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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e247422, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285631

ABSTRACT

Abstract Plasmodium falciparum resistance to Chloroquine (CQ) is a significant cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. There is a paucity of documented data on the prevalence of CQ-resistant mutant haplotypes of Pfcrt and Pfmdr1 genes from malaria-endemic war effected Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of P. falciparum CQ-resistance in this area. Clinical isolates were collected between May 2017 and May 2018 from North Waziristan and South Waziristan agencies of Federally Administrated Trial Area. Subsequently, Giemsa-stained blood smears were examined to detect Plasmodium falciparum. Extraction of malarial DNA was done from microscopy positive P. falciparum samples, and P. falciparum infections were confirmed by nested PCR (targeting Plasmodium small subunit ribosomal ribonucleic acid (ssrRNA) genes). All PCR confirmed P. falciparum samples were sequenced by pyrosequencing to find out mutation in Pfcrt gene at codon K76T and in pfmdr1 at codons N86Y, Y184F, N1042D, and D1246Y. Out of 121 microscopies positive P. falciparum cases, 109 samples were positive for P. falciparum by nested PCR. Pfcrt K76T mutation was found in 96% of isolates, Pfmdr1 N86Y mutation was observed in 20%, and 11% harboured Y184F mutation. All samples were wild type for Pfmdr1 codon N1042D and D1246Y. In the FATA, Pakistan, the frequency of resistant allele 76T remained high despite the removal of CQ. However, current findings of the study suggest complete fixation of P. falciparum CQ-resistant genotype in the study area.


Resumo A resistência do Plasmodium falciparum à cloroquina (CQ) é uma causa significativa de mortalidade e morbidade em todo o mundo. Há uma escassez de dados documentados sobre a prevalência de haplótipos mutantes CQ-resistentes dos genes Pfcrt e Pfmdr1 da guerra endêmica da malária em áreas tribais administradas pelo governo federal do Paquistão. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a prevalência de resistência a CQ de P. falciparum nesta área. Isolados clínicos foram coletados entre maio de 2017 e maio de 2018 nas agências do Waziristão do Norte e do Waziristão do Sul da Área de Ensaio Administrada Federalmente. Posteriormente, esfregaços de sangue corados com Giemsa foram examinados para detectar Plasmodium falciparum. A extração do DNA da malária foi feita a partir de amostras de P. falciparum positivas para microscopia, e as infecções por P. falciparum foram confirmadas por nested PCR (visando genes de ácido ribonucleico ribossômico de subunidade pequena de Plasmodium (ssrRNA)). Todas as amostras de P. falciparum confirmadas por PCR foram sequenciadas por pirosequenciamento para descobrir a mutação no gene Pfcrt no códon K76T e em pfmdr1 nos códons N86Y, Y184F, N1042D e D1246Y. De 121 microscopias de casos positivos de P. falciparum, 109 amostras foram positivas para P. falciparum por nested PCR. A mutação Pfcrt K76T foi encontrada em 96% dos isolados, a mutação Pfmdr1 N86Y foi observada em 20% e 11% abrigou a mutação Y184F. Todas as amostras eram do tipo selvagem para o códon N1042D e D1246Y de Pfmdr1. No FATA, Paquistão, a frequência do alelo resistente 76T permaneceu alta apesar da remoção de CQ. No entanto, as descobertas atuais do estudo sugerem a fixação completa do genótipo resistente a CQ de P. falciparum na área de estudo.


Subject(s)
Plasmodium falciparum/genetics , Antimalarials/pharmacology , Pakistan , Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Drug Resistance/genetics , Protozoan Proteins/genetics , Chloroquine/pharmacology , Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins/genetics , Alleles
2.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(3): 143-151, 20210000. tab, fig
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1359736

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: al menos el 50% de los casos de aborto espontáneo recurrente son etiológicamente idiopáticos. Recientemente se han propuesto varios polimorfismos genéticos como factores de riesgo de susceptibilidad a la pérdida del embarazo. Objetivo: El objetivo del presente estudio de casos y controles es establecer la asociación entre los polimorfismos funcionales −2549 I / D en la región promotora del gen del factor de crecimiento endotelial vascular A (VEGFA) y el aborto espontáneo recurrente idiopático (IRSM) en una muestra de las mujeres jordanas. Sujetos y métodos: Se reclutaron 328 sujetos, 103 y 98 mujeres con IRSM primario y secundario, respectivamente, se seleccionaron 127 mujeres normales como grupo de control. Se aisló ADN genómico de una muestra de sangre extraída de cada participante, luego, se genotipificaron los polimorfismos I / D -2549 del gen VEGFA mediante la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR). Resultados: Los resultados obtenidos revelaron que el polimorfismo ID y el alelo D de VEGFA -2549 polimorfismos I / D tienen las frecuencias más altas en pacientes IRSM tanto primario como secundario, sin diferencia significativa entre los tres grupos en cuanto a polimorfismos y frecuencias alélicas, pacientes con DD + ID Los modelos genéticos tienen una asociación positiva con un alto riesgo de IRSM versus el modelo II, y los pacientes con alelo D son más propensos a tener IRSM que los que tienen el alelo I, no hay diferencia significativa en la asociación de polimorfismos VEGFA -2549 I / D con IRSM en los tres modelos genéticos de los pacientes con IRSM primario y secundario. Conclusión: los pacientes con modelo genético ID de polimorfismos I / D -2549 en la región promotora del gen VEGFA y el alelo D tienen mayor riesgo de IRSM


Background: At least 50% of the cases of recurrent spontaneous miscarriage are aetiologically idiopathic. Recently various genetic polymorphisms have been proposed as susceptibility risk factors for pregnancy loss. Objective: The aim of the present case control study is to establish the association between the functional −2549 I/D polymorphisms in the promoter region of the vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) gene and idiopathic recurrent spontaneous miscarriage (IRSM) in a sample of Jordanian women. Subjects and methods: 328 subjects were recruited, 103 and 98 women with primary and secondary IRSM, respectively, 127 normal women were selected as a control group. Genomic DNA was isolated from a blood sample withdrawn from each participant, then, -2549 I/D polymorphisms of VEGFA gene were genotyped by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). Results: The obtained results revealed that ID polymorphism and D allele of VEGFA -2549 I/D polymorphisms have the highest frequencies in both primary and secondary IRSM patients, no significant difference between the three groups regarding polymorphisms and allele frequencies, patients with DD+ID genetic models have positive association with high risk of IRSM versus II model, and patients with D allele are more liable to have IRSM than those having I allele, no significant difference in the association of VEGFA -2549 I/D polymorphisms with IRSM in the three genetic models of the primary and secondary IRSM patients. Conclusion: patients with ID genetic model of -2549 I/D polymorphisms in the VEGFA gene's promotor region and D allele have higher risk for IRSM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Polymorphism, Genetic , DNA/blood , Case-Control Studies , Abortion, Spontaneous/pathology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Endothelial Growth Factors , Abortion, Habitual/etiology , Alleles , Models, Genetic
3.
Electron J Biotechnol ; 49: 72-81, Jan. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291929

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.) is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Diospyros. In this study, genetic diversity and variations in persimmon genotypes were investigated using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers identified by genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) analysis. RESULTS: Ninety-five persimmon accessions grown in the Pear Research Institute, National Institute Horticultural and Herbal Science, were sequenced using the Illumina Hiseq2500 platform and polymorphic SNPs were detected to develop molecular markers. These reliable SNPs were analyzed using the Kompetitive Allele Specific PCR (KASP) assay to discriminate among persimmon genotypes. GBS generated a total of 447,495,724 trimmed reads, of which 89.7% were raw reads. After demultiplexing and sequence quality trimming, 108,876,644 clean reads were mapped to the reference transcriptome. An average of 1,146,070 genotype reads were mapped. Filtering of raw SNPs in each sample led to selection of a total of 1,725,401 high-quality SNPs. The number of homozygous and heterozygous SNPs ranged from 1,933 to 6,834 and from 846 to 5,927, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Of the 49 SNPs selected for development of an identification system for persimmons, 15 SNPs were used in the KASP assay to analyze 32 persimmon accessions. These KASP markers discriminated among all accessions.


Subject(s)
Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Diospyros/genetics , Genetic Variation , Genetic Markers , Chromosome Mapping , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Alleles , Genotyping Techniques , Homozygote
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e10098, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142576

ABSTRACT

We aimed to present an overview of the literature regarding the interaction between physical exercise and APOE gene polymorphism on cognitive function, particularly in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Firstly, this review focused on the effect of the physical exercise on cognitive function, regardless of APOE gene polymorphism. Some studies have shown that a high level of cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with less neuronal damage with an improvement in memory score tests whereas other studies failed to detect any association between physical exercise and cognitive improvement either in healthy individuals or patients with AD. Taken together, standardized protocols and more longitudinal studies are required to provide a better insight into the effects of physical exercise on cognitive function. Although there is no agreement in the literature regarding the effects of physical exercise on cognitive function, it is well established that it improves social interaction and the feeling of well-being, thereby positively contributing to the quality of life of the elderly. Regarding the influence of physical exercise on cognitive function in APOE ε4 allele carriers, the data trend shows that the carriers of allele ε4 for APOE gene were more responsive to the beneficial effects of physical exercise on cognitive function compared with non-carriers. Nevertheless, studies with larger sample sizes will provide more accuracy about this relationship.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Apolipoproteins E/genetics , Exercise , Cognition , Polymorphism, Genetic , Quality of Life , Alleles , Alzheimer Disease/genetics , Genotype
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1929-1934, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922226

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role and significance of blood group genotyping and gene sequencing technology in the identification of blood group subtypes.@*METHODS@#Blood type of the proband and his son were identified by blood type serology, and ABO genotyping and DNA sequencing were performed according to the results of serological expression pattern.@*RESULTS@#The weak B antigen expression was found in the proband and his son by serological test, and was preliminarily identified as B3 subtype. The ABO blood group genotyping confirmed that the genotype of the proband and his son was B/O1 and B/O2, respectively. Finally, through gene sequencing, it was confirmed that the B101 allele of the proband and his son showed a heterozygous mutation of 5873CT.@*CONCLUSION@#The combination of serology, genotyping and sequencing showed find new blood group gene mutation sites, which is important strategic significance for accurate blood group identification, personalized blood use and trasfusion safety, which is beneficial to clarify the molecular biological basis of ABO blood group subtypes.


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System/genetics , Alleles , Genotype , Humans , Mutation , Sequence Analysis, DNA
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1917-1922, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922224

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the different subtypes caused by c.721C>T substitution in the exon 7 of the ABO gene, and to investigate the related molecular mechanism of different antigens expression.@*METHODS@#ABO subtypes in 7 samples were identified by standard serological methods. The exons 6, 7, and adjacent intron of ABO gene were amplified by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), and the PCR products were analyzed by direct DNA sequencing and cloning sequencing.@*RESULTS@#ABO subtypes phenotypes were A@*CONCLUSION@#c.721C>T substitution in the ABO gene causes p.Arg241Trp exchange resulting in the decreasing of GTA or GTB activities and weaker antigen expression. O.01.07 is a null allele which cannot form a functional catalytic enzyme has no effect on A


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System/genetics , Alleles , Exons , Genotype , Mutation, Missense
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921952

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the application value of mapping allele with resolved carrier status (MaReCs) technique for preimplantation genetic testing (PGT).@*METHODS@#The characteristics of MaReCs for PGT and outcome of patients were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those who could not use the technique, carriers who have used the MaReCs technique were younger, had significantly higher level of anti-Mullerian hormone, more antral follicles, occytes, mature occytes, biopsied embryos and euploid embryos, and lower risks for de novo chromosomal abnormality (P 0.05). Carriers undergoing MaReCs test could preferentially select embryos with normal chromosome structures for the transfer.@*CONCLUSION@#Application of MaReCs has a prerequisite for having a minimum number of occytes and biopsied embryos and using discarded embryos sometimes. MaReCs is efficient for the detection of carrier status of embryos and attaining higher rate of pregnancy and live birth, which can significantly improve the outcome for couples carrying chromosomal translocations.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Aneuploidy , Blastocyst , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Genetic Testing , Humans , Pregnancy , Preimplantation Diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Translocation, Genetic
8.
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1363068

ABSTRACT

At present, there is a concern about the quality of milk and diseases related to its consumption, as it can generate discomfort and allergic reactions in some individuals due to its protein components. Thus, the present study was developed to identify the allele and genotype frequencies of genes for ß-casein, A1 and A2, in dairy herds in the region of Araguaína-TO, Brazil. Genetic material from 421 animals (crossbred dairy cattle in lactation) was used. All animals were numbered for identification, and DNA samples were extracted from hair bulbs. Samples for two markers from the polymorphic regions were characterized and confirmed by real-time PCR using the ABI Prism® 7500 Sequence Detection System (Applied Biosystems). Allele and genotype frequencies were determined using the TaqMan™ detection system, where the primer and probe release different fluorescence signals for each allele of the polymorphism. The sampled herd showed frequencies of 28.27% for the A1 allele and 71.73% for the A2 allele. Genotype frequencies were 52.96% (223/421) for A2A2; 37.53% (158/421) for the A1A2 genotype; and 9.50% (40/421) for the A1A1 genotype. The frequency of the A1 allele for ß-casein in dairy herds from the northern region of Tocantins was low and is per the results of previous studies. Although the A2A2 genotype of ß-casein had a high relative frequency, the A1A2 genotype is still rather frequent, warranting greater selection pressure.(AU)


Atualmente existe uma preocupação em relação à qualidade e doenças que estão relacionadas ao consumo de leite, pois o mesmo pode gerar desconfortos e reações alergicas em alguns indivíduos devido aos seus constituintes protéicos. Assim, o presente estudo teve como objetivo identificar a frequência alélica e genotípica de genes para beta caseína, A1 e A2, em rebanhos leiteiros da região de Araguaína-TO. Foram utilizados material genético de 421 animais (bovinos leiteiros mestiços em lactação), e todos os animais foram numerados para identificação e amostras de DNA foram extraídas de bulbo de folículos pilosos. As amostras para dois marcadores das regiões polimórficas foram caracterizadas e confirmadas por PCR em tempo real, usando um sistema de detecção de sequências ABI Prism® 7500 (Applied Biosystems). As frequências alélicas e genotípicas foram determinadas utilizando o sistema de detecção TaqMan ™, no qual o primer e a sonda emitem diferentes sinais de fluorescência para cada alelo do polimorfismo. Observou-se frequência do alelo A1 de 28,27%, e do alelo A2 de 71,73% no rebanho amostral. A frequência genotípica de A2A2 foi de 52,96% (223/421), com genótipo A1A2 de 37,53% (158/421), e de 9,50% (40/421) animais com genótipo A1A1. A frequência do alelo A1 para beta-caseína em rebanhos leiteiros da região norte do Tocantins foi baixa e seguiu a mesma tendência já observada em estudos anteriores. Os genótipos A2A2 da beta-caseína apresentaram frequência relativa alta, entretanto o genótipo A1A2 ainda é bastante frequente, necessitando de maior pressão de seleção.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Caseins/administration & dosage , Milk/chemistry , Alleles , Livestock/genetics , Genotype , Polymerase Chain Reaction
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1318-1324, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888559

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the serological characteristics and molecular biological basis of 8 individuals with Para-Bombay phenotypes in Guangxi area.@*METHODS@#Serological tests were used to identify the blood groups of red cells. Molecular biological methods, including PCR-SSP for ABO genotyping and DNA sequencing for FUT1, were used to detect the genotypes of ABO and FUT1 which determined the expression of H antigen.@*RESULTS@#Eight individuals in the study were all the Para-Bombay phenotypes, including 4 cases of B@*CONCLUSION@#There are varieties of molecular genetic mechanisms for Para-Bombay phenotypes. In this study, the FUT1 mutations that cause Para-Bombay phenotypes in Guangxi area are mainly h3, h


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System/genetics , Alleles , China , Fucosyltransferases/genetics , Genotype , Humans , Mutation , Phenotype
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888402

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the molecular basis for a rare case with Para-Bombay AB blood type.@*METHODS@#Serological method was used to determine the blood type of the proband. Exons 6 and 7 of the ABO gene and the coding regions of FUT1 and FUT2 genes were analyzed by direct sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Serological results showed that the proband was a Para-Bombay AB subtype. His genotype was determined as ABO*A1.02/B.01. The proband was also found to harbor c.551-552delAG and c.881-882delTT of the FUT1 gene. For his four children, there were three type B and one type A, though the expression of the H type was normal.@*CONCLUSION@#The double deletions in the coding region of the FUT1 gene probably underlay the Para-Bombay blood type in the proband. Carrier of single-strand deletions may have a normal ABO phenotype.


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System/genetics , Alleles , Fucosyltransferases/genetics , Genotype , Humans , Male , Phenotype , Sequence Analysis
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888401

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the genotype of an individual suspected for Aw through DNA sequencing.@*METHODS@#Serologic testing was carried out with standard methods. Exons 6 and 7 of the ABO genes were amplified by PCR and subjected to direct sequencing or sequenced after gene cloning.@*RESULTS@#Serological testing showed that the forward typing and reverse typing were Aw and A, respectively. DNA sequencing revealed that the individual has carried an Aw allele and an O allele. Haplotype sequencing of each allele has revealed a nt543 variant (543G>C) in the Aw allele.@*CONCLUSION@#The individual was verified as a rare A subtype, which was previously unreported in mainland China.


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System/genetics , Alleles , Exons , Genotype , Humans , Phenotype
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888400

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the molecular mechanism of a case where RhD genotyping did not match serological results.@*METHODS@#The serological results of 8 members from two generations of this family were analyzed. And according to Mendelian law of inheritance, RhD genotyping, zygotic type determination and gene sequencing were performed for the family members.@*RESULTS@#The proband and one of her cousins have the same RhD alleles, both of them have a 336-1G>A intron variant RhD allele and a complete RhD deletion allele. The variant alleles are inherited from two of their parents with blood relationship, while the complete-deleted alleles come from the other. 336-1G>A means that the last base G of the second intron of the RhD gene is mutated to A, which leads to a negative RhD serology and a positive genotype in the proband.@*CONCLUSION@#There was a rare 336-1G> A intron variant gene (RhD * 01N.25) in this family, which was a recessive gene relative to the RhD gene and resulted in RhD phenotype negative.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Female , Genotype , Humans , Introns/genetics , Pedigree , Phenotype , Rh-Hr Blood-Group System/genetics
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888399

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To verify a rare allele of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) and analyze its inheritance and 3D molecular structure.@*METHODS@#PCR-sequence-based typing, PCR-single strand oligonucleotide polymorphism and single allele-specific sequencing were carried out to characterize the rare HLA-C allele and its transmission in the family. Its protein structure was modeled by using SWISS-MODEL, Phyre2 and FATCAT software.@*RESULTS@#Analysis indicated that the rare allele (HLA-C*08:84) has transmitted from the proband's mother and has differed from HLA-C*08:01 by a single base (g.512G>C), resulting in substitution of an amino acid (p.Trp147Ser). Modeling of the 3D structure of the encoded protein indicated that the amino acid residue variation is located at the alpha 2 helix, which participates the formation of pocket F. Modeling of the structures of C*08:84, C*08:01, C*08:02, C*08:03 and C*08:22 has suggested significant variation in the peptide binding regions of the backbone, with root mean square errors being 1.70 nm, 1.79 nm, 0.71 nm and 1.70 nm, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#A rare HLA-C*08:84 allele has been identified, and its clinical significance has been analyzed.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Base Sequence , HLA-B Antigens/genetics , HLA-C Antigens/genetics , Humans , Molecular Structure , Sequence Analysis, DNA
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888104

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to provide the protection strategies for wild germplasm resources of original plants of Viticis Fructus and a theoretical basis for the sustainable use of Viticis Fructus. The genetic diversity and genetic structures of the 232 indivi-duals in 19 populations of Vitex rotundifolia and V. trifolia were analyzed by eight SSR markers with tools such as Popgene32, GenAlex 6.502, and STRUCTURE. Bottleneck effect was detected for the population with more than 10 individuals. The results indicated that 42 and 26 alleles were detected from the populations of V. rotundifolia and V. trifolia, respectively, with average expected heterozygo-sities of 0.448 6 and 0.583 9, which are indicative of low genetic diversity. AMOVA revealed the obvious genetic variation of V. rotundifolia and V. trifolia within population(84.43%, P<0.01; 60.37%, P<0.01). Furthermore, in eight SSR loci, six from V. rotundifolia populations and two from V. trifolia populations failed to meet Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium expectations(P<0.05), which confirmed that the populations experienced bottleneck effect. As assessed by Mantel test, geographical distance posed slight impacts on the genetic variation between the populations of V. rotundifolia and V. trifolia. Principal component analysis(PCA) and STRUCTURE analysis demonstrated evident introgression of genes among various populations. The original plants of Viticis Fructus were confirmed low in genetic diversity and genetic differentiation level. Therefore, the protection of wild resources of original plants of Viticis Fructus should be strengthened to ensure its sustainable use.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Fruit/genetics , Genetic Variation , Geography , Microsatellite Repeats , Vitex/genetics
15.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 39-56, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880896

ABSTRACT

Gene expression labeling and conditional manipulation of gene function are important for elaborate dissection of gene function. However, contemporary generation of pairwise dual-function knockin alleles to achieve both conditional and geno-tagging effects with a single donor has not been reported. Here we first developed a strategy based on a flipping donor named FoRe to generate conditional knockout alleles coupled with fluorescent allele-labeling through NHEJ-mediated unidirectional targeted insertion in zebrafish facilitated by the CRISPR/Cas system. We demonstrated the feasibility of this strategy at sox10 and isl1 loci, and successfully achieved Cre-induced conditional knockout of target gene function and simultaneous switch of the fluorescent reporter, allowing generation of genetic mosaics for lineage tracing. We then improved the donor design enabling efficient one-step bidirectional knockin to generate paired positive and negative conditional alleles, both tagged with two different fluorescent reporters. By introducing Cre recombinase, these alleles could be used to achieve both conditional knockout and conditional gene restoration in parallel; furthermore, differential fluorescent labeling of the positive and negative alleles enables simple, early and efficient real-time discrimination of individual live embryos bearing different genotypes prior to the emergence of morphologically visible phenotypes. We named our improved donor as Bi-FoRe and demonstrated its feasibility at the sox10 locus. Furthermore, we eliminated the undesirable bacterial backbone in the donor using minicircle DNA technology. Our system could easily be expanded for other applications or to other organisms, and coupling fluorescent labeling of gene expression and conditional manipulation of gene function will provide unique opportunities to fully reveal the power of emerging single-cell sequencing technologies.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Animals , CRISPR-Cas Systems , DNA End-Joining Repair , DNA, Circular/metabolism , Embryo, Nonmammalian , Gene Editing/methods , Gene Knock-In Techniques , Gene Knockout Techniques , Genes, Reporter , Genetic Loci , Genotyping Techniques , Green Fluorescent Proteins/metabolism , Integrases/metabolism , Luminescent Proteins/metabolism , Mutagenesis, Insertional , Single-Cell Analysis , Zebrafish/metabolism
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880168

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the indentification method of samples mistyped as O phenotype and to explore the precision transfusion strategy.@*METHODS@#The blood samples from donors and patients admitted in our center from 2018 to 2019 was collected. The samples with O phenotype suspected subtypes were further determined by tube test, adsorption-elution test, etc. Molecular testing was used to sequence the related blood type genes of the subjects.@*RESULTS@#Among 14 subjects misjudged as O, 11 different genotypes were identified, in which 3 blood donors were Ael02/O02, Bel03/O02, and one para-Bombay with B101/O02 (FUT1: h3h3; FUT2: Se@*CONCLUSION@#The phenotypes of Ael, Bel, Aw and para-Bombay subtypes are easily misjudged as type O. Molecular technology is helpful to identify the genotype of subtypes, and the corresponding transfusion strategies could be reasonably performed.


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System , Alleles , Blood Transfusion , Fucosyltransferases/genetics , Genotype , Humans , Phenotype
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880134

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of IKAROS family Zinc finger 3 (IKZF3) gene and the risk of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in children.@*METHODS@#The peripheral blood samples from 286 children with ALL and 382 healthy children were collected and divided into ALL group and control group, respectively. The genotypes of IKZF3 gene at rs62066988 C > T and rs12946510 C > T were detected by quantitative PCR with TaqMan detection system, and their correlation with ALL was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The distribution frequencies of CC, CT and TT genotypes at rs62066988 in ALL group were 58.39%, 37.06% and 4.55%, respectively, while those in control group were 69.19%, 27.68% and 3.13%, respectively. The distribution frequencies of CC, CT and TT genotypes at rs12946510 in ALL group were 58.16%, 34.75% and 7.09%, respectively, while those in control group were 55.76%, 37.43% and 6.81%, respectively. Compared with the control group, the distribution frequency of CT/TT genotype at rs62066988 was significantly increased in the ALL group (OR=1.59, 95%CI: 1.16-2.19, P=0.004). However, there was no significant difference in the distribution of rs12946510 C > T polymorphism between ALL group and control group.@*CONCLUSION@#The CT/TT genotype of IKZF3 at the site of rs62066988 is associated with the increased risk of ALL in children.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Case-Control Studies , Child , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Humans , Ikaros Transcription Factor/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879633

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the distribution of KIR3DL2 alleles among ethnic Han Chinese from Zhejiang.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA was extracted by using a magnetic bead method. The full sequence of the KIR3DL2 gene was amplified with four pairs by PCR primers. The coding regions of 208 unrelated ethnic Han Chinese blood donors were analyzed using a BigDye Terminator v3.1 Sequencing Kit. The genotypes were assigned based on the nucleotide polymorphism of the KIR3DL2 gene.@*RESULTS@#Among the 208 samples, 133 were KIR3DL2 heterozygotes and 75 were homozygotes. Forty six KIR3DL2 genotypes were detected. Respectively, 70, 33 and 23 individuals were found to have a KIR3DL2*00201/KIR3DL2*00201, KIR3DL2*00201/KIR3DL2*00701, and KIR3DL2*00201/KIR3DL2*01001 genotype. Twenty-two KIR3DL2 alleles were discovered, and the frequencies of KIR3DL2*00201, KIR3DL2*00701 and KIR3DL2*01001 were 57.45%, 13.46% and 9.13%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The distribution of KIR3DL2 alleles among ethnic Han Chinese in Zhejiang has been determined and fits the criteria for genetic polymorphism.


Subject(s)
Alleles , China , Ethnic Groups , Gene Frequency , Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic , Receptors, KIR3DL2
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879613

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the serological, molecular and genetic characteristics of an individual with para-Bombay blood group.@*METHODS@#Serological method was used to detect the presence of A, B, H antigens in red blood cells and saliva, and Sanger sequencing was used to analyze the FUT1 gene of the proband and her family members. Genetic mechanism of the blood group was analyzed by pedigree analysis.@*RESULTS@#Forward and reverse typing of the ABO blood group were inconsistent for the proband. A, B and H antigens were not found on erythrocytes, while B and H antigens were found in saliva, in addition with unexpected antibodies. The proband was found to have a genotype of ABO*B.01/ABO*O.01.04 caused by homozygous variant of c.948C>A (p.Tyr316Ter) of the FUT1 gene.@*CONCLUSION@#A novel para-Bombay blood group was identified, which was due to the missense variant of c.948C>A in the coding region of the FUT1 gene, which has probably resulted in inability to synthesis active H antigen transferase.


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System/genetics , Alleles , Female , Fucosyltransferases/genetics , Genotype , Homozygote , Humans , Phenotype
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879612

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To delineate the serological and molecular profiles of a patient with A(w)37B subtype.@*METHODS@#The ABO bloodtypes of the proband, his wife and daughter were determined with a standard serological method. Their ABO genotypes were determined by sequence-specific primer polymerase chain reaction (PCR-SSP). All exons of the ABO gene were directly sequenced. Exons 6 and 7 of the ABO gene were further analyzed by cloning and sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The red blood cells of the proband showed a weak B phenotype. His serum sample contained weak reactive anti-A antibody, which was defined as A(w)B blood group based on the serological characteristics. The A and B alleles were detected by blood group genotyping. Gene cloning and sequencing have identified a characteristic c.940A>G variant (ABO*AW.37) in exon 7 of the ABO gene, which resulted in substitution of Lysine by Glutamate at position 314. The proband's daughter has inherited the ABO*AW.37 allele.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.940A>G variant in exon 7 of the ABO gene probably underlay the decreased activity of GTA transferase and resulted in the Aw37 phenotype.


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System/genetics , Alleles , Genotype , Humans , Pedigree , Phenotype
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