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1.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e200, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280176

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Although the peace process in Colombia resulted in a significant reduction in the number of anti-personnel mines across the country, there are no reliable data on the effects of this phenomenon on outcomes for patients who were victims of these devices. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess mortality from landmine injuries before and during the Colombian peace process. Furthermore possible associations between peace negotiations and mortality were explored. Methods: For this study, we used the "Colombian Victims of Antipersonnel Mines Injuries registry" (MAP/MUSE database) data from 2002 to 2018. This registry was launched in 2001 by the government of Colombia with the aim of prospectively and systematically collect information on all the cases of anti-personnel mine injuries in the country. The period between 2002-2012 was classified as the pre-negotiation period (período de guerra), and 2014-2018 as the peace negotiations period, with 2013 classified as a washout year. Multivariate logistic regression was used to explore the association between peace negotiations and mortality among anti-personnel landmine injured individuals. Results: A total of 10306 landmine injury cases were registered. Of these, 1180 (11.4%) occurred in the peace-negotiation period. Mortality was significantly lower during the period of peace negotiations. After adjusting for sex, age group, race, active duty soldier status, rural area, and geographic Departamentos case volumes, the peace negotiation period was found to be associated with lower risk-adjusted odds of mortality after suffering a landmine injury (OR= 0.6, 95% CI, 0.5-0.7; p<0.001). Conclusions: Our findings suggest an association between the period of peace negotiation and a lower likelihood of mortality among victims of anti-personnel landmines.


Resumen Introducción: Aunque el proceso de paz colombiano produjo una reducción en la cantidad de minas antipersona en el país, no hay estimativos sobre el efecto de este fenómeno en los desenlaces de los pacientes víctimas de estos artefactos. Objetivo: Nuestro objetivo fue evaluar la mortalidad por minas antipersona antes y durante la negociación del proceso de paz en Colombia. Además, exploramos posibles asociaciones entre las negociaciones de paz y la mortalidad. Métodos: Para este estudio utilizamos los datos del "Registro de víctimas colombianas de lesiones de minas antipersona" (base de datos MAP / MUSE) de 2002 a 2018. Este registro fue lanzado en 2001 por el gobierno de Colombia con el objetivo de recolectar información de manera prospectiva y sistemática de los casos de trauma por minas antipersona en el país. Clasificamos el período comprendido entre 2002 y 2012 como el período previo a la negociación (período de guerra), el comprendido entre 2014 y 2018 como el período de negociaciones de paz y el año 2013 como período de "depuración". Se utilizaron modelos de regresión logística multivariados para explorar las asociaciones entre las negociaciones de paz y la mortalidad. Resultados: Se registraron un total de 10306 casos de lesiones por minas antipersona. De estos, 1180 (11.4%) ocurrieron en el período de negociación de paz. La mortalidad fue significativamente menor durante el período de negociaciones de paz. El análisis de regresión logística multivariado determinó que el período de negociación de paz se asoció con una menor probabilidad de mortalidad después de sufrir una lesión por minas antipersona (OR = 0,6, IC 95%, 0,5-0,7; p <0,001). Conclusiones: Nuestros hallazgos sugieren una asociación entre el período de negociación de paz y una menor probabilidad de mortalidad entre las víctimas de las minas antipersona.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Warfare , Wounds and Injuries , Mortality , Artifacts , Amputation , Military Personnel , Alprostadil , Regression Analysis , Colombia , Delivery of Health Care , Government , Mining , Occupational Groups
2.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202469, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136599

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o impacto da reabilitação peniana na recuperação da função erétil em pacientes submetidos a ressecção anterior do reto (RAR) ou a prostatectomia radical (PR), comparando os resultados entre esses dois grupos. Materiais e Métodos: Foi realizado estudo de coorte retrospetivo unicêntrico, em pacientes avaliados na nossa consulta multidisciplinar de oncosexologia, entre janeiro de 2015 e janeiro de 2018, submetidos a PR ou RAR (homens) com disfunção sexual. Avaliamos as características oncológicas dos pacientes, idade, estado civil, tipo de disfunção sexual, Índice Internacional de Função Erétil (IIEF-5) na primeira e última consulta e terapêutica utilizada. Foi realizada análise estatística. Resultados: Foram incluídos 55 pacientes, 60% (33) realizaram RAR e 40% (22) PR. Em relação à disfunção sexual após a cirurgia, a disfunção erétil (DE) foi encontrada na maioria dos pacientes (> 95%). Na pontuação inicial do IIEF-5, os pacientes com RAR e PR apresentaram, com maior frequência, DE moderada ou grave (escore 5-11), em 78,8% e 59,1% dos casos, respetivamente. Ao reavaliar a pontuação do IIEF-5 de cada paciente durante o acompanhamento, verificou-se melhoria em 69,7% dos pacientes com RAR e 72,7% dos pacientes com PR (p = 0,81). Quanto à abordagem terapêutica, 84,8% dos pacientes com RAR foram medicados com inibidores da fosfodiesterase-5 (PDE5I) exclusivamente e 3% com injeção de Alprostadil. Os pacientes com PR foram medicados com PDE5I em 63,6% e com injeção de Alprostadil em 31,8% (p <0,05). Conclusões: Apesar das diferenças técnicas destas cirurgias, do ponto de vista sexual, os pacientes se beneficiaram com a reabilitação peniana.


ABSTRACT Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of penile rehabilitation in restoring erectile function in patients submitted to anterior resection of the rectum (ARR) or radical prostatectomy (RP), comparing the results between these two groups. Materials and Methods: We performed a unicenter retrospective cohort study, on patients evaluated in our multidisciplinary oncosexology consultation, between January 2015 and January 2018, submitted to RP or ARR (males) and presenting sexual dysfunction. We evaluate the patient and oncologic characteristics, the type of sexual dysfunction, marital status, assessed the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) on the first and last consultation and the therapeutic approach. A statistical analysis was performed. Results: A total of 55 patients were included, 60% (33) performed ARR and 40% (22) RP. Regarding the sexual dysfunction after surgery, erectile dysfunction (ED) was found in the majority of patients (>95%). On the initial IIEF-5 scoring, ARR and RP patients had, most frequently, severe or moderate ED (score 5-11), 78.8% and 59.1% respectively. When reassessed the IIEF-5 scoring of each patient during follow-up, there was an improvement in 69.7% of ARR patients and 72.7% of RP patients (p=0.81). Regarding the therapeutic approach, 84.8% of ARR patients used phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (PDE5I) exclusively, 3% used Alprostadil injection, while RP patients used 63.6% and 31.8%, respectively (p<0.05). Conclusions: Despite the technical differences of these surgeries, from the sexual point of view these patients benefit with a penile rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aged , Prostatectomy/methods , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Alprostadil/therapeutic use , Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Erectile Dysfunction/rehabilitation , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Rectum , Penile Erection/drug effects , Retrospective Studies , Urological Agents/therapeutic use , Erectile Dysfunction/etiology , Middle Aged
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761883

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: In this study, we aimed to determine the role of extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) in the management of Peyronie's disease (PD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 325 patients suffering from PD were enrolled in this single-arm clinical study. All patients were received ESWT using a schedule of 1 treatment/wk. Penile curvature was measured by a goniometer after intracavernosal drug-induced erection using Alprostadil. Plaque size was measured with a ruler and sexual function assessed by the international index of erectile function (IIEF)-15 score. Severity of erectile dysfunction was classified as severe (IIEF-15 ≤10), moderate (IIEF-15 between 11 and 16), or mild (IIEF-15 between 17 and 25). Results were evaluated at baseline and 3 months after the treatment. RESULTS: All the patients completed the study protocol. Median age was 59.0 years (55.0–64.0 years). After treatment, the median (interquartile range, IQR) plaque size reduced from 1.78 cm2 (1.43–2.17 cm2) to 1.53 cm2 (1.31–1.96 cm2) (p<0.001); the median (IQR) penile length in erection increased from 13.0 cm (12.0–14.0 cm) to 14 cm (13.0–15.0 cm) (p<0.001) and the median (IQR) penile curvature from 30.4° (22.2°–35.4°) to 25.0° (20.2°–30.4°) (p<0.001). We also observed a decrease in pain assessed by visual analogue scale (7 vs. 3; p<0.001), an improvement in each of the IIEF sub-domains (p<0.001) and an improvement in all three PD questionnaire domains (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Based on our findings, ESWT could be considered a safe and efficient minimally invasive option for the management of the patients suffering from PD.


Subject(s)
Alprostadil , Appointments and Schedules , Clinical Study , Erectile Dysfunction , Humans , Male , Observational Study , Penile Diseases , Penile Induration , Shock , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776086

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate multilineage-differentiating stress-enduring (Muse) by immunomagnetic bead screening from Wharton's jelly mesenchymal stromal cells(WJ-MSCs), and explore transplantation of Muse cell for safety and effectivensess of sub acute cord injury in rats.@*METHODS@#Donated Wharton's Jelly-mesenchymal stromal cells (WJ-MSCs) were successfully derived from a human umbilical cord by a series of procedures namely physical isolation of Wharton's Jelly from cord membrane, collagenase and trypsin treatment and density gradient centrifugation. Magnetic activated cell sorting was performed to specifically select SSEA3+ Muse cells, and flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry were used to identify further. In vivo, spinal cord contusion injury model in rats was induced by NYU-III impactor, and were randomly divided and equally into four groups, namely group A (sham), group B (control), group C (Non-Muse cells transplantation) and group D (Muse cells transplantation). Laminectomy was conducted in group A but no spinal cord contusion injury. Laminectomy and cord injury were performed in group B, C and D, 10 g trip rod was freely falling down from 12.5 mm. Two weeks later, group B, C and D were received PBS injection, Non-Muse cells transplantation and Muse cells transplantation respectively, four-point injection were performed in each cord with totally 4×10⁵ cells. BBB scores were evaluated on 1 day, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 week after injury. Four weeks after cell transplantation, the rats were sacrificed, and immunohistochemistry were carried out to observe survival, migration and differentiation of the injected cells.@*RESULTS@#The expression of CD105, CD90 and CD73 were over 99.5% in the derived WJ-MSCs population, but CD45 and CD14 were lower than 0.5%, positive rate of SSEA3+ was 1.46% under flow cytometer, However, after MACS sorting, the percentage of 92.0% Muse cells expressed SSEA3 and CD105, and immunohistochemistry results of SSEA3 showed typically membrane morphology with special processes. In vivo, BBB scores was 21 in group A at different time points. One-way ANOVA and LSD analysis showed that BBB scores in group C and D were significantly higher than that in group B (=0.004, 0.002), but there was no significantly difference between group C and D. Further intra-group paired t test showed that BBB score was significantly higher at 4 weeks than that 3 weeks in group C (=0.005). However, in group D, BBB scores were significantly higher at 4 and 6 week than those at 3 and 5 weeks, values were 0.005 and 0.016 respectively. Immunohistochemistry results showed that both Muse cells and Non-Muse cells could survive for 4 weeks in rats and they migrated from the four-point injection to injury site. But there showed more Muse cells survival than Non-Muse cells in the cord.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Immunomagnetic bead screening is efficient to select large number of purified SSEA3+ Muse cells. Muse cells could survive and target-migrate in injured cord to improve BBB scores continuously. Muse cells are a novel kind of seed cells in the spinal cord injury treatment.


Subject(s)
Alprostadil , Animals , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Rats , Spinal Cord Injuries , Umbilical Cord , Wharton Jelly
5.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(12): 1067-1077, Dec. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973486

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the effect of alprostadil on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in rats. Methods: Rats were subjected to myocardial ischemia for 30 min followed by 24h reperfusion. Alprostadil (4 or 8 μg/kg) was intravenously administered at the time of reperfusion and myocardial infarct size, levels of troponin T, and the activity of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the serum were measured. Antioxidative parameters, nitric oxide (NO) content and phosphorylated endothelial nitric oxide synthase 3 (p-eNOS) expression in the left ventricles were also measured. Histopathological examinations of the left ventricles were also performed. Results: Alprostadil treatment significantly reduced myocardial infarct size, serum troponin T levels, and CK-MB and LDH activity (P<0.05). Furthermore, treatment with alprostadil significantly decreased malondialdehyde (MDA) content (P<0.05) and markedly reduced myonecrosis, edema and infiltration of inflammatory cells. Superoxide dismutase and catalase activities (P<0.05), NO level (P<0.01) and p-eNOS (P<0.05) were significantly increased in rats treated with alprostadil compared with control rats. Conclusion: These results indicate that alprostadil protects against myocardial I/R injury and that these protective effects are achieved, at least in part, via the promotion of antioxidant activity and activation of eNOS.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Alprostadil/pharmacology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/metabolism , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/pathology , Catalase/analysis , Random Allocation , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Troponin T/drug effects , Troponin T/blood , Enzyme Activation/drug effects , Creatine Kinase, MB Form/drug effects , Creatine Kinase, MB Form/blood , Heart Ventricles/drug effects , Heart Ventricles/pathology , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/drug effects , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/blood , Malondialdehyde/analysis , Myocardial Infarction/pathology , Nitric Oxide/analysis
7.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(3): 617-622, May-June 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954058

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the effect of papaverine and alprostadil on testicular torsion-detorsion injury in rats. Materials and Methods: A total of 40 male Wistar-Albino rats were used in this study. Four hours of right testicular torsion was applied to each group, excluding sham oper- ated group. The torsion-detorsion (T/D), T/D + papaverine and T/D + alprostadil groups received saline, papaverine and alprostadil at the same time as surgical detorsion, respectively. At 14 days after the surgical detorsion, ischaemic changes and the degree of damage were evaluated with Cosentino scoring and the Johnson tubular biopsy score (JTBS). Results: JTBS was determined as 8.8±2.7 in the Sham group, 5.08±1.9 in the T/D+papaverine group, 5.29±2.3 in the T/D +alprostadil group and 2.86±1.9 in the TD group. The JTBS was determined to be statistically significantly high in both the T/D + papaverine group and the T/D + alprostadil group compared to the T/D group (p=0.01, p=0.009). In the T/D + papaverine group, 3 (43%) testes were classified as Cosentino 2, 3 (43%) as Cosentino 3 and 1 (14%) as Cosentino 4. In the T/D +alprostadil group, 5 (50 %) testes were classified as Cosentino 2, 3 (30 %) as Cosentino 3 and 2 (20%) as Cosentino 4. Conclusion: The present study indicated that spermatic cord administration of alprostadil and papaverine showed a protective effect against ischemia/reperfusion injury after right-side testes torsion and histological changes were decreased after testicular ischemia reperfusion injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Papaverine/therapeutic use , Spermatic Cord Torsion/prevention & control , Testis/blood supply , Vasodilator Agents/pharmacology , Alprostadil/pharmacology , Ischemia/prevention & control , Papaverine/pharmacology , Spermatic Cord Torsion/pathology , Testis/pathology , Vasodilator Agents/therapeutic use , Biopsy , Severity of Illness Index , Alprostadil/therapeutic use , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Protective Agents/therapeutic use , Protective Agents/pharmacology
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719210

ABSTRACT

Replantation using microvascular anastomosis is considered to be the optimal method in treating the amputated ear in terms of resulting color, texture, and shape. Only a few cases of ear replantation have been reported because it is anatomically difficult to identify suitable vessels for anastomosis. We successfully replanted the amputated helical rim of the ear using single arterial anastomosis. A 37-year-old man had his helical rim amputated by a human bite. The amputee was about 4 × 1 cm in dimension, composed of skin and soft tissue including auricular cartilage. Replantation was performed anastomosing a small artery of the amputee with a terminal branch of the posterior auricular artery. After replantation, intravenous heparinization was performed and prostaglandin E1 and aspirin were administered. Venous congestion was decompressed by stab incisions applied with heparin solution soaked gauze. Venous congestion of the amputee slowly began to resolve at 4 days after the operation. The amputated segment of the helical rim survived completely with good aesthetic shape and color. The authors propose that performing microvascular anastomosis should be attempted especially if it is possible to detect vessels on cut surfaces of ear amputee and stump. Proper postoperative care for venous congestion, arterial insufficiency, and infection should be followed for amputee survival.


Subject(s)
Adult , Alprostadil , Amputation , Amputees , Arteries , Aspirin , Bites, Human , Ear , Ear Cartilage , Heparin , Humans , Hyperemia , Methods , Microsurgery , Postoperative Care , Replantation , Skin
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300358

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the protective effect of prostaglandin E1 (PGE-1) against brain injury induced by hyperoxia in neonatal rats and observe the changes in the expression of glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) and cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP), and to provide a theoretical basis for the clinical application of PGE-1 in the treatment of neonatal brain injury induced by hyperoxia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty neonatal Wistar rats were randomly divided into air control group, hyperoxic brain injury model group, and hyperoxic brain injury+PGE-1 group. All rats except those in the air control group were treated to establish a hyperoxic brain injury model. From the first day of modeling, the rats in the hyperoxia brain injury+PGE-1 group were intraperitoneally injected with PGE-1 2 μg/kg daily for 7 consecutive days, while the other two groups were treated with normal saline instead. The water content of brain tissue was measured; the pathological changes of brain tissue were evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin staining; the apoptosis of brain cells was assessed by nuclear staining combined with TUNEL staining; the protein expression of GRP78 and CHOP in brain tissue was measured by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The water content of brain tissue in the hyperoxic brain injury model group was significantly higher than that in the hyperoxic brain injury+PGE-1 group and air control group (P<0.05); the water content of brain tissue in the hyperoxic brain injury+PGE-1 group was significantly higher than that in the air control group (P<0.05). The pathological section of brain tissue showed inflammatory cell infiltration and mild cerebrovascular edema in the brain parenchyma in the hyperoxic brain injury model group; the periparenchymal inflammation and edema in the hyperoxic brain injury+PGE-1 group were milder than those in the hyperoxic brain injury model group. The apoptosis index of brain tissue in the hyperoxic brain injury model group was significantly higher than that in the hyperoxic brain injury+PGE-1 group and air control group (P<0.05); the apoptosis index of brain tissue in the hyperoxic brain injury+PGE-1 group was significantly higher than that in the air control group (P<0.05). The protein expression of GRP78 and CHOP in brain tissue was significantly higher in the hyperoxic brain injury model group than in the hyperoxic brain injury+PGE-1 group and air control group (P<0.05); the protein expression of GRP78 and CHOP was significantly higher in the hyperoxic brain injury+PGE-1 group than in the air control group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PGE-1 has a protective effect against hyperoxia-induced brain injury in neonatal rats, which may be related to the inhibition of cell apoptosis by down-regulating the expression of GRP78 and CHOP.</p>


Subject(s)
Alprostadil , Therapeutic Uses , Animals , Animals, Newborn , Apoptosis , Brain , Pathology , Brain Injuries , Metabolism , Pathology , Heat-Shock Proteins , Hyperoxia , Neuroprotective Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Transcription Factor CHOP
10.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(5): 422-426, May 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896345

ABSTRACT

Summary Introduction: In systemic sclerosis (SSc), digital ulcers (DU) are debilitating and recurrent. They are markers of prognosis and are associated with disability and mortality. Treatment strategies have been developed to block the proposed mechanisms of this complication. Objective: Clinical description of a population of SSc patients with DU, treatment, complications and outcome. Method: Analysis of 48 SSc patients meeting 2013 ACR-EULAR criteria, followed between 1999-2015; 13 patients had DU. Treatment protocol applied included cycles of 21 days of alprostadil, which can be repeated in the absence of DU healing. After DU healing, bosentan was initiated. Results: DU healing was achieved with intravenous prostanoid in 12 patients; seven patients required repeated treatment for DU healing. Twelve patients were later treated with bosentan; three of them experienced recurrence of DU, while one was anti-B2-GPI positive. Four patients had soft tissue loss and three other suffered digital amputation, these being late diagnosis. Conclusion: Younger patients and early referrals had better outcomes. Endothelin receptor antagonist toxicity should be monitored, particularly in patients previously exposed to hepatotoxic drugs.


Resumo Introdução: As úlceras digitais (UD) são complicações incapacitantes e recorrentes, associadas a menor qualidade de vida e maior mortalidade na esclerose sistêmica (ES). O tratamento baseia-se em antagonizar os mecanismos fisiopatológicos em causa. Objetivo: Descrever uma amostra de doentes com diagnóstico de ES e UD, o tratamento, as complicações e os resultados clínicos. Método: Série de 48 casos diagnosticados com ES, critérios de classificação ACR-EULAR 2013, seguidos entre 1999 e 2015, dos quais 13 apresentavam UD. O protocolo aplicado incluía ciclos de 21 dias de alprostadil podendo ser repetidos no caso de não existir cicatrização. Nos casos em que houve cicatrização foi iniciado bosentano. Resultados: No tratamento das UD, 12 doentes realizaram prostaciclina endovenosa, com necessidade de tratamentos repetidos em sete doentes. Doze doentes foram posteriormente tratados com bosentano, com recorrência de UD em três doentes, um deles com presença de anti-B2-GPI. Quatro doentes ficaram com cicatrizes e em três houve amputação digital, sendo casos de diagnóstico tardio. Conclusão: Os doentes mais jovens tiveram melhores resultados, possivelmente em razão de melhorias globais nos cuidados de saúde prestados e de referenciação precoce. A toxicidade dos antagonistas dos receptores da endotelina deve ser monitorizada, sobretudo em doentes com exposição prévia a drogas hepatotóxicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Scleroderma, Systemic/complications , Skin Ulcer/etiology , Skin Ulcer/drug therapy , Sulfonamides/therapeutic use , Vasodilator Agents/therapeutic use , Alprostadil/therapeutic use , Fingers , Endothelin Receptor Antagonists/therapeutic use , Skin Ulcer/pathology , Time Factors , Wound Healing/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Bosentan , Hand Dermatoses/etiology , Hand Dermatoses/pathology , Hand Dermatoses/drug therapy , Middle Aged
11.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(8): e6185, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888975

ABSTRACT

Ischemia/reperfusion injury is still a major cause of morbidity and mortality during liver surgery and transplantation. A variety of surgical and pharmacological therapeutic strategies have been investigated to minimize the effects of ischemia/reperfusion. The aim of our study was to analyze and compare preventive influences of ischemic preconditioning, adenosine and prostaglandin E1 in the experimental model of hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury. Adult chinchilla rabbits were divided into four groups: 10 rabbits subjected to liver ischemic preconditioning (3-min period of inflow occlusion followed by a 5-min period of reperfusion) followed by 45 min of Pringle maneuver; 10 rabbits subjected to pre-treatment with intraportal injection of adenosine followed by 45 min of Pringle maneuver; 10 rabbits subjected to pre-treatment with intraportal injection of prostaglandin E1 followed by 45 min of Pringle maneuver; and control group of 10 rabbits subjected to 45 min of inflow liver ischemia without any preconditioning. On the second postoperative day, blood samples were obtained and biochemical parameters of liver function were measured and compared. Liver tissue samples were also obtained and histopathological changes were compared. Based on biochemical and histopathological parameters, it was demonstrated that ischemic preconditioning provided the best protection against hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury. This was probably due to a wider range of mechanisms of action of this method oriented to reduce oxidative stress and inflammation, and restore liver microcirculation and hepatocyte energy compared to the examined pharmacological strategies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Adenosine/therapeutic use , Alprostadil/therapeutic use , Ischemic Preconditioning/methods , Liver Diseases/prevention & control , Liver/blood supply , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Chinchilla , Disease Models, Animal , Liver/drug effects , Liver/pathology
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-633035

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Pre-induction of labor cervical ripening increases success of labor induction when there is unfavorable cervix. Evening primrose oil soft gel capsule contains linoleic and gamma-linolenic acid, which are precursors of prostaglandins E1 andE2.OBJECTIVE: To measure the effectiveness of evening primrose oil capsule as a cervical ripening agent by measuring the Bishop score before and 4 hours after intravaginal insertion of six capsules.METHODS: A quasi-experimental cross-sectional study was conducted from the period of May to July 2016 involving labor induction patients with a Bishop score ?4, an intact amniotic sac and a Biophysical profile score of 10/10 or 8/8.RESULTS: Thirteen patients had an average age of 27±6 years, and a mean age of gestation of 40±1 weeks. Seven patients (54%) were nulliparous, 2 (15%) were primiparous and 4 (31%) were multiparous. Seven patients (54%) had hypertension, 1 (8%) had diabetes mellitus, 5 (38%) had post-term pregnancies. A paired t-test was done to check for statistically significant changes in the Bishop score. Change in the Bishop score from baseline to 4 hours after insertion of evening primrose oil capsules was statistically significant (p=0.001). Eleven patients (85%) had improvement in the Bishop score after 4 hours, 4 (31%) of which had a clinically significant change in the Bishop score (?4). Specifically, there were statistically significant changes in the dilatation (p=0.027), effacement (p=0.006) and consistency (p=0.002). The mean birth weight of deliveries was 3192±351 grams. Nine patients (69%) underwent primary low segment cesarean section, six (46%) of which for nonreassuring fetal status, 2 (15%) for arrest in cervical dilatation, and 1 (8%) for intraamnionic infection. Four patients (31%) successfully delivered vaginally.CONCLUSION: Results showed a positive effect on the Bishop score during cervical ripening although further studies are needed to establish direct correlation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Alprostadil , Birth Weight , Cervical Ripening , Cervix Uteri , Cesarean Section , Diabetes Mellitus , Dilatation , Fetal Distress , Hypertension , Labor Stage, First , Pregnancy
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303905

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) ω-3 and ω-6, and their middle metabolites PGE2 and PGE3 on angiogenesis formation of gastric cancer, and to explore associated mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The effects of ω-3, ω-6, PGE2, PGE3 on the proliferation and migration of human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) were measured by proliferation and migration assay respectively. The angiogenesis assay in vivo was used to measure the effects of ω-3, ω-6, PGE2 and PGE3 on neovascularization. In all the assays, groups without ω-3, ω-6, PGE2 and PGE3 were designed as the control.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>With the increased concentration of ω-6 from 1 μmol/L to 10 μmol/L, the proliferation ability of HUVECs enhanced, and the number of migration cells also increased from 28.2±3.0 to 32.8±2.1, which was higher than control group (21.2±3.2) respectively (both P<0.05). With the increased concentration of ω-3 from 1 μmol/L to 10 μmol/L, the proliferation ability of HUVECs was inhibited, and the number of migration cells decreased from 15.8±2.0 to 11.0±2.1, which was lower than control group (22.1±3.0) respectively (both P<0.05). In the angiogenesis assay, compared with control group (standard number: 43 721±4 654), the angiogenesis ability of HUVECs was significantly enhanced by ω-6 in concentration-dependent manner (1 μmol/L group: 63 238±4 795, 10 μmol/L group: 78 166±6 123, all P<0.01). Meanwhile, with the increased concentration of ω-3 from 1 μmol/L to 10 μmol/L, the angiogenesis ability was significantly decreased from 30 129±3 102 to 20 012±1 541(all P<0.01). The proliferation and migration ability of HUVECs were significantly promoted by ω-6 metabolites PGE2 (P<0.05) in a concentration-dependent manner. In contrast, ω-3 metabolites PGE3 significantly inhibited the proliferation and migration ability of HUVECs in a concentration-dependent manner (all P<0.05). After rofecoxib (a COX-2 specific inhibitor) inhibited the expression of COX-2, the expression level of PGE2 was significantly decreased in a dose-dependent manner. In co-culture system, whose gastric cancer cells expressed positive COX-2, ω-6 could increase angiogenesis of gastric cancer cells(P<0.01), but ω-3 could inhibit such angiogenesis(P<0.01). In co-culture system, whose gastric cancer cells did not express COX-2, ω-3 could inhibit the angiogenesis of gastric cancer cells (P<0.05), but ω-6 had no effect on angiogenesis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The PUFA ω-6 can enhance the angiogenesis via the promotion of proliferation and migration of HUVECs, and COX-2 and PGE2 may play an important role in this process, whereas, the ω-3 can inhibit the angiogenesis through its middle metabolites PGE3 to inhibit the proliferation and migration of HUVECs. Results of this experiment may provide a new approach to inhibit and prevent the spread of gastric cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Alprostadil , Pharmacology , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Cell Count , Methods , Cell Line, Tumor , Physiology , Cell Migration Assays , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Coculture Techniques , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Pharmacology , Dinoprostone , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Fatty Acids, Omega-3 , Pharmacology , Fatty Acids, Omega-6 , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Fatty Acids, Unsaturated , Pharmacology , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Physiology , Humans , Lactones , Pharmacology , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Stomach Neoplasms , Sulfones , Pharmacology
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-179533

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Viral and vascular disorders are considered to be a major cause of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL). Lipoprostaglandin E₁ (lipo-PGE₁) has vasodilating activity and has been used to treat ISSNHL. The purpose of this study was to determine the specific therapeutic effects of lipo-PGE₁ and compare them to other treatment modalities for ISSNHL. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study group had 1,052 patients diagnosed with ISSNHL. All were treated with steroid, carbogen inhalation, stellate ganglion block (SGB), or PGE₁. The CP group (steroid, carbogen inhalation, and PGE1 injection; 288 patients) was treated with lipo-PGE₁ and carbogen inhalation, the CS group (steroid, carbogen inhalation, and stellate ganglion block; 232 patients) with steroid, carbogen inhalation, and SGB, the C group (steroid and carbogen inhalation; 284 patients) with steroid and carbogen, and the control group (steroid only; 248 patients) with steroid only. Patients in the groups receiving lipo-PGE₁ received a continuous infusion of 10 µL lipo-PGE₁. RESULTS: The overall recovery rate after treatment was 52.2%, and recovery rates by group were 67.7% in the CP group, 54.3% in the CS group, 52.1% in the C group, and 32.2% in the control group. Therefore, the therapeutic results in groups treated with lipo-PGE₁ were better than results in other groups. The difference was statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: The study results suggested that the CP group received effective treatment modalities for ISSNHL. The combined therapy of lipo-PGE₁ with carbogen inhalation in patients with ISSNHL was more beneficial than other treatment modalities.


Subject(s)
Alprostadil , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Humans , Inhalation , Stellate Ganglion , Therapeutic Uses
15.
Anatomy & Cell Biology ; : 60-68, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-193187

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a severe pulmonary vascular disease characterized by sustained increase in pulmonary arterial pressure and excessive thickening and remodeling of distal small pulmonary arteries. During disease progression, PAH include increase in mean pulmonary arterial pressure, right ventricular (RV) enlargement, increased pulmonary vascular resistance, and smooth muscle hypertrophy in pulmonary arterioles. Several anti-PAH therapies targeting various pathways involved in PAH progression have been approved by the Food and Drug Adminstration. However, many of the currently available anti-PAH drugs suffer from a number of limitations, including short biological half-life, and poor pulmonary selectivity. Prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) is a potent vasodilator with selectivity toward pulmonary circulation when it is administered via the pulmonary route. However, PGE1 has a very short half-life of 5–10 minutes. Therefore, we hypothesized that long-term effect of PGE1 could reduce mal-adaptive structural remodeling of the lung and heart and prevent ventricular arrhythmias in monocrotaline-induced rat model of PAH. Our results revealed that PGE1 reduced ventricular hypertrophy, protein expressions of endothelin-1 and endothelin receptor A, and the expression of fibrosis. These results support the notion that PGE1 can improve the functional properties of RV, highlighting its potential benefits for heart and lung impairment.


Subject(s)
Alprostadil , Animals , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Arterial Pressure , Arterioles , Disease Progression , Endothelin-1 , Fibrosis , Half-Life , Heart , Heart Ventricles , Hypertension , Hypertrophy , Lung , Models, Animal , Muscle, Smooth , Pulmonary Artery , Pulmonary Circulation , Rats , Receptors, Endothelin , Vascular Diseases , Vascular Resistance
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-214133

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: In patients with erectile dysfunction, it is important to differentiate psychogenic from organic causes. Penile Doppler ultrasonography is a relatively inexpensive and minimally invasive tool for this purpose. This study was conducted to evaluate the causes of erectile dysfunction in an adult male population, using penile Doppler ultrasonography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in a single center. All patients who presented with complaints of erectile dysfunction and underwent penile Doppler ultrasonography between July 2014 and June 2016 were included in this study. All examinations were performed using GE Voluson S6 and GE Logiq P5 devices. Following baseline scans, an intracavernosal injection of 20 µg of prostaglandin E1 was given. Peak systolic and end diastolic velocities were measured in each cavernosal artery. Patients with a peak systolic velocity of 5 cm/s was considered to indicate venous incompetence. RESULTS: Out of 97 patients (mean age, 37.09±11.59 years; range, 19~69 years), 50 patients (51.5%) had normal findings, 24 patients (24.7%) had arterial insufficiency, 15 patients (15.5%) had a venous leak, and 8 patients (8.2%) patients had arterial insufficiency with a venous leak. Psychogenic erectile dysfunction was significantly higher among patients aged ≤40 years, while arterial insufficiency with or without a venous leak was significantly higher among patients aged >40 years (p=0.022). CONCLUSIONS: A majority of the studied individuals demonstrated no organic cause of erectile dysfunction, thus confirming a high prevalence of the psychogenic etiology, particularly in relatively young individuals.


Subject(s)
Adult , Alprostadil , Arteries , Erectile Dysfunction , Female , Humans , Impotence, Vasculogenic , Male , Pakistan , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography , Ultrasonography, Doppler
17.
s.l; s.n; 2016.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BRISA | ID: biblio-833424

ABSTRACT

El Comité Farmacoterapéutico vigente del Hospital Nacional Arzobispo Loayza ha suspendido la aprobación del uso de alprostadil 20 ug amp, para la enfermedad arterial oclusiva periférica y para pie diabético isquémico, debido a que, al momento, la calidad de los estudios y la evidencia global disponibles son insuficientes para determinar su beneficio en dichas patologías, por lo que no es viable la evaluación de tecnología sanitaria para recomendar su inclusión o exclusión en la cobertura brindada por el Seguro Integral de Salud. Existe evidencia que soporta diferentes tratamientos específicos del pie diabético como son aliviar la presión, desbridamiento, drenaje y curaciones de la herida, manejo de la infección y mejorar el flujo vascular, los cuales son procedimientos coberturados por el Seguro Integral de Salud.(AU)


Subject(s)
Alprostadil , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Foot/drug therapy , Diabetic Foot/therapy , Debridement , Drainage , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Wound Healing
18.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 214-220, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-161819

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease is an important cause of death in adults and stent insertion is one of the treatment modalities. The most severe adverse effect of a stent insertion is the formation of a thrombus; therefore, antiplatelet agents are used. The addition of cilostazol to low-dose aspirin and clopidogrel results in a better antiplatelet effect. However, laboratory tests to monitor the effect of cilostazol are insufficient. METHODS: We tested the inhibitory effect of cilostazol using maximal platelet aggregation in 20 healthy volunteers. Conditions for incubation and concentrations of cilostazol and prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) were established and aggregation was induced by 5'-adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and measured with light transmission aggregometry (LTA). Blood samples were incubated with 1 µM and 2 µM cilostazol for 10 minutes at room temperature, and 80 nM PGE1 was added and incubated for an additional 10 minutes. Aggregation was induced by ADP and reactivity was evaluated. RESULTS: The average maximum aggregation (MA) was 58.1% at 1 µM cilostazol and 22.0% when PGE1 was added. The average MA was 42.8% when cilostazol concentration was increased to 2 µM and 21.2% when PGE1 was added. Average inhibition of aggregation at 1 µM cilostazol was not statistically significant (P=0.085), but was significant (P=0.004) at 2 µM cilostazol. Aggregation was not inhibited even with 2 µM cilostazol and PGE1 in 2 volunteers, which suggests possible resistance to cilostazol. CONCLUSIONS: We designed a method to monitor the effect of cilostazol using in vitro incubation with PGE1.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Diphosphate , Adult , Alprostadil , Aspirin , Cause of Death , Coronary Artery Disease , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Methods , Platelet Aggregation , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Stents , Thrombosis , Volunteers
19.
Acta cir. bras ; 30(2): 115-119, 02/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741025

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the action of pentoxifylline (PTX) and prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) on ischemia and reperfusion of small intestine tissue in rats, using immunohistochemical analysis. METHODS: Thirty-five Wistar rats were distributed as follows: group A (n=10): subjected to intestinal ischemia and reperfusion for 60 min, with no drugs; group B (n=10): PTX given during tissue ischemia and reperfusion; group C (n=10): PGE1 given during tissue ischemia and reperfusion; group D (n=5): sham. A segment of the small intestine was excised from each euthanized animal and subjected to immunohistochemical examination. RESULTS: Mean number of cells expressing anti-FAS ligand in the crypts was highest in Group A (78.9 ± 17.3), followed by groups B (16.7 ± 2.8), C (11.3 ± 1.8), and D (2.5 ± 0.9), with very significant differences between groups (p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The use of pentoxifylline or prostaglandin E1 proved beneficial during tissue reperfusion. The immunohistochemical results demonstrated a decrease in apoptotic cells, while protecting other intestinal epithelium cells against death after reperfusion, allowing these cells to renew the epithelial tissue. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Alprostadil/pharmacology , Intestine, Small/blood supply , Ischemia/drug therapy , Pentoxifylline/pharmacology , Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , Vasodilator Agents/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Disease Models, Animal , Immunohistochemistry , Intestinal Mucosa/blood supply , Intestinal Mucosa/pathology , Intestine, Small/pathology , Rats, Wistar , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1147-1150, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350337

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Several studies have demonstrated that primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) can result in reperfusion injury. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of liposomal prostaglandin E1 (Lipo-PGE1, Alprostadil, Beijing Tide Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.) for enhancing microcirculation in reperfusion injury. In addition, this study determined the optimal administration method for acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing primary PCI.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally, 68 patients with STEMI were randomly assigned to two groups: intravenous administration of Lipo-PGE1 (Group A), and no Lipo-PGE1 administration (Group B). The corrected thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) frame count (cTFC) and myocardial blush grade (MBG) were calculated. Patients were followed up for 6 months. Major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were also measured.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no significant difference in the baseline characteristics between the two groups. The cTFC parameter in Group A was significantly lower than Group B (18.06 ± 2.06 vs. 25.31 ± 2.59, P < 0.01). The ratio of final MBG grade-3 was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in Group A (87.9%) relative to Group B (65.7%). There was no significant difference between the two groups in final TIMI-3 flow and no-reflow. Patients were followed up for 6 months, and the occurrence of MACE in Group A was significantly lower than that in Group B (6.1% vs. 25.9% respectively, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Myocardial microcirculation of reperfusion injury in patients with STEMI, after primary PCI, can be improved by administering Lipo-PGE1.</p>


Subject(s)
Administration, Intravenous , Aged , Alprostadil , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Male , Microcirculation , Middle Aged , Myocardial Infarction , Drug Therapy , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Methods
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