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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773217

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Huachansu in the treatment of cancer-related pain,four Chinese databases( CNKI,VIP,Wan Fang,Sino Med) and three English databases( Cochrane Library,Medline,PubMed) were systematically and comprehensively retrieved since the establishment of each database to October 2018. Randomized controlled trials( RCTs) for the treatment of cancer-related pain with Huachansu were screened out according to pre-established inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. Rev Man5. 3 software was used for Meta-analysis. A total of 241 articles were retrieved,and finally 10 studies were included. The total sample size was 1 293,including 648 in the experimental group and 645 in the control group. The overall quality of the included studies was generally low. The results of Meta-analysis showed that Huachansu combined with Western medicine acesodynes was superior to the single use of Western medicine acesodynes in the treatment of short-term pain relief,improvement of quality of life and reduction of constipation,nausea and vomiting,dizziness,drowsiness,anorexia and other adverse reactions. And it also has the advantage of a shorter onset time and longer duration time of analgesia,but cannot reduce the incidence of dysuria. Based on the findings,Huachansu had a certain effect in the treatment of cancer-related pain,and a significant positive effect on the improvement of quality of life and the reduction of adverse reactions. No serious adverse reactions occurred. However,due to the small number of studies included,the low quality of the included studies,published biases and other restrictions,the evidence in this study has a low quality,and the conclusion shall be adopted with caution. The effectiveness and safety of Huachansu in the treatment of cancer-related pain remained to be further confirmed in the future with a well-designed,rigorous,and standardized report,with a large sample size,multiple centers,and sufficient follow-up time for randomized controlled trials.


Subject(s)
Amphibian Venoms , Therapeutic Uses , Cancer Pain , Drug Therapy , Humans , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773157

ABSTRACT

As known,simultaneous determination of various chemical indicators is one of the future trends in quality control of traditional Chinese medicines because of the extremely complex chemical compositions. This project is to screen the quality markers that can accurately control the quality of the Bufonis Venenum by exploring the intrinsic correlation of components. In this study,venom of Bufo bufo gargarizans from 17 different sources were used as research samples,and the contents of 7 bufogenin were determined by HPLC-DAD. Then,the data obtained were analyzed by Spearman correlation analysis and principal component analysis( PCA). In addition,a stepwise regression analysis was used to establish a predictive model for the contents of the seven bufogenin components( independent variable) and the total contents of the bufogenin( dependent variable). The results indicated that there is a significant positive correlation between the contents of telocinobufagin and cinobufotalin,and there is a significant positive correlation between the contents of bufalin,cinobufagin and resibufogenin. In contrast,the contents of telocinobufagin and cinobufotalin are negatively correlated with the contents of bufalin,cinobufagin and resibufogenin. However,the correlation between gamabufotalin and bufotalin and other components are not obvious. Furthermore,further study found that there is a correlation between the sum of the contents of bufalin,cinobufagin and telocinobufagin and the total contents of the bufogenin. In fact,the application of bufalin,cinobufagin and telocinobufagin as the quality control indicators of the Bufonis Venenum can better reflect the quality characteristics of the Bufonis Venenum compared with the previous quality control indicators. The conclusions will provide a reference for the revision of the quality standards of the Bufonis Venenum.


Subject(s)
Amphibian Venoms , Chemistry , Animals , Bufanolides , Bufo bufo , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
4.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 236-248, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691061

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is an important part of the treatment of primary liver cancer (PLC) in China; however, the current instructions for the integrative use of traditional Chinese and Western medicine for PLC are mostly based on expert opinion. There is no evidence-based guideline for clinical practice in this field. Therefore, the Shanghai Association of Chinese Integrative Medicine has established a multidisciplinary working group to develop this guideline, which focuses on the most important questions about the use of TCM during PLC treatment. This guideline was developed following the methodological process recommended by the World Health Organization Handbook for Guideline Development. Two rounds of questionnaire survey were performed to identify clinical questions; published evidence was searched; the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach was used to evaluate the body of evidence; and recommendations were formulated by combining the quality of evidence, patient preferences and values, and other risk factors. The guideline was written based on the Reporting Items for Practice Guidelines in Healthcare tool. This guideline contains 10 recommendations related to 8 questions, including recommendations for early treatment by TCM after surgery, TCM combined with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization for advanced PLC, TCM drugs for external use, and acupuncture and moxibustion therapy.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Amphibian Venoms , Therapeutic Uses , China , Combined Modality Therapy , Reference Standards , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Integrative Medicine , Reference Standards , Liver Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Therapeutics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Reference Standards , Neoplasm Staging , Practice Guidelines as Topic
5.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-773439

ABSTRACT

Abstract The authors report a series of events including the scientific interest for poisonous dendrobates of French Guiana, the human confrontation with the immensity of the evergreen rainforest, the fragility of the best-prepared individuals to a rough life, and the unique and very special manifestation of a solid friendship between two experts and enthusiasts of outdoor life. In the evergreen forest of South America, as in many other scientific field expeditions, everything may suddenly go wrong, and nothing can prepare researchers to accidents that may occur in a succession of uncontrollable errors once the first mistake is done. This is what happened during an expedition in search for dendrobates by an experienced forest guide and naturalist. The authors decided to report the story, considering that it deserved to be brought to the attention of those interested in venomous animals and toxins, in order to illustrate the potential danger of dealing with these organisms.


Subject(s)
Animals , Amphibian Venoms/toxicity , Friends , Anura , Environmental Exposure , Forests , French Guiana
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812623

ABSTRACT

Amphibian skin contains rich bioactive peptides. Especially, a large amount of antimicrobial peptides have been identified from amphibian skin secretions. Antimicrobial peptides display potent cytolytic activities against a range of pathogenic bacteria and fungi and play important defense roles. No antimicrobial peptides have been reported from toads belonging to the family of Pelobatidae. In this work, two novel antimicrobial peptides (Megin 1 and Megin 2) were purified and characterized from the skin venoms of spadefoot toad Megophrys minor (Pelobatidae, Anura, Amphibia). Megin 1 had an amino acid sequence of FLKGCWTKWYSLKPKCPF-NH2, which was composed of 18 amino acid residues and contained an intra-molecular disulfide bridge and an amidated C-terminus. Megin 2 had an amino acid sequence of FFVLKFLLKWAGKVGLEHLACKFKNWC, which was composed of 27 amino acid residues and contained an intra-molecular disulfide bridge. Both Megin 1 and Megin 2 showed potential antimicrobial abilities against bacteria and fungi. The MICs of Megin 1 against Escherichia coli, Bacillus dysenteriae, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, and Candida albicans were 25, 3, 6.25, 3, and 50 μg·mL(-1), respectively. The corresponding MICs for Megin 2 were 6.25, 1.5, 12.5, 1.5, and 12.5 μg·mL(-1), respectively. They also exerted strong hemolytic activity against human and rabbit red cells. The results suggested that megin peptides in the toad skin of M. minor displayed toxic effects on both eukaryotes and prokaryotes. This was the first report of antimicrobial peptides from amphibians belonging to the family of Pelobatidae.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Amphibian Venoms , Chemistry , Allergy and Immunology , Animals , Anura , Allergy and Immunology , Bacillus , Candida albicans , Erythrocytes , Physiology , Escherichia coli , Female , Hemolysis , Humans , Male , Peptides , Chemistry , Allergy and Immunology , Rabbits , Sequence Alignment , Skin , Chemistry , Allergy and Immunology , Staphylococcus aureus
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-13388

ABSTRACT

The drug-resistance of malaria parasites is the main problem in the disease control. The huge Brazilian biodiversity promotes the search for new compounds, where the animal kingdom is proving to be a promising source of bioactive compounds. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the antiplasmodial and cytotoxic activity of the compounds obtained from the toad venoms of Brazilian Amazon. Toad venoms were collected from the secretion of Rhinella marina and Rhaebo guttatus in Mato Grosso State, Brazil. The powder was extracted at room temperature, yielding 2 extracts (RG and RM) and a substance ('1') identified as a bufadienolide, named telocinobufagin. Growth inhibition, intraerythrocytic development, and parasite morphology were evaluated in culture by microscopic observations of Giemsa-stained thin blood films. Cytotoxicity was determined against HepG2 and BGM cells by MTT and neutral red assays. The 2 extracts and the pure substance ('1') tested were active against chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum strain, demonstrating lower IC₅₀ values. In cytotoxic tests, the 2 extracts and substance '1' showed pronounced lethal effects on chloroquine-resistant P. faciparum strain and low cytotoxic effect, highlighting toad parotoid gland secretions as a promising source of novel lead antiplasmodial compounds.


Subject(s)
Amphibian Venoms , Animals , Biodiversity , Brazil , Bufo marinus , Malaria , Neutral Red , Parasites , Plasmodium falciparum
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320806

ABSTRACT

Toad venom is the Bufo bufo gargarizans or B. melanostictus after the ears of the gland secretion, used in the treatment of various cancers in recent years. Research shows that the main anti-tumor components in bufadienolide. Bufadienolide have free type structure and conjunct type structure. To identify and clarify the difference between bufogenin and bufotoxin contained in Bufonis Venenum, which was from B. bufo gargarizans, an UPLC-TQ-MS method has been established. UPLC-TQ-MS method was used to identify and quantify the major bufadienolides in Bufonis Venenum. UPLC-TQ-MS assay with positive ion mode was performed on a Waters ACQUITY UPLC BEH C, (2.1 mm x 100 mm, 1.7 µm) with the mobile phase consisting of 0. 1% aqueous formic and acidacetonitrile in gradient elution at a flow rate of 0.4 mL · min⁻¹ and the column temperature was set at 35 °C. By comparing their retention time and high resolution mass data of Bufonis Venenum extracts, 37 effective components were primarily identified by MS/MS analysis in positive ion mode. Twenty-six of them were free-type bufadienolides (bufogenin), 11 of them were conjugated bufadienolides. There were significant differences in the main composition between fresh and processed Bufonis Venenum. The study found that the chemical composition of toad venom through great changes after processing, conjunct type content is much less, free type content as well change.


Subject(s)
Amphibian Venoms , Chemistry , Metabolism , Animals , Bufonidae , Classification , Metabolism , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Molecular Structure , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Methods
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1306-1310, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340508

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to explore the reversing effect of cinobufacini on multidrug resistance of Raji/ADR cells and its mechanisms. The growth inhibitory rate, half inhibitory concentration (IC50), reversing multiples to adriamycin- resistance were detected by MTT, and the curve of growth inhibitory rate was drawn; the MDR-1 and MRP-1 gene transcription was determined by RT-PCR; the expressions of P-gp and MRP-1 proteins were assayed by Western blot and flow cytometry. The results showed that the inhibitory rates of cinobufacini on Raji and Raji/ADR cells at 72 h were 75.6% and 69.3% respectively, the IC50 were 3.9 mmol/L and 4.6 mmol/L without significant difference (P > 0.05). The reversing multiples to adriamycin-resistance were 255.7 multiples, the transcription of mdr-1 and mrp-1 genes and the expression of P-gp and MRP-1 proteins significantly decreased (P < 0.05) in Raji/ADR cells after the treatment with cinobufotalin. It is concluded that cinobufotalin can reverse the adriamycin-resistance in Raji/ADR cells and the expression of P-gp and MRP-1 proteins were down-regulated through the transcriptional pathway. The cinobufotalin is an effective reversal agent for the multidrug resistance of tumors.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 , Amphibian Venoms , Bufanolides , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Doxorubicin , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Humans , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1446-1450, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299113

ABSTRACT

To identify the active components in Bufo melanostictus Schneider and clarify the difference between fresh and dried Venenum Bufonis, a UPLC-Orbitrap MS method has been established. The separation was performed with gradient elution of acetonitrile and water (with 0.1% formic acid) as mobile phase. By comparing their retention time and high resolution mass data of Venenum Bufonis extracts, 39 effective components were primarily identified by MS/MS analysis in positive ion mode. Twenty-six of them were bufadienolides. There were significant differences in the main composition between fresh and dried Venenum Bufonis. There are fewer bufadienolides in fresh toad venom.


Subject(s)
Amphibian Venoms , Chemistry , Animals , Bufanolides , Chemistry , Bufonidae , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 244-248, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297986

ABSTRACT

Cinobufacino injection is a significant anti-tumor medicine for the treatment of various tumors in clinic, which was made from water extraction of the skin of Bufo bufo gargarizans. In present paper, HPLC-DAD-FT-ICR-MS method was used to identify the major bufadienolides in cinobufacino for the first time. Solid-phase extraction with dichloromethane and silica was used to enrich the total bufadienolides in cinobufacino. Based on the UV and high resolution MS/MS data, 33 bufadienolides were analyzed and characterized. Among them, eight compounds were identified by comparing with standard references unambiguously. This study elucidated the major bufadienolides in cinobufacino, which provided material foundation of cinobufacino and will be benefit for the further pharmacological research.


Subject(s)
Amphibian Venoms , Chemistry , Animals , Bufanolides , Chemistry , Bufo bufo , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Molecular Structure , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812224

ABSTRACT

AIM@#To study the bufadienolides in the Chinese traditional drug "Ch'an Su" and their cytotoxic activity.@*METHOD@#Various chromatographic techniques were used to isolate the constituents, and their structures were elucidated through physical and spectroscopic data.@*RESULTS@#Twenty compounds were isolated, and eighteen were evaluated in vitro for their cytotoxic activity against A-549 and K-562 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#Compound 1 (bufalin 3β-acrylic ester) was a new bufadienolide and exhibited the most potent activity against the two tumor cell lines with IC50 values of 7.16 and 6.83 nmol · L(-1). The relationships between structure and activity are discussed.


Subject(s)
Amphibian Venoms , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Antineoplastic Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Biological Products , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Bufanolides , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , K562 Cells , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Structure , Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Structure-Activity Relationship
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-347187

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the therapeutic effects of Jiedu granules, a Chinese medicine (CM) compound, plus cinobufacini injection, which was extracted from skin of Bufo bufo gargarizans Cantor, to prevent the recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after surgical resection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In this case-control trial, a total of 120 patients who stayed in Changhai Hospital were enrolled from December 2001 to December 2006. Sixty patients were treated with Jiedu granules plus cinobufacini injection to prevent tumor recurrence after operation (CM group) and 60 patients were treated with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) after operation (TACE group). Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were determined to evaluate the therapeutic effects of post-operative management of patients with HCC.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PFS in the CM group was 18.07 months [95% confidence interval (CI): 12.49-23.65] and the 1-, 2-, 3-, 4- and 5-year PFS rates were 61%, 39%, 26%, 22% and 12%, respectively. PFS in the TACE group was 8.03 months (95% CI: 6.63-9.44) and the 1-, 2-, 3-, 4- and 5-year PFS rates were 34%, 11%, 7%, 2% and 0%, respectively. There was significant difference in survival rate between the two groups (P<0.01). The mean survival time (MST) of patients in the CM group was 49.53 months versus 39.90 months of the TACE group. The 1-, 2-, 3-, 4- and 5-year survival rates were 90%, 82%, 80%, 70% and 63%, respectively, in the CM group, and 79%, 70%, 60%, 60% and 36%, respectively, in the TACE group. There was significant difference in survival time between the two groups (P=0.045).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Jiedu granules plus cinobufacini injection, a combination that is commonly used for post-operation management of HCC, can postpone tumor recurrence and metastasis, prolong the survival time and increase the survival rate of post-surgical patients with HCC. However, these findings need to be confirmed in a prospective, randomized controlled trial.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Amphibian Venoms , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Drug Therapy , Mortality , General Surgery , Case-Control Studies , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Methods , Combined Modality Therapy , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Humans , Injections, Intra-Arterial , Liver Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Mortality , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338006

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore a new experimental method for screening of allergens in post-market traditional Chinese medicine injections by confirming allergens in Huachansu injection.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>First of all, the serum of patients allergic to Huachansu injection were collected, at the same time, the dubious allergen was conjugated to bovine serum albumin (BSA) by EDC coupling procedure to form complete antigen (BNP-BSA), which makes it possible to reproduce the allergic reaction of Huachansu injection in vitro. The histamine liberation ratio, the level of TNF-alpha and Histamine released from RBL-2H3 mast cell were detected; the above data were compared with those obtained in vivo.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The difference of the histamine liberation ratio, the levels of TNF-alpha and histamine of the resibufogenin-BSA group, group of patients allergic to Huachansu injection were not significant compared with those of normal control group. However, there were significant difference in those data among the cinobufagin-BSA group, the blank control and normal control group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The allergen in the serum collected from patients allergic to Huachansu injection is resibufogenin.</p>


Subject(s)
Allergens , Allergy and Immunology , Amphibian Venoms , Allergy and Immunology , Animals , Anura , Bufanolides , Allergy and Immunology , Drug Hypersensitivity , Allergy and Immunology , Histamine Release , Humans , Mast Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337987

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To kinds of establish a HPLC method for determining contents of indole alkaloids and bufadienolides contained in toad medicines, and analyze two kinds of components contained in toad venom, toad skin and toad periostracum.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>As for alkaloids, Nucleosil C18 column was adopted with acetonitrile and water containing 0.5% potassium dihydrogen phosphate (6: 94, adjust pH to 3.2 with phosphate acid) as the mobile phase. The flow rate was 0.8 mL x min(-1), the detection wavelength was 275 nm, and the column temperature was 30 degrees C. As for bufadienolides, Alltima C18 column was adopted with acetonitrile and water containing 0.3% acetic acid (B) as the mobile phase. The gradient process was as follows: a linear gradient from 28% to 54% acetonitrile in the first 15 min, then kept at 54% for additional 20 min. The flow rate was 0.6 mL x min(-1), the detection wavelength was 296 nm, and the column temperature was 30 degrees C.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The linear ranges were 0.079 6-0.796 microg for serotonin, 0.097 2-1.945 microg for N-methylserotonin, 0.074 4-0.744 microg for N,N-dimethylserotonin, 0.103-2.05 microg for N,N,N-trimethylserotonin, and 0.067 2-0.672 microg for bufothionine, respectively. The average recoveries of serotonin and N-methylserotonin were 98.6% and 91.3%, respectively. The linear ranges of gamabufotalin, bufotalin, bufalin, cinobufagin and resibufogenin were 0.004 83-0.614, 0.007 9-1.006, 0.007 95-1.016, 0.009 7-1.24 and 0.009 6-1.22 microg, respectively, and their average recoveries were 101.6%, 102.5%, 101.0%, 99.1% and 98.9%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Toad venom has the highest contents of indole alkaloids and bufadienolides, followed by toad skin, and toad periostracum showed the lowest contents and even no detection result.</p>


Subject(s)
Amphibian Venoms , Chemistry , Animals , Bufanolides , Chemistry , Bufonidae , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Indole Alkaloids , Chemistry , Skin , Chemistry
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 822-826, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276237

ABSTRACT

Cinobufacini is an aqueous extract of Bufo bufo gargarizans Cantor dried skin, which has been widely used for cancer therapy in China. So far, its active components are still not very clear. In previous reports, bufadienolides with low-concentration were usually studied because of their anticancer effects. However, the high polarity constituents in cinobufacini are less investigated. The present study found that more than 50% contents of cinobufacini were water-soluble peptides. Then, in vitro anticancer experiments were carried out, including human stomach cancer cell lines BGC823 and MCG803, human colon cancer cell lines DLD-1 and HT-29, and human pancreatic cancer cell line MIAPACA-2. The IC50 for these cell lines model were ranged from 25-123 microgmL(-1). The results indicated that these peptides showed similar activity with cinobufacini injection. As a conclusion, this study provides a new and further understanding of anticancer components in cinobufacini injection.


Subject(s)
Amphibian Venoms , Chemistry , Animals , Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Bufonidae , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , HT29 Cells , Humans , Injections , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Peptides , Pharmacology , Skin , Chemistry
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267605

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the mechanisms underlying the effect of Chansu Injection (CHS) in reversing multi-drug resistance (MDR) of HL60/ADM cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MTT assay was used to investigate the effect of CHS on adramycin (ADM) sensitivity of HL-60/ADM cells. Flow cytometry was used to observe the effect of CHS on the cell cycle of HL60/ADM cell. The expressions of NF-κB, MRP, GST-π, and iNOS were detected by immunocytochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Treatment with CHS lowered the IC(50) of ADM in HL60/ADM cells from 34.1971 µmol/L to 17.4393 µmol/L, and caused an increase in G(0)/G1 and G(2)/M phase cells with decreased S phase cells. CHS decreased the expressions of MRP mRNA and GST-π and MRP proteins but increased the expressions of iNOS and NF-κB proteins in the cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CHS can partly reverse MDR in HL60/ADM cells possibly by down-regulating MRP and GST-π, up-regulating NF-κB and iNOS, and promoting cell apoptosis, thereby increase ADM sensitivity of HL-60/ADM cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Amphibian Venoms , Pharmacology , Bufanolides , Pharmacology , Doxorubicin , Pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , HL-60 Cells , Humans
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289398

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the bioaffinity between 8 bufadienolides(Bu) and tumor cells and analyze the correlation between the bioaffinity and the anti-tumor activities of Bu.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Mix and cultivate the chloroform extract of Chansu and MGC-803. Measure the content of 8 Bu in supernatant and cells using HPLC and calculate their affinity rate.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The coefficient correlation between the decrease of Bu in cell supernatant after affinity and its MGC-803 restrictive activities, and between the cotent percentage of the free Bu in free cells with its MGC-803 restrictive activities, and between the difference between the decrease and the percentage and its MGC-803 restrictive activities is r = 0.82 (P < 0.05), r = -0.04 and r = 0.83 (P < 0.05) respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Eight Bu have different levels of affinity with MGC-803 which correlate with their anti-tumor activities.</p>


Subject(s)
Amphibian Venoms , Chemistry , Animals , Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Anura , Bufanolides , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Neoplasms , Drug Therapy
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251243

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the inhibitory effect of total bufadienolides from toad venom against H22 tumor in mice and preliminarily analyze the structures of the metabolites in tissues.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>HPLC and LC-MS were used for analysis of the chemical composition of TBFs. High, middle and low dosages of TBFs were orally administered or intra-peritoneally injected to H22 tumor-bearing mice for thirteen days. The animals were killed and the tumors were stripped and weighed. The metabolites in the tissues such as heart, liver, spleen, lung and kidney, were analyzed by HPLC and LC-MS.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The chemical composition of TBFs were identified by comparison of the retention times with those of reference substances, on-line UV spectra and MS data. Its main components are concerned with gamabufotalin, arenobufagin, bufotalin, resibufagin, cinobufotalin, bufalin, cinobufagin and resibufogenin. TBFs had no obvious influence on body weight of H-22 tumor-bearing mice orally administered and the inhibition rate against tumor were 14.76%, 16.38% and 10.32% for low (5 mg x kg(-1)), middle (10 mg x kg(-1)) and high dosage (20 mg x kg(-1)), respectively. The mice intra-peritoneally injected with middle and high-dose of TBFs gained body weight slower than the control mice on the 5th day and recovered on the 13th day. The inhibition rate against tumor were 17.30%, 19.80% and 40.95% for low (1.5 mg x kg(-1)), middle (3 mg x kg(-1)) and high dose (6 mg x kg(-1)), respectively. The inhibitory effect took on dose-dependent manner. Based on the HPLC analyses on heart, liver, spleen, lung and kidney, bufadienolides were found in the liver tissue and 11 compounds of them were tentatively identified by LC-DAD-MS.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TBFs by oral administration had no inhibitory effect against H22 tumor in mice, however, TBFs by intra-peritoneal injection displayed the significantly inhibitory effect, accompanying some toxicity for early duration of the study. The identification of bufadienolides in the liver provides a good basis for the further investigation of the metabolic pathways of TBFs in vivo.</p>


Subject(s)
Amphibian Venoms , Chemistry , Animals , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Metabolism , Bufanolides , Metabolism , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Drug Administration Routes , Female , Humans , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Neoplasm Transplantation
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261021

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the anti-angiogenesis effect and toxicity of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) plus cinobufacin on transplanted human hepatocarcinoma in nude mice, and the acting mechanism of the treatment was explored as well.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Human hepatocarcinoma was transplanted in nude mouse, and the modeled mice were divided at random into 4 groups, 8 in each group. They were treated respectively with normal saline (GA), 2.5 mg/kg As2O3 (GB), 5 mL/kg cinobufacin (GC) and 2.5 mg/kg As2O3 + 5 mL/kg cinobufacin (GD), by intraperitoneal injection for 21 days. The anti-tumor effects was evaluated by estimating general condition of nude mice, tumor size, microvessel density(MVD) level. Expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in tumor, in tumor tissue of mice as well as pathology of tumor were detected by immunohistochemistry assay, optical microscope, transmission electron microscope (TEM), respectively. Moreover, blood routine and pathological examinations of liver and kidney were performed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The tumor weight and volume were 0.65 +/- 0.25 g and 0.44 +/- 0.14 cm3 in GB, 0.70 +/- 0.27 g and 0.46 +/- 0.19 cm3 in GC, 0.42 +/- 0.16 g and 0.26 +/- 0.11 cm3 in GD, all significantly lower than those in GA (1.06 +/- 0.25 g and 0.67 +/- 0.17 cm3, P < 0.05). The coefficient of drug interaction (CDI) on tumor weight was 0.97 and that on tumor size was 0.86, all less than 1, showing the synergistic action between the two drugs. Expressions of VEGF and EGFR in tumor as well as the MVD were decreased in GB and GC, and the decreasing of these indices were even more significant in GD. Pathologic examination showed the growth of tumor in GB, GC and GD were all inhibited significantly. No obvious toxicity of the treatments to the hepatic, renal and hematopoietic systems in the nude mice was observed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>As2O3 and cinobufacini showed synergistic action in inhibiting human hepatocarcinoma in nude mice and the angiogenesis in tumor. Combined use of the two had no obvious toxicity to the hepatic, renal and hematopoietic systems.</p>


Subject(s)
Amphibian Venoms , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Animals , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Arsenicals , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Drug Therapy , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Synergism , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Drug Therapy , Oxides , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Phytotherapy , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
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