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Rev. Flum. Odontol. (Online) ; 1(60): 66-74, jan.-abr. 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1411342


To evaluate the frequency of dental emergencies and specifications, along with the patient's profile attended at the Clinical School of Dentistry, Faculty of Medical Sciences and Juiz de Fora Health (Supreme). We selected 152 medical records of clinical dental school of Juiz de Fora University Hospital - MG were selected and assessed the patient's profile and the classification of emergency cases. It was found that 57.2% of the patients were female and 42.7% male. The age of these patients is on average 44 years and the most frequent causes of visits were: dental prosthesis, endodontic and dental trauma. It can be conclude that some of the diseases found in dental emergencies are likely to be prevented or identified early on. Patients with pain are part of most attending emergency care services. In order to control the emergency care and improve the solvability, preventive actions should be developed, promoting a preventive rather than curative health.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Medical Records , Dental Clinics , Emergencies/epidemiology , Ambulatory Care
Av. psicol. latinoam ; 41(1): 1-16, ene.-abr. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1428075


Este estudo tem como objetivo analisar a estrutura das representações sociais da espiritualidade para pes-soas que vivem com o hiv/aids e identificar o núcleo central e os elementos periféricos superativados das representações sociais da espiritualidade. Trata-se de uma pesquisa descritiva e exploratória com abordagem quanti-qualitativa pautada na abordagem estrutural da teoria das representações sociais. Foram utilizadas diferentes técnicas de coleta de dados e análise, desta forma, o estudo foi realizado ao longo de três anos, os dados foram coletados entre os anos de 2015 a 2018. Participaram do estudo pessoas vivendo com hiv/aidsatendidas num serviço ambulatorial especializado vinculado a um hospital universitário estadual da Uni-versidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, dentre estes, 166 responderam ao questionário de evocações livres ao termo indutor de espiritualidade, 61 ao questionário de escolhas sucessivas por blocos, 60 ao de técnica do questionamento, e 50 aos esquemas cognitivos de base. Após os testes, chegou-se ao resultado de que os ele-mentos Deus e religião são centrais nas representações sociais da espiritualidade para o grupo participante, os elementos fé e amor foram identificados como periféricos superativados.

Este estudio pretende analizar la estructura de las re-presentaciones sociales de la espiritualidad de las personas que viven con el vih/sida e identificar el núcleo central y los elementos periféricos superactivados de las representaciones sociales de la espiritualidad. Se trata de una investigación descriptiva y exploratoria con un enfoque cuanti-cualitativo basado en el enfoque estructural de la teoría de las representaciones sociales. Se utilizaron diferentes técnicas de recolección y aná-lisis de datos, de esta manera, el estudio se realizó a lo largo de tres años, los datos fueron recolectados entre el 2015 y 2018. Participaron del estudio personas que viven con vih/sida, atendidas en un servicio ambula-torio especializado vinculado a un hospital universitario estadual de la Universidad Estadual de Río de Janeiro, entre ellas, 166 respondieron al cuestionario de evocaciones libres al término inductivo espiritualidad, 61 al cuestionario de elecciones sucesivas por bloques, 60 a la técnica de cuestionamiento, y 50 a los esquemas de base cognitiva. Después de las pruebas, el resultado fue que los elementos Dios y religión son centrales en las representaciones sociales de la espiritualidad para el grupo participante, los elementos fe y amor fueron identificados como periféricos superactivados.

This study aimed to analyze the structure of social representations regarding spirituality of people living with hiv/aids and to identify its central nucleus and peripheral superactivated elements. It was a quantitative and qua-litative descriptive and exploratory research based on the structural approach of social representations theory. Different techniques of data collection and analysis were used. Thus, the study was carried out over three years (2015-2018). The participants were people living with hiv/aids treated at a specialized outpatient service linked to the State University of Rio de Janeiro. Among these, 166 answered the questionnaire of free evocations to the inducing term spirituality, 61 to the questionnaire of successive choices by blocks, 60 to the questioning technique, and 50 to the basic cognitive schemes. After the tests, the result was that the elements 'God' and 'religion' are central to the social representations of spiritua-lity for the participating group. The elements 'faith' and 'love' were identified as peripheral superactivated ones.

Humans , Religion , Unified Health System , HIV , Spirituality , Ambulatory Care
San Salvador; MINSAL; ene, 06, 2023. 69 p. ilus.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1411695


En El Salvador las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles se han incrementado progresivamente en las últimas décadas, actualmente ocupan un lugar relevante en la ocurrencia de morbilidad y mortalidad en la población. El aparecimiento de nuevos casos, sumado a la alta cifra de los ya existentes, ha producido un incremento en la demanda de servicios de salud, tanto de atenciones ambulatorias, como de hospitalizaciones. Como parte esencial de este esfuerzo y con participación de especialistas del MINSAL y del ISSS, se han actualizado los protocolos médicos para el trasplante de riñón que fueron elaborados en el año 2019. EL presente documento contiene la inclusión de nuevos criterios, con los que se ha actualizado el contenido técnico, en relación con los procedimientos médicos que regirán la realización de los procesos de trasplante renal en la red de hospitales del SNIS, involucrados en la donación y trasplante con donantes vivos y que proporcionarán a pacientes que los reciban, la oportunidad de una mejor calidad de vida

In El Salvador, chronic noncommunicable diseases have increased progressively in recent decades, currently occupying a relevant place in the occurrence of morbidity and mortality in the population. The appearance of new cases, added to the high number of existing ones, has produced an increase in the demand for health services, both for outpatient care and hospitalizations. As an essential part of this effort and with the participation of MINSAL and ISSS specialists, the medical protocols for kidney transplantation that were prepared in 2019 have been updated. This document contains the inclusion of new criteria, with which has updated the technical content, in relation to the medical procedures that will govern the performance of kidney transplant processes in the SNIS network of hospitals, involved in donation and transplantation with living donors and that will provide patients who receive them, the opportunity of a better quality of life

Kidney Transplantation , Guidelines as Topic , Living Donors , Transplants , Gift Giving , El Salvador , Ambulatory Care
Ethiop. j. health sci ; 33(1): 15-24, 2023. tables, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1426217


BACKGROUND: The Health Extension Program (HEP) was introduced in 2003 to extend primary health care services by institutionalizing the former volunteer-based village health services. However, this program is not comprehensively evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 2019 comprehensive national assessment of HEP involved (1) assessment through quantitative and qualitative primary data, (2) a thorough systematic review of the HEP literature, and (3) a synthesis of evidence from the two sources. The assessment included household survey(n=7122), a survey of health extension workers (HEWs) (n=584) _, and an assessment of health posts (HPs)(n=343) and their supervising health centers (HCs)(n=179) from 62 randomly selected woredas. As part of the comprehensive assessment. OUTPUT AND RESULTS: The outputs were (a) full and abridged reports, (b) 40 posters, (c) seven published, three under review scientific papers and (d) seven papers in this special issue. During the one-year period preceding the study, 54.8% of women, 32.1% of men, and 21.9% of female youths had at least a one-time interaction with HEWs. HPs and HEWs were universally available. There were critical gaps in the skills and motivation of HEWs and fulfillment of HP standards: 57.3% of HEWs were certified, average satisfaction score of HEWs was 48.6%, and 5.4% of HPs fulfilled equipment standards. CONCLUSIONS: The findings informed policy and program decisions of the Ministry of Health, including the design of the HEP Optimization Roadmap 2020­2035 and the development Health Sector Transformation Plan II. It is also shared with global community through published papers.

Humans , Public Health , Maternal-Child Health Services , Health Information Systems , Health Centers , Ambulatory Care , Procedures and Techniques Utilization
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(4): 340-344, Oct.-Dec. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430678


Background: Patients with colorectal cancer may seek the emergency department for symptoms related to chemotherapy and radiotherapy side effects as well as those from the disease itself and from surgery complications. Objectives: To establish the epidemiological and clinical profile of colorectal cancer patients that look for consultations in the emergency department. Methods: Retrospective study of emergency room charts from colorectal cancer patients that consulted in a single oncological hospital for the period of 1 year. Results: Four hundred and forty-six consultations were identified (49.5% males and 50.5% females) with a mean age of 63 years and with advanced disease (most with tumor, node, metastases [TNM] stages III and IV). The most common complaint was abdominal pain (27.5%), followed by nausea (4.7%; more commonly seen in females with p =0.03) and bladder symptoms (4.7%; more commonly seen in males, with p =0.003). Infections (10.3%) and acute abdominal pain (9.1%) were the most frequent diagnoses. About 18% of them were admitted to the hospital and 80% were discharged home. Conclusion: The profile of patients with colorectal cancer seeking the emergency department comprises patients with advanced disease and a similar proportion of males and females. Symptom-driven complaints were the most frequent reason for consultations. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Drug Therapy , Symptom Assessment , Ambulatory Care , Neoplasm Staging
Rev. psiquiatr. Urug ; 86(2): 76-85, dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1412374


Los medicamentos en su formulación de depósito son utilizados como una intervención para la adherencia cuando se dificulta el cumplimiento vía oral. Es frecuente la baja adherencia a los tratamientos por vía oral en las personas con enfermedades crónicas. Se llevó a cabo un estudio observacional, descriptivo de corte transversal, de una muestra aleatorizada de los pacientes que reciben antipsicóticos de depósito, asistidos en la Policlínica del Hospital Vilardebó en el año 2014. El objetivo fue describir las características de la población que tiene prescripto antipsicótico de depósito en la consulta ambulatoria y conocer los hábitos prescriptivos de estos para favorecer su uso racional. La patología psiquiátrica más prevalente fue la esquizofrenia con 56,4 %, donde se usó con más frecuencia la pipotiazina, siendo este más oneroso que el tratamiento con haloperidol y con un perfil de seguridad y efectividad similar. No se encontraron diferencias entre el uso de anticolinérgicos para los efectos extrapiramidales. Más de dos tercios de los pacientes (69,7 %) estuvieron con polifarmacia antipsicótica y un cuarto de los pacientes (24,7 %) con más de 2 antipsicóticos, a pesar de que en las pautas internacionales no recomiendan tratamientos que justifiquen el uso de más de dos antipsicóticos, dado que no existe evidencia que avale esta práctica, además del riesgo aumentado de reacciones adversas. Un bajo porcentaje (20 %) recibió la medicación de depósito todos los meses del año, resultando de vital importancia evaluar en estudios posteriores las causas intervinientes.

Depot formulation drugs are used as an adherence intervention when oral adherence is difficult to achieve. Low adherence to oral drugs is commonly observed in people with chronic diseases. An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out on a randomized sample of patients receiving depot antipsychotics, treated at Hospital Vilardebó Outpatient Clinic in 2014. The aim was to describe this population's characteristics and prescription habits at the clinic in order to promote rational use. The most prevalent disorder was Schizophrenia (56.4%); pipothiazine was the most frequently used drug. It is more expensive than haloperidol with similar safety and efficacy profiles. There was no difference in the use of anticholinergic drugs to prevent extrapyramidal side effects. More than two thirds of the patients (69.7%) received antipsychotic polypharmacy and a fourth of the patients (24.7%) received more than two antipsychotics in spite of the fact that international treatment guides do not recommend the use of more than two because of lack of benefit evidence and increased risk of adverse reactions. Only 20 % of the patients received the depot every month of the year, being of vital importance to evaluate in subsequent studies the intervening causes.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Drug Prescriptions/statistics & numerical data , Antipsychotic Agents/administration & dosage , Uruguay , Simple Random Sampling , Cross-Sectional Studies , Drug Costs , Sex Distribution , Polypharmacy , Ambulatory Care , Octogenarians
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 72(4): 235-242, dic. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1413516


Os cuidados destinados aos recém-nascidos prematuros extremos têm propiciado importantes resultados na sobrevida dessas crianças. Objetivo: Caracterizar o perfil de morbidade no primeiro ano de vida entre recémnascidos de alto risco. Materiais e Métodos: Trata-se de uma pesquisa exploratória realizada no ambulatório de seguimento de recém-nascidos de alto risco do norte de Minas Gerais. A coleta de dados foi referente às admissões no período de março de 2014 a abril de 2015. O instrumento contemplava características: demográficas, sociais, condições de gestação e parto, intercorrências no pós-parto e condições de saúde das crianças acompanhadas ao longo do primeiro ano de vida. Realizou-se a análise estatística descritiva e o teste Qui-Quadrado, assumindo-se um nível de significância de 5% para comparação da distribuição das morbidades por faixas de peso. Resultados: Participaram deste estudo 282 recém-nascidos, sendo 53,9% do sexo masculino. Entre as mães, 58,2% era multípara e 35,8% hipertensas. Em relação ao peso de nascimento, 59,6% dos recém-nascidos acompanhados pesaram menos de 1500 gramas. As principais morbidades identificadas no primeiro ano de vida foram atraso do desenvolvimento neuro-psicomotor, infecções de vias aéreas superiores, as alterações neurológicas e as afecções respiratórias crônicas. Foram registradas diferenças estatisticamente significantes para o atraso do desenvolvimento neuro-psico-motor (p<0,001), intercorrências neurológicas (p=0,008) e episódios de diarreia (p=0,047), entre as faixas de peso de nascimento. Conclusão: A assistência ambulatorial para o recém-nascido prematuro de alto risco contribui para a identificação e a prevenção de doenças recorrentes nessa população(AU)

Introduction: Care for extremely premature newborns has provided important results in the survival of these children. Objective: To characterize the morbidity profile in the first year of life among high-risk newborns. Materials and Method: This is an exploratory research carried out at the follow-up clinic for high-risk newborns in the north of Minas Gerais. Data collection referred to admissions in the period from March 2014 to April 2015. The instrument included characteristics: demographic, social, pregnancy and delivery conditions, postpartum complications and health conditions of children monitored during the first year of life. Descriptive statistical analysis and the chisquare test were performed, assuming a significance level of 5% to compare the distribution of morbidities by weight range. Results: A total of 282 newborns participated in this study, 53.9% of whom were male. Among the mothers, 58.2% were multiparous and 35.8% were hypertensive. Regarding birth weight, 59.6% of newborns monitored weighed less than 1500 grams. The main morbidities identified in the first year of life were delayed neuro-psycho-motor development, upper airway infections, neurological disorders and chronic respiratory conditions. Statistically significant differences were recorded for delayed neuro-psycho-motor development (p<0.001), neurological complications (p=0.008) and episodes of diarrhea (p=0.047), between birth weight ranges. Conclusion: Outpatient care for high-risk premature newborns contributes to the identification and prevention of recurrent diseases in this population(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Survival , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Postpartum Period , Birth Weight , Morbidity , Ambulatory Care , Infections
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud. Dirección General de Intervenciones Estratégicas en Salud Pública. Dirección de Salud Mental; 1 ed; Nov. 2022. 47 p. ilus.
Monography in Spanish | MINSAPERU, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1400944


La presente publicación ha sido diseñado como un rotafolio con el objetivo de fortalecer esa capacidad para fomentar el cuidado mutuo contra la violencia de género. A continuación, encontrarán información dirigida a la comunidad a fin de conocer las leyes que protegen a las víctimas de violencia, los factores de riesgo y protectores, las señales de alerta para detectar los diferentes tipos y modalidades de violencia, las instituciones disponibles y la ruta para acceder a servicios de salud integrales y de salud mental

Mental Health , Risk Factors , Comprehensive Health Care , Battered Women , Victims Identification , Human Rights Abuses , Violence Against Women , Ambulatory Care , Gender-Based Violence
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 967-989, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399516


A urgência e emergência, por sua vez, se faz como ocorrência imprevista com ou sem risco potencial à vida, onde o indivíduo necessita de assistência e pressupõem atendimento rápido, proporcional a sua gravidade. O presente trabalho tem o objetivo de promover reflexões acerca dos desafios que surgem diante do atendimento a múltiplas vítimas nos serviços médicos de urgência e emergência. Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura. Realizou-se uma análise de materiais já publicados na literatura e artigos científicos divulgados em bases de dados: Scientific Eletronic Library Online, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online e Localizador de informação em Saúde. Foram encontradas nas bases de dados, 25 estudos completos, após a leitura dos resumos, 21 artigos foram selecionados para análise na íntegra, sendo 17 eleitos para integrar a revisão integrativa. Diante dos resultados obtidos, observou que as equipes de atendimento pré- hospitalar vivenciam desafios para atender múltiplas vítimas, e dentro desse paradigma existem várias etapas que devem ser seguidas, que envolvem comunicação desde um protocolo de atendimento inicial ao transporte final. Portanto, observa-se a necessidade de maiores estudos e desenvolvimento de novas tecnologias que auxiliam na assistência a múltiplas vítimas, como também o prepara e atualização dos profissionais.

Urgency and emergency, in turn, is made as an unforeseen occurrence with or without potential risk to life, where the individual needs assistance and quick care, in turn, proportional to its severity. The work of emergency care and the need to respond to problems presented in urgent and emergency services. This is an integrative literature review. An analysis was performed of materials already published in the literature and articles published in databases: Scientific Electronic Library Online, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online and Health Information Locator. All studies were complete, after reading the studies,21 articles were selected for full analysis, with 17 studies elected to integrate the integrative review. Results obtained, observed that pre care teams experience challenges to support various hospital communication protocols, and within these paradigms from initial care to transport. Therefore, there is a need for studies and development of technologies that assist in the installation of larger and more up-to-date devices, there is a need for studies and development of new technologies, as well as preparation.

La atención de urgencia y emergencia es un suceso imprevisto con o sin riesgo potencial para la vida, en el que el individuo necesita asistencia y requiere una atención rápida, proporcional a su gravedad. Este documento pretende promover la reflexión sobre los retos que surgen al tratar con múltiples víctimas en los servicios médicos de urgencia y emergencia. Se trata de una revisión bibliográfica integradora. Se ha realizado un análisis de los materiales publicados en la literatura y los artículos científicos divulgados en las bases de datos: Scientific Eletronic Library Online, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online y Localizador de información en Salud. Se encontraron en las bases de datos, 25 estudios completos, después de leer los resúmenes, se seleccionaron 21 artículos para el análisis en su totalidad, siendo 17 elegidos para integrar la revisión integradora. A partir de los resultados obtenidos, se observa que los equipos de atención prehospitalaria viven desafíos para atender a múltiples víctimas, y dentro de este paradigma existen varias etapas que deben seguirse, que implican la comunicación desde un protocolo de atención inicial hasta el transporte final. Por lo tanto, se observa la necesidad de realizar más estudios y desarrollar nuevas tecnologías que ayuden en la asistencia a las múltiples víctimas, así como la preparación y actualización de los profesionales.

Emergencies/nursing , Emergency Medical Services/statistics & numerical data , Mass Casualty Incidents/statistics & numerical data , Prehospital Care , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Health Services Needs and Demand/statistics & numerical data , Hospitals
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 39(3): 345-351, jul.-sep. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1410003


RESUMEN La pandemia de la COVID-19 cambió el patrón de asistencia de los pacientes a los centros de salud. Se describen los cambios comparativos en la asistencia de pacientes pediátricos que acudieron al servicio de Emergencia del Hospital de emergencias Pediátricas de Lima, Perú, entre las semanas epidemiológicas 10 a 48 del 2019 y 2020. Se analizaron datos sociodemográficos, condición del paciente, tipo de seguro y diagnóstico agrupado según código CIE-10. Se encontró una reducción del 48,2% en el número de atenciones en el 2020 con respecto al 2019 y un aumento de cinco veces el número de atenciones procedentes de localidades diferentes de Lima Metropolitana. Asimismo, se encontró un aumento del 27% en la probabilidad del diagnóstico de «enfermedades infecciosas y parasitarias¼ y una disminución del 61% en la probabilidad de diagnóstico de «enfermedades del sistema respiratorio¼.

ABSTRACT The COVID-19 pandemic changed the pattern of patient attendance at healthcare facilities. We describe the comparative changes in the attendance of pediatric patients at the Emergency Department of the Pediatric Emergency Hospital of Lima, Peru, between epidemiological weeks 10 to 48 of 2019 and 2020. Sociodemographic data, patient condition, type of insurance and diagnosis grouped according to ICD-10 code were analyzed. We found a 48.2% reduction in the number of visits in 2020 when compared to 2019, and a five-fold increase in the number of visits from localities other than Metropolitan Lima. Likewise, the probability of diagnosis of "infectious and parasitic diseases" increased by 27% and the probability of diagnosis of "diseases of the respiratory system" decreased by 61%.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Delivery of Health Care , Emergency Service, Hospital , COVID-19 , Patients , Pediatrics , Pandemics , Ambulatory Care
Distúrb. comun ; 34(3): 56768, set. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1415298


Introdução: Pesquisas sobre caracterização de pacientes, condições de saúde, demandas para atendimento e serviços fonoaudiológicos permitem o direcionamento de ações, a elaboração de políticas e o desenvolvimento de recursos para a ampliação da qualidade da assistência. Objetivo: Caracterizar os pacientes de um ambulatório de Fonoaudiologia, área de linguagem oral, de um hospital universitário, e verificar a associação do diagnóstico fonoaudiológico com os dados sociodemográficos. Métodos: Realizada coleta de dados sociodemográficos e clínicos em prontuários de pacientes do ambulatório de Fonoaudiologia, área da linguagem oral infantil, do Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. A análise descritiva foi realizada por meio da distribuição de frequência das variáveis categóricas e análise das medidas de tendência central e de dispersão das variáveis contínuas; a análise de associação foi por meio dos testes Qui-quadrado de Pearson e Kruskal-Wallis. Resultados: Houve prevalência do sexo masculino, média de idade de 6,70 anos, estudante da rede pública, proveniente da região metropolitana e regionais com baixos indicadores socioeconômicos, que realizam acompanhamento médico concomitante ao fonoaudiológico, diagnóstico realizado em idade pré-escolar e maior ocorrência de transtornos de linguagem associados a outras condições de saúde. Houve associação entre o diagnóstico fonoaudiológico e idade na época do diagnóstico. Conclusão: O estudo contribui para o conhecimento do perfil sociodemográfico da população assistida, favorecendo a organização e a otimização da assistência conforme as demandas dos usuários, dinamizando o atendimento e proporcionando maior rotatividade e abrangência ao público.

Introduction: Research on the characterization of patients, health conditions, demands and speech therapy services allow the targeting of actions, preparation of policies and development of resources to increase the quality of care. Purpose: Characterize the patients in a Speech-Language Pathology clinic, oral language area, at a university hospital, and verify the association between speech and language diagnosis and sociodemographic data. Methods: Data were collected from medical records of patients at the Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology clinic, children's oral language area, from Clinic Hospital of Federal University of Minas Gerais State. The descriptive analysis of the data was done through the frequency distribution of the categorical variables and analysis of the measures of central tendency and dispersion of the continuous variables, and analysis of association through the tests Pearson's chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis. Results: The patients' profile was characterized by the prevalence of males, average of 6,70 years, public schools' students, coming from the metropolitan region and regionals with low socioeconomic indicators, that participate in medical monitoring and speech therapy simultaneously, diagnosis made at preschool age and a higher occurrence of language disorders associated with other conditions. There was an association between speech therapy diagnosis and age at the time of diagnosis. Conclusion: The study contributes to the knowledge of the sociodemographic profile of the population assisted, favoring the organization and optimization of the assistance according to the users' demands, streamlining the service and providing more turnover and coverage to the public.

Introducción: La investigación sobre la caracterización de los pacientes, condiciones de salud, demandas y servicios de logopedia permiten la dirección de acciones, desarrollo de políticas y recursos para incrementar la calidad de la atención. Objetivo: Caracterizar los pacientes de una clínica logopédica, área de lenguaje oral, de un hospital universitario, y verificar la asociación del diagnóstico logopédico con datos sociodemográficos. Métodos: Se recolectaron datos de las historias clínicas de los pacientes de la clínica de Patología del Habla y el Lenguaje, área de lenguaje oral infantil, en el Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. El análisis descriptivo de los datos se realizó mediante distribución de frecuencia de variables categóricas, análisis de medidas de tendencia central y dispersión de variables continuas, y análisis de asociación mediante las pruebas Chi-cuadrado de Pearson y Kruskal-Wallis. Resultados: El perfil se caracterizó por la prevalencia del sexo masculino, edad media 6,70 años, estudiantes de escuelas públicas, de la región metropolitana y regiones con bajos indicadores socioeconómicos, que se someten a seguimiento médico de manera concurrente con logopedia, diagnóstico realizado en edad preescolar y mayor ocurrencia de trastornos del lenguaje asociados a otros condiciones. Hubo una asociación entre el diagnóstico logopédico y edad al momento del diagnóstico. Conclusión: El estudio contribuye al conocimiento del perfil sociodemográfico de la población atendida, favoreciendo la organización y optimización de la atención de acuerdo a las demandas de los usuarios, agilizando la atención y brindando mayor rotación y alcance al público.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Child Language , Ambulatory Care , Medical Records , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Sociodemographic Factors , Language Disorders
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud. Dirección General de Telesalud, Referencia y Urgencias; 1 ed; May. 2022. 21 p. ilus.
Monography in Spanish | MINSAPERU, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1368257


El documento describe los estándares necesarios, que permitan optimizar el proceso de la recolección de la data, y así obtener finalmente información de manera oportuna, consistente, confiable y de calidad de las atenciones de emergencias y urgencias

Primary Health Care , Health Care Levels , Emergencies , Emergency Medical Services , Ambulatory Care , Telemedicine Emergency Care
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; S1: 1-8, abr. 30, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1398473


Objective: To generate teledentistry protocols for urgent and priority dental care for the elderly population through a technological web platform and mobile application in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Material and Methods: Teledentistry protocols were developed in five sequential steps: Staff training, Patient recruitment, Patient admission, Patient reception and Patient care. Reasons for admission were categorized in urgencies and priority dental treatment. Results: The most prevalent reasons for consultation were prosthesis mismatch (18.37%), dental pain (16.33%) and fractured teeth (14.29%). In urgencies by need for treatment: due to infection or pain (24.44%) or to avoid pulp involvement (26.67%). The rest of the care did not require immediate attention. Regarding the OHIP-14Sp survey prior to care, in which patients were consulted for problems with their teeth, mouth or prosthesis, two questions were answered per dimension, for each dimension the following values were obtained: functional limitation (71.30% and 50.44%), physical pain (68.97% and 70.18%), psychological discomfort (75.00% and 74.14%), physical disability (57.39% and 46.09%), psychological disability (37.72% and 53.91%), social disability (33.91% and 30.97%) and handicap (27.83% and 25.86%). Conclusion: A teledentistry protocol for urgent and priority dental care of the elderly in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic with a focus on a general dentist remotely supported specialists was a useful tool to effectively systematize the care of elderly patients, reducing risk of exposure to COVID-19 and solving dental urgencies in this population

Objetivo: Generar protocolos de teleodontología para la atención odontológica urgente y prioritaria de la población adulta mayor a través de una plataforma web tecnológica y aplicación móvil en el contexto de la pandemia del COVID-19. Material y Métodos: Los protocolos de teleodontología se desarrollaron en cinco pasos secuenciales: capacitación del personal, reclutamiento de pacientes, admisión de pacientes, recepción de pacientes y atención al paciente. Los motivos de ingreso se categorizaron en urgencias y tratamiento odontológico prioritario. Resultados: Los motivos de consulta más prevalentes fueron desajuste de prótesis (18,37%), dolor dental (16,33%) y dientes fracturados (14,29%). En urgencias por necesidad de tratamiento por infección o dolor (24,44%) o para evitar afectación pulpar (26,67%). El resto de los cuidados no requirieron atención inmediata. En cuanto a la encuesta OHIP-14Sp previa a la atención, en la que se consultaba a los pacientes por problemas en sus dientes, boca o prótesis, se respondieron dos preguntas por dimensión, para cada dimensión se obtuvieron los siguientes valores: limitación funcional (71,30% y 50,44%), dolor físico (68,97% y 70,18%), malestar psicológico (75,00% y 74,14%), discapacidad física (57,39% y 46,09%), discapacidad psicológica (37,72% y 53,91%), discapacidad social (33,91% y 30,97%) y handicap (27,83% y 25,86%). Conclusión: Un protocolo de teleodontología para la atención odontológica urgente y prioritaria del adulto mayor, en el contexto de la pandemia de COVID-19 con un enfoque en un odontólogo general con especialistas apoyados de forma remota, fue una herramienta útil para sistematizar de manera efectiva la atención de los pacientes adultos mayores, reduciendo el riesgo de exposición al COVID-19 y resolviendo las urgencias odontológicas en esta población.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Telemedicine/methods , Pandemics , Mobile Applications , Teledentistry , COVID-19 , Chile , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dental Care , Treatment Outcome , Ambulatory Care/methods
Nursing (Ed. bras., Impr.) ; 25(287): 7645-7661, abr.2022. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1372585


Objetivo:identificar o conhecimento de idosos sobre acidente vascular cerebral relacionado à busca pelo atendimento emergencial. Método:revisão integrativa realizada em maio e junho de 2021,na Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health, Scientific Eletronic Library Online, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, SCOPUS e Web of Science, empregados Descritores de Ciências da Saúde, Medical Subject Headings e termos alternativos, publicados em 2016 a 2021.Resultados:compuseram 33 artigos o corpus da revisão, categorizados em duas vertentes: os conhecimentos sobre fatores de risco, prevenção e identificação do AVC; e a busca pelo atendimento precoce no serviço de urgência e emergência. Conclusão:idosos geralmente desconhecema doença e a necessidade de busca precoce doatendimento, o que ressalta a importância de ações de promoção à saúde e orientações relacionadas ao AVC, sejam elas por meio das mídias ou de pessoas que compõem a rede de apoio(AU)

Objective: to identify the knowledge of the elderly about stroke related to the search for emergency care. Method: integrative review carried out in May and June 2021 at the Virtual Health Library, National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health, Scientific Electronic Library Online, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, SCOPUS and Web of Science, employees Health Sciences, Medical Subject Headings and alternative terms, published in the years 2016 to 2021. Results: the review corpus comprised 33 articles, categorized into two aspects: knowledge about risk factors, prevention and identification of stroke; and the search for early care in the urgency and emergency service. Conclusion: the elderly are generally unaware of the disease and the need to seek care early, which highlights the importance of health promotion actions and guidelines related to stroke, whether through the media or people who make up the support network.(AU)

Objetivo: identificar el conocimiento de los ancianos sobre el accidente cerebrovascular relacionado con la búsqueda de atención de emergencia. Método: revisión integradora realizada en mayo y junio de 2021 en la Biblioteca Virtual en Salud, Biblioteca Nacional de Medicina e Institutos Nacionales de Salud, Scientific Electronic Library Online, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, SCOPUS y Web of Science, empleados Ciencias de la Salud , Medical Subject Headings y términos alternativos, publicados en los años 2016 a 2021. Resultados: el corpus de revisión comprendió 33 artículos, categorizados en dos aspectos: conocimiento sobre factores de riesgo, prevención e identificación del ictus; y la búsqueda de atención temprana en el servicio de urgencias y emergencias. Conclusión: los ancianos generalmente desconocen la enfermedad y la necesidad de buscar atención temprana, lo que destaca la importancia de las acciones y directrices de promoción de la salud relacionadas con el accidente cerebrovascular, ya sea a través de los medios de comunicación o de las personas que componen la red de apoyo.(AU)

Humans , Aged , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Stroke , Emergencies , Stroke/diagnosis , Stroke/prevention & control , Ambulatory Care
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 8(2): e24290, mar. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1367904


Introdução:O Serviço de Assistência Especializada é um serviço responsável pela assistência ambulatorial às pessoas vivendo com HIV/AIDSe Hepatites Virais. Em meio à importância desses serviços, é primordial instituir estratégias de avaliação do seu desempenho.Objetivo:Assim, objetivou-se construir e validar um modelo lógico para o Serviço de Atenção Especializada do município de Natal.Metodologia:Para tanto, desenvolveu-se um estudo metodológico para validação de um modelo lógicoconstruído com técnicas de abordagem qualitativa. Os profissionais participaram da fase de construção e validação do modelo. Para construção do modelo lógico foram realizadas duas técnicas; revisão de literatura para uma construção prévia ao grupo focal eo grupo focal para viabilizar a construção participativa do modelo e posterior validação de conteúdo. Os dados colhidos foram analisados de forma qualitativa, buscando identificar nos discursos, a pertinência dos elementos do modelo, bem como a possível inserção de outros elementos. Resultados:O modelo construído com base na Revisão de literatura foi aprovado por consenso dos participantes, não sendo sugeridas modificações. No caso, a missão, recursos, processos, resultados, contexto foram considerados adequados e o modelo ilustrativo do funcionamento esperado. Conclusões:O modelo lógico pretende viabilizar uma auto avaliação do serviço, auxiliando a administração e os profissionais a identificarem problemas, buscando estratégias de melhoria. Espera-se que a reflexão propiciada no grupo focal possa sensibilizar os profissionais para buscar estratégias de enfrentamento das dificuldades elencadas e aprimoramento dos pontos positivos (AU).

Introduction:The Specialized Care Service is a service responsible for outpatient care for people living with HIV/AIDSand Viral Hepatitis. In the midst of the importance of these services, it is essential to institute performance evaluation strategies.Objective:Thus, the objective was to build and validate a logical model for the Specialized Care Service of the municipality of Natal.Methodology:Therefore, a methodological study was developed to validate a logical model built with qualitative approach techniques. Theprofessionals participated in the model construction and validation phase. To build the logical model, two techniques were performed; literature review for prior construction of the focus group and focus group to enable participatory model construction and subsequent content validation. The collected data were analyzed qualitatively, seeking to identify in the speeches, the pertinence of the model elements, as well as the possible insertion of other elements.Results:The model constructed based on the literature review was approved by consensus of the participants, and no modifications were suggested. In this case, the mission, resources, processes, results, context were considered adequate and the illustrative model of the expected functioning. Conclusions:The logical model aims to enable a self-assessment of the service, helping management and professionals to identify problems, seeking improvement strategies. It is hoped that the reflection provided in the focus group can sensitize professionals to seek strategies to cope with the difficulties listed and improvement of positive points (AU).

Introducción: El Servicio de Asistencia Especializada es un servicio responsable de la atención ambulatoria para personas que viven con VIH / SIDA y Hepatitis Virales. En medio de la importancia de estos servicios, es fundamental establecer estrategias para evaluar su desempeño. Objetivo: Así, el objetivo fue construir y validar un modelo lógico para el Servicio de AtenciónEspecializada del municipio de Natal. Metodología: Para ello se desarrolló un estudio metodológico para validar un modelo lógico construido con técnicas de enfoque cualitativo. Profesionales participaron en la fase de construcción y validación del modelo. Se utilizaron dos técnicas para construir el modelo lógico; revisión de la literatura para una construcción previa al focus group y al focus group que posibilite la construcción participativa del modelo y posterior validación de contenido. Los datos recolectados fueron analizados de manera cualitativa, buscando identificar en los discursos, la pertinencia de los elementos del modelo, así como la posible inserción de otros elementos.Resultados: El modelo construido a partir de la revisión de la literatura fue aprobado por consenso de los participantes, sin que se sugirieran modificaciones. En este caso se consideró adecuado la misión, recursos, procesos, resultados, contexto y el modelo ilustrando el funcionamiento esperado. Conclusiones: El modelo lógico pretende posibilitar una autoevaluación del servicio, ayudando a la dirección y profesionales a identificar problemas, buscando estrategias de mejora. Se espera que la reflexión brindada en el grupo focal pueda sensibilizar a los profesionales para buscar estrategias para enfrentar las dificultades enumeradas y mejorar los puntos positivos (AU).

Humans , Male , Female , Health Evaluation , HIV , Health Strategies , Basic Health Services , Hepatitis , Organization and Administration , Brazil , Focus Groups , Qualitative Research , Ambulatory Care , Persons
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 22(1): 6-12, jan.-mar. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1391387


As fraturas dos ossos da região maxilofacial são ocorrências que podem se apresentar como quadros de urgência e/ou emergência na rotina das unidades de pronto atendimento e hospitais do mundo inteiro, principalmente em localidades com altos índices de violência interpessoal e infrações de trânsito. Um grande número de traumatismos na face, tanto em tecidos moles como duros acontece devido à enorme exposição e a pouca proteção desta região o que acarreta frequentemente lesões graves. Objetivo: O presente estudo tem como objetivo avaliar a prevalência das fraturas no complexo maxilofacial em uma unidade hospitalar pública, a partir de um estudo epidemiológico, sendo analisados os fatores relacionados a ocorrência do trauma, agente etiológico, distribuição das fraturas, gênero e idade dos indivíduos acometidos. Metodologia: O presente estudo do tipo transversal retrospectivo, onde foram avaliados 268 prontuários de pacientes diagnosticados com fraturas dos ossos da face atendidos no Hospital Regional Justino Luz, localizado na cidade de Picos, no estado do Piauí, Brasil, no período de janeiro de 2015 até janeiro de 2017, os prontuários foram analisados no setor de arquivo médico do HRJL. Resultados: os fatores etiológicos mais observados foram os acidentes motociclísticos, seguidos de agressão física e quedas da própria altura, o tipo de fratura mais comum foi a do Complexo Orbito-Zigomático-Maxilar (33,2%), seguido da Mandíbula (23,7%) e dos Ossos Próprios do Nariz (17%), sendo o gênero masculino o mais acometido por fraturas. Conclusão: a partir desse estudo podemos concluir que os acidentes motociclísticos configuram-se como o principal fator etiológico relacionado as fraturas de face, sendo o gênero, masculino o mais atingido e o tipo de fratura mais prevalente foi a fratura do Complexo Orbito-Zigomático-Maxilar... (AU)

Bone fractures in the maxillofacial region are occurrences that can present themselves as urgent and/or emergencies in the routine of emergency care units and hospitals around the world, especially in locations with high rates of interpersonal violence and traffic violations. A large number of injuries to the face, both in soft and hard tissue, occur due to the enormous exposure and poor protection of this region, which often leads to serious injuries. Objective: This study aims to assess the prevalence of fractures in the maxillofacial complex in a public hospital, based on an epidemiological study, analyzing the factors related to the occurrence of trauma, etiological agent, fracture distribution, gender, and age of patients affected individuals. Methodology: This retrospective cross-sectional study evaluated 268 medical records of patients diagnosed with fractures of the facial bones treated at the Justino Luz Regional Hospital, located in the city of Picos, in the state of Piauí, Brazil, in January 2015 until January 2017, the medical records were analyzed in the medical file sector of the HRJL. Results: the most observed etiological factors were motorcycle accidents, followed by physical aggression and fall from own height, the most common type of fracture was the Orbit-zygomatic-Maxillary Complex (33,2%), followed by the mandible (23,7%) and the nose bonés (17%), being the male gender the most affected by fractures. Conclusion: from this study, we can conclude those motorcycle accidents are the main etiological factor related to facial fractures, with the male gender being the most affected and the most prevalent type of fracture was the fracture of the orbit-zygomatic-maxillary complex... (AU)

Las fracturas óseas en la región maxilofacial son eventos que pueden presentarse como urgentes y/o emergencias en la rutina de las unidades de atención de emergencia y hospitales de todo el mundo, especialmente en lugares con altos índices de violencia interpersonal e infracciones de tránsito. Un gran número de lesiones en la cara, tanto en tejidos blandos como duros, se producen debido a la enorme exposición y escasa protección de esta región, lo que a menudo conduce a lesiones graves. Objetivo: Este estudio tiene como objetivo evaluar la prevalencia de fracturas en el complejo maxilofacial en un hospital público, a partir de un estudio epidemiológico, analizando los factores relacionados con la ocurrencia del trauma, agente etiológico, distribución de la fractura, sexo y edad de los pacientes afectados. Metodología: Este estudio transversal retrospectivo evaluó 268 historias clínicas de pacientes con diagnóstico de fracturas de los huesos faciales atendidos en el Hospital Regional Justino Luz, ubicado en la ciudad de Picos, en el estado de Piauí, Brasil, en enero de 2015 hasta enero de 2017. , las historias clínicas fueron analizadas en el sector de expediente médico del HRJL. Resultados: los factores etiológicos más observados fueron los accidentes de motocicleta, seguido de agresión física y caída de propia altura, el tipo de fractura más común fue el Complejo Órbita-cigomático-Maxilar (33,2%), seguido de la mandíbula (23,7 %) y la nariz bonés (17%), siendo el género masculino el más afectado por las fracturas. Conclusión: de este estudio podemos concluir que los accidentes de motocicleta son el principal factor etiológico relacionado con las fracturas faciales, siendo el género masculino el más afectado y el tipo de fractura más prevalente fue la fractura del complejo orbitario-cigomático-maxilar... (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Zygomatic Fractures , Motorcycles , Facial Bones , Facial Bones/surgery , Land Transport Accidents , Jaw Fractures , Mandible , Maxilla , Epidemiologic Studies , Emergencies , Ambulatory Care , Protective Factors , Hospitals, Public
San Salvador; MINSAL; feb. 15, 2022. 76 p. ilus, graf.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1359284


El presente manual de procesos y procedimientos documenta la atención integral ambulatoria de baja complejidad como parte del proceso de atención en salud integral e integrada a la persona en el curso de vida con enfoque de atención primaria en salud, describe el sistema de operación de los establecimientos, mediante el enfoque por procesos, fomentando el desarrollo organizacional y el mejoramiento continuo para el cumplimiento de la misión institucional. Establece las bases para la ejecución de los procesos y procedimientos, unificando criterios de contenido que permita la sistematización de las actividades y la definición de la metodología para efectuarlas. En el contenido de cada procedimiento se detalla la normativa legal y los registros para desarrollar cada una de sus actividades.

This manual of processes and procedures documents low-complexity comprehensive outpatient care as part of the process of comprehensive and integrated health care for the person in the course of life with a primary health care approach, describes the operating system of the establishments , through the process approach, promoting organizational development and continuous improvement for the fulfillment of the institutional mission. It establishes the bases for the execution of processes and procedures, unifying content criteria that allow the systematization of activities and the definition of the methodology to carry them out. The content of each procedure details the legal regulations and the records to carry out each of its activities.

Delivery of Health Care , Ambulatory Care , Manual Communication , Primary Health Care , Baja , Health
San Salvador; MINSAL; feb. 14, 2022. 25 p. ilus, tab.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1361836


Los presentes Lineamientos pretenden establecer las disposiciones para el seguimiento del aislamiento domiciliar, manejo ambulatorio de casos sospechosos y confirmados COVID-19, para reducir la transmisibilidad y contribuir a garantizar la protección de los familiares, convivientes, trabajadores de la salud y de toda la población

These Guidelines aim to establish the provisions for monitoring home isolation, outpatient management of suspected and confirmed COVID-19 cases, to reduce transmissibility and help ensure the protection of family members, cohabitants, health workers and the entire population

Patient Isolation , Ambulatory Care , COVID-19 , Outpatients , Health
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e56262, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367442


The aim of this study is to evaluate the direct diagnostic costs for disease groups and other variables (such as gender, age, seasons) that are related to the direct diagnostic costs based on a 3-year data. The population of the study consisted of 31,401 patients who applied to family medicine outpatient clinic in Turkey between January 1st, 2016 and December 31st, 2018. With this study, we determined in which disease groups of the family medicine outpatient clinic weremost frequently admitted. Then, total and average diagnostic costs for these disease groups were calculated. Three-year data gave us the opportunity to examine the trend in diagnostic costs. Based on this, we demonstratedwhich diseases' total and average diagnostic costs increased or decreased during 3 years. Moreover, we examined how diagnostic costs showed a trend in both Turkish liras and USA dollars' rate for 3 years. Finally, we analysedwhether the diagnostic costs differed according to variables such as age, gender and season. There has been relatively little analysis on the diagnostic costs in the previous literature. Therefore, we expect to contribute to both theoristsand healthcare managers for diagnostic costs with this study.

Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Costs and Cost Analysis/economics , Costs and Cost Analysis/statistics & numerical data , Family Practice/instrumentation , Family Practice/statistics & numerical data , Ambulatory Care Facilities/supply & distribution , Outpatients/statistics & numerical data , International Classification of Diseases/economics , Disease , Delivery of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 5(1): 33-42, ene. 28, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1354418


La diabetes mellitus es una de las enfermedades crónicas endémicas no transmisibles que debido a su alta frecuencia se ha llegado a posicionar entre las principales enfermedades que afectan a cientos de millones de personas en todo el mundo, con incidencia, morbilidad y mortalidad en aumento. La información sobre atenciones ambulatorias, disponible en el Departamento de Actuariado y Estadística del Instituto Salvadoreño del Seguro Social (ISSS), indica que en 2019 se brindaron 4 871 908 consultas y 170 230 fueron por diabetes mellitus (3,5 %). El 60,7 % de las atenciones (103 429) se brindaron a mujeres. Debido a la magnitud y proporciones de la diabetes en esta población, se hace necesario realizar en el ISSS investigaciones para actualizar la situación de su condición y que al mismo tiempo permita saber el origen de estas personas. El objetivo principal del estudio consiste en definir las características epidemiológicas y clínicas de pacientes diabéticos manejados de manera ambulatoria.

Diabetes mellitus is one of the chronic endemic noncommunicable diseases that, due to its high frequency, has come to position itself among the main diseases that affect hundreds of millions of people worldwide, with increasing incidence, morbidity and mortality. The information on outpatient care, available at the Department of Actuarial Science and Statistics of the Salvadoran Social Security Institute (ISSS), indicates that in 2019, 4,871,908 consultations were provided and 170,230 were for diabetes mellitus (3.5%). 60.7% of the services (103,429) were provided to women. Due to the magnitude and proportions of diabetes in this population, it is necessary to carry out research at the ISSS to update the situation of their condition and at the same time allow knowing the origin of these people. The main objective of the study is to define the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of diabetic patients managed on an outpatient basis

Outpatients , Social Security , Diabetes Mellitus , Ambulatory Care , Noncommunicable Diseases , Chronic Disease , Incidence