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1.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(4): e202, Oct.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341238

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Information regarding the clinical behavior and the anesthetic and perioperative management in pregnant patients with SARS-CoV-2 is starting to appear in the literature in the form of case reports or case series. However, strong evidence and recommendations are still limited. Objective To describe the clinical characteristics, the results of anesthetic and perioperative management, and complications in seroprevalent pregnant women for SARS-CoV-2 infection, delivered by cesarean section. Methodology Observational study in which 107 clinical records of pregnant women who were seroprevalent for SARS-CoV-2 infection were reviewed and analyzed between April and June, 2020. Demographic, clinical and serological data were collected, as well as data on the anesthetic technique and intraoperative and postoperative complications. Results Of the 107 pregnant women with SARS-CoV-2 infection, 99 (92.52%) were asymptomatic and 8 (7.48%) had mild symptoms. The most frequent reasons for cesarean section were cephalo-pelvic disproportion in 20 (18.68%), previous cesarean section in 20 (18.68%) and non-reassuring fetal status in 14 (13.08%). Anesthesia technique was neuraxial in all cases, with spinal used in 100 (93.5%), combined spinal-epidural in 4 (3.7%) and epidural catheter in 3 (2.8%) patients. No deaths had occurred until the third postoperative day of follow-up. Conclusions The majority of pregnant women with SARS-CoV-2 infection are asymptomatic. In this work, spinal, combined spinal-epidural and epidural neuroxial anesthesia techniques were shown to be effective and safe for these patients and their newborn babies.


Resumen Introducción La información del comportamiento clínico, manejo anestésico y perioperatorio en gestantes con SARS-CoV-2 empieza a aparecer en la literatura mediante reportes de casos o serie de casos. Aún son limitadas la evidencia contundente y las recomendaciones. Objetivo Describir las características clínicas, resultados del manejo anestésico, perioperatorio y complicaciones en gestantes seroprevalentes para infección por SARS-CoV-2, cuyo parto fue por cesárea. Metodología Estudio observacional en el cual se revisaron y analizaron 107 historias clínicas de gestantes seroprevalentes para infección por SARS-CoV-2, de abril a junio del 2020. Se recolectaron datos demográficos, clínicos, serología, técnica anestésica y complicaciones intra y postoperatorias. Resultados De las 107 gestantes con infección por SARS-CoV-2, 99 (92,52 %) fueron asintomáticas y 8 (7,48 %) presentaron síntomas leves. Los motivos más frecuentes de cesárea fueron: desproporción céfalo-pélvica 20 (18,68 %), cesárea previa 20 (18,68 %) y estado fetal no tranquilizador 14 (13,08 %). La técnica anestésica fue neuro axial en su totalidad, espinal en 100 (93,5 %), combinada espinal-epidural en 4 (3,7 %) y epidural con catéter en 3 (2,8 %) pacientes. No se registraron muertes hasta el tercer día postoperatorio de seguimiento. Conclusiones Las gestantes con infección por SARS-CoV-2 presentan -en su mayoría- infecciones asintomáticas. En este trabajo, la anestesia neuro axial: espinal, combinada espinal-epidural y epidural, se presentan como técnicas efectivas y seguras para estas pacientes y sus recién nacidos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section , SARS-CoV-2 , Anesthesia , Peru , COVID-19 , Anesthesia, Epidural
2.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(3): e743, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1351990

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La anestesia epidural lumbar es la técnica predilecta para gran número de anestesiólogos. Permite variadas intervenciones quirúrgicas, es útil para el tratamiento del dolor agudo y crónico, a la vez provee al paciente de distintos beneficios. También resalta su versatilidad ya que puede combinarse con otros métodos anestésicos, así como extenderla para el alivio del dolor posoperatorio. Objetivo: Describir los adelantos científicos que propiciaron la aparición de la anestesia epidural lumbar y cuál ha sido la evolución de esta técnica anestésica a lo largo de un siglo. Desarrollo: El acceso por vía lumbar al espacio epidural con fines anestésicos fue publicado por el cirujano español Fidel Pagés en marzo de 1921, luego de una década en el olvido fue introducida por el cirujano italiano Archile Dogliotti en 1931. A partir de entonces, se le han incorporado diversos y valiosos adelantos. Conclusiones: La anestesia epidural lumbar fue descrita hace un siglo por el doctor Pagés. Han sido variados y numerosos los aportes que han recibido, algunos de los cuales han sido objeto de controversias; no obstante, se ha tornado una técnica universal que sigue captando la preferencia de muchos anestesiólogos(AU)


Introduction: Lumbar epidural anesthesia is the technique preferred by a great number of anesthesiologists. It allows performing several surgical interventions and is useful for the treatment of acute and chronic pain; at the same time, it provides the patient with different benefits. It ls also worth highlighting its versatility, since it can be combined with other anesthetic methods, as well as to be extended for postoperative pain relief. Objective: To describe the scientific advances that led to the appearance of lumbar epidural anesthesia and what has been the evolution of this anesthetic technique over a century. Development: the Spanish surgeon Fidel Pagés published lumbar access to the epidural space for anesthetic purposes in March 1921. After a decade in oblivion, the Italian surgeon Archile Dogliotti introduced it, in 1931. From then on, it has been incorporated several valuable advances. Conclusions: Dr. Pagés described lumbar epidural anesthesia a century ago. The contributions achieved have been varied and numerous, some of which have been the subject of controversy; however, it has become a universal technique that continues to capture the preference of many anesthesiologists(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Anesthesia, Epidural/history , Anesthesiologists/standards
3.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e600, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280183

ABSTRACT

Abstract Tuberous sclerosis (TSC) is a rare disease with multi-systemic involvement, predominantly neurological. Little evidence exists about the anesthetic management of patients with this disorder, particularly in pregnant women. This article discusses a case of a patient with TSC admitted to our hospital for the delivery of a twin gestation. Twenty-four hours after surgery, the patient presented left-side facial-brachial hypoesthesia and headache. A brain CT revealed a right frontal cortical bleeding tumor, which was diagnosed as glioblastoma multiforme. The patient was discharged 15 days after admission and a neurosurgical approach was suggested.


Resumen La esclerosis tuberosa es una enfermedad poco frecuente asociada con compromiso multisistémico, principalmente neurológico. Es poca la evidencia sobre el manejo anestésico de los pacientes con este trastorno, en particular las mujeres embarazadas. En este artículo presentamos el caso de una paciente con esclerosis tuberosa ingresada en nuestro hospital para el parto de una gestación gemelar. Veinticuatro horas después de la cirugía, la paciente presentó hipoestesia facial y braquial izquierda y cefalea. La tomografía cerebral mostró un tumor cortical sangrante en el lóbulo frontal derecho, diagnosticado como glioblastoma multiforme. La paciente fue dada de alta 15 días después de su ingreso y, con recomendación de manejo por neurocirugía.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section , Glioblastoma , Headache , Anesthesia, Epidural , Anesthetics , Neurosurgery , Tuberous Sclerosis , Brain , Rare Diseases , Parturition , Hemorrhage , Hospitals , Hypesthesia , Neoplasms , Nervous System Diseases
4.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 72(3): 258-270, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351951

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: describir las características clínicas y la frecuencia de complicaciones maternas, fetales y neonatales, según técnica de anestesia neuroaxial (AN) en mujeres con síndrome de transfusión feto-fetal (STFF) tratadas con fotocoagulación láser (FL). Materiales y métodos: estudio de cohorte retrospectiva descriptivo. Se incluyeron gestantes con STFF tratadas con FL y AN en la Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali (Colombia) entre 2013-2017. Se excluyeron pacientes con STFF estadio-V de Quintero. Se usó estadística descriptiva. El protocolo fue aprobado por el Comité de Ética de la institución. Resultados: 32 participantes cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión y de exclusión. La población estuvo constituida por mujeres jóvenes, multíparas. En el 87,5% de los casos se realizó intervención de urgencia. El 43,7% presentaba el estadio-III de Quintero y en el 56,2 % de las gestantes se utilizó anestesia epidural. Las variables hemodinámicas maternas exhibieron un comportamiento similar, acorde al momento de la cirugía y la técnica neuoraxial implementada. El 65,6 % de las gestantes presentó hipotensión sostenida y el 9,3 % desarrolló edema pulmonar. El 65,6 % de las pacientes experimentó parto pretérmino y el 18,7 % ruptura prematura de membranas. Se registraron 14 muertes fetales y cinco neonatales. No se registraron casos de mortalidad materna. Conclusiones: en pacientes con STFF que requieren FL, el uso de la anestesia epidural, espinal o combinada probablemente se asocia con un comportamiento similar al de las variables hemodinámicas maternas, durante los momentos de la cirugía. Los profesionales que brindan atención a estas gestantes deben estar alerta ante la frecuente aparición de complicaciones maternas, fetales y neonatales. Se requieren estudios prospectivos que evalúen la seguridad y la efectividad de las diferentes técnicas de anestesia neuroaxial en pacientes con STFF.


Objective: To describe the clinical characteristics and the frequency of maternal, fetal and neonatal complications in accordance with the neuraxial anesthesia (NA) technique in women with twin-to- twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) treated with laser photocoagulation. Materials and Methods: Descriptive retrospective cohort study of pregnant patients with TTTS treated with laser photocoagulation under NA at Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali (Colombia), between 2013-2017. Patients with Quintero stage VTTTS were excluded. The protocol was approved by the institutional ethics committee. Results: Of the participants, 32 met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The study population consisted of young, multiparous women. Urgent interventions were performed in 87.5% of cases; 43.7% were Quintero stage III and epidural anesthesia was used in 56.2% of the women. Maternal hemodynamic variables were similar, in accordance with the timing of surgery and the neuraxial technique used. Sustained hypotension occurred in 65.6% of the pregnant women and 9.3% developed pulmonary edema. Pre-term delivery occurred in 65.6% of the patients and 18.7% had premature rupture of membranes. There were 14 fetal demises and five neonatal deaths. There were no cases of maternal mortality. Conclusions: In patients with TTTS requiring laser photocoagulation, the use of epidural, spinal or combined anesthesia is likely associated with similar maternal hemodynamic variables at the time of surgery. Practitioners providing care to these pregnant women must be aware of the frequent occurrence of maternal, fetal and neonatal complications. Prospective studies to assess the safety and effectiveness of the different neuraxial anesthesia techniques in patients with TTTS are required.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Fetofetal Transfusion , Pregnancy, Twin , Anesthesia, Epidural , Anesthesia, Spinal , Safety , Syndrome , Laser Coagulation , Fetoscopy , Anesthesia
5.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(1): e200, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1149793

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Classically, the local anesthetic (LA) has been combined with one lipophilic and another hydrophilic opioid for neuraxial anesthesia in cesarean section. In Colombia, the practice has been the use of morphine hydrochloride with fentanyl, but the occasional shortage of the former triggered an interest in new options. In response to the shortage of morphine in 2017-2018, a contingency plan was developed at the SES Hospital in Caldas, prefilling syringes at the hospital compounding central, with: bupivacaine, morphine and fentanyl (BMF); bupivacaine, fentanyl and hydromorphone (BFH); and bupivacaine and hydromorphone (BH). Hydromorphone has a rapid onset of action, long-lasting effect and is indicated for spinal administration in the safety data sheet; therefore, the advantages of adding fentanyl to this mix are questionable. Objective To compare the clinical analgesic efficacy at the time of the incision and during the first 12 hours after surgery. Methods An observational, analytical study was conducted, using the mixtures BMF, BFH and BH in patients receiving subarachnoid anesthesia for cesarean section. Pain was assessed at the time of the incision, as well as any adverse effects and the pain visual analogue scale over the following 12 hours. Results Of the 71 patients participating in the study, 40.9 % received BMF; 22.5 %, BFH; and 36.6 %, BH. None of the patients experienced pain at the time of the incision. There was no difference in terms of adverse effects among the three groups. The mean difference in the visual analogue scale (VAS) for postoperative pain at 3, 6 and 12 hours was lower in the groups in which hydromorphone was used. Conclusion BFH and BH combinations are comparable to the original preparation in terms of adverse effects, with the advantage of being more effective in controlling postoperative pain.


Resumen Introducción Para anestesia neuroaxial en cesárea, se ha combinado clásicamente el anestésico local (AL) con un opioide lipofílico y otro hidrofílico. En Colombia se ha usado clorhidrato de morfina con fentanilo, pero el ocasional desabastecimiento del primero despertó el interés por nuevas alternativas. En SES Hospital de Caldas se generó un plan de contingencia frente a la escasez de morfina en 2017-2018, pre llenando jeringas en su central de mezclas con: bupivacaína, morfina y fentanilo (BMF); bupivacaína, fentanilo e hidromorfona (BHF); y bupivacaína e hidromorfona (BH). La hidromorfona tiene inicio rápido de acción, efecto prolongado e indicación en ficha técnica por vía espinal, por lo tanto, las ventajas que pudiera generar la adición del fentanilo a esta mezcla son cuestionables. Objetivo Comparar la eficacia analgésica clínica al momento de la incisión y en las primeras 12 horas postoperatorias. Métodos Se realizó un estudio observacional analítico, empleando las mezclas BMF, BHF y BH en pacientes que recibieron anestesia subaracnoidea para cesárea. Se evaluó el dolor a la incisión, los efectos adversos y la escala visual análoga de dolor en las 12 horas siguientes. Resultados De las 71 pacientes del estudio, 40,9 % recibieron BMF; 22,5 %, BHF; y 36,6 %, BH. En ninguna paciente se observó dolor a la incisión. No hubo diferencia en efectos adversos entre los 3 grupos. La diferencia de medias de la escala visual analógica (EVA) para dolor postoperatorio a las 3, 6 y 12 horas, fue menor en los grupos en los que se usó hidromorfona. Conclusiones Las mezclas BHF y BH son equiparables a la preparación tradicional en cuanto a efectos adversos, con la ventaja de ser más efectivas para el control del dolor postoperatorio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Subarachnoid Space , Cesarean Section , Analgesics, Opioid , Injections, Spinal , Analgesics , Anesthesia, Epidural
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922043

ABSTRACT

This article aims to study the factors affecting the flexibility of the tip of an epidural anesthesia catheter. The flexibility of the tip of the epidural anesthesia catheter was tested with a softness tester from four aspects:raw materials, tip structure, tip processing technology, and the outer diameter of the catheter. Highly flexible and malleable polymer material with a smooth tip, the tip softening process and the proper outer diameter can effectively improve the tip flexibility of the epidural anesthesia catheter.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, Epidural , Catheterization , Catheters , Epidural Space
7.
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1347994

ABSTRACT

A clinical case in which skin and hair color change occurred after sacrococcygeal epidural anesthesia in a nine-month-old Siamese cross queen undergoing ovariohysterectomy (OHE) is described. Six weeks after surgery, during a re-check, it was noted that in the sacrococcygeal region the color of the skin and new hair growth was dark with a color comparable to the color present on the body extremities (muzzle, pinnae, legs, and tail). The skin and new hair growth of the shaved abdomen presented a standard color. The key enzyme of the melanogenic pathway in mammals is tyrosinase (TYR), and the Siamese temperature-sensitive phenotype is the result of genetic mutations that makes TYR function thermolabile. The activity of TYR in these cats is limited to the extremities where the temperature is lower while pigment production is impaired in the other body areas. The trichotomy of the sacrococcygeal region performed during wintertime in an outdoor cat was probably the trigger for increased activity of TYR in this area promoting pigment production. The absence of the same alterations in the abdominal area may be justified by less exposure of that region to the external environment, as well as to the feline habits of sedentarism, that avoid significant cooling in these regions. This report highlights the importance of taking this type of occurrence into account when performing an epidural in the Siamese cat breed. Also, to avoid skin color change in this breed, the authors recommend a midline abdominal instead of a flank approach to perform OHE.(AU)


Descreve-se um caso clínico no qual ocorreu mudança na cor da pele e do pelo após anestesia epidural sacrococcígea numa gata cruzada de raça Siamês de nove meses submetida à ovariohisterectomia (OVH). Seis semanas após a cirurgia, durante uma avaliação pós-operatória, notou-se que na região sacrococcígea, a cor da pele e o crescimento do pelo apresentavam uma cor escura, comparável à das extremidades do corpo (face, orelhas, membros e cauda). A pele e o crescimento do pelo do abdómen, que também havia sido tosquiado, apresentavam uma cor padrão. A enzima chave da via melanogênica em mamíferos é a tirosinase (TYR) e o fenótipo siamês sensível à temperatura é o resultado de mutações genéticas que tornam a função TYR termolábil. A atividade da TYR nestes gatos é limitada às extremidades onde a temperatura é mais baixa, enquanto a produção de pigmento é prejudicada em outras áreas do corpo. A tricotomia da região sacrococcígea realizada durante o inverno nesta gata com acesso livre ao ambiente externo, provavelmente determinou um aumento da atividade da TYR nesta área, promovendo a produção de pigmento. A ausência das mesmas alterações na região abdominal pode ser justificada pela menor exposição desta área do corpo ao ambiente externo, também devido aos hábitos felinos de sedentarismo, que evitam resfriamento significativo nestas regiões. Este relato destaca a importância de se levar em consideração a possibilidade deste tipo de ocorrência quando da realização de uma anestesia epidural nesta raça de gatos. Além disso, os autores recomendam uma abordagem abdominal na linha média ao invés de uma abordagem de flanco para realizar a OVH nesta raça, a fim de evitar a alteração da cor da pele.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Cats , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Anesthesia, Epidural/veterinary , Sacrococcygeal Region , Hair Removal
8.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202633, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155374

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to compare the use of 0.5% alcoholic chlorhexidine and 70% alcohol in skin antisepsis for neuraxial blocks. Method: this is a non-inferiority randomized clinical trial, with two parallel arms. Seventy patients who were candidates for neuraxial block were randomly allocated to group A (n = 35), in whom antisepsis was performed with 0.5% alcoholic chlorhexidine, or to group B (n = 35), in whom we used 70% hydrated ethyl alcohol. Swabs were harvested for culture at three times: before antisepsis, two minutes after application of the antiseptic, and immediately after puncture. The samples were sown in three culture media and the number of colony forming units (CFU) per cm² was counted. Results: there was no difference between the groups regarding age, sex, body mass index, time to perform the block or type of block. There were no differences between groups in the CFU/cm² counts before antisepsis. There was less bacterial growth in group B two minutes after application of the antiseptic (p = 0.048), but there was no difference between the groups regarding the number of CFU/cm² at the end of the puncture. Conclusion: 70% alcohol was more effective in reducing the number of CFU/cm² after two minutes, and there was no difference between the two groups regarding skin colonization at the end of the procedure. These results suggest that 70% alcohol may be an option for skin antisepsis before neuraxial blocks. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02833376.


RESUMO Objetivo: comparar o uso de solução alcoólica de clorexidina 0,5% e de álcool 70% na antissepsia da pele para bloqueios do neuroeixo. Método: ensaio clínico randomizado de não inferioridade, com dois braços paralelos. Foram selecionados 70 pacientes candidatos à bloqueio do neuroeixo, randomicamente alocados para o grupo A (n=35), em que a antissepsia foi realizada com clorexidina alcoólica 0,5%, ou para o grupo B (n=35), em que se utilizou álcool etílico hidratado 70%. Foram coletadas, com swab, amostras para cultura em três momentos: antes da antissepsia, dois minutos após aplicação do antisséptico, e imediatamente após a punção. As amostras foram semeadas em três meios de cultura e foi contabilizado o número de unidades formadoras de colônias (UFC) por cm². Resultados: não houve diferença entre os grupos quanto à idade, ao sexo, ao índice de massa corporal, ao tempo para realização do bloqueio ou tipo de bloqueio. Também não houve diferenças entre os grupos na contagem de UFC/cm² antes da antissepsia. Constatou-se menor crescimento bacteriano no grupo B dois minutos após aplicação do antisséptico (p=0,048), mas não houve diferença entre os grupos quanto ao número de UFC/cm² ao final da punção. Conclusão: o álcool 70% mostrou-se mais efetivo em reduzir o número de UFC/cm² após dois minutos, e não houve diferença entre os dois grupos quanto à colonização da pele ao final do procedimento. Esses resultados sugerem que o álcool 70% pode ser opção para antissepsia da pele antes de bloqueios do neuroeixo. Registro ensaio clínico: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02833376.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin/microbiology , Surgical Wound Infection/prevention & control , Chlorhexidine/pharmacology , Antisepsis/methods , Ethanol/pharmacology , Anti-Infective Agents, Local/pharmacology , Ethanol/administration & dosage , Anesthesia, Epidural , Anesthesia, Spinal , Anti-Infective Agents, Local/administration & dosage
9.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353935

ABSTRACT

La presencia de elementos extraños dentro del canal raquídeo es infrecuente y no hay claro consenso respecto de su tratamiento. Las publicaciones sobre fragmentos de proyectil de arma de fuego intracanal recomiendan la exéresis de los fragmentos ante la posibilidad de migración, sobre todo, cuando están en una zona próxima al cono medular. Se debería proceder del mismo modo ante una aguja dentro del canal espinal. Presentamos a una paciente con dolor radicular invalidante provocado por un fragmento de aguja dentro del canal espinal luego de una cesárea. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


The presence of foreign elements within the spinal canal is rare and there is no clear consensus regarding its treatment. The publications on intracanal firearm projectile fragments recommend exeresis of the fragments due to the possibility of migration, especially when they are in an area close to the medullary cone. The same procedure should be applied to a needle inside the spinal canal. We present a patient with disabling radicular pain caused by a needle fragment within the spinal canal after cesarean section. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Rupture , Spinal Diseases , Spinal Puncture , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Anesthesia, Epidural/adverse effects , Needles/adverse effects
10.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(6): 682-685, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155770

ABSTRACT

Abstract Myotonic dystrophy type-1 (Steinert disease) is an autosomal dominant, progressive multisystem disease in which myotonic crisis can be triggered by several factors including pain, emotional stress, hypothermia, shivering, and mechanical or electrical stimulation. In this report, dexmedetomidine-based general anesthesia, in combination with a thoracic epidural for laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a patient with Steinert disease, is presented. An Aintree intubation catheter with the guidance of a fiberoptic bronchoscope was used for intubation to avoid laryngoscopy. Prolonged anesthetic effects of propofol were reversed, and recovery from anesthesia was accelerated using an intravenous infusion of theophylline.


Resumo A Distrofia Miotônica (DM) tipo-1 (Doença de Steinert) é uma doença multissistêmica progressiva autossômica dominante em que a crise miotônica pode ser desencadeada por vários fatores, incluindo dor, estresse emocional, hipotermia, tremores e estímulo mecânico ou elétrico. O presente relato descreve anestesia geral realizada com dexmedetomidina em combinação com peridural torácica para colecistectomia laparoscópica em paciente com Doença de Steinert. Para evitar laringoscopia, a intubação traqueal foi realizada utilizando cateter de intubação Aintree guiado por broncofibroscopia óptica. Os efeitos anestésicos prolongados do propofol foram revertidos e a recuperação anestésica foi acelerada pelo uso de infusão intravenosa de teofilina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Analgesics, Non-Narcotic , Dexmedetomidine , Anesthesia, Epidural/methods , Anesthesia, General/methods , Myotonic Dystrophy/complications , Theophylline/administration & dosage , Anesthesia Recovery Period , Propofol , Bronchoscopes , Analgesics, Opioid , Hypnotics and Sedatives , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods , Middle Aged
11.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(5): 549-552, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143956

ABSTRACT

Abstract Myasthenia Gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease characterized by weakness and fatigability of skeletal muscles, with improvement following rest. It is a disease of great significance to the anesthesiologist because it affects the neuromuscular junction. Robotic thymectomy has come up in recent times due to the minimally invasive nature and its advantages. This presents a new set of challenges for the anesthesia team, and here we present the various anesthesia considerations and perioperative management in a series of 20 patients who underwent robotic thymectomy. As it is a recent upcoming procedure, there is a paucity of literature on this topic, and most of the available literature talks about One-Lung Ventilation (OLV) and thoracic epidurals. To our notice, this is the first literature without the use of OLV and thoracic epidural for the management of robotic thymectomy.


Resumo Miastenia Gravis (MG) é uma doença autoimune que se caracteriza por fraqueza e fadiga da musculatura esquelética, com melhora após o repouso. É uma doença de grande interesse para o anestesiologista, pois compromete a junção neuromuscular. Recentemente, a timectomia robótica tem sido empregada por apresentar as vantagens da abordagem minimamente invasiva. O procedimento introduz uma série de novos desafios para a equipe de anestesia. Relatamos aqui as várias considerações anestésicas e o cuidado perioperatório em uma série de 20 pacientes submetidos a timectomia robótica. Sendo um procedimento recente, há limitada literatura discutindo esse tópico e, além disso, a maior parte da literatura disponível concentra a atenção na Ventilação Monopulmonar (VMP) e na peridural torácica. A nosso ver, este é a primeiro relato na literatura sem o emprego de VMP e peridural torácica para o manejo da timectomia robótica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Thymectomy/methods , Neuromuscular Blockade/methods , Anesthesia/methods , Myasthenia Gravis/surgery , One-Lung Ventilation/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Anesthesia, Epidural , Middle Aged
12.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 48(3): 164-168, July-Sept. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1126298

ABSTRACT

Abstract Pain after liver resection can be difficult to manage. Epidural anesthesia (EA) is an effective technique in pain control in this surgery. However, postoperative coagulopathy and hypotension due to autonomic nervous system block in high-risk patients, may result that the EA is an inadequate analgesic technique in according to enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) recommendations for liver surgery. Regional block techniques have been recommended for liver surgery in ERAS guidelines. Erector spinae plane (ESP) block is a recent block described for thoracic and abdominal surgeries and provides both somatic and visceral analgesia. We describe a high-risk patient with cardiac dysfunction and Parkinson's disease who underwent laparoscopic right liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma. Satisfactory intra and postoperative analgesia was achieved by a combined continuous ESP block, transversus abdominis plane (TAP), and oblique subcostal TAP blocks. Surgery and postoperative period was uneventful. No opioids were administered during hospitalization. A combined of thoracic and abdominal wall blocks can be an effective approach for intra and postoperative analgesia in high-risk patients undergoing laparoscopic liver resection. Further clinical research is recommended to establish the effectiveness of the ESP block as an analgesic technique in this surgery.


Resumen El dolor posterior a una resección hepática puede ser difícil de manejar. La anestesia epidural (AE) es una técnica efectiva para el control del dolor en esta cirugía. Sin embargo, la coagulopatía y la hipotensión postoperatorias debido al bloqueo del sistema nervioso autónomo en pacientes de alto riesgo, puede hacer que la AE sea una técnica analgésica inadecuada, de acuerdo con las recomendaciones de la recuperación mejorada después de cirugía (ERAS, por las iniciales en inglés de Enhanced Recovery After Surgery) para cirugía hepática. Se han recomendado las técnicas de bloqueo regional para cirugía hepática en las guías ERAS. El bloqueo del plano erector de la espina (BEE) (ESP, por las iniciales en inglés de erector spinae plan block) es una técnica reciente, para cirugías torácicas y abdominales, que brinda analgesia tanto somática como visceral. Se describe aquí un paciente de alto riesgo con disfunción cardiaca y enfermedad de Parkinson que se sometió a resección la paroscópica del lóbulo derecho del hígado por carcinoma hepatocelular. Se logró analgesia intra y postoperatoria eficaz mediante una combinación de bloqueo continuo ESP, y bloqueos del plano transverso abdominal (PTA) y del plano transverso abdominal subcostal oblicuo. La cirugía y el periodo postoperatorio transcurrieron sin novedad y no se administraron opioides durante la hospitalización. La combinación de bloqueos combinados torácicos y de la pared abdominal pueden ser un abordaje efectivo para la analgesia intra y postoperatoria en pacientes de alto riesgo que se someten a resección hepática laparoscópica. Se recomienda continuar con la investigación clínica a finde establecer la efectividad del bloqueo ESP como técnica anestésica para esta cirugía.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Thoracic Surgery , Liver Failure/surgery , Laparoscopy , Anesthesia, Epidural , Parkinson Disease , Postoperative Complications
13.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(5): 1659-1665, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1131552

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se avaliar o bloqueio sensitivo e motor da administração peridural de 0,2mL/kg de duas concentrações de ropivacaína em comparação à lidocaína em cães. Utilizaram-se 24 cães, distribuídos em quatro grupos: NaCl a 0,9% (GS), lidocaína a 2% (GL), ropivacaína a 0,5% (GR5) e ropivacaína a 0,75% (GR7,5). Avaliaram-se a presença de movimentação espontânea, deambulação, sensibilidade superficial e profunda nos momentos cinco, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, 180, 240 e 300 minutos após peridural. O retorno à movimentação espontânea foi semelhante entre GL (42,50 ± 6,12) e GR7,5 (69,2 ± 58,9). O tempo para deambulação foi mais prolongado em GR7,5 (107,5 ± 79,3) que em GS (9,2 ± 3,8) e em GR5 (32,5 ± 20,9). O retorno da sensibilidade profunda foi maior em GR 7,5 (152,5 ± 89,2) que em GS (5,8 ± 2,0), GR5 (46,7 ± 46,3) e GL (52,5 ± 20,7). O tempo de retorno da sensibilidade superficial foi maior em GR7,5 (205,0 ± 129,3) que em GS (7,5 ± 2,7), GL (72,5 ± 19,9) e GR5 (97,5 ± 55,1). Apesar do retorno precoce da movimentação, ropivacaína 0,75% está relacionada a tempo prolongado de recuperação da função muscular e bloqueio sensitivo mais prolongado que lidocaína e ropivacaína 0,5%.(AU)


The aim of the present study was to evaluate the sensory and motor blockade of epidural 0.5% and 0.75% Ropivacaine or Lidocaine in dogs. Twenty-four dogs were distributed in four groups: 0.9% NaCl (GS), 2% lidocaine (GL), 0.5% ropivacaine (GR5) and 0.75% ropivacaine (GR7.5). Spontaneous movement, ability to walk, superficial, and deep pain response were assessed 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, 180, 240 and 300 minutes after epidural. Time to return to spontaneous movement was similar between GL (42.50 ± 6.12) and GR7.5 (69.2 ± 58.9). Time to return to ambulation was longer in GR7.5 (107.5 ± 79.3) than in GS (9.2 ± 3.8) and GR5 (32.5 ± 20.9). Time to recover deep sensitivity was longer in GR 7.5 (152.5 ± 89.2) than in GS (5.8 ± 2.0), GR5 (46.7 ± 46.3) and GL (52.5 ± 20.7). Time to return superficial sensitivity was longer in GR7.5 (205.0 ± 129.3) when compared to GS (7.5 ± 2.7), GL (72.5 ± 19.9) and GR5 (97.5 ± 55.1). Despite the early return of spontaneous movement, 0.75% ropivacaine is related to longer periods for muscle function recovery and longer sensory block than lidocaine and 0.5% ropivacaine.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Neuromuscular Blockade/veterinary , Ropivacaine/administration & dosage , Anesthesia, Epidural/veterinary , Lidocaine/administration & dosage , Nerve Block/veterinary , Anesthetics, Local/analysis
14.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(5): 339-341, 20200000. fig
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367951

ABSTRACT

Venous varicose of epidura is considered a rare cause of nerve root and thecal sac compression and impingement that leads to lower limb radiculopathy. The purpose of this study is to draw attention to this problem during operation. It also aims to focus shed a light on using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before the operation. This research also attempts to evaluate the outcome of the surgery. Symptoms of epidural varicose with radiculopathy are rare and the diagnosis is often inaccurate by preoperative clinical examination and radiology investigations. Thus, in many cases the diagnosis is made intra- operatively. The case was a 40 years old female who consulted our outpatient clinic complaining from acute radicular pain in the lower back and down of her right lower limb. MRI was done for her and showed paracentral disc herniation. Intra operatively, an abnormal dilatation of epidural vein impingement on L4 nerve root with no foraminal stenosis was seen. We initiated a thermo coagulation of the epidural vein from proximal to distal ends at disc level and used gel foam patch to control bleeding that was removed all at the end of operation. Then, coagulation ablation was performed. The operation resulted in relief of symptoms and neurologic recovery occurred during follow up period. According to our case and previously published case reports, the outcome is good with recovery of neurological signs and symptoms that can be obtained by coagulation ablation of epidural varicose vein.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Radiculopathy/therapy , Varicose Veins/therapy , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Anesthesia, Epidural , Lumbosacral Region
15.
Medwave ; 20(6): e7950, 31-07-2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119716

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este artículo es revisar las características del SARS-CoV-2, los aspectos clínico-epidemiológicos de COVID-19 y las implicaciones que tienen para los anestesiólogos al realizar procedimientos generadores de aerosoles. Se realizó una búsqueda en las bases de datos PubMed, Scopus, SciELO y Web of Science hasta el 9 de abril de 2020, utilizando las palabras: "COVID-19 or COVID19 or SARS-CoV-2 and anesthesiology or anesthesia". Se incluyeron 48 artículos con información sobre el manejo del paciente en el perioperatorio o en la unidad de cuidados intensivos ante la sospecha o confirmación de infección por SARS-CoV-2. En general, se recomienda el aplazamiento de las cirugías electivas por no más de seis a ocho semanas, de acuerdo a las condiciones clínicas de los pacientes. En el caso de cirugías de urgencia o emergencia, se revisan tópicos del sistema de protección personal así como las estrategias recomendadas para la realización de los procedimientos.


The purpose of this article is to review the characteristics of SARS-CoV-2, the clinical-epidemiological aspects of COVID-19, and the implications anesthesiologists when performing aerosol-generating procedures. A search of PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, SciELO, and Web of Science databases was performed until April 9, 2020, using the words: "COVID-19 or COVID19 or SARS-CoV-2 and anesthesiology or anesthesia". Forty-eight articles with information on the management of the patient in the perioperative period or the intensive care unit when suspected or confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection were included. In general, the postponement of elective surgeries for no more than 6 to 8 weeks, depending on the clinical condition of the patients is recommended. In the case of urgent or emergency surgeries, we review the use of personal protection gear, as well as the recommended strategies for carrying out the procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/epidemiology , Anesthesiology/standards , Occupational Diseases/prevention & control , Respiration, Artificial/methods , Respiration, Artificial/standards , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Elective Surgical Procedures , Aerosols , Pandemics , Symptom Assessment/methods , Personal Protective Equipment , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/transmission , Intensive Care Units , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods , Intubation, Intratracheal/standards , Anesthesia, Conduction/methods , Anesthesia, Epidural/methods , Anesthesia, General/methods , Anesthesia, Spinal/methods , Anesthesiology/organization & administration , Nerve Block/methods
17.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(6): 1901-1908, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1055148

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se comparar os efeitos fisiológicos, analgésicos e sobre a taxa de infusão de propofol, decorrentes da anestesia epidural com lidocaína, associada ao tramadol ou à dexmedetomidina, em felinas submetidas à ovariosalpingohisterectomia (OSH). Para tal, 16 felinas hígidas foram pré-tratadas com acepromazina 0,08mg/kg/IM, utilizando-se propofol para a indução (dose-efeito) e manutenção anestésicas. Após indução, as gatas foram aleatoriamente distribuídas em dois grupos (n=8), designados: grupo lidocaína-tramadol (GLT), tratado com lidocaína (3,0mg/kg) associada ao tramadol (2,0mg/kg); e grupo lidocaína-dexmedetomidina (GLD), tratado com lidocaína (3,0mg/kg) associada à dexmedetomidina (2µg/kg), pela via epidural. Durante a OSH, a infusão de propofol foi aumentada ou reduzida, objetivando-se manutenção de plano anestésico cirúrgico. Foram avaliados os parâmetros: f, FC, SPO2, EtCO2, PAS, PAD, PAM, T°C, nos períodos pré (M1) e transoperatórios (M2 a M7); a taxa mínima de propofol necessária; o tempo de recuperação anestésica e a qualidade da analgesia pós-cirúrgica durante seis horas. Ambos os tratamentos garantiram baixas taxas mínimas de infusão de propofol, todavia o uso da dexmedetomidina resultou em bradicardia inicial, elevação da pressão arterial, maior tempo de recuperação e menor qualidade analgésica, quando comparada ao tramadol.(AU)


The aim of this study was to compare the physiological and analgesic effects and the minimum infusion rate of propofol of epidural anesthesia with lidocaine associated to tramadol or dexmedetomidine, in cats undergoing ovariosalpingohysterectomy (OSH). For this purpose, 16 healthy cats were pretreated with acepromazine (0.08mg kg -1 IM) and propofol was used for induction (dose-effect) and maintenance of anesthesia. After induction, the cats were assigned in two randomized groups (n= 8), named: Lidocaine-tramadol group (LTG), treated with lidocaine (3mg kg -1 ) associated to tramadol (2mg kg -1 ) and Lidocaine-dexmedetomidine group (LDG), treated with lidocaine (3mg kg -1 ) associated to dexmedetomidine (2g kg -1 ), by epidural route. During OSH, propofol infusion was increased or decreased, setting to maintain surgical anesthetic depth. The parameters f, HR, SPO 2 , EtCO 2 , SAP, DAP, MAP, T°C in the pre (M1) and trans-operative periods (M2 to M7); minimum infusion rate of propofol; time of anesthetic recovery and quality of postoperative analgesia during six-hour interval, were evaluated. Both protocols provided low minimum infusion rate of propofol. However, dexmedetomidine resulted in initial bradycardia, elevated blood pressure, longer recovery time, and lower analgesic quality when compared to tramadol.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cats , Tramadol/administration & dosage , Dexmedetomidine/administration & dosage , Anesthesia, Epidural/veterinary , Lidocaine/administration & dosage , Ovariectomy/veterinary , Propofol/administration & dosage , Salpingectomy/veterinary , Hysterectomy/veterinary
18.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(6): 1839-1845, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1055128

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar latência, duração do efeito, progressão cranial da lidocaína e da bupivacaína isoladas, ou em associação, pela via epidural, em cães, além de mensurar a pressão média do canal epidural antes e após a realização dela. Utilizaram-se 18 cães, alocados em três grupos, os quais receberam, por via epidural: lidocaína 2% (GL) 0,25mL/kg; bupivacaína 0,5% (GB) no mesmo volume, ou a associação de ambas (GLB) na proporção de 1:1. Avaliaram-se as frequências cardíaca e respiratória e a pressão arterial sistólica (PAS) previamente aos tratamentos (M0) e até 60 minutos após a anestesia epidural. Ainda, avaliou-se a pressão no canal epidural antes e após a administração dos tratamentos, o período de latência, a progressão e a duração do bloqueio pelo pinçamento interdigital e do panículo paravertebral. Houve redução de 12% da PAS no GL em todos os momentos e de 16% aos 30 minutos no GLB quando comparados ao basal. A pressão média no espaço epidural antes e após a anestesia epidural foi de -1,5 (±3,9) e 41 (±16) mmHg; 55% apresentaram pressão negativa no espaço epidural. O período de latência não diferiu entre os grupos (GL: 3,5±1,6; GB: 4,5±4,5; e GLB: 2,4±1 minutos) e a duração do bloqueio foi maior no GB em relação ao GL (GL: 125±24; GB: 176±24; e GLB: 153±35 minutos). A progressão máxima dos anestésicos foi até L1-T13 no GL, L4-L3 no GB e L3-L2 no GLB. Conclui-se que a associação de lidocaína com bupivacaína não apresenta vantagens em relação ao uso dos fármacos isolados pela via epidural, tendo a lidocaína progredido mais cranialmente em relação à bupivacaína ou à associação. A lidocaína promoveu redução da PAS, mesmo quando associada à bupivacaína, permanecendo dentro dos valores de referência. Apenas 55% dos cães apresentaram pressão média negativa no espaço epidural antes da administração dos fármacos, dessa forma o teste da gota pendente pode não ser eficiente para localização do espaço epidural em todos os animais.(AU)


The objective of this study was to evaluate the latency, duration of the effect, and cranial progression of lidocaine and bupivacaine alone or in combination, by epidural route in dogs, and measuring the average pressure of the epidural channel before and after the completion thereof. Eighteen dogs were allocated in three groups, which received epidural: lidocaine 2% (GL) 0.25ml / kg; bupivacaine 0.5% (GB) in the same volume, or the association of both (GLB) in a 1: 1 ratio. Heart and respiratory rates and systolic blood pressure (SBP) were evaluated before treatment (M0) and up to 60 minutes after epidural anesthesia. In addition, the pressure in the epidural canal was evaluated before and after the administration of the treatments, latency period, progression and duration of the block by interdigital and paravertebral pannicus clamping. There was a 12% decrease in SBP in the GL at all times and 16% at 30 minutes in GLB when compared to the baseline. The mean pressure in the epidural space before and after epidural anesthesia was -1.5 (±3.9) and 41 (±16) mmHg), 55% presented negative pressure in the epidural space. The latency period did not differ between groups (GL: 3.5±1.6; GB: 4.5±4.5; and GLB: 2.4±1 minutes) and the duration of blockade was higher in GB (GL: 125±24, GB: 176±24, and GLB: 153±35 minutes). The maximum progression of anesthetics was up to L1-T13 in GL, L4-L3 in GB and L3-L2 in GLB. It is concluded that the association of lidocaine with bupivacaine does not present advantages in relation to the use of the drugs isolated by the epidural route, with lidocaine progressing more cranially in relation to bupivacaine or the association. Lidocaine promoted the reduction of SBP, even when associated with bupivacaine, remaining within the reference values. Only 55% of the dogs presented negative mean pressure in the epidural space before administration of the drugs, so the drop test may not be efficient for locating the epidural space in all animals.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Bupivacaine , Anesthetics, Combined/administration & dosage , Drug Interactions , Anesthesia, Epidural/veterinary , Lidocaine
19.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(2): 430-438, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1011275

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se avaliar os efeitos fisiológicos, sedativos e analgésicos da administração peridural de ropivacaína isolada ou associada à morfina ou à metadona. Para tal, 24 cadelas submetidas à ovário-histerectomia receberam acepromazina, e a anestesia foi induzida e mantida com propofol e isoflurano (FiO2 = 1,0), respectivamente. De acordo com o protocolo peridural, formaram-se três grupos de igual número: GR (ropivacaína - 2,0mg/kg); GRMETA (ropivacaína - 2,0mg/kg e metadona - 0,3mg/kg) e GRMORF (ropivacaína - 2,0mg/kg e morfina - 0,1mg/kg). Registraram-se os parâmetros fisiológicos intraoperatórios e os graus de sedação e analgesia pós-operatórios. No GR constataram-se maiores médias de pressões arteriais 30 minutos após a anestesia epidural em relação ao GRMETA (sistólica e média) e ao final do procedimento cirúrgico comparativamente ao GRMORF (sistólica, diastólica e média). Não foram observadas diferenças significativas entre os grupos relativamente à analgesia e ao grau de sedação pós-operatórios. A administração epidural de ropivacaína é segura e eficaz e proporciona boa analgesia, independentemente da sua associação com morfina ou metadona.(AU)


The aim of this study was to evaluate the physiological, sedative and analgesic effects of epidural administration of ropivacaine sole or associated to morphine or methadone. Twenty-four bitches were submitted to ovariohysterectomy and received acepromazine and after, propofol and isoflurane (FiO 2 = 1.0) for anesthesia induction and maintenance, respectively. Based on established epidural protocol (L7-S1), three groups were formed: GR (ropivacaine - 2.0mg/kg); GRMETA (ropivacaine - 2.0mg/kg and methadone - 0.3mg/kg) and GRMORF (ropivacaine - 2.0mg/kg and morphine - 0.1mg/kg). Intraoperative physiological parameters and degrees of postoperative sedation and analgesia were recorded. In the GR, the means of arterial pressures, 30 minutes after epidural anesthesia, were higher compared with GRMETA (systolic and mean) and, at the end of the clinical procedure, compared to GRMORF (systolic, diastolic and mean). Differences between groups were not observed for postoperative analgesia and degree of sedation. Epidural administration of ropivacaine is safe and effective and provides good analgesia regardless of its association with morphine or methadone.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Ovariectomy/veterinary , Hysterectomy/veterinary , Anesthesia, Epidural/veterinary , Methadone , Morphine , Analgesics, Opioid/administration & dosage
20.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 18(1): e535, ene.-abr. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093095

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La anestesia y analgesia peridural continua, además de proporcionar un adecuado control del dolor posoperatorio, aportan beneficios como la disminución del riesgo de trombosis y de sangrado intraoperatorio. Objetivo: Describir el comportamiento y los resultados de la aplicación de la anestesia peridural continua mediante bomba de infusión elastomérica en pacientes intervenidas de mamoplastia de aumento. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, prospectivo, longitudinal en el Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Hermanos Ameijeiras, entre febrero 2014 y febrero 2016. Resultados: 72,8 fueron las pacientes entre 20 y 29 años, 57,6 por ciento era ASA I y 78,3 por ciento normopeso. El 50 por ciento fueron operadas por hipoplasia mamaria. La frecuencia cardiaca, la tensión arterial sistólica y diastólica disminuyeron a los 5 min después de aplicarse la técnica. La media del dolor fue menor de 3 en todos los momentos evaluados. Las complicaciones inmediatas fueron escasas y leves. El 85,9 por ciento calificó la técnica como buena. Conclusiones: El comportamiento y los resultados de la aplicación de la anestesia peridural continua mediante bomba de infusión elastomérica en la mamoplastia de aumento fue estable y segura. Existieron diferencias significativas en el comportamiento de las variables hemodinámicas intraoperatorias y de la intensidad de dolor, la cual fue leve en todas sus mediciones. Las complicaciones mediatas fueron escasas y no complejas. Más de las tres cuartas partes de las pacientes evaluaron de acuerdo al grado de satisfacción de buena la efectividad de la técnica anestésica para este tipo de procedimiento quirúrgico(AU)


Introduction: Continuous epidural anesthesia and analgesia, in addition to providing adequate control of postoperative pain, provide benefits such as decreased risk of thrombosis and intraoperative bleeding. Objective: To describe the behavior and results of the application of continuous epidural anesthesia by means of an elastomeric infusion pump in patients undergoing augmentation mammoplasty. Methods: An observational, descriptive, prospective, longitudinal study was conducted at Hermanos Ameijeiras Clinical Surgical Hospital, between February 2014 and February 2016. Results: 72.8 percent were patients 20-29 years old, 57.6 percent were ASA I, and 78.3 percent had normal weight. 50 percent were operated for mammary hypoplasia. Heart rate, as well as systolic and diastolic blood pressure decreased 5 minutes after the technique was applied. The average pain was less than 3 in all the moments evaluated. The immediate complications were minimal and mild. 85.9 (AU) described the technique as good. Conclusions: The behavior and results of the application of continuous epidural anesthesia using an elastomeric infusion pump in the augmentation mammoplasty was stable and safe. There were significant differences in the behavior of intraoperative hemodynamic variables and pain intensity, which was slight in all its measurements. The mediate complications were scarce and not complex. More than three quarters of the patients evaluated, based on the degree of satisfaction, the effectiveness of the anesthetic technique as good for this type of surgical procedure(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Infusion Pumps/standards , Mammaplasty/methods , Anesthesia and Analgesia , Anesthesia, Epidural/standards , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
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