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2.
Estima (Online) ; 21(1): e1311, jan-dez. 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1443204

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Relatar a experiência de uma equipe de enfermeiros estomaterapeutas na construção de um algoritmo para a indicação de equipamento coletor para estomias de eliminação. Método: Relato de experiência, do período de janeiro de 2018 a setembro de 2019, sobre o processo de construção de um algoritmo para indicação de equipamento coletor para estomias de eliminação. Resultados: A partir de determinadas características clínicas (parâmetros de avaliação) e da categorização dos equipamentos coletores (solução), foi desenvolvido um algoritmo para indicação de equipamento coletor para estomias de eliminação. Conclusão: Espera-se que esse instrumento possa auxiliar os enfermeiros na sua prática profissional quanto à escolha do equipamento coletor e na construção de protocolos clínicos.


Objective:To report the experience of a team of enterostomal therapists in the construction of an algorithm for the indication of collecting equipment for elimination stomas. Method: Experience report, from January 2018 to September 2019, on the process of building an algorithm to indicate collecting equipment for elimination stomas. Results: Based on certain clinical characteristics (assessment parameters) and the categorization of collecting equipment (solution), an algorithm was developed to indicate collecting equipment for elimination stomas. Conclusion: It is expected that this instrument can help nurses in their professional practice regarding the choice of collecting equipment and the construction of clinical protocols.


Objetivo:Relatar la experiencia de un equipo de enfermeros estomaterapeutas en la construcción de un algoritmo para la indicación de equipos recolectores para estomas de eliminación. Método: Informe de experiencia, de enero de 2018 a septiembre de 2019, sobre el proceso de construcción de un algoritmo para indicar equipos colectores para estomas de eliminación. Resultado: A partir de ciertas características clínicas (parámetros de evaluación) y la categorización de los equipos colectores (solución), se desarrolló un algoritmo para indicar equipos colectores para estomas de eliminación. Conclusión: Se espera que este instrumento pueda ayudar a los enfermeros en su práctica profesional en cuanto a la elección de equipos de recolección y la construcción de protocolos clínicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Algorithms , Ostomy/instrumentation , Ostomy/nursing , Nurse Specialists , Enterostomal Therapy
4.
Aesthethika (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 19(2): 57-61, sept. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1523804

ABSTRACT

La fantasía que impera en este film plantea la ilusión de encontrar un ser complementario que se adapte a nuestras preferencias y nos haga plenos. "Mi algoritmo está diseñado para hacerte feliz" dice el humanoide. Ilusión de que alguien tendría la posibilidad de ser complementario, de saber exactamente lo que el otro requiere. Estamos en las antípodas de la famosa fórmula de Lacan:" (Le Séminaire, Encore, 1975) "No hay relación sexual" (o sea, no hay complementariedad). No habría resto, el sujeto no estaría atravesado por la castración simbólica. La IA compite con Zeus. La fantasía del Uno, organismo previo a la separación del andrógino por parte de Zeus, se podría materializar con la IA


The fantasy that prevails in this film, raises the illusion of finding a complementary being that adapts to our preferences and makes us full. "My algorithm is designed to make you happy," says the humanoid. Illusion that someone would have the possibility of being complementary, of knowing exactly what the other requires. We are at the antipodes of Lacan's famous formula: "(Le Séminaire, Encore, 1975) "There is no sexual intercourse" (that is, there is no complementarity). There would be no rest, the subject would not be pierced by symbolic castration. AI competes with Zeus. The fantasy of the One, an organism prior to the separation of the androgynous by Zeus, could materialize with AI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence , Sentiment Analysis , Algorithms , Motion Pictures
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(4): 1267-1272, ago. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514354

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: In the study, it was aimed to predict sex from hand measurements using machine learning algorithms (MLA). Measurements were made on MR images of 60 men and 60 women. Determined parameters; hand length (HL), palm length (PL), hand width (HW), wrist width (EBG), metacarpal I length (MIL), metacarpal I width (MIW), metacarpal II length (MIIL), metacarpal II width (MIIW), metacarpal III length (MIIL), metacarpal III width (MIIIW), metacarpal IV length (MIVL), metacarpal IV width (MIVW), metacarpal V length (MVL), metacarpal V width (MVW), phalanx I length (PILL), measured as phalanx II length (PIIL), phalanx III length (PIIL), phalanx IV length (PIVL), phalanx V length (PVL). In addition, the hand index (HI) was calculated. Logistic Regression (LR), Random Forest (RF), Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA), K-nearest neighbour (KNN) and Naive Bayes (NB) were used as MLAs. In the study, the KNN algorithm's Accuracy, SEN, F1 and Specificity ratios were determined as 88 %. In this study using MLA, it is understood that the highest accuracy belongs to the KNN algorithm. Except for the hand's MIIW, MIIIW, MIVW, MVW, HI variables, other variables were statistically significant in terms of sex difference.


En el estudio, el objetivo era predecir el sexo a partir de mediciones manuales utilizando algoritmos de aprendizaje automático (MLA). Las mediciones se realizaron en imágenes de RM de 60 hombres y 60 mujeres. Parámetros determinados; longitud de la mano (HL), longitud de la palma (PL), ancho de la mano (HW), ancho de la muñeca (EBG), longitud del metacarpiano I (MIL), ancho del metacarpiano I (MIW), longitud del metacarpiano II (MIIL), ancho del metacarpiano II (MIIW), longitud del metacarpiano III (MIIL), ancho del metacarpiano III (MIIIW), longitud del metacarpiano IV (MIVL), ancho del metacarpiano IV (MIVW), longitud del metacarpiano V (MVL), ancho del metacarpiano V (MVW), longitud de la falange I (PILL), medido como longitud de la falange II (PIIL), longitud de la falange III (PIIL), longitud de la falange IV (PIVL), longitud de la falange V (PVL). Además, se calculó el índice de la mano (HI). Regresión logística (LR), Random Forest (RF), Análisis discriminante lineal (LDA), K-vecino más cercano (KNN) y Naive Bayes (NB) se utilizaron como MLA. En el estudio, las proporciones de precisión, SEN, F1 y especificidad del algoritmo KNN se determinaron en un 88 %. En este estudio que utiliza MLA, se entiende que la mayor precisión pertenece al algoritmo KNN. Excepto por las variables MIIW, MIIIW, MIVW, MVW, HI de la mano, otras variables fueron estadísticamente significativas en términos de diferencia de sexo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Carpal Bones/diagnostic imaging , Finger Phalanges/diagnostic imaging , Metacarpal Bones/diagnostic imaging , Sex Determination by Skeleton/methods , Algorithms , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Carpal Bones/anatomy & histology , Discriminant Analysis , Logistic Models , Finger Phalanges/anatomy & histology , Metacarpal Bones/anatomy & histology , Machine Learning , Random Forest
7.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1233-1240, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987040

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To propose a sensitivity test method for geometric correction position deviation of cone-beam CT systems.@*METHODS@#We proposed the definition of center deviation and its derivation. We analyzed the influence of the variation of the three-dimensional spatial center of the steel ball point, the projection center and the size of the steel ball point on the deviation of geometric parameters and the reconstructed image results by calculating the geometric correction parameters based on the Noo analytical method using the FDK reconstruction algorithm for image reconstruction.@*RESULTS@#The radius of the steel ball point was within 3 mm. The deviation of the center of the calibration parameter was within the order of magnitude and negligible. A 10% Gaussian perturbation of a single pixel in the 3D spatial coordinates of the steel ball point produced a deviation of about 3 pixel sizes, while the same Gaussian perturbation of the 2D projection coordinates of the steel ball point produced a deviation of about 2 pixel sizes.@*CONCLUSION@#The geometric correction is more sensitive to the deviation generated by the three-dimensional spatial coordinates of the steel ball point with limited sensitivity to the deviation generated by the two-dimensional projection coordinates of the steel ball point. The deviation sensitivity of a small diameter steel ball point can be ignored.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Calibration , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Steel
8.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1224-1232, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987039

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To propose a diffusion tensor field estimation network based on 3D U-Net and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) model constraint (3D DTI-Unet) to accurately estimate DTI quantification parameters from a small number of diffusion-weighted (DW) images with a low signal-to-noise ratio.@*METHODS@#The input of 3D DTI-Unet was noisy diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI) data containing one non-DW image and 6 DW images with different diffusion coding directions. The noise-reduced non-DW image and accurate diffusion tensor field were predicted through 3D U-Net. The dMRI data were reconstructed using the DTI model and compared with the true value of dMRI data to optimize the network and ensure the consistency of the dMRI data with the physical model of the diffusion tensor field. We compared 3D DTI-Unet with two DW image denoising algorithms (MP-PCA and GL-HOSVD) to verify the effect of the proposed method.@*RESULTS@#The proposed method was better than MP-PCA and GL-HOSVD in terms of quantitative results and visual evaluation of DW images, diffusion tensor field and DTI quantification parameters.@*CONCLUSION@#The proposed method can obtain accurate DTI quantification parameters from one non-DW image and 6 DW images to reduce image acquisition time and improve the reliability of quantitative diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Diffusion Tensor Imaging , Reproducibility of Results , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Algorithms , Signal-To-Noise Ratio
9.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1214-1223, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987038

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To propose a framework that combines sinogram interpolation with unsupervised image-to-image translation (UNIT) network to correct metal artifacts in CT images.@*METHODS@#The initially corrected CT image and the prior image without artifacts, which were considered as different elements in two different domains, were input into the image transformation network to obtain the corrected image. Verification experiments were carried out to assess the effectiveness of the proposed method using the simulation data, and PSNR and SSIM were calculated for quantitative evaluation of the performance of the method.@*RESULTS@#The experiment using the simulation data showed that the proposed method achieved better results for improving image quality as compared with other methods, and the corrected images preserved more details and structures. Compared with ADN algorithm, the proposed algorithm improved the PSNR and SSIM by 2.4449 and 0.0023 when the metal was small, by 5.9942 and 8.8388 for images with large metals, and by 8.8388 and 0.0130 when both small and large metals were present, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The proposed method for metal artifact correction can effectively remove metal artifacts, improve image quality, and preserve more details and structures on CT images.


Subject(s)
Artifacts , Algorithms , Computer Simulation , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
10.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1010-1016, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987015

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To propose an deep learning-based algorithm for automatic prediction of dose distribution in radiotherapy planning for head and neck cancer.@*METHODS@#We propose a novel beam dose decomposition learning (BDDL) method designed on a cascade network. The delivery matter of beam through the planning target volume (PTV) was fitted with the pre-defined beam angles, which served as an input to the convolution neural network (CNN). The output of the network was decomposed into multiple sub-fractions of dose distribution along the beam directions to carry out a complex task by performing multiple simpler sub-tasks, thus allowing the model more focused on extracting the local features. The subfractions of dose distribution map were merged into a distribution map using the proposed multi-voting mechanism. We also introduced dose distribution features of the regions-of-interest (ROIs) and boundary map as the loss function during the training phase to serve as constraining factors of the network when extracting features of the ROIs and areas of dose boundary. Public datasets of radiotherapy planning for head and neck cancer were used for obtaining the accuracy of dose distribution of the BDDL method and for implementing the ablation study of the proposed method.@*RESULTS@#The BDDL method achieved a Dose score of 2.166 and a DVH score of 1.178 (P < 0.05), demonstrating its superior prediction accuracy to that of current state-ofthe-art (SOTA) methods. Compared with the C3D method, which was in the first place in OpenKBP-2020 Challenge, the BDDL method improved the Dose score and DVH score by 26.3% and 30%, respectively. The results of the ablation study also demonstrated the effectiveness of each key component of the BDDL method.@*CONCLUSION@#The BDDL method utilizes the prior knowledge of the delivery matter of beam and dose distribution in the ROIs to establish a dose prediction model. Compared with the existing methods, the proposed method is interpretable and reliable and can be potentially applied in clinical radiotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Deep Learning , Head and Neck Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Algorithms , Neural Networks, Computer
11.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 839-851, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986996

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the consistency and diagnostic performance of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for detecting microvascular invasion (MVI) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and the validity of deep learning attention mechanisms and clinical features for MVI grade prediction.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study was conducted among 158 patients with HCC treated in Shunde Hospital Affiliated to Southern Medical University between January, 2017 and February, 2020. The imaging data and clinical data of the patients were collected to establish single sequence deep learning models and fusion models based on the EfficientNetB0 and attention modules. The imaging data included conventional MRI sequences (T1WI, T2WI, and DWI), enhanced MRI sequences (AP, PP, EP, and HBP) and synthesized MRI sequences (T1mapping-pre and T1mapping-20 min), and the high-risk areas of MVI were visualized using deep learning visualization techniques.@*RESULTS@#The fusion model based on T1mapping-20min sequence and clinical features outperformed other fusion models with an accuracy of 0.8376, a sensitivity of 0.8378, a specificity of 0.8702, and an AUC of 0.8501 for detecting MVI. The deep fusion models were also capable of displaying the high-risk areas of MVI.@*CONCLUSION@#The fusion models based on multiple MRI sequences can effectively detect MVI in patients with HCC, demonstrating the validity of deep learning algorithm that combines attention mechanism and clinical features for MVI grade prediction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Retrospective Studies , Liver Neoplasms , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Algorithms
12.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 755-763, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986986

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To propose a non-contrast CT-based algorithm for automated and accurate detection of pancreatic lesions at a low cost.@*METHODS@#With Faster RCNN as the benchmark model, an advanced Faster RCNN (aFaster RCNN) model for pancreatic lesions detection based on plain CT was constructed. The model uses the residual connection network Resnet50 as the feature extraction module to extract the deep image features of pancreatic lesions. According to the morphology of pancreatic lesions, 9 anchor frame sizes were redesigned to construct the RPN module. A new Bounding Box regression loss function was proposed to constrain the training process of RPN module regression subnetwork by comprehensively considering the constraints of the lesion shape and anatomical structure. Finally, a detection frame was generated using the detector in the second stage. The data from a total of 728 cases of pancreatic diseases from 4 clinical centers in China were used for training (518 cases, 71.15%) and testing (210 cases, 28.85%) of the model. The performance of aFaster RCNN was verified through ablation experiments and comparison experiments with 3 classical target detection models SSD, YOLO and CenterNet.@*RESULTS@#The aFaster RCNN model for pancreatic lesion detection achieved recall rates of 73.64% at the image level and 92.38% at the patient level, with an average precision of 45.29% and 53.80% at the image and patient levels, respectively, which were higher than those of the 3 models for comparison.@*CONCLUSION@#The proposed method can effectively extract the imaging features of pancreatic lesions from non-contrast CT images to detect the pancreatic lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreas/diagnostic imaging , Algorithms , China , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
13.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 620-630, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986970

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To propose a semi-supervised material quantitative intelligent imaging algorithm based on prior information perception learning (SLMD-Net) to improve the quality and precision of spectral CT imaging.@*METHODS@#The algorithm includes a supervised and a self- supervised submodule. In the supervised submodule, the mapping relationship between low and high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) data was constructed through mean square error loss function learning based on a small labeled dataset. In the self- supervised sub-module, an image recovery model was utilized to construct the loss function incorporating the prior information from a large unlabeled low SNR basic material image dataset, and the total variation (TV) model was used to to characterize the prior information of the images. The two submodules were combined to form the SLMD-Net method, and pre-clinical simulation data were used to validate the feasibility and effectiveness of the algorithm.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the traditional model-driven quantitative imaging methods (FBP-DI, PWLS-PCG, and E3DTV), data-driven supervised-learning-based quantitative imaging methods (SUMD-Net and BFCNN), a material quantitative imaging method based on unsupervised learning (UNTV-Net) and semi-supervised learning-based cycle consistent generative adversarial network (Semi-CycleGAN), the proposed SLMD-Net method had better performance in both visual and quantitative assessments. For quantitative imaging of water and bone materials, the SLMD-Net method had the highest PSNR index (31.82 and 29.06), the highest FSIM index (0.95 and 0.90), and the lowest RMSE index (0.03 and 0.02), respectively) and achieved significantly higher image quality scores than the other 7 material decomposition methods (P < 0.05). The material quantitative imaging performance of SLMD-Net was close to that of the supervised network SUMD-Net trained with labeled data with a doubled size.@*CONCLUSIONS@#A small labeled dataset and a large unlabeled low SNR material image dataset can be fully used to suppress noise amplification and artifacts in basic material decomposition in spectral CT and reduce the dependence on labeled data-driven network, which considers more realistic scenario in clinics.


Subject(s)
Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted/methods , Algorithms , Signal-To-Noise Ratio , Perception
14.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 450-457, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981562

ABSTRACT

The recurrent neural network architecture improves the processing ability of time-series data. However, issues such as exploding gradients and poor feature extraction limit its application in the automatic diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). This paper proposed a research approach for building an MCI diagnostic model using a Bayesian-optimized bidirectional long short-term memory network (BO-BiLSTM) to address this problem. The diagnostic model was based on a Bayesian algorithm and combined prior distribution and posterior probability results to optimize the BO-BiLSTM network hyperparameters. It also used multiple feature quantities that fully reflected the cognitive state of the MCI brain, such as power spectral density, fuzzy entropy, and multifractal spectrum, as the input of the diagnostic model to achieve automatic MCI diagnosis. The results showed that the feature-fused Bayesian-optimized BiLSTM network model achieved an MCI diagnostic accuracy of 98.64% and effectively completed the diagnostic assessment of MCI. In conclusion, based on this optimization, the long short-term neural network model has achieved automatic diagnostic assessment of MCI, providing a new diagnostic model for intelligent diagnosis of MCI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bayes Theorem , Neural Networks, Computer , Algorithms , Brain , Cognitive Dysfunction/diagnosis
15.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 426-433, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981559

ABSTRACT

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an interventional technique capable of highly effective neuromodulation in major depressive disorder (MDD), but its antidepressant mechanism remains unclear. By recording the resting-state electroencephalogram (RS-EEG) of 19 MDD patients before and after ECT, we analyzed the modulation effect of ECT on the resting-state brain functional network of MDD patients from multiple perspectives: estimating spontaneous EEG activity power spectral density (PSD) using Welch algorithm; constructing brain functional network based on imaginary part coherence (iCoh) and calculate functional connectivity; using minimum spanning tree theory to explore the topological characteristics of brain functional network. The results show that PSD, functional connectivity, and topology in multiple frequency bands were significantly changed after ECT in MDD patients. The results of this study reveal that ECT changes the brain activity of MDD patients, which provides an important reference in the clinical treatment and mechanism analysis of MDD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Depressive Disorder, Major/therapy , Electroconvulsive Therapy , Brain , Algorithms , Electroencephalography
16.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 392-400, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981555

ABSTRACT

Medical image segmentation based on deep learning has become a powerful tool in the field of medical image processing. Due to the special nature of medical images, image segmentation algorithms based on deep learning face problems such as sample imbalance, edge blur, false positive, false negative, etc. In view of these problems, researchers mostly improve the network structure, but rarely improve from the unstructured aspect. The loss function is an important part of the segmentation method based on deep learning. The improvement of the loss function can improve the segmentation effect of the network from the root, and the loss function is independent of the network structure, which can be used in various network models and segmentation tasks in plug and play. Starting from the difficulties in medical image segmentation, this paper first introduces the loss function and improvement strategies to solve the problems of sample imbalance, edge blur, false positive and false negative. Then the difficulties encountered in the improvement of the current loss function are analyzed. Finally, the future research directions are prospected. This paper provides a reference for the reasonable selection, improvement or innovation of loss function, and guides the direction for the follow-up research of loss function.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
17.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 335-342, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981547

ABSTRACT

When performing eye movement pattern classification for different tasks, support vector machines are greatly affected by parameters. To address this problem, we propose an algorithm based on the improved whale algorithm to optimize support vector machines to enhance the performance of eye movement data classification. According to the characteristics of eye movement data, this study first extracts 57 features related to fixation and saccade, then uses the ReliefF algorithm for feature selection. To address the problems of low convergence accuracy and easy falling into local minima of the whale algorithm, we introduce inertia weights to balance local search and global search to accelerate the convergence speed of the algorithm and also use the differential variation strategy to increase individual diversity to jump out of local optimum. In this paper, experiments are conducted on eight test functions, and the results show that the improved whale algorithm has the best convergence accuracy and convergence speed. Finally, this paper applies the optimized support vector machine model of the improved whale algorithm to the task of classifying eye movement data in autism, and the experimental results on the public dataset show that the accuracy of the eye movement data classification of this paper is greatly improved compared with that of the traditional support vector machine method. Compared with the standard whale algorithm and other optimization algorithms, the optimized model proposed in this paper has higher recognition accuracy and provides a new idea and method for eye movement pattern recognition. In the future, eye movement data can be obtained by combining it with eye trackers to assist in medical diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Support Vector Machine , Whales , Eye Movements , Algorithms
18.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 286-294, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981541

ABSTRACT

The existing automatic sleep staging algorithms have the problems of too many model parameters and long training time, which in turn results in poor sleep staging efficiency. Using a single channel electroencephalogram (EEG) signal, this paper proposed an automatic sleep staging algorithm for stochastic depth residual networks based on transfer learning (TL-SDResNet). Firstly, a total of 30 single-channel (Fpz-Cz) EEG signals from 16 individuals were selected, and after preserving the effective sleep segments, the raw EEG signals were pre-processed using Butterworth filter and continuous wavelet transform to obtain two-dimensional images containing its time-frequency joint features as the input data for the staging model. Then, a ResNet50 pre-trained model trained on a publicly available dataset, the sleep database extension stored in European data format (Sleep-EDFx) was constructed, using a stochastic depth strategy and modifying the output layer to optimize the model structure. Finally, transfer learning was applied to the human sleep process throughout the night. The algorithm in this paper achieved a model staging accuracy of 87.95% after conducting several experiments. Experiments show that TL-SDResNet50 can accomplish fast training of a small amount of EEG data, and the overall effect is better than other staging algorithms and classical algorithms in recent years, which has certain practical value.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sleep Stages , Algorithms , Sleep , Wavelet Analysis , Electroencephalography/methods , Machine Learning
19.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 265-271, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981538

ABSTRACT

Closed-loop transcranial ultrasound stimulation technology is based on real-time feedback signals, and has the potential for precise regulation of neural activity. In this paper, firstly the local field potential (LFP) and electromyogram (EMG) signals of mice under different intensities of ultrasound stimulation were recorded, then the mathematical model of ultrasound intensity and mouse LFP peak/EMG mean was established offline based on the data, and the closed-loop control system of LFP peak and EMG mean based on PID neural network control algorithm was simulated and built to realize closed-loop control of LFP peak and EMG mean of mice. In addition, using the generalized minimum variance control algorithm, the closed-loop control of theta oscillation power was realized. There was no significant difference between the LFP peak, EMG mean and theta power under closed-loop ultrasound control and the given value, indicating a significant control effect on the LFP peak, EMG mean and theta power of mice. Transcranial ultrasound stimulation based on closed-loop control algorithms provides a direct tool for precise modulation of electrophysiological signals in mice.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Deep Brain Stimulation , Algorithms , Electromyography
20.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 249-256, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981536

ABSTRACT

Hypertension is the primary disease that endangers human health. A convenient and accurate blood pressure measurement method can help to prevent the hypertension. This paper proposed a continuous blood pressure measurement method based on facial video signal. Firstly, color distortion filtering and independent component analysis were used to extract the video pulse wave of the region of interest in the facial video signal, and the multi-dimensional feature extraction of the pulse wave was preformed based on the time-frequency domain and physiological principles; Secondly, an integrated feature selection method was designed to extract the universal optimal feature subset; After that, we compared the single person blood pressure measurement models established by Elman neural network based on particle swarm optimization, support vector machine (SVM) and deep belief network; Finally, we used SVM algorithm to build a general blood pressure prediction model, which was compared and evaluated with the real blood pressure value. The experimental results showed that the blood pressure measurement results based on facial video were in good agreement with the standard blood pressure values. Comparing the estimated blood pressure from the video with standard blood pressure value, the mean absolute error (MAE) of systolic blood pressure was 4.9 mm Hg with a standard deviation (STD) of 5.9 mm Hg, and the MAE of diastolic blood pressure was 4.6 mm Hg with a STD of 5.0 mm Hg, which met the AAMI standards. The non-contact blood pressure measurement method based on video stream proposed in this paper can be used for blood pressure measurement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure/physiology , Blood Pressure Determination/methods , Algorithms , Hypertension/diagnosis , Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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