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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(1): e8621, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055482

ABSTRACT

The use of specially designed wound dressings could be an important alternative to facilitate the healing process of wounds in the hyperglycemic state. Biocompatible dressings combining chitosan and alginate can speed up wound healing by modulating the inflammatory phase, stimulating fibroblast proliferation, and aiding in remodeling phases. However, this biomaterial has not yet been explored in chronic and acute lesions of diabetic patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of topical treatment with a chitosan-alginate membrane on acute skin wounds of hyperglycemic mice. Diabetes mellitus was induced by streptozotocin (60 mg · kg-1 · day-1 for 5 days, intraperitoneally) and the cutaneous wound was performed by removing the epidermis using a surgical punch. The results showed that after 10 days of treatment the chitosan and alginate membrane (CAM) group exhibited better organization of collagen fibers. High concentrations of interleukin (IL)-1α, IL-1β, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) were detected in the first and second days of treatment. G-CSF and TNF-α level decreased after 5 days, as well as the concentrations of TNF-α and IL-10 compared with the control group (CG). In this study, the inflammatory phase of cutaneous lesions of hyperglycemic mice was modulated by the use of CAM, mostly regarding the cytokines IL-1α, IL-1β, TNF-α, G-CSF, and IL-10, resulting in better collagen III deposition. However, further studies are needed to better understand the healing stages associated with CAM use.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Bandages , Wound Healing/drug effects , Chitosan/administration & dosage , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/physiopathology , Alginates/administration & dosage , Time Factors , Biocompatible Materials/administration & dosage , Biomarkers/blood , Collagen/drug effects , Inflammation/prevention & control , Mice, Inbred C57BL
2.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(2): e201900203, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989053

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To analyze, histomorphologically, the influence of the geometry of nanostructured hydroxyapatite and alginate (HAn/Alg) composites in the initial phase of the bone repair. Methods: Fifteen rats were distributed to three groups: MiHA - bone defect filled with HAn/Alg microspheres; GrHA - bone defect filled with HAn/Alg granules; and DV - empty bone defect; evaluated after 15 days postoperatively. The experimental surgical model was the critical bone defect, ≅8.5 mm, in rat calvaria. After euthanasia the specimens were embedded in paraffin and stained with hematoxylin and eosin, picrosirius and Masson-Goldner's trichrome. Results: The histomorphologic analysis showed, in the MiHA, deposition of osteoid matrix within some microspheres and circumjacent to the others, near the bone edges. In GrHA, the deposition of this matrix was scarce inside and adjacent to the granules. In these two groups, chronic granulomatous inflammation was noted, more evident in GrHA. In the DV, it was observed bone neoformation restricted to the bone edges and formation of connective tissue with reduced thickness in relation to the bone edges, throughout the defect. Conclusion: The geometry of the biomaterials was determinant in the tissue response, since the microspheres showed more favorable to the bone regeneration in relation to the granules.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Durapatite/chemistry , Nanostructures/chemistry , Alginates/chemistry , Spectrophotometry, Infrared , Biocompatible Materials/administration & dosage , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Rats, Wistar , Durapatite/administration & dosage , Nanostructures/administration & dosage , Alginates/administration & dosage
3.
Lima; s.n; mar. 2016.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BRISA | ID: biblio-848759

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Antecedentes: Las adherencias son bandas de tejido similar el tejido cicatricial que se forman entre superfícies dentro del organismo y hacen que estas se unan. Se forman más frecuentemente en el abdomen y pelvis después de cirugias intestinales o de los órganos femeninos, estas producen diversar molestias como distención o hinchazón abdominal, estreñimiento, náuseas y vomitos, incluso dolor pélvico intenso y crónico. Las adherencias son parte de un proceso fisiopatológico desencadenado o en respuesta al corte, isquemia, abrasión del peritoneo durante la cirugia. Las zonas alteradas sufren de regeneración mesotelial y fibrosis resultando en la formación de adherencias entre los tejidos serosos dañados. Las adherencias pueden tener un efecto beneficioso, ya que permite neovscularización de zonas isquémicas del intestino, tales como en las anastomosis, pero generalmente ocasionan probelmas cuando se vuelven excesivas. Las adherencias son la principal causa de obstrucción intestinal que causa el 70% de readmisiones hospitalarias. El hialuronato de sodio más carboximetilcelulosa, es descrito como un agente antiadherente no tóxico, no inmunogénico y biocompatible que reduce la incidencia y extensión de las adherencias postoperatorias. Compuesto de hialuronato de sodio y carboximetilcelulosa está modificado químicamente para retardar su tasa de degradación y deputación después de entrar en contato con el organismo. METODOLOGÍA: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica de la literatura con respecto a la eficacia y seguridad del uso del Gel Antiadherencial Post quirúrgico. Se seleccionaron artículos científicos: evaluación de tecnologías santiarias, revisiones sistemáticas, met-análisis y ensayos clínicos. Se realizó una búsqueda dentro de la información generada por grupos que realizan revisiones sistemáticas, evaluación de tencologías sanitarias y guías de práctica clínica, tales como The Cochrane Library y The National Institute for Health and Care Excelence (NICE). Además, se hizo una búsqueda en www.clinicaltrials.gov, para poder identificar ensayos aún en elaboración o que no hayan sido publicados. CONCLUSIONES: Las investigaciones publicadas hasta marzo del 2016 son insuficientes para poder determinar la eficacia y seguridad del gel antiadherencial postquirúrgico (hialuronato de sodio más carboximetilcelulosa). Los resultados de los estudios preclínicos son discordantes con los ensayos clínicos realizados posteriomente. El Instituto de Tecnologías en Salud e Investigación-IETSI, no aprueba el uso del gel antiadherencial en sus presentaciones: (hialuronato de sodio más carboximetilcelulosa, alginato o la combinación de hialuronato de sodio más carboximetilcelulosa y alginato; para la reducción de adherencias abdominlaes y pélvicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdomen/surgery , Hyaluronic Acid/administration & dosage , Pelvis/surgery , Alginates/administration & dosage , Carboxymethylcellulose Sodium/administration & dosage , Drug Combinations , Gels , Postoperative Care/methods , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Tissue Adhesions/complications , Treatment Outcome
4.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 9(3): 519-524, dic. 2015. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-775481

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge applied by dental students on the procedures of disinfection, tempering and pouring of irreversible hydrocolloid impressions. This study was conducted through a questionnaire to 86 undergraduate students, of both genders, of the eighth and ninth period of the School of Dentistry, Pontifical Catholic University, Belo Horizonte, MG. The questionnaire contained 12 multiple choice questions about clinical and laboratory procedures for dental impression. Analyzed data were descriptively and qualitatively. Most subjects (70%) stated they did disinfection of dental impression with 1% sodium hypochlorite spray. However, they did it in open containers (75.4%) and with time control (68.6%). The ratio water / powder is randomly conducted by most students (60.5%), and tap water is the one most commonly used (95.3%). The mixing of the calcium sulfate is done manually by nearly all students (97.7%), and use vibrator during the pouring of the calcium sulfate is common among undergraduates (60.5%). The setting of the calcium sulfate takes place predominantly exposed to air (93%) and the removal of the model is made ??between 30 and 60 min after pouring by 84.9% of students. These results point to the need for awareness of students of adopting practices transmitted during the undergraduate degree. It is also necessary to investigate the possible causes of knowledge transmission problems and how to effectively adopt good clinical practices.


El objetivo fue evaluar el conocimiento aplicado por estudiantes de odontología en los procedimientos de desinfección, templado y vaciado de las impresiones de hidrocoloides irreversibles. Este estudio se llevó a cabo a través de un cuestionario a 86 estudiantes de pregrado, de ambos sexos, del octavo y noveno período de la Escuela de Odontología de la Pontificia Universidad Católica, Belo Horizonte, MG. El cuestionario contenía 12 preguntas de opción múltiple acerca de los procedimientos clínicos y de laboratorio para impresión dental. Los datos fueron analizados de manera descriptiva y cualitativa. La mayoría de los sujetos (70%) declararon que hicieron desinfección de la impresión dental con pulverización de hipoclorito de sodio al 1%. Sin embargo, lo hicieron en recipientes abiertos (75,4%) y con un control de tiempo (68,6%). La relación agua/polvo se realizó de manera aleatoria por la mayoría de los estudiantes (60,5%), utilizando principalmente agua del grifo (95,3%). La mezcla del sulfato de calcio se realiza manualmente por casi todos los estudiantes (97,7%) y el uso del vibrador durante el vertido del sulfato de calcio es común (60,5%). El ajuste del sulfato de calcio tiene lugar predominantemente en exposición al aire (93%), la remoción del modelo se hace entre 30 y 60 min después del vaciado por un 84,9% de los estudiantes. Estos resultados apuntan a la necesidad de que los estudiantes tomen conciencia de las prácticas transmitidas durante la licenciatura. También es necesario investigar las posibles causas de los problemas de transmisión de conocimiento y cómo aplicar efectivamente las buenas prácticas clínicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Dental , Clinical Competence , Dental Disinfectants/administration & dosage , Infection Control, Dental/methods , Dental Impression Materials , Sodium Hypochlorite/administration & dosage , Disinfection , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Equipment Contamination , Surveys and Questionnaires , Alginates/administration & dosage , Learning
5.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2009 Dec; 46(6): 491-497
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-135232

ABSTRACT

Oral therapy utilizing cell microencapsulation has shown promise in the treatment of many diseases. Current obtainable microcapsule membranes, however, show inadequate stability in the gastrointestinal (GI) environment, thus restricting the general application of live cells for oral therapy. To overcome this limitation, we have previously developed a novel multi-layer alginate/poly-L-lysine/pectin/poly-L-lysine/alginate microcapsule (APPPA) with demonstrated improvement on membrane stability over the frequently reported alginate/poly-L-lysine/alginate (APA) microcapsules. In this study, we further examined the effects of preparation conditions on microcapsule formation, and assessed the membrane strength and GI stability. Results showed that increased membrane strength of the APPPA microcapsules was attained by using pectin with low degree of esterification as the mid-layer material, saline as the solvent for the preparation solutions and washing medium, and 0.1 M CaCl2 as the gelling solution for alginate cores. Resistance of this membrane to the simulated GI fluids was also investigated. Permeability of and release profiles from the APPPA microcapsules were found comparable to the APA microcapsules. These findings suggested that the multi-layer APPPA microcapsule formulation may have potential in oral delivery of proteins, live bacterial cells and other biomedical applications.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Alginates/administration & dosage , Alginates/chemistry , Alginates/metabolism , Animals , Calcium Chloride/chemistry , Capsules , Cattle , Cell Membrane Permeability , Drug Compounding/methods , Drug Stability , Gastrointestinal Tract/metabolism , Pectins/chemistry , Sodium/chemistry , Sodium Chloride/chemistry
6.
Rev. bras. queimaduras ; 8(2): 60-64, Maio - Ago 2009.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367644

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O tratamento local da área doadora de enxerto de pele é assunto controverso na literatura médica. Revendo esta problemática, procuramos analisar a capacidade do curativo em resolver a ferida e reduzir desconforto e dor dos pacientes. Método: Foram selecionados 34 pacientes que, de forma aleatória e randomizada, compuseram três grupos: grupo controle (GE-C), curativo de rayon embebido em soro fisiológico 0,9%; grupo estudo-A (GEA), curativo de colágeno bovino associado ao alginato de cálcio e coberto por filme de poliuretano transparente; grupo estudo-B (GE-B), somente filme de poliuretano transparente. Dois observadores independentes avaliaram os pacientes dos três grupos em relação ao desempenho de cada curativo: epitelização, formação de crosta, quantidade e características do exsudato e presença de complicações. A dor foi avaliada por meio da escala visual analógica (EVA), pelo inventário breve de dor (IBD) e índice de manejo da dor (IMD). Resultados: Ao compararmos o GEA em relação ao tempo de epitelização com os outros grupos encontramos, GE-A: 6,3 dias/GE-B: 8,2 dias com p < 0,02; GEA:6,3 dias/GE-C: 11,7 dias com p < 0,01. Em 90% dos pacientes do GEA, registramos dor leve (EVA), 85% do GEA referiu dor não localizada na área doadora de enxerto (IBD) e o IMD ficou entre o intervalo [-3;+1]. Conclusão: Os autores sugerem que a utilização do curativo de colágeno associado ao alginato de cálcio em áreas doadoras de enxerto poderá reduzir o tempo para total epitelização e queixas álgicas e promover maior conforto ao paciente.


Background: Local treatment of the donor site skin graft is controversial in medical literature. Reviewing that issue, we have analyzed the capacity of the dressing random and randomly in solving the wound and reduce both discomfort and pain of patients. Methods: We have random selected 34 patients and randomly divided into three groups: control group (GEC), rayon dressing soaked in saline 0.9% - study group A (GE-A), bovine collagen dressing associated with the alginate calcium and covered with transparent polyurethane film - study group B (GE-B), only transparent polyurethane film. Two independent observers assayed the patients in the three groups regarding the performance of each dressing epithelialization, scabbing, quantity and characteristics of the exudate and the presence of complications. Pain was quantified by: visual analog scale (VAS), the brief pain inventory (IBD) and index of pain management (IMD). Results: Comparing the GEA with respect to time of epithelialization with other groups found, GE-A: 6.3 days / GE-B: 8.2 days p <0.02; GE-A: 6.3 days / GE-C: 11.7 days with p <0.01. In 90% of patients in the GEA recorded mild pain (VAS), 85% of the GEA did not mention pain localized in the donor graft (IBD) and the IMD was between the interval [-3; +1]. Conclusion: The authors suggest that the use of the dressing of collagen associated with calcium alginate in areas of donor grafts may reduce the time for complete epithelization and pain complaints and promote greater patient comfort.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bandages/supply & distribution , Wound Healing , Skin Transplantation/instrumentation , Polyurethanes/administration & dosage , Collagen/administration & dosage , Alginates/administration & dosage
7.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-21070

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Omeprazole treats gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) by inhibition of acid secretion whereas alginate based reflux suppressants work by forming a low density raft of near neutral pH which floats on the stomach contents and physically impedes gastro-oesophageal reflux. There is limited pharmacokinetic information regarding possible drug interaction between these two types of products, although these may be frequently co-prescribed to improve symptom control in GORD patients. This study was designed to determine whether the administration of a 10 per cent w/v liquid alginate suspension affected the pharmacokinetic profile of omeprazole. METHODS: This was a randomized, two-treatment, two-sequence, two-period crossover study in 26 volunteers. Each treatment was dosed for 3 consecutive days with a washout period of 7 days between dosing periods. Blood samples for pharmacokinetic analysis were taken over the 24 h period following the final dose of omeprazole. RESULTS: Geometric means and ratios were as follows: C(max) was 555 for omeprazole/alginate and 558 for omeprazole alone (ratio 99.55%, 90% confidence interval 82.75-119.75%; AUC(0-t) was 2050 for omeprazole/alginate and 2094 for omeprazole alone (ratio 97.90%, 90% confidence interval 87.83-109.12%); AUC(0-a) was 2247 for omeprazole/alginate and 2231 for omeprazole alone (ratio 100.74%, 90% confidence interval 90.05-112.70%). Mean values for T(max), K(el) and T(1/2) were also similar for the two treatment regimens. INTERPRETATION & CONCLUSION: As the 90 per cent confidence intervals for the geometric mean ratios for C(max), AUC(0-t), and AUC(0-alpha) are all contained within the bioequivalence interval of 80-125 per cent, it can be concluded that the administration of this liquid alginate suspension does not affect the pharmacokinetic profile of omeprazole.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Alginates/administration & dosage , Antacids/administration & dosage , Biological Availability , Cross-Over Studies , Drug Interactions , Drug Therapy, Combination , Gastroesophageal Reflux/drug therapy , Humans , Male , Omeprazole/administration & dosage , Proton Pumps/antagonists & inhibitors
9.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 4(2): 91-97, maio-ago. 2004. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-442637

ABSTRACT

Devido à alta aplicabilidade do alginato e do gesso pedra na odontologia, o presente estudo teve como proposição avaliaros procedimentos de desinfecção, acondicionamento evazamento de moldes de alginato por acadêmicos na clínica odontológica da UNESP/CSJCAMPOS, bem como sugerirmanobras a fim de otimizarem os resultados desses trabalhosna clínica diária. Para tanto, um questionário com perguntas abertas e fechadas foi aplicado a 63 alunos do último ano docurso de odontologia. Baseado nos resultados, os seguintes procedimentos foram sugeridos: providenciar água destilada para a manipulação do gesso; alertar os acadêmicos sobre a importância de uma espatulação vigorosa do gesso por no máximo 1 minuto, além de conscientizá - los da necessidade demanter o molde sempre no umidificador depois de ter sidovertido com gesso


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Alginates/administration & dosage , Alginates/chemistry , Disinfection , Dental Impression Materials , Calcium Sulfate , Students, Dental , Surveys and Questionnaires
10.
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