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1.
Rev. latinoam. enferm ; 23(1): 20-27, Jan-Feb/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: lil-742030

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the indexes and the main factors associated with non-adherence to medication treatment for systemic arterial hypertension between urban and rural areas. METHOD: analytical study based on an epidemiological survey with a sample of 247 hypertensive residents of rural and urban areas, with application of a socio-demographic and economic questionnaire, and treatment adherence assessment. The Pearson's Chi-square test was used and the odds ratio (OD) was calculated to analyze the factors related to non-adherence. RESULTS: the prevalence of non-adherence was 61.9% and it was higher in urban areas (63.4%). Factors significantly associated with non-adherence were: male gender (OR=1.95; 95% CI 1.08-3.50), age 20-59 years old (OR=2.51; 95% CI 1.44-4.39), low economic status (OR=1.95; 95% CI 1.09-3.47), alcohol consumption (OR=5.92, 95% CI 1.73-20.21), short time of hypertension diagnosis (OR=3.07; 95% CI 1.35-6.96) and not attending the health service for routine consultations (OR=2.45; 1.35-4.42). CONCLUSION: the socio-demographic/economic characteristics, lifestyle habits and how to relate to health services were the factors that presented association with non-adherence regardless of the place of residence. .


OBJETIVO: avaliar os índices e os principais fatores associados a não adesão ao tratamento medicamentoso da hipertensão arterial sistêmica, entre área urbana e rural. MÉTODO: estudo analítico baseado em inquérito epidemiológico, realizado com amostra de 247 hipertensos moradores das áreas rural e urbana, com aplicação de questionário sociodemográfico, econômico e avaliação da adesão. Foi utilizado o teste quiquadrado de Pearson e calculado o Odds Ratio (OD) para análise dos fatores relacionados a não adesão. RESULTADOS: a prevalência da não adesão foi de 61,9%, sendo maior na área urbana (63,4%). Os fatores que apresentaram associação estatisticamente significativa com a não adesão foram: gênero masculino (OR=1,95; IC95% 1,08-3,50), faixa etária entre 20 e 59 anos (OR=2,51; IC95% 1,44-4,39), baixa classe econômica (OR=1,95; IC95% 1,09-3,47), etilismo (OR=5,92; IC 95% 1,73-20,21), tempo curto de diagnóstico de hipertensão (OR=3,07; IC95% 1,35-6,96) e não procura pelo serviço de saúde para consultas de rotina (OR=2,45; 1,35-4,42). CONCLUSÃO: as características sociodemográficas, econômicas, hábitos de vida e o modo de relacionar-se com os serviços de saúde foram os fatores que apresentaram associação com a não adesão, independentemente do local de residência. .


OBJETIVO: evaluar los índices y los principales factores asociados a la no adhesión al tratamiento medicamentoso de la hipertensión arterial sistémica entre área urbana y rural. MÉTODO: estudio analítico basado en investigación epidemiológica desarrollada con una muestra de 247 hipertensos moradores del área rural y urbana, con aplicación de un cuestionario sociodemográfico, económico y evaluación de la adhesión. Fue utilizado la prueba chi-cuadrado de Pearson y calculado el odds ratio (OD) para análisis de los factores relacionados a la no adhesión. RESULTADOS: la prevalencia de la no adhesión correspondió a 61,9%, siendo mayor en el área urbana (63,4%). Los factores que mostraron asociación estadísticamente significativa con la no adhesión fueron: género masculino (OR=1,95; IC95% 1,08-3,50), rango de edad entre 20 a 59 años (OR=2,51; IC95% 1,44-4,39), clase económica baja (OR=1,95; IC95% 1,09-3,47), etilismo (OR=5,92; IC 95% 1,73-20,21), tiempo corto de diagnóstico de hipertensión (OR=3,07; IC95% 1,35-6,96) y no procurar el servicio de salud para consultas de rutina (OR=2,45; 1,35-4,42). CONCLUSIÓN: las características sociodemográficas/económicas, hábitos de vida y el modo de relacionar con los servicios de salud fueron los factores que mostraron asociación con la no adhesión independientemente del local de residencia. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Amino Acid Metabolism, Inborn Errors/complications , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Proline Oxidase/deficiency , Schizophrenia , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Amino Acid Metabolism, Inborn Errors/blood , Fasting/blood , Models, Statistical , Mutation/genetics , Proline Oxidase/blood , Proline Oxidase/genetics , Proline/metabolism , Risk Factors , Schizophrenia/blood , Schizophrenia/etiology , Schizophrenia/genetics , Vitamin D/analogs & derivatives , Vitamin D/blood
2.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 43(4): 647-661, oct.-dic. 2009. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-633097

ABSTRACT

Las aminoacidopatías son errores innatos del metabolismo intermediario de los aminoácidos. Su confirmación diagnóstica y seguimiento se realiza con la cuantificación de aminoácidos libres en fluidos biológicos por técnicas como la cromatografía líquida de alta eficiencia (HPLC), para lo que es necesario comparar con valores de referencia normales. La población colombiana no cuenta con estos valores disponibles y el diagnóstico es realizado por comparación con los de otras poblaciones. En el presente trabajo se obtuvieron valores de referencia de aminoácidos en plasma en una población de niños (n=36) y adultos no afectados (n=17), mediante HPLC por derivatización postcolumna con ninhidrina. Los valores de referencia obtenidos fueron ligeramente más elevados que los informados para otras poblaciones y permitieron la identificación de doce casos de aminoacidopatías, incluyendo fenilcetonuria clásica, hiperfenilalaninemia, hiperglicinemia no cetósica, desórdenes del ciclo de la urea, tirosinemia. La implementación de la cuantificación de aminoácidos por HPLC y la obtención de los valores de referencia de aminoácidos en plasma permitirán aumentar el conocimiento sobre la incidencia de las aminoacidopatías en el país para garantizar, junto con otros factores, su diagnóstico preciso y oportuno y la implementación de un adecuado seguimiento nutricional.


Aminoacidopathies are inborn errors of the amino acid intermediary metabolism. The benchmark method used for their diagnosis and monitoring is the quanti!cation of free amino acids in biological fluids using High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), which needs to be compared against normal reference values. However, those amino acid reference values are not available for the Colombian population and the diagnosis is usually made using values from American or European populations. In this work, plasma amino acid reference values in non-affected children (n=36) and adults (n=17) were established, using an HPLC method with a postcolumn derivatization with ninhidrine. Plasma amino acid reference values in a Colombian population were slightly higher compared with those reported for other populations, and enabled the identification of twelve aminoacidopathies including urea cycle disorders, phenylketonuria, hyperphenylalaninemia, nonketotichyperglycinemia, hepatorrenaltyrosinemia and maple syrup urine disease. The implementation of amino acid cuantification by HPLC and the construction of plasma amino acid reference values is very useful for a suitable and precise diagnosis of amino acid disorders, the implementation of proper nutritional treatments, and an increased knowledge of aminoacidopathy incidence in Colombia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Adult , Middle Aged , Amino Acid Metabolism, Inborn Errors/diagnosis , Amino Acid Metabolism, Inborn Errors/blood , Amino Acids/metabolism , Reference Values , Chromatography, Liquid , Amino Acids/blood
3.
Bol. Asoc. Méd. P. R ; 95(1): 17-20, Jan.-Feb. 2003.
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-411219

ABSTRACT

Neutropenia exists when the neutrophil counts is less than 1000/mm3 in infants between 2 weeks and 1 year of age and less than 1500/mm3 beyond 1 year of age (1). Severe infections occur when the absolute neutrophil count is below 500/mm3 with perirectal abscesses, pneumonia, and sepsis being common. Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor (G-CSF) produces a sustained neutrophil recovery in patients with severe neutropenia, reduces the incidence and severity of infection, and improves the quality of life. Various cytopenias, including neutropenia, thrombocytopenia and pancytopenia, have been reported in association with inborn errors of branched aminoacid metabolism such as methylmalonic, propionic and isovaleric acidemia. We report an infant with methylmalonic acidemia who presented severe neutropenia


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Methylmalonic Acid/blood , Acidosis/complications , Amino Acid Metabolism, Inborn Errors/complications , Neutropenia/etiology , Acidosis/blood , Acidosis/therapy , Amino Acid Metabolism, Inborn Errors/blood , Amino Acid Metabolism, Inborn Errors/therapy , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/therapeutic use , Infant, Premature , Neutropenia/blood , Treatment Outcome
5.
Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health ; 1995 ; 26 Suppl 1(): 130-3
Article in English | IMSEAR (South-East Asia), GHL | ID: sea-33511

ABSTRACT

High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with phenylisothiocyanate (PITC) is recently used for confirming the diagnosis of inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) especially amino acid disorders in Malaysian children. The method of HPLC used is a precolumn derivatization of amino acids with phenylisothiocyanate and is separated by reversed phase chromatography using 3.9 x 300 mm free amino acid columns and is detected by a UV/Vis detector. The samples are obtained from cases suspected of inborn errors of metabolism, especially of amino acid disorders, which are detected clinically by pediatricians. Initially, samples from patients suspected of inborn errors of metabolism, either urine or serum, are run on one-dimensional thin layer chromatography and supplementary chemical tests to detect the abnormal bands and associated abnormalities respectively. Positive samples are further run on HPLC to determine the specific amino acids abnormality. An examples of a case of maple syrup urine disease is discussed, based on the thin layer chromatography findings and HPLC findings.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Metabolism, Inborn Errors/blood , Amino Acids/blood , Child , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Chromatography, Thin Layer/methods , Fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate , Humans , Infant , Malaysia , Metabolism, Inborn Errors/blood , Sensitivity and Specificity
6.
Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health ; 1995 ; 26 Suppl 1(): 120-2
Article in English | IMSEAR (South-East Asia), GHL | ID: sea-31924

ABSTRACT

Analysis of amino acids in blood or urine is a valuable diagnostic tool in cases of suspected metabolic disorders. The presence of a characteristic pattern of elevated amino acids is very useful in the diagnosis of these rare disorders. The detection of an apparently normal pattern of amino acids is also helpful to the clinician since it will eliminate many inborn errors of metabolism from the list of potential disorders. Methodologies for amino acid analysis in physiological fluids range from the very simple thin layer chromatography to automated low pressure or high pressure chromatography. Low pressure chromatography using a Beckman analyzer or similar instrument is the most common methodology for physiological amino acid analysis. Chromatography (HPLC) systems for amino acid analysis of proteins are available that can be modified for use with physiological samples. Waters makes a system called Picotag(TM) and Applied Biosystems makes an automated analyzer. These HPLC systems have some advantages over LPLC systems, including lower equipment cost, less caustic buffer systems and improved separation of certain amino acids.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Metabolism, Inborn Errors/blood , Amino Acids/blood , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Diagnosis, Differential , Humans , Indicators and Reagents , Reference Values
8.
11.
Neurol India ; 1974 Sep; 22(3): 141-6
Article in English | IMSEAR (South-East Asia), GHL | ID: sea-121363
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