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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(1): 14-29, jan. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1147542

ABSTRACT

Introdução:Técnicas para extração dentária vêm sendo aperfeiçoadas objetivando um procedimento que diminua o esforço profissional, o tempo cirúrgicoeamenize as dores e os processos inflamatórios. Neste sentido os extratores minimamente traumáticos,com a exodontia vertical, propõem-se a preservar o osso alveolar e proporcionar uma recuperação mais rápida e confortável para o paciente. Objetivo:Avaliar a efetividade do kit para extração minimamente traumática da Maximus® (Contagem, Minas Gerais, Brasil) na exodontia de raízes residuais de incisivos, caninos e pré-molares unirradiculares. Metodologia:Trata-se de um ensaio clínico, prospectivo e analítico. Os pacientes foram operados utilizando o dispositivo, sendo avaliados os dados demográficos, tempo cirúrgico, dor e conforto após a cirurgia, bem como o grau de satisfação profissional com o uso do dispositivo. Para verificar diferenças significativas foi utilizado o teste de Mann-Whitney e a busca de associações foi realizada com o Exato de Fisher. Para todos os testes foi estabelecida uma significância com p<0,05.Resultados:Quarenta elementos foram removidos, o tempo cirúrgico foi em média 16,28 minutos, níveis de dor e conforto imediatamente após a cirurgia se mantiveram baixos (p<0,0001), e o grau de satisfação profissional se manteve alto (p<0,0001). A taxa de sucesso do dispositivo foi de 93,3% para os elementosincisivos e 20% para os elementos caninos e pré-molares (p<0,0001).Conclusões:A eficácia do extrator é determinada pelo tamanho da superfície radicular cobertas com fibras periodontais e a localização do dente. No entanto pode ser bem indicada no planejamento de reabilitações implantosuportadas em região anterior de maxila e mandíbula (AU).


Introduction:Techniques for tooth extraction have been improvedaiming at a procedure that reduces professional effort, surgical time, pain and inflammatory processes. In this sense, minimally traumatic extractors with vertical extraction, propose to preserve the alveolar bone and provide a faster and more comfortablerecovery for the patient. Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness of the Maximus® Minimally Traumatic Extraction Kit (Contagem, Minas Gerais, Brasil) in the extraction of uniradicular residual roots from incisors, canines and premolars.Methodology:Thisis a clinical, prospective and analytical trial. Patients were operated on using the device, and demographic data, surgical time, pain and comfort after surgery were evaluated, as well as the degree of professional satisfaction with the use of the device.To verify significant differences, the Mann-Whitney test was used and the search for associations was performed with Fisher's exact test. For all tests, significance was set at p<0.05.Results:Forty elements were removed, surgical time averaged 16.28 minutes, levels of pain and comfort immediately after surgery remained low (p<0.0001), and the degree of job satisfaction remained high (p<0.0001). The success rate of the device was 93.3% for the incisor elements and 20% for the canine and premolar elements (p<0.0001).Conclusions:The effectiveness of the extractor is determined by the size of the root surface covered with periodontal fibers and the location of the tooth. However, can be well indicated in planning implanted rehabilitation in the anterior region of the maxilla and mandible (AU).


Introducción: Se han mejorado las técnicas de extracciónde dientescon el objetivo de un procedimiento que reduzca el esfuerzo profesional, el tiempo quirúrgico, el dolor y los procesos inflamatorios. En este sentido, los extractores mínimamente traumáticos con extracción vertical tienen como objetivo preservar el hueso alveolar y proporcionar una recuperación más rápida y cómoda para el paciente. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad del Kit de Extracción Mínimamente Traumática Maximus® (Contagem, Minas Gerais, Brasil) en la extracción de raíces residuales de incisivos, caninos y premolares uniradiculares. Metodología: Es un ensayo clínico, prospectivo y analítico. Los pacientes fueron intervenidos con el dispositivo y se evaluaron datos demográficos, tiempo quirúrgico, dolor y comodidad después de la cirugía, así como el grado de satisfacción laboral con el uso del dispositivo. Para verificar diferencias significativas se utilizó la prueba de Mann-Whitney y la búsqueda de asociaciones se realizó mediante la prueba exacta de Fisher. Para todas las pruebas, la significancia se estableció en p <0,05. Resultados:Se retiraron cuarenta ítems, el tiempo quirúrgico promedió 16,28 minutos, los niveles de dolor y comodidad inmediatamente después de la cirugía permanecieron bajos (p<0,0001) y el grado de satisfacción laboral se mantuvo alto (p<0,0001). La tasa de éxito del dispositivo fue del 93,3% para los elementos incisivos y del 20% para los elementos caninos y premolares (p<0,0001).Conclusiones: La efectividad del extractor está determinada por el tamaño de la superficie radicular cubierta por fibras periodontales y la ubicación del diente. Sin embargo, puede resultar muy adecuado para planificar la rehabilitación con implantes en la región anterior del maxilar y la mandíbula (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgery, Oral , Tissue Preservation , Tooth Extraction/instrumentation , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/instrumentation , Alveolar Process/surgery , Bicuspid , Effectiveness , Brazil , Efficacy , Prospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Cuspid , Incisor
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(6): 1760-1766, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134509

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The posterior superior alveolar artery is responsible for the vascularisation of the mucous which covers the posterior wall of the maxillary sinus, pulp and the periodontal tissues of upper molars. The collateral rami of the infraorbital artery irrigate the mucous of the anterior and lateral walls of the maxillary sinus, as well as the pulp and periodontal tissue of the upper anterior teeth and upper premolars. Both these arteries present intraosseous and extraosseous rami which form an anastomosis in the anterior and lateral walls of the maxillary sinus, called the alveolar antral artery (AAA). The aim of this study was to analyse the presence, location and morphometry of the AAA in a Chilean population, considering sex, side and age, using Cone-Beam computed tomography (CBCT). Forty-two CBCT examinations of Chilean adults were evaluated to analyse the presence, location (extraosseous, intraosseous or subperiosteal) and diameter (<1mm, 1-2 mm, 2-3 mm, >3 mm) of the AAA and the distance from the AAA to the amelocemental limit of the upper second premolar (2PM), permanent upper first molar (1M) and permanent upper second molar (2M) by sex and age range. Pearson's chi-squared test, Student's t-test, ANOVA and Pearson's correlation coefficient were applied, using a significance threshold of 5 %. AAA was found in 75 sides (89.3 %), 38 on the right side (90.5 %) and 37 on the left (88.09 %); extraosseous location was most common. More than 80 % of the arteries presented a diameter between 1 and 2 mm, with no important differences between sexes or age ranges. In younger individuals, the artery was located closer to the vestibular amelocemental limit than in older individuals. Carrying out a proper treatment plan which includes imagenological analysis before surgical procedures is essential to avoid possible haemorrhagic events in the region.


RESUMEN: Arteria alveolar superior posterior es responsable de la vascularización de la mucosa que recubre la pared posterior del seno maxilar, la pulpa y el tejido peridontal en el que se insertan los molares superiores. Las ramas colaterales de la arteria infraorbitaria irrigan la mucosa de las paredes anterior y lateral del seno maxilar, así como la pulpa y el periodonto de los dientes anteriores superiores y los premolares superiores. Ambas arterias presentan ramas intraóseas y extraóseas que forman una anastomosis en las paredes anterior y lateral del seno maxilar, denominada arteria alvéolo antral (AAA). El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la presencia, localización y morfometría del AAA en una población chilena, considerando sexo, lado y edad, mediante tomografía computarizada Cone-Beam (CBCT). Se evaluaron 42 exámenes CBCT de adultos chilenos para analizar la presencia, ubicación (extraósea, intraósea o subperióstica) y diámetro (<1 mm, 1-2 mm, 2-3 mm,> 3 mm) del AAA. y la distancia del AAA al límite amelocemental del segundo premolar superior (2PM), primer molar superior permanente (1M) y segundo molar superior permanente (2M) por sexo y rango de edad. Se aplicaron la prueba de chi-cuadrado de Pearson, la prueba t de Student, ANOVA y el coeficiente de correlación de Pearson, utilizando un umbral de significancia del 5 %. Se encontró AAA en 75 lados (89,3 %), 38 del lado derecho (90,5 %) y 37 del lado izquierdo (88,09 %); la localización extraósea fue la más común. Más del 80 % de las arterias presentaban un diámetro entre 1 y 2 mm, sin diferencias importantes entre sexos ni rangos de edad. En individuos más jóvenes, la arteria se ubicó más cerca del límite amelocemental vestibular que en individuos mayores. La realización de un adecuado plan de tratamiento que incluya análisis imagenológico antes de los procedimientos quirúrgicos es fundamental para evitar posibles eventos hemorrágicos en la región.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Arteries/anatomy & histology , Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Alveolar Process/blood supply , Alveolar Process/diagnostic imaging , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Maxillary Sinus
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1426-1433, oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134459

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP-2) is a powerful osteo-inductive growth factor widely used in bone reconstruction and both the vehicle used to administer it and the scaffold substrate could determine its success in clinical situations. The aim was to analyse the clinical behaviour of dental implants placed in single alveolar ridges with a horizontal deficiency in the maxillary anterior region that were reconstructed horizontally with rhBMP-2 and porous hydroxyapatite (HA). Inclusion criteria were both males and females, between the ages of 18 and 29 with single tooth loss of one upper incisor. Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) was used to take measurements prior to bone augmentation and again prior to the implant insertion. Surgery was carried out under local anaesthetic. In the primary procedure, bone substitute was introduced using porous HA and rhBMP-2; after 4 to 5 months, dental implant surgery was carried out and the implant placed; after 3 months of consolidation the provisional prosthesis was placed and then a definitive restoration was placed. Variables were analysed using the t-test with a p-value of < 0.05 in order to assess statistical significance. Thirteen subjects were included (6 females and 7 males). Bone augmentation resulted in a bone gain of 4.15mm (p=0.023), which was shown to be statistically significant. All of the grafts placed were successful and 13 implants were placed, using torques between 30 and 70N, without complications. For the final prostheses, 11 were screw retained and 2 were cemented in place. The horizontal bone augmentation using HA and rhBMP-2 is an efficient technique for single bone defects in the anterior maxillary area; clinical trials on a larger scale are needed to confirm these results.


RESUMEN: La proteína ósea morfogenética (BMP-2) es un potente osteoinductor utilizado ampliamente en técnicas reconstructivas; el vehículo de instalación es determinante en su evolución. El objetivo fue analizar el comportamiento clínico de implantes dentales instalados en rebordes alveolares únicos con deficiencia horizontal del sector anterior reconstruida horizontalmente con BMP-2 e hidroxiapatita (HA) porosa. Fueron incluidos sujetos de ambos sexos de entre 18 y 29 años, con pérdida dentaria unitaria a nivel de incisivos superiores. Se utilizó tomografía computadorizada para realizar mediciones en las etapas previa a la instalación del injerto y previo a la instalación del implante. Las cirugías fueron realizadas bajo anestesia local. En la primera intervención se realizó la instalación del injerto óseo utilizando HA porosa y BMP-2; después de 4 a 5 meses se realizó la instalación del implante dental; 3 meses después se realizó la conexión protésica y rehabilitación final. Las variables fueron estudiadas con la prueba t test considerando el valor de p< 0,05 para considerar significancia estadística. Trece sujetos fueron incluidos (6 mujeres y 7 hombres); con la reconstrucción ósea se obtuvo una ganancia ósea de 4,15mm (p=0.023) que fue estadísticamente significativo. No existió pérdida en ningún injerto realizado; se instalaron 13 implantes con torques entre 30 y 70N sin complicaciones; se realizaron prótesis fijas atornilladas en 11 casos y cementadas en 2 casos. La técnica con HA y BMP- 2 es eficiente para reconstruir defectos horizontales en perdidas unitarias del sector anterior maxilar; ensayos clínicos de mayor escala son necesarios para confirmar estos resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/therapeutic use , Alveolar Ridge Augmentation/methods , Hydroxyapatites/therapeutic use , Maxilla/surgery , Bone Regeneration , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Dental Implants , Longitudinal Studies , Bone Transplantation/methods , Bone Substitutes , Alveolar Process/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging
4.
Rev. ADM ; 77(5): 252-256, sept.-oct. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146848

ABSTRACT

Una de las causas de la evolución de la periodontitis es la formación de defectos óseos y pérdida de inserción clínica. Una manera de eliminar el defecto intraóseo y su bolsa periodontal es eliminar las paredes de hueso que componen el defecto para colocar el complejo dentogingival en una posición más apical. La cirugía ósea es un procedimiento periodontal resectivo que involucra la modificación del tejido óseo del soporte dental, la cual es una modalidad del tratamiento periodontal quirúrgico que puede utilizarse para eliminar eficazmente los defectos óseos periodontales para estabilizar la inserción periodontal. El objetivo del presente estudio es realizar una revisión de la literatura sobre las consideraciones actuales, técnicas y principios de la cirugía ósea resectiva en el paciente periodontalmente comprometido (AU)


One of the causes of the evolution of periodontitis is the formation of bone defects and loss of clinical attachment, where one way to eliminate the intraosseous defect and its periodontal pocket is to eliminate the bone walls that make up the defect to place the dentogingival complex in a more apical position. Bone surgery is periodontal surgery that involves the modification of the supporting bone tissue of the teeth, which is a modality of surgical treatment that can be used to effectively eliminate periodontal defects and stabilize the periodontal insertion. The aim of the present study is to conduct a literature review about the considerations, techniques and principles of resective bone surgery in the periodontally compromised patient (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontitis/surgery , Alveolar Bone Loss/surgery , Alveolar Process/surgery , Osteotomy/methods , Periodontal Pocket/surgery , Surgical Flaps , Crown Lengthening/methods
5.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(5): 458-465, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132332

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aims to evaluate the post-extraction alveolar bone reconstruction amongst 12 patients exhibiting loss of buccal bone plate in a tooth of the anterior region of the maxilla using the prosthetically-driven alveolar reconstruction technique (PDAR). In PDAR, a partial fixed provisional prosthesis (PFPP [conventional or adhesive]) with a specially designed pontic maintains the clot in a mechanically stable position during alveolar regeneration. Moreover, the pontic design, in hourglass shape and located in the subgingival area, also prevents gingival margins from collapsing. Gingival recession was evaluated through the 6-month healing period. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) was performed 1 month before and 8 months after PDAR treatment. For the primary outcome, in the panoramic imaging, the central area of bone defect in each tooth was selected for linear measurements. Measurements of the vertical buccal bone gain and the gain in thickness in the alveolar bone crest were obtained 8 months after PDAR. Descriptive statistics and intraclass correlation coefficient analysis were conducted. After treatment, all patients showed bone formation (a mean vertical gain of 7.1±3.7 mm, associated with a horizontal mean gain of 4.5±1.4 mm in the alveolar bone crest). The intraclass correlation coefficient for the measurements performed using CBCT was 0.999. No gingival recession, greater than 1 mm, was observed. Lower-morbidity procedures without the use of biomaterials may be a useful in post-extraction alveolar ridge regeneration and/or preservation. PDAR promoted alveolar bone formation without flaps, grafts and membranes.


Resumo Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a reconstrução do osso alveolar após extração em 12 pacientes com perda da tábua óssea vestibular em dentes na região anterior da maxila usando a técnica da reconstrução alveolar proteticamente guiada (RAPG). Na RAPG, uma prótese parcial fixa provisória (PPFP [convencional ou adesiva]) com um pôntico com design específico mantém o coágulo numa posição mecanicamente estável. Além disso, o design do pôntico, com formato de ampulheta e localizado na área subgengival, também previne o colapso das margens gengivais. A recessão gengival foi avaliada durante o período de cicatrização de 6 meses. Tomografias computadorizadas cone beam (TCCB) foram feitas 1 mês antes e 8 meses após o tratamento com a RAPG. Para o desfecho primário, nas imagens panorâmicas, a área central do defeito ósseo em cada dente foi selecionada para as medições lineares. As medições do ganho vertical ósseo vestibular e do ganho em espessura na crista óssea alveolar foram realizadas. A análise estística descritiva e a análise do coeficiente de correlação intraclasse forma realizados. Após o tratamento, todos os pacientes apresentaram formação óssea (ganho vertical médio de 7,1±3,7 mm, associado a ganho horizontal médio de 4,5±1,4 mm na crista óssea alveolar). O coeficiente de correlação intraclasse foi de 0,999. Nenhuma retração gengival acima de 1 mm foi observada. Procedimentos com baixa morbidade sem o uso de biomateriais podem ser úteis na regeneração/preservação do rebordo após as extrações. A RAPG promove a formação do osso alveolar sem o uso de retalhos, enxertos e membranas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alveolar Bone Loss/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Socket , Tooth Extraction , Retrospective Studies , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Alveolar Process/surgery , Alveolar Process/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla
6.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(2): 236-241, June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090680

ABSTRACT

There is no information about the possible impact in denture retention after the use of common denture adhesives (DAs) when poor denture foundations (PDF) are present. Moreover, there is a lack of information about which current formulation provides greater retention and for how long. Twelve models from edentulous patients with different ridge shape and border height were used and complete dentures were manufactured. Four different formulation brands of DAs were tested after 10 minutes and three, six, nine, and 12 hours of DA application using a universal testing machine. The Fittydent® and Fixodent® adhesives had the highest retention at 12 hours. The PDF group increased on average its retention by 400 %. However, the group presented lower retention compared to the good denture foundation group. In conclusion, DAs significantly increased denture retention. The PDF group were the most benefited with the application of DAs. The Fixodent® paste had the highest retention.


No existe información acerca del posible impacto en la retención de dentaduras después del uso de adhesivos dentales comunes (DAs) cuando existen rebordes alveolares deficientes (PDF). Más aun, existe una falta de información acerca de cuál formula actual provee mayor retención y por cuanto tiempo. Doce modelos de pacientes edentulos con diferentes formas y alturas en sus rebordes alveolares fueron usados, y dentaduras completas les fueron realizadas. Cuatro diferentes fórmulas y marcas de DAs fueron evaluadas después de 10 minutos, tres, seis, nueve y 12 horas de que se aplicó el DA usando una maquina universal de pruebas. Los adhesivos Fittydent® y Fixodent® presentaron la retención más alta a las 12 horas. El grupo con PDF incrementó su retención hasta en un 400 %. Sin embargo, el grupo presentó menor retención cuando se comparó con el grupo que posee adecuados procesos alveolares. Los DAs incrementaron significativamente la retención de las dentaduras. El grupo PDF fue el más beneficiado con la aplicación de DAs. La pasta Fixodent® provee la más alta retención.


Subject(s)
Humans , Denture Retention/methods , Dental Cements/chemistry , Alveolar Process , In Vitro Techniques , Adhesives
7.
Int. j interdiscip. dent. (Print) ; 13(1): 30-34, abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114890

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La valoración particular de sitios severamente comprometidos, involucra considerar los tiempos necesarios de cicatrización, así como evidencia actual en términos de biomateriales y técnicas quirúrgicas con el fin de lograr un tratamiento exitoso. MATERIAL Y MÉTODO: Paciente sexo femenino, 28 años, asiste por dolor e infección en diente 2.1 al Postítulo de Periodoncia UDD. Se observa defecto extenso y lesión que compromete tanto las tablas óseas vestibular como palatina. El tratamiento consistió en: exodoncia y regeneración ósea, instalación del implante 6 meses después de la exodoncia y cirugía de conexión 7 meses después más injerto de tejidos blandos. RESULTADOS: El tratamiento de defectos combinados (tejidos duros y blandos), asociados a procesos infecciosos de larga data, mediante rehabilitación implanto soportada puede ser muy predecible y exitoso en la medida que se respeten los tiempos de regeneración de diferentes estructuras.


INTRODUCTION: The specific assessment of a severely compromised sites involves: the consideration of healing time according to the different kinds of tissues involved and the knowledge of the evidence available concerning biomaterials and surgical techniques. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Female patient attends the postgraduate school of periodontics, UDD University in Santiago de Chile, because of pain and chronic infection compromising tooth 2.1. At clinical evaluation, the site has an extensive defect, with active fistula that compromises the buccal and palatal bone plates. The treatment consisted of exodontia and guided bone regeneration, implantation six months after initial exodontia and abutment connection surgery seven months after implant insertion. RESULTS: the treatment of combined defects associated with a long-standing infectious process can be very predictable and successful, only if the measures of time and tissue handling are considered and applied.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Tooth Extraction , Guided Tissue Regeneration, Periodontal/methods , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Esthetics, Dental , Time Factors , Bone Regeneration , Decision Making , Alveolar Process
8.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(1): 136-146, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056513

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: En ortodoncia, las miniplacas se utilizan como dispositivo de anclaje temporal (TAD) para la realización de movimientos dentales que permiten el uso de fuerzas ortopédicas en ellos. En comparación con los mini tornillos, las miniplacas tienen la ventaja de una tasa de falla muy baja, pero la desventaja es que para la extracción se necesita el mismo acto quirúrgico que se realizó para la instalación. El objetivo de este estudio es realizar una revisión bibliográfica de las indicaciones de miniplacas en pacientes con mordidas abiertas, clase II y anomalías de clase III, y buscar cómo las miniplacas han mejorado los tratamientos de ortodoncia. La información principal se reunió buscando en PubMed con las palabras clave enumeradas a continuación. Afirmamos que las miniplacas están indicadas para la retracción en masa de la arcada, donde se observó que la fuerza de 150 g aplicada en los molares superiores es suficiente no solo para empujar los molares hacia atrás en una clase I corregida, sino también para iniciar la retracción de premolares, caninos e incisivos. En pacientes con mordida abierta, las miniplacas se definen como un método seguro, una alternativa rápida y menos costosa a la cirugía ortognática. Y en pacientes de las clases II y III se utilizan sin producir efectos dentoalveolares que sustituyan a los dispositivos extraorales como máscaras, con dispositivos intraorales y elásticos (BAMP).


ABSTRACT: In orthodontics, miniplates are used as a Temporary Anchoring Device (TAD) for the purpose dental movements, allowing the use of orthopedic forces. In comparison with mini-screws, miniplates have the advantage of a very low rate of failure. Nonetheless, their removal requires the same surgical procedure as during installation, which is an obvious disadvantage. The aim of this study is to review the indications of miniplates in patients with open bite, class II and class III anomalies, and review how miniplates improved orthodontics treatments. Information was obtained by a search in PubMed with the keywords listed below. Miniplates are indicated for retraction in mass of the arcade, where it was seen that the force of 150 g applied on maxillary molars, is sufficient not only to push the molars back into a corrected class I, but also to initiate retraction of premolars, canines, and incisors. In open-bite patients, mini plates, are achieved as a safe method, that is quick and a less expensive alternative to orthognathic surgery. Further, in class II and III patients they are used without producing dentoalveolar effects replacing extraoral devices as facemasks, with intraoral devices and elastics. (BAMP).


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Movement Techniques/instrumentation , Bone Screws/adverse effects , Dental Implants , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures/instrumentation , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/surgery , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/surgery , Bone Plates , Cephalometry , Suture Techniques , Suture Anchors , Alveolar Process/surgery , Gingival Retraction Techniques , Molar
9.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190766, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1134790

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare two corticotomy surgical protocols in rats to verify whether they alter conventional orthodontic movement. Methodology Sixty Wistar rats were divided into three groups - orthodontic movement (CG), orthodontic movement and corticotomy (G1) and orthodontic movement with corticotomy and decortication (G2) - and euthanized after 7 and 14 days. Tooth movement (mm), bone volume fraction and bone volume ratio to total volume (BV/TV), and bone mineral density (BMD) were evaluated by micro-CT. The total amount of bone was measured in square millimeters and expressed as the percentage of bone area in the histomorphometry. The number of positive TRAP cells and RANK/RANKL/OPG interaction were also investigated. Results Day 14 showed a statistically significant difference in orthodontic tooth movement in CG compared with G1 (7.52 mm; p=0.009) and G2 (7.36 mm; p=0.016). A micro-CT analysis revealed a difference between CG, G1 and G2 regarding BV/TV, with G1 and G2 presenting a lower BV/TV ratio at 14 days (0.77 and 0.73 respectively); we found no statistically significant differences regarding BMD. There was a difference in the total amount of bone in the CG group between 7 and 14 days. At 14 days, CG presented a significantly higher bone percentage than G1 and G2. Regarding TRAP, G2 had more positive cells at 7 and 14 days compared with CG and G1. Conclusion Corticotomy accelerates orthodontic movement. Decortication does not improve corticotomy efficiency.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Tooth Movement Techniques , Alveolar Process , Periodontium , Rats, Wistar , X-Ray Microtomography
10.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135570

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of the technique for ridge augmentation prior to implant placement. Material and Methods: Six patients with nine sites presenting an initial ridge width of smaller than 4 mm were included in this study. The tent-pole technique (combination of osteosynthesis screws measuring 1.5 mm in diameter, ABBM, and resorbable collagen membrane) was applied at defect sites. After eight months of healing time, implants were placed in the treated sites. The primary outcomes (radiographic initial ridge width, re-entry ridge width, ridge width gain) were measured by cone-beam computed tomography in reference buccopalatal cross-sections and the secondary outcomes (clinical parameters) were recorded by a digital caliper at the first and second stages. Results: After grafting, the radiographic ridge width increased by 3.02 ± 1.11 mm (1.57-4.75 mm) at 2 mm below the crest and 3.32 ± 1.70 mm (0.23-5.66 mm) at 6 mm below the crest significantly (p< 0.05). For clinical results, the mean horizontal dimension gain was 3.21 ± 1.04 mm (1.83-4.57 mm), while the mean reduction in dimension was 0.38 ± 0.33 mm. These results were statistically significant (p<0.05). Uneventful healing and no infections or membrane exposure were recorded at all sites during the study process. Three of nine (33.33%) defect sites required additional bone grafting. Conclusion: The tent-pole technique is an effective method for increasing the horizontal ridge dimension, minimizing postoperative complications, and facilitating subsequent implant placement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Dental Implants , Collagen , Guided Tissue Regeneration/instrumentation , Alveolar Process/surgery , Vietnam/epidemiology , Bone Transplantation , Statistics, Nonparametric , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/instrumentation
11.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e014, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089383

ABSTRACT

Abstract Although dental implants and bone regenerative procedures are important approaches for the reestablishment of esthetics and function in young patients with a history of generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP), no predictable outcomes have been reported, and the host osteo-immunoinflammatory response may play a relevant role in this context. In view of the lack of molecular investigations into the bone tissue condition of young patients with periodontitis, the aim of this study was to evaluate the gene expression of bone-related factors in this population. Bone biopsies were obtained from the posterior mandible in 16 individuals previously diagnosed with GAP and on periodontal support therapy and from 17 periodontally healthy (PH) patients. The gene expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, receptor activator of the NF-κB ligand (RANKL), osteoprotegerin (OPG), osteocalcin (OC), bone sialoprotein (BSP), and type I collagen (COL-I), important biomarkers of bone turnover, was evaluated by qRT-PCR. Lower TGF-β and OPG mRNA levels were observed in GAP patients compared to PH individuals (p ≤ 0.05). There were no between-group differences in levels of TNF-α, BSP, RANKL, OC, or COL-I mRNA (p>0.05). In young adults, a history of periodontal disease can negatively modulate the gene expression of important bone-related factors in alveolar bone tissue. These molecular outcomes may contribute to the future development of therapeutic approaches to benefit bone healing in young patients with history of periodontitis via modulation of osteo-immuno-inflammatory biomarkers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Aggressive Periodontitis/genetics , Gene Expression , Aggressive Periodontitis/metabolism , Reference Values , Biomarkers , Osteocalcin/analysis , Osteocalcin/genetics , Single-Blind Method , Cross-Sectional Studies , Transforming Growth Factor beta/analysis , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Statistics, Nonparametric , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type I/genetics , RANK Ligand/analysis , RANK Ligand/genetics , Osteoprotegerin/analysis , Osteoprotegerin/genetics , Integrin-Binding Sialoprotein/analysis , Integrin-Binding Sialoprotein/genetics , Alveolar Process/chemistry , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
12.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e012, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055530

ABSTRACT

Abstract Lipoproteins are important bacterial immunostimulating molecules capable of inducing receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB (RANKL) and osteoclast formation in vitro and in vivo . Although these molecules are present in periodontopathogenic bacteria, their role in periodontitis is not known. In this study, we used Pam2CSK4 (PAM2), a synthetic molecule that mimics bacterial lipoprotein, to investigate the effects of lipoproteins on periodontitis in mice. C57BL/6 male mice were randomly divided into three experimental groups: 1) Negative control group: animals received vehicle injection; 2) Positive control group: animals received injection of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS); 3) PAM2 group: animals received PAM2 injection. All the injections were performed bilaterally every other day into the palatal mucosa between first and second molars. After twenty-four days, the animals were euthanized to assess alveolar bone volume (micro-CT), cellular and extracellular composition in the gingiva (stereometric analysis), and osteoclast numbers (TRAP staining). Treatment with either PAM2 or LPS induced gingival inflammation, as demonstrated by increased infiltration of inflammatory cells and enhanced angiogenesis, associated with a smaller number of fibroblasts and decreased extracellular matrix. Importantly, treatment not only with LPS but also with PAM2 resulted in a larger number of TRAP+ multinucleated osteoclasts and significant loss of alveolar bone. Collectively, our data demonstrate that PAM2 can induce gingival inflammation and bone loss in mice, broadening the avenues of investigation into the role of lipoproteins in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Periodontitis/etiology , Periodontitis/pathology , Toll-Like Receptor 2/antagonists & inhibitors , Lipopeptides/pharmacology , Osteoclasts/drug effects , Periodontitis/microbiology , Time Factors , Random Allocation , Alveolar Bone Loss/etiology , Alveolar Bone Loss/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , X-Ray Microtomography , Alveolar Process/drug effects , Alveolar Process/pathology , Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase , Gingiva/drug effects , Gingiva/pathology , Gingivitis/etiology , Gingivitis/pathology , Mice, Inbred C57BL
13.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e012, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089395

ABSTRACT

Abstract Lipoproteins are important bacterial immunostimulating molecules capable of inducing receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB (RANKL) and osteoclast formation in vitro and in vivo . Although these molecules are present in periodontopathogenic bacteria, their role in periodontitis is not known. In this study, we used Pam2CSK4 (PAM2), a synthetic molecule that mimics bacterial lipoprotein, to investigate the effects of lipoproteins on periodontitis in mice. C57BL/6 male mice were randomly divided into three experimental groups: 1) Negative control group: animals received vehicle injection; 2) Positive control group: animals received injection of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS); 3) PAM2 group: animals received PAM2 injection. All the injections were performed bilaterally every other day into the palatal mucosa between first and second molars. After twenty-four days, the animals were euthanized to assess alveolar bone volume (micro-CT), cellular and extracellular composition in the gingiva (stereometric analysis), and osteoclast numbers (TRAP staining). Treatment with either PAM2 or LPS induced gingival inflammation, as demonstrated by increased infiltration of inflammatory cells and enhanced angiogenesis, associated with a smaller number of fibroblasts and decreased extracellular matrix. Importantly, treatment not only with LPS but also with PAM2 resulted in a larger number of TRAP+ multinucleated osteoclasts and significant loss of alveolar bone. Collectively, our data demonstrate that PAM2 can induce gingival inflammation and bone loss in mice, broadening the avenues of investigation into the role of lipoproteins in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Periodontitis/etiology , Periodontitis/pathology , Toll-Like Receptor 2/antagonists & inhibitors , Lipopeptides/pharmacology , Osteoclasts/drug effects , Osteoclasts/physiology , Periodontitis/microbiology , Time Factors , Random Allocation , Alveolar Bone Loss/etiology , Alveolar Bone Loss/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , X-Ray Microtomography , Alveolar Process/drug effects , Alveolar Process/pathology , Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase , Gingiva/drug effects , Gingiva/pathology , Gingivitis/etiology , Gingivitis/pathology , Mice, Inbred C57BL
14.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e016, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089394

ABSTRACT

Abstract Horizontal bone loss after tooth extraction is a common finding that demands bone reconstruction in various cases. The aim of this study was to assess the horizontal alveolar status in partially and completely edentulous patients using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). In total, 1516 CBCT scans of 1404 adult patients were analyzed. Assessment of the images was performed in accordance with the previously published horizontal alveolar change (HAC) classification, which categorizes horizontal bone defects into four classes: HAC 1, HAC 2, HAC 3 and HAC 4 (from the least severe to the most severe condition). Analysis of 1048 scans from partially edentulous patients presented a distribution of 63.55%, 22.14%, 13.36% and 0.95% in HAC 1, HAC 2, HAC 3 and HAC 4, respectively. Analysis of 468 scans from completely edentulous patient images presented a distribution of 19.87%, 28.63%, 41.67% and 9.83% in HAC 1, HAC 2, HAC 3 and HAC 4, respectively. Based on these results, as in HAC 4, no cancellous bone was found between the cortical buccal and lingual/palatal bone plates, it seems reasonable to state that the absence of cancellous bone is higher in completely edentulous patients than in partially edentulous patients. Therefore, the absence of cancellous bone seems to be higher in completely edentulous than in partially edentulous patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Alveolar Bone Loss/pathology , Alveolar Bone Loss/epidemiology , Mouth, Edentulous/pathology , Mouth, Edentulous/epidemiology , Alveolar Process/pathology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Alveolar Bone Loss/diagnostic imaging , Mouth, Edentulous/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Alveolar Process/diagnostic imaging , Alveolar Ridge Augmentation , Cancellous Bone/pathology , Cancellous Bone/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged
15.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190409, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1090768

ABSTRACT

Abstract Menopause induces oral bone loss, leading to various oral diseases. Mastication importantly affects bone metabolism in the jawbone. Objective: To analyze the effect of enhanced masticatory force on osteoprotegerin (OPG), receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL), and mechano-growth factor (MGF) in alveolar bone of ovariectomized rats and to study the mechanics mechanism of the alveolar bone of ovariectomized rats response to enhanced masticatory force. Methodology: Thirty Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: sham-operation group (fat around the removed ovary + normal hard diet), model group (ovariectomy + normal hard diet), and experimental group (ovariectomy + high hard diet). It was a 2-month experiment. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) detected serum estradiol (E2), osteocalcin (BGP) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in rats. Bone histomorphometric indices in the third molar region of maxilla were detected by micro-CT; protein expressions of OPG, RANKL, and MGF in the third molar region of maxilla was detected by Western blot; and gene expression of OPG, RANKL, and MGF in the third molar region of maxilla was detected by Quantitative Real-Time PCR. Results: Comparing with model group, serum E2 in experimental group increased but not significantly, serum BGP and serum ALP in experimental group decreased but not significantly, OPG in experimental group in alveolar bone increased significantly, RANKL in experimental group in alveolar bone decreased significantly, RANKL/OPG ratio in experimental group decreased significantly, MGF in experimental group in alveolar bone increased significantly, bone volume to total volume fraction increased significantly in experimental group, trabecular thickness increased significantly in experimental group, and trabecular separation decreased significantly in experimental group. Conclusion: Enhanced masticatory force affected the expression of OPG, RANKL, and MGF in alveolar bone of ovariectomized rats, improved the quality of jaw bone of ovariectomized rats, and delayed oral bone loss by ovariectomy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Bite Force , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/analysis , Ovariectomy , RANK Ligand/analysis , Osteoprotegerin/analysis , Alveolar Process/physiopathology , Osteocalcin/blood , Blotting, Western , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Alkaline Phosphatase/blood , Estradiol/blood , X-Ray Microtomography , Enzyme-Linked Immunospot Assay
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811260

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence and degree of lingual concavities in the first molar region of the mandible to reduce the risk of perforating the lingual cortical bone during dental implant insertion.METHODS: A total of 163 suitable cross-sectional cone-beam computed tomography images of edentulous mandibular first molar regions were evaluated. The mandibular morphology was classified as a U-configuration (undercut), a P-configuration (parallel), or a C-configuration (convex), depending on the shape of the alveolar ridge. The characteristics of lingual concavities, including their depth, angle, vertical location, and additional parameters, were measured.RESULTS: Lingual undercuts had a prevalence of 32.5% in the first molar region. The mean concavity angle was 63.34°±8.26°, and the mean linear concavity depth (LCD) was 3.03±0.99 mm. The mean vertical distances of point P from the alveolar crest (Vc) and from the inferior mandibular border were 9.39±3.39 and 16.25±2.44, respectively. Men displayed a larger vertical height from the alveolar crest to 2 mm coronal to the inferior alveolar nerve (Vcb) and a wider LCD than women (P<0.05). Negative correlations were found between age and buccolingual width at 2 mm apical to the alveolar crest, between age and Vcb, between age and Vc, and between age and LCD (P<0.05).CONCLUSION: The prevalence of lingual concavities was 32.5% in this study. Age and gender had statistically significant effects on the lingual morphology. The risk of lingual perforation was higher in young men than in the other groups analyzed.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Process , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Dental Implants , Female , Humans , Jaw, Edentulous , Male , Mandible , Mandibular Nerve , Molar , Prevalence
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827535

ABSTRACT

Adequate bone volume is the primary condition for successful dental implants. However, sufficient bone volume is often encountered in the vertical direction, but the bone volume in the buccolingual direction is insufficient, making it less suitable to be implanted. If the traditional spitting technique is used in the mandible, fracture and necrosis can easily occur in the labial (buccal) bone plate due to the absence of elasticity, thick cortical bone, poor blood supply, and anastomotic branch. The two-stage ridge splitting technique can be used in patients with narrow alveolar ridge in the mandible. This study summarizes the principles and conditions of application, operational points, clinical efficacy, and analysis of the causes of buccal bone plate absorption.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Bone Loss , Alveolar Process , Alveolar Ridge Augmentation , Bone Transplantation , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Humans , Mandible , General Surgery
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827524

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the correlation among gingival thickness (GT), underlying alveolar bone thickness (BT), and other periodontal biotype characteristics in the maxillary anterior.@*METHODS@#A total of 40 young volunteers with healthy periodontal were involved in this research. The periodontal probe was previously used to divide the gingiva from thick to thin. Two records were measured by cone beam CT (CBCT) GT, which was measured at the cement-enamel junction level; and BT, which was measured at 3 locations: 1, 3, 5 mm below the alveolar crest. Oral and gypsum measurements were used to analyze the associations of the crown width/crown length ratio (CW/CL), the keratinized mucosa width (KM), and the free gingival margin curvature.@*RESULTS@#Significant difference in the GT was observed between the thick and thin biotypes, which were divided by periodontal probe (P<0.01). Difference was observed in each periodontal biotype characteristic between the thick (GT≥1 mm) and thin biotypes (GT<1 mm) (P<0.05). BT was positively associated with GT (r=0.293, P=0.001), CW/CL (r=0.273, P=0.003), KM (r=0.291, P=0.001), and free gingival margin curvature (r=0.290, P=0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The transparency of the probing in the sulcus could analyze the GT qualitatively. The thick and thin biotypes have different periodontal biotype characteristics. Compared with individuals with thick biotype, those with thin biotype are susceptible to risk dental aesthetic.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Process , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Gingiva , Humans , Maxilla , Tooth Crown
19.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1509-1516, Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040162

ABSTRACT

The allografts were used to obtain sufficient alveolar bone tissue for proper dental implant placement. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the morphological and quantitative characteristics (cellular and collagen densities) of the newly formed alveolar bone with the application of cortical bone (CB) and demineralized bone matrix (DBM) allografts. Six samples of alveolar bone tissue from 5 patients (50 ± 6.3 years) were obtained after 6 months of application of the allografts and immediately before the placement of the dental implants. The samples were fixed (buffered formaldehyde, pH7.2), decalcified (EDTA 10 %) and histologically processed (HE and Picro-Sirius) for histologic analysis. Morphological analysis revealed presence of osteocytes and trabeculae in neoformed bone tissue near the allografts and absence of inflammatory and allergic cells; the remnants of CB were located mainly in the periphery of the bone tissue and the remnants of DBM were more incorporated into the tissue. Osteogenitor cells were observed around the remaining material. The cell density was not modified in newly formed bone tissue with the application of both allografts as compared to mature bone tissue. The density of the type I and III collagens present in the osteoids interspersed with the remainder of the materials showed a tendency to increase in the samples treated with DBM. It was concluded that by the histological characteristics observed both grafts were biocompatible, however the bone treated with DBM presented better incorporation and a tendency of increase of the collagen content in the remnant region of the allografts.


Los aloinjertos son utilizados para obtener tejido óseo alveolar apropiado para la colocación correcta del implante dental. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar las características morfológicas y cuantitativas (densidades celulares y de colágeno) del hueso alveolar recién formado con la aplicación de aloinjertos de hueso cortical (CB) y matriz desmineralizada de hueso (DBM). Seis muestras de tejido óseo alveolar fueron obtenidas de 5 pacientes (50 ± 6,3 años) después de 6 meses de aplicación de los aloinjertos e inmediatamente antes de la colocación de los implantes dentales. Las muestras fueron fijadas (formaldehído tamponado, pH 7,2), descalcificadas (EDTA al 10%) y procesadas histológicamente (HE y Picro-Sirius) para el análisis histológico. El análisis morfológico reveló la presencia de osteocitos y trabéculas en el tejido óseo neoformado cerca de los aloinjertos y la ausencia de células inflamatorias y alérgicas; los remanentes de CB se ubicaron principalmente en la periferia del tejido óseo y los remanentes de DBM se incorporaron más en el tejido. Se observaron células osteogenitoras alrededor del material restante. La densidad celular no se modificó en el tejido óseo recién formado con la aplicación de ambos aloinjertos en comparación con el tejido óseo maduro. La densidad de los colágenos de tipo I y III presentes en los osteoides intercalados con el resto de los materiales mostró una tendencia a aumentar en las muestras tratadas con DBM. Se concluyó que, debido a las características histológicas observadas, ambos injertos fueron biocompatibles, sin embargo, el hueso tratado con DBM presentó una mejor incorporación y una tendencia al aumento del contenido de colágeno en la región remanente de los aloinjertos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Matrix/transplantation , Alveolar Process/anatomy & histology , Alveolar Process/surgery , Allografts , Biocompatible Materials , Bone Regeneration , Bone Transplantation , Bone Substitutes , Alveolar Process/growth & development , Cortical Bone/transplantation
20.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(4): 418-427, dic. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056478

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Tooth eruption requires resorption of the alveolar bone interposed between the tooth germ and the oral mucosa (coronal bone). The cells responsible for bone resorption are the osteoclasts and their activity can be reduced or inactivated by estrogen hormone. We aimed to investigate the effects of estrogen on the process of tooth eruption in rats. Thirty-three Wistar rats, aged two-to-17-days, were divided into control, sham and estrogen-treated groups. After daily injections with estrogen, the animals were euthanized and the jaws removed and processed for histological analysis. We performed clinical examination, morphological analysis, quantification of the number of osteoclasts on the surface of the coronal bone and immunohistochemical analysis of estrogen receptor type alpha (ERα). Estrogen therapy was effective, which could be confirmed by the higher estrogen plasma levels on treated animals. However, it had no effect on tooth development or tooth eruption. Progressive bone resorption was observed and the number of osteoclasts on coronal bone was not affected on hormoneinjected animals, allowing tooth to erupt at the same time observed in untreated animals. Immunohistochemistry for ERα confirmed the presence of this type of receptor in osteoclasts, osteoblasts and osteocytes. Taken together, our results showed that estrogen stimulation was not sufficient to decrease the number of osteoclasts on the coronal bone, supporting the idea that, although estrogen may have a protective activity on bone resorption, this may not apply to the alveolar bone that is meant to be resorbed during eruptive process.


RESUMEN: La erupción dental requiere la resorción del hueso alveolar interpuesto entre el germen dental y la mucosa oral (hueso coronal). Las células responsables de la resorción ósea son los osteoclastos y su actividad puede reducirse o inactivarse por la hormona del estrógeno. Objetivos: apuntamos a investigar los efectos del estrógeno en el proceso de la erupción dental en ratas. Treinta y tres ratas Wistar, de dos a 17 días de edad, se dividieron en grupos de control, Sham y se trataron con estrógenos. Los animales fueron eutanizados después del tratamento con estrógeno y se procesaron las mandíbulas para el análisis histológico. Se realizó el examen clínico, el análisis morfológico, la cuantificación del número de osteoclastos en la superficie del hueso coronal y el análisis inmunohistoquímico del tipo de receptor de estrógeno alfa (ERα). La terapia de estrógeno fue eficaz, lo que podría ser confirmado por los niveles plasmáticos más altos de estrógeno en los animales tratados. Sin embargo, no se observó ningún efecto sobre el desarrollo de los dientes o la erupción dental. Se observó una resorción ósea progresiva y el número de osteoclastos en el hueso coronal no se vio afectado en los animales inyectados con hormonas, permitiendo que el diente erupcionó durante el mismo período de tiempo observado en animales no tratados. La inmunohistoquímica para el ERα confirmó la presencia de este tipo de receptor en los osteoclastos, osteoblastos y osteocitos. Nuestros resultados mostraron que la estimulación del estrógeno no fue suficiente para reducir el número de osteoclastos en el hueso coronal confirmando que, si bien el estrógeno puede tener una actividad protectora en la resorción ósea, esto puede no se aplica al hueso alveolar que está destinado a ser rerecurrido durante el proceso eruptivo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Tooth Eruption/physiology , Bone Resorption/physiopathology , Receptors, Estrogen , Bone Remodeling/physiology , Animal Experimentation , Osteoclasts , Immunohistochemistry/methods , Statistical Analysis , Ethics Committees , Rats, Wistar , Estradiol/pharmacology , Estrogens/administration & dosage , Estrogens/adverse effects , Estrogens/therapeutic use , Alveolar Process/physiology
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