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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 21(2): 267-273, out.2022. fig, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400234

ABSTRACT

Introdução: tecnologias digitais como as gamificações vem modernizando e inovando o processo de aprendizagem. Objetivo:agrupar, por meio de uma revisão de literatura, evidências científicas acerca da aplicabilidade do Kahoot© como estratégia de aprendizagem na disciplina de Ciências Morfofuncionais. Metodologia: os termos "anatomy", "histology", "embryology", "gamification", "kahoot", "Kahoot!", foram empregados nas bases de dados PubMed, Scopus, Bireme, Web of Science, Science Direct e Eric, utilizando operadores booleanos OR/AND. Foram estabelecidos como critérios de inclusão, artigos com delineamento do tipo experimental, observacional e revisões sistemáticas que descreveram a utilização do Kahoot© como ferramenta de ensino na disciplina de morfologia humana, publicados nos idiomas inglês, espanhol e português, no período de 2013 a 2021. Foram excluídos, artigos que utilizaram o Kahoot© em outras áreas do conhecimento e em outros componentes curriculares. Resultados: a amostra foi constituída por 337 artigos que, após leitura do título e resumo, foram submetidos aos critérios de inclusão e exclusão. Destes, 11 artigos foram elegíveis para o estudo. Discussão: o Kahoot© motiva o estudante, criando uma atmosfera divertida, favorecendo o trabalho colaborativo e o engajamento dos alunos em seu processo de aprendizagem. Elementos associados à gamificação foram vistos como responsáveis pela descontração e como agentes estressores. Conclusão: o Kahoot© possibilita um aprender divertido e dinâmico, porém, pesquisas que utilizem grupo controle e experimental são relevantes para verificar a efetividade do Kahoot© no ensino de morfologia a curto, médio ou longo prazo, potencializando os benefícios do seu uso em sala de aula.


Introduction:digital technologies such as gamifications have been modernizing and innovating the learning process. Objective: to group, through a literature review, scientific evidence about the applicability of Kahoot© as a learning strategy in the discipline of Morphofunctional Sciences. Methodology: the terms "anatomy", "histology", "embryology", "gamification", "kahoot", "Kahoot!" were employed in the PubMed, Scopus, Bireme, Web of Science, Science Direct and Eric databases, using Boolean OR/AND operators. Inclusion criteria articles with an experimental, observational design and systematic reviews were established that described the use of Kahoot© as a teaching tool in the discipline of human morphology, published in English, Spanish and Portuguese, from 2013 to 2021. Articles that used Kahoot© in other areas of knowlwdge and other curricular components were excluded. Results: the sample consisted of 337 articles that, after reading the title and abstract, were found in the searched databases. After reading the title and abstract, the articles are subject to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Of these, 11 articles were eligible for the study. Discussion: the Kahoot© motivates the student, creating a fun atmosphere, favoring collaborative work and studente engagement in their learning process. Elements associated with gamification were seen as responsible for the relaxed and stressing agents. Conclusion: Kahoot© a fun and dynamic learning, however, research using control and experimental group is relevant to verify the effectiveness of Kahoot© in the teaching of morphology in the short, medium, or long term, enhancing the benefits of its use in the classroom use


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Embryology , Digital Technology , Gamification , Histology , Anatomy , Learning
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 801-807, jun. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385642

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: During the Covid-19 pandemic that has marked the last years, while governments tried to control the spread of the virus, many-body donation programs were suspended due to difficulties that could potentially be encountered. Given the low body donation acceptance rates during this period, through this study we aimed to evaluate academics' knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors in cadaver acceptance and embalming practices during the pandemic. The research population of th estudy consisted of the faculty of 112 universities in Turkey who taught in under graduate and graduate programs in the Anatomy Department in 2020. An electronic questionnaire of 24 items, including demographic data, was distributed to the participants' official e-mail addresses. In addition, support was received from the Turkish Anatomy and Clinical Anatomy Society, whose members were also approached through their official group e-mail accounts. Answers were collected from 78 (39 %) out of 200 academics. The findings of the study were under 5 headings (ınformation about cadaver donation and ımported cadavers, attitude towards ımportation of cadavers and acceptance of body donations, precautions against contagion in ımportation of cadavers and acceptance of body donations and thoughts on their adequacy, considerations for adoption of cadavers for post-graduation education, advice on avoiding contagion in cadaver embalming) were collected and analyzed. The study high lights the importance of cadaver acceptance and embalming practices for medical education to minimally continue in the post-pandemic period. It can also serve as a reference for being cautious when faced with similar situations in the future.


RESUMEN: Durante la pandemia de COVID-19, que ha marcado los últimos años, mientras los gobiernos intentaban controlar la propagación del virus, muchos programas de donación de cuerpos fueron suspendidos por las dificultades que se podían encontrar. Dadas las bajas tasas de aceptación de la donación de cuerpos durante este período, a través de este estudio buscamos evaluar el conocimiento, las actitudes y los comportamientos de los académicos en la aceptación de cadáveres y las prácticas de embalsamamiento durante la pandemia. El estudio se realizó el año 2020 en los programas de pregrado y posgrado de los Departamentos de Anatomía de 112 universidades de Turquía. Se distribuyó un cuestionario electrónico de 24 ítems, incluidos datos demográficos, a los participantes por correo electrónico oficial. Además, se recibió el apoyo de la Sociedad Turca de Anatomía y Anatomía Clínica, cuyos miembros también fueron contactados a través de las cuentas de correo electrónico de su grupo oficial. Se recopilaron respuestas de 78 (39 %) de 200 académicos. Los hallazgos del estudio se ubicaron en 5 encabezados (información sobre donación de cadáveres y cadáveres importados, actitud hacia la importación de cadáveres y aceptación de donaciones de cuerpos, precauciones contra el contagio en la importación de cadáveres y aceptación de donaciones de cuerpos y opiniones sobre su idoneidad, consideraciones para la adopción de cadáveres para la educación de posgrado y consejos para evitar el contagio en el embalsamamiento de cadáveres). El estudio destaca la importancia de la aceptación de cadáveres y las prácticas de embalsamamiento para que la educación médica continúe mínimamente en el período posterior a la pandemia. También puede servir como referencia para tenerse presente ante situaciones similares en el futuro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Cadaver , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Human Body , Faculty/psychology , COVID-19 , Anatomy/education , Turkey , Tissue and Organ Procurement , Surveys and Questionnaires , Embalming , Anatomists/psychology , Pandemics
3.
Porto Alegre; Editora Rede Unida; 20220626. 222 p.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378841

ABSTRACT

Este livro pretende discutir a questão da clínica como parte do cuidado em saúde, tomando como foco e analisador o conceito de projeto terapêutico. Há uma relação direta entre clínica, cuidado e projeto terapêutico, e esta relação tem sua origem no conceito de corpo. Ou seja, para discutir estes temas, temos que pensar inicialmente: o que é um corpo?, ou, lidarmos com a pergunta ontológica de Spinoza (2011): o que pode um corpo? A premissa, ao fazer estas perguntas, é que a ideia que se faz de clínica, que conduz a certas práticas, tem por base o conceito de corpo. Ou seja, dependendo da resposta a "o que é um corpo", pensa-se uma prática de saúde, as ferramentas enquanto saberes para lidar com este corpo e os modos de cuidar. Foi tentando buscar a origem do conceito que encontramos em Foucault (1998), no seu consagrado livro "O Nascimento da Clínica", as primeiras pistas para pensar o tema. O autor estava buscando compreender como e de onde nasce a clínica atual, e vai pesquisar a prática médica do século XVII. Diz o autor que até este período o corpo era considerado sagrado, e havia proibição por parte da igreja, que na época exercia um grande poder ­ equivalente ao do estado - quanto a mexer neste corpo após a morte. O corpo intocado era uma barreira ao avanço da pesquisa, e por isto, médicos, principalmente patologistas e cirurgiões, começam clandestinamente a abrir o corpo para entendê-lo, e a compreender seu funcionamento. O avanço da ciência impõe a realidade de que os estudos da medicina deveriam prosseguir, com autorização para o manejo e a pesquisa, usando os cadáveres para isto. Assim foi possível avançar na compreensão da anatomia e fisiologia humanas.


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , Education, Continuing , Evidence-Based Practice , Health Services Accessibility , Research , Anatomy
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 545-552, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385660

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El año 2020, la pandemia por COVID-19 forzó a que toda la docencia universitaria se dictase de forma telemática, lo que incluye la enseñanza de anatomía humana. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar la percepción de los alumnos con respecto a los recursos digitales y estrategias activas utilizadas en la versión en línea de la asignatura de anatomía humana. La muestra estuvo constituida por 77 estudiantes de primer año de Odontología que cursaban la asignatura de anatomía. Para la recogida de datos se utilizó un cuestionario de auto aplicación y la realización de tres focus groups con preguntas semi-estructuradas. Los datos cuantitativos se analizaron con estadística descriptiva y los cualitativos mediante teoría fundamentada. El análisis cualitativo determinó 6 categorías relevantes expresadas por los estudiantes: posibilidad de trabajar colaborativamente, espacios de retroalimentación, tipo de información, uso del material, percepción del académico y el factor tiempo. Respecto al análisis cuantitativo, el manual de Anatomía Aplicada para Estudiantes de Odontología fue el recurso digital mejor evaluado (p< 0,005), lo cual fue estadísticamente significativo. Seguido por el atlas 3D de Visible Body como el segundo recurso digital mejor evaluado (p < 0,005). Mientras que el análisis de casos clínicos y la realización de dibujos fueron las estrategias activas mejor evaluadas, las cuales fueron estadísticamente significativas (p< 0,005). El recurso digital más recomendado por los estudiantes fue el manual (30,4 %) seguido por el atlas 3D de Visible Body (28,5 %). La estrategia activa más recomendada fue el rotulado grupal de modelos del manual (37,5 %). Los alumnos perciben positivamente la virtualización de la asigna- tura destacando el rol del docente mediante la retroalimentación y la interacción entre pares.


SUMMARY: In 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic forced all university teaching to be taught online, including the teaching of human anatomy. The objective of this work was to evaluate the students' perception regarding digital resources and active strategies used in the online version of the human anatomy subject. The sample consisted of 77 first-year dentistry students who were studying anatomy. For data collection, a self-application questionnaire and three focus groups with semi-structured questions were used. Quantitative data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and qualitative data using grounded theory. The qualitative analysis determined 6 relevant categories expressed by the students: possibility of working collaboratively, feedback spaces, type of information, use of the material, perception of the academic and the time factor. Regarding the quantitative analysis, the manual of Applied Anatomy for Dentistry Students was the best evaluated digital resource (p<0.005), which was statistically significant. It was followed by the Visible Body 3D atlas as the second best evaluated digital resource (p < 0.005). While the analysis of clinical cases and the making of drawings were the best evaluated active strategies, they were statistically significant (p<0.005). The most recommended digital resource by the students, was the manual (30.4%) followed by the Visible Body 3D atlas (28.5 %). The most recommended active strategy was group labeling of manual models (37.5 %). Students positively perceive the virtualization of the subject, highlighting the role of the teacher through feedback and peer interaction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Dental/psychology , Education, Distance , COVID-19 , Anatomy/education , Perception , Surveys and Questionnaires , Problem-Based Learning , Education, Dental , Feedback
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 789-795, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385685

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The study and teaching of human anatomy is one of the cornerstones of education of basis science in health professionals. The aim of this study was to present a bibliometric analysis of the global outputs of research on the teaching and learning of human anatomy in the last two decades. The Scopus database was used to search and retrieve studies related to this topic between 2001 and February 10, 2021. A total of 10,481 documents were found through a systematic search strategy. A growing trend in publishing research results was evidenced, starting in 2001 with a considerable increase between 2012 and 2015. Four clusters were identified in studies related to teaching-learning methodologies of human anatomy. These clusters correspond to traditional methods and emerging methodologies such as the use of information and communication technologies, 3D impressions and diagnostic images. In addition, the results of this study indicate that the United States, the United Kingdom and Germany were the countries with the highest production in the number of publications on this topic. Although new methodologies have been included in teaching and learning human anatomy, such as the use of information and communication technologies, the trend in these processes continues to be mediated by the traditional method of cadaveric dissection. However, there is an increase in the immersion of virtual resources as part of these methodologies that should be integrated.


RESUMEN: La enseñanza y el aprendizaje de la anatomía humana es uno de los pilares de la educación científica básica para los profesionales de la salud. El objetivo de este estudio fue presentar un análisis bibliométrico de los resultados globales de la investigación sobre la enseñanza y el aprendizaje de la anatomía humana en las últimas dos décadas. Se utilizó la base de datos Scopus para buscar y recuperar estudios relacionados con este tema entre 2001 y el 10 de febrero de 2021. Se encontraron un total de 10.481 documentos mediante una estrategia de búsqueda sistemática. Hubo una tendencia creciente en la publicación de resultados de investigación, comenzando en 2001 con un aumento considerable entre 2012 y 2015. Se identificaron cuatro grupos en estudios relacionados con metodologías de enseñanza-aprendizaje de anatomía humana. Estos clusters corresponden a métodos tradicionales, metodologías emergentes como el uso de tecnologías de información y comunicación, impresión 3D e imágenes de diagnósticas. Además, los resultados de este estudio indican que Estados Unidos, Reino Unido y Alemania fueron los países con mayor producción en el número de publicaciones sobre este tema. Si bien se han incluido nuevas metodologías en la enseñanza y el aprendizaje de la anatomía humana, como el uso de tecnologías de la información y la comunicación, la tendencia en estos procesos continúa siendo a través del método tradicional y la disección cadavérica. Sin embargo, hay un incremento en la inclusión de recursos virtuales que se integran al aula.


Subject(s)
Humans , Teaching , Bibliometrics , Anatomy/education , Learning
6.
Arq. odontol ; 58: 125-130, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1411866

ABSTRACT

Aim: This case report aims to demonstrate a rare mandibular canal (MC) variation, presenting right trifurcation and left bifurcation through Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT). Case report: A 26-year-old female patient with no systemic disorders was referred for surgical removal of the lower third molars due to the presence of painful symptoms. CBCT was requested to evaluate the relationship between third molars and the mandibular canal and to guide the surgical planning. Tomographic volume was analyzed through the Sidexis software (Sirona Dental Systems, Bernsheim, Germany). During the analysis of tomographic sections, it was possible to observe the presence of bilateral MC variations. Bifurcation of the right MC and trifurcation of the left MC were observed. Conclusion: The present report highlighted the importance of CBCT for the diagnosis of anatomical changes, such as MC trifurcation.


Objetivo: Este relato tem por objetivo descrever uma rara variação do canal mandibular (CM) apresentando trifurcação direita e bifurcação esquerda, por meio da Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico (TCFC). Relato do caso: Paciente do sexo feminino, 26 anos de idade, sem comprometimento sistêmico, foi encaminhada para remoção cirúrgica dos terceiros molares inferiores devido a presença de sintomatologia dolorosa. Foi solicitada uma TCFC para avaliar a relação entre terceiros molares e o canal mandibular, para orientar o planejamento cirúrgico. O volume tomográfico foi analisado por meio do software Sidexis (Sirona Dental Systems, Bernsheim, Alemanha). Durante a análise dos cortes tomográficos, foi possível observar a presença de variações do CM bilateralmente. Observou-se bifurcação do CM direito e trifurcação do CM esquerdo. Conclusão: O presente relato destacou a importância da TCFC para o diagnóstico das alterações anatômicas, como a trifurcação do canal mandibular.


Subject(s)
Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Anatomy , Mandibular Nerve
7.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0042, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387970

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The use of tridimensional (3D) printing in healthcare has contributed to the development of instruments and implants. The 3D printing has also been used for teaching future professionals. In order to have a good 3D printed piece, it is necessary to have high quality images, such as the ones from Computerized Tomography (CT scan) exam, which shows the anatomy from different cuts and allows for a good image reconstruction. Purpose: To propose a protocol for creating digital files from computerized tomography images to be printed in 3D and used as didactic material in the ophthalmology field, using open-source software, InVesalius®, Blender® and Repetier-Host©. Methods: Two orbit CT scan exam images in the DICOM format were used to create the virtual file to be printed in 3D. To edit the images, the software InVesalius® (Version 3.1.1) was used to delimit and clean the structure of interest, and also to convert to STL format. The software Blender® (Version 2.80) was used to refine the image. The STL image was then sent to the Repetier-Host© (Version 2.1.3) software, which splits the image in layers and generates the instructions to print the piece in the 3D printer using the polymer polylactic acid (PLA). Results: The printed anatomical pieces printed reproduced most structures, both bone and soft structures, satisfactorily. However, there were some problems during printing, such as the loss of small bone structures, that are naturally surrounded by muscles due to the lack of support. Conclusion: Despite the difficulties faced during the production of the pieces, it was also possible to reproduce the anatomical structures adequately, which indicates that this protocol of 3D printing from medical images is viable.


RESUMO Introdução: O uso de impressão em 3-D na área da saúde tem contribuído para o desenvolvimento de instrumentos e próteses. A impressão 3-D tem sido usada para o ensino de futuros profissionais. Para se alcançar uma boa peça em 3-D, é necessário ter imagens de alta qualidade, como aquelas geradas pelo exame de Tomografia Computadorizada (TC), que mostra a anatomia sob diferentes cortes e permite uma boa reconstrução de imagem. Objetivo: Propor um protocolo para a criação de arquivos digitais a partir de imagens de tomografia computadorizada a serem impressas em 3-D e usadas como modelo de material didático oftalmológico usando software de código aberto, InVesalius®, Bender® e Repetier-Host©. Métodos: Foram utilizadas imagens em formato DICOM provenientes de dois exames de tomografia computadorizada de órbitas para a impressão tridimensional. Para manuseio das imagens, foram utilizados o InVesalius®, versão 3.1.1, para delimitar e limpar a estrutura de interesse e também para converter em formato STL. O Blender®, versão 2.80 foi usado para refinamento. A imagem em STL foi então enviada para o programa Repetier-Host, versão 2.1.3, que divide a imagem em camadas e gera as instruções para impressão da peça em ácido polilático na impressora tridimensional. Resultados: As peças anatômicas impressas reproduziram de forma satisfatória a maioria das estruturas ósseas e musculares. No entanto, houve dificuldade durante a impressão das estruturas ósseas menores, como perda de estrutura óssea pequena, que não possuíam sustentação, por serem envoltas pelo músculo. Conclusão: Apesar das dificuldades encontradas na produção dessas peças de estudo, foi possível reproduzir estruturas com fidelidade, indicando que o protocolo proposto viabiliza a impressão de imagens oriundas da tomografia computadorizada para impressão tridimensional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ophthalmology/education , Orbit/anatomy & histology , Orbit/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/instrumentation , Printing, Three-Dimensional/instrumentation , Students, Medical , Teaching , Software , Education, Medical/methods , Anatomy/education , Models, Anatomic
8.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(2): 297-303, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385639

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: La tecnología ha abierto la posibilidad de mejorar los entornos de aprendizaje. Sin embargo, en el ámbito de la educación médica, las herramientas que son utilizadas no entregan evidencias claras sobre si los estudiantes realmente están aprendiendo. Específicamente, en la enseñanza de la anatomía han surgido múltiples aplicaciones para satisfacer la necesidad de acceder a material cadavérico, no obstante, éstas carecen de información enriquecida sobre el rendimiento que alcanzan los estudiantes y del cómo adaptar los aprendizajes según sus necesidades educativas. Así, una de las estrategias que actualmente tiene presencia en este ámbito es la gamificación. Este estudio implementa y utiliza una plataforma de software educativa gamificada basada en sistemas de recomendación y asistentes virtuales, capaz de entregar retroalimentación y estrategias para apoyar la apropiación de conocimiento de anatomía de los estudiantes de la carrera de medicina de la Universidad de La Frontera (UFRO), de la ciudad de Temuco, Chile. Cuarenta y cinco estudiantes participaron del estudio. Éste consistió en la utilización de diversos componentes gamificados con técnicas de inteligencia artificial. Los principales hallazgos de esta experiencia permitieron concluir que la utilización de componentes gamificados para el aprendizaje de la anatomía son un recurso que permite apoyar el aprendizaje de los estudiantes.


SUMMARY: Technology has opened the possibility of improving learning environments. However, in the field of medical education, the tools that are used do not provide clear evidence as to whether students are actually learning. Specifically, in the teaching of anatomy, multiple applications have emerged to satisfy the need to access cadaveric material, nevertheless, these lack enriched information on the performance achieved by students and how to adapt learning according to their educational needs. Thus, one of the strategies currently present in this area is gamification. This study implements and uses a gamified educational software platform based on recommender systems and virtual assistants, capable of delivering feedback and strategies to support the appropriation of anatomy knowledge of medical students at the Universidad de La Frontera (UFRO), in the city of Temuco, Chile. Forty-five students participated in the study. The study consisted in the use of various gamified components with artificial intelligence techniques. The main findings of this experience led to the conclusion that the use of gamified components for learning anatomy is a resource that supports student learning.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Medical/psychology , Software , Artificial Intelligence , Gamification , Anatomy/education , Chile , Surveys and Questionnaires
9.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(5): 1253-1260, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405285

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: La pandemia por COVID-19 obligó a las universidades a impartir de forma abrupta sus asignaturas en un formato en línea o semi presencial. Es así como el uso del modelo educativo Hyflex surgió como alternativa. El objetivo del presente estudio fue conocer la percepción de los alumnos y docentes sobre la experiencia en el uso de Hyflex en anatomía. Estudio descriptivo de tipo mixto con una muestra por conveniencia de 115 alumnos y 7 docentes que participaban en Anatomía Aplicada durante el año 2021 en las Salas de Habilidades del Hospital de Simulación de la Universidad Andrés Bello, sede Viña del Mar, Chile. La recogida de datos fue a través de un cuestionario de auto aplicación con escala tipo Likert de 5 niveles y la realización de focus group con guión de 9 preguntas semi-estructuradas. Los datos cuantitativos fueron analizados con estadística descriptiva y la aplicación del test Mann- White para comparar entre grupos con un P < 0.05. Los datos cualitativos fueron analizados mediante teoría fundamentada para identificar las categorías principales y subcategorías. Tanto los docentes como estudiantes tuvieron una buena percepción sobre el uso de Hyflex. En ambos grupos lo más destacado fue que posibilitaba el acceso a contenidos y actividades en línea que complementaban las actividades presenciales. Sin embargo, ambos grupos coincidieron en que no aprenden más en el formato en línea que presencial. Además, en las entrevistas de focus group emergieron dos categorías principales, la satisfacción (destacando las subcategorías comprensión de contenidos, aspectos administrativos, acceso a la información) y modalidad (calidad de aprendizaje, rendimiento, participación, recepción de la información y aspectos sociales). Hyflex es una alternativa para impartir los contenidos de anatomía, aunque los estudiantes y docentes perciben que la presencialidad es fundamental para brindar una adecuada experiencia de aprendizaje.


SUMMARY: The COVID-19 pandemic forced universities to abruptly teach their subjects in an online or semi-face-to-face format. This is how the use of the Hyflex educational model emerged as an alternative. The objective of this study was to know the perception of students and teachers about the experience in the use of Hyflex in anatomy. Mixed-type descriptive study was carried out, with a convenience sample of 115 students and 7 teachers who participated in Applied Anatomy during the year 2021 in the Skills Rooms of the Simulation Hospital of the Andrés Bello University, Viña del Mar, Chile. Data collection was through a self-application questionnaire with a 5-level Likert-type scale and a focus group with a script of 9 semi-structured questions. The quantitative data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and the application of the Mann-White test to compare between groups with a P < 0.05. Qualitative data were analyzed using grounded theory to identify main categories and subcategories. Both teachers and students had a good perception of the use of Hyflex. In both groups, the highlight was that it enabled access to online content and activities that complemented face-to-face activities. However, both groups agreed that they do not learn more in the online format than in person. In addition, in the focus group interviews two main categories emerged, satisfaction (highlighting the subcategories content understanding, administrative aspects, access to information) and modality (quality of learning, performance, participation, reception of information and social aspects). Hyflex is an alternative to teach anatomy content, although students and teachers perceive that attendance is essential to provide an adequate learning experience.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students/psychology , Problem-Based Learning , Education, Distance , Faculty/psychology , Anatomy/education , Perception , Surveys and Questionnaires , Models, Educational
11.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(4): 867-871, 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405251

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The information technology (IT) based "instant evaluation" is supported by IT, which allows instant evaluation of teaching phenomena based on certain evaluation criteria and provides instant feedback. In anatomy teaching, we explored and practiced the application of instant evaluation based on a platform called "Rain classroom." We found that IT-based instant evaluation had higher practicability and better student satisfaction, which could improve teaching efficiency during class time, help students improve learning methods, and promote knowledge mastery. Additionally, instant evaluation positively impacted teachers' evaluation ability and teaching skills.


RESUMEN: La "evaluación instantánea" basada en la tecnología de la información (TI) está respaldada por ésta y permite la evaluación instantánea de los fenómenos de enseñanza en función de ciertos criterios de evaluación proporcionando retroalimentación instantánea. En la enseñanza de la anatomía, exploramos y practicamos la aplicación de la evaluación instantánea basada en una plataforma llamada "Aula de lluvia" o Rain Classroom. Descubrimos que la evaluación instantánea basada en TI tenía una mayor practicidad y una mejor satisfacción de los estudiantes, lo que podría mejorar la eficiencia de la enseñanza durante el tiempo de clase, ayudar a los estudiantes a mejorar los métodos de aprendizaje y promover el dominio del conocimiento. Además, la evaluación instantánea tuvo un impacto positivo en la capacidad de evaluación y las habilidades de enseñanza de los maestros.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students , Educational Measurement/methods , Information Technology , Feedback , Anatomy/education , Teaching , Software , China , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(4): 946-952, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405243

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Las percepciones físico-emocionales han comprobado connotaciones en la formación y futuro profesional. Se planteó analizar la evidencia sobre los instrumentos de medición para evaluar las percepciones físico-emocionales en estudiantes de Anatomía en medicina, estructurando una evisión sistemática en la que se consultaron estudios observacionales de 2010 a 2020 en las bases de datos Scopus, Ovid, PubMed, Science Direct, Google Scholar, Web of Science y ProQuest, con términos de búsqueda validados. El proceso de selección de estudios se sintetizó en diagrama de flujo. La extracción de datos y evaluación de la calidad se hizo por tres revisores independientes mediante escalas del National Institutes of Health de Estados Unidos; siendo valorada la concordancia entre revisores con el coeficiente kappa Fleiss. Se incluyeron 28 estudios diferenciados en instrumentos de medida validados (n 16) y estudios que usaron otros instrumentos de recolección (n 12). Los tipos de validación más frecuentes fueron consistencia interna, Alfa de Cronbach y constructo, análisis factorial. Se dispone de un número aceptable de instrumentos que evalúan el tema, se requieren nuevos estudios que aporten evidencia en el rigor en los procesos de medición con adaptación transcultural y de diferentes tipos de validación de instrumentos.


SUMMARY: Physical-emotional perceptions have proven connotations in training and professional future. To analyze the evidence on the measurement instruments to evaluate the physical-emotional perceptions in students of Anatomy in medicine. Systematic review in which observational studies from 2010 to 2020 were consulted in the Scopus, Ovid, PubMed, Science Direct, Google Scholar, Web of Science and ProQuest databases, with validated search terms. The study selection process was synthesized in a flow chart. Data extraction and quality assessment were done by three independent reviewers using scales from the National Institutes of Health in the United States; The agreement between reviewers was assessed with the Fleiss kappa coefficient. 28 differentiated studies were included in validated measurement instruments (n 16) and studies that used other collection instruments (n 12). The most frequent types of validation were internal consistency, Cronbach's alpha and construct, factor analysis. There is an acceptable number of instruments that evaluate the subject, new studies are required that provide evidence of the rigor in the measurement processes with cross-cultural adaptation and of different types of instrument validation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Perception , Students, Medical/psychology , Anatomy/education , Dissection/psychology , Education, Medical , Emotions
13.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(4): 902-908, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405226

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El e-learning (aprendizaje electrónico) es el proceso de enseñanza, aprendizaje y evaluación, a través de internet y la tecnología, es decir, está centrado en los métodos de aprendizaje, la expansión y conexión de información, que en el uso de una computadora como un artefacto en el proceso de aprendizaje. El propósito de esta revisión fue identificar estudios que exploraran las tecnologías e-learning y su impacto en el proceso de enseñanza y evaluación de Anatomía Humana, y evaluar la calidad de investigación publicada. Se realizó una revisión sistemática de la literatura en las bases de datos Pudmed (Medline), Ovid (cochrane Central), Ovid (Medline), Scopus, Web of science (clarivate) y Science Direct, incluyendo las palabras claves: Examination, Teaching, COVID-19 medical education, COVID-19, Medical student exams, Anatomy, Students, Medical. Se evaluó la calidad de las investigaciones a través del instrumento de Calidad del Estudio de Investigación de Educación Médica (MERSQI). En total se encontraron 202 artículos de investigación, y al aplicar los criterios de inclusión y exclusión se identificaron un total de 24 artículos; tras leer los artículos, se escogieron cuatro investigaciones que cumplieron con los criterios de síntesis en esta revisión. En general, los resultados mostraron un impacto favorable de las tecnologías e-learning pues facilitó el acceso, la flexibilidad y el ritmo de aprendizaje para cada estudiante, también promovió nuevas formas de enseñanza y evaluación en la disciplina de la Anatomía Humana en estudiantes de medicina durante la pandemia la COVID-19. Así, la educación médica para la ciencia básica en anatomía humana indica una transición a un aprendizaje combinado de lo presencial y virtual a un modelo de aprendizaje mixto (b-learning).


SUMMARY: E-learning (electronic learning) is the process of teaching, learning and evaluation, through the internet and technology, that is, it is focused on learning methods, the expansion and connection of information, which in the use of a computer as an artifact in the learning process. The purpose of this review was to identify studies that explore e-learning technologies and their impact on the teaching and assessment process of Human Anatomy, and to assess the quality of published research. A systematic review of the literature was carried out in the databases Pudmed (Medline), Ovid (Cochrane Central), Ovid (Medline), Scopus, Web of science (clarivate) and Science Direct, including the keywords: Examination, Teaching, COVID-19 medical education, COVID-19, Medical student exams, Anatomy, Students, Medical. Research quality was assessed using the Medical Education Research Study Quality (MERSQI) instrument. In total, 202 research articles were found, and when applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, a total of 24 articles were identified; After reading the articles, four investigations were chosen that met the synthesis criteria in this review. In general, the results showed a favorable impact of e-learning technologies since it facilitated access, flexibility and learning pace for each student, it also promoted new forms of teaching and evaluation in the discipline of Human Anatomy in medical students. during the Covid-19 pandemic. Thus, medical education for basic science in human anatomy indicates a transition from blended face-to-face and virtual learning to a blended learning model (b-learning).


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Medical , Internet , COVID-19 , Anatomy/education , Teaching , Learning
14.
repert. med. cir ; 31(1): 20-32, 2022. ilus., tab.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1366955

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La segunda causa de muerte a nivel mundial corresponde a los ataques cerebrovasculares (ACV), de los cuales más de dos terceras partes son de origen isquémico. Causan discapacidad a largo plazo por lo que conocer la anatomía de la circulación cerebral y las posibles manifestaciones clínicas del ACV isquémico permite sospechar, diagnosticar y brindar un manejo oportuno y apropiado, reduciendo el impacto en la salud y la calidad de vida del paciente y sus cuidadores. Objetivo: relacionar los últimos hallazgos en la anatomía arterial cerebral, los mecanismos fisiopatológicos y las manifestaciones clínicas del ACV isquémico de la arteria cerebral media (ACM). Materiales y métodos: revisión de la literatura mediante la búsqueda con términos MeSH en la base de datos Medline, incluyendo estudios, ensayos y metaanálisis publicados entre 2000 y 2020 en inglés y español, además de otras referencias para complementar la información. Resultados: se seleccionaron 59 publicaciones, priorizando las de los últimos 5 años y las más relevantes del rango temporal consultado. Conclusiones: son escasos los estudios sobre la presentación clínica de los ACV, lo que sumado a la variabilidad interindividual de la irrigacióncerebral, dificulta la determinación clínica de la localización de la lesión dentro del lecho vascular. La reperfusión del área de penumbra isquémica como objetivo terapéutico se justifica por los mecanismos fisiopatológicos de la enfermedad.


Introduction: Cerebrovascular accidents (CVAs) are the second leading cause of death worldwide, of which more than two thirds are ischemic. They cause long-term disability, therefore, knowledge on the cerebral circulation anatomy and possible clinical manifestations of ischemic CVAs allows us to suspect, diagnose and provide timely and appropriate management, reducing the negative impact on the health and quality of life of patients and caregivers. Objective: to list the latest findings on cerebral arterial anatomy, pathophysiological mechanisms and clinical manifestations of ischemic middle cerebral artery (MCA) CVAs. Materials and methods: a literature review using a MeSH terms search in the Medline database, including studies, trials and meta-analyses published in English and Spanish between 2000 and 2020, using other complementary references. Results: 59 publications were selected prioritizing those published in the past 5 years and the most relevant in said period. Conclusions: there are few studies on the clinical presentation of CVAs, which, added to the interindividual variability of cerebral circulation anatomy, makes clinical identification of lesion location, within the vascular bed, difficult. Reperfusion of the ischemic penumbra region, as a therapeutic objective, is based on the pathophysiological mechanisms of the disease.


Subject(s)
Middle Cerebral Artery , Stroke , Signs and Symptoms , Anatomy
15.
Dent. press endod ; 11(3): 31-39, Sept-Dec.2021. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378948

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O estudo da anatomia da raiz e do canal radicular tem importância relevante para o tratamento endodôntico. Portanto, o conhecimento da morfologia do canal radicular é essencial para se realizar um tratamento que resulte em sucesso. No entanto, o profissional tem limitada informação desses conhecimentos, e um acesso difícil ao local de atuação. Objetivo: O presente estudo teve por objetivo avaliar o número de canais de incisivos inferiores, visto que estudos realizados sobre o assunto apresentam uma alta taxa de incisivos inferiores com dois canais radiculares. Métodos: Para avaliar com detalhes a anatomia interna das raízes dos incisivos inferiores, foi utilizada a tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC) na observação dos canais radiculares, em dentes permanentes humanos. Foram analisadas 97 imagens tomográficas obtidas com um tomógrafo Orthopantomograph OP 300 (Instrumentarium, Tuusula, Finlândia) de pacientes que se submeteram ao exame por motivos diversos. Todos os grupos dentários foram avaliados individualmente, e sua morfologia interna foi determinada conforme a Classificação de Vertucci (1984). Resultados: Os resultados observados por meio do teste estatístico do qui-quadrado apresentaram maior frequência dos Tipos I e III (Classificação de Vertucci), em comparação aos outros tipos (p<0,001). Conclusão: Conclui-se que a TCFC é o recurso viável para auxiliar a prática endodôntica, especialmente em casos complexos, como a localização de canais radiculares. A ocorrência de mais de um canal em incisivos inferiores centrais e laterais foi de 23,71% nesse estudo realizado na população brasileira (AU).


Introduction: The study of root and rood canal anatomy is relevant for endodontic treatment. Therefore, knowledge of the root canal morphology is essential to achieve an end- odontic that results in success. However, the professional has limited information of this knowledge and difficult access to the place of performance. Objective: The present study aimed to evaluate the number of the canals of the mandibular incisors, since studies carried out on the subject present a high rate of mandibular incisors with two canals. Methods: In order to evaluate in detail the internal anatomy of the roots of incisors, the accuracy of the cone beam computed tomography in the observation of the root canals in human permanent teeth was evidenced in this study. We analized 97 tomographic images obtained using ORTHO-PANTOMOGRAPH OP 300 (Instrumentarium, Tuusula, FI) of patients who underwent the diagnostic procedure for several reasons. All dental groups were analyzed individually and the morphology was determined according Vertucci Classification (1984). Results: The results observed the Chi-Square statistical test presented higher frequency of Types I and III (Vertucci Criterion) in relation to the other types (p<0.001). Conclusion: It was concluded that computed tomography is the viable resource to aid endodontic practice, especially in complex cases, such as the location of the root canals. The occurrence of more than one canal in central and lateral lower incisors was 23,71% in this study performed in the Brazilian population (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentition, Permanent , Dental Pulp Cavity , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Incisor , Research Design , Brazil , Anatomy
16.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(2): 301-306, set 29, 2021. tab, fig
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354493

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o tabagismo é uma das principais causas evitáveis de mortes no mundo representando um problema de saúde pública. Objetivo: investigar a relação da exposição passiva à fumaça principal do cigarro e as possíveis alterações histomorfométricas das células gliais, arteríolas e da matriz extracelular do nervo olfatório de ratas. Metodologia: trata-se de um estudo experimental, analítico e quantitativo. Vinte ratas randomizadas divididas em dois grupos, controle e tabaco, foram expostas à inalação da fumaça principal do cigarro por 60 dias utilizando dispositivo validado na literatura. Resultados: a exposição à inalação da fumaça principal do cigarro resultou em alterações significativas no grupo tabaco, tais como, elevação nos níveis de cotinina no plasma sanguíneo, aumento na espessura da parede dos vasos sanguíneos, aumento na porcentagem do colágeno total do tecido, diminuição no número total de astrócitos e aumento no número total de micróglias. Conclusão: a exposição à fumaça principal do cigarro resulta em alterações histomorfométricas que poderiam causar alterações funcionais no nervo olfatório como perda sensorial olfativa. Os achados constatados são fortes o suficiente para servir como alerta a toda a população e às autoridades de saúde, no que se refere às leis antifumo, principalmente em ambientes fechados.


Introduction: smoking is one of the main preventable causes of death in the world and represents a worldwide public health problem. Objective: to investigate the relationship of second hand tobacco smoke and possible histomorphometric changes of glial cells, arterioles and extracellular matrix of the olfactory nerve in rats. Methodology: experimental, analytical and quantitative study, twenty wistar animals randomized into two control and tobacco groups, were exposed to inhalation of main cigarette smoke for 60 days using a device validated in the literature. Results: exposure to inhalation of main cigarette smoke resulted in changes in the tobacco group, such as increased levels of cotinine in the blood plasma, increased thickness of the blood vessel wall, increased percentage of total tissue collagen, decreased in the total number of astrocytes and increase in the total number of microglia. Conclusion: exposure to main cigarette smoke results in histomorphometric changes that can cause changes in the olfactory nerve such as sensory olfactory loss. Our findings are strong enough to serve as a warning to the entire population and to health authorities in relation to smokefree laws especially in closed environments.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Olfactory Nerve , Rats , Tobacco Use Disorder , Neuroglia , Collagen , Tobacco Products , Anatomy , Laboratory and Fieldwork Analytical Methods , Intervention Studies
17.
Dent. press endod ; 11(2): 49-55, maio-ago.2021. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377899

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar, por meio de tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC), a morfologia dos canais radiculares de dentes incisivos inferiores, em uma população da região Sudeste brasileira, e sua relação com a idade e o sexo dos pacientes Métodos: Foram analisados 371 prontuários de pacientes de ambos os sexos que continham exames de TCFC, totalizando 1.484 dentes incisivos inferiores. As imagens tomográficas foram capturadas com o tomógrafo Orthopantomograph OP300, com voxel de 0,20mm. A morfologia dos dentes foi avaliada de acordo com a classificação de Vertucci, e foram investigados os efeitos do sexo e da idade dos pacientes sobre a variação na morfologia desses dentes. Resultados: Todos os dentes avaliados apresentaram apenas uma raiz; 80,7% dos incisivos inferiores apresentaram um único canal (Tipo I de Vertucci). O segundo canal esteve presente em 19,3% dos casos, sendo do Tipo II de Vertucci em 1,1%, Tipo III em 18,1%, Tipo IV em 0,1% e Tipo V em 0,1%. Não houve influência estatisticamente significativa (p=0,890) do sexo na morfologia dos incisivos inferiores. Dentro da faixa etária analisada, os indivíduos com menos de 18 anos e aqueles com 40 a 49 anos (28,2% e 26,8% respectivamente) apresentaram significância estatística (p=0,001) quanto à presença de segundo canal, compa- rados aos de outras faixas etárias. Conclusões: A morfologia mais prevalente foi a Tipo I de Vertucci, seguida pelo Tipo III, sem diferença entre os sexos, e com maior prevalência de variação morfológica nos indivíduos com menos de 18 anos e com 40 a 49 anos de idade (AU).


Objective: Evaluate the root canal morphology of per- manent mandibular incisors, through the use of cone bean computed tomography (CBCT) in a population of Brazilian southeast region and its relationship with patient age and sex. Methods: A total of 1,484 mandibular incisors of 371 male and female patient`s medical records were analyzed using CBCT. The tomographic images were by the orthopantomograph OP300 tomograph, with voxel of 0.20 mm. The morphology of the teeth was evaluated according to the classification of VERTUCCI, and the effects of sex and age of the patients on the variation in the morphology of these teeth were investigated. Results: All evaluated teeth had only one root. A single canal (Ver- tuccis type I) was detected in 80.7% of mandibular incisors. The second canal was present in 19.3% of the cases, with rates of 1.1% for Type II, 18.1% for Type III, 0.1% for Type IV, and 0.1% for Type V. According to sex, there was no statistical difference (p = 0.890) in mandibular incisor morphology. Within the analyzed age group, individuals aged under 18 years and individuals between 40 and 49 years (28.2% and 26,8% respectively) were statistically significant (p = 0.001) when compared to the other age groups. Conclusions: The most prevalent morphology was Type I of VERTUCCI, followed by Type III, without difference between sex and with a higher prevalence of morphological variation in individuals with less than 18 years and between 40 and 49 years (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Population , Anatomy , Incisor , Prevalence , Methods , Age Groups
18.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(1): 54-58, jan.-abr. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252879

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo é relatar de forma descritiva e qualitativa a experiência vivida durante as dissecações nas monitorias de anatomia humana sob a ótica do aluno-monitor. O estudo baseou-se no levantamento bibliográfico de artigos científicos encontrados nas plataformas BVS, Scielo e Google Acadêmico entre os anos de 2014 e 2019. As dissecações foram realizadas após a aprovação da instituição. Foi utilizado um cadáver masculino conservado em formaldeído a 10%, a seleção do cadáver foi realizada com base na integridade e conservação da cabeça. O foco do estudo foi a dissecação da ATM e regiões circunjacentes. Após a excisão da pele, tela subcutânea, elementos vasculonervosos, músculos e ossos foi possível expor a área alvo. O cadáver dissecado foi incorporado às monitoras de anatomia do curso de Odontologia e outros cursos da instituição nos semestres 2018.2 e 2019.1, bem como nos semestres seguintes, permitindo que peças que não disponíveis nos laboratórios fossem utilizadas como complemento ao aprendizado em anatomia. Dessa forma, foi possível atingir os objetivos deste estudo, que pode contribuir para o crescimento acadêmico do aluno-monitor, especialmente de habilidades manuais, fundamentais na prática de procedimentos cirúrgicos durante a vida profissional, bem como dos discentes, sendo beneficiados com uma forma mais atrativa de aprendizado. Contudo, isso não é realidade da maioria das instituições brasileiras, onde nota-se carência de dissecações e estudos com peças anatômicas. Por fim, notou-se poucas publicações acerca do tema, o que levou a realização deste estudo. Assim sendo, mais estudos devem ser realizados(AU)


The objective of this study is to describe in a descriptive and qualitative way the experience lived during dissections in the monitoring of human anatomy from the perspective of the student-monitor. The study was based on a bibliographic survey of scientific articles found on the VHL, Scielo and Google Scholar platforms between the years 2014 and 2019. The dissections were carried out after the institution's approval. A male cadaver preserved in 10% formaldehyde was used, the selection of the corpse was carried out based on the integrity and conservation of the head. The focus of the study was the dissection of the TMJ and surrounding regions. After excision of the skin, subcutaneous mesh, vasculonervous elements, muscles and bones, it was possible to expose the target area. The dissected corpse was incorporated into the anatomy monitors of the Dentistry course and other courses of the institution in the semesters 2018.2 and 2019.1, as well as in the following semesters, allowing pieces that were not available in the laboratories to be used as a complement to learning in anatomy. Thus, it was possible to achieve the objectives of this study, which can contribute to the academic growth of the studentmonitor, especially of manual skills, fundamental in the practice of surgical procedures during professional life, as well as of students, being benefited with a more attractive learning. However, this is not the reality of most Brazilian institutions, where there is a lack of dissections and studies with anatomical pieces. Finally, there were few publications on the topic, which led to the realization of this study. Therefore, more studies should be performed(AU)


Subject(s)
Dissection , Anatomy/education , Dissection/education , Education, Dental , Anatomy , Learning
19.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(1): 143-146, 20210000.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178960

ABSTRACT

Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 47 años quien consultó por cuadro de cicatrización tórpida de una lesión cutánea superficial única en hemi-escroto izquierdo. Se procedió a resección biópsica de la lesión con resultado de la anatomía patológica de un Carcinoma Escamoso del tipo Condilomatoso (Warty) el cual confirma su relación con el HPV 16 mediante estudio de inmunohistoquímica. Por ser un caso infrecuente no existe actualmente un consenso sobre el manejo del carcinoma del escroto motivo el cual se realiza una revisión de la literatura y se expone los resultados.


A case of a 47-year-old patient who consulted for torpid healing of skin lesion in left hemi-scrotum is presented. We proceed to resection-biopsy of the lesion and the pathology report informed a warty squamous cell carcinoma (Warty type) and the relationship with HPV 16 is confirmed by immunohistochemical study. As a rare case there is currently no consensus on the management of carcinoma of the scrotum reason that we do a review of the literature and the results are exposed.


Subject(s)
Scrotum , Biopsy , Carcinoma , Human papillomavirus 16 , Immunohistochemistry , Anatomy
20.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 7(1): 31-38, ene.-mar. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380363

ABSTRACT

La Anatomía Humana en la Universidad de Chile, sede Antofagasta, fue el cimiento esencial para dar inicio a la carrera de medicina en 1971, como consecuencia de la Reforma Universitaria, creando las sedes Regionales de la Universidad. Un grupo de médicos-profesores, hijos de familias europeas, de los Balcanes, dictaban las clases en las aulas de ciencias de la salud en varias carreras de esta sede. En la década del 50, se suma a este grupo el médicocirujano Nicolás Triantafilo-Klotza (1922-2008), de ascendencia helénica, quien comienza organizando la asignatura de Patología para luego asumir la Cátedra de Anatomía Humana, siendo su titular hasta el año 1973, formando la "Unidad de Anatomía Humana". La Anatomía Humana era impartida en el anfiteatro del Hospital Regional "Leonardo Guzmán", para todas las carreras de la Salud y algunas carreras del área de Ciencias Sociales. Con la reforma universitaria de los 80 se descentraliza la educación superior estatal chilena, creándose las universidades regionales con autonomía propia. Esto generaría la Universidad de Antofagasta, entre otras, fruto de la fusión, decretada el 10 de marzo de 1981, de la UTE y la Universidad de Chile. La sede que ambas tenían en Antofagasta se transformó en la Universidad de Antofagasta, tal como la conocemos hoy. La carrera de medicina de la Universidad de Antofagasta renace en 1995.


Human Anatomy at the University of Chile, in Antofagasta, was the essential foundation for the beginning of the medical career in 1971, as consequence of the University Reform, creating the Regional branches of the University. A doctors-teachers group, descendent of European families, of the Balkans, were teaching health sciences in various courses at the University. In the 50's, the physician-surgeon Nicolás TriantafiloKlotza (1922-2008), of Greek descent, joined the group. He began organizing the Pathology course and later assumed the Chair of Human Anatomy, being its holder until 1973, forming the "Human Anatomy Unit". Human Anatomy taught in the amphitheater of the Regional Hospital "Leonardo Guzman", for all the careers of Health and some careers in the area of Social Sciences. With the university reform of the 80s, the Chilean state higher education was decentralized, creating regional universities with their own autonomy. This would generate the Universidad de Antofagasta, among others, as result of the merger, decreed on March 10, 1981, of the UTE and the Universidad de Chile. Both headquarters in Antofagasta was transformed into the Universidad de Antofagasta, as we know today. The medical career of the University of Antofagasta was reborn in 1995.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Education, Graduate/methods , History of Medicine , Universities , Human Migration/statistics & numerical data , Hospitals , Anatomy/methods
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