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1.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(2): 426-435, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154471

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the functional outcomes and complications of modified Hautmann neobladder with Wallace ureteroileal anastomosis on a 6-8 cm long isoperistaltic chimney, following radical cystectomy. Materials and Methods: Between January 2015 and October 2019, 22 patients (18 men and 4 women) underwent radical cystectomy and Hautmann neobladder reconstruction with chimney modification and Wallace I ureteroileal anastomosis. The mean age of patients was 61 years (45-74 years). All procedures were performed by the same surgeon and the mean follow-up was 29.4 months. Complications were registered as early (occurring within 3 months) or late (occurring after 3 months), with particular attention addressed to the ureteroileal anastomotic stricture and anastomotic leakage rate. Patient evaluation also included symptom analysis for daytime continence and voiding frequency. Results: Ureteroileal anastomotic stricture was not detected as a cause of hydronephrosis. Hovewer, the anastomotic leakage occurred in one patient during the early postoperative period. Early complications occurred in 9 patients and the most common was bilateral hydronephrosis, detected in 5 examinees. Late complications occurred in 4 patients. Complete daytime and nighttime continence achieved in 18 and 16 patients respectively, with two patients (9%) still required intermittent catheterization three months after surgery. Conclusions: The functional results with modified Hautmann neobladder, incorporating short afferent limb in Wallace I uretero-enteric anastomosis, were efficient. This technique is an effective way to minimize potential uretero-enteric stricture, anastomotic leakage and incidence of vesicoureteral reflux.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Urinary Diversion/adverse effects , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Cystectomy/adverse effects , Follow-Up Studies , Ileum/surgery , Middle Aged
4.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(6): 512-517, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058311

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Una complicación importante de la cirugía colorrectal es la dehiscencia de anastomosis (DA). El estado nutricional es uno de los factores importantes en la DA. Una forma objetiva para evaluar nutricionalmente a los pacientes es medir la sarcopenia, definida como disminución de masa muscular esquelética, que puede ser objetivada por análisis de Unidades Hounsfield (UH) y área muscular (AM) por medio de Tomografía Computarizada de Abdomen y Pelvis (TCAP). Objetivo: Evaluar si existe relación entre la DA y la presencia de sarcopenia detectada por medición de UH y AM en TCAP en pacientes sometidos a colectomía por cáncer. Materiales y Método: Estudio de casos y controles con estadística analítica. Se eligen de manera aleatoria 21 pacientes con DA y 40 sin DA. Se incluyen > 18 años, con colectomía por cáncer y anastomosis primaria. Fueron excluidos pacientes ostomizados, que no tuvieran TCAP preoperatoria o que éste no permitiera medir UH y AM. La evaluación imagenológica fue realizada por radiólogo experto. Resultados: La comparación entre grupos evidencia que son homogéneos con respecto al sexo (predomino hombres), edad (promedio 60 años) y localización. Se evidencia signos imagenológicos sugerentes de sarcopenia en el grupo de DA, puesto que existe disminución en UH con valores estadísticamente significativos y tendencia a presentar valores menores en el AM. Conclusiones: La presencia de sarcopenia evaluada por alteración de UH en estudio radiológico se correlaciona con DA, pudiendo ser un predictor de riesgo. La importancia de este hallazgo es que es un factor de riesgo potencialmente corregible.


Introduction: An important complication of colorectal surgery is anastomotic dehiscence (AD). Nutritional status is one of the important factors in AD. An objective way to evaluate the patients' nutritional status is to measure sarcopenia, which is the reduction of skeletal muscle mass. It is possible to standardize Sarcopenia using the analysis of the Hounsfield Units (HU) and the muscular area (MA) which consider Computed Tomography of Abdomen and Pelvis (CTAP). Aim: To evaluate whether there is a relationship between AD and the presence of sarcopenia detected by the measurement of HU and MA using CTAP. The situation considers patients undergoing colectomy for cancer. Materials and Method: Cases and controls were studied with analytical statistics. 21 patients with AD and 40 without AD were chosen randomly. They include > 18 years, with colectomy for cancer and primary anastomosis. Ostomized patients, who previous the surgery do not have CTAP or if it was not available to measure HU and MA, were excluded. The imaging evaluation was performed by an expert radiologist. Results: The comparison between groups shows that they are homogeneous with respect the sex (predominant men), age (average 60 years) and location. There are signs of imaging which suggest the presence of sarcopenia in the AD group. This is explained because there is an important statistical decrease in the HU values and a tendency to present lower MA values. Conclusions: The presence of sarcopenia due to alteration of HU in a radiological study is correlated with AD, and could be a predictor of risk. The importance of this finding is that this risk factor is potentially correctable.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/diagnosis , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Colonic Neoplasms/complications , Sarcopenia/complications , Prognosis , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/physiopathology , Colectomy/adverse effects , Colonic Neoplasms/pathology , Sarcopenia/diagnosis
6.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(2): 136-144, abr. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058246

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La dehiscencia anastomótica (DA) es una complicación severa en cirugía colorrectal con una incidencia que oscila entre 2 y 19%. La literatura internacional muestra numerosos estudios sobre la identificación de factores de riesgo (FR), mientras que en la nacional existen solo dos series que analizan esta complicación. OBJETIVO: Realizar una caracterización descriptiva de resultados institucionales y establecer la tasa de DA, sus factores de riesgo asociados y la mortalidad. MATERIALES Y MÉTODO: Serie de casos no concurrente, cuya muestra son pacientes consecutivos intervenidos de patología colorrectal con anastomosis primaria con o sin ostoma derivativo entre los años 2004 y 2016. Se realiza modelo de regresión logística univariable y multivariable. RESULTADOS: Se obtuvieron 748 pacientes, 50,5% mujeres, media de edad fue 56,2. Las indicaciones quirúrgicas más frecuentes fueron cáncer colorrectal en 381 (50,9%) pacientes y enfermedad diverticular en 163 (21,8%). La DA fue de 5,6% (42/748) y la mortalidad fue de 2% (15/748), siendo de 1% para los electivos (7/681). En el análisis univariado encontramos que los FR que tuvieron significancia estadística fueron la albúmina (p < 0,001), altura anastomosis (p < 0,001), transfusión (p < 0,001), localización (colon derecho > izquierdo) (p = 0,011), mientras que en el análisis multivariado fueron la albúmina (p = 0,002) con un OR 3,64 (IC 95% 1,58-8,35) y transfusión (p = 0,015) con un OR 7,15 (IC 95% 1,46-34,91). CONCLUSIÓN: Nuestra serie es la más grande reportada en Chile, con resultados similares a estudios internacionales y nacionales. Establecemos que la hipoalbuminemia y la presencia de transfusiones intraoperatorias se asocian a alta tasa de DA.


INTRODUCTION: Anastomotic leakage (AL) is a severe complication in colorectal surgery, its incidence ranges from 2 to 19%. In international literature, we found numerous studies on the identification of risk factors (RF), while in the national there are only two series that analyze this complication. AIM: Perform a descriptive characterization of institutional results and establish the AL rate, its associated risk factors and mortality. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Non-concurrent series of cases, whose sample is consecutive patients operated for colorectal pathology with primary anastomosis with or without a derivative ostoma between 2004 and 2016. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression model was performed. RESULTS: There were 748 patients, 50.5% women, mean age was 56.2. The most frequent surgical indications were colorectal cancer in 381 (50.9%) patients and diverticular disease in 163 (21.8%). The AL was 5.6% (42/748) and the mortality was 2% (15/748), being 1% for the electives (7/681). In the univariate analysis, we found that the RF that had statistical significance were albumin (p < 0.001), anastomosis height (p < 0.001), transfusion (p < 0.001), location (right colon > left) (p = 0.011), while that in the multivariate analysis were albumin (p = 0.002) with an OR 3.64 (IC 95% 1.58-8.35) and transfusion (p = 0.015) with an OR 7.15 (IC 95% 1.46-34.91). CONLUSION: Our series is the largest reported in Chile, with similar results to international and national studies. We establish that hypoalbuminemia and the presence of intraoperative transfusions are associated with a high rate of AL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/diagnosis , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Colorectal Surgery/adverse effects , Rectum/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/surgery , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/mortality , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Colon/surgery
7.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(10): 914-923, Oct. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973467

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the most frequent surgical techniques of high-risk colorectal anastomoses in rats. Methods: Wistar rats were enrolled in three different models comprising inflammatory (TNBS enema), vascular (portal vein occlusion) or obstructive (a non-ischemic constricting ring) mechanisms associated with colonic anastomosis that had accomplished after these former lesions. Histological analyses (Hematoxylin and eosin and Picrosirius red) were performed. Results: All anastomoses techniques were associated with risk factors and had complications, mainly anastomotic leakage. In Study 1, the use of a pharmacological agent, trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) mimicked an inflammatory bowel disease such as Crohn's disease with 50% of anastomosis leakage, the higher percentage among all models tested. In Study 2, after portal ischemia followed by reperfusion it was observed a dense neutrophil infiltrate in the midst of necrotic tissue and fibrin at the anastomotic site and 5 days after the anastomosis, no collagen was produced. In Study 3, 5 days after the mechanical obstruction some denuded areas of epithelium with marked oedema of mucosa and submucosa were seen, at the anastomotic site and anastomosis group showed some reduction of collagen density when compared with Control/Sham group. Conclusion: All the experimental surgical techniques tested in rats were associated with high-risk colorectal anastomoses and were useful to study colonic anastomotic healing and intestinal leakage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Rectum/surgery , Colon/surgery , Anastomotic Leak/pathology , Anastomotic Leak/diagnostic imaging , Wound Healing , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal
8.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(3): 624-628, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954045

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To present our technique of ureteroileal bypass to treat uretero-enteric stric- tures in urinary diversion. Materials and Methods: One hundred and forty-one medical records were reviewed from patients submitted to radical cystectomy to treat muscle-invasive bladder cancer between 2013 and 2015. Twelve (8.5%) patients developed uretero-enteric anastomotic stricture during follow-up. Five patients were treated with endoscopic dilatation and double J placement. Four were treated surgically with standard terminal-lateral im- plantation. Three patients with uretero-enteric anastomotic stricture were treated at our institution by "ureteroileal bypass", one of them was treated with robotic surgery. Results: All patients had the diagnosis of uretero-enteric anastomotic stricture via computerized tomography and DTPA renal scan. Time between cystectomy and diag- nosis of uretero-enteric anastomotic stricture varied from five months to three years. Mean operative time was 120±17.9 minutes (98 to 142 min) and hospital stay was 3.3±0.62 days (3 to 4 days). Mean follow-up was 24±39.5 months (6 to 72 months). During follow-up, all patients were asymptomatic and presented improvement in ure-terohydronephrosis. Serum creatinine of all patients had been stable. Conclusions: Latero-lateral ureter re-implantation is feasible by open or even robotic surgery with positive results, reasonable operation time, and without complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Ureter/surgery , Ureteral Obstruction/surgery , Urinary Diversion/adverse effects , Urinary Bladder/surgery , Ileum/surgery , Urinary Diversion/methods , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Urinary Catheterization/methods , Cystectomy/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Constriction, Pathologic/surgery , Operative Time , Urinary Catheters , Length of Stay , Medical Illustration
10.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(5): 432-438, 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978010

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hemicolectomía derecha con anastomosis ileocólica es una cirugía frecuentemente realizada para la que existen muchas formas de realizarla. Objetivo: Evaluar cuál es la mejor anastomosis ilecólica en términos de morbimortalidad y realizar una evaluación comparativa de la evolución clínica posoperatoria según el tipo de configuración anastomótica. Pacientes y Método: Estudio observacional analítico, con criterios de inclusión y exclusión definidos. Las variables a estudiar las dividimos en dos grupos, las relacionadas a la técnica quirúrgica y su configuración anastomótica, y las variables relacionadas con resultados de la intervención quirúrgica, creando una tabla de contingencia en que se cruzan los datos. Análisis de datos con STATA 13.0. Resultados: 216 pacientes con anastomosis ileocólica, destacando significancia estadística al cruzar: A) reoperación y tipo de sutura (p = 0,044), con un OR 3,4 (IC 95% 0,94-18,6), siendo de mayor riesgo la mecánica; B) mortalidad y urgencia (p = 0,001) con un OR 7,76 (IC 95% 1,56-49,29), siendo de mayor riesgo la cirugía de urgencia. Las anastomosis isoperistálticas possen eliminación de gases (p < 0,001), tránsito intestinal (p = 0,009) e ingesta de sólidos (p = 0,005) más precoz. Hay expulsión de gases antes en el abordaje laparoscópico, sutura manual, configuración término lateral e isoperistáltica de la anastomosis y cirugía electiva. Conclusión: Existe gran variabilidad de técnicas para realizar la anastomosis ileocólica. La anastomosis manual muestra menor probabilidad de necesitar una reintervención quirúrgica, la cirugía electiva tiene menor mortalidad que la realizada de urgencia. Sugerimos realizarla vía laparoscópica, con sutura manual, término lateral, isoperistáltica y de forma electiva, por tener una recuperación más corta.


Introduction: Right hemicolectomy with ileocolic anastomosis is a frequent surgery with many ways to perform it. Objective: To evaluate which is the best ileocolic anastomosis in terms of morbidity and mortality and to make a comparative evaluation of the postoperative clinical evolution according to the type of anastomosis. Patients and Method: Analytical observational study, with defined inclusion and exclusion criteria. The variables to be studied are divided into two groups, those related to the surgical technique and its anastomotic configuration, and the variables related to the results of the surgical intervention, creating a contingency table that crosses the data. Data analysis with STATA 13.0. Results: 216 patients with ileocolic anastomosis, highlighting statistical significance when crossing: A) reoperation and type of suture (p = 0.044), with UN or 3.4 (95% CI 0.94 to 18.6), being of greater risk the mechanics; B) mortality and urgency (p = 0.001) with an OR 7.76 (95% CI 1.56-49.29), with emergency surgery being of greater risk. Isoperistaltic anastomosis with gas elimination (p < 0.001), intestinal transit (p = 0.009) and solid intake (p = 0.005) earlier. There is earlier expulsion of gases in the laparoscopic approach, manual suture, end-to-side and isoperistaltic of the anastomosis and elective surgery. Conclusion: There is great variability of techniques to perform the ileocolic anastomosis. Manual anastomosis is less likely to require surgical reoperation, elective surgery has a lower mortality than that of emergency surgery. We suggest performing it laparoscopically, with manual suture, lateral term, isoperistaltic and electively, for having a shorter recovery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Anastomosis, Surgical/mortality , Colectomy/methods , Colectomy/mortality , Reoperation , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Colectomy/adverse effects , Colon/surgery , Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Anastomotic Leak/epidemiology , Ileum/surgery
11.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(1): 19-26, 2018. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-899651

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción La filtración de anastomosis esofágica es un evento que se asocia a mala evolución postoperatoria Su frecuencia y gravedad dependerá principalmente de aspectos técnicos quirúrgicos. Objetivos Analizar la frecuencia, manejo y pronóstico de las filtraciones de anastomosis esofágicas en esofagectomías por cáncer comparando la vía de ascenso del tubo gástrico y sitio de anastomosis. Material y Método Análisis de base prospectiva de pacientes con cáncer esofágico sometidos a esofagectomía. Análisis estadístico con test exacto de Fisher. Resultados De un total de 37 pacientes con cáncer esofágico tratados en nuestra institución en el período de estudio (5 años), se incluyeron 34 esofagectomías totalmente mini invasivas secundarias a cáncer de esófago. Un 79,4% correspondieron a esofagectomías totales con anastomosis cervical, en el 20,6% restante se realizó esofagectomía distal con anastomosis intratorácica. La tasa de filtración de la anastomosis esofágica fue de un 38,2% (13/34), todas fueron secundarias a esofagectomías totales. De estas un 69,2% (9/13) se clasificaron como Clavien - Dindo I-II. La tasa de filtración fue de 54,5% (6/11) para ascenso retroesternal y 43,7% (7/16) para ascenso mediastínico, sin ser estadísticamente diferente (p = 1,0). La tasa de reoperaciones fue de un 11,7%, siendo en todas secundario a ascensos mediastínicos posteriores, de estas fueron 3 casos de aseos vídeo-toracoscópicos y una reparación de vena innominada. No existió diferencia estadística entre las vías de ascenso y la tasa de reoperaciones (p = 0,26). La serie presentó una mortalidad quirúrgica de 5,8% concentrados todos en el grupo de pacientes con esofagectomías totales con ascenso mediastínico posterior. Conclusión Las filtraciones en anastomosis esofágicas son frecuentes en pacientes operados con intención curativa de cáncer esofágico. Las filtraciones de anastomosis esofágicas cervicales con ascenso retroesternal no requirieron reoperaciones, ni presentaron mortalidad postoperatoria.


Introduction Post operative leaks of esophageal anastomosis after esophagectomy is a risky event associated with poor postoperative evolution. Its frequency and severity will depend mainly on surgical technical aspects. Objectives To analyze the frequency, management and prognosis of leakage of esophageal anastomosis after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. Material and Method Analysis of our prospective oncologic database of patients with esophageal cancers submmitted to esofagectomy. Statistical analysis with Fisher's exact test. Results 34 out of 37 esophageal cancer patients were included submitted to completely invasive mini esophagectomy. Cervical anastomosis was performed in 79.4% of patients, in the remaining 20.6%, a distal esophagectomy with intrathoracic anastomosis was performed. The leak rate was 38.2% (13/34), of these, 69.2% (9/13) correspond to grade Clavien - Dindo I - II complications. The leak rate was 54.5% (6/11) for retro-sternal gastric ascensus and 43.7% (7/16) for mediastinal route, without significative difference (p = 1.0). The reoperation rate was 11.7%, being a 100% secondary to mediastinal ascensus, 3 of them were submitted to thoracoscopic toilets and an innominate vein repair. Postoperative mortality rate was 5.8%, all concentrated in the group of patients with posterior mediastinal ascensus, but without statistical difference (p = 0.26). Conclusion Leaks are frequent in patients operated on for esophageal cancer, especially after cervical esophago-gastro-anastomosis with anterior route for ascensus. However, retro-sternal ascensus did not require re-operations, nor postoperative mortality compared to gastric ascensus through posterior mediastinum


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Esophagectomy/adverse effects , Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Prognosis , Reoperation , Survival Analysis , Follow-Up Studies , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/adverse effects
12.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(6): 1176-1184, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040037

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Robotic assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) presents challenges for the surgeon, especially during the initial learning curve. We aimed to evaluate early and mid-term functional outcomes and complications related to vesicourethral anastomosis (VUA), in patients who underwent RARP, during the initial experience in an academic hospital. We also assessed possible predictors of postoperative incontinence and compared these results with the literature. Materials and Methods: We prospectively collected data from consecutive patients that underwent RARP. Patients with at least 6 months of follow-up were included in the analysis for the following outcomes: time to complete VUA, continence and complications related to anastomosis. Nerve-sparing status, age, BMI, EBL, pathological tumor staging, and prostate size were evaluated as possible factors predicting early and midterm continence. Results were compared with current literature. Results: Data from 60 patients was assessed. Mean time to complete VUA was 34 minutes, and console time was 247 minutes. Continence in 6 months was 90%. Incidence of urinary leakage was 3.3%, no patients developed bladder neck contracture or postoperative urinary retention. On multivariate analysis, age and pathological staging was associated to 3-month continence status. Conclusion: Our data show that, during early experience with RARP in a public university hospital, it is possible to achieve good results regarding continence and other outcomes related to VUA. We also found that age and pathological staging was associated to early continence status.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Prostatectomy/methods , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Urethra/surgery , Urinary Bladder/surgery , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Postoperative Complications , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Robotic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Hospitals, University , Middle Aged
13.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 37(2): 128-133, Apr.-June 2017. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893976

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The objective of our study was to describe surgical outcomes of Deloyers procedure in our referral center, and to compare the results of patients with and without protective ileostomy. Methods: Patients undergoing a Deloyers procedure from 2013 to 2016 were prospectively included. General characteristics, intraoperative variables, postoperative course, and functional outcomes were analyzed. Patients were compared into two groups: group (1) patients undergoing Deloyers procedure without ileostomy, and group (2) Deloyers procedure with protective ileostomy. Results: Sixteen patients undergoing isoperistaltic transposition of the right colon remnant were included, of which 9 (63%) were males with a median age of 47 (range 22-76) years. The main surgical indication was the restoration of bowel transit (62.5%). There was higher major morbidity rate in the Deloyers procedure with protective ileostomy group, but without statistical significance (20% vs. 9%, p = 0.92). No leaks or deaths were reported. The length of hospital stay was 7 days. The mean number of bowel movements per day was 4 at 18 months of follow up. Only four (25%) patients used irregularly loperamide. Conclusions: The Deloyers procedure has satisfactory results and is reproducible with low morbidity. The major and minor morbidity rates were similar between groups, suggesting that the costs and risks of a second procedure can be avoided by providing a safe primary anastomosis.


RESUMO Introdução: O objetivo de nosso estudo foi descrever os resultados cirúrgicos do procedimento de Deloyer em nosso centro de referência e comparar os resultados de pacientes com e sem ileostomia de proteção. Métodos: Pacientes submetidos ao procedimento de Deloyer de 2013 a 2016 foram incluídos prospectivamente. Foram analisadas as características gerais, as variáveis intraoperatórias, o curso pós-operatório e os desfechos funcionais. Os pacientes foram comparados em dois grupos: Grupo 1) pacientes submetidos ao procedimento de Deloyer (PD) sem ileostomia, e grupo 2) procedimento de Deloyer com ileostomia de proteção (IP). Resultados: Foram incluídos 16 pacientes submetidos à transposição isoperistáltica da porção remanescente do cólon direito, dos quais 9 (63%) eram do sexo masculino com idade média de 47 anos (variação de 22-76) anos. A principal indicação cirúrgica foi a restauração do trânsito intestinal (62,5%). Houve maior morbidade maior no grupo IP, mas sem significância estatística (20% vs. 9%, p = 0,92). Nenhum vazamento ou óbito foi relatado. A duração da hospitalização foi de 7 dias. O número médio de evacuações por dia foi 4, aos 18 meses de seguimento. Apenas quatro (25%) pacientes utilizaram irregularmente a loperamida. Conclusões: O procedimento de Deloyer tem resultados satisfatórios e é reprodutível com baixa morbidade. As taxas de morbidades maiores e menores foram semelhantes entre os grupos, sugerindo que os custos e riscos de um segundo procedimento podem ser evitados proporcionando-se uma anastomose primária segura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Anal Canal/surgery , Rectum/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Ileostomy/statistics & numerical data , Colectomy/methods , Colon/surgery , Postoperative Period , Treatment Outcome
14.
Rev. chil. cir ; 68(3): 214-218, jun. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-787076

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Valorar en el intraoperatorio en tiempo real, el flujo sanguíneo de los cabos anastomóticos y la anastomosis. El objetivo final de este trabajo busca que este sea el inicio de un estudio prospectivo, con el fin de auditar las anastomosis colónicas de forma intraoperatoria buscando así disminuir el número de fallas de suturas. Material y método: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo, observacional y descriptivo, desarrollado en el Hospital de Clínicas en el período comprendido entre enero de 2014 y julio 2015. Se incluyeron en el mismo pacientes sometidos a resección de colon y reconstrucción primaria del tránsito intestinal de coordinación. El indocianina verde (ICG) se empleó como colorante vital fluorescente para la valoración in situ de la anastomosis colónica. La presencia de falla de sutura en el postoperatorio en relación con la perfusión anastomótica objetivada con ICG constituye un parámetro de importancia en nuestro estudio. Resultados: En lo referente a la perfusión de la anastomosis, destacamos que en el primer caso la misma fue sensiblemente inferior en el cabo colónico, en tanto que en los 2 casos restantes la vascularización de los cabos fue óptima. Conclusiones: La técnica con ICG constituye una herramienta apropiada para poder auditar la calidad de las anastomosis intestinales realizadas de coordinación. Se trata de una técnica segura, aplicable en nuestro medio. Siendo un predictor de falla de sutura, permite un descenso de la morbimortalidad postoperatoria por esta causa.


Aim: Rate intraoperatively in real time, blood flow and ends anastomotic and anastomosis. The ultimate goal of this work seeks to make this the beginning of a prospective study in order to audit the colonic anastomosis intraoperatively and seeking to reduce the number of sutures failure. Material and method: A prospective, observational and descriptive study, to be held in the Clinics Hospital in the period between January 2014 and July 2015. They were included in the same patients undergoing resection of colon and intestinal transit reconstruction on primary coordination. Indocyanine green (ICG) was used as a fluorescent vital dye for in situ evaluation of colonic anastomosis. The presence of failure postoperative suture relative to the anastomotic objectified perfusion with ICG, is an important parameter in our study.Results:Regarding the perfusion of the anastomosis, in the first case it was significantly lower than in the colonic out. While in the remaining two cases the vascularization of the ends was optimal. Conclusions: The technique with indocyanine green is an appropriate tool to audit the quality of intestinal anastomoses performed coordination.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Anastomotic Leak/diagnosis , Indocyanine Green , Intraoperative Complications/diagnosis , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Colon/surgery , Observational Study
15.
Clinics ; 71(5): 264-270, May 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-782834

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a new nickel-titanium shape memory alloy compression anastomosis ring, NiTi CAR 27, in constructing an anastomosis for colorectal cancer resection compared with conventional staples. METHODS: In total, 234 consecutive patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer receiving sigmoidectomy and anterior resection for end-to-end anastomosis from May 2010 to June 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. The postoperative clinical parameters, postoperative complications and 3-year overall survival in 77 patients using a NiTi CAR 27 compression ring (CAR group) and 157 patients with conventional circular staplers (STA group) were compared. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences between the patients in the two groups in terms of general demographics and tumor features. A clinically apparent anastomotic leak occurred in 2 patients (2.6%) in the CAR group and in 5 patients (3.2%) in the STA group (p=0.804). These eight patients received a temporary diverting ileostomy. One patient (1.3%) in the CAR group was diagnosed with anastomotic stricture through an electronic colonoscopy after 3 months postoperatively. The incidence of postoperative intestinal obstruction was comparable between the two groups (p=0.192). With a median follow-up duration of 39.6 months, the 3-year overall survival rate was 83.1% in the CAR group and 89.0% in the STA group (p=0.152). CONCLUSIONS: NiTi CAR 27 is safe and effective for colorectal end-to-end anastomosis. Its use is equivalent to that of the conventional circular staplers. This study suggests that NiTi CAR 27 may be a beneficial alternative in colorectal anastomosis in Chinese colorectal cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Colon, Sigmoid/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical/instrumentation , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Period , Surgical Staplers/adverse effects , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Equipment Design , Equipment Safety/instrumentation , Alloys , Anastomotic Leak/etiology
16.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 29(1): 48-49, Jan.-Mar. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-780025

ABSTRACT

Background: Dehiscence of esophageal anastomosis is frequent and there are still controversies which type of anastomosis is preferred to diminish its incidence . Aim: To compare end-to-end anastomosis versus end-to-side anastomosis in terms of anastomotic leakage, esophageal stricture and gastroesophageal reflux symptom. Methods: This study was carried out for two year starting from 2012. End-to-side and end-to-side anastomosis were compared in terms of anastomotic leakage, esophageal stricture, gastroesophageal reflux symptom, length of surgery and pack cell infusion. Results: Respectively to end-to-end and end-to-side anastomosis, duration of surgery was 127.63±13.393 minutes and 130.29±10.727 minutes (p=0.353); esophageal stricture was noted in two (5.9%) and eight (21.1%) cases (p=0.09); gastroesophageal reflux disease was detected in six (15.8%) and three (8.8%) cases (p=0.485); anastomotic leakage was found in five (13.2%) and one (2.9%) cases (p=0.203); duration of neonatal intensive care unit admission was significantly shorter in end-to-end (11.05±2.438 day) compared to end-to-side anastomosis (13.88±2.306 day) (p<0.0001). Conclusion: There were no significant differences between end-to-end and end-to-side anastomosis except for length of neonatal intensive care unit admission which was significantly shorter in end-to-end anastomosis group.


Racional: Deiscência de anastomose esofágica é frequente e ainda existem controvérsias qual tipo de anastomose é preferível para diminuir sua incidência. Objetivo : Comparar a anastomose terminoterminal versus a lateroterminal em termos de deiscência de anastomose, estenose de esôfago, e sintoma de refluxo gastroesofágico. Métodos : Este estudo foi realizado por dois anos a partir de 2012. Anastomoses terminoterminal e terminolateral foram comparadas em termos de deiscência de anastomose, estenose de esôfago, sintoma do refluxo gastroesofágico, duração da operação e transfusão. Resultados : Na comparação das anastomoses terminoterminal e terminolateral, respectivamente, a duração em minutos das operações foi de 127.63±13.393 e 130.29±10.727 (p=0,353); estenose esofágica foi observada em dois (5,9%) e oito (21,1%) casos (p=0,09); doença do refluxo gastroesofágico foi detectada em seis (15,8%) e três (8,8%) casos (p=0,485); deiscência de anastomose foi encontrada em cinco (13,2%) e um (2,9%) caso (p=0,203); duração do internamento na UTI neonatal foi significativamente menor na terminoterminal (11,05±2,438 dias) em comparação com terminolateral (13,88±2,306 dias, p<0,0001). Conclusão : Não houve diferença significativa entre as anastomoses terminoterminal e terminolateral, exceto para UTI neonatal que foi significativamente menor no grupo de anastomose terminoterminal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tracheoesophageal Fistula/surgery , Esophageal Atresia/surgery , Esophagus/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Gastroesophageal Reflux/etiology , Gastroesophageal Reflux/prevention & control , Gastroesophageal Reflux/epidemiology , Esophageal Atresia/epidemiology , Esophageal Stenosis/etiology , Esophageal Stenosis/prevention & control , Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Anastomotic Leak/prevention & control , Anastomotic Leak/epidemiology
17.
Rev. chil. cir ; 67(6): 609-613, dic. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-771603

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The main indications for a loop ileostomy are to protect a distal anastomosis or to management of an anastomotic leak. However, it is a procedure with complications arising from its confection, function or closure. There are sparse local data on this topic. Objective: To describe the global morbidity from loop ileostomies. Method: Patients who underwent a loop ileostomy between January 2009 and January 2012 were retrospectively included. Demographics, indications, complications from the making, function and closure of the ileostomy was recorded. Results: The series consists of 64 patients. The total percentage of complications was 40.3 percent. Complications arising from the confection, function and closure were 4.7 percent, 18.7 percent and 16.9 percent respectively. Two patients were readmitted for dehydration with a total of 4 readmissions. Four patients were reoperated for morbidity of ileostomy closure, two intestinal obstructions, one leak and one enterotomy. Conclusion: In this study, loop ileostomy complications are present in a substantial proportion of patients. It should be take in consideration at the moment of making it.


Introducción: Las principales indicaciones de ileostomías en asa son proteger una anastomosis distal de alto riesgo o el manejo de una complicación séptica derivada de una filtración. Sin embargo, es un procedimiento que no está exento de complicaciones derivadas de la confección, función o cierre. En este contexto, existen escasas publicaciones que incluyen la morbilidad sumatoria. Objetivo: Describir la morbilidad global derivada de las ileostomías en asa. Método: Se incluyó en forma retrospectiva los pacientes a quienes se les practicó una ileostomía en asa de protección de una anastomosis distal entre enero de 2009 y enero de 2012. Se registraron datos demográficos, indicaciones y complicaciones derivadas de la confección, función y cierre de la ostomía. Resultados: La serie consta de 64 pacientes. Un 40,3 por ciento de los pacientes tuvieron una o más complicaciones. Complicaciones derivadas de la confección, función y cierre de la ileostomía fueron 4,7 por ciento, 18,7 por ciento y 16,9 por ciento respectivamente. Se rehospitalizaron por deshidratación 2 pacientes con un total de 4 rehospitalizaciones. Se reoperaron 4 pacientes por morbilidad del cierre de la ileostomía, 2 por obstrucción intestinal, 1 filtración y 1 enterotomía inadvertida. Conclusión: Las ileostomías en asa presentan complicaciones en un importante porcentaje de los pacientes, lo que debe ser tomado en cuenta al decidir su confección.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Female , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Colonic Diseases/surgery , Rectal Diseases/surgery , Ileostomy/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Follow-Up Studies , Morbidity , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies
18.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 41(4): 796-803, July-Aug. 2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-763063

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACTBackground:Uretero-ileal anastomotic stricture (UIAS) is a urological complication after ileal neobladder, the initial management being endourological intervention. If this fails or stricture recurs, surgical intervention will be indicated.Design and Participants:From 1994 to 2013, 129 patients were treated for UIAS after unsuccessful endourological intervention. Unilateral UIAS was present in 101 patients, and bilateral in 28 patients; total procedures were 157. The previous ileal neobladder techniques were Hautmann neobladder, detubularized U shape, or spherical shape neobladder.Surgical procedures:Dipping technique was performed in 74 UIAS. Detour technique was done in 60 renal units. Ileal Bladder flap was indicated in 23 renal units. Each procedure ended with insertion of double J, abdominal drain, and indwelling catheter.Results:Follow-up was done for 12 to 36 months. Patency of the anastomosis was found in 91.7 % of cases. Thirteen patients (8.3%) underwent antegrade dilatation and insertion of double J.Conclusion:After endourological treatment for uretero-ileal anastomotic failure, basically three techniques may be indicated: dipping technique, detour technique, and ileal bladder flap. The indications are dependent on the length of the stenotic/dilated ureteral segment. Better results for long length of stenotic ureter are obtained with detour technique; for short length stenotic ureter dipping technique; when the stenotic segment is 5 cm or more with a short ureter, the ileal tube flap is indicated. The use of double J stent is mandatory in the majority of cases. Early intervention is the rule for protecting renal units from progressive loss of function.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Ileal Diseases/surgery , Ureteral Obstruction/surgery , Ureterostomy/methods , Urologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Constriction, Pathologic/surgery , Cystectomy/adverse effects , Dilatation , Follow-Up Studies , Ileal Diseases/etiology , Postoperative Care , Surgical Flaps/surgery , Ureteral Obstruction/etiology , Urinary Bladder/surgery
19.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1372-1378, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-39981

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Anastomotic airway complications are a major cause of morbidity and mortality after lung transplantation (LTx). In this study, the authors identified types and clinical outcomes of airway complications after LTx. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All bronchial anastomotic complications were analyzed in a total of 94 LTx cases involving 90 recipients who underwent surgery between July 2006 and May 2014. Fifteen LTx cases (14 recipients) with incomplete medical records for fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FBS) and three cases underwent heart-lung transplantation (HLT) were excluded. Postoperative FBS at 24-48 hours, 1, 3, 6, and 12 months, and then yearly after the transplantation were performed. RESULTS: A total of 76 LTx cases (75 recipients) were analyzed. The mean age of the recipients was 49.55 years (range, 18-71 years), and 38 (49.4%) were male. Twenty-one out of 76 cases (27.6%) experienced early anastomotic complications, and 12 (15.8%) presented late anastomotic complications. The early anastomotic airway complications presented in various forms: stenosis, 1 case; narrowing, 1; necrosis & dehiscence, 3; fistula, 4; granulation, 10; and infection, 2. Late complications almost entirely presented in the form of bronchial stenosis; five recipients showed stenosis at the anastomosis site, and one of them showed improvement after ballooning. Five others were found to have stenosis at the bronchus intermedius, distal to the anastomosis site. Three of these patients showed improvement after ballooning or bronchoplasty. CONCLUSION: By serial surveillance via FBS after LTx, we detected anastomotic airway complications in 42.9% of cases, which were successfully managed with improved clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Analysis of Variance , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Bronchi/blood supply , Bronchial Diseases/epidemiology , Bronchoscopy , Female , Humans , Incidence , Lung Transplantation , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Prevalence , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
Gut and Liver ; : 394-399, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-175282

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of endoscopic dilation for benign anastomotic stricture after radical gastrectomy in gastric cancer patients. METHODS: Gastric cancer patients who underwent endoscopic balloon dilation for benign anastomosis stricture after radical gastrectomy during a 6-year period were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients developed benign strictures at the site of anastomosis. The majority of strictures occurred within 1 year after surgery (95.2%). The median duration to stenosis after surgery was 1.70 months (range, 0.17 to 23.97 months). The success rate of the first endoscopic dilation was 61.9%. Between the restenosis group (n=8) and the no restenosis group (n=13), there were no significant differences in the body mass index (22.82 kg/m2 vs 22.46 kg/m2), interval to symptom onset (73.9 days vs 109.3 days), interval to treatment (84.6 days vs 115.6 days), maximal balloon diameter (14.12 mm vs 15.62 mm), number of balloon dilation sessions (1.75 vs 1.31), location of gastric cancer or type of surgery. One patient required surgery because of stricture refractory to repeated dilation. CONCLUSIONS: Endoscopic dilation is a highly effective treatment for benign anastomotic strictures after radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer and should be considered a primary intervention prior to proceeding with surgical revision.


Subject(s)
Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Constriction, Pathologic/etiology , Dilatation/methods , Female , Gastrectomy/adverse effects , Gastroscopy/methods , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome
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