Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 334
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 24(1): 62-67, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1090549


Abstract Introduction Posttonsillectomy pain results in significant morbidity to the patients. There is a disagreement in the literature regarding the use of local anesthetics during tonsillectomy. The aim of this placebo-controlled, double-blind study is to evaluate the effect of peritonsillar administration of local anesthetics. Objective To evaluate the role of intraoperative use of analgesics in tonsillar fossa and postoperative evaluation with visual analogue scale (VAS) scores in achieving pain relief after tonsillectomy procedure Methods In this study, 180 patients were randomized to 1 of the 6 groups: bupivacaine infiltration, lidocaine infiltration, normal saline infiltration, bupivacaine packing, lidocaine packing, and normal saline packing. Pain caused by speaking, swallowing, and on rest was assessed using VAS at 4, 8, 12, 16 hours, and at discharge. Results Significant analgesia was obtained in patients who received bupivacaine infiltration and packing compared with placebo (p < 0.05). The majority of the study subjects had no postoperative complications, and patients receiving bupivacaine infiltration required less additional analgesics in the first 24 hours after surgery. Conclusion We advocate the use of bupivacaine infiltration or packing immediately following the procedure to achieve adequate postoperative analgesia.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Tonsillectomy , Analgesia , Analgesics/administration & dosage , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Intraoperative Care , Pain, Postoperative/diagnosis , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Pakistan , Placebos/administration & dosage , Postoperative Complications , Pain Measurement/methods , Bupivacaine/administration & dosage , Bupivacaine/therapeutic use , Double-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Injections, Intravenous , Lidocaine/administration & dosage , Lidocaine/therapeutic use
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4186, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), BBO | ID: biblio-997897


Objective: To analyse economic burden of selected analgesic drugs prescription by dentists in Slovakia over a 24-month period. Material and Methods: In this economic burden study, the data were provided from the largest public health insurance company in Slovakia. It was analysed 23,256 prescriptions of selected analgesic drugs (Acetylsalicylic Acid, Diclofenac, Nimesulide, Tramadol and Metamizole Sodium) by dentists in Slovakia. Results: The highest analgesics prescription by dentists was found in Diclofenac in 2016 with 11.2% prescription increase in 2017. The significant decrease of analgesic drug prescription by dentists in 2017 was observed in Tramadol (-29.9%). The economic burden of selected analgesic drugs by patients were €33,926 in 2017 with 21.3% significant decrease of average percentage differences (APD) in Tramadol and 84.6% significant increase of APD in Metamizole sodium in 2017. Patients participated 65.5% share in payment of selected analgesic drugs and Health Insurance Company participated only 34.5% share in payment of selected analgesic drugs in 2017. It was found increase of percentage analgesic drugs prescription in Diclofenac and Nimesulide and decrease of percentage drug prescription in Metamizole sodium from 1/2016 to 12/2017. Conclusion: Economic burden on analgesic drugs prescribed by dentist was low per Slovak inhabitant in calculated. Diclofenac was most frequent prescribed analgesic drug with the highest economic burden. We recommend prescribing cheaper analgesic drugs with a lower economic burden and with the same effect.

Drug Prescriptions/economics , Health Care Costs , Slovakia , Costs and Cost Analysis/economics , Dentists , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Analgesics/therapeutic use
Appl. cancer res ; 39: 1-5, 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), Inca | ID: biblio-997737


Purpose: We investigated the clinical outcome of sodium alginate treatment in radiation-induced pharyngeal mucositis (RIPM) after neck irradiation. Materials and methods: The study population included 32 patients (11 lung cancer, 10 breast cancer, 7 head and neck cancer, and 4 other primary lesions) who underwent neck external beam radiotherapy at the authors' institution between June 2006 and 2016. The patients received 5% sodium alginate solution orally for RIPM. Those who were followed up for less than 2 months or did not receive 5% sodium alginate were excluded from this retrospective study. RIPM was graded weekly as an acute toxicity according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), version 4. The administration of 10-15 ml of sodium alginate before each meal was continued until the radiotherapy was completed and after resolution of odynophagia. The efficacy of sodium alginate was assessed by two radiation oncologists as follows: Grade I, ineffective; grade II, moderately effective; grade III, very effective. When sodium alginate was ineffective, other analgesics, such as nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) or opioids, were added. Relationships between the presence/absence of additional analgesics and the radiation dose were investigated. Results: The median duration from the start of irradiation to sodium alginate administration was 15 days (range, 5­36 days). RIPM improved in 29/32 patients (grade: II, n = 22; III, n = 7). Three patients showed no improvement. No sodium alginate-related toxicities occurred. Additional analgesics were required in 5/32 patients. The radiation dose in these 5 patients was significantly higher than that in the sodium alginate-alone group (63.6 ± 7.8 Gy vs 48.3 ± 14.8Gy, P = 0.02). Patients who received > 50 Gy tended to require additional analgesics more frequently than those who received ≤50Gy (P = 0.10). Conclusions: The concurrent administration of sodium alginate and neck irradiation was feasible and tolerable without obvious toxicities. Under certain conditions sodium alginate could be a promising alternative to NSAIDs and opioids in RIPM. The results justify further prospective evaluations with detailed treatment protocols to clarify whether sodium alginate can improve RIPM (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pharynx/radiation effects , Alginates/therapeutic use , Mucositis/drug therapy , Radiotherapy/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Mucositis/etiology , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Neck/radiation effects
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 55(4): 1-6, oct.-dic. 2018. ilus
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-991083


Introduction: Herpetic gingivostomatitis is an infection caused by herpes simplex virus, which affects mainly children patients, being uncommon this manifestation in adults. It initially appears with prodromal signs and then local signs show up. The treatment for this disease is only supportive, because there is already a peak of viral replication when it was diagnosed. Objectives: To report a case of herpetic gingivostomatitis and to discuss its clinical characteristics and treatment. Case report: The patient looked for clinic care for presenting painful oral lesions with little time of evolution. With no medical history, the patient reported using antibiotics and antifungals. Oroscopy showed multiple coalescing ulcerative lesions affecting the gum tissue, tongue, lips and hard palate. It has been diagnosed clinically as herpetic gingivostomatitis and has been treated with supportive treatment (analgesics, topical anesthetic and chlorhexidine digluconate 0,12 percent). The patient returned after one week with improvement of the condition. Conclusion: The correct diagnosis, through the evident clinical manifestations, prevents the indiscriminate use of antibiotics, leading to better response of the patient(AU)

Introducción: La gingivoestomatitis herpética es una infección causada por el virus herpes simple, que afecta principalmente a los pacientes infantiles, la cual resulta inusual en adultos. Inicialmente surge con señales prodrómicas y solo después se presentan señales locales. El tratamiento para este cuadro es solo de soporte, pues cuando se diagnostica ya hay un pico de replicación viral. Objetivo: informar un caso de gingivoestomatitis herpética y discutir sus características clínicas y tratamiento. Presentación del caso: El paciente buscó atención clínica por presentar dolorosas lesiones bucales con poco tiempo de evolución. Sin historial médico, informó que estaba usando antibióticos y antifúngicos, sin remisión de la condición. En la oroscopia se observaron múltiples lesiones ulcerativas coalescentes que afectan el tejido de la gingiva, la lengua, los labios y el paladar duro. Se ha diagnosticado clínicamente como gingivoestomatitis herpética y se ha tratado con tratamiento de apoyo (analgésicos, anestésicos tópicos y digluconato de clorhexidina al 0,12 por ciento). El paciente regresó después de una semana con una mejoría de la condición. Conclusion es: El correcto diagnóstico, a través de las manifestaciones clínicas evidentes, previene el uso indiscriminado de antibióticos, lo que lleva a una mejor respuesta del paciente(AU)

Humans , Male , Adult , Stomatitis, Herpetic/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Oral/methods , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Anesthetics, Local/therapeutic use
Actual. osteol ; 14(3): 219-222, sept. - dic. 2018. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1052712


El síndrome de Klippel-Feil (KFS) es un grupo heterogéneo de malformaciones a nivel vertebral que presentan un componente genético monogénico; se caracteriza por presentar un defecto en la formación o segmentación de las vértebras cervicales, que da como resultado una apariencia fusionada. La tríada clínica consiste en un cuello corto, una línea de implantación baja del cabello y un movimiento limitado del cuello. Presentamos el caso de un paciente masculino de 17 años que manifiesta los hallazgos clínicos y radiológicos de esta anomalía. (AU)

Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS) is a heterogeneous group of vertebral malformations that presents a monogenic genetic component, characterized by a defect in the formation or segmentation of the cervical vertebrae, which results in a fused appearance. The clinical triad consists of a short neck, a low hairline and a limited movement of the neck. We present the case of a 17 year-old male patient who presented the clinical and radiological findings of this anomaly. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Klippel-Feil Syndrome/therapy , Neck/abnormalities , Scoliosis/diagnostic imaging , Antipyretics/therapeutic use , Hearing Loss , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Klippel-Feil Syndrome/etiology , Klippel-Feil Syndrome/genetics , Klippel-Feil Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 21(4): 124-126, 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1015690


La lumbociatalgia es un problema clínico común, que en la mayoría de los casos se autolimita y se puede tratar en forma conservadora, usando medidas no farmacológicas y analgésicos como paracetamol o los antiinflamatorios no esteroi-deos. Otro medicamento muy utilizado en nuestro medio es la pregabalina, a pesar de que no se encuentra aprobada para dicha indicación. En este trabajo, el autor se pregunta acerca de la utilidad clínica de la pregabalina y luego de hacer una búsqueda bibliográfica sobre la evidencia más actualizada y de mejor calidad acerca del tema, concluye que no es efectiva para lumbociatalgia y que se acompaña de efectos adversos significativos. Esto coincide con las recomenda-ciones de las guías internacionales, que en su mayoría desaconsejan el uso de anticonvulsivantes para la lumbalgia. (AU)

Sciatica is a common clinical situation, in most cases self-limited and which can be managed conservatively with nonpharmaco-logic treatment and analgesics, such as paracetamol or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Pregabalin is also commonly used, despite not being approved for this indication. In this article, the author queries about the clinical usefulness of pregabalin, and after carrying out a bibliographic search of the most recent and best-quality evidence, concludes that it is not effective in sciatica while it causes significant adverse effects. This is in line with the recommendations of most international guidelines,that do not recommend the use of anticonvulsivants drugs for the treatment of lumbalgia. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Sciatica/drug therapy , Low Back Pain/drug therapy , Evidence-Based Practice/trends , Pregabalin/adverse effects , Anticonvulsants/adverse effects , Sciatica/surgery , Sciatica/therapy , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Low Back Pain/surgery , Low Back Pain/therapy , Pregabalin/administration & dosage , Pregabalin/therapeutic use , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Nerve Block/trends
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 45(4): e1885, 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-956576


RESUMO A terapêutica inadequada da dor pós-operatória em colecistectomia videolaparoscópica pode levar a mobilização tardia, insatisfação do paciente, atraso na alta hospitalar e desenvolvimento de dor crônica. Objetivou-se identificar qual a melhor estratégia terapêutica disponível ao anestesiologista na terapia da dor aguda pós-operatória de pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia videolaparoscópica eletiva. Trata-se de revisão sistemática que incluiu 36 artigos completos indexados nas bases de dados Medline, Scopus, Web of Science e LILACS, com recorte temporal de cinco anos (2012 a 2016), resultantes de estudos controlados e randomizados que foram submetidos à análise qualitativa. Em uma proposta de analgesia multimodal, é importante considerar as contraindicações, os efeitos adversos, a dose e o momento ideal das intervenções. Utiliza-se fármacos não opioides, como anti-inflamatórios não esteroides (AINES)/inibidores da ciclo-oxigenase-2 (COX-2), gabapentina/pregabalina, antagonistas dos receptores N-methyl-D-aspartato (NMDA), entre outras. Os opioides podem ser utilizados em doses baixas associadas ou não a terapia multimodal e/ou ficarem restritos aos casos em que a analgesia multimodal não opioide for insuficiente. Conclui-se que não há consenso sobre qual a melhor estratégia analgésica a ser implementada na dor aguda pós-operatória da colecistectomia videolaparoscópica, o que requer sua aplicabilidade de forma individualizada, com base nas evidências científicas encontradas na literatura. Aponta-se como contribuições para o ensino e a prática profissional o enriquecimento teórico das opções medicamentosas analgésicas disponíveis para a terapêutica da dor pós-operatória de pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia videolaparoscópica eletiva, além de alertar a equipe para considerar os efeitos adversos das intervenções implementadas.

ABSTRACT Inappropriate therapy of postoperative pain in laparoscopic cholecystectomy may lead to late mobilization, patient dissatisfaction, delayed hospital discharge, and chronic pain development. Our objective was to identify the best therapeutic strategy available to the anesthesiologist for the acute postoperative pain of patients submitted to elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. This is a systematic review that included 36 complete articles indexed in the Medline, Scopus, Web of Science and LILACS databases, with a five-year time cut (2012 to 2016), resulting from controlled and randomized studies that were submitted to qualitative analysis. In a proposal for multimodal analgesia, it is important to consider the contraindications, adverse effects, dose and optimal timing of interventions. Non-opioid drugs, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)/cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors, gabapentin/pregabalin, N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists, and others. Opioids may be used at low doses associated with multimodal therapy or are restricted to cases where non-opioid multimodal analgesia is insufficient. We conclude that there is no consensus as to the best analgesic strategy to be implemented in the acute postoperative pain of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, which requires its applicability in an individualized way, based on the scientific evidence found in the literature. As contribution to medical learning and practice, we point out the theoretical enrichment of the analgesic drug options available for the therapy of postoperative pain in patients submitted to elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and alert the team to consider the adverse effects of the interventions implemented.

Humans , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/adverse effects , Acute Pain/drug therapy , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Controlled Clinical Trials as Topic , Pain Management/methods , Analgesia/methods
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 105(3): 116-122, sept. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-973106


Una de las principales preocupaciones de los pacientes que van a ser sometidos a un procedimiento odontológico es el dolor que dicho procedimiento pueda ocasionar. Por lotanto, lograr un control eficaz y seguro de ese dolor es una parte esencial de la práctica odontológica diaria. Los fármacos de primera elección para el tratamiento del dolor y el edemason, sin lugar a dudas, los antiinflamatorios no esteroideos(AINEs). Principios activos como el ibuprofeno (y sus congéneres) o sus derivados permiten controlar simultáneamente el dolor y el edema posquirúrgicos de una forma eficaz y segura. En muchas ocasiones, el AINE prescrito para mantener al paciente asintomático o con síntomas tolerables es suficiente. Sin embargo, cuando esto no ocurre, debemos recurrir a otrosfármacos, o realizar asociaciones con fármacos que complementen el efecto analgésico y trabajen logrando un sinergismo de potenciación que incremente el efecto buscado y disminuya los efectos adversos de cada una de las sustancias por separado, utilizando menores dosis. Un ejemplo comprobado de esas asociaciones es la de ibuprofeno con paracetamol. En el presente artículo se sugieren diversas estrategias pre- y posoperatorias para el manejo del dolor de origen inflamatorio, y un protocolo para su tratamiento.

Humans , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/pharmacology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/pharmacokinetics , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Ibuprofen/pharmacology , Acetaminophen/pharmacology , Drug Combinations , Drug Synergism , Dosage Forms , Analgesics/pharmacology , Analgesics/pharmacokinetics , Analgesics/therapeutic use
Dolor ; 26(67): 16-19, jul. 2017. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1096256


INTRODUCCIÓN: el dolor postoperatorio es un importante problema de salud pública, con una elevada incidencia según publicaciones internacionales. el dolor crónico postoperatorio (DCPO) se desarrolla posterior a una cirugía y persiste por más de dos meses, excluyendo otras causas y problemas preexistentes. se han descrito factores de riesgo demográficos, psicosociales y médicos para el desarrollo de dolor crónico postoperatorio (DCPO), siendo el más importante el dolor postoperatorio agudo elevado. actualmente, en Chile se carece de datos locales sobre dolor postoperatorio agudo y crónico. OBJETIVO: evaluar la intensidad del dolor agudo en pacientes post-operados y las medidas analgésicas utilizadas, esto en el contexto de la identificación de los factores de riesgo para el desarrollo de DCPO en pacientes hospitalizados en el servicio de cirugía de un hospital de alta complejidad. MATERRIALES Y MÉTODOS: se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal retrospectivo. La muestra incluyó a 100 pacientes post-operados seleccionados en forma aleatoria del área de cirugía del Hospital del Salvador entre los meses de septiembre y octubre de 2017. Se realizó una revisión de protocolos operatorios, evoluciones e indicaciones médicas y se registraron edad, sexo, dolor postoperatorio según la escala numérica del dolor (EN) y factores de riesgo de DCPO (cirugía con riesgo de daño nervioso, revisional, abierta, malla, complicaciones postoperatorias, dolor postoperatorio sobre 5, según EN), además del tiempo operatorio. Se realizó un registro electrónico en planilla de excel (Microsoft® Excel® 2011) pre-codificada y diseñada para este fin, resguardando la identidad de los participantes. Los datos obtenidos se expresaron como promedios (con desviación estándar) y medianas. RESULTADOS: se encontró una incidencia de 44% de dolor postoperatorio, con intensidad promedio de 4,4 ± 1,64 puntos entre los pacientes que presentaron dolor en algún grado. el 93% de los pacientes con dolor presentó dolor moderado a severo. en el 98% del total de pacientes se indicó terapia analgésica; de éstos, el 47,95% solo tuvo indicación de antiinflamatorios no esteroidales (AINEs), 39,79% AINEs y paracetamol, 7,14% solo paracetamol y 5,10% otras combinaciones. el 95% de los pacientes presentó uno o más factores de riesgo para DCPO, y el 11%, cuatro o más. DISCUSIÓN: el conocimiento de la incidencia e intensidad local de dolor postoperatorio es un primer paso para optimizar su manejo. la identificación de la población en riesgo de desarrollar DCPO podría permitir implementar a futuro medidas preventivas, que mejoren la calidad de vida de los pacientes postoperados

INTRODUCTION: postoperative pain is an important public health issue, with a high incidence reported in international literature. chronic postoperative pain (CPOP) is developed posterior to a surgical intervention and persists over two months, excluding other causes and preexisting problems. several risk factors for CPOP have been mentioned, including demographic, psicosocial and medical ones; the most relevant being high acute postoperative pain. nowadays, Chile lacks local data of acute and chronic postoperative pain. OBJECTIVES: assess the intensity of acute postoperative pain and the analgesia used, in the context of the identification of risk factors for CPOP in a surgery department of a high complexity hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: an observational descriptive tranversal restrospective study was used. the sample was constituted by 100 postsurgical patients selected randomly from the surgical department of the Hospital del Salvador between september and october 2017. a revision of surgical protocols and medical charts was made; age, sex, postsurgical pain according to numeric pain scale (NPS) and risk factors for CPOP (surgery with risk of nervous damage, second look, open, use of mesh, postsurgical complications, postsurgical pain above 5 according to NPS) were registered, besides surgical time. the record was made on an precoded excel sheet (Microsoft® Excel® 2011), designed for this purpose. the identity of the patients was kept anonymous. the data obtained was expressed as mean (with standard deviation) and median. RESULTS: an incidence of 44% of postsurgical pain was found, with mean intensity of 4.4 ± 1.64points between patients that presented any degree of pain.93% from the patients with pain presented moderate to severe pain. 98% from the total of patients had analgesia, from them 47.95% only had non-steroidal antiinflamatory drugs (NSAIDs), 39.79% NSAIDs and acetaminophen, 7.14% only acetaminophen and 5.10% other combinations. 95% of patients had one or more risk factors for CPOP, and 11% four or more of them. DISCUSSION: the knowledge of the incidence and intensity of postsurgical pain is the first step in order to optimize its manage. the identification of the population at risk to develop CPOP could allow the implementation of preventive measures that may improve the quality of life of postsurgical patients.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Pain, Postoperative/epidemiology , Analgesia/methods , Pain Measurement , Chile , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Incidence , Risk Factors , Acute Pain/diagnosis , Acute Pain/drug therapy , Chronic Pain/epidemiology , Hospitalization , Analgesics/therapeutic use
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 57(3): 229-237, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-899416


ABSTRACT Background: Despite the widespread treatments for osteoarthritis (OA), data on treatment patterns, adequacy of pain relief, and quality of life are limited. The prospective multinational Survey of Osteoarthritis Real World Therapies (SORT) was designed to investigate these aspects. Objectives: To analyze the characteristics and the patient reported outcomes of the Portuguese dataset of SORT at the start of observation. Methods: Patients ≥50 years with primary knee OA who were receiving oral or topical analgesics were eligible. Patients were enrolled from seven healthcare centers in Portugal between January and December 2011. Pain and function were evaluated using the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) and WOMAC. Quality of life was assessed using the 12-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12). Inadequate pain relief (IPR) was defined as a score >4/10 on item 5 of the BPI. Results: Overall, 197 patients were analyzed. The median age was 67.0 years and 78.2% were female. Mean duration of knee OA was 6.2 years. IPR was reported by 51.3% of patients. Female gender (adjusted odds ratio - OR 2.15 [95%CI 1.1, 4.5]), diabetes (OR 3.1 [95%CI 1.3, 7.7]) and depression (OR 2.24 [95%CI 1.2, 4.3]) were associated with higher risk of IPR. Patients with IPR reported worst outcomes in all dimensions of WOMAC (p < 0.001) and in all eight domains and summary components of SF-12 (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Our findings indicate that improvements are needed in the management of pain in knee OA in order to achieve better outcomes in terms of pain relief, function and quality of life.

RESUMO Antecedentes: Apesar dos tratamentos muito difundidos para a osteoartrite (OA), dados sobre os padrões de tratamento, a adequação do alívio da dor e a qualidade de vida são limitados. O estudo multinacional prospectivo Survey of Osteoarthritis Real World Therapies (SORT) foi projetado para investigar esses aspectos. Objetivos: Analisar as características e os desfechos relatados pelo paciente do conjunto de dados português do Sort no início da observação. Métodos: Consideraram-se elegíveis os pacientes com 50 anos ou mais com OA de joelho primária que recebiam analgésicos orais ou tópicos. Os pacientes foram recrutados de sete centros de saúde de Portugal entre janeiro e dezembro de 2011. A dor e a função foram avaliadas pelo Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) e pelo WOMAC. A qualidade de vida foi avaliada com o 12-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12). O alívio inadequado da dor (AID) foi definido como uma pontuação > 4/10 no item 5 do BPI. Resultados: Foram analisados 197 pacientes. A idade média foi de 67 anos e 78,2% eram do sexo feminino. A duração média da OA de joelho foi de 6,2 anos. O AID foi relatado por 51,3% dos pacientes. O sexo feminino (odds ratio ajustado - OR 2,15 [IC 95% 1,1-4,5]), o diabetes (OR = 3,1 [IC 95% 1,3-7,7]) e a depressão (OR 2,24 [IC 95% 1,2-4,3]) estiveram associados a um maior risco de AID. Os pacientes com AID relataram piores desfechos em todas as dimensões do Womac (p < 0,001) e em todos os oito domínios e nos dois componentes sumários do SF-12 (p < 0,001). Conclusões: Os resultados do presente estudo indicam que é necessário melhorar o manejo da dor na OA de joelho a fim de alcançar melhores desfechos em termos de alívio da dor, função e qualidade de vida.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Osteoarthritis, Knee/drug therapy , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Portugal , Quality of Life , Pain Measurement , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Osteoarthritis, Knee/diagnosis , Patient Reported Outcome Measures , Middle Aged
Rev. AMRIGS ; 60(4): 298-302, out.-dez. 2016. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-847718


Introdução: Comparar o grau de dor em pacientes pediátricos que foram submetidos a bloqueio dos nervos ilioinguinal e ílio-hipogástrico, através das técnicas de visualização direta e guiada por ultrassom em cirurgias de herniorrafia e orquidopexia em intervalos de 30 minutos, 3 e 6 horas após a saída da sala cirúrgica. Métodos: Foi realizado um ensaio clínico, randomizado, com 38 pacientes submetidos às cirurgias propostas, divididos em 2 grupos através de sorteio aleatório: grupo 1 bloqueio por visualização direta e grupo 2 por ultrassom. Os pacientes foram avaliados em 3 fases, nos intervalos aventados pelo estudo com a utilização das escalas FLACC e Comfort-Behavior, aplicadas de maneira observacional. Para a associação entre as variáveis de interesse, foram utilizados o teste de qui-quadrado de Pearson e o teste t de Student para a comparação entre médias. Os dados foram inseridos no Epi InfoT 3.5.4 e SPSS 18.0. Para verificar as variáveis de interesse, foram utilizados os testes de qui-quadrado e teste t de Student, sendo considerado nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Participaram do estudo 38 pacientes, com média de 3,44 anos de idade. A cirurgia mais realizada foi a de hérnia inguinal bilateral em 17 (44,7%) dos pacientes. 52,5% dos pacientes utilizaram analgésico, sendo que desses, 19 fizeram uso somente uma vez, desses, 8 necessitaram de analgesia 30 minutos após a saída da sala cirúrgica. Conclusão: O trabalho evidenciou superioridade na técnica de visualização direta na redução da dor no pós-operatório em relação à técnica por ultrassom (AU)

Introduction: To compare the degree of pain in pediatric patients who underwent ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerve block through direct and ultrasound-guided visualization techniques in herniorrhaphy and orchidopexy surgeries at 30-minute intervals, 3 and 6 hours after leaving the operating room. Methods: A randomized clinical trial was conducted with 38 patients submitted to the proposed surgeries, divided randomly into 2 groups, group 1 block by direct visualization and group 2 by ultrasound. The patients were evaluated in 3 phases, at the intervals proposed by the study, using the FLACC and Comfort-Behavior scales applied observationally. For the association between the variables of interest, the Pearson chi-square test and Student's t-test were used to compare the means. The data was entered into Epi InfoT 3.5.4 and SPSS 18.0. Chi-square and Student's t-tests were used to verify the variables of interest. A level of significance of 5% was considered. Results: Thirty-eight patients with a mean of 3.44 years of age participated in the study. The most commonly performed surgery was for bilateral inguinal hernia in 17 (44.7%) of the patients. Analgesics were used by 52.5% of the patients, of whom 19 used them only once, and of these, 8 required analgesia 30 minutes after leaving the operating room. Conclusion: The work showed superiority of the technique of direct visualization in reducing postoperative pain as compared to the ultrasound technique (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Analgesics/administration & dosage , Hypogastric Plexus , Inguinal Canal , Nerve Block/methods , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Orchiopexy , Pain Measurement , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 10(3): 385-391, dic. 2016. ilus
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-840986


The sensation of pain at the surgical site may be increased and persist for long periods after the noxious stimulus has been removed. Post-operative pain from the extraction of impacted molar may cause serious discomfort to the patient resulting in considered moderate to severe in intensity. Analgesia for this surgical procedure is related to the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, steroids, analgesics of central and peripheral actions used in combination or individually. The aim of this review is to show an update about the use and the physiological bases for indications of the analgesic therapy in third molar surgery.

La sensación de dolor en el sitio quirúrgico puede ser mayor y persistente por largos periodos de tiempo después de que el estímulo nocivo ha sido retirado. El dolor postoperatorio desde la extracción de un molar impactado puede causar molestias moderadas o severas en intensidad. La analgesia para estos procedimientos son relacionadas con el uso de fármacos antiinflamatorios no esteroidales, esteroides, analgésicos de acción central y periféricos utilizados en combinación o individualmente. El objetivo de esta revisión es mostrar una puesta al día en el uso y las bases fisiológicas para la indicación de terapia analgésica en cirugía de tercer molar.

Humans , Molar, Third/surgery , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Tooth Extraction/adverse effects , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Pain, Postoperative/etiology , Pain, Postoperative/physiopathology
Horiz. méd. (Impresa) ; 15(4): 27-32, Oct.-Dic.2015. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-786508


Evaluar la efectividad de Ketorolaco y Metamizol en el tratamiento del dolor agudo posoperatorio de adenoamigdalectomías en niños de tres a seis años atendidos en el Servicio de Anestesiología en el Hospital Alberto Sabogal Sologuren durante el periodo 2012-2013. MaterialyMétodos:Estudio observacional, descriptivo, retrospectivo y transversal. La investigación incluyó 115 niños que fueron sometidos de forma electiva a adenoamigdalectomías cuyas edades estuvieron comprendidas entre los tres a seis años. Se formaron dos grupos de acuerdo al esquema analgésico que recibieron en sala de operaciones, 58 niños recibieron Metamizol y 57 niños recibieron Ketorolaco.Resultados: En el grupo que recibió Ketorolaco, 56.1%no presentaron dolor en la unidad de recuperación posanestésica según la escala de Oucher y 43.9%presentó dolor de leve a moderado (1a6). El grupo que recibió Metamizol, 19% de los niños no refirió dolor y 74.1%calificó su dolor de leve a moderado. El grado de alivio de dolor medido por escala de Oucher fue superior en los pacientes que recibieron Ketorolaco(p<0.05).Conclusión:La reducción del dolor posoperatorio en adenoamigdalectomías en niños es mayor con Ketorolaco que con Metamizol...

Evaluate the effectiveness of Ketorolac and Metamizol in the treatment of acute postoperative pain of adenotonsillectomy in children three to six years old receiving medical care in the Department of Anesthesiology at the Hospital Alberto Sabogal Sologur enduring the period 2012-2013. Material and Methods: Observational, descriptive, retrospective and cross-sectional study. The study involved 115 children who under went elective adenotonsillectomy whose ages were between tree to six years old. They are according to two groups that received analgesic therapy in the operating room, 58 childrM received Metamizol and 57 children received Ketorolac. Results: In the group receiving Ketorolac, 56.1% had no pain in the postanesthesic recovery unit according to the scale of Oucher and 43.9% had mild to moderate pain (1-6). The group that received Metamizol, 19% of children reported On and 74.1% rated their pain from mild to moderate. The degree of pain relief measured Oucher scale was higher in patients receiving Ketorolac (9 <0.05). Conclusion: Reducing postoperative pain in adenotonsillectomy in children with Ketorolac is higher than Metamizol...

Humans , Male , Female , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Child , Dipyrone/therapeutic use , Ketorolac/therapeutic use , Pain, Postoperative , Cross-Sectional Studies , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Studies as Topic , Retrospective Studies
J. appl. oral sci ; 24(3): 218-222, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-787544


ABSTRACT The most recently identified serotonin (5-HT) receptor is the 5-HT7 receptor. The antinociceptive effects of a 5-HT7 receptor agonist have been shown in neuropathic and inflammatory animal models of pain. A recent study demonstrated the functional expression of 5-HT7 receptors in the substantia gelatinosa (SG) of the trigeminal subnucleus caudalis, which receives and processes orofacial nociceptive inputs. Objective To investigate the antinociceptive effects of pharmacological activation of 5-HT7 receptors on orofacial pain in mice. Material and Methods Nociception was evaluated by using an orofacial formalin test in male Balb-C mice. Selective 5-HT7 receptor agonists, LP 44 and LP 211 (1, 5, and 10 mg/kg), were given intraperitoneally 30 min prior to a formalin injection. A bolus of 10 µl of 4% subcutaneous formalin was injected into the upper lip of mice and facial grooming behaviors were monitored. The behavioral responses consisted of two distinct periods, the early phase corresponding to acute pain (Phase I: 0–12 min) and the late phase (Phase II: 12–30 min). Results LP 44 and LP 211 (1, 5, and 10 mg/kg) produced an analgesic effect with reductions in face rubbing time in both Phase I and Phase II of the formalin test. Conclusion Our results suggest that 5-HT7 receptor agonists may be promising analgesic drugs in the treatment of orofacial pain.

Animals , Male , Mice , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Facial Pain/drug therapy , Piperazines/therapeutic use , Receptors, Serotonin , Serotonin Receptor Agonists/therapeutic use , Disease Models, Animal , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Facial Pain/chemically induced , Formaldehyde , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Reproducibility of Results , Substantia Gelatinosa/drug effects , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Trigeminal Nerve/drug effects
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 32(1): 76-86, ene.-mar. 2016. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-797715


Introducción: el empleo de las aguas con fines curativos, se remonta a épocas tempranas en la evolución del hombre. Objetivo: determinar el efecto terapéutico de aguas mineromedicinales en el tratamiento de gingivoestomatitis herpética aguda. Métodos: estudio analítico cuasiexperimental, en el Policlínico Gilberto Marquetty, Candelaria, Artemisa, en el periodo de octubre de 2011 a octubre de 2012, con un universo de 110 niños de 1 a 14 años diagnosticados con gingivoestomatítis herpética aguda. Por muestreo aleatorio simple se dividieron en dos grupos, Grupo 1 (Control) 55 pacientes, se aplicó tratamiento convencional con antihistamínico y analgésicos, prescripto por el facultativo. Grupo 2 (Estudio): 55 pacientes, se aplicó tratamiento con aguas mineromedicinales. Las variables estudiadas fueron edad, sexo, zona de residencia, síntomas colaterales, zonas anatómicas afectadas y evolución. Se consideró favorable cuando curó o mejoró y desfavorable cuando siguió igual o empeoró. La información se obtuvo por examen físico evolutivo al tercer, quinto y décimo día de tratamiento, evaluando sintomatología y cuadro clínico. Para el análisis de la información se utilizó distribución de frecuencias absolutas y porcentaje. Resultados: evolución satisfactoria, en menos días de tratamiento y con ausencia de reacciones adversas en los pacientes tratados con aguas mineromedicinales; el 50,90 por ciento de niños al tercer día de tratamiento estaban curados y el 96,36 por ciento, al décimo día. Conclusiones: las aguas mineromedicinales del manantial El Templado de San Diego de los Baños tiene efectos terapéuticos favorables en el tratamiento de las gingivoestomatitis herpética aguda en niños; se logró una evolución clínica favorable en menor tiempo que en el tratamiento convencional(AU)

Introduction: The use of needles with therapeutic aims dates back to early ages in humankind evolution. Objective: To determine the therapeutic effect of medicinal mineral needles in the treatment of acute herpetic gingivostomatitis. Methods: Quasi-experimental analytical study, in Gilberto Marquetty Polyclinic of Candelaria, Artemisa Province, from October 2011 to October 2012, with a target group of 110 children at ages 1-14 years diagnosed with acute herpetic gingivostomatitis. By random sampling, they were divided into two groups: 1 (control group, 55 patients), to which conventional treatment with antihistaminic and analgesics, prescribed by the doctor; 2 (study group, 55 patients), to which treatment was applied with medicinal mineral needles. The variables studied were age, sex, dwelling area, side symptoms, affected anatomical areas and natural history. It was considered favorable when healed or ameliorated; and unfavorable when remained the same or worsened. The information was obtained by followed-up physical examination after three, four and five days of treatment, evaluating symptoms and clinical frame. For information analysis, distribution of absolute frequencies and percentages were used. Results: Satisfactory natural history, in less than ten days of treatment and without side effects in patients treated with medicinal mineral needles. 50.90 percent of children were healed after three days of treatment and 96.36 percent after ten days. Conclusions: medicinal mineral needles from El Templado springs of San Diego de los Baños have favorable therapeutic effects in the treatment of acute herpetic gingivostomatitis in less time than the conventional treatments(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Stomatitis, Herpetic/diagnosis , Therapeutics/adverse effects , Balneology/methods , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Stomatitis, Herpetic/therapy , Histamine Antagonists/therapeutic use
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 92(1): 81-87, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-775165


ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: Data on clinical practice in pediatrics on the use of analgesic, antipyretic, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs considering the best available evidence and regulatory-agency approved use are uncertain. This study aimed to determine the frequency of prescription of these drugs according to the best scientific evidence and use approved by regulatory agencies. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 150 pediatric prescriptions containing analgesic, antipyretic, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, followed by interview with caregivers at 18 locations (nine private drugstores and nine Basic Health Units of the Brazilian Unified Health System). The assessed outcomes included recommended use or use with no contraindication, indications with benefit evidence, and health surveillance agency-approved use. Data were analyzed in electronic databases and the variables were summarized by simple frequency. RESULTS: A total of 164 analgesic, antipyretic, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs were prescribed to 150 children aged 1-4 years (38.6%). Dipyrone was included in 82 (54.6%) and ibuprofen in 40 (26.6%) prescriptions. Non-recommended uses were identified in 15% of prescriptions and contraindicated uses were observed in 13.3%. Nimesulide (1.5%) is still prescribed to children younger than 12 years. The dose was incorrect in 74.3% of prescriptions containing dipyrone. Of the 211 reported clinical indications, 56 (26.5%) had no evidence of benefit according to the best available scientific evidence and 66 (31.3%) had indications not approved by the regulatory agencies. CONCLUSION: There are significant discrepancies between clinical practice and recommended use of analgesic, antipyretic, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in pediatrics.

RESUMO OBJETIVO: Dados sobre a prática clínica em pediatria no uso de analgésicos, antipiréticos e anti-inflamatórios não esteroides considerando a melhor evidência disponível e o uso aprovado por agências reguladoras são incertos. Este estudo tem como objetivo verificar a frequência de prescrição de tais medicamentos segundo a melhor evidência científica e o uso aprovado por agências reguladoras. MÉTODO: Estudo transversal de 150 prescrições pediátricas, contendo analgésicos, antipiréticos e anti-inflamatórios não esteroides, seguido de entrevista aos cuidadores, em 18 locais (nove drogarias privadas e nove unidades de saúde do SUS). Os desfechos avaliados incluíram uso recomendado ou sem contraindicação, indicações com evidência de benefício e o uso autorizado por agências de vigilância sanitária. Os dados foram analisados em banco eletrônico e as variáveis sumarizadas por frequência simples. RESULTADOS: Foram prescritos 164 analgésicos, antipiréticos e anti-inflamatórios não esteroides para as 150 crianças entre um e quatro anos (38,6%). Dipirona constou em 82 (54,6%) e ibuprofeno em 40 (26,6%). Usos não recomendados foram encontrados em 15% das receitas e usos contraindicados em 13,3%. Nimesulida (1,5%) ainda é usada em crianças com menos de 12 anos. Em 74,3% das prescrições contendo dipirona a dose estava incorreta. Das 211 indicações clínicas referidas, 56 (26,5%) não tinham evidências de benefício segundo a melhor prova científica disponível e 66 (31,3%) eram indicações não aprovadas em agências de vigilância sanitária. CONCLUSÃO: Existem importantes discrepâncias entre prática clínica e recomendações de uso de analgésicos, antipiréticos e anti-inflamatórios não esteroides em pediatria.

Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Antipyretics/therapeutic use , Drug Prescriptions/statistics & numerical data , Analgesics , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Antipyretics , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Evidence-Based Emergency Medicine/statistics & numerical data , Pharmacies/statistics & numerical data
Acta cir. bras ; 31(1): 67-73, Jan. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-771846


PURPOSE: To compare the effects of magnesium sulfate and ketamine on postoperative pain and total morphine consumption in a placebo-controlled design. METHODS: One hundred and twenty women scheduled for total abdominal hysterectomy were included in this prospective, randomized, double-blind study. Postoperatively, when the Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS) was four or more, IV-PCA morphine was applied to all patients. The patients were randomized into three groups: Group K ketamine, Group M magnesium, and Group C saline received as infusion. Total morphine consumption for 48h, pain scores, adverse effects, and patients' satisfaction were evaluated. RESULTS: Total morphine consumption was significantly lower in Group K (32.6±9.2 mg) than in Group M (58.9±6.5 mg) and in Group C (65.7±8.2 mg). The satisfaction level of patients in Group K was higher than the other two groups (p<0.05). Pruritus and nausea were observed more frequently in Group C. CONCLUSİON: The addition of ketamine to IV-PCA morphine reduces the total consumption of morphine without psychotic effects; however, magnesium did not influence morphine consumption.

Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Analgesics, Opioid/administration & dosage , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Ketamine/therapeutic use , Magnesium Sulfate/therapeutic use , Morphine/administration & dosage , Pain Management/methods , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant/methods , Double-Blind Method , Hysterectomy/rehabilitation , Ketamine/adverse effects , Magnesium Sulfate/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Pain Measurement/methods , Patient Satisfaction/statistics & numerical data
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-216509


BACKGROUND: Although both pregabalin and gabapentin are known to be useful for treating lumbar radiating pain and reducing the incidence of surgery, the oral corticosteroids sometimes offer a dramatic effect on severe radiating pain despite the lack of scientific evidence. METHODS: A total of 54 patients were enrolled among 703 patients who complained of lumbar radiating pain. Twenty patients who received an oral corticosteroid was classified as group A and 20 patients who received the control drugs (pregabalin or gabapentin) as group B. Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Revised Roland Morris disability questionnaire (RMDQ), Short Form 36 (SF-36) questionnaire, lumbar radiating pain, objective patient satisfaction, and objective improvement of patients or physicians were assessed at 2, 6, and 12 weeks after medication. RESULTS: No difference in the sex ratio and age was observed between the groups (p = 0.70 and p = 0.13, respectively). Group A showed greater improvement in radiating pain after 2, 6, and 12 weeks than group B (p < 0.001, p = 0.001, and p < 0.001, respectively). No differences were observed between the groups in satisfaction at the beginning and 12 weeks after taking the medication (p = 0.062 and p = 0.061, respectively) and in objective improvement of patients and physicians (p = 0.657 and p = 0.748, respectively). Group A was less disabled and had greater physical health scores than group B (p = 0.014 and p = 0.017, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Oral corticosteroids for the treatment of lumbar radiating pain can be more effective in pain relief than gabapentin or pregabalin. The satisfaction of patients and physicians with the drug and objective improvement status were not inferior to that with gabapentin or pregabalin.

Adolescent , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Adult , Aged , Amines/therapeutic use , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Cyclohexanecarboxylic Acids/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , Low Back Pain/drug therapy , Lumbosacral Region/physiopathology , Male , Middle Aged , Patient Satisfaction/statistics & numerical data , Pregabalin/therapeutic use , Quality of Life , Radiculopathy/drug therapy , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult , gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/therapeutic use