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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943029

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the short-term and long-term outcomes between transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME) and laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (laTME) for mid-to-low rectal cancer and to evaluate the learning curve of taTME. Methods: This study was a retrospective cohort study. Firstly, consecutive patients undergoing total mesorectal excision who were registered in the prospective established database of Division of Colorectal Diseases, Department of General Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital during July 2014 to June 2020 were recruited. The enrolled patients were divided into taTME and laTME group. The demographic data, clinical characteristics, neoadjuvant treatment, intraoperative and postoperative complications, pathological results and follow-up data were extracted from the database. The primary endpoint was the incidence of anastomotic leakage and the secondary endpoints included the 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) and the 3-year local recurrence rate. Independent t-test for comparison between groups of normally distributed measures; skewed measures were expressed as M (range). Categorical variables were expressed as examples (%) and the χ(2) or Fisher exact probability was used for comparison between groups. When comparing the incidence of anastomotic leakage, 5 variables including sex, BMI, clinical stage evaluated by MRI, distance from tumor to anal margin evaluated by MRI, and whether receiving neoadjuvant treatment were balanced by propensity score matching (PSM) to adjust confounders. Kaplan-Meier curve and Log-rank test were used to compare the DFS of two groups. Cox proportional hazard model was used to analyze and determine the independent risk factors affecting the DFS of patients with mid-low rectal cancer. Secondly, the data of consecutive patients undergoing taTME performed by the same surgical team (the trananal procedures were performed by the same main surgeon) from February 2017 to March 2021 were separately extracted and analyzed. The multidimensional cumulative sum (CUSUM) control chart was used to draw the learning curve of taTME. The outcomes of 'mature' taTME cases through learning curve were compared with laTME cases and the independent risk factors of DFS of 'mature' cases were also analyzed. Results: Two hundred and forty-three patients were eventually enrolled, including 182 undergoing laTME and 61 undergoing taTME. After PSM, both fifty-two patients were in laTME group and taTME group respectively, and patients of these two groups had comparable characteristics in sex, age, BMI, clinical tumor stage, distance from tumor to anal margin by MRI, mesorectal fasciae (MRF) and extramural vascular invasion (EMVI) by MRI and proportion of receiving neoadjuvant treatment. After PSM, as compared to laTME group, taTME group showed significantly longer operation time [(198.4±58.3) min vs. (147.9±47.3) min, t=-4.321, P<0.001], higher ratio of blood loss >100 ml during surgery [17.3% (9/52) vs. 0, P=0.003], higher incidence of anastomotic leakage [26.9% (14/52) vs. 3.8% (2/52), χ(2)=10.636, P=0.001] and higher morbidity of overall postoperative complications [55.8%(29/52) vs. 19.2% (10/52), χ(2)=14.810, P<0.001]. Total harvested lymph nodes and circumferential resection margin involvement were comparable between two groups (both P>0.05). The median follow-up for the whole group was 24 (1 to 72) months, with 4 cases lost, giving a follow-up rate of 98.4% (239/243). The laTME group had significantly better 3-year DFS than taTME group (83.9% vs. 73.0%, P=0.019), while the 3-year local recurrence rate was similar in two groups (1.7% vs. 3.6%, P=0.420). Multivariate analysis showed that and taTME surgery (HR=3.202, 95%CI: 1.592-6.441, P=0.001) the postoperative pathological staging of UICC stage II (HR=13.862, 95%CI:1.810-106.150, P=0.011), stage III (HR=8.705, 95%CI: 1.104-68.670, P=0.040) were independent risk factors for 3-year DFS. Analysis of taTME learning curve revealed that surgeons would cross over the learning stage after performing 28 cases. To compare the two groups excluding the cases within the learning stage, there was no significant difference between two groups after PSM no matter in the incidence of anastomotic leakage [taTME: 6.7%(1/15); laTME: 5.3% (2/38), P=1.000] or overall complications [taTME: 33.3%(5/15), laTME: 26.3%(10/38), P=0.737]. The taTME was still an independent risk factor of 3-year DFS only analyzing patients crossing over the learning stage (HR=5.351, 95%CI:1.666-17.192, P=0.005), and whether crossing over the learning stage was not the independent risk factor of 3-year DFS for mid-low rectal cancer patients undergoing taTME (HR=0.954, 95%CI:0.227-4.017, P=0.949). Conclusions: Compared with conventional laTME, taTME may increase the risk of anastomotic leakage and compromise the oncological outcomes. Performing taTME within the learning stage may significantly increase the risk of postoperative anastomotic leakage.


Subject(s)
Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Rectal Neoplasms/pathology , Rectum/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Transanal Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943021

ABSTRACT

The rate of sphincter-preserving surgery for mid-low rectal cancer is increasing, but anastomotic leakage remains to be one of the common serious complications after operation. How to reduce the morbility and mortality of anastomotic leakage is always a hot and difficult point in colorectal surgery. Protective ostomy is a common method to deal with the above problems in clinical practice. However, some problems such as inappropriate stoma and stoma-related complications etc. become the current clinical challenges. The purpose of this consensus focusing on indication of ostomy, clinical value, ostomy skills, prevention of stoma complications, reversion of stoma and stoma nursing aims to provide guidance for the clinical practice of protective ostomy in the operation of mid-low rectal cancer in China.


Subject(s)
Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Consensus , Humans , Ostomy/adverse effects , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Risk Factors , Surgical Stomas
3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 577-580, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940925

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare and analyze the perioperative clinical effects of minimally invasive Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy (MIE-Ivor-Lewis) and minimally invasive McKeown esophagectomy (MIE-McKeown). Methods: A total of 147 patients who underwent endoscopic esophageal cancer surgery from April 2018 to August 2019 were selected, including 85 patients undergoing MIE-McKeown surgery and 62 patients undergoing MIE-Ivor-Lewis surgery. The measurement data were expressed as (x±s), the comparison of normally distributed measurement data was performed by independent sample t-test, and the comparison of count data was performed by χ(2) test or Fisher's exact test. Results: The operation time of McKeown (M) group and Ivor-Lewis (IL) group were (219.2±72.4) minutes and (225.8±65.3) minutes. The mediastinal lymph node dissection number of M and IL groups were 13.3±4.8 and 11.6±6.5, respectively. The number of left recurrent laryngeal nerve lymph node dissection were 3.5±1.2 and 3.1±1.4, respectively. The intraoperative blood loss were (178.3±41.3) ml and (163.2±64.1) ml, respectively. The number of patients reoperated for postoperative bleeding were 1 and 0, respectively. The number of patients with postoperative gastric bleeding were 0 and 1, respectively. The postoperative chest tube retention time were (2.8±1.3) days and (3.1±1.2) days, respectively. The number of patients with anastomotic leakage were 7 and 1, respectively. The number of patients with lung infection were 13 and 5, respectively, and with chylothorax were 2 and 1, respectively, without statistically significant difference (P>0.05). The number of patients with hoarseness were 11 and 3, respectively. The total incidence of complication were 41.2% (35/85) and 17.7% (11/62), and the postoperative hospital stay were (14.7±6.5) days and (12.3±2.3) days, with statistical difference (P<0.05). Conclusion: MIE-Ivor-Lewis and MIE-McKeown are safe and effective in treating esophageal cancer, but the complication of MIE-Ivor-Lewis is less than that of MIE-Mckeown, and the perioperative clinical effect of MIE-Ivor-Lewis is better than that of MIE-McKeown.


Subject(s)
Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagectomy/adverse effects , Humans , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 461-465, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935622

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the clinical value of routine contrast esophagram (RCE) for the diagnosis of anastomotic leakage (AL) after three-incision esophagectomy with cervical anastomosis. Methods: Clinical data of 1 022 patients with esophageal cancer who underwent McKeown three-incision esophagectomy with cervical anastomosis from January 2015 to December 2019 at Department of Minimally Invasive Esophageal Surgery, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital and Institute were analyzed retrospectively. There were 876 males and 146 females, aging(M(IQR)) 48(16) years (range: 36 to 84 years). There were 253 patients (24.8%) with neoadjuvant therapy, and 817 patients (79.9%) with minimally invasive esophagectomy. According to the diagnosis and treatment habits of the attending surgeons, 333 patients were included in the RCE group, and RCE was performed on the 7th day postoperative, while 689 patients were included in the non-RCE group, and RCE was performed when the patients had suspicious symptoms. Taking clinical symptoms, RCE, CT, endoscopy and other methods as reference to the diagnosis of AL, the sensitivity and specificity were used to analyze and evaluate the efficacy of RCE for the diagnosis of AL. The data were compared by U test or χ² test between groups. Results: The incidence rate of AL after three-incision esophagectomy was 7.34% (75/1 022), including 30 cases in the RCE group and 45 cases in the non-RCE group (9.0%(30/333) vs. 6.5%(45/689), χ²=2.027, P=0.155). The diagnostic time of AL was 9(5) days postoperative (range: 4 to 30 days). Among them, 23 cases showed cervical leakages, 50 cases showed intro-thoracic leakages, and 2 cases both cervical and intro-thoracic leakages. The diagnostic time of patients with intro-thoracic leakages was longer than that of cervical leakages (10(4) days vs. 6(3) days, Z=-2.517, P=0.012). Among the 333 patients in the RCE group, 16 cases of RCE indicated leakages including 11 cases of true positive and 5 cases determined to be false positive, while 317 cases indicated no abnormalities including 19 cases developed leakages. The sensitivity and specificity of RCE to detect AL were 36.7%(11/30) and 98.3%(298/333), respectively. The Youden-index was 0.35, and the diagnostic accuracy was 92.8%(309/333). The positive and negative predictive value were 11/16 and 94.0%(298/317), respectively. Conclusions: Routine contrast esophagram after three-incision esophagectomy with cervical anastomosis has low sensitivity and high specificity in the diagnosis of AL. The diagnostic time of AL is the 9th day after surgery. It is necessary to prolong the observation time clinically, and combine RCE with CT, endoscopy and other inspection methods for diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagectomy/methods , Female , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Wound/surgery
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936070

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize short-term postoperative complications of transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME) in the treatment of middle-low rectal cancer. Methods: A descriptive case series of cases was constructed. Clinical data of consecutive 83 patients with mid-low rectal cancer who received taTME treatment from November 2016 to April 2021 at Department of General Surgery of Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University were collected. Among 83 patients, 58 (69.9%) were males, with a mean age of (61.4±11.8) years; 42 (50.6%) were low rectal cancer, 41 (49.4%) were middle rectal cancer. Short-term postoperative complication was defined as complication occurring within 30 days after operation. The complication was graded according to the Clavien-Dindo classification. At the same time, the morbidity of short-term postoperative complication in the first 40 patients and that in the last 43 patients were compared to understand the differences before and after passing the taTME learning curve. Results: Two patients (2.5%) were converted to laparotomy ; 78 (94.0%) completed anastomosis.While 5 (6.0%) underwent permanent stoma. The total operation time of transabdominal+ transanal procedure was (246.9±85.0) minutes, and the median intraoperative blood loss was 100 (IQR: 100) ml. Seventy-five cases (75 /78, 96.2%) underwent defunctioning stoma, including 74 cases of diverting ileostomy, 1 case of diverting transverse colostomy and 3 cases without stoma. The morbidity of complication within 30 days after operation was 38.6% (32/83), and the morbidity of complication after discharge was 8.4% (7/83). Minor complications accounted for 31.3% (26/83) and major complications accounted for 7.2% (6/83). No patient died within 30 days after operation. The incidence of anastomotic leakage was 15.4% (12/78). Eight patients (9.6%) were hospitalized again due to complications after discharge. The median postoperative hospital stay was 7 (IQR: 3) days. All the patients with minor (I-II) complications received conservative treatment. One patient with grade C anastomotic leakage was transferred to intensive care unit and received a second operation due to sepsis and multiple organ dysfunction. Two patients with paralytic ileus (Clavien-Dindo IIIa) underwent endoscopic ileus catheter placement. There were 3 patients with Clavien-Dindo III or above respiratory complications, including 1 patient with pleural effusion and ultrasound-guided puncture, 2 patients with respiratory failure who were improved and discharged after anti-infection and symptomatic treatment. One patient underwent emergency ureteral stent implantation due to urinary infection (Clavien-Dindo IIIb). The morbidity of postoperative complication in the first 40 cases was 50.0% (20/40), and that in the latter 43 cases decreased significantly (27.9%, 12/43), whose difference was statistically significant (χ(2)=4.270, P=0.039). Conclusions: The procedure of taTME has an acceptable morbidity of short-term postoperative complication in the treatment of mid-low rectal cancer. The accumulation of surgical experience plays an important role in reducing the morbidity of postoperative complication.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anal Canal/surgery , Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Operative Time , Proctectomy/methods , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942916

ABSTRACT

Objective: Transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME) was a very hot topic in the first few years since its appearance, but now more introspections and controversies on this procedure have emerged. One of the reasons why the Norwegian Ministry of Health stopped taTME was the high incidence of postoperative anastomotic leak. In current study, the incidence and risk factors of anastomotic leak after taTME were analyzed based on the data registered in the Chinese taTME Registry Collaborative (CTRC). Methods: A case-control study was carried out. Between November 15, 2017 and December 31, 2020, clinical data of 1668 patients undergoing taTME procedure registered in the CTRC database from 43 domestic centers were collected retrospectively. After excluding 98 cases without anastomosis and 109 cases without complete postoperative complication data, 1461 patients were finally enrolled for analysis. There were 1036 males (70.9%) and 425 females (29.1%) with mean age of (58.2±15.6) years and mean body mass index of (23.6±3.8) kg/m(2). Anastomotic leak was diagnosed and classified according to the International Study Group of Rectal Cancer (ISREC) criteria. The risk factors associated with postoperative anastomotic leak cases were analyzed. The impact of the cumulative number of taTME surgeries in a single center on the incidence of anastomotic leak was evaluated. As for those centers with the number of taTME surgery ≥ 40 cases, incidence of anastomic leak between 20 cases of taTME surgery in the early and later phases was compared. Results: Of 1461 patients undergoing taTME, 103(7.0%) developed anastomotic leak, including 71 (68.9%) males and 32 (31.1%) females with mean age of (59.0±13.9) years and mean body mass index of (24.5±5.7) kg/m(2). The mean distance between anastomosis site and anal verge was (2.6±1.4) cm. Thirty-nine cases (37.9%) were classified as ISREC grade A, 30 cases (29.1%) as grade B and 34 cases (33.0%) as grade C. Anastomotic leak occurred in 89 cases (7.0%,89/1263) in the laparoscopic taTME group and 14 cases (7.1%, 14/198) in the pure taTME group. Multivariate analysis showed that hand-sewn anastomosis (P=0.004) and the absence of defunctioning stoma (P=0.013) were independently associated with anastomotic leak after taTME. In the 16 centers (37.2%) which performed ≥ 30 taTME surgeries with cumulative number of 1317 taTME surgeries, 86 cases developed anastomotic leak (6.5%, 86/1317). And in the 27 centers which performed less than 30 taTME surgeries with cumulative number of 144 taTME surgeries, 17 cases developed anastomotic leak (11.8%, 17/144). There was significant difference between two kinds of center (χ(2)=5.513, P=0.019). Thirteen centers performed ≥ 40 taTME surgeries. In the early phase (the first 20 cases in each center), 29 cases (11.2%, 29/260) developed anastomotic leak, and in the later phase, 12 cases (4.6%, 12/260) developed anastomotic leak. The difference between the early phase and the later phase was statistically significant (χ(2)=7.652, P=0.006). Conclusion: The incidence of anastomotic leak after taTME may be reduced by using stapler and defunctioning stoma, or by accumulating experience.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Case-Control Studies , China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Laparoscopy , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Rectum/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
8.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 55(1): 66-72, Apr.-Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888231

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Although the incidence of leaks after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) significantly decreased over time, their detection still remains challenging. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the usefulness of drain amylase levels to detect leaks after RYGB. METHODS: This is a population-based study which enrolled 170 individuals who underwent RYGB. Drain amylase levels were determined on the first and fourth postoperative days. Two thresholds were evaluated: three times higher than the serum levels (parameter I) and higher than 250 IU/L (parameter II). The main outcomes evaluated were perioperative morbidity, the occurrence of leaks, 30-day readmissions and reoperations, hospital stay, and mortality. RESULTS: Considering the parameter I, high drain amylase levels were significantly associated with leaks (12.5% vs 0; P<0.00001). Considering the parameter II, high drain amylase levels were significantly associated with longer hospital stay (8±5.7 vs 4.5±1.3 days; P=0.00032), 30-day reoperations (50% vs 3%; P=0.000285), and leaks (50% vs 0; P<0.00001). The parameter I presented a sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 95.9%, whereas the parameter II presented a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 99.4%. CONCLUSION: The determination of drain amylase levels after RYGB was a significant indicator of leaks, hospital stay, and 30-day reoperations. This finding reinforces the importance of abdominal drainage in the RYGB within this context.


RESUMO CONTEÚDO: Embora a incidência de fistulas após o bypass gástrico em Y de Roux (BGRY) tenha diminuído significativamente com a evolução da técnica, sua detecção continua desafiadora. OBJETIVO: Determinar a acurácia dos níveis de amilase no dreno abdominal para detector fístulas após o BGYR. MÉTODOS: Este é um estudo populacional que avaliou 170 indivíduos submetidos ao BGYR. Os níveis de amilase no dreno foram determinados no primeiro e quarto dias de pós-operatório. Dois pontos de corte foram avaliados: três vezes maior que os níveis séricos (parâmetro I) e acima de 250 UI/L (parâmetro II). Os principais desfechos estudados foram: morbidade perioperatória, ocorrência de fístulas, reinternações e reoperações nos primeiros 30 dias, permanência hospitalar e mortalidade. RESULTADOS: Considerando o parâmetro I, altos níveis de amilase do dreno foram indicadores significativos de fístulas (12,5% vs 0; P<0,00001). Considerando o parâmetro II, altos níveis de amilse no dreno estiveram significativamente associados a maior permanência hospitalar (8±5,7 vs 4,5±1,3 dias; P=0,00032), frequência de reoperações (50% vs 3%; P=0,000285) e ocorrência de fístulas (50% vs 0; P<0,00001). O parâmetro I apresentou sensibilidade de 100% e especificidade de 95,9%, enquanto o parâmetro II apresentou sensibilidade de 100% e especificidade de 99,4%. CONCLUSÃO: A determinação dos níveis de amilase no dreno após o BGYR foi um indicador significativo de fístulas, permanência hospitalar e reoperações. Este achado reforça a importância da drenagem abdominal no BGYR dentro deste contexto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y/adverse effects , Gastric Bypass/adverse effects , Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Amylases/analysis , Reoperation , Drainage/methods , Sensitivity and Specificity , Anastomotic Leak/surgery , Anastomotic Leak/diagnosis , Middle Aged
9.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(5): 432-438, 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978010

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hemicolectomía derecha con anastomosis ileocólica es una cirugía frecuentemente realizada para la que existen muchas formas de realizarla. Objetivo: Evaluar cuál es la mejor anastomosis ilecólica en términos de morbimortalidad y realizar una evaluación comparativa de la evolución clínica posoperatoria según el tipo de configuración anastomótica. Pacientes y Método: Estudio observacional analítico, con criterios de inclusión y exclusión definidos. Las variables a estudiar las dividimos en dos grupos, las relacionadas a la técnica quirúrgica y su configuración anastomótica, y las variables relacionadas con resultados de la intervención quirúrgica, creando una tabla de contingencia en que se cruzan los datos. Análisis de datos con STATA 13.0. Resultados: 216 pacientes con anastomosis ileocólica, destacando significancia estadística al cruzar: A) reoperación y tipo de sutura (p = 0,044), con un OR 3,4 (IC 95% 0,94-18,6), siendo de mayor riesgo la mecánica; B) mortalidad y urgencia (p = 0,001) con un OR 7,76 (IC 95% 1,56-49,29), siendo de mayor riesgo la cirugía de urgencia. Las anastomosis isoperistálticas possen eliminación de gases (p < 0,001), tránsito intestinal (p = 0,009) e ingesta de sólidos (p = 0,005) más precoz. Hay expulsión de gases antes en el abordaje laparoscópico, sutura manual, configuración término lateral e isoperistáltica de la anastomosis y cirugía electiva. Conclusión: Existe gran variabilidad de técnicas para realizar la anastomosis ileocólica. La anastomosis manual muestra menor probabilidad de necesitar una reintervención quirúrgica, la cirugía electiva tiene menor mortalidad que la realizada de urgencia. Sugerimos realizarla vía laparoscópica, con sutura manual, término lateral, isoperistáltica y de forma electiva, por tener una recuperación más corta.


Introduction: Right hemicolectomy with ileocolic anastomosis is a frequent surgery with many ways to perform it. Objective: To evaluate which is the best ileocolic anastomosis in terms of morbidity and mortality and to make a comparative evaluation of the postoperative clinical evolution according to the type of anastomosis. Patients and Method: Analytical observational study, with defined inclusion and exclusion criteria. The variables to be studied are divided into two groups, those related to the surgical technique and its anastomotic configuration, and the variables related to the results of the surgical intervention, creating a contingency table that crosses the data. Data analysis with STATA 13.0. Results: 216 patients with ileocolic anastomosis, highlighting statistical significance when crossing: A) reoperation and type of suture (p = 0.044), with UN or 3.4 (95% CI 0.94 to 18.6), being of greater risk the mechanics; B) mortality and urgency (p = 0.001) with an OR 7.76 (95% CI 1.56-49.29), with emergency surgery being of greater risk. Isoperistaltic anastomosis with gas elimination (p < 0.001), intestinal transit (p = 0.009) and solid intake (p = 0.005) earlier. There is earlier expulsion of gases in the laparoscopic approach, manual suture, end-to-side and isoperistaltic of the anastomosis and elective surgery. Conclusion: There is great variability of techniques to perform the ileocolic anastomosis. Manual anastomosis is less likely to require surgical reoperation, elective surgery has a lower mortality than that of emergency surgery. We suggest performing it laparoscopically, with manual suture, lateral term, isoperistaltic and electively, for having a shorter recovery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Anastomosis, Surgical/mortality , Colectomy/methods , Colectomy/mortality , Reoperation , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Colectomy/adverse effects , Colon/surgery , Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Anastomotic Leak/epidemiology , Ileum/surgery
10.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(5): 439-444, 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978011

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La filtración anastomótica (FA) en cirugía colorrectal aumenta la morbimortalidad. La identificación de factores de riesgo y la creación de un modelo predictivo ayudaría en la decisión de crear un ostoma desfuncionalizante, hecho que, actualmente, recae en el criterio del cirujano. Dekker creó el Colon Leakage Score (CLS) estableciendo criterios objetivos. Objetivo: Establecer el CLS en pacientes intervenidos por cáncer de colon izquierdo y recto en Clínica INDISA, estableciendo valores de corte locales, su sensibilidad y especificidad. Pacientes y Método: Corresponde a un estudio de pruebas diagnósticas, cuya intervención es la aplicación del CLS comparándolo con la presencia de filtración anastomótica (gold standard), definida por criterios clínicos y radiológicos. Se utilizó análisis de curvas ROC, índice de Youden y regresión logística. Resultados: De 180 pacientes, hubo FA en 12 (6,6%). La media de CLS en quienes hubo FA fue de 11,5 y en quienes no hubo FA de 6,9 (p = 0,0001). El área bajo la curva para predicción de FA con el CLS fue de 0,829 (IC 95% 0,69-0,96), con un valor de corte de 11, sensibilidad de 67% y especificidad de 89%. En el análisis de regresión logística, el OR para la predicción de FA utilizando el CLS fue de 1,48 (IC 95% 1,22-1,79 p < 0,001). Conclusión: El CLS es una herramienta que permite predecir el riesgo de FA en pacientes intervenidos por cáncer de colon izquierdo y recto. Ante un valor mayor o igual a 11 se debería crear un ostoma protector, generando un cambio en la práctica clínica.


Introduction: Anastomotic filtration increases morbidity and mortality in colorrectal surgery. Identification of risk factors and creation of a predictive model would help the decision of creating a defunctionalizing ostoma, that currently is taken by the surgeon. Dekker created de Colon Leakege Score (CLS) with objective criteria. Objective: Establish CLS in patients that underwent left colon and rectum surgery with cancer diagnosis in Clinica INDISA, define the local cutting value, it's specificity and sensibility. Patients and Methods: Corresponds to a diagnostic test's study, that intervention is CLS application, comparing with the presence of anastomotic filtration (gold standard), defined by clinical and radiologic criteria. For the analysis, ROC curves, Youden's index and logistic regression. Results: From 180 patients, anastomotic filtration was present in 12 (6.6%). Average CLS score in patients with anastomotic filtration was 11.5 and in those without anastomotic filtration was 6.9 (p = 0.0001). Area under the curve for anastomotic filtration prediction using CLS was 0.829 (CI 95% 0.69-0.96) with a cutting value of 11, 67% of sensibility and 89% of specificity. Logistic regression analysis, OR for anastomotic filtration prediction using CLS was 1.48 (CI 95% 1.22-1.79 p < 0.001). Conclusion: CLS is a tool that permits predicting anastomotic filtration risk in patients that underwent left colon and rectum surgery. With a CLS value equal or more than 11, we should create a protective ostoma, generating a clinical practice local change.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Risk Assessment/methods , Anastomotic Leak/diagnosis , Prognosis , Rectum/surgery , Logistic Models , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Colon/surgery , Anastomotic Leak/etiology
11.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(1): 19-26, 2018. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-899651

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción La filtración de anastomosis esofágica es un evento que se asocia a mala evolución postoperatoria Su frecuencia y gravedad dependerá principalmente de aspectos técnicos quirúrgicos. Objetivos Analizar la frecuencia, manejo y pronóstico de las filtraciones de anastomosis esofágicas en esofagectomías por cáncer comparando la vía de ascenso del tubo gástrico y sitio de anastomosis. Material y Método Análisis de base prospectiva de pacientes con cáncer esofágico sometidos a esofagectomía. Análisis estadístico con test exacto de Fisher. Resultados De un total de 37 pacientes con cáncer esofágico tratados en nuestra institución en el período de estudio (5 años), se incluyeron 34 esofagectomías totalmente mini invasivas secundarias a cáncer de esófago. Un 79,4% correspondieron a esofagectomías totales con anastomosis cervical, en el 20,6% restante se realizó esofagectomía distal con anastomosis intratorácica. La tasa de filtración de la anastomosis esofágica fue de un 38,2% (13/34), todas fueron secundarias a esofagectomías totales. De estas un 69,2% (9/13) se clasificaron como Clavien - Dindo I-II. La tasa de filtración fue de 54,5% (6/11) para ascenso retroesternal y 43,7% (7/16) para ascenso mediastínico, sin ser estadísticamente diferente (p = 1,0). La tasa de reoperaciones fue de un 11,7%, siendo en todas secundario a ascensos mediastínicos posteriores, de estas fueron 3 casos de aseos vídeo-toracoscópicos y una reparación de vena innominada. No existió diferencia estadística entre las vías de ascenso y la tasa de reoperaciones (p = 0,26). La serie presentó una mortalidad quirúrgica de 5,8% concentrados todos en el grupo de pacientes con esofagectomías totales con ascenso mediastínico posterior. Conclusión Las filtraciones en anastomosis esofágicas son frecuentes en pacientes operados con intención curativa de cáncer esofágico. Las filtraciones de anastomosis esofágicas cervicales con ascenso retroesternal no requirieron reoperaciones, ni presentaron mortalidad postoperatoria.


Introduction Post operative leaks of esophageal anastomosis after esophagectomy is a risky event associated with poor postoperative evolution. Its frequency and severity will depend mainly on surgical technical aspects. Objectives To analyze the frequency, management and prognosis of leakage of esophageal anastomosis after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. Material and Method Analysis of our prospective oncologic database of patients with esophageal cancers submmitted to esofagectomy. Statistical analysis with Fisher's exact test. Results 34 out of 37 esophageal cancer patients were included submitted to completely invasive mini esophagectomy. Cervical anastomosis was performed in 79.4% of patients, in the remaining 20.6%, a distal esophagectomy with intrathoracic anastomosis was performed. The leak rate was 38.2% (13/34), of these, 69.2% (9/13) correspond to grade Clavien - Dindo I - II complications. The leak rate was 54.5% (6/11) for retro-sternal gastric ascensus and 43.7% (7/16) for mediastinal route, without significative difference (p = 1.0). The reoperation rate was 11.7%, being a 100% secondary to mediastinal ascensus, 3 of them were submitted to thoracoscopic toilets and an innominate vein repair. Postoperative mortality rate was 5.8%, all concentrated in the group of patients with posterior mediastinal ascensus, but without statistical difference (p = 0.26). Conclusion Leaks are frequent in patients operated on for esophageal cancer, especially after cervical esophago-gastro-anastomosis with anterior route for ascensus. However, retro-sternal ascensus did not require re-operations, nor postoperative mortality compared to gastric ascensus through posterior mediastinum


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Esophagectomy/adverse effects , Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Prognosis , Reoperation , Survival Analysis , Follow-Up Studies , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/adverse effects
12.
Clinics ; 71(5): 264-270, May 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-782834

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a new nickel-titanium shape memory alloy compression anastomosis ring, NiTi CAR 27, in constructing an anastomosis for colorectal cancer resection compared with conventional staples. METHODS: In total, 234 consecutive patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer receiving sigmoidectomy and anterior resection for end-to-end anastomosis from May 2010 to June 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. The postoperative clinical parameters, postoperative complications and 3-year overall survival in 77 patients using a NiTi CAR 27 compression ring (CAR group) and 157 patients with conventional circular staplers (STA group) were compared. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences between the patients in the two groups in terms of general demographics and tumor features. A clinically apparent anastomotic leak occurred in 2 patients (2.6%) in the CAR group and in 5 patients (3.2%) in the STA group (p=0.804). These eight patients received a temporary diverting ileostomy. One patient (1.3%) in the CAR group was diagnosed with anastomotic stricture through an electronic colonoscopy after 3 months postoperatively. The incidence of postoperative intestinal obstruction was comparable between the two groups (p=0.192). With a median follow-up duration of 39.6 months, the 3-year overall survival rate was 83.1% in the CAR group and 89.0% in the STA group (p=0.152). CONCLUSIONS: NiTi CAR 27 is safe and effective for colorectal end-to-end anastomosis. Its use is equivalent to that of the conventional circular staplers. This study suggests that NiTi CAR 27 may be a beneficial alternative in colorectal anastomosis in Chinese colorectal cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Colon, Sigmoid/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical/instrumentation , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Period , Surgical Staplers/adverse effects , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Equipment Design , Equipment Safety/instrumentation , Alloys , Anastomotic Leak/etiology
13.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 144(4): 451-455, abr. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-787115

ABSTRACT

Background: Postoperative leaks are the most undesirable complication of bariatric surgery and upper gastrointestinal (GI) series are routinely ordered to rule them out. Despite the published literature recommending against its routine use, it is still being customarily used in Chile. Aim: To examine the usefulness of routine upper GI series using water-soluble iodinated contrast media for the detection of early postoperative leaks in patients undergoing bariatric surgery. Material and Methods: A cohort of 328 patients subjected to bariatric surgery was followed from October 2012 to October 2013. Most of them underwent sleeve gastrectomy. Results: Upper GI series on the first postoperative day were ordered to 308 (94%) patients. Postoperative leaks were observed in two patients, with an incidence of 0.6%. The sensitivity for upper GI series detection of leak was 0% and the negative predictive value was 99%. Conclusions: Routine upper GI series after bariatric surgery is not useful for the diagnosis of postoperative leak, given the low incidence of this complication and the low sensitivity of the technique.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Upper Gastrointestinal Tract/diagnostic imaging , Bariatric Surgery/adverse effects , Anastomotic Leak/diagnostic imaging , Postoperative Period , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Contrast Media , Contrast Media/adverse effects , Anastomotic Leak/etiology
14.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 29(1): 48-49, Jan.-Mar. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-780025

ABSTRACT

Background: Dehiscence of esophageal anastomosis is frequent and there are still controversies which type of anastomosis is preferred to diminish its incidence . Aim: To compare end-to-end anastomosis versus end-to-side anastomosis in terms of anastomotic leakage, esophageal stricture and gastroesophageal reflux symptom. Methods: This study was carried out for two year starting from 2012. End-to-side and end-to-side anastomosis were compared in terms of anastomotic leakage, esophageal stricture, gastroesophageal reflux symptom, length of surgery and pack cell infusion. Results: Respectively to end-to-end and end-to-side anastomosis, duration of surgery was 127.63±13.393 minutes and 130.29±10.727 minutes (p=0.353); esophageal stricture was noted in two (5.9%) and eight (21.1%) cases (p=0.09); gastroesophageal reflux disease was detected in six (15.8%) and three (8.8%) cases (p=0.485); anastomotic leakage was found in five (13.2%) and one (2.9%) cases (p=0.203); duration of neonatal intensive care unit admission was significantly shorter in end-to-end (11.05±2.438 day) compared to end-to-side anastomosis (13.88±2.306 day) (p<0.0001). Conclusion: There were no significant differences between end-to-end and end-to-side anastomosis except for length of neonatal intensive care unit admission which was significantly shorter in end-to-end anastomosis group.


Racional: Deiscência de anastomose esofágica é frequente e ainda existem controvérsias qual tipo de anastomose é preferível para diminuir sua incidência. Objetivo : Comparar a anastomose terminoterminal versus a lateroterminal em termos de deiscência de anastomose, estenose de esôfago, e sintoma de refluxo gastroesofágico. Métodos : Este estudo foi realizado por dois anos a partir de 2012. Anastomoses terminoterminal e terminolateral foram comparadas em termos de deiscência de anastomose, estenose de esôfago, sintoma do refluxo gastroesofágico, duração da operação e transfusão. Resultados : Na comparação das anastomoses terminoterminal e terminolateral, respectivamente, a duração em minutos das operações foi de 127.63±13.393 e 130.29±10.727 (p=0,353); estenose esofágica foi observada em dois (5,9%) e oito (21,1%) casos (p=0,09); doença do refluxo gastroesofágico foi detectada em seis (15,8%) e três (8,8%) casos (p=0,485); deiscência de anastomose foi encontrada em cinco (13,2%) e um (2,9%) caso (p=0,203); duração do internamento na UTI neonatal foi significativamente menor na terminoterminal (11,05±2,438 dias) em comparação com terminolateral (13,88±2,306 dias, p<0,0001). Conclusão : Não houve diferença significativa entre as anastomoses terminoterminal e terminolateral, exceto para UTI neonatal que foi significativamente menor no grupo de anastomose terminoterminal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tracheoesophageal Fistula/surgery , Esophageal Atresia/surgery , Esophagus/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Gastroesophageal Reflux/etiology , Gastroesophageal Reflux/prevention & control , Gastroesophageal Reflux/epidemiology , Esophageal Atresia/epidemiology , Esophageal Stenosis/etiology , Esophageal Stenosis/prevention & control , Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Anastomotic Leak/prevention & control , Anastomotic Leak/epidemiology
15.
Gut and Liver ; : 417-423, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-142459

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) can be an effective treatment for bile leakage after liver transplantation. We evaluated the efficacy of endoscopic treatment in liver transplantation in patients who developed bile leaks. METHODS: Forty-two patients who developed bile leaks after liver transplantation were included in the study. If a bile leak was observed on ERCP, a sphincterotomy was performed, and a nasobiliary catheter was then inserted. If a bile leak was accompanied by a bile duct stricture, either the stricture was dilated with balloons, followed by nasobiliary catheter insertion across the bile duct stricture, or endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage was performed. RESULTS: In the bile leakage alone group (22 patients), endoscopic treatment was technically successful in 19 (86.4%) and clinically successful in 17 (77.3%) cases. Among the 20 patients with bile leaks with bile duct strictures, endoscopic treatment was technically successful in 13 (65.0%) and clinically successful in 10 (50.0%) cases. Among the 42 patients who underwent ERCP, technical success was achieved in 32 (76.2%) cases and clinical success was achieved in 27 (64.3%) cases. CONCLUSIONS: ERCP is an effective and safe therapeutic modality for bile leaks after liver transplantation. ERCP should be considered as an initial therapeutic modality in post-liver transplantation patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Bile , Biliary Tract Diseases/etiology , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Constriction, Pathologic/therapy , Drainage , Female , Humans , Liver Transplantation , Male , Middle Aged , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
16.
Gut and Liver ; : 417-423, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-142458

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) can be an effective treatment for bile leakage after liver transplantation. We evaluated the efficacy of endoscopic treatment in liver transplantation in patients who developed bile leaks. METHODS: Forty-two patients who developed bile leaks after liver transplantation were included in the study. If a bile leak was observed on ERCP, a sphincterotomy was performed, and a nasobiliary catheter was then inserted. If a bile leak was accompanied by a bile duct stricture, either the stricture was dilated with balloons, followed by nasobiliary catheter insertion across the bile duct stricture, or endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage was performed. RESULTS: In the bile leakage alone group (22 patients), endoscopic treatment was technically successful in 19 (86.4%) and clinically successful in 17 (77.3%) cases. Among the 20 patients with bile leaks with bile duct strictures, endoscopic treatment was technically successful in 13 (65.0%) and clinically successful in 10 (50.0%) cases. Among the 42 patients who underwent ERCP, technical success was achieved in 32 (76.2%) cases and clinical success was achieved in 27 (64.3%) cases. CONCLUSIONS: ERCP is an effective and safe therapeutic modality for bile leaks after liver transplantation. ERCP should be considered as an initial therapeutic modality in post-liver transplantation patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Bile , Biliary Tract Diseases/etiology , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/methods , Constriction, Pathologic/therapy , Drainage , Female , Humans , Liver Transplantation , Male , Middle Aged , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
17.
West Indian med. j ; 62(8): 711-715, Nov. 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1045738

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leakage remains a concern in general surgical practice. The significance lies in the resultant abdominal sepsis, related morbidity and mortality, risk of anastomotic loss, permanent stoma creation and the effect on local recurrence and overall patient survival in colorectal cancer cases. OBJECTIVES: This study serves to determine the leak rates and the mortality thereof related to colonic and rectal anastomoses at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI) in Kingston, Jamaica. Independent factors contributing to anastomotic leaks in these patients will also be assessed and correlations determined. METHODS: A review of the medical records of one hundred and thirty-three cases of colonic and rectal anastomoses identified retrospectively over a three-year period provided relevant information for analysis. RESULTS: Anastomotic leaks were identified in twelve patients, providing a leak rate of 9.0%. No 30-day mortality related to anastomotic leakage was noted. Based on a multivariate analysis, male gender was identified as the sole independent factor related to anastomotic leakage. CONCLUSION: Colorectal anastomotic leak rates at UHWI fell at the upper limit of leak rates typically quoted in the literature. No modifiable risk factor appeared to contribute to this leak rate. Early identification and intervention is critical in limiting mortality associated with colorectal anastomotic leakage.


ANTECEDENTES: La fuga anastomótica sigue siendo una preocupación en la práctica quirúrgica general. La importancia radica en la sepsis abdominal resultante, la morbilidad y mortalidad asociadas, el riesgo de pérdida anastomótica, la creación de estomas permanentes, y el efecto sobre la recidiva local así como en la supervivencia de los pacientes en general, en los casos de cáncer colorrectal. OBJETIVOS: Este estudio sirve para determinar las tasas de fuga y la mortalidad asociadas con ellas, en relación con las anastomosis colónicas y rectales en el Hospital Universitario de West Indies (HUWI) en Kingston, Jamaica. Asimismo, se evaluaran los factores independientes que contribuyen a las fugas anastomóticas en estos pacientes, y se determinaran las correlaciones. MÉTODOS: Una revisión de los registros médicos de ciento treinta y tres casos de anastomosis colónicas y rectales identificados retrospectivamente durante un período de más de tres años, proporcionaron la información relevante para el análisis. RESULTADOS: Se identificaron fugas anastomóticas en doce pacientes para una tasa de fuga de 9.0% . No se observó ninguna mortalidad de 30 días relacionada con fugas anastomóticas. Basado en un análisis multivariante, se identificó el género masculino como el único factor independiente relacionado con la fuga anastomótica. CONCLUSIÓN: Las tasas de fuga anastomótica colorrectal en UHWI cayeron al límite superior de las tasas de fuga típicamente citadas en la literatura. Ningún factor de riesgo no modificable pareció contribuir a esta tasa de fuga. La intervención e identificación temprana es esencial a la hora de limitar la mortalidad asociada con la pérdida anastomótica colorrectal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Anastomosis, Surgical/mortality , Anastomotic Leak/mortality , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Anastomotic Leak/etiology
18.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-162122

ABSTRACT

Aims: Paravalvular regurgitation (PVR) post transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is associated with poor survival however considerable variability exists between incidences of PVR in current literature. The primary aim of this study was to establish the incidence of PVR post-procedure, at 6-months and 1-year following TAVI. The secondary aims of this study were to review the impact of moderate to severe PVR on mortality and examine strategies employed to reduce PVR. Methods: PubMed searches included articles detailing paravalvular leak rates post TAVI published between 2002 and 2013. A systematic review and meta-analysis of current literature to identify PVR incidence at three time points was performed using the random effects model of DerSimonian and Laird. A total of 19 studies were identified. For post procedure to 30 days, six months and one year; 7,652, 3,340 and 3,673 patients were included in the analysis of incidence of PVR. Results: The pooled analysis of PVR incidence was 8.21, 10.2 and 10.98% in each group respectively. Moderate-severe PVR is associated with an increased risk of mortality in all studies reviewed. Management strategies include balloon valvuloplasty, transcatheter aortic valve implantation-in-transcatheter aortic valve (TAVI-in-TAV), valve repositioning and the use of occlusion devices. Conclusion: Moderate-severe PVR occurs in approximately one in ten patients directly following TAVI and does not appear to change significantly in the first year. A number of feasible strategies can be employed to treat PVR. Consideration should be given to the development of early-intervention management algorithms for this patient cohort in order to improve survival post TAVI.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Anastomotic Leak/epidemiology , Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Anastomotic Leak/therapy , Cohort Studies , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Humans , Male , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Postoperative Period , Prosthesis Failure , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/methods
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