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1.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(3): 171-178, jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388735

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La violencia en la gestante está asociada a muchos factores del recién nacido, pero esto casi no se ha reportado en la altura geográfica. OBJETIVO: Determinar si existe asociación entre el maltrato en la gestante adolescente y su efecto en el peso del recién nacido en la altura geográfica peruana. MÉTODO: Estudio de cohorte retrospectiva. Se tomó la información de 855 gestantes. La variable exposición fue que hubieran sufrido violencia, lo cual se asoció al peso y otros datos del recién nacido en la ciudad de Huancayo, Perú. RESULTADOS: Según el análisis multivariado, hubo más riesgo de que el niño tuviera un peso inadecuado cuando hubo violencia física (riesgo relativo ajustado [RRa]: 1,42; intervalo de confianza del 95% [IC95%]: 1,01-2,00; p = 0,045), cuando se tuvo un parto pretérmino según Capurro (RRa: 4,90; IC95%: 2,85-8,45; p < 0,001), cuando hubo complicaciones en el parto (RRa: 2,11; IC95%: 1,25-3,61; p = 0,006) y si el abuso inició en el primer trimestre (RRa: 14,74; IC95%: 4,70-46,27; p < 0,001), el segundo (RRa: 18,72; IC95%: 5,78-60,63; p < 0,001) o el tercero (RRa: 18,87; IC95%: 4,71-75,60; p < 0,001). CONCLUSIONES: Existe asociación entre sufrir violencia física durante la gestación y el bajo peso al nacer, y también se encontró asociación con otras variables.


INTRODUCTION: Violence in the pregnant woman is associated with many newborn factors, but this has hardly been reported in the geographical altitude. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is an association between adolescent pregnancy abuse and its effect on newborn birth weight in high altitude Peru. METHOD: Retrospective cohort study. Information was taken from 855 pregnant women. The exposure variable was whether they had suffered gender-based violence, the exposure variable was that they had suffered violence, which was associated with the weight and other data of the newborn in Huancayo city, Peru. RESULTS: In the multivariatee analysis it was found that there was a higher risk of the child having an inadequate weight when there was physical violence (adjusted relative risk [RRa]: 1.42; 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 1.01-2.00; p = 0.045), when there was a preterm birth according to Capurro (RRa: 4.90; 95% CI: 2.85-8.45; p < 0.001), when there were complications in childbirth (RRa: 2.11; 95% CI: 1.25-3.61; p = 0.006) and if the abuse started in the first trimester (RRa: 14.74; 95% CI: 4.70-46.27; p < 0.001), second (RRa: 18.72; 95% CI: 5.78-60.63; p < 0.001) or third (RRa: 18.87; 95% CI: 4.71-75.60; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: There is an association between suffering physical violence during gestation and low birth weight, and association was also found with other variables.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Child , Adolescent , Pregnancy in Adolescence , Birth Weight , Domestic Violence/statistics & numerical data , Violence Against Women , Peru , Sex Offenses , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Neonatal Screening , Pregnant Women , Altitude , Intimate Partner Violence/statistics & numerical data
2.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 8(1): 15-20, ene.-mar. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391822

ABSTRACT

The Chilean workforce has over 200,000 people that are intermittently exposed to altitudes over 4000 m. In 2012, the Ministry of Health provided a technical guide for high altitude workers that included a series of actions to mitigate the effects of hypoxia. Previous studies have shown the positive effect of oxygen enrichment at high altitudes. The Atacama Large Millimeter / submillimeter Arrays (ALMA) radiotelescope operate at 5,050 m (Array Operation Site, AOS) and is the only place in the world where Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA) and Liquid Oxygen technologies have been installed at a large scale. Here we discuss our experience using oxygen supplementation at ALMA, to prevent the malaise and/or risks associated with exposure at 5,050 m. Antenna operators experienced chronic intermittent hypobaric hypoxia (CIHH, shiftwork 8 days HA*6 days rest SL) over 4 years. Studies to define normal O2 saturation values were performed in OSF and AOS by continuous recording during the shift. The outcomes showed no differences between production procedures (PSA or Liquid oxygen) in regulating oxygen availability at AOS facilities. As a result, big-scale installations have difficulties reaching the appropriate oxygen concentration due to leaks in high mobility areas. In addition, the PSA plant requires adequation and maintenance to operate at a very high altitude.


La fuerza laboral chilena cuenta con más de 200.000 personas que están expuestas intermitentemente a altitudes superiores a los 4000 m. En 2012, el Ministerio de Salud entregó una guía técnica para trabajadores de altura que incluía una serie de acciones para mitigar los efectos de la hipoxia. Estudios anteriores han demostrado el efecto positivo del enriquecimiento de oxígeno en altitudes elevadas. El radiotelescopio Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Arrays (ALMA) opera a 5.050 m (Array Operation Site, AOS) y es el único lugar en el mundo donde se han instalado tecnologías de adsorción por cambio de presión (PSA) y oxígeno líquido a gran escala. Aquí discutimos nuestra experiencia usando suplementos de oxígeno en ALMA, para prevenir el malestar y/o los riesgos asociados con la exposición a 5.050 m. Los operadores de antena experimentaron hipoxia hipobárica intermitente crónica (CIHH, trabajo por turnos 8 días HA*6 días descanso SL) durante 4 años. Se realizaron estudios para definir valores normales de saturación de O2 en OSF y AOS mediante registro continuo durante el turno. Los resultados no mostraron diferencias entre los procedimientos de producción (PSA u oxígeno líquido) en la regulación de la disponibilidad de oxígeno en las instalaciones de AOS. Como resultado, las instalaciones a gran escala tienen dificultades para alcanzar la concentración de oxígeno adecuada debido a fugas en áreas de alta movilidad. Además, la planta de PSA requiere de adecuación y mantenimiento para operar a gran altura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oxygen/administration & dosage , Hypoxia/physiopathology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Models, Molecular , Desert , Absorption , Altitude , Telescopes
3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 577-584, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940891

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the gene expression characteristics of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with high altitude pulmonary hypertension (HAPH) in Naxi residents living in Lijiang, Yunnan, and to explore the underlying pathogenesis and value for potential drug selection. Methods: This is a case-control study. Six patients with HPAH (HPAH group) and 4 normal subjects (control group) were selected from the Naxi residents who originally lived in Lijiang, Yunnan Province. The general clinical data of the two groups were collected, and the related indexes of pulmonary artery pressure were collected. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells of the subjects were collected for RNA sequencing. The differences on gene expression, regulatory network of transcription factors and drug similarity between the two groups were compared. The results were compared with the public data of idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). Biological processes and signal pathways were analyzed and compared between HPAH and IPAH patients. Results: The age of 6 patients with HAPH was (68.1±8.3) years old, and there were 2 males (2/6). The age of 4 subjects in the control group was (62.3±10.9) years old, and there were 2 males (2/4). Tricuspid regurgitation velocity, tricuspid pressure gradient and pulmonary systolic pressure in HAPH group were significantly higher than those in control group (all P<0.05). The results of RNA sequencing showed that compared with the control group, 174 genes were significantly upregulated and 169 genes were downregulated in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of HAPH group. These differentially expressed genes were associated with 220 biological processes, 52 molecular functions and 23 cell components. A total of 21 biological processes and 2 signal pathways differed between HPAH and IPAH groups, most of which were related to inflammation and immune response. ZNF384, SP1 and STAT3 were selected as highly correlated transcription factors by transcription factor prediction analysis. Trichostatin A and vorinostat were screened out as potential drugs for the treatment of HAPH by drug similarity analysis. Conclusions: There are significant differences in gene expression in peripheral blood monocytes between HAPH patients and normal population, and inflammation and immune dysfunction are the main pathogenic factors. Trichostatin A and Vorinostat are potential drugs for the treatment of HAPH.


Subject(s)
Aged , Altitude , Altitude Sickness/genetics , Case-Control Studies , China , Familial Primary Pulmonary Hypertension/genetics , Humans , Hydroxamic Acids/therapeutic use , Hypertension, Pulmonary/genetics , Inflammation , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Transcription Factors , Transcriptome/genetics , Vorinostat/therapeutic use
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936128

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relationship between high altitude polycythemia (HAPC) and peptic ulcer bleeding, in order to provide the evidence for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of peptic ulcer disease in Tibet of China.@*METHODS@#A retrospective case-control study was conducted. Patients who hospitalized in the Department of Gastroenterology with the diagnosis of peptic ulcer bleeding from January 1, 2015 to April 30, 2021 in Tibet Autonomous Region People's Hospital were enrolled in the case group, and patients who hospitalized in the Department of Urology without tumor and without the history of peptic ulcer and gastrointestinal bleeding during the same period were selected as the control group. In the study, 1 ∶ 1 case matching was conducted between the two groups according to the gender, age (±2 years), ethnic group (Tibetan, Han), and the residence altitude level (grouped by < 4 000 m or ≥4 000 m), and 393 cases were included in the case group and the control group respectively. All the patients had lived in Tibet with the altitude >2 500 m for more than 1 year, and with age ≥ 18 years. The risk factors of peptic ulcer bleeding (place of residence, smoking, alcohol, the use of NSAIDs/anticoagulants, and combined with chronic diseases, such as HAPC, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, heart disease, hyperlipidemia, cerebrovascular disease, chronic lung disease, joint disease) were analyzed and compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#There were 28 (7.1%) patients with HAPC in the case group, and 5 (1.3%) in the control group. The incidence of HAPC in the case group was significantly higher than those in the control group, P < 0.001, and the OR value was 5.953. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that HAPC (OR=5.270, 95%CI: 1.806-15.380), living in cities and towns (OR=2.369, 95%CI: 1.559-3.602), alcohol (OR=3.238, 95%CI: 1.973-5.317) and the use of NSAIDs/anticoagulants (OR=20.584, 95%CI: 2.639-160.545) were the independent risk factors for peptic ulcer bleeding in Tibet. After adjusting for the possible confounding factors, such as living in cities and towns, alcohol, and the use of NSAIDs/anticoagulants, HAPC was associated with an increased risk of peptic ulcer bleeding in Tibet, and the OR value was 5.270.@*CONCLUSION@#HAPC was associated with a significantly increased risk of peptic ulcer bleeding in Tibet. Patients with HAPC and peptic ulcer should be diagnosed and treated actively, in order to avoid gastrointestinal bleeding and other serious complications.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Altitude , Case-Control Studies , Humans , Peptic Ulcer/epidemiology , Polycythemia/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
5.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 36-42, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935100

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical features of patients with acute pulmonary embolism (APE) living in high altitude area of Yunnan province. Methods: This was a cross-sectional retrospective study. APE patients, hospitalized in our hospital between January 2017 and December 2019, were included. The selected patients were divided into low-risk group, medium-risk group and high-risk group according to risk stratification. The clinical data of patients, including demographic data, the main symptoms, risk factors of APE, heart rate and systolic blood pressure and laboratory testing results (D-dimer, cardiac troponin I (cTNI), N terminal B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP)) and echocardiography and electrocardiogram examination results, were obtained through the electronic medical record system. The clinical characteristics of selected patients were analyzed. Results: A total of 392 patients, aged (63.5±15.7) years, 224 males (57.14%), were included in this study and there were 59 low-risk, 304 medium-risk and 29 high-risk patients in this cohort. The main clinical manifestations were chest pain (157(40.05%)), dyspnea (107(27.30%)), hemoptysis (55(14.03%)), syncope as the first symptom (20(5.10%)), and only 6 cases (1.53%) presented with the typical "Virchow's triad". Most of the patients were accompanied by atypical chest tightness (223(56.89%)) and cough (208(53.06%)). The main risk factors were venous thrombosis of lower limbs (179(45.66%)), hypertension (138(35.20%)), surgery (63(16.07%)), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (62(15.82%)). There were 57 cases (14.54%) of coronary heart disease, 57 cases (14.54%) of diabetes, 51 cases (13.01%) of cerebral infarction, 47 cases (12.00%) of advanced age, 15 cases (3.83%) of tumor, 7 cases (1.79%) of activity restriction, 6 cases (1.53%) of pregnancy and 4 cases (1.02%) of hormone use in this cohort. The proportion of lower extremity venous thrombosis was significantly higher in low-risk group than in medium-risk group (P<0.01), COPD was more common in high-risk and medium-risk groups than in low-risk group (P<0.01), hypertension was more common in high-risk group than in medium-and low-risk groups (P<0.01). The proportion of advanced age was significantly higher in medium-risk group than in low-risk group (P<0.01). There were no significant differences in RBC and hemoglobin level between low-, medium-and high-risk groups (P>0.05). The level of D-dimer was significantly higher in high-risk group than in medium-and low-risk groups (P<0.05). Levels of NT-proBNP and cTNI were significantly higher in high-risk group than in medium- and low-risk groups (P<0.05). Increased proportion of cTNI and NT-proBNP was significantly higher in high-risk group than in medium- and low-risk groups (P<0.05). There were 105 (26.79%) patients with pulmonary hypertension (PAH). The incidence of PAH was significantly higher in high-risk group than in low-risk group (P<0.01). There were 104 patients (26.53%) with right ventricular enlargement, and the incidence of right ventricular enlargement was significantly higher in high-risk group than in medium-and low-risk groups (P<0.01). Characteristic changes of electrocardiogram in patient with APE were T-wave inversion of limb leads (98(25.00%)), followed by SⅠQⅢTⅢ (83(21.17%)). Conclusions: The main clinical manifestations of APE in Yunnan high altitude area are chest pain and dyspnea, and syncope is the first symptom in some patients, but the typical "Virchow's triad" is rare. The most common risk factors are lower extremity venous thrombosis, hypertension, and COPD. Clinical symptoms, risk factors and laboratory examination results differ among patients with different risk stratification.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Altitude , Biomarkers , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Male , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Peptide Fragments , Prognosis , Pulmonary Embolism/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928837

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Research on the relationship between residential altitude and hypertension incidence has been inconclusive. Evidence at low altitudes (i.e., <1,500 m) is scarce, let alone in older adults, a population segment with the highest hypertension prevalence. Thus, the objective of this study is to determine whether hypertension risk may be affected by altitude in older adults living at low altitudes.@*METHODS@#This prospective cohort study collected data from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS). We selected 6,548 older adults (≥65 years) without hypertension at baseline (2008) and assessed events by the follow-up surveys done in 2011, 2014, and 2018 waves. The mean altitude of 613 residential units (county or district) in which the participants resided was extracted from the Digital Elevation Model (DEM) of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and was accurate to within 30 m. The Cox regression model with penalized splines examined the linear or nonlinear link between altitude and hypertension. A random-effects Cox regression model was used to explore the linear association between altitude and hypertension.@*RESULTS@#The overall rate of incident hypertension was 8.6 per 100-person years. The median altitude was 130.0 m (interquartile range [IQR] = 315.5 m). We observed that the exposure-response association between altitude and hypertension incidence was not linear. The shape of the exposure-response curve showed that three change points existed. Hypertension risk increased from the lowest to the first change point (247.1 m) and slightly fluctuated until the last change point (633.9 m). The risk decreased above the last change point. According to the categories stratified by the change points, altitude was only significantly associated with hypertension risk (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.003; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.002-1.005) under the first change point (247.1 m) after adjusting for related covariates.@*CONCLUSION@#Our study found that the association between altitude and hypertension risk might not be linear. We hope the further study can be conducted to confirm the generality of our findings.


Subject(s)
Aged , Altitude , Humans , Hypertension/etiology , Incidence , Prevalence , Prospective Studies
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928240

ABSTRACT

Smart wearable devices play an increasingly important role in physiological monitoring and disease prevention because they are portable, real-time, dynamic and continuous.The popularization of smart wearable devices among people under high-altitude environment would be beneficial for the prevention for heart and brain diseases related to high altitude. The current review comprehensively elucidates the effects of high-altitude environment on the heart and brain of different population and experimental subjects, the characteristics and applications of different types of wearable devices, and the limitations and challenges for their application. By emphasizing their application values, this review provides practical reference information for the prevention of high-altitude disease and the protection of life and health.


Subject(s)
Altitude , Brain Diseases , Heart , Humans , Monitoring, Physiologic , Wearable Electronic Devices
8.
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 59(4): 280-288, dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388410

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN INTRODUCCIÓN: El deterioro cognitivo es una patología importante entre los ancianos, pero pocos estudios evalúan a poblaciones en una altura geográfica importante. OBJETIVOS: Caracterizar y encontrar los factores asociados al deterioro cognitivo en poblaciones urbanas y rurales de la mediana altura geográfica. METODOLOGÍA: Estudio transversal analítico, se evaluó el deterioro cognitivo con el Test de Pfeiffer (Alpha de Cronbach: 0,69), sus resultados se combinaron versus tres variables socioeducativas y cuatro comorbilidades; se obtuvo estadísticos analíticos. RESULTADOS: De los 400 adultos mayores, el 26,5% (106) no tuvo deterioro cognitivo, el 47,5% (190) tuvo un deterioro leve, el 25,5% (102) moderado y el 0,5% (2) severo; el 60% fueron mujeres, la mediana de edades fue de 66 años (rango intercuartílico: 63-69 años), el 67% vivían en la zona rural. En el análisis multivariado se encontró que, hubo más deterioro cognitivo moderado/severo a mayor edad (RPa: 1,05; IC95%: 1,02-1,08; p<0,001), entre los que tenían diabetes (RPa: 1,23; IC95%: 1,17-1,29; p<0,001), hipertensión arterial (RPa: 1,47; IC95%: 1,33-1,61; p<0,001), enfermedad renal crónica (RPa: 2,21; IC95%: 2,01-2,43; p<0,001) e insuficiencia cardiaca (RPa: 2,25; IC95%: 1,92-2,64; p<0,001); en cambio, los que tenían grado universitario tuvieron menos deterioro cognitivo (RPa: 0,89; IC95%: 0,22-0,65; p<0,001); ajustados por el sexo y el lugar de residencia. CONCLUSIONES: Se encontró importantes asociaciones del deterioro cognitivo en una población adulta mayor que residía entre los 2500-3900 msnm, estos resultados son importantes por no ser una población muy estudiada.


INTRODUCTION: Cognitive impairment is an important pathology among the Aged, but few studies evaluate populations at an important geographical height. OBJECTIVES: To characterize and find the factors associated with cognitive deterioration in urban and rural populations of medium geographic height. METHODOLOGY: Analytical cross-sectional study, cognitive impairment was evaluated with the Pfeiffer Test (Cronbach's Alpha: 0.69), its results were combined versus three socio-educational variables and four comorbidities; analytical statistics were obtained. RESULTS: Of the 400 older adults, 26.5% (106) had no cognitive impairment, 47.5% (190) had mild impairment, 25.5% (102) moderate and 0.5% (2) severe; 60% were women, the median age was 66 years (interquartile range: 63-69 years), 67% lived in rural areas. In the multivariate analysis it was found that there was more moderate / severe cognitive impairment at older age (RPa: 1.05; 95% CI: 1.02-1.08; p <0.001), among those with diabetes (RPa: 1, 23; 95% CI: 1.17-1.29; p <0.001), arterial hypertension (RPa: 1.47; 95% CI: 1.33-1.61; p <0.001), chronic kidney disease (RPa: 2.21, 95% CI 2.01-2.43, p <0.001) and heart failure (RPa: 2.25, 95% CI 1.92-2.64, p <0.001); On the other hand, those with a university degree had less cognitive deterioration (RPa: 0.89, 95% CI: 0.22-0.65, p <0.001); adjusted for sex and place of residence. CONCLUSION: Important associations of cognitive deterioration were found in an older adult population residing between 2500-3900 msnm, these results are important as they are not a highly studied population; therefore, these data should be taken for diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Altitude , Cognitive Dysfunction/epidemiology , Rural Population , Urban Population , Bolivia/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies
9.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(5): 504-508, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288621

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: When athletes are performing sports training, many movements are of high intensity, and that training is repetitive, resulting in wear and tear on some injured parts. Objective: Sports athletes can damage parts of the body in high - intensity exercise. During the processing, it is necessary to identify and analyze the damaged parts in the image. However, the current relevant methods have low accuracy and different problems of efficiency and quality. Methods: In this paper, a Fish Swarm Algorithm is proposed to identify high-intensity motion damage images. According to the combination of adaptive threshold and mathematical morphology, the contour of the damaged part of the image is extracted. Results: The above-mentioned method can improve the accuracy of identifying damaged parts of sports injury images, shorten the recognition time, and has certain feasibility in determining sports injury parts. Conclusions: This method can be widely used in high-intensity sports injuries. Level of evidence II; Therapeuticstudies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: Quando os atletas estão realizando treinamento esportivo, muitos movimentos são de alta intensidade, e esse treinamento é repetitivo, resultando em desgaste de algumas partes lesionadas. Objetivo: Os atletas podem danificar partes do corpo em exercícios de alta intensidade. Durante o processamento, é necessário identificar e analisar as partes danificadas da imagem. No entanto, os métodos atuais relevantes têm baixa precisão e problemas de eficiência e qualidade diferentes. Métodos: Neste artigo, um algoritmo Fish Swarm é proposto para identificar imagens danificadas por movimento de alta intensidade. Com base na combinação de limiar adaptativo e morfologia matemática, o contorno da parte danificada da imagem é extraído. Resultados: O método acima mencionado pode melhorar a precisão da identificação das partes danificadas das imagens de lesões esportivas, encurtar o tempo de reconhecimento e tem alguma viabilidade para determinar as partes das lesões esportivas. Conclusões: este método pode ser amplamente utilizado em lesões esportivas de alta intensidade. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos- investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: Cuando los deportistas realizan entrenamientos deportivos, muchos movimientos son de alta intensidad, y ese entrenamiento es repetitivo, lo que genera desgaste en algunas partes lesionadas. Objetivo: Los deportistas pueden dañar partes del cuerpo en el ejercicio de alta intensidad. Durante el procesamiento, es necesario identificar y analizar las partes dañadas en la imagen. Sin embargo, los métodos relevantes actuales tienen baja precisión y diferentes problemas de eficiencia y calidad. Métodos: En este artículo, se propone un algoritmo Fish Swarm para identificar imágenes de daño por movimiento de alta intensidad. Según la combinación de umbral adaptativo y morfología matemática, se extrae el contorno de la parte dañada de la imagen. Resultados: el método mencionado anteriormente puede mejorar la precisión de la identificación de las partes dañadas de las imágenes de lesiones deportivas, acortar el tiempo de reconocimiento y tiene cierta viabilidad para determinar las partes de las lesiones deportivas. Conclusiones: este método puede ser ampliamente utilizado en lesiones deportivas de alta intensidad. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos- investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Exercise/physiology , Simulation Exercise/methods , Exercise Test/methods , Altitude , Heart Rate/physiology , Respiratory Function Tests , Models, Theoretical
10.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(5): 509-513, July-Sept. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288622

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Due to various uncertain and unexpected factors in life such as diseases, natural disasters, traffic accidents, and congenital disabilities, the number and proportion of lower limb amputations are still rising for many reasons, so the research on lower limb prostheses is particularly important. Objective: This work aimed to study the relationship between altitude exercise and cardiopulmonary function. Methods: A model of abnormal changes in cardiopulmonary function was established, and then 40 plateau exercisers were selected, all of whom arrived in Tibet in March 2017. The relationship between pulmonary circulation volume and internal pressure in the chest was observed and compared. The relationship between cardiopulmonary sensory reflex and exercise (high altitude) breathing and heart rate was analyzed. A comparison of the cardiopulmonary function of subjects of different genders was implemented. Moreover, the influence of different altitudes on the subjects' cardiopulmonary function and the subjects' cardiopulmonary function changes before departure and during the first, second, and third week after departure were observed and compared. Results: I. As the pressure in the thoracic cavity increased, the subjects' pulmonary circulation blood volume gradually decreased, and the decrease was most obvious in the stage of thoracic pressure −50 to 0. II. As the cardiorespiratory reflex coefficient increased, the subjects' breathing and heart rate compensatory acceleration appeared. III. Tracking and monitoring of the subjects' cardiopulmonary indicators revealed that with the increase in altitude, the subjects' average arterial pressure, respiratory frequency, and heart rate all showed an upward trend, while the blood oxygen saturation value showed a downward trend. IV. No matter how high the altitude was, the average arterial pressure, respiratory rate, and heart rate monitored of the subjects under exercise were significantly superior to the indicator values under resting state. In contrast, the blood oxygen saturation value showed the opposite trend. V. The subjects' average arterial pressure, respiration, and heart rate in the first week were higher than other periods, but the blood oxygen saturation was relatively lower. In the second and third weeks, the changes in cardiopulmonary function were relatively smooth (all P<0.05). VI. The changes in the index of the cardiopulmonary function of subjects of different genders were small (p>0.05). Conclusion: Through modeling, the results of the plateau environment on the cardiopulmonary function of the body were made clearer, and these research data provided theoretical references for the training of the sports field in the plateau area. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Contexto: devido a vários fatores incertos e inesperados da vida, como doenças, desastres naturais, acidentes de trânsito e defeitos congênitos, o número e a proporção de amputações de membros inferiores ainda estão aumentando por muitos motivos, portanto, a pesquisa sobre próteses de membros inferiores é particularmente importante. Objetivo: Este trabalho teve como objetivo estudar a relação entre o exercício em altitude e a função cardiopulmonar. Métodos: Um modelo de alterações anormais da função cardiopulmonar foi estabelecido e, em seguida, 40 praticantes de exercícios de platô foram selecionados, todos chegaram ao Tibete em março de 2017. A relação entre o volume de circulação pulmonar e a pressão interna no tórax foi observada e comparada. A relação entre o reflexo sensorial cardiopulmonar e a respiração do exercício (altitude) e a frequência cardíaca foi analisada. A comparação da função cardiopulmonar de indivíduos de diferentes gêneros foi implementada. Além disso, a influência de diferentes altitudes na função cardiopulmonar dos indivíduos e as mudanças na função cardiopulmonar dos indivíduos antes da partida e durante a primeira, segunda e terceira semanas após a partida foram observadas e comparadas. Resultados: I. À medida que a pressão na cavidade torácica aumentou, o volume de sangue da circulação pulmonar dos indivíduos diminuiu gradualmente, e a diminuição foi mais óbvia no estágio de pressão torácica −50 a 0. II. À medida que o coeficiente do reflexo cardiorrespiratório aumentou, a respiração dos indivíduos e a aceleração compensatória da frequência cardíaca apareceram. III. O rastreamento e o monitoramento dos indicadores cardiopulmonares dos indivíduos revelaram que, com o aumento da altitude, a pressão arterial média, a frequência respiratória e a frequência cardíaca dos indivíduos mostraram uma tendência ascendente, enquanto o valor de saturação de oxigênio no sangue mostrou uma tendência descendente. 4. Por mais alta que fosse a altitude, a pressão arterial média, a frequência respiratória e a frequência cardíaca monitoradas dos indivíduos em exercício foram significativamente superiores aos valores do indicador em repouso, enquanto o valor da saturação de oxigênio no sangue apresentou tendência oposta. V. A pressão arterial média, respiração e frequência cardíaca dos indivíduos na primeira semana foram maiores do que em outros períodos de tempo, mas a saturação de oxigênio no sangue foi relativamente menor. Na segunda e terceira semanas, as mudanças na função cardiopulmonar foram relativamente suaves (todos P <0,05). VI. As mudanças no índice de função cardiopulmonar de sujeitos de diferentes gêneros foram pequenas (p> 0,05). Conclusão: Por meio da modelagem, os resultados do ambiente de planalto sobre a função cardiopulmonar do corpo ficaram mais claros, e os dados dessas pesquisas forneceram referenciais teóricos para o treinamento do campo esportivo na área de planalto. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos- investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


resumen está disponible en el texto completo


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Exercise/physiology , Simulation Exercise/methods , Exercise Test , Altitude , Models, Cardiovascular
11.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(4): 367-385, jul. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349509

ABSTRACT

Araujia odorata is a sub-shrub native from Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay, whose latex, roots and leaves are used in traditional medicine. The objective of this work is to study the foliar morpho-anatomy of six populations in an altitudinal gradient (359-2155 m.a.s.l.) of Northwestern Argentine and to determine the nature of the compounds present in the laticiferous of the stems and fruits using conventional techniques for plant anatomy. The populations under study did not show significant morpho-anatomical differences. They presented simple leaves, pinnated brochydodromous venation, amphiestomatic isolateral lamina, brachy, anomo and amphicyclocytic stomata, eglandular trichomes, midvein with bicolateral vascular bundle and non-articulated laticifers continuous in the petiole, stem and fruits. Differences in the quantified foliar parameters are observed, however, only the density of trichomes, stomata and the thickness of the cuticle are positively correlated with the altitudinal gradient, indicating phenotypic plasticity. Histochemical analysis of laticifers and other stem idioblasts of A. odoratawas performed for the first time.


Araujia odorata, es un subarbusto nativo de Argentina, Brasil, Paraguay y Uruguay, cuyo látex, raíces y hojas son utilizados en medicina popular. Se plantea como objetivo realizar un estudio morfo-anatómico foliar de seis poblaciones del Noroeste Argentino en un gradiente altitudinal (359-2155 m.s.n.m) y determinar la naturaleza de los compuestos presentes en laticíferos de tallos y frutos mediante técnicas convencionales de anatomía vegetal. Las poblaciones estudiadas no evidenciaron diferencias morfo-anatómicas significativas. Presentan hojas simples, venación pinnada broquidódroma, lámina isolateral anfiestomática, estomas braqui, anomo y anficiclocíticos, tricomas eglandulares, nervio medio con haz bicolateral y laticíferos no-articulados continuos en pecíolo, tallo y frutos. Se observan diferencias en los parámetros foliares cuantificados, sin embargo, solo la de densidad de tricomas, estomas y el espesor de cutícula se correlacionan positivamente con el gradiente altitudinal indicando plasticidad fenotípica. Se realiza por primera vez un análisis histoquímico de los laticíferos y otros idioblastos del tallo A. odorata.


Subject(s)
Plant Leaves/anatomy & histology , Apocynaceae/anatomy & histology , Argentina , Plant Stems/anatomy & histology , Altitude , Fruit/anatomy & histology
12.
Cuad. Hosp. Clín ; 62(1): 111-118, jun. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284364

ABSTRACT

La importancia de la investigación científica referida a la definición de la anemia por deficiencia de hierro en altitud, se relaciona con los hallazgos de los estudios realizados y que permiten avanzar al conocimiento científico, en poblaciones vulnerables, siendo que están dirigidos a mejorar la salud pública e influir en políticas de salud. Se presenta el análisis y reflexión de una innovadora modalidad para nuestro medio de altitud, basada en la suplementación con hierro y folatos para definir anemia en la población estudiada, situación que difiere de investigaciones previas sobre el tema en nuestro contexto de altitud. Estos estudios han tenido un escrutinio intenso de parte de los revisores que han valorado las publicaciones sobre anemia ferropénica a gran altitud. La claridad de los diseños de ensayos clínicos formales y controlados aleatorizados, pertinentes en tiempo y necesarios por su importancia fueron realizados, en regiones de altitud de Bolivia. La falta de reconocimiento por terceros de este nivel de evidencia logrado, equivaldría a sustituirlos por estudios de ensayos no formales y no controlados, es decir seguir aplicando diseños de tipo observacional, con contrastación teórica y lógica que solo incrementan el estado de incertidumbre sobre el tema en Bolivia. El sumario presentado de la historia sobre la anemia ferropénica en regiones de altitud en Bolivia nos permite reflexiones importantes, a saber: 1. Es importante resaltar, como claro ejemplo, que la observación simple puede llevar a la incertidumbre y lo costoso de sus consecuencias futuras por la persistencia de la anemia ferropénica en poblaciones de altitud, más aún si se mantiene el posible manejo de prueba y error en resultados difundidos. 2. Se demuestra la necesidad de los controles en la investigación científica, y finalmente 3. Los ensayos clínicos controlados aleatorizados son la mejor fuente de evidencia confiable.


The importance of scientific research related to the definition of iron deficiency anemia at altitude is related to the findings of the studies carried out and that allow advancing scientific knowledge, in vulnerable populations, being that they are aimed at improving public health and influence health policies. The analysis and reflection of an innovative modality for our altitude environment is presented, based on supplementation with iron and folates to define anemia in the studied population, a situation that differs from previous research on the subject in our altitude context. These studies have received intense scrutiny from reviewers who have evaluated the publications on high altitude iron deficiency anemia. The clarity of the designs of formal and randomized controlled clinical trials, pertinent in time and necessary due to their importance, were carried out in highland regions of Bolivia. The lack of recognition by third parties of this level of evidence achieved, would be equivalent to replacing them with studies of non-formal and uncontrolled trials, that is, to continue applying observational designs, with theoretical and logical contrast that only increase the state of uncertainty on the subject in Bolivia. The summary presented of the history of iron deficiency anemia in high-altitude regions of Bolivia allows us important reflections, namely: 1. It is important to highlight, as a clear example, that simple observation can lead to uncertainty and the cost of its future consequences due to the persistence of iron deficiency anemia in high altitude populations, even more so if the possible trial and error management is maintained in disseminated results. 2. The need for controls in scientific research is demonstrated, and finally 3. Randomized controlled clinical trials are the best source of reliable evidence.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Iron-Deficiency , Altitude , Anemia
13.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(3): 742-746, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278357

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se neste estudo relatar a frequência e a identidade de patógenos transmitidos por carrapatos em cães residentes de uma área caracterizada por brejo de alta altitude. Amostras sanguíneas (n=203) foram coletadas e molecularmente analisadas via PCR (Babesia spp., Hepatozoon spp., Anaplasma spp. e Ehrlichia spp.) e sequenciamento de DNA. De todas as amostras analisadas, 8,87% (18/203) foram positivas a algum patógeno transmitido por carrapato. Especificamente, 5,42% (11/203) e 3,45% (7/203) foram positivos a Anaplasma platys e Ehrlichia canis, respectivamente. Este estudo fornece, pela primeira vez, evidência científica de infecção de cães por esses patógenos nessa área de alta altitude e reforça o provável papel de R. sanguineus s.l. como vetor de A. platys, principalmente considerando.se que muitos animais positivos eram infestados por essa espécie de carrapato.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Ehrlichiosis/epidemiology , Ehrlichia canis/isolation & purification , Anaplasma/isolation & purification , Anaplasmosis/epidemiology , Brazil , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Sequence Analysis, DNA/veterinary , Wetlands , Altitude
14.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(2): 91-98, abril 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1151240

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Evaluar la reproductibilidad de las pruebas de competencia motriz (CM) de transposición lateral y salto lateral, y estimar percentiles por edad y sexo para niños que viven a altitud modera del Perú.Método. Se efectuó un estudio descriptivo transversal en la provincia de Arequipa (Perú). Se evaluó el peso, la estatura y la circunferencia de cintura. Se calculó el índice de masa corporal e índice ponderal. Se evaluó la prueba de transposición lateral y salto lateral (ambas de la batería Kopfer test für Kinder).Resultados. La muestra estuvo constituida por 885 niñas y 897 niños de 6,0 a 16,9 años. El error técnico de medida intraevaluador para ambas pruebas de CM oscilaron entre 1,75 y 3,9 repeticiones en ambos sexos, mientras que el coeficiente de correlación intraclase fue de 0,77 a 0,99. Los límites de acuerdo oscilaron entre -7,3 y 6,8 repeticiones en ambas pruebas. Se estimaron percentiles 5º, 15º, 50º, 85º y 95º por el método Least-Mean-Square algorithm. Los puntos de corte adoptados para las pruebas CM fueron bajo: < p15; regular: de p15 a p85; y alto: > p85.Conclusión. Las pruebas de transposición lateral y salto lateral mostraron una elevada capacidad de reproductibilidad. Los percentiles propuestos pueden servir para valorar la CM y podrían ser incluidos y adaptados como indicadores de desempeño en la educación física.


Objective. To assess the reproducibility of two motor competence (MC) tests: moving sideways and jumping sideways, and to estimate age and sex percentiles for children living at moderate altitude in Peru.Method. This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted in the province of Arequipa, Peru. Weight, height, and waist circumference were assessed. Body mass index and ponderal index were estimated. The moving sideways and jumping sideways tests were assessed (both from the Körper test für Kinder test battery).Results. The sample was made up of 885 girls and 897 boys aged 6.0-16.9 years. The intra-evaluator technical error of measurement for both MC tests ranged between 1.75 and 3.9 repetitions in both males and females, whereas the intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.77-0.99. Agreement limits ranged between -7.3 and 6.8 repetitions for both tests. The 5th, 15th, 50th, 85th, and 95th percentiles were estimated using the Least-Mean-Square algorithm. The cut-off points for MC tests were low: < p15; medium: p15-p85; and high: > p85. Conclusion. Moving sideways and jumping sideways showed a high capacity for reproducibility. The proposed percentiles may be useful to assess MC and could be included and adapted as performance indicators in physical education


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Reproducibility of Results , Motor Skills , Peru , Physical Education and Training , Reference Standards , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Altitude
15.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 91(1): 7-16, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152855

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Las alteraciones del intercambio gaseoso se han reconocido en la obesidad mórbida; sin embargo, no se conoce su comportamiento conforme se incrementa el índice de masa corporal. Objetivo: Conocer el comportamiento del intercambio gaseoso a la altura de la Ciudad de México en el desarrollo de obesidad mórbida. Métodos: Mediante un diseño transversal analítico se estudió a sujetos pareados por género y edad de cuatro grupos diferentes de índice de masa corporal (kg/m2): normal (18.5-24.9), sobrepeso (25-29.9), obesidad (30-39.9) y obesidad mórbida (≥ 40). Se obtuvieron sus antecedentes patológicos y demográficos, variables de gasometría arterial y espirometría simple. Las variables se determinaron de acuerdo con las características de la muestra; las diferencias entre grupos se realizaron mediante Anova de una vía con ajuste de Bonferroni, así como la correlación de Pearson para las variables relacionadas. Una p < 0.05 se consideró con significación estadística. Resultados: Se estudió a 560 pacientes en cuatro grupos. La edad promedio fue de 49 ± 11 años. La mayor frecuencia de diabetes mellitus (34.29%), hipertensión arterial (50%) e hiperlipidemia (36.43%) se registró en el grupo de obesidad, y la de roncador (73.57%) en la obesidad mórbida. Se identificaron diferencias desde el grupo normal respecto de la obesidad mórbida: PaCO2 31.37 ± 2.08 vs. 38.14 ± 5.10 mmHg; PaO2 68.28 ± 6.06 vs. 59.86 ± 9.28 mmHg y SaO2 93.51 ± 1.93 vs. 89.71 ± 5.37%, todas con p = 0.0001. Correlación IMC-PaCO2: 0.497, e IMC-PaO2: -0.365, p = 0.0001, respectivamente. Conclusiones: A la altitud de la Ciudad de México y con índice de masa corporal > 30 kg/m2, las variables relacionadas con el intercambio gaseoso y espirometría simple comienzan a deteriorarse; son evidentes con IMC > 40 kg/m2.


Abstract Introduction: Alterations of gas exchange have been recognized in morbid obesity, however, it is not known how their behavior would be as the body mass index increases. Objective: To know the behavior of gas exchange at the level of Mexico City in the development of morbid obesity. Methods: Through analytical design, subjects matched by gender and age were studied from four different groups of body mass index (kg/m2), normal (18.5-24.9), overweight (25-29.9), obesity (30-39.9) and morbid obesity (≥ 40). Their pathological and demographic antecedents, arterial blood gas and simple spirometry variables were obtained. The variables were shown according to their sample characteristic. The differences between groups were made using one way Anova with Bonferroni adjustment, as well as Pearson’s correlation for the related variables. Statistical significance was considered with p < 0.05. Results: 560 subjects were studied in 4 groups. The average age 49 ± 11 years old. The highest frequency of diabetes mellitus (34.29%), arterial hypertension (50%) and hiperlipidemia (36.43%) was in the obesity group, and being snoring (73.57%) in morbid obesity. There were differences from the normal group versus. morbid obesity: PaCO2 31.37 ± 2.08 versus. 38.14 ± 5.10 mmHg; PaO2 68.28 ± 6.06 versus. 59.86 ± 9.28 mmHg and SaO2 93.51 ± 1.93 versus. 89.71 ± 5.37%, all with p = 0.0001. The IMC-PaCO2 correlation: 0.497, and IMC-PaO2: −0.365, p = 0.0001 respectively. Conclusions: At the altitude of Mexico City and body mass index > 30 kg/m2 the variables related to gas exchange and simple spirometry begin to deteriorate; are evident with BMI > 40 kg/m2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Body Mass Index , Pulmonary Gas Exchange , Altitude , Obesity/physiopathology , Urban Health , Cross-Sectional Studies , Mexico
16.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 97(1): 88-95, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154720

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: a) Establish reference values for bone parameters by using the speed of sound (SOS, m/s) of broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA, dB/MHz) and establish a bone quality index (BQI = αSOS + βBUA) for children and adolescents living in a region of moderate altitude, b) compare bone parameters with an international standard (with different ethnic, socio-economic, and lifestyle backgrounds) by using ultrasound of the calcaneus (heel bone) (QUS). Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out with children and adolescents between the ages of 6.0 and 16.9 years old. The sample was selected randomly. A total of 1322 subjects were studied. Weight, height, and bone parameters, using ultrasound of the calcaneus, were evaluated SOS, BUA, and BQI. Body Mass Index BMI was calculated. Results: The average age of males was 11.44 ± 0.35 years old, and for females, it was 11.43 ± 0.35 years old. The students in this research showed slightly higher values of SOS, BUA, and BQI for both sexes when compared with the international reference (the 50th percentile). Percentiles were generated (P3, P10, P25, P50, P75, P90, and P97) using the LMS method [median (M), standard deviation (S), and power of the Box-Cox transformation (L)] by age and sex. Conclusion: The students living at a moderate altitude showed slightly higher values in bone parameters in relation to the international reference. This pattern depicted a population with a better state of bone health. The proposed percentiles may be used to categorize adequate to at risk bone parameters based on age and sex.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Calcaneus/diagnostic imaging , Peru , Reference Values , Bone Density , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ultrasonography , Altitude
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878969

ABSTRACT

Dabie Mountain in Anhui province is a genuine producing area of Poria cocos, commonly known as Anling. Jinzhai county in Anhui province is a traditional producing area of P. cocos, and it is also a key county for poverty alleviation in Dabie Mountains. Poverty alleviation of traditional Chinese medicine producing area is an important measure to implement the major strategic deployment of the central government. The planting of P. cocos is helpful to promote the development of traditional Chinese medicine industry in Dabie Mountains and help poverty alleviation. P. cocos is a saprophytic fungus with special demands on soil and ecological environment, and its planting appears a scattered and irregular distribution. Traditional investigation methods are time-consuming and laborious, and the results are greatly influenced by subjective factors. In order to obtain the suitable planting area of P. cocos in Jinzhai county, according to the field survey, the research team has explored the regional, biological characteristics and cultivation methods of P. cocos in the county, and obtained the altitude distribution area suitable for the growth of P. cocos. Then, the MaxEnt niche model was used to analyze the relationship between ecological factors and distribution areas, and the potential distribution zoning of P. cocos in Jinzhai county was studied. Combined with the characteristics of P. cocos planting pattern, taking ZY-3 remote sensing image as the data source, the maximum likelihood method was used to extract the area that could be used for P. cocos cultivation in Jinzhai county, and the reason why artificial planting P. cocos was mainly distributed in the west of Jinzhai county was analyzed. The suitable regional classification of P. cocos in Jinzhai county was obtained by superposition of suitable altitude distribution area, MaxEnt analysis and area extracted from remote sensing image, which provided data support for the planting planning of P. cocos in Jinzhai county.


Subject(s)
Altitude , China , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Soil , Wolfiporia
18.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 51-61, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878235

ABSTRACT

In the present study, the composition and content of pulmonary surfactant (PS) were analyzed to explore the hypoxia adaptation mechanism in plateau zokors (Myospalax baileyi) and plateau pikas (Ochotona curzoniae). 36 plateau zokors and plateau pikas were trapped alive at the Laji Mountain in Guide County, Qinghai Province (at the altitude of about 3 600 m), and 36 Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were purchased from the experimental animal center of Lanzhou University (at the altitude of about 1 500 m). All animals were lavaged after laboratory anesthesia, the blood in lung tissues was fully washed out and the lung tissues were then taken out to obtain the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid by bronchoalveolar lavage. The composition and content of phospholipids in the PS of three different kinds of animals were analyzed by using high performance liquid chromatography; the protein composition, content and types in the PS were analyzed by G-250 Coomassie brilliant blue method, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) and mass spectrometry; the dissolved oxygen in the PS solutions were determined by using dissolved oxygen electrode. The results showed that the total contents of phospholipids in the PS were successively increased among plateau zokors, plateau pikas and SD rats (P 0.05). The relative content of PSe had no significant differences between plateau zokors and plateau pikas (P > 0.05), but both were significantly higher than that of SD rats (P < 0.01). The serum albumin (SA) was identified in the PS of three kinds of animals, including homologous tetramer protein containing heme, which is composed of hemoglobin β subunit, in plateau zokors and plateau pikas. Immunoglobulin (Ig) heavy chain was found in PS of plateau zokors and SD rats. The content of Ig heavy chain in plateau zokor was significantly higher than that in SD rats (P < 0.01), and the content of protein containing heme was significantly higher than that in plateau pikas (P < 0.05). The amount of dissolved oxygen was successively decreased in the PS among plateau zokors, plateau pikas and SD rats (P < 0.01), but it was significantly higher than that in saline (P < 0.01). These results suggest that the total content of proteins in the PS of plateau zokors and plateau pikas was significantly higher, while the total content of phospholipids was significantly decreased. There were high content of homologous tetramer protein containing heme in the PS of plateau zokors and plateau pikas. The relative content of DPPC, the main component of phospholipids, was significantly increased in plateau zokors. The changes of PS component and content improve the adaptability of the two plateau animals in hypoxia environment.


Subject(s)
Altitude , Animals , Hypoxia , Lagomorpha , Pulmonary Surfactants , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942299

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics of Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) patients from different altitudes in Tibet plateau areas of China.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was used to analyze the 190 HSP patients admitted to Tibet Autonomous Region People ' s Hospital form April 2014 to May 2021. The subjects were divided into 3 groups according to the altitude of long-term residence before onset and the clinical data at different altitudes were compared and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in the age of onset and gender in HSP patients at different altitudes (P>0.05). The HSP patients in high altitude areas were more likely to have digestive symptoms (P < 0.01). The patients were more likely to have kidney or joint involvement at higher altitudes. The platelets [(512.1±55.0)×109 /L] and C reactive protein [11.2 (5.7, 19.4) g/L] in high altitude areas were significantly higher than at medium altitudes [(498.3±76.9)×109 /L and 9.5 (4.6, 13.5) g/L] and lower altitudes [(456.4±81.2)×109/L and 3.7 (0.2, 8.9) g/L] respectively. The effective rate of treatment was 98.9%, while there was no significant difference of outcome from different altitudes (P>0.05). The patients who were repeatedly hospitalized all had kidney involvement and no immunosuppressive agents were added in the initial treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#HSP is common in high altitude areas. There was little difference in age of onset and gender at different altitudes. Abdominal pain was the most common clinical manifestation. Patients in high altitude areas were more likely to have severe abdominal problems. Kidney involvement may be poor prognostic factor. Early application of glucocorticoid combined with immunosuppressive agents can effectively control the disease and reduce the recurrence of HSP.


Subject(s)
Altitude , China/epidemiology , Humans , IgA Vasculitis/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Tibet
20.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 328-332, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922351

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Rapid decompressive craniectomy (DC) was the most effective method for the treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH) with cerebral hernia, but the mortality and disability rate is still high. We suspected that hematoma puncture drainage (PD) + DC may improve the therapeutic effect and thus compared the combined surgery with DC alone.@*METHODS@#From December 2013 to July 2019, patients with HICH from Linzhi, Tibet and Honghe, Yunnan Province were retrospectively analyzed. The selection criteria were as follows: (1) altitude ≥1500 m; (2) HICH patients with cerebral hernia; (3) Glascow coma scale score of 4-8 and time from onset to admission ≤3 h; (4) good liver and kidney function; and (5) complete case data. The included patients were divided into DC group and PD + DC group. The patients were followed up for 6 months. The outcome was assessed by Glasgow outcome scale (GOS) score, Kaplan-Meier survival curve and correlation between time from admission to operation and prognosis. A good outcome was defined as independent (GOS score, 4-5) and poor outcome defined as dependent (GOS score, 3-1). All data analyses were performed using SPSS 19, and comparison between two groups was conducted using separate t-tests or Chi-square tests.@*RESULTS@#A total of 65 patients was included. The age ranged 34-90 years (mean, 63.00 ± 14.04 years). Among them, 31 patients had the operation of PD + DC, whereas 34 patients underwent DC. The two groups had no significant difference in the basic characteristics. After 6 months of follow-up, in the PD + DC group there were 8 death, 4 vegetative state, 4 severe disability (GOS score 1-3, poor outcome 51.6 %); 8 moderate disability, and 7 good recovery (GOS score 4-5, good outcome 48.4 %); while in the DC group the result was 15 death, 6 vegetative state, 5 severe disability (poor outcome 76.5 %), 4 moderate disability and 4 good recovery (good outcome 23.5 %). The GOS score and good outcome were significantly less in DC group than in PD + DC group (Z = -1.993, p = 0.046; χ@*CONCLUSION@#PD + DC treatment can improve the good outcomes better than DC treatment for HICH with cerebral hernia at a high altitude.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Altitude , China , Decompressive Craniectomy , Drainage , Encephalocele/surgery , Hematoma , Humans , Intracranial Hemorrhage, Hypertensive/surgery , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Punctures , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
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