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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246312, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339357

ABSTRACT

Abstract The antioxidant, photoprotective and antinociceptive Marcetia macrophylla active extract was investigated as an active ingredient in a sunscreen cream formulation. Thus, the M. macrophylla extract showed IC50 of 3.43 mg/ml of the antioxidant (DPPH∙ scavenging test) and Sun Protection Factor of 20.25 (SPF/UV-B, at 250 µg/ml) and UV-A of 78.09% (photobleaching trans-resveratrol test). The antinociceptive activity was superior to all standards tested using the in vivo acetic acid-induced writhing test (99.14% at the dose of 200 mg/kg) and the high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with diode array detector and mass spectroscopy multi-stage (HPLC-DAD-MS/MS) enabled the structural characterization of the quercetin-3-O-hexoside, quercetin-3-O-pentoside and quercetin-3-O-desoxihexoside. The pharmaceutical formulation containing the Marcetia macrophylla crude active extract was prepared and the physicochemical tests (organoleptic characteristics, pH analysis and centrifugation), the in vitro UVB (sun protection factor, SPF) and UVA (β-carotene) using the spectroscopic method were investigated. The formulation showed satisfactory results concerning the physicochemical parameters evaluated and active against the UV test. Thus, M. macrophylla showed biological activities with potential use in pharmaceutical preparations.


Resumo O extrato bruto de Marcetia macrophylla mostrou atividade antioxidante, fotoprotetora e antinociceptiva, sendo em seguida investigado como ingrediente ativo em uma formulação fotoprotetora. Assim, o extrato de M. macrophylla apresentou atividade antioxidante com IC50 de 3,43 mg/mL (teste de sequestro do DPPH∙) e Fator de Proteção Solar de 20,25 (FPS/UV-B, 250 µg/mL) e UV-A de 78,09% (teste de fotobranqueamento do trans-resveratrol). A atividade antinociceptiva usando o teste in vivo de contorções abdominais induzidas por ácido acético foi superior a todos os padrões testados (99,14% na dose de 200 mg/Kg). A análise por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência acoplada a detector de fotodiodos e espectroscopia de massas multi-estágio (CLAE-DAD-EM/EM) possibilitou a caracterização dos flavonoides quercetina-3-O-hexosídeo, quercetina-3-O-pentosídeo e quercetina-3-O-desoxihexosídeo. A formulação farmacêutica contendo o extrato ativo bruto de Marcetia macrophylla foi preparada e os testes físico-químicos (características organolépticas, análise de pH e centrifugação), o UVB in vitro (fator de proteção solar, FPS) e UVA (β-caroteno) foram investigados. A formulação apresentou resultados satisfatórios frente aos parâmetros físico-químicos avaliados e ativos contra UV. Assim, M. macrophylla apresentou atividades biológicas com potencial uso em preparações fitofarmacêuticas.


Subject(s)
Sunscreening Agents/pharmacology , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Analgesics/pharmacology
2.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 43(1): 101-118, jan./jun. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354575

ABSTRACT

Achyrocline satureioides is popularly known for its richness in phenolic compounds and medicinal properties (anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and hepatoprotective). The present study aimed at broadening the knowledge about the pharmacological potential exerted by the aqueous and ethanolic extracts of A. satureioides. These extracts were characterized by HPLC and tested for their modulatory action on phospholipases A2 and proteases of snake venoms. In addition, they were tested on the activities of digestive enzymes. Snake venoms were used as tools since they have enzymes with high functional and structural homology to human enzymes. The results demonstrate that the extracts of A. satureioides act as enzymatic inhibitors or potentiators, interfering in processes related to the hemostasis, such as coagulation and thrombus dissolution. In addition, the anti-genotoxic activity and inhibitions exerted on digestive enzymes suggests their potential use in the prevention and/or treatment of several pathologies. New studies could provide information on how the compounds present in the extracts and the different enzymes interact.


A Achyrocline satureioides é popularmente conhecida por sua riqueza em compostos fenólicos e por suas propriedades medicinais (anti-inflamatória, analgésica e hepatoprotetora). No presente estudo, com o objetivo de ampliar o conhecimento sobre o potencial farmacológico exercido por esses extratos, os extratos aquoso e etanólico de A. satureioides foram caracterizados por HPLC e testados quanto à sua ação modulatória sobre as fosfolipases A2 e proteases de peçonhas de serpentes. Além disso, também foram testados em atividades de enzimas digestivas. As peçonhas de serpentes foram usadas como ferramentas por apresentarem enzimas com alta homologia funcional e estrutural às humanas. Os resultados demonstram que os extratos de A. satureioides atuam como inibidores ou potencializadores enzimáticos, interferindo em processos relacionados à hemostasia, como coagulação e dissolução do trombo. Além do mais, destacam seu potencial antigenotóxico e as inibições exercidas sobre as enzimas digestivas direcionando seu potencial de uso na prevenção e/ou tratamento de diversas patologias. Novos estudos poderão fornecer informações sobre os mecanismos de interação entre os compostos presentes nos extratos e as diferentes enzimas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Snakes , Blood Coagulation , Achyrocline , Digestion , Enzymes , Dissolution , Phospholipases A2 , Hemostasis , Analgesics , Inflammation
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e240359, 2022. graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285603

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hymenaea martiana is a species popularly known in Northeastern Brazil as "jatobá" and used in folk medicine to treat pain and inflammation. The aim of this work was to evaluate the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activity of H. martiana. In the present study, we carried out an investigation about the effects of the crude ethanolic extract (Hm-EtOH) and the ethyl acetate fraction (Hm-AcOEt) in models of nociception and inflammation in mice. Chemical (acetic acid-induced writhing and formalin) and thermal stimuli (hot plate) were used for the evaluation of antinociceptive activity, while for the anti-inflammatory profile paw edema induced by carrageenan was used, along with leukocyte migration to the peritoneal cavity. The presence of the flavonoid astilbin in the samples was characterized through HPLC-DAD-MS analysis. Hm-EtOH and Hm-AcOEt (100, 200 and 400 mg.kg-1, i.p.) significantly reduced the number of abdominal contortions and decreased the paw licking time in the formalin test. In the hot plate, the extract increased the latency time of animals. Hm-EtOH and Hm-AcOEt inhibited significantly the increase in the edema after the administration of carrageenan. Hm-EtOH and Hm-AcOEt inhibited leukocyte migration in the peritonitis test. HPLC-DAD-MS analysis of Hm-EtOH and Hm-AcOEt revealed the presence of the flavonoid astilbin in the samples. According to the results of this study, both Hm-EtOH and Hm-AcOEt have antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities, which could be related with the presence of flavonoid in the extracts. The results reinforce the popular use of this plant.


Resumo Hymenaea martiana é uma espécie popularmente conhecida no Nordeste do Brasil como "jatobá" e usada na medicina popular para tratar a dor e a inflamação. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a atividade antinociceptiva e anti-inflamatória de H. martiana. No presente estudo, foram avaliados os efeitos do extrato etanólico bruto (Hm-EtOH) e da fração acetato de etila (Hm-AcOEt) em modelos de nocicepção e inflamação em camundongos. Foram utilizados estímulos químicos (contorções abdominais induzidas por ácido acético e teste da formalina) e estímulo térmico (teste da placa quente) para avaliação da atividade antinociceptiva, enquanto no perfil anti-inflamatório foi utilizado o teste do edema de pata induzido por carragenina e migração de leucócitos para a cavidade peritoneal. A presença do flavonoide astilbina nas amostras foi caracterizada através de análise por CLAE-DAD-EM. Hm-EtOH e o Hm-AcOEt (100, 200 e 400 mg.kg-1, i.p.) reduziram significativamente o número de contorções abdominais e diminuíram o tempo de lambida da pata no teste da formalina. No teste da placa quente, houve aumento do tempo de latência dos animais. Hm-EtOH e Hm-AcOEt inibiram significativamente o aumento do edema após a administração de carragenina, bem como inibiram a migração de leucócitos no teste de peritonite. A análise por CLAE-DAD-EM de Hm-EtOH e Hm-AcOEt revelou a presença do flavonoide astilbina nas amostras. De acordo com os resultados deste estudo, tanto Hm-EtOH quanto o Hm-AcOEt possuem atividades antinociceptiva e anti-inflamatória, o que pode estar relacionado à presença do flavonoide. Os resultados reforçam o uso popular desta planta.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Hymenaea , Fabaceae , Brazil , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Carrageenan , Analgesics/pharmacology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology
4.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(3): e717, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1351984

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La administración epidural de esteroides constituye un pilar del tratamiento del dolor radicular cervical y lumbosacro. Objetivo: Describir los mecanismos fisiológicos y características farmacológicas de los corticosteroides utilizados en el tratamiento del dolor, así como las complicaciones derivadas de la administración epidural de esteroides particulados. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión no sistemática de la literatura en bases de datos científicas como Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Pubmed/Medline, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, EBSCOhost, ScienceDirect, OVID y el buscador académico Google Scholar, en los meses de julio a septiembre del año 2020. Desarrollo: Los corticoides utilizados en la medicina del dolor son derivados de la prednisolona. Estos se clasifican en particulados (de depósito, de suspensión) o no particulados (de dilución), en función de la presencia o ausencia de un componente molecular sólido (moléculas tipo éster, insolubles en agua). Los fármacos más empleados son la dexametasona, betametasona, triamcinolona y metilprednisolona. Conclusiones: La administración epidural de esteroides particulados está relacionada con la incidencia de complicaciones graves, aunque poco frecuentes, como paraplejía, tetraplejía, infarto de la médula espinal, hemorragia y edema cerebral. La evidencia disponible muestra una efectividad analgésica similar a los compuestos no particulados. Por lo tanto, no se recomienda su utilización rutinaria durante el abordaje del espacio epidural(AU)


Introduction: Epidural administration of steroids is a cornerstone for the treatment of cervical and lumbosacral radicular pain. Objective: To describe the physiological mechanisms and pharmacological characteristics of the corticosteroids used for pain treatment, as well as the complications derived from the epidural administration of particulate steroids. Methods: A nonsystematic review of the literature was carried out, from July to September 2020, in scientific databases such as Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Pubmed/Medline, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, EBSCOhost, ScienceDirect, OVID and the academic search engine Google Scholar. Development: The corticoids used in pain medicine are derived from prednisolone. These are classified into particulate (deposit, suspension) or non-particulate (dilution), depending on the presence or absence of a solid molecular component (ester-type molecules, insoluble in water). The most commonly used drugs are dexamethasone, betamethasone, triamcinolone, and methylprednisolone. Conclusions: The epidural administration of particulate steroids is related to the incidence of serious, although infrequent, complications, such as paraplegia, tetraplegia, spinal cord infarction, hemorrhage and cerebral edema. Available evidence shows analgesic effectiveness similar to that of non-particulate compounds. Therefore, its routine usage is not recommended during the managment of the epidural space(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dexamethasone , Prednisolone , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Analgesics , Quadriplegia
6.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(2): e501, Apr.-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1251503

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Neuropathic pain is present in up to 40 % of all cancer patients. A considerable number of patients fail to achieve enough pain relief with conventional treatment, which is why therapeutic alternatives such as spinal cord stimulation should be considered. Case description and results This is the case of a female patient with chronic neuropathic pain secondary to a partial femoral nerve injury sustained during resection and lymph node dissection surgery with curative intent for a large stage II cell squamous cell carcinoma T2N0M0, localized in the right popliteal fossa. The patient presented with difficult to manage chronic neuropathic pain, despite receiving multiple oral analgesics and nerve blocks. A medullary neurostimulator was implanted that relieved the patient's pain intensity in up to 80%, in addition to improved function and quality of life. Conclusions Spinal cord stimulation is considered an effective neuromodulatory intervention which has shown satisfactory results in the treatment of various types of refractory chronic pain in cancer patients, including neuropathic pain.


Resumen Introducción El dolor neuropático está presente hasta en el 40 % de los pacientes con cáncer. Un número considerable de pacientes no logran un alivio suficiente del dolor con el tratamiento convencional, por lo cual deben considerarse alternativas terapéuticas como la estimulación de la médula espinal. Descripción del caso y resultados Caso de una paciente con dolor neuropático crónico secundario a lesión parcial de nervio femoral durante cirugía de resección y vaciamiento ganglionar con objetivos curativos de carcinoma escamocelular de célula grande T2N0M0 estadio II, localizado en la fosa poplítea derecha, quien cursó con dolor neuropático crónico de difícil manejo a pesar de recibir múltiples analgésicos orales y bloqueos nerviosos. Se implantó un neuroestimulador medular con lo cual se logró un alivio hasta del 80 % en intensidad de dolor de la paciente, además de una mejoría de su funcionalidad y calidad de vida. Conclusiones La estimulación de la médula espinal se considera una intervención neuromoduladora eficaz, que ha demostrado resultados satisfactorios para tratar diversas formas de dolor crónico refractario en los pacientes con cáncer, incluido el dolor neuropático.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Chronic Pain , Pain Management , Spinal Cord Stimulation , Lymph Node Excision , Neoplasms , Quality of Life , Therapeutics , Cells , Femoral Nerve , Analgesics , Nerve Block , Neuralgia
7.
Cuad. Hosp. Clín ; 62(1): 11-18, jun. 2021. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284116

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: las úlceras por presión constituyen un importante problema de salud por su frecuencia, carácter crónico, costes económicos y una merma en la calidad de vida en pacientes internados en las unidades de cuidados especiales. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: el objetivo del estudio fue evaluar el efecto epitelizante y analgésico del sevoflurano aplicado tópicamente en úlceras por presión grado I-III no infectadas de pacientes internados. El tipo de estudio fue Ensayo clínico aleatorizado. Un total de 16 pacientes fueron incluidos en el estudio y fueron divididos aleatoriamente en 2 grupos: grupo A (8 pacientes), en los que se realizó la curación con sevoflurano tópico más povidona yodada y, grupo B (8 pacientes) curación solo con yodopovidona. La valoración de la evolución de la úlcera se realizó mediante la Escala PUSH, que valora superficie, cantidad de exudado y tipo de tejido del lecho. RESULTADOS: durante la realización de la curación, el dolor manifestado por los integrantes del Grupo A (1.6 ± 0.7), fue mucho menor que el observado el Grupo B (7.2 ± 1). No se encontró diferencias significativas en la superficie de la úlcera y en la cantidad de exudado; si se encontró una diferencia significativa en el tipo de tejido existente en el lecho ulceroso, en los pacientes del Grupo A se evidenció la presencia de tejido de granulación y epitelial a partir de la tercera semana de tratamiento, lo cual, en los pacientes del Grupo B, se observó a partir de la cuarta semana.


INTRODUCTION: pressure ulcers constitute an important health problem due to their frequency, chronic nature, economic costs and a reduction in the quality of life in patients hospitalized in special care units. MATERIAL AND METHODS: the aim of the study was to evaluate the epithelializing and analgesic effect of sevoflurane applied topically in uninfected grade I-III pressure ulcers of hospitalized patients. The type of study was Randomized Clinical Trial. A total of 16 patients were included in the study and were randomly divided into 2 groups: group A (8 patients), in which the cure was performed with topical sevoflurane plus povidone iodine, and group B (8 patients) only with povidone iodine. The evaluation of the evolution of the ulcer was performed using the PUSH Scale, which assesses surface area, amount of exudate and type of bed tissue. RESULTS: during the healing, the pain manifested by the members of Group A (1.6 ± 0.7), was much lower than that observed in Group B (7.2 ± 1). No significant differences were found on the surface of the ulcer and in the amount of exudate; If a significant difference was found in the type of tissue existing in the ulcer bed, in Group A patients the presence of epithelial and granulation tissue was evidenced starting the third week of treatment, which, in Group A patients B, was observed starting the fourth week.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Sevoflurane , Analgesics , Povidone-Iodine , Ulcer , Granulation Tissue
8.
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(2): 65-71, abr.-maio 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1369055

ABSTRACT

Este estudo objetivou analisar a terapêutica medicamentosa em implantodontia e propor um protocolo clínico baseado em evidências. Os implantes dentários revolucionaram o tratamento reabilitador em Odontologia com elevadas taxas de sucesso na sua realização. Por se tratarem de procedimentos de natureza invasiva e graças as características dos pacientes que se submetem a este tratamento, seu operador deverá considerar alguns aspectos que serão imprescindíveis para o sucesso do procedimento, aspectos que vão desde o condicionamento emocional do paciente no pré-operatório, os cuidados na escolha da solução anestésica a ser empregada, a efetividade no controle da dor e do edema inflamatório bem como a prevenção de algumas complicações como a infecção dos tecidos perimplantares. Protocolos farmacológicos atrelados a prática implantodôntica são escassos na literatura atual e diante disto foi sugerida a inserção de uma proposta de esquema terapêutico farmacológico que poderá ser utilizado como protocolo nas mais variadas situações enfrentadas pelo operador durante as cirurgias em implantodontia... (AU)


This study aimed to analyze drug therapy in implantology and to propose an evidence-based clinical protocol. Dental implants have revolutionized dental rehabilitation treatment with high success rates. Because they are invasive procedures and due to the characteristics of patients undergoing this treatment, your operator should consider some aspects that will be essential for the success of the procedure, aspects ranging from the emotional conditioning of the patient preoperatively, care in choosing the anesthetic solution to be employed, effectiveness in controlling pain and inflammatory edema, as well as the prevention of some complications such as infection of the perimplant tissues. Pharmacological protocols linked to implantodontic practice are scarce in the current literature and, therefore, it was suggested to insert a proposal for a pharmacological therapeutic scheme that can be used as a protocol in the most varied situations faced by the operator during implant surgery... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Hygiene , Dental Implants , Clinical Protocols , Osseointegration , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Analgesics , Immediate Dental Implant Loading
9.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(4): 250-255, Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280036

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To investigate the effect of closure types of the anterior abdominal wall layers in cesarean section (CS) surgery on early postoperative findings. Methods The present study was designed as a prospective cross-sectional study and was conducted at a university hospital between October 2018 and February 2019. A total of 180 patients who underwent CS for various reasons were enrolled in the study. Each patient was randomly assigned to one of three groups: Both parietal peritoneum and rectus abdominis muscle left open (group 1), parietal peritoneum closure only (group 2), and closure of the parietal peritoneum and reapproximation of rectus muscle (group 3). All patients were compared in terms of postoperative pain scores (while lying down and duringmobilization), analgesia requirement, and return of bowel motility. Results The postoperative pain scores were similar at the 2nd, 6th, 12th, and 18th hours while lying down. During mobilization, the postoperative pain scores at 6 and 12 hours were significantly higher in group 2 than in group 3. Diclofenac use was significantly higher in patients in group 1 than in those in group 2. Meperidine requirements were similar among the groups. There was no difference between the groups' first flatus and stool passage times. Conclusion In the group with only parietal peritoneum closure, the pain scores at the 6th and 12th hours were higher. Rectus abdominismuscle reapproximations were found not to increase the pain score. The closure of the anterior abdominal wall had no effect on the return of bowel motility.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Pain, Postoperative/etiology , Cesarean Section/methods , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Wound Closure Techniques , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Pain Management , Gastrointestinal Motility , Analgesics/therapeutic use
10.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(1): e200, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1149793

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Classically, the local anesthetic (LA) has been combined with one lipophilic and another hydrophilic opioid for neuraxial anesthesia in cesarean section. In Colombia, the practice has been the use of morphine hydrochloride with fentanyl, but the occasional shortage of the former triggered an interest in new options. In response to the shortage of morphine in 2017-2018, a contingency plan was developed at the SES Hospital in Caldas, prefilling syringes at the hospital compounding central, with: bupivacaine, morphine and fentanyl (BMF); bupivacaine, fentanyl and hydromorphone (BFH); and bupivacaine and hydromorphone (BH). Hydromorphone has a rapid onset of action, long-lasting effect and is indicated for spinal administration in the safety data sheet; therefore, the advantages of adding fentanyl to this mix are questionable. Objective To compare the clinical analgesic efficacy at the time of the incision and during the first 12 hours after surgery. Methods An observational, analytical study was conducted, using the mixtures BMF, BFH and BH in patients receiving subarachnoid anesthesia for cesarean section. Pain was assessed at the time of the incision, as well as any adverse effects and the pain visual analogue scale over the following 12 hours. Results Of the 71 patients participating in the study, 40.9 % received BMF; 22.5 %, BFH; and 36.6 %, BH. None of the patients experienced pain at the time of the incision. There was no difference in terms of adverse effects among the three groups. The mean difference in the visual analogue scale (VAS) for postoperative pain at 3, 6 and 12 hours was lower in the groups in which hydromorphone was used. Conclusion BFH and BH combinations are comparable to the original preparation in terms of adverse effects, with the advantage of being more effective in controlling postoperative pain.


Resumen Introducción Para anestesia neuroaxial en cesárea, se ha combinado clásicamente el anestésico local (AL) con un opioide lipofílico y otro hidrofílico. En Colombia se ha usado clorhidrato de morfina con fentanilo, pero el ocasional desabastecimiento del primero despertó el interés por nuevas alternativas. En SES Hospital de Caldas se generó un plan de contingencia frente a la escasez de morfina en 2017-2018, pre llenando jeringas en su central de mezclas con: bupivacaína, morfina y fentanilo (BMF); bupivacaína, fentanilo e hidromorfona (BHF); y bupivacaína e hidromorfona (BH). La hidromorfona tiene inicio rápido de acción, efecto prolongado e indicación en ficha técnica por vía espinal, por lo tanto, las ventajas que pudiera generar la adición del fentanilo a esta mezcla son cuestionables. Objetivo Comparar la eficacia analgésica clínica al momento de la incisión y en las primeras 12 horas postoperatorias. Métodos Se realizó un estudio observacional analítico, empleando las mezclas BMF, BHF y BH en pacientes que recibieron anestesia subaracnoidea para cesárea. Se evaluó el dolor a la incisión, los efectos adversos y la escala visual análoga de dolor en las 12 horas siguientes. Resultados De las 71 pacientes del estudio, 40,9 % recibieron BMF; 22,5 %, BHF; y 36,6 %, BH. En ninguna paciente se observó dolor a la incisión. No hubo diferencia en efectos adversos entre los 3 grupos. La diferencia de medias de la escala visual analógica (EVA) para dolor postoperatorio a las 3, 6 y 12 horas, fue menor en los grupos en los que se usó hidromorfona. Conclusiones Las mezclas BHF y BH son equiparables a la preparación tradicional en cuanto a efectos adversos, con la ventaja de ser más efectivas para el control del dolor postoperatorio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Subarachnoid Space , Cesarean Section , Analgesics, Opioid , Injections, Spinal , Analgesics , Anesthesia, Epidural
11.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(2): 162-176, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | MTYCI, LILACS, MTYCI | ID: biblio-1145966

ABSTRACT

Lippia pedunculosa Hayek (EOLp) presenta efectos tripanocidas y amebicidas. En este trabajo se estudia su aceite esencial en modelos experimentales de analgesia e inflamación una vez que la prevalencia del dolor en la población genera un gran sufrimiento y discapacidad, y los medicamentos que se usan con mayor frecuencia tienen efectos secundarios indeseables. También se evalúa si la formulación del complejo de inclusión EOLp/ß-ciclodextrina (ß-CD) fue capaz de mejorar la actividad antinociceptiva de la EOLp sola. Los datos se evaluaron mediante análisis de varianza (ANOVA), seguido de la prueba de Tukey. Las diferencias se consideraron significativas si p<0,05. EOLp presentó un mejor efecto antinociceptivo en comparación con el complejo de inclusión EOLp/ß-CD. De esta manera, las ciclodextrinas parecen no ser eficientes para aceites esenciales con sustancias de peróxido. Sin embargo, en peritonitis, EOLp redujo la migración total de leucocitos y los niveles de IL-1ß en el líquido peritoneal, lo que confirma su efecto antiinflamatorio. Los efectos observados sugieren que EOLp es una buena y prometedora opción para el tratamiento de la inflamación y los trastornos relacionados con el dolor.


Lippia pedunculosa Hayek (EOLp) presents tripanocid and amebicid effects. However essential oil needs to be further studied in experimental models of analgesia and inflammation once the prevalence of pain in the population generates great suffering and disability and the drugs most often used have undesirable side effects. We also evaluated whether the inclusion complex formulation EOLp/ß-cyclodextrin (ß-CD) was able to improve the antinociceptive activity of the EOLp alone. Data were evaluated by analysis of variance (ANOVA), followed by Tukey's test. Differences were considered significant if p<0.05. EOLp presented better antinociceptive effect when compared to the EOLp/ß-CD inclusion complex. Thus, cyclodextrins appear not to be efficient for essential oils with peroxide substances. However, in peritonitis, EOLp reduced total leucocyte migration and IL-1ß levels in the peritoneal fluid, which confirmed its anti-inflammatory effect. The observed effects suggest that EOLp is the best promising option for the treatment of inflammation and pain-related disorders.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Lippia/chemistry , Analgesics , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Plants, Medicinal , Brazil , Cyclodextrins , Medicine, Traditional
12.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(4): 1-13, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1337652

ABSTRACT

Objective: Various glide path preparation techniques have been introduced, providing easiness to the practitioners. Recent literature has shown that glide path preparation influences the levels of postoperative pain occurrence in individuals receiving endodontic therapy. This systematic review aims to compare the different glide path preparation system in reduction of postoperative pain. Material and Methods: Electronic databases such as PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, LILACS, Google Scholar, and European PMC were searched for published articles until July 2020. The studies included were randomized control trial (RCT) studies published during this time frame with comparison of continuous glide path system with various other glide path systems in reducing postoperative pain. The studies were reviewed using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The studies were reviewed independently by two reviewers who had assessed the included studies, extracted data and the quality using the Cochrane risk of bias assessment tool. Results: 544 studies were received from the initial search, 11 articles were included in full text appraisal, 4 studies were obtained for qualitative analysis. Mean VAS Scores showed an increased reduction of postoperative pain in continuous glide path treated individuals (1.90-0.20) compared to reciprocating glide path (2.00-0.50) and manual glide path (3.80-0.85) The consumptions of analgesics were seen to be as follows: Manual Glide Path > Reciprocating Glide Path > Continuous Glide Path. Three out of four studies showed an overall "high" risk of bias and another study showed an overall "unclear" bias. Conclusion: From the achieved results, continuous glide path with 5.25% NaOCl irrigation has shown better reduction of postoperative pain compared to other glide path systems. Individuals who had undergone manual glide path preparation showed higher incidence of postoperative pain compared to other systems. The consumption of analgesics was seen to be higher in manual glide path prepared individuals followed by reciprocating glide path and least being continuous glide path (AU)


Objetivo: Várias técnicas de preparação do glide path têm sido introduzidas, permitindo maior facilidade aos profissionais. A literatura tem mostrado que a forma de preparação do glide path influencia nos níveis de dor pós-operatória em indivíduos que recebem tratamento endodôntico. Esta revisão sistemática tem como objetivo comparar os diferentes sistemas de preparação do glide path na redução de dor pós-operatória. Material e Métodos: Bases de dados eletrônicas como PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, LILACS, Google Escolar, e European PMC foram utilizadas para pesquisar artigos publicados até Julho de 2020. Os estudos incluídos foram ensaios clínicos randomizados controlados (ECRC) publicados até este período de tempo que compararam sistema de glide path contínuo com outros sistemas de glide path na redução de dor pós-operatória. Para revisão dos estudos, foi utilizado o 'Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines'. Dois revisores analisaram, independentemente, os estudos incluídos, os dados extraídos e a qualidade através da ferramenta de avaliação de risco de viés da Cochrane. Resultados: 544 estudos foram encontrados na pesquisa inicial, 11 artigos foram selecionados para avaliação de texto completo, 4 estudos foram obtidos para a análise qualitativa. A pontuação média do VAS mostrou um aumento na redução de dor pós-operatória em indivíduos nos quais foi utilizado o sistema de glide path rotatório contínuo (1.90-0.20) quando comparados àqueles nos quais foram utilizados o glide path reciprocante (2.00-0.50) e o glide path manual (3.80-0.85). A utilização de analgésicos foi vista da seguinte forma: Glide path Manual > Glide Path Reciprocante > Glide Path Contínuo. Três dos quatro estudos apresentaram um "alto" risco de viés geral e o outro estudo apresentou risco de viés geral "incerto". Conclusão: O glide path contínuo com irrigração de 5.25% de NaOCl mostrou a melhor redução de dor pós-operatória comparado aos demais sistemas de glide path. Indivíduos que foram submetidos à preparação de glide path pelo sistema manual apresentaram a maior incidência de dor pós-operatória. O consumo de analgésicos foi maior diante do uso do glide path manual, seguido pelo glide path reciprocante, e por último pelo glide path contínuo. (AU)


Subject(s)
Pain , Sodium Hypochlorite , Root Canal Preparation , Endodontics , Analgesics
14.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2021. 62 p. graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1362540

ABSTRACT

O conhecimento dos efeitos dos extratos naturais de plantas vem cada vez mais se mostrando um campo promissor. Extratos de Calendula officinalis, Capsicum annuum e Hamamelis virginiana apresentam propriedades analgésicas, anti-inflamatórias, antioxidantes e potencial antimicrobiano que deve ser aprofundado. Assim, o objetivo foi avaliar ação antimicrobiana dos extratos glicólicos em culturas planctônicas e biofilmes de cepas padrão e clínicas de Klebsiella pneumoniae e Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Foi realizado o teste de microdiluição em caldo segundo Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute, para determinação da Concentração Inibitória Mínima (CIM) e Concentração Microbicida Mínima (CMM) dos extratos. Foram realizados biofilmes monotípicos, nos tempos de contato de 5 min e 24 h, utilizando o teste de MTT. A CIM e CMM variaram de 1,56 a 50 mg/mL para todas as cepas avaliadas. C. annuum (50 mg/mL) apresentou redução de 0,25% entre 8,60% para cepa ATCC de P. aeruginosa (5 min) e em 24 h redução de 99,89% entre 99,99%, destacando-se os extratos de C. annuum (100 mg/mL) e os de C. officinalis. C. annuum (200 mg/mL) apresentou redução de 18% de K. pneumoniae (ATCC 4352). Em 24 h houve redução de 8,86%-75,74%, para o extrato de C. annuum (100 mg/mL). Os extratos apresentaram resultados mais satisfatórios quando expostos aos tratamentos de 24 horas. As cepas clínicas K1, K2 e K3 responderam ao tratamento de C. annuum (50 e 100 mg/mL) (p>0,05%). Para cepa clínica K4, os extratos de C. annuum (50 e 100 mg/mL) e C. officinalis (12,5 mg/mL) promoveram redução de viabilidade semelhante a clorexidina 2% (p>0,05%). O extrato de C. annuum (50 e 100 mg/mL), promoveu a redução de viabilidade de P1 e P2, enquanto o extrato de C. officinalis (25 e 50 mg/mL), reduziu P1 (p>0,05%). Para as cepas P3 e P4 o extrato de 50 e 100 mg/mL de C. annuum, apresentaram resultados semelhantes a clorexidina. Conclui-se que todos os extratos apresentaram ação antimicrobiana em cultura planctônica, no entanto, o extrato de C. annuum foi o que apresentou importante ação antibiofilme (24 h) sobre cepas clínicas multirresistentes de K. pneumoniae e P. aeruginosa, podendo ser considerado um potencial agente antimicrobiano.


Empirical knowledge of natural plant extracts is increasingly proving to be a promising field. Extracts of Calendula officinalis, Capsicum annuum and Hamamelis virginiana have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antimicrobial potential that should be further developed. This research objective was to evaluate the antimicrobial action of glycolic extracts in planktonic cultures and biofilms of standard and clinical strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The broth microdilution test was performed according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute, to determine the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and Minimum Microbicide Concentration (MMC) of the extracts. Tests were performed on monotypic biofilms, at contact times of 5 min and 24 h, using the MTT test. The MIC and CMM of the extracts ranged from 1.56 to 50 mg/mL for all strains evaluated. C. annuum (50 mg/mL) showed a reduction of 0.25% between 8.60% for the ATCC strain of P. aeruginosa (5 min) and in 24 h a reduction of 99.89% between 99.99%, highlighting extracts from C. annuum (100 mg/mL) and from C. officinalis. C. annuum (200 mg/mL) showed an 18% reduction in K. pneumoniae (ATCC 4352). In 24 h there was a reduction of 8.86% between 75.74% for the extract of C. annuum (100 mg/mL). The extracts showed more satisfactory results when exposed to 24-hour treatments. Clinical strains K1, K2 and K3 responded to the treatment of C. annuum (50 and 100 mg/mL) (p>0.05%). For clinical strain K4, extracts of C. annuum (50 and 100 mg/mL) and C. officinalis (12.5 mg/mL) promoted a reduction in viability similar to chlorhexidine 2% (p>0.05%). The extract of C. annuum (50 and 100 mg/mL), reduced the viability of P1 and P2, while the extract of C. officinalis (25 and 50 mg/mL), reduced P1 (p>0.05% ). For strains P3 and P4, the extract of 50 and 100 mg/mL of C. annuum showed similar results to chlorhexidine. It is concluded that all extracts showed antimicrobial action in planktonic cultures, however, the extract of C. annuum was the one that showed an important antibiofilm action (24 h) on multiresistant clinical strains of K. pneumoniae and P. aeruginosa and can be considered a potential antimicrobial agent


Subject(s)
Plant Extracts , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Biofilms , Analgesics , Anti-Infective Agents , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Capsicum , Hamamelis , Klebsiella pneumoniae
15.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(3): e0005, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280120

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of gabapentin in the management of neuropathic pain in patients with keratoconus, who were treated with fast (10 minutes) epi-off corneal crosslinking (CXL). Methods: This was a prospective, double-blind, randomized study. The sample comprised patients with bilateral progressive keratoconus, aged 12 years or older, who underwent a bilateral epi-off corneal CXL (fast - 10 minutes) procedure. One group was given placebo orally, and the other group received gabapentin 600 mg orally, both preoperatively. The visual analogue scale (VAS) was applied to record postoperative pain up to 48 hours after procedure. The study was conducted at the Belotto Stock Centro Oftalmológico, in the city of Joaçaba, Santa Catarina, Brazil, from June 2018 to September 2019. Results: At no point in the study significant differences were observed between groups, in terms of pain intensity measured by means of the VAS questionnaire, or of opioid use (Paco®), though opioid consumption was 21% lower in the group receiving gabapentin. Conclusion: We concluded gabapentin has no efficacy in postoperative pain control after epi-off corneal CXL (fast - 10 minutes). Although there was no statistically significant difference, the group that received gabapentin suffered less pain, resulting in lower opioid consumption. UTN number: U1111-1256-0330.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a eficácia do uso da gabapentina no manejo da dor neuropática em pacientes portadores de ceratocone submetidos ao tratamento de crosslinking corneano epi-off fast de 10 minutos. Métodos: Tratou-se de pesquisa prospectiva, duplo-cega, randomizada. A amostra foi composta de pacientes com ceratocone progressivo bilateral, a partir dos 12 anos de idade, submetidos ao procedimento de crosslinking corneano acelerado epi-off fast de 10 minutos bilateral. Um grupo recebeu placebo via oral e o outro, gabapentina 600mg, via oral, ambos no pré-operatório. A Escala Visual Analógica foi aplicada para registrar a dor pós-operatória até 48 horas após o procedimento. A pesquisa foi realizada no período de junho de 2018 a setembro de 2019 em um centro oftalmológico. Resultados: Não foram observadas diferenças estatísticas significativas para ambos os grupos, tanto na intensidade da dor medida pela Escala Visual Analógica, como na redução do uso do opioide (Paco®), em qualquer horário analisado durante um período de 48 horas. No entanto, houve redução de 21% no consumo de opioides pelo grupo que fez uso da gabapentina. Conclusão: A gabapentina não demonstrou eficácia no controle da dor no pós-operatório do crosslinking corneano epi-off fast de 10 minutos. No entanto, observou-se que, mesmo não havendo diferença estatisticamente significativa, houve diminuição da dor no grupo em que foi usada a gabapentina, resultando na redução do consumo de opioides. Número UTN: U1111-1256-0330.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Cross-Linking Reagents/therapeutic use , Keratoconus/therapy , Riboflavin/therapeutic use , Ultraviolet Rays , Pain Measurement , Double-Blind Method , Administration, Oral , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Collagen/metabolism , Photosensitizing Agents/therapeutic use , Cornea/metabolism , Eye Pain/drug therapy , Gabapentin/administration & dosage , Gabapentin/therapeutic use , Analgesics/therapeutic use
16.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(1): e20190337, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1124790

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo analisar a internalização do cuidado com o corpo pelo escolar com a doença falciforme com base na teoria do desenvolvimento de Vigotski e no conceito de cuidado de Collière. Método Estudo qualitativo com 15 escolares que convivem com a doença falciforme, acompanhados em ambulatório na cidade de Vitoria - ES. A técnica utilizada foi a entrevista individual e a análise temática. A hidratação corporal, o brincar, a prevenção e manejo da crise falcêmica, a alimentação e as roupas foram as unidades temáticas que emergiram. Resultados Os participantes referiram ingerir variados tipos de líquidos. As brincadeiras foram predominantemente ativas. Os medicamentos foram de reparação e manutenção da saúde. Não se evidenciou consumo de alimentos saudáveis. Observou-se a utilização de roupas adequadas ao frio. A dor foi um signo da internalização do cuidado e do conhecimento para brincadeiras. A diminuição de líquidos e roupas inadequadas desencadearam a crise falcêmica. Considerações Finais Evidenciaram-se a internalização do conhecimento e dos cuidados mediados pela dor e o despreparo dos professores pela falta de conhecimento. Implicações para a prática este estudo poderá subsidiar a melhor articulação entre profissional de saúde, criança e escola.


RESUMEN Objetivo analizar la internalización de la atención por parte del escolar con la enfermedad de células falciformes basado en la teoría del desarrollo de Vigotski y el concepto de atención de Collière. Método Estudio cualitativo con 15 escolares que viven con la enfermedad de células falciformes, monitoreados en una clínica ambulatoria en la ciudad de Vitoria - ES. La técnica fue la entrevista individual y el análisis temático. La hidratación corporal, el juego, la prevención y el manejo de la crisis falcémica, la alimentación y la ropa fueron las unidades temáticas que emergieron. Resultados Los participantes informaron de la ingestión de varios tipos de líquidos. Los juegos fueron predominantemente activos. Los medicamentos fueron de reparación y mantenimiento de la salud. No se ha demostrado el consumo de alimentos saludables. Se observó el uso de ropa adecuada para el frío. El dolor fue un signo de la internalización de la atención y el conocimiento para los juegos. La disminución de líquidos y la ropa inadecuada desencadenaron la crisis falcémica. Consideraciones finales Se señalaron la internalización del conocimiento y la atención mediados por el dolor y la falta de preparación de los maestros debido a la falta de conocimiento. Implicaciones para la práctica este estudio podrá subsidiar la mejor articulación entre los profesionales de la salud, los niños y la escuela.


ABSTRACT Objective to analyze the internalization of body care by the schoolchildren with sickle cell disease based on Vigotski's development theory and Collière's concept of care. Method Qualitative study with 15 schoolchildren living with sickle cell disease, followed in an outpatient clinic in the city of Vitoria - ES. The technique was the individual interview and thematic analysis. Body hydration, playing, prevention and management of the sickle cell crisis, food and clothing were the thematic units that emerged. Results Participants reported ingesting various types of liquids. The games were predominantly active. The medications were repair and maintenance of health. It was observed no consumption of healthy foods. The use of clothes suitable for the cold was evidenced. Pain was a sign of the internalization of care and knowledge for games. The decrease in liquids and inadequate clothing triggered the sickle cell crisis. Final Considerations The internalization of knowledge and care mediated by pain and the unpreparedness of teachers due to lack of knowledge were highlighted. Implications for practice this study can support the best articulation between health professionals, children and school.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Self Care , Anemia, Sickle Cell/prevention & control , Pain/drug therapy , Play and Playthings , Dehydration , Qualitative Research , Drinking , Eating , Folic Acid/therapeutic use , Hydroxyurea/therapeutic use , Analgesics/therapeutic use
17.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(4): e20200374, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1279018

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo descrever as experiências das mulheres sobre as suas trajetórias desde o início dos sintomas até o diagnóstico da endometriose. Método pesquisa descritiva, qualitativa, realizada com dez mulheres com diagnóstico de endometriose no município do Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brasil. Coletaram-se entrevistas semiestruturadas áudio gravadas e posteriormente submetidas à Análise de Conteúdo por meio do software Atlas.ti 8. Resultados sem o diagnóstico de endometriose, as mulheres vivenciam sintomas fortes desde a menarca. Essa situação repercute negativamente em diferentes esferas da vida, inclusive pela desvalorização de suas queixas em seus círculos de convivência. Assim, entende-se a importância da rede de apoio perante essa situação. Diante desse contexto, as mulheres peregrinam por diversos profissionais até o diagnóstico definitivo. Considerações finais e implicações para a prática as trajetórias dessas mulheres são marcadas pela desvalorização de suas queixas por profissionais de saúde e pessoas próximas, pela naturalização da dor feminina e pela dificuldade em estabelecer um diagnóstico diferencial. No entanto, a capacidade individual de reconhecer a presença de uma patologia, o conhecimento sobre a endometriose e a experiência do profissional facilitaram o diagnóstico. No contexto da assistência de enfermagem, entender essa trajetória pode promover a escuta ativa, melhor valorização das queixas, avaliação clínica e o encaminhamento para o diagnóstico precoce.


Resumen Objetivo describir las vivencias de las mujeres en sus trayectorias desde el inicio de los síntomas hasta el diagnóstico de endometriosis. Método investigación descriptiva cualitativa realizada con diez mujeres diagnosticadas con endometriosis en la ciudad de Río de Janeiro (RJ), Brasil. Se recogieron entrevistas semiestructuradas grabadas en audio y posteriormente se sometieron a Análisis de Contenido utilizando el software Atlas.ti 8. Resultados sin el diagnóstico de endometriosis, las mujeres experimentan síntomas fuertes desde la menarquia. Esta situación tiene un impacto negativo en diferentes ámbitos de la vida, incluso por la devaluación de sus quejas en sus círculos de convivencia. Así, se comprende la importancia de la red de apoyo en esta situación. Ante este contexto, las mujeres deambulan por diferentes profesionales hasta el diagnóstico definitivo. Consideraciones finales e implicaciones para la práctica las trayectorias de estas mujeres están marcadas por la devaluación de sus quejas por parte de los profesionales de la salud y personas cercanas, por la naturalización del dolor femenino y por la dificultad para establecer un diagnóstico diferencial. Sin embargo, la capacidad del individuo para reconocer la presencia de una patología, el conocimiento sobre la endometriosis y la experiencia del profesional facilitaron el diagnóstico. En el contexto del cuidado de enfermería, comprender esta trayectoria puede promover la escucha activa, mejor valoración de las quejas, evaluación clínica y la derivación para diagnóstico precoz.


Abstract Objectives to describe the experiences of women on their trajectories from the beginning of symptoms to the diagnosis of endometriosis. Method descriptive, qualitative research, conducted with ten women diagnosed with endometriosis in the city of Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil. Audio recorded semi-structured interviews were collected and later submitted to Content Analysis using Atlas.ti 8 software. Results without the diagnosis of endometriosis, women experience strong symptoms from the menarche. This situation has a negative impact on different spheres of life, including the devaluation of their complaints in their circles of coexistence. Thus, the importance of the support network in this situation is understood. Faced with this context, women wander through various professionals until the definitive diagnosis. Final considerations and implications for practice the trajectories of these women are marked by the devaluation of their complaints by health professionals and people close to them, by the naturalization of female pain and by the difficulty in establishing a differential diagnosis. However, the individual's ability to recognize the presence of a pathology, the knowledge about endometriosis and the professional's experience facilitated the diagnosis. In the context of nursing care, understanding this trajectory can promote active listening, better appreciation of complaints, clinical assessment and referral to early diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Quality of Life/psychology , Health Care Costs , Cost of Illness , Pelvic Pain , Qualitative Research , Early Diagnosis , Dysmenorrhea/complications , Dysmenorrhea/drug therapy , Endometriosis/therapy , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Menstrual Cycle/physiology
18.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e011, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1142615

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this study was to describe dental prescriptions of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), opioids, and analgesics dispensed by the Brazilian National Health System (BNHS, SUS in Portuguese) of a Southeastern state from January to December 2017, and to analyze their association with socioeconomic and oral health care services' characteristics at municipal level. Data were collected from the Brazilian Integrated Pharmaceutical Care Management System. Medicines were grouped according to the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System. The total number of Defined Daily Doses (DDD) and DDD per 1,000 inhabitants (inhab.) per year were presented and compared between groups of municipalities. Data analysis used the Classification and Regression Tree model performed with IBM SPSS 25.0. The total number of NSAID, opioids, and analgesics prescriptions was 70,747 and accounted for 354,221.13 DDD. The most frequently prescribed medicine was ibuprofen (n = 24,676; 34.88%). The number of dental practitioners in the BNHS per 1,000 inhab. (p < 0.001), first dental appointment coverage (p = 0.010), oral health teams per 1,000 inhab. (p=0.022), and the proportion of rural population (p = 0.014) were variables positively associated with the number of DDD of NSAID per 1,000 inhab. per year. Bolsa Família program coverage per 1,000 inhab. (p = 0.022) was negatively associated with NSAID prescription. Regarding analgesics, first dental appointment coverage (p=0.002) and Bolsa Família program coverage per 1,000 inhab. (p = 0.012) were positively associated with DDD per 1,000 inhab. per year. In conclusion, dental prescriptions of analgesics and NSAID in the BNHS were associated with socioeconomic and oral health care services' characteristics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drug Prescriptions , Dentists , Brazil , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Cities , Professional Role , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use
19.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 20: e57925, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1356125

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: identificar evidências científicas acerca dos fatores potenciais para o desenvolvimento de doença renal crônica em adolescentes e jovens. Método: revisão integrativa, utilizando uma ficha de seleção para extração dos dados das pesquisas nas bases de dados: Literatura Latino Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde, National Library of Medicine e Web Of Science, acessada via portal Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior, no período de agosto de 2021, o que incluiu 12 artigos. A análise dos resultados da revisão ocorreu a partir da síntese de cada estudo primário. Resultados: as evidências científicas apontaram, como fatores potenciais para o desenvolvimento de doença renal crônica em adolescentes e jovens, as doenças crônicas, como diabetes, hipertensão, obesidade, e os fatores de risco, como uso de analgésicos, sobrepeso, baixo peso ao nascer e prematuridade. Conclusão: concluiu-se que é necessário um acompanhamento, a partir de estratégias coletivas ou individuais de educação em saúde, desses adolescentes, jovens e suas famílias, pois as doenças crônicas e fatores de risco podem ser prevenidos ou controlados.


RESUMEN Objetivo: identificar evidencias científicas acerca de los posibles factores para el desarrollo de enfermedad renal crónica en adolescentes y jóvenes. Método: revisión integradora, utilizando una ficha de selección para recolección de los datos de las investigaciones en las bases de datos: Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud, National Library of Medicine y Web Of Science, accedida a través del portal Coordinación de Perfeccionamiento de Personal de Nivel Superior, en el período de agosto de 2021, lo que incluyó 12 artículos. El análisis de los resultados de la revisión ocurrió a partir de la síntesis de cada estudio primario. Resultados: las evidencias científicas señalaron, como factores potenciales para el desarrollo de enfermedad renal crónica en adolescentes y jóvenes, las enfermedades crónicas, como diabetes, hipertensión, obesidad, y los factores de riesgo, como uso de analgésicos, sobrepeso, bajo peso al nacer y prematuridad. Conclusión: es necesario un acompañamiento, a partir de estrategias colectivas o individuales de educación en salud, de esos adolescentes, jóvenes y sus familias, pues las enfermedades crónicas y los factores de riesgo pueden ser prevenidos o controlados.


ABSTRACT Objective: to identify scientific evidence on the potential factors for the development of chronic kidney disease in adolescents and young people. Method: integrative review, using a selection form for extraction of research data in the databases: Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences, National Library of Medicine and Web of Science, accessed via the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel portal, in the period of August 2021, which included 12 articles. The analysis of the review results occurred from the synthesis of each primary study. Results: scientific evidence pointed out, as potential factors for the development of chronic kidney disease in adolescents and young people, the chronic diseases, such as diabetes, hypertension and obesity, as well as the risk factors, such as painkiller use, overweight, low birth weight and prematurity. Conclusion: it was concluded that it is necessary to follow-up, from collective or individual health education strategies, these adolescents, young people and their families, because chronic diseases and risk factors can be prevented or controlled.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Chronic Disease , Adolescent , Kidney Diseases , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Infant, Premature , Diabetes Mellitus , Overweight , Analgesics , Hypertension , Obesity
20.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 27: e20210026, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1351023

ABSTRACT

Pain is a common symptom induced during envenomation by spiders and scorpions. Toxins isolated from their venom have become essential tools for studying the functioning and physiopathological role of ion channels, as they modulate their activity. In particular, toxins that induce pain relief effects can serve as a molecular basis for the development of future analgesics in humans. This review provides a summary of the different scorpion and spider toxins that directly interact with pain-related ion channels, with inhibitory or stimulatory effects. Some of these toxins were shown to affect pain modalities in different animal models providing information on the role played by these channels in the pain process. The close interaction of certain gating-modifier toxins with membrane phospholipids close to ion channels is examined along with molecular approaches to improve selectivity, affinity or bioavailability in vivo for therapeutic purposes.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Pain , Scorpions , Spider Venoms , Models, Animal , Ion Channels , Phospholipids , Analgesics
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