Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 6.331
Filter
1.
Rev. ADM ; 79(3): 165-176, mayo-jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378976

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El hueso, reservorio de minerales y moléculas orgánicas, es un tejido dinámico que detecta y se adapta a las cargas mecánicas de los órganos y tejidos del cuerpo, el cual mantiene la estructura ósea del esqueleto durante el crecimiento y a través de la vida del ser humano. Las células óseas son sensibles a las cargas mecánicas y microvibra- ciones que recibe el esqueleto. Objetivo: El propósito de este estudio fue realizar una revisión sistemática acerca de los efectos que ejerce la microvibración de alta frecuencia-baja intensidad, en osteocitos cultivados in vitro sobre la síntesis de factores solubles, con el propósito de entender si la microvibración tiene influencia en la aceleración del movimiento dentario. Material y métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda de artículos de revisión de osteocitos y otras células óseas in vitro, a través de la estrategia PICO (Paciente, Intervención, Comparación, Resultado [Outcome]), con el empleo de palabras clave como: «os- teocitos¼, «microvibración¼, «remodelación¼, «osteoclastogénesis¼, «citocinas¼ y «osteoblastos¼. Se estructuró por medio de PRISMA (informe de revisiones sistemáticas y meta-análisis). La captación de datos finales se hizo por medio del método de puntuación de calidad Jadad y Cochrane (modelo de correlación) como herramientas para evaluar el riesgo de sesgo de cada uno de los artículos. Se incluyeron 11 artículos con alta calidad metodológica. Resultados: La mayoría de los experimentos in vitro demostraron que la microvibración tuvo un aumento estadísticamente significativo en la proliferación y dife- renciación de las células madre mesenquimales (MSC), en osteoblastos (MC3T3-E1), en la expresión de proteínas para inducir osteogénesis y en los osteocitos (MLO-Y4). Asimismo, sobrerregularon la expresión de osteoprotegerina (OPG), prostaglandina (PGE2) y óxido nitroso (NO) al alterar y regular los factores solubles como las citocinas, factores de crecimiento y quimiocinas, de las demás células, además de mostrar una disminución en la actividad de los osteoclastos (RAW246.7) en la resorción ósea. Conclusión: La microvibración induce remodelación ósea. Los osteocitos son sensibles a los estímulos mecánicos y producen factores solubles para inducir la remodelación ósea, razón por la cual se emplea la microvibración como una terapia innovadora y prometedora, no invasiva y no farmacológica en la estimulación de la formación ósea de la superficie del hueso (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteogenesis , Vibration , Bone Remodeling , Osteocytes , Bone Resorption , Analysis of Variance , Cytokines , Culture Media , RANK Ligand
2.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 21(3): e3685, mayo.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1409481

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El uso del medicamento ranibizumab intravítreo favorece la reducción del edema macular generador de las oclusiones vasculares retinianas causantes de la pérdida visual. Objetivo: Evaluar la eficacia y seguridad de la administración intravítreo de ranibizumab en el cambio de espesor macular central en las oclusiones vasculares retinianas analizado mediante tomografía de coherencia óptica. Material y métodos: Se desarrolló un estudio de tipo retrospectivo, analítico, correlacional y observacional de campo con diseño no experimental en 125 pacientes mayores de 30 años con oclusión vascular retiniana diagnosticados en la consulta de oftalmología del Hospital "Teodoro Maldonado Carbó" durante enero de 2017 a junio de 2018. La técnica ANOVA compara las medias para determinar mediante el proceso de contraste de hipótesis si existen diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre estas. Resultados: El análisis de la agudeza visual con escala logMAR demostró diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los promedios obtenidos 3 meses antes y después de la aplicación del tratamiento (p=0,0001). Se encontró 28,8 por ciento de efectos adversos. Con frecuencia en aumento de presión intraocular (4 por ciento), sequedad ocular (16 por ciento) y hemorragia conjuntival (11,2 por ciento). Conclusiones: El ranibizumab en oclusiones vasculares retinianas proporciona una mejor agudeza visual corregida en relación con el grosor macular, favorece el desarrollo de nuevos vasos sanguíneos a partir de vasos preexistentes desde migración de células endoteliales(AU)


Introduction: The use of the intravitreal ranibizumab favors the reduction of the macular edema that generates retinal vascular occlusions that cause visual loss. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the intravitreal administration of ranibizumab in the change in central macular thickness in retinal vascular occlusions analyzed by optical coherence tomography. Material and methods: A retrospective, analytical, correlational and observational field study with a non-experimental design was carried out on 125 patients over 30 years of age diagnosed with retinal vascular occlusion in the Ophthalmology Service of "Teodoro Maldonado Carbó" Hospital during the period between January 2017 and June 2018. The ANOVA technique was used to compare means in order to determine, through the hypothesis contrast process, if there are statistically significant differences between them. Results: Visual acuity analysis using the logMAR scale showed statistically significant differences between the averages obtained 3 months before and after the application of the treatment (p =0.0001). In addition, 28,8 percent of adverse effects were found. The most frequent ones included increased intraocular pressure (4 percent), dry eyes (16 percent), and conjunctival hemorrhage (11,2 percent). Conclusions: In retinal vascular occlusions, Ranibizumab provides a better corrected visual acuity in relation to macular thickness, favors the development of new blood vessels from pre-existing vessels from endothelial cell migration(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Ophthalmology , Dry Eye Syndromes , Visual Acuity , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Human Migration , Referral and Consultation , Analysis of Variance
3.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 29(2): [1-15], mar. 2022. tab, ilus, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366584

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito da aplicação de hormônio do crescimento (Growth Hormone - GH) e treinamento de força (TF) na composição do tecido ósseo de ratos Wistar a partir da Espectroscopia Raman. 40 ratos machos foram distribuídos de forma aleatória em quatro grupos: controle (C [n=10]), controle a aplicação de GH (GHC [n=10]), treinamento de força (T [n=10]) e treinamento de força e aplicação de GH (GHT [n=10]). O treinamento foi composto por quatro séries de 10 saltos aquáticos, realizados três vezes por semana, com sobrecarga correspondente a 50% do peso corpóreo e duração de quatro semanas. O GH foi aplicado na dose de 0,2 UI/Kg em cada animal, três vezes por semana e em dias alternados. Ao final do experimento, os animais foram eutanasiados e coletados os fêmures direitos para realização da análise da composição óssea. A espectroscopia Raman (ER) foi utilizada para observar os seguintes compostos a partir de suas respectivas bandas: colágeno e fosfolipídio (1445 cm-1), colesterol (548 cm-1), glicerol (607 cm-1), glicose (913 cm-1), Pico de carboidrato (931 cm-1 ) e prolina (918 cm-1 ). Para a análise estatística, foram realizados os testes de normalidade de Shapiro-Wilk e análise de variâncias ANOVA one-way, seguida pelo pós-teste de Tukey. Os resultados revelaram aumento nas concentrações de colágeno e fosfolipidio, colesterol, glicerol, glicose, pico de carboidrato e prolina em todos os grupos experimentais, associados ou não à realização do ST e/ou aplicação de GH. Porém, somente o grupo T diferiu significativamente do grupo C (p<0,05). Conclui-se que todas intervenções puderam promover ganho no tecido ósseo, porém, somente o grupo T demonstrou diferença significativa nos compostos minerais analisados. (AU)


The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the application of growth hormone (GH) and strength training (TF) on the bone tissue composition of Wistar rats using Raman Spectroscopy. 40 male rats were randomly assigned to four groups: control (C [n = 10]), control the application of GH (GHC [n = 10]), strength training (T [n = 10]) and training of strength and application of GH (GHT [n = 10]). The training consisted of four series of 10 water jumps, performed three times a week, with an overload corresponding to 50% of body weight and lasting four weeks. GH was applied at a dose of 0.2 IU / kg to each animal, three times a week and on alternate days. After four weeks, the animals were euthanized and the right femurs were collected to carry out the analysis of the bone composition. Raman spectroscopy (ER) was used to observe the following compounds from their respective bands: collagen and phospholipid (1445 cm-1), cholesterol (548 cm-1), glycerol (607 cm-1), glucose (913 cm-1), Peak carbohydrate (931 cm-1), proline (918 cm-1). For statistical analysis, the Shapiro-Wilk normality tests and ANOVA One-Way analysis of variances were performed, followed by the Tukey post-test. The results revealed an increase in the concentrations of collagen and phospholipid, cholesterol, glycerol, glucose, peak carbohydrate and proline in all experimental groups, associated or not with the performance of ST and / or application of GH. However, only group T differed significantly from group C (p <0.05). It was concluded that all intervention could promote gain in bone tissue, however, only the T group showed a significant difference in the analyzed mineral compounds. (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Spectrum Analysis , Bone and Bones , Exercise , Rats, Wistar , Resistance Training , Femur , Metabolism , Phospholipids , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Body Weight , Proline , Growth Hormone , Carbohydrates , Cholesterol , Analysis of Variance , Collagen , Glycerol , Lipids
4.
Rev. ABENO ; 22(2): 1862, jan. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1402198

ABSTRACT

Apandemia de COVID-19impôs ainterrupção deatividades presenciais coletivaseos profissionais de saúde foram os mais afetados, por estarem na linha de frente no combate desta doença. Medidas de biossegurança tiveram que ser redobradas para evitar a propagação do vírus e assim ajudar a controlar apandemia. Procedimentos que geram aerossóis na Odontologia foram evitados, pois é de conhecimento que um dos meios de transmissão é a saliva. Alguns Equipamentos de Proteção Individual(EPs) foram adicionados para garantir a proteção, e protocolos de desinfecção do ambiente foram modificados. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o grau de conhecimento sobre biossegurança entre estudantes da área da saúde. Foiaplicado um questionário eletrônicopara a comunidade relacionada aos cursos da área da saúde na cidade de Curitiba/PR. Cento e cinquenta e novealunos responderam ao questionário, sendo 107 (67,3%) estudantesdaOdontologia, 28 (17,6%) da Medicina, 17 (10,7%) da Biomedicina e 7 (4,4%) daEnfermagem. Entre os participantes, 63,55% dos alunos de Odontologia, 100% de Medicina, 64,71% de Biomedicina e 85,71% de Enfermagem acreditam que os alunos da graduação não estão preparados para fazer atendimentos de urgência em pacientes com COVID-19. Apesar de toda a orientação sobre biossegurança, os alunos da área da saúde ainda devem desenvolver habilidades quanto aoscorretos procedimentos para atendimento de pacientes portadores ou não de doenças transmissíveis (AU).


Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, people all over the world had to interrupt their face-to-face interactions. Health professionals were most affected, as they were at the forefront of combating this disease. Biosecurity measures had to be re-doubled to prevent the spread of the virus and thus help control the pandemic. Procedures in dentistry that generated aerosols were avoided, as saliva is one of the means ofCOVID-19transmission. Complementary Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) was required to ensure protection, and environmental disinfection protocols had been modified. Thus, to assess the level of knowledge about biosafety and these new changes, particularly regarding COVID-19, a questionnaire was published for the community related to health courses in the city of Curitiba (PR, Brazil). This study included 159 students (dentistry, 107 (67.3%); medicine, 28 (17.6%); biomedicine, 17 (10.7%); and nursing, seven (4.4%)). Approximately 63.55% of dentistry, 100% of medicine, 64.71% of biomedical, and 85.71% of nursing students believe that undergraduate students are unprepared to provide urgent care to COVID-19 patients. Despite all the guidance on biosafety, students in healthcaremust still develop skills incorrect procedures for caring forpatients with or without communicable diseases (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Health Occupations , Health Personnel , Containment of Biohazards , Education, Dental , COVID-19/transmission , Social Perception , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric
5.
Rev. ABENO ; 22(2): 1526, jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1391333

ABSTRACT

The need for new teaching-learning strategies stems from the great change society is going through. The so-called digital natives are part of a generation that lives in a hyperactive rhythm making it increasingly difficult to adapt to traditional classrooms. In Dentistry Courses, new strategies and pedagogical tools have been used, suchas active learning methodologies. In this context, the Discipline of Histology of the Dentistry Course has been proposing the use of some innovative pedagogical strategies. This work will present the experience with team-based learning (TBL), which articulates individual (iRAT) and group activities (gRAT), stimulates the application of concepts and can articulate with other methodologies such as flipped classroom, case study and problematization. This study alsoanalysedstudents' performance in iRAT and gRAT with the application of TBLand discussed the results achieved. Itwas conducted by analysingthe scoresof 240 first-year students of the Histology course in 2016, 2017 and 2018. Student scores, individually and in groups, were statistically analysedby the paired student t-test. Comparisons were made between the iRAT and gRAT activities about gender and the full-time and night classes by the one-way ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis test. All students obtained higher group scores when compared to individual test results (p <0.001). There was no significant difference between sexes and study period. Group performanceexceeds individual performance. From this, it can be inferred that TBL can be a good strategy to use in dentistry, as an interaction between students leads to higher performance and problem-solving capacity (AU).


A necessidade de novas estratégias de ensino-aprendizagem decorre da grande mudança pela qual a sociedade está passando. Os chamados nativos digitais fazem parte de uma geração que vive em um ritmo hiperativo tornando cada vez mais difícil a adaptação às salas de aula tradicionais. Nos cursos de Odontologia, novas estratégias e ferramentas pedagógicas têm sido utilizadas, como metodologias ativas de aprendizagem. Nesse contexto, a Disciplina de Histologia do Curso de Odontologia tem proposto a utilização de algumas estratégias pedagógicas inovadoras. Este trabalho apresentará a experiência com a aprendizagem baseada em equipe (TBL), que articula atividades individuais (iRAT) e em grupo (gRAT), estimula a aplicação de conceitos e pode se articular com outras metodologias como aula invertida, estudo de caso e problematização. Este estudo também analisou o desempenho dos alunos no iRAT egRAT com a aplicação da TBL e discutiu os resultados alcançados. Foi realizado por meio da análise das notas de 240 alunos do primeiro ano do curso de Histologia em 2016, 2017 e 2018. As notas dos alunos, individualmente e em grupos, foram analisadas estatisticamente por meio do teste t-student pareado. As comparações foram feitas entre as atividades iRAT e gRAT sobre gênero e as aulas em período integral e noturno pelo teste ANOVA one waye teste de Kruskal-Wallis. Todos os alunos obtiveram pontuações mais altas do grupo quando comparados aos resultados dos testes individuais (p <0,001). Não houve diferença significativa entre os sexos e o período de estudo. O desempenho do grupo excede o desempenho individual. A partir disso, pode-se inferirque o TBL pode ser uma boa estratégia para uso em odontologia, pois uma interação entre os alunos leva a um maior desempenho e capacidade de resolução de problemas (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Students, Dental , Problem-Based Learning/methods , Education, Dental , Histology , Brazil , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Diffusion of Innovation
6.
Rev. ABENO ; 22(2): 1627, jan. 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1396722

ABSTRACT

Virtual learning environments (VLEs) have numerous possibilities for the use of their tools and can assist in the processesof teaching and learning aboutthe radiographic image interpretation. This study aimed to evaluate the use of a virtual learning environment as a support material for students in the discipline of Dental Radiology.This radiographic interpretation was conducted to contribute to the knowledge and training of the changes in the tooth andadjacent bone tissue,visualized in periapical and interproximal radiographs. The scores of the virtual test (via the Moodle platform) and the interpretation test (in the classroom) were used to compare Group Number 1 (students thatperformed the virtual test before the classroom test) and Group Number 2 (students thatperformed the virtual test after the classroom test). It was observed that,in general, the mean score of the interpretation test was higher than the virtual.Also,66% of the students used the platform as the main resourceto follow the discipline, due to the possibility of reviewing the contents andactivities. The virtual learning environment can be considered an important complementary sourcefor teaching radiographic interpretation. The Moodle platform acts as a remarkable tool, with the potential capacity to support the teaching and learning process. For this, mutual collaboration among students, University,and educational institution isnecessarily required for the constant use, maintenance,and updating of the virtual environment (AU).


Os ambientes virtuais de aprendizagem (AVA) possuem inúmeras possibilidades de utilização de suas ferramentas e podem auxiliar nos processos de ensino e aprendizagem sobre a interpretação de imagens radiográficas. Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a utilização de um ambiente virtual de aprendizagem como material de apoio para alunos da disciplina de Radiologia Odontológica. Essa interpretação radiográfica foi realizada para contribuir com o conhecimento e treinamento das alterações no órgão dentário e tecido ósseo adjacente, visualizadas em radiografias periapicais e interproximais. As notas da prova virtual (via plataforma Moodle) e da prova de interpretação (em sala de aula) foram utilizadas para comparar o Grupo Número 1 (alunos que realizaram a prova virtual antes da prova presencial) e o Grupo Número 2 (alunos que realizaram a prova virtual, após o teste em sala de aula). Observou-se que, em geral, a média da prova de interpretação foi superior à da prova virtual. Além disso, 66% dos alunos utilizaram a plataforma como principal recurso para acompanhar a disciplina, devido à possibilidade de revisão dos conteúdos e atividades. O ambiente virtual de aprendizagem pode ser considerado uma importante fonte complementar para o ensino da interpretação radiográfica. A plataforma Moodle atua como uma ferramenta notável, com potencial capacidade de apoiar o processo de ensino e aprendizagem. Para isso, é necessária a colaboração mútua entre alunos, Universidade e instituição de ensino para a constante utilização, manutenção e atualização do ambiente virtual (AU).


Subject(s)
Radiography/instrumentation , Educational Technology , Education, Distance/methods , Education, Dental , Learning , Analysis of Variance
7.
Psico USF ; 27(1): 17-29, jan.-mar. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1376046

ABSTRACT

Nos períodos de transição escolar ocorre mais bullying. Um dos fatores associados pode ser a existência de déficits nas habilidades sociais dos estudantes. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi verificar possíveis diferenças nas habilidades sociais de estudantes envolvidos e não envolvidos em situações de bullying no período de transição escolar. Participaram 408 estudantes do sexto ano do Ensino Fundamental, com média de idade de 11,3 anos (DP = 0,62). Os dados foram coletados mediante uma escala e um questionário, e avaliados estatisticamente por análises de variância (ANOVA). As vítimas-agressoras apresentaram as menores médias nas habilidades sociais e diferenciaram-se significativamente das vítimas, agressores e não envolvidos no bullying em relação às habilidades de empatia/civilidade, autocontrole e participação. Já os estudantes não envolvidos apresentaram as maiores médias nas habilidades sociais. Conclui-se que a melhoria das habilidades sociais dos estudantes em transição escolar pode ajudar a prevenir e/ou reduzir o bullying (AU).


Bullying tends to occur more often during periods of school transition. One of the associate factors may be a deficit in students' social skills. Thus, this study's objective was to verify potential differences between the social skills of students involved and not involved in bullying during school transition. A total of 408 sixth-grade students, with a mean age of 11.3 years old (SD = 0.62), participated in this study. Data were collected using a scale and a questionnaire and statistically analyzed by Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Victim-offenders had the lowest mean scores in social skills and differed significantly from victims, bullies, and those not involved in bullying concerning empathy/civility, self-control, and participation skills. On the other hand, students not involved in bullying showed the highest mean scores in social skills. We concluded that improving the students' social skills in school transition might help prevent and/or reduce bullying (AU).


Em los períodos de transición escolar se produce más bullying. Uno de los factores asociados puede ser la existencia de déficits em las habilidades sociales de los estudiantes. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de este estudio fue verificar las posibles diferencias em las habilidades sociales de los estudiantes involucrados y no involucrados em situaciones de bullying em el período de transición escolar. Participaron 408 estudiantes del sexto año de la Educación Primaria, em em media de edad de 11,3 años (DS = 0,62). Los datos se recogieron mediante em escala y em cuestionario, y se analizaron por análisis de varianza (ANOVA). Las víctimas-agresoras presentaron las puntuaciones medias más bajas em las habilidades sociales y se diferenciaron significativamente de las víctimas, agresores y no involucrados em el bullying em relación a las habilidades de empatía/civilidad, autocontrol y participación. Por em lado, los estudiantes no involucrados mostraron las medias más altas em habilidades sociales. Se concluye que la mejora de las habilidades sociales de los estudiantes durante la transición escolar puede ayudar a prevenir y/o reducir el bullying (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Students/psychology , Bullying , Social Skills , Surveys and Questionnaires , Analysis of Variance , Education, Primary and Secondary
8.
Psico USF ; 27(1): 157-167, jan.-mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1376039

ABSTRACT

Estudos mostram que o tabagismo é responsável por afetar algumas funções cognitivas. No entanto, a nicotina é apenas um dos componentes existentes no cigarro e existem evidências de que pode servir como agente neuroprotetivo e causar melhoras em algumas funções cognitivas. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi investigar como a nicotina interage com algumas funções cognitivas. Um ensaio clínico piloto com administração de gomas de nicotina contendo 2-mg ou 4-mg, ou gomas placebo contendo a mesma textura, sabor e aparência, foi realizado. Quarenta e dois participantes participaram da pesquisa e os resultados indicaram que a relação entre nicotina e o desempenho na tarefa Go/No-Go podem ser bidirecionais. Os resultados indicaram que participantes do grupo que utilizaram 4-mg de nicotina apresentaram menor desempenho, enquanto os participantes que fizeram uso de 2-mg de nicotina tiveram melhor desempenho do que os demais. Esta pesquisa tem aplicações biopsicossociais e podem ajudar na compreensão da relação entre tabagismo e nicotina, além de contribuir para estratégias que possam ajudar no abandono do cigarro ou na melhora de condições que afetem a cognição (AU).


Past findings in the literature indicated that smoking could affect given cognitive functions. However, nicotine is only one of the components in cigarettes and there is evidence that it may act as a neuroprotective agent and improve some cognitive functions. The purpose of this research was to investigate how nicotine interacts with certain cognitive functions. We conducted a pilot clinical trial using nicotine gum containing 2-mg or 4-mg, or placebo gum with the same texture, flavor, and appearance. Forty-two healthy nonsmokers were enrolled in this research. Our findings indicated that the relationship between nicotine and performance on the Go/No-Go task might be opposite. The results showed that participants in the 4-mg group performed worse, while participants who used 2-mg of nicotine performed better than the others. This research supports biopsychosocial applications and can help interpret the relationship between smoking and nicotine, and contribute to strategies that may support smoking cessation, or improve conditions that affect cognition (AU).


Estudios demuestran que el tabaquismo es responsable de afectar a algunas funciones cognitivas. Sin embargo, la nicotina es solo uno de los componentes de los cigarrillos, y existen evidencias de que la nicotina puede actuar como un agente neuroprotector y mejorar algunas funciones cognitivas. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar cómo la nicotina interactúa con algunas funciones cognitivas. Se realizó un ensayo clínico piloto con la administración de chicles de nicotina de 2 mg o 4 mg, o chicles de placebo con la misma textura, sabor y apariencia. Cuarenta y dos participantes participaron en la investigación y los resultados indicaron que la relación entre la nicotina y el rendimiento en la tarea Go/No-go puede ser bidireccional. Los resultados indicaron que los participantes del grupo de 4 mg obtuvieron un menor rendimiento en las variables del Go/No-Go, mientras que los participantes que utilizaron 2 mg de nicotina obtuvieron un mejor rendimiento que los demás. Esta investigación respalda las aplicaciones biopsicosociales y puede ayudar a interpretar la relación entre el tabaquismo y la nicotina, además de contribuir a las estrategias que pueden ayudar a dejar de fumar o mejorar las condiciones que afectan la cognición (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Executive Function , Nicotine Chewing Gum , Nicotine/administration & dosage , Placebos/administration & dosage , Tobacco Use Disorder/psychology , Chi-Square Distribution , Pilot Projects , Double-Blind Method , Analysis of Variance
9.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 37(85): 41-48, 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1402386

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar la lectura e interpretación de códigos QR grabados con láser, sobre soportes metálicos adaptados, en prótesis den-tales acrílicas sometidas a injurias térmicas y ácidas. Se confeccionaron 150 prótesis de acrílico termopo-limerizable: 120 prótesis fueron expuestas a la acción de temperaturas de 200ºC, 400ºC, 800ºC y 1000ºC durante 30, 60 y 120 minutos (Grupo 1). Este grupo se dividió en un subgrupo 1.A, que incluyó 60 prótesis con el código QR grabado sobre un soporte de cromo cobalto adaptado en el acrílico, y un subgrupo 1.B, con 60 aparatos protésicos que portaban en su estruc-tura un soporte de acero para bandas de ortodoncia con el código QR. Las 30 prótesis remanentes confor-maron el Grupo 2 y se dividieron en subgrupo 2.A (15 prótesis con el soporte de cromo cobalto), y subgrupo 2.B (15 prótesis con el soporte de acero para bandas de ortodoncia), todas sumergidas en ácido clorhídrico al 40 % a temperatura ambiente, durante 30, 60 y 120 minutos. Los análisis estadísticos para comparación entre grupos e inter-grupos fueron ANOVA y prueba de Tukey, todos con nivel de significancia p<0,05. En el Grupo 1, la lectura positiva de los códigos QR fue del 75 % para el subgrupo 1.A, y 12 % en el subgrupo 1.B. Para el Grupo 2, la lectura positiva de los códigos QR resultó en un 66 % en el subgrupo 2.A, y 0 % para el subgrupo 2.B. Se concluyó que pese a los efectos vulnerantes de los agentes físicos y químicos sobre el acrílico, bajo ciertas condiciones es posible leer e interpretar códigos QR grabados con láser sobre so-portes metálicos adaptados en la estructura protéti-ca, representando una alternativa para la identificación humana (AU)


The objective was to evaluate the reading and interpretation of laser-engraved QR codes on metal supports adapted to acrylic dental prostheses subjected to thermal and acid insults. Were made 150 thermo-curing acrylic prostheses, 120 prostheses were exposed to the action of temperatures of 200ºC, 400ºC, 800ºC and 1000ºC for 30, 60 and 120 minutes (Group 1). This group was divided into a subgroup 1.A that included 60 prostheses with the QR code engraved on a cobalt chromium support adapted to the acrylic and a subgroup 1.B with the other half of the prosthetic appliances, which had in their structure a support of steel for orthodontic bands with QR code. The 30 remaining prostheses made up Group 2 and were divided into subgroup 2.A (15 prostheses with cobalt chromium support) and subgroup 2.B (15 prostheses with steel support for orthodontic bands) all submerged in hydrochloric acid 40% at room temperature, for 30, 60 and 120 minutes. The statistical analyzes for groups comparison and between groups were ANOVA and Tukey's test, all with a significance level of p <0.05. In Group 1, the positive reading of the QR codes was 75% for Subgroup 1.A and 12% in subgroup 1.B. For Group 2, the positive reading of the QR codes resulted in 66% in subgroup 2.A and 0% for subgroup 2.B. Conclusion: Despite the damaging effects of physical and chemical agents on acrylic, under certain conditions it is possible to read and interpret laser-engraved QR codes on metal supports adapted to the prosthetic structure, which may represent an alternative for human identification (AU)


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Forensic Anthropology , Denture Identification Marking , Lasers , Acrylic Resins , Analysis of Variance , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Computer Security , Dental Prosthesis , Hydrochloric Acid
10.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 37(85): 49-58, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1410640

ABSTRACT

Se comparó el grado de decoloración de la corona clínica en piezas dentarias anteriores humanas ex-traídas, sometidas a procedimientos de regeneración endodóntica, utilizando MTA blanco o sustituto bioac-tivo de la dentina (Biodentine) como barrera cervical, en presencia de coágulo sanguíneo como andamio. En total se prepararon 24 piezas dentarias anterio-res superiores humanas que fueron divididas en dos grupos control (GC) y dos grupos experimentales (GE). Cada uno incluía 6 piezas dentarias. En los GE se colo-có sangre humana fresca en el interior del conducto, y se confeccionó una barrera de Biodentine (GE3) o MTA (GE4). En los GC se colocó una torunda de algo-dón estéril saturada con solución fisiológica estéril, y se confeccionó una barrera de Biodentine (GC1) o MTA (GC2). El color se evaluó de acuerdo con el espa-cio de color CIE L* a* b* utilizando imágenes fotográfi-cas digitales estandarizadas en dos puntos de tiempo: día 0 (T0) y día 35 (T35). La descripción de los datos in-cluyó mediana (Md), primer cuartil (Q1), tercer cuartil (Q3), media y desviación estándar (DE). Se emplea-ron las pruebas de los rangos con signo de Wilcoxon (RSW) y ANOVA de una vía; p < 0,05 fue considerado significativo. Cuando se comparó ∆E se observaron diferencias significativas entre GC1 y el resto de los materiales (p < 0,05). ∆E fue menor en GC1 (media ± DE; 2,1 ± 1,6) que en los grupos restantes que no pre-sentaron diferencias significativas entre sí. En base a estos resultados, la estabilización del coágulo san-guíneo, como así la limpieza de la cavidad previa a la colocación del Biodentine y el uso de barreras cervi-cales, es imprescindible para evitar la coloración de la corona clínica (AU)


Discoloration remains an unfavorable complication of otherwise successful regenerative endodontic procedure of immature teeth with necrotic pulp. Objective: Compare the degree of discoloration of extracted human teeth after regenerative endodontic procedures, using MTA or Biodentine as a cervical barrier with a blood clot as a scaffold. In total 24 human upper anterior teeth were prepared and divided into two control groups (CG) and two experimental groups (EG). In the EG, fresh human blood was placed inside the root and a Biodentine (GE3) or MTA (GE4) barrier was made in. A sterile cotton swab saturated with sterile physiological solution was placed in the GCs and a Biodentine (GC1) or MTA (GC2) barrier was made in. The color was evaluated according to the CIE L* a* b* color space using standardized digital photographic images at two time points: day 0 (T0) and day 35 (T35). The description of the data included median (Md), first quartile (Q1), third quartile (Q3), means, and standard deviation (SD). Wilcoxon signed rank tests (RSW) and one-way ANOVA were used. p < 0.05 was considered significant. When ∆E was compared, significant differences were observed between GC1 and the rest of the materials (p < 0.05). ∆E was lower in CG1 (mean ± SD; 2.1 ± 1.6) than in the remaining groups, which did not present significant differences between them. There was no significant difference between tooth discolorations with materials in the presence of blood. However, in the absence of blood, Biodentine exhibited less tooth discoloration than MTA (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Discoloration , Tooth Crown/abnormalities , Regenerative Endodontics , Root Canal Filling Materials/analysis , Biocompatible Materials , Calcarea Silicata/analysis , Analysis of Variance , Dentin , Tissue Scaffolds
11.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 37(85): 77-85, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411867

ABSTRACT

La resistencia antimicrobiana es un problema de sa-lud pública mundial. Las infecciones por microorga-nismos resistentes pueden ser altamente transmisi-bles e incluso causar la muerte. Este hecho genera grandes costos para los pacientes y para los servi-cios de salud. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue de-terminar el efecto antimicrobiano in vitro de extractos etanólicos de Caesalpinia spinosa sobre el crecimien-to de Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus y Candida albicans. Se recolectaron y certificaron muestras de C. spinosa. Se obtuvieron extractos de hojas, vainas y semillas en concentraciones de 100%, 75%, 50% y 25%. Mediante Kirby - Bauer, se cargaron los discos con los extractos y se depositaron en el medio inoculado con cepas de E. faecalis, S. aureus y C. albicans; junto a un CP (antimicrobiano), y un CN (etanol). Las placas se incubaron a 370°C durante 24 horas, y posteriormente se midieron los halos de inhi-bición con un vernier digital. Destaca el valor del halo de extracto de vainas; superó al de Ampicilina 10mg, sobre el E. faecalis. El extracto de vainas presentó ma-yor diámetro de inhibición (19mm), el de semillas pre-sentó el más bajo (1mm). ANOVA arrojó diferencia es-tadísticamente significativa entre los datos obtenidos para todos los extractos. En conclusión, los extractos etanólicos de Caesalpinia spinosa tienen efecto anti-microbiano in vitro sobre Enterococcus faecalis, Sta-phylococcus aureus y Candida albicans. La actividad antimicrobiana del extracto es directamente propor-cional a su concentración. Los extractos de C. spinosa podrían ser utilizados como coadyuvantes en el trata-miento contra Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans, que están relacionados con patologías orales (AU)


Antimicrobial resistance is a global public health problem. Infections with resistant microorganisms can be highly transmissible and even cause death. This fact generates great costs for patients and for health services. The objective of this work was to determine the in vitro antimicrobial effect of ethanolic extracts of Caesalpinia spinosa on the growth of Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans. Samples of C. spinosa were collected and certified. Leaf, pod and seed extracts were obtained at concentrations of 100%, 75%, 50% and 25%. Using Kirby-Bauer, the disks were loaded with the extracts and deposited in the medium inoculated with strains of E. faecalis, S. aureus and C. albicans; together with a CP (antimicrobial), and a CN (ethanol). The plates were incubated at 370°C for 24 hours, then the inhibition halos were measured with a digital vernier. The value of the pod extract halo stands out, surpassing that of Ampicillin 10mg, over E. faecalis. The pod extract presented the greatest diameter of inhibition (19mm), the seed extract presented the lowest (1mm). ANOVA showed a statistically significant difference between the data obtained for all the extracts. In conclusion, the ethanolic extracts of Caesalpinia spinosa have an in vitro antimicrobial effect on Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans. The antimicrobial activity of the extract is directly proportional to its concentration. C. spinosa extracts could be used as adjuvants in the treatment against Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans, which are related to oral pathologies (AU)


Subject(s)
Staphylococcus aureus/drug effects , Candida albicans/drug effects , Enterococcus faecalis/drug effects , Caesalpinia , In Vitro Techniques , Analysis of Variance , Culture Media , Drug Resistance, Bacterial
12.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 30: e3515, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1365887

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo avaliar o efeito do Guia Autoinstrucional para Raciocínio Clínico na acurácia diagnóstica de estudantes de Bacharelado em Enfermagem. Método ensaio clínico randomizado, paralelo, duplo cego (pesquisadores e avaliadores dos desfechos), realizado com graduandos de Enfermagem. Aplicaram-se, em duas fases, estudos de caso validados para a identificação de diagnóstico de enfermagem/problema do paciente, etiologia e pistas, sendo utilizado o Guia com o grupo intervenção na segunda fase. Os desfechos - acurácia diagnóstica, etiológica e número de pistas - foram avaliados por meio de rubricas validadas. Para análise, utilizou-se estatística descritiva para dados demográficos; teste exato de Fisher para similaridades na educação prévia e confiança; teste de Mann-Whitney para idade; teste ANOVA não paramétrico na avaliação da hipótese de diferenças no desempenho. Resultados amostra final composta por 24 estudantes no grupo controle e 27 no intervenção; sem diferença quanto ao sexo, idade e educação. Houve diferença para acurácia diagnóstica (p=0,041) e etiológica (p=0,0351) no grupo intervenção, mostrando efeito negativo da utilização do Guia. Conclusão a autoinstrução implementada uma única vez não foi efetiva em impactar a acurácia diagnóstica de estudantes solucionando estudos de caso. A aplicação repetida do Guia como ferramenta didática pode ser efetiva para melhorar tal desfecho. REBEC: RBR-4bhr78.


Abstract Objective to evaluate the effect of the Self-Instructional Guide for Clinical Reasoning on the diagnostic accuracy of undergraduate Nursing students. Method a randomized, parallel and double-blind (researchers and outcome evaluators) clinical trial, carried out with undergraduate Nursing students. Validated case studies were applied in two phases to identify the patient's Nursing diagnosis/problem, etiology and clues, using the Guide with the intervention group in the second phase. The outcomes - diagnostic and etiological accuracy and number of clues - were evaluated using validated rubrics. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze demographic data; Fisher's exact test for similarities in prior education and confidence; Mann-Whitney's test for age; and non-parametric ANOVA test in the evaluation of the hypothesis of differences in performance. Results final sample composed of 24 students in the control group and 27 in the intervention group; no difference as to gender, age and schooling. There was a difference in diagnostic (p=0.041) and etiological (p=0.0351) accuracy in the intervention group, showing a negative effect of using the Guide. Conclusion the one-time self-instruction was not effective in impacting the diagnostic accuracy of students solving case studies. Repeated application of the Guide as a teaching tool can be effective in improving such outcome. REBEC: RBR-4bhr78.


Resumen Objetivo evaluar el efecto de la Guía Autoinstruccional de Razonamiento Clínico en la precisión diagnóstica de estudiantes de Licenciatura en Enfermería. Método ensayo clínico aleatorizado, paralelo, doble ciego (investigadores y evaluadores de resultados), realizado con estudiantes de la carrera de enfermería. Se aplicaron estudios de casos validados en dos fases para identificar el diagnóstico de enfermería/problema del paciente, etiología y pistas, utilizando la Guía con el grupo experimental en la segunda fase. Los resultados (precisión diagnóstica, etiológica y número de pistas) se evaluaron utilizando rúbricas validadas. Para el análisis se utilizó estadística descriptiva para datos demográficos; prueba exacta de Fisher para similitudes en educación previa y confianza; prueba de Mann-Whitney para la edad; prueba ANOVA no paramétrica en la evaluación de la hipótesis de diferencias en el desempeño. Resultados muestra final compuesta por 24 estudiantes en el grupo control y 27 en el grupo experimental; no había diferencias en cuanto al sexo, la edad y educación. Hubo diferencia en la precisión diagnóstica (p=0,041) y etiológica (p=0,0351) en el grupo experimental, que mostraron un efecto negativo del uso de la Guía. Conclusión la autoinstrucción implementada por única vez no fue efectiva para generar un impacto en la precisión diagnóstica de los estudiantes que resolvieron los estudios de casos. La aplicación repetida de la Guía como herramienta de enseñanza puede ser eficaz para mejorar dicho resultado. REBEC: RBR-4bhr78.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Nursing , Nursing Diagnosis , Analysis of Variance , Randomized Controlled Trial , Education, Nursing , Clinical Reasoning
13.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 68(2)Abr.-Jun. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377804

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Poucos estudos exploraram o desfecho de componentes hemodinâmicos em sobreviventes de câncer em um programa de exercícios físicos. Objetivo: Verificar alterações agudas e crônicas na pressão arterial sistólica (PAS) e diastólica (PAD) durante um programa de exercícios em sobreviventes de câncer de mama. Método: Em um hospital de referência, 24 mulheres sobreviventes participaram de um programa de exercícios físicos. A PA foi monitorada com monitor digital de pulso, antes e após a realização das sessões. Para comparação pré e pós-exercício em cada sessão, foi empregado o teste t para amostras pareadas. Para análises dos efeitos crônicos, utilizou-se a análise de variância (Anova), com medidas repetidas para identificar possíveis diferenças nas variáveis PAS e PAD pré-exercício ao longo das 15 sessões de treinamento. Considerou-se o nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Observou-se que, com exceção da quarta e sexta sessões, os níveis de PAS diminuíram em todas as sessões após o exercício (p≤0,05). Para a PAD, somente houve diminuição significativa após o exercício nas três primeiras sessões. Nos efeitos crônicos, ocorreu redução média nos valores de PAS em repouso ao longo das sessões, com efeito hipotensor acima de 70% a partir da sétima sessão (p≤0,05). Na PAD, diferenças nos valores em repouso se acentuaram a partir da décima sessão; ao comparar com os valores de PAD em repouso, verificou-se efeito hipotensor acima de 94%. Conclusão: Sobreviventes que aderiram ao programa de exercício físico apresentaram redução aguda e crônica da PAS e da PAD


Introduction: Few studies have explored the outcome of hemodynamic components in cancer survivors in physical exercise programs. Objective: The main objective of this study was to verify acute and chronic changes in systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure during an exercise program for breast cancer survivors. Method: In a referral hospital, 24 surviving women participated in a physical exercise program. The BP was monitored with a digital wrist monitor, before and after the sessions. For pre and post-exercise comparison in each session, the t test for paired samples was used. For analysis of chronic effects, analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used, with repeated measures to identify possible differences in pre-exercise variables SBP and DBP throughout the 15 sessions. The level of significance was 5%. Results: It was noticed that, with the exception of the fourth and sixth sessions, the SBP levels decreased in all sessions after exercise (p≤0.05). For DBP, there was only a significant decrease after exercise in the first three sessions. For chronic effects, there was an average reduction in the values of SBP at rest throughout the sessions, with a hypotensive effect above 70% from the seventh session (p≤0.05). In DBP, differences in SBP values at rest were accentuated after the tenth session; when comparing with the values of DBP at rest, a hypotensive effect above 94% was observed. Conclusion: Survivors who adhered to the physical exercise program showed acute and chronic reduction in SBP and DBP


Introducción: Pocos estudios han explorado el resultado de los componentes hemodinámicos en sobrevivientes de cáncer en un programa de ejercicio. Objetivo: Verificar cambios agudos y crónicos en la presión arterial sistólica (PAS) y diastólica (PAD) durante un programa de ejercicio en sobrevivientes de cáncer de mama. Método: En un hospital de referencia, 24 mujeres sobrevivientes participaron en un programa de ejercicio físico. La PA se controló con un monitor de muñeca digital, antes y después de las sesiones. Para las comparaciones antes y después del ejercicio en cada sesión, se utilizó la prueba t para muestras pareadas. Para el análisis de efectos crónicos se utilizó el análisis de varianza (Anova), con medidas repetidas para identificar posibles diferencias en las variables de PAS y PAD pre-ejercicio durante las 15 sesiones de entrenamiento. Se consideró un nivel de significancia del 5%. Resultados: Se observó que, con excepción de la cuarta y sexta sesión, los niveles de PAS disminuyeron en todas las sesiones después del ejercicio (p≤0,05). Para DBP, solo hubo una disminución significativa después del ejercicio en las primeras tres sesiones. En los efectos crónicos, hubo una reducción media de los valores de PAS en reposo a lo largo de las sesiones, con un efecto hipotensivo superior al 70% a partir de la séptima sesión (p≤0,05). En PAD, las diferencias en los valores en reposo aumentaron a partir de la décima sesión; al comparar con los valores de PAD en reposo se observó un efecto hipotensor superior al 94%. Conclusión: Los supervivientes que se adhirieron al programa de ejercicio físico mostraron una reducción aguda y crónica de la PAS y la PAD


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Exercise , Analysis of Variance , Arterial Pressure , Cancer Survivors
14.
Conexões (Campinas, Online) ; 20: e022002, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369078

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O objetivo do estudo foi comparar as tentativas e eficácia dos arremessos entre as classes funcionais e zonas de ataque do basquetebol masculino em cadeira de rodas. Métodos: Os relatórios técnicos oficiais de todas as 42 partidas dos Jogos Paralímpicos Rio 2016 foram analisados e a quantidade de tentativas e eficácia por classe e quatro zonas de ataques foram anotadas. Para a comparação das distribuições de tentativas de arremessos por classes funcionais e zonas de ataque foi utilizado o teste qui-quadrado. Já o ANOVA one-way foi utilizado para verificar os efeitos principais das porcentagens do total de acertos e tentativas dos arremessos para cada zona da quadra e entre classes funcionais. Resultados e conclusão: Os principais resultados demonstraram que as classes mais elevadas (i.e., 3.0, 3.5, 4.0 e 4.5) representam 76% de todos os arremessos do jogo. Jogadores da classe 3.0 obtiveram significativamente maior frequência de arremessos nas zonas 1, 2 e 4 (áreas mais próximas da cesta). Enquanto os atletas da classe 4.0, apresentaram mais tentativas na zona 3 (área mais distante da cesta). Os jogadores das classes 3.5 e 4.0, comparados à classe 1.0, apresentaram maior eficácia na zona 1 (dentro do garrafão).


Objective: The aims of this study was to compare the frequency and effectiveness of throws by sport classes and attack zones of male wheelchair basketball. Methods: Official reports of all 42 matches from Rio 2016 Paralympics were analyzed. To compare the distributions of throws attempts by sport classes and attacking zones it was utilized the chi-square test. The ANOVA one-way was utilized to verify the main effects of the percentage of the total right throws and throwing attempts for each court zone and between sport classes. The frequency of throws and its effectiveness per class and four attack zones were noted. Results and conclusion: Our results showed that higher sport classes (i.e., 3.0, 3.5, 4.0 and 4.5) represent 76% of all throws performed during the matches. Players eligible by 3.0 sport class had significantly greater throws in zones 1, 2 and 4 (closest to the basket). Athletes of 4.0 class presented higher throw frequency in zone 3 (furthest from the basket). The players with 3.5 and 4.0 sport classes, compared to those with 1.0 class, showed greater effectiveness in zone 1 (in the painted area).


Objetivo: El objetivo del estudio fue comparar los intentos y la efectividad de los lanzamientos entre las clases funcionales y las zonas de ataque del baloncesto masculino en una silla de ruedas. Métodos: Se analizaron los informes técnicos oficiales de los 42 partidos de los Juegos Paralímpicos de Río 2016 y se anotó el número de intentos y efectividad por clase y cuatro zonas de ataque. Para comparar la distribución de los intentos de lanzamiento por clases funcionales y zonas de ataque, se utilizó la prueba de chi-cuadrado. El ANOVA de una vía se utilizó para verificar los efectos principales de los porcentajes del número total de golpes correctos e intentos de tiros para cada zona de la cancha y entre clases funcionales. Resultados y conclusión: Los resultados principales mostraron que las clases más altas (es decir, 3.0, 3.5, 4.0 y 4.5) representan 76% de todos los lanzamientos en el juego. Los jugadores de la clase 3.0 tuvieron lanzamientos significativamente más altos en las zonas 1, 2 y 4 (áreas más cercanas a la canasta). Mientras que los atletas de la clase 4.0, presentaron más intentos en la zona 3 (área más alejada de la canasta). Los jugadores de las clases 3.5 y 4.0, en comparación con la clase 1.0, mostraron una mayor efectividad en la zona 1 (dentro de la zona pintada).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Sports , Wheelchairs , Basketball , Athletes , Physical Functional Performance , Methods , Effectiveness , Case-Control Studies , Chi-Square Distribution , Analysis of Variance , Morbidity
15.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210090, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1386800

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the high-cycle fatigue behavior of four commercially available NiTi orthodontic wires. Material and Methods: Twelve NiTi orthodontic wires, round, 0.016-in, three per brand, were selected and divided into four groups: G1 - Heat-activated NiTi, G2 - Superelastic NiTi, G3 - Therma-Ti, and G4 - CopperNiTi. The atomic absorption spectrometry method was used to determine the chemical composition of investigated NiTi wires. We also performed a fatigue test at three-point bending using a universal testing machine for 1000 cycles in a 35 °C water bath. For the first and thousandth cycle, the average plateau load and the plateau length were determined in the unloading area of the force versus displacement diagram. In addition, we calculated the difference between the average plateau load of the first and thousandth cycle (∆F), as well as the difference between the plateau length of both cases (∆L). Results: According to our results, there were no significant differences between the average plateau load of the first and thousandth cycles of each group (p>0.05) and in the plateau length of the first and thousandth cycles of the groups (p>0.05). Conclusion: There were no significant differences between the groups changing the superelasticity property after high-cycle fatigue.


Subject(s)
Orthodontic Wires , Orthodontics , Stress, Mechanical , Dental Instruments , Spectrophotometry, Atomic/instrumentation , Spectrum Analysis/methods , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Materials Testing , Analysis of Variance
16.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210138, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1386814

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the perceptions of smile esthetics associated with variations in the vertical plane of the maxillary incisors in the smile arc using eye-tracking software. Material and Methods: An image of a 59-year-old Caucasian male model was adapted and edited to make three changes in the vertical plane, simulating a convex, straight, and reverse smile arc. Four areas of interest were inserted at the right and left eyes, nose, and mouth. Forty laypeople raters between 18 and 45 years of age participated of the study. Eye-tribe hardware and Ogama software were used to perform eye-tracking. Attractiveness and age-perception questions were also incorporated into the study. ANOVA test and Pearson's correlation coefficient, at p < 0.05. Results: The most observed AOI in images with convex, straight, and reverse smiles, as assessed using heatmaps and point maps, was the mouth, followed by the right eye. A significant difference for the eye (p=0.02) was found when comparing convex and reverse smiles, whereas a significant difference for the mouth was observed between the straight and reverse smiles (p=0.03). Conclusion: Convex and straight smile arcs were associated with equal levels of attractiveness; the reverse smile was less attractive. No significant difference was noticed regarding age perception and the smile arcs. However, the reverse smile recorded a more complete fixation time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Perception , Smiling , Photography, Dental/instrumentation , Esthetics, Dental , Eye-Tracking Technology/instrumentation , Analysis of Variance , Visual Analog Scale , Incisor
17.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210252, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1386811

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of chewing gums containing CPP-ACP in remineralisation of demineralised enamel around orthodontic brackets. Material and Methods: Enamel blocks from 120 bovine incisors were used. The blocks were flattened and polished, followed by the development of incipient subsurface caries. The blocks have been subjected to a baseline microhardness analysis. Orthodontic brackets were bonded to the exposed area of the blocks, reserving an area for hardness analysis. An in situ crossover (three-way crossover phases of 21 days with an interval of one week between them), controlled, randomised and blind experimental model was used, with the participation of 12 volunteers divided into groups: G1 - negative control group, without chewing gum; G2 - conventional sugar-free chewing gum, without CPP-ACP (placebo); and G3 - sugar-free chewing gum with CPP-ACP. The following parameters were analysed: superficial linear (Ra), volumetric roughness (Sa), and superficial structural loss, which was indicated by Gap measurement (difference between the healthy and treated area). Statistical tests used were the Friedman, Wilcoxon and Shapiro-Wilk, Kruskal Wallis' nonparametric tests and ANOVA. Results: There was a significant reduction in enamel microhardness after demineralisation in all the groups (p<0.05). This deleterious effect was attenuated in the three groups after the final evaluation, although there were no statistical differences (p<0.05); however, the final values did not return to the baseline values (p<0.05). Conclusion: Chewing gum containing CPP-ACP did not promote in situ remineralisation of demineralised enamel around orthodontic brackets.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Tooth Remineralization/instrumentation , Chewing Gum , Orthodontic Brackets , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Enamel , Intervention Studies , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric
18.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365223

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the Oncostatin M (OSM) concentrations in tissues of patients with chronic periodontitis with and without diabetes. Material and Methods: Sixty-four subjects visiting the dental outpatient department were categorized as "healthy" (Group 1), "periodontitis" (Group 2), and "diabetes with periodontitis" (Group 3) groups. The clinical oral examination included assessment of plaque, gingivitis, probing depth, clinical attachment level. Blood glucose was assessed for group 3 patients. OSM concentration in the tissues was assessed using ELISA in all groups. Results: The mean OSM was 0.02 ± 0.04 pg/mg in the healthy group, 0.12 ± 0.09 pg/mg in the chronic periodontitis group and 0.13 ± 0.10 pg/mg in the diabetes-periodontitis group. A significantly higher mean OSM was seen in Group 2 and Group 3 than Group 1. The amount of OSM positively correlated with probing depth and clinical attachment level. Conclusion: Periodontal disease causes a rise in Oncostatin M, independent of the diabetic status. Expression of OSM in the gingival tissues can serve as an inflammatory marker.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Dental Plaque Index , Cytokines , Diabetes Mellitus , Oncostatin M/analysis , Chronic Periodontitis/pathology , Periodontal Diseases , Blood Glucose , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Diagnosis, Oral , Gingiva , India/epidemiology , Inflammation
19.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210044, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365224

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To assess the effects of coloring beverages on the color stability of two types of hybrid ceramics with different surface treatments. Material and Methods 180 specimens of two hybrid ceramics (Vita Enamic and Mazic Duro) and a feldspathic ceramic (Vita Mark II) were prepared (n=60 in each group). Half of the discs in each group were glazed while the other was polished. The specimens were then divided into three subgroups and immersed in distilled water, carrot juice, and coffee. The overall color difference (∆E) was calculated based on CIE L*a*b* color space. Data were analyzed using three-way and one-way ANOVA; Tukey's honest significant difference was also done for pairwise comparisons (α=0.05). Results Vita Mark II specimens revealed less overall color changes compared to other groups. The ∆E of the glazed Vita Enamic specimens was greater than polished specimens following immersion in distilled water (p=0.03) and coffee (p=0.001), but it was not significant for carrot juice. The same results were obtained for polished Mazic Duro specimens. Relatively similar amounts of ∆E were recorded in polished and glazed subgroups of Vita Mark II. Conclusion The ∆E of hybrid ceramics was higher than Vita Mark II. Polishing could be recommended for surface treatment of hybrid ceramics instead of glazing, saving time and facilitating the process.


Subject(s)
Spectrophotometry/instrumentation , Surface Properties , Beverages , Color , Dental Cements , Distilled Water , Ceramics , Analysis of Variance , Dental Prosthesis , Computer-Aided Design/instrumentation , Coffee , Dental Porcelain , Coloring Agents , Fruit and Vegetable Juices , Iran/epidemiology
20.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210058, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365226

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate and compare the effect of 17% Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid (EDTA), 9% Etidronic acid (HEDP), and 7% Maleic acid (MA) on the push-out bond strength of NeoMTA Plus sealer to the coronal, middle, and apical thirds of root canal dentin. Material and Methods Forty single-rooted human maxillary central incisors were selected and decoronated to 12 mm long root fragments. Working length was established and root canals were then enlarged up to rotary Protaper F3. After each instrumentation, the root canal was irrigated with 2.5% NaOCl. For the final irrigation regimen, the specimens were divided into 4 groups (n=10) and treated with EDTA, HEDP, MA or Saline. Root canals were coated with NeoMTA Plus sealer, and obturation was done with single cone obturation technique. Subsequently, three horizontal sections were taken from the coronal, middle and apical thirds of each specimen, and POBS was measured using a universal testing machine. The type of bond failures was assessed under a stereomicroscope. Statistical analysis was done with One-way ANOVA with Tukey's Post hoc analysis. Results MA and EDTA showed the highest POBS. There was no significant difference in bond strength between MA and EDTA (p>0.05). HEDP and Saline showed lower POBS. Among all the four groups, the coronal third showed the highest values, followed by middle and apical thirds. Conclusion The type of chelating agent used during the root canal treatment significantly affects the bond strength of NeoMTA Plus to the root canal dentin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials , Tensile Strength , Chelating Agents/chemistry , Dental Cements , Endodontics , Analysis of Variance , Edetic Acid , Etidronic Acid , Dental Materials/chemistry , Incisor , India , Maleic Hydrazide
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL