharm) following distal radius fractures. Patients in Group 1 (aperitif medication) were asked to adhere to the general guidelines for BPs before breakfast. Patients in Group 2 (postprandial medication) were recommended medication after breakfast. We compared the persistence and compliance of this daily BP therapy using the medication possession ratio (MPR) and T-scores between the 2 groups after 1 year. RESULTS: Bone mineral density in hip and lumbar spine was improved significantly in 2 groups (P < 0.001). Significant differences existed between 2 groups, including 73 of 150 patients (48.7%) in Group 1, and 111 of 150 patients (73.3%) in Group 2 for 1-year persistence (P=0.001). The mean MPR is 0.66 in Group 1 (range, 0.50–0.86) and 0.71 in Group 2 (range, 0.54–0.87). A significant difference was detected between the 2 groups (P=0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Postprandial administration improved persistence and compliance with daily BP therapy, resulting in better clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Alendronate , Bone Density , Breakfast , Calcitriol , Compliance , Hip , Humans , Osteoporosis , Radius Fractures , Spine
20.
Odontología (Ecuad.) ; 20(2): 29-38, 20181231.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-987664

ABSTRACT

El alendronato es un bifosfonato con un amplio espectro de indicaciones cuya principal capacidad es la inhibición de la función osteoclástica. El sulfato de calcio bifásico es un injerto aloplástico que posee las ventajas del sulfato del calcio simple como biocompatibilidad, propiedades osteoconductivas y de bioreabsorción. Objetivo: Determinar la eficacia de la regeneración ósea a través de un estudio histomorfométrico utilizando sulfato de calcio bifásico sólo y combinado con Alendronato. Materiales y métodos: Se utilizaron 24 fémures de conejos machos andinos entre 1,5 a 2,5 Kg, divididos en 3 grupos: G1 Regeneración ósea fisiológica, G2 Sulfato de calcio bifásico y G3 Sulfato de calcio bifásico combinado con alendronato. Se realizó una incisión de 2,5cm para crear defectos de 5mm de diámetro con una profundidad de 1.5 mm. Todos los animales fueron sacrificados a la sexta semana y se obtuvieron cortes histomorfométricos. Fueron utilizados los test estadísticos de ANOVA y Tukey con un nivel de significancia del 5%. Resultados: La regeneración ósea fue del 10.63%, 40% y 71.88% para G1, G2 y G3 respectivamente. Se encontró diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre los grupos (p<0,001). Se observó diferencia entre G1 y G3 (p<0,001), así como entre el G2 y G3 (p=0,05), siendo los mejores resultados encontrados para el G3. Conclusión: El sulfato de calcio bifásico combinado con alendronato mostró mejor regeneración ósea al compararlo con los grupos de regeneración fisiológica y sulfato de calcio en conejos.


Alendronate is a bisphosphonate with a broad spectrum of indications whose main capacity is the inhibition of osteoclastic function. Biphasic calcium sulfate is an alloplastic graft that possesses the advantages of simple calcium sulfate as biocompatibility, osteoconductive and bioreabsorption properties. Objective: To determine the efficacy of bone regeneration through a histomorphometric study using biphasic calcium sulfate alone and combined with Alendronate. Materials and methods: 24 femurs of Andean male rabbits were used between 1.5 and 2.5 Kg, divided into 3 groups: G1 Physiological bone regeneration, G2 Biphasic calcium sulphate and G3 Biphasic calcium sulphate combined with alendronate. An incision of 2.5 cm was made to create defects of 5 mm in diameter with a depth of 1.5 mm. All the animals were sacrificed at the sixth week and histomorphometriccuts were obtained. The statistical tests of ANOVA and Tukey with a level of significance of 5% were used. Results: Bone regeneration was observed in 10.63%, 40% and 71.88% for G1, G2 and G3 respectively. A statistically significant difference was found between the groups (p <0.001). A difference was observed between G1 and G3 (p <0.001), as well as between G2 and G3 (p = 0.05), being the best results found for the G3. Conclusion: Biphasic calcium sulphate combined with Alendronate showed better bone regeneration when compared to physiological regeneration and calcium sulfate groups in rabbits.


O alendronato é um bisfosfonato com amplo espectro de indicações cuja principal capacidade é a inibição da função osteoclástica. O sulfato de cálcio bifásico é um enxerto aloplástico que possui as vantagens do sulfato de cálcio simples como biocompatibilidade, osteocondutor e biorreabsorção. Objetivo: Determinar a eficácia da regeneração óssea através de estudo histomorfométrico utilizando sulfato de cálcio bifásico isolado e associado ao alendronato. Materiais e métodos: Foram utilizados 24 fémures de coelhos machos andinos entre 1,5 e 2,5 kg, divididos em três grupos: G1 Regeneração óssea fisiológica, G2 Sulfato de cálciobifásico e G3 Sulfato de cálcio bifásico combinado com alendronato. Uma incisão de 2,5 cm foi feita para criar defeitos de 5 mm de diâmetro com uma profundidade de 1,5 mm. Todos os animais foram sacrificados na sexta semana e foram obtidos cortes histomorfométricos. Os testes estatísticos de ANOVA e Tukey com nível de significância de 5% foram utilizados. Resultados: Regeneração óssea foi observada em 10,63%, 40% e 71,88% para G1, G2 e G3 respectivamente. Foi encontrada diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos (p <0,001). Observou-se diferença entre G1 e G3 (p <0,001), assim como entre G2 e G3 (p = 0,05), sendo os melhores resultados encontrados para o G3. Conclusão: O sulfato de cálcio bifásico associado ao alendronato apresentou melhor regeneração óssea quando comparado aos grupos regeneração fisiológica e sulfato de cálcio em coelhos.


Subject(s)
Rabbits , Bone Regeneration , Calcium Sulfate , Alendronate , Diphosphonates , Femur , Pathology, Oral , Analysis of Variance , Bone Transplantation , Bone Remodeling , Dental Research , Alveolar Bone Grafting
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