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1.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(3): e1054, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347396

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome de Plummer-Vinson es una entidad rara caracterizada por la tríada anemia ferropénica, disfagia y membrana esofágica. Descrito en la segunda década del siglo pasado, en la actualidad la mayoría de los datos que se obtienen provienen de presentaciones de casos o pequeñas series de estudios prospectivos. Objetivo: Hacer la revisión de la bibliografía disponible a propósito de un caso portador de síndrome de Plummer-Vinson. Caso clínico: Paciente femenina de 35 años de edad con anemia desde la adolescencia remitida por presentar disfagia de 8 años de evolución. Se realizaron complementarios de laboratorio donde se constata anemia ferropénica y estudio contrastado del tracto digestivo superior que reveló imagen sugestiva de membrana en esófago cervical. Conclusiones: A pesar de su baja frecuencia en la actualidad debemos mantenernos alertas ante la aparición de síntomas sugestivos del síndrome de Plummer-Vinson fundamentalmente en mujeres con cuadros de anemia(AU)


Introduction: Plummer-Vinson syndrome is a rare entity characterized by the triad of iron deficiency anemia, dysphagia and esophageal membrane. Described in the second decade of the last century, today most of the data obtained comes from case presentations or small series of prospective studies. Objective: To review the available bibliography regarding a case with Plummer-Vinson syndrome. Clinical case: 35-year-old female patient with anemia since adolescence, referred to surgery clinic for presenting dysphagia of 8 years of evolution. Additional laboratory tests were carried out where iron deficiency anemia was found. A contrasted study of the upper digestive tract revealed a suggestive image of a membrane in the cervical esophagus. Conclusions: Despite its low frequency we must be alert to the appearance of symptoms suggestive of Plummer-Vinson syndrome, mainly in women with anemia. Its association with esophageal cancer indicates this(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Deglutition Disorders/etiology , Plummer-Vinson Syndrome/diagnosis , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/etiology , Ferrous Compounds/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Folic Acid/therapeutic use
2.
An. Facultad Med. (Univ. Repúb. Urug., En línea) ; 8(1): e301, jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1248718

ABSTRACT

Cada vez más los pacientes diagnosticados con anemia son referidos al gastroenterólogo para su evaluación. La necesidad de realizar un adecuado planteo clínico y una correcta interpretación de las pruebas de diagnóstico ha motivado la revisión de este tema. Varios trastornos gastroenterológicos, con frecuencia, conducen a anemia como resultado de pérdidas sanguíneas, inflamación, malabsorción o a consecuencia de las terapias farmacológicas. En algunas patologías como la cirrosis, EII o neoplasias las causas son a menudo multifactoriales. Esta revisión, pretende proporcionar un enfoque útil para la práctica clínica. Para ello se ha revisado la información actualizada acerca de la patogénesis, diagnóstico y tratamiento de la anemia vinculada a patologías digestivas y se han confeccionados cuadros y algoritmos para facilitar su comprensión.


More and more patients diagnosed with anemia are referred to the gastroenterologist for evaluation. The need to carry out an adequate clinical approach and a correct interpretation of diagnostic tests has motivated this review. Several digestive diseases frequently lead to anemia because of blood loss, inflammation, malabsorption, or drug therapies. In some of them such as cirrhosis, IBD or neoplasms, the etiology is multifactorial. This review is intended to provide a useful approach to clinical practice. To this aim, updated information on the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of anemia related to digestive diseases has been reviewed, and tables and algorithms have been built to favor its understanding.


Cada vez mais pacientes diagnosticados com anemia são encaminhados ao gastroenterologista para avaliação. A necessidade de realizar uma abordagem clínica adequada e uma interpretação correta dos testes de diagnóstico motivou a revisão deste tema. Vários distúrbios gastroenterológicos freqüentemente levam à anemia como resultado de perda de sangue, inflamação, má absorção ou pelas próprias terapias farmacológicas. Em algumas patologias como cirrose, DII ou neoplasias, as causas costumam ser multifatoriais. Esta revisão visa fornecer uma abordagem útil à prática clínica. Para esse fim, foram revisadas informações atualizadas sobre a patogênese, o diagnóstico e o tratamento da anemia associada à patologia digestiva e foram elaboradas tabelas e algoritmos para facilitar seu entendimento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/etiology , Gastrointestinal Diseases/complications , Anemia, Megaloblastic/etiology , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/diagnosis , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/therapy , Anemia, Megaloblastic/diagnosis , Anemia, Megaloblastic/therapy
3.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 37(2): 132-138, jun. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388142

ABSTRACT

La hemosiderosis pulmonar idiopática (HPI) es una causa de hemorragia alveolar difusa. OBJETIVO: describir la evolución de niños con HPI en nuestra institución. Se realizó una revisión retrospectiva con protocolo de seguimiento. Se reclutaron 13 pacientes, 7 hombres. Procedentes de una zona agrícola (6/13). No todos presentaron la tríada diagnóstica completa: infiltrados algodonosos (9/13), anemia (11/13), hemoptisis (9/13). Todos evidenciaron un recuento de hemosiderófagos sobre 30% en el lavado broncoalveolar. Tomografía computada de tórax: normal (5/13), patrón intersticial (5/13), vidrio esmerilado (2/13) y fibrosis (1/13). Espirometría: normal (7/13), restrictiva (4/13), obstructiva (1/13) y no efectuada (1/13). Tratamiento durante la fase aguda: bolos de metilprednisolona (7/13) o prednisona (6/13) o hidrocortisona (1/13). En la fase de mantención se administró: prednisona (13/13) más un inmunosupresor, azathioprina (12/13), hidroxicloroquina (1/13), micofenolato (1/13), más budesonida MDI (13/13). Ocho pacientes detuvieron los sangrados. Dos pacientes fallecieron y hubo cinco embarazos de curso fisiológico en 3 adolescentes. Se observó: a) diferentes modalidades de presentación que retrasaron el diagnóstico; b) gran exposición a pesticidas; c) mejor pronóstico si el diagnóstico y el tratamiento eran precoces, también en niñas adolescentes; d) la mayoría detuvo los episodios de sangrado.


Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (IPH) is a cause of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage. OBJECTIVE: to describe the evolution of children with IPH in our institution. Retrospective monitoring with a follow-up protocol was carried out. 13 patients, seven males, were recruited. From an agricultural area (6/13). Not all of patients had the complete diagnostic triad: cotton infiltrates (9/13), anemia (11/13), hemoptysis (9/13). Hemosiderin-laden macrophages counting in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was over 30% in all the patients. Computed chest tomography was informed as normal (5/13), interstitial pattern (5/13), ground glass (2/13) and fibrosis (1/13). Spirometry: normal (7/13), restrictive (4/13), obstructive (1/13) and not performed (1/13). Treatment during the acute phase: bolus of methylprednisolone (7/13) or prednisone (6/13) or hydrocortisone (1/13). In the maintenance phase: prednisone (13/13) plus an immunosuppressant, azathioprine (12/13), hydroxychloroquine (1/13), mycophenolate (1/13), plus budesonide MDI (13/13). Eight patients stopped the bleeding episodes. Two patients died and there were five physiological pregnancies in 3 adolescents. It was observed:(a) different modes of IPH presentation that delayed its diagnosis; (b) large exposure to pesticides; (c) prognosis improved if diagnosis and treatment were early, also in adolescent girls; (d) most of the patients stopped the bleeding episodes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Hemosiderosis/drug therapy , Hemosiderosis/diagnostic imaging , Lung Diseases/drug therapy , Lung Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Agricultural Zones , Clinical Evolution , Chile , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Age of Onset , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/etiology , Hemoptysis/etiology , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use
4.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(3): 272-277, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131673

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Data regarding the prevalence of anemia in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients are scarce in Brazil. Anemia and iron deficiency anemia have been known to cause significant functional impairment, lower quality of life, and higher morbidity and mortality and may be correlated with an impact on the cost of treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and risk factors for anemia and iron deficiency anemia in patients with IBD in a tertiary IBD unit in Southeast Brazil. METHODS: We conducted an Institutional Review Board-approved retrospective analysis of an adult IBD cohort (IBD Unit, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Brazil) consisting of 579 patients between January 2014 and July 2018. Clinicoepidemiological data, hemoglobin measurements and serum ferritin were extracted from electronic medical records. Anemia prevalence was calculated among ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) phenotypes. Risk factors for anemia were also calculated. RESULTS: A total of 529 (91%) patients had complete blood counts available in their medical records. Only 35.5% of IBD patients were fully screened for anemia. The prevalence of anemia in IBD patients was 24.6% (29.1% in CD and 19.1% in UC, P=0.008). The anemia was moderate to severe in 16.9% (19.8% in CD and 11.4% in UC, P=0.34). The prevalence of iron deficiency was 52.3% (53.6% in CD and 51.2% in UC, P=0.95). Anemia of chronic disease was present in 14.1% of IBD patients. A total of 53.8% of patients with anemia were in clinical remission. CD was associated with an increased prevalence of anemia (P=0.008; OR=1.76; CI 95% =1.16-2.66) compared to UC. The penetrant disease phenotype in CD was associated with a lower risk of anemia (P<0.0001; OR=0.25; CI 95% =0.14-0.43). Active disease compared to the disease in clinical remission was associated with an increased risk of anemia (P=0.0003; OR=2.61; CI 95% =1.56-4.36) in CD. The presence of anemia was less frequent in patients with CD who underwent surgical bowel resection compared to those who did not undergo surgery (P<0.0001; OR=0.24; CI 95% =0.14-0.40). No differences in anemia prevalence were observed regarding CD localization, age at diagnosis, UC extension or biological therapy (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Despite the low levels of full screening, anemia and iron deficiency anemia were common manifestations of IBD. CD was associated with an increased risk of anemia, especially with active disease. In addition, patients with CD who underwent surgical bowel resection and penetrant disease phenotype in CD were associated with lower risk of anemia.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Dados referentes à prevalência de anemia em pacientes com doença inflamatória intestinal (DII) são escassos no Brasil. Sabe-se que anemia e a anemia ferropriva causam comprometimento funcional significativo, menor qualidade de vida e maior morbimortalidade e podem estar correlacionadas com um impacto no custo do tratamento. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi estimar a prevalência e os fatores de risco de anemia e de anemia ferropriva em pacientes com DII em um centro de referência de DII no Sudeste do Brasil. MÉTODOS: Realizamos uma análise retrospectiva dos pacientes com DII adultos, aprovada pelo Comitê de Ética Institucional do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade de São Paulo, Brasil, constituída por 579 pacientes no período de janeiro de 2014 a julho de 2018. Dados clínico-epidemiológicos, níveis de hemoglobina e de ferritina sérica foram obtidos dos prontuários eletrônicos. A prevalência de anemia foi calculada entre os fenótipos de retocolite ulcerativa (RCU) e doença de Crohn (DC). Fatores de risco para anemia também foram calculados. RESULTADOS: Um total de 529 (91%) pacientes tinha disponível o exame de hemograma completo em seus prontuários médicos. Apenas 35,5% dos pacientes com DII tinha o rastreamento completo para anemia. A prevalência de anemia nos pacientes com DII foi de 24,6% (29,1% na DC e 19,1% na RCU, P=0,008). A anemia foi moderada a grave em 16,9% (19,8% na DC e 11,4% na RCU, P=0,34). A prevalência de deficiência de ferro foi de 52,3% (53,6% na DC e 51,2% na RCU, P=0,95). Anemia de doença crônica estava presente em 14,1% dos pacientes com DII. Um total de 53,8% dos pacientes com anemia estavam em remissão clínica. A DC esteve associada a um aumento da prevalência de anemia (P=0,008; OR=1,76; IC 95% =1,16-2,66) em comparação à RCU. O fenótipo da doença penetrante na DC foi associado a um menor risco de anemia (P<0,0001; OR=0,25; IC 95% =0,14-0,43). A doença ativa comparada à doença em remissão clínica foi associada a um risco aumentado de anemia (P=0,0003; OR=2,61; IC 95% =1,56-4,36) na DC. A presença de anemia foi menos frequente nos pacientes com DC submetidos à ressecção intestinal em comparação aos que não foram submetidos à cirurgia (P<0,0001; OR=0,24; IC 95% =0,14-0,40). Não foram observadas diferenças na prevalência de anemia em relação à localização da DC, idade ao diagnóstico, extensão da RCU ou terapia biológica (P>0,05). CONCLUSÃO: Apesar do baixo rastreamento completo, tanto a anemia como a anemia ferropriva foram manifestações comuns da DII. A DC foi associada a um risco aumentado de anemia, especialmente com doença ativa. Além disto, pacientes com DC submetidos a ressecção intestinal e/ou com fenótipo penetrante tiveram menor risco de anemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/complications , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/epidemiology , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/etiology , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Referral and Consultation , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
5.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136729

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the association of anemia with the socioeconomic vulnerability of preschoolers in public day care centers, in the city of Taubaté, SP, Brazil. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with a probabilistic sample that analyzed 363 children assisted in public day care centres in low-income and high-income areas of Taubaté, SP, Brazil. The hemoglobin concentration (Hb), dependent variable, was obtained by digital puncture, considering anemic children with Hb concentration <11.0 g/dL. The independent variables such as socioeconomic and demographic conditions were collected by a semi-structured questionnaire. Results: The prevalence of iron deficiency anemia was 19.3% among preschoolers. Children from day care centers with high socioeconomic vulnerability had lower Hb concentration than those from a non-vulnerable area (p<0.05). Conclusions: The lower concentration of hemoglobin in preschoolers is associated with the location of day care centers in an area of socioeconomic vulnerability. Children attending these day care centers face adverse family conditions such as low income, working mothers, and mothers with low schooling, though they receive social benefits and monitoring by public health services.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar a associação da anemia com a vulnerabilidade socioeconômica de pré-escolares de creches públicas da cidade de Taubaté, SP, Brasil. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal com amostra probabilística que analisou 363 crianças assistidas em creches públicas de regiões de baixa e alta renda de Taubaté. A concentração de hemoglobina (Hb), variável dependente, foi obtida por meio de punção digital, considerando anêmicas as crianças com concentração de Hb<11,0 g/dL. As variáveis independentes como condições socioeconômicas e demográficas foram coletadas por questionário semiestruturado. Resultados: A prevalência de anemia por deficiência de ferro foi de 19,3% entre os pré-escolares. As crianças das creches de elevada vulnerabilidade socioeconômica apresentaram concentração de Hb estatisticamente menor do que aquelas de região não vulnerável (p<0,05). Conclusões: A menor concentração de Hb em pré-escolares está associada à localização das creches em região de vulnerabilidade socioeconômica, uma vez que as crianças que frequentam tais creches enfrentam condições adversas familiares, como baixa renda, mães que trabalham e com baixa escolaridade, embora recebam benefício social e acompanhamento pelos serviços públicos de saúde.


Subject(s)
Poverty Areas , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/epidemiology , Vulnerable Populations , Health Status Disparities , Brazil/epidemiology , Child Day Care Centers , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/economics , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/etiology
6.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1088702

ABSTRACT

El melanoma anal (MA) es un tumor infrecuente, caracterizado por presentar un comportamiento agresivo y mal pronóstico(1). La sintomatología inespecífica con la cual se presenta y su similitud con etiologías benignas anorrectales, dificulta el diagnóstico y puede conducir a un retraso en el mismo(2)(3). Por lo tanto, es necesaria una exploración física minuciosa y un elevado índice de sospecha. Se discute el caso de una paciente que consultó por tumoración anal dolorosa, no pigmentada y rectorragia; a la que se le realiza diagnóstico de melanoma anal.


Anal melanoma (MA) is an infrequent tumor, characterized by aggressive behavior and poor prognosis(1). The nonspecific symptomatology and its similarity with benign anorectal etiologies, makes the diagnosis difficult and leads to a delay in it(2)(3).Therefore, a thorough physical examination and a high index of suspicion are necessary. The case of a patient who consulted for a non-pigmented and painful anal mass with rectal bleeding is discussed; which is diagnosed with anal melanoma.


O melanoma anal (MA) é um tumor infrequente, caracterizado por apresentar um comportamento agressivo e ter um mauprognóstico(1). A sintomatologia inespecífica da sua apresentação e a sua similaridade com etiologias benignas anorretais dificultam o diagnóstico e pode levar a um atraso do mesmo(2)(3). Por tanto é necessário uma exploração física minuciosa e um indice de suspeita elevado. Discute-se o um caso de uma paciente que consultou por uma tumoração anal, dolorosa, não pigmentada e retorragia, a qual se realizou o diagnostico de melanoma anal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Anus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Anus Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Anus Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Melanoma/diagnosis , Melanoma/radiotherapy , Melanoma/diagnostic imaging , Pain/etiology , Pruritus Ani/etiology , Colonoscopy , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/etiology , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology
7.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(4): 472-480, Out.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056605

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Anemic patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) can be divided into anemic patients without or with functional iron deficiency (FID). The increase in the number of cases of hemosiderosis in patients on hemodialysis (HD) attributed to excessive intravenous iron replacement has called for the investigation of the factors involved in the genesis of FID. Objectives: This study aimed to describe the prevalence of FID in patients with CKD on HD, characterize the included individuals in terms of clinical and workup parameters, and assess their nutritional, oxidative stress, and inflammation statuses. This cross-sectional study assembled a convenience sample of 183 patients with CKD on HD treated in Southern Brazil. Patients meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria were divided into two groups, one with anemic subjects with FID and one with anemic patients without FID. Participants answered a questionnaire probing into socio-epidemiological factors, underwent anthropometric measurements, and were tested for markers of anemia, oxidative stress, inflammation, and nutrition. Statistical analysis: The date sets were treated on software package GraphPad InStat version 3.1. Variables were tested with the Kolmogorov-Smirnov, chi-square, Student's t, and Mann-Whitney tests. Statistical significance was attributed to differences with a p < 0.05. Results: Markers of inflammation were not statistically different between the two groups. Markers of anemia and nutrition were significantly lower in patients with FID. Patients with FID were prescribed higher doses of parenteral iron (p < 0,05). Discussion: FID was associated with lower nutritional marker levels, but not to increased levels of markers of inflammation or oxidative stress, as reported in the literature. Additional studies on the subject are needed.


Resumo Introdução: A anemia na DRC pode ser dividida em anemia sem deficiência funcional de ferro e com deficiência funcional de ferro (ADFF). Diante do aumento dos casos de hemossiderose em pacientes em hemodiálise, atribuídos à reposição excessiva de ferro endovenoso, maiores conhecimentos sobre os fatores envolvidos na gênese da ADFF são importantes. Objetivos: documentar a prevalência de ADFF em renais crônicos em hemodiálise. Caracterizar clínica e laboratorialmente os portadores de ADFF em HD e avaliar o estado nutricional, estresse oxidativo e inflamatório. Estudo transversal, amostra de conveniência, envolvendo 183 renais crônicos em hemodiálise no sul do Brasil. Após aplicação dos critérios de exclusão, os pacientes foram separados em dois grupos: portadores de anemia com e sem deficiência funcional de ferro. Foram submetidos a questionário socioepidemiológico, à análise antropométrica e análise laboratorial dos marcadores de anemia, estresse oxidativo, inflamatórios e nutricionais. Análise estatística: programa GraphPad InStat versão 3.1. Foram aplicados os testes: Kolmogorov-Smirnov, qui-quadrado, t de Student e Mann-Whitney. Nível de significância adotado de 5%. Resultados: não houve diferença significativa nos marcadores inflamatórios entre os dois grupos. Houve diferença significativa nos marcadores de anemia e nutrição, significativamente menores nos pacientes com ADFF. Pacientes com ADFF receberam doses mais elevadas de ferro parenteral (p < 0,05). Discussão: ADFF esteve associada a menores valores de marcadores nutricionais, mas não esteve associada a marcadores inflamatórios ou de estresse oxidativo aumentados, como relatado na literatura. Estudos adicionais sobre o tema são necessários.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Biomarkers/metabolism , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/etiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Inflammation/metabolism , Anemia/etiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Nutrition Assessment , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/epidemiology , Administration, Intravenous , Hemosiderosis/epidemiology , Anemia/epidemiology , Iron/administration & dosage , Iron/adverse effects , Nitric Oxide/metabolism
8.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 38(4): 365-369, oct.-dic. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1014110

ABSTRACT

El divertículo de Meckel es un diagnóstico poco frecuente dentro de la práctica clínica diaria. Sin embargo, debe ser considerado dentro del diagnóstico diferencial de todo paciente que acude por hemorragia digestiva oscura, tanto manifiesta como oculta. Anteriormente, el intestino delgado era inexplorable; en la actualidad, su evaluación es posible gracias a nuevos métodos diagnósticos: cápsula endoscópica, enteroscopía, enterotomografía y enteroresonancia. La cápsula endoscópica no permite tomar biopsias, es un examen sin insuflación, no controlado y depende mucho de la interpretación del evaluador. Sin embargo, dentro del algoritmo diagnóstico de todo paciente con hemorragia digestiva oscura, la cápsula endoscópica suele ser el estudio inicial, por ser mínimamente invasiva y por permitirnos definir la mejor ruta de abordaje para realizar procedimientos posteriores, como la enteroscopía asistida por balón (simple o doble) que nos permite profundizar la evaluación del intestino delgado, tomar biopsias y hacer medidas terapéuticas. Como veremos, la cápsula endoscópica y la enteroscopía asistida por balón son complementarios y no excluyentes en todo paciente con hemorragia oscura. En este reporte presentamos el caso de un paciente adulto joven, asintomático, deportista, que en un examen de rutina evidenció anemia severa por deficiencia de hierro, sin historia de pérdidas gastrointestinales manifiestas. La evaluación del intestino delgado, mediante cápsula endoscópica y enteroscopía asistida por balón, nos permitió demostrar la presencia de un divertículo de Meckel ulcerado, y una laparoscopia orientada por los hallazgos nos permitió un tratamiento efectivo y una evolución favorable de esta presentación poco frecuente.


Meckel's diverticulum is a rare clinical entity in clinical practice. However, it should be considered as an important differential diagnosis in patients with both obscure overt and occult gastrointestinal bleeding. Years ago, the evaluation of the small bowel was impossible without surgery, nowadays the development of new diagnostic methods has changed this horizon. Capsule endoscopy cannot take biopsies, has not bowel insufflation, and its final report depends a lot on the interpretation of the evaluator. However, capsule endoscopy is usually the first procedure in all patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding, because is minimally invasive, and it has a main role in predicting the better route to perform a balloon assisted enteroscopy (single or double) that allows us to explore the small bowel, take biopsies and do therapeutic procedures. Capsule endoscopy and balloon assisted enteroscopy are complementary procedures in every patient with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. In this report, we present a case of young adult without history of gastrointestinal bleeding who had severe asymptomatic iron deficiency anemia, in which the evaluation of small bowel with capsule endoscopy and balloon-assisted enteroscopy allow us to diagnosis ulcerated Meckel diverticulum.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Asymptomatic Diseases , Meckel Diverticulum/diagnosis , Severity of Illness Index , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/etiology , Meckel Diverticulum/complications
9.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 55(3): 242-246, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973884

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia remains one of the main indications to perform small bowel capsule endoscopy. Literature suggests that diagnostic yield is influenced by patient's age but with conflicting results regarding age cutoff. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to clarify the differences in diagnostic yield and incidence of specific findings according to age. METHODS: Retrospective single-center study including 118 patients performing small bowel capsule endoscopy in the study of iron deficiency anemia. Videos were reviewed and small bowel findings that may account for anemia were reported. Incomplete examinations were excluded. Findings were compared between patients ≤60 and >60 years. RESULTS: Patients had a mean age of 58 years old (SD ±17.9) with 69.5% females (n=82). The overall diagnostic yield was 49% (58/118), being higher among patients >60 years (36/60, diagnostic yield 60%) than those ≤60 years (20/58, diagnostic yield 34%), (P<0.01). Angioectasias were more frequent in patients >60 years (45% vs 9%, P<0.01). Patients ≤60 years presented more frequently significant inflammation (Lewis score >135 in 10.3% vs 1.7%, P<0.05) and other non-vascular lesions (24% vs 10%, P=0.04). CONCLUSION: In our cohort small bowel capsule endoscopy diagnosed clinically relevant findings in the setting of iron deficiency anemia in almost half the patients. Diagnostic yield was higher in patients older than 60 years (60%), with vascular lesions being more frequent in this age group. Despite the lower diagnostic yield in patients ≤60 years, significant pathology was also found in this age group, mainly of inflammatory type.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A anemia ferropénica constitui uma das principais indicações para realização de enteroscopia por cápsula. A literatura sugere que o rendimento diagnóstico é influenciado pela idade do doente, contudo, não é consensual o grupo etário para o qual o rendimento diagnóstico é maior. OBJETIVO: Clarificar as diferenças de rendimento diagnóstico e incidência de achados específicos de acordo com a idade. MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospetivo unicêntrico. Incluídos 118 doentes que realizaram sistematicamente enteroscopia por cápsula no estudo de anemia ferropénica. Todos os vídeos foram revistos e foram reportados os achados no intestino delgado que pudessem ser a causa da anemia ferropénica. Excluídas enteroscopia por cápsula incompletas. Comparados os achados entre doentes com ≤60 e >60 anos. RESULTADOS: Doentes com idade média de 58 anos (SD ±17,9), 69,5% do género feminino (n=82). O rendimento diagnóstico global foi de 49% (58/118), sendo superior em doentes >60 anos (36/60, rendimento diagnóstico 60%) do que em doentes ≤60 anos (20/58, 34%). As angiectasias foram mais frequentemente reportadas em doentes >60 anos (45% vs 9%, P<0,01). Nos doentes com ≤60 anos foi mais frequentemente reportada inflamação significativa (Score de Lewis >135 em 10,3% vs 1,7%, P<0,05) e lesões não vasculares (24% vs 10%, P=0,04). CONCLUSÃO: Na nossa amostra, a enteroscopia por cápsula revelou-se importante no estudo da anemia ferropénica detectando achados relevantes em cerca de metade dos doentes. O rendimento diagnóstico foi maior em doentes com mais de 60 anos (60%), sendo as lesões vasculares mais frequentes neste grupo. Apesar do menor rendimento diagnóstico em indivíduos até aos 60 anos, foi detectada patologia relevante neste grupo, em especial do tipo inflamatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/etiology , Capsule Endoscopy/methods , Gastrointestinal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Intestine, Small/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Age Factors , Gastrointestinal Diseases/complications , Middle Aged
10.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 38(3): 289-292, jul.-set. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1014097

ABSTRACT

This case study describes a 71-year-old man with signet-ring cell gastric adenocarcinoma and malignant sigmoidal polyp; and typical features of Saint's triad and Heyde syndrome. He had digestive bleeding, two types of hernia, diverticulosis, arterial hypertension, malignant polyp, and antecedent of smoking, lung tuberculosis, and surgical correction of aortic valve stenosis. There is a hypothetical inverse relationship between herniosis and development of malignancy; however, the patient herein described presented gastric and sigmoidal cancers. Gastrointestinal malignancies are sometimes associated with paraneoplastic entities, isolated or manifested as syndromes, but neither Saint's triad or Heyde syndrome have been included. This patient persisted clinically stable during the preoperative period, but suddenly died; Trousseau's syndrome would be the most probable mechanism of sudden death in this setting. Case reports can stimulate further studies to get additional knowledge about unusual entities.


Este estudio de caso describe un hombre de 71 años de edad, con adenocarcinoma gástrico con células en anillo de sello y un pólipo maligno sigmoideo; y características típicas de la tríada de Saint y del síndrome de Heyde. Tuvo una hemorragia digestiva, dos tipos de hernias, divertículos, hipertensión arterial, y pólipo maligno; con antecedente de tabaquismo, tuberculosis pulmonar, y corrección quirúrgica de estenosis de la válvula aórtica. Hay una hipotética relación inversa entre hernioses y el desarrollo de malignidades; sin embargo, el paciente que se describe en el presente documento presentó cánceres gástrico y sigmoideo. Neoplasias gastrointestinales se asocian a veces con entidades para neoplásicas aisladas o manifiestan síndromes, pero ni la tríada de Saint ni el síndrome de Heyde se ha incluido. Este paciente persistió clínicamente estable durante el período preoperatorio, pero de repente murió; síndrome de Trousseau sería el mecanismo más probable de muerte súbita en esta situación. Los informes de casos pueden estimular más estudios para obtener un conocimiento adicional sobre esas entidades inusuales.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Aortic Valve Stenosis/complications , Sigmoid Neoplasms/complications , Stomach Neoplasms/complications , Cholelithiasis/complications , Colonic Polyps/complications , Diverticulum/complications , Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell/complications , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Hernia, Hiatal/complications , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/complications , Syndrome , Thrombophlebitis/etiology , Angiodysplasia/etiology , Fatal Outcome , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/etiology , Death, Sudden , Models, Biological
11.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 62(3): 332-336, May-June 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950064

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the association of isolated hypothyroxinemia in the first trimester with obstetric and neonatal outcomes and iron deficiency. Subjects and methods: The study was prospective. Women who had become pregnant spontaneously were initially selected. Next, anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPOAb), free T4 (FT4), total T4 (TT4), TSH, and ferritin were measured. TPOAb-positive women were excluded. The final sample consisted of 596 women with serum TSH between 0.1 and 2.5 mIU/l. Hypothyroxinemia was defined as FT4 < 0.86 ng/dL and < 0.92 ng/dL, corresponding to the 5th and 10th percentiles, respectively, and TT4 < 7.8 ng/dL. None of the pregnant women was treated with levothyroxine until the end of pregnancy. Results: The women ranged in age from 18 to 36 years, with a median gestation of 9 weeks. T4 levels were not correlated with BMI or maternal TSH. Isolated hypothyroxinemia was observed in 4.3% (FT4 < 0.86 ng/dL), 9% (FT4 < 0.92 ng/dL), and 7% (TT4 < 7.8 ng/dL) of the pregnant women. The frequencies of obstetric and neonatal outcomes were similar in women with versus without hypothyroxinemia. In women without iron deficiency, 8.4%, 3.9%, and 6.5% had FT4 < 0.92 ng/dl, FT4 < 0.86 ng/dL and TT4 < 7.8 ng/dL, respectively. These frequencies of hypothyroxinemia were significantly higher among women with iron deficiency (20.7%, 14.8% and 17.2%, respectively). Conclusions: This prospective Brazilian study found no association between isolated hypothyroxinemia in the first trimester of gestation and obstetric or neonatal outcomes, but an association was demonstrated with iron deficiency.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications/blood , Thyroid Diseases/blood , Thyroxine/deficiency , Pregnancy Outcome , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/etiology , Pregnancy Trimester, First , Thyroid Diseases/complications , Thyroxine/blood , Prospective Studies
12.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 16(4): eRC4505, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975087

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis is a potentially fatal disease that results from episodes of alveolar hemorrhage of unknown origin. The clinical spectrum is varied, and anemia may constitute the only manifestation of illness, preceding other signs and symptoms by several months. We present the case of a 4 year-old child presenting with fever, vomiting and prostration, associated with pallor. He had microcytic and hypochromic anemia refractory to iron therapy. Gastrointestinal bleeding was ruled out after negative extensive etiological investigation. Subsequently, pulmonary infiltrates suggestive of alveolar hemorrhage were observed in the chest radiography. The cytological exam of the bronchoalveolar lavage showed hemosiderin-laden macrophages. After the etiological study, the diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis was made by exclusion. He was initiated on corticosteroid therapy, later associated to an immunosuppressive agent, with subsequent correction of anemia and of the radiological pattern. The patient is currently asymptomatic.


RESUMO A hemossiderose pulmonar idiopática é uma doença potencialmente fatal que cursa com episódios de hemorragia alveolar de etiologia desconhecida. As manifestações clínicas são variadas, e a anemia pode constituir o único sinal de doença, precedendo em vários meses os outros sinais e sintomas. Apresenta-se o caso de criança de 4 anos, com febre, vômitos e prostração, associados à palidez. Apresentava anemia microcítica e hipocrômica, refratária à terapêutica com ferro. A hipótese diagnóstica de sangramento gastrintestinal foi excluída, após investigação etiológica extensa, inconclusiva. Posteriormente, em radiografia torácica, foram observados infiltrados sugestivos de hemorragia alveolar. O exame citológico do lavado broncoalveolar mostrou macrófagos com depósitos de hemossiderina. Após estudo etiológico, assumiu-se, por exclusão, o diagnóstico de hemossiderose pulmonar idiopática. Foi iniciada terapêutica com corticoides, associada posteriormente a imunossupressor, com correção subsequente da anemia e do padrão radiológico, encontrando-se, atualmente, assintomático.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/etiology , Hemorrhage/etiology , Hemosiderosis/complications , Lung Diseases/complications , Hemoglobins/analysis , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid/cytology , Macrophages, Alveolar/cytology , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/blood , Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging , Hemosiderosis/blood , Lung Diseases/blood
13.
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1259334

ABSTRACT

Les causes favorisant l'anémie sont les carences nutritionnelles, les parasitoses et les infections chroniques. Le but de notre étude est de d'évaluer la prévalence de l'anémie sur un an de consultation au service de médecine générale du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Yaoundé-Cameroun, de ressortir les facteurs de risques et les pathologies associées à cette anémie. Il s'agit d'une étude prospective et descriptive. Tous les patients colligés ont été soumis à une numération formule sanguine, une goutte épaisse et une coprologie faits au laboratoire de l'Hôpital et des examens complémentaires étaient réalisés en cas de nécessité. Les résultats étaient les suivants : la prévalence de l'anémie était de 20,94%. Les résultats ont montré que les femmes étaient plus anémiques (16,68%) que les hommes (4,25%) sur toutes les tranches d'âge, et cette différence était significative ; p=0,0001. Les patients âgés de moins de 26 ans étaient plus anémiques que les autres tranches d'âge néanmoins l'anémie n'avait pas de liaison statistique avec l'âge ; p=0,2. De plus, les étudiants étaient statistiquement plus anémiques (8,40%) que les travailleurs (6,71%) et les ménagères (5,83%), la différence observée était significative ; p=0,001. Enfin notre étude révèle que les patients en carence nutritionnelle étaient statistiquement plus anémiques (10,97%) que ceux des autres groupes : accès palustre (5,26%), le groupe VIH et tuberculose (2,68%), le groupe hémopathie, parasitoses, addiction au kaolin ou géophagie, insuffisance rénale, cancer et polyménorrhées (1,98%) ; p=0,001. L'anémie constitue un problème de santé publique au Cameroun où la plus grande partie de la population souffre d'anémie carentielle. Les étudiants et les femmes étaient les populations à risque d'anémie


Subject(s)
Academic Medical Centers , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/etiology , Cameroon , Deficiency Diseases , Parasitic Diseases , Urban Population
14.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 92(4): 353-360, July-Aug. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-792587

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To identify the prevalence and factors associated with anemia in children attending Municipal Early Childhood Education Day Care Center (Centros Municipais de Educação Infantil [CMEI]) nurseries in Colombo-PR. Methods: Analytical, cross-sectional study with a representative sample of 334 children obtained by stratified cluster sampling, with random selection of 26 nurseries. Data collection was conducted through interviews with parents, assessment of iron intake by direct food weighing, and hemoglobin measurement using the finger-stick test. Bivariate association tests were performed followed by multiple logistic regression adjustment. Results: The prevalence of anemia was 34.7%. Factors associated with anemia were: maternal age younger than 28 years old (p = 0.03), male children (p = 0.02), children younger than 24 months (p = 0.01), and children who did not consume iron food sources (meat + beans + dark green leafy vegetables) (p = 0.02). There was no association between anemia and iron food intake in CMEI. However, iron intake was well below the recommended levels according to the National Education Development Fund resolution, higher prevalence of anemia was observed in children whose intake of iron, heme iron, and nonheme iron was below the median. Conclusions: In terms of public health, the prevalence of anemia is characterized as a moderate problem in the studied population and demonstrates the need for coordination of interdisciplinary actions for its reduction in CMEI nurseries.


Resumo Objetivo: Identificar a prevalência e os fatores associados à anemia em crianças que frequentam berçários de Centros Municipais de Educação Infantil (CMEI) de Colombo (PR). Métodos: Estudo analítico, de caráter transversal, com amostra representativa de 334 crianças obtida por amostragem estratificada por conglomerados, com seleção aleatória de 26 berçários. A coleta de dados foi feita por meio de entrevista com os pais, avaliação da ingestão de ferro por pesagem direta de alimentos e dosagem de hemoglobina por punção digital. Foram feitos testes de associação bivariados seguidos pelo ajuste de uma regressão logística múltipla. Resultados: A prevalência de anemia foi de 34,7%. Os fatores associados à anemia foram: idade materna inferior a 28 anos (p = 0,03), crianças do sexo masculino (p = 0,02), com idade inferior a 24 meses (p = 0,01) e que não consumiam fontes alimentares de ferro (carne + feijão + verduras verde-escuro) (p = 0,02). Não houve associação entre anemia e ingestão de ferro no CMEI. Porém, a ingestão de ferro foi bem abaixo da recomenda pela resolução do Fundo Nacional de Desenvolvimento da Educação. Foi possível observar maior prevalência de anemia nas crianças cuja ingestão de ferro, ferro heme e ferro não heme apresentava-se abaixo da mediana. Conclusão: Em termos de saúde pública, a prevalência de anemia encontrada se caracteriza como um problema moderado na população estudada e demonstra a necessidade de articulação de ações interdisciplinares para a sua diminuição nos CMEIs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/etiology , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/epidemiology , Iron, Dietary , Reference Values , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Hemoglobins/analysis , Logistic Models , Child Day Care Centers/statistics & numerical data , Sex Factors , Nutritional Status , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors
16.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 52(4): 255-259, Oct.-Dec. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-771925

ABSTRACT

Objectives - Anemia is the most common hematological alteration in patients with Crohn's disease, and is frequently related to intestinal inflammatory activity. Its cause is multifactorial and mostly associated with absolute iron deficiency (iron deficiency anemia) and/or functional iron deficiency (inflammation anemia or anemia of chronic disease). It may also be identified through other causes, such as folic acid or vitamin B12 deficiency and secondary to adverse effects from medications (salicylic derivatives and immunosuppressive drugs). In the present study, patients with active Crohn's disease and anemia were evaluated and treated with intravenous ferric carboxymaltose. We discuss the therapeutic schemes (doses), safety, results and improvement of quality of life. Methods - In the present prospective study, 10 consecutive patients with Crohn's disease, with moderate to severe activity, with anemia (Hb: 6.7 to 10 g/dL), who were attended between March 2014 and March 2015, were evaluated. Six (60%) were men and four were women, all with moderate or severe anemia (hemoglobin <10 g/dL). They were treated with a maximum of three intravenous infusions of 1000 mg of ferric carboxymaltose, of at least 15 minutes in duration. It was also sought to correlate the inflammatory Crohn's disease activity degree (measured using the Crohn's Disease Activity Index, CDAI) and C-reactive protein level with the severity of anemia. The primary outcome was an increase in Hb of ≥2 g/dL and the secondary outcome was the normalization of anemia (Hb ≥12 g/dL for women and ≥13 g/dL for men) and the improvement in quality of life seen 12 weeks after the last application of carboxymaltose. Results - Among the 10 patients studied, parenteral iron supplementation was administered in three cases during hospitalization and the others received this on an outpatient basis. The total iron dose ranged from 1,000 to 2,000 mg, with an average of 1,650 mg. Crohn's disease activity measured using CDAI and C-reactive protein correlated with the intensity of anemia. An increase of 2 g/dL occurred in eight (80%) patients after 12 weeks and normalization of anemia was found in seven (70%) patients. Improvements in quality-of-life scores were found for all (100%) patients after 12 weeks. Carboxymaltose was well tolerated. Three patients presented adverse reactions (two with nausea and one with headache) of mild intensity. Conclusions - Anemia is a frequent complication for Crohn's disease patients. Intravenous iron therapy has been recommended for Crohn's disease patients, because for these patients, oral iron absorption is very limited. This is because of the inflammatory state and "blocking" of iron entry into enterocytes through hepcidin action on ferroportin, along with the elevated rates of gastrointestinal adverse events that compromise adherence to treatment and possibly aggravate the intestinal inflammatory state. The degree of Crohn's disease activity, as measured using CDAI and C-reactive protein, correlates with the severity of anemia. Carboxymaltose is a safe drug, which can be administrated in high doses (up to 1,000 mg per application per week) and corrects anemia and iron stocks over a short period of time, with consequent improvement in quality of life.


Objetivos - Anemia é a alteração hematológica mais comum em portadores de doença de Crohn, estando frequentemente relacionada à atividade inflamatória intestinal. Sua causa é multifatorial, está associada na maioria das vezes com deficiência absoluta de ferro (anemia ferropriva) e/ou deficiência funcional de ferro (anemia da inflamação ou anemia de doença crônica), podendo também ser identificada outras causas como deficiência de ácido fólico ou vitamina B12 e secundária a efeitos adversos de medicamentos (derivados salicílicos e imunossupressores). Neste trabalho, avaliamos portadores de doença de Crohn em atividade com anemia que foram tratados com carboximaltose férrica endovenosa, e discutimos os esquemas terapêuticos (doses), a segurança e os resultados, assim como a melhora da qualidade de vida. Métodos - Neste estudo prospectivo, avaliamos 10 consecutivos pacientes portadores de doença de Crohn de moderada a grave atividade com anemia (Hb: 6,7 a 10 g/dL) que foram atendidos no período de março de 2014 a março de 2015. Eram seis (60%) do sexo masculino e quatro do sexo feminino, todos com anemia moderada ou grave (hemoglobina <10g/dL), tratados com no máximo três infusões de 1000 mg de carboximaltose férrica por via endovenosa em, pelo menos, 15 minutos. Procurou-se também correlacionar o grau de atividade inflamatória da doença de Crohn (mensuração realizada com o IADC-índice de atividade da doença de Crohn) e dosagem da proteína C reativa com a gravidade da anemia. O desfecho primário foi aumento da Hb de ≥2 g/dL e desfecho secundário a normalização da anemia (Hb ≥12 g/dL para mulheres e ≥13 g/dL para homens) e melhora na qualidade de vida após 12 semanas da aplicação da última dose de carboximaltose férrica. Resultados - Dos 10 pacientes estudados, em 3 a suplementação parenteral de ferro foi realizada durante internação hospitalar, o restante em regime ambulatorial. A dose total de ferro administrada variou de 1.000 a 2.000 mg, sendo a média de 1.650 mg. A atividade da doença de Crohn mensurada pelo IADC e pelo PCR se correlacionou com a intensidade da anemia. O aumento de 2 g/dL ocorreu em oito (80%) pacientes após 12 semanas e a normalização da anemia foi observada em sete (70%). Melhora do escore de qualidade de vida foi observada em todos (100%) após 12 semanas. A carboximaltose férrica foi bem tolerada, três pacientes apresentaram reações adversas (2 - náusea e 1 - cefaléia) de leve intensidade. Conclusões - Anemia é uma complicação frequente em portadores de doença de Crohn. A terapia com ferro por via endovenosa tem sido a recomendada em portadores de doença de Crohn, pois nestes pacientes a absorção do ferro oral é bastante limitada devido ao estado inflamatório e "bloqueio" da entrada de ferro nos enterócitos por ação da hepcidina sobre a ferroportina, além das elevadas taxas de eventos adversos gastrointestinais que comprometem a adesão ao tratamento e podem agravar o estado inflamatório intestinal. O grau de atividade da doença de Crohn mensurado pelo IADC e PCR se correlaciona com a severidade da anemia. A carboximaltose férrica é uma droga segura, pode ser administrada em altas doses (até 1.000 mg por aplicação por semana), corrige a anemia e os estoques de ferro em curto espaço de tempo, com consequente melhora da qualidade de vida.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/drug therapy , Crohn Disease/complications , Ferric Compounds/administration & dosage , Maltose/analogs & derivatives , Quality of Life , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/etiology , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/psychology , Crohn Disease/psychology , Maltose/administration & dosage , Prospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
17.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 52(4): 278-282, Oct.-Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-771927

ABSTRACT

Background - Celiac disease is an immune-mediated enteropathy due to a permanent sensitivity to gluten in genetically susceptible people. Iron-deficiency anemia is the most widely experienced anemia in humans. Iron-deficiency anemia additionally is a common extra intestinal manifestation of celiac disease. Objective - To investigate correlation between tTg levels and histological alterations and then to determine the prevalence of celiac disease in Center and South area patients of Iran with iron deficiency anemia. Methods - A total of 402 patients aged 12-78 years who presented with iron-deficiency anemia were included in this study. Hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume and serum ferritin were determined. Venous blood samples for anti-tissue transglutaminase antibody immunoglobuline A and G were obtained from these patients. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was recommended to patients who had positive serology. Results - Of 402 patients with iron-deficiency anemia, 42 (10.4%) had positive serology for celiac disease. The small intestine biopsy of all patients with positive serology showed pathological changes (Marsh I, II & III). There was not significant difference in the mean hemoglobin level between iron-deficiency anemia patients with celiac disease and without celiac disease, duodenal biopsy results did not show significant relationship between the severity of pathological changes and levels of anti-tTG IgG (P -value: 0/869) but significant relationship was discovered between pathological changes and levels of anti-tTG IgA (P -value: 0/004). Conclusion - Screening of celiac disease by anti-tissue transglutaminase antibody should be completed as a routine investigation in patients with iron-deficiency anemia. Also physicians must consider celiac disease as a possible reason of anemia in all patients with iron deficiency anemia.


Contexto - A doença celíaca é uma enteropatia imunomediada, devido a uma sensibilidade permanente ao glúten em pessoas geneticamente suscetíveis. A anemia por deficiência de ferro é a anemia mais frequente em seres humanos e, além disso, é uma manifestação extra intestinal comum da doença celíaca. Objetivo - Investigar a correlação entre níveis de imunoglobulina de anticorpos anti-transglutaminase tissular A (anti-tTG IgA) e G (IgG anti-tTG) e alterações histológicas e, em seguida, determinar a prevalência de doença celíaca no Centro e Sul do Irã em pacientes com anemia por deficiência de ferro. Métodos - Foram incluídos neste estudo um total de 402 pacientes com idades entre 12-78 anos, que apresentavam anemia por deficiência de ferro. Hemoglobina, volume corpuscular médio e ferritina sérica foram determinados. Amostras de sangue venoso para imunoglobulina de anti-tTG IgA e IgG anti-tTG foram obtidas nestes pacientes. Endoscopia gastrointestinal foi recomendada para pacientes que tiveram sorologia positiva. Resultados - Dos 402 pacientes com anemia por deficiência de ferro, 42 (10,4%) tiveram sorologia positiva para doença celíaca. A biópsia do intestino delgado de todos os pacientes com sorologia positiva mostrou alterações patológicas (Marsh I, II e III). Não houve diferença significativa no nível de hemoglobina média entre os pacientes com deficiência de ferro com ou sem a doença celíaca. O resultado da biopsia duodenal não mostrou relação significativa entre a gravidade das alterações patológicas e níveis de IgG anti-tTG (P -valor: 0/869), mas descobriu-se relação significativa entre as alterações patológicas e níveis de anti-tTG IgA (P -valor: 0/004). Conclusão - A pesquisa de doença celíaca por dosagem de anticorpo anti-transglutaminase tissular deve ser completada como investigação de rotina em pacientes com anemia por deficiência de ferro. Os clínicos devem considerar a doença celíaca como um possível causa de anemia em todos os pacientes com anemia ferropriva.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/diagnosis , Celiac Disease/diagnosis , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/epidemiology , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/etiology , Autoantibodies/blood , Celiac Disease/complications , Celiac Disease/epidemiology , GTP-Binding Proteins/blood , GTP-Binding Proteins/immunology , Immunoglobulin A/blood , Immunoglobulin A/immunology , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Immunoglobulin G/immunology , Iran/epidemiology , Prevalence , Transglutaminases/blood , Transglutaminases/immunology
18.
Salud pública Méx ; 57(5): 394-402, sep.-oct. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-764720

ABSTRACT

Objective. To describe de prevalence of iron deficiency (ID) and anemia in a sample of Mexican elderly population from the National Health and Nutrition Survey (Ensanut) 2012. Materials and methods. 1 920 subjects ≥60 years of age were included. Hemoglobin, serum concentrations of ferritin and CRP were measured. The risk for ID and anemia adjusted for potential confounders was assessed in logistic regression models. Results. The overall prevalence of anemia was 13.9%, 15.2% in males and 12.8% females. For ID, overall it was 4.2%, males 4.0% and females 4.3%. The greatest prevalence of ID was found in males and females over 80 years old (6.9 and 7.0%, respectively). ID was present in 1.5 of 10 Mexican elders with anemia. Conclusion. The prevalence of anemia was high in the elderly, however the prevalence of ID was low; there is a need to further investigate the causes of anemia in this age group.


Objetivo. Describir la prevalencia de deficiencia de hierro (DH) y anemia en adultos mayores (AM) mexicanos participantes de la Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición 2012. Material y métodos. 1 920 sujetos ≥60 años fueron incluidos. Se midió hemoglobina, concentraciones séricas de ferritina y PCR. El riesgo de DH y anemia ajustada por confusores fueron evaluados por medio de modelos de regresión logística. Resultados. La prevalencia de anemia fue 13.9% (15.2% hombres, 12.8% mujeres) y de DH 4.2%, (4.0% hombres, 4.3% mujeres). La mayor prevalencia de ID se encontró en mayores de 80 años (6.9% hombres, 7.0% mujeres). 1.5 de 10 adultos mayores mexicanos con anemia presentaron DH. Conclusión. La prevalencia de anemia continua siendo alta en los adultos mayores, mientras que la prevalencia de DH es baja. Es necesario investigar las causas de anemia en este grupo de edad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Nutrition Surveys , Anemia/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Hemoglobins/analysis , Prevalence , Morbidity/trends , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/etiology , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/blood , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/epidemiology , Ferritins/blood , Anemia/blood , Iron/blood , Mexico/epidemiology
19.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 132(3): 140-146, 14/abr. 2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-710419

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVES: Anemia is the most frequent extraintestinal complication of inflammatory bowel disease. This study aimed to: 1) determine the prevalence of anemia among patients with inflammatory bowel disease; 2) investigate whether routine laboratory markers are useful for diagnosing anemia; and 3) evaluate whether any association exists between anemia and clinical/laboratory variables. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional at a federal university. METHODS: 44 outpatients with Crohn's disease and 55 with ulcerative colitis were evaluated. Clinical variables (disease activity index, location of disease and pharmacological treatment) and laboratory variables (blood count, iron laboratory, vitamin B12 and folic acid) were investigated. RESULTS: Anemia and/or iron laboratory disorders were present in 75% of the patients with Crohn's disease and in 78.2% with ulcerative colitis. Anemia was observed in 20.5% of the patients with Crohn's disease and in 23.6% with ulcerative colitis. Iron-deficiency anemia was highly prevalent in patients with Crohn's disease (69.6%) and ulcerative colitis (76.7%). Anemia of chronic disease in combination with iron deficiency anemia was present in 3% of the patients with Crohn's disease and in 7% of the patients with ulcerative colitis. There was no association between anemia and disease location. In ulcerative colitis, anemia was associated with the disease activity index. CONCLUSIONS: Most patients present iron laboratory disorders, with or without anemia, mainly due to iron deficiency. The differential diagnosis between the two most prevalent types of anemia was made based on clinical data and routine laboratory tests. In ulcerative colitis, anemia was associated with the disease activity index. .


CONTEXTO E OBJETIVOS: Anemia é a mais frequente complicação extraintestinal na doença inflamatória intestinal. Este estudo objetivou: 1) determinar a prevalência de anemia em portadores de doença inflamatória intestinal; 2) investigar se os marcadores laboratoriais de uso rotineiro são úteis para o diagnóstico da anemia; 3) avaliar se existe associação entre anemia e variáveis clínico-laboratoriais. TIPO DE ESTUDO E LOCAL: Estudo transversal em uma universidade federal. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 44 pacientes ambulatoriais com doença de Crohn e 55 com retocolite ulcerativa. Foram investigados aspectos clínicos (índice de atividade da doença, localização da doença e tratamento farmacológico) e laboratoriais (hemograma, ferrocinética, vitamina B12 e ácido fólico). RESULTADOS: Anemia e/ou anormalidades na ferrocinética estavam presentes em 75% dos pacientes com doença de Crohn e em 78,2% dos pacientes com retocolite. Anemia foi observada em 20,5% do grupo com doença de Crohn e em 23,6% do grupo com retocolite. Anemia por deficiência de ferro predominou entre os pacientes com doença de Crohn (69,6%) e com retocolite (76,7%). Anemia de doença crônica associada à anemia ferropriva estava presente em 3% dos pacientes com doença de Crohn e em 7% daqueles com retocolite. Na retocolite, a anemia estava associada com o índice de atividade da doença. CONCLUSÕES: A maioria dos pacientes apresentava alterações na ferrocinética com ou sem anemia, principalmente decorrente da ferropenia. O diagnóstico diferencial entre os dois tipos mais prevalentes de anemia foi baseado nos dados clínicos e nos testes laboratoriais de rotina. Anemia estava associada com o índice de atividade na retocolite. .


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/etiology , Colitis, Ulcerative/complications , Crohn Disease/complications , Iron/blood , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/blood , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/diagnosis , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/epidemiology , Anemia/diagnosis , Anemia/epidemiology , Anemia/etiology , Blood Cell Count , Biomarkers/blood , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Colitis, Ulcerative/diagnosis , Colitis, Ulcerative/epidemiology , Crohn Disease/diagnosis , Crohn Disease/epidemiology , Diagnosis, Differential , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/complications , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/diagnosis , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/epidemiology , Iron/deficiency , Prevalence
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