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1.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud. Instituto Nacional de Salud; 2 ed; Ene. 2022. 40 p. ilus.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS, MINSAPERU, INS-PERU | ID: biblio-1353633

ABSTRACT

Las recetas han sido elaboradas para niños de 6 a 8 meses, 9 a 11 meses y 12 a 23 meses considerando la cantidad de alimento de origen animal que necesitan de acuerdo a la edad. Cabe indicar que dichas recetas fueron elaboradas tomando en cuenta un diagnóstico previo recogido en hogares y en mercados locales, a fin de conocer la disponibilidad, el acceso así como los atributos positivos y negativos que las madres asignan a los alimentos que incorporan en la alimentación infantil. Cada una de las recetas ha pasado por un proceso de validación a nivel en los hogares donde las madres han elaborado sus preparaciones, según los alimentos disponibles localmente y con gran valor nutricional, bajo la asesoría de los profesionales nutricionistas proponiendo mejorar o crear receta nuevas


Subject(s)
Cooking , Child Nutrition , Health Promotion , Anemia , Nutritive Value
2.
Rev. baiana saúde pública ; 45(Supl. Especial 2): 130-140, 2021/12/28.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352343

ABSTRACT

O angiossarcoma primário hepático é o tumor mesenquimal mais comum do fígado, representando cerca de 2% das neoplasias malignas primárias do órgão. Esse raro tumor tem sintomas inespecíficos, evolução agressiva e diagnóstico usualmente tardio, com prognóstico reservado mesmo quando tratado. Este trabalho consiste em um relato de caso de um paciente do sexo masculino, de 44 anos, que foi encaminhado à emergência do Hospital Geral Roberto Santos para investigação de quadro de anemia grave sintomática, síndrome consumptiva e hepatoesplenomegalia. Durante investigação laboratorial, evidenciou-se anemia com provável componente microangiopático associado à anemia da doença crônica. As sorologias para doenças virais e baciloscopia do escarro foram negativas. Foram detectados em exames de imagem dois nódulos hepáticos de grandes dimensões, adenomegalias retroperitonais, esplenomegalia de grande monta, volumoso derrame pleural à direita, além de alterações do esqueleto axial e apendicular. Evoluiu com síndrome da lise tumoral após tratamento clínico com corticoterapia por suspeita de linfoma, com óbito. A biópsia guiada por uma tomografia realizada previamente teve como conclusão perfil imuno-histoquímico compatível com angiossarcoma hepático. O angiossarcoma é um raro tumor, de difícil diagnóstico e tratamento, com evolução agressiva e achados clínico-laboratoriais pouco elucidativos, devendo a hipótese desta doença ser considerada no diagnóstico diferencial das neoplasias hepáticas. As opções terapêuticas são limitadas. Relatos de casos como este são de suma importância para o aumento do grau de suspeição clínica e um diagnóstico mais precoce dessa entidade de costumeira evolução catastrófica.


Primary hepatic angiosarcoma is the most common mesenchymal tumor of the liver, representing about 2% of primary hepatic malignancies. This rare tumor has nonspecific symptoms, delayed diagnosis, and aggressive evolution, with a poor prognosis even when treated. This study reports the case of a 44-year-old male patient referred to the emergency department of the Hospital Geral Roberto Santos with symptomatic severe anemia, consumptive syndrome, and hepatosplenomegaly. Laboratory investigation indicated anemia with a probable microangiopathic component and chronic disease anemia. Serology tests for viral diseases returned negative results, as well as sputum smear microscopy for tuberculosis. Imaging exams revealed two large hepatic nodules, retroperitoneal adenomegaly, large splenomegaly, large pleural effusion in the right lung, and bone involvement. After clinical treatment with corticosteroids for suspected lymphoma, the patient evolved with tumor lysis syndrome and died. Tomography-guided liver biopsy was previously performed, indicating an immunohistochemical profile compatible with hepatic angiosarcoma ­ a rare tumor of difficult diagnosis and treatments due to its aggressive evolution and poor clinical and laboratory findings. Considering the nonspecificity of imaging exams, this disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of liver neoplasms investigation. Case reports such as the one described in this study are important for increasing the degree of clinical suspicion and earlier diagnosis of this malignancy.


El angiosarcoma hepático primario es el tumor mesenquimatoso del hígado más común y representa el 2% de las neoplasias malignas primarias del hígado. Este raro tumor presenta una sintomatología inespecífica, diagnóstico tardío y evolución agresiva, con mal pronóstico incluso en tratamiento. Este es un reporte de caso de un hombre de 44 años de edad, que fue remitido al servicio de urgencias del Hospital Geral Roberto Santos para investigar anemia severa sintomática, síndrome de consunción y hepatoesplenomegalia. Durante la investigación de laboratorio, se evidenció anemia con un probable componente microangiopático asociado a anemia por enfermedad crónica. La serología para enfermedades virales resultó negativa, así como la microscopía de frotis de esputo para tuberculosis. Las imágenes revelaron dos grandes nódulos hepáticos, adenomegalia retroperitoneal, gran esplenomegalia, gran derrame pleural en el pulmón derecho, así como afectación del esqueleto axial y apendicular. El paciente evolucionó con síndrome de lisis tumoral tras el tratamiento clínico con corticoides por sospecha de linfoma, y no se resistió. Previamente se realizó biopsia hepática guiada por tomografía con perfil inmunohistoquímico compatible con angiosarcoma hepático. El angiosarcoma es un tumor raro, de difícil diagnóstico y tratamiento por su evolución agresiva y deficientes hallazgos clínicos y de laboratorio. Los exámenes por imágenes son inespecíficos y la posibilidad de esta enfermedad debe considerarse en el diagnóstico diferencial de la investigación de neoplasias hepáticas. Las opciones terapéuticas son limitadas. Reportes de casos como este son importantes para incrementar el grado de sospecha clínica y el diagnóstico precoz de este tipo de evolución catastrófica habitual.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Tumor Lysis Syndrome , Research Report , Anemia , Hemangiosarcoma , Liver , Liver Neoplasms
3.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(supl.3): 5329-5350, Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345741

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivou-se descrever as principais complicações clínicas em gestantes brasileiras relatadas na literatura, identificando os fatores de exposição mais relevantes e seus desfechos na saúde materno-infantil. Foi realizada uma revisão sistemática de artigos publicados entre 2010 e 2018. Foram incluídos três revisões e 36 artigos empíricos; transtornos mentais (n=9), doenças infecciosas (n=9) e morbidade materna grave (n=8) foram as principais complicações clínicas na gravidez. Ainda, quatro artigos enfocaram a determinação das principais afecções ou causas de internação, citando-se com maiores frequências a Infecção do Trato Urinário, a anemia e as doenças hipertensivas. Idade materna nos extremos reprodutivos, menor escolaridade, vulnerabilidade socioeconômica, características raciais e uso de serviços públicos de saúde foram os fatores de exposição mais relevantes. Resultados de saúde desfavoráveis associados a complicações clínicas na gravidez foram verificados nos oito artigos com esse perfil. A frequência de gestantes com complicações clínicas potenciais de ameaça à vida é elevada no país, evidenciando a importância da cobertura da atenção básica e a implantação de intervenções para sua redução e prevenção de desfechos maternos e infantis adversos.


Abstract The scope of this paper was to describe the main clinical complications among pregnant Brazilian women reported in the literature, identifying the most relevant exposure factors and their outcomes in maternal and child health. This is a systematic review of articles published between 2010 and 2018. Three reviews and 36 empirical articles were included; mental disorders (n=9), infectious diseases (n=9) and severe maternal morbidity (n=8) were the main clinical complications during pregnancy. In addition, four articles focused on determining the main conditions or causes of hospitalization, with a higher frequency of Urinary Tract Infection, anemia and hypertensive diseases. Maternal age at reproductive extremes, lower schooling, socioeconomic vulnerability, racial characteristics and the use of public health services were the most relevant exposure factors. Unfavorable health outcomes associated with clinical complications in pregnancy were verified in the eight articles with this profile. The frequency of pregnant women with potential life-threatening clinical complications is high in the country, highlighting the importance of primary care coverage and the implementation of interventions to reduce and prevent adverse maternal and child outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Child , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology , Anemia , Pregnant Women , Educational Status , Hospitalization
4.
Cuad. Hosp. Clín ; 62(1): 111-118, jun. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284364

ABSTRACT

La importancia de la investigación científica referida a la definición de la anemia por deficiencia de hierro en altitud, se relaciona con los hallazgos de los estudios realizados y que permiten avanzar al conocimiento científico, en poblaciones vulnerables, siendo que están dirigidos a mejorar la salud pública e influir en políticas de salud. Se presenta el análisis y reflexión de una innovadora modalidad para nuestro medio de altitud, basada en la suplementación con hierro y folatos para definir anemia en la población estudiada, situación que difiere de investigaciones previas sobre el tema en nuestro contexto de altitud. Estos estudios han tenido un escrutinio intenso de parte de los revisores que han valorado las publicaciones sobre anemia ferropénica a gran altitud. La claridad de los diseños de ensayos clínicos formales y controlados aleatorizados, pertinentes en tiempo y necesarios por su importancia fueron realizados, en regiones de altitud de Bolivia. La falta de reconocimiento por terceros de este nivel de evidencia logrado, equivaldría a sustituirlos por estudios de ensayos no formales y no controlados, es decir seguir aplicando diseños de tipo observacional, con contrastación teórica y lógica que solo incrementan el estado de incertidumbre sobre el tema en Bolivia. El sumario presentado de la historia sobre la anemia ferropénica en regiones de altitud en Bolivia nos permite reflexiones importantes, a saber: 1. Es importante resaltar, como claro ejemplo, que la observación simple puede llevar a la incertidumbre y lo costoso de sus consecuencias futuras por la persistencia de la anemia ferropénica en poblaciones de altitud, más aún si se mantiene el posible manejo de prueba y error en resultados difundidos. 2. Se demuestra la necesidad de los controles en la investigación científica, y finalmente 3. Los ensayos clínicos controlados aleatorizados son la mejor fuente de evidencia confiable.


The importance of scientific research related to the definition of iron deficiency anemia at altitude is related to the findings of the studies carried out and that allow advancing scientific knowledge, in vulnerable populations, being that they are aimed at improving public health and influence health policies. The analysis and reflection of an innovative modality for our altitude environment is presented, based on supplementation with iron and folates to define anemia in the studied population, a situation that differs from previous research on the subject in our altitude context. These studies have received intense scrutiny from reviewers who have evaluated the publications on high altitude iron deficiency anemia. The clarity of the designs of formal and randomized controlled clinical trials, pertinent in time and necessary due to their importance, were carried out in highland regions of Bolivia. The lack of recognition by third parties of this level of evidence achieved, would be equivalent to replacing them with studies of non-formal and uncontrolled trials, that is, to continue applying observational designs, with theoretical and logical contrast that only increase the state of uncertainty on the subject in Bolivia. The summary presented of the history of iron deficiency anemia in high-altitude regions of Bolivia allows us important reflections, namely: 1. It is important to highlight, as a clear example, that simple observation can lead to uncertainty and the cost of its future consequences due to the persistence of iron deficiency anemia in high altitude populations, even more so if the possible trial and error management is maintained in disseminated results. 2. The need for controls in scientific research is demonstrated, and finally 3. Randomized controlled clinical trials are the best source of reliable evidence.


Subject(s)
Iron Deficiency , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency , Altitude , Anemia
5.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(1): 187-195, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250691

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to determine the relationship between maternal hemoglobin (HbM) per gestational trimester and birthweight (BW). Methods: this was an analytical, cross-sectional observational study that included the prenatal records of494 pregnant women who delivered live newborns in the Department of Antioquia. The maternal health data collected included HbM and BW, and gynecological and obstetric, anthropometric, and maternal health-related data. The Mann-Whitney U test was applied, supplemented by effect size (ES) to compare the study groups. Results: HbMin the third trimester was significantly associated with BW (p=0.029).It showed a significant effect size on BW as follows: first trimester: ES=0.44 (CI95%= 0.183-0.697); second trimester: ES=0.49 (CI95%= 0.187-0.79); and third trimester: ES=0.43 (CI95% = 0.202-0.658). Maternal anemia was 4.2%>, 11.2%, and 21.4%> in the first, second, and third trimester, respectively. Conclusions: as it is an inexpensive indicator and easy to determine, the timely monitoring and assessment of HbM is required owing to its importance in maternal and neonatal health, quality of life, and human capital development.


Resumen Objetivos: determinar la relación entre hemoglobina materna (HbM) por trimestre de gestación y peso al nacer (PN). Métodos: estudio observacional analítico, transversal, en 494 historias prenatales de gestantes con recién nacido vivo del departamento de Antioquia. Se tomaron datos de HbMy PN, ginecobstétricos, antropométricos y de salud materna. Para comparar los grupos de estudio, se aplicó la prueba U-Mann Whitney, complementada con el tamaño de efecto (ES). Resultados: la HbM de tercer trimestre se asoció significativamente con el PN (p=0,029); la HbM mostró un tamaño de efecto importante sobre el PN, así: primer trimestre: ES=0,44 (IC95%= 0,183 a 0,697); segundo trimestre: ES=0,49 (IC95%= 0,187 a 0,79); tercer trimestre: ES=0,43 (IC95%o= 0,202 a 0,658). La anemia materna fue 4,2°%, 11,2%o y 21,4°% en el primero, segundo y tercer trimestre, respectivamente. Conclusiones: Se necesita seguimiento y evaluación oportuna de la HbM, indicador de bajo costo y fácil determinación, por su importancia en la salud materna y neonatal, en la calidad de vida y desarrollo del capital humano.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy Trimesters , Birth Weight , Hemoglobins/analysis , Risk Factors , Anemia/blood , Socioeconomic Factors , Nutritional Status , Colombia
6.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(1): e924, ene.-mar. 2021. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251758

ABSTRACT

La anemia es un mal endémico en el mundo que afecta a 1620 millones de personas equivalente a 24,8 por ciento de la población, según la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) y que afecta más a niños en edad preescolar (47 por ciento).El Perú no es ajeno a esta realidad, en el 2018, el 46,6 por ciento de niños menores de 3 años padecía de anemia según la Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar (ENDES)(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Population , Family Health , Minors , Anemia
7.
Arch. med ; 21(1): 165-181, 2021/01/03.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1148442

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la anemia es un problema de salud pública en países desarrollados y no desarrollados; esta entidad tiene repercusiones en el desarrollo socioeconómico de las comunidades y, especialmente, en la salud de embarazadas, niños y jóvenes. Objetivo: describir los aspectos generales del síndrome anémico, sus presentaciones más frecuentes y el estado del arte de dicha problemática en el suroccidente colombiano. Método: se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica con un lapso de 30 años (1990-2020) en Medline, Google Scholar, Lilacs y Redalyc, para revisar los conceptos generales del síndrome anémico, anemia por déficit de hierro, anemia megaloblástica, anemia hemolítica y anemia de células falciformes, en función de la etiología, epidemiología, manifestaciones clínicas, diagnóstico y pronóstico. Resultados: el síndrome anémico es una entidad frecuente en varias regiones de Colombia, con alta carga epidemiológica, complicaciones y pronóstico importantes. Se realizó la descripción general de las presentaciones más frecuentes del síndrome anémico. Conclusión: hacen falta estudios para todas las regiones del país, particularmente, en el suroccidente colombiano..Au


Introduction: anemia is a public health problem both in developed and undeveloped countries; this entity has repercussions in socioeconomic development of communities and, especially, compromises pregnant women, children and young people health. Objective: to describe the general aspects of anemia syndrome, its most frequent presentations and the state of the art of this problem in southwestern Colombia. Methods: a literature search with a span of 30 years (1990-2020) was performed in Medline, Google Scholar, Lilacs and Redalyc databases, in order to describe the general concepts of anemic syndrome, iron deficiency anemia, megaloblastic anemia, hemolytic anemia and sickle cell anemia, regarding on its etiology, epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and prognosis. Results: anemic syndrome is a frequent entity in several Colombian regions, with high epidemiological burden, complications and important prognoses. The general description of the most frequent presentations of anemia syndrome was made. Conclusion: additional studies are required for each region, particularly in southwestern Colombia..Au


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemia
8.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1292636

ABSTRACT

Introduction: La COVID-19 est une zoonose virale causée par la souche de coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. Vue la rapidité de sa propagation, l'OMS a qualifié cette maladie infectieuse émergente de pandémie internationale. L'objectif de notre étude est de décrire les caractéristiques hématologiques des patients atteints de COVID-19 hospitalisés au niveau du CHU d'Oran en Algérie. Patients et méthodes : Il s'agit d'une étude prospective menée entre le 1er Juillet et le 15 Octobre 2020 ayant inclus des patients hospitalisés et/ou suivis au niveau des unités COVID-19 du CHU Oran en Algérie. La numération de formule sanguine a été faite sur un automate Mindray BC ­ 6800. Résultats : Notre étude a inclus 68 patients dont 67,2% de sexe masculin et 32,8% de sexe féminin (sexe ratio H/F = 2) avec une médiane d'âge de 65 ans. Les bilans ont révélé une anémie chez 38,2 % des patients. Une hyperleucocytose (62,2%), une hyperneutrophilie (72,1%), une lymphopénie (66,2%) ,Une éosinopénie (58,8%), une monocytopénie (08,8%), une monocytose (20,6%), une thrombopénie (20,6%), une thrombocytose (14,7%), un VPM (Volume Plaquettaire Moyen) élevé dans 27,9% des cas et un IDP (Indice de Distribution Plaquettaire) élevé chez tous les patients. On constate aussi que 85% des patients âgés de plus de 50 ans ont un NLR ≥ 3,13. Conclusion : Certains paramètres tels que la lymphopénie et l'éosinopénie présentent une valeur diagnostique importante, alors que d'autres paramètres tels que le NLR (Neutrophils-to-lymphocytes ratio), le MLR (Monocyte -to-lymphocytes ratio) et le PLR (Platelet-to-lymphocytes ratio) offrent une valeur pronostique très précieuse.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Algeria , Hematologic Tests , Inpatients , Anemia
9.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06575, 2021. tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-1250486

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to report the hematological and biochemical changes caused by conventional and metronomic chemotherapies, using vincristine sulfate to treat canine Transmissible Venereal Tumor (TVT). Twelve dogs were selected, six of them for the group receiving conventional chemotherapy (G1), and six dogs for the group receiving metronomic chemotherapy (G2). The G1 group received vincristine sulfate once a week at the dose of 0.75mg/m² until the tumor had disappeared with treatment, and the G2 group was treated with vincristine sulfate three times a week at the dose of 0.25mg/m2 until the tumor had disappeared. Before and after chemotherapy treatment, hematological and biochemical blood tests were performed to evaluate the main alterations caused by both chemotherapeutic models. Dogs undergoing conventional chemotherapy had significant leukocyte changes (p<0.05), causing neutropenia and leukopenia. In dogs undergoing metronomic chemotherapy, leukocytes remained within the reference range. Half of the dogs in group G1 had normochromic, normocytic anemia. The only biochemical alteration observed was the increase of urea in group G2. Thus, metronomic chemotherapy for the treatment of TVT with vincristine sulfate proved to be an excellent method for treatment, with fewer adverse effects, especially in maintaining the leukogram of dogs within normal range and reducing the number of anemia in animals during treatment.(AU)


Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo relatar as alterações hematológicas e bioquímicas causadas pelo tratamento quimioterápico convencional e pela quimioterapia metronômica, utilizando-se sulfato de vincristina para o tratamento do tumor venéreo transmissível canino(TVTC). Foram selecionados 12 cães, sendo seis para o grupo que recebeu quimioterapia convencional (G1) e seis cães para o grupo que recebeu quimioterapia metronômica (G2). O grupo G1 recebeu sulfato de vincristina, uma vez por semana, na dose de 0,75mg/m2, até o desaparecimento do tumor e o grupo G2 foi tratado com sulfato de vincristina, três vezes por semana, na dose de 0,25mg/m2, até o desaparecimento do tumor. Antes e após o tratamento quimioterápico foram realizados exames hematológicos e bioquímicos sanguíneos para avaliação das principais alterações causadas pelos dois modelos quimioterápicos. Os cães submetidos à quimioterapia convencional tiveram alterações leucocitárias significativas (p<0,05), causando uma leucopenia por neutropenia enquanto nos cães, submetidos à quimioterapia metronômica, os leucócitos mantiveram-se dentro do intervalo de referência. A metade dos cães do grupo G1 tiveram uma anemia do tipo normocítica normocrômica. A única alteração bioquímica observada foi o aumento da ureia no grupo G2. Desta forma, a quimioterapia metronômica para o tratamento do TVT com sulfato de vincristina, demonstrou ser um excelente método para a cura do animal, com menores reduções de efeitos adversos, sobretudo, na manutenção do leucograma dos cães e na redução de animais com anemia.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Venereal Tumors, Veterinary , Vincristine/analogs & derivatives , Biochemistry/methods , Hematologic Tests/veterinary , Anemia , Leukopenia , Neoplasms , Urea , Dogs/blood , Drug Therapy
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880332

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Tuberculosis is a major public health problem caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, occurring predominantly in population with low socioeconomic status. It is the second most common cause of death from infectious diseases. Tuberculosis becomes a double burden among anemic patients. Anemia increases an individual's susceptibility to infectious diseases including tuberculosis by reducing the immunity level. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine whether anemia is a risk factor for tuberculosis.@*METHOD@#Relevant published articles were searched in electronic databases like PubMed, Google Scholar, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library using the following MeSH terms: risk factor, predictors, tuberculosis, TB, Anaemia, Anemia, hemoglobin, Hgb, and Hb. Articles written in the English, observational studies conducted on the incidence/prevalence of tuberculosis among anemic patients, or papers examined anemia as risk factors for tuberculosis were included. From those studies meeting eligibility criteria, the first author's name, publication year, study area, sample size and age of participants, study design, and effect measure of anemia for tuberculosis were extracted. The data were entered using Microsoft Excel and exported to Stata version 11 for analysis. The random-effects model was applied to estimate the pooled OR and HR, and 95% CI. The sources of heterogeneity were tested by Cochrane I-squared statistics. The publication bias was assessed using Egger's test statistics.@*RESULTS@#A total of 17 articles with a 215,294 study participants were included in the analysis. The odd of tuberculosis among anemic patients was 3.56 (95% CI 2.53-5.01) times higher than non-anemic patients. The cohort studies showed that the HR of tuberculosis was 2.01 (95% CI 1.70-2.37) times higher among anemic patients than non-anemic patients. The hazard of tuberculosis also increased with anemia severity (HR 1.37 (95% CI 0.92-2.05), 2.08 (95% CI 1.14-3.79), and 2.66 (95% CI 1.71-4.13) for mild, moderate, and severe anemia, respectively).@*CONCLUSION@#According to the current systematic review and meta-analysis, we can conclude that anemia was a risk factor for tuberculosis. Therefore, anemia screening, early diagnose, and treatment should be provoked in the community to reduce the burden of tuberculosis.


Subject(s)
Anemia/etiology , Humans , Risk Factors , Tuberculosis/epidemiology
11.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 40(supl.1): e878, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289478

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La anemia drepanocítica es una anomalía genética hereditaria de la hemoglobina, que se caracteriza por la presencia de glóbulos rojos que pierden su forma redonda característica y adquieren forma de hoz. Aunque aún no tiene cura definitiva, se desarrollan varias acciones con el propósito de mejorar la calidad de vida y la atención médica a los pacientes. Objetivos: Conocer los aspectos referidos al análisis automatizado de formas en eritrocitos en los últimos años y proporcionar una visión en el caso de la drepanocitosis, que permita determinar las limitaciones actuales, principalmente para el empleo de herramientas automatizadas en el seguimiento clínico de pacientes con esta enfermedad. Método: Se realizó la revisión sistemática de la literatura de los años 2018, 2019 y dos aportes del 2020, en tres bases de datos electrónicas de amplio alcance: IEEEXplore, Google Scholar y SCOPUS. Los documentos se analizaron teniendo en cuenta preguntas específicas para obtener criterios generales sobre la situación de interés. Conclusiones: Los análisis realizados revelan un volumen creciente de investigaciones en este campo, con resultados de varios países. El examen detallado de las investigaciones permitió identificar problemas referidos a las métricas de evaluación empleadas, a los algoritmos para el análisis y procesamiento de imágenes, empleo del criterio médico, bases de datos empleadas y, herramientas para el análisis automático de formas de eritrocitos(AU)


Introduction: Sickle-cell anemia is a genetic hereditary anomaly of hemoglobin characterized by red blood cells that lose their normal round morphology and acquire a sickle shape. Although no cure is so far available, several actions are in progress to improve the quality of life and medical care of patients. Objective: Become acquainted with aspects related to the automated morphological analysis of erythrocytes in recent years, particularly in the context of sickle-cell anemia, allowing to determine the current limitations, mainly in the use of automated tools for the clinical follow-up of sickle-cell anemia patients. Methods: A systematic review was conducted of the literature published in the years 2018, 2019, and two contributions from 2020, in three broad scope electronic databases: IEEEXplore, Google Scholar and SCOPUS. The documents were analyzed on the basis of specific questions to obtain general criteria about the situation of interest. Conclusions: The analysis conducted revealed a growing volume of research in this field, with results in several countries. Detailed examination of the studies led to identification of problems related to the evaluation metrics used, the algorithms for the analysis and processing of images, the use of medical criteria, the databases used and tools for the automated morphological analysis of erythrocytes(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Sickle Cell Trait/genetics , Algorithms , Erythrocytes/metabolism , Genetics , Anemia
12.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 37(9): e00122520, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339552

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se avaliar a evolução da prevalência de anemia em crianças quilombolas de Alagoas, Brasil. Trata-se de uma análise descritiva comparando resultados de dois inquéritos domiciliares (2008; n = 950 e 2018; n = 426), envolvendo amostra das crianças de 6 a 59 meses. A anemia foi diagnosticada com hemoglobina < 110g/L (HemoCue). As prevalências entre os dois inquéritos foram descritas percentualmente e pela razão de prevalência (RP) e intervalo de 95% de confiança (IC95%), calculados por regressão de Poisson. As prevalências de anemia em 2008 e 2018 foram, respectivamente, 53% (IC95%: 49,8-56,1) e 38% (IC95%: 33,4-42,6), configurando um declínio de 28,3% (RP = 0,72; IC95%: 0,63-0,82). Crianças de 6 a 24 meses foram mais acometidas do que aquelas de 25 a 59 meses, tanto em 2008 (72% vs. 44%) como em 2018 (54,8% vs. 28,3%). Houve redução de prevalência em ambas as faixas etárias (23,9% e 35,7%, respectivamente). Essa redução mais pronunciada nas crianças mais velhas fez que as mais jovens passassem a ter quase o dobro da prevalência vista nas de maior idade (RP = 1,94; IC95%: 1,53-2,46). Conclui-se que houve declínio expressivo da prevalência de anemia durante o período avaliado, persistindo, porém, como relevante problema de saúde pública, sobretudo entre as crianças de 6 a 24 meses. As crianças avaliadas sobrevivem em grande vulnerabilidade social, evidenciando-se que, para promover a saúde dessa população, não são suficientes ações no âmbito da saúde pública. Gestores e profissionais de saúde devem estar atentos aos dados aqui apresentados, visando à implementação de medidas para enfrentamento das iniquidades sociais e de saúde que contribuem para maior vulnerabilidade desse grupo étnico-racial.


The study aimed to assess trends in the prevalence of anemia in children from quilombos (maroon communities) in Alagoas State, Brazil. This was a descriptive study comparing the results of two household surveys (2008; n = 950 and 2018; n = 426), involving a sample of children from 6 to 59 months of age. Anemia was diagnosed as hemoglobin < 110g/L (HemoCue). Prevalence rates between the two surveys were described by percentage and by prevalence ratio (PR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI), calculated by Poisson regression. Prevalence rates for anemia in 2008 and 2018 were 53% (95%CI: 49.8-56.1) and 38% (95%CI: 33.4-42.6), respectively, or a decrease of 28.3% (RP = 0.72; 95%CI: 0.63-0.82). Children 6 to 24 months of age had higher anemia rates than those 25 to 59 months of age, both in 2008 (72% vs. 44%) and in 2018 (54.8% vs. 28.3%). There was a reduction in prevalence in both age brackets (23.9% and 35.7%, respectively). This sharper decline in older children meant that younger children had nearly double the prevalence rate compared to older children (PR = 1.94; 95%CI: 1.53-2.46). In conclusion, there was a major decline in prevalence of anemia during the period studied, but anemia persisted as a relevant public health problem, especially in children 6 to 24 months of age. The children in the sample are exposed to harsh social vulnerabilities, evidencing that health promotion for this population requires more than actions in the public health sphere itself. Healthcare workers and administrators should be alert to the data presented here, aimed at implementation of measures to confront the social and health iniquities that contribute to greater vulnerability in this ethnic-racial group.


El objetivo fue evaluar la evolución de la prevalencia de anemia en niños quilombolas de Alagoas, Brasil. Se trata de un análisis descriptivo, comparando resultados de dos encuestas domiciliarias (2008; n = 950 y 2018; n = 426), implicando en la muestra a niños de 6 a 59 meses. La anemia se diagnosticó con hemoglobina < 110g/L (HemoCue). Las prevalencias entre los dos cuestionarios fueron descritas porcentualmente y por la razón de prevalencia (RP) e intervalo de 95% de confianza (IC95%), calculados por regresión de Poisson. Las prevalencias de anemia en 2008 y 2018 fueron, respectivamente, 53% (IC95%: 49,8-56,1) y 38% (IC95%: 33,4-42,6), configurando un declive de un 28,3% (RP = 0,72; IC95%: 0,63-0,82). Los niños de 6 a 24 meses estuvieron más afectados que aquellos de 25 a 59 meses, tanto en 2008 (72% vs. 44%), como en 2018 (54,8% vs. 28,3%). Hubo una reducción de prevalencia en ambas franjas etarias (23,9% y 35,7%, respectivamente). Esta reducción más pronunciada en niños mayores provocó que los más jóvenes pasasen a tener casi el doble de la prevalencia, vista en aquellos de mayor edad (RP = 1,94; IC95%: 1,53-2,46). Se concluye que hubo un declive expresivo de la prevalencia de anemia durante el período evaluado, persistiendo, no obstante, como un relevante problema de salud pública, sobre todo entre los niños de 6 a 24 meses. Los niños evaluados sobreviven bajo una gran vulnerabilidad social, evidenciándose que para la promoción de la salud de esa población no son suficientes acciones en el ámbito de la salud pública. Gestores y profesionales de salud deben estar atentos a los datos aquí presentados, con el fin de implementar medidas para enfrentar las inequidades sociales y de salud que contribuyen a una mayor vulnerabilidad de ese grupo étnico-racial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Anemia/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Hemoglobins , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies
13.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e085, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1285720

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence, type and severity of anemia at the time of diagnosis of oral cancer, and its potential association with the degree of tumor cell differentiation. This case-control study used 366 medical records of patients treated at two referral centers for oral cancer diagnosis, specifically: cases (n=70) with a histopathological diagnosis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) of the oral cavity, and controls (n=296) with benign oral lesions. Sociodemographic, behavioral, and clinical variables of both groups, as well as complete blood count values, were analyzed by descriptive statistics and crude/adjusted logistic regression. Anemia was detected in 15.7% of the cases and 11.8% of the controls. The presence of anemia had an OR=1.64 (odds ratio) (95%CI 0.54-5.00) for OSCC, with no significantly statistical association. Normocytic anemia was the most prevalent form of anemia when oral cancer was diagnosed (91.4% of the controls and 72.7% of the cases), and moderate to severely low hemoglobin levels were associated with OSCC diagnosis (OR 6.49; 95%CI 1.18-35.24), albeit data on hematological examinations were missing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mouth Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Anemia/etiology , Anemia/epidemiology , Case-Control Studies
14.
Rev. Hosp. Clin. Univ. Chile ; 32(3): 187-192, 2021. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353082

ABSTRACT

Background: Anaemia and transfusions are frequent in critically ill patients and there are avoidable causes such as routine laboratory tests. Patients and methods: Descriptive study during one continuous week including patients over 18-years old in a medical-surgical ICU. Results: 18 patients were included during a week in 12 beds in our unit, median age 62,5 years, 50% male. Median daily blood loss was 35ml, 45% in laboratory samples and 27% related to renal replacement therapy. 3 patients required 1 transfusion of red blood cells. Conclusions: There is a pattern of continuous blood loss in critically ill patients, primarily in routine laboratory tests. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Hemorrhage/etiology , Intensive Care Units , Blood Transfusion , Hemorrhage/epidemiology , Anemia/complications
15.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 48(4): e202, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1144313

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Surgical site infection (SSI) is among the most common healthcare-related infections. Given their greater morbidity and surgical complexity, patients undergoing major surgery are exposed to a high risk of SSI. Objective: To determine the incidence of SSI in adult patients undergoing major elective non-cardiac surgery, and to identify risk factors associated with its occurrence within the first 30 days after surgery. Methods: An analytical study was designed on the basis of a prospective institutional registry. Clinical and laboratory variables associated with perioperative management were recorded. An active search was conducted in order to find SSI episodes, renal failure and multiple organ dysfunction during the first 30 days after surgery. Adjusted logistic regression was done to identify potential associations between risk factors and the development of SSI. Results: Overall, 1501 patients were included. The incidence of SSI during the first 30 days after surgery was 6.72% (95% CI 5.57-8.11). ASA III, abdominal surgery and longer procedures were more frequent in the SSI group. Association with the occurrence of SSI was documented for preoperative hemoglobin levels (adjusted OR 0.79 [95% CI 0.72-0.88], p = 0.04), intraoperative transfusion (adjusted OR 2,47 [95% CI 1.16-5.27], p = 0.02) and major blood loss (adjusted OR 3.80 [95% CI 1.63-8.88], p = 0.04). Conclusion: Preoperative hemoglobin level, intraoperative transfusion and major bleeding are independent risk factors associated with the occurrence of SSI in adult patients undergoing major elective non-cardiac surgery.


Resumen Introducción: La infección del sitio operatorio (ISO) ocupa los primeros lugares entre las infecciones asociadas a la atención en salud. Con una mayor morbilidad y complejidad quirúrgica, los pacientes de cirugía mayor están expuestos a un alto riesgo de ISO. Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia de ISO en pacientes adultos sometidos a cirugía mayor electiva no cardiaca e identificar factores de riesgo relacionados con su aparición durante los primeros 30 días postoperatorios. Métodos: Se diseñó un estudio analítico a partir de un registro institucional prospectivo. Se registraron variables clínicas y de laboratorio relacionadas con el manejo perioperatorio. Se realizó una búsqueda activa de episodios de ISO, sepsis, falla renal y disfunción multiorgánica durante los primeros 30 días postoperatorios. Las potenciales asociaciones entre factores de riesgo y el desarrollo de ISO fueron identificadas mediante regresión logística ajustada. Resultados: Se incluyeron 1.501 pacientes. La incidencia de ISO durante los 30 días postoperatorios fue de 6,72 % [IC 95 % 5,57-8,11). El estado ASA III, la cirugía abdominal y los procedimientos de duración prolongada fueron más frecuentes en el grupo ISO. Se documentó asociación con la ocurrencia de ISO para los niveles de hemoglobina preoperatoria (OR ajustado 0,79 [IC 95 % 0,72-0,88], p = 0,04), transfusión intraoperatoria (OR ajustado 2,47 [IC 95 % 1,16-5,27], p = 0,02) y sangrado mayor intraoperatorio (OR ajustado 3,80 [IC 95 % 1,63-8,88], p = 0,04). Conclusiones: El nivel de hemoglobina preoperatoria, la transfusión intraoperatoria y el sangrado mayor son factores de riesgo asociados de forma independiente a la ocurrencia de ISO en pacientes adultos llevados a cirugía mayor electiva no cardiaca.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Surgical Wound Infection , Hemorrhage , Blood , Risk Factors , Sepsis , Infections , Anemia
16.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 26(2): 154-156, jul.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1150023

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los linfomas de células T son infrecuentes y se caracterizan por presentarse en la población de los adultos jóvenes. Además, suele acompañarse de patologías como la anemia moderada, hepatoesplenomegalia y trombocitopenia e infiltración sinusoidal por linfocitos T en células de médula ósea, bazo e hígado. Caso clínico: Se presenta un caso clínico de un adolescente que tiene los síntomas característicos de esta patología, con sospecha clínica y diagnóstico paraclínico confirmado con histoquímica de médula ósea. Conclusión: Es una entidad infrecuente de pronóstico desfavorable, hasta el momento el paciente está estable recibiendo tratamiento. Para utilizar el enfoque adecuado en el diagnóstico y brindar tratamiento, es necesario considerar todos los hallazgos clínicos.


Abstract Introduction: T-cell lymphomas are uncommon; these tend to be present in young adult patients. Additionally, this condition is characterized by the existence of pathologies like moderate anemia, hepatosplenomegaly disorder, thrombocytopenia and sinusoidal infiltration by T-Lymphocytes in bone marrow cells, spleen and liver. In this study a case of this rare lymphoma is going to be presented. Case report: A clinical case of an adolescent who presents the characteristic symptoms of this pathology is exposed. This clinical suspicion held a paraclinical diagnosis that was confirmed by histochemistry of bone marrow tests. Conclusion: It is an infrequent condition with an unfavorable prognosis. Until now the patient remains stable and is receiving treatment, the clinical findings of the disease raise awareness about the importance of carrying out the appropriate diagnosis procedures and providing treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Splenomegaly , Thrombocytopenia , Bone Marrow Cells , T-Lymphocytes , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Hepatomegaly , Spleen , Therapeutics , Bone Marrow , Anemia , Liver
17.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 24(3): 197-202, set-dez. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129434

ABSTRACT

Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa de literatura, construída a partir de publicações científicas nacionais e internacionais publicadas entre 2008 e 2018, que versassem sobre os fatores obstétricos de risco na gestação de mulheres adolescentes. Os descritores empregados nesta busca foram: "gravidez na adolescência" AND "gravidez de alto risco" AND "cuidado pré-natal". A estratégia de busca convergeu em 202 resultados e após recorte temporal investigativo resultaram 48 publicações. Realizou-se leitura criteriosa dos títulos e resumos quanto aos critérios de elegibilidade, resultando em 19 artigos na íntegra que foram analisados e discutidos. A identificação dos fatores obstétricos agravantes na gestação de adolescentes demostra que existe fragilidade no atendimento a esse grupo. Número de consultas pré-natais inadequadas, baixa escolaridade, desemprego, escassez no uso de métodos contraceptivos e preventivos, foram manifestados na demanda das adolescentes.


This is an integrative literature review, built from national and international scientific publications published between 2008 and 2018, dealing with obstetric risk factors in the pregnancy of adolescent women. The descriptors used in this search were: "Pregnancy in Adolescence" AND "Pregnancy, High-Risk" AND "Prenatal Care". The search strategy found 202 results, and after the cut in the investigative period, a total of 48 publications were selected. A careful reading of the titles and abstracts regarding the eligibility criteria was performed, resulting in 19 articles in total to be analyzed and discussed. The identification of aggravating obstetric factors in the gestation of adolescents shows that there is fragility in caring for this group. The number of inadequate prenatal consultations, low schooling level, unemployment, and the lack of use of contraceptive and preventive methods were manifested in the demand of adolescents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy in Adolescence , Obstetrics , Prenatal Care , Pregnancy , Adolescent Behavior , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Contraception , Abortion , Reproductive Tract Infections , Anemia
18.
Rev. moçamb. ciênc. saúde ; 6(1): 8-13, Out. 2020. Tab, ilus, graf
Article in Portuguese | RSDM, AIM | ID: biblio-1343979

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Moçambique é um dos países endémicos à malária. Em 2011, a estimativa de prevalência desta doença era de 40­80% em crianças dos 2­9 anos e 90% em crianças menores de 5 anos. Estas altas prevalências podem ser devido à dificuldade das crianças em desenvolverem uma resposta imune eficaz. São necessários mais estudos para entender a resposta imune nestas crianças. Este estudo teve como objectivo descrever as características imuno-hematológicas em crianças menores de 15 anos infectadas por Plasmodium falciparum. Metodologia: Foram recrutadas crianças de 2-15 anos, infectadas por P. falciparum. Em cada criança, cujo tutor legal consentiu que participasse no estudo, colheu-se 5 ml de sangue venoso para um tubo com anticoagulante K3EDTA. O sangue foi usado para a contagem automática de células por citometria de fluxo. Os resultados foram agrupados por idade, dos 2-8 anos e 9-15 anos. Resultados: Das 50 crianças incluídas no estudo, 84% tinham idades entre os 2-8 anos, 70% do sexo masculino e 4% com serologia positiva para HIV. O nível de hemoglobina foi mais elevado no grupo de 9-15 anos (10,3g/dL) em relação ao grupo de 2-8 anos (8,7g/dL). A contagem absoluta de linfócitos T-CD4 foi maior no grupo de 2-8 anos (819 cél./µl). A activação celular não apresentou diferenças entre os grupos. Conclusão: A maioria dos casos de malária e anemia aguda foi observada em crianças dos 2 aos 8 anos, predominantemente do sexo masculino. Os valores absolutos de linfócitos foram mais elevados nas crianças dos 2-8 anos, mas os valores percentuais linfocitários não diferiram entre os grupos.


Introduction: Mozambique is one of the endemic countries to malaria. In 2011, the estimated prevalence of this disease was 40­80% in children aged from 2­9 years and 90% in children under 5 years. These high rates may be due to the difficulty of children in building an effective immune response. Further studies are needed to understand the immune response mounted by children in the presence of Plasmodium. This study aimed to describe the immuno-haematological characteristics of children under 15 years infected with Plasmodium falciparum. Methodology: Children aged from 2-15 years, infected with P. falciparum, were recruited for the study. In each child, whose legal guardian consented to take part of the study, was collected 5 ml of venous blood to a K3EDTA anticoagulant tube. The samples were tested using automatic full blood cell counting and flow cytometry. The results were grouped by age, 2-8 years and 9-15 years. Results: From the 50 children included in the study, 84% were aged 2-8 years, 70% were male and 4% were HIV positive. The haemoglobin level was higher in the 9-15 year old group (10.3g/dL) compared to the 2-8 year old group (8.7g/dL). The absolute T-CD4 lymphocytes levels were higher in the 2-8 year old group (819 cells/µl). The T-CD8 lymphocytes activations levels were similar in both groups. Conclusion: The majority of the children attended in the Paediatric Emergency who diagnosed malaria were 2 to 8 years old. These children were predominantly male and presented acute anaemia. The absolute T-CD4 and T-CD8 lymphocytes levels were higher in children aged 2-8 years, but the percentage levels of lymphocytes did not differ between groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child , Plasmodium falciparum , Lymphocytes , Child , Malaria , Lymphocyte Activation , Prevalence , Flow Cytometry , Vector Borne Diseases , Host-Parasite Interactions , Anemia
19.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 54(3): 279-284, set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130602

ABSTRACT

El azúcar de mesa, que se obtiene de la caña de azúcar, es el edulcorante más utilizado en la elaboración de los alimentos. El azúcar es importante en la obtención de energía, es necesario para la síntesis de ácidos grasos, de ácidos nucleicos, evita el estrés oxidativo y el desarrollo de anemia. Puede ocasionar caries, diabetes, obesidad, arteriosclerosis y otras patologías. En el presente trabajo se valoró el efecto que tiene la ingesta crónica de agua endulzada con sacarosa al 30% sobre el consumo de alimento balanceado, el perfil lipídico, la concentración de glucosa sérica, y sobre algunos marcadores del estado nutricional como el peso y las proteínas séricas totales, en machos de ratas Wistar. El agua endulzada con sacarosa al 30% se administró a un grupo de 9 ratas Wistar durante 3 meses y se tomó como grupo control a un grupo de 9 ratas que bebieron agua natural. El consumo de alimentos por ambos grupos, así como los marcadores de química sanguínea se analizaron al final del tratamiento. Los niveles de glucosa, lípidos y proteínas séricas totales se midieron mediante espectroscopía. Los resultados mostraron que el consumo de agua endulzada con sacarosa al 30% redujo en más de un 90% el consumo de alimento balanceado; sin embargo, no afectó el perfil lipídico ni el nivel de glucosa en sangre, así como tampoco el nivel de proteínas séricas totales. El consumo de agua endulzada con sacarosa podría provocar desnutrición a largo plazo ya que ocasiona una reducción en la ingesta de alimento rico en nutrientes.


Sugar, obtained from sugarcane, is the most commonly used sweetener in food processing. Sugar is an important food for energy generation and it is necessary for the synthesis of fatty acids and nucleic acids. It prevents oxidative stress and anemia development. However, its consumption can cause dental caries, diabetes, obesity, arteriosclerosis and other pathologies. In the present work, the effect of chronic intake of water sweetened with 30% sucrose on balanced food consumption, lipid profile, serum glucose concentration, as well as some markers of nutritional status such as weight and total serum proteins was assessed in male Wistar rats. The water sweetened with 30% sucrose was administered to a group of 9 Wistar rats for 3 months, having 9 rats as a control group that drank natural water. Food consumption between both groups as well as blood chemistry markers were analyzed at the end of the treatment. Glucose, lipid levels as well as total serum proteins were measured by spectroscopy. The results showed that the consumption of water sweetened with 30% sucrose reduced the consumption of balanced food by more than 90%, however, it did not affect the lipid profile, the level of glucose in the blood or the level of total serum proteins concentration. Consumption of sucrose-sweetened water could lead to long-term malnutrition by reducing the intake of nutrient-rich food.


O açúcar comum, obtido a partir da cana de açúcar, é o adoçante mais utilizado na elaboração dos alimentos. O açúcar é importante para a geração de energia; necessário para a síntese de ácidos graxos e de ácidos nucleicos. Previne o estresse oxidativo e o desenvolvimento de anemia. No entanto, seu consumo pode causar cárie dentária, diabetes, obesidade, arteriosclerose e outras patologias. No presente trabalho, foi avaliado o efeito da ingestão crônica de água adoçada com sacarose a 30% sobre o consumo de alimentos ricos em nutrientes, perfil lipídico, concentração sérica de glicose e alguns marcadores do estado nutricional, como o peso. e as proteínas séricas totais em ratos Wistar machos. A água adoçada com sacarose a 30% foi administrada a um grupo de 9 ratos Wistar por 3 meses, tendo como grupo controle um grupo de 9 ratos que beberam água natural. O consumo de alimentos entre os dois grupos e os marcadores de química sanguínea foram analisados no final do tratamento. Os níveis de glicose, lipídios e proteínas séricas totais foram medidos por espectroscopia. Os resultados mostraram que o consumo de água adoçada com sacarose a 30% reduziu em mais de 90% o consumo de alimentos ricos em nutrientes, no entanto, não afetou o perfil lipídico, o nível de glicose em sangue nem o nível de proteínas séricas totais. O consumo de água adoçada com sacarose poderia levar à desnutrição no longo prazo, visto que produz uma redução na ingestão de alimentos ricos em nutrientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Arteriosclerosis , Spectrum Analysis , Blood , Nucleic Acids , Eating , Rats, Wistar , Dietary Sucrose , Saccharum , Control , Fatty Acids , Anemia , Sucrose , Therapeutics , Water , Affect , Dental Caries , Malnutrition , Growth and Development , Diabetes Mellitus , Sugars , Food , Food Handling
20.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(3): 372-376, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138796

ABSTRACT

Resumen La tríada de Herbst es una manifestación inusual de la enfermedad por reflujo gastroesofágico y de otras patologías esofágicas. Se caracteriza por la presencia de anemia, acropaquias (hipocratismo digital) y enteropatía perdedora de proteínas. Al ser una condición anecdótica, la información disponible deriva de los reportes de caso. La fisiopatología aún no es clara. Se reporta el caso de una escolar, en quien se revierten los síntomas una vez se realiza el manejo quirúrgico.


Abstract The Herbst triad is a rare manifestation of gastroesophageal reflux disease and other esophageal pathologies. It is characterized by the presence of anemia, digital clubbing, and protein-losing enteropathy. Since evidence on this condition is anecdotal, the available information is mostly derived from case reports and its physiopathology remains unclear. The following is the case of a schoolchild, whose symptoms were reversed once she underwent surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Pathology , Protein-Losing Enteropathies , Signs and Symptoms , Anemia
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