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1.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(1): 137-142, 20210000.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178959

ABSTRACT

El desbridamiento temprano seguido de cobertura con piel autóloga ha demostrado reducir la mortalidad en los pacientes quemados. En pacientes con quemaduras extensas, la carencia de zonas de piel donante es un factor limitante a la hora del tratamiento. El hecho de que no se pueda lograr un desbridamiento y cobertura completos en un primer tiempo favorece la infección de la quemadura y la septicemia, pudiendo tener consecuencias nefastas. Por tanto, es necesario disponer de otras opciones distintas a los injertos mallados de piel parcial, el tratamiento estándar hoy día. Presentamos el caso clínico de un niño con quemaduras severas y describimos los resultados obtenidos con el uso de la membrana amniótica como cobertura temporal y al injerto mallado tipo MEEK.


Early debridement followed by coverage with autologous skin has been shown to reduce mortality in burn patients. In patients with extensive burns, the lack of areas of donor skin is a limiting factor at the time of treatment. The fact that a complete debridement and coverage cannot be achieved in the first stage favors the infection of the burn and septicemia, which can have dire consequences. Therefore, it is necessary to have other options than partial skin mesh grafts, the standard treatment today. We present the clinical case of a child with severe burns and describe the results obtained with the use of the amniotic membrane as temporary covering and the MEEK-type mesh graft.


Subject(s)
Burns , Sepsis , Transplants , Amnion , Infections
2.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(3): e0002, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251329

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Conjunctival concretions are single or clustered lesions frequently found on the palpebral conjunctiva. They are commonly present in older individuals, despite being rarely symptomatic. This case report describes an 83-year-old man with multiple conjunctival concretions, which were surgically treated. The patient was symptomatic on presentation and did not respond to conservative treatment. For this reason, a surgical approach was considered. After wide excision of the conjunctival lesions, a piece of amniotic membrane was fitted using fibrin glue. During follow-up, a markedly improvement in patient's symptoms was observed, along with nearly complete absence of conjunctival concretions. This is the first case report addressing extensive conjunctival concretions with a surgical approach using amniotic membrane. The authors conceived the technique described after noticing the limited clinical options in the literature. This technique was easily performed and achieved satisfactory results.


RESUMO As concreções conjuntivais representam lesões amareladas, simples ou múltiplas, frequentemente encontradas na conjuntiva palpebral. São mais prevalentes em idades avançadas e raramente sintomáticas. Este relato de caso descreve o quadro clínico de um paciente de 83 anos com múltiplas concreções conjuntivais, cirurgicamente tratadas. Por se tratar de um paciente sintomático com resposta insuficiente ao tratamento conservador, foi considerada a abordagem cirúrgica. Após remoção das lesões, foi aplicado um enxerto de membrana amniótica, adaptado com cola de fibrina. No acompanhamento pós-operatório, verificou-se melhoria significativa dos sintomas, com desaparecimento quase total das concreções conjuntivais. Este é o primeiro caso que descreve uma abordagem cirúrgica com utilização de membrana amniótica na resolução desse tipo de lesões. A técnica, de fácil execução e com resultados muito favoráveis, foi desenvolvida pelos autores após constatarem a escassez de alternativas na literatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Fibrin Tissue Adhesive/therapeutic use , Conjunctival Diseases/surgery , Lithiasis/surgery , Amnion/transplantation
3.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 79(6): 374-379, nov.-dez. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156166

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of amniotic membrane transplantation for ocular surface reconstruction. Methods: Prospective study including 23 eyes of 21 patients who underwent amniotic membrane transplantation at Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Federal do Paraná (HC-UFPR) and at Cirurgia e Diagnose em Oftalmologia do Paraná (CDOP) clinic, located in Curitiba, PR, Brazil, from may 2015 to july 2019. The amniotic membrane was collected from elective and term cesarean delivery, and conserved in preservation medium and glycerol 1:1, stored at -80° Celsius. The membrane was fixed on the ocular surface with 10-0 nylon, 8-0 vicryl, biological glue or a combination of these materials. Results: The ocular surface reconstruction was successful in 22 eyes (95.6%). Failure was observed only in 1 case (bullous keratopathy) in which the condition was maintained postoperatively. Patients' age ranged from 11-82 years, with a mean age of 37.4 years. There was a higher incidence in males (66.6%). A difference was perceived in the distribution of the affected eye (which was greater in the right eye - 65.2%). As for the previous ophthalmic surgery history, 12 of the 23 eyes had a positive history (52.2%). It was observed that all patients who had preoperative visual acuity assessed showed improvement or maintenance of corrected visual acuity. In the postoperative period, complications associated with the underlying disease were observed, although not particularly related to the amniotic membrane transplantation. There were not any cases of postoperative infection. Conclusions: There was an improvement in the general state of the ocular surface in almost all of the cases in which the transplant was performed. Therefore, the amniotic membrane can be considered a good alternative for reconstructing the ocular surface, as a single or supporting treatment.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar a eficácia clínica do transplante de membrana amniótica na reconstrução da superfície ocular. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo incluiu 23 olhos de 21 pacientes que realizaram transplante de membrana amniótica no Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR) e na clínica de Cirurgia e Diagnose em Oftalmologia do Paraná (CDOP), localizados em Curitiba, PR, Brasil, no período de maio de 2015 a julho de 2019. A membrana amniótica foi captada a partir de parto cesárea eletivo e a termo, conservada em meio de preservação e glicerol 1:1 e armazenada a -80° Celsius. A membrana foi fixada na superfície ocular com fio nylon 10-0 ou vicryl 8-0 e/ou cola biológica. Resultados: A idade dos pacientes variou de 11-82 anos, com média de 37,4 anos. Houve maior incidência no sexo masculino (66,6%). Ocorreu diferença na distribuição do olho acometido (maior no olho direito - 65,2%). Quanto à história de cirurgia oftalmológica prévia, 12 dos 23 olhos tinham história positiva (52,2%). Observamos que nos pacientes em que foi possível a avaliação da acuidade visual pré-operatória, todos apresentaram melhora ou manutenção da acuidade visual. No pós-operatório foi observado complicações associadas à doença de base e não propriamente ao transplante de membrana amniótica. Não foram registrados casos de infecção pós-operatória. Conclusão: Houve melhora do estado geral da superfície ocular em quase totalidade dos casos em que o transplante foi realizado. Portanto, a membrana amniótica pode ser considerada uma boa alternativa para reconstrução da superfície ocular, como tratamento único ou coadjuvante.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Biological Dressings , Eye Injuries/surgery , Amnion/transplantation , Anterior Eye Segment/surgery , Prospective Studies
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1412-1420, oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134457

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Mesenchymal stem cells are characterized by in vitro high proliferation and multilineage potential maintenance. This study aimed to isolate and characterize equine YS mesenchymal stem cells and compare these with amniotic membranes. The yolk sac (YS) and amniotic membranes (AM) were obtained from 20 pregnant mares with gestational age around 30 days. Cells were cultured in α-MEM supplemented with 15 % FBS, 1 % antibiotic solution, 1 % L-glutamine and 1 % nonessential amino acids. To cell characterization we used cytogenetic analysis, fibroblast colony-forming unit assays, cell growth curves, immunophenotyping, flow cytometry, differentiation assays and teratoma formation. Results: Both cell sources presented fibroblastoid and epithelioid-like format. The YS cells have lower colony formation potential then AM ones, 3 versus 8 colonies per 103 plated cells. However, YS cells grew progressively while AM cells showed steady. Both, the YS and amnion cells immunolabeled for Oct-4, Nanog, SSEA-3, cytokeratin 18, PCNA, and vimentin. In addition, presented mesenchymal, hematopoietic, endothelial and pluripotency markers in flow cytometry. Discussion: Both cell sources presented high plasticity and differed into osteogenic, adipogenic, and chondrogenic lineages, and no tumor formation in nude mice was observed. The results suggest that horse YS may be useful for cell therapy such as amnion-derived cells.


RESUMEN: Las células madre mesenquimales se caracterizan por una alta proliferación in vitro y un mantenimiento potencial de múltiples líneas. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo aislar y caracterizar las células madre mesenquimales del saco vitelino equinas y compararlas con las membranas amnióticas. Se obtuvo el saco vitelino (SV) y las membranas amnióticas (MA) de 20 yeguas preñadas con edad gestacional de aproximadamente 30 días. Las células se cultivaron en α -MEM suplementado con 15 % de FBS, 1 % de solución antibiótica, 1 % de L-glutamina y 1 % de aminoácidos no esenciales. Para la caracterización celular utilizamos análisis citogenéticos, ensayos de unidades de colonias de fibroblastos, curvas de crecimiento celular, inmunofenotipaje, citometría de flujo, ensayos de diferenciación y formación de teratomas. Ambas fuentes celulares presentaron formato fibroblastoideo y epitelioide. Las células SV tienen un potencial de formación de colonias más bajo que las de MA, 3 versus 8 colonias por 103 células en placa. Sin embargo, las células SV crecieron progresivamente mientras que las células MA se mostraron estables. Tanto las células YS como las células amnios están inmunomarcadas para Oct-4, Nanog, SSEA-3, citoqueratina 18, PCNA y vimentina. Además, presentó marcadores mesenquimales, hematopoyéticos, endoteliales y pluripotenciales en citometría de flujo. Ambas fuentes celulares presentaron alta plasticidad y diferían en linajes osteogénicos, adipogénicos y condrogénicos, y no se observó formación de tumores en ratones. Los resultados sugieren que el SV de caballo puede ser útil para la terapia celular, como las células derivadas de amnios.


Subject(s)
Animals , Yolk Sac/cytology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Horses , Yolk Sac/embryology , In Vitro Techniques , Cells, Cultured , Immunophenotyping , Regenerative Medicine , Embryonic Development , Flow Cytometry , Amnion
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 1018-1025, Aug. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124891

ABSTRACT

The equine placenta is a simple apposition of fetal and maternal tissues, becoming more complex with the formation of microcotyledons around days 75 and 100 of gestation. The present study aimed to describe the gross and microscopic morphology of early equine placenta. Embryonic/fetal membranes from thirty-seven mares were submitted to macroscopic description, light, scanning and transmission microscopy. Overall the gross characteristics of membranes were similar with already described for older stages. However, transmission electron microscopy evidenced high metabolic rate in chorion and allantois, and high secretion profile in amnion and even higher in yolk sac. Gene ontologies enrichment, using published data, pointed several common ontologies in allantoic and amniotic fluids, related to oxygen and iron transport, extracellular space and high-density lipoprotein receptor binding. Overall, the morphological and ontology enrichment could indicate allantois and amnion crosstalk.


La placenta equina es una simple aposición de tejidos fetales y maternos, que se vuelve más compleja con la formación de microcotiledones alrededor de los días 75 y 100 de gestación. El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo describir la morfología macroscópica y microscópica de la placenta equina temprana. Las membranas embrionarias / fetales de treinta y siete yeguas fueron sometidas a descripción macroscópica, luz, escaneo y microscopía de transmisión. En general, las características generales de las membranas fueron similares a las ya descritas para las etapas más antiguas. Sin embargo, la microscopía electrónica de transmisión mostró una alta tasa metabólica en corion y alantoides, y un alto perfil de secreción en amnios e incluso mayor en el saco vitelino. El enriquecimiento de ontologías génicas, utilizando datos publicados, señaló varias ontologías comunes en fluidos alantoideos y amnióticos, relacionados con el transporte de oxígeno y hierro, espacio extracelular y unión a receptores de lipoproteínas de alta densidad. En general, el enriquecimiento morfológico y ontológico podría indicar alantoides y diafonía de amnios.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Placenta/anatomy & histology , Horses , Placenta/ultrastructure , Pregnancy Trimester, First , Chorion , Allantois , Amnion , Microscopy/methods
7.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(1): 32-37, Jan.-Feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973879

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the ability of human immature dental pulp stem cells, which are mesenchymal stem cells of neural crest origin, to differentiate into the corneal epithelium for purposes of corneal transplantation and tissue engineering when cultured on de-epithelized amniotic membranes. Methods: We compared the immunophenotypes (ABCG2, K3/12, and vimentin) of cells grown on amniotic membranes or plastic surfaces under serum-free conditions or in culture media containing serum or serum replacement components. Results: Immature dental pulp stem cells grown on amniotic membranes under basal conditions are able to maintain their undifferentiated state. Our data also suggest that the culture medium used in the present work can modulate the expression of immature dental pulp stem cell markers, thus inducing epithelial differentiation of these cells in vitro. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the amniotic membrane is a good choice for the growth and transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells, particularly immature dental pulp stem cells, in clinical ocular surface reconstruction.


RESUMO Objetivos: Avaliar a capacidade das células-tronco imaturas da polpa do dente de leite que são células-tronco mesenquimais de origem da crista neural, de se diferenciarem no epitélio corneano para fins de transplante de córnea e engenharia de tecidos quando cultivadas em membrana amnióticas desepitelizadas. Métodos: Foram comparamos so imunofenótipo (ABCG2, CK3/12 e vimentina) de células cultivadas em membranas amnióticas ou em superfícies plásticas sob condições livres de soro ou em meios de cultura contendo soro ou componentes de substituição de soro. Resultados: Células-tronco imaturas da polpa do dente de leite cultivadas sobre membrana amniótica em condições basais são capazes de manter seu estado indiferenciado. Nossos dados também sugerem que o meio de cultura utilizado no presente trabalho pode modular a expressão de marcadores de células-tronco imaturas da polpa do dente de leite, induzindo a diferenciação epitelial destas células in vitro. Conclusão: Nossos resultados sugerem que a membrana amniótica é uma boa escolha para o crescimento e transplante de células-tronco mesenquimais, particularmente as células-tronco imaturas da polpa do dente de leite, na reconstrução da superfície ocular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epithelium, Corneal/transplantation , Dental Pulp/cytology , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Tissue Scaffolds , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Amnion , Time Factors , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Cell Culture Techniques/methods , Corneal Diseases/surgery , Cell Proliferation
8.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4471, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-998188

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the use of Fresh Frozen Amniotic Membrane (FFAM) and Buccal Pad of Fat (BPF) for reconstruction of oral mucosal defect after surgical excision of leukoplakia. Material and Methods: Twenty patients were randomly selected and divided into two groups. Group 1 use amniotic membrane graft and Group 2 BPF. Both groups were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively. Incisal opening, epithelialization and fibrosis were evaluated after one month of surgery. Chi square and Student t tests were used. Results: According to the presence of smoking habits, the highest frequencies were for smoking (30%) and betel leaf areca nut with tobacco (30%). Regarding the diameter of oral leukoplakia, in 40% of the participants it was 2x3 cm2. In Group1, after one month of surgery preoperative and postoperative inter-incisal opening values were 44.20 ± 3.37 and 42.05 ± 3.47 (p<0.001). In Group 2, preoperative and postoperative inter-incisal opening values were 44.09 ± 3.32 and 43.01±3.38 (p>0.05). When FFAM was used complete epithelialization in 70% and incomplete epithelialization in 30% patients. When BPF was used the results were almost similar. Fibrosis occurred in 30% in Group 1. There were no complications like flap necrosis, infectiona and hematoma formation. Conclusion: Incisal opening was significantly better in Fresh Frozen Amniotic Membrane Group, epithelialization and fibrosis were almost same in both groups after surgical excision of oral leukoplakia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukoplakia, Oral/diagnosis , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Tobacco Smoking , Amnion , Mouth Mucosa/pathology , Chi-Square Distribution , Statistics, Nonparametric
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738587

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We introduce a new amniotic membrane (AM) for placement during pterygium surgery. CASE SUMMARY: After excision of the pterygium, we measured the size of the defect with reference to the side opposite the defective area and prepared an AM with margins 1.5–2.0 mm greater than the defect size. The AM was first sutured vertically, with reference to the opposite side of the defect. Then we sutured the upper and lower horizontal axes, and positioned the eye, from the front, slightly away from the direction of the opposite side of the defect. The AM was cut by reference to its boundary at the limbus, and three fixation sutures were placed. CONCLUSIONS: Appropriate AM sizing is important in terms of AM transplantation; the AM is non-elastic and easily torn. Our technique transplants a correctly sized AM and anchors it firmly.


Subject(s)
Amnion , Pterygium , Sutures
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764397

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Sometimes general anesthesia is required for dental surgery in pregnant women. Facial bone fractures or neck abscess should be treated immediately. Dental surgery, however, creates a stressful situation that can cause inflammation. Inflammatory responses are a well-known major cause of preterm labor and preterm birth. Here we demonstrate the effects of remifentanil on the factors related to preterm labor and its mechanism of action on amniotic-derived epithelial cells (WISH cells). METHODS: WISH cells were exposed to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for 24 h and co-treated with various concentrations of remifentanil. MTT assays were performed to measure cell viability. To explain the effects of remifentanil on the factors related to inflammation in WISH cells, activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and p38 and the expression of interleukin (IL)-1β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, cyclooxygenase (COX)2, and prostaglandin E (PGE)2 were quantified using western blotting and RT-PCR, respectively. RESULTS: Remifentanil did not affect WISH cell viability. In western blot analysis, co-treatment with remifentanil resulted in decreased phosphorylation of NF-κB, and expression of COX2 and PGE2 in LPS-induced inflammation, but the results were statistically significant only at low concentrations. Reduction of IL-1β and TNF-α expression was also observed with RT-PCR. CONCLUSION: Co-treatment with remifentanil does not affect the viability of WISH cells, but reduces the expression of the factors related to inflammation, which can induce uterine contraction and preterm labor. These findings provide evidence that remifentanil may inhibit uterine contraction and preterm labor in clinical settings.


Subject(s)
Abscess , Amnion , Anesthesia, General , Blotting, Western , Cell Survival , Dinoprostone , Epithelial Cells , Facial Bones , Female , Humans , Inflammation , Interleukins , Neck , NF-kappa B , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Phosphorylation , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Premature Birth , Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Uterine Contraction
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764052

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The feature of chronic kidney failure (CKF) is loss of kidney functions due to erosion of healthy tissue and fibrosis. Recent studies showed that Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) differentiated into tubular epithelial cells thus renal function and structures renewed. Furthermore, MSCs protect renal function in CKF. Therefore, we aimed to investigate whether human amnion-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs) can repair fibrosis and determine the effects on proliferation and apoptosis mechanisms in chronic kidney failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, rat model of CKF was constituted by applying Aristolochic acid (AA). hAMSCs were isolated from term placenta amnion membrane and transplanted into tail vein of rats. At the end of 30 days and 60 days of recovery period, we examined expressions of PCNA, p57 and Parp-1 by western blotting. Immunoreactivity of PCNA, Ki67, IL-6 and Collagen type I were detected by immunohistochemistry. Besides, apoptosis was detected by TUNEL. Serum creatinine and urea were measured. Expressions of PCNA and Ki67 increased in hAMSC groups compared with AA group. Furthermore, expressions of PARP-1 apoptosis marker and p57 cell cycle inhibitory protein increased in AA group significantly according to control, hAMSC groups and sham groups. IL-6 proinflammatory cytokine increased in AA group significantly according to control, hAMSCs groups and sham groups. Expressions of Collagen type I protein reduced in hAMSCs groups compared to AA group. After hAMSC treatment, serum creatinine and urea levels significantly decreased compared to AA group. After injection of hAMSC to rats, Masson’s Trichrome and Sirius Red staining showed fibrosis reduction in kidney. CONCLUSIONS: According to our results hAMSCs can be ameliorate renal failure.


Subject(s)
Amnion , Animals , Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Cell Cycle , Collagen Type I , Creatinine , Epithelial Cells , Fibrosis , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Interleukin-6 , Kidney , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Membranes , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Models, Animal , Placenta , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Rats , Renal Insufficiency , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Tail , Urea , Veins
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766114

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of dehydrated human amnion/chorion membrane (dHACM) to repair perforated sinus membranes in rabbits. METHODS: Bilateral surgical windows (7.5-mm diameter) were prepared on the nasal bones of 14 rabbits. Standardized circular perforations (5-mm diameter) were made in the sinus membrane by manipulating implant twist drills. The perforated sinus membranes were repaired using dHACM or a resorbable collagen membrane (CM). The negative control (NC) group did not undergo perforated sinus membrane repair, while the positive control (PC) group underwent sinus augmentation without perforations. The same amount of deproteinized porcine bone mineral was grafted in all 4 groups. After 6 weeks, micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) and histomorphometric evaluations were conducted. RESULTS: The micro-CT analysis revealed that the total augmented volume was not significantly different among the groups. In the dHACM group, newly formed bone filled the augmented area with remaining biomaterials; however, non-ciliated flat epithelium and inflammatory cells were observed on the healed sinus membrane. Histometric analysis showed that the percentage of newly formed bone area in the dHACM group did not differ significantly from that in the CM group. The dHACM group showed a significantly higher percentage of newly formed bone area than the NC group, but there was no significant difference between the dHACM and PC groups. CONCLUSIONS: dHACM could be a feasible solution for repairing sinus membrane perforations that occur during sinus floor augmentation.


Subject(s)
Amnion , Biocompatible Materials , Chorion , Collagen , Epithelium , Humans , Membranes , Miners , Nasal Bone , Rabbits , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Transplants
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761901

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Preterm labor is a leading risk factor for neonatal death and long-term impairment and linked closely with inflammation. Non-obstetric surgery is occasionally needed during pregnancy and the anesthetic drugs or surgery itself can give rise to inflammation. Here, we examined the influence of propofol pretreatment on the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation. In addition, we evaluated the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB). METHODS: Human amnion-derived WISH cells were used to investigate the effect of propofol on the LPS-induced expression of inflammatory substances involved in preterm labor. For the experiment, WISH cells were pretreated with various concentrations propofol (0.01–10 µg/ml) for 1 h and then treated with LPS (1 µg/ml) for 24 h. Cytotoxicity was evaluated using MTT assay. PGE2 concentration was assessed by ELISA. Protein expressions of COX-2, PGE2 and NF-κB were analyzed by western blotting analysis. RT-PCR was used for analysis of mRNA expression of COX-2, PGE2, interlukin (IL)-1β and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. RESULTS: Propofol showed no cytotoxicity on the WISH cells. LPS-induced PGE2 production and COX-2 and PGE2 expression were decreased after propofol pretreatment. Propofol also attenuated the LPS-induced mRNA expression of IL-1β and TNF-α. Moreover, the activation of NF-jB was inhibited by propofol pretreatment on LPS-stimulated WISH cells. CONCLUSION: We demonstrated that propofol suppresses the expression of inflammatory substances enhanced by LPS stimulation. Furthermore, this inhibitory effect of propofol on the inflammatory substance expression is mediated by suppression of NF-κB activation.


Subject(s)
Amnion , Anesthetics , Blotting, Western , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Cytokines , Dinoprostone , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Humans , Inflammation , NF-kappa B , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Perinatal Death , Pregnancy , Propofol , Risk Factors , RNA, Messenger , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758557

ABSTRACT

Amniotic fluid is an indicator of normal placental function and is essential for normal fetal lung maturation. Amniotic fluid index (AFI) is the most preferred method of amniotic fluid measurement in pregnancy although single deepest pocket (SDP) is also used. To measure AFI, the examiner divides the uterus into four equal quadrants. AFI is the sum of deepest pocket from each quadrant. The normal AFI ranges between 5~24 cm while any value above 24 cm is considered as hydramnios and that below 5 cm is indicated as oligohydramnios. An adequate volume of amniotic fluid is critical to allow normal fetal movement and growth, while also cushioning the fetus and umbilical cord. Regardless of the etiology, oligohydramnios may inhibit these processes and may lead to fetal deformation, umbilical cord compression, and death in some instances. Oligohydramnios can be due to underproduction, loss, or sometimes, isolated. Isolated oligohydramnios has been found to be responsive maternal hydration and is neither a malformation of the urinary system in the fetus, nor a rupture of amnion and due to genetic cause. The author would like to introduce a way to increase amniotic fluid volume in isolated oligohydramnios which is expect to improve the perinatal outcomes.


Subject(s)
Amnion , Amniotic Fluid , Female , Fetal Movement , Fetus , Lung , Methods , Oligohydramnios , Polyhydramnios , Pregnancy , Rupture , Umbilical Cord , Uterus
15.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 40: e20180419, 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1043031

ABSTRACT

Resumo OBJETIVO Analisar a adequação da assistência pré-natal em Casa de Parto e as causas associadas com as transferências maternas e dos recém-nascidos para o hospital. MÉTODOS Estudo transversal dos atendimentos da única Casa de Parto, de 2009 a 2014, no Rio de Janeiro. As análises estatísticas foram pelo Teste χ2 e Razão de Prevalência (RP). RESULTADO A assistência pré-natal adequada predominou (42,8%) e não houve associação (p=0,55) com as transferências. A transferência materna é causada pela bolsa amniótica rota (RP= 2,09; IC 95% 1,62-2,70) e batimentos cardíacos fetais alterados (RP= 3,06; IC 95% 2,13-4,39). As transferências do recém-nascido estão associadas com a presença de mecônio no líquido amniótico (RP= 2,40; IC 95% 1,30 - 4,43); Apgar abaixo de 7 (RP= 5,33; IC 95% 2,65-10,73) e assistência ventilatória ao nascer (RP= 9,41; IC 95% 5,52-16,04). CONCLUSÃO As intercorrências na assistência intraparto são as causas associadas com as transferências.


Resumen OBJETIVO Analizar la adecuación de la asistencia prenatal en Casa de Parto y las causas asociadas con las transferencias maternas y de los recién nacidos para al hospital. MÉTODOS Investigación transversal de los atendimientos de la única Casa de Parto, de 2009 a 2014, en Río de Janeiro. Los análisis estadísticos fueron por el Test χ2 y Razón de Prevalencia (RP). RESULTADO La asistencia prenatal adecuada predominó (42,8%) y no hubo asociación (p = 0,55) con las transferencias. La transferencia materna es causada por la bolsa amniótica ruta (RP = 2,09, IC 95% 1,62-2,70) y batimientos cardíacos fetales alterados (RP = 3,06, IC 95% 2,13-4,39). Las transferencias del recién nacido se asocian con la presencia de meconio en el líquido amniótico (RP = 2,40; IC 95% 1,30 - 4,43); Apgar abajo de 7 (RP= 5,33; IC 95% 2,65-10,73) y asistencia ventilatoria al nacer (RP=9,41; IC 95% 5,52-16,04). CONCLUSIONES Las intercurrencias en la asistencia intraparto son las causas asociadas con las transferencias.


Abstract OBJECTIVE To analyze the adequacy of prenatal care in a Birth Center and the causes associated with maternal and newborn transfers to the hospital. METHODS Cross-sectional study of the care provided at the only Birth Center in Rio de Janeiro, from 2009 to 2014. Statistical analyzes were based on the χ2 test and Prevalence Ratio (PR). RESULTS Suitable prenatal care was predominant (42.8%) and there was no association (p = 0.55) with the transfers. Maternal transfer is caused by the ruptured amniotic sac (PR = 2.09, 95% CI 1.62-2.70) and altered fetal heart rates (PR = 3.06, 95% CI, 2.13-4.39). Newborn transfers are associated with the presence of meconium in the amniotic fluid (PR = 2.40, 95% CI 1.30-4.43); Apgar below 7 (PR = 5.33, 95% CI 2.65-10.73); and ventilatory assistance at birth (PR = 9.41, 95% CI 5.52-16.04). CONCLUSION Complications during intrapartum care are the causes associated with transfers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Prenatal Care/standards , Patient Transfer , Birthing Centers , Apgar Score , Rupture, Spontaneous , Heart Rate, Fetal , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies , Amnion , Amniotic Fluid , Meconium , Mothers
16.
Rev. pesqui. cuid. fundam. (Online) ; 10(3): 758-763, jul.-set. 2018. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-906507

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Caracterizar o perfil das gestantes acometidas de parto prematuro; descrever as complicações do parto prematuro; identificar o número de óbitos por parto prematuro. Método: Pesquisa retrospectiva; transversal com abordagem quantitativa; realizada em uma maternidade pública, a amostra que representou a população constituiu-se de 300 prontuários de gestantes com parto prematuro. Pesquisa aprovada pelo Comitê de Ética; sob CAAE nº 47429315.1.0000.5210. Resultados: Faixa etária predominante foi 14 a 19 anos 26,38%; escolaridade ensino médio (56,68%); situação conjugal casada (38,11%); ocupação do lar (48,21%); raça não registrada (99,67%); local de moradia zona rural (57,00%). Maior incidência de complicações dentro das variáveis; foram pré-eclâmpsia (28,66%); amniorrexe prematura (17,26%). Causa maior de óbito: Pré-eclâmpsia. Conclusão: Destaca-se que pré-eclâmpsia foi o agravo que causou o maior número de óbitos nas mulheres investigadas; esse dado evidencia as estatísticas alarmantes; confirmando que as doenças hipertensivas ocupam o primeiro lugar como causa de morte materna no Brasil


Objetivo: Caracterizar el perfil de parto prematuro afectaba a lãs mujeres embarazadas; describir lãs complicaciones Del nacimiento prematuro; identificar el número de muertes debidas al parto prematuro. Método: Estudio retrospectivo; cruzar com un enfoque cuantitativo; realizado em un hospital público, La muestra que representa la población constaba de 300 historias clínicas de mujeres embarazadas com trabajo de parto prematuro. De investigacióna probado por el Comité de Ética, La opinión Nº 1.175.971. Resultados: Rango de edad predominante fue de 14 a 19 años 26,38%; educación secundaria (56,68%); estado civil casada (38,11%); ocupación de la casa (48,21%); No raza registrado (99,67%); lugar de residencia, rural (57.00%). Mayor incidencia de complicaciones en las variables y preeclampsia (28,66%); ruptura prematura de membranas (17,26%). Principal causa de muerte: La pre-eclampsia. Conclusión: Es de destacar que La preeclampsia fue La lesión que causo el mayor número de muertes investigadas em lãs mujeres; estos datos pone de manifiesto las estadísticas alarmantes; lo que confirma que lãs enfermedades hipertensivas ocupan el primer lugar como causa de muerte materna en Brasil


Objective: Herein, our goal has been to characterize the pregnant women profile that experienced preterm birth. Moreover, describe the complications of preterm birth, and also to identify the number of deaths due to preterm birth. Methods: It is a retrospective cohort study with a quantitative approach, whichwas carried out in a public maternity hospital. The sample that represented the population consisted of 300 medical records of pregnant women with preterm birth. The research was approved by the Ethics Committee under the Legal Opinion No. 1,175,971. Results: The predominant age group was from 14 to 19 years old (26.38%); high school education (56.68%); married (38.11%); housekeeper (48.21%); unregistered race (99.67%); rural area as residence place (57.00%). The following were the higher incidence of complications within the variables: pre-eclampsia(28.66%) and premature amniorrexis (17.27%). The major cause of death was pre-eclampsia. Conclusion: It should be noted that pre-eclampsia caused the highest number of deaths in the women investigated and this fact shows the alarming statistics, confirming that hypertensive diseases occupy the first place as cause of maternal death in Brazil


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Obstetric Labor, Premature/epidemiology , Obstetric Labor, Premature/nursing , Pre-Eclampsia/epidemiology , Amnion/physiopathology , Health Profile , Prenatal Care
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(2): 144-155, Feb. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886256

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of the application of the human amniotic membrane (HAM) on the inflammatory process, fibroblast proliferation, formation of collagenand reduction of skin wound areas in rats. Methods: Thirty six rats were submitted to a surgical injury induction and divided into two groups (n = 18): group C (control) and T (treated with the HAM). The macroscopic evolution in the wound area and the histological characteristics of the skin samples were evaluated. Results: The regression of the wound area was greater in group T. The histological analysis revealed a significant reduction (p < 0.05) in the inflammatory infiltrate in group T at all experimental periods compared with that in the control group. Furthermore, the group T presented a significant increase in the proliferation of fibroblasts at 14 and 21 days compared with group C (p < 0.05). Regarding the deposition of mature collagen fibers, there was an increase in the replacement of type III collagen by type I collagen in group T (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Treatment with the HAM reduced the healing time as well as the inflammatory responses, increased the proliferation of fibroblasts, and induced a higher concentration of mature collagen fibers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Rats , Skin/injuries , Wound Healing/physiology , Biological Dressings , Collagen/pharmacology , Amnion/transplantation , Skin/pathology , Wound Healing/drug effects , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Collagen Type I/metabolism , Collagen Type I/pharmacology , Collagen Type III/metabolism , Collagen Type III/pharmacology , Disease Models, Animal , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Fibroblasts/pathology , Amnion/chemistry , Inflammation/metabolism
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739918

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The human Amniotic epithelial cells (AME) derived from amniotic membrane of placenta have been considered as the potential fetal stem cell source with minimal or no ethical concerns and are important therapeutic tool for anti-fibrotic and regenerative therapies. METHODS AND RESULTS: Here, we evaluated the isolation, media screening, scale-up and characterization of AME cells. The isolation, expansion of AMEs were performed by sequential passaging and growth kinetics studies. The AMEs were characterized using immunocytochemistry, immunophenotyping, In-vitro differentiation, and anti-fibrotic assays. The growth kinetics study revealed that the AME cultured in Ultraculture (UC) and DMEM knockout (DMEM-KO) have prominently higher growth rate compared to others. Overall, the AMEs cultured from 5 different media retained basic morphological characteristics and the functional characteristics. CONCLUSIONS: Our result suggests that the AMEs can be successfully cultured in UC based complete media without losing its epithelial cell characteristics even after passaging for passage 2 (P2). However, a careful and methodical pre-clinical and clinical translation studies need to be conducted to show its safety and efficacy.


Subject(s)
Amnion , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Cryopreservation , Epithelial Cells , Fetal Stem Cells , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Immunophenotyping , Kinetics , Mass Screening , Methods , Placenta , Tissue Engineering
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738575

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We report a case of conjunctival necrosis in a glaucoma patient who underwent Ahmed valve implantation and subtenon triamcinolone injection. CASE SUMMARY: subconjunctival injections of mitomycin C in her right eye. Ahmed valve implantation and subtenon triamcinolone injection were performed in the right eye. Four weeks later, conjunctival necrosis was observed. After debridement of necrotic tissue, an additional conjunctival autograft was needed because of recurrence of the conjunctival necrosis. After amniotic membrane transplantation was performed for one more recurrent conjunctival necrosis, conjunctival epithelialization was completed. CONCLUSIONS: Although conjunctival necrosis after periocular injection of triamcinolone is a rare complication, previous multiple usage of antimetabolites such as mitomycin C might be associated with a higher risk of developing conjunctival necrosis. In such cases, aggressive surgical intervention may be helpful in the reconstruction of the conjunctival epithelium.


Subject(s)
Amnion , Antimetabolites , Autografts , Debridement , Epithelium , Glaucoma , Humans , Injections, Intraocular , Mitomycin , Necrosis , Recurrence , Triamcinolone
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716666

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the association between preterm birth and epigenetic mechanisms in the amnion. METHODS: We examined the association between differentially methylated regions (DMRs) and differentially expressed genes (DEG) using a cytosine-phosphate-guanine methylation array and whole-transcriptome sequencing from the amnion (preterm birth, n=5; full term, n=5). We enrolled 35 participants for mRNA expression analysis and pyrosequencing: 16 full-term and 19 preterm subjects. We compared the association of integrin subunit alpha 11 (ITGA11) and thrombospondin 2 (THBS2) gene methylation status with mRNA expression in the amnion. RESULTS: In the preterm birth group, methylation of ITGA11 and THBS2 genes was significantly lower (ITGA11 gene: 60.30% vs. 73.16%, P < 0.05; THBS2 gene: 64.59% vs. 73.16%, P < 0.05), and the expression of the genes was significantly higher than that in the full-term group (ITGA11 gene: 14.20 vs. 1.57, P < 0.01; THBS2 gene: 1.18 vs. 10.34, P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Methylation of the ITGA11 and THBS2 genes in the amnion was associated with preterm birth. Thus, ITGA11 and THBS2 gene methylation status in the amnion may be valuable in explaining the mechanism underlying preterm birth.


Subject(s)
Amnion , Epigenomics , Gene Expression , Methylation , Parturition , Premature Birth , RNA, Messenger , Thrombospondins
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