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1.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 21-31, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345507

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study assessed the fracture resistance of simulated immature teeth reinforced with calcium aluminate cement (CAC) or mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) containing calcium carbonate nanoparticles (nano-CaCO3). The microstructural arrangement of the cements and their chemical constitution were also evaluated. Forty-eight canines simulating immature teeth were distributed into 6 groups (n=8): Negative control - no apical plug or root canal filling; CAC - apical plug with CAC; CAC/nano-CaCO3 - apical plug with CAC+5% nano-CaCO3; MTA - apical plug with MTA; MTA/nano-CaCO3 - apical plug with MTA+5% nano-CaCO3; and Positive control - root canal filling with MTA. The fracture resistance was evaluated in a universal testing machine. Samples of the cements were analyzed under Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) to determine their microstructural arrangement. Chemical analysis of the cements was performed by Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS). The fracture resistance of CAC/nano-CaCO3 was significantly higher than the negative control (p<0.05). There was no significant difference among the other groups (p>0.05). Both cements had a more regular microstructure with the addition of nano-CaCO3. MTA samples had more calcium available in soluble forms than CAC. The addition of nano-CaCO3 to CAC increased the fracture resistance of teeth in comparison with the non-reinforced teeth. The microstructure of both cements containing nano-CaCO3 was similar, with a more homogeneous distribution of lamellar- and prismatic-shaped crystals. MTA had more calcium available in soluble forms than CAC.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou a resistência à fratura de dentes imaturos simulados reforçados com cimento de aluminato de cálcio (CAC) ou trióxido agregado mineral (MTA) contendo nanopartículas de carbonato de cálcio (nano-CaCO3). O arranjo microestrutural dos cimentos e sua constituição química também foram avaliados. Quarenta e oito caninos simulando dentes imaturos foram distribuídos em 6 grupos (n=8): Controle negativo - sem plug apical ou obturação do canal radicular; CAC - plug apical com CAC; CAC/nano-CaCO3 - plug apical com CAC + 5% nano-CaCO3; MTA - plug apical com MTA; MTA/nano-CaCO3 - plug apical com MTA + 5% nano-CaCO3; e Controle positivo - obturação dos canais radiculares com MTA. A resistência à fratura foi avaliada em máquina universal de ensaios. Amostras dos cimentos foram analisadas em Microscópio Eletrônico de Varredura (MEV) para determinar seu arranjo microestrutural. A análise química dos cimentos foi realizada por Espectroscopia de Energia Dispersiva de Raio-X (EDS). A resistência à fratura de CAC/nano-CaCO3 foi significativamente maior do que o controle negativo (p<0,05). Não houve diferença significativa entre os outros grupos (p>0,05). Ambos os cimentos apresentaram microestrutura mais regular com a adição de nano-CaCO3. As amostras de MTA apresentaram mais cálcio disponível em formas solúveis do que CAC. A adição de nano-CaCO3 ao CAC aumentou a resistência à fratura dos dentes em comparação aos dentes não reforçados. A microestrutura de ambos os cimentos contendo nano-CaCO3 foi semelhante, com uma distribuição mais homogênea de cristais de formato lamelar e prismático. MTA apresentou mais cálcio disponível nas formas solúveis do que CAC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials , Tooth Fractures , Oxides , Root Canal Obturation , Silicates , Calcium Compounds , Aluminum Compounds , Tooth Apex , Dental Cements , Drug Combinations
2.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 65-74, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345502

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study investigated the effect of three commercial calcium silicate-based materials (CSBM) on cytotoxicity and pro-and anti-inflammatory cytokines production in cultured human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs). Culture of hPDLSCs was established and characterized. Extracts of Bio-C Sealer (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil), MTA Fillapex (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil) and PBS Cimmo HP (Cimmo Soluções em Saúde, Pouso Alegre, MG, Brazil) were prepared by placing cement specimens (5 x 3 mm) in culture medium. Then, the extracts were serially two-fold diluted (1, 1:2, 1:4, 1:8, 1:16) and inserted into the cell-seeded wells for 24, 48 and 72 h for MTT assays. TNF-α and IL-10 cytokines were quantified by ELISA at 24h-cell supernatants. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). All CSBM exhibited some cytotoxicity that varied according to extract concentration and time of evaluation. MTA Fillapex presented the highest cytotoxic effects with significant reduction of metabolic activity/cell viability when compared to Bio-C Sealer and Cimmo HP®. TNF-α was significantly upregulated by the three tested cements (p < 0.05) while only MTA Fillapex significantly upregulated IL-10 in comparison to control. Taken collectively, the results showed that PBS Cimmo HP®, Bio-C Sealer and MTA Fillapex present mild and transient cytotoxicity and slightly induced TNF-α production. MTA Fillapex upregulated IL-10 release by hPDLSCs.


Resumo Este estudo investigou o efeito de três materiais comerciais à base de silicato de cálcio (CSBM) na citotoxicidade e na produção de citocinas pró e antiinflamatórias em células-tronco do ligamento periodontal humano (hPDLSCs). Cultura de hPDLSCs foi estabelecida e caracterizada. Extratos de Bio-C Sealer (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brasil), MTA Fillapex (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brasil) e PBS Cimmo HP® (Cimmo Soluções em Saúde, Pouso Alegre, MG, Brasil) foram preparados com a colocação de espécimes dos cimentos (5 x 3 mm) em meio de cultura. Em seguida, os extratos foram diluídos (1, 1: 2, 1: 4, 1: 8, 1:16) e inseridos nos poços semeados de células para ensaio de citotoxicidade por meio de MTT por 24, 48 e 72 h. As citocinas TNF-α e IL-10 foram quantificadas por ELISA em sobrenadantes de células de 24 h. Os dados foram analisados por ANOVA e teste de Tukey (α = 0,05). Todos os CSBM exibiram alguma citotoxicidade que variou de acordo com a concentração do extrato e o tempo de avaliação. O MTA Fillapex apresentou os maiores efeitos citotóxicos com redução significativa da atividade metabólica / viabilidade celular quando comparado ao Bio-C Sealer e Cimmo HP®. O TNF-α foi regulado positivamente pelos três cimentos testados (p <0,05), enquanto apenas o MTA Fillapex regulou positivamente a liberação de IL-10 em comparação com o controle. Tomados em conjunto, os resultados mostraram que PBS Cimmo HP®, Bio-C Sealer e MTA Fillapex apresentam citotoxicidade leve e transitória e induziram a produção de TNF-α. O MTA Fillapex regulou positivamente a liberação de IL-10 por hPDLSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontal Ligament/cytology , Root Canal Filling Materials/adverse effects , Stem Cells/drug effects , Silicates/adverse effects , Calcium Compounds/adverse effects , Oxides , Materials Testing , Cytokines/metabolism , Aluminum Compounds
3.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(1): 53-58, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180728

ABSTRACT

Abstract The endodontic revascularization may be an alternative treatment for necrotic immature teeth, however, several treatment steps may cause tooth discoloration. This study evaluated the use of three calcium silicate-based cements with different radiopacifying agents on the color alteration (∆E) of extracted premolars after simulation of revascularization. Forty single rooted extracted premolars were shaped with #1-6 gates Glidden drills, rinsed with sodium hypochlorite, and filled with fresh human blood. Three calcium silicate-based cements with different radiopacifying agents (bismuth oxide - CSBi, calcium tungstate - CSW, and zirconium oxide - CSZr) were applied over the blood clot (n=10). The control group received the application of a temporary zinc oxide-based cement (TFZn) (n=10). ∆E was measured with a spectrophotometer, using the L*a*b* color system of the International Commission on Illumination (CIELab), in different times: prior to the preparation of the access cavity (t0); right after treatment (t1); and after one (t2), two (t3), three (t4) and four (t5) months. The tooth site for color evaluation was standardized by silicon matrix, the color reading was performed 3 times per tooth, and the teeth were stored in 37º water between evaluations. ∆E, whiteness (WID index) and yellowness (b*) were evaluated. Data were subjected to one-way ANOVA and repeated measures ANOVA, followed by Tukey's post hoc test (α=0.05). All groups were similar in ∆E1 (t0-t1). The ∆E was the lowest and constant in the control group. In all evaluation times, CSBi presented the highest ∆E (p<0.01). CSW and CSZr were similar in all evaluated times and presented intermediate ∆E values. WID index from CSBi and CSW presented more distancing from 'white' reference. CSBi presented the greatest decrease in yellowness (b* value). The cement containing bismuth oxide presented the highest color alteration values. All tested calcium silicate-based cements presented clinically perceptible discoloration. Calcium tungstate and zirconium oxide may be used as alternative radiopacifiers to decrease tooth discoloration after endodontic tooth revascularization.


Resumo A revascularização endodôntica pode ser um tratamento alternativo para dentes imaturos necrosados, porém, várias etapas do tratamento podem causar alteração de cor dental. Este estudo avaliou o uso de três cimentos a base de silicato de cálcio com diferentes agentes radiopacificadores na alteração de cor (∆E) de pré-molares extraídos após a simulação de revascularização. Quarenta pré-molares unirradiculares extraídos foram conformados com brocas gates glidden #1-6, irrigados com hipoclorito de sódio, e preenchidos com sangue humano fresco. Três cimentos a base de silicato de cálcio com diferentes agentes radiopacificadores (óxido de bismuto - CSBi, tungstato de cálcio - CSW, e óxido de zircônio - CSZr) foram aplicados sobre o coágulo sanguíneo (n=10). O grupo controle recebeu a aplicação de um cimento temporário a base de óxido de zinco (TFZn) (n=10). ∆E foi medida com um espectrofotômetro, utilizando o sistema de cor L*a*b* da International Commission on Illumination (CIELab), em tempos diferentes: previamente ao preparo da cavidade de acesso (t0); logo após o tratamento (t1); e após um (t2), dois (t3), três (t4) e quatro (t5) meses. O local do dente para a avaliação de cor foi padronizado por uma matriz de silicone, a leitura da cor foi realizada 3 vezes por dente, e os dentes foram armazenados em água a 37ºC entre as avaliações. ∆E, 'clareamento' (índice WID) e tom amarelado (b*) foram avaliados. Os dados foram submetidos ao teste de ANOVA um fator e teste ANOVA de medidas repetidas, seguidos pelo teste post hoc de Tukey (α=0,05). Todos os grupos foram semelhantes em ∆E1 (t0-t1). A ∆E foi menor e constante no grupo controle. Em todos os tempos de avaliação, CSBi apresentou os maiores valores de ∆E (p<0.01). CSW e CSZr foram semelhantes em todos os tempos avaliados e apresentaram valores intermediários de ∆E. O índice WID de CSBi e CSW se distanciaram mais da referência 'branco'. CSBi apresentou maior diminuição no tom amarelado (valor de b*) os outros grupos. O cimento contendo óxido de bismuto apresentou os maiores valores de alteração de cor. Todos os cimentos testados apresentaram alteração de cor clinicamente perceptível. O tungstato de cálcio e óxido de zircônio podem ser usados como radiopacificares alternativos para a diminuição da alteração de cor dental após o processo de revascularização endodontica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials , Tooth Discoloration , Oxides , Silicates , Calcium Compounds , Aluminum Compounds , Dental Cements , Drug Combinations
4.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e077, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1278594

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the physicochemical, biological, and antimicrobial properties of a new hydraulic calcium silicate-based modified material, and compared it with MTA Repair HP and MTA Angelus. The materials were assessed regarding color luminosity (L), color change, radiopacity, setting time, and ISO 6876:2012 linear flow. Volumetric filling and volume change were evaluated using microcomputed-tomography (µCT). Chemical characterization after 28 days in Hank's Balanced Salt Solution (HBSS) and pH analysis were also assessed. Biological characterization of cytotoxicity and microbiological assessment were also undertaken. Shapiro-Wilk, ANOVA, Levene and post hoc analyses with Bonferroni correction were performed, adopting a 5% significance level (p <0.05). Bio-C Pulpo exhibited the highest L values after 90 days. All tested materials demonstrated color change during the analyses, and had radiopacity above 5 mm Al. MTA Repair HP set faster than Bio-C Pulpo, whereas the latter had the highest linear flow. MTA Repair HP had the highest volumetric filling in µCT analysis. Bio-C Pulpo showed the highest alkalinity during all tested periods, and the highest volumetric loss (above 9%), in comparison with MTA Repair HP and MTA Angelus. Bio-C Pulpo did not form calcium hydroxide after hydration. MTA Repair HP demonstrated the highest cytocompatibility, and Bio-C Pulpo, the highest cytotoxicity. No inhibition halos were observed for any material, and similar higher turbidity values were seen after direct contact. Composition additives used in Bio-C Pulpo modified its properties, and both the absence of calcium hydroxide deposition after hydration, and the related cytotoxicity of this material are of particular concern.


Subject(s)
Root Canal Filling Materials/toxicity , Aluminum Compounds/toxicity , Oxides/toxicity , Materials Testing , Calcium , Silicates/toxicity , Calcium Compounds/toxicity , Drug Combinations
5.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(5): 511-515, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132334

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to assess the physicochemical properties of a repair material in the Brazilian market, BioMTA, in comparison to other two materials currently in use (Biodentine and MTA Angelus). The initial setting time was evaluated using Gillmore needle. The pH was measured with a pH-meter after 24 h, 3, 7, 14 and 21 days. The radiopacity was determined using the equivalence in millimeters of aluminum (mm Al) from digitized occlusal radiographs. Solubility was determined after immersion in water for 7 days. The data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey tests (a=0.05). The BioMTA initial setting time (5.2 min) was lower than the other materials (p<0.05). All materials showed an alkaline pH at 21 days. At 24 h, BioMTA was the most alkaline material (p<0.05); and at 3, 7, 14 and 21 days there was no difference between BioMTA and Biodentine (p>0.05), both being more alkaline than MTA Angelus (p<0.05). The radiopacity of BioMTA (4.2 mm Al) was significantly higher compared to Biodentine (p<0.05) and lower than MTA Angelus (p<0.05). The solubility of the materials was -4.2%, -1.6% and 4.1% for BioMTA, MTA Angelus and Biodentine, respectively, with a significant difference between them (p<0.05). Therefore, it can be concluded that BioMTA displayed a shorter setting time, an alkaline pH, a higher radiopacity, and a gain in mass.


Resumo Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar as propriedades físico-químicas de um material reparador disponível no mercado brasileiro, BioMTA, em comparação com outros dois materiais atualmente em uso (Biodentine e MTA Angelus). O tempo de presa inicial foi avaliado usando a agulha de Gillmore. O pH foi medido com um pH-metro após 24 h, 3, 7, 14 e 21 dias. A radiopacidade foi determinada aplicando a equivalência em milímetros de alumínio (mm Al) de radiografias oclusais digitalizadas. A solubilidade foi determinada após imersão em água por 7 dias. Os dados foram analisados ​​por meio dos testes ANOVA de uma via e Tukey (a=0,05). O tempo de presa inicial do BioMTA (5,2 min) foi menor do que os outros materiais (p<0,05). Todos os materiais apresentaram pH alcalino aos 21 dias. Às 24 h, o BioMTA foi o material mais alcalino (p<0,05); e aos 3, 7, 14 e 21 dias não houve diferença entre BioMTA e Biodentine (p>0,05), sendo ambos mais alcalinos que MTA Angelus (p<0,05). A radiopacidade do BioMTA (4,2 mm Al) foi significativamente maior em comparação ao Biodentine (p<0,05) e menor que o MTA Angelus (p<0,05). A solubilidade dos materiais foi de -4,2%, -1,6% e 4,1% para BioMTA, MTA Angelus e Biodentine, respectivamente, havendo diferença significativa entre eles (p<0,05). Portanto, pode-se concluir que o BioMTA apresentou um menor tempo de presa, pH alcalino, uma alta radiopacidade e um ganho em massa.


Subject(s)
Root Canal Filling Materials , Silicates , Oxides , Solubility , Acrylic Resins , Materials Testing , Brazil , Water , Calcium Compounds , Aluminum Compounds , Drug Combinations
6.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(5): 477-484, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132331

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the biocompatibility, biomineralization, and collagen fiber maturation induced by Resorbable Tissue Replacement (RTR®; β-tricalcium phosphate [TCP]), Bioglass (BIOG; bioactive glass), and DM Bone® (DMB; hydroxyapatite and β-TCP) in vivo. Sixty-four polyethylene tubes with or without (control group; CG) materials (n=8/group/period) were randomly implanted in the subcutaneous tissue of 16 male Wistar rats (four per rat), weighting 250 to 280 g. The rats were killed after 7 and 30 days (n=8), and the specimens were removed for analysis of inflammation using hematoxylin-eosin; biomineralization assay using von Kossa (VK) staining and polarized light (PL); and collagen fiber maturation using picrosirius red (PSR). Nonparametric data were statistically analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests, and parametric data by one-way ANOVA test (p<0.05). At 7 days, all groups induced moderate inflammation (p>0.05). At 30 days, there was mild inflammation in the BIOG and CG, and moderate inflammation in the RTR and DMB groups, with a significant difference between the CG and RTR (p<0.05). The fibrous capsule was thick at 7 days and predominantly thin at 30 days in all groups. All materials exhibited structures that stained positively for VK and PL. Immature collagen fibers were predominant at 7 and 30 days in all groups (p>0.05), although DMB exhibited more mature fibers than BIOG at 30 days (p<0.05). RTR, BIOG, and DMB were biocompatible, inducing inflammation that reduced over time and biomineralization in the subcutaneous tissue of rats. DMB exhibited more mature collagen fibers than BIOG over a longer period.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou a biocompatibilidade, biomineralização e maturação das fibras de colágeno induzidas por Resorbable Tissue Replacement (RTR®; fosfato β-tricálcico [TCP]), Bioglass (BIOG; vidro bioativo) e DM Bone® (DMB; hidroxiapatita e β-TCP) in vivo. Sessenta e quatro tubos de polietileno com ou sem (grupo controle; GC) os materiais (n=8/grupo/período) foram implantados aleatoriamente em tecido subcutâneo de 16 ratos machos Wistar (quatro por rato), pesando entre 250 a 280g. Os ratos foram mortos após 7 e 30 dias (n=8), e as amostras foram removidas para análise da inflamação utilizando hematoxilina-eosina; avaliação da biomineralização utilizando coloração de von Kossa (VK) e luz polarizada (LP); e maturação das fibras colágenas, utilizando picrosirius red (PSR). Os dados não-paramétricos foram analisados pelos testes de Kruskal-Wallis e Dunn, e os paramétricos pelo teste de one-way ANOVA (p<0.05). Aos 7 dias, todos os grupos induziram inflamação moderada (p>0,05). Aos 30 dias, houve inflamação leve nos grupos BIOG e GC, e inflamação moderada nos grupos RTR e DMB, com diferença significativa entre os GC e RTR (p<0,05). A cápsula fibrosa foi espessa aos 7 dias, e predominantemente fina aos 30 dias em todos os grupos. Todos os materiais exibiram estruturas positivas para VK e LP. Fibras colágenas imaturas foram predominantes aos 7 e 30 dias em todos os grupos (p>0,05), embora o DMB exibiu fibras mais maduras do que o BIOG aos 30 dias (p<0,05). RTR, BIOG e DMB foram biocompatíveis, induzindo inflamação que reduziu com o tempo, e biomineralização no tecido subcutâneo de ratos. O DMB exibiu mais fibras colágenas maduras do que o BIOG em período mais longo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Root Canal Filling Materials , Biomineralization , Oxides , Biocompatible Materials , Materials Testing , Ceramics , Collagen , Rats, Wistar , Silicates , Calcium Compounds , Aluminum Compounds , Subcutaneous Tissue
7.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(4): 385-391, July-Aug. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132314

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study evaluated the odontogenic potential of human dental pulp cells (HDPCs) exposed to chitosan scaffolds containing calcium aluminate (CHAlCa) associated or not with low doses of simvastatin (SV). Chitosan scaffolds received a suspension of calcium aluminate (AlCa) and were then immersed into solutions containing SV. The following groups were established: chitosan-calcium-aluminate scaffolds (CHAlCa - Control), chitosan calcium-aluminate with 0.5 µM SV (CHAlCa-SV0.5), and chitosan calcium-aluminate with 1.0 µM SV (CHAlCa-SV1.0). The morphology and composition of the scaffolds were evaluated by SEM and EDS, respectively. After 14 days of HDPCs culture on scaffolds, cell viability, adhesion and spread, mineralized matrix deposition as well as gene expression of odontogenic markers were assessed. Calcium aluminate particles were incorporated into the chitosan matrix, which exhibited regular pores homogeneously distributed throughout its structure. The selected SV dosages were biocompatible with HDPCs. Chitosan-calcium-aluminate scaffolds with 1 µM SV induced the odontoblastic phenotype in the HDPCs, which showed enhanced mineralized matrix deposition and up-regulated ALP, Col1A1, and DMP-1 expression. Therefore, one can conclude that the incorporation of calcium aluminate and simvastatin in chitosan scaffolds had a synergistic effect on HDPCs, favoring odontogenic cell differentiation and mineralized matrix deposition.


Resumo O presente estudo avaliou o potencial odontogênico de células da polpa dental humana (HDPCs) em contato com scaffolds de quitosana contendo aluminato de cálcio (CHAlCa) associado ou não à baixas dosagens de sinvastatina (SV). Scaffolds de quitosana receberam uma suspensão de aluminato de cálcio e foram imersos em soluções contendo a droga. Foram estabelecidos três grupos experimentais: scaffolds de quitosana e aluminato de cálcio (CHAlCa - controle), scaffolds de quitosana-aluminato de cálcio com 0.5 µM SV (CHAlCa-SV0.5), e quitosana-aluminato de cálcio com 1.0 µM SV (CHAlCa-SV1.0). A morfologia e composição foram avaliados por MEV e EDS, respectivamente. Após 14 dias do cultivo das HDPCs sobre os scaffolds, foram avaliados a viabilidade celular, adesão e espalhamento, deposição de matriz mineralizada e expressão gênica de marcadores odontogênicos. Observou-se que as partículas de aluminato de cálcio foram incorporadas à matriz de quitosana, a qual exibiu poros regulares distribuídos por toda sua estrutura. As dosagens selecionadas de sinvastatina foram biocompatíveis com as HDPCs. A concentração de 1 µM de SV induziu intensa expressão de fenótipo odontoblástico pelas HDPCs, demonstrando aumento da deposição de matriz mineralizada e maior expressão de ALP, Col1A1 e DMP-1. Portanto, podemos concluir que a incorporação de aluminato de cálcio e sinvastatina em scaffolds de quitosana apresentou um efeito sinérgico nas HDPCs, favorecendo a diferenciação celular e deposição de matriz mineralizada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chitosan , Calcium , Porosity , Calcium Compounds , Aluminum Compounds , Simvastatin
8.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(2): 144-149, June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090666

ABSTRACT

Loss of teeth vitality when root formation is incomplete, results in weaker structures leaving them prone to fractures and unfavourable long-term prognosis. Apexogenesis is currently the treatment of choice in immature teeth and is indicated in vital teeth without pulpal pathologies. The treatment aims to eliminate the causal agent of the damage, and provide the necessary conditions to preserve vitality in the tooth and induce apical root closure. A 6-year-old male patient was treated at the Endodontics Clinic, Universidad de La Frontera upon complaining of acute pain in tooth 30. The tooth presented incomplete root development due to dental caries with pulp exposure and a diagnosis of irreversible symptomatic pulpitis. Total pulpotomy was performed with the application of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate and controlled at 1, 4, 6, 7 and 12 months, achieving root development and apical closure in the permanent molar. The result was comparable with studies that support this therapy in teeth with irreversible pulpitis. This work seeks to contribute to the existing evidence on the management of immature permanent teeth with irreversible pulpitis to induce root development and apical closure, and maintain pulp vitality.


La pérdida de vitalidad en dientes con formación radicular incompleta trae como resultado el debilitamiento de estos, dejándolos propensos a fracturas con un desfavorable pronóstico a largo plazo. Las terapéuticas actuales de regeneración pulpar en dientes inmaduros estan principalmente indicadas en cuadros de pulpitis irreversible y buscan eliminar el agente causal de daño y brindarle al diente las condiciones y estímulos necesarios para preservar vitalidad e inducir el cierre apical radicular. Un paciente de 6 años de edad y de sexo masculino, acude a la Clínica de Especialidad de Endodoncia de la Universidad de la Frontera, consultando por un dolor agudo en diente 4.6 el cual presentaba un desarrollo radicular incompleto producto de una caries con exposición pulpar con diagnóstico de Pulpitis Irreversible Sintomática. Se realiza una pulpotomia total con aplicación de Mineral Trioxide Aggregate y se controla a los 1, 4, 6 y 7 meses obteniendo un interesante resultado comparable con estudios que avalan dicha terapeutica en dientes con pulpitis irreversible. Este trabajo busca contribuir a la evidencia existente sobre el manejo de dientes permanentes inmaduros con cuadros de pulpitis irreversible para inducir el desarrollo radicular, cierre apical y mantener vitalidad pulpar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Oxides/administration & dosage , Pulpitis/therapy , Pulpotomy/methods , Silicates/administration & dosage , Calcium Compounds/administration & dosage , Aluminum Compounds/administration & dosage , Regeneration , Root Canal Filling Materials , Dentition, Permanent , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Dental Caries , Drug Combinations , Apexification
9.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(3): 252-256, May-June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132297

ABSTRACT

Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate and to compare the physical-mechanical properties of a resin-modified calcium silicate material (TheraCal LC), used for pulp-capping, to MTA (Angelus) and a calcium hydroxide cement (Dycal). Specimens of each material (n=12) were prepared in Teflon molds (3.58 mm x 3 mm) and measured before and after immersion in distilled water for 24 h and 30 days to evaluate the dimensional change. The same specimens were submitted to compressive strength test on a Universal Testing Machine (Instron) (1 mm/min). Root canals were filled with the cements (n=8), and after 24 h, the bond strength (push-out test) to dentin was also assessed on a Universal Testing Machine (1 mm/min). Eight additional specimens of TheraCal LC were prepared to evaluate the bond strength immediately after light curing. Data were analyzed using One-Way ANOVA, and Tukey or Bonferroni post hoc tests (p<0.05). Percentage expansion of TheraCal LC was above the Specification No. 57 of ANSI/ADA, in both periods. The dimensional change for TheraCal LC was higher than MTA in 24 h and 30 days; and Dycal in 30 days (p<0.05). TheraCal LC had higher compressive and bond strength to dentin in comparison with MTA and Dycal (p<0.05). Although TheraCal LC expanded more than the ANSI/ADA recommendation, its compressive and push-out bond strength to dentin were satisfactory and superior to MTA and Dycal.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar e comparar as propriedades físico-mecânicas de um material à base de silicato de cálcio modificado por resina (TheraCal LC) ao MTA (Angelus) e um cimento de hidróxido de cálcio (Dycal). Espécimes de cada material (n=12) foram fabricados em moldes de Teflon (3,58 mm x 3 mm) e medidos antes e após imersão em água destilada por 24 h e 30 dias para avaliar a alteração dimensional. Os mesmos espécimes foram submetidos ao teste de resistência à compressão em uma Máquina Universal de Testes (Instron) (1 mm/min). Canais radiculares foram preenchidos com os cimentos (n=8), e após 24 h, a resistência de união (teste de push-out) também foi avaliada em uma Máquina Universal de Testes (1 mm/min). Oito amostras adicionais de TheraCal LC foram preparadas para avaliar a resistência de união imediatamente após a fotoativação. Os dados foram analisados utilizando os testes ANOVA de 1-fator e Tukey; ou Bonferroni (p<0,05). A expansão percentual do TheraCal LC ficou acima da Especificação No. 57 do ANSI/ADA, em ambos os períodos. Os valores de alteração dimensional para TheraCal LC foram maiores que MTA em 24 h e 30 dias; e Dycal em 30 dias (p<0,05). TheraCal LC apresentou maior resistência à compressão e união à dentina em comparação ao MTA e Dycal (p<0,05). Embora TheraCal LC tenha expandido mais que a recomendação da ANSI/ADA, sua resistência à compressão e de união à dentina foram satisfatórias e superiores ao MTA e Dycal.


Subject(s)
Dental Pulp Capping , Pulp Capping and Pulpectomy Agents , Oxides , Materials Testing , Silicates , Calcium Compounds , Aluminum Compounds , Drug Combinations
10.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190023, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056577

ABSTRACT

Abstract When exposure of the pulp to external environment occurs, reparative dentinogenesis can be induced by direct pulp capping to maintain pulp tissue vitality and function. These clinical situations require the use of materials that induce dentin repair and, subsequently, formation of a mineralized tissue. Objective: This work aims to assess the effect of tricalcium silicate cements and mineral trioxide aggregate cements, including repairing dentin formation and inflammatory reactions over time after pulp exposure in Wistar rats. Methodology: These two biomaterials were compared with positive control groups (open cavity with pulp tissue exposure) and negative control groups (no intervention). The evaluations were performed in three stages; three, seven and twenty-one days, and consisted of an imaging (nuclear medicine) and histological evaluation (H&E staining, immunohistochemistry and Alizarin Red S). Results: The therapeutic effect of these biomaterials was confirmed. Nuclear medicine evaluation demonstrated that the uptake of 99mTc-Hydroxymethylene diphosphonate (HMDP) showed no significant differences between the different experimental groups and the control, revealing the non-occurrence of differences in the phosphocalcium metabolism. The histological study demonstrated that in mineral trioxide aggregate therapies, the presence of moderate inflammatory infiltration was found after three days, decreasing during follow-ups. The formation of mineralized tissue was only verified at 21 days of follow-up. The tricalcium silicate therapies demonstrated the presence of a slight inflammatory infiltration on the third day, increasing throughout the follow-up. The formation of mineralized tissue was observed in the seventh follow-up day, increasing over time. Conclusions: The mineral trioxide aggregate (WhiteProRoot®MTA) and tricalcium silicate (Biodentine™) present slight and reversible inflammatory signs in the pulp tissue, with the formation of mineralized tissue. However, the exacerbated induction of mineralized tissue formation with the tricalcium silicate biomaterial may lead to the formation of pulp calcifications


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Oxides/pharmacology , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Dentin/drug effects , Dentinogenesis/drug effects , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Pulpitis/pathology , Pulpitis/drug therapy , Sialoglycoproteins/analysis , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/analysis , Dental Pulp Exposure/pathology , Dental Pulp Exposure/drug therapy , Rats, Wistar , Dental Pulp/pathology , Dental Pulp Capping/methods , Drug Combinations , Molecular Imaging/methods , Pulp Capping and Pulpectomy Agents/pharmacology , Odontoblasts/drug effects
11.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190105, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056578

ABSTRACT

Abstract Calcium aluminate cement (CAC) has been highlighted as a promising alternative for endodontic use aiming at periapical tissue repair. However, its effects on dental pulp cells have been poorly explored. Objective: This study assessed the impact of calcium chloride (CaCl2) and bismuth oxide (Bi2O3) or zinc oxide (ZnO) additives on odontoblast cell response to CAC. Methodology: MDPC-23 cells were exposed for up to 14 d: 1) CAC with 2.8% CaCl2 and 25% ZnO (CACz); 2) CAC with 2.8% CaCl2 and 25% Bi2O3 (CACb); 3) CAC with 10% CaCl2 and 25% Bi2O3 (CACb+); or 4) mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), placed on inserts. Non-exposed cultures served as control. Cell morphology, cell viability, gene expression of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), bone sialoprotein (BSP), and dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP-1), ALP activity, and extracellular matrix mineralization were evaluated. Data were compared using ANOVA (α=5%). Results: Lower cell density was detected only for MTA and CACb+ compared with Control, with areas showing reduced cell spreading. Cell viability was similar among groups at days one and three (p>0.05). CACb+ and MTA showed the lowest cell viability values at day seven (p>0.05). CACb and CACb+ promoted higher ALP and BSP expression compared with CACz (p<0.05); despite that, all cements supported ALP activity. Matrix mineralization were enhanced in CACb+ and MTA. Conclusion: In conclusion, CAC with Bi2O3, but not with ZnO, supported the expression of odontoblastic phenotype, but only the composition with 10% CaCl2 promoted mineralized matrix formation, rendering it suitable for dentin-pulp complex repair.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mice , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Dental Cements/pharmacology , Dental Cements/chemistry , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Oxides/pharmacology , Oxides/chemistry , Time Factors , Zinc Oxide/pharmacology , Zinc Oxide/chemistry , Bismuth/pharmacology , Bismuth/chemistry , Materials Testing , Calcium Chloride/pharmacology , Calcium Chloride/chemistry , Gene Expression/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Silicates/pharmacology , Silicates/chemistry , Drug Combinations , Alkaline Phosphatase/analysis , Alkaline Phosphatase/drug effects , Odontoblasts/drug effects
12.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20200033, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1134805

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aim To evaluate the cytotoxicity, biocompatibility and mineralization capacity of BIO-C PULPO, and MTA. Methodology L929 fibroblasts were cultured and MTT assay was used to determine the material cytotoxicity on 6, 24, and 48 h. A total of 30 male rats (Wistar) aged between 4 and 6 months, weighing between 250 and 300 g were used. Polyethylene tubes containing BIO-C PULPO, MTA, and empty tubes were implanted into dorsal connective tissue. After the experimental periods (7, 15, 30, 60, and 90 days) the tubes were histologically analyzed using hematoxylin-eosin (H&E), immunolabeling of IL-1β and TNF-α, and von Kossa staining, or without staining for polarized light analysis. The average number of inflammatory cells was quantified; the mineralization assessment was determined by the area marked in μm2 and semiquantitative immunolabeling analyses of IL-1β and TNF-α were performed. Then, data underwent statistical analysis with a 5% significance level. Results It was observed that BIO-C PULPO and MTA presented cytocompatibility at 6, 24, and 48 similar or higher than control for all evaluated period. On periods 7 and 15 days, BIO-C PULPO was the material with the highest number of inflammatory cells (p<0.05). On periods 30, 60, and 90 days, BIO-C PULPO and MTA presented similar inflammatory reactions (p>0.05). No statistical differences were found between Control, BIO-C PULPO, and MTA for immunolabeling of IL-1β and TNF-α in the different periods of analysis (p<0.05). Positive von Kossa staining and birefringent structures under polarized light were observed in all analyzed periods in contact with both materials, but larger mineralization area was found with BIO-C PULPO on day 90 (p<0.05). Conclusion BIO-C PULPO was biocompatible and induced mineralization similar to MTA.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Root Canal Filling Materials , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Dental Cements , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Biomineralization , Oxides , Biocompatible Materials , Rats, Wistar , Silicates , Calcium Compounds , Aluminum Compounds , Subcutaneous Tissue , Drug Combinations , Inflammation
13.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e102, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132708

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the clinical and radiographic success rates of pulpotomies in primary molars using a new stain-free tricalcium silicate cement (Bio-C Pulpo) versus a conventional white MTA (MTA Angelus) as a pulpotomy medicament for primary teeth. Seventy primary teeth in 33 patients were randomly divided into two groups, MTA Angelus (n = 34) and Bio-C Pulpo (n = 36). Clinical and radiographic follow-up examinations were conducted at seven days (except radiographic follow-up), and at one, three, six and 12 months. At 12 months, the clinical success rate of the MTA Angelus group was 100 percent (28 out of 28), and the radiographic success rate was 100 percent (28 out of 28). In comparison, the clinical success rate for the Bio-C Pulpo group was 100 percent (29 out of 29), and the radiographic success rate was 100 percent (29 out of 29). No significant differences were found between the groups at any follow-up evaluation. According to Fisher´s exact test, a significant difference was observed between the pulpotomy agent and tooth discoloration (p < 0.001). The success rates were 100% for the Bio-C Pulpo group, with no case of discoloration, and 10.31% for the MTA Angelus group. Both MTA Angelus and Bio-C Pulp pulpotomy medicaments are appropriate options for pulpotomies in primary teeth, and enable high clinical and radiographic success rates. However, more long-term studies are required to test the new Bio-C Pulpo medicament.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulpotomy , Oxides , Tooth, Deciduous , Treatment Outcome , Silicates , Calcium Compounds , Aluminum Compounds , Dental Cements , Drug Combinations
14.
Acta toxicol. argent ; 27(3): 94-100, Dec. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142048

ABSTRACT

Combined vaccines for childhood are a strategy in the prevention of several diseases. These can maximize protection and decrease immunization schedules in children. New candidates are getting closer to being able to meet these needs, but they raise numerous strategic questions related to formulation and regulatory aspects. In addition to being immunogenic and protective must have low reactogenicity when combined with other antigens. Adjuvants are important components in achieving these combinations. Therefore, a reactogenicity study was designed for two Bordetella pertussis formulations containing hydroxide or aluminum phosphate in Sprague Dawley rats. Both formulations dose were administered in 0.2 mL intramuscularly. Clinical evaluations, body weight, water consumption, food, temperature, muscle volume, dermal irritability and pathological studies with special interest at the inoculation site were carried out. Only differences in body temperature and muscle volume were found with a slight increase in values with return to normal. The macroscopic study showed lesions at the site of inoculation, consid­ered characteristics of aluminum adjuvants, such as granulomatous abscesses and the increase in regional lymph nodes near the inoculation site. As conclusion, there are no differences between the formulations of B. pertussis with hydroxide or aluminum phosphate resulted in low reactogenicity.


Las vacunas combinadas resultan una estrategia importante en la obtención de vacunas múltiples para la infancia y el uso de adyuvantes es un componente de gran valor en lograr estas combinaciones, además de ser inmunogénicas y protectoras deben tener baja reactogenicidad, cuando se combinan con diferentes antígenos. Por esta razón, se diseñó un estudio de reactogenicidad a dos formulaciones que contenían hidróxido y fosfato de aluminio con antígenos de Bordetella pertussis en ratas Sprague Dawley. Se administró a cada grupo de ensayo una dosis correspondiente de ambas formulaciones en 0,2 mL por vía intramuscular. Se realizaron observaciones clínicas, comportamiento del peso corporal, consumo de agua, alimentos, temperatura corporal, volumen muscular, irritabilidad dérmica y estudios anatomopatológicos macroscópicos, con especial interés en el sitio de inoculación. No se observaron síntomas, ni muertes en los animales durante el estudio. Tampoco se encontraron diferencias entre los grupos experimentales en cuanto al peso corporal, el consumo de agua y de alimentos; los estudios de temperatura corporal y volumetría muscular evidenciaron un ligero incremento en los valores, los cuales involucionaron rápidamente a la normalidad. En el estudio anatomopatológico macroscópico se observaron lesiones a nivel del punto de inoculación, consideradas propias de los adyuvantes que contienen aluminio, tales como formaciones abscedadas de tipo granulomatosas y el aumento de los ganglios linfáticos regionales cercanos al punto de inoculación. Se concluye que las formulaciones en hidróxido y fosfato de aluminio con antígenos de B.pertussis resultaron ser de baja reactogenicidad.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic/adverse effects , Aluminum Compounds/adverse effects , Injection Site Reaction , Pertussis Vaccine , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
15.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(5): 453-458, Sept.-Oct. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039141

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of MTA on the structure and enzymatic activity of sPLA2 in order to provide subsidies for improvement in the formulation of the product. MTA powder was incubated for 60 min in the presence of sPLA2 and was analyzed by chromatography, electrospray mass (ESI-MS) and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). It was find that the elution profile, retention time, and fragmentation of sPLA2 were altered after treatment with MTA. Calcium was the MTA component that most amplified the inflammatory signal. Significant interactions were found between MTA and sPLA2, which could aid in our understanding of the mechanisms of action of MTA during the inflammatory process and it may facilitate the structural modification of MTA, thereby improving its biological safety and consequently the rate of the treatment success.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar os efeitos do MTA na estrutura e atividade enzimática da sPLA2 a fim de fornecer subsídios para melhoria na formulação do produto. O MTA em pó foi incubado por 60 min na presença de sPLA2 e analisado por cromatografia, espectroscopia de massa por eletropulverização (ESI-MS) e espalhamento de raios-X de baixo ângulo (SAXS). Encontrou-se que o perfil de eluição, o tempo de retenção e a fragmentação da sPLA2 foram alterados após o tratamento com MTA. O cálcio foi o componente do MTA que mais ampliou o sinal inflamatório. Encontraram-se interações significativas entre o MTA e o sPLA2, o que poderia auxiliar na compreensão dos mecanismos de ação do MTA durante o processo inflamatório e facilitar a modificação estrutural do MTA, melhorando sua segurança biológica e consequentemente a taxa de sucesso do tratamento.


Subject(s)
Root Canal Filling Materials , Oxides , X-Ray Diffraction , Silicates , Calcium Compounds , Aluminum Compounds , Drug Combinations , Scattering, Small Angle
16.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(3): 792-799, Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012355

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to examine the short-term biocompatibility of Endosequence Root Repair Material (ERRM) paste and white Mineral Trioxide Aggregate MTA by implanting them into polyethylene tubes in the subcutaneous connective tissue of rats. twenty five male Wistar rats, 3-4 months old, weighing 300-350 g, were used. The tubes were implanted dorsally into the subcutaneous connective tissues of the rats. Five animals were sacrificed at five examination time points: 1, 3, 5, 7 and 15 days. The connective tissues containing the implants were excised. These sections were studied qualitatively and quantitatively using a light microscope. An average value for each group was obtained by averaging the sum of all inflammatory cells counted in 10 randomly selected, separate areas. For the ERRM group: There was a significant increase in the number of inflammatory cells on days 1-3 and on days 5-7 (P ≤ 0.003 and P ≤ 0.024). In the WHITE MTA group, the mean values of the sum of the inflammatory cells during the periods 1-3 days and 5-7 days were statistically significant (P ≤ 0.001 and P ≤ 0.044, respectively) and the XILOPERCHA group: Difference was observed significant in the value of the sum of inflammatory cells during the period of 3-5 days (P ≤ 0.05). According to the results it can be concluded that both, ERRM as MTA, caused an inflammatory reaction, which decreased over time; suggesting that both materials are biocompatible; showing however the presence of a higher organization of collagen fibers around the implants of ERRM.


El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar la biocompatibilidad a corto plazo de Material de Reparación de la Raíz Endodóntica (MRRE) y el agregado de trióxido mineral (AgTM), implantándolos dentro de tubos de polietileno en el tejido conectivo subcutáneo de ratas. Se usaron 25 ratas Wistar macho, de 3-4 meses de edad, con peso de 300 a 350 g. Los tubos fueron implantados en el tejido conectivo subcutáneo del dorso de las ratas. Cinco animales fueron sacrificados en cada uno de los siguientes períodos de tiempo: 1, 3, 5, 7, y 15 días. El tejido conectivo con los implantes fue escindido y seccionado. Los cortes se evaluaron cualitativa y cuantitativamente mediante microscopio óptico. Se obtuvo un valor para cada grupo resultado al promediar la suma de las células inflamatorias contadas en 10 áreas separadas seleccionadas aleatoriamente. Para el grupo de MRRE; hubo un incremento significativo en la cantidad de células inflamatorias entre los días 1-3 y 5-7 (p ≤ 0,003 y p ≤ 0,024). En el grupo de AgTM blanco, los valores promedio de la suma de células inflamatorias entre los períodos 1-3 días, y 5-7 días mostraron ser estadísticamente significativos (p≤ 0,001 y p ≤ 0,044 respectivamente) y en el grupo control de Xilopercha se observó diferencia significativa entre los valores de la suma de células inflamatorias entre los períodos de 3-5 días (P ≤ 0,05). De acuerdo a los resultados, puede concluirse que ambos materiales, AgTM y MRRE causaron una reacción inflamatoria que disminuyó a través del tiempo, sugiriendo que ambos materiales son biocompatibles; mostrando sin embargo una mayor organización de fibras colágenas alrededor de los implantes de MRRE.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Oxides/pharmacology , Calcium Phosphates/pharmacology , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Connective Tissue/drug effects , Root Canal Filling Materials/pharmacology , Materials Testing , Rats, Wistar , Drug Combinations
17.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(4): 325-332, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011568

ABSTRACT

Abstract New mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) formulations are constantly introduced in the market, usually in a powder-and-liquid form. Bioceramic (Bio-C) Repair is a ready-for-use material suggested as substitute for MTA, but its properties need to be studied. This study evaluated the cytotoxicity, biocompatibility and biomineralization of Bio-C Repair compared to MTA Repair High-Plasticity (MTA-HP) and white MTA-Angelus (MTA-Ang). L929 fibroblasts were exposed to material-extracted (undiluted, ½ and » dilutions; 6, 24 and 48h). Polyethylene tubes with material or empty (control) were implanted in the subcutaneous tissue of rats. After 7 and 30 days (n=8), the specimens were removed for analysis (hematoxylin-eosin, von Kossa and polarized light). Cytotoxicity data were statistically analyzed by two-way ANOVA, and biocompatibility data by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests (p<0.05). The cells exposed to the materials had greater viability at most of the periods compared with control (p<0.05). The undiluted and ½ dilutions of MTA-HP extract showed higher cytocompatibility than Bio-C Repair at 6 h and with the » dilution at 24 h (p<0.05); the white MTA-Ang showed higher cytocompatibility than Bio-C Repair at most of periods (p<0.05). The undiluted white MTA-Ang extract had higher cytocompatibility at 6 and 24h than MTA-HP, and with ½ dilution at 24h (p<0.05). The materials' cytocompatibility was similar at 48h for most dilutions (p>0.05). At 7 and 30 days, the groups had moderate and mild inflammation, respectively (p>0.05). All materials showed positive structures for von Kossa and polarized light. In conclusion, Bio-C Repair had similar cytocompatibility to MTA-based materials is biocompatible and induces biomineralization.


Resumo Novas formulações de agregado de trióxido mineral (MTA) são constantemente introduzidas no mercado, geralmente em forma de pó e líquido. O Biocerâmico (Bio-C) Reparador (Repair) é um material pronto para uso sugerido como substituto do MTA, mas suas propriedades precisam ser estudadas. Este estudo avaliou a citotoxicidade, biocompatibilidade e biomineralização do Bio-C Repair comparado ao MTA-High Plasticity (MTA-HP) e MTA branco da Angelus (MTA-Ang). Fibroblastos L929 foram expostos a extratos dos materiais (não diluído, ½ e » diluições; 6, 24 e 48 h). Tubos de polietileno contendo os materiais ou vazios (controle) foram implantados no tecido subcutâneo de ratos. Após 7 e 30 dias (n=8), os espécimes foram removidos para análises (hematoxilina-eosina, von Kossa e luz polarizada). Os dados da citotoxicidade foram analisados estatisticamente pelo teste de two-way ANOVA, e os dados da biocompatibilidade pelos testes de Kruskal-Wallis e Dunn (p<0,05). As células expostas aos materiais apresentaram maior viabilidade celular na maior parte dos períodos, comparados com o controle (p<0,05). O extrato não diluído e ½ diluição do MTA-HP apresentaram maior citocompatibilidade do que Bio-C Repair às 6h, e com » diluição às 24h (p<0,05); o MTA-Ang branco apresentou maior citocompatibilidade do que o Bio-C Repair na maior parte dos períodos (p<0,05). O extrato não diluído do MTA-Ang branco apresentou maior citocompatibilidade às 6 e 24 h comparado ao MTA-HP, e com ½ diluição às 24h (p<0,05). A citocompatibilidade dos materiais foi semelhante às 48 h para a maior parte das diluições (p>0,05). Aos 7 e 30 dias, os grupos apresentaram inflamação moderada e leve, respectivamente (p>0,05). Todos os materiais mostraram estruturas positivas para von Kossa e luz polarizada. Em conclusão, o Bio-C Repair teve citocompatibilidade semelhante aos materiais à base de MTA, é biocompatível e induz à biomineralização.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Root Canal Filling Materials , Biomineralization , Oxides , Biocompatible Materials , Acrylic Resins , Materials Testing , Silicates , Calcium Compounds , Aluminum Compounds , Subcutaneous Tissue , Drug Combinations
18.
Rev. ADM ; 76(2): 72-76, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1000403

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los materiales para la obturación retrógrada son diversos. Actualmente, IRM y MTA son las alternativas clínicas más utilizadas, no obstante, es relativamente reciente la introducción de materiales a base de silicatos tricálcicos tal como Biodentine. Objetivo: Determinar la citotoxicidad de fibroblastos del ligamento periodontal humano expuestos a medios de cultivo condicionados con Biodentine, IRM y MTA. Material y métodos: 1 × 103 fibroblastos del ligamento periodontal humano fueron expuestos a medios DMEM/F12 condicionados con MTA, IRM y Biodentine en tres protocolos diferentes. Se realizó un ensayo de MTT para determinar la viabilidad celular a las cero, 24, 48, 72 horas, siete y 14 días. Se realizó una prueba ANOVA (p < 0.05). Resultados: En los tres protocolos con los diferentes medios de cultivo condicionados, la viabilidad de las células fue predominantemente proliferativa; sin embargo, las células expuestas a Biodentine mostraron una tendencia mayor que la MTA o la IRM. Conclusión: Las células expuestas a la Biodentine mostraron un comportamiento proliferativo a los 14 días de análisis. Se debe realizar más investigación a nivel in vivo y clínico para obtener más información sobre la conducta de estos materiales empleados para la obturación retrógrada (AU)


Introduction: The materials for retrograde filling are diverse. Currently, IRM and MTA are the most commonly used clinical alternatives, however, the introduction of materials based on tricalcium silicates such as Biodentine is relatively recent. Objective: To determine the cytotoxicity of human periodontal ligament fibroblasts exposed to culture media conditioned with Biodentine, IRM and MTA. Material and methods: 1 × 103 fibroblasts of the human periodontal ligament were exposed to DMEM/F12 media conditioned with MTA, IRM and Biodentine in 3 different protocols. An MTT assay was performed to determine cell viability at 0, 24, 48, 72 hours, seven and 14 days. An ANOVA test was performed (p < 0.05). Results: In the three protocols with the different conditioned culture media, the viability of the cells was predominantly proliferative, however, the cells exposed to Biodentine showed a higher tendency than the MTA or the IRM. Conclusion: The cells exposed to the Biodentine showed a proliferative behavior at 14 days of analysis. More research should be done at in vivo and clinical level to obtain more information about the behavior of these materials used for retrograde filling (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials/classification , Root Canal Filling Materials/toxicity , Cell Survival/drug effects , Periodontal Ligament , Retrograde Obturation , Analysis of Variance , Calcium Compounds , Aluminum Compounds , Culture Media , Fibroblasts
19.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(1): 22-30, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989427

ABSTRACT

Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the inflammatory process following direct pulp capping during pregnancy. This experimental study involved 48 maxillary first molars of female Wistar rats. The procedures were performed in pregnant and non-pregnant animals (n =20 each). Direct pulp capping with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and restoration with a light-cured resin composite was performed in half of exposed pulp specimens. In the other half of specimens, light-cured composite was placed directly on the exposed pulp. In the control groups (n=4 each), no intervention was performed. Animals were euthanized at 3 and 7 days. All sections (three per slide) were viewed under an optical microscope. One previously calibrated pathologist performed descriptive analysis and assigned scores for inflammatory response and tissue organization adjacent to the pulp exposure. The Kappa value for intra-examiner variability was 0.91. At 3 days, in animals treated with MTA, inflammatory infiltrate was absent in non-pregnant animals while mild inflammatory infiltrate was observed in some pregnant animals. The inflammatory response ranged from mild to severe in both groups treated with composite alone. At 7 days, the inflammatory response was more intense in pregnant than in non-pregnant animals treated with MTA; while this difference were not evident in animals treated with composite alone. In conclusion, pregnancy may not influence the inflammatory process following direct pulp capping with light-cured resin composite, which was always harmful to the pulp; while the tissue response after the direct pulp with MTA were more favorable in non-pregnant animals.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o processo inflamatório do tecido pulpar após o capeamento pulpar direto, realizado durante a gestação. Este estudo experimental envolveu 48 primeiros molares superiores de ratos Wistar fêmeas. Os procedimentos foram realizados em animais prenhes e não prenhes (n=20). Após as exposições pulpares, o capeamento pulpar direto foi efetuado com agregado trióxido mineral (MTA) ou restauração direta com resina composta. Nos grupos controle (n=4), nenhuma intervenção foi realizada. Os animais foram submetidos à eutanásia após 3 e 7 dias. Todos os cortes foram avaliados através de um microscópio ótico. Um patologista previamente calibrado realizou analise histológica descritiva e estabeleceu escores para intensidade da resposta inflamatória e para o grau de organização tecidual na região adjacente à exposição pulpar. O valor de Kappa intra-examinador foi 0,91. No período experimental de 3 dias, nos animais tratados com MTA, o infiltrado inflamatório estava ausente nos não prenhes, enquanto infiltrado inflamatório moderado estava presente nos animais prenhes. A resposta inflamatória variou de moderada a severa em ambos os grupos tratados apenas com resina composta. Após o periodo experimental de 7 dias, a resposta inflamatória foi mais intensa nos animais prenhes que nos não prenhes do grupo do MTA, enquanto esta diferença não foi tão evidente nos animais que receberam capeamento pulpar direto com resina composta. Pode-se concluir, que a gestação pode não exercer influência no processo inflamatório do tecido pulpar após proteção pulpar direta com resina composta; a qual foi sempre danosa aos tecidos pulpares. No entanto, a resposta tecidual ao capeamento pulpar com MTA foi mais favorável nos animais não prenhes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Dental Pulp Capping/adverse effects , Inflammation/etiology , Oxides/administration & dosage , Root Canal Therapy , Rats, Wistar , Silicates/administration & dosage , Calcium Compounds/administration & dosage , Aluminum Compounds/administration & dosage , Drug Combinations
20.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e084, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019612

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the role of photobiomodulation (PBM) in apexification and apexogenesis of necrotic rat molars with an open apex. Rat molars were exposed to the oral environment for 3 weeks. Canals were rinsed with 2.5% NaOCl and 17% EDTA, filled with antibiotic paste and sealed. After 7 days, canals were rinsed and divided into six groups (n=6): mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA); blood clot (BC); human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSC); MTA+PBM; BC+PBM; and hDPSC+PBM. In hDPSC groups, a 1% agarose gel scaffold was used. Two groups were not exposed: healthy tooth+PBM (n = 6), healthy tooth (n = 3); and one was exposed throughout the experiment: necrotic tooth (n = 3). In PBM groups, irradiation was performed with aluminum gallium indium phosphide (InGaAlP) diode laser for 30 days within 24-h intervals. After that, the specimens were processed for histological and immunohistochemical analyses. Necrotic tooth showed greater neutrophil infiltrate (p < 0.05). Necrotic tooth, healthy tooth, and healthy tooth+PBM groups showed absence of a thin layer of fibrous condensation in the periapical area. All the other groups stimulated the formation of a thicker layer of fibers (p < 0.05). All groups formed more mineralized tissue than necrotic tooth (p < 0.05). PBM associated with MTA, BC, or hDPSC formed more mineralized tissue (p < 0.05). MTA+PBM induced apexification (p < 0.05). Rabbit polyclonal anti-bone sialoprotein (BSP) antibody confirmed the histological findings of mineralized tissue formation, and hDPSC groups exhibited higher percentage of BSP-positive cells. It can be concluded that PBM improved apexification and favored apexogenesis in necrotic rat molars with an open apex.


Subject(s)
Animals , Tooth Diseases/radiotherapy , Dental Pulp Necrosis/radiotherapy , Tooth Apex/radiation effects , Low-Level Light Therapy/methods , Dental Pulp Cavity/radiation effects , Lasers, Semiconductor/therapeutic use , Apexification/methods , Oxides/therapeutic use , Stem Cells , Tooth Diseases/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Silicates/therapeutic use , Calcium Compounds/therapeutic use , Aluminum Compounds/therapeutic use , Dental Pulp Necrosis/pathology , Tooth Apex/pathology , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dental Pulp Cavity/pathology , Drug Combinations , Integrin-Binding Sialoprotein/analysis
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