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1.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(4): 406-415, jul. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352429

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an age-related neurodegenerative disorder. Sever cognitive and memory impairments, huge increase in the prevalence of the disease, and lacking definite cure have absorbed worldwide efforts to develop therapeutic approaches. Since many drugs have failed in the clinical trials due to multifactorial nature of AD, symptomatic treatments are still in the center attention and now, nootropic medicinal plants have been found as versatile ameliorators to reverse memory disorders. In this work, anti-Alzheimer's activity of aqueous extract of areca nuts (Areca catechu L.) was investigated via in vitro and in vivo studies. It depicted good amyloid ß (Aß) aggregation inhibitory activity, 82% at 100 µg/mL. In addition, it inhibited beta-secretase 1 (BACE1) with IC50 value of 19.03 µg/mL. Evaluation of neuroprotectivity of the aqueous extract of the plant against H2O2-induced cell death in PC12 neurons revealed 84.5% protection at 1 µg/mL. It should be noted that according to our results obtained from Morris Water Maze (MWM) test, the extract reversed scopolamine-induced memory deficit in rats at concentrations of 1.5 and 3 mg/kg.


La enfermedad de Alzheimer (EA) es un trastorno neurodegenerativo relacionado con la edad. Los severos deterioros cognitivos y de la memoria, el enorme aumento de la prevalencia de la enfermedad y la falta de una cura definitiva han absorbido los esfuerzos mundiales para desarrollar enfoques terapéuticos. Dado que muchos fármacos han fallado en los ensayos clínicos debido a la naturaleza multifactorial de la EA, los tratamientos sintomáticos siguen siendo el centro de atención y ahora, las plantas medicinales nootrópicas se han encontrado como mejoradores versátiles para revertir los trastornos de la memoria. En este trabajo, se investigó la actividad anti-Alzheimer del extracto acuoso de nueces de areca (Areca catechu L.) mediante estudios in vitro e in vivo. Representaba una buena actividad inhibidora de la agregación de amiloide ß (Aß), 82% a 100 µg/mL. Además, inhibió la beta-secretasa 1 (BACE1) con un valor de CI50 de 19,03 µg/mL. La evaluación de la neuroprotección del extracto acuoso de la planta contra la muerte celular inducida por H2O2 en neuronas PC12 reveló una protección del 84,5% a 1 µg/mL. Cabe señalar que, de acuerdo con nuestros resultados obtenidos de la prueba Morris Water Maze (MWM), el extracto revirtió el déficit de memoria inducido por escopolamina en ratas a concentraciones de 1,5 y 3 mg/kg.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Areca/chemistry , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Alzheimer Disease/drug therapy , beta-Amylase/antagonists & inhibitors , Amyloid beta-Peptides/drug effects , Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases/antagonists & inhibitors , Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases/drug effects , Neuroprotective Agents , Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases/antagonists & inhibitors , Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases/drug effects , Alzheimer Disease/enzymology , Alzheimer Disease/prevention & control , Morris Water Maze Test , Medicine, Traditional
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880172

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish the aGVHD mouse model,and investigate the regulatory effect and its mechanism of low-dose GSI combined with BMSC on aGVHD mice.@*METHODS@#C57BL/6 (H-2b) and BALB/c (H-2d) were selected as donor and recipient of allogeneic transplantation to establish the aGVHD mouse model. BALB/c mice were randomly divided into 6 groups, which were the bone marrow cell infusion after irradiation (BM) group; the bone marrow cells + spleen cells after irradiation (BM+SC) group; the bone marrow cells + spleen cells + DMSO (BM+SC+DMSO) (transplant control) group; bone marrow cells + splenocytes +GSI after irradiation (BM+SC+GSI) group; bone marrow cells + spleen cells + bone marrow mesenchymal stromal infusion after irradiation cell (BM+SC+BMSC) group; bone marrow cells + spleen cells + bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells +GSI infused after irradiation (BM+SC+BMSC+GSI) group. The mice in the two groups containing GSI were intraperitoneally injected with GSI at 5 μmol/kg on day 1, 2, and 3 after transplantation with DMSO as a control. The general conditions, survival time and hematopoietic recovery of mice were observed, cytokines were detected by ELISA, and histopathological changes were detected by immunohistochemistry. The effects of low-dose GSI combined with BMSC on hematopoietic reconstruction and aGVHD development after allo-BMT were investigated.@*RESULTS@#The survival rate of the mice in BM+SC+BMSC+GSI combination group was 80% during the observation period, which was significantly higher than that in the other groups; the incidence of aGVHD was reduced in the BMSC GSI or their combination groups after 21 days of transplantation. GSI could partly promote the recovery of leukocytes, and show no significant delayed effect on the recovery platelets. Moreover, the level of Th1 cytokines (IFN-γ) in BM+SC+BMSC+GSI combined group was lower than that in BM+SC+GSI group (P<0.01), the level of Th2 cytokines (IL-4) in the combination group was higher than that in BM+SC+GSI group (P<0.01), also the level of IL-17 was significantly lower than that in the corresponding control group (P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Low dose GSI combined with BMSC can promote hematopoietic reconstruction and regulate cytokines secretion including IFN-γ, IL-4 and IL-17. GSI combined with BMSC achieve the goal of synergistically inhibiting the occurrence and progression of aGVHD.


Subject(s)
Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases , Animals , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888015

ABSTRACT

In this paper,metabolomics and network pharmacology were used to investigate the bioactive components of Harrisonia perforata and their possible mechanisms of action. Metabolites in the flowers,fruits,branches,leaves and stalks of H. perforata were analyzed by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Meanwhile,multiple statistical analysis methods including principal component analysis( PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis( OPLS-DA)were applied to screen and identify differential compounds. With metabolomics method,9 differential compounds were preliminarily identified from leaves and other non-traditional medicinal parts. Subsequently,these compounds were explored by using network pharmacology. With gastrointestinal absorption and drug-likeness as limiting conditions,they were imported into the Swiss ADME,from which 7 compounds with potential medicinal activity were obtained. Then,their targets were predicted by PharmMapper,with Human Protein Targets Only and Normalized Fit Score>0. 9 set as limiting conditions,and 60 standardized potential targets were identified with Uniprot. KEGG( Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes) pathway data was obtained using metascape and the " potential active ingredients-target-pathway" network was constructed with Cytoscape 3. 7. 2. The enrichment analysis of KEGG demonstrated that the 60 targets were enriched in 78 signaling pathways( min overlap: 3,P value cutoff: 0. 01,min enrichment: 1. 5),many of which are related to anti-bacteria,anti-inflammation and anti-virus,such as IL-17 signaling pathway,RIG-I-like receptor signaling pathway and NOD-like receptor signaling pathway. Finally,depending on the clinical activity of H. perforata,the relevant signaling pathways were analyzed through experimental data and literature. Dehydroconiferyl alcohol was reported to have the anti-inflammatory effect and perforamone D to possess the antimycobacterial activity. The KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that dehydroconiferyl alcohol could act on the Alzheimer's disease( AD) signaling pathway by targeting CDK5 R1 and BACE1. ACh E inhibitor is the most promising drug to treat AD,while dehydroconiferyl alcohol has been proved to inhibit ACh E according to literature. The experimental results revealed that the extract of leaves of H. perforata can effectively inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus. These are consistent with the enrichment analysis results of KEGG. This study explored the bioactive components and pharmacodynamics of the leaves of the H. perforata,laying a theoretical foundation for its in-depth development and rational application.


Subject(s)
Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases , Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Humans , Metabolomics , Simaroubaceae
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922756

ABSTRACT

Physalin B (PB), one of the major active steroidal constituents of Solanaceae Physalis plants, has a wide variety of biological activities. We found that PB significantly down-regulated β-amyloid (Aβ) secretion in N2a/APPsw cells. However, the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. In the current study, we investigated the changes in key enzymes involved in β-amyloid precursor protein (APP) metabolism and other APP metabolites by treating N2a/APPsw cells with PB at different concentrations. The results indicated that PB reduced Aβ secretion, which was caused by down-regulation of β-secretase (BACE1) expression, as indicated at both the protein and mRNA levels. Further research revealed that PB regulated BACE1 expression by inducing the activation of forkhead box O1 (FoxO1) and inhibiting the phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). In addition, the effect of PB on BACE1 expression and Aβ secretion was reversed by treatment with FoxO1 siRNA and STAT3 antagonist S3I-201. In conclusion, these data demonstrated that PB can effectively down-regulate the expression of BACE1 to reduce Aβsecretion by activating the expression of FoxO1 and inhibiting the phosphorylation of STAT3.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases/metabolism , Amyloid beta-Peptides/metabolism , Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases/metabolism , Down-Regulation , Forkhead Box Protein O1/genetics , Humans , Phosphorylation , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Secosteroids
5.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 193-204, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775421

ABSTRACT

In this study, the distribution of five Alzheimer's disease (AD)-related single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the Han population was examined in combination with the evaluation of clinical cognition and brain pathological analysis. The associations among SNPs, clinical daily cognitive states, and postmortem neuropathological changes were analyzed in 110 human brains from the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences/Peking Union Medical College (CAMS/PUMC) Human Brain Bank. APOE ε4 (OR = 4.482, P = 0.004), the RS2305421 GG genotype (adjusted OR = 4.397, P = 0.015), and the RS10498633 GT genotype (adjusted OR = 2.375, P = 0.028) were associated with a higher score on the ABC (Aβ plaque score, Braak NFT stage, and CERAD neuritic plaque score) dementia scale. These results advance our understanding of the pathogenesis of AD, the relationship between pathological diagnosis and clinical diagnosis, and the SNPs in the Han population for future research.


Subject(s)
ADAM10 Protein , Genetics , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Alzheimer Disease , Genetics , Pathology , Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases , Genetics , Antiporters , Genetics , Apolipoprotein E4 , Genetics , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Genetics , Brain , Pathology , Cognitive Dysfunction , Genetics , Pathology , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Humans , Male , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739669

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a highly malignant brain tumor with a worst prognosis of less than one year despite advance treatment facilities. Among various signaling pathway genes displaying genetic modifications, aberrant expression of Notch pathway genes is frequent in GBM offering novel therapeutic targets. Herbal extracts having anticancer properties are used in adjuvant therapy that is safe and affordable as compared to chemotherapeutics. Bacopa monnieri has been used for the development of brain cells because of its neuroprotective properties. Its anticancer properties have shown to be promising in cancer treatment. METHODS: The anticancer properties of Bacoside A, an active and abundant component of Bacopa monnieri was assessed on U-87 MG cell line and its effects on expression of Notch pathway genes were studied. Cell cycle arrest and apoptosis were studied using flow cytometry. Expression of Notch pathway genes comprising of Notch receptors (notch1, notch2, notch3 and notch4), ligands (jagged1 and jagged2), a component of gamma-secretase complex (APH1A) and downstream target (HES1) were evaluated by quantitative real-time PCR. RESULTS: Bacoside A exhibited considerable cytotoxicity on U-87 MG cells inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Cell cycle analysis revealed a significant arrest of 39.21% cells in sub-G0 phase at 80 µg/mL concentration, increasing to 53.21% at a higher concentration of 100 µg/mL. The fraction of early apoptotic cells in control was low (3.48%) that increased substantially to 31.36% and 41.11% after 80 µg/mL and 100 µg/mL of Bacoside A treatment respectively. Additionally, the expression of notch1 gene decreased after exposure to Bacoside A with a fold change of 0.05, whereas HES1 gene expression was increased by 25 fold. CONCLUSION: These data indicate that Bacoside A has a possible anticancer activity that could be inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis through Notch pathway in GBM in vitro.


Subject(s)
Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases , Apoptosis , Bacopa , Brain , Brain Neoplasms , Cell Cycle , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cell Line , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression , Glioblastoma , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Ligands , Prognosis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptors, Notch
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327203

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects of Huannao Yicong Formula (, HYF) on learning and memory and it's regulating effect on γ-secretase related anterior pharynx defective 1 (APH-1), presenilin enhancer-2 (PEN-2) signaling pathway, so as to discuss and further clarify the mechanism of HYF on Alzheimer's disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty APP/PS1 transgenic mice, randomly allocated into 4 groups, the model group, the donepezil group (0.65 mg/kg), HYF low-dose group (HYF-L, 5.46 g/kg) and HYF high-dose group (HYF-H, 10.92 g/kg), 15 for each group. Another 15 C57BL/6J mice with the same age and same genetic background were allocated into the control group, proper dosage of drugs or distilled water were given by intragastric administration once daily for 12 weeks. After 12 weeks of administration, the learning and memory abilities of mice in each group was evaluated by the morris water maze test, amyloid precursor protein (APP), Aβand Aβlevels in hippocampus were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, γ-secretase was detected by dual luciferase assaying, the levels of APH-1a, hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α), cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) and PEN-2 and their mRNA expression was measured by Western blot and real-time polymerase chain reaction.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>HYF can ameliorate learning and memory deficits in APP/PS1 transgenic mice by decreasing the escape latency, improving the number of platform crossing and swimming speed (P<0.01, P<0.05). HYF can decrease the levels of APP, Aβ, Aβand the activity of γ-secretase in hippocampus of Alzheimer's disease model mice. HYF can down-regulate the levels of CREB and PEN-2 and the expression of their mRNA.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HYF can improve the learning and memory ability by inhibiting the activity of γ-secretase through the CREB/PEN-2 signaling pathway, and this may be one of the therapeutic mechanisms of HYF in Alzheimer's disease.</p>


Subject(s)
Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases , Metabolism , Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor , Metabolism , Animals , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein , Genetics , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Endopeptidases , Genetics , Metabolism , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Gene Expression Regulation , Hippocampus , Metabolism , Pathology , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Genetics , Metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Learning , Male , Memory Disorders , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Transgenic , Presenilin-1 , Metabolism , Presenilin-2 , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Signal Transduction
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2834-2839, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230871

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Acne inversa (AI), also called hidradenitis suppurativa, is a chronic, inflammatory, recurrent skin disease of the hair follicle. Familial AI shows autosomal-dominant inheritance caused by mutations in the γ-secretase genes. This study was aimed to identify the specific mutations in the γ-secretase genes in two Chinese families with AI.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In this study, two Chinese families with AI were investigated. All the affected individuals in the two families mainly manifested with multiple comedones, pitted scars, and a few inflammatory nodules on their face, neck, trunk, axilla, buttocks, upper arms, and thighs. Reticulate pigmentation in the flexures areas resembled Dowling-Degos disease clinically and pathologically. In addition, one of the affected individuals developed anal canal squamous cell carcinoma. Molecular mutation analysis of γ-secretase genes including PSENEN, PSEN1, and NCSTN was performed by polymerase chain reaction and direct DNA sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two novel mutations of PSENEN gene were identified, including a heterozygous missense mutation c.194T>G (p.L65R) and a splice site mutation c.167-2A>G.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The identification of the two mutations could expand the spectrum of mutations in the γ-secretase genes underlying AI and provide valuable information for further study of genotype-phenotype correlations.</p>


Subject(s)
Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases , Genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , Female , Hidradenitis Suppurativa , Diagnosis , Genetics , Humans , Hyperpigmentation , Diagnosis , Male , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Middle Aged , Mutation , Pedigree , Skin Abnormalities , Diagnosis , Skin Diseases, Genetic , Diagnosis , Skin Diseases, Papulosquamous , Diagnosis
9.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2016. 127 p. tab, graf, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-846638

ABSTRACT

A paracoccidioidomicose é uma micose sistêmica de natureza profunda que afeta preferencialmente o tecido pulmonar podendo disseminar via linfo-hematogênica para outros órgãos e tecidos, sendo causada principalmente pelo Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, fungo que apresenta dimorfismo térmico. O sistema imune inato mediado por macrófagos é extremamente importante para o controle de infecções e está envolvido na indução e regulação da resposta imune/inflamatória. Estas células são capazes de reconhecer patógenos por meio de receptores de reconhecimento de padrões (PRRs), tais como receptores Toll-like (TLR). Além desses PRRs, recentemente, demonstrou-se a importância da via de sinalização Notch no sistema imune inato e na regulação da atividade dos macrófagos. Nossos dados demonstram que a cepa Pb18 do P. brasiliensis é capaz de ativar o receptor Notch1 em macrófagos J774. A ativação desse receptor concomitante com a ativação de TLR 4 (via LPS) induz a produção de IL-6, e apresenta elevada carga fúngica e menor fagocitose, o que favorece a patogenia. Ao utilizarmos um inibidor farmacológico da γ-secretase (DAPT) para inibir a ativação do receptor Notch1 em macrófagos, é possível observar diminuição da carga fúngica, diminuição de IL-6, aumento de TNF-α e aumento da fagocitose. Entretanto, a ausência do receptor TLR 4 em macrófagos derivados de medula óssea de camundongos TLR 4-/-, na presença de DAPT, percebe-se diminuição da capacidade fagocítica desses macrófagos e também diminuição da carga fúngica, evidenciando a relação entre TLR 4 e Notch1. Em adição, realizamos um tratamento em camundongos BALB/c com DAPT previamente à infecção com Pb18. Nossos resultados evidenciaram que animais com este tratamento apresentaram diminuição da carga fúngica dos pulmões, diminuição de IL-6, ativação de macrófagos e aumento de IgG, após 45 dias de infecção, indicando um perfil de cura desses animais. O mesmo tratamento foi realizado em camundongos BALB/c NUDE, seguido da infecção com Pb18. Nestes animais, verificamos que há maior produção de citocinas pró-inflamatórias no pulmão, aumento de células CD19+ e a carga fúngica dos animais tratados manteve-se similar ao dos animais não tratados, indicando que o perfil protetor observado em animais com DAPT é dependente da resposta das células T. Juntos, esses resultados evidenciam que o Pb18 é capaz de ativar o receptor Notch1 em macrófagos e utiliza a via de sinalização Notch-TLR 4 como um possível mecanismo de escape, podendo fornecer uma nova abordagem de estudo da imunidade envolvida na paracoccidioidomicose experimental


Paracoccidioidomycosis is a systemic mycosis of deep nature that primarily affects the lung and can spread via lymphatic and hematogenous to other organs and tissues. It is mainly caused by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis fungus which exhibit thermal dimorphism. The innate immune system mediated by macrophages is extremely important for the control of infection and is involved in the induction and regulation of immune/inflammatory response. These cells are able to recognize pathogens through pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) such as Toll-like receptors (TLR). Beyond these PRRs, the importance of Notch signaling has recently been demonstrated in the innate immune system and the regulation of macrophage activity. Our data demonstrate that the Pb18 strain of P. brasiliensis is able to activate the Notch1 receptor in J774 macrophages. Activation of this receptor with also activation of TLR 4 (via LPS) induces IL-6 production, induces phagocytosis and decreases fungal burden, which favors the pathogenesis. By using a γ-secretase pharmacological inhibitor (DAPT) for inhibiting the activation of Notch1 receptor on macrophages, it is possible to observe decreased fungal burden, less production of IL-6, and increased TNF-α and phagocytosis. However, due to the absence of TLR 4 receptor in bone marrow derived macrophages from TLR 4-/- mice, these macrophages showed decreased phagocytic ability and also reduced fungal burden in the presence of DAPT, showing a relationship between TLR 4 and Notch1. In addition, we made a treatment with DAPT in BALB/c mice prior to infection with Pb18. And our results showed that DAPT-treated animals exhibited a decrease of fungal burden in the lungs, and a decrease of IL-6. Furthermore, we observed an increase of IgG after 45 days of infection, indicating probably a healing of these animals. Same treatment was made in BALB/c NUDE mice, followed by infection with Pb18. In these animals, we observed an increased production of proinflammatory cytokines in the lung and increased CD19+ cells, but fungal burden was similar in both group (treated and untreated), which indicates that treatment with DAPT is dependent on T cell response. Taken together, these results showed that Pb18 is able to activate the Notch 1 receptor on macrophages and uses the Notch-TLR 4 signaling pathway as a possible escape mechanism, and may provide a new immunity study approach in experimental paracoccidioidomycosis


Subject(s)
Interrelation , Paracoccidioidomycosis/complications , Receptor, Notch1/classification , Toll-Like Receptor 4/classification , Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases/administration & dosage , Interrelation , Macrophages , Mycoses/prevention & control , Paracoccidioides
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265536

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of miR-140-5p and ADAM10 in hypopharyngeal carcinoma tissues and their effects on the migration and invasion of FaDu cells and underlying mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The miR-140-5p and ADAM10 mRNA levels in 33 cases of hypopharyngeal carcinoma tissues and adjacent normal tissues were measured by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Transwell migration assay and transwell invasion assay were used to test the metastasis ability of FaDu cells after upregulation or downregulation of miR-140-5p and downregulation of ADAM10. The protein expression levels of ADAM10 in hypopharyngeal carcinoma tissues and the FaDu cells after transfection were determined by Western blot assays.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression level of miR-140-5p was significantly downregulated in hypopharyngeal carcinoma tissues compared with adjacent tissues (t=-4.016, P<0.01), which was significantly correlated with tumor classification and lymph node metastasis (P<0.05). Conversely, mRNA and protein expressions of ADAM10 were significantly upregulated in tumor tissues (t=3.960, P<0.01; t=12.089, P<0.01), and were significantly downregulated in the FaDu cells after tranfected with si-ADAM10 (t=8.653, P<0.05; t=5.191, P<0.05). Transwell assay showed that compare with control group, the migration and invasive cells decreased significantly in hsa-mir-140-5p group (t=3.255, P<0.05; t=2.942, P<0.05), while increased significantly in anti-hsa-mir-140-5p group, (t=-13.521, P<0.05; t=-6.223, P<0.05). The migration and invasive cells in si-ADAM10 group were less than those in control group (t=4.759, P<0.05; t=3.663, P<0.05). The downregulation of ADAM10 attenuated the effect of anti-mir-140-5p in FaDu cells. Western blot assay showed that ADAM10 expression was apparently decreased in hsa-mir-140-5p group and increased in anti-mir-140-5p group compared with control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The expression of miR-140-5p was significantly downregulated in hypopharyngeal carcinoma tissues and correlated with tumor classification and lymph node metastasis. ADAM10 was upregulated in tumor tissues. MiR-140-5p suppresses the migration and invasion abilities of FaDu cells, possibly through downregulation of ADAM10.</p>


Subject(s)
ADAM Proteins , Metabolism , ADAM10 Protein , Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Down-Regulation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms , Pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Membrane Proteins , Metabolism , MicroRNAs , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Transfection
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1835-1844, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251294

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Amyloid β (Aβ) has been established as a key factor for the pathological changes in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), and cellular senescence is closely associated with aging and cognitive impairment. However, it remains blurred whether, in the AD brains, Aβ accelerates the neuronal senescence and whether this senescence, in turn, impairs the cognitive function. This study aimed to explore the expression of senescence-associated genes in the hippocampal tissue from young to aged 5XFAD mice and their age-matched wild type (WT) mice to determine whether senescent neurons are present in the transgenic AD mouse model.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The 5XFAD mice and age-matched wild type mice, both raised from 1 to 18 months, were enrolled in the study. The senescence-associated genes in the hippocampus were analyzed and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Cognitive performance of the mice was evaluated by Y-maze and Morris water maze tests. Oligomeric Aβ (oAβ) (1-42) was applied to culture primary neurons to simulate the in vivo manifestation. Aging-related proteins were detected by Western blotting analysis and immunofluorescence.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In 5XFAD mice, of all the DEGs, the senescence-associated marker p16 was most significantly increased, even at the early age. It was mainly localized in neurons, with a marginal expression in astrocytes (labeled as glutamine synthetase), nil expression in activated microglia (labeled as Iba1), and negatively correlated with the spatial cognitive impairments of 5XFAD mice. oAβ (1-42) induced the production of senescence-related protein p16, but not p53 in vitro, which was in line with the in vivo manifestation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>oAβ-accelerated neuronal senescence may be associated with the cognitive impairment in 5XFAD mice. Senescence-associated marker p16 can serve as an indicator to estimate the cognitive prognosis for AD population.</p>


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Metabolism , Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases , Genetics , Metabolism , Amyloid beta-Peptides , Metabolism , Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor , Metabolism , Animals , Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases , Genetics , Metabolism , Brain , Metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Cellular Senescence , Genetics , Physiology , Cognition , Physiology , Cognition Disorders , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Transgenic , Neurons , Metabolism , Pathology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
12.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 20(1): 59-65, Jan-Feb/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741448

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess the diagnostic value of a laser scanner developed to determine the coordinates of clinical bracket points and to compare with the results of a coordinate measuring machine (CMM). METHODS: This diagnostic experimental study was conducted on maxillary and mandibular orthodontic study casts of 18 adults with normal Class I occlusion. First, the coordinates of the bracket points were measured on all casts by a CMM. Then, the three-dimensional coordinates (X, Y, Z) of the bracket points were measured on the same casts by a 3D laser scanner designed at Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran. The validity and reliability of each system were assessed by means of intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Dahlberg's formula. RESULTS: The difference between the mean dimension and the actual value for the CMM was 0.0066 mm. (95% CI: 69.98340, 69.99140). The mean difference for the laser scanner was 0.107 ± 0.133 mm (95% CI: -0.002, 0.24). In each method, differences were not significant. The ICC comparing the two methods was 0.998 for the X coordinate, and 0.996 for the Y coordinate; the mean difference for coordinates recorded in the entire arch and for each tooth was 0.616 mm. CONCLUSION: The accuracy of clinical bracket point coordinates measured by the laser scanner was equal to that of CMM. The mean difference in measurements was within the range of operator errors. .


OBJETIVO: o objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o valor diagnóstico de um scanner a laser desenvolvido para determinar as coordenadas dos pontos de colagem de braquetes, comparando seus resultados aos resultados obtidos com uma máquina de medição coordenada (MMC). MÉTODOS: esse estudo experimental diagnóstico foi conduzido com modelos ortodônticos obtidos a partir da arcada superior de 18 pacientes adultos, com oclusão normal de Classe I. Inicialmente, as coordenadas dos pontos de colagem de braquetes de todos os modelos foram mensuradas por uma MMC. Em seguida, as coordenadas tridimensionais (X, Y, Z) dos pontos foram mensuradas nos mesmos modelos por um scanner a laser 3D, desenvolvido na Universidade de Shahid Beheshti. A eficácia e confiabilidade dos dois sistemas foram avaliadas pelo Coeficiente de Correlação Intraclasse (CCI) e pela fórmula de Dahlberg. RESULTADOS: a diferença entre a média da dimensão mensurada pela MMC e o valor real obtido foi de 0,0066mm (IC 95%: 69,98340 - 69,99140). A diferença média para o scanner a laser foi de 0,107 ± 0,133 (95% IC: -0,002 - 0,24). Em cada método, as diferenças não foram significativas. Ao comparar os dois métodos, o CCI gerou um valor de 0,998 para a coordenada X e de 0,996 para a coordenada Y. A diferença média para as coordenadas registradas em cada dente da arcada foi de 0,616mm. CONCLUSÃO: a precisão das coordenadas do ponto de colagem dos braquetes foi a mesma no scanner a laser e na MMC. A diferença média entre as medições manteve-se dentro dos limites de erros operacionais. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Alzheimer Disease/genetics , Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases/genetics , Hidradenitis Suppurativa/genetics , Presenilin-1/genetics , Alanine/analogs & derivatives , Alanine/pharmacology , Alzheimer Disease/enzymology , Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases/antagonists & inhibitors , Azepines/pharmacology , Hidradenitis Suppurativa/enzymology , Mutation, Missense
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333639

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of γ-secretase inhibitor (N-[N-(3,5-difluorophenacetyl)-l -alanyl]-S-phenylglycine t-butyl ester, DAPT) on hyperoxia-induced brain white matter injury in mice.</p><p><b>MWTHODS</b>Three-day-old C57BL/10J mouse pups were divided into air control (C) group, control+DAPT (10 mg/kg, injected intraperitoneally) group, hyperoxia group (exposed to 80% oxygen for 48 h), and hyperoxia+DAPT group. The brain and body weights of the mice were measured at postnatal days 3, 5, 12, and 28. Real-time PCR was used to detect Notch intracellular domain (NICD) mRNA expression in the brain after modeling, and the expressions of NG2 and myelin basic protein (MBP) were detected by double-labeled immunofluorescence assay to verify the oligdendrocycle type at postnatal day 12. The mice in each group were bred until postnatal day 28 for Morris water maze test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The brain and body weights were significantly decreased in mice in hyperoxia group compared to the control mice, but increased significantly after DAPT treatment (P<0.05). Real-time PCR showed that a 48-hour hyperoxia exposure significantly increased NICD mRNA expression in the brain (P<0.05), which was decreased by co-treatment by DAPT (P<0.05). Hyperoxia also resulted in enhanced NG2 expression and lowered MBP expression in the brain (P<0.05). Compared with the control mice, the mice exposed to hyperoxia showed prolonged escape latency (P<0.05) and spent less time in the target quadrant with a lowered number of passing through the virtual platform (P<0.05). All these parameters were significantly improved by co-treatment with DAPT.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Specific inhibition of Notch signaling pathway activation in the brain by the γ-secretase inhibitor DAPT can ameliorate white matter injury and learning and memory impairment in newborn mice with hyperoxia exposure.</p>


Subject(s)
Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases , Animals , Body Weight , Brain , Metabolism , Pathology , Dipeptides , Pharmacology , Hyperoxia , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Inbred Strains , Organ Size , Receptors, Notch , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , White Matter , Pathology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357240

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of ADAM10 inhibitor GI254023X on the proliferation and apoptosis of acute T-lymphoblastic leukemia Jurkat cells and its mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Jurkat cells were treated with different concentrations of GI254023X, the proliferation-inhibition curve was assayed and plotted by CCK-8 method, the cell viability and apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry with Annexin V and 7-AAD staining, the cleavage of Notch1 protein was determined by Western blot, the transcripts of anti-apoptotic genes BCL-2, MCL-1, BCL-xl and Notch1 target gene Hes-1 were detected by real-time PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The GI254023X obviously inhibited the proliferation of Jurkat cells in concentration-dependent manner. As compared with the control group, the apoptosis of cells increased along with increment of GI254023X concentration. Compared with control group, the expression of Cleaved Notch1 was down-regulated while the expression of Notch1 was up-regulated in a time-dependent manner after the treatment with GI254023X. The levels of MCL-1 and Hes-1 mRNA transcripts in Jurkat cells were reduced in GI254023X treated group, but did not show obvious effect on the level of BCL-2 and BCL-xl mRNA transcripts.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>GI254023X can remarkably inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis of Jurkat cells. The inhibition of Notch1 activation and the down-regulation of apoptosis-related gene MCL-1 may be involved in the process of apoptosis.</p>


Subject(s)
ADAM Proteins , ADAM10 Protein , Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Dipeptides , Down-Regulation , Humans , Hydroxamic Acids , In Vitro Techniques , Jurkat Cells , Membrane Proteins , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Receptor, Notch1
15.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2015; 28 (1): 139-146
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-153889

ABSTRACT

A number of drugs exhibit unexpected pharmacological effects related to their ability to bind more than one receptor in humans. Haloperidol a typical antipsychotic drug appeared in several reports to be used in schizophrenia patients in which the significant of Alzheimer's disease has been reduced. The etiology of the disease is characterized by aggregates of amyloid plaques, largely composed of amyloid- beta peptide formed from the amyloid precursor protein cleaved by Memapsin 2. To investigate if haloperidol can bind to Memapsin 2 active site, an initial molecular docking was performed as a preliminary in-silico screening test followed by in vitro enzyme inhibition assay. Haloperidol was found to fit readily in Memapsin binding site with IC50value 250mM. Haloperidol can be considered as important lead or important target can be modified for more inhibitory activity, with the intention of protection or treatment for Alzheimer's disease


Subject(s)
Molecular Docking Simulation/methods , In Vitro Techniques , Alzheimer Disease , Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases , Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266714

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the effect of γ-Secretase Inhibitor DAPT, (N-[N-(3,5-Difluorophenacetyl)-L-alanyl]-S-phenylglycine t-butyl ester), on the differentiation of neural precursor cells and the production of neurons in the neural precursor cell line GE6. GE6 was cultured in medium with 4 μmol/L DAPT added as the experimental group and the untreated medium separately as the control group. After 4 days of differentiation, we carried out the following experiments. We used immuno-fluorescent staining to observe the ratio of Tuj1, GFAP and O4 positive cells. We also used qRT-PCR to detect the effect of the DAPT on Tuj1 and GFAP mRNA transcription in the GE6. The results of immuno-fluorescent staining indicated that the Tuj1 ratio of experimental group was higher compared to that of the control group, but the GFAP and O4 ratio of experimental group was lower than that of the control group. The differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). The result of qRT-PCR was in accordance with immunofluorescent staining results. It was well concluded that DAPT could promote the neurogenic differentiation of neural precursor cell line rather than leading to gliogenic differentiation. More neurons could be obtained for transplantation with the addition of DAPT.


Subject(s)
Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases , Animals , Cell Differentiation , Cell Line , Dipeptides , Pharmacology , Neural Stem Cells , Neurons , Rats
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1628-1632, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272548

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of ADAM10 inhibitor GI254023X on the proliferation and apoptosis of multiple myeloma H929 cell line and its mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>H929 cells were treated with different concentrations of GI254023X, the proliferation-inhibitive curve was assayed and plotted by CCK-8 method, the cell viability and apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry with Annexin V/7-AAD double staining. The cleavage of Notch1 protein (cleaved notch1) was determined by Western blot. The transcripts of Notch1 target gene Hes-1 were detected by real-time PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The GI254023X inhibited the proliferation of H929 cells in the time- and dose- dependent manners. As compared with the control group, the apoptosis of cells increased along with enhancement of GI254023X concentration; The expression of cleaved Notch1 was down-regulated after the treatment with GI254023X. The levels of Hes-1 mRNA transcripts in H929 cells was reduced in GI254023X treated group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>GI254023X can remarkably inhibit the proliferation and induce the apoptosis of H929 cells. Its mechanism may be associated with inbihition of Notch1 activation.</p>


Subject(s)
ADAM Proteins , ADAM10 Protein , Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Dipeptides , Down-Regulation , Humans , Hydroxamic Acids , Membrane Proteins , Multiple Myeloma , Receptor, Notch1
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259670

ABSTRACT

The beta-secretase is one of prospective targets against Alzheimer's disease (AD). A three-dimensional quan titative structure-activity relationship (3D-QSAR) model of Hydroethylamines (HEAs) as beta-secretase inhibitors was established using Topomer CoMFA. The multiple correlation coefficient of fitting, cross validation and external validation were r2 = 0.928, q(loo)2 = 0.605 and r(pred)2 = 0.626, respectively. The 3D-QSAR model was used to search R groups from ZINC database as the source of structural fragments. As a result, a series of R groups with relatively high activity contribution was obtained to design a total of 15 new compounds, with higher activity than that of the template molecule. The molecular docking was employed to study the interaction mode between the new compounds as ligands and beta-secretase as receptors, displaying that hydrogen bond and hydrophobicity played important roles in the binding affinity between the new compounds and beta-secretase. The results showed that Topomer CoMFA and To pomer Search could be effectively used to screen and design new molecules of HEAs as beta-secretase inhibitors, and the designed compounds could provide new candidates for drug design targeting AD.


Subject(s)
Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases , Drug Design , Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions , Ligands , Molecular Docking Simulation , Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-53111

ABSTRACT

T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) accounts for approximately 10-15% of entire ALL in children. The outcome of T-ALL has been improved through the intensified therapeutic strategy, however, it is still a more aggressive disease. In T-ALL a couple of transcription factor oncogenes are known to be relocated to the juxtaposition of T-cell receptor genes, potent promoter, by chromosome translocation. However the incidence of each chimeric gene formation in T-ALL is less than 5% and their clinical significance as a prognostic marker is lacking. A decade ago it was identified that activating mutations in NOTCH1 in about 60% of T-ALL. After then, activating NOTCH1 mutations present in T-ALL have been extensively investigated with regard to understanding its molecular pathogenesis, its prognostic significance, and developing molecularly tailored novel agents. Small molecule gamma-secretase inhibitor, blocking a proteolytic step required for creation of a fragment of NOTCH intracellular domain which actually act as a controller of its target gene expression, was tried as a target therapeutic drug for T-ALL. Although outcome of this drug was not satisfactory, challenges have been launched to develop new drugs which specifically act on the aberrant behavior of mutated NOTCH1 in T-ALL.


Subject(s)
Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases , Child , Gene Expression , Genes, T-Cell Receptor , Humans , Incidence , Oncogenes , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , T-Lymphocytes , Transcription Factors
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788509

ABSTRACT

T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) accounts for approximately 10-15% of entire ALL in children. The outcome of T-ALL has been improved through the intensified therapeutic strategy, however, it is still a more aggressive disease. In T-ALL a couple of transcription factor oncogenes are known to be relocated to the juxtaposition of T-cell receptor genes, potent promoter, by chromosome translocation. However the incidence of each chimeric gene formation in T-ALL is less than 5% and their clinical significance as a prognostic marker is lacking. A decade ago it was identified that activating mutations in NOTCH1 in about 60% of T-ALL. After then, activating NOTCH1 mutations present in T-ALL have been extensively investigated with regard to understanding its molecular pathogenesis, its prognostic significance, and developing molecularly tailored novel agents. Small molecule gamma-secretase inhibitor, blocking a proteolytic step required for creation of a fragment of NOTCH intracellular domain which actually act as a controller of its target gene expression, was tried as a target therapeutic drug for T-ALL. Although outcome of this drug was not satisfactory, challenges have been launched to develop new drugs which specifically act on the aberrant behavior of mutated NOTCH1 in T-ALL.


Subject(s)
Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases , Child , Gene Expression , Genes, T-Cell Receptor , Humans , Incidence , Oncogenes , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , T-Lymphocytes , Transcription Factors
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