Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 228
Filter
1.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(1): e656, ene.-abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156370

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hipertensión arterial pulmonar es una enfermedad con una baja incidencia en la gestante, aunque trae consigo una alta mortalidad una vez presentada. Un diagnóstico oportuno y un manejo perioperatorio adecuado minimizan el riesgo de desenlace fatal tanto para la madre como el feto. Objetivo: Describir el comportamiento de la hipertensión arterial pulmonar en la gestante a término y su conducción anestésica. Presentación del caso: Paciente de 23 años, antecedentes de salud, edad gestacional de 35.2 semanas. Luego de presentar dolor de espalda y ardor en el pecho relacionado con el esfuerzo, palpitaciones, disnea y bloqueo de rama derecha en electrocardiograma, se ingresa en UTI con sospecha de tromboembolismo pulmonar, el cual queda descartado tras diagnóstico confirmatorio de hipertensión pulmonar después de realizar angio TAC y ecocardiografía. Se decide realizar cesárea programada bajo técnica regional peridural, sin complicaciones tanto para la madre como el niño. Después de 2 días bajo vigilancia intensiva se traslada a su centro hospitalario de cabecera. Conclusiones: La vía del parto, así como una elección adecuada de la técnica anestésica, puede ser la diferencia entre el éxito y la fatalidad. Las técnicas regionales suelen recomendarse por encima de la técnica de anestesia general siempre que no se presenten contraindicaciones(AU)


Introduction: Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a disease with low incidence in the pregnant woman, although it brings about high mortality once presented. Timely diagnosis and adequate perioeprative management minimize the risk of fatal outcome for both mother and fetus. Objective: To describe pulmonary arterial hypertension and its anesthetic management in the term pregnant woman. Case presentation: 23-year-old female patient, with health history and gestational age of 35.2 weeks. After presenting back pain and chest burning associated with exertion, palpitations, dyspnea and right bundle branch block in the electrocardiogram, the patient was admitted to the intensive care unit with suspected pulmonary thromboembolism, which was ruled out due to the confirmatory diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension after performing computerized tomography angiography and echocardiography. Scheduled cesarean section was decided to be perform using the regional peridural technique, without complications for both the mother and the child. After two days under intensive surveillance, she was transferred to her primary hospital. Conclusions: The route of delivery, as well as an adequate choice of the anesthetic technique, can be the difference between success and fatality. Regional techniques are usually recommended over the general anesthesia technique, as long as there are no contraindications(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension/complications , Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension/diagnostic imaging , Anesthesia, General/methods , Pregnancy Complications/prevention & control , Cesarean Section/methods
2.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 31: 31102, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291246

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A consulta pré-anestésica é de extrema importância para o médico anestesiologista no planejamento do manejo das vias aéreas de pacientes sob o efeito de anestesia geral com intubação orotraqueal (IOT). OBJETIVO: Avaliar a sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo/negativo (VPP/VPN) de testes de predição de IOT difícil (Escore de Wilson - EW, e Teste de Mallampati modificado - TMM), em pacientes submetidos à anestesia geral, em hospital filantrópico do interior de Minas Gerais. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo transversal, por meio de fichas pré-anestésicas e transoperatórias, de pacientes submetidos à anestesia geral com IOT, entre os meses de janeiro (2019) e março (2020). RESULTADOS: Dos 440 pacientes, 56,1% necessitaram de IOT: média de idade de 49,9 anos (desvio padrão 18,6). A maioria foi classificada: TMM classe I e II; pontuação 0 a 2 no EW; distância esternomentoniana >12,5 cm, sugerindo IOT fácil. Apenas o TMM apresentou correlação com IOT difícil (p=0,045). Sensibilidade e especificidade dos testes respectivamente: TMM (54,6%;75,9%); EW (36,4% e 79,7%); baixo VPP (TMM: 9,5%; EW: 7,7%) e alto VPN (TMM: 97,3%; EW: 96,4%). Curva ROC: área sob a curva foi de TMM = 0,68; EW = 0,60. CONCLUSÃO: Apesar do TMM apresentar correlação significativa com a IOT difícil, não foi possível definir o melhor teste preditor. Ressaltamos que a sensibilidade e o VPP, de ambas as avaliações, ficaram abaixo daquilo que seria considerado adequado para um teste de rastreio e predição.


Introduction: A pre-anesthetic appointment is extremely important for the anesthesiologist when planning the management of the airways of patients under the effect of general anesthesia with orotracheal intubation (OTI). Objective: To evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, positive/ negative predictive value (PPV/NPV) of difficult OTI prediction tests (Wilson risk-sum ­ WRS, and Modified Mallampati Test - MMT) in patients undergoing general anesthesia in a philanthropic hospital in the countryside of the state of Minas Gerais. Materials and methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study using pre-anesthetic and transoperative records of patients submitted to general anesthesia with OTI between the months of January (2019) and March (2020). Results: Of the 440 patients, 56.1% required OTI: average age of 49.9 years (standard deviation 18.6). Most classified: MMT class I and II; score 0 to 2 on the WRS; sternomental distance greater than 12.5 cm, suggesting easy OTI. Only MMT showed statistical significance with difficult OTI (p=0.045). Sensitivity and specificity of the tests respectively: MMT (54.6%; 75.9%) WRS (36.4% and 79.7%) low PPV (MMT: 9.5%; WRS: 7.7%) and high NPV (MMT: 97.3%; WRS: 96.4%). ROC Curve: area under the curve was MMT = 0,68; WRS = 0,60. Conclusion: Although the MMT has a significant correlation with the difficult OTI, it was not possible to define the best predictor test. We emphasize that the sensitivity and PPV of both evaluations were below what would be considered adequate for a screening and prediction test.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Sensitivity and Specificity , Intubation, Intratracheal , Laryngoscopy/methods , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Predictive Value of Tests , ROC Curve , Anesthesia, General/methods
3.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(6): 682-685, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155770

ABSTRACT

Abstract Myotonic dystrophy type-1 (Steinert disease) is an autosomal dominant, progressive multisystem disease in which myotonic crisis can be triggered by several factors including pain, emotional stress, hypothermia, shivering, and mechanical or electrical stimulation. In this report, dexmedetomidine-based general anesthesia, in combination with a thoracic epidural for laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a patient with Steinert disease, is presented. An Aintree intubation catheter with the guidance of a fiberoptic bronchoscope was used for intubation to avoid laryngoscopy. Prolonged anesthetic effects of propofol were reversed, and recovery from anesthesia was accelerated using an intravenous infusion of theophylline.


Resumo A Distrofia Miotônica (DM) tipo-1 (Doença de Steinert) é uma doença multissistêmica progressiva autossômica dominante em que a crise miotônica pode ser desencadeada por vários fatores, incluindo dor, estresse emocional, hipotermia, tremores e estímulo mecânico ou elétrico. O presente relato descreve anestesia geral realizada com dexmedetomidina em combinação com peridural torácica para colecistectomia laparoscópica em paciente com Doença de Steinert. Para evitar laringoscopia, a intubação traqueal foi realizada utilizando cateter de intubação Aintree guiado por broncofibroscopia óptica. Os efeitos anestésicos prolongados do propofol foram revertidos e a recuperação anestésica foi acelerada pelo uso de infusão intravenosa de teofilina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Analgesics, Non-Narcotic , Dexmedetomidine , Anesthesia, Epidural/methods , Anesthesia, General/methods , Myotonic Dystrophy/complications , Theophylline/administration & dosage , Anesthesia Recovery Period , Propofol , Bronchoscopes , Analgesics, Opioid , Hypnotics and Sedatives , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods , Middle Aged
4.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(5): 508-519, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143968

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV) is a common complication of general anesthesia. Several kinds of antiemetics, including 5-Hydroxytryptamine3 (5-HT3) receptor antagonists, and Neurokinin-1 (NK-1) receptor antagonists have been used to treat PONV. Objectives: To compare the antiemetic effect of NK-1 receptor antagonists, including fosaprepitant. Data sources: Online databases (PubMed, MEDLINE, Scopus, The Cochrane Library databases) were used. Study eligibility criteria, participants, and interventions: Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) performed in patients over 18 years with ASA-PS of I‒III, aimed to assess the efficacy of antiemetics including NK-1 receptor antagonists and 5-HT3 receptor antagonists, and compared the incidence of PONV were included. Study appraisal and synthesis methods: All statistical assessments were conducted by a random effect approach, and odds ratios and 95% Confidence Intervals were calculated. Results: Aprepitant 40 mg and 80 mg significantly reduced the incidence of vomiting 0‒24 hours postoperatively (Odds Ratio [OR = 0.40]; 95% Confidence Interval [95% CI 0.30‒0.54]; p < 0.001, and OR = 0.32; 95% CI 0.19‒0.56; p < 0.001). Fosaprepitant could also reduce the incidence of vomiting significantly both 0‒24 and 0‒48 hours postoperatively (OR = 0.07; 95% CI 0.02‒0.24; p < 0.001 and OR = 0.07; 95% CI 0.02‒0.23; p < 0.001). Limitations: Risk factors for PONV are not considered, RCTs using multiple antiemetics are included, RCTs for fosaprepitant is small, and some bias may be present. Conclusions and implications of key findings: Aprepitant and fosaprepitant can be effective prophylactic antiemetics for postoperative vomiting. However, more studies are required for higher-quality meta-analyses. Systematic review registration number: CRD42019120188.


Resumo Histórico: Náusea e Vômito no Pós-Operatório (NVPO) é um evento adverso frequente da anestesia geral. Várias classes de antieméticos, incluindo antagonistas do receptor 5-Hidroxitriptamina3 (5-HT3) e antagonistas do receptor da Neurocinina-1 (NK-1), têm sido utilizados para tratar a NVPO. Objetivo: Comparar o efeito antiemético dos antagonistas do receptor NK-1, incluindo o fosaprepitanto. Fontes de dados: Foram utilizadas bases de dados on-line (PubMed, MEDLINE, Scopus, The Cochrane Library). Critérios de elegibilidade do estudo, participantes e intervenções: Foram incluídos Estudos Clínicos Randomizados (ECR) realizados em pacientes acima de 18 anos classificação ASA I a III, com o objetivo de avaliar a eficácia de antieméticos que incluíssem antagonistas do receptor NK-1 e antagonistas do receptor 5-HT3, e que comparassem a incidência de NVPO. Métodos de avaliação e síntese do estudo: Todas as avaliações estatísticas foram realizadas por abordagem de efeito aleatório e foram calculadas razões de chances e Intervalos de Confiança de 95%. Resultados: As doses de 40 mg e 80 mg de aprepitanto reduziram significantemente a incidência de vômito no período de 0 a 24 horas pós-operatórias (razão de chances [OR = 0,40]; Intervalo de Confiança de 95% [95% IC] 0,30-0,54; p < 0,001 e OR = 0,32; 95% IC 0,19-0,56; p < 0,001). O fosaprepitanto pode também reduzir significantemente a incidência de vômito tanto de 0-24 horas como no período de 0-48 horas pós-operatórias (OR = 0,07; 95% IC 0,02-0,24; p < 0,001 e OR = 0,07; 95% IC 0,02-0,23; p < 0,001). Limitações: Os fatores de risco para NVPO não foram analisados, ECRs usando múltiplos antieméticos foram incluídos, ECRs para fosaprepitanto tinham amostras pequenas, podendo haver algum viés. Conclusões e implicações dos principais achados: Aprepitanto e fosaprepitanto podem ser drogas antieméticas profiláticas efetivas para vômito no pós-operatório. No entanto, são necessários mais estudos para elaboração de meta-análises de melhor qualidade. Número de registro da revisão sistemática: CRD42019120188.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting/prevention & control , Neurokinin-1 Receptor Antagonists/administration & dosage , Antiemetics/administration & dosage , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Morpholines/administration & dosage , Morpholines/pharmacology , Incidence , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting/epidemiology , Serotonin 5-HT3 Receptor Antagonists/administration & dosage , Serotonin 5-HT3 Receptor Antagonists/pharmacology , Neurokinin-1 Receptor Antagonists/pharmacology , Anesthesia, General/adverse effects , Anesthesia, General/methods , Antiemetics/pharmacology
5.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(4): 429-433, July-Aug. 2020. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137200

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: In patients with elbow fractures, when there is suspected injury to underlying nerves, it is imperative for surgeons to elicit the function in the immediate postoperative period. Brachial plexus blocks like interscalene, supraclavicular and infraclavicular approaches can be a hurdle in such situations. The block planned should allow assessment of integrity of the nerves immediately in the postoperative period. Case report: We describe two cases in which we administered a block not yet described in literature. We blocked the cutaneous and articular branches innervating the elbow under ultrasound guidance. General anesthesia was administered in both cases. The block provided stable intraoperative hemodynamics, good postoperative analgesia and also allowed surgeons to test the viability of the nerve. Conclusion: In situations where nerves are injured during elbow fractures, selective articular cutaneous block at elbow can be used as it provides good perioperative analgesia, besides allowing evaluation of motor and sensory components in the postoperative period.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: Quando há suspeita de lesão nos nervos subjacentes em pacientes com fratura de cotovelo, é imperativo que o cirurgião estimule a função dos nervos no pós-operatório imediato. Bloqueios do plexo braquial com as técnicas interescalênica, supraclavicular e infraclavicular pode ser um obstáculo nessas situações. O bloqueio deve ser planejado de modo a permitir a avaliação da integridade dos nervos no pós-operatório imediato. Relato de caso: Descrevemos dois casos em que realizamos uma técnica de bloqueio ainda não descrito na literatura. Realizamos o bloqueio dos ramos cutâneo e articular de nervos que inervam o cotovelo com auxílio de ultrassonografia. Anestesia geral foi realizada nos dois casos. O bloqueio proporcionou estabilidade hemodinâmica intraoperatória, boa analgesia pós-operatória e também permitiu que os cirurgiões testassem a viabilidade do nervo. Conclusão: Em fraturas do cotovelo associadas à lesão de nervos, o bloqueio seletivo articular cutâneo do cotovelo pode ser utilizado, pois proporciona boa analgesia perioperatória, além de permitir a avaliação dos componentes motores e sensoriais no pós-operatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Elbow/surgery , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Nerve Block/methods , Elbow/injuries , Anesthesia, General/methods
6.
Medwave ; 20(6): e7950, 31-07-2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119716

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este artículo es revisar las características del SARS-CoV-2, los aspectos clínico-epidemiológicos de COVID-19 y las implicaciones que tienen para los anestesiólogos al realizar procedimientos generadores de aerosoles. Se realizó una búsqueda en las bases de datos PubMed, Scopus, SciELO y Web of Science hasta el 9 de abril de 2020, utilizando las palabras: "COVID-19 or COVID19 or SARS-CoV-2 and anesthesiology or anesthesia". Se incluyeron 48 artículos con información sobre el manejo del paciente en el perioperatorio o en la unidad de cuidados intensivos ante la sospecha o confirmación de infección por SARS-CoV-2. En general, se recomienda el aplazamiento de las cirugías electivas por no más de seis a ocho semanas, de acuerdo a las condiciones clínicas de los pacientes. En el caso de cirugías de urgencia o emergencia, se revisan tópicos del sistema de protección personal así como las estrategias recomendadas para la realización de los procedimientos.


The purpose of this article is to review the characteristics of SARS-CoV-2, the clinical-epidemiological aspects of COVID-19, and the implications anesthesiologists when performing aerosol-generating procedures. A search of PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, SciELO, and Web of Science databases was performed until April 9, 2020, using the words: "COVID-19 or COVID19 or SARS-CoV-2 and anesthesiology or anesthesia". Forty-eight articles with information on the management of the patient in the perioperative period or the intensive care unit when suspected or confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection were included. In general, the postponement of elective surgeries for no more than 6 to 8 weeks, depending on the clinical condition of the patients is recommended. In the case of urgent or emergency surgeries, we review the use of personal protection gear, as well as the recommended strategies for carrying out the procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/epidemiology , Anesthesiology/standards , Occupational Diseases/prevention & control , Respiration, Artificial/methods , Respiration, Artificial/standards , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Elective Surgical Procedures , Aerosols , Pandemics , Symptom Assessment/methods , Personal Protective Equipment , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/transmission , Intensive Care Units , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods , Intubation, Intratracheal/standards , Anesthesia, Conduction/methods , Anesthesia, Epidural/methods , Anesthesia, General/methods , Anesthesia, Spinal/methods , Anesthesiology/organization & administration , Nerve Block/methods
7.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 19(1): e525, ene.-abr. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093129

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer es la segunda causa de muerte en el mundo y en Cuba. Su estrategia de tratamiento implica fármacos oncoespecíficos y cirugía; y diariamente aumentan los pacientes intervenidos quirúrgicamente lo que conlleva a un periodo perioperatorio y la administración de múltiples medicamentos anestésicos. Objetivo: Describir los principales factores relacionados con la anestesia que, durante el perioperatorio, influyen en la recurrencia oncológica. Desarrollo: El estrés quirúrgico y la anestesia general, con la subsecuente respuesta neuroendocrina e inflamatoria, por sí mismos, limitan la respuesta inmune y alteran el balance entre el potencial metastásico del tumor y antimetastásico de las defensas, lo cual representa un mecanismo plausible en el incremento de las metástasis y recurrencia oncológica. Conclusiones: La proliferación del cáncer y recidiva tumoral en el contexto quirúrgico asociado a la anestesia, es un tema relativamente nuevo y por tanto es necesario realizar estudios con mayor alcance que validen este fenómeno. No obstante, el efecto inmunosupresor que produce el estrés perioperatorio, fármacos anestésicos como opioides y halogenados pueden ser la clave para explicar este fenómeno. La anestesia general endovenosa total libre de opioides y adecuada analgesia regional contribuyen a disminuir este efecto(AU)


Introduction: Cancer is the second cause of death worldwide and in Cuba. Its treatment strategy involves oncospecific drugs and surgery. Every day, the number of patients who undergo surgery increases, which leads to a perioperative period and the administration of multiple anesthetic medications. Objective: To describe the main factors related to anesthesia and that, during the perioperative period, influence oncological recurrence. Development: Surgical stress and general anesthesia, with the subsequent neuroendocrine and inflammatory response, by themselves, limit the immune response and alter the balance between the metastatic potential of the tumor and the antimetastatic defense, which represents a plausible mechanism for increased metastasis and oncological relapse. Conclusions: The proliferation of cancer and tumor relapse in the surgical context associated with anesthesia is a relatively new issue and it is therefore necessary to carry out studies with greater scope that validate this phenomenon. However, the immunosuppressive effect produced by perioperative stress, as well as anesthetic drugs such as opioids and halogenated drugs, can be the key to explaining this phenomenon. Total intravenous opioid-free general anesthesia and adequate regional analgesia contribute to diminish this effect(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Recurrence , Perioperative Period/methods , Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use , Anesthesia, General/methods , Ketamine/therapeutic use , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/prevention & control
8.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(1): e8645, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055484

ABSTRACT

Data about the feasibility and safety of thoracoscopic surgery under non-intubated anesthesia and regional block are limited. In this prospective study, 57 consecutive patients scheduled for thoracoscopic surgery were enrolled. Patients were sedated with dexmedetomidine and anesthetized with propofol and remifentanil. Ropivacaine was used for intercostal nerve and paravertebral block. Lidocaine was used for vagal block. The primary outcomes were mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), oxygen saturation, and end-tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure (ETCO2) at T0 (pre-anesthesia), T1 (immediately after laryngeal mask/nasopharyngeal airway placement), T2 (immediately after skin incision), T3 (10 min after opening the chest), T4 (end of surgery), and T5 (immediately after laryngeal mask/nasopharyngeal airway removal). One patient required conversion to intubation, 15 developed intraoperative hypotension, and two had hypoxemia. MAP at T0 and T5 was higher than at T1-T4; MAP at T3 was lower (P<0.05 vs other time points). HR at T0 and T5 was higher (P<0.05 vs other time points). ETCO2 at T2 and T3 was higher (P<0.05 vs other time points). Arterial pH, PCO2, and lactic acid at T1 differed from values at T0 and T2 (P<0.05). The Quality of Recovery-15 (QoR-15) score at 24 h was lower (P<0.05). One patient experienced dysphoria during recovery. Thoracoscopic surgery with regional block under direct thoracoscopic vision is a feasible and safe alternative to conventional surgery under general anesthesia, intubation, and one-lung ventilation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Thoracoscopy/methods , Laryngeal Masks , Anesthesia, General/methods , Nerve Block/methods , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Blood Pressure/physiology , Propofol/administration & dosage , Feasibility Studies , Prospective Studies , Dexmedetomidine/administration & dosage , Remifentanil/administration & dosage , Heart Rate/drug effects , Heart Rate/physiology
9.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(6): 626-630, nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057473

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is a technique used for evaluation of children with congenital heart diseases. General anesthesia ensures immobility, particularly in uncooperative patients. However, chest wall movements can limit good quality scans. Prolonged apnea may be necessary to decrease respiratory motion artefacts, potentially leading to hypoxemia and other adverse events. The use of a high frequency jet ventilator may be a solution avoiding chest wall movements. Case report: We report four cases of pediatric patients, ASA II, aged between 4 and 15 years-old, scheduled for cardiac MRI. General anesthesia was proposed and parental informed consent was obtained. After general anesthesia was induced, an uncuffed endotracheal tube was inserted. Then, a 7Fr × 40 cm catheter was placed through the endotracheal tube. The proximal outlet of the catheter was attached through a connecting tube to a high frequency jet ventilator (Monsoon III®, Acutronic Medical Systems). Good quality MRI images were obtained. At the end of the procedures, we observed increased salivation and increased end-tidal CO2 (60-70 mmHg), in all patients. The patients were extubated after normocapnia was achieved and neuromuscular blockade reversed. Following appropriate recovery time, the four children were discharged home the same day. Conclusions: This case series demonstrates that the use of a high frequency jet ventilator for cardiac MRI was feasible, safe, providing good quality cardiac imaging and avoiding anesthesia personnel to be inside the hazardous environment of MRI room. Future studies are needed to confirm its safety and efficiency in pediatric patients.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: A ressonância magnética (RM) cardíaca é uma técnica usada na avaliação de crianças com cardiopatias congênitas. A anestesia geral garante imobilidade, especialmente em pacientes não cooperadores, porém os movimentos da parede torácica podem limitar a boa qualidade dos exames. A apneia prolongada pode ser necessária para diminuir os artefatos do movimento respiratório, potencialmente levando à hipoxemia e outros eventos adversos. O uso de ventilação a jato de alta frequência pode ser uma solução para evitar os movimentos da parede torácica. Relato de caso: Relatamos quatro casos de pacientes pediátricos, ASA II, entre 4-15 anos, programados para ressonância magnética cardíaca. Uma anestesia geral foi proposta e assinaturas em termo de consentimento livre e esclarecido foram obtidas dos pais. Após a indução da anestesia geral, um tubo endotraqueal sem balonete foi inserido. Em seguida, um cateter de 7Fr × 40 cm foi inserido através do tubo endotraqueal. A saída proximal do cateter foi conectada, mediante um tubo conector, a um sistema de ventilação a jato de alta frequência (Monsoon III®, Acutronic Medical Systems). Imagens de ressonância magnética de boa qualidade foram obtidas. No fim dos procedimentos, observamos aumento tanto de salivação quanto de CO2 expirado (60-70 mmHg) em todos os pacientes. Os pacientes foram extubados após a obtenção de normocapnia e reversão do bloqueio neuromuscular. Após o tempo de recuperação apropriado, as quatro crianças receberam alta no mesmo dia. Conclusões: Esta série de casos demonstra que o uso de um sistema de ventilação a jato de alta frequência para ressonância magnética cardíaca é viável e seguro, além de fornecer imagens cardíacas de boa qualidade e evitar a presença da equipe de anestesia dentro do ambiente de risco da sala de ressonância magnética. Estudos futuros são necessários para confirmar sua segurança e eficiência em pacientes pediátricos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , High-Frequency Jet Ventilation/methods , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnostic imaging , High-Frequency Jet Ventilation/adverse effects , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods , Anesthesia, General/methods
11.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(3): 405-409, jul.-sep. 2019. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047164

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Este estudo se trata de um relato de caso que tem por objetivo alertar os cirurgiões para uma possível complicação em pós-operatório de cirurgias estéticas longas sob anestesia geral. A Síndrome de Boerhaave é uma doença grave que ameaça a vida do paciente e merece um diagnóstico precoce até 12hs e um tratamento adequado. Relato de caso: A paciente no pós-operatório de cirurgia plástica abdominal e mastopexia apresentou, após anestesia geral, crises de vômito e náuseas. Resultados: Paciente com 58 anos do sexo feminino submetida à dermolipectomia abdominal e mastopexia pela a técnica de pedículo inferior sob raquianestesia, onde após um período de quatro horas do término da cirurgia apresentou vários episódios de vômitos. Após 10 horas do ato cirúrgico apresentou queixa de algia ao deglutir, seguida de algia intensa generalizada, dispneia intensa, sudorese, palidez, PA 90x50mmhg. Com a piora do quadro a paciente foi encaminhada para a unidade de terapia intensiva onde foi entubada. Foram realizados exames laboratoriais, toracocentese e exames radiológicos. Atualmente, a paciente encontra-se com prótese esofágica. Conclusões: Fazendo a correlação com a bibliografia, no caso em tela sugere-se evitar cirurgias prolongadas, principalmente sob anestesia geral onde pode ocorrer a retenção de gás carbônico, que pode levar a crise emética no pós-operatório em pacientes com antecedentes de doença esofagiana e estar atentos aos sintomas, não descartando a possibilidade da ocorrência da Síndrome Boerhaave.


Introduction: The objective of this case report is to alert surgeons to a possible postoperative complication of long cosmetic surgery under general anesthesia. Boerhaave syndrome is a serious life-threatening disease that requires diagnosis within 12 hours and proper treatment. Case report: A 58-year-old female patient presented with vomiting and nausea after abdominoplasty and mastopexy under general anesthesia. Results: The patient underwent dermolipectomy and mastopexy using the inferior pedicle technique under spinal anesthesia. Four hours after the operation, she presented several episodes of vomiting. Ten hours after the operation, she reported painful swallowing followed by generalized severe pain and presented severe dyspnea, sweating, pallor, and a 90/50 mmHg blood pressure. As the condition worsened, the patient was referred to the intensive care unit where she was intubated and underwent laboratory tests, thoracentesis, and radiological examinations. The patient currently uses an esophageal prosthesis. Conclusions: The literature suggests avoiding prolonged surgery, especially under general anesthesia, because of the risk of carbon dioxide retention, which may lead to postoperative emetic crisis in patients with a history of esophageal disease. It also suggests paying attention to symptoms, not excluding the possibility of Boerhaave syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Postoperative Complications , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Surgery, Plastic , Esophageal Motility Disorders , Esophagus , Abdominoplasty , Anesthesia, General , Rupture, Spontaneous/complications , Surgical Procedures, Operative/adverse effects , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Surgery, Plastic/adverse effects , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Esophageal Motility Disorders/surgery , Esophageal Motility Disorders/complications , Esophagus/surgery , Abdominoplasty/adverse effects , Abdominoplasty/methods , Anesthesia, General/methods
12.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(4): 350-357, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041999

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives The administration of ketamine as nebulized inhalation is relatively new and studies on nebulized ketamine are scarce. We aimed to investigate the analgesic efficacy of nebulized ketamine (1 and 2 mg.kg-1) administered 30 min before general anesthesia in children undergoing elective tonsillectomy in comparison with intravenous ketamine (0.5 mg.kg-1) and saline placebo. Methods One hundred children aged (7-12) years were randomly allocated in four groups (n = 25) receive; Saline Placebo (Group C), Intravenous Ketamine 0.5 mg.kg-1 (Group K-IV), Nebulized Ketamine 1 mg.kg-1 (Group K-N1) or 2 mg.kg-1 (Group K-N2). The primary endpoint was the total consumption of rescue analgesics in the first 24 h postoperative. Results The mean time to first request for rescue analgesics was prolonged in K-N1 (400.9 ± 60.5 min, 95% CI 375.9-425.87) and K-N2 (455.5 ± 44.6 min, 95% CI 437.1-473.9) groups compared with Group K-IV (318.5 ± 86.1 min, 95% CI 282.9-354.1) and Group C (68.3 ± 21.9 min, 95% CI 59.5-77.1; p < 0.001), with a significant difference between K-N1 and K-N2 Groups (p < 0.001). The total consumption of IV paracetamol in the first 24 h postoperative was reduced in Group K-IV (672.6 ± 272.8 mg, 95% CI 559.9-785.2), Group K-N1 (715.6 ± 103.2 mg, 95% CI 590.4-840.8) and Group K-N2 (696.6 ± 133.3 mg, 95% CI 558.8-834.4) compared with Control Group (1153.8 ± 312.4 mg, 95% CI 1024.8-1282.8; p < 0.001). With no difference between intravenous and Nebulized Ketamine Groups (p = 0.312). Patients in intravenous and Nebulized Ketamine Groups showed lower postoperative VRS scores compared with Group C (p < 0.001), no differences between K-IV, K-N1 or K-N2 group and without significant adverse effects. Conclusion Preemptive nebulized ketamine was effective for post-tonsillectomy pain relief. It can be considered as an effective alternative route to IV ketamine.


Resumo Objetivos A administração de cetamina por via inalatória através de nebulizador é relativamente nova e os estudos sobre este assunto são escassos. Nosso objetivo foi investigar a eficácia analgésica da cetamina nebulizada (1 e 2 mg.kg-1) administrada 30 minutos antes da anestesia geral em crianças submetidas à amigdalectomia eletiva, em comparação com cetamina intravenosa (0,5 mg.kg-1) e placebo (soro fisiológico). Métodos Cem crianças entre 7-12 anos foram randomicamente alocadas em quatro grupos (n = 25) e receberam: soro fisiológico para controle (Grupo C); 0,5 mg.kg-1 de cetamina intravenosa (Grupo C-IV); 1 mg.kg-1 de cetamina nebulizada (Grupo C-N1); 2 mg.kg-1 de cetamina nebulizada (Grupo C-N2). O desfecho primário foi o consumo total de analgésicos de resgate nas primeiras 24 horas de pós-operatório. Resultados O tempo médio para a primeira solicitação de analgésicos de resgate foi prolongado nos grupos C-N1 (400,9 ± 60,5 min, IC 95% 375,9-425,87) e C-N2 (455,5 ± 44,6 min, IC 95% 437,1-473,9) em comparação com o Grupo C-IV (318,5 ± 86,1 min, IC 95% 282,9-354,1) e o Grupo C (68,3 ± 21,9 min, IC 95% 59,5-77,1; p < 0,001), com uma diferença significativa entre os grupos C-N1 e C-N2 (p < 0,001). O consumo total de paracetamol IV nas primeiras 24 horas de pós-operatório foi reduzido no Grupo C-IV (672,6 ± 272,8 mg, IC 95% 559,9-785,2), Grupo C-N1 (715,6 ± 103,2 mg, IC 95% 590,4-840,8) e Grupo C-N2 (696,6 ± 133,3 mg, IC 95% 558,8-834,4) em comparação com o Grupo C (1153,8 ± 312,4 mg, IC 95% 1024,8-1282,8; p < 0,001). Não houve diferença entre os grupos de cetamina intravenosa e nebulizada (p = 0,312). Os pacientes dos grupos de cetamina intravenosa e nebulizada apresentaram escores VRS pós-operatórios menores, em comparação com o Grupo C (p < 0,001), sem diferenças entre os grupos C-IV, C-N1 ou C-N2 e sem efeitos adversos significativos. Conclusão A administração preventiva de cetamina nebulizada foi eficaz no alívio da dor pós-amigdalectomia. Cetamina nebulizada pode ser considerada como uma via alternativa eficaz à cetamina IV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Tonsillectomy/methods , Analgesics/administration & dosage , Ketamine/administration & dosage , Administration, Inhalation , Nebulizers and Vaporizers , Double-Blind Method , Administration, Intravenous , Anesthesia, General/methods , Acetaminophen/administration & dosage
13.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(4): 377-382, July-Aug. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041994

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives According to the manufacturer, the Bispectral Index (BIS) has a processing time delay of 5-10 s. Studies addressing this have suggested longer delays. We evaluated the time delay in the Bispectral Index response. Methods Based on clinical data from 45 patients, using the difference between the predicted and the real BIS, calculated during a fixed 3 minutes period after the moment the Bispectral Index dropped below 80 during the induction of general anesthesia with propofol and remifentanil. Results The difference between the predicted and the real BIS was in average 30.09 ± 18.73 s. Conclusion Our results may be another indication that the delay in BIS processing may be much longer than stated by the manufacture, a fact with clinical implications.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos De acordo com o fabricante, o índice bispectral (BIS) tem um tempo de processamento de cinco a dez segundos. Estudos que avaliaram esse tempo de processamento sugeriram atrasos mais longos. Nós avaliamos o tempo de atraso na resposta do BIS. Métodos Com base em dados clínicos de 45 pacientes, calculamos a diferença entre o tempo de atraso previsto e real do índice bispectral durante um período fixo de três minutos após o momento em que o BIS caiu abaixo de 80 durante a indução da anestesia geral com propofol e remifentanil. Resultados A diferença entre o BIS previsto e real foi em média 30,09 ± 18,73 segundos. Conclusão Nossos resultados sugerem que o atraso no processamento do índice bispectral pode ser muito maior do que o declarado pelo fabricante, um fato com implicações clínicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Propofol/administration & dosage , Consciousness Monitors , Remifentanil/administration & dosage , Anesthesia, General/methods , Time Factors , Monitoring, Intraoperative/methods , Anesthetics, Intravenous/administration & dosage , Middle Aged
14.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(3): 233-241, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013421

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: Emergence delirium after general anesthesia with sevoflurane has not been frequently reported in adults compared to children. This study aimed to determine the incidence of emergence delirium in adult patients who had anesthesia with sevoflurane as the volatile agent and the probable risk factors associated with its occurrence. Design & methods: A prospective observational study was conducted in adult patients who had non-neurological procedures and no existing neurological or psychiatric conditions, under general anesthesia. Demographic data such as age, gender, ethnicity and clinical data including ASA physical status, surgical status, intubation attempts, duration of surgery, intraoperative hypotension, drugs used, postoperative pain, rescue analgesia and presence of catheters were recorded. Emergence delirium intensity was measured using the Nursing Delirium Scale (NuDESC). Results: The incidence of emergence delirium was 11.8%. The factors significantly associated with emergence delirium included elderly age (>65) (p = 0.04), emergency surgery (p = 0.04), African ethnicity (p = 0.01), longer duration of surgery (p = 0.007) and number of intubation attempts (p = 0.001). Factors such as gender, alcohol and illicit drug use, and surgical specialty did not influence the occurrence of emergence delirium. Conclusions: The incidence of emergence delirium in adults after general anesthesia using sevoflurane is significant and has not been adequately reported. Modifiable risk factors need to be addressed to further reduce its incidence.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: O delirium do despertar após a anestesia geral com sevoflurano não tem sido relatado com frequência em adultos como nas crianças. Este estudo teve como objetivo determinar a incidência de delirium do despertar em pacientes adultos submetidos à anestesia com sevoflurano como agente volátil e os prováveis fatores de risco associados à sua ocorrência. Desenho e métodos: Um estudo observacional prospectivo foi conduzido com pacientes adultos sem distúrbios neurológicos ou psiquiátricos submetidos à anestesia geral para procedimentos não neurológicos. Dados demográficos como idade, sexo, etnia e dados clínicos, inclusive estado físico ASA, estado cirúrgico, tentativas de intubação, tempo de cirurgia, hipotensão intraoperatória, drogas usadas, dor pós-operatória, analgesia de resgate e presença de cateteres, foram registrados. A intensidade do delirium do despertar foi medida com a Escala de Triagem de Delirium em Enfermagem (Nursing Delirium Scale - NuDESC). Resultados: A incidência de delirium do despertar foi de 11,8%. Os fatores significativamente associados ao delirium do despertar incluíram idade avançada (> 65) (p = 0,04), cirurgia de emergência (p = 0,04), descendência africana (p = 0,01), tempo maior de cirurgia (p = 0,007) e número de tentativas de intubação (p = 0,001). Fatores como sexo, uso de álcool e drogas ilícitas e especialidade cirúrgica não influenciaram a ocorrência de delirium do despertar. Conclusões: A incidência de delirium do despertar em adultos após a anestesia geral com sevoflurano é significativa e não tem sido relatada adequadamente. Fatores de risco modificáveis precisam ser abordados para reduzir ainda mais sua incidência.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Anesthetics, Inhalation/administration & dosage , Emergence Delirium/epidemiology , Sevoflurane/administration & dosage , Anesthesia, General/methods , Incidence , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Anesthetics, Inhalation/adverse effects , Operative Time , Sevoflurane/adverse effects , Anesthesia, General/adverse effects , Middle Aged
15.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(2): 397-409, mar.-abr. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1004276

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la agitación durante la emergencia de la anestesia general es una complicación frecuente en pediatría que puede causar daños físicos, retrasar el alta y aumentar los costos. Objetivo: caracterizar los episodios anestesia general en el paciente pediátrico. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, prospectivo, longitudinal de 246 pacientes que presentaron anestesia general en el Hospital "Eliseo Noel Caamaño" entre septiembre de 2015 y diciembre de 2018. Se estudiaron las variables: edad, género, ASA, tiempo quirúrgico y tiempo anestésico, tipo de cirugía, método de anestesia, agentes usados para la inducción y el mantenimiento, severidad de los episodios y necesidad de tratamiento. Resultados: la mayoría de los pacientes que presentaron anestesia general tenían entre 2 y 6 años (63,4%), eran masculinos (67,9%), ASA I (78,1%) y fueron operados de excéresis de lesiones de partes blandas (27,6%). El tiempo quirúrgico fue de 31,2 ± 10,4 minutos y el anestésico 43,5±8,8 minutos. El método anestésico más indicado fue la anestesia balanceada (84,2%), como inductor el propofol (86,2%) y para el mantenimiento isoflurano (34,1%) y sevoflurano (26,4%). Predominaron los episodios severos (51,2%) y el 56,9% necesitó intervención farmacológica. Conclusiones: esta anestesia fue más frecuente en los menores de seis años, masculinos, sanos, a los cuales se les realizaron procederes cortos, con anestesia balanceada, se usó propofol para la inducción e isoflurano y sevoflurano para el mantenimiento de la anestesia. Prevalecieron los episodios severos y la mayoría requirió tratamiento farmacológico.


ABSTRACT Introduction: agitation during the emergence from general anesthesia is a frequent complication in Pediatrics that can cause physical damages, delay discharge and increase costs. Objective: to characterize the episodes of general anesthesia in the pediatric patient. Materials and methods: a descriptive, prospective, longitudinal study was carried out with 246 patients who presented general anesthesia in the Hospital "Eliseo Noel Caamaño" from September 2015 to December 2018. The studied variables were age, gender, ASA, surgical time, anesthetic time, kind of surgery, anesthetic method, agents used for the induction and maintenance, episodes severity and treatment necessity. Results: most of patients treated with general anesthesia were aged 2-6 years (63.4 %), male (67.9 %), ASA I (78.1 %), and underwent the removal of soft parts lesions (27.6 %). The average surgical time was 31,2 ± 10,4 minutes and the anesthetics one was 43,5±8,8 minutes. The most used anesthetics method was balanced anesthesia (84.2 %), the most used inductor was propofol (86.2 %) and for the maintenance isoflurane (34,1%) and sevoflurane (26,4%). Severe episodes (51,2%) predominated, and 56.9 % needed pharmacologic intervention. Conclusions: this kind of anesthesia is more frequently used in children aged less than 6 years, male, healthy, who underwent short procedures with balanced anesthesia and the use of propofol for the induction and isoflurane and sevoflurane for maintaining it. Severe episodes predominated, and most of them required pharmacologic treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Child , Emergence Delirium/complications , Emergence Delirium/diagnosis , Emergence Delirium/drug therapy , Anesthesia, General/adverse effects , Anesthesia, General/methods , Anesthesia, General/statistics & numerical data , Pediatrics , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
16.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(2): 222-226, Mar.-Apr. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003404

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: Negative pressure pulmonary edema occurs by increased intrathoracic negative pressure following inspiration against obstructed upper airway. The pressure generated is transmitted to the pulmonary capillaries and exceeds the pressure of hydrostatic equilibrium, causing fluid extravasation into the pulmonary parenchyma and alveoli. In anesthesiology, common situations such as laryngospasm and upper airway obstruction can trigger this complication, which presents considerable morbidity and requires immediate diagnosis and propaedeutics. Upper airway patency, noninvasive ventilation with positive pressure, supplemental oxygen and, if necessary, reintubation with mechanical ventilation are the basis of therapy. Case report: Case 1: Male, 52 years old, undergoing appendectomy under general anesthesia with orotracheal intubation, non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocker, reversed with anticholinesterase, presented with laryngospasm after extubation, followed by pulmonary edema. Case 2: Female, 23 years old, undergoing breast reduction under general anesthesia with oro-tracheal intubation, non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocker, reversed with anticholinesterase,presented with inspiration against closed glottis after extubation, was treated with non-invasiveventilation with positive pressure; after 1 hour, she had pulmonary edema. Case 3: Male, 44 yearsold, undergoing ureterolithotripsy under general anesthesia, without neuromuscular blocker,presented with laryngospasm after laryngeal mask removal evolving with pulmonary edema. Case 4: Male, 7 years old, undergoing crude fracture reduction under general anesthesia withorotracheal intubation, non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocker, presented with laryngospasmreversed with non-invasive ventilation with positive pressure after extubation, followed bypulmonary edema. Conclusions: The anesthesiologists should prevent the patient from perform a forced inspirationagainst closed glottis, in addition to being able to recognize and treat cases of negative pressurepulmonary edema.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: O edema pulmonar por pressão negativa ocorre por aumento da pressão negativa intratorácica após inspiração contra via aérea superior obstruída. A pressão gerada é transmitida aos capilares pulmonares e supera a pressão de equilíbrio hidrostático, o que causa extravasamento de líquido para o parênquima pulmonar e alvéolos. Em anestesiologia, situações comuns como laringoespasmo e obstrução de via aérea superior podem desencadear essa complicação, que apresenta considerável morbidade e exige diagnóstico e propedêutica imediatos. A desobstrução das vias aéreas superiores, ventilação não invasiva com pressão positiva, oxigênio suplementar e, se necessário reintubação com ventilação mecânica são a base da terapia. Relato de caso: Caso 1: Masculino, 52 anos, submetido a apendicectomia sob anestesia geral com intubação orotraqueal, uso de bloqueador neuromuscular adespolarizante, revertido com anticolinesterásico; apresentou laringoespasmo após extubação, seguido de edema pulmonar. Caso 2: Feminino, 23 anos, submetida a mamoplastia redutora sob anestesia geral com intubação orotraqueal, bloqueador neuromuscular adespolarizante revertido com anticolinesterásico, apresentou inspiração contra glote fechada após extubação, tratada com ventilação não invasiva com pressão positiva; após uma hora apresentou edema pulmonar. Caso 3: Masculino, 44 anos, submetido a ureterolitotripsia sob anestesia geral, sem bloqueador neuromuscular, apresentou laringoespasmo após retirada de máscara laríngea e evoluiu com edema pulmonar. Caso 4: Masculino, sete anos, submetido a redução cruenta de fratura sob anestesia geral com intubação orotraqueal, uso de bloqueador neuromuscular adespolarizante; apresentou laringo-espasmo revertido com ventilação não invasiva com pressão positiva após extubação, seguidode edema pulmonar. Conclusões: O anestesiologista deve evitar que o paciente faça inspiração forçada contra glotefechada, além de ser capaz de reconhecer e tratar os casos de edema pulmonar por pressãonegativa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adult , Pulmonary Edema/etiology , Laryngismus/complications , Airway Obstruction/complications , Laryngeal Masks , Airway Extubation/methods , Noninvasive Ventilation/methods , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods , Anesthesia, General/methods , Middle Aged
17.
Zagazig univ. med. j ; 25(3): 298-307, 2019.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1273851

ABSTRACT

Background: Fast track techniques have been applied to reduce surgical stress response and to provide effective perioperative analgesia, thereby improving patient''''''''s recovery and reducing postoperative morbidity. The present study was undertaken to assess the effect of using combined general/epidural anesthesia (CGEA) on early recovery after lumbar spine surgeries. Subjects and Methods: The current prospective randomized clinical study had included a total of 40 patients who underwent elective one or two level laminectomy/discectomy. Patients were randomized and divided into two groups; general anesthesia (GA) group (group I) and combined general/epidural anesthesia group (CGEA) (group II). Patient characteristics, anesthesia time, surgical time, heart rate, mean arterial pressure (MAP), anesthetic / analgesic requirements, the occurrence of intraoperative bradycardia and/or hypotension, time to extubation, time to post anesthesia care unit (PACU) discharge and duration of PACU stay were recorded and considered for analysis. Results: It was observed that CGEA was significantly associated with reduction of intraoperative anesthetics / analgesic requirements, shorter time to extubation, time for PACU discharge and duration of PACU stay but on the expense of higher incidence of intraoperative hypotension. Conclusion: This study proved that CGEA seems to be an effective fast track anesthetic protocol in patients undergoing elective lumbar spine surgeries


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, Epidural/methods , Anesthesia, General/methods , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL