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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(5): 504-508, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288621

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: When athletes are performing sports training, many movements are of high intensity, and that training is repetitive, resulting in wear and tear on some injured parts. Objective: Sports athletes can damage parts of the body in high - intensity exercise. During the processing, it is necessary to identify and analyze the damaged parts in the image. However, the current relevant methods have low accuracy and different problems of efficiency and quality. Methods: In this paper, a Fish Swarm Algorithm is proposed to identify high-intensity motion damage images. According to the combination of adaptive threshold and mathematical morphology, the contour of the damaged part of the image is extracted. Results: The above-mentioned method can improve the accuracy of identifying damaged parts of sports injury images, shorten the recognition time, and has certain feasibility in determining sports injury parts. Conclusions: This method can be widely used in high-intensity sports injuries. Level of evidence II; Therapeuticstudies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: Quando os atletas estão realizando treinamento esportivo, muitos movimentos são de alta intensidade, e esse treinamento é repetitivo, resultando em desgaste de algumas partes lesionadas. Objetivo: Os atletas podem danificar partes do corpo em exercícios de alta intensidade. Durante o processamento, é necessário identificar e analisar as partes danificadas da imagem. No entanto, os métodos atuais relevantes têm baixa precisão e problemas de eficiência e qualidade diferentes. Métodos: Neste artigo, um algoritmo Fish Swarm é proposto para identificar imagens danificadas por movimento de alta intensidade. Com base na combinação de limiar adaptativo e morfologia matemática, o contorno da parte danificada da imagem é extraído. Resultados: O método acima mencionado pode melhorar a precisão da identificação das partes danificadas das imagens de lesões esportivas, encurtar o tempo de reconhecimento e tem alguma viabilidade para determinar as partes das lesões esportivas. Conclusões: este método pode ser amplamente utilizado em lesões esportivas de alta intensidade. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos- investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: Cuando los deportistas realizan entrenamientos deportivos, muchos movimientos son de alta intensidad, y ese entrenamiento es repetitivo, lo que genera desgaste en algunas partes lesionadas. Objetivo: Los deportistas pueden dañar partes del cuerpo en el ejercicio de alta intensidad. Durante el procesamiento, es necesario identificar y analizar las partes dañadas en la imagen. Sin embargo, los métodos relevantes actuales tienen baja precisión y diferentes problemas de eficiencia y calidad. Métodos: En este artículo, se propone un algoritmo Fish Swarm para identificar imágenes de daño por movimiento de alta intensidad. Según la combinación de umbral adaptativo y morfología matemática, se extrae el contorno de la parte dañada de la imagen. Resultados: el método mencionado anteriormente puede mejorar la precisión de la identificación de las partes dañadas de las imágenes de lesiones deportivas, acortar el tiempo de reconocimiento y tiene cierta viabilidad para determinar las partes de las lesiones deportivas. Conclusiones: este método puede ser ampliamente utilizado en lesiones deportivas de alta intensidad. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos- investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Exercise/physiology , Simulation Technique/methods , Exercise Test/methods , Altitude , Heart Rate/physiology , Respiratory Function Tests , Models, Theoretical
2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(5): 509-513, July-Sept. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288622

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Due to various uncertain and unexpected factors in life such as diseases, natural disasters, traffic accidents, and congenital disabilities, the number and proportion of lower limb amputations are still rising for many reasons, so the research on lower limb prostheses is particularly important. Objective: This work aimed to study the relationship between altitude exercise and cardiopulmonary function. Methods: A model of abnormal changes in cardiopulmonary function was established, and then 40 plateau exercisers were selected, all of whom arrived in Tibet in March 2017. The relationship between pulmonary circulation volume and internal pressure in the chest was observed and compared. The relationship between cardiopulmonary sensory reflex and exercise (high altitude) breathing and heart rate was analyzed. A comparison of the cardiopulmonary function of subjects of different genders was implemented. Moreover, the influence of different altitudes on the subjects' cardiopulmonary function and the subjects' cardiopulmonary function changes before departure and during the first, second, and third week after departure were observed and compared. Results: I. As the pressure in the thoracic cavity increased, the subjects' pulmonary circulation blood volume gradually decreased, and the decrease was most obvious in the stage of thoracic pressure −50 to 0. II. As the cardiorespiratory reflex coefficient increased, the subjects' breathing and heart rate compensatory acceleration appeared. III. Tracking and monitoring of the subjects' cardiopulmonary indicators revealed that with the increase in altitude, the subjects' average arterial pressure, respiratory frequency, and heart rate all showed an upward trend, while the blood oxygen saturation value showed a downward trend. IV. No matter how high the altitude was, the average arterial pressure, respiratory rate, and heart rate monitored of the subjects under exercise were significantly superior to the indicator values under resting state. In contrast, the blood oxygen saturation value showed the opposite trend. V. The subjects' average arterial pressure, respiration, and heart rate in the first week were higher than other periods, but the blood oxygen saturation was relatively lower. In the second and third weeks, the changes in cardiopulmonary function were relatively smooth (all P<0.05). VI. The changes in the index of the cardiopulmonary function of subjects of different genders were small (p>0.05). Conclusion: Through modeling, the results of the plateau environment on the cardiopulmonary function of the body were made clearer, and these research data provided theoretical references for the training of the sports field in the plateau area. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Contexto: devido a vários fatores incertos e inesperados da vida, como doenças, desastres naturais, acidentes de trânsito e defeitos congênitos, o número e a proporção de amputações de membros inferiores ainda estão aumentando por muitos motivos, portanto, a pesquisa sobre próteses de membros inferiores é particularmente importante. Objetivo: Este trabalho teve como objetivo estudar a relação entre o exercício em altitude e a função cardiopulmonar. Métodos: Um modelo de alterações anormais da função cardiopulmonar foi estabelecido e, em seguida, 40 praticantes de exercícios de platô foram selecionados, todos chegaram ao Tibete em março de 2017. A relação entre o volume de circulação pulmonar e a pressão interna no tórax foi observada e comparada. A relação entre o reflexo sensorial cardiopulmonar e a respiração do exercício (altitude) e a frequência cardíaca foi analisada. A comparação da função cardiopulmonar de indivíduos de diferentes gêneros foi implementada. Além disso, a influência de diferentes altitudes na função cardiopulmonar dos indivíduos e as mudanças na função cardiopulmonar dos indivíduos antes da partida e durante a primeira, segunda e terceira semanas após a partida foram observadas e comparadas. Resultados: I. À medida que a pressão na cavidade torácica aumentou, o volume de sangue da circulação pulmonar dos indivíduos diminuiu gradualmente, e a diminuição foi mais óbvia no estágio de pressão torácica −50 a 0. II. À medida que o coeficiente do reflexo cardiorrespiratório aumentou, a respiração dos indivíduos e a aceleração compensatória da frequência cardíaca apareceram. III. O rastreamento e o monitoramento dos indicadores cardiopulmonares dos indivíduos revelaram que, com o aumento da altitude, a pressão arterial média, a frequência respiratória e a frequência cardíaca dos indivíduos mostraram uma tendência ascendente, enquanto o valor de saturação de oxigênio no sangue mostrou uma tendência descendente. 4. Por mais alta que fosse a altitude, a pressão arterial média, a frequência respiratória e a frequência cardíaca monitoradas dos indivíduos em exercício foram significativamente superiores aos valores do indicador em repouso, enquanto o valor da saturação de oxigênio no sangue apresentou tendência oposta. V. A pressão arterial média, respiração e frequência cardíaca dos indivíduos na primeira semana foram maiores do que em outros períodos de tempo, mas a saturação de oxigênio no sangue foi relativamente menor. Na segunda e terceira semanas, as mudanças na função cardiopulmonar foram relativamente suaves (todos P <0,05). VI. As mudanças no índice de função cardiopulmonar de sujeitos de diferentes gêneros foram pequenas (p> 0,05). Conclusão: Por meio da modelagem, os resultados do ambiente de planalto sobre a função cardiopulmonar do corpo ficaram mais claros, e os dados dessas pesquisas forneceram referenciais teóricos para o treinamento do campo esportivo na área de planalto. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos- investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


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Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Exercise/physiology , Simulation Technique/methods , Exercise Test , Altitude , Models, Cardiovascular
3.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(4): 367-385, jul. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349509

ABSTRACT

Araujia odorata is a sub-shrub native from Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay, whose latex, roots and leaves are used in traditional medicine. The objective of this work is to study the foliar morpho-anatomy of six populations in an altitudinal gradient (359-2155 m.a.s.l.) of Northwestern Argentine and to determine the nature of the compounds present in the laticiferous of the stems and fruits using conventional techniques for plant anatomy. The populations under study did not show significant morpho-anatomical differences. They presented simple leaves, pinnated brochydodromous venation, amphiestomatic isolateral lamina, brachy, anomo and amphicyclocytic stomata, eglandular trichomes, midvein with bicolateral vascular bundle and non-articulated laticifers continuous in the petiole, stem and fruits. Differences in the quantified foliar parameters are observed, however, only the density of trichomes, stomata and the thickness of the cuticle are positively correlated with the altitudinal gradient, indicating phenotypic plasticity. Histochemical analysis of laticifers and other stem idioblasts of A. odoratawas performed for the first time.


Araujia odorata, es un subarbusto nativo de Argentina, Brasil, Paraguay y Uruguay, cuyo látex, raíces y hojas son utilizados en medicina popular. Se plantea como objetivo realizar un estudio morfo-anatómico foliar de seis poblaciones del Noroeste Argentino en un gradiente altitudinal (359-2155 m.s.n.m) y determinar la naturaleza de los compuestos presentes en laticíferos de tallos y frutos mediante técnicas convencionales de anatomía vegetal. Las poblaciones estudiadas no evidenciaron diferencias morfo-anatómicas significativas. Presentan hojas simples, venación pinnada broquidódroma, lámina isolateral anfiestomática, estomas braqui, anomo y anficiclocíticos, tricomas eglandulares, nervio medio con haz bicolateral y laticíferos no-articulados continuos en pecíolo, tallo y frutos. Se observan diferencias en los parámetros foliares cuantificados, sin embargo, solo la de densidad de tricomas, estomas y el espesor de cutícula se correlacionan positivamente con el gradiente altitudinal indicando plasticidad fenotípica. Se realiza por primera vez un análisis histoquímico de los laticíferos y otros idioblastos del tallo A. odorata.


Subject(s)
Plant Leaves/anatomy & histology , Apocynaceae/anatomy & histology , Argentina , Plant Stems/anatomy & histology , Altitude , Fruit/anatomy & histology
4.
Cuad. Hosp. Clín ; 62(1): 111-118, jun. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284364

ABSTRACT

La importancia de la investigación científica referida a la definición de la anemia por deficiencia de hierro en altitud, se relaciona con los hallazgos de los estudios realizados y que permiten avanzar al conocimiento científico, en poblaciones vulnerables, siendo que están dirigidos a mejorar la salud pública e influir en políticas de salud. Se presenta el análisis y reflexión de una innovadora modalidad para nuestro medio de altitud, basada en la suplementación con hierro y folatos para definir anemia en la población estudiada, situación que difiere de investigaciones previas sobre el tema en nuestro contexto de altitud. Estos estudios han tenido un escrutinio intenso de parte de los revisores que han valorado las publicaciones sobre anemia ferropénica a gran altitud. La claridad de los diseños de ensayos clínicos formales y controlados aleatorizados, pertinentes en tiempo y necesarios por su importancia fueron realizados, en regiones de altitud de Bolivia. La falta de reconocimiento por terceros de este nivel de evidencia logrado, equivaldría a sustituirlos por estudios de ensayos no formales y no controlados, es decir seguir aplicando diseños de tipo observacional, con contrastación teórica y lógica que solo incrementan el estado de incertidumbre sobre el tema en Bolivia. El sumario presentado de la historia sobre la anemia ferropénica en regiones de altitud en Bolivia nos permite reflexiones importantes, a saber: 1. Es importante resaltar, como claro ejemplo, que la observación simple puede llevar a la incertidumbre y lo costoso de sus consecuencias futuras por la persistencia de la anemia ferropénica en poblaciones de altitud, más aún si se mantiene el posible manejo de prueba y error en resultados difundidos. 2. Se demuestra la necesidad de los controles en la investigación científica, y finalmente 3. Los ensayos clínicos controlados aleatorizados son la mejor fuente de evidencia confiable.


The importance of scientific research related to the definition of iron deficiency anemia at altitude is related to the findings of the studies carried out and that allow advancing scientific knowledge, in vulnerable populations, being that they are aimed at improving public health and influence health policies. The analysis and reflection of an innovative modality for our altitude environment is presented, based on supplementation with iron and folates to define anemia in the studied population, a situation that differs from previous research on the subject in our altitude context. These studies have received intense scrutiny from reviewers who have evaluated the publications on high altitude iron deficiency anemia. The clarity of the designs of formal and randomized controlled clinical trials, pertinent in time and necessary due to their importance, were carried out in highland regions of Bolivia. The lack of recognition by third parties of this level of evidence achieved, would be equivalent to replacing them with studies of non-formal and uncontrolled trials, that is, to continue applying observational designs, with theoretical and logical contrast that only increase the state of uncertainty on the subject in Bolivia. The summary presented of the history of iron deficiency anemia in high-altitude regions of Bolivia allows us important reflections, namely: 1. It is important to highlight, as a clear example, that simple observation can lead to uncertainty and the cost of its future consequences due to the persistence of iron deficiency anemia in high altitude populations, even more so if the possible trial and error management is maintained in disseminated results. 2. The need for controls in scientific research is demonstrated, and finally 3. Randomized controlled clinical trials are the best source of reliable evidence.


Subject(s)
Iron Deficiency , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency , Altitude , Anemia
5.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(3): 742-746, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-1278357

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se neste estudo relatar a frequência e a identidade de patógenos transmitidos por carrapatos em cães residentes de uma área caracterizada por brejo de alta altitude. Amostras sanguíneas (n=203) foram coletadas e molecularmente analisadas via PCR (Babesia spp., Hepatozoon spp., Anaplasma spp. e Ehrlichia spp.) e sequenciamento de DNA. De todas as amostras analisadas, 8,87% (18/203) foram positivas a algum patógeno transmitido por carrapato. Especificamente, 5,42% (11/203) e 3,45% (7/203) foram positivos a Anaplasma platys e Ehrlichia canis, respectivamente. Este estudo fornece, pela primeira vez, evidência científica de infecção de cães por esses patógenos nessa área de alta altitude e reforça o provável papel de R. sanguineus s.l. como vetor de A. platys, principalmente considerando.se que muitos animais positivos eram infestados por essa espécie de carrapato.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Ehrlichiosis/epidemiology , Ehrlichia canis/isolation & purification , Anaplasma/isolation & purification , Anaplasmosis/epidemiology , Brazil , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Sequence Analysis, DNA/veterinary , Wetlands , Altitude
6.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(2): 91-98, abril 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1151240

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Evaluar la reproductibilidad de las pruebas de competencia motriz (CM) de transposición lateral y salto lateral, y estimar percentiles por edad y sexo para niños que viven a altitud modera del Perú.Método. Se efectuó un estudio descriptivo transversal en la provincia de Arequipa (Perú). Se evaluó el peso, la estatura y la circunferencia de cintura. Se calculó el índice de masa corporal e índice ponderal. Se evaluó la prueba de transposición lateral y salto lateral (ambas de la batería Kopfer test für Kinder).Resultados. La muestra estuvo constituida por 885 niñas y 897 niños de 6,0 a 16,9 años. El error técnico de medida intraevaluador para ambas pruebas de CM oscilaron entre 1,75 y 3,9 repeticiones en ambos sexos, mientras que el coeficiente de correlación intraclase fue de 0,77 a 0,99. Los límites de acuerdo oscilaron entre -7,3 y 6,8 repeticiones en ambas pruebas. Se estimaron percentiles 5º, 15º, 50º, 85º y 95º por el método Least-Mean-Square algorithm. Los puntos de corte adoptados para las pruebas CM fueron bajo: < p15; regular: de p15 a p85; y alto: > p85.Conclusión. Las pruebas de transposición lateral y salto lateral mostraron una elevada capacidad de reproductibilidad. Los percentiles propuestos pueden servir para valorar la CM y podrían ser incluidos y adaptados como indicadores de desempeño en la educación física.


Objective. To assess the reproducibility of two motor competence (MC) tests: moving sideways and jumping sideways, and to estimate age and sex percentiles for children living at moderate altitude in Peru.Method. This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted in the province of Arequipa, Peru. Weight, height, and waist circumference were assessed. Body mass index and ponderal index were estimated. The moving sideways and jumping sideways tests were assessed (both from the Körper test für Kinder test battery).Results. The sample was made up of 885 girls and 897 boys aged 6.0-16.9 years. The intra-evaluator technical error of measurement for both MC tests ranged between 1.75 and 3.9 repetitions in both males and females, whereas the intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.77-0.99. Agreement limits ranged between -7.3 and 6.8 repetitions for both tests. The 5th, 15th, 50th, 85th, and 95th percentiles were estimated using the Least-Mean-Square algorithm. The cut-off points for MC tests were low: < p15; medium: p15-p85; and high: > p85. Conclusion. Moving sideways and jumping sideways showed a high capacity for reproducibility. The proposed percentiles may be useful to assess MC and could be included and adapted as performance indicators in physical education


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Reproducibility of Results , Motor Skills , Peru , Physical Education and Training , Reference Standards , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Altitude
7.
Neotrop. ichthyol ; 19(2): e200152, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1279491

ABSTRACT

A new species of Characidium is described from the tributaries of the rio Tocantinzinho, rio Tocantins basin, located in the southern portion of the Chapada dos Veadeiros, at about 1,200 meters of elevation, Goiás, Brazil. The new species can be diagnosed by an unusual combination of two apomorphic features present in distinct clades of Characidium, the presence of a scaleless isthmus in allied to with a single row of dentary teeth. Additionally, the new species has a unique color pattern of inconspicuous vertical bars disconnected from the dorsal midline, forming seven to nine square blotches along body sides, and the presence of a dark saddle-shaped mark at the dorsal-fin base. Osteologically, it can be diagnosed by having the first and second anal-fin proximal radials fused and contacting the third hemal spine, which is branched. The new species also has a peculiar, unusual variation of fin-ray counts among its congeners.(AU)


Uma nova espécie de Characidium é descrita dos riachos tributários do rio Tocantins, bacia do rio Tocantins, localizados na vertente sul da Chapada dos Veadeiros, a aproximadamente 1.200 metros de altitude, Goiás, Brasil. A nova espécie pode ser diagnosticada pela combinação não usual de dois caracteres apomórficos presentes em clados distintos de Characidium, a presença do istmo sem escama em conjunto com uma única série de dentes no dentário. Adicionalmente, a nova espécie tem um padrão de coloração único de barras verticais desconectadas na região dorsal, formando sete a nove manchas quadradas ao longo do lado do corpo, e pela presença de uma mancha em forma de sela na base da nadadeira dorsal. Osteologicamente, ela pode ser diagnosticada por possuir o primeiro e segundo radiais da nadadeira anal fusionados e em contato com o terceiro espinho hemal, que é ramificado. A espécie nova também possui uma variação peculiar e pouco usual no número de raios das nadadeiras entre os congêneres.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Endemic Diseases/veterinary , Characiformes/anatomy & histology , Staining and Labeling , Altitude
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878969

ABSTRACT

Dabie Mountain in Anhui province is a genuine producing area of Poria cocos, commonly known as Anling. Jinzhai county in Anhui province is a traditional producing area of P. cocos, and it is also a key county for poverty alleviation in Dabie Mountains. Poverty alleviation of traditional Chinese medicine producing area is an important measure to implement the major strategic deployment of the central government. The planting of P. cocos is helpful to promote the development of traditional Chinese medicine industry in Dabie Mountains and help poverty alleviation. P. cocos is a saprophytic fungus with special demands on soil and ecological environment, and its planting appears a scattered and irregular distribution. Traditional investigation methods are time-consuming and laborious, and the results are greatly influenced by subjective factors. In order to obtain the suitable planting area of P. cocos in Jinzhai county, according to the field survey, the research team has explored the regional, biological characteristics and cultivation methods of P. cocos in the county, and obtained the altitude distribution area suitable for the growth of P. cocos. Then, the MaxEnt niche model was used to analyze the relationship between ecological factors and distribution areas, and the potential distribution zoning of P. cocos in Jinzhai county was studied. Combined with the characteristics of P. cocos planting pattern, taking ZY-3 remote sensing image as the data source, the maximum likelihood method was used to extract the area that could be used for P. cocos cultivation in Jinzhai county, and the reason why artificial planting P. cocos was mainly distributed in the west of Jinzhai county was analyzed. The suitable regional classification of P. cocos in Jinzhai county was obtained by superposition of suitable altitude distribution area, MaxEnt analysis and area extracted from remote sensing image, which provided data support for the planting planning of P. cocos in Jinzhai county.


Subject(s)
Altitude , China , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Soil , Wolfiporia
9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 51-61, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878235

ABSTRACT

In the present study, the composition and content of pulmonary surfactant (PS) were analyzed to explore the hypoxia adaptation mechanism in plateau zokors (Myospalax baileyi) and plateau pikas (Ochotona curzoniae). 36 plateau zokors and plateau pikas were trapped alive at the Laji Mountain in Guide County, Qinghai Province (at the altitude of about 3 600 m), and 36 Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were purchased from the experimental animal center of Lanzhou University (at the altitude of about 1 500 m). All animals were lavaged after laboratory anesthesia, the blood in lung tissues was fully washed out and the lung tissues were then taken out to obtain the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid by bronchoalveolar lavage. The composition and content of phospholipids in the PS of three different kinds of animals were analyzed by using high performance liquid chromatography; the protein composition, content and types in the PS were analyzed by G-250 Coomassie brilliant blue method, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) and mass spectrometry; the dissolved oxygen in the PS solutions were determined by using dissolved oxygen electrode. The results showed that the total contents of phospholipids in the PS were successively increased among plateau zokors, plateau pikas and SD rats (P 0.05). The relative content of PSe had no significant differences between plateau zokors and plateau pikas (P > 0.05), but both were significantly higher than that of SD rats (P < 0.01). The serum albumin (SA) was identified in the PS of three kinds of animals, including homologous tetramer protein containing heme, which is composed of hemoglobin β subunit, in plateau zokors and plateau pikas. Immunoglobulin (Ig) heavy chain was found in PS of plateau zokors and SD rats. The content of Ig heavy chain in plateau zokor was significantly higher than that in SD rats (P < 0.01), and the content of protein containing heme was significantly higher than that in plateau pikas (P < 0.05). The amount of dissolved oxygen was successively decreased in the PS among plateau zokors, plateau pikas and SD rats (P < 0.01), but it was significantly higher than that in saline (P < 0.01). These results suggest that the total content of proteins in the PS of plateau zokors and plateau pikas was significantly higher, while the total content of phospholipids was significantly decreased. There were high content of homologous tetramer protein containing heme in the PS of plateau zokors and plateau pikas. The relative content of DPPC, the main component of phospholipids, was significantly increased in plateau zokors. The changes of PS component and content improve the adaptability of the two plateau animals in hypoxia environment.


Subject(s)
Altitude , Animals , Hypoxia , Lagomorpha , Pulmonary Surfactants , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880364

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Physical activity is reported to prevent metabolic syndrome. However, it is unclear whether exercise or daily physical activity is more beneficial for residents of semi-mountainous areas. This study aimed to identify whether daily physical activity is more beneficial than exercise for the prevention of metabolic syndrome among middle-aged and older residents in semi-mountainous areas.@*METHODS@#We analyzed secondary data of 636 people who underwent a specific health checkup in a semi-mountainous area of Japan. Physical activity was classified into four types: inactivity (I-type; without exercise and without daily physical activity), only exercise (E-type; with exercise and without daily physical activity), only daily physical activity (D-type; without exercise and with daily physical activity), and full physical activity type (F-type; with exercise and with daily physical activity). We compared the means of risk factors for metabolic syndrome by these four types, followed by logistic regression analysis, to identify whether and to what extent the D-type was less likely to have metabolic syndrome than the E-type.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 28.5% (men 45.7%, women 15.8%). The proportions of men with exercise and daily physical activity were 38.7% and 52.8%, respectively. For women, the proportions were 33.0% and 47.1%, respectively. In women, the D-type had the significantly lowest BMI, smallest waist circumference, highest HDL-C, and lowest prevalence of metabolic syndrome of the four types; the same was not observed in men. Additionally, D-type activity was more strongly associated with a reduced risk of metabolic syndrome than E-type activity in women (adjusted odds ratio 0.24; 95% confidence interval 0.06-0.85, P = 0.028).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared to middle-aged and older women residents with exercise in a semi-mountainous area of Japan, those with daily physical activity may effectively prevent metabolic syndrome.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Altitude , Exercise , Female , Humans , Japan/epidemiology , Male , Metabolic Syndrome/prevention & control , Middle Aged , Rural Population/statistics & numerical data
11.
Cuad. Hosp. Clín ; 61(2): 33-46, dic. 2020. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIBOCS | ID: biblio-1179186

ABSTRACT

PREGUNTA DE INVESTIGACIÓN: ¿Cuál será la composición corporal, el agua corporal total, y el agua extra e intracelular relacionados a los cambios después del ejercicio submáximo de 30 minutos y post rehidratación con agua pura en adultos residentes permanentes de gran altitud, La Paz, Bolivia, gestión 2019? OBJETIVO: Determinar la composición corporal, el agua corporal total, y el agua extra e intracelular relacionados a los cambios después del ejercicio submáximo de 30 minutos y post rehidratación con agua pura en adultos residentes permanentes de gran altitud, La Paz, Bolivia, gestión 2019. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: el trabajo de investigación fue tipo experimental, antes y después, sobre Fisiología de Altitud, en 29 jóvenes residentes de gran altitud (3600 m.s.n.m.). Se evaluó variables antes y después de realizar una prueba de ejercicio submáxima, de 30 minutos, y la rehidratación post ejercicio, tras el consumo de agua pura. Variables dependientes fueron: 1. Composición corporal, medida a través del análisis de impedancia bioeléctrica (AIB), 2. Volumen de agua corporal total, determinado por AIB. 3. Agua extra e intracelular evaluada por AIB y 4. Estado de rehidratación, evaluado por el cambio de peso post ejercicio, y mediante el AIB. Las variables independientes fueron el ejercicio a través de la prueba submáxima de 30 minutos y la rehidratación con agua pura. RESULTADOS: en jóvenes residentes de gran altitud, se estima que el porcentaje de agua corporal total en las mujeres está disminuida en relación a la referencia de poblaciones del nivel del mar. La masa grasa corporal está muy incrementada en las mujeres. La diferencia de agua basal versus el agua post ejercicio entre varones y mujeres no es significativa. La diferencia de agua del líquido extra e intracelular basal versus el agua post ejercicio entre varones y mujeres no es significativa. La diferencia en la distancia recorrida en 30 minutos de ejercicio de trote submáximo es estadísticamente significativa a favor de los varones (4424 vs. 3619 metros). La correlación del IMC y el porcentaje de masa grasa es muy baja (r=0.109). El IMC entre varones y mujeres no presenta diferencia estadísticamente significativa (26±3 vs 24±3 respectivamente). La frecuencia de exceso de grasa corporal evaluada por AIB, es del 55% en las mujeres y de 0% en varones. La presión arterial sistémica en varones (PS: 107±6 y PD:73± 4mmHg) y en mujeres (PS:104±8 y PD:70± 7mmHg), está disminuida en relación a referencia del nivel del mar. La frecuencia respiratoria esta incrementada tanto en varones (21±2) y mujeres (23±3). CONCLUSIONES: el método de AIB permite evaluar la composición corporal y el agua corporal total y por tanto la masa grasa, mismo que fue validado en altitud por el método estándar de referencia de dilución isotópica en estudios previos en altitud. El ejercicio de trote submáximo ejecutado, ha exigido más a los universitarios estudiados. Se verifica que en el mismo tiempo los varones han recorrido una mayor distancia que las mujeres. Se estima que en mujeres la masa grasa corporal (MGC) esta incrementada y que el exceso de grasa (obesidad) es del 55%. La diferencia del agua al momento basal y post ejercicio y el LEC y LIC entre varones y mujeres no es significativa. El IMC subestima en este grupo la frecuencia de obesidad, principalmente en mujeres. El uso de técnicas nucleares, ha permitido a través del análisis del deuterio estudiar el agua, la composición corporal, y se asocia fuertemente con determinaciones similares mediante el uso de la bioimpedancia eléctrica.


RESEARCH QUESTION: what will be the body composition, the total body water, and the extra and intracellular water related to the changes after submaximal exercise of 30 minutes and post rehydration with pure water in permanent resident adults of high altitude, La Paz, Bolivia, management 2019? OBJECTIVE: to determine the body composition, the total body water, and the extra and intracellular water related to the changes after submaximal exercise of 30 minutes and post rehydration with pure water in permanent residents of high altitude adults, La Paz, Bolivia, management 2019. MATERIAL AND METHODS: the research work was experimental, before and after, on Altitude Physiology, in 29 young residents of high altitude (3600 m.a.s.l.). Variables were evaluated before and after performing a 30-minute submaximal exercise test and post-exercise rehydration after consuming pure water. Dependent variables were: 1. Body composition, measured through bioelectrical impedance analysis (AIB), 2. Total body water volume, determined by AIB. 3. Extra and intracellular water evaluated by AIB and 4. Rehydration status, evaluated by post-exercise weight change, and by AIB. The independent variables were exercise through the 30-minute submaximal test and rehydration with pure water. RESULTS: in young residents of high altitude, it is estimated that the percentage of total body water in women is decreased in relation to the reference of sea level populations. Body fat mass is greatly increased in women. The difference in basal water versus post-exercise water between men and women is not significant. The difference in water from basal extra and intracellular fluid versus post-exercise water between men and women is not significant. The difference in distance covered in 30 minutes of submaximal jogging exercise is statistically significant in favor of men (4424 vs. 3619 meters). The correlation of BMI and the percentage of fat mass is very low (r = 0.109). The BMI between men and women did not present a statistically significant difference (26 ± 3 vs 24 ± 3 respectively). The frequency of excess body fat evaluated by AIB is 55% in women and 0% in men. The systemic blood pressure in men (PS: 107 ± 6 and PD: 73 ± 4mmHg) and in women (PS: 104 ± 8 and PD: 70 ± 7mmHg), is decreased in relation to the sea level reference. Respiratory rate is increased in both men (21 ± 2) and women (23 ± 3). CONCLUSIONS: the AIB method allows evaluating body composition and total body water and therefore fat mass, which was validated at altitude by the isotopic dilution reference standard method in previous studies at altitude. The submaximal trot exercise performed has demanded more from the university students studied. It is verified that in the same time the men have traveled a greater distance than the women. It is estimated that in women the body fat mass (FGM) is increased and that the excess fat (obesity) is 55%. The difference in water at baseline and post-exercise and the LEC and LIC between men and women is not significant. The BMI underestimates the frequency of obesity in this group, mainly in women. The use of nuclear techniques has allowed the analysis of deuterium to study water, body composition, and is strongly associated with similar determinations through the use of electrical bioimpedance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Body Water , Water Quantity , Drinking , Altitude , Students , Universities , Exercise , Respiratory Rate
12.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 39(3): e611, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138933

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El organismo se adapta al lugar donde reside, pero este tema no ha sido estudiado en la población laboral peruana. Objetivo: Determinar las variaciones fisiológicas y antropométricas en trabajadores según su residencia en tres altitudes geográficas del Perú. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación transversal analítica, con los datos fisiológicos (6 parámetros de laboratorio) y antropométricos (peso y talla) de 7500 trabajadores en 3 altitudes diferentes: Lima (nivel del mar), Arequipa (2500 m sobre el nivel del mar) y Cerro de Pasco (4300 m sobre el nivel del mar). Estas mediciones fueron estándares, realizadas por clínicas ocupacionales con certificaciones de calidad. Se obtuvo los coeficientes y valores p para las diferencias según cada altitud y ajustados por el sexo y la edad de cada participante. Resultados: Todos los parámetros fisio-antropométricos variaron según la altitud de residencia (todos los valores p fueron menores a 0,005). Los que se incrementaron a mayor altitud fueron la hemoglobina, el colesterol total y el colesterol HDL; en cambio, disminuyeron a mayor altitud el peso y la glucosa en ayunas. En los hombres aumentaron todas las variables menos en el colesterol HDL (que disminuyó significativamente) y el colesterol LDL (que no tuvo variación estadística), en comparación con las mujeres. Conclusiones: Son evidentes las variaciones en las mediciones de los trabajadores según el lugar donde residían, lo que muestra que no se debe tomar parámetros fijos para su valoración laboral. Esto debe servir a los médicos del trabajo y las autoridades, para tener en cuenta al momento de la valoración de la aptitud médica y luego para la vigilancia ocupacional(AU)


Introduction: The human body adapts to its place of residence, but this topic has not been studied in the Peruvian working population. Objective: Determine physiological and anthropometric variations in workers due to their residence in three geographic altitudes in Peru. Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted of physiological data (6 laboratory parameters) and anthropometric data (weight and height) of 7 500 workers from three different altitudes: Lima (sea level), Arequipa (2 500 m above sea level) and Cerro de Pasco (4 300 m above sea level). The measures were standard and taken by occupational clinics with quality certifications. Coefficients and p values for differences between the altitudes were obtained and adjusted according to the sex and age of participants. Results: All the physio-anthropometric parameters varied with the altitude of the place of residence (all p values were under 0.005). The parameters which increased at a higher altitude were hemoglobin, total cholesterol and HDL cholesterol, whereas the ones which decreased at a higher altitude were weight and fasting glucose. Among men all variables increased except for HDL cholesterol (which decreased significantly) and LDL cholesterol (which did not show any statistical variation), in comparison with women. Conclusions: Variations in measurements taken from workers from different places of residence are obvious, which shows that fixed parameters should not be used for their labor assessment. This should be taken into account by occupational doctors and authorities for medical attitude assessment and occupational surveillance(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Body Weights and Measures/adverse effects , Altitude , Altitude Sickness/epidemiology , Laboratories/standards , Occupational Groups , Peru , Measurements, Methods and Theories , Cross-Sectional Studies
13.
Medwave ; 20(6): e7972, 31-07-2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1118990

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La gastritis crónica es unas de las enfermedades más comunes en la población y varía por regiones. Existen diversos factores que influyen en su aparición. Sin embargo, no se ha estudiado a profundidad el efecto de la altura. OBJETIVOS: Determinar la asociación entre la zona altitudinal de residencia y gastritis crónica en pacientes ambulatorios de Perú. MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal analítico. Se realizó a través del análisis secundario de datos. La variable dependiente fue gastritis crónica, tomada del reporte del paciente y verificado en la historia clínica, según antecedentes patológicos mencionados durante consulta médica. La variable independiente fue la zona altitudinal de residencia (divida en baja altitud, altitud intermedia, elevada y muy elevada). Las covariables secundarias fueron edad, sexo y tiempo viviendo en altura. Se realizaron modelos lineales generalizados para estimar razones de prevalencias, usando familia Poisson y ciudad como clúster. RESULTADOS: De los 4263 pacientes estudiados, 63% fue del sexo femenino; la mediana de la edad fue de 42 años. La prevalencia global de gastritis crónica fue 12,9%. Hubo asociación con gastritis crónica y altura de residencia a nivel intermedio, elevado, pero no con muy elevado, con una razón de prevalencia ajustada de 1,52 (intervalo de confianza 95%: 1,03 a 2,23); 2,01 (1,55 a 2,60) y 1,12 (0,84 a 1,48), respectivamente. CONCLUSIONES: Se encontró una asociación significativa entre gastritis crónica y altitud intermedia y elevada, pero no en muy elevada. Esto se explicaría por la hipoxia hipobárica en alturas, que podría conllevar lesiones en la pared gástrica, la adaptación de los peruanos a las alturas y por otras variables sociodemográficas.


INTRODUCTION: Chronic gastritis is one of the most common diseases in the population. Several factors influence its appearance; however, the effect of high altitude has not been studied thoroughly. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between the altitude of the residential area and chronic gastritis in outpatients of Peru. METHODS: Observational, analytical, and cross-sectional study. Secondary data analysis was conducted. The dependent variable was chronic gastritis, obtained from patient references, and verified in the medical history according to the pathological history mentioned during medical consultation. The independent variable was the altitude of the residential areas (categorized into low altitude, intermediate altitude, high and very high), and the secondary co-variables were age, sex, and time living at altitude. Generalized linear models were used to estimate prevalence ratios using Poisson family and city as a cluster. RESULTS: Of the 4263 patients studied, 63% were female; the median age was 42 years. The overall prevalence of chronic gastritis was 12,9%. There was an association with chronic gastritis and altitude of residence at the intermediate and high levels, but not at the very high; with an adjusted prevalence ratio of 1.52 (95% confidence interval, 1.03 to 2.23); 2.01 (1.55 to 2.60) and 1.12 (0.84 to 1.48), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: We found a significant association between chronic gastritis and intermediate and high altitude but not at very high, which could be explained by hypobaric hypoxia in altitude that could lead to gastric wall lesions and other socio-demographic variables.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Altitude , Gastritis/epidemiology , Peru/epidemiology , Chronic Disease , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Gastritis/diagnosis
14.
Cuad. Hosp. Clín ; 61(1): [12], jul. 2020. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIBOCS | ID: biblio-1118900

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: la presión barométrica determina la presión parcial de los gases tanto en el medio ambiente como a nivel alveolar pulmonar, por lo que, para una determinada presión barométrica, la presión de oxígeno y dióxido de carbono es distinta. OBJETIVO: el objetivo del presente estudio es caracterizar los valores de gasometría arterial en residentes adultos sanos a muy alta altitud en la ciudad de El Alto. METODOLOGÍA: Estudio serie de casos, realizado durante la gestión 2019 en 22 (73%) mujeres y 8 varones (27%), con una media de edad de 36.07 años. El estudio contó con la aprobación del Comité de Ética Hospitalario. RESULTADOS: a 4150 metros sobre el nivel del mar, el pH tiende hacia la alcalosis (7.43) así como la PaO2 es menor (58.69mmHg), el valor de PaCO2 (26.14mmHg) es menor correspondiente a una ciudad con mayor altitud, el valor de bicarbonato sérico (20.14mmol/L) se encuentra disminuido en compensación a la disminución de la PaCO2 y el valor de la SatO2% (91.7%) es menor al reportado a nivel del mar. Hay que destacar que el índice PaO2/FiO2 no concuerda con el cálculo realizado según la fórmula propuesta dentro de la definición de los Criterios de Berlín. Se evidencia también que, en la muestra, si bien la correlación entre la PaO2 y la SatO2% resulta como alta, no resulta perfectamente lineal. CONCLUSIÓN: resulta imperativo precisar las características propias a la fisiología correspondientes a cada altitud, buscando aplicar parámetros propios como los de la gasometría arterial para el tratamiento de las enfermedades prevalentes en cada región, así como desarrollar investigaciones específicas a gran altura, ensayar posibilidades y documentarlas.


INTRODUCTION: barometric pressure determines the partial pressure of gases both in the environment and at the pulmonary alveolar level, so for a given barometric pressure, the pressure of oxygen and carbon dioxide is different. The objective of this paper is to characterize arterial blood gas values in healthy adult residents at very high altitude in the city of El Alto. METHODOLOGY: case series study, carried out during 2019; 22 volunteers (73%) women and 8 men (27%), mean age 36.07 years are included. The study was approved by the Hospital Bioethics Committee. RESULTS: at 4150 meter above sea level, pH tends towards alkalosis (7.43) as well as PaO2 is lower (58.69mmHg), the value of PaCO2 (26.14mmHg) is lower corresponding to a city with higher altitude, the value of serum bicarbonate (20.14mmol/L) is lower in compensation at the decrease in PaCO2 and the value of SatO2% (91.7%) is lower than that reported at sea level. The PaO2/FiO2 index does not match the calculation made according to the proposed formula within the definition of the Berlin Criteria. It is also evident that, although the correlation between PaO2 and SatO2% is high, it is not perfectly linear. CONCLUSION: it is imperative to precise the characteristics corresponding to the physiology corresponding to each altitude, looking forward to apply these parameters, such as those of arterial blood gas, in the treatment of prevalent diseases for each region, and so as develop specific studies at high altitude, also testing and reporting them.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Adult , Atmospheric Pressure , Blood Gas Analysis , Altitude , Blood
15.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 36(4): 1116-1125, 01-06-2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147210

ABSTRACT

The quality of coffee is one of the most important requirements in the commercialization of the product, and the post-harvest stage is decisive in the production of excellent coffees. The region of Mutum, MG, Brazil, is predominantly coffee-growing, with high potential for the production of specialty coffees. Due to the social and economic importance of coffee production in the Matas de Minas region, research has been demanded with the aim of providing technological information that provides improvements in quality and consequent price aggregation of the coffee bag. Among the several factors that may affect coffee quality are the processing system, the drying method and the altitude. Thus, the objective of this work was to evaluate the quality of Arabica coffee at different altitudes, submitted to different processing systems and drying methods. The work was conducted at the Cabeceira do Imbiruçu, in a randomized complete block design,with treatments arranged in a scheme comprising sub-subdivided plots (2 x 2 x 2), with four replications. In the plots, the two altitudes (850 and 1050 m), in the subplotsthe two processingsystems (dry (natural) and wet (peeled cherry)) and in the sub-subplotstwo drying methods (cement and suspended yard, both covered). Sensory and electrical conductivity analyzes were performed. The fruits of coffee trees located at altitudes of 1050 m have sensory attributes superior to those of altitudes of 850 m. The best results of the coffee flavor and aroma sensory attributes were obtained in the wet processing system when compared to a dry (natural) processing system. The electrical conductivity of the coffee beans obtained in the wet processing system was lower than that obtained in the dry processing system (natural), which gives a better beverage quality. Drying methods in suspended yard and cement yard, both with plastic cover and if technically conducted, do not influence the sensory characteristics of the Arabica coffee.


A qualidade do café é um dos requisitos mais importantes na comercialização do produto, sendo a etapa de pós-colheita determinante na produção de cafés de excelência. A região de Mutum, MG, Brasil, é predominantemente cafeeira, com elevado potencial de produção de cafés especiais. Em razão da importância social e econômica da cafeicultura para a região das Matas de Minas, pesquisas têm sido demandadas com o intuito de fornecer informações tecnológicas que proporcionem melhorias na qualidade e consequente na agregação do preço da saca de café. Dentre os diversos fatores que podem afetar a qualidade do café destacam-se o sistema de processamento, o método de secagem e a altitude. Assim, objetivou-se com a realização deste trabalho, avaliar a qualidade do café arábica em diferentes altitudes, submetido a diferentes sistemas de processamento e métodos de secagem. O trabalho foi conduzido na propriedade cabeceira do Imbiruçu, em um delineamento experimental de blocos casualizados, com os tratamentos dispostos em um esquema de parcelas sub-subdivididas (2 x 2 x 2), com quatro repetições, sendo nas parcelas, as duas altitudes (850 e 1050 m), nas subparcelas, os dois sistemas de processamento (seco (natural) e úmido (cereja descascada)) e nas subparcelas, dois métodos de secagem (cimento e terreiro suspenso, ambos cobertos). Foram realizadas análises sensoriais e de condutividade elétrica. Os frutos de cafeeiros localizados em altitudes de 1050 m possuem atributos sensoriais superiores aos de altitudes de 850 m. Os melhores resultados dos atributos sensoriais sabor e aroma do café foram obtidos no sistema de processamento via úmida quando comparado como sistema de processamento via seca (natural). A condutividade elétrica dos grãos de café obtidos no sistema de processamento via úmida foi menor que a obtida no sistema de processamento via seca (natural), o que confere melhor qualidade de bebida. Os métodos de secagem em terreiro suspenso e em terreiro de cimento, ambos com cobertura plástica e se tecnicamente conduzidos, não influenciam nas características sensoriais do café arábica.


Subject(s)
Coffee , Research , Quality Management , Altitude
16.
MHSalud ; 17(1): 19-33, ene.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1091028

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of altitude and environmental temperature on muscle mechanical and functional activation after 30' Time Trial run (30' TT). Twenty physical active males (Age= 20.4 ±3.21 years, VO2max= 47.2 ±5.2 ml/kg/min) performed a 30' TT in three different conditions of altitude and temperature: Control Condition [CC] (1137 m.a.s.l. at 26 ±1.5°C), Heat-Low Condition [HLC] (3 m.a.s.l. at 30.5 ±0.6°C), and Cool-High Condition [CHC] (2369 m.a.s.l. at 14.2 ±0.6°C). Tensiomyography (TMG), Countermovement Jump (CMJ), and Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS) were measured pre and post running. During the 30' TT, distance, speed, heart rate (HR), rate of perceived exertion (RPE), and thermal index (WBGT) were measured. Results show a significant decrease in body weight and a significant increase in DOMS and jump height in CMJ after running in each condition. TMG responses increased maximum radial muscle displacement (Dm) and decreased muscle contraction time (Tc) both rectus and biceps femoris muscles after running. During the 30' TT, the results did not show a significant difference in RPE, HR, distance, and speed among conditions. In conclusion, altitude and temperature seem not to significantly affect the mechanical and functional responses 30' TT, despite the tendency of HLC to decrease both activation and performance.


Resumen: El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar si la altitud y la temperatura ambiental influyen en la activación funcional y mecánica, en el nivel muscular, después de 30' de carrera contrarreloj. Veinte hombres físicamente activos (edad = 20,4 ± 3,21 años, VO2máx = 47,2 ± 5,2 ml/kg/min) realizaron 30' de carrera contrarreloj (30'TT) en tres diferentes condiciones de altitud y temperatura: condición control [CC] (1137 msnm, 26 ± 1.5 °C), condición caja y calor [HLC] (3 msnm, 30.5 ± 0.6 °C) y condición de altura y frío [CHC] (2369 msnm, 14.2 ± 0.6 °C). Tensiomiografía (TMG), salto contramovimiento (CMJ) y dolor muscular de aparición tardía (DOMS) se midieron antes y después de la carrera. Durante los 30'TT, se calcularon la distancia, la velocidad, la frecuencia cardíaca (FC), el esfuerzo percibido (RPE) y el índice de estrés térmico (WBGT). Los principales resultados muestran una disminución significativa en el peso corporal y un aumento significativo tanto en el DOMS como en la altura de salto en CMJ, después de correr en cada condición. Las respuestas de TMG aumentaron el desplazamiento muscular radial máximo (Dm) y el tiempo de contracción muscular (Tc), en el recto femoral y en el bíceps femoral, luego de correr. Durante el 30'TT, los resultados no mostraron una diferencia significativa en el RPE, la FC, distancia y velocidad entre las condiciones. En conclusión, la altitud y la temperatura parecen no afectar significativamente las respuestas mecánicas y funcionales después de 30' de carrera contrarreloj, a pesar de la tendencia de la condición HLC de disminuir la activación y el desempeño de la prueba.


Resumo: O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar se a temperatura ambiente e a altitude influenciam a ativação funcional e mecânica a nível muscular após 30' de corrida de velocidade. Vinte homens fisicamente ativos (idade = 20,4 ± 3,21 anos, VO2máx = 47,2 ± 5,2 ml / kg / min) realizaram 30' de corrida de velocidade (30´TT) em três condições diferentes de altitude e temperatura: Condição de controle [CC] (1137 msnm, 26 ± 1,5 ° C, Condição do corpo e calor [HLC] (3 msnm, 30,5 ± 0,6 ° C) e condição de altura e frio [CHC] (2369 msnm, 14,2 ± 0,6). Os valores de Tensiomiografia (TMG), salto de contra movimento (CMJ) e dor muscular de início tardio (DOMS) foram medidos antes e depois da corrida. Durante 30' TT, a distância, a velocidade e a frequência foram medidas, como também a frequência cardíaca (FC), o esforço percebido (RPE) e o índice de cansaço térmico (WBGT). Os principais resultados mostram uma diminuição significativa no peso corporal e um aumento significativo no DOMS e na altura do salto na CMJ, após a corrida em cada condição. As respostas da TMG aumentaram o deslocamento muscular radial máximo (Dm) e o tempo do músculo contraído (Tc) no reto femoral e bíceps femoral, após a corrida. Durante o 30'TT, os resultados não mostraram diferença significativa na RPE, na FC, na distância e na velocidade entre as condições. Em conclusão, altitude e temperatura parecem não afetar significativamente as respostas mecânicas e funcionais após 30 minutos de corrida de velocidade, apesar da tendência da condição HLC de diminuir a ativação e o desempenho do teste.


Subject(s)
Humans , Running , Temperature , Altitude , Muscles
17.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 39(1): e313, ene.-mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126568

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las altitudes intermedias entre 1500-3000 m sobre el nivel del mar generan cambios en el metabolismo basal, incrementados con el entrenamiento físico en deportes donde predominan esfuerzos aerobios superiores a tres minutos. Objetivo: Determinar el umbral anaerobio para nadadores que entrenan en Bogotá a 2600 m de altitud. Métodos: Fueron evaluados treinta nadadores: 12 mujeres y 18 hombres de las categorías juvenil y mayores, entre 16-24 años, modalidades bialetas, natación de carreras y deportistas que se preparan para campeonatos nacionales, se les aplicaron las siguientes mediciones: prueba de 30 min de natación continua, medición de la frecuencia cardíaca al inicio y final de la prueba, medición de ácido láctico al finalizar, análisis corporal y máximo consumo de oxígeno. Los registros de las mediciones fueron analizados estadísticamente. Resultados: Se encontraron al final de la prueba de los 30 min de natación continua, concentraciones de ácido láctico para los hombres de hasta 14 mmol/L, 9 para las mujeres y frecuencias cardíacas máximas y submáximas. En cuanto a los porcentajes de grasa, el promedio de los mejores para las mujeres fue de 20 y para los hombres 10 y porcentajes de masa muscular 33 para las mujeres y 41 para los hombres. Conclusiones: Los registros de ácido láctico en altitudes intermedias son muy superiores a las propuestas en la bibliografía existente para determinar el umbral anaeróbico, al igual que la frecuencia cardíaca, los porcentajes de grasa corporal promedio para hombres es 10 y para mujeres 20. La prueba de 30 min puede ser adecuada para determinar la velocidad de umbral anaerobio en altitudes intermedias, el volumen de entrenamiento de dicha capacidad puede ser equivalente al obtenido en ella y puede ser fraccionado utilizando distancias de 200 m, con pausas breves entre 10 y 30 s(AU)


Introduction: Intermediate altitudes between 1 500 and 3 000 above sea level bring about changes in basal metabolism, which are increased by physical training in sports with a predominance of aerobic efforts extending for more than three minutes. Objective: Determine the anaerobic threshold of swimmers training in Bogotá at an altitude of 2 600 meters. Methods: Thirty swimmers were evaluated: 12 women and 18 men from the youth and senior categories, age 16-24 years, bifin modes, racing swimming, and sportspeople training for national championships. The following measurements were taken: 30-min continuous swimming test, heart rate at the start and end of the test, lactic acid at the end, body analysis and maximal oxygen consumption. Measurement records were analyzed statistically. Results: At the end of the 30-min continuous swimming test lactic acid concentrations were up to 14 mmol/l for men and 9 mmol/l for women, and heart rates maximal and submaximal. The best mean body fat percentages were 20 for women and 10 for men, whereas muscle mass percentages were 33 for women and 41 for men. Conclusions: Lactic acid and heart rate values at intermediate altitudes were found to be much higher than those proposed by the existing bibliography to determine the anaerobic threshold. Mean body fat percentages were 10 for men and 20 for women. The 30-min test may be appropriate to determine the anaerobic threshold speed at intermediate altitudes. The training volume for that capacity may be equivalent to the one obtained from it, and may be split up using 200-meter distances with brief pauses of 10 to 30 seconds(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Swimming/physiology , Anaerobic Threshold/physiology , Altitude
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828030

ABSTRACT

The wild plant Dactylorhiza hatagirea commonly used in Tibetan medicine. In recent years, it is on the verge of extinction due to improper excavation and habitat deterioration. Based on the literature review, and the meteorological and ecological data of Qinghai Province and data derived from the field survey, this study took the altitude, humidity index, annual average wind speed, monthly average sunshine, precipitation and temperature in growing season, soil type and vegetation type as the zoning indexes, and applied ArcGIS software for spatial superposition analysis. The results showed that the D. hatagirea was primarily found in the alpine meadow in the east and south of Qinghai Province. The overall suitable area was about 30 700 km~2. Taking Qinghai Lake as the boundary for reference, the area in the south appeared to be more suitable, while the area in the east appeared to be secondary in suitability. Henan County, Zeku County, Jiuzhi County and Banma County were the main suitable areas covering the expanse of 12 454 km~2. Through the field verification, such zoning results appeared to be accurate, precise and illustrative. The spatial distribution of ecological suitability provides the decision-making basis for the resource investigation, environment protection and comprehensive resource management. It also provides the empirical case for developing the interdisciplinary research method in the suitability study of medicinal plants.


Subject(s)
Altitude , China , Conservation of Natural Resources , Ecosystem , Plants, Medicinal , Soil
19.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 181-189, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827069

ABSTRACT

Long-term exposure to high altitude affects spatial working memory. Previous studies have focused on the analysis of electroencephalogram (EEG) components in time domain rather than in frequency domain. To explore the influence of long-term high altitude exposure on time dynamic characteristics and neural oscillation process of the spatial working memory, n-back task combined with the technology of event related potential recording was performed on 20 young migrants who grew at low altitude before the age of 18 and moved to high altitude more than three years ago, and 21 young people who had never been to the high altitude. EEG data were recorded, and the time domain and frequency domain analyses were performed. The results showed that the response time was longer and the accuracy rate was lower under the 2-back condition in the high altitude group compared with those in low altitude group. The late positive potential (LPP) amplitude was more negative, P2 amplitude was more positive in the 2-back condition, and the power value of early delta frequency band (1-4 Hz, 160-300 ms) was larger, while the power values of late delta frequency band (1-4 Hz, 450-650 ms) and theta frequency band (4-8 Hz, 450-650 ms) were smaller in the high altitude group compared with those in low altitude group. The results suggested that long-term exposure to high altitude affected the spatial working memory ability of the migrants, which was reflected in the lack of attention resources in the later matching stage, decreased response inhibition ability and information maintenance ability, and thus resulted in impaired spatial working memory.


Subject(s)
Altitude , Brain , Electroencephalography , Humans , Memory, Short-Term , Reaction Time , Spatial Memory , Transients and Migrants
20.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1031-1036, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879233

ABSTRACT

To investigate the computed tomography (CT) characteristics and differential diagnosis of high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) and COVID-19, CT findings of 52 cases of HAPE confirmed in Medical Station of Sanshili Barracks, PLA 950 Hospital from May 1, 2020 to May 30, 2020 were collected retrospectively. The size, number, location, distribution, density and morphology of the pulmonary lesions of these CT data were analyzed and compared with some already existed COVID-19 CT images which come from two files, "Radiological diagnosis of COVID-19: expert recommendation from the Chinese Society of Radiology (First edition)" and "A rapid advice guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of 2019 novel corona-virus (2019-nCoV) infected pneumonia (standard version)". The simple or multiple ground-glass opacity (GGO) lesions are located both in the HAPE and COVID-19 at the early stage, but only the thickening of interlobular septa, called "crazy paving pattern" belongs to COVID-19. At the next period, some increased cloudy shadows are located in HAPE, while lesions of COVID-19 are more likely to develop parallel to the direction of the pleura, and some of the lesions show the bronchial inflation. At the most serious stage, both the shadows in HAPE and COVID-19 become white, but the lesions of HAPE in the right lung are more serious than that of left lung. In summary, some cloudy shadows are the feature of HAPE CT image, and "crazy paving pattern" and "pleural parallel sign" belong to the COVID-19 CT, which can be used for differential diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Altitude , COVID-19/diagnostic imaging , China , Diagnosis, Differential , Humans , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Pulmonary Edema/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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