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1.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 27: e2430, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355717

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo descrever o perfil de crianças pré-termo, segundo aspectos sociodemográficos, clínicos e assistenciais, e a associação com dados perinatais e pós-natais. Métodos estudo observacional descritivo transversal, aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - CEP-UFMG, sob o Parecer 3.615.440, realizado por meio da análise de 749 prontuários de crianças pré-termo, atendidas no setor de Fonoaudiologia de ambulatório multidisciplinar de follow-up. Foram incluídos no estudo todos os prontuários do período de 2009 a 2019. Para as análises de associação foram utilizados os testes Qui-quadrado de Pearson e Kruskal-Wallis, sendo considerados como valores com significância estatística os que apresentaram valor de p≤0,05. Resultados verificou-se distribuição similar entre os sexos feminino e masculino e a maior parte das crianças com prematuridade moderada a tardia. A maioria dos pais apresentou ensino médio completo, com renda familiar de até dois salários mínimos (60,0%). Quanto aos aspectos clínicos, observou-se significância estatística (p≤0,001) na associação da idade gestacional com as seguintes variáveis: peso ao nascimento, estatura, perímetro cefálico, uso do Método Canguru, alimentação na alta, drogas ototóxicas, hemorragia intracraniana, sepse e icterícia. A maioria dos bebês (99,9%) realizou o Teste Guthrie com resultado adequado (95,3%). Da mesma forma, referente à realização da Triagem Auditiva Neonatal - (79,9%), com resultado adequado (89,4%). Conclusão a maioria das famílias era de baixa renda, com bebês apresentando prematuridade tardia. Observou-se significância estatística para as variáveis: tipo de parto, peso, estatura, perímetro cefálico, uso de drogas ototóxicas, hemorragia intracraniana, sepse e icterícia, com alterações predominantes em prematuros extremos.


ABSTRACT Purpose to describe the profile of preterm children based on sociodemographic, clinical, and assistance aspects, and their association with peri- and postnatal data. Methods observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study, approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG, Brazil), under evaluation report no. 3,615.440. It was based on the analysis of 749 medical records of preterm children attended at the speech-language-hearing department of a multidisciplinary follow-up outpatient center. All medical records from 2009 to 2019 were included in the study. The association analyses were made with the Pearson chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis tests, and the statistically significant values were set at p≤0.05. Results the sample was evenly distributed between females and males, and most of them were moderate-to-late premature children. Most parents had graduated from high school, earning up to two minimum wages (60.0%). As for the clinical aspects, there was a statistically significant association (p≤0.001) between gestational age and birth weight, length, head circumference, use of kangaroo care, feeding method at discharge, ototoxic drugs, intracranial hemorrhage, sepsis, and jaundice. Most babies (99.9%) were submitted to the Guthrie test, with normal results (95.3%). It was likewise with the Neonatal Hearing Screening (79.9%), with normal results (89.4%). Conclusion most of the sample were from low-income families, with late premature babies. There was a statistical significance for type of delivery, weight, length, head circumference, ototoxic drug use, intracranial hemorrhage, sepsis, and jaundice, with changes occurring predominantly in extremely premature infants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Postnatal Care , Infant, Premature , Aftercare/statistics & numerical data , Perinatal Care , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Patients , Socioeconomic Factors , Health Profile , Risk Factors
2.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(3): 323-326, may.-jun. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346114

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los pacientes con diabetes experimentan dificultades para mantener el control glucémico durante el confinamiento por la pandemia de COVID-19, con el riesgo de presentar complicaciones crónicas de la diabetes y COVID-19 grave. Objetivo: El propósito de este estudio fue evaluar la conversión de un centro de atención primaria presencial de diabetes a un servicio de telemedicina por llamada telefónica. Métodos: Se realizaron consultas médicas por llamada telefónica durante la etapa inicial del confinamiento (abril a junio de 2020), para continuar el seguimiento de pacientes ingresados a un programa de atención multicomponente en diabetes. Resultados: Se realizaron 1118 consultas por llamada telefónica para continuar el seguimiento de 192 pacientes con diabetes tipo 2. Participaron diferentes profesionales de distintas áreas de la salud: atención médica, educación en diabetes, nutrición, psicología y podología. Conclusiones: La atención multicomponente en diabetes se transformó con éxito de un esquema de atención presencial a un servicio de telemedicina. Numerosos pacientes de atención primaria pueden ser candidatos a telemedicina. Se debe considerar un rediseño del modelo de atención que incorpore la telemedicina para mitigar la carga de morbimortalidad en enfermedades crónicas impuesta por la pandemia de COVID-19, pero también para la era pos-COVID-19.


Abstract Introduction: Patients with diabetes experience difficulties to maintain glycemic control during the confinement due to the COVID-19 pandemic, with the risk of developing diabetes chronic complications and severe COVID-19. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the conversion of an outpatient diabetes primary care center from a face-to-face care modality to a telemedicine care service by telephone. Methods: Medical consultations were made by telephone during the initial phase of confinement (April to June 2020), to then continue the follow-up of patients admitted to a multicomponent diabetes care program. Results: A total of 1,118 consultations were made by telephone and follow-up was subsequently continued in 192 patients with type 2 diabetes. Different professionals from different health areas participated, including medical care, diabetes education, nutrition, psychology and podiatry. Conclusions: Multicomponent diabetes care was successfully transformed from a face-to-face care modality to a telemedicine service. Many primary care patients may be candidates for telemedicine. A redesign of the care model that incorporates telemedicine should be considered to mitigate chronic diseases burden of morbidity and mortality imposed by COVID-19 pandemic, but also for the post-COVID-19 era.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Telemedicine/methods , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/therapy , Ambulatory Care/methods , COVID-19 , Primary Health Care/methods , Primary Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Telemedicine/statistics & numerical data , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878376

ABSTRACT

Climate change has been referred to as one of the greatest threats to human health, with reports citing likely increases in extreme meteorological events. In this study, we estimated the relationships between temperature and outpatients at a major hospital in Qingdao, China, during 2015-2017, and assessed the morbidity burden. The results showed that both low and high temperatures were associated with an increased risk of outpatient visits. High temperatures were responsible for more morbidity than low temperatures, with an attributed fraction (AF) of 16.86%. Most temperature-related burdens were attributed to moderate cold and hot temperatures, with AFs of 5.99% and 14.44%, respectively, with the young (0-17) and male showing greater susceptibility. The results suggest that governments should implement intervention measures to reduce the adverse effects of non-optimal temperatures on public health-especially in vulnerable groups.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Cardiovascular Diseases/therapy , Child , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Cold Temperature/adverse effects , Cost of Illness , Digestive System Diseases/therapy , Facilities and Services Utilization/statistics & numerical data , Female , Hot Temperature/adverse effects , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Poisson Distribution , Respiratory Tract Diseases/therapy , Risk Factors , Young Adult
4.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(4): 1375-1388, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089502

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hospitalizations for ambulatory care sensitive conditions have been used to measure access, quality and performance of the primary health care delivery system, as timely and adequate care could potentially avoid the need of hospitalization. Comparative research provides the opportunity for cross-country learning process. Brazil and Portugal have reformed their primary health care services in the last years, with similar organizational characteristics. We used hospitalization data of Brazil and Portugal for the year 2015 to compare hospitalizations for ambulatory care sensitive conditions between the two countries, and discussed conceptual and methodological aspects to be taken into consideration in the comparative approach. Brazil and Portugal presented similarities in causes and standardized rates of hospitalizations for ambulatory care sensitive conditions. There was great sensitivity on rates according to the methodology employed to define conditions. Hospitalizations for ambulatory care sensitive conditions are important sources of pressure for both Brazil and Portugal, and there are conceptual and methodological aspects that are critical to render the country-comparison approach useful.


Resumo As internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária têm sido usadas para medir o acesso, a qualidade e o desempenho da atenção primária à saúde, uma vez que o atendimento oportuno e adequado poderia evitar a necessidade de internação. A pesquisa comparativa oferece oportunidade para o processo de aprendizagem entre países. Brasil e Portugal reformaram seus serviços de atenção primária à saúde nos últimos anos, com características organizacionais semelhantes. Utilizamos dados de internação do Brasil e de Portugal para o ano de 2015 para comparar internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária entre os dois países, e discutimos aspectos conceituais e metodológicos a serem considerados na abordagem comparativa. Brasil e Portugal apresentaram semelhanças nas causas e taxas padronizadas de internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária. Houve grande sensibilidade nas taxas de acordo com a metodologia empregada para definir as condições. Internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária são importantes fontes de pressão tanto para o Brasil quanto para Portugal, e há aspectos conceituais e metodológicos que são fundamentais para tornar a abordagem comparativa entre países útil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Primary Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Medical Overuse/statistics & numerical data , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Portugal , Brazil , Medical Overuse/prevention & control , Middle Aged
5.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 24(1): e20190101, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1039818

ABSTRACT

Abstract Chain of Custody implies adequate collection, recording, and storage of the vestige of sexual violence, guaranteeing the reliability of the material that will be forwarded as expert evidence. Its implementation in the Unified Health System has faced challenges. Objective: To know the attendance to victims of sexual violence in the public maternity of Federal District and evaluate the knowledge of the team about the legislation on a chain of custody. Method: Cross-sectional, quantitative, and descriptive study with 134 medical and nursing professionals working in the obstetric emergency, who answered a questionnaire, submitted to descriptive statistical analysis and the Qui-Square Test. Results: Of the 78.95% of professionals who reported attending to victims of sexual violence, 25.71% consulted in 10 minutes, and 14.18% received specific training. The situational diagnosis reveals that the care is superficial, centered on medical issues, and the collection of vestiges is non-existent. Conclusion and implications to nursing practice: A generalized change of posture is necessary so that it is possible to implant the chain of custody in the maternity studied. It is essential to develop care beyond medical issues, and which includes forensics. It is suggested a collaborative action between physicians and nurses, with nursing as the epicenter of this process.


Resumen La Cadena de Custodia implica el adecuado proceso de recolección, registro y almacenamiento del vestigio de la violencia sexual, garantizando confiabilidad al material encaminado como prueba pericial. Su instalación en el Sistema Unico de Salud ha enfrentado desafíos. Objetivos: Conocer la atención a la víctima de violencia sexual en maternidad pública del Distrito Federal y evaluar el conocimiento del equipo acerca de la legislación sobre cadena de custodia. Método: Estudio transversal, cuantitativo y descriptivo, con 134 profesionales de medicina y enfermería actuantes en la emergencia obstétrica, que respondieron un cuestionario, sometido al análisis estadístico descriptivo y al Test Qui-Cuadrado. Resultados: Entre el 78,95% de los profesionales que afirmaron atender a víctimas de violación, 25,71% las consultan en 10 minutos y 14.18% recibieron capacitación específica. El diagnóstico situacional revela que la atención es superficial, centrada en cuestiones médicas y la recolección de vestigios es inexistente. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica de enfermería: Un cambio generalizado de postura es necesario para posibilitar la implantación de la cadena de custodia en la maternidad estudiada. Es fundamental desarrollar una atención más allá de cuestiones médicas y que incluya cuestiones periciales. Se sugiere una actuación colaborativa entre médicos y enfermeros, teniendo la enfermería como epicentro de ese proceso.


Resumo A Cadeia de Custódia implica no adequado processo de coleta, registro e armazenagem do vestígio da violência sexual, garantindo a confiabilidade do material que será encaminhado como prova pericial. Sua instalação no Sistema Único de Saúde tem enfrentado desafios. Objetivos: Conhecer o atendimento à vítima de violência sexual em maternidade pública do DF e avaliar o conhecimento da equipe acerca da legislação sobre cadeia de custódia. Método: Estudo transversal, quantitativo e descritivo, com 134 profissionais de medicina e enfermagem que atuam na emergência obstétrica, que responderam a um questionário, submetido à análise estatística descritiva e o Teste Qui-Quadrado. Resultados: Dentre os 78,95% dos profissionais que afirmaram atender vítimas de violência sexual, 25,71% as consultam em 10 minutos e 14.18% receberam capacitação específica. O diagnóstico situacional revela que o atendimento é superficial, centrado em questões médicas e a coleta de vestígios é inexistente. Conclusão e implicações para a prática de enfermagem: Uma mudança generalizada de postura é necessária para que seja possível implantar a cadeia de custódia na maternidade estudada. É fundamental desenvolver um o atendimento para além de questões médicas, e que inclua questões periciais. Sugere-se uma atuação colaborativa entre médicos e enfermeiros, tendo a enfermagem como epicentro desse processo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Sex Offenses , Health Personnel , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Violence Against Women
6.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057225

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the variables associated with the presence of diabetic ketoacidosis in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) diagnosis and its impact on the progression of the disease. Methods: We reviewed the records of 274 children and adolescents under 15 years, followed in a Pediatric Endocrinology clinic of a university hospital in Curitiba-PR. They had their first appointment between January 2005 and April 2015. Results: Most patients received their T1DM diagnosis during a diabetic ketoacidosis episode. The associated factors were: lower age and greater number of visits to a physician's office prior to diagnosis; diabetic ketoacidosis was less frequent in patients who had siblings with T1DM and those diagnosed at the first appointment. Nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, tachydyspnea, and altered level of consciousness were more common in the diabetic ketoacidosis group. There was no association with socioeconomic status, duration of symptoms before diagnosis, and length of the honeymoon period. Conclusions: Prospective studies are necessary to better define the impact of these factors on diagnosis and disease control. Campaigns to raise awareness among health professionals and the general population are essential to promote early diagnosis and proper treatment of diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar as variáveis associadas ao diagnóstico de diabetes melito tipo 1 (DM1) na vigência de cetoacidose diabética e seu impacto na evolução da doença. Métodos: Foram avaliadas 274 crianças e adolescentes com idade até 15 anos acompanhados em um ambulatório de endocrinologia pediátrica de um hospital universitário de Curitiba, Paraná, cuja primeira consulta ocorreu entre janeiro de 2005 e abril de 2015. Resultados: A maioria dos pacientes teve diagnóstico de DM1 na vigência de cetoacidose diabética. Os fatores associados foram: menor idade e maior número de consultas prévias ao diagnóstico; a cetoacidose diabética foi menos frequente quando havia um irmão com DM1 e quando o diagnóstico foi feito na primeira consulta médica. Náuseas ou vômitos, dor abdominal, taquidispneia e alteração do nível de consciência foram mais frequentes no grupo com cetoacidose diabética ao diagnóstico. Não se observou associação com nível socioeconômico, tempo de sintomas antes do diagnóstico e duração do período de lua de mel. Conclusões: São necessários estudos prospectivos para definir melhor o impacto desses fatores no diagnóstico e no controle da doença. Campanhas de conscientização dos profissionais de saúde e da população são necessárias para que haja diagnóstico precoce e tratamento adequado do diabetes melito em crianças e adolescentes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Diabetic Ketoacidosis/etiology , Diabetic Ketoacidosis/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Diabetic Ketoacidosis/pathology , Diabetic Ketoacidosis/therapy , Disease Progression , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/therapy , Diagnosis, Differential , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Insulin/therapeutic use
7.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092149

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the variables associated with the presence of diabetic ketoacidosis in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) diagnosis and its impact on the progression of the disease. Methods: We reviewed the records of 274 children and adolescents under 15 years, followed in a Pediatric Endocrinology clinic of a university hospital in Curitiba-PR. They had their first appointment between January 2005 and April 2015. Results: Most patients received their T1DM diagnosis during a diabetic ketoacidosis episode. The associated factors were: lower age and greater number of visits to a physician's office prior to diagnosis; diabetic ketoacidosis was less frequent in patients who had siblings with T1DM and those diagnosed at the first appointment. Nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, tachydyspnea, and altered level of consciousness were more common in the diabetic ketoacidosis group. There was no association with socioeconomic status, duration of symptoms before diagnosis, and length of the honeymoon period. Conclusions: Prospective studies are necessary to better define the impact of these factors on diagnosis and disease control. Campaigns to raise awareness among health professionals and the general population are essential to promote early diagnosis and proper treatment of diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar as variáveis associadas ao diagnóstico de diabetes melito tipo 1 (DM1) na vigência de cetoacidose diabética e seu impacto na evolução da doença. Métodos: Foram avaliadas 274 crianças e adolescentes com idade até 15 anos acompanhados em um ambulatório de endocrinologia pediátrica de um hospital universitário de Curitiba, Paraná, cuja primeira consulta ocorreu entre janeiro de 2005 e abril de 2015. Resultados: A maioria dos pacientes teve diagnóstico de DM1 na vigência de cetoacidose diabética. Os fatores associados foram: menor idade e maior número de consultas prévias ao diagnóstico; a cetoacidose diabética foi menos frequente quando havia um irmão com DM1 e quando o diagnóstico foi feito na primeira consulta médica. Náuseas ou vômitos, dor abdominal, taquidispneia e alteração do nível de consciência foram mais frequentes no grupo com cetoacidose diabética ao diagnóstico. Não se observou associação com nível socioeconômico, tempo de sintomas antes do diagnóstico e duração do período de lua de mel. Conclusões: São necessários estudos prospectivos para definir melhor o impacto desses fatores no diagnóstico e no controle da doença. Campanhas de conscientização dos profissionais de saúde e da população são necessárias para que haja diagnóstico precoce e tratamento adequado do diabetes melito em crianças e adolescentes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Diabetic Ketoacidosis/etiology , Diabetic Ketoacidosis/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Diabetic Ketoacidosis/pathology , Diabetic Ketoacidosis/therapy , Disease Progression , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/therapy , Diagnosis, Differential , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Insulin/therapeutic use
8.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092139

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess demographic data and characteristics of children and adolescents with pediatric chronic diseases (PCD), according to the number of specialties/patient. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study with 16,237 PCD patients at outpatient clinics in one year. Data were analyzed by an electronic data system, according to the number of physician appointments for PCD. This study assessed: demographic data, follow-up characteristics, types of medical specialty, diagnosis (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems - ICD-10), number of day hospital clinic visits, and acute complications. Results: Patients followed by ≥3 specialties simultaneously showed a significantly higher duration of follow-up compared to those followed by ≤2 specialties [2.1 (0.4-16.4) vs. 1.4 (0.1-16.2) years; p<0.001] and a higher number of appointments in all specialties. The most prevalent medical areas in patients followed by ≥3 specialties were: Psychiatry (Odds Ratio - OR=8.0; confidence interval of 95% - 95%CI 6-10.7; p<0.001), Palliative/Pain Care (OR=7.4; 95%CI 5.7-9.7; p<0.001), Infectious Disease (OR=7.0; 95%CI 6.4-7.8; p<0.001) and Nutrology (OR=6.9; 95%CI 5.6-8.4; p<0.001). Logistic regressions demonstrated that PCD patients followed by ≥3 specialties were associated with high risk for: number of appointments/patient (OR=9.2; 95%CI 8.0-10.5; p<0.001), day hospital clinic visits (OR=4.8; 95%CI 3.8-5.9; p<0.001), emergency department visits (OR=3.2; 95%CI 2.9-3.5; p<0.001), hospitalizations (OR=3.0; 95%CI 2.7-3.3; p<0.001), intensive care admissions (OR=2.5; 95%CI 2.1-3.0; p<0.001), and deaths (OR=2.8; 95%CI 1.9-4.0; p<0.001). The diagnosis of asthma, obesity, chronic pain, and transplant was significantly higher in patients followed by ≥3 specialties. Conclusions: The present study showed that PCD patients who required simultaneous care from multiple medical specialties had complex and severe diseases, with specific diagnoses.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar dados demográficos e características de crianças e adolescentes com doenças crônicas pediátricas, de acordo com o número de especialidades/paciente. Métodos: Realizou-se um estudo transversal com 16.237 pacientes com doenças crônicas pediátricas durante um ano. A análise foi feita em um sistema eletrônico, de acordo com número de consultas médicas para doenças crônicas pediátricas. Este estudo avaliou dados demográficos, características do seguimento, tipos de especialidades médicas, diagnóstico (10ª Revisão da Classificação Estatística Internacional de Doenças e Problemas Relacionados com a Saúde - CID-10), número de visitas e complicações agudas. Resultados: Os pacientes acompanhados por três ou mais especialidades simultaneamente tiveram seguimento de maior duração comparados com aqueles seguidos por ≤2 especialidades [2,1 (0,4-16,4) vs. 1,4 (0,1-16,2) anos; p<0,001], bem como maior número de consultas em todas as especialidades. As áreas médicas mais comuns em pacientes acompanhados por ≥3 especialidades foram: psiquiatria (Odds Ratio - OR=8,0; intervalo de confiança de 95% - IC95% 6-10,7; p<0,001); dor/cuidados paliativos (OR=7,4; IC95% 5,7-9,7; p<0,001); doenças infecciosas (OR=7,0; IC95% 6,4-7,8; p<0,001); nutrologia (OR=6,9; IC95% 5,6-8,4; p<0,001). As regressões logísticas mostraram que os pacientes com doenças crônicas pediátricas seguidos por ≥3 especialidades tinham alto risco para: maior número de consultas/paciente (OR=9,2; IC95% 8,0-10,5; p<0,001); atendimentos em hospital-dia (OR=4,8; 95%IC3,8-5,9; p<0,001); atendimentos em pronto-socorro (OR=3,2; IC95% 2,9-3,5; p<0,001); hospitalizações (OR=3,0; IC95%2,7-3,3; p<0,001); internação em terapia intensiva (OR=2,5; IC95% 2,1-3,0; p<0,001); óbitos (OR=2,8; IC95%1,9-4,0; p<0,001). Os diagnósticos de asma, obesidade, dor crônica, transplante e infecção do trato urinário foram mais frequentes nos pacientes seguidos por três ou mais especialidades. Conclusões: O presente estudo mostrou que pacientes com doenças crônicas pediátricas que necessitaram de múltiplas especialidades médicas simultaneamente apresentavam doenças complexas e graves, com diagnósticos específicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Chronic Disease/epidemiology , Aftercare/trends , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Medicine/standards , Palliative Care/statistics & numerical data , Appointments and Schedules , Psychiatry/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Communicable Diseases/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Critical Care/statistics & numerical data , Death , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Pain Management/statistics & numerical data , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Medicine/statistics & numerical data , Nutrition Disorders/epidemiology
9.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057219

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess demographic data and characteristics of children and adolescents with pediatric chronic diseases (PCD), according to the number of specialties/patient. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study with 16,237 PCD patients at outpatient clinics in one year. Data were analyzed by an electronic data system, according to the number of physician appointments for PCD. This study assessed: demographic data, follow-up characteristics, types of medical specialty, diagnosis (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems - ICD-10), number of day hospital clinic visits, and acute complications. Results: Patients followed by ≥3 specialties simultaneously showed a significantly higher duration of follow-up compared to those followed by ≤2 specialties [2.1 (0.4-16.4) vs. 1.4 (0.1-16.2) years; p<0.001] and a higher number of appointments in all specialties. The most prevalent medical areas in patients followed by ≥3 specialties were: Psychiatry (Odds Ratio - OR=8.0; confidence interval of 95% - 95%CI 6-10.7; p<0.001), Palliative/Pain Care (OR=7.4; 95%CI 5.7-9.7; p<0.001), Infectious Disease (OR=7.0; 95%CI 6.4-7.8; p<0.001) and Nutrology (OR=6.9; 95%CI 5.6-8.4; p<0.001). Logistic regressions demonstrated that PCD patients followed by ≥3 specialties were associated with high risk for: number of appointments/patient (OR=9.2; 95%CI 8.0-10.5; p<0.001), day hospital clinic visits (OR=4.8; 95%CI 3.8-5.9; p<0.001), emergency department visits (OR=3.2; 95%CI 2.9-3.5; p<0.001), hospitalizations (OR=3.0; 95%CI 2.7-3.3; p<0.001), intensive care admissions (OR=2.5; 95%CI 2.1-3.0; p<0.001), and deaths (OR=2.8; 95%CI 1.9-4.0; p<0.001). The diagnosis of asthma, obesity, chronic pain, and transplant was significantly higher in patients followed by ≥3 specialties. Conclusions: The present study showed that PCD patients who required simultaneous care from multiple medical specialties had complex and severe diseases, with specific diagnoses.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar dados demográficos e características de crianças e adolescentes com doenças crônicas pediátricas, de acordo com o número de especialidades/paciente. Métodos: Realizou-se um estudo transversal com 16.237 pacientes com doenças crônicas pediátricas durante um ano. A análise foi feita em um sistema eletrônico, de acordo com número de consultas médicas para doenças crônicas pediátricas. Este estudo avaliou dados demográficos, características do seguimento, tipos de especialidades médicas, diagnóstico (10ª Revisão da Classificação Estatística Internacional de Doenças e Problemas Relacionados com a Saúde - CID-10), número de visitas e complicações agudas. Resultados: Os pacientes acompanhados por três ou mais especialidades simultaneamente tiveram seguimento de maior duração comparados com aqueles seguidos por ≤2 especialidades [2,1 (0,4-16,4) vs. 1,4 (0,1-16,2) anos; p<0,001], bem como maior número de consultas em todas as especialidades. As áreas médicas mais comuns em pacientes acompanhados por ≥3 especialidades foram: psiquiatria (Odds Ratio - OR=8,0; intervalo de confiança de 95% - IC95% 6-10,7; p<0,001); dor/cuidados paliativos (OR=7,4; IC95% 5,7-9,7; p<0,001); doenças infecciosas (OR=7,0; IC95% 6,4-7,8; p<0,001); nutrologia (OR=6,9; IC95% 5,6-8,4; p<0,001). As regressões logísticas mostraram que os pacientes com doenças crônicas pediátricas seguidos por ≥3 especialidades tinham alto risco para: maior número de consultas/paciente (OR=9,2; IC95% 8,0-10,5; p<0,001); atendimentos em hospital-dia (OR=4,8; 95%IC3,8-5,9; p<0,001); atendimentos em pronto-socorro (OR=3,2; IC95% 2,9-3,5; p<0,001); hospitalizações (OR=3,0; IC95%2,7-3,3; p<0,001); internação em terapia intensiva (OR=2,5; IC95% 2,1-3,0; p<0,001); óbitos (OR=2,8; IC95%1,9-4,0; p<0,001). Os diagnósticos de asma, obesidade, dor crônica, transplante e infecção do trato urinário foram mais frequentes nos pacientes seguidos por três ou mais especialidades. Conclusões: O presente estudo mostrou que pacientes com doenças crônicas pediátricas que necessitaram de múltiplas especialidades médicas simultaneamente apresentavam doenças complexas e graves, com diagnósticos específicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Chronic Disease/epidemiology , Aftercare/trends , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Medicine/standards , Palliative Care/statistics & numerical data , Appointments and Schedules , Psychiatry/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Communicable Diseases/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Critical Care/statistics & numerical data , Death , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Pain Management/statistics & numerical data , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Medicine/statistics & numerical data , Nutrition Disorders/epidemiology
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880308

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The Rugby World Cup (RWC) is one of the biggest international mega sports events in the world. This study was conducted to identify and evaluate the volume, nature, and severity of spectator medical care in the stadiums of 12 venues across Japan during RWC 2019.@*METHOD@#This was a retrospective review of medical records from spectator medical rooms of 45 official matches of RWC 2019 between September 20 and November 2, 2019. All patients in the stadium who visited the spectator medical room and were transferred to a hospital were included. The wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) value at the kick-off time of each match, the number of visits to the spectator medical room, and the number of transfers to a hospital were reviewed and analyzed. The patient presentation rate (PPR) was calculated per 10,000 attendees. Severity categories were defined as mild or severe. Mild cases were considered non-life threatening requiring minimal medical intervention, and severe cases required transport to a hospital.@*RESULT@#The total number of visits to the spectator medical room was 449 with a PPR of 2.63. Most cases (91.5%) were mild in severity. The PPR was significantly higher for the matches held with a WBGT over 25 °C than for the matches under 21 °C (PPR 4.27 vs 2.04, p = 0.04). Thirty-eight cases were transferred to a hospital by ambulance; the PPR was 0.22. The most common reasons for transfer to the hospital were heat illness and fracture/dislocation, at a rate of 15.8% each. The incidence rate of cardiopulmonary arrest per 10,000 attendees was 0.0059 during RWC 2019.@*CONCLUSION@#Preparation and provision of appropriate medical service for spectators is a key factor for mass-gathering events. During RWC 2019, the majority (91.5%) of patients who sought medical attention did so for minor complaints, which were easily assessed and managed. On the other hand, a higher WBGT situation contributes significantly to an increased PPR ( 25, 2.04 versus 4.27, p = 0.04). Careful medical preparation, management, and development of public education programs for higher WBGT situations will be required in the future for similar international mega sports events.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Anniversaries and Special Events , Child , Child, Preschool , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Female , Football , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Japan , Male , Mass Behavior , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
11.
Med. infant ; 26(4): 335-345, dic. 2019. Tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047042

ABSTRACT

Mediano Riesgo es un servicio de atención ambulatoria del Hospital Garrahan. Se atienden pacientes con enfermedades prolongadas, que han realizado consultas en otros efectores de salud u otros servicios del Hospital, o que requieren segunda opinión o abordaje multidisciplinario. Objetivos: Mensurar el tiempo profesional invertido en la atención como herramienta para ponderar la complejidad de los pacientes. Identificar variables demográficas y del proceso de atención. Material y métodos: Investigación descriptiva, transversal sobre pacientes encuestados entre julio y diciembre de 2017 en el Sector de Mediano Riesgo. Se registraron: variables demográficas, proceso de atención, diagnósticos previos y finales, interconsultas, exámenes complementarios y tiempos de consulta profesional. Se tomó 65 minutos (mediana del tiempo profesional total) como punto de corte para definir dos grupos: tiempo de consulta corto o largo. Se realizó un análisis comparativo entre ambos. Resultados: se encuestaron 400 pacientes. Mediana de edad fue de 67,2 meses; 80,1% procedían de CABA y del GBA; mediana de duración del síntoma fue 4 meses; 25,8% tenía enfermedad de base; 62,5% fueron pacientes derivados (externos e internos); destino a pediatra zonal: 30%; interconsultas: 48,5%; tiempo total profesional: mediana 65 minutos (rango 12-460); diagnósticos simples: 37,2%. Variables con significación estadística para pertenecer al tiempo largo: número de diagnósticos finales, procedencia, diagnósticos no simples y presencia de enfermedad de base. Variables con tendencia a pertenecer a tiempo largo: duración del síntoma mayor de 1 mes, edad menor a 24 meses, patología tumoral, síndromes polimalformativos, abuso sexual infantil y problemas de lenguaje /aprendizaje. Conclusiones: el tiempo de consulta es un factor concurrente para la evaluación de la complejidad del proceso de atención. La identificación de variables que permitan preverlo es información relevante para la organización del sector, o de otros efectores de salud (AU)


The sector of Intermediate Risk is part of the outpatient clinics of Garrahan Hospital. In the sector patients with chronic diseases are seen, that have have consulted at other centers or other departments of the hospital, or that need a second opinion or a multidisciplinary approach. Objectives: To assess the professional time invested in care as a tool to evaluate the complexity of the patients, and to identify demographic variables and the care process. Material and methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive study on patients surveyed between July and December 2017 in the Sector of Intermediate Risk. The following data were recorded: Demographic features, care process, previous and final diagnoses, consultations, complementary studies, duration of the interview. A time of 65 minutes (median total time of the visit) was defined as the cut-off point to define two groups: Those with a long and a short interview. A comparative analysis was performed comparing both groups. Results: 400 patients were surveyed. Median age was 67.2 months; 80.1% were form the city of Buenos Aires and Greater Buenos Aires. Mean symptom duration was 4 months; 25.8% had an underlying disease; 62.5% of the patients was referred (either external or internally); referred by the local pediatrician: 30%; second opinions: 48,5%; total time of the interview: median 65 minutes (range, 12-460); simple diagnoses: 37.2%. Statistically significant variables for a long interview were: number of final diagnoses, place of origin, complicated diagnoses, and presence of underlying disease. Variables with a trend to a long interview were: symptom duration more than one month, age less than 24 months, a diagnosis of a tumor, polymalformation syndromes, sexual abuse, language/learning difficulties. Conclusions: The time of the interview is a concurrent factor for the assessment of the complexity of the care process. Identification of the variables that allow to anticipate these cases is relevant for the organization of the sector or other health care providers (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Referral and Consultation/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , Ambulatory Care/organization & administration , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Patient Care Team , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(6): 2105-2114, jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011795

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este estudo tem como objetivo comparar para a última década, as taxas padronizadas de internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária à saúde (ICSAP) no Distrito Federal (DF), cotejando-as com capitais selecionadas, faixa etária e grupos ICSAP. Trata-se de um estudo ecológico com dados secundários oriundos dos microdados do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares (SIH-SUS), para o período de 2009 a 2018. Nesse intervalo, houve redução da participação relativa das ICSAP nas faixas etárias de 50 a 59 e 60 a 69 anos e estabilidade na proporção dessas internações entre crianças e adolescentes no DF. Por outro lado, a não redução nas faixas etárias ≤ 20 anos, uma população prioritária na APS, pode representar barreiras de acesso dessa população. Os resultados evidenciam a não observação dos efeitos esperados de redução na proporção das ICSAP, devido ao fato da expansão de cobertura de Equipes de Saúde da Família ter sido recente.


Abstract This study compared standardised rates of hospitalisations due to ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSCs) in Brazil's Federal District from 2009 to 2018, as compared with those for selected state capitals, age groups and admissions groups. This ecological study used secondary data drawn from Hospital Information System microdata for the study period, during which, in the Federal District, the proportion of such admissions among 50-59 and 60-69 year olds declined, while those among children and adolescents held stable. Meanwhile, rates did not decrease in the ≤ 20 year age groups, a priority population in PHC, which may suggest that this population encountered barriers to access. The results showed that the expected reduction in the proportion of such admissions has not occurred, because coverage by Family Health Teams has been expanded only recently.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Primary Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Family Health , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Patient Care Team/organization & administration , Age Factors , Middle Aged
13.
Med. infant ; 26(2): 99-106, Junio 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1009227

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las cardiopatías congénitas (CC) son las anomalías congénitas más frecuentes. Representan el 0,8-1,2% de todos los defectos del nacimiento y tienen una prevalencia de alrededor de 5,8 por cada 1000 personas. El Servicio de Cardiología del Hospital Garrahan es un centro de referencia nacional y de países limítrofes donde se realizan 18000 consultas anuales. Los pacientes que concurren por primera vez se atienden en el consultorio de orientación. Objetivo: Describir la epidemiologia y perfil de los pacientes que asisten diariamente al consultorio de orientación de cardiología infantil en un hospital pediátrico de tercer nivel de Buenos Aires. Métodos: Entre septiembre de 2017 y febrero de 2018 se recolectaron los datos de 1000 pacientes atendidos en forma consecutiva en el consultorio de orientación de cardiología. A la totalidad de los pacientes se les realizó anamnesis, examen físico cardiovascular, electrocardiograma, y en los casos en los que se consideró necesario, saturometría, radiografía de tórax y/o ecocardiograma. Las variables a considerar fueron edad, procedencia, presencia o ausencia de cardiopatías congénitas o adquiridas, soplo, cianosis, insuficiencia cardíaca, estado nutricional, síndromes genéticos asociados, métodos diagnósticos e indicaciones terapéuticas implementadas. Se subdividió la población en cinco grupos: Grupo A (pacientes con cardiopatía congénita), Grupo B (cardiopatías operadas), Grupo C (miocardiopatías), Grupo D (arritmias), Grupo E (corazón sano). Resultados: La edad mediana fue 4.86 años (0.03 a 18.9 años). El 64% de los pacientes procedían de la provincia de Buenos Aires. Los motivos de consulta fueron: interconsultas internas 29.5%, derivación por cardiopatía 27.2%, soplo 17.6%, síncope 7%, segunda opinión 5.1%, arritmias 4.8%, precordialgia 3.1%, palpitaciones 2.6%, episodio paroxístico 1.4%, cardiomegalia 0.7%, disnea 0.5%, mal progreso de peso 0.3%. El 10.6% tenían un síndrome genético. Grupo A: 252 pacientes con una edad mediana de 1.9 años. Las cardiopatías acianóticas con hiperflujo pulmonar fueron las más frecuentes (66.66%, 168/252). Grupo B: 51 pacientes, 23.52%(12/51) fueron Fallot reparados en otra institución. Grupo C: 22 pacientes, siendo la miocardiopatía hipertrófica la más frecuente. Grupo D: 47 pacientes, la preexcitación ventricular fue el hallazgo más frecuente (34,04%, 16/47). Grupo E: 628 pacientes, 45.70% (287/628) derivados por pediatras del área ambulatoria, principalmente para valoración de pacientes con enfermedades sistémicas o síndromes genéticos. Conclusión: Los motivos de derivación al consultorio de orientación de cardiología fueron muy diversos. La mayoría de los pacientes provenían de provincia de Buenos Aires. Solamente el 37.2% presentó algún problema cardiológico de base. El 91% de los pacientes que consultaron por soplo, no tuvieron cardiopatía. El grupo correspondiente a los pacientes con cardiopatías no operadas (grupo A) fue el de menor edad (mediana de 1.9 años) y las cardiopatías simples no cianóticas con hiperflujo pulmonar representaron el 66.66% de las cardiopatías. La implementación del ecocardiograma portátil en el consultorio de orientación permitió confirmar el diagnóstico y definir la conducta terapéutica en el 29.4% de los pacientes durante la primer consulta (AU)


Introduction: Congenital heart defects (CHD) are the most common congenital abnormalities. They account for 0.8-1.2% of all birth defects and have a prevalence of around 5.8 per 1000 people. The Department of Cardiology of Garrahan Hospital is a national and bordering-country reference center, receiving 18000 consultations annually. Patients seen for the first time are assessed at the cardiology guidance clinic. Objective: To describe the epidemiology and profile of patients who seen daily at the child cardiology guidance clinic of a third-level pediatric hospital in Buenos Aires. Methods: Between September 2017 and February 2018, data from 1000 patients consecutively seen at the cardiology guidance clinic were collected. All patients underwent anamnesis, cardiovascular physical examination, electrocardiogram and, if considered necessary, pulse oximetry, chest x-ray, and/or echocardiogram. The variables considered were age, place of origin, presence or absence of congenital or acquired heart disease, murmur, cyanosis, heart failure, nutritional status, associated genetic syndromes, diagnostic methods, and treatment. The population was divided into five groups: Group A (patients with congenital heart defects), Group B (operated cardiopathies), Group C (myocardiopathies), Group D (arrhythmias), Group E (healthy heart). Results: Median age was 4.86 years (0.03 to 18.9 years). Overall, 64% of patients came from the province of Buenos Aires. The reasons for consultation were: internal consultations 29.5%, cardiac shunt 27.2%, murmur 17.6%, syncope 7%, second opinion 5.1%, arrhythmias 4.8%, precordialgia 3.1%, palpitations 2.6%, paroxysmal episode 1.4%, cardiomegaly 0.7%, dyspnea 0.5%, 0.3% poor weight gain. A genetic syndrome was identified in 10.6%. Group A: 252 patients with a median age of 1.9 years. Acyanotic congenital heart defect with pulmonary hyperflow was the most common (66.66%, 168/252). Group B: 51 patients, 23.52% (12/51) had tetralogy of Fallot repaired at another institution. Group C: 22 patients, in whom hypertrophic cardiomyopathy was the most common. Group D: 47 patients, in whom ventricular preexcitation was the most common finding (34.04%, 16/47). Group E: 628 patients, 45.70% (287/628) referred by pediatricians from the outpatient clinics, mainly for the assessment of systemic diseases or genetic syndromes. Conclusion: The reasons for referral to the cardiology guidance clinic were varied. Most of the patients came from the province of Buenos Aires. Only 37.2% had an underlying heart disease. Of the patients who consulted because of a murmur, 91% did not suffer from heart disease. The group of patients with congenital heart disease who had not undergone surgery (group A) was the youngest (median 1.9 years) and simple non-cyanotic heart disease with pulmonary hyperflow accounted for 66.66% of heart diseases. The implementation of the portable echocardiography in the guidance clinic confirmed the diagnosis and defined the management in 29.4% of patients during the first consultation (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Cardiology Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital/genetics , Heart Defects, Congenital/epidemiology , Heart Diseases/diagnosis , Heart Diseases/epidemiology , Referral and Consultation , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Heart Murmurs/diagnosis , Heart Murmurs/epidemiology , Observational Study
14.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 53: 36, jan. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004505

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To analyze the emergency hospitalizations trend for ambulatory care sensitive conditions between 2011 and 2015 in a health insureance company of the Colombian Social Security General System. METHODS A log-linear analysis based on age-adjusted hospitalization rates for ambulatory care sensitive conditions in the Entidad Promotora de Salud Sanitas was used to estimate the annual percentage change in these rates and to identify joinponts of the rates. Data was collected from administrative sources. RESULTS There were 38,530 hospitalizations for ambulatory care sensitive conditions in 26,501 Entidad Promotora de Salud Sanitas enrollees, with a significant decrease in hospitalization rates. The annual percentage change estimated for the period was -9.5% with no significant joinpoints throughout the time interval. CONCLUSIONS A significant reduction in hospital admissions due to ambulatory care sensitive conditions in Entidad Promotora de Salud Sanitas enrollees were reported for the last five years in this study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Emergency Treatment/statistics & numerical data , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Primary Health Care/trends , Primary Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , Acute Disease , Chronic Disease , Retrospective Studies , Colombia/epidemiology , Age Distribution , Emergency Treatment/trends , Ambulatory Care/trends , Hospitalization/trends , Middle Aged
15.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 28(1): e2018110, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001958

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar a tendência das taxas de internação por condições cardiovasculares sensíveis à atenção primária à saúde (CCSAP). Métodos: estudo ecológico das séries temporais das taxas de internação por CCSAP pelo Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) no município de Senador Canedo, GO, em 2001-2016; utilizaram-se dados do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares e estimativas populacionais da Rede Interagencial de Informações para a Saúde (RIPSA) e da Fundação IBGE; utilizou-se o método de Prais-Winsten para análise de tendência. Resultados: utilizaram-se dados de 3.244 internações por CCSAP; verificou-se tendência temporal decrescente para a taxa de internações por CCSAP (taxa de incremento anual [TIA] = -8,14 - IC95% -11,78;-4,35) e a taxa de insuficiência cardíaca (TIA = -12,07 - IC95% -14,75;-9,30); as tendências temporais das taxas de internações por hipertensão, angina e doenças cerebrovasculares foram estacionárias. Conclusão: as taxas de internação por CCSAP e insuficiência cardíaca diminuíram; entretanto as taxas por hipertensão, angina e doenças cerebrovasculares permaneceram constantes.


Objetivo: analizar la tendencia de las tasas de internación por condiciones cardiovasculares sensibles a la atención primaria de salud (CCSAP). Métodos: estudio ecológico de las series temporales de tasas de internación por CCSAP en el Sistema Único de Salud (SUS) en el municipio de Senador Canedo, GO, Brasil, en 2001-2016; se utilizaron datos del Sistema de Informaciones Hospitalarias y estimativas de población de la Red Interagencial de Informaciones para Salud (RIPSA) y de la Fundación IBGE; se utilizó el método de Prais-Winsten para el análisis de tendencia. Resultados: se utilizaron datos de 3.244 internaciones por CCSAP; hubo una tendencia temporal decreciente para la tasa de internaciones por CCSAP (tasa de incremento anual [TIA] = -8,14 - IC95% -11,78;-4,35) y de insuficiencia cardíaca (TIA = -12,07 - IC95% -14,75;-9,30); las tendencias temporales de las tasas de internaciones para hipertensión, angina y enfermedades cerebrovasculares (EC) fueron estacionarias. Conclusión: las tasas de internación por CCSAP e insuficiencia cardíaca disminuyeron; sin embargo, las tasas por hipertensión, angina y enfermedades cerebrovasculares permanecieron constantes.


Objective: to analyze trends of hospitalization for ambulatory care-sensitive cardiovascular conditions (ACSCC). Methods: this was an ecological study of time series of rates of hospitalization for ACSCC in the municipality of Senador Canedo, GO, Brazil, 2001-2016; we used data from the Hospital Information System and population estimates provided by the Inter-Agency Health Information Network (RIPSA) and the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE); the Prais-Winsten method was used to analyze trends. Results: we used data on 3,244 hospitalizations for ACSCC; there was decreasing trend in the rate of hospitalizations for ACSCC (annual increase rate [AIR] = -8.14 - 95%CI -11.78;-4.35) and in the heart failure rate (AIR = -12.07 - 95%CI -14.75;-9.30); hospitalization rate time trends for hypertension, angina and cerebrovascular diseases were stationary. Conclusion: rates of hospitalization for ACSCC and heart failure decreased, however rates for hypertension, angina and cerebrovascular diseases remained constant.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Primary Health Care , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Cardiovascular Diseases/therapy , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Hospitalization/trends , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Cerebrovascular Disorders/epidemiology , Hospital Information Systems , Ecological Studies , Heart Failure/therapy , Heart Failure/epidemiology , Hypertension/therapy , Hypertension/epidemiology , Angina Pectoris/therapy , Angina Pectoris/epidemiology , National Health Programs/statistics & numerical data
16.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 35(10): e00145418, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039391

ABSTRACT

O objetivo foi investigar a associação de curto prazo entre a poluição do ar e atendimentos em emergências por doenças respiratórias, em crianças de 0 a 6 anos. Estudo ecológico, espacial e temporal realizado na Região Metropolitana da Grande Vitoria, Espírito Santo, Brasil. Utilizou-se o modelo aditivo generalizado (MAG) de regressão de Poisson, com a variável dependente o número diário de atendimentos por doenças respiratórias, e as variáveis independentes, concentrações diárias dos poluentes atmosféricos (MP10, SO2, NO2, O3 e CO), temperatura, umidade e precipitação pluviométrica. Por meio das médias diárias das concentrações, foram feitas estimativas para toda a região e análises in loco com a consideração de crianças residentes no entorno de 2km de oito estações de monitoramento da qualidade do ar. O incremento de 10μg/m3 nos níveis de concentração dos poluentes atmosféricos aumentou o risco de atendimento em emergência por doença respiratória. Na região geral, para o MP10, o aumento foi de 2,43%, 2,73% e 3,29% nos acumulados de 5, 6 e 7 dias, respectivamente. Para o SO2, o acréscimo foi de 4,47% no dia da exposição, 5,26% dois dias após, 6,47%, 8,8%, 8,76% e 7,09% nos acumulados de 2, 3, 4 e 5 dias, respectivamente. O CO apresentou associação significativa para residentes no entorno de duas estações, e o O3 somente em uma. Mesmo dentro dos limites estabelecidos pela Organização Mundial da Saúde, os poluentes MP10, SO2, NO2 e O3 estão associados ao maior risco para atendimento por doenças respiratórias em crianças de 0 a 6 anos, e alguns efeitos só foram identificados nas localidades desagregadas por região, isto é, in loco, o que possibilita captar maior variabilidade dos dados.


El objetivo fue investigar la asociación de corto plazo entre la contaminación del aire y la atención en urgencias por enfermedades respiratorias, en niños de 0 a 6 años. Estudio ecológico, espacial y temporal realizado en la Región Metropolitana de la Grande Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brasil. Se utilizó el modelo aditivo generalizado (MAG) de regresión de Poisson, con la variable dependiente que es el número diario de consultas por enfermedades respiratorias, y las variables independientes: concentraciones diarias de los contaminantes atmosféricos (MP10, SO2, NO2, O3 y CO), temperatura, humedad y precipitación pluviométrica. Mediante las medias diarias de las concentraciones, se realizaron estimativas para toda la región y análisis in loco, considerando a niños residentes en un entorno de 2km con 8 estaciones de monitoreo de la calidad del aire. El incremento de 10μg/m3 en los niveles de concentración de los contaminantes atmosféricos aumentó el riesgo de atención en urgencias por enfermedad respiratoria. En la región como un todo, en el caso del MP10, el aumento fue de 2,43%, 2,73% y 3,29% en los acumulados de 5, 6 y 7 días, respectivamente. En el SO2, el incremento fue de 4,47% durante el día de la exposición, 5,26% dos días después, 6,47%, 8,8%, 8,76% y 7,09% en los acumulados de 2, 3, 4 y 5 días, respectivamente. El CO presentó asociación significativa para residentes alrededor de dos estaciones, y el O3 solamente en una. Incluso dentro de los límites establecidos por la Organización Mundial de la Salud, los contaminantes MP10, SO2, NO2 y O3 están asociados a un mayor riesgo en relación con la atención por enfermedades respiratorias en niños de 0 a 6 años, y algunos efectos sólo se identificaron en las localidades desagregadas por región, esto es, in loco, lo que posibilita captar una mayor variabilidad de los datos.


The study aimed to investigate the short-term association between air pollution and emergency treatments for respiratory diseases in children 0 to 6 years of age. This was an ecological space-time study in Greater Metropolitan Vitória, Espírito Santo State, Brazil. A Poisson regression general additive model (GAM) used the number of daily treatments for respiratory diseases as the dependent variable, and the independent variables were daily concentrations of air pollutants (PM10, SO2, NO2, O3, and CO), temperature, humidity, and precipitation. Average daily concentrations were used to make estimates for the entire metropolitan area and in loco analyses considering children residing in a 2km radius around 8 air quality monitoring stations. An increase of 10μg/m3 in the concentration of air pollutants increased the risk of emergency treatment for respiratory disease. In the overall area, for PM10, the increase was 2.43%, 2.73%, and 3.29% in the cumulative values at 5, 6, and 7 days, respectively. For SO2, the increase was 4.47% on the day of exposure, 5.26% two days later, and 6.47%, 8.8%, 8.76%, and 7.09% for the cumulative values at days 2, 3, 4, and 5 days, respectively. CO showed a significant association for residents around two stations, and O3 for only one. Even within the limits set by the World Health Organization, the pollutants PM10, SO2, NO2, and O3 are associated with increased risk of treatment for respiratory diseases in children 0 to 6 years of age, and some effects were only identified when disaggregating by neighborhood, i.e., in loco, which allows capturing greater variation in the data.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Respiration Disorders/chemically induced , Respiratory Tract Diseases/chemically induced , Air Pollutants/adverse effects , Air Pollution/adverse effects , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Urban Population , Brazil , Child Health , Risk , Air Pollutants/analysis , Environmental Exposure/adverse effects , Spatio-Temporal Analysis
17.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 23(12): 4331-4338, Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-974770

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este estudo analisou a tendência dos gastos e das Internações por Condições Sensíveis à Atenção Primária (ICSAP) em crianças residentes na Bahia. Trata-se de um estudo ecológico de série temporal, na Bahia, de 2000 a 2012. Foram calculadas as taxas anuais de ICSAP em menores de cinco anos, dos gastos totais e dos gastos médios. Para a análise da tendência temporal foram construídos modelos de regressão linear. Foram notificadas 810.831 ICSAP em menores de cinco anos na Bahia de 2000 a 2012. A taxa de ICSAP decresceu 24,7% no período, passando de 44,6 para 33,6 hospitalizações/1.000 crianças. O gasto total foi estimado em 155,8 milhões de reais, sendo observada redução de 50,4%, comparando-se o primeiro com o último ano da série. A análise de regressão linear evidenciou tendência de redução das ICSAP (β = -1,20; p = 0,014), dos gastos médios (β = -3,45; p < 0,01) e gastos totais (β = -0,46; p < 0,01). Apesar do comportamento de queda, ainda há elevadas taxas de ICSAP, que repercutem em um grande volume de recursos gastos com tais hospitalizações. Nesse sentido, diminuir as ICSAP em menores de cinco anos é importante tanto para melhorar a saúde da população quanto para reduzir gastos hospitalares.


Abstract This study analyses expenditure trends in Hospitalizations for Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions (ACSCs) in children. It is an ecological time-series study, including hospitalizations of children under five in Bahia, between 2000 and 2012. We calculate the annual ACSC rates, as well as the total and average expenditure on these hospitalizations. We construct linear regression analysis models for the temporal trends. Between 2000 and 2012, 810,831 ACSC hospitalizations for the under-fives were recorded in Bahia. Hospitalization rates dropped 24.7% over this period, falling from 44.6 to 33.6 per 1,000 children. The total expenditure on such admissions is estimated to be 155.8 million Brazilian Reals. When we compare the first with the last year of the series, we note a reduction of 50.4% in total expenditure. The linear regression analysis demonstrates a reduction trend in average ACSC expenditure (β = -1.20, p = 0.014), (β = -3.45, p <0.01) and total expenditure (β = -0,46, p <0.01). Despite the reductions in these indicators, ACSC rates remain high, which has a significant impact on the volume of resources spent on avoidable hospitalizations. To this end, it is important to reduce ACSC expenditure, to both improve population health and reduce hospital costs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Health Expenditures/trends , Hospital Costs/statistics & numerical data , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Linear Models , Ambulatory Care/economics , Hospitalization/economics
18.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 55(2): 1-14, abr.-jun. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-960407

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el trauma maxilofacial es uno de los mayores retos para los servicios públicos de salud por su alta incidencia. Los protocolos mejoran la calidad de la atención y reducen la variación de la práctica clínica, por lo que es vital contar con una protocolización de alta calidad en esta área. Objetivo: evaluar protocolos de atención en la urgencia de pacientes politraumatizados, politraumatizados maxilofaciales y trauma maxilofacial grave. Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal con enfoques cualitativos de mayo a junio de 2015. Se efectuó una búsqueda en Internet de protocolos de atención de urgencia del politraumatizado, politraumatizado maxilofacial y trauma maxilofacial grave en español, inglés o portugués; y nacionalmente por correo electrónico y teléfono. Se creó un instrumento evaluativo y un grupo evaluador. Se trabajó con números enteros, índices y medias. Resultados: el Protocolo de tratamiento inicial del paciente politraumático obtuvo 275 puntos, seguido por el Soporte Vital Avanzado de Trauma con 229 (índice de dificultad total de 0,93 y 0,70, respectivamente). El protocolo extranjero maxilofacial obtuvo 150 (índice de dificultad total 0,46). El ítem dos alcanzó 128 puntos (índice de dificultad total 1). El protocolo del Hospital Calixto García obtuvo 223 (índice de dificultad total 0,73) y los de Matanzas y Villa Clara 120 cada uno (índice de dificultad total 0,32). El ítem de mayor puntuación fue el cuatro con 74 puntos (índice de dificultad total 0,54). Conclusiones: los protocolos extranjeros de mayor calidad fueron Tratamiento inicial del paciente politraumático y Soporte Vital Avanzado de Trauma y el ítem mejor elaborado fue el dos. Los mejores protocolos nacionales fueron Atención al trauma grave del Hospital Calixto García y el de las provincias Villa Clara y Matanzas, y el ítem de mejor elaboración fue el cuatro(AU)


Introduction: due to its high incidence, maxillofacial trauma is one of the greatest challenges for public health services. Protocols improve the quality of care and reduce variation in clinical practice, hence the crucial importance of high-quality protocolization in the area of trauma care. Objective: evaluate the care protocols followed in the emergency management of polytrauma, maxillofacial polytrauma and severe maxillofacial trauma. Methods: a descriptive cross-sectional qualitative study was conducted from May to June 2015. An online search was carried out for protocols for the emergency management of polytrauma, maxillofacial polytrauma and severe maxillofacial trauma in Spanish, English and Portuguese. A parallel national search was performed by telephone and electronic mail. An evaluation tool was developed and an evaluation team was formed. Estimations were based on integers, indices and means. Results: the Protocol for Initial Management of Polytrauma scored 275 points, followed by Advanced Trauma Life Support with 229 (total difficulty index 0.93 and 0.70, respectively). The foreign maxillofacial protocol scored 150 points (total difficulty index 0.46). Item 2 scored 128 points (total difficulty index 1). The protocol from Calixto García Hospital scored 223 points (total difficulty index 0.73), and the ones from Matanzas and Villa Clara scored 120 each (total difficulty index 0.32). Item 4 had the highest score, with 74 points (total difficulty index 0.54). Conclusions: the highest quality foreign protocols were Initial Management of Polytrauma and Advanced Trauma Life Support, and the best developed item was number 2. The best national protocols were Management of Severe Trauma, from Calixto García Hospital, and the ones from the provinces of Villa Clara and Matanzas. The best developed item was number 4(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Trauma Severity Indices , Clinical Protocols , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Maxillofacial Injuries/epidemiology , Quality of Health Care/standards , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
19.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 38(1): 11-18, mar. 2018. graf., tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023462

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las intoxicaciones agudas son motivo de consulta cada vez más frecuente en los Servicios de Urgencia hospitalarios (SUH) debido a la mayor disponibilidad y acceso a productos químicos tóxicos. Se observan diferentes patrones en cada área sanitaria según el tipo de población, geografía y perfil epidemiológico de consumo. Material y métodos: el objetivo de nuestro estudio es realizar un perfil epidemiológico y describir el manejo del paciente que acude por clínica compatible con intoxicación aguda por drogas de abuso (IA) basado en la determinación de tóxicos en orina para seis sustancias (cannabis, opiáceos, cocaína, anfetaminas, benzodiazepinas y éxtasis) solicitados en el período de estudio 2010-2012. Resultados: se solicitaron 2755 peticiones, de las cuales fueron positivas 1429, y se estudiaron al azar 661 historias clínicas. El perfil de paciente intoxicado de nuestra área es el de varón de entre 30 y 40 años, consumidor preferentemente de cannabis y cocaína; las benzodiazepinas son el tóxico más frecuente en las mujeres, con clínica mayoritariamente neurológica, sin diferencias en cuanto a la franja horaria o el mes del año en que recibió el alta desde el propio SUH en casi el 60% de los casos. Discusión: las IA en los SUH representan casi el 1% de las consultas y tienen una escasa mortalidad. En algunos casos, el médico de urgencias comienza el tratamiento antes de conocer el resultado toxicológico, lo que nos hace plantearnos la utilidad real y el coste-efectividad de estas determinaciones en todos los pacientes con alteración del nivel de conciencia. (AU)


Introduction: acute intoxications are a rising and common query demand on the emergency rooms because of the easy access and disponibility to toxic substances, where we can observe different patterns attending to type of population, geography and epidemiologic consume profile. Material and methods: our objective is to analyze the epidemiology and patient handling coming to the Emergency Room (ER) with compatible symptoms of street drugs abuse, based on the determination of cannabis, cocaine, amphetamine, benzodiazepine, opiates and ectasy urine levels in the period 2010-2012. Results: the ER requested 2755 determinations being positive 1429 and randomly examined 661 clinical histories. The profile of intoxicated patient was male, 30 to 40 years old, preferently cannabis and cocaine consumer (benzodiazepine in women), mostly with neurological symptoms when arrive, without differences between months or day time and, almost 60% of them, discharged directly from the ER. Conclusions: acute intoxications barely represent 1% of ER demands and produce poor or scarce mortality. Sometimes, doctors in charge start with therapeutic measures before knowing the results of toxicology, what leads us to ask about actual usefulness and cost-efficiency of the toxicology assay to every patient with low conscious level. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Poisoning/epidemiology , Illicit Drugs/poisoning , Chemical Compounds/adverse effects , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Poisoning/therapy , Spain/epidemiology , Dronabinol/poisoning , Benzodiazepines/poisoning , Cannabis/poisoning , Illicit Drugs/analysis , Illicit Drugs/toxicity , Age Factors , Cocaine/poisoning , N-Methyl-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine/poisoning , Consciousness Disorders/chemically induced , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Opiate Alkaloids/poisoning , Epidemiological Monitoring , Amphetamines/poisoning
20.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 71(supl.1): 513-522, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-898518

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze factors related to the quality of life of elderly people living with HIV/AIDS. Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out with people aged 50 years or more in a specialized outpatient clinic. The data collection was by means of an interview. For the analysis of data and characterization of the sample, descriptive statistics and comparison tests were used. The project met the ethical requirements. Results: Participants were 81 users aged 50 to 75 years, mean age was 57.8 (± 6.1) years, 71.6% of whom were men. There was a statistically significant relationship with the quality of life, the following variables: gender, children, occupation, religion, diagnosis time, HIV exposure, adverse effects, treatment interruption, viral load counts, hospitalization, dependence for daily activities and use of drugs. Conclusion: The results suggest that the quality of life deficit is related not only to physical changes, but to the anguish and stigma related to HIV/AIDS.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Analizar los factores relacionados con la calidad de vida de ancianos que viven con VIH/SIDA. Método: Estudio transversal realizado con personas de edad igual o superior a 50 años en un ambulatorio especializado. La recolección de datos fue por medio de entrevista. Para el análisis de los datos y caracterización de la muestra, se utilizó la estadística descriptiva y pruebas de comparación. El proyecto cumplió con los requisitos éticos. Resultados: Participaron 81 usuarios de 50 a 75 años, cuya media fue 57,8 (±6,1)) años, siendo 71,6% hombres. Se observó una relación estadísticamente significativa con la calidad de vida, las cuales fueron: sexo, hijos, ocupación, religión, tiempo de diagnóstico, exposición al VIH, efectos adversos, interrupción del tratamiento, recuento de carga viral, internación, dependencia para actividades diarias y uso de medicamentos. Conclusión: Los resultados sugieren que el déficit de calidad de vida no está relacionado sólo a los cambios físicos, sino a las angustias y al estigma relacionado con el VIH/SIDA.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar os fatores relacionados com a qualidade de vida de idosos vivendo com HIV/aids. Método: Estudo transversal realizado com pessoas de idade igual ou superior a 50 anos em um ambulatório especializado. A coleta de dados foi por meio de entrevista. Para a análise dos dados e caracterização da amostra, utilizou-se da estatística descritiva e testes de comparação. O projeto atendeu às exigências éticas. Resultados: Participaram 81 usuários de 50 a 75 anos, cuja média foi 57,8 (±6,1) anos, sendo 71,6% homens. Houve relação estatisticamente significante com a qualidade de vida, as seguintes variáveis: sexo, filhos, ocupação, religião, tempo de diagnóstico, exposição ao HIV, efeitos adversos, interrupção do tratamento, contagem de carga viral, internação, dependência para atividades diárias e uso de drogas. Conclusão: Os resultados sugerem que o déficit de qualidade de vida não está ligado apenas às mudanças físicas, mas às angustias e ao estigma relacionado ao HIV/aids.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Quality of Life/psychology , HIV Infections/psychology , Psychometrics/instrumentation , Psychometrics/methods , HIV Infections/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , HIV-1/pathogenicity , Educational Status , Employment/statistics & numerical data , Ambulatory Care/statistics & numerical data , Income/statistics & numerical data , Middle Aged
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