Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 2 de 2
Protein & Cell ; (12): 717-733, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888715


The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is caused by infection with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which is spread primary via respiratory droplets and infects the lungs. Currently widely used cell lines and animals are unable to accurately mimic human physiological conditions because of the abnormal status of cell lines (transformed or cancer cells) and species differences between animals and humans. Organoids are stem cell-derived self-organized three-dimensional culture in vitro and model the physiological conditions of natural organs. Here we showed that SARS-CoV-2 infected and extensively replicated in human embryonic stem cells (hESCs)-derived lung organoids, including airway and alveolar organoids which covered the complete infection and spread route for SARS-CoV-2 within lungs. The infected cells were ciliated, club, and alveolar type 2 (AT2) cells, which were sequentially located from the proximal to the distal airway and terminal alveoli, respectively. Additionally, RNA-seq revealed early cell response to virus infection including an unexpected downregulation of the metabolic processes, especially lipid metabolism, in addition to the well-known upregulation of immune response. Further, Remdesivir and a human neutralizing antibody potently inhibited SARS-CoV-2 replication in lung organoids. Therefore, human lung organoids can serve as a pathophysiological model to investigate the underlying mechanism of SARS-CoV-2 infection and to discover and test therapeutic drugs for COVID-19.

Adenosine Monophosphate/therapeutic use , Alanine/therapeutic use , Alveolar Epithelial Cells/virology , Antibodies, Neutralizing/therapeutic use , COVID-19/virology , Down-Regulation , Drug Discovery , Human Embryonic Stem Cells/metabolism , Humans , Immunity , Lipid Metabolism , Lung/virology , RNA, Viral/metabolism , SARS-CoV-2/physiology , Virus Replication/drug effects
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 501-507, dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134527


RESUMEN: Un nuevo coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) ha sido reconocido como el agente etiológico de una misteriosa neumonía originada en Wuhan, China. La OMS ha nombrado a la nueva enfermedad como COVID-19 y, además, la ha declarado pandemia. Taxonómicamente, SARS-CoV-2 pertenece al género de los betacoronavirus junto con SARS-CoV y MERS-CoV. SARS-CoV-2 utiliza la enzima convertidora de la angiotensina 2 (ACE2) como el receptor objetivo para el ingreso en una célula huésped. La expresión de ACE2 en células de tejidos humanos podría indicar un potencial riesgo de reconocimiento por parte del virus y, por ende, ser susceptibles a la infección. Mediante algunas técnicas de laboratorio y de bioinformática, se ha visto una alta presencia de ACE2 en células epiteliales alveolares tipo II de pulmón y en enterocitos del intestino delgado. En la cavidad oral, se ha podido identificar la presencia de ACE2, principalmente, en células epiteliale s de glándulas salivales y células epiteliales de la lengua. Además, se ha reportado la manifestación de algunos síntomas, como sequedad bucal y ambligeustia, los que podrían estar relacionadas con una infección de SARS-CoV-2 en estos órganos. Sin embargo, son necesarios mayores estudios que evidencien esta situación.

ABSTRACT: A novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has been recognized as a etiologic agent of a mysterious pneumonia originating in Wuhan, China. WHO has named the new disease as COVID-19 and, in addition, has declared it a pandemic. Taxonomically, SARS-CoV-2 belongs to the betacoronavirus genus along with SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV. SARS-CoV-2 uses angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) as the target receptor for entry into a host cell. The expression of ACE2 in cells of human tissues could indicate a potential risk of recognition by the virus and, therefore, be susceptible to infection. Through some laboratory and bioinformatics techniques, high presence of ACE2 has been seen in type II alveolar epithelial cells of the lung and enterocytes of the small intestine. In oral cavity, mainly presence of ACE2 has been identified in epithelial cells of salivary glands and epithelial cells of tongue. In addition, manifestation of some symptoms, such as dry mouth and amblygeustia, have been reported, which could be related to a SARS-CoV-2 infection in these organs. However, further studies are needed to prove this situation.

Humans , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/chemistry , Betacoronavirus/chemistry , Tissue Culture Techniques/methods , Alveolar Epithelial Cells/cytology , Alveolar Epithelial Cells/virology , Mouth/virology